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Exam Code: LCDC Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
LCDC Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor

A licensed chemical dependency counselor is licensed to provide chemical dependency counseling services involving the application of principles, methods and procedures of the chemical dependency profession as defined by the profession's ethical standards and the knowledge, skills and abilities as defined by rule in 25 TAC Ch. 441 (relating to general provisions). The license does not qualify a person to provide services outside this scope of practice.

The scope of practice for a chemical dependency counselor includes services that address substance abuse/dependence and/or its impact on the service recipient subject to the following:

The counselor is prohibited from using techniques that exceed his or her professional competence. The service recipient can only be the user, family member or any other person involved in a significant relationship with an active user.
LCDCs can diagnose substance disorders, but anything other than a mental health diagnostic impression must be determined by a qualified professional.
LCDCs are not qualified to treat people with a mental health disorder or provide family counseling to people whose presenting problems do not include chemical dependency.
The Practice of Chemical Dependency Counseling Services is defined by rule as "providing or offering to provide chemical dependency counseling services involving the application of the principles, methods and procedures of the chemical dependency counseling profession as defined by the activities listed in the domains of TAP 21 "Addictions Counseling Competencies: The Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes of Professional Practice" published by Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.

Evaluate credentials
Issue initial and renewal licenses/registrations to qualified applicants Investigate complaints Deny, revoke or suspend licenses after opportunity for a hearing has been offered

Final Disciplinary Actions - License Denial, Surrender, Revocation Further information, including a copy of the final order, is available upon written request from our office.

Final Disciplinary Actions - All Other, including Probated Suspension, Reprimand, and Administrative Penalty View enforcement actions (PDF) that will be posted on this website for a total of seven (7) years from the date all the terms of the Order have been met, in accordance with our records retention schedule. The regulated individual may now be currently licensed, in good standing, and practicing without any restrictions.

Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor
Counselor Dependency Free PDF
Killexams : Counselor Dependency Free PDF - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/LCDC Search results Killexams : Counselor Dependency Free PDF - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/LCDC https://killexams.com/exam_list/Counselor Killexams : Mental Health Resources

News regarding COVID-19 is inundating individuals around the globe and creating new and / or additional stress for many. Purdue has a variety of mental health resources available to employees – as do our communities – where employees can seek assistance with help managing their stress and anxieties as the world navigates through the spread of the virus.

See the Center for Workplace Mental Health’s infographic here.  

Emergency: 911
National Domestic Violence Hotline: 1- 800-799-7233
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-TALK (8255)
National Hopeline Network: 1-800-SUICIDE (800-784-2433)
Crisis Text Line: Text "DESERVE" TO 741-741
Lifeline Crisis Chat (Online live messaging): https://suicidepreventionlifeline.org/chat/
Self-Harm Hotline: 1-800-DONT CUT (1-800-366-8288)
Essential local and community services: 211, https://www.211.org/
Planned Parenthood Hotline: 1-800-230-PLAN (7526) 
American Association of Poison Control Centers: 1-800-222-1222
National Council on Alcoholism & Drug Dependency Hope Line: 1-800-622-2255
National Crisis Line - Anorexia and Bulimia: 1-800-233-4357
GLBT Hotline: 1-888-843-4564
TREVOR Crisis Hotline: 1-866-488-7386
AIDS Crisis Line: 1-800-221-7044
Veterans Crisis Line: https://www.veteranscrisisline.net
TransLifeline: https://www.translifeline.org - 877-565-8860
Suicide Prevention Wiki: http://suicideprevention.wikia.com

Apps and Online Digital Resources – List of resources provided by Counseling & Psychological Services

ColorTherapy  – promotes relaxation and mindfulness through social coloring and painting; available for Apple devices.

LiveHealth Online Psychology and Psychiatry virtual care via phone, computer, tablet, etc. See a psychologist and / or psychiatrist.

Make Sure Your Friends Are Okay – online group that is building a community that encourages individuals to have meaningful discussions with those they care about.

Learn2Live – available via the Anthem portal, Learn2Live offers digital, emotional-wellness tools for individuals covered on a Purdue health plan.

To get started: Login to  Anthem.com, go to My Health Dashboard, choose Programs and select Emotional Well-being Resources

The Mighty – safe, supportive online community for people facing health challenges and the people who care for them.

The Youth Mental Health Project – website offering parent support, blog, webinar series and more to educate, empower and support families and communities to better understand and care for the mental health of youth.

This Is My Brave – mission is to bring stories of mental illness and addiction out of the shadows and into the spotlight.

American Psychological Association–Psychology Help Centeris a consumer resource with information related to psychological issues that affect daily physical and emotional well-being.

Mental Health America (MHA) – The nation’s leading community-based nonprofit dedicated to addressing the needs of those living with mental illness.

See the Purdue Today article – Mental Health America provides help, assistance in variety of ways – for more information.   

National Alliance of Mental Illness (NAMI) – NAMI is the nation’s largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. 

See the Purdue Today article – National Alliance on Mental Illness offers support, more in variety of ways for details.

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) – the lead federal agency for research on mental disorders; provides much information on mental health

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that leads public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation. SAMHSA's mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities.

Be Well Indiana – Indiana Family and Social Services Administration has launched a new website, BeWellIndiana.org, that provides Hoosiers with free mental health resources that have been vetted by experts. The site is designed to help with the increase in anxiety, depression and other mental health issues caused by the pandemic, including both first-time issues as well as pre-existing mental health concerns. The website also provides a link to simple self-assessments, offered through Mental Health America, to help users determine if they could benefit from seeking mental health support. The immediate results provide a quick snapshot of your mental health and are not to be used as a medical diagnosis. 

Managing Stress Associated with the COVID-19 Virus Outbreak – pdf by the National Center for PTSD and the US Department of Veterans Affairs

Psych Hub –a free digital resource site to help individuals and care providers address behavioral health needs resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Valley Oaks offers weekly, free, virtual support groups for public educators and first responders.

  • First Responders’ support group meets 7-8 p.m. ET every Monday (Healthcare, law enforcement and any other professions working to combat the virus.)
  • Public Educators’ support group meets from 4-5 p.m. ET every Tuesday (Indiana K-12+ teachers and administrators)

Details are available here.

Purdue has partnered with CuraLinc Healthcare to expand the University’s employee assistance program (EAP) for benefits-eligible faculty and staff on the West Lafayette campus utilizing SupportLinc. SupportLinc is a confidential resource that helps individuals deal with life’s challenges and the demands that come with integrating home and work. You will be able to access confidential, professional counseling as well as expert referrals to address a wide array of personal and work-related concerns. More information is available here.

Note: The counselors at the Center for Healthy Living (CHL) on Purdue’s West Lafayette campus continue to be available to serve long-term therapy needs

Regional campuses also have employee assistance programs as does Anthem, Purdue’s medical plan administrator.

Mental Health Moment – Anxiety and Stress pdf – provided by Purdue Fort Wayne EAP

Counseling at the Center for Healthy Living (CHL) – Counselors at the CHL offer confidential, professional, long-term counseling (and if needed, referral services) for a wide range of issues. Call 765-494-0111 to schedule.

Employee Assistance Counseling – see information above

Purdue Psychology Treatment and Research Clinics – a part of the College and Health and Human Sciences, the specialty clinics offer assessment and therapeutic services for children, adults and families.

Purdue Today runs a feature article on a mental-health-related subject each Wednesday. Below is a list of the Purdue Today articles that have appeared to date as part of the mental health initiative introduced by Human Resources in October 2020. Feel free to review as needed

Email communication

RecWell Virtual Programming – a weekly updated collection of video classes on group fitness, wellness and cooking aimed at building strong bodies and minds. In response to COVID-19, these resources are open to everyone – even those who do not have memberships. (Note: RecWell financial counseling, wellness coaching and nutrition consultations are for University students only.)

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline – call 800-273-TALK (8255) – The Lifeline provides 24/7 free and confidential support. View the Impact Sheet for more information.

Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) – shares multiple resources on suicide prevention

LiveHealth Online Psychology – courtesy of Anthem, Purdue’s medical plan administrator – provides online access to licensed therapists for common behavioral conditions such as grief, coping with illness, anxiety, stress, depression, relationship troubles and more.  

LiveHealth Online Psychiatry – courtesy of Anthem, Purdue’s medical plan administrator – provides online access to expert advice, treatment plans and medication if needed by board-certified psychiatrists for issues such as stress, depression, medication concerns, panic attacks and more.

Fri, 31 Jul 2020 02:27:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.purdue.edu/hr/COVID-19/stress.php
Killexams : The Spiritual Roots of Addiction

Seth Haines was living an enviable life. A successful lawyer, family man, and elder in his church, Haines seemed to have it all. But when one of his children fell ill, he started to drink a little to numb the pain. Then he started drinking a lot. Soon his habit spiraled into a full-blown addiction. His new book, Coming Clean, is a raw account of his first 90 days of sobriety. Haines talked to us about his journey and the central role that confession and community play in finding freedom from addiction.

It seems that many addictions begin in the midst of crisis. What it is about pain that makes us so vulnerable?

It is true—addiction is often birthed from pain. For me, over-drinking turned into full-fledged dependence when Titus, my fourth son, was admitted to Arkansas Children’s Hospital. He was failing to thrive, and I’d prayed for his healing without result. When his sickness seemed the direst, I gave up on both God and prayer. In the pain of that moment I wanted to feel no more, and I reached for the bottle of gin.

We go to great lengths to avoid pain, and the anesthetics of our day—alcohol, prescription pills, sex, materialism, and entertainment—are readily available and quite effective.

Crisis exposes pain points that have long been ignored. And to state the obvious, pain hurts. Like any other animal, humans go to great lengths to avoid pain, and the anesthetics of our day—alcohol, prescription pills, sex, materialism, and entertainment—are readily available and quite effective. Is it any wonder that good and well-meaning Christians succumb to addiction in seasons of pain? After all, Christians are humans, too.

Are pastors and church leaders equipped to walk people through the long and difficult process of rehabilitation?

In an ideal world, every pastor and church leader would be well equipped to lead their congregants into healing and wholeness. The unfortunate reality, though, is that some leaders feel unable to identify with the brokenness of addiction, and others alienate (often unintentionally) the addicts within their congregations. To make matters worse, some church leaders conceal their own wounds, their own struggles, and perpetuate a Christian ideal that might seem unattainable to the addict.

The answer begins with vulnerability and grace. The pastor who models confession and affords his congregants the grace and space to confess their own brokenness is well equipped to walk with his people through recovery and rehabilitation.

There is a tension between expecting victory over sin and the reality of addiction and sin as a lifelong struggle. How hard is this tension for those who continually struggle?

I can’t speak for every addict, but the rekindling of my prayer life has been my primary source of strength throughout the recovery process. And though prayer prepares my heart for daily sobriety—and by sobriety I mean unhindered communion with God—prayer is only one facet of the gem that is sobriety.

James writes, “Confess your sins to each other and pray for one another, that you may be healed.” (James 5:16) Likewise, Paul juxtaposes his instruction against drunkenness with his instruction to live in Christian Community (Eph. 5:18-19). Scripture teaches us that healing from any addiction, and true inner sobriety, is found through connection with the broader Christian community.

When I’m walking in prayer and confessing my weakness within Christian community, sobriety comes easier. If I stray from either of those core practices, though, my sobriety can feel quite fragile.

Even Christian leaders can be vulnerable to addiction and temptation. How do you counsel leaders who suffer in silence?

There’s no greater disservice to a church body than a leader who refuses to participate in confessional vulnerability. If a leader is unable to model confession, his people will likewise feel an inability to live an honest Christian life. What’s more, the leader who suffers in silence works from a depleted spiritual well. How can he carry the waters of grace to his people when he cannot pull from that well?

I’ve spoken with several church leaders who struggle with secret addictions, and I’ve pointed them to the same passages of Scripture quoted above. I’ve counseled them to confess their sins to trusted friends, and to walk in the sobriety of honest Christian community. This sort of vulnerability may be painful for the spiritual leader who is supposed to have it all together. But walking through that pain, the Christian leader has the unique opportunity to model healing and freedom for his people. And this is no small aside; it’s at the core of his calling.

If you could speak a word to someone who has a friend or relative who is addicted to drugs or alcohol or some substance and wants to help, what would you say?

First, I would ask them to examine their own addictions, ask what things might separate them from sobriety and communion with God. What about shopping, sugar, or sex? What about food or entertainment? What if the addictions of our family members and friends lead us into a deeper examination of our connectedness or disconnectedness with God?

Clothed in that humility, I’d ask the concerned family member to pray—really pray—for the addict. After all, the second admonition of James 5:16 is to “Pray for one another.” If only God—the “Higher Power,” as the twelve-steppers say—can break the cycle of addiction, shouldn’t we invoke his name regularly on behalf of the addict? Shouldn’t we ask that the Christ of Scripture would speak to the heart of the addict, that he would say, in love, “Go and sin no more?”

Once those kinds of prayers become your constant refrain for the addict, love without reservation, and deliver sacrificially when needed. Buy the addict a cup of coffee. Listen without trying to browbeat the addiction out of them. Don’t heap on the guilt or pile up the shame. If they need long-term care, help them find it. Invite them into the grace and humility of confessional Christian community.

At its root, addiction is spiritual in nature. It’s the process of substituting a dependency upon God for dependency upon something else. And if this is the case—and I believe it is—the most effective tools against addiction are prayer, love, and service. Use these well, and you might just help a friend or family member come clean.

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Tue, 25 Jan 2022 08:41:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.christianitytoday.com/pastors/2015/november-web-exclusives/spiritual-roots-of-addiction.html
Killexams : How Technology Aids Substance Abuse Recovery

The continuous development of technology has increased the world's dependency on it. This dependency is seen in the increased number of people that use technological devices such as phones and laptops in their daily lives. These devices make it easy to access apps or platforms that make life easier as you can access services such as online banking, shopping, transport, and many more without a hassle.

Moreover, technology helps in various sectors such as health, building and infrastructure, agriculture, and many more. As discussed below, one of the roles of the health sector is to assist in substance abuse recovery. If you want to learn more about it, read more.

Substance Abuse Recovery

The first step to recovering from substance abuse is accepting that you need help to escape it. Once you've done that, the next step is to get treatment. However, the journey to recovery isn't easy, and people get triggers to return to their old ways. It is a common behavior even for people struggling to abandon their bad behavior.

Therefore, what you need is proper contingency management. Technology helps develop that. You can read more about what is an example of a contingency management intervention to get a better understanding.  

Here's how technology helps in developing better coping mechanisms among recovering addicts  

1. Technology Helps To Develop Apps That Track Recovering Journey

Technology helps developers create platforms that help substance abusers. One of the ways that these platforms help is by allowing you to track your sobriety journey.

Additionally, these apps help you to get the help you need quickly and when you need it the most. The following are some of the platforms that technology helped develop:

This free app allows you to create a support group where you can share your progress with the group members. The support group entails other substance abusers and counselors. Sharing your progress with others will help you keep track of sobriety. You can communicate when you find it challenging to handle intense cravings; as people say, a shared problem is half solved. In addition, by sharing, you learn ways from the group members that you can use to control substance cravings.

This platform is approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA), and you can access it only if you have a physician's prescription. This app has an age limit in that only people aged 17 years and above can access it. Reset offers lessons that guide you through the recovery stages and are covered within twelve weeks.

The above apps demonstrate how technology plays a role in substance abuse recovery. A study conducted by the FDA proved that most people who can overcome substance use are those who use apps like Reset. Without technology, these apps wouldn't have been developed, and there would be fewer recovery cases.

2. Through Telemedicine

The advancement in technology has reduced the need for physical meetings with other people. These advancements are seen in substance recovery through telemedicine. With telemedicine, you don't have to attend therapy sessions with your therapist at the clinic. Instead, you can now get in touch with your licensed therapist in the comfort of your home. Having online sessions mainly works to the advantage of the abusers who don't enjoy the need to go to recovery centers.

3. Doctors Use Neurofeedback In Recovery Treatment

Health experts incorporate technology into recovery treatment strategies, such as neurofeedback. Neurofeedback treatment involves training your brain to counteract substance cravings. This process works using computers, specialized software, and electrodes.

After using technology to observe your brainwaves, doctors decide what rewards to deliver you based on the observations made. For instance, doctors can offer you positive ones by showing you positive images, which, after a while, will result in your brain craving to see more of such images. The increased desire for images overpowers the urge for substance use, so you develop better coping mechanisms.

4. By Using Virtual Reality

Through virtual reality, substance abusers are put in situations that may arouse substance cravings. However, this triggering is done in a controlled way to prevent you from being overwhelmed by the feelings. These situations help you learn what triggers you to indulge in substance abuse. Moreover, you can learn the tools you can use to avoid triggers.

However, it's important to note that the use of virtual reality in substance abuse recovery is still under study. Studies are being conducted at the University of Houston to determine how effective this idea can be in substance abuse recovery.  

Furthermore, apart from finding triggers, virtual reality can help distract your brain when you're craving abusive substances. In substance abuse recovery, virtual reality's content modules command your senses with a constructed and immersive environment that distracts your brain from the craving feeling.


Although technology plays a significant part in substance abuse, it is vital to note that it can cause adverse effects if not used under controlled measures. One of the bad effects includes becoming addicted to technology in such a way that you spend most of your time playing games, chatting, and isolating yourself.

These habits aren't good as they predispose you to a new addiction and sometimes isolate you in such a way that you may seek refuge in drugs again. Therefore, you should ensure that you have controlled the use of technology.


Today, you can't avoid using technology, and even though the technology was seen in a bad light for some time, it's pretty clear that it has come to make life easier. As discussed above, a good example is how it helps medical experts assist people in their substance addiction recovery.

Author’s Bio

Dr. Henry is an expert in technology in healthcare. He has more than 20 years of experience guiding substance abuse training and recovery. His research focuses on ways technology can be incorporated into substance abuse recovery. With his experience, Dr. Henry has earned the authority to write article pieces like this one on matters of technology use in substance abuse recovery.

Mon, 11 Jul 2022 03:49:00 -0500 text/html https://www.healthtechzone.com/topics/healthcare/articles/2022/07/11/452833-how-technology-aids-substance-abuse-recovery.htm
Killexams : FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) Questions

People Search (Faculty, Staff, Grad Students)

The ESF Employee Directory was moved to Improve information security for campus contact information. You can now reach the directory through your Faculty/Staff or MyESF student portal.

Log In for Directory

Sat, 19 Mar 2022 09:13:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.esf.edu/financialaid/faq/fafsa.htm
Killexams : Weight Loss Therapists in Eustis, FL

Specializing in weight loss through the internationally recognized Hypnoband Weight Loss Program, Academic Achievement, Sports Performance Enhancement, Self-Esteem, Grief and Loss, Better Sleep, Career Paths, Spiritual Growth, and Regression with Hypnosis.

Professional private sessions of hypnotherapy and life coaching for positive changes. When you’ve been struggling with weight, poor self-esteem, anxious feelings, loss of direction, poor relationships, indecision, pessimism or just feeling unhappy with too many problems. Learn better control and clarity of your emotions and thoughts. You can let go of inner pain for positive changes to happen. For more info schedule your free phone consultation. Don’t delay because you deserve a happier life!

Mon, 01 Aug 2022 09:09:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/therapists/fl/eustis?category=weight-loss
Killexams : Be the first to know


National crisis hotline, 800-448-3000 137th Street and West Dodge Road; 402-498-6540; boystown.org, boystownhospital.org, boystownpediatrics.org Long-term residential homes for youths age 10 to 18, counseling, education, short-term inpatient treatment, parenting programs. Boys Town National Research Hospital's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry specializes in the management and treatment of developmental, behavioral and mental health problems in young children and adolescents. Boys Town Pediatrics Behavioral Health Clinic provides assistance with a range of challenges, from eating disorders to phobias.


1490 N. 16th St.; 402-827-0570; centerpointe.org Provides residential treatment programs for residents of Cass, Dodge, Douglas, Sarpy and Washington Counties who are experiencing mental health and substance abuse issues. Services provided through Center Pointe of Lincoln.


402-717-4673; chihealth.com/mental-health Provides specialized psychiatric and chemical dependency services for children through seniors, offering home care, outpatient, partial hospitalization and inpatient services. Locations include Immanuel Hospital and Mercy Council Bluffs Hospital; Heritage Center for people ages 55 and older; Psychiatric Residential Treatment Facility for children in Omaha; Lasting Hope Recovery Center; and clinics throughout the metro area. The Hope Recovery Center is a 64-bed psychiatric facility for adults experiencing mental illness and multi-occurring substance abuse disorders.


4001 Leavenworth St.; 402-341-5128; community-alliance.org Provides an array of treatment and rehabilitation services, homeless outreach, family education and peer support, job training, independent living instruction and housing programs for adults with mental illness.


4102 Woolworth Ave.; 402-444-7930; cmhc.douglascounty-ne.gov Situated in the Douglas County Health Center, inpatient services consist of two units: One is a 22-bed unit providing patients with 24-hour observation and therapeutic management, and the other is an eight-bed psychiatric intensive care unit providing a higher level of observation and treatment for patients who are experiencing a more severe level of crisis. Also offers outpatient services, day treatment for short-term, acute phases and diversion programs for individuals with serious mental health issues who are in the criminal justice system.


450 E. 23rd St., Fremont; 402-941-7850 (inpatient), 402-941-7245 (outpatient); fremonthealth.com Fremont Health Medical Center, part of Methodist Health System, provides inpatient and outpatient services. Inpatient features 20 private rooms for persons ages 19 and older. Acute care is given to voluntary and involuntary patients experiencing a range of emotional or behavioral symptoms. The outpatient clinic, 2560 N. Healthy Way, offers psychiatric evaluation and medication management; mental health assessment; and individual, family and group therapy for patients age 2 through adulthood.


2661 Douglas St.; 402-455-9760 The $10 million building, dedicated in 2017, provides four services — a behavioral health clinic, two medical clinics and a food pantry — for those who need it the most. The project is a partnership of Kountze Memorial Lutheran Church, Lutheran Family Services and Methodist Health System. This location houses outpatient mental health services, a mobile crisis response team and psychotherapy for trauma victims.


42nd and Emile St.; 800-922-0000; nebraskamed.com/behavioral-health The University of Nebraska Medical Center's Department of Psychiatry provides clinical services for children through older adults. Inpatient services are provided at the Nebraska Medical Center campus and the Veterans Administration Hospital in Omaha. Nebraska Medicine's service options include clinical psychology, neuropsychology, psychiatric care, geriatric mental health, addiction, postpartum, reproductive psychiatry and pain management. Services are provided through the Munroe-Meyer Institute, Neurological Sciences Center at Clarkson Doctors Building North, Psychology at Specialty Services Pavilion and at clinics and locations throughout the greater Omaha area.


130 N. 39th St. and 401 S. 39th St.; 402-558-7088; santamonicahouse.org Offers a family-style residential program including individual and group counseling, 12-step meetings, life skills training and relapse prevention to help women with addiction and trauma recovery. Operates a half-way house and a three-quarter-way house.


3300 N. 60th St.; 402-554-0520; ccomaha.org The center provides out-patient treatment interventions for mental health and/ or substance abuse disorders, including substance use evaluations. It works with adults, adolescents and families. Operated by Catholic Charities.


825 Dorcas St., Suite 200; 402-995-4010; nebraska.va.gov The center provides veterans who are homeless or at risk of homelessness with one-stop access to community-based, multi-agency services to promote permanent housing, health and mental health care, career development and access to VA and non-VA benefits.


3047 S. 72nd St.; 402-346-6735; nebraska.va.gov Provides a broad range of counseling, outreach and referral services to combat veterans and their families. Services for a veteran may include individual and group counseling in areas such as posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol and drug assessment and suicide prevention referrals. All services are free and confidential.

Sat, 25 Jun 2022 12:31:00 -0500 en text/html https://omaha.com/eedition/sunrise/omaha/page-m74/page_3445a6c7-7fe1-5f79-ba4e-118e0f8ebe11.html
Killexams : Your FAFSA Questions Answered

Your results, known as your Student Aid Report, will arrive by email or mail between three days and three weeks after you submit the form, depending on your application method.

The report provides basic information about financial aid eligibility, including your answers to questions on the FAFSA. It also specifies your expected family contribution, which is the amount your family must pay toward your education. Colleges use your EFC to determine your financial aid package.

Once you get your Student Aid Report, make sure all the information is accurate. If you find inaccuracies, update your FAFSA.

Mon, 17 Aug 2020 13:07:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.nerdwallet.com/article/loans/student-loans/common-fafsa-questions
Killexams : White Paper on Pharmacy Technicians 2002: Needed Changes Can No Longer Wait

Sidebar: Appendix - Policy Statements of National Associations

The following statements are published with the permission of the respective organizations and were accurate as of March 2002, with the exception of (d), which was accurate as of June 2002.

  1. The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy

  2. The American Association of Pharmacy Technicians

  3. The American Pharmaceutical Association

  4. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists

  5. The National Association of Chain Drug Stores

  6. The National Community Pharmacists Association

  7. The National Pharmacy Technician Association

  8. The Pharmacy Technicians Educators Council


Policies On Supportive Personnel

  1. AACP supports inclusion in the professional pharmacy curriculum of didactic and experiential material related to the supervision and management of supportive personnel in pharmacy practices. (Source: Professional Affairs Committee, 1990)

  2. Training for technicians in pharmacy must be based on competencies derived from tasks that are deemed appropriate by the profession and currently performed by technical personnel. (Source: Professional Affairs Committee, 1989)

  3. Pharmacy schools should offer their assistance to supportive personnel training programs to assure that programs meet appropriate educational objectives. (Source: Professional Affairs

  4. Training for supportive personnel in pharmacy must be based on sound educational principles with clearly established competency objectives. (Source: Professional Affairs Committee, 1987)



Pharmacy Technicians are healthcare professionals who assist pharmacists in providing the best possible care for patients. The principles of this code, which apply to pharmacy technicians working in any and all settings, are based on the application and support of the moral obligations that guide the pharmacy profession in relationships with patients, healthcare professionals and society.


  1. A pharmacy technician's first consideration is to ensure the health and safety of the patient, and to use knowledge and skills to the best of his/her ability in serving patients.

  2. A pharmacy technician supports and promotes honesty and integrity in the profession, which includes a duty to observe the law, maintain the highest moral and ethical conduct at all times and uphold the ethical principles of the profession.

  3. A pharmacy technician assists and supports the pharmacists in the safe and efficacious and cost effective distribution of health services and healthcare resources.

  4. A pharmacy technician respects and values the abilities of pharmacists, colleagues and other healthcare professionals.

  5. A pharmacy technician maintains competency in his/her practice and continually enhances his/her professional knowledge and expertise.

  6. A pharmacy technician respects and supports the patient's individuality, dignity, and confidentiality.

  7. A pharmacy technician respects the confidentiality of a patient's records and discloses pertinent information only with proper authorization.

  8. A pharmacy technician never assists in dispensing, promoting or distribution of medication or medical devices that are not of good quality or do not meet the standards required by law.

  9. A pharmacy technician does not engage in any activity that will discredit the profession, and will expose, without fear or favor, illegal or unethical conduct of the profession.

  10. A pharmacy technician associates with and engages in the support of organizations, which promote the profession of pharmacy through the utilization and enhancement of pharmacy technicians.


APhA supports the use of automation for prescription preparation and supports technical and personnel assistance for performing administrative duties and facilitating pharmacist's provision of pharmaceutical care.

The American Pharmaceutical Association supports the pharmacists' authority to control the distribution process and personnel involved and the responsibility for all completed medication orders regardless of practice setting.
(J Am Pharm Assoc. NS36:396. June 1996)

  1. APhA recognizes, for the purpose of these policies, the following definitions:

    1. Licensure: The process by which an agency of government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained the minimal degree of competency necessary to ensure that the public health, safety, and welfare will be reasonably well protected. Within pharmacy, a pharmacist is licensed by a State Board of Pharmacy.

    2. Registration: The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list.

  2. APhA supports the role of the State Boards of Pharmacy in protecting the public in its interaction with the profession, including the Boards' oversight of pharmacy technicians, through their control of pharmacists and pharmacy licenses.

  3. In States where the Board of Pharmacy chooses to exercise some direct oversight of technicians, APhA recommends a registration system.

  4. APhA reaffirms its opposition to licensure of pharmacy technicians by statute or regulation.
    (J Am Pharm Assoc. NS36:396. June 1996)

The committee recommends that APhA endorse the use of properly supervised supportive personnel in pharmacy practice as a positive step toward improving the quality and quantity of pharmaceutical services provided by the profession.
(J Am Pharm Assoc. NS11:277. May 1971)

The committee would be opposed to any assumption of the pharmacist's professional functions by sub-professionals or technicians. There is a need to determine exactly what these functions are and the relative position of the pharmacy intern. Under no circumstance should a sub-professional program in pharmacy create an individual such as the former "qualified assistant" still practicing in some states.
(J Am Pharm Assoc. NS6:332. June 1966)

See also www.ashp.org/public/hq/ (accessed 2002 Apr 4).
See also www.ashp.org/public/hq/policy/2001PolicyPositions.pdf (accessed 2002 Apr 4).

Credentialing of pharmacy technicians

Source: Council on Legal and Public Affairs To advocate and support registration of pharmacy technicians by state boards of pharmacy (registration is the process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list; registration should be used to help safeguard the public by interstate and intrastate tracking of the technician work force and preventing individuals with documented problems from serving as pharmacy technicians); further,To advocate and support mandatory certification of all current pharmacy technicians and new hires within one year of date of employment (certification is the process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association); further,To advocate the adoption of uniform standards for the education and training of all pharmacy technicians to ensure competency; further,To oppose state licensure of pharmacy technicians (licensure is the process by which an agency of government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon a finding that the applicant has attained the minimal degree of competency necessary to ensure that the public health, safety, and welfare will be reasonably well protected); further,To advocate that licensed pharmacists should be held accountable for the quality of pharmacy services provided and the actions of pharmacy technicians under their charge.


Source: Council on Educational Affairs

To support the goal that technicians entering the pharmacy work force have completed an accredited program of training; further,

To encourage expansion of accredited pharmacy technician training programs.

Image of and career opportunities for pharmacy technicians

Source: Council on Educational Affairs To promote the image of pharmacy technicians as valuable contributors to health care delivery; further,To develop and disseminate information about career opportunities that enhance the recruitment and retention of qualified pharmacy technicians.


Source: Council on Educational Affairs

To collaborate with appropriate professional and academic organizations in fostering adequate education on substance abuse and chemical dependency at all levels of pharmacy education (i.e., schools of pharmacy, residency programs, and continuing-education providers); further,

To support federal, state, and local initiatives that promote pharmacy education on substance abuse and chemical dependency; further,

To advocate the incorporation of education on substance abuse and chemical dependency into the accreditation standards for Doctor of Pharmacy degree programs and pharmacy technician training programs.

Opposition to creation of "pharmacist assistant" category of licensed pharmacy personnel

Source: House of Delegates To reaffirm the following statement in the "White Paper on Pharmacy Technicians" (April 1996) endorsed by ASHP and the American Pharmaceutical Association:"Although there is a compelling need for pharmacists to expand the purview of their professional practice, there is also a need for pharmacists to maintain control over all aspects of drug product handling in the patient care arena, including dispensing and compounding. No other discipline is as well qualified to ensure public safety in this important aspect of health care."Further,To note that some interest groups in pharmacy have advocated for the creation of a new category of licensed personnel called "Pharmacist Assistant" that would have (a) less education and training than pharmacists and (b) independent legal authority to perform many of the functions that are currently restricted to licensed pharmacists; further,To support the optimal use of well trained, certified pharmacy technicians under the supervision of licensed pharmacists; further,To oppose the creation of a category of licensed personnel in pharmacy such as "Pharmacist Assistant" that would have legal authority to perform independently those professional pharmacy functions that are currently restricted to licensed pharmacists.


Source: Council on Legal and Public Affairs

To work toward the removal of legislative and regulatory barriers preventing pharmacists from delegating certain technical activities to other trained personnel.

This policy was reviewed in 1997 by the Council on Legal and Public Affairs and by the Board of Directors and was found to still be appropriate.


Issue Brief -- Pharmacy Technicians (Issued October 2001; updated April 2002)

Registration, training and certification of pharmacy support personnel (pharmacy technicians) and maximizing the duties that such pharmacy technicians can perform.

Allowing pharmacy technicians to be utilized to the fullest extent possible without any ratio will:

  1. Enhance pharmacists availability to counsel patients and to confer with other health professionals;

  2. improve overall service to patients;

  3. ease workload and Improve professional satisfaction for pharmacists; and,

  4. enhance efficiency and Improve resources available for meeting the increased prescription volume and addressing the pharmacist shortages.

  1. Certification should be voluntary and not mandatory.

  2. "Certification" exams should be effective tools for evaluating pharmacy technicians at the various pharmacy practice sites, such as community retail pharmacies, hospital pharmacies, and other practice settings.

  3. If pharmacy technicians decide to be certified they should be permitted to perform expanded duties and responsibilities.

  4. Pharmacy technicians, even if not certified, should be permitted to do routine nonjudgmental dispensing functions including, but not limited to, handling nonjudgmental third party and other payment issues, offering the patient the availability of the pharmacist for counseling, placing telephone calls to prescribers for refill requests, taking phone calls from prescribers' offices authorizing refill prescriptions, and preparing prescriptions for pharmacist's final review.

  1. Boards of Pharmacy should allow for employer-based pharmacy technician training programs and examination pursuant to a Pharmacy Technician Training Manual.

  2. Boards of Pharmacy should recognize that employer-based technician training programs prepare technicians to work in their own particular practice setting, and that technician training programs should be designed to teach competencies relevant to the particular practice setting.

  3. Chain pharmacy technician training programs and examinations should receive Board approval.

  1. Continue to permit an unlimited number of technicians and allow each practice setting to determine their optimal ratio.

  2. Allow technicians to perform non-judgmental tasks . . . those duties that do not require the expertise of a pharmacist.

  3. Allow technician training tailored to the pharmacy and to the company operations and standards.

  4. Allow certification to remain voluntary.

  5. Allow certified pharmacy technicians to perform additional duties and responsibilities commensurate with their competencies.

  6. Approve employer based training and examination pharmacy technician programs and recognize the importance of practice site specific training and examination programs such as community pharmacy based programs.

  7. Recognize the NACDS pharmacy technician training and examination program for certification of pharmacy technicians.


NCPA supports the use of pharmacy technicians in community pharmacies to enhance the pharmacist's role in the provision of quality pharmacist care. NCPA believes the proper training and supervision of technicians by the pharmacist is critical to the health and safety of patients.

Technician Support and Technology: Recognizing the current environment of regional shortages of pharmacists and the projected increase in prescription volume due to potential Medicare prescription drug benefit coverage and an aging population, NCPA recommends enhancing patient care and addressing manpower issues through the more efficient utilization of technician support and technology. NCPA strongly opposes the creation of any category of supportive personnel, which is not under the direct supervision of a licensed pharmacist.


Medication Errors: NPTA feels that the use of highly trained, educated and certified pharmacy technicians in the pharmacy profession will assist in efficiently and effectively reducing the occurrence of medication errors.

Technician Liability: NPTA feels that with the emergence of national technician certification, producing increased roles and responsibilities, the issue of technician liability will become an evermore-present factor. Currently, NPTA does not have a position statement on technician liability.

Technician Education and Training: NPTA fully supports formalized education and training programs at institutions of higher education. NPTA feels strongly that at some point, pharmacy technicians should be required to obtain a degree/certificate to be allowed to practice as a pharmacy technician. At this point, NPTA does not have a position statement on whether this degree should be aone or two year degree, when this policy should be implemented, or an appropriate approach for those already practicing. The requirement of formal education for pharmacy technicians, which is not present in most states, will be an integral part of the advancement of pharmacy practice, patient safety and a more efficient/effective health-care system.

National Certification: NPTA fully supports legislated requirements of certification by pharmacy technicians across the United States. National Certification is an appropriate and effective first step towards the educational and training goals for pharmacy technicians of the future.

Continuing Education: NPTA strongly believes that an independent organization should be setup to accredit and monitor providers of pharmacy technician level continuing education programs. NPTA feels that while certified pharmacy technicians should be allowed to utilize ACPE CE Programs, that no organization (local, state or national) should make ACPE programs a requirement, since currently all ACPE programs are designed at the pharmacist's level.


PTEC strongly recommends that all pharmacy education and programs seek ASHP accreditation.

PTEC strongly recommends that all pharmacy technician-training programs have a minimum of 600 contact hours, in accordance with ASHP accreditation standards.

In the short term, PTEC will:

  1. Work with AACP to design and implement programs which would provide step-wise technician training curriculum credits which could be used towards pharmacist training and education.

  2. Advocate a PTEC representative attend AACP board meetings, and invite AACP officers to attend PTEC board meetings.

PTEC advocates that:

  1. Within 5 years, all technician-training programs have a minimum of 600 contact hours; and

  2. Within 10 years, all technician-training programs evolve into 2-year associate degree programs.

PTEC recognizes the need for, and supports the development and introduction of, appropriate credentials for pharmacy technicians, including at the specialty level.

PTEC will work with AACP to design and implement programs which would provide step-wise technician-training curriculum credits that could be used towards pharmacist training and education.

The PTEC recommended pharmacy technology program content is published on its website: www.rxptec.org/rptpc.html

Wed, 03 Aug 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/448330_6
Killexams : The Keys to Raising Financially Independent Young Adults

Do you know the difference between lending your adult child a helping hand and feeding an unhealthy dependence on your generosity? Can you manage access to the Bank of Mom and Dad so that it doesn’t destroy your family’s financial well-being?

Turns out these are questions most of us should be asking. Bank of America Merrill Lynch reports that 62% of people age 50 and older helped a family member financially in the past five years (the average gift was $15,000), and the vast majority weren’t prepared for the expense. Researchers from Boston College’s Center for Retirement Research found that empty nesters aren’t stepping up their retirement saving as much as expected—and as much as they need to—once the kids are gone. The reason isn’t clear, but one speculation is that parents continue to support kids financially after they’ve flown the coop. And many 18- to 34-year-olds aren’t even leaving. Among that cohort, living with parents is the most popular living arrangement for the first time in more than 130 years.

Of course, there are times when kids need to return home to regroup. “That’s what family’s about,” says Kristen Armstrong, a family coach at Ascent Private Capital Management. But assistance should help foster independence, not the opposite. And it can be difficult to recognize a dysfunctional pattern.

Parents often believe the most recent request for money will be the last, the one that finally launches Junior on the path to success. But money is a powerful reinforcer, write psychologist and financial planner Brad Klontz and financial planner Anthony Canale in a recent issue of the Journal of Financial Planning. Receiving money for the asking reinforces the behavior of asking, and it can ultimately lead to dependency.

Unintended consequences. Financially dependent adults often lack creativity, drive and passion. Or they become paralyzed by too many choices, unable to stick with a job or settle on a career. They may pursue multiple degrees in a variety of fields. “We tell our kids to follow their passion,” says Ann Minnium, a financial planner in Scotch Plains, N.J., but “parents are footing a lot of their expenses, killing their own retirement.” Moreover, “you’ve set a precedent that becomes an expectation,” she adds.

The keys to raising financially inde­pendent adults are education, mentoring and age-appropriate experience managing money, says Michael Farrell, managing director of SEI Private Wealth Management (see 10 Things Every Kid Should Know About Money by Age 18). A piggy bank when they’re little becomes a frank talk in high school about in-state tuition versus the cost of a private school. If you drive an eight-year-old car because you choose not to buy a new one, or vacation in one place rather than another, discuss those trade-offs with your kids. “We don’t burden them with all of our financial struggles, but we should share the decisions we’ve made,” says Farrell.

If you’re having trouble launching a young adult, brainstorm ideas together so everyone is on board with the plan you come up with. If you agree to finance your child’s education, job training or even counseling, pay the school or service directly. Or condition ongoing help on successful outcomes along the way. For example, if you’re willing to pay off some of your child’s student debt, make it contingent on your child getting a job and saving a specified amount over a certain period. Charge rent to a boomerang kid who’s back home, and save it to help with a security deposit on an apartment. Instead of enabling or abandoning kids, says Farrell, “show them how they can do it on their own.”

Sat, 08 Aug 2020 06:39:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.kiplinger.com/article/spending/t065-c023-s002-cutting-the-purse-strings.html
Killexams : Therapists in Saint Augustine, FL Some of the most common types of mental health providers in Saint Augustine are psychologists, licensed counselors, therapists, psychotherapists, and licensed clinical social workers, all of whom diagnose mental health conditions and provide individualized treatment.

Services offered, education and credentials vary by type of mental health professional. Each professional in Saint Augustine then may specialize in certain areas, such as depression, marriage counseling, or anxiety. Although many mental health providers are not licensed to prescribe medication, they may coordinate with a provider who can.

Both in-person and online therapy sessions are available from most psychologists.

Tue, 02 Oct 2012 14:17:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/therapists/fl/saint-augustine
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