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Killexams : Vmware Virtualization practice questions - BingNews Search results Killexams : Vmware Virtualization practice questions - BingNews Killexams : Easy VMware backup with officially certified data protection vendor Vinchin

According to Gartner, as the pioneer in the virtualization industry, VMware holds a market share of more than 70% for virtualization infrastructure software globally. They have more than 500,000 customers.

With so many options with different features and costs, are you thinking of every aspect of a data protection solution?

Vinchin makes every measurement guide for VMware users with reasonable pricing based on specific business needs.

These are backup frequency, productivity-enhancing features, and which recovery option to use. For those unfamiliar with Vinchin, it’s an experienced data backup vendor officially certified by VMware Ready.

The company was named G2 High Performer Summer 2022, whose solution Vinchin Backup & Recovery is fully compatible with VMware.

It’s been adopted in over 60 countries across 20+ industries. These include government, health care, education, finance, IT services, manufacturing, etc., by SMBs, large-scale businesses, and state-owned companies.

Here are some major features of how simple Vinchin can make VMware backup solutions easy to practice.

What are Vinchin’s major features of VMware protection?

Easy agentless backup

Instead of installing a backup plugin or agent on VMware VMs, Vinchin Backup & Recovery resorts to agentless backup, which centrally controlled disk-to-disk backup from a single point of administration.

Thus, no installation downtime, easier management, and no agent licensing fee are necessary.

Automatic VMware backup with speed

Vinchin solution calls CBT API of VMware that only extracts changed data blocks to boost incremental backup rests on an initial full backup, which avoids data redundancy and saves backup time and storage.

Users can backup VMware VMs under HotAdd transmission mode to let the backup server directly get the disk data from the virtual machine.

Vinchin Backup & Recovery has another two techniques, backup schedule, and job mail alerts, which deliver greater efficiency.

Set up a backup schedule on a daily, weekly, and monthly bases, coupled with job mail notification, and you can leave it alone. The backup task will run at a certain time and send you messages in pre-set scenarios.

Backup storage saving

The solution eliminates non-business-critical files with 3 technologies to save more storage space.

Data deduplication and data compression are optional in the strategies through which you can downsize the backup data size by excluding the same data blocks and compressing them by at least 50%.

BitDetector is another data reduction technology that rules out swap files, partition gaps, and the like to preserve more room for recently added backup data.

Anti-ransomware backup storage protection

Use Vinchin Backup & Recovery for VM backups with backup storage protection to protect backup data in the backup repository.

Every data modification request from an unauthorized application will be rejected by the real-time I/O monitor. Thus, it guarantees that only the Vinchin backup server can access crucial VM backups.

This provides VMware backups with double security amid the skyrocketed ransomware attacks

Fast recovery with different options

An offsite backup copy can be saved through Vinchin Backup & Recovery in a different location. This is to brace for situations if you delete, lose, or corrupt primary backups.

Three recovery choices, including full VM recovery, instant recovery, and granular restore, are available for you.

Full VM recovery recovers the entire VMware VM, and granular restore aims for a specific folder or file. While instant recovery resumes a failed VMware VM in 15s to reduce RTO and business disruption.

Their recovery resources could be local backups, offsite backup copies, and archived data.

Vinchin Backup & Recovery grants users the V2V data migration in one platform between VMware vSphere and other 9 platforms such as oVirt, XenServer, RHV, etc., without extra agents and management console.

The solution offers 2 cross-platform restore methods to perform the migration: Full Restore and Instant Restore.

You can select the restore point from one VM’s backups saved in the software and recover it to another virtual platform. You complete the V2V migration once you restore the job.

Compliance with data retention policy

The company supports archiving data to Amazon S3, Azure, Wasabi, and MinIO through an encrypted transmission path under a backup schedule (or once-off) and settable retention policy.

The cloud archive optimizes data storage for security and complies with regulation policies. 

How to back up and restore VMware VMs with Vinchin backup & recovery?

For VMware VM backup

  1. Select VMware VMs that you wish to back up from added servers.
  2. Specify a backup destination.
  3. Configure backup strategies in detail.

In the web-based console, you can set up a backup schedule, data reduction technologies, GFS retention policies, etc. in the General Strategy section;

Image: Vinchin

Enable HotAdd or other backup data transfer modes, including Encrypted Transmission (LAN-Based) and LAN-Free in the Transmission Strategy section; 

Image: Vinchin

And configure more advanced features, including quiesced snapshot and CBT in the Individual Strategy section if you need. 

Image: Vinchin

When the backup job is processing, you can also monitor the job in real-time in the console.

Image: Vinchin

For VMware VM full restore

In Vinchin Backup & Recovery, the VM restore job configuration is as simple as that of backup, just follow through the same 4-step wizard: Choose a restore point of VMware VM > Specify a restore destination > Setup Restore Strategy > Submit the job.

Vinchin Restore destination
Image: Vinchin
Vinchin Restore point
Image: Vinchin
Image: Vinchin

For VMware VM instant restore

Vinchin Backup & Recovery offers an independent job config wizard for instant VM restore.

After that, select the target to restore point and restore destination. Then, configure the restored VM in general information like VM name, CPU, and RAM; virtual disk, network, etc.

Image: Vinchin

By the way, for cross-platform full VM restore and instant restore, the configurations are basically the same, and you just need to choose another Vinchin-supported virtual platform as the restore destination.

Image: Vinchin

Vinchin offers a great solution with stable performance. Not only that– it has responsive support and steady progress in giving solutions from the perspective of customers.

The best part is that Vinchin knows how to deliver the most appropriate data solutions. Whether it’s VMware or other virtualizations it supports.

And it makes upgrading or deployment of data management easier at every stage.

Try the 60 days full-featured free trial version, test the features for VMware backup now and explore more.

Have any thoughts on this? Let us know down below in the comments or carry the discussion over to our Twitter or Facebook.

Editors’ Recommendations:

Disclosure: This is a sponsored post. KnowTechie’s opinions, reviews, and other editorial content remain objective and are not influenced by the sponsorship.

Mon, 08 Aug 2022 01:13:00 -0500 Chris Smith en-US text/html
Killexams : Installing the Phoronix Test Suite on Windows

Installing the Phoronix Test Suite on Windows

In a latest post, I benchmarked a Windows system to one running Windows Subsystem for Linux GUI (WSLg). WSLg allows you to run graphic Linux as applications on a Windows system. If you are not familiar with and want to know more about WSL, you can read my article series on it, starting here.

I did get a few questions in that article about how I installed the Phoronix Test Suite on Windows. It was quite painless; however, being that it isn't that well documented, in this article I will show you step-by-step how I did it.

First, I downloaded the Windows Phoronix Test Suite from:

Then, I extracted the zip files to a separate file and clicked install.bat.

The .bat file will simply close once it has finished installing the product. It will create a directory called C:\phoronix-test-suite. I opened a command prompt and navigated to this directory by entering phoronix-test-suite. This downloaded additional files, including Cygwin, from the internet and installed them on my Windows system.

Running Tests
The next time I ran phoronix-test-suite, it listed all of its options.

To see which tests are available, I entered phoronix-test-suite list-all-tests and found dozens.

As I wanted to test my CPU performance, I ran encode-MP3. This is one of the original Phoronix tests, using LAME MP3 for encoding to test the single-threaded performance of a system.

To test the multi-threaded performance of my system, I ran a different test: C-Ray. I entered phoronix-test-suite run encode-mp3 and then phoronix-test-suite run c-ray encode-mp3.

When I ran the encode-mp3 test, it took a few minutes to obtain and install the test, after which point it initiated. The results of the test are shown below.

When I ran the C-Ray test, it took a few minutes to obtain and install before running. The results are shown below.

Installing the Phoronix Test Suite on Windows is easy and offers many different tests pertaining to the CPU, GPU, RAM, disk speed and networking on your system. Having a framework to run various tests greatly simplifies the process; you will not need to go through and install and configure each test individually as Phoronix does it this for you.

About the Author

Tom Fenton has a wealth of hands-on IT experience gained over the past 25 years in a variety of technologies, with the past 15 years focusing on virtualization and storage. He currently works as a Technical Marketing Manager for ControlUp. He previously worked at VMware as a Senior Course Developer, Solutions Engineer, and in the Competitive Marketing group. He has also worked as a Senior Validation Engineer with The Taneja Group, where he headed the Validation Service Lab and was instrumental in starting up its vSphere Virtual Volumes practice. He's on Twitter @vDoppler.

Mon, 18 Jul 2022 05:54:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : VMware Backup: The Complete Guide

VMware backup refers to the process of copying data on a virtual machine (VM) within a VMware environment to prevent loss of data. VMware backup, and by extension virtual server backup, is a common challenge for backup and storage administrators. Virtual server backup refers to the copying of data that is stored on a virtual server to prevent data loss.

Conventional backup software is a straightforward approach to accomplishing VMware backup, but it can result in resource contention; the additional resources you would require to execute a backup could compromise VM performance on the server being backed up.

VMware-specific backup products that can capture point-in-time snapshots of your entire virtual machine state can be used to address any resource contention issue that arises. This would allow for a fast & complete restoration of virtual machines. However, you would typically need to restore the entire snapshot when even one file is corrupted or missing. Newer VMware-specific tools can address file-level restore.

How to Backup VMware Virtual Machines

To back up your virtualization machine (including the OS, application files, user data, and settings) you need a copy of the original folder where the VM is stored. Follow the steps below:

  1. Power off your virtualization machine. Leaving the VM running while copying it may result in a copy that refuses to boot.
  2. Locate the target folder you want to copy.
  3. Right click the folder and then click copy or press Ctrl+c.
  4. Select your preferred destination location.
  5. Press Ctrl+v or right click within the folder and click paste. You will see a progress bar that indicates the process is underway.
  6. Once the process is finished, power on the copied VM. Workstation prompts you to specify whether you have copied or moved the VM.

If you indicate that you have moved the VM locally on the hard drive, all settings will be retained. On the other hand, the “Copied it” option will warrant the generation of a new MAC and UUID address to ensure that no conflicts arise in the network.

Three Methods of VMware Data Backup and Restore

VMware backup has brought about fundamental improvements in the world of data protection such as the benefits of encapsulation and abstraction. However, some challenges still exist, including how to ensure data consistency as well as addressing the issue of excessive consumption of this technology’s physical resources.

It is tempting to think that backing up your server is as easy as backing up the underlying Virtual Machine Disk Format (VMDK) files since VMware encapsulates physical servers into just a handful of these large hard disk image files.

What’s more, backing up a virtual machine while it is running does not ensure that all the in-flight activity will be fully accounted for. This means that you risk data inconsistency, and therefore inaccurate information at the end, making the restoration unsuccessful.

The challenge of excessive resource consumption is a virtualization side effect. In fact, among the key reasons why you should virtualize your systems using VMware is to ensure that you concentrate resource consumption onto few physical servers, which reduces the amount of idle cycles suffered by most IT server infrastructures. Unfortunately, you also have to contend with the inability to have enough resources that will allow your data backups to run unhindered.

You should also know that your backups are at their most vulnerable points within VMware due to its narrow ability to handle excessive network or disk I/O. Your decision to virtualize to a physical server often hinders on the intensity of the network or disk I/O present.

Despite these issues, there are suitable methods to address them and provide you with benefits that, in some cases, could prove superior to a standard physical backup and restore. However, there is no proven best method of backing up or recovering VMware. For many administrators, the end justifies the means and what works for one may not necessarily work for another.

Method 1: Local Backup Agent Installed in each VM

In this traditional approach, a backup software agent is installed in the VM just like on a physical server. Here, data flows to the backup/recovery infrastructure, over the LAN, similarly to what happens if the agent is installed on a physical server.

The advantages of this method are:

  • No procedural changes or special skills are required since the installation and configuration of the backup agent is similar to the process otherwise followed if a physical server was used.
  • The restore process is also unchanged compared to a physical server file-level recovery.
  • File-level recovery is possible.
  • Full and incremental backups are possible.
  • This method helps preserve the consistency of application data if you use specialized app-aware backup agents such as Exchange or SQL.

The disadvantages include:

  • It is easy to overtax the host’s resources since all backups run over a single server.
  • The backup agent fails to recognize that your servers are encapsulated into large VMDK files meaning that, from a disaster recovery standpoint, there is minimal value.

Method 2: Backup Agent Installed in ESX Service Console

In this method, you install the backup software agent within the designated ESX Service Console and back up each virtual machine’s underlying set of VMDK files.

The advantages are:

  • You only require a single backup agent as opposed to an agent per VM.
  • You can back up all your VMs by simply backing up the VMDK files.
  • Fast image-level recovery is possible.

The disadvantages are:

  • You require scripting to automate the shutdown, starting up, and snapshot of the VMs to ensure application consistency is maintained.
  • No file-level recovery or incremental backups are possible.
  • VMware plans to remove the Service Console from the ESX server eventually.

Method 3: VMware Consolidated Backup

VMware Consolidated Backup (VCB) refers to a backup framework that offloads VM backup off the ESX server. The configuration eliminates backup traffic from a network and frees ESX server resources for VM performance. Other features of VCB include:

  • Full and incremental file-level backups on top of full image backups.
  • Support for Fibre Channel, network-attached storage, and local or iSCSI storage infrastructures.
  • Enables backup management from a central point.

However, VCB is not your typical backup agent, as it is essentially a command line tool consisting of several Windows-executable programs. When you add scripts, these programs can also provide a framework for other third-party products to use.

VCB suffers from some limitations including the need for a dedicated Windows proxy server and third-party backup programs. Due to the release of vSphere 4, backup vendors are turning to vStorage application programming interfaces (APIs) that have replaced VCB.

Advantages of VCB-Proxy

  • You can utilize only one backup agent for all your VMs.
  • You can back up all your VMs by simply backing up the VMDK files.
  • Fast image recovery is possible since the process involves the streaming back of a large image file instead of seeking many small files.
  • Using the VCB Proxy server for your backup process reduces the ESX server’s overhead.
  • This LAN-free SAN-enabled approach should, theoretically, provide a faster backup compared to a LAN-based method.

The disadvantages are:

  • Automation and ease of use of VCB-Proxy relies on the capability of your third-party backup software.
  • This method is complex to implement especially if you lack a backup software integration option to simplify the process.
  • You will need to install a backup software agent in your VM if you want direct file-level recovery.
  • When using Windows without VSS integration, VCB’s image-level backup is crash-consistent.
  • VCB does not provide a mechanism to support Windows System State backups. You may be able to successfully do a full server recovery; however, it is not guaranteed if your system was in flux during the VM snapshot process.

What is VMware vSphere?

It is a server virtualization platform that debuted in 2009 as a successor to VMware’s flagship infrastructure solution. It is a complete platform for the implementation and management of virtual machine infrastructure on a large scale.

It is also popularly referred to as a virtualized data center platform or cloud operating system. It has the capability to enable your IT department to efficiently place application workloads on a cost-effective compute resource.

The operation and architecture of a virtual environment differs from that of a traditional backup environment in that it demands specific techniques. When it comes to backing up virtual machines in this platform, you need to utilize the strengths of virtualization if you want to maximize your backup capacity and restore efficiency. Also, you cannot rely on the same principles you used in your traditional physical environment when you opt for a virtual environment.

Below are eight suitable backup practices to follow:

1. Do Not Backup Your VMs at the Guest OS Layer

With traditional servers, you usually install a backup agent on its guest operating system (OS) that your backup server contacts every time it needs to back up data. However, this method is inefficient in a virtual environment since it causes unnecessary VM resource consumption, which impacts its performance as well as that of other machines running on the host.

Instead, you should back up your data at the virtualization layer. Here, you will use image-level backups for the large .vmdk file to avoid involving the guest OS. To accomplish this, you must use a backup app that is designed to work in the virtualization environment and that can back up the machine’s virtual disk directly without the need to involve the host or guest OS. This allows you to eliminate any unnecessary resource consumption while ensuring that your VMs get the resources needed for their workloads.

2. Leverage vStorage APIs

The vStorage APIs were introduced together with vSphere to replace the VMware Consolidated Backup framework, which was released with VMware Infrastructure 3 to assist in offloading backup processing from the host. They not only enable easier access to a virtual machine’s disk file, but also contain unique features that can significantly Boost backup speeds, for example, the Changed Block Tracking feature.

Changed Block Tracking (CBT) refers to a feature that keeps track of any changed blocks since the last backup occurred, so a backup app only needs to query the VMkernel to get information. Moreover, this operation means that there is no longer a need for the backup application to track changed data; this allows for a quicker incremental backup. You should use apps that take advantage of the vStorage APIs due to their efficiency.

3. Never Skimp on VM Backup Resources

If you want to have the shortest backup window possible, ensure that you get adequate hardware and software for your backup server to prevent operation bottlenecks. You need to have adequate network bandwidth as well as enough memory and CPU resources.

Your backup server does more than simply moving data from the source to the target storage device. It also does data deduplication and compression to reduce your backup sets’ sizes. All the processes require a lot of memory and CPU to keep up with the data flow.

Always follows your vendor’s hardware recommendations for the server. Do not economize on your servers, since backups can slow down significantly if the server lacks adequate resources. Test out the many third-party tools available for helping with backups before selecting a suitable one to use.

4. Schedule and Test Your Backups Carefully

Virtual environment backups can strain your resources due to the shared virtualization architecture. Thus, you need to plan your backup schedule to avoid stressing a single resource. For instance, never back up many virtual machines on one host or LUN concurrently. Instead, try to balance your schedule to prevent overusing any resource.

While scheduling prevents slow and degraded performance, testing allows you to know your backup’s recovery readiness. Testing is also important for troubleshooting problems, analysing your tools and deciding whether or not to switch products.

5. Learn How Quiescing and VSS Work

If your VM backups include transactional apps such as database and email servers, you should quiesce them to make sure that they are in a proper state for execution. This backup type is referred to as application-consistent.

Before the backup starts, apps are paused to ensure that any outstanding transactions and writes are written to disk. This step ensures that the server is okay and that no data will be lost if VM recovery is needed. Quiescing only works with those apps that support the pausing and writing of pending data whenever necessary.

VMware Tools has a driver that can work with Microsoft’s Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) to quiesce apps before backing them up. Necessity made other vendors come up with a similar driver to serve different operating systems. Ergo, always ensure that you use a supported driver and that your VSS service is enabled and configured to perform application-consistent backups.

6. Snapshots are Not Backups

Virtual machine snapshots, while helpful, should never be used as your primary backup means. Snapshots are okay for short-term backups of virtual machines, but know that you incur penalties whenever you use them.

You see, once a snapshot is created, all the VM’s disk writes are deflected to another new delta disk file making the original disk read-only. As data is written on the delta disk file, it grows in 16 MB increments, with each increment causing a lock on the LUN where it resides, which can degrade performance. Ergo, the more snapshots you run, the more you impact the performance.

What’s more, snapshots take up additional disk space as each one can grow up to the original disk’s size. If you run out of space on your data stores, you risk shutting down all your VMs. Moreover, merging snapshot data into its original after deleting it is a heavy I/O operation.

Snapshots create new virtual disks and link back to the original; therefore, some features may be absent. This can lead to a whole new problem of mapping between snapshots and the original disk. You should use snapshots sparingly and have them deleted when you longer need them.

7. Keep in Mind Fault Tolerance Backup Alternatives

Most virtualization backup products with image-level backups use VM snapshots to halt writes to the disk when backups are running. The Fault Tolerance (FT) feature uses two virtual machines (one primary and one secondary), which, though located on separate hosts, share the same virtual disk file.

Presently, the FT feature does not support snapshots. This makes the process of backing up FT-enabled VMs challenging and you will need to look for alternative methods of backup.

One method involves temporarily disabling the FT feature during the backup process to allow snapshots to be taken. Disabling this feature allows you to preserve the second VM. You can automate this process by using PowerShell as well as pre- and post-backup scripts.

Another method involves the cloning of the VM using either the vCenter Converter or vCenter Server to create another copy. Once you back up the new copy, you can delete the clone.

8. Back Up the Host and vCenter Server Configurations

You can easily rebuild a lost host or vCenter but you will lose your configuration information. It is thus advisable to back up the information periodically. With a backup host, you only back up the VMs and not the individual files residing in their management console. Ergo, backing up the configuration information makes it easier to rebuild the host later.

To backup configuration information:

  • For ESX hosts: Use esxcfg-info Service Console command. It will output a lot of configuration information into one text file.
  • For ESXi hosts: Use vicfg-cfgbackup command (part of the vSphere CLI). It will output configuration information to one text file.
  • For vCenter Servers: You should back up the database containing the configuration information unique to the server including clusters, permissions, resource pools, performance data, alarms and much more. If successful, you can later reinstall the vCenter Server, point it to the backup database, and you will be back up and running. Remember to back up the folder containing the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate located in the data directory. It contains the SSL certificates that vCenter uses to communicate with ESXi and ESX hosts as well as clients.

The Bottom Line

VMware has made attempts to address the backup challenges that are associated with virtualizing servers. The VMware vSphere 5.1, for example, uses VMware vStorage API for Data Protection (VADP) that works with VMware’s vSphere Data Protection (VDP) or other third-party backup tools.

VADP replaces the VMware Consolidated Backup with an efficient agentless backup system that is based on virtual proxies and does not tax storage resources. In fact, it comes equipped with change block tracking to enable the backup of only those data blocks that you have changed since the previous backup. This reduces the workload of backup tools such as VDP.

Mon, 17 Aug 2020 07:17:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Q&A with VMUG's Brad Tompkins Ahead of VMware Explore: 'Multi-Cloud Is Everything'

Q&A with VMUG's Brad Tompkins Ahead of VMware Explore: 'Multi-Cloud Is Everything'

"The industry is going to multi-cloud," says Brad Tompkins, executive director of VMUG, the VMware user group. "VMware is in almost every enterprise, commercial, and small business in the world. VMware is and will be a player in the future of computing."

Tompkins made those remarks in a latest post to the 150,000-plus members of the independent organization in advance of the upcoming VMware Explore event (formerly called VMworld).

Tompkins was spot-on in his assessment of the coming multi-cloud-themed show, as VMware itself has said the following in explaining the name change to Explore: "VMware is a company that thrives on profound reinvention. With a hyper-focus on customer innovation, we're defining a new market category -- with apps and multi-cloud at the center of everything we do. This transformation communicates that we are a strategic leader in multi-cloud, shaping its future, from public to private to edge."

While not officially affiliated with VMware, Tompkins and other VMUG members are excited to return to the company's first in-person event after two consecutive online-only events.

"This is important because the connections made in person are powerful," Tompkins said. "We have been two years without the steady stream of in-person events. These lost connections are gone forever, so the sooner you can get back out there, the quicker we can start to make up for lost time." In an earlier post he lamented those connections lost in the switch to virtual events. "When I get back out there, I want to be hyper aware of potential connections. Try to make up for some of the connections missed. I plan on giving conversation a few more minutes to mature."

When Tompkins and thousands of others "get back out there" on Aug. 29 in San Francisco for the four-day event, multi-cloud will be on their minds.

In fact, multi-cloud was the first thing he mentioned when editors of Virtualization & Cloud Review and RedmondMag recently caught up with him ahead of the show. Cloud computing in general and multi-cloud specifically have changed the IT game, he said, which used to be just all about datacenters effectively acting as cost centers with the simple mission to "keep the blinky lights on." With the advent of the cloud came the realization that it could be used by organizations to differentiate their businesses from others, leading to a host of ongoing innovations throughout industry.

"And what's powering all this and what's going to continue to provide innovation in this is cloud, the ability to ramp up the ability to get data and mine your data for information. You've heard it before, but data and information is the new currency. And whoever can get that data out of their systems to make informed decisions are going to be the ones that win. And I think cloud is a huge piece of that. And when I say cloud, that could be on-prem cloud. It could be hyperscalar, you know, cloud-cloud, but my point is you have to start thinking of your datacenter, how can we supply this to our employees so they can access all this data and do what they need to do."

Tompkins shared more of his thoughts in a short Q&A.

In that multi-cloud context, do you have any thoughts on any groundbreaking announcements that might come in VMware Explore?
I would expect something, we've got vSphere 7 out there right now. There's rumors out there that 8 is going to be coming out, so I would think something around vSphere for sure where 6 is getting close to end of life. So that's something that people need to plan for, and normally VMworld or Explore is the area where they have an announcement around vSphere that is still a core software for VMware, and for our members, right. Everybody's running vSphere here, there and everywhere. So I think that is something that we'll see announcements on.

There seems to be a lot more buzz about flaws and vulnerabilities in VMware software lately. Do you think that warnings and advisories and patches have actually increased -- and what do you have to say generally about the company's products, security-wise?
So to answer your first question, I do think that there is an increase -- and this is just a general statement about it. There is an increase on the attacks that we are seeing, and that's any company.

"And if you don't think you're getting targeted, you're wrong. You are getting targeted."

Brad Tompkins, executive director, VMUG

And if you don't think you're getting targeted, you're wrong. You are getting targeted. Now, it might not be as sophisticated as somebody that's going after government secrets or our big corporations' IP, but there are all kinds of things going on out there. I think what's driving that is what's going on in the world landscape, you've got a war going on [and increasing nation-state threat actors]. So what do we do to fix that? Yes, there are a lot of patches, there's always patches that will be coming out. There's always new vulnerabilities that will get discovered and then corporations like VMware need to patch up. And Adrian Woodward, the VMUG president, just had a tweet about that and social post about the need to be on the list to get the information from all your vendors, when there's critical patches out there. And of course, VMware has that as well that we all subscribe to and if you don't, you should, and make sure that you get everything patched up. I just think that's the way it is. That's just the world that we live in, and it's just part of it.

Do you anticipate that VMware will come out with any news for partners during VMware explorer and if so, what kinds of news should partners be looking out for?
Sandy Hogan [former "partner in chief" at VMware] recently left so I think that, from a partner perspective, it's find out what the structure is going to be, if there's going to be any changes. And -- what, two or three years ago -- they really changed the structure on how partners can get their master competencies. So I would look for any changes in that. I don't think there's going to be anything drastic because they just did a pretty big overhaul of that a few years ago. But I would look at that and and how the master competencies -- I guess not regulations -- but how that structure is going to continue moving forward. So those would be the things that I'd be looking at from a partner perspective. There's always some partner meetings that are partner-only at the at Explore/VMworld.

Do you expect any news about the metaverse and Web3, considering how buzzy they are right now?
Yes, I do expect something. I don't know if it'll make main stage, but I'm expecting in the content catalogs out there. There will be content on blockchain and those kinds of things. VMware does have a play in that, and that's something that they're having for everybody. It's still relatively new, but VMware has got some sessions on how blockchain can be used for the enterprise. And I do think that Web3 is an interesting thing that that is kind of still in that buzzword kind of mode. But it'll be fascinating to see what comes to that. And right now, it's more, you hear about, of course, blockchain and cryptocurrency and those kinds of things and NFTs, but what will happen is, enterprises will figure out, 'okay, this is how I can utilize this,' and I'm not talking about maybe it is creating their own currency like Meta's trying to do and those kinds of things. But I think it's going to go even deeper on how can they utilize this to do it smarter. A lot of these things that come out, people think, 'oh, you know, this is just a little niche kind of thing.' And then other people look at that and are like, 'oh, I can use that in a different way that maybe wasn't intended to begin with.' But then it morphed into all kinds of different ideas. So I am expecting something out. Maybe not announcements, but conversations at least and in sessions around Web3 and specifically blockchain for sure.

Regarding metaverse, not so much?
I would be a little bit more shocked if there were any specific conversations or announcements about metaverse. From an enterprise perspective, to me the obvious play is for conferencing and for how can we do meetings better. Everybody's remote now, and the remote workforce is going to be here to stay to some degree, and it'll morph and change and shift, but I think that pandemic taught us that there will be a lot of folks that will just work from home forever. So then it's like, how do you connect human to human a little bit better? And maybe the metaverse can provide a better way to do that.

VMUG Onsite
VMUG will have a substantial presence at the show, in both booth No. 1504 and in the VMUG Lounge at Moscone West Level 3, and he invited folks to stop by and chat.

He's also looking forward to the VMUG member talks and the general session, but is particularly excited about the following sessions and speakers:

For those interested in joining VMUG, Tompkins noted that while membership is free, a VMUG Advantage for-pay membership upgrade provides additional benefits, including a VMware Explore discount, 365-day evaluation licenses, education and certification discounts, exclusive access to VMware Test Drive and more.

About the Authors

David Ramel is an editor and writer for Converge360.

Gladys Rama (@GladysRama3) is the editor of, and, and the editorial director of Converge360.

Mon, 08 Aug 2022 06:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html Killexams : VMware Fusion Brings Windows 11 Support to Intel, Apple Silicon Macs vmware fusion windows 11 on macs

VMware’s VMware Fusion virtualization software has received a new update, which brings support for Windows 11 on Intel and even Apple Silicon-powered Macs. The new update is available as a free tech preview and will help Mac users run Windows 11. Here are the details to know.

VMware says that Fusion’s ability to run Windows 11 on Macs has been in the works for a long time and includes several improvements and new features. This can also work with other virtual machines (VMs) too. For those who don’t know, a virtual machine is system software that can mimic another computing system onto another, in this case, its Microsoft’s Windows 11 on Apple’s Mac devices.

It comes with the enhanced virtual TPM (Trusted Platform Module) with fast encryption, key auto-gen, and key storage via Keychain and can be used on any VM, given that it supports fast encryption. This will only encrypt important files similar to the real Windows 11 TPM for improved VM performance while maintaining the security of the data stored.

The VMware Fusion 12 update also includes features like 2D GFX and Networking, VMtools installation for Windows 11 GOS on M1, Improved Linux support on M1, 3D Graphics HW Acceleration, and OpenGL 4.3 in Linux, among other things. Additionally. VMware is providing a single “.dmg” to install the Fusion software on both Intel and Apple Silicon-powered Macs. The Vmware Fusion update can be downloaded via the company’s website.

As interesting and happy as the news is, it brings in some issues too. VMware clarifies that this update is still a “work in progress” and hence, brings in some limitations. It doesn’t support VMs with different architectures (x86_64 VMs on M1 Macs), macOS virtual machines, and Ubuntu 20.04.4 and 22.04 for arm64.

That said, the company aims to resolve all these issues and add new features to Fusion. A proper version is slated to release at the end of this year. So, how do you feel about this new support? Share your thoughts with us in the comments section below.

Fri, 29 Jul 2022 20:31:00 -0500 Vanshika Malhotra en-US text/html Killexams : Latest VMWare Fusion tech preview brings Windows 11 to Apple Silicon Macs

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VMWare has announced that its upcoming update to VMWare Fusion will bring Windows 11 support to both Intel-based and Apple Silicon machines.

Although ARM versions of Windows itself aren't available on Macs with M1 or M2 chips, users will be able to obtain and use Windows 11 on Apple Silicon Macs using the VMWare Fusion virtualization software.

The latest update to VMWare Fusion is now available to test out as a free technology preview on the company's website.

VMWare says that it's looking for user feedback as it "irons out kinks" and prepares for more formal support later in 2022.

"It's here," the company wrote. "While it is a little early, and things on Apple silicon don't always behave like we're used to on Intel, we're thrilled to be able to share the work we've been doing to prepare support for Windows 11 virtual machines on Fusion, for both Intel and Apple silicon Macs."

Along with Windows 11 support on Apple Silicon machines, the new tech preview also includes VMtools installation for Windows 11 on M1, improved Linux support on M1, 3D Graphics HW Acceleration and OpenGL 4.3 in Linux VMs, and more.

The company does note, however, that VMWare Fusion is still a work in progress on Apple Silicon Macs, and there are some limitations to the support. Fusion won't support VMs running across different architectures, for example. Also, users can't currently create macOS-based virtual machines, though VMWare is looking into that for the future.

Fri, 29 Jul 2022 09:07:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : VMware Fusion beta joins Parallels in supporting Windows VMs on Apple Silicon
VMWare Fusion running on a Mac Studio.
Enlarge / VMWare Fusion running on a Mac Studio.

The transition from Intel to Apple Silicon Macs has gone smoothly for most software, thanks to the Rosetta 2 compatibility software and app developers who have quickly added Apple Silicon support to their software. But the ability to run Windows and Windows apps, either directly on the hardware via Boot Camp or via a virtual machine, still isn't officially supported.

But makers of paid virtualization software have been working to close that gap. Parallels Desktop 17 will run the Arm version of Windows 11 inside a virtual machine, and yesterday VMware released a beta version of VMware Fusion 12 that can do the same thing.

VMware's blog post details some of the changes they've made to support Windows 11, many of which parallel the work that Parallels has done. To meet Windows 11's TPM requirement, the software creates an encrypted file that is used to store the same kinds of data that an real TPM would store on a real PC. VMware also includes a basic 2D graphics driver so that the Windows desktop can be rendered properly on high-resolution displays, plus a basic networking driver.

Virtualizing the Arm version of Windows still isn't officially supported by Microsoft. The company only licenses the Arm version of Windows to PC makers who are building PCs with Arm processors. This means jumping through lots of extra hoops to get Windows installed in VMware Fusion in the first place, since you can't simply obtain an ISO file as you can for the x86 version of Windows. You need to download a Hyper-V disk image of a Windows 11 beta build from Microsoft's Windows Insider site, convert the .VHDX file to a VMware-compatible VMDK file using separately downloaded Qemu software, create a virtual machine using that disk file, and then continue to install new beta builds as they're available so that the build you're using doesn't expire.

VMware provides some basic documentation for testers hoping to kick the tires of this new build, but it's worth noting that Parallels can at least offer to obtain Windows for you automatically.

Running the Arm version of Windows will let you run most non-3D Windows apps, regardless of whether they were written to run on Arm or x86 processors. Windows includes its own Rosetta-like x86-to-Arm translation, and Windows 11 improved it by allowing it to run 64-bit x86 apps and by letting developers ship apps that use a mix of Arm and x86 code. This is a bit more flexibility than Mac developers have—if a Mac app has any x86-only dependencies or plugins that needs to be run within the host process, the whole app needs to be started in x86 mode, even if the rest of the app is Apple Silicon-native.

In latest macOS versions, Apple has been building its own virtualization framework, and independent developers have used it to create lightweight, free virtualization software without the cost or complexity of Parallels or VMware. But it doesn't officially support Windows in any capacity—on Apple Silicon Macs, it supports macOS and Linux VMs.

Fri, 29 Jul 2022 06:26:00 -0500 Andrew Cunningham en-us text/html
Killexams : VMware Details its Tanzu/Kubernetes Strategy after Pivotal Merger

After acquiring Pivotal at the end of last year, VMware has detailed in a latest webinar how it will go about fulfilling its strategy aimed to help customers build their apps, run them using Kubernetes, and manage them from a single control plane.

When VMware announced its intention to acquire the Kubernetes-centered cloud platform and service provider Pivotal in August 2019, VMware had just introduced its VMware Tanzu strategy. While VMware clarified from the outset that Pivotal was going to be an integral part of its new strategy, no details were provided concerning how Pivotal products and VMware products will coexist.

In the webinar, VMware product vice-president Craig McLuckie stated Pivotal Application Service (PAS) on Kubernetes is a top priority and will receive continued support. PAS on K8s is currently in alpha and will reach GA by the end of the year. Additionally, PAS development will include extending support for Kubernetes on Windows, already in version 2.9, scheduled for Q1 2020. Among additional new features in PAS 2.9 are improved configuration of graceful shutdown, access to high-level metrics in Apps Manager, and more.

On a similar note, McLuckie also confirmed VMware's commitment to continuing the support of BOSH, an open-source project aiming to unify release, deployment, and management of cloud applications over hundreds of VMs. In particular, VMware will focus on BOSH automated cluster and OS lifecycle management.

The existing Pivotal Container Service (PKS), also known as VMware Enterprise PKS, will get a new release, PKS 1.7, in Q1 2020. This will include additional monitoring metrics, improved upgrade and configurations, and Windows container support in beta.

One of the major goals VMware will be pursuing is providing an integrated control plane to manage both VMs and K8s in a unified way:

We made an important decision in the last few months which was that, in order to make this experience complete, we really wanted to containerise the control plane, so that it actually has the ability to run on Kubernetes, and to effectively remove the need for a discrete cluster of virtual machines off to the side. This ultimately brings considerably reduced operational complexity, potentially a smaller footprint, easier to adopt at a team level'.

Several other remarks worth highlighting referred to the convergence of the VM and K8s worlds. With the acquisition of Pivotal, VMware has two different K8s focused domains: one in Enterprise PKS, and the other is vSphere, which will integrate K8s through Tanzu K8s Grid. According to McLuckie, those two streams will converge in a non-disruptive way, and all Enterprise PKS customers will be entitled to Tanzu K8s Grid. Similarly, VMware will aim to make PAS on VMs and PAS on K8s to level up in terms of available capabilities, so both platforms receive the same treatment.

(Image courtesy VMware)

As a final note, Ian Andrews, VMware marketing vice-president for modern apps, presented the VMware stack after Pivotal merger, showing their integration from the hypervisor level to the application level.

(Image courtesy VMware)

The VMware webinar included many additional details, such as the VMware innovation roadmap. If you are interested, do not miss the recording of the.webinar.

Wed, 27 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : VMware Fusion Tech Preview Brings Windows 11 to Apple Silicon Macs

VMware this week announced that its latest VMware Fusion update brings Windows 11 support to both Intel and Apple silicon Macs. Available as a free tech preview, the 2H22 version of Fusion will finally allow Apple silicon Mac users to obtain and use Windows on their machines through virtualization.

vmware fusion windows
Features include Windows 11 support with 2D GFX and networking, VMtools installation for Windows on Apple silicon machines, improved Linux support on Apple silicon machines, and more.

  • Windows 11 on Intel and Apple Silicon with 2D GFX and Networking
  • VMtools installation for Windows 11 GOS on M1
  • Improved Linux support on ‌M1‌
  • 3D Graphics HW Acceleration and OpenGL 4.3 in Linux VMs* (Requires Linux 5.19+ & Mesa 22.1.3+)
  • Virtual TPM Device
  • Fast Encryption
  • Universal Binary

While the new functionality was designed with Windows 11 in mind, VMware says the tools can be used with other VMs too. At the current time, Fusion on Apple silicon devices is "still a work in progress" and there are some limitations to be aware of.

  • Fusion will not support running VMs across different architectures. (I.e. no x86_64 VMs on ‌M1‌ Macs).
  • macOS virtual machines are out of scope for this release, but it's something we're looking into.
  • Ubuntu 20.04.4 and 22.04 for arm64 are not currently booting (Ubuntu 20.04.4 builds from July 5 and onward) We are working to resolve this.

VMware says that it is looking for feedback from users in order to iron out kinks and add new capabilities in preparation for more formal support later this year. While in the testing period, VMware Fusion will be free to use. The VMware Fusion Tech Preview can be downloaded from the VMware website.

Fri, 29 Jul 2022 08:24:00 -0500 en text/html
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