Cisco Systems Inc. specializes in networking and communications products and services. The company is probably best known for its business routing and switching products, which direct data, voice, and video traffic across networks around the world. However, Cisco also offers storage networking, applications for unified communications, telepresence and collaboration (WebEx), and an array of services from simple product support to complete solutions for data centers and cloud management.
To ensure that IT professionals have the skills and knowledge necessary to support Cisco products and solve customers’ technology problems on many fronts, the Cisco Career Certification program is all-embracing. That is, it begins at the entry level, then advances to associate, professional, and expert levels, and (in some certification areas) caps things off at the architect level.
Each level offers one or more credentials. Obtaining a credential usually involves passing one or more certification exams. Most Cisco exams are delivered by Pearson VUE. For higher-level credentials, candidates must also prove they meet necessary prerequisites. The higher the level of certification, the more credentials and prerequisites one needs to meet those requirements.
Certifications within Cisco’s portfolio include the following credentials:
There are many certifications and paths one can take in Cisco’s career program. That said, its two main paths cover network operation and network design. A typical Cisco networking certification ladder begins with the entry-level CCENT credential, moves up to the CCNA, onto the CCNP and culminates with the CCIE. The design-oriented might instead consider starting with the CCENT, moving up to the CCDA, then the professional-level CCDP, followed by the CCDE, and finish the program with the CCAr.
The Cisco Career Certification program also includes a number of specializations. These certifications acknowledge a professional’s skills in a specific Cisco technology, such as data center application services, voicemail and messaging or rich media. Cisco specializations are organized into two primary categories: one targeting technical specialists and another targeting digital transformation specialists. Between these two categories, there are currently 15 specializations among which IT pros can choose.
The Technical Specialist category includes specializations across six subcategories:
Digital Transformation specialists includes credentials geared to Business Architecture and Customer Success.
Achieving a specialist credential generally requires passing one or two exams. Some credentials also impose prerequisites.
Entry-, associate- and professional-level credentials are valid for three years, CCIE and specialist certifications are valid for two years and the CCAr is valid for five years. To keep certifications current, Cisco professionals need to recertify by passing a recertification test or advancing to a higher level in Cisco’s certification hierarchy.
Cisco has two entry-level credentials: the Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician (CCENT) and the Cisco Certified Technician (CCT). No prerequisites are needed to obtain either the CCENT or CCT credential, and candidates must pass a single test to earn each credential.
CCENT certified professionals install, maintain and troubleshoot small networks or a branch of an enterprise network, and implement basic network security. The CCENT credential is a prerequisite for some associate-level CCNA solution track credentials and the CCDA.
CCTs work onsite at customer locations, diagnosing issues and repairing or replacing network-related equipment. A CCT can choose one of several specialty tracks, which currently includes Data Center and Routing and Switching.
Certification Exams Number of Questions Time to Complete CCENT 100-105 ICND1 45-55 90 minutes CCT Data Center 010-151 DCTECH 65-75 90 minutes CCT Routing & Switching 640-692 RSTECH 60-70 90 minutes
Cisco’s associate-level certifications include the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) and the Cisco Certified Design Associate (CCDA). One must pass one or two certification exams to achieve a CCNA or CCDA credential, depending on the track you choose.
The CCNA recognizes basic skills in installing, supporting, and troubleshooting wired and/or wireless networks. One can choose from several tracks, including Cloud, Collaboration, Cyber Ops, Data Center, Industrial, Routing and Switching, Security, Service Provider and Wireless. The CCNA is a prerequisite for the professional-level CCNP certification. Prerequisites for the CCNA vary depending on the solution track chosen as do the number of required exams. All solution tracks require either one or two exams.
Cisco created the CCDA to identify individuals who can design basic wired and wireless networks, and incorporate security and voice solutions. The CCDA is a prerequisite for the CCDP certification. To obtain the CCDA, candidates must possess either a valid CCENT, CCNA Routing and Switching (or any CCIE certification), and pass a single additional exam.
|Certification||Exams||Number of Questions||Time to Complete|
|CCDA||200-310 DESGN||55-65||75 minutes|
|CCNA Cloud||210-451 CLDFND||55-65||90 minutes|
|210-455 CLDADM||55-65||90 minutes|
|CCNA Collaboration||210-060 CICD||55-65||75 minutes|
|210-065 CIVND||55-65||75 minutes|
|CCNA Cyber Ops||210-250 SECFND||55-60||90 minutes|
|210-255 SECOPS||60-70||90 minutes|
|CCNA Data Center||200-150 DCICN||55-65||90 minutes|
|200-155 DCICT||65-75||120 minutes|
|CCNA Industrial||200-601 IMINS2||65-75||90 minutes|
|CCNA Routing and Switching**||200-125 CCNA||60-70||90 minutes|
|100-105 ICND1||45-55||90 minutes|
|200-105 ICND2||55-65||90 minutes|
|CCNA Security||210-260 IINS||60-70||90 minutes|
|CCNA Service Provider||640-875 SPNGN1||65-75||90 minutes|
|640-878 SPNGN2||65-75||90 minutes|
|CCNA Wireless||200-355 WIFUND||60-70||90 minutes|
**Candidates for the CCNA Routing and Switching may take test 200-125 OR test 100-105 plus 200-105.
Cisco’s professional-level credentials include two main programs: the Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) and the Cisco Certified Design Professional (CCDP). To obtain the CCDP, one must pass three certification exams and possess both the CCDA and CCNA Routing and Switching credentials or any Cisco CCIE or CCDE certification.
All CCNP solution tracks, except Routing and Switching, require candidates to pass four exams. Only three exams are required for the CCNP: Routing and Switching credential. Prerequisites for all CCNP solution tracks include either the lower-level CCNA credential or any CCIE credential. The CCNP: Service Provider credential also accepts the Cisco Certified Internet Professional (CCIP) credential as a prerequisite (which retired in 2012).
The CCNP credential recognizes professionals who plan, deploy, and troubleshoot local networks and wide area networks. The CCNP tracks are the same as those for the CCNA, except for Industrial and Cyber Ops, which are not offered in the CCNP track. The CCNP is recommended to climb up to the next step on the cert ladder – the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert.
The CCDP identifies proficiency in designing and deploying scalable networks and multilayer-switched networks. From the CCDP, you can move on to the Cisco Certified Design Expert.
|Certification||Exams||Number of Questions||Time to Complete|
|CCDP||300-101 ROUTE||45-65||120 minutes|
|300-115 SWITCH||30-40||120 minutes|
|300-320 ARCH||60-70||75 minutes|
|CCNP Cloud||300-460 CLDINF||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-465 CLDDES||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-470 CLDAUT||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-475 CLDACI||55-65||90 minutes|
|CCNP Collaboration||300-070 CIPTV1||65-75||75 minutes|
|300-075 CIPTV2||50-60||75 minutes|
|300-080 CTCOLLAB||55-65||75 minutes|
|300-085 CAPPS||55-65||75 minutes|
|CCNP Data Center**||300-175 DCUCI||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-165 DCII||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-170 DCVAI||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-160 DCID||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-180 DCIT||70-80||90 minutes|
|CCNP Routing and Switching||300-101 ROUTE||45-65||120 minutes|
|300-115 SWITCH||30-40||120 minutes|
|300-135 TSHOOT||15-25||120 minutes|
|CCNP Security||300-208 SISAS||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-206 SENSS||65-75||90 minutes|
|300-209 SIMOS||65-75||90 minutes|
|300-210 SITCS||65-75||90 minutes|
|CCNP Service Provider||642-883 SPROUTE||65-75||90 minutes|
|642-885 SPADVROUTE||65-75||90 minutes|
|642-887 SPCORE||65-75||90 minutes|
|642-889 SPEDGE||65-75||90 minutes|
|CCNP Wireless||300-360 WIDESIGN||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-365 WIDEPLOY||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-370 WITSHOOT||55-65||90 minutes|
|300-375 WISECURE||55-65||90 minutes|
**CCNP Data Center may take either the 300-160 or 300-180 exam.
Cisco’s expert-level credentials embrace two primary certifications: the coveted Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) and the Cisco Certified Design Expert (CCDE). Neither certification imposes prerequisites, but one must pass a written test and a rigorous practical test to earn either of these credentials.
Beginning in July 2016, Cisco updated its expert-level exams to include an evolving technologies domain. This new domain targets cloud, network programmability and the IoT, and it accounts for 10 percent of the total test score. Cisco may change the subjects included in this domain to reflect emerging technologies as they reach strong enough commercial interest, potential and presence to make them examworthy. The company describes this mechanism as a way to help future-proof its certifications so that employers may assume that those who hold current credentials are also up to speed on important new networking technologies.
For many network-track professionals, achieving the CCIE is the highlight of their careers. A CCIE has expert technical skills and knowledge of Cisco network products and solutions in one of the CCIE technical tracks, which currently include Collaboration, Data Center, Routing and Switching, Security, Service Provider, and Wireless.
The CCDE identifies experts who design infrastructure solutions for large enterprise environments, which include technological, operational, business and budget aspects of a project.
For persons seeking positions such as network architect or data center architect, a smart move is to acquire the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) certification. The CCAr is like the Ph.D. of the Cisco Career Certification program – it’s the highest level of certification that Cisco offers. This credential validates the skills of a senior network infrastructure architect, someone who can plan and design IT infrastructures based on business strategies. Many people consider the CCAr the most difficult tech certification to achieve.
To earn the CCDE certification, you must design a network solution to implement an assigned strategy; then, you must appear before a Cisco-appointed panel to explain and defend that solution.
Whether you’re following a network operations or network design career path, Cisco certifications are uniquely positioned to assist IT professionals as they prepare to fulfill various Cisco-related career roles. Regardless of your chosen career path, job opportunities are plentiful for skilled Cisco professionals. A simple search for Cisco CCNA professionals on two popular job boards – SimplyHired and Indeed – yielded between 7,500 and 9,500 job postings each.
Job opportunities vary by factors, such as experience and whether you’re focused on network operations or network design. While certainly not exhaustive, the following list identifies some common job opportunities by certification:
Cisco maintains a comprehensive list of training and self-study resources. These resources include various forms of online learning, practice exams, learning labs, links to which appear on each certification’s web page. The Cisco Learning Network offers candidates a free basic membership that includes access to test topics, live seminars, IT training videos, study groups, forums, study materials and much more. The subscription-based Cisco Platinum Learning Library provides professionals with on-demand learning and access to more than 400 courses, hands-on vLabs, the support library, and more. Additional training materials are also available from Cisco Press.
CCNA Data Center (Cisco)
CCNP Data Center (Cisco)
JNCIP-DC (Juniper Networks)
*Search results for the generic phrase “VCE data center engineer”
Regardless of which job board you use, you’ll find many employers looking for qualified people to join their data center teams. SimplyHired lists 114,000-plus data center jobs in the U.S., with more than 172,000 on Indeed, 50,000 on LinkedIn Jobs and 20,000 on LinkUp. With the right credential(s) in hand, one of these jobs is sure to be yours.
Data center job roles start at the network technician level and advance through senior architect. Most of the certifications covered would fit well with an associate- or professional-level network engineer position. According to SimplyHired, the average salary for network engineer jobs is about $79,000, and $111,000 for senior network engineers. Glassdoor reports a U.S. national average salary of about $73,000 for network engineers, and their average for senior network engineers climbs to $94,000.
Cisco certifications continue to be some of the most recognizable and respected credentials in the industry. The CCNA Data Center certification is a great introductory certification for networking professionals who want to specialize in data center operations and support and have 1-3 years of experience.
Candidates for the CCNA Data Center certification need to understand basic data center networking concepts. These include addressing schemes, troubleshooting and configuring switches with VLANs and routers using Nexus OS, network and server virtualization, storage, and common network services such as load balancing, device management and network access controls.
The CCNA Data Center is valid for three years, after which credential holders must recertify. Recertification requires passing a current version of one of the following exams:
Candidates can also sit through the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview and the CCAr board review to achieve recertification for CCNA Data Center.
Networking professionals looking to validate their data center skills and achieve a competitive edge in the workplace can’t go wrong with the Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Data Center credential.
Geared toward technology architects, along with design and implementation engineers and solutions experts, the CCNP Data Center identifies individuals who can implement Cisco Unified Computing System (UCS) rack-mount servers; install, configure and manage Cisco Nexus switches; and implement and deploy automation of Cisco Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI). The CCNP Data Center is designed for candidates with 3-5 years of experience working with Cisco technologies.
When pursuing the CCNP Data Center, Cisco lets you choose either a design or troubleshooting track. Related data center certifications include the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA Data Center), for those with 1-3 years of experience, and the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) Data Center, aimed at professionals with seven or more years of experience.
The CCNP Data Center is valid for three years, after which credential holders must recertify. The recertification process requires candidates to pass a single test to maintain the credential, or to sit for the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview and the CCAr board review. Credential holders should check the Cisco website for the current list of qualifying exams before attempting to recertify.
|Cisco Certified Network Professional Data Center (CCNP Data Center)|
Prerequisites and required courses
|Valid Cisco Certified Network Associate Data Center (CCNA Data Center) certification or any Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certification. Training recommended but not required; classes are usually four or five days and start at $3,950.|
Number of exams
All exams are 90 minutes, 60-70 questions.
Cost per exam
|$300 per exam; $1,200 total (price may vary by region). Exams administered by Pearson VUE.|
|The certification page provides links to self-study materials, including the syllabus, study groups, webinars, Cisco Learning Network resources and learning partner content.|
Juniper Networks, based in California and incorporated in 1997, develops and sells network infrastructure equipment and software aimed at corporations, network service providers, government agencies and educational institutions. The company has a large certification and training program designed to support its solutions, which includes Data Center, Junos Security, Enterprise Routing and Switching, and Service Provider Routing and Switching tracks.
The Data Center track recognizes networking professionals who deploy, manage and troubleshoot Juniper Networks Junos software and data center equipment. The single test (JN0-680) covers data center deployment and management, including implementation and maintenance of multi-chassis link aggregation group (LAG), virtual chassis and Internet Protocol (IP) fabric, virtual extensible LANs (VXLANs), and data center interconnections.
The JNCIP-DC certification is good for three years. To renew the certification, candidates must pass the current JNCIP-DC exam.
VCE, short for Virtual Computing Environment, was part of EMC Corporation, which Dell acquired in 2016. The VCE line of converged infrastructure appliances are still being manufactured and widely sold, and the company has a handful of VCE certifications geared toward designing, maintaining and supporting those solutions.
VCE certifications are now part of the larger Dell EMC Proven Professional certification program but have retained some independence. The program currently offers the VCE Certified Converged Infrastructure Associate (VCE-CIA), VCE Converged Infrastructure Administration Engineer (VCE-CIAE) and VCE Converged Infrastructure Master Administration Engineer (VCE-CIMAE) credentials. We focus on the VCE Administration Engineer in this article because it’s available to the public as well as Dell employees and partners, and it ranks well in job board searches.
The VCE-CIAE is a professional-level credential that recognizes professionals who manage and support Vblock Systems. The single test includes subjects such as system concepts, administration, security, resource management, maintenance and troubleshooting.
Candidates must recertify every two years to maintain a VCE certification. To renew, credential holders must pass the current VCE-CIA test (this is the prerequisite for the VCE-CIAE certification), as well as pass the current VCE-CIAE test or earn a higher-level credential.
|VCE Converged Infrastructure Administration Engineer (VCE-CIAE)|
Prerequisites and required courses
|Prerequisite: VCE Certified Converged Infrastructure Associate (VCE-CIA) certification
Recommended: VCE Vblock Systems Administration Management training; available as instructor-led classroom and online (five-day course, $5,000; prices may vary by course provider and location)
Number of exams
|One: exam 220-010 (60 multiple-choice questions, 90 minutes)|
Cost per exam
|$200. Exams administered by Pearson VUE.|
The VCP6-DCV is one of those credentials that sits firmly on the line between traditional data center networking and cloud management. As such, it appeals to a wide networking audience. In fact, the VMware website states that more than 100,000 professionals have earned VMware VCP6-DCV certification, making it one of the company’s most popular certifications.
VMware offers an extensive certification program with a rigorous Data Center virtualization track, which includes the VCP6-DCV. Candidates must thoroughly understand Domain Name System (DNS), routing and database connectivity techniques, and how to deploy, configure, manage and scale VMware vSphere environments and storage. VMware recommends that candidates have a minimum of six months of experience with VMware vSphere 6 before attempting the VCP6-DCV certification.
New candidates must take a VMware training course and pass two exams. Training courses start at $4,125; pricing is based on the specific course, delivery format and learning partner.
VMware requires credential holders to recertify every two years. Recertification is achieved by taking whatever test is most current for the certification, earning a new VCP certification in a different solution track or advancing to the next-level VMware certification.
Note: VMware certifications are geared toward the VMware vSphere product, the latest incarnation of which is Version 6.5. As of April 2019, VMware is still rolling out various Version 6.5 exams. Currently, Version 6.5 exams are offered for the Professional and Advanced Professional (Design only) levels. We anticipate that Version 6.5 exams and credentials at the Associate, Advanced Professional Deploy and Expert levels will follow soon.
|VMWare Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization (VCP6-DCV)|
Prerequisites and required courses
|Candidates who are new to VMware Data Center Virtualization technology: Six months’ vSphere 6 experience plus one of the following training courses:
Note: The cost of VMware training varies; expect to pay from $4,125 for classroom training to more than $6,000 for Bootcamps and Fast Track courses.
Number of exams
|Two exams for new candidates, those with vSphere 5 training only, those with an expired VCP in a different solution track or those with an expired VCP5-DCV certification:
One test for candidates with valid VCP5-DCV certification: VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization Delta exam, 2V0-621D, 105 minutes, 65 questions
One test for candidates with valid VCP certification, any solution track: VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center
Exams administered by Pearson VUE.
Cost per exam
|Links to an test guide, training and a practice test (if available) appear on each test page (see the How to Prepare tab). VMware Learning Zone offers test prep subscriptions. Numerous VCP6-DCV study materials are available through Amazon. MeasureUp offers a VCP6-DCV practice test ($129) and a practice lab ($149).|
While not featured in the top five this year, the BICSI Data Center Design Consultant (DCDC) is a terrific certification, designed for IT professionals with at least two years of experience in designing, planning and implementing data centers. This vendor-neutral certification is ideal for data center engineers, architects, designers and consultants. Another good vendor-neutral certification is Schneider Electric’s Data Center Certified Associate (DCCA), an entry-level credential for individuals who design, build and manage data centers as part of a data center-centric IT team.
CNet’s Certified Data Centre Management Professional (CDCMP) and Certified Data Centre Technician Professional (CDCTP) are also worthy of honorable mention. Based in the U.K., these certifications don’t appear in a lot of U.S. job board postings but still deliver solid results from a general Google search.
IT professionals who are serious about advancing their data center careers would do well to check out complementary certifications from our featured vendors. For example, Cisco also offers a number of certifications in data center design and support, including application services, networking infrastructure, storage networking and unified computing. VMware also offers additional data center virtualization certifications worth exploring, including the VMware Certified Advanced Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Design (VCAP6.5-DCV Design) and the VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX6-DCV). Also, the Dell EMC Proven Professional certification program offers a bevy of data center-focused certifications, including the Dell EMC Implementation Engineer (EMCIE) and the Dell EMC Certified Cloud Architect (EMCCA).
Because of the proliferation of data center virtualization and cloud computing, you can expect the data center networking job market to continue to remain strong soon. Achieving a certification can be a real feather in your cap, opening the door to new and better work opportunities.
Cisco's Jeetu Patel, head of Security & Collaboration, said the company aims to be the hardware platform for a wide range of conferencing software platforms.
"The way this market is evolving is very similar to the way that the movie entertainment market evolved," Patel said, with consumers having multiple subscriptions to streaming services like Netflix, Disney, HBO and Hulu."There's going to be times that people want to jump on a Microsoft Teams call, they want to jump on a Zoom call, they want to jump on a Google call."
Asked whether the strategy could cannibalize market share for Cisco's Webex app, Patel said he believed the company will benefit if customers have a better experience using multiple platforms.
Webex, once a widely used conferencing platform, has lost out to several newcomers including Zoom Video Communications Inc, which was founded by an early Webex engineer and grabbed a large share of the market during the coronavirus pandemic.
Ilya Bukshteyn, vice president of Microsoft Teams Calling and Devices, told Reuters the Teams Room software already runs on several other hardware devices and will be available on Cisco devices from the first quarter of next year.
Microsoft made the announcement at its annual Ignite conference.
Patel conceded "many people have a misconception of Webex as their granddad's software" but said in the last two years Cisco has launched many new functions, including real-time translation and transcription of meetings, that would eventually allow a multi-language conversation through Webex's video platform.
We scored companies based on these measurements:
Price (50% of score): We averaged the no-exam life insurance rates for males and females in excellent health at ages 30, 40 and 50 for $500,000 and $1 million and a term length of 20 years.
Maximum face amount for lowest eligible age (10% of score): Companies with higher no-exam life insurance coverage amounts for the lowest age earned more points. Note that maximum no-exam coverage can sometimes become lower if you apply at a higher age.
Age eligible for best length/amount (10% of score): Companies offering no-exam life insurance to folks over age 50 earned extra points.
Accelerated death benefit available (10% of score): This important feature lets you access part of your own death benefit in the event you develop a terminal illness
Option to convert to a permanent life insurance policy (10% of score): This is a good option to have in place if you decide you want a longer policy, especially if your health has declined and you don’t want to shop for new life insurance.
Guaranteed renewals (5% of score): This option lets you extend the coverage after your initial level term period has expired, such as at the end of 10, 20 or 30 years.
Renewal rates can be significantly higher, but renewing can provide extended coverage to someone who may no longer qualify for a new life insurance policy because of health.
Median time from application to approval (5% of score): We gave more points to companies with lower no-exam life insurance approval times.
The timeline for approval could be within seconds or a month, depending on the company and possibly even your health.
Sources: Bestow, Ethos, Fabric, Haven Life, Jenny Life, Ladder, Policygenius and Forbes Advisor research.
Compare Policies With Leading Life Insurance Companies
New Jersey, United States, Sept. 19, 2022 /DigitalJournal/ The Application Container Service Market research report provides all the information related to the industry. It gives the markets outlook by giving authentic data to its client which helps to make essential decisions. It gives an overview of the market which includes its definition, applications and developments, and technology. This Application Container Service market research report tracks all the recent developments and innovations in the market. It gives the data regarding the obstacles while establishing the business and guides to overcome the upcoming challenges and obstacles.
An application container is a self-contained, all-in-one package for a software application. Containers include the applications binaries, along with the software dependencies and hardware requirements to run, all bundled into an independent, self-contained unit. Application container technology is gaining popularity over virtual machines in recent times, the increase in adoption of cloud-based computing systems in organizations and the increase in the volumes of data generated by internet-based devices of objects among the end users are mainly contributing to the growth of the market.
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This Application Container Service research report throws light on the major market players thriving in the market; it tracks their business strategies, financial status, and upcoming products.
Some of the Top companies Influencing this Market include:Jelastic, Cisco, Weaveworks, Apcera, SUSE, Google, Amazon Web Services, VMware, IBM, Portworx, Kontena, Microsoft, Apprenda, Puppet Enterprise, Red HatA, CA Technologies, Joyent, Mesosphere, Sysdig, Twistlock, Rancher Labs, Docker, Nimble Storage (An HPE Company), BlueData, Oracle
Firstly, this Application Container Service research report introduces the market by providing an overview that includes definitions, applications, product launches, developments, challenges, and regions. The market is forecasted to reveal strong development by driven consumption in various markets. An analysis of the current market designs and other basic characteristics is provided in the Application Container Service report.
The region-wise coverage of the market is mentioned in the report, mainly focusing on the regions:
Segmentation Analysis of the market
The market is segmented based on the type, product, end users, raw materials, etc. the segmentation helps to deliver a precise explanation of the market
Market Segmentation: By Type
Market Segmentation: By Application
Production, Collaboration, Modernization, Others
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An assessment of the market attractiveness about the competition that new players and products are likely to present to older ones has been provided in the publication. The research report also mentions the innovations, new developments, marketing strategies, branding techniques, and products of the key participants in the global Application Container Service market. To present a clear vision of the market the competitive landscape has been thoroughly analyzed utilizing the value chain analysis. The opportunities and threats present in the future for the key market players have also been emphasized in the publication.
This report aims to provide:
Table of Contents
Global Application Container Service Market Research Report 2022 – 2029
Chapter 1 Application Container Service Market Overview
Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry
Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers
Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region
Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions
Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type
Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application
Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis
Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis
Chapter 12 Global Application Container Service Market Forecast
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STATEN ISLAND, N.Y. — The New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services (DCAS) has released its September application schedule for civil service exams.
Open, competitive, computer-based tests are administered throughout each month for various positions.
The DCAS Computer-Based Testing and Application Centers (CTAC), where exams are taken, have reopened to the public. However, due to the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, walk-ins are no longer accepted, and appointments must be scheduled online at Online Application System (OASys).
This month’s application period opens Oct. 5 for the following positions: electrician; elevator mechanic; environmental police officer; heating plant technician (housing authority); housing manager; landscape architect; occupational therapist (DOE); physical therapist (DOE); plasterer; probation officer; school food service manager; and traffic enforcement agent.
New York City employs hundreds of thousands of people in its 80 agencies. Taking a test is the way to get started in the hiring process for most of these positions. Application fees range from $40 to $101.
For more information about registering for these and other tests, log onto the DCAS website. To apply for a civil service test open during this application period, go online via the OASys at www.nyc.gov/examsforjobs.
To receive monthly test updates, sign up for the DCAS newsletter at nyc.gov/examsforjobs and click the Exams tab.
Former Mayor Bill de Blasio announced at the start of August 2021 that all newly hired city workers will need to be vaccinated against the coronavirus.
According to DCAS, as of Aug. 2, 2021, all new hires must be vaccinated against the coronavirus, unless they have been granted a reasonable accommodation for religion or disability. If you’re offered city employment, this requirement must be met by your date of hire, unless a reasonable accommodation for exemption is received and approved by the hiring agency.
As of March 1, 2021, all examination and eligible list-related notifications will be sent by email only; you will no longer receive notifications via U.S. mail.
On Staten Island, the testing center is located at 135 Canal St., Stapleton. Additional testing centers are located at: 2 Lafayette St., Manhattan; 210 Joralemon St., Brooklyn; 118-35 Queens Blvd., Queens; 1932 Arthur Ave., the Bronx.
After an test is administered, it generally takes nine to 12 months for an eligible list of passers to be established from which agencies can hire, according to DCAS.
In addition, eligible lists for exams for police officer, police communications technician, traffic enforcement agent and school safety agent, which were scheduled to terminate between Jan. 1, 2021, and Dec. 31, 2021, will also be extended by one year.
Inquiries regarding the status of an eligible list can be e-mailed to the New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services at: LMAcustomerserviceunit@dcas.nyc.gov.
If you purchase a product or register for an account through one of the links on our site, we may receive compensation.
Originally bearing the name Networkers, Cisco’s premiere network conference, CiscoLive, has connected, educated, and entertained attendees with a variety of backgrounds and skill sets since 1989. As the decades pushed on and technology followed suit, CiscoLive’s attendance grew; in 2019 alone, Cisco’s San Diego conference had gathered roughly 28,000 attendees—with an accompanying 74,000 mobile devices, ranging from cell phones to tablets. As a networks conference, Cisco, and tools such as InfluxData’s InfluxDB and Grafana, did not disappoint in its upholding of efficient network architecture processes to accommodate those devices, bringing in 650 network switches and over 2,300 wireless access points. Through this incorporation of a series of visualizations and network support facilities, Cisco demonstrated its prowess in top-tier network management—with the attendees as their audience.
DBTA recently held a webinar titled, “How Cisco Provides World-Class Technology Conference Experiences Using Automation, Programmability, Python, InfluxDB and Grafana,” featuring speaker Jason Davis, distinguished services engineer for DevNet at Cisco Systems, to discuss the precise approaches taken by Cisco during CiscoLive events that Boost network performance, availability, resiliency, and observability through automation.
Davis ventured into critical tenants of Cisco’s network strategies which shape the success of sizable device environments. Among these is observability, which Davis highlighted as fundamental to getting the most out of your network. If you can’t observe and analyze trends ongoing within your network, how will you best leverage it? The addition of automation further necessitates observability, allowing you to be constantly up-to-date with your network’s processes and automated functions.
Metrics backed by time-series database InfluxDB, Davis offered, are the backbone to properly managed automated networks. Collecting data such as the number of wireless clients per wireless AP, signal strength, temperature, power consumption, availability, latency, onboard/offboard count, CPU/Memory/Interface/Errors on routers, switches, APs, servers, and storage—and the list goes on—offers useable insights that are then directly shared with conference attendees via uniquely individualized dashboards with Grafana.
The large device environment generated by CiscoLive requires a build-out from scratch, Davis stated, to fully demonstrate the efficacy of their network management methods. To support the needs of CiscoLive, Cisco implements a mobile containerized data center—a layered shipping container with the routers, core switches, compute, and storage necessary to run the event. Although this is a substantial effort, it is necessary to ensure that Cisco employees do not have to configure each network device, or physically adjust access points to illustrate their network management strategy. In the end, Cisco creates a modular, resilient, highly available, and highly performant network that uses layered security to provide accelerated access to whatever you require. Davis explained that network availability is similarly critical as observability, resiliency, and performance; it’s not only routers and switches that need network reliability, but 300-plus virtual machines—such as any digital signage, printers, and point-of-sale terminals.
Dashboards, underpinned by Grafana and InfluxDB, employ Cisco’s network metrics to visualize its performance for CiscoLive attendees to glean value, “warts and all.” Not only do these dashboards provide specialized views of time-series data for Cisco’s support team, it is accessible for attendees at all skill sets. Even if an attendee is not a network subject matter expert, whether they are programmers, cloud native workers, or simply interested in network tech with no prior knowledge, Cisco offers a dashboard for an extended audience that provides metrics in a way that resonates with them.
Davis further explained their strategies for network management as an accessible venture, as well as effective; with open-source tool InfluxDB, engineers like Davis spend more time on finding the instrumentation and telemetry that is meaningful to them, rather than figuring out how to store and retrieve it. You don’t have to be a classically-trained database administrator to utilize this method, said Davis—little database knowledge is required, allowing you to focus on your technological specialty. Employing open source tools is particularly beneficial, as access to continued product enhancements and flexible APIs support CiscoLive’s network infrastructure.
Successful network environments prioritize innovative technologies built to withstand substantial device landscapes, and Davis emphasized, are accessible to others. CiscoLive’s thorough network management methods are ones they share through visualizations they expose. Sharing your dashboards invites a malleable and informed network atmosphere that is not only available, but effective.
You can view an archived version of this webinar here.
Cisco Systems' Cisco Live conference serves over 26,000 attendees and all their mobile devices. The internal network team is responsible for ensuring that 2,200 wireless access points and 800 switches are providing sufficient network connectivity, availability and bandwidth for all across 2 million square feet of conference space. Over 9 days over 84 terabytes of data from the conference is pushed to the internet! Dual 100 Gigabit/second primary links and backup 10 Gigabit/second links handle anything the users can throw at it.
The infrastructure required for this event also includes servers, VMs, and containerized workloads. With the growing need for hybrid events, Cisco's team also ensures 100% video streaming uptime. Discover how Cisco uses InfluxDB to store key performance metrics across many IT domains alongside their commercial management solutions.
In this webinar, Jason Davis dives into:
Join us for a special webinar on September 20th. Reserve your seat today!
Register Now for this webinar titled How Cisco Provides World-Class Technology Conference Experiences Using Automation, Programmability, Python, InfluxDB and Grafana.
The National Testing Agency (NTA) released results of the maiden Common University Entrance Test for Undergraduate (CUET-UG) admissions late on Thursday night with almost 20,000 candidates scoring 100percentile in around 30 subjects.
The union government had in March announced that it will conduct CUET-UG, in line with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, and made its score a mandatory yardstick for all central universities while keeping it optional for others.
At least 90 universities are participating in the CUET-UG this year.
While the NTA– an autonomous testing agency under the union ministry of education was entrusted to conduct the exam–, the higher education regulation University Grants Commission (UGC) worked as its nodal agency for the exam.
Also Read: CUET results: Social media users question delay
The debut edition of CUET-UG was conducted in six phases between July 15 and August 30 across 489 examination centres located in 259 cities across India and 10 cities abroad.
A total of 14,90,000 candidates had registered for the examination that witnessed 60% consolidated attendance in all six phases.
HT here explains the journey of CUET-UG 2022:
Origin of CUET
In 2010, the government had set up 12 new central universities across the country, and introduced a common entrance test known as Central University Common Entrance Test (CUCET) for them. Till 2021, those 12 central universities, including central universities of Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala Jammu and Punjab, were conducting admissions through it.
Later in 2020, when NEP was launched, it envisaged a common entrance test for all universities. To implement the policy recommendations, the UGC had in 2020 set up a seven-member committee headed by VC of Central University of Punjab, RP Tiwari, to prepare the modalities for the common entrance exam.
After several rounds of discussion. UGC submitted its recommendations in December 2020 and suggested implementing them from 2021-22.
However, the UGC had put it on hold in view of the challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic.
In March this year, UGC announced the implementation of the test under the title CUET from the session 2022-23 and made it the sole criterion for admission to undergraduate courses in all central universities.
Until now, many universities were either enrolling students on the basis of their class 12 performance or were conducting their individual entrance exams.
Why a common entrance exam?
While introducing CUET-UG, the UGC had said it would reduce the burden of students. “The students right now are applying to different universities and appearing in different entrance exams for undergraduate admissions. At the same time, they also have to focus on their board exams to get 99% and 100% marks. We should not assume that all central universities were conducting admissions on the basis of class 12 marks. Many universities have already been conducting their individual entrance exams for undergraduate admissions. Multiple exams were causing a lot of stress not just among the students but also their parents,” UGC Chairperson M Jagadesh Kumar had said.
“Another reason why the NEP 2020 advocated for a ‘one nation one entrance exam’ is to provide equal opportunity to students from different backgrounds and different education boards. It will provide a kind of level playing ground for the students,” he had said.
A section of students, parents, teachers and principal raised concerns over making CUET-UG the sole criteria for undergraduate admissions. They argued that not giving any weightage to class 12 marks in the admission process will make board exams “irrelevant”. Another criticism was on the syllabus of CUCET-UG as it was “strictly” based on NCERT syllabus. People questioned how it would provide equal opportunity to students from other boards, ISC or state boards. Lastly, there were apprehensions that CUET may also mutate into a coaching driven competition like most entrance exams are in the country.
The CUET-UG was a computer-based test and was conducted in multiple choice questions (MCQ) format. It was divided into four sections namely, I-A, I-B, II, and III. Section I-A and I-B consisted of language subjects. Section II was domain specific and section III was a general test.
A candidate was allowed to choose a maximum of any three languages from Section I-A and Section I-B together, and up to six domain subjects. It means, overall, candidates could take a test in a maximum of nine subjects, i.e., two languages + six domain specific subjects + one general test or three languages + five domain specific subjects + one general test.
The test will be strictly based on the class 12 NCERT syllabus.
The exam, which was initially planned in two phases, had to be conducted in six phases due to multiple cancellations and postponement of papers after technical issues were reported at the examination centres. While the first phase was conducted in July, the remaining five phases were held throughout August. The initial phases of CUET were marred with technical and administrative glitches. While on August 4, all exams scheduled in the evening shift were cancelled at all 489 centres across the country, 50 and 53 centres were affected on August 5 and 6, respectively.
However, the NTA rescheduled exams for all affected students and extended the dates till August 30.
How CUET-UG was different from NEET, JEE?
In case of both, the National Eligibility Criteria Test (NEET) for admission to medical courses, and the Joint Entrance test (JEE) for engineering admissions, there are no subject combinations. It is either Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics or Physics, Chemistry and Biology and everybody takes these combinations only.
However, in CUET-UG, each of the 1.49lakh candidates had applied for at least five universities choosing around 54,000 subject combinations. That makes CUET-UG a big exercise.
The NTA will provide universities with the CUET-UG scores of students who have applied for admission to that particular university. The universities will then prepare their individual cut-off list using those scores and conduct their counseling sessions for admission. Students will have to visit the admission portal of the universities they have applied for and complete the registration process.
Meanwhile, the government is likely to conduct CUET-UG twice next year– one in March-April and the other in November-December – to provide more opportunities to students.
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