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Exam Code: Series6 Practice exam 2023 by team
Series6 NASD Series 6

The Series 6 Examination is the Investment Company and Variable Contracts Products Representative Qualification
Examination. The examination is developed and maintained by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA).
This Content Outline provides a comprehensive guide to the subjects covered on the Investment Company and
Variable Contracts Products Representative Qualification Examination (Series 6). The outline is intended to
familiarize examination candidates with the range of subjects covered on the examination, as well as the depth of
knowledge required. sample questions are also included to acquaint candidates with the types of multiple-choice
questions used on the examination. It is recommended that candidates refer to the content outline as part of their
preparation to take the examination. Candidates are responsible for planning their course of study in preparation for
the examination.

The Series 6 Examination is designed to assess the competency of entry-level Investment Company and Variable
Contracts Products Representatives. It is intended to safeguard the investing public by helping to ensure that
Investment Company and Variable Contracts Products Representatives are competent to perform their jobs. Given
this purpose, the Series 6 Examination seeks to measure the degree to which each candidate possesses the
knowledge, skills and abilities needed to perform the critical functions of an Investment Company and Variable
Contracts Products Representative. For more information about the permissible activities of an Investment Company
and Variable Contracts Products Representative.

Job Functions Number of Questions

Function 1 Regulatory fundamentals and business development 22

Function 2 Evaluates customers financial information, identifies investment objectives, provides information on investment products, and makes suitable recommendations 47

Function 3 Opens, maintains, transfers and closes accounts and retains appropriate account records 21

Function 4 Obtains, verifies, and confirms customer purchase and sale instructions 10

Total 100

The Series 6 Content Outline was developed based on the results of a job analysis study of Investment Company
and Variable Contracts Products Representatives. The job analysis process included collecting data about the job
functions, tasks and required knowledge of Investment Company and Variable Contracts Products Representatives
from a wide variety of firms using numerous data collection techniques, including a survey.

To ensure and sustain the job relevance of the examination, under the guidance of FINRA staff, a committee of
industry representatives (“the Committee”) writes, reviews and validates all test questions. Test questions are
subjected to multiple reviews prior to inclusion on the examination and each question is linked directly to a
component of the content outline. Test questions vary in difficulty and complexity. Each question will have only one
correct or best answer.

The bank of test questions changes constantly as a result of amendments to, or the introduction of, government and
self-regulatory organization (SRO) rules and regulations, changes in industry practice and the introduction of new
products. It is the candidates responsibility to keep abreast of such changes when preparing to take the
examination. Examination questions and their statistical performance are analyzed routinely by FINRA staff and the
Committee to ensure that test questions continue to be relevant to the functions of Investment Company and Variable
Contracts Products Representatives. Examination questions are updated when necessary to reflect current industry
practices and government and SRO rules and regulations.

The examination is administered via computer. A tutorial on how to take the examination via computer is provided
prior to taking the examination. Each candidates examination includes 5 additional, unidentified pretest questions
that do not contribute toward the candidate's score. The 5 questions are randomly distributed throughout the
examination. Therefore, each candidates examination consists of a total of 105 questions (100 scored and 5
unscored). Each scored test question is worth one point. There is no penalty for guessing. Therefore, candidates
should attempt to answer all questions. Candidates will be allowed 135 minutes to complete the examination.
Scratch paper and basic electronic calculators will be provided to candidates by the test administrator, and must be
returned to the Exam Center administrator at the end of the testing session. Some test questions involve calculations.
Only calculators provided by the Exam Center administrators are allowed for use during the examination.
Candidates will not be permitted to bring any reference material to their testing session. Severe penalties are
imposed on candidates who cheat or attempt to cheat on FINRA-administered examinations.

Following a well-established process known as standard setting, FINRA determines the passing score for the
examination based on the judgment of a committee of industry professionals with the designated registration. For the
Series 6 exam, the passing score is 70. This passing score reflects the competency needed to hold the designated

All candidate test scores have been placed on a common scale using a statistical adjustment process known as
equating. Equating scores to a common scale accounts for the slight variations in difficulty that may exist among the
different sets of exam questions that candidates receive. This allows for a fair comparison of scores and ensures that
every candidate is held to the same passing standard regardless of which set of exam questions he or she received.

On the day of the test, candidates will receive a report of their test results both on screen and in paper format at the
end of their test session. The score report will indicate pass/fail status and a score profile indicating performance
based on each major content area covered on the examination. It is recommended that candidates who fail the
examination review the information provided on the score report, as they may want to focus on the areas that they
performed poorly on when preparing to retake the examination. For security reasons, the examination and individual
test questions are not available for review after taking the examination.

FUNCTION 1 – Regulatory fundamentals and business development

1.1: Demonstrates understanding of fundamental regulatory knowledge and provides personal
and professional information required to be disclosed to obtain and maintain appropriate

Knowledge of:

• General industry regulations, including SEC, SRO, and state requirements

• Registration, qualification, continuing education, and termination of employment of associated

• Permitted activities for registered and non-registered associated persons


Article I – Definitions

Paragraph (rr) – Person Associated with a Member

Article III – Qualifications of Members and Associated Persons

Section 1 – Persons Eligible to Become Members and Associated Person of Members

Section 3 – Ineligibility of Certain Persons for Membership or Association

Section 4 – Definition of Disqualification

Article V – Registered Representatives and Associated Persons


1010 – Electronic Filing Requirements for Uniform Forms

1122 – Filing of Misleading Information as to Membership or Registration

1250 – Continuing Education Requirements

2263 – Arbitration Disclosure to Associated Persons Signing or Acknowledging Form U4

3110 – Supervision

3270 – Outside Business Activities of an Associated Person

4530 – Reporting Requirements

8312 – FINRA BrokerCheck Disclosure

NASD Rules

IM-1000-2 – Status of Persons Serving in the Armed Forces of the United States

1031 – Registration Requirements

1032(b) – Investment Company and Variable Contracts Products Representative

1060 – Persons Exempt from Registration

1070 – Qualification Examinations and Waiver of Requirements

1080 – Confidentiality of Examinations

3010(e) – Supervision (Qualifications Investigated)

3010(f) – Supervision (Applicants Responsibility)

3040 – Private Securities Transactions of an Associated Person

3050 – Transactions for or by Associated Persons

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Section 3(a) – Definitions and Application of Title

Section 15 – Registration and Regulation of Brokers and Dealers

Section 15A – Registered Securities Associations

Section 17(f)(2) – Accounts and Records, Reports, Examinations of Exchanges, Members,
and Others

Rule 17f-2 – Fingerprinting of Security Industry Personnel

Investment Advisers Act of 1940

Section 201 – Findings

Section 202(a) – Definitions (of investment advisers and persons associated with an
investment adviser)

Section 203 – Registration of Investment Advisers

1.2: Solicits business by contacting and building relationships with customers and prospects in
person, by telephone, mail or electronic means

Knowledge of:

• Product definitions and classifications

• Required approvals and content standards of public communications: retail communications,
institutional communications, correspondence, research reports, telephone solicitations

• Appropriate use of professional designations

• Definition of regulated investment company by the Internal Revenue Code

• “Conduit” or “pipeline” theory, required distribution of income and realized capital gains

• “Do-not-call” lists and other telemarketing requirements


2210 – Communications with the Public

2212 – Use of Investment Companies Rankings in Retail Communications

2213 – Requirements for the Use of Bond Mutual Fund Volatility Rating

2214 – Requirements for the Use of Investment Analysis Tools

3160 – Networking Arrangements Between Members and Financial Institutions

3170 – Tape Recording of Registered Persons by Certain Firms

3230 – Telemarketing

4512 – Customer Account Information

5230 – Payments Involving Publications that Influence the Market Price of a

NASD Rules

IM-2210-2 – Communications with the Public About Variable Life Insurance and Variable

Securities Act of 1933

Section 2 – Definitions; Promotion of Efficiency, Competition, and Capital Formation

(definitions of “offer to sell” and “prospectus”)

Section 5 – Prohibitions Relating to Interstate Commerce and the Mails

Section 17 – Fraudulent Interstate Transactions

Rule 134 – Communications Not Deemed a Prospectus

Rule 482 – Advertising by an Investment Company as Satisfying Requirements of Section

10 of Securities Act of 1933

Investment Company Act of 1940

Section 2 – General Definitions

Section 3 – Definition of Investment Company

Section 4 – Classification of Investment Companies

Section 5 – Subclassification of Management Companies

Section 6 – Exemptions

Section 8 – Registration of Investment Companies

Rule 34b-1 – Sales Literature Deemed to Be Misleading

1.3: Discusses the products and services offered with customers and prospects and distributes

offering and disclosure documents

Knowledge of:

• Content and delivery of prospectuses, Statement of Additional Information (SAI), and other offering


• Networking arrangements

• Regulations related to marketing/prospecting

• Initial privacy disclosures to customers (e.g., definitions, privacy and opt-out notices, disclosure

limitations, exceptions)


2020 – Use of Manipulative, Deceptive, or other Fraudulent Devices

2266 – SIPC Information


2420 – Dealing with Non-Members

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Section 3(a)(4)(B) – Definitions and Application, Broker (Exception for Certain Bank


Section 10 – Manipulative and Deceptive Devices

Rule 10b-3 – Employment of Manipulative and Deceptive Devices by Brokers or Dealers

Securities Act of 1933

Section 10 – Information Required in Prospectus

Section 23 – Unlawful Representations

Regulation D – Rules Governing the Limited Offer and Sale of Securities Without

Registration Under the Securities Act of 1933

Rule 431 – Summary Prospectuses

Rule 498 – Summary Prospectuses for Open-End Management Investment Companies

Rule 501 – Definitions and Terms Used in Regulation D

Rule 506 – Exemption for Limited Offers and Sales Without Regard to Dollar Amount of


Investment Company Act of 1940

Section 35 – Unlawful Representations and Names

Rule 35d-1– Investment Company Names

1.4: Conducts seminars and holds other public forums with customers and prospects, and

obtains appropriate approvals

Knowledge of:

• Definitions of retail communications, institutional communications and correspondence, including

categorization of public appearances, seminars and related sales literature and advertising

• Regulations regarding communications with the public

• Standards and approval of communications


2210 – Communications with the Public


IM-2210-2 – Communications with the Public About Variable Life Insurance and Variable


Securities Act of 1933

Section 12 – Civil Liabilities Arising in Connection with Prospectuses and Communications

Rule 135a – Generic Advertising

Rule 135b – Materials Not Deemed an Offer to Sell or Offer to Buy Nor a Prospectus

Rule 156 – Investment Company Sales Literature

Rule 482 – Advertising by an Investment Company as Satisfying Requirements of Section

10 of Securities Act of 1933

Investment Company Act of 1940

Section 30(b) – Periodic and Other Reports; Reports of Affiliated Persons

Rule 34b-1 – Sales Literature Deemed to be Misleading

FUNCTION 2 – Evaluates customers financial information, identifies

investment objectives, provides information on investment products, and

makes suitable recommendations

2.1: Gathers customers financial and non-financial information to identify, analyze, and assess

risk tolerance, investment experience and sophistication level

Knowledge of:

• Essential facts regarding customers and customer relationships

• Financial and personal profile of a customer (e.g., age, other investments, financial situation and

needs, tax status, investment objectives, investment experience, investment time horizon, liquidity

needs, risk tolerance)

• Reasonable-basis suitability, customer-specific suitability and quantitative suitability

• Investment strategies and recommendations to hold


2010 – Standards of Commercial Honor and Principles of Trade

2090 – Know Your Customer

2111 – Suitability

2111.03 – Recommended Strategies

2111.05 – Components of Suitability Obligations

2.2: Makes suitable investment recommendations based on customers current investment profile,

including financial status, tax status, and investment objectives and explains to customers

how recommended products are structured and priced and the risks associated with the

underlying investments

Knowledge of:

• Investment profile and strategies

• Types of investment returns (e.g., dividends, capital gains, return of capital)

• Securities markets (e.g., exchange markets, over-the-counter (OTC)/negotiated market, new issue

market (e.g., primary offering, role of investment banker))

• Fair dealings with customers and appropriate business conduct (e.g., application, definitions, sales

charges, withhold orders, refund of sales charges, dealer concessions, member compensation,

execution of portfolio transactions, breakpoint sales)

• FINRAs cash and non-cash compensation regulations (e.g., gifts and business entertainment


• Insider trading and prohibited activities (e.g., churning, front running, switching, commingling,

unauthorized trading, guarantees against losses, selling away)

• Capitalization, pricing, secondary market trading, and redeemability

• Types of underlying securities

° Equity securities: Definitions and features of common stock, preferred stock and other

types of equity securities (e.g., ADRs, rights, and warrants)

° Debt securities: Definitions and features of corporate bonds and other debt securities

(e.g., zero coupon bond, convertible bond, mortgage-backed securities (pass through),

collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs), asset-backed securities (ABS))

° Options: definition and features

° U.S. Treasury securities (e.g., Treasury bills, notes, and bonds, Separate Trading of

Registered Interest and Principal Securities (STRIPS), and Treasury Inflation

Protection Securities (TIPS))

° U.S. government agencies securities (e.g., Government National Mortgage

Association (GNMA) securities, Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA)

securities, Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC) securities) issuing

agencies and their purposes, risks, payment of interest and principal

° Municipal bonds (General Obligation (GO) bonds, Revenue bonds)

° Other types of debt securities and money market instruments, including but not limited

to: corporate commercial paper, brokered certificates of deposit (CDs) and bankers


• Other investment types, including but not limited to: Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) and hedge


• Variable annuities, deferred variable annuities and variable life (fees and charges, premiums,

riders, investment options, death benefits and payout options)

• Tax considerations

° Mutual fund investor activities, reporting dividend and capital gains distributions to IRS

and state tax agency, tax treatment of securities transactions and realized/unrealized

net capital gains/losses, exchanges as taxable event, shareholders tax basis (e.g.,

offering price, exchange of securities, gift of securities, inheritance of securities,

reinvested dividends and capital gains distributions)

° Determining holding period of securities (e.g., trade date, acquisition, redemption,

wash sale rule)

° Tax treatment of variable annuity contracts (e.g., accumulation period, annuitization

period, 72(t) taxation of annuity payments, withdrawals and surrenders, death benefits,

1035 exchanges)

° Tax treatment of variable life insurance to the policyholder (e.g., during the life of the

policy, upon the death of the insured, upon full or partial surrender of the policy, 1035

exchanges, modified endowment contract (MEC))


2000 Series – Duties and Conflicts

2060 – Use of Information Obtained in Fiduciary Capacity

2111 - Suitability

2150 – Improper Use of Customers Securities or Funds; Prohibition Against Guarantees

and Sharing in Accounts

2320 – Variable Contracts of an Insurance Company

2330 – Members Responsibilities Regarding Deferred Variable Annuities

2342 – “Breakpoint” Sales

3220 – Influencing or Rewarding Employees of Others

3240 – Borrowing From or Lending to Customers

NASD Rules

IM-2420-1 — Transactions Between Members and Non-Members

IM-2420-2 — Continuing Commissions Policy

1060(b) – Persons Exempt from Registration

2830 – Investment Company Securities


G-19 – Suitability of Recommendations and Transactions; Discretionary Accounts

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Section 3(a) – Definitions and Application (Definitions of broker, dealer, security,

investment contract)

Section 20A – Liability to Contemporaneous Traders for Insider Trading

Section 21A – Civil Penalties for Insider Trading

Rule 10b-5 – Employment of Manipulative and Deceptive Devices

Securities Act of 1933

Section 2 – Definitions; Promotion of Efficiency, Competition, and Capital Formation

(Definitions of issuer and underwriter)

Investment Company Act of 1940

Section 8(b) — Registration of Investment Companies

Section 11 — Offers of Exchange

Section 12 — Functions and Activities of Investment Companies

Rule 12b-1 — Distribution of Shares by Registered Open-End Management Investment


Section 13 — Changes in Investment Policy

Section 19 — Payments or Distributions

Rule 19a-1 — Written Statement to Accompany Dividend Payments by Management


Rule 19b-1 — Frequency of Distribution of Capital Gains

Section 22 — Distribution, Redemption, and Repurchase of Redeemable Securities

Rule 22c-1 — Pricing of Redeemable Securities For Distribution, Redemption and


Rule 22d-1 — Exemption From Section 22(d) to Permit Sales of Redeemable Securities at

Prices Which Reflect Sales Loads Set Pursuant to a Schedule

Rule 22d-2 — Exemption From Section 22(d) for Certain Registered Separate Accounts

Rule 22e-1 — Exemption From Section 22(e) During Annuity Payment Period of Variable

Annuity Contracts Participating in Certain Registered Separate Accounts

Section 23 — Distribution and Repurchase of Securities: Closed-End Companies

Section 35 — Unlawful Representations and Names

Section 37 — Larceny and Embezzlement

Insider Trading and Securities Fraud Enforcement Act of 1988

Section 3 - Civil Penalties of Controlling Persons for Illegal Insider Trading by Controlled


Section 4 - Increases in Criminal Penalties

2.3: Provides appropriate disclosures concerning products, risks, services, costs, fees, current

quotes and explains pricing method

Knowledge of:

• Definitions, characteristics, and concepts of products, types of accounts, and plans

• Price and yield terms (e.g., bid, ask, NAV, premium, par)

• Tax treatment, contributions, accumulation, withdrawals, account ownership, beneficiaries,

benefits, required minimum distributions (RMD), and rollovers and transfers

• Retirement and tax advantaged plans

° Types of individual retirement accounts (e.g., IRAs: traditional, Roth and SEP)

° Employer-sponsored retirement plans (e.g., Simplified Employee Pension Plan (SEP),

Savings Incentive Match Plans for Employees (SIMPLE), IRA and 401(k), 403(b) and

403(b)(7); 501(c)(3), and 457 plans, Employee Retirement Income Security Act


° Non-qualified deferred compensation

° Education plans (e.g., 529 College Savings Plans, Coverdell Education Savings Plan)

• Open-end investment company

° Fund shares, important factors in comparison of funds, structure and operation (e.g.,

functions of the board of directors, investor advisor, underwriter/distributor, custodian,

and transfer agent), rights of shareholders, exchange privileges within families of

funds, automatic reinvestment of dividend income and capital gains distributions,

systematic purchase and withdrawal plans, performance, dollar cost averaging (DCA)

• Mutual fund

° Types of portfolios and funds (e.g., money market, fixed income, equity, specialized)

° NAV per share, offering price, ex-dividend, share class, SEC Rule 12b-1 distribution

plans, letter of intent, rights of accumulation,

° Fees, charges, and expenses including no load, load (e.g., front-end, back-end),

management fees, 12b-1 fees, administrative expenses, redemption fee, reduced

sales charges/quantity discounts, and breakpoints

• Variable annuity and variable life insurance

° Insurance company separate accounts/general accounts (Exempt under 3a-8 of the

Securities Act of 1933, Investment Company Act of 1940 Section 2(a)(37))

° Valuation of variable annuity contracts (accumulation units, annuitization units,

assumed interest rate (AIR), relationship between AIR and real rate of return)

° Variable life insurance (fixed and flexible premium types)

° Fees, charges, and expenses including management fees, 12b-1 fees, mortality and

expense charges, administrative expenses, payout or withdrawal plans, conversion

privilege, restrictions, contingent deferred sales charge, and reduced sales

charges/quantity discounts

• Unit Investment Trust (UIT)

• Closed-end fund

° Capitalization, pricing, distribution, redemption restrictions


2330 – Members Responsibilities Regarding Deferred Variable Annuities

2330(b) – Recommendation Requirements

2330(e) – Training

Securities Act of 1933

Section 3a-8 – Classes of Securities under this Title

Investment Company Act of 1940

Section 2(a)(37) – General Definitions

Rule 12b-1 – Distribution of Shares by Registered Open-End Management Investment


2.4: Provides explanations to customers regarding how economic events and investment risk

factors may impact investments

Knowledge of:

• Investment risk factors (e.g., call, capital, credit, currency, inflationary, interest rate, liquidity,

market (systematic, non-systematic), social and political, pre-payment, reinvestment, timing)

• Concept of risk/reward and the effects of diversification

• Types of investment strategies

• Sources of market and investment information (e.g., news outlets, internet, rating agencies,

research reports) and economic factors (e.g., inflation, deflation, monetary policy, economic policy)

• The role of the Federal Reserve Board

• Changing interest rates and the effect on money supply, fiscal policy, federal taxation and spending

• International economic factors (e.g., currency exchange rates, balance of trade, gross domestic

product (GDP))

FUNCTION 3 – Opens, maintains, transfers and closes accounts and

retains appropriate account records

3.1: Provides information and disclosures to customers regarding various account types,

characteristics, and restrictions

Knowledge of:

• Account registration types (e.g., individual, JTWROS, UGMA)

• Distribution elections (e.g., cash, reinvestment)

3.2: Obtains and updates customer information and documentation necessary to open, maintain,

and close the account

Knowledge of:

• Customer screening (e.g., Customer Identification Program (CIP), determining whether a customer

is an associated person of another broker-dealer)

• Account authorizations and legal documents (e.g., power of attorney, authorized account user,

discretionary accounts, Transfer on Death (TOD), beneficiary forms)

• Recordkeeping (e.g., retention of customer and firm-related records)

• Customer account record maintenance (e.g., update personal information, holding of customer

mail, sending required SEC Rule 17a-3 notifications)

• Transferring customer accounts between broker-dealers (e.g., Automated Customer Account

Transfer Service (ACATS))

• Account registration changes and internal transfers (e.g., TOD, divorce)

• Delivery of annual reports and notices of corporate actions (e.g., proxy statements)


2090 – Know Your Customer

2251 – Forwarding of Proxy and Other Issuer-Related Materials

2267 – Investor Education and Protection

3150 – Holding of Customer Mail

3250 – Designation of Accounts

4510 Series – Books and Records Requirements

11870 – Customer Account Transfer Contracts

NASD Rules

2510 – Discretionary Accounts

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Rule 17a-3 – Records to Be Made by Certain Exchange Members, Brokers and Dealers

Rule 17a-3(a)(9) – Customer Account Information

Rule 17a-3(a)(17) – Customer Account Records and Updates

Rule 17a-4 – Records to Be Preserved by Certain Exchange Members, Brokers and


Rule 17a-4(b)(6) – Records relating to discretionary authority

Rule 17a-8 – Financial Recordkeeping and Reporting of Currency and Foreign


Regulation S-P – Privacy of Customer Financial Information and Safeguarding Personal



Section 326 – Customer Identification Programs

3.3: Identifies and responds appropriately to suspicious customer account activity for the life of

an account

Knowledge of:

• Anti-Money Laundering (AML) compliance procedures, program, and reporting (e.g., Bank Secrecy

Act (BSA), Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list,

Currency Transactions Reports (CTRs), Customer Identification Program (CIP), Suspicious Activity

Reports (SARs))

• Circumstances for notifying FinCEN or refusing or restricting activity in an account and/or closing



3310 – Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Program


Section 314 – Cooperative Efforts to Deter Money Laundering

Section 352 – Anti-Money Laundering Programs

FUNCTION 4 – Obtains, verifies, and confirms customer purchase and sale


4.1: Verifies, enters and monitors orders in accordance with customers instructions and

regulatory requirements and reports trade executions to customers

Knowledge of:

• Cash accounts (e.g., prompt payment for securities purchased, extension of time, frozen accounts)

• Market terms (e.g., trade date, settlement date, ex-dividend date)

• Delivery requirements and settlement of transactions

• Trade execution activities (e.g., market timing, late trading, prompt payment for securities

purchased, extension of time, frozen accounts, prohibition on arranging loans for others)

• Information required on an order ticket

• Sharing of referral fees and commissions

• Confirmations and account statements


2232 – Customer Confirmations

4510 – Books and Records Requirements

4514 – Authorization Records for Negotiable Instruments Drawn From a Customers


4515 – Approval and Documentation of Changes in Account Name or Designation

5310 – Best Execution and Interpositioning

11860 – COD Orders

NASD Rules

2340 – Customer Account Statements

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Section 17 – Accounts and Records, Reports, Examinations of Exchanges, Members, and


Rule 10b-10 — Confirmation of Transactions

Rule 17a-3(a)(6) and (a)(7) – Order Tickets and Memoranda of Purchases and Sales

Rule 17a-3(a)(19) – Records to Be Made by Certain Exchange Members, Brokers and


Federal Reserve Board

Regulation T – Credit by Brokers and Dealers

4.2: Informs the appropriate supervisor and assists in the resolution of trade discrepancies,

possible errors, disputes, and complaints

Knowledge of:

• Customer complaint procedures

• Arbitration procedures

Investigations and sanctions


2080 – Obtaining an Order of Expungement of Customer Dispute Information from the

Central Registration Depository (CRD) System

3110 – Supervision

4513 – Records of Written Customer Complaints

4530 – Reporting Requirements

8000 Series – Investigations and Sanctions

9000 Series – Code of Procedure

12000 Series – Code of Arbitration Procedure for Customer Disputes

13000 Series – Code of Arbitration Procedure for Industry Disputes

14000 Series – Mediation Ground Rules

NASD Series 6
Business-Tests Series test prep
Killexams : Business-Tests Series test prep - BingNews Search results Killexams : Business-Tests Series test prep - BingNews Killexams : RPSC RAS Prelims Edit window now open; Check how to edit and 5 prep apps No result found, try new keyword!The Rajasthan Public Service Commission (RPSC) has opened the edit window for RPSC RAS Prelims exam 2023 on August 17, 2023. Fri, 18 Aug 2023 04:29:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : SSC MTS 2023 exam Begins on 1st September: Check Preparation Strategy To Score High Marks

SSC MTS 2023 exam Begins on 1st September: Check the preparation strategy for acing SSC MTS exam 2023 on the first attempt. SSC MTS and Havaldar 2023 exam will be held in online mode from September 1 to 29, 2023.

SSC MTS 2023 exam Begins on 1st September: The Staff Selection Commission will conduct a competitive examination from September 1 to 29, 2023 to recruit eligible candidates for Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical) Staff and Havaldar posts. The candidates will be selected for the post based on their performance in the Computer Based Examination (CBE). Thus, the aspirants should build a robust SSC MTS preparation strategy to develop conceptual clarity and maximize their qualifying chances in the exam.

The SSC MTS exam's difficulty level varies yearly owing to various factors such as the number of applicants, the complexity of the questions, and the high competition level. Thus, aligning the SSC MTS exam preparation strategy with the exact exam requirements is crucial. In this article, we have compiled the best and toppers preparation tips to help aspirants to crack the SSC MTS 2023 exam with favorable results.

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SSC MTS Exam Preparation Strategy 2023

Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical) Staff and Havaldar is one of the most popular and competitive examinations in the country. Lakhs of candidates apply for this exam to secure the desired result on the first attempt. However, only a few are declared qualified due to their dedication, consistency,  and the right SSC MTS preparation strategy. Thus, aspirants who want to ace the SSC MTS exam must build the correct strategy during their preparation which includes following the latest syllabus and exam pattern, planning an effective study schedule, referring to the expert-recommended books, practicing previous years' papers, current affairs knowledge, etc.

1. Analyse the Syllabus and Exam Pattern

The first SSC MTS preparation strategy for the aspirants is to begin their preparation only after analyzing the syllabus and exam pattern. It will help them understand the topic-wise distribution of marks, marking scheme, number of sections, etc. The SSC MTS syllabus covers four subjects, i.e., Numerical and Mathematical Ability, Reasoning Ability and Problem-Solving, General Awareness, and English Language and Comprehension. 

SSC MTS Havaldar exam Pattern 2023



Number of Questions

Maximum Marks




Numerical and Mathematical Ability



45 Minutes (60 Minutes for candidates eligible for scribes) 


Reasoning Ability and Problem-Solving



Session II


General Awareness



45 Minutes (60 Minutes for candidates eligible for scribes)


English Language and Comprehension



With this, the computer-based exam is conducted in two sessions with a time limit of 45 minutes for each session. Aspirants must plan to manage their time effectively and attempt a maximum number of questions in the stipulated time period.

2. Choose the Best Books and Study Material

Once you are familiar with the syllabus & important subjects to study, choose the expert-recommended books and study resources. You can also check the Jagran Josh exam prep section to get high-quality tips and the best SSC MTS books for computer-based exams. Also, it is advised to read the basic books in the initial preparation to clear the basic concepts and then use subject-specific books to learn core topics.

3. Read Newspapers and Current affairs

General Awareness is a scoring subject in the SSC MTS exam, and you can easily obtain full scores with adequate preparation. The most important SSC MTS preparation strategy to ace the General Awareness section is to gain knowledge of history, geography, art and culture, civics, economics, General Science (up to the 10th Standard), and the latest events happening worldwide. Hence, allocating at least 2-3 hours to this section every day is recommended. To excel in this section, read newspapers like “The Hindu” and current affairs books such as Rapid General Knowledge by Disha Experts, The Yearly Current Affairs by Disha Experts, etc., and highlight all the latest events in a separate notebook for last-minute revision.

4. Practice Mock Test Series and Previous Years' Question Paper

Practicing previous year’s question papers and mock tests is one of the best resources to smoothen the SSC MTS exam preparation.

Download SSC MTS Previous Year Papers PDF

This approach allows candidates to understand the real exam requirements, especially if they place a timer clock when solving the online test series as it will enhance their question solving speed and accuracy. Furthermore, they must also solve the previous 10 year’s question papers to understand the nature of questions and exam trends and analyze the progress of their overall preparation level. 

5. Regular Revision

The next SSC MTS preparation strategy is to conduct revision sessions every day. Devore sufficient to revise all the covered subjects or chapters at the end of the day. This will help you retain crucial details for a long time, as it is difficult to remember everything you have studied so far. Moreover, it is advised to prepare short notes in bullet points when covering any topic, as it would be beneficial for quick revision.

SSC MTS Section-Wise Preparation Strategy 2023

Here is the SSC MTS Preparation Strategy for all the sections discussed below for ease of the aspirants.

SSC MTS Preparation Strategy for Numerical and Mathematical Ability

The SSC MTS Numerical and Mathematical Ability is among the toughest and most time-consuming sections. Check the expert-recommended SSC MTS exam preparation strategy for the Maths section as follows:

  • Clear the basic concepts of all the subjects first to solve advanced-level subjects without any conceptual confusion.
  • Practice mock tests and previous year's papers to boost the question-solving speed with accuracy. It will allow them to learn the techniques to manage their time effectively.
  • Learn the formulae, tables, short-cut techniques, etc., to solve the maximum number of questions in a short time.
  • Some important subjects for Maths sections are LCM and HCF, Decimals and Fractions, Relationship between numbers, Fundamental Arithmetic Operations and BODMAS, Percentage, Ratio and Proportions, Work and Time, Simple Interest, Profit and Loss, etc.

SSC MTS Preparation Strategy for Reasoning Ability and Problem Solving

The SSC MTS reasoning section assesses the candidate’s general learning ability. Also, some of the SSC MTS exam preparation strategies are as follows:

  • Solve unlimited questions from subjects like coding and decoding, analogy, non-verbal reasoning based on diagrams, age calculations, following directions, etc., to excel in this section.
  • Identify the best approach to boost the question-solving speed with at least 90% accuracy.
  • Solve previous year's question papers and online mock tests to boost your logical thinking ability, problem-solving, and analytical ability.

SSC MTS Preparation Strategy for General Awareness

General Awareness is one of the scoring sections of the SSC MTS 2023 exam. Here are some of the expert-recommended SSC MTS exam preparation strategies for the General Awareness section.

  • Read newspapers and current affairs magazines and watch daily news to stay updated with all the latest happenings around the globe.
  • This section will also include questions relating to history, geography, art and culture, civics, economics,  General Science, and environmental studies up to the 10th Standard.
  • Attempt current affairs quizzes regularly from reliable resources and revise all the important events daily to maximize their scores in the exam.

SSC MTS Preparation Strategy for English Language and Comprehension

The English Language and Comprehension is one of the highest-scoring sections of the SSC MTS 2023 exam. Check the SSC MTS preparation strategy for the English Language section is shared below:

  • Brush up on the concepts of grammar and vocabulary books from the standard books.
  • Read newspapers and editorials daily to strengthen memorizing skills and acquire knowledge of new words daily to score high in the exam.
  • Focus on subjects like sentence structure, synonyms, antonyms, spotting errors, fill in the blanks, one-word substitution, Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs, etc.

Also Read:

Check SSC CGL Tier-1 Result 2023

Check SSC CHSL Expected Cutoff Marks 2023

Thu, 17 Aug 2023 08:10:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : It’s time to scrap MCAS as a high school exit exam

Massachusetts is in a minority of states, just eight, that still have a high-stakes test graduation requirement, according to the National Center for Fair & Open Testing, or FairTest. It is time for Massachusetts to join the movement and jettison MCAS in favor of meaningful assessments that are fair, just and Improve students’ educational outcomes. As a longtime teacher who has taught in both Boston and the suburbs, I have seen from all sides that MCAS has not equitably served the students of the Commonwealth and actually harms the vulnerable students the test purports to serve.

Years of research have shown that MCAS does not predict academic success after high school, including even a 2015 study by the Massachusetts Business Alliance for Education, a prominent supporter of the exam.  Instead of promoting critical thinking, collaboration and complex problem-solving skills that colleges and employers consistently say they value, MCAS values rote learning lacking any kind of cultural relevance or real-world application. An obsessive focus on math and literacy pushes other critical subjects such as science, history and language to the margins. For teachers, the test creates an impossible conundrum: design challenging, culturally relevant and inclusive curriculum that engages the students we serve or teach to a constantly moving target, designed with no students in mind?   

For students here in Boston, the destructive impact of MCAS shows up in real time. During MCAS testing, our most vulnerable students get sick, miss school and cut class in record numbers. They are voting with their feet! Few students appear proud or energized by their performance on the test, and they never ask for their scores.

As a special education-trained teacher who works with a high proportion of multilingual students, it is agonizing to watch my students struggle through tests that do not capture their skills or allow them to demonstrate their learning. Our students know that MCAS is stacked against them: 40% of students with disabilities do not pass the test, and failure rates are even higher for multilingual students.

It is not a secret that schools in wealthy, predominantly white suburbs score higher on MCAS. That’s not because the teachers or students are superior in these towns. It’s because the test advantages a group of students who already possess myriad advantages! I saw first-hand when I taught in Brookline the benefits of small class sizes, highly educated parents, more native English proficiency, more enrichment opportunities and so on. Yet even in this elite environment, inequitable gaps persisted, and my students detested MCAS. It was just one more meaningless hoop to jump through.

In the business world, when an investment keeps producing dismal results, the board of directors disinvests. Yet why do business leaders and charter school advocacy groups such as Democrats for Education Reform keep pushing to pour $30-plus million a year into MCAS?  Is their goal truly to Improve teaching and learning for our students? Or is there another agenda at work: one which seeks to privatize a public institution, fill the pockets of shareholders and profit off children?

Why not spend the $30 million to diversify the teaching force? This is an evidence-based practice that significantly improves outcomes for multilingual students and students of color. Or to design career-integrated curricula aligned with job-rich industries in the state? This is another evidence-based practice that particularly benefits special needs students on individualized education plans (IEPs). Why not spend the $30 million to build partnerships between universities and public schools, in order to grow and support initiatives like these, as well as promote innovation in both sectors?

MCAS has never met the goal it was originally designed for — boosting achievement levels of vulnerable groups of students. There are no data that demonstrate that this non-curriculum-aligned, non-teacher-designed, non-culturally responsive test has improved learning outcomes for multilingual learners, students on IEPs, or Black and brown students. It is past due for this flawed, biased test to be retired, and for time, money and expertise to be invested in more equitable and evidence-based practices.

Jennifer Rose-Wood, currently a teacher in the Boston Public Schools, has 24 years of classroom experience.

Wed, 16 Aug 2023 04:57:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : ICAI CA Foundation June Result 2023: Physics Wallah (PW) CA Wallah achieves 65 per cent pass percentage in CA Foundation exam in its maiden year Killexams : Access Denied

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Sat, 12 Aug 2023 01:40:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Imaad Secondary School Student Emerges ‘Top in the World’ in IGSCE English

Funmi Ogundare

A student of Imaad Secondary School, Lekki, Miss Maryam Remawa Bello, recently received the British Council recognition and Outstanding Cambridge Learner awards for emerging ‘Top in the World’ in IGSCE English as a second language.

The awards, held at Civic Centre, Victoria Island, Lagos, is a yearly event where outstanding students are celebrated in various categories.

Bello who was full of excitement, recalled how she prepared for the October/November 2022 examination series.

“Preparing for the IGCSE English exam was a challenging yet rewarding experience that tested both my knowledge and determination,” she told THISDAY. “As exam approached, I dedicated countless hours to studying past questions, honing my writing skills, and practicing comprehension exercises.”

The syllabus, she added, covered an array of texts and topics, “and I tackled each one methodically, aiming to grasp not just the surface, but also the deeper meanings and nuances.”

Bello said she practiced writing essays, crafting compelling arguments and organising her thoughts effectively, adding that tackling comprehension exercises helped her Improve on critical memorizing skills and ability to extract key information from complex texts.

The ‘Top in the World’ scorer stated that when she finally sat for the exam, she had a mixed feeling of relief and anticipation, adding that when she got the results a few weeks after, she was overwhelmed with joy.

“The weeks that followed were marked by a sense of impatience as I awaited the results. The moment of truth arrived when the results were announced, and my heart raced as I viewed the results,” stated Bello. “Seeing 100 percent under my name was an overwhelming feeling that words can hardly describe.”

She added, “It was a testament to the hours of hard work, perseverance, and determination that I had poured into my preparation. The joy that accompanied this achievement was not only personal, but also a recognition of the support from my teachers, family, and friends who had cheered me on throughout my journey.”

Bello explained that the experience “taught me that dedication, focus, and a passion for learning can truly lead to remarkable accomplishments.”

Bello described the IGCSE English exam preparation as not just about earning a high score; but about the growth she experienced as a learner and an individual.

“The sense of achievement from being recognised as the best in the world in English was a moment that will forever remain etched in my memory, reminding me that with hard work and dedication, anything is possible,” added Bello.

The principal of the school, Mr. Lateef Femi Adedeji, expressed delight about Bello’s feat saying that a lot of efforts always go into the preparation of the students for all internal and external exams.

“It’s no doubt a thing of joy that the awardee has proven to the world that something worthwhile is actually happening in the school,” he stated.

Her teacher, Mr. Said Oyedeji, who noted that Bello was his student from year 7 to 12, explained that having discovered early enough that she is a high flying student, he used different strategies to hone her interest in learning and ensured that she fully attained her potentials in English language proficiency.

Tue, 22 Aug 2023 12:30:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Kennel Cough In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatments No result found, try new keyword!Imagine you’ve just returned from a relaxing vacation, excited to bring your four-legged best friend home from the kennel. The last thing you’d want to hear is your dog coughing and struggling to ... Tue, 22 Aug 2023 05:17:59 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : An Essential Guide for Lawyers to Leverage LinkedIn for Business Development

Thursday, August 17, 2023

In the digital era, savvy lawyers are turning to social media platforms that go beyond mere networking. Among these, LinkedIn stands out as a goldmine for attorneys seeking to not only cultivate professional relationships but also to carve a niche for themselves in the saturated legal market.

LinkedIn is no longer just a digital resume or a hub to connect with old colleagues; LinkedIn is a dynamic platform where lawyers can showcase their expertise, engage with potential clients and foster business growth. Here’s why LinkedIn should be the go-to platform for lawyers looking to expand their brand and business.

  1. Professional Audience: Unlike other platforms that cater to a mix of audiences, LinkedIn’s user base is predominantly professionals. This offers lawyers an audience that values and seeks expert insights and services.
  2. Thought Leadership: Publishing articles and sharing legal insights on LinkedIn can establish lawyers as thought leaders in their specific domains. This not only builds credibility but also sparks discussions, placing them at the forefront of relevant legal topics.
  3. Personal Branding: Beyond the firm, individual lawyers can craft a unique personal brand on LinkedIn, highlighting their specific strengths, case victories or even community involvement.
  4. Networking Beyond Borders: The global nature of LinkedIn allows lawyers to connect with professionals across continents. This is invaluable for attorneys in international law, business law or those looking to expand their practice globally.
  5. Discover Opportunities: Whether it’s invitations to speak at webinars, contribute to journals or even partnership opportunities, having an active LinkedIn profile brings so many opportunities to to you.
  6. Research and Due Diligence: Before meetings or court appearances, lawyers can leverage LinkedIn to gather intel on other parties, ensuring they’re always a step ahead.
  7. Cost-Effective Marketing: With targeted ads and post boosts, lawyers can reach specific demographics without exorbitant advertising costs, ensuring a better ROI.
  8. Continuous Learning: With a plethora of courses, webinars and discussions, LinkedIn serves as a hub for continuous professional development, ensuring lawyers remain updated on both legal and adjacent industry trends.
  9. Build and Showcase Company Culture: For law firms, LinkedIn is an excellent platform to showcase firm culture, highlight team achievements and attract top talent.

In short, for lawyers, LinkedIn is not just another social media platform. It’s a strategic tool that, if used effectively and correctly, can translate to tangible business growth, brand development and an enhanced professional network. Embracing LinkedIn is no longer a choice but a necessity for attorneys aiming to stand out and stay relevant in today’s digital-driven landscape.

In this blog post, I will explore the myriad ways attorneys can harness the power of LinkedIn, transforming their profiles from static pages into dynamic tools that resonate with their target audience. Whether you’re looking to strengthen your brand, position yourself as an industry thought leader or discover new avenues for business development, LinkedIn holds the keys to unlocking these possibilities. Let’s dive in!

The Power of a Polished LinkedIn Profile

Profile Picture: Remember, a picture is worth a thousand words. Invest in a quality, professional headshot. This doesn’t mean it has to be stiff or cold—choose an image where you look confident, approachable and reflective of the image you want to portray in your field.

Headline: Moving beyond mere job titles can position you as a thought leader or specialist. For instance, “Empowering Tech Startups with Intellectual Property Expertise” tells a narrative, rather than just listing a profession.

Summary: This is your digital handshake. It should succinctly capture your brand, blending professional background with a hint of personal flair. Talk about your passion for law, major milestones and perhaps a short story that encapsulates why you do what you do.

Cover Image: Often overlooked, the cover image is prime real estate. It can set the tone for your entire profile. Use it to further convey your brand—whether it’s an image of you speaking at an event or a custom graphic that visually portrays your practice and brand (maybe a quote, an illustration or a photo). It adds a layer of personal branding that can make your profile stand out. Make sure to add your contact information front and center on it – make it easy for people to find you in this prime area of LinkedIn real estate.

Customized URL: LinkedIn offers the option to customize your profile URL. Instead of a random string of numbers, have it as or a variation that’s available. It looks cleaner and is easier to remember, making it more shareable.

Featured Section: The Featured Section on LinkedIn is your brand’s dynamic showcase. If you have a blog or podcast, prominently feature them here to enhance your brand’s voice and reach. Integrate diverse content, from compelling articles and episodes to SlideShare presentations and e-books to client success stories and achievements. Rotate items regularly periodically to keep your profile fresh and to highlight different facets of your expertise.

Engagement: A polished profile isn’t just about being static. Engage with content in your feed, share insights and post regularly. This not only keeps your profile active but also increases visibility among your connections.

Interests: LinkedIn allows you to follow thought leaders, companies and topics. By showcasing relevant interests, visitors to your profile get a sense of what drives you and from where you draw inspiration.

Skills & Endorsements: Regularly update your skills. Not only does this provide a quick snapshot of your proficiencies, but endorsements from peers validate these claims. Prioritize them so that the most relevant and significant ones appear at the top. Note – you can delete any skills that are irrelevant or outdated.

Every detail on your LinkedIn profile contributes to the narrative about who you are as a professional. Regularly updating it ensures you are putting your best digital foot forward because anyone can be looking at it any day of the week.

Content is King: Strategies for Sharing Content on LinkedIn

Articles: Dive into current legal issues or simplify intricate legal structures. Tailoring content to layman’s terms for your non-lawyer clientele establishes your knowledge and approachability. Consider creating a series where you tackle frequently asked legal questions or address common misconceptions. Collaborate with industry peers for joint pieces, lending credibility and diversifying viewpoints. Remember to use engaging visuals and infographics to make your content more digestible and shareable.

Videos: The appetite for video content is undeniably growing. Think about producing short, engaging clips. Ideas include a series that demystifies legal jargon, interviews with industry leaders or visual breakdowns of landmark cases.

Case Results: While respecting client confidentiality, spotlighting significant successes can underscore your capabilities and instill client confidence. Use anonymized or generalized summaries to share the essence of the case without revealing specifics.

Infographics: A visually appealing way to present dense information. These can be about exact law changes, statistics on notable legal cases or a step-by-step guide on common legal processes.

Podcasts: Launch a monthly podcast where you discuss legal news, interview experts or explore historical cases. This offers a chance for audiences to ‘hear’ your expertise.

Interactive Content: Host live Q&A sessions, quizzes, or polls on legal topics. These can foster engagement, offer insights into what your audience is curious about and serve as a way to gather feedback for future content.

Guest Posts: Collaborate with other professionals in related fields (like finance, real estate or tech) to co-write articles. This expands your reach and brings multiple perspectives to a topic.

E-books or Whitepapers: For more comprehensive topics, create downloadable resources. This can also serve as a tool for lead generation when you offer them in exchange for contact details.

Content Series: Introduce a theme-based series, such as “Legal Tip Tuesdays” or “Case Study Sundays.” This not only creates anticipation but also establishes consistency in your content sharing.

Behind-the-Scenes: Share moments from your day-to-day operations, whether it’s preparing for a court appearance, a team meeting, or even community service activities. This humanizes your brand and allows audiences to connect on a personal level.

Engaging Authentically

Comment Thoughtfully: Beyond the simple ‘like’, delving into subjects and sharing your unique insights can make a real difference. Every thoughtful comment boosts your visibility and reinforces your credibility.

Groups and Forums: These communities can be treasure troves for genuine interactions. Actively participate, answer questions, initiate discussions and showcase your expertise. But also remember to listen and learn from others, which can be equally valuable.

Recommendations and Endorsements: Think of these as your digital references. Regularly request them from satisfied clients, colleagues and industry peers. When you receive one, it’s a good practice to send a personalized thank-you message and, if appropriate, offer to return the favor. This not only strengthens your profile but also nurtures your professional relationships.

Be Consistent: Consistency in your engagements signals reliability and commitment. Make it a point to set aside some time each week to interact on LinkedIn, be it commenting, posting or simply checking in on your connections’ updates.

Share Personal Achievements: While humility is a virtue, it’s okay to occasionally share personal milestones, awards, or recognitions. This showcases your growth and achievements, making your profile more relatable and inspiring to others.

Value Authenticity Over Frequency: It’s better to comment or post genuinely and occasionally than to do so frequently without sincerity. Authenticity will always resonate better with your audience and create lasting impressions.

Tapping into LinkedIn’s Premium Features

LinkedIn Sales Navigator: This tool can be particularly useful for lawyers seeking to build their client roster. It allows for advanced search capabilities, helping you identify and connect with decision-makers within organizations. With its lead and account recommendations, you’re also kept informed of potential opportunities tailored to your practice.

Profile Optimization: The premium account offers insights into who’s viewing your profile. This can be crucial for tailoring your content or reaching out to individuals or organizations showing interest in your expertise.

Learning Opportunities: LinkedIn Learning, accessible with Premium, offers a vast library of courses. For lawyers, this means opportunities to delve deeper into subjects such as digital marketing, client relationship management or even non-legal subjects which can help in understanding a client’s industry better.

Competitive Insights: For those lawyers looking to grow in a particular niche, LinkedIn Premium provides detailed insights on competitors. This can guide your strategy in differentiating yourself and offering unique value.

Enhanced Analytics: Beyond the standard metrics, Premium offers a more in-depth look at the engagement on your posts. This will help lawyers refine their content strategy over time, focusing on what resonates most with their audience.

Premium Badge: A small, but noteworthy feature. The LinkedIn Premium badge that appears on your profile can, in some eyes, enhance your professional standing on the platform, indicating a serious commitment to networking and professional growth.

Job Insights: While more relevant for those seeking employment, the job insights feature provides detailed information about job postings, including how you compare to other applicants, which can be beneficial for attorneys looking to make a career move.

The Art of LinkedIn Networking

Content Sharing: Beyond merely connecting, actively sharing insightful content positions you as a thought leader within your industry. Commenting on trending legal issues or sharing your perspective on legal news can spark meaningful discussions and further elevate your profile.

Group Participation: Joining relevant groups or forums on LinkedIn can help you engage with peers and potential clients. Engage in these groups by sharing your expertise, answering queries and participating in discussions. These interactions can solidify your reputation and pave the way for new connections.

Attend Virtual Events: LinkedIn often hosts virtual webinars, roundtables or live sessions. Participate in them to expand your network, acquire new knowledge and gain visibility among peers and potential clients.

Endorsements & Recommendations: Seek endorsements for your skills from peers and clients. Similarly, write genuine recommendations for others. This mutual appreciation helps in building a strong professional brand and fosters trust among potential clients or employers.

Engage with Content from Others: Don’t just scroll past posts from your connections. Engage by liking, commenting, or sharing. This active engagement not only keeps you updated but also reinforces your relationship with the poster, showcasing your active involvement in the community.

Follow Influencers and Engage: LinkedIn hosts a plethora of influencers and thought leaders. Following them and actively engaging with their content can expose you to new insights, while also making your profile visible to their large follower base.

Set Regular Networking Goals: Instead of sporadic networking efforts, set a monthly goal for new meaningful connections, discussions initiated or group participations. This systematic approach will keep your networking efforts consistent and worthwhile.

Harnessing LinkedIn Analytics

LinkedIn isn’t just a space for connecting with professionals; it’s also a powerful tool that provides actionable data. By understanding and harnessing LinkedIn’s built-in analytics, lawyers and law firm professionals can make informed decisions to elevate their online presence. Here’s a breakdown:

Engagement Metrics: Don’t just look at likes and comments. Delve deeper into metrics such as click-through rates, shares, and follower growth. The more engagement your post gets, the more it’s resonating with your audience.

Visitor Analytics: It’s important to know who’s visiting your profile or company page. Are they potential clients, industry peers or competitors? LinkedIn provides a demographic breakdown based on job function, seniority, industry, company size and location. This information can help you craft content or strategies targeted towards a specific audience segment.

Content Suggestions: Based on your activity and the interests of your followers, LinkedIn offers content suggestions. It’s a great tool to understand trending subjects in your industry and what your audience might want to read about next.

Benchmark Against Competitors: Compare your firm’s performance against competitors or peers in the industry. See how your content stacks up in terms of engagement and growth metrics. This will provide you an idea of areas that need improvement and those that are working well.

Follower Trends and Sources: Know where your followers come from. Are they finding you through your posts, searches, or company pages? By understanding the primary sources of your follower growth, you can optimize your efforts in those areas.

Optimal Posting Times: Analytics can indicate when your audience is most active. Tailoring your posting schedule to these times can increase visibility and engagement.

Feedback Loop: Lastly, remember that analytics isn’t just about collecting data. It’s about taking action. Use the insights to refine your LinkedIn strategy, test new approaches, and always aim for better engagement.

For lawyers and law firm professionals, understanding and leveraging these analytics isn’t just about boosting numbers. It’s about building a brand, connecting with the right audience and establishing authority in the legal field.

Collaborative Efforts

Embracing collaboration on platforms like LinkedIn can be a game-changer for attorneys. Working alongside fellow lawyers or branching out with professionals from complementary industries can significantly enhance your online presence. Here’s how to optimize your collaborative endeavors:

Diverse Expertise: Collaborative efforts allow for a fusion of diverse expertise. By pairing with someone from a different legal specialty or an industry expert in areas like finance or real estate, you can offer your audience comprehensive insights. This is especially beneficial for subjects that intersect with multiple fields.

Broadened Audience Reach: When you co-author an article or host a joint discussion, you’re potentially tapping into your collaborator’s audience as well. This cross-pollination can increase your followers, leading to a more extensive network and new opportunities.

Increased Credibility: Sharing platforms with well-regarded professionals can elevate your reputation. It signals to your peers and potential clients that you’re recognized and respected in your field.

Fresh Content Ideas: Brainstorming with collaborators can lead to fresh content angles and innovative ideas. It can be an excellent solution to the occasional content fatigue every professional faces.

Engaging Discussions: Hosting live discussions or webinars on LinkedIn with a fellow professional can spark engaging dialogues. These sessions, often more interactive and dynamic than solo presentations, can attract a larger audience and facilitate meaningful interactions.

Cross-Promotion: Collaborative efforts can extend beyond LinkedIn. Consider co-hosting podcasts, webinars or workshops. Promote these sessions across your digital channels for maximum reach.

Shared Responsibilities: Collaboration often means sharing the workload. With co-authored pieces, for instance, each contributor can take on specific sections, making the content creation process more efficient.

Continuous Learning: Collaborating allows you to gain new insights and learn from your peers. It’s an opportunity for professional growth and to stay updated on trends outside of your immediate specialty.

By actively seeking and fostering collaborative relationships on LinkedIn, attorneys can elevate their content and expand their reach (and network).

Promote Events

Create Event Pages: LinkedIn allows you to set up event-specific pages. By creating a dedicated page for your seminar or talk, you provide potential attendees all the information they need in one place, from dates and times to speakers and topics. Plus, those interested can RSVP directly through the platform, which is another way to boost the visibility for your event.

Leverage Visual Content: Design eye-catching banners and promotional graphics that highlight key details of your event. Visual content tends to have higher engagement rates. Teaser videos or behind-the-scenes snippets can also build anticipation.

Use Sponsored Content: If the event is particularly significant or if you’re trying to reach a broader audience, consider using LinkedIn’s sponsored content. This paid feature ensures that your event details pop up on more people’s feeds, even if they don’t follow you.

Engage and Interact: As the event date approaches, keep the momentum going by posting updates, sharing speaker interviews or offering sneak peeks into the preparation process. The more you interact with potential attendees, the more buzz you create.

Post-event Engagement: After the event concludes, LinkedIn remains a valuable tool. Share highlights, photographs and key takeaways. This not only provides value to those who attended but also shows those who missed out what they can look forward to next time. It’s also a chance to gather feedback, which can be invaluable for future event planning.

Link to Other Platforms: If the event has a presence on other platforms, such as a webinar recording on YouTube or an article recap on your firm’s website, make sure to cross-link. This provides your LinkedIn audience with a comprehensive view of the event and its content.

Engage with User-generated Content: If attendees share their own insights or pictures from the event, make sure to engage. Like, comment or even reshare their content. This not only increases your event’s visibility but also strengthens your relationship with your audience.

Promoting events on LinkedIn goes beyond just a single announcement post. By actively engaging before, during and after the event, you can ensure maximum reach and impact, fostering community and positioning yourself and your firm as industry leaders.


Identify Thought Leaders in Your Niche: Start by researching and identifying key influencers and thought leaders within your practice area or the legal industry. Engaging with their content or proposing collaborative projects can provide you a noticeable boost.

Propose Joint Webinars or Live Sessions: LinkedIn Live is an effective tool for direct engagement. Co-hosting a webinar or live Q&A with a fellow attorney or a professional from a related industry can help capture a wider audience and allow you to share your expertise on a broader platform.

Engage in Group Discussions: LinkedIn is home to countless groups dedicated to specific practice areas, industry insights, and legal discussions. Joining and actively participating in these groups can open doors to collaboration opportunities. You might find someone who’s seeking a partner for a podcast series or a webinar, for instance.

Co-Author Articles and Whitepapers: Approach professionals who possess expertise that complements yours and propose co-authoring in-depth articles or whitepapers. This not only provides valuable content for your followers but also taps into their audience, thereby expanding your reach.

Share and Cross-Promote Content: If you and your collaborative partner both produce valuable content, consider a cross-promotion strategy. Sharing each other’s articles, videos or infographics can mutually benefit by introducing each to the other’s audience.

Provide Endorsements and Recommendations: A genuine endorsement or recommendation from a respected professional can go a long way in building credibility. Consider exchanging endorsements with those you’ve successfully collaborated with, but ensure they are genuine and based on real experiences.

The Learning Curve

LinkedIn Learning: This is a repository of knowledge and insights that’s continuously evolving. Dive into courses not just within the realm of law but expand your horizons. Here’s why and how:

Broaden Your Skillset: While being a legal expert is your primary focus, understanding adjacent fields like business management, digital marketing or even public speaking can offer a competitive edge. Imagine being the lawyer who also understands the nuances of a client’s business challenges.

Personal Development: Soft skills are just as crucial, if not more, than hard skills. Courses on leadership, negotiation or even time management can be immensely valuable in the daily operations of a legal career.

Networking Opportunities: Engaging in course discussions or forums can help you connect with professionals outside your immediate circle, fostering interdisciplinary relationships.

Stay Ahead of Digital Trends: The digital world is rapidly evolving. Courses on the latest in social media trends, content creation or even basic coding can equip you to better understand the tech-savvy client’s perspective or even manage your firm’s online presence more effectively.

Certifications: Completing courses often comes with certifications you can display on your profile. These badges not only bolster your profile’s credibility but also signify your commitment to continuous learning.

Regular Checks: Set aside a dedicated time, perhaps once a quarter, to explore new courses or trends on LinkedIn Learning. This ensures you remain updated and can adapt to the changing demands of the legal and business landscapes.

Effective use of LinkedIn today is not just about passive scrolling but about meaningful engagements, sharing expertise and building a credible digital footprint. Embrace LinkedIn’s multifaceted tools and wit

LinkedIn is an indispensable tool for legal professionals. But its true power lies not in having a presence, but in active, purposeful engagement. By utilizing LinkedIn’s myriad features and fostering genuine connections, lawyers can truly amplify their brand and enrich their practice. Let LinkedIn be the catalyst for your professional growth and watch your brand and business grow.

Copyright © 2023, Stefanie M. Marrone. All Rights Reserved.National Law Review, Volume XIII, Number 229

Thu, 17 Aug 2023 10:30:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Quantum Computing Inc. Reports Second Quarter and First Half 2023 Financial Results

Quantum Computing Inc. initiates commercialization during first half of 2023 and commenced multiple product launches year-to-date, including:

  • Dirac Series Entropy Quantum computer.
  • Zero-Trust Cyber Security Protection solution.
  • Non-repeatable Quantum Random Number Generator.
  • Reservoir Photonics computing (machine learning/predictive) – AI enhancing.
  • Quantum Sensing products including QLiDAR and the Photonic Vibrometer – first to market to discern highly obscured and non-line-of-sight objects.

LEESBURG, Va., Aug. 14, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Quantum Computing Inc. ("QCi", "we", "our" or the "Company") (Nasdaq: QUBT), a first-to-market nanophotonic-based quantum technology company, today announced its financial results for the three and six-months periods ended June 30, 2023. 

"The conclusion of the second quarter 2023 marks the one-year anniversary of our merger with QPhoton.  I am pleased to report that the full integration with QPhoton has been successfully completed.  In one year's time we have seamlessly doubled the size of the Company in terms of personnel, facilities, assets, and scope of our business.  Together, combining QCi's quantum software platform and data scientist expertise with QPhoton's highly sophisticated quantum hardware intellectual property, we have redefined ourselves as a nanophotonic-based quantum technology company, focused on the democratization of quantum technologies.  In one year, we have laid the foundation for our core technology, designed advanced quantum photonic chips to miniaturize key product components, and have begun commercialization with the release of certain first-to-market, photonic-based, quantum-enabled products and services," commented Robert Liscouski, co-Founder, CEO & Chairman of QCi.

"The second quarter report illustrates that we have consistently maintained tight financial controls during a significant consolidation period, while rolling out a business development, marketing and sales plan to facilitate a multi-product release effort. To sum up, QCi has in one year accomplished what it has taken industry participants several years to achieve, and we believe we deliver greater quantum capability.  To produce this high level of activity, we are fortunate to have secured cost-effective funding sources, entering the third quarter with sufficient cash on our balance sheet to ensure continuous funding of our operations, expanding of our business plan and fulfillment of our financing obligations. We have attracted accomplished thought leaders, scientists, engineers and financial experts to our management and professional staff, Board of Directors, Technical Advisory Board, and Advisory Team.  We anticipate during the second half of 2023 that we will deliver the Company's first meaningful revenue."

Second Quarter and First Half 2023 Financial Highlights



  • Second quarter 2023 revenues totaled approximately $112,000 (54.4% gross margin) compared to $65,000 (92.0% gross margin) generated in the second quarter 2022 and $121,000 (53.3% gross margin) revenue for the first quarter 2023. The increase in revenues is primarily due to changes in the number and size of active customer contracts and the level of completion accomplished. As the Company's gross margin is mainly a function of direct labor cost, revenue generated on current projects required higher skill-sets, reducing the gross margin level from the previous year. While the company's revenue will include the sale of hardware and the rendering of professional services, revenue during the first half of the year was driven by professional services provided to multiple government and commercial customers under multi-month contracts.
  • For the six months of 2023, revenues totaled approximately $233,000, an increase of 141% over prior year's six-month period. As the Company has only recently entered its commercialization phase, revenues were expected to be minimal during the first half of 2023; however, as contracted testing and a backlog of proof-of-concept projects demonstrate positive results, the Company anticipates increasing revenue sequentially as the year progresses and into 2024.

Operating Expenses:

  • Second quarter 2023 operating expenses totaled $3.9 million compared to the previous year's second quarter operating expenses of $4.9 million and $7.9 million for the first quarter 2023. The roughly $1.0 million year-over-year decrease in expenses is due in large part to the $2.4 million decrease in other SG&A costs driven by QPhoton merger-related expenditures for legal expenses and intangible asset adjustments, partly offset by an increase of $734,000 in R&D for additional technical labor and parts required to design and test new hardware products, and an increase of $795,000 in overall compensation expense. The increase in compensation expenses is partly offset by reduced reliance on consulting and professional services as the Company shifts core responsibilities in-house.
  • Operating expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2023, totaled $11.8 million, an increase of approximately $175,000 over prior year's six-month period principally due to an increase in R&D of $1.2 million to design and test new hardware products partially offset by a $873,000 reduction in costs associated with the QPhoton merger.
  • The Company's average monthly cash burn during second quarter 2023 was approximately $1.69 million, an increase of $106,000 over the prior year's second quarter results, or roughly 6.7%, and an increase of approximately $119,000, or 7.5%, compared to the average monthly cash burn for the first quarter 2023.  The increase in monthly cash burn is primarily due to additional quantum engineering hires and building out operational support for the increase in product launches.  The level of monthly cash expenditure is expected to hold relatively steady for the foreseeable future.

Net Results:

  • The Company reported a net loss of $4.6 million, or $(0.07) per basic share for the second quarter of 2023, compared to a net loss of $5.1 million or $(0.17) per basic share for the same period of the previous year. The $462,000 year-over-year decrease is primarily due to a decrease in operating expenses offset by an increase of $487,000 in financings costs related to interest on the company's promissory notes and fees for At-the-Market (ATM) facility. The Company's second quarter losses declined approximately $3.9 million compared to first quarter 2023 due largely to adjustments related to the QPhoton acquisition, as well as the final payment of non-recurring, merger-related costs that occurred in the first quarter 2023.
  • For the first six months of 2023, the net loss totaled $13.1 million, or $(0.20) per basic share, compared to a net loss of $12.2 million, or $(0.42) per basic share in the prior year's six-month period. The increase in net loss is largely due to the decreased operating expenses for QPhoton merger-related costs, offset by an increase of $781,000 in other expenses related predominately to interest on short-term promissory notes and an increase in financing costs related to first time use of the ATM facility. As of June 30, 2023, the Company's tax loss carry forwards was approximately $11.7 million.

Balance Sheet


  • As of June 30, 2023, cash and cash equivalents increased $1.9 million to $7.2 million from the beginning of 2023, which is net of the note receivable of approximately $505,000 invested to secure the Company's right of first refusal to potentially acquire millionways, Inc. ("millionways") and a reduction of $668,655 in account payable and accrued expenses. The net increase in cash and cash equivalents reflects the $14.7 million in capital secured from the Company's ATM offering during the first six months of 2023.
  • Total assets declined $653,000 to $88.6 million on June 30, 2023, primarily driven by a reduction of Goodwill for forfeitures of QPhoton merger warrants totaling $3.6 million, offset by the $1.9 million net increase in cash and cash equivalents, the $505,000 investment in millionways, and net property and plant additions of $476,000.


  • Total liabilities decreased $2.7 million to approximately $11.7 million compared to year-end 2022, driven by the Company's continued repayment of its debt, which began March 2023, as well as payment of final expenses related to the QPhoton merger. As of June 30, 2023, the Company held no long-term debt and approximately $6.5 million in unsecured short-term promissory notes.

Shareholders' Equity: 

  • As of June 30, 2023, the Company had positive shareholder equity totaling $76.9 million, a 2.7% increase from December 31, 2022.


  • As of June 30, 2023, the Company had approximately 67.2 million shares of common stock outstanding, an increase of approximately 6.7 million shares during the second quarter.  This increase is attributed to the sale of shares through the ATM facility and shares issued as compensation for services related to the QPhoton merger. As of August 10, 2023, the Company has approximately $77.5 million remaining on its shelf registration that went effective November 8, 2022. The Company's current shares outstanding totals approximately 74.3 million shares of common stock outstanding. 
  • As of June 30, 2023, the Company's fully diluted shares totaled approximately 88.9 million, which included 13.7 million stock options of which approximately 54% have vested (average exercise price $3.33), 1.6 million warrants (average exercise price $6.93), 4.9 million cashless warrants to pre-merger shareholders of QPhoton, and 1.6 million shares underlying Series A Preferred stock (on an as converted basis). In the event that all options and cash warrants were to be exercised, the Company would receive an additional $56.7 million in cash.

Subsequent Financial Developments:

  • The Company repaid $1.5 million of principal and accrued interest on the Company's unsecured Note for a cumulative total repayment of $4.0 million as of August 10, 2023. The Company's remaining principal and accrued interest on the Note totals approximately $4.9 million.
  • In preparation for its entry into quantum chip manufacturing, the Company placed deposits totaling approximately $1.3 million to secure long-lead equipment for its planned fabrication facility in Arizona where it will produce Lithium Niobate optical chips for quantum information processing and other single photon detection and sensing applications. The purchase of these long lead items is expected to enable the Company to enter quantum chip manufacturing in the first half of 2024.
  • The Company issued 1.5 million shares of restricted common stock with a five-year vesting period to five key technical staff employees as long-term incentive bonuses. These shares will vest in equal amounts over the 5-year term and are subject to the grantee continuing to perform services for the Company in the capacity in which the grant was received.
  • The Company secured approximately $7.8 million in gross proceeds through the sale of common stock via its ATM facility at an average price of $1.40 during the period July 1, 2023 through August 9, 2023. As of August 10, 2023, the Company's cash and cash equivalents total approximately $10.1 million.

Second Quarter 2023 Operational Highlights

Leadership Appointments:

  • The Company appointed Chris Boehmler as its Chief Financial Officer. Mr. Boehmler brings 20 years of extensive financial expertise and a strong background in strategic financial management, including investment banking, planning & analysis, accounting operations, financial and SEC reporting, systems integration and financial risks & controls.  Prior to joining QCi in early 2022 as the Company's Controller, Mr. Boehmler began his career at Credit Suisse and Booz Allen Hamilton, followed by holding various senior financial positions at technology companies and financial institutions, including Bridgewater Associates, LP and Intelsat, where he successfully drove financial strategy and managed complex financial operations in high-demand environments.  As CFO, Mr. Boehmler assumed a crucial role in overseeing the Company's financial operations, strategy, and planning as QCi enters material commercialization.  Mr. Boehmler received his BA (Economics) from the University of Chicago. He replaces Chris Roberts who remains a General Counsel and a strategic advisor to the Company as a consultant.
  • Lewis Shepherd, an emerging and disruptive technologies specialist within both Silicon Valley (VMware, Microsoft) and government service (U.S. Department of Defense, Federal Communications Commission, Intelligence Committee of AFCEA International, Defense Intelligence Agency), joined the QCi Technical Advisory Board to provide industry advice, market intelligence, and QCi product visibility into his extensive network.

Contract Announcement: 

  • In May 2023, the Company received an expansion to its subcontract award from SSAI to support NASA by using the Company's reservoir quantum computer to remove solar background noise (sunlight) from LiDAR image data sets, thereby enabling daytime operation of spaceborne LiDAR systems. Heretofore, high quality data was nearly impossible to achieve in daylight. Under the initial subcontract awarded February 2023, QCi was tasked to test and evaluate an existing LiDAR system designed to remotely measure the physical properties of different types of snowpacks, including the density, particle size and depth. With the additional award, NASA expanded the contract to include quantum machine learning processing of the data collected. Upon successful completion of this testing, NASA may authorize QCi to proceed with airborne testing with the ultimate goal to use the quantum LiDAR units on satellites.

New Product Launch:

  • The Company announced its reprogrammable and non-repeatable Quantum Random Number Generator (QRNG), a patented technology that is crucial to mitigate security vulnerabilities and provides customers with trustworthy data, contributing more effective key production for encryption. The core QRNG technology provides arbitrary and correlated random number distribution which has unique advantages in cybersecurity and big data analyses. The QRNG is available through a cloud-based subscription on the Company website followed by an option to purchase the hardware later in 2023.
  • The Company launched its first-in-a-series Reservoir Computer (RC), a type of machine learning edge device that is photonic-inspired, FPGA-based, and optimized for recurrent neural network applications. The QCi Reservoir Computer's advantage of being deployed at the edge of a computer network, allows data analysis to occur at the sensors or collection point, reducing latency, dependency on network connections, and allows for more real-time processing of data, thereby delivering superior performance in time dependent tasks, such as chaotic time series prediction, radar signal classification, and speech recognition. QCi's RC can address complex problems in fields of natural language processing, weather prediction, financial analysis, drug discovery, optimization, autonomous driving, enhancement of LiDAR capabilities, and a material boost to performance (speed, accuracy and data processing volume), affordability, and power-savings to the AI industry. The Company's current contract with NASA and its collaboration with millionways, both of which are the first to use the QCi RC, speak to its ability to solve complex machine learning problems across different application areas. QCi has begun accepting orders for the RC and will begin shipment during second half of 2023.


  • In April 2023, the Company entered into an MOU with artificial intelligence company millionways, Inc., creator of the world's first emotionally intelligent AI platform. The partnership represents an opportunity for QCi to demonstrate the significant advantages of applying quantum computing to AI. The collaboration would highlight the value of processing millionways' AI algorithms through QCi's existing reservoir computer that can uniquely assess audio files to produce an emotional scoring capability and demonstrate an enhanced capability for AI systems in general. If the data processing project is successful, the companies will develop a joint marketing and business development plan to pursue commercial opportunities.

    On May 22, 2023, the Company signed of a non-binding Letter of Intent to acquire up to 100% of millionways, Inc., pending the completion of due diligence by independent third-party valuation and fairness opinion firms.  According to the terms of the LOI, QCi will provide a series of bridge loans (one year term at 10% interest) to millionways starting at $125,000 and potentially aggregating up to $2,000,000, at QCi's discretion. Upon the completion of the first bridge loan, QCi will have the right of first refusal to purchase millionways for a one-year period. In the event an acquisition of millionways does not occur, the capital QCi has invested will be repaid. As of August 10, 2023, QCi has invested $500,000 in millionways bridge notes as the two companies continue their collaborative testing.

Commercial Proof of Concepts, Beta-tests and System Users Update:

  • QCi has begun onboarding 3rd party users to its Dirac-1 and Dirac-2 Entropy Quantum Computers, who are working on large quadratic binary optimization problems and use cases for critical applications using CSample. This program enables end users to develop operational uses before converting to a subscription. The first end user was onboarded in the second quarter, three additional have been added in the third quarter, and six more are expected by the end of 2023.
  • One of the largest US insurance carriers took part in experiments to determine whether QCi's photonic quantum computing could detect and/or predict variations in its systems that could compromise its network, impairing its customer service and operational efficiency. Currently the insurance carrier is considering additional use case experiments. 
  • QCi's Dirac-1 system successfully identified optimal time, speed and route through varying obstructions for drone aircraft for Virginia Innovation Partnership Corporation.  QCi is currently working to expand this program toward a field demonstration using QCi's Dirac-1 system with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.
  • QCi's Dirac-1 fraud detection capabilities successfully demonstrated four separate machine learning applications for Rabobank.  QCi is now evaluating additional use cases to support a variety of financial services applications for banking customers.
  • The Company is continuously engaged in a number of beta-tests use cases to demonstrate the effectiveness of its computing capabilities, including:

         - Inventory purchase optimization in supply chain
         - Optimizing advertising spend across different media channels
         - Machine learning models to classify voice recording data
         - Intrusion detection within security networks, vehicle routing and payload optimization 

Consortium Membership Invitation:

  • QI Solutions, a wholly owned subsidiary of QCi focused on federal government projects, joined the Center for Quantum Technologies (CQT). CQT is a National Science Foundation sponsored initiative with engineers and scientists from Purdue University, Indiana University, the University of Notre Dame, and Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). QI Solutions and these four universities are joined by industry leaders, such as Air Force Research Laboratory, Amazon Web Services, Eli Lilly, Cummins, Toyota, Northrup Grumman, and IBM Quantum, to explore novel quantum technologies that address industry and defense challenges.

Subsequent Operational Developments and Outlook

Contract Announcement: 

  • The Company received a subcontract award from Bay Area Environmental Research Institute (BAERI) to build and test an innovative photonic sensor instrument to provide accurate measurement of atmospheric particulates such as clouds, aerosols, smoke flume, volcanic ashes, etc. for NASA Ames. The photon sensor instrument will be designed to identify physical properties including size, shape and chemical composition. This award represents the third distinct task order from NASA and is the second research center within NASA to subcontract with the Company. Under the nine-month subcontract, QCi will deliver a compact system, programmed to process a substantial amount of data that can support standalone operations for days, and designed to be powered by a 12-volt battery that consumes no more than 30 watts of power. The possible long-term objective of this engagement is to position these instruments for field deployment to create a monitoring network.

New Product Launch:

  • The Company expanded its commercially available product line to include its first-in-a-series Quantum Photonic Vibrometer, a proprietary, powerful instrument for remote vibration detection, sensing and inspection. This device is the first quantum accelerated photonics vibrometer available in the market today and offers significant advancements in sensitivity, speed and resolution. The Quantum Photonic Vibrometer is capable of discerning – for the first time – highly obscured and non-line-of-sight objects. Military and commercial applications are numerous in the areas of material recognition, enhanced surveillance, infrastructure integrity and preventive industrial maintenance – all at safe distances and requiring minimal energy/optical power.

Patent Award:

  • On July 25, 2023, the Company's Chief Quantum Officer (inventor), the Company's Director of Quantum Hardware (inventor), and the Trustees of the Stevens Institute of Technology (assignee) were named on a patent that was granted approval in the United States. Quantum Computing Inc. has perpetual, exclusive rights to utilize the patent. The patent, which was previously granted early 2023 in Europe and China, addresses unconditional network security, including a method for quantum authentication. This breakthrough patent fills a critical security breach vulnerability by offering a way to effectively protect information in a zero-trust environment and thereby safeguarding an entire network at all points of slippage. Designed to be compatible with existing fiber-based communication infrastructure and satellite-based networks, the patent is a broad use award based on a fundamental methodology for secure networking among multiple parties, uniquely combining authentication and encryption in a single step.


  • The Company has transitioned to commercializing applications through its various product lines, while seamlessly completing the integration of its QPhoton acquisition and greatly expanding the scope of its business. During the first half of 2023, the Company has released several products, secured initial testing contracts with Government agencies, and has engaged in a growing number of proof of concepts that it believes will potentially evolve into contracts in the coming months. The Company anticipates a gradual revenue increase during the remainder of the year, developing into heightened growth towards late 2023 and beyond as management expects to achieve positive results from several early testing engagements in addition to other initiatives the Company is pursuing in distribution partnerships as well as government grants.

For additional information on the Company's suite of solutions, please visit our website or contact our team directly.

Quantum Computing Inc. Logo (PRNewsfoto/Quantum Computing Inc.)

About Quantum Computing Inc. (QCi)

Quantum Computing Inc. is a quantum hardware and software company on a mission to accelerate the value of quantum computing for real-world business solutions, delivering the future of quantum computing, today. The company provides accessible and affordable solutions with real-world industrial applications, using nanophotonic-based quantum entropy that can be used anywhere and with little to no training, operates at normal room temperatures, low power and is not burdened with unique environmental requirements. QCi is competitively advantaged delivering its quantum solutions at greater speed, accuracy and security at less cost. QCi's core nanophotonic-based technology is applicable to both quantum computing as well as quantum sensing and imaging solutions, providing QCi with a unique position in the marketplace. QCi's core entropy computing capability, the Dirac series, delivers solutions for both binary and integer-based optimization problems using over 11,000 qubits for binary problems and over 1000 (n=64) qubits for integer-based problems, each of which are the highest number of variables and problem size available in quantum computing today. Using the Company's core quantum methodologies, QCi has developed specific quantum applications for AI, cybersecurity and remote sensing, including its Reservoir Photonic Computer series, reprogrammable and non-repeatable Quantum Random Number Generator and LiDAR products.  For more information about QCi, visit

About QI Solutions, Inc. (QiS)

QI Solutions, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Quantum Computing Inc., is a provider of quantum technology solutions and services to the government and defense industries. With a team of qualified and cleared staff, QiS delivers a range of solutions from entropy quantum computing to quantum communications and sensing, backed by expertise in logistics, manufacturing, R&D and training. The company is exclusively focused on delivering tailored solutions for partners in various government departments and agencies.

Important Cautions Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements as defined within Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. By their nature, forward-looking statements and forecasts involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that will occur in the near future. Those statements include statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations of Quantum Computing Inc. (the "Company"), and members of its management as well as the assumptions on which such statements are based. Prospective investors are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties, and that real results may differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements. 

The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect changed conditions. Statements in this press release that are not descriptions of historical facts are forward-looking statements relating to future events, and as such all forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements may contain certain forward-looking statements pertaining to future anticipated or projected plans, performance and developments, as well as other statements relating to future operations and results. Any statements in this press release that are not statements of historical fact may be considered to be forward-looking statements. Words such as "may," "will," "expect," "believe," "anticipate," "estimate," "intends," "goal," "objective," "seek," "attempt," "aim to," or variations of these or similar words, identify forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those described in Item 1A in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is expressly incorporated herein by reference, and other factors as may periodically be described in the Company's filings with the SEC.

*** Financial Statements Follow ***


Quantum Computing Inc. Consolidated Balance Sheet (Unaudited)
 June 30,
December 31,
     Current assets
          Cash and cash equivalents $ 7,196,795 $ 5,308,466
          Account receivable 121,389 12,774
          Prepaid expenses 202,168 224,302
          Loans Receivable 504,668 -
          Other current assets 11,567 42,105
               Subtotal current assets 8,036,587 5,587,647
     Fixed assets (net of depreciation) 1,451,364 975,169
     Other Assets
          Lease right-of-use 1,178,933 1,327,746
          Security deposits 64,218 60,271
          Intangible assets-net of amortization 12,810,010 22,223,725
          Goodwill 65,106,678 59,125,773
               Subtotal Other assets 79,159,839 82,737,515
     Total Assets $ 88,647,790 $ 89,300,331
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
     Current Liabilities
          Accounts payable $ 935,351 $ 871,887
          Accrued expenses 2,827,862 3,559,981
          Lease liability 1,214,640 1,357,924
          Dividends payable-preferred 215,119 219,844
          Loans payable-short term 6,515,776 535,684
          Accrued interest – short term 26,505 -
               Current liabilities - subtotal        11,735,253 6,545,320
     Long term liabilities
          Loans payable-long term - 7,632,998
          Accrued interest – long term - 225,282
               Long term liabilities - subtotal  - 7,858,280
     Total Liabilities 11,735,253 14,403,600
Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
      Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 250,000,000 shares authorized:
           67,215,159 and 55,963,334 shares issued and outstanding as of
June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. 6,724 5,596
      Preferred stock, $0.0001par value, 1,550,000 shares Series A convertible 
          Preferred Authorized: 1,490,004 and 1,500,004 shares issued and
 outstanding as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022,
 3,079,864 shares of Series B Preferred Stock Authorized,
 0 and 0 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2023 and
 December 31, 2022, respectively. 149 150
          Additional paid-in capital 161,864,055 151,163,909
          APIC-Beneficial Conversion Feature in Equity 4,898,835 4,898,835
          APIC-Stock Based Compensation 43,279,140 38,816,022
          Accumulated deficit (133,136,366) (119,987,781)
               Total Stockholders' Equity (deficit) 76,912,537 74,896,731
          Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity $ 88,647,790 $ 89,300,331


Quantum Computing Inc.
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
March 31, March 31,
2023 2022 2023 2022
Total revenues $ 112,190 $ 65,484 $ 232,719 $ 96,724
Cost of revenues 51,157 5,233 107,395 16,800
Gross profit 61,033 60,251 125,324 79,924
Operating expenses
   Salaries and benefits 530,689 1,358,406 1,984,322 2,474,634
   Consulting 183,281 255,631 408,322 626,513
   Research & development 1,584,712 850,444 3,119,308 1,875,031
   Stock based compensation 1,946,811 323,859 3,915,625 3,403,662
   Selling General and administrative (325,364) 2,080,275 2,344,352 3,217,379
   3,920,129 4,868,615 11,771,929 11,597,219
 Loss from operations (3,859,096) (4,808,364) (11,646,605) (11,517,295)
Other income (expenses)
Interest income 61,136 33,163 92,980 44,027
   Interest expense – Promissory Notes (185,623) - (400,145) -
   Interest expense – Preferred dividends (215,119) (223,125) (430,833) (446,250)
   Interest expense – Financing expenses (443,746) (106,250) (763,982) (318,750)
   Other income (expenses), net (783,352) (296,212) (1,501,980) (720,973)
Income tax provision - - - -
Net loss $ (4,642,448) $ (5,104,576) $ (13,148,585) $ (12,238,268)
Per-share data
    Weighted average shares - basic 67,215,159 29,204,543 67,215,159 29,204,543
    Weighted average shares - diluted 88,937,925 44,949,871 88,937925 44,949,871
Loss per share - basic $ (0.07) $ (0.17) $ (0.20) $ (0.42)
Loss per share - diluted $ (0.05) $ (0.11) $ (0.15) $ (0.27)




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SOURCE Quantum Computing Inc.

Mon, 14 Aug 2023 10:01:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : RIP: Former Springbok captain passes away after accident

Theuns Stofberg, who played 21 Tests for the Springbok team between 1976 and 1984, was rushed to hospital on Monday night after he was involved in a serious car accident outside Stellenbosch in the Cape. 

Stofberg suffered several internal injuries following what was allegedly a head-on collision involving three vehicles, and it’s now reported that he has sadly passed away.

Stofberg is survived by his wife Martie and their four children.

“His many injuries were too severe for his body to recover, and he passed away early on Wednesday morning,” a family statement read.

The news was shared by former Springbok Rob Louw.

More information about the tragic circumstances can also be found here

Thoughts and condolences from all at The South African go out to the friends of family Stofberg, who was 68-years-old.

ALSO READ: Pollard ‘on the edge of being fully fit’, but soon heading home

The flanker made his debut for the Springboks against New Zealand in 1976, and would go on to score six tries in 21 Tests. He also captained the team on four occasions.

He was chosen as skipper of the two-Test series against England in 1984 and he scored his last Test try in the second and final Test of that series. After that he announced his retirement.

According to the Afrikanergeskiedenis, “after Stofberg obtained his degree in physiotherapy, he was called up to Pretoria for his military service, which meant that he played for the then Northern Transvaal and won the Currie Cup under the legendary coach Brig. Buurman van Zyl. After completing his military service, he moved to Cape Town in 1982 where he ran his practice as a physiotherapist. During this time he became part of the Western Province team that won the Currie Cup every year until 1986, although he only played until 1984.

“Theuns practiced as a physiotherapist until 2008, but due to problems with his health, he and his wife started a business that takes tour groups abroad. He was attending a rugby test in England when he suddenly fell seriously ill. He was later diagnosed with Churg Strauss syndrome; it is a disease that affects the veins and arteries and can result in respiratory tract infection and asthma, which meant he could no longer practice as a physiotherapist.”

REMINDER: Springboks vs All Blacks kick-off time on FRIDAY

Tue, 22 Aug 2023 18:16:00 -0500 en-ZA text/html
Killexams : Sarkariprep: Best Government Jobs And Competitive exam Preparation Portal in India

Sarkariprep is a job portal that provides government jobs news, admit card, exam preparation, syllabus, answer key, sarkari result for freshers.and job seekers in India — all in one place — as finding reliable and up-to-date information about government jobs can often be a challenging task. In a country where government jobs are highly sought after for their job security, perks, and benefits, having a reliable source to access the latest updates becomes crucial. has emerged as one of the most trusted and comprehensive websites for government job news in India.

What all information is available on the Sarkariprep Job Portal?

On the Sarkariprep job portal, users can get these informations -

1. Government Jobs: Users can get the first update of all government jobs of Central and State Governments like - Police Recruitment, Railway, Bank, Defence Job, SSC, PSC, UPSC, Teaching Jobs and State Wise Sarkari Naukri News.

2. Admit Card: Admit card, hall ticket for all government job exams and competitive exams organized by the central and state government can be downloaded online at after the government departments release them on their website.

3. Sarkari Result: Central and State Governments release the results after conducting competitive examinations. For the candidates waiting for the official result, sarkariprep provides the first update of all the competitive exam results on its official website.

4. Government Scheme: The Government of India and the State Governments at all levels announce Sarkari Yojana and welfare schemes for the cross section of the society. People can get this information on the Sarkariprep Employment News Portal.

5. Online Test Series: Daily updated Free Test Series, General Knowledge, Mock Test, Previous Year Paper, Quiz Test for the aspirants preparing for competitive exams.From here the candidates can prepare for the sarkari naukri of their choice. is the first of its kind government job portal in India, that updates aspirants regarding the special government job notifications in Hindi language. This site enables Hindi speaking candidates to apply for various government jobs and employment news updates in Hindi. Through their dedicated experts, they ensure that the most relevant job information is provided to the candidates in Hindi.

How to get updates of Sarkariprep exam Preparation Portal?

Apirants can get all government job updates published on on their mobile phones through the official website, Android app and social media sites like WhatsApp, Facebook, Telegram, YouTube, Instagram, and Twitter.

About Sarkariprep Job Portal is a leading job site for freshers who can look for job opportunities in both private and government sector in India. was established in 2021 by Sarkariprep Education Group. Sarkari Prep has helped unemployed male and female candidates get their first jobs in leading companies and government organisations in India. Sarkari Prep is the first to update promising young candidates from all states of India about free employment news notifications and government exam preparation daily.

(Above mentioned article is consumer connect initiative. This article is a paid publication and does not have journalistic/editorial involvement of IDPL, and IDPL claims no responsibility whatsoever)

Wed, 09 Aug 2023 21:01:00 -0500 text/html
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