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Exam Code: Google-PCSE Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
Google-PCSE Professional Cloud Security Engineer

A Professional Cloud Security Engineer enables organizations to design and implement a secure infrastructure on Google Cloud Platform. Through an understanding of security best practices and industry security requirements, this individual designs, develops, and manages a secure infrastructure leveraging Google security technologies. The Cloud Security Professional should be proficient in all aspects of Cloud Security including managing identity and access management, defining organizational structure and policies, using Google technologies to provide data protection, configuring network security defenses, collecting and analyzing Google Cloud Platform logs, managing incident responses, and an understanding of regulatory concerns.

The Professional Cloud Security Engineer test assesses your ability to:
- Configure access within a cloud solution environment
- Configure network security
- Ensure data protection
- Manage operations within a cloud solution environment
- Ensure compliance

1. Configuring access within a cloud solution environment
1.1 Configuring Cloud Identity. Considerations include:
- Managing Cloud Identity
- Configuring Google Cloud Directory Sync
- Management of super administrator account

1.2 Managing user accounts. Considerations include:
-Designing identity roles at the project and organization level
-Automation of user lifecycle management process
-API usage

1.3 Managing service accounts. Considerations include:
- Auditing service accounts and keys
- Automating the rotation of user-managed service account keys
- Identification of scenarios requiring service accounts
- Creating, authorizing, and securing service accounts
- Securely managed API access management

1.4 Managing authentication. Considerations include:
- Creating a password policy for user accounts
- Establishing Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML)
- Configuring and enforcing two-factor authentication

1.5 Managing and implementing authorization controls. Considerations include:
- Using resource hierarchy for access control
- Privileged roles and separation of duties
- Managing IAM permissions with primitive, predefined, and custom roles
- Granting permissions to different types of identities
- Understanding difference between Google Cloud Storage IAM and ACLs

1.6 Defining resource hierarchy. Considerations include:
- Creating and managing organizations
- Resource structures (orgs, folders, and projects)
- Defining and managing organization constraints
- Using resource hierarchy for access control and permissions inheritance
- Trust and security boundaries within GCP projects

2. Configuring network security
2.1 Designing network security. Considerations include:
- Security properties of a VPC network, VPC peering, shared VPC, and firewall rules
- Network isolation and data encapsulation for N tier application design
- Use of DNSSEC
- Private vs. public addressing
- App-to-app security policy

2.2 Configuring network segmentation. Considerations include:
- Network perimeter controls (firewall rules; IAP)
- Load balancing (global, network, HTTP(S), SSL proxy, and TCP proxy load balancers)

2.3 Establish private connectivity. Considerations include:
- Private RFC1918 connectivity between VPC networks and GCP projects (Shared VPC, VPC peering)
- Private RFC1918 connectivity between data centers and VPC network (IPSEC and Cloud Interconnect).
- Enable private connectivity between VPC and Google APIs (private access)

3. Ensuring data protection
3.1 Preventing data loss with the DLP API. Considerations include:
- Identification and redaction of PII
- Configuring tokenization
- Configure format preserving substitution
- Restricting access to DLP datasets

3.2 Managing encryption at rest. Considerations include:
- Understanding use cases for default encryption, customer-managed encryption keys (CMEK), and customer-supplied encryption keys (CSEK)
- Creating and managing encryption keys for CMEK and CSEK
- Managing application secrets
- Object lifecycle policies for Cloud Storage
- Enclave computing
- Envelope encryption

4. Managing operations within a cloud solution environment
4.1 Building and deploying infrastructure. Considerations include:
- Backup and data loss strategy
- Creating and automating an incident response plan
- Log sinks, audit logs, and data access logs for near-real-time monitoring
- Standby models
- Automate security scanning for Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVEs) through a CI/CD pipeline
- Virtual machine image creation, hardening, and maintenance
- Container image creation, hardening, maintenance, and patch management

4.2 Building and deploying applications. Considerations include:
- Application logs near-real-time monitoring
- Static code analysis
- Automate security scanning through a CI/CD pipeline

4.3 Monitoring for security events. Considerations include:
- Logging, monitoring, testing, and alerting for security incidents
- Exporting logs to external security systems
- Automated and manual analysis of access logs
- Understanding capabilities of Forseti

5. Ensuring compliance
5.1 Comprehension of regulatory concerns. Considerations include:
- Evaluation of concerns relative to compute, data, and network.
- Security shared responsibility model
- Security guarantees within cloud execution environments
- Limiting compute and data for regulatory compliance

5.2 Comprehension of compute environment concerns. Considerations include:
- Security guarantees and constraints for each compute environment (Compute Engine, Google Kubernetes Engine, App Engine)
- Determining which compute environment is appropriate based on company compliance standards

Professional Cloud Security Engineer
Google Professional history
Killexams : Google Professional history - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Google-PCSE Search results Killexams : Google Professional history - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Google-PCSE https://killexams.com/exam_list/Google Killexams : Google Data Studio now known as Looker Studio

Google has renamed the popular analytics and data platform from Google Data Studio to Looker Studio. Google wrote “starting today, Data Studio is now Looker Studio.” “With this complete enterprise business intelligence suite, we will help you go beyond dashboards and infuse your workflows and applications with the intelligence needed to help make data-driven decisions,” Google added.

Why the change. Google said it is now “unifying” the Google business intelligence products “under the Looker umbrella.” And part of business intelligence is the very popular Data Studio product.

More on Data Studio. Google launched Data Studio in March 2016 as part of the enterprise Google Analytics 360 suite, with a free version that lets you turn your data into informative, easy-to-read, easy-to-share, and fully customizable dashboards and reports. There are easy-to-use drag-and-drop features to customize reports from various data sources, including Search Console, Google Analytics, Google Ads, and much more.

Pro version. Google also announced a Pro, paid, version of Looker Studio named Looker Studio Pro. Google said that the Pro version will get new enterprise management features, team collaboration capabilities, and SLAs. Google said that is just the first release and the company has “developed a roadmap of capabilities, starting with Dataplex integration for data lineage and metadata visibility, that our enterprise customers have been asking for.”

You can learn more about this change on the Google blog.

Why we care. Many of you are using Google Data Studio and the name change may be a bit surprising to some of you. Google has a history of changing product names, merging products with others, and even completely sunsetting products. So this should not be a massive surprise to many of you.

In any event, Looker Studio is the new name for Data Studio.

New on Search Engine Land

About The Author

Barry Schwartz a Contributing Editor to Search Engine Land and a member of the programming team for SMX events. He owns RustyBrick, a NY based web consulting firm. He also runs Search Engine Roundtable, a popular search blog on very advanced SEM topics. Barry can be followed on Twitter here.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 22:22:00 -0500 Barry Schwartz en text/html https://searchengineland.com/google-data-studio-now-known-as-looker-studio-388658
Killexams : Six years of Pixel: the evolution of Google Pixel phones No result found, try new keyword!Google has a long history of developing software for Nexus ... and the 12MP f/2.2 ultrawide, while the Pro model also arrived with a 48MP f/3.5 telephoto sensor, capable of 4x optical zoom. Tue, 04 Oct 2022 03:00:00 -0500 https://pocketnow.com/evolution-history-google-pixel-phones/ Killexams : Google now has its own podcast, talking about hardware © Provided by Android Police
Google Pixel 7 Pro

Google's Pixel 7 Pro refines the Pixel experience after the 6 Pro's initial stumbles last year, improving stability and taking the camera prowess to new levels with image fusing and 4K60fps video on all cameras. 30W fast charging and Pixel's addictive features like automatic Call screening and Pixel recorder help make the Pixel 7 Pro an alluring phone even as an iterative update.

Amidst the buddy Pixel launch event on October 6 that brought us great new flagship phones and the Pixel Watch, Google also introduced something else and slightly unexpected, too. The company has entered the podcast creation business with its own podcasts. The “Made by Google” podcast debuted with its first episode on October 6, talking about the camera advancements Google pioneered over the years, culminating into the Pixel 7 and 7 Pro.

As spotted by 9to5Google, the podcast is hosted by Rasheed Finch, who introduces himself as a “Googler here in Amsterdam.” He promises that the show will bring you behind the scenes details on new Google products and in-depth conversations with the product managers behind them. The first episode doesn’t disappoint in that regard, with Finch talking to Isaac Reyonolds, the product manager for the Google Pixel camera.

Finch goes over the background Reynolds comes from and the history of the Google camera technology so far, including how it led the industry for a long time now when it comes to still photography. It’s interesting that Reynolds doesn’t consider himself a pro photographer, but rather someone who wants to make it as easy as possible for everyone to take the best shots, without the camera getting in the way. Finch explains that all Googlers have an internal mission statement, and Reynold’s is “Create more confident photographers and more beautiful memory.” Reynolds explains,

When I wrote that, I actually got made fun of by one of my friends at Google. But more beautiful memories and more confident photographers, there are two different ways to interpret that. It either modifies confident, or it modifies photographers.

I mean it all four different ways. But yes, we have to think about the creative side as product managers here. Cameras are tools. They achieve something for you. The camera is not the thing that you want. It's the pictures and the videos. Those are the things that you want. My goal is to get people in and out of camera as fast as I can. Get them on their journey to share, to post, to edit, to create, to curate. It's really not about camera for me, it's about the sharing and the art and the creation.

It’s clear that the Pixel camera does its best to achieve just that already. When using Pixel phones for photography, you can usually be sure that whatever you do will turn out great or at least good enough most of the time. That stands in contrast that to other phones that might be more specialized in certain areas than the Google camera, but which might not provide quite the same level of consistency.

For Reynolds, this isn’t his proudest achievement, though. He is much more happy to have spearheaded Real Tone, Google’s algorithmic magic that ensures that all skin tones are represented as true as possible. He goes on to explain how he and his team improved Real Tone even further for the Pixel 7:

I never really had an answer for what I'm the most proud of until we launched Real Tone. What's really new in Pixel 7 is we're doubling down on the process. Where we started from with Pixel 7 was talking to some of the same people we've talked to for Pixel 6. Some folks who were really amazing at showing us how to build a better camera. And the main things we focused on were bringing a lot of the Real Tone improvements across the camera—so not just baked into photo mode, but we wanted more of those things to land in video mode, for example.

So, we continued to work on the accuracy of color and skin tone and skin color and skin richness—the richness of that skin tone. And in particular, we tried to achieve more of, as we call it internally, temporal consistency. You can imagine that when you take two photos or three photos in a row, those photos are probably going to look similar, but there might be little tiny shifts in the color or the detail or the focus or something like that. That's sort of acceptable for pictures because you're going to post them one at a time. It's less acceptable for videos. Because in video, you start to see the wavering.

You don't want to watch the shifts happen in real time. So, focusing on temporal consistency and making sure that color is consistent over time instead of wavering back and forth between two different colors is especially important in video. We made some improvements in video that help with the temporal consistency in particular. And then we also just focused on optimizing the skin tone and skin color across the board.

The episode is well worth a listen. The two Googlers dive deep into everything that's new in the Pixel 7 and 7 Pro camera department, and explore the journey of how the team got there.

Each episode of the Made by Google podcast will be a good half hour long, trying to strike the balance between too long and too detailed and too shallow. You can tune into the show anywhere where you can also find our own Android Police podcast, like Google Podcasts or any other great podcasting app out there.

Note: The quotes above were lightly edited and condensed for clarity.

Google Pixel 7

Google didn't reinvent the wheel with the Pixel 7, but they didn't need to. With improved cameras, the next-gen Tensor 2 chipset, and Google's wonderfully feature-filled software, the Pixel 7 earns its price tag handily again this year.

Fri, 07 Oct 2022 05:46:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/technology/google-now-has-its-own-podcast-talking-about-hardware/ar-AA12HCx9
Killexams : Google pushes Pixel 7 Pro's zoom to the farthest in series history No result found, try new keyword!However, while the Pixel 7 only has digital zoom, the Pixel 7 Pro comes with a 48MP telephoto lens, which is a key part of Google's new zoom system. The company says that it's like having "the ... Thu, 06 Oct 2022 04:35:00 -0500 https://www.androidpolice.com/google-pixel-7-pro-zoom-farthest/ Killexams : Google Pixel 7 Pro could be just as hard to fix as 6 Pro, according to device teardown null © Google null

There’s been a concerted effort by major smartphone manufacturers to make their phones easier to repair, but it appears Google’s new Pixel 7 Pro might fly in the face of that trend.

YouTuber PBKreviews managed to get his hands on a Pixel 7 Pro before its October 13 release date and with a set of phone repair tools, tore the device down to its individual parts. He’s well-known for doing this to other smartphones as a way of reviewing their repairability. His process involves prying open the screen with a pick, and at one point, using isopropyl alcohol to eat away at the glue holding the battery in place. Admittedly, it’s rather fascinating to see the inner workings of the phone on full display. 

After gutting the Pixel 7 Pro, PBKreviews gave it a score of 5.5 out of 10 in terms of repairability. This score falls in line with his other videos breaking down Pixel Pro phones, namely the Pixel 6 Pro, which got the same number.

Tough to fix

He specifically points to the more miscellaneous parts of the Pixel 7 Pro as being the most difficult to repair. The video doesn’t list out every single problem part but does mention the charging port and the back screen. According to the video, the charging port is directly soldered to the main board making it hard to replace if it ever gets damaged. PBKreviews goes on to say he couldn’t pry the back screen off, so surmises it's glued onto the Pixel 7 Pro’s frame. 

For the rest of the parts, PBKreviews indicates that they’re easier to replace if a little tricky. Removing the battery was tough because the adhesive’s strength made it nearly impossible for him to remove it, even with the pull tabs. Plus, it appears he found the internal organization of the parts to be pretty complex as PBKreviews gave that aspect of the phone a middling score.

History repeating

If there are two things to take away from this teardown is that A) it might be tough to repair the Pixel 7 Pro, at least for hobbyists and B) not much has changed from the 6 Pro. Looking through PBKreviews’ catalog, the Pixel 6 Pro was constructed in a very similar way from a difficult-to-remove battery and strong adhesive keeping everything together. The only difference is that PBKreviews was able to remove the back glass on the 6 Pro. 

It's worth pointing out that the Pixel 6a teardown revealed a device that was much easier to fix, as it’s not as physically secure as the 6 Pro. If history repeats itself, the potential Pixel 7a could be just as easy to fix if Google ever decides to create a mid-range version.

While we have you, be sure to check out TechRadar’s coverage of Google teaming up with iFixit to offer repair kits for Pixel phones. There’s no support for the Pixel 7 (it’s not even out yet at the time of this writing), but that could happen and we recommend learning how the program works, in case you end up needing it.

Fri, 07 Oct 2022 16:00:07 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/technology/google-pixel-7-pro-could-be-just-as-hard-to-fix-as-6-pro-according-to-device-teardown/ar-AA12IF5P
Killexams : Stadia's Shutdown: The History of Google's Doomed Project, From Those Inside and Out No result found, try new keyword!How did the ambitious promises of a company with plenty of money to spend, superb technology, skillful developer talent, and everything to gain come crashing down so quickly and so dramatically? We ... Fri, 07 Oct 2022 03:54:00 -0500 https://www.ign.com/articles/stadias-shutdown-the-history-of-googles-doomed-project-from-those-inside-and-out Killexams : Phones from and made by Google: a visual history of the Pixel and its predecessors

Phones from and made by Google: a visual history of the Pixel and its predecessors

Phones from and made by Google: a visual history of the Pixel and its predecessors


Not only do we break down every Pixel phone — we’re also reminiscing about every Nexus and the phones that came before it

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Google Pixel next to Google Pixel 2
The 2016 Google Pixel next to the 2017 Google Pixel 2. This is the midpoint in Google’s journey of delivering phones by Google.
Photo by Vlad Savov / The Verge

Several years ago, if someone told you they had an Android phone, then it would have been safe to assume they were not talking about Google’s Pixel. Until recently, “Android” had a much stronger association with hardware from Samsung, OnePlus, Huawei, or even LG when it was still making phones. But that mindset may finally be shifting as the Google Pixel slowly gains more name recognition among the Galaxies of the world.

The goal of the Pixel is to bring out the best of Android and invite manufacturers and consumers to see what Google’s operating system could — and perhaps even should — look like. After all, the iPhone’s always been known for its consistent interface and cohesive ecosystem across Apple’s devices, while Android phones have long suffered from fragmentation leading to major differences in how the OS felt across manufacturers.

For Google, its strategy to push out devices that it sees as the perfect form of Android is a feat deserving of recognition, regardless if it’s a runaway success among consumers. The 2010 Nexus One, for instance, got the attention of Apple and Steve Jobs. And Android as an OS was able to take on the iPhone in a way that BlackBerry, Palm, and Microsoft were unable to do. Google learned from some of the best in the industry about how to build phones like the Nexus line by partnering with manufacturers like HTC, Samsung, LG, and Motorola — a company Google owned for a little while.

Let’s take a walk down memory lane and see not only every Pixel phone Google has made but also the phones that led to it:

Pixel 7 and 7 Pro (2022)

A stock image of the Pixel 7 and Pixel 7 Pro
Image: Google

The camera bar design introduced with 2021’s Pixel 6 is here to stay on the new Pixel 7 and Pixel 7 Pro. The company’s latest phones use a new Tensor 2 chip that enables better call audio, recording, and transcribing, plus new photo processing features like unblurring faces. The Pixel 7 has the same 50MP main and ultrawide cameras as the Pixel 6. The Pro has the same main camera as well but gets an upgraded autofocusing ultrawide camera with macro photography. The Pro also has a new 5x optical telephoto shooter and can achieve a higher quality optical / digital 10x zoom equivalent via sensor cropping. In addition to an under-screen fingerprint reader, the phones have a face unlock feature. They also have a new Guided Frame feature that helps users with blindness or low vision take great selfies using audio cues. The Pixel 7 has a 6.3-inch screen, slightly smaller than the Pixel 6, and starts at $599. The Pixel 7 Pro has a 6.7-inch screen and starts at $899.

Pixel 6A (2022)

Google’s Pixel 6A stands out among $500 phones.
Photo by Vjeran Pavic / The Verge

The Pixel 6A is part of Google’s affordable lineup that normally focuses on having the best available camera. But with the 6A, Google is instead focusing on performance by including its new Tensor chip. That means the 6A uses last year’s 12MP sensor. The phone is a little smaller than the 6 with a 6.1-inch screen, and it only has a 60Hz refresh rate. There’s no wireless charging, less RAM, and Google removed the headphone jack that came with every A-line phone before it. Like the Pixel 6, the 6A has the new camera bar design and under-display fingerprint sensor, though it’s using plastic instead of glass on the rear. But at $449, $150 cheaper than the Pixel 6, it’s one of the best deals in smartphones right now.

Verge score: 8 out of 10

Pixel 6 and 6 Pro (2021)

Pixel 6 Pro and Pixel 6
Photo by Becca Farsace / The Verge

Google went for a total redesign with the Pixel 6 and 6 Pro in an effort to bring its phones back to competitive flagship status. It uses premium metal and glass materials, has a distinct new camera bar design, and lets go of the reliable rear fingerprint scanner in favor of a slower under-screen one. The company debuted its custom Tensor chip, which powers AI and machine learning on the Pixel 6, and it has new camera sensors for the first time in years. Both have wide and ultrawide cameras, but the Pro has a telephoto and also a wider and better 11MP front-facing camera. They’re huge compared to the 5: the Pixel 6 ($599) has a 90Hz 6.4-inch screen, and the Pro ($899) has a 6.7-inch 120Hz one with curved edges. The Pixel 6 supports sub-6GHz 5G and mmWave, though the latter is not on the unlocked model. The Pixel 6 Pro has both 5G options, no matter what model, and also has 12GB of RAM versus the regular 6’s 8GB.

Verge score: 9 out of 10

Pixel 5A (2021)

Google Pixel 5A.
Photo by Allison Johnson / The Verge

The Pixel 5A did midrange right. For $449, you got a bigger than ever 6.3-inch display, excellent battery life, IP67 waterproofing, a headphone jack, 128GB of storage, a metal body, and the same Snapdragon 765G from the Pixel 5. There’s no wireless charging, though, and even though the 5A had 5G, it didn’t have support for mmWave like some 4A 5G models, plus it lacked C-band 5G despite Google admitting the hardware is there. It also came in just one color called “mostly black,” though it looked like a dark green and was complemented by a mint green power button.

Verge score: 8 out of 10

Pixel 5 (2020)

The Google Pixel 5
Photo by Amelia Holowaty Krales / The Verge

Google released just one version of the flagship Pixel in 2020, and it completely let go of the experimental Project Soli features that the Pixel 4 phones had. Gone was the huge forehead that also had the infrared face unlock feature; now, there was just a hole-punch camera and thin bezels all around. The Pixel 5 was announced on the same day as the 4A 5G, but the latter shipped a month later. Both phones shared the same Snapdragon 765G processor and also the really good wide and ultrawide cameras. The Pixel 5, at $649, was $200 more than the 4A 5G, but you got IP68 waterproofing, 8GB of RAM compared to 6GB, a premium aluminum design, wireless charging, and a 6-inch 90Hz OLED screen compared to an only slightly bigger 6.2-inch at 60Hz on the 4A 5G.

Verge score: 8 out of 10

Pixel 4A and Pixel 4A 5G (2020)

The power button on the Pixel 4A 5G is the only playful part of the design
Photo by Amelia Holowaty Krales / The Verge

The Pixel 4A was released about two months before the 4A 5G, and the Pixel 5 was released in between the two. At $349, the 4A was the most affordable Pixel yet and came with a sizable 5.8-inch screen with a hole-punched front camera that finally gave the Pixel thinner bezels. You got one camera on the 4A, but like the 3A, it was very good despite lacking an image processor that sped things up between snaps. The 4A 5G had a bigger 6.2-inch screen and included an ultrawide camera that took the place of the Pixel 4’s telephoto. The 5G version was more expensive, at $499, but it also had a faster processor and larger battery than the Pixel 4A. Google did save some money by not adding water resistance ratings and wireless charging to the 4A pair, but in exchange, you got the headphone jack again.

Verge score: 8 out of 10 and 7.5 out of 10 (5G)

Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL (2019)

A Pixel 4 XL displaying the Android 11 logo
Photo by Dieter Bohn / The Verge

If I had to describe the Pixel 4 and 4 XL in one word, it would be “ambitious,” but that’s not in the best of ways. Google decided to make its Project Soli radar technology the star of the show that year, which enabled features like waving your hand to snooze your alarm or skip music tracks. It could even tell if you were sitting near your phone or reaching for it with a feature called presence, and it could wake up ahead of time as you pick it up. The ideas were cool, but they didn’t work very reliably. Combined with a new infrared sensor for face unlock, the Pixel 4 pair had to be designed with a magnificent forehead and still had a bit of a chin on the bottom. You did get a nice 90Hz screen, and Google added a telephoto camera as well — though an ultrawide would probably have been more welcome. On the software side, the phones shipped with Android 10 and had a useful Live Transcribe feature. All these features, along with less than stellar battery life and starting with 64GB storage, could be had for $799 and $899 for the XL — the most expensive Pixels yet.

Verge score: 8 out of 10 and 8.5 out of 10 (XL)

Pixel 3A and Pixel 3A XL (2019)

Photo by Vjeran Pavic / The Verge

Google started releasing affordable A-line versions of the Pixels earlier in the year, and the Pixel 3A and 3A XL were the first in the trend. At $399 and $479 (XL), the phones took the most important parts of their flagship counterparts and made them accessible to more people. The screens were still OLED and sized at 5.6 inches and 6 inches, respectively, but the processor was downgraded to a Snapdragon 670. They also lacked the dedicated image processor, but the quality of the camera remained legendary, and the devices sport great battery life. You can’t easily tell that the bodies are made of cheaper plastics than the more expensive Pixel 3 phones, but there are other compromises, like no wireless charging and no waterproof rating. Finally, Google also stopped offering the free full-quality photo backup it offered with previous models, but you’re still getting the best bang for your buck here.

Verge score: 8 out of 10

Pixel 3 and Pixel 3 XL (2018)

Photo by James Bareham / The Verge

The Pixel 3 ($599) and the Pixel 3 XL ($699) gained wireless charging and larger higher-quality OLED screens — but the XL model got a huge notch cutting into it. The 12.2MP rear camera is the same sensor from the previous model, but Google upgraded the dedicated image processor from 2017’s Pixel 2, making pictures come out faster and better. The phones also had a wide front-facing camera so you could selfie with more people. There were still relatively large bezels compared to the competition, but the great front-facing speakers remain and sound even better. The headphone jack didn’t come back, but at least it came with wired USB-C headphones. Google debuted its call screening feature with the Pixel 3 that lets a robot talk to the caller to confirm it’s not a marketing call.

Verge score: 8.5 out of 10

Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL (2017)

Photo by James Bareham / The Verge

The Pixel 2 welcomed IP67 waterproofing and an amazing camera with AI processing that would set the bar for years. Google dropped the headphone jack but included a dongle to hook up your own headphones. You could squeeze the Pixel 2 to activate Google Assistant, and the lock screen had a Shazam-like feature that displayed what song was playing around you. The XL model had a vivid 6-inch screen, but the regular model’s 5-inch screen was lacking in quality. There was still no wireless charging, and while the front still had huge bezels, it at least housed very good quality front-facing speakers.

Verge score: 8.5 out of 10 and 8 out of 10 (XL)

Pixel and Pixel XL (2016)

Google Pixel and Pixel XL

Google’s Pixel ($649) and Pixel XL ($769) were the company’s first phones to be developed internally and served as a blueprint for the “pure” Android experience. Other manufacturers continued to push their own custom launchers and features, but the Pixel served as a way to remind them what Android should look like. Google Assistant was the star of the show, and it seemed leaps ahead of what Siri was capable of — and that hasn’t changed to date. It looked similar to the iPhone 7 and 7 Plus, but it still had a headphone jack. The Pixels had excellent battery life and OLED screens (5-inch and 5.5-inch for the XL) but lacked waterproofing. Google enticed customers with free full-quality photo storage on Google Photos for the lifetime of the phone.

Verge score: 9 out of 10

Nexus 6P by Huawei (2015)

Nexus 6p

Our trip down memory lane doesn’t end at the first Pixel; Google has at least 10 more phones it’s had a hand in making. The Nexus 6P was Google’s final form for the line that preceded its Pixel, and it was the best phone the company made at the time. Built by Huawei, this big phone had a pure Android 6.0 Marshmallow experience, a huge AMOLED screen, and a fingerprint sensor on the rear. It had USB-C, which was uncommon at the time but would later become ubiquitous. The camera quality was excellent, though it was one of the first to add a big camera bump to accommodate it.

Verge score: 8.8 out of 10

Nexus 5X by LG (2015)

Nexus 5X

LG’s Nexus 5X has a design based on the Nexus 5 from 2013, but now, it’s faster and has a bigger 5.2-inch screen. It was still easy to use with one hand despite the growth, had better battery life, and was even more affordable at $379. It felt cheap overall, though, and it had a slow camera — though image quality was good. If you wanted a better-built phone, you’d have to go for the Nexus 6P that released alongside the Nexus 5X.

Verge score: 8.3 out of 10

Nexus 6 by Motorola (2014)

Nexus 6 2

The “phablet” trend, spearheaded by Samsung, became the focus of Motorola’s go at the Nexus line. Its 6-inch screen was larger than the iPhone 6 Plus, and at $649, it was $100 cheaper, too. It had stereo front-facing speakers and 32GB of internal storage but no SD card expansion. Stock Android Lollipop with the “material design” interface was a big focus on this phone, and it was also the first to work with Google’s Fi MVNO cellular network.

Verge score: 8.6 out of 10

Nexus 5 by LG (2013)

Nexus 5 1024px

With the success of the Nexus 7 tablet, Google started getting serious about marketing Nexus phones to consumers rather than just developers / power users. It had a big 4.95-inch 1080p screen, but Samsung’s Galaxy S4 had a slightly larger one that had better quality. The Nexus 5 did finally get LTE, and it was the first to get Android KitKat. The new OS was smoother than ever and continues to be the oldest system that supports Google Play services.

Verge score: 8 out of 10

Nexus 4 by LG (2012)

Google Nexus 4 pictures

The Nexus 4 is LG’s first go at the Nexus line, and it focused on build quality. While it was a solid phone, the Gorilla Glass rear was a concern for shattering, and like the iPhone, the battery was no longer removable. Phones at the time were starting to gain LTE, but this didn’t take advantage of that. It has a 4.7-inch IPS screen with a 1280 x 768 resolution, and it came with Android 4.2 Jelly Bean, which brought widgets to the lock screen and a quick settings menu that let you access Wi-Fi and Bluetooth in a few swipes. It also had a swipe-like keyboard for easy typing. The device supported wireless induction charging, a flagship feature of the Palm Pre (no one says “induction” anymore, but they did at the time).

Verge score: 8.3 out of 10

Galaxy Nexus by Samsung (2011)

Galaxy Nexus

Samsung’s second Nexus phone was the first to get Android Ice Cream Sandwich, which had cool new features like transferring files via NFC and facial recognition for unlocking. It later got the Jelly Bean update, with features like expandable notifications. The Android menu buttons became part of the system instead of the hardware, appearing on the bottom of the 4.65-inch Super AMOLED screen that made the iPhone 4S look tiny. It had a teardrop shape design and a 5MP camera with flash, but it didn’t have an SD card slot — although 16GB built-in storage was sizable for the time.

Verge score: 8.6 out of 10

Nexus S by Samsung (2010)

After Samsung made its Galaxy, it made Google’s next Nexus. The Nexus S was Samsung’s first Nexus phone and the second Nexus phone ever. Samsung installed a big 4-inch Super AMOLED screen in the Nexus S, and the display was slightly curved, which gave it a unique look. The body of the device was made mostly of plastic and had a glossy finish. The phone was the first to ship with Android 2.3 Gingerbread, adding a much-improved interface. The power button on the right and a headphone jack on the bottom were unique design choices at the time.

Nexus One by HTC (2010)

The Google Nexus One(L) smartphone with iPhone
Image: PAUL J. RICHARDS/AFP via Getty Images

The Nexus One is the phone that made Steve Jobs’ blood boil. “I’m going to destroy Android, because it’s a stolen product. I’m willing to go thermonuclear war on this,” Jobs said, according to his biography by Walter Isaacson. It’s the phone that could stand up to the iPhone 3GS, with a larger screen than Apple’s at 3.7 inches. It was slightly thinner as well. HTC and Google made a phone that truly could be the “Google Phone,” and it broke away from carrier lock-in and branding. Android controls were capacitive buttons below the screen (a trend that continued for several years), and physical controls were reduced to a sleep button and a trackball — making this the most touch-oriented Android phone to date.

HTC Magic / T-Mobile myTouch 3G (2009)

A woman presents Vodafone’s Smartphone H
Image: NIGEL TREBLIN/DDP/AFP via Getty Images

The second Android phone ever ditches the Keyboard, navigating closer toward the full-screen iPhone design. Released widely as the T-Mobile myTouch 3G in the US, it had a 3.2-inch screen, which was smaller than the iPhone’s 3.5-inch and didn’t have a very good software keyboard in comparison. While it only had 4GB of storage, you could extend it via microSD and get more pictures and music on it, though you’d have to connect a dongle to plug headphones in.

HTC Dream / T-Mobile G1 (2008)

T-Mobile G1 Phone Goes On Sale In San Francisco Ahead Of Nat’l Launch
Image: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

You’ve made it to the beginning of time — well, at least for Google’s hardware story. Before the phones by Google — the Pixels and Nexuses of the world — there was the phone with Google. That’s what was printed on the rear of the HTC Dream since it was the first phone to run Google’s new Android OS. The Dream was known more widely as the T-Mobile G1 because many phones sold in the US at the time needed a carrier partner with its own marketing and branding to succeed. The HTC Dream was designed for those who wanted to cautiously step into the full-screen phone world that Apple was selling. It included a built-in slide-out keyboard like some Windows Mobile phones had at the time plus a BlackBerry-like trackball to help navigate.

Correction October 6th, 8:53AM ET: A previous version of this article suggested Samsung made the Nexus S before the Galaxy S. The Nexus S came out after. We regret the error.