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Exam Code: CTFL_Syll2018 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
CTFL_Syll2018 ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level

ISTQB has recently launched CTFL 2018 V3.1 with minor changes. You can find all the info needed in the obtain area.
The Foundation Level Syllabus forms the basis for the International Software Testing Qualification at the Foundation Level.
The International Software Testing Qualifications Board® (ISTQB®) provides it to the national examination bodies for them to accredit the training providers and to derive examination questions in their local language.

Training providers will produce courseware and determine appropriate teaching methods for accreditation, and the syllabus will help candidates in their preparation for the examination.

The Certified Tester Foundation Level in Software Testing
The Foundation Level qualification is aimed at anyone involved in software testing. This includes people in roles such as testers, test analysts, test engineers, test consultants, test managers, user acceptance testers and software developers.

This Foundation Level qualification is also appropriate for anyone who wants a basic understanding of software testing, such as project managers, quality managers, software development managers, business analysts, IT directors and management consultants. Holders of the Foundation Certificate will be able to go on to a higher level software testing qualification.

Fundamentals of Testing

Learning Objectives for Fundamentals of Testing:
- What is Testing?
- Identify typical objectives of testing
- Differentiate testing from debugging
- Why is Testing Necessary?
- supply examples of why testing is necessary
- Describe the relationship between testing and quality assurance and supply examples of how testing contributes to higher quality
- Distinguish between error, defect, and failure
- Distinguish between the root cause of a defect and its effects
- Seven Testing Principles
- Explain the seven testing principles
- Test Process
- Explain the impact of context on the test process
- Describe the test activities and respective tasks within the test process
- Differentiate the work products that support the test process
- Explain the value of maintaining traceability between the test basis and test work products
- The Psychology of Testing
- Identify the psychological factors that influence the success of testing
- Explain the difference between the mindset required for test activities and the mindset required for development activities

coverage, debugging, defect, error, failure, quality, quality assurance, root cause, test analysis, test basis, test case, test completion, test condition, test control, test data, test design, test execution, test implementation, test monitoring, test object, test objective, test oracle, test planning, test procedure, test process, test suite, testing, testware, traceability, validation, verification

Testing Throughout the Software Development Lifecycle

Learning Objectives for Testing Throughout the Software Development Lifecycle
- Software Development Lifecycle Models
- Explain the relationships between software development activities and test activities in the software development lifecycle
- Identify reasons why software development lifecycle models must be adapted to the context of project and product characteristics
- Test Levels
- Compare the different test levels from the perspective of objectives, test basis, test objects, typical defects and failures, and approaches and responsibilities
- Test Types
- Compare functional, non-functional, and white-box testing
- Recognize that functional, non-functional, and white-box tests occur at any test level
- Compare the purposes of confirmation testing and regression testing
- Maintenance Testing
- Summarize triggers for maintenance testing
- Describe the role of impact analysis in maintenance testing

acceptance testing, alpha testing, beta testing, change-related testing, commercial off-the-shelf (COTS), component integration testing, component testing, confirmation testing, contractual acceptance testing, functional testing, impact analysis, integration testing, maintenance testing, non-functional testing, operational acceptance testing, regression testing, regulatory acceptance testing, sequential development model, system integration testing, system testing, test basis, test case, test environment, test level, test object, test objective, test type, user acceptance testing, white-box testing

Static Testing

Learning Objectives for Static Testing
- Static Testing Basics
- Recognize types of software work product that can be examined by the different static testing techniques
- Use examples to describe the value of static testing
- Explain the difference between static and dynamic techniques, considering objectives, types of defects to be identified, and the role of these techniques within the software lifecycle
- Review Process
- Summarize the activities of the work product review process
- Recognize the different roles and responsibilities in a formal review
- Explain the differences between different review types: informal review, walkthrough, technical review, and inspection
- Apply a review technique to a work product to find defects
- Explain the factors that contribute to a successful review

ad hoc review, checklist-based review, dynamic testing, formal review, informal review, inspection, perspective-based reading, review, role-based review, scenario-based review, static analysis, static testing, technical review, walkthrough

Test Techniques

Learning Objectives for Test Techniques
- Categories of Test Techniques
- Explain the characteristics, commonalities, and differences between black-box test techniques, white-box test techniques, and experience-based test techniques
- Black-box Test Techniques
- Apply equivalence partitioning to derive test cases from given requirements
- Apply boundary value analysis to derive test cases from given requirements
- Apply decision table testing to derive test cases from given requirements
- Apply state transition testing to derive test cases from given requirements
- Explain how to derive test cases from a use case
- White-box Test Techniques
- Explain statement coverage
- Explain decision coverage
- Explain the value of statement and decision coverage
- Experience-based Test Techniques
- Explain error guessing
- Explain exploratory testing
- Explain checklist-based testing

black-box test technique, boundary value analysis, checklist-based testing, coverage, decision coverage, decision table testing, error guessing, equivalence partitioning, experience-based test technique, exploratory testing, state transition testing, statement coverage, test technique, use case testing, whitebox test technique

Test Management

Learning Objectives for Test Management
- Test Organization
- Explain the benefits and drawbacks of independent testing
- Identify the tasks of a test manager and tester
- Test Planning and Estimation
- Summarize the purpose and content of a test plan
- Differentiate between various test strategies
- supply examples of potential entry and exit criteria
- Apply knowledge of prioritization, and technical and logical dependencies, to schedule test execution for a given set of test cases
- Identify factors that influence the effort related to testing
- Explain the difference between two estimation techniques: the metrics-based technique and the expert-based technique
- Test Monitoring and Control
- Recall metrics used for testing
- Summarize the purposes, contents, and audiences for test reports
- Configuration Management
- Summarize how configuration management supports testing
- Risks and Testing
- Define risk level by using likelihood and impact
- Distinguish between project and product risks
- Describe, by using examples, how product risk analysis may influence the thoroughness and scope of testing
- ement
- Write a defect report, covering a defect found during testing

configuration management, defect management, defect report, entry criteria, exit criteria, product risk, project risk, risk, risk level, risk-based testing, test approach, test control, test estimation, test manager, test monitoring, test plan, test planning, test progress report, test strategy, test summary report, tester

Tool Support for Testing

Learning Objectives for Test Tools
- Test tool considerations
- Classify test tools according to their purpose and the test activities they support
- Identify benefits and risks of test automation
- Remember special considerations for test execution and test management tools
- Effective use of tools
- Identify the main principles for selecting a tool
- Recall the objectives for using pilot projects to introduce tools
- Identify the success factors for evaluation, implementation, deployment, and on-going support of test tools in an organization

data-driven testing, keyword-driven testing, test automation, test execution tool, test management tool

ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level
iSQI Foundation education
Killexams : iSQI Foundation education - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CTFL_Syll2018 Search results Killexams : iSQI Foundation education - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CTFL_Syll2018 https://killexams.com/exam_list/iSQI Killexams : New IT Audit Fundamentals Certificate from ISACA Helps Professionals Launch Careers

Press release content from Business Wire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.

SCHAUMBURG, Ill.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Aug 9, 2022--

Those seeking a strong foundation in IT audit knowledge and hands-on experience to set themselves apart as they seek audit jobs can now earn the new ISACA IT Audit Fundamentals Certificate from ISACA, the global professional association for digital trust professionals.

ISACA’s IT Audit Fundamentals Certificate program offers valuable knowledge and performance-based hybrid learning that will empower early professionals and those looking to change careers to IT audit to gain insight into the principles of IT audit and the opportunity to build a foundation of knowledge and skill to be a successful IT auditor.

“ISACA is a career partner for professionals at every level of their careers, including those just getting started or those looking to switch careers,” said Shannon Donahue, Senior Vice President of Publishing at ISACA. “IT audit is truly a rewarding career field with incredible opportunity. But there are currently few resources available that prepare rising professionals or career changers for IT audit. The ISACA IT Audit Fundamentals Certificate does not require any prior experience and fills this gap. The certificate is a solid first step that sets early auditors apart in the talent search and puts them on a path to a rewarding career.”

Per Salary.com, entry-level auditor salaries can range from $57,000 to $78,000 in the US, and nearly 14,000 jobs on Indeed.com currently include IT audit in the job descriptions or titles.

The IT Audit Fundamentals Certificate helps prepare candidates for these career opportunities by demonstrating foundational-level knowledge. The certificate’s content areas include performing an audit, IT general controls, and specific audit areas such as networking, operating systems, artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain, and the internet of things (IoT).

The IT Audit Fundamentals Certificate exam can be taken online at a convenient time. exam preparation materials include a study guide, available now, and an online course, which is coming soon.

This new certificate joins an established set of ISACA credentials, including the Certified Information Systems Auditor ( CISA ) certification, recognized worldwide as the gold standard for IT auditors.

For more information about ISACA’s IT Audit Fundamentals Certificate, visit www.isaca.org/credentialing/it-audit-fundamentals-certificate. More details about ISACA’s other credentials can be found at www.isaca.org/credentialing.


ISACA ® ( www.isaca.org ) is a global community advancing individuals and organizations in their pursuit of digital trust. For more than 50 years, ISACA has equipped individuals and enterprises with the knowledge, credentials, education, training and community to progress their careers, transform their organizations, and build a more trusted and ethical digital world. ISACA is a global professional association and learning organization that leverages the expertise of its more than 165,000 members who work in digital trust fields such as information security, governance, assurance, risk, privacy and quality. It has a presence in 188 countries, including 225 chapters worldwide. Through its foundation One In Tech, ISACA supports IT education and career pathways for underresourced and underrepresented populations.

View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20220809005899/en/

CONTACT: Bridget Drufke, +1.847.660.5554,bdrufke@isaca.org

Kristen Kessinger, +1.847.660.5512,communications@isaca.org




Copyright Business Wire 2022.

PUB: 08/09/2022 12:38 PM/DISC: 08/09/2022 12:38 PM


Tue, 09 Aug 2022 04:38:00 -0500 en text/html https://apnews.com/press-release/business-wire/technology-d28f15dc0440430a98695524f1d06cea
Killexams : UMPI pilots Research Learning Experience program for first-year students

The University of Maine at Presque Isle will be piloting a new program this fall that provides students with hands-on, professor-guided research during their very first year of college. UMPI’s Research Learning Experience program includes a 3-day bridge experience Aug.

PRESQUE ISLE, Maine — The University of Maine at Presque Isle will be piloting a new program this fall that provides students with hands-on, professor-guided research during their very first year of college. UMPI’s Research Learning Experience program includes a 3-day bridge experience Aug. 24-26, just before orientation begins, as well as 15 hours of coursework that will be completed during the fall semester.

First-year students interested in this opportunity — which includes free room and board for the 3-day bridge experience — are encouraged to sign up at www.umpi.edu/compass/RLE.

“We’re excited to be piloting this program,” UMPI Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Dr. Jason Johnston said. Johnston is leading RLE program efforts on campus. “Our Research Learning Experience will supply first-year students a taste of what research is like and allow them to create new knowledge in their area of interest. These courses are not about lectures or reading textbooks: students will develop research questions, collect data, and report their conclusions. It’s a great way to kick off their fall semester.”

UMPI’s RLE program is part of the University of Maine System RLE initiative, which is supported by a generous donation from the Harold Alfond Foundation. The one-credit courses at UMPI provide a unique opportunity for students to come to campus early, meet friends and connect with upper class peer mentors, and take part in hands-on research. Room and board is free for the 3-day bridge experience. For those opting to participate in a virtual RLE, meal gift cards will be provided to participating students.

UMPI students can select from among five offerings: four on-campus options — food insecurity, greenhouse food production, environmental resources, and data science programming — and one virtual option focused on understanding political extremism.

“Working to Achieve Zero Hunger – A Research Learning Experience on Food Insecurity” will be taught by Shannon Sleeper and Teri StPierre. In this course, students will conduct research on food insecurity on a global, national, and local level and develop strategies to achieve zero hunger. Through local community engagement, students will develop skills in research design, statistics, and communication.

“Climate Change, Energy, and Critical Mineral Resources will be taught by Dr. Chunzeng Wang. Students will evaluate relationships among energy consumption, environmental hazards, new technologies, and sustainability. They will survey the scientific literature and conduct field work at local renewable energy facilities and mineral resource sites. The course includes one Friday afternoon field trip and one Saturday all-day field trip.

“Optimizing Greenhouse Production” will be taught by Dr. Larry Feinstein. This course will provide basic information regarding plant nutritional needs, soil properties, and fertilizer sources that could be used to optimize yields of produce. Fertilizer sources will include chemical and a variety of compost tea infusions that students make and test. Students will develop hypotheses and growing trial conditions to test how different fertilizer sources influence yields of greenhouse produce.

“Data Science Programming Experience” will be taught by Mark Royer. In this course, students will work through technical programming problems that arise when working with real-world, scientific data. To start, students will consult biologists or environmental scientists to determine a domain-specific data set to investigate for the semester. By course conclusion, students will gain experience with programming techniques for data analysis and data visualization.

The online RLE course “Understanding and Responding to Violent Extremism and Terrorism” will be taught by Dr. Brent Andersen. This course will examine the origins, manifestations, and consequences of political extremism, violence, and terrorism, using selected examples both from within the U.S. and around the globe. Students will employ research tools that scholars use to investigate these threats and the conditions which produce them, including opinion surveys, interviews, covert observation, and content analysis.

“The syllabus are varied and the opportunities for hands-on research activities are many. Students should sign up by Aug. 19 to ensure their preferred course option as spots are on a first-come, first-served basis,” Dr. Johnston said. “We’d encourage all of our first-year students to take advantage of this opportunity.”

To learn more about UMPI’s RLE program or to sign up, visit the RLE webpage.

Thank you for reading your 4 free articles this month. To continue reading, and support local, rural journalism, please subscribe.

Wed, 27 Jul 2022 09:22:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://thecounty.me/2022/07/27/news/business-news/umpi-pilots-research-learning-experience-program-for-first-year-students/
Killexams : SiFive Is Leading The Way For Innovation On RISC-V

The company appears well positioned to challenge CPU incumbents with high performance RISC-V CPUs and Vector Extensions to the open ISA architecture.

The RISC-V CPU Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) is emerging as a serious challenger to current CPUs based on proprietary architectures, creating new opportunities for chip designers and investors alike. While RISC-V first gained traction in the low-end embedded market, where the open ISA model afforded more cost-effective designs, RISC-V is now getting more wind in its sails due to performance and power efficiency, especially with vector enhancements. Behind all the RISC-V buzz, SiFive is the company that makes many of the innovations of the open-source CPU architecture available and so appealing.

In addition to open-source and computing efficiency, RISC-V now offers a well-designed, highly efficient vector processing extension which can enable significant acceleration in applications where large data sets need to be manipulated in parallel. We have published a research paper that dives more deeply into the advantages Vector extensions offer. This note explores the company’s role and directions.

RISC-V Benefits and SiFive’s Role

Silicon Valley startup SiFive has assumed the role of industry leadership and commercial IP innovation for the RISC-V movement, providing tested Intellectual Property (IP) and support for chip developers who incorporate RISC-V into their products.

RISC-V portends to offer an alternative to proprietary processor cores in a user-friendly licensing and development environment. The raw performance of the latest SiFive RISC-V implementation is rapidly closing the gap, but with lower power and smaller die area, and with no lock-in to a closed architecture. SiFive is further enhancing its portfolio with vector processing extensions that clearly differentiate the ISA from any other architecture.

SiFive is essentially the most visible and accomplished commercial steward of RISC-V, providing validated IP and support as well as open and proprietary enhancements to the RISC-V development community. With this open-standard approach and dependable IP, SiFive has garnered over 300 design wins with over 100 firms, including 8 of the top 10 semiconductor companies. With the addition of vector processing, we expect this trend to accelerate.

SiFive Strategy and Product Portfolio

In September 2020, SiFive announced it had hired CEO Patrick Little as the new President, CEO, and Chairman. Coming from Qualcomm where he led the company’s successful foray into the automotive sector, Mr. Little has sharpened the company’s business model on developing and licensing IP, selling the SiFive’s OpenFive SoC design business to AlphaWave for $210 million. The company subsequently raised $175 million in a Series F funding round at a $2.5 billion post-money valuation. The latest round brings SiFive's total venture funding to over $350 million and was led by global investment firm Coatue Management LLC. Existing investors Intel Capital, Sutter Hill, and some others joined this latest round.

In today’s heterogeneous world of Domain-Specific Processors, parallel processing of large data sets is a critical adjunct to scalar processing. While accelerators such as GPU’s and ASICs provide some incremental performance, they come at significant cost and generally require connectivity to CPU’s along with the cost of data transfers from the CPU to and from the accelerator. And each accelerator requires its own distinct programming model. Now with RISC-V, general vector processing in the CPU cores offers an alternative approach.

Vector processing, where instructions manipulate data across a large dataset of numbers, has been a foundation of high-performance computing since the Cray 1 supercomputer in 1975. RISC-V Vector extensions (RVV) enables RISC-V cores to process data arrays alongside traditional scalar operations to parallelize the computation of single instruction streams on large data sets. SiFive helped establish RVV as a part of the RISC-V standard and has now extended the concept in two dimensions.

Figure 2: The SiFive extensions to the RISC-V vector capabilities can dramatically increase performance and efficiency.

The SiFive Intelligence Extensions add new operations such as matmuls for INT8, BF16 converts and compute operations, and enable vector instructions to operate on a broad range of AI/ML data types, including BFLOAT16. The SiFive Intelligence Extensions also add support for TensorFlow Lite for Machine Learning models, reducing the cost to port AI models to SiFive based designs.

VCIX represents a strategic opportunity for SiFive

In a world of increasing heterogeneity, there is a large opportunity to help SoC and System-on-Package (SoP) designers build tightly integrated solutions. The SiFive Vector Coprocessor Interface Extension (VCIX) is a direct interface between the X280 and a custom accelerator, enabling parallel instructions to be executed on the accelerator directly from the scalar pipeline. The custom instructions are executed from the standard software flow, utilizing the vector pipeline, and can access the full vector register set.

The SiFive Processor Portfolio

The SiFive product portfolio is structured into three clearly differentiated product lines: the 32/64 bit Essential products (2-, 6-, and 7-Series) for embedded control/Linux applications, the SiFive Performance Series (the P200 and P500/P600 families) for high efficiency and higher performance, and the SiFive Intelligence Series (the X200 family) for parallelizable workloads such as Machine Learning at the edge and in data centers.

To capitalize on its advantage in vector processing, SiFive has built its vector capabilities into both the Performance P270 and the Intelligence X280 processors.

Early Adopters of the SiFive X280

SiFive X280 has already been adopted by several companies of note, including a Tier 1 semiconductor company and a US Federal Agency for a strategic initiative in the aerospace and defence sector. Another customer has selected the X280 for projects for its mobile devices and data center AI products. Similarly, a US company delivering autonomous self-driving platforms has selected the X280 for its next generation SoC. Of these opportunities, the last two could generate significant volumes, while the 1st could open more doors in the government sector.

On the startup front, we have already seen a number of SoC developers publicly announce their adoption of SiFive including Tenstorrent and Kinara (formerly known as DeepVision). Many are developing SoCs for AI acceleration, leveraging the vector processing of the X280 and complementing that with custom AI blocks. Tenstorrent tells us they are getting great support and that the cores are rock solid.

SiFive Development Tool Suite

For AI applications, SiFive supports an Out-of-the-box software and processor hardware solution with TensorFlow Lite running under Linux OS to run NN models in the Object detention, Image Classification, Segmentation, Text, and Speech domains. Existing models can be run with little porting effort with a broad range of optimized NN operators in both 32-bit Float and Quantized 8-bit precisions.

Applications that can Benefit from Vector Processing

From our perspective, we believe that parallel processing is transitioning from the tool of a few to the norm for many applications, especially as AI and Machine Learning become pervasive. And as Moore’s Law provides ever-diminishing returns, application developers still require more performance and Vector processing can provide the avenue for both higher levels of performance and better power efficiency especially with RISC-V. We see opportunities for RISC-V vector processing in multiple application domains including smart homes, telco, mobile devices, autonomous vehicles, industrial automation, robotic control, and health care. The simplicity and elegance of RVV and the performance gains are powerful selling points.

Figure 5: The X280 processor supports a wide range of use cases.


We are impressed by the progress that RISC-V and SiFive has made in the last few years. The new product line positioning makes a ton of sense, the processors are beefier, the software stack is getting much better and the vector extensions are impressive, both the open source RVV and the AI extensions the company has included in the Intelligence Series X280. The CPUs are relatively high performance with excellent scalability and power efficiency due to the simplicity that stems from the efficient RISC-V ISA and clever extensions. SiFive has also recently disclosed the intention of releasing an even higher performance P600 Series class Out-of-Order core with RISC-V vector compute in the near future.

Finally, the commitment to and leverage of the open-source community is perhaps RISC-V and SiFive’s most important value they can offer as an alternative to Arm, especially for designers looking to build SoC solutions for Domain-Specific Architectures.

Mon, 08 Aug 2022 05:04:00 -0500 Karl Freund en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/karlfreund/2022/08/08/sifive-is-leading-the-way-for-innovation-on-risc-v/
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