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Exam Code: Google-PCD Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
Google-PCD Professional Cloud Developer

A Professional Cloud Developer builds scalable and highly available applications using Google-recommended practices and tools that leverage fully managed services. This individual has experience with cloud-native applications, runtime environments, developer tools, and next-generation databases. A Professional Cloud Developer also has proficiency with at least one general-purpose programming language and is skilled at producing meaningful metrics and logs to debug and trace code.

The Professional Cloud Developer exam assesses your ability to:
Design highly scalable, available, and reliable cloud-native applications
Build and test applications
Deploy applications
Integrate Google Cloud Platform services
Manage application performance monitoring

A Professional Cloud Developer builds scalable and highly available applications using Google-recommended practices and tools that leverage fully managed services. This individual has experience with cloud-native applications, runtime environments, developer tools, and next-generation databases. A Professional Cloud Developer also has proficiency with at least one general-purpose programming language and is skilled at producing meaningful metrics and logs to debug and trace code.

Section 1: Designing highly scalable, available, and reliable cloud-native applications
1.1 Designing high-performing applications and APIs. Considerations include:
- Microservices
- Scaling velocity characteristics/tradeoffs of IaaS (infrastructure as a service) vs. CaaS (container as a service) vs. PaaS (platform as a service)
- Evaluating different services and technologies
- Geographic distribution of Google Cloud services (e.g., latency, regional services, zonal services)
- Defining a key structure for high-write applications using Cloud Storage, Cloud Bigtable, Cloud Spanner, or Cloud SQL
- User session management
- Caching solutions
- Deploying and securing API services
- Loosely coupled applications using asynchronous Cloud Pub/Sub events
- Graceful shutdown on platform termination
- Google-recommended practices and documentation

1.2 Designing secure applications. Considerations include:
- Implementing requirements that are relevant for applicable regulations (e.g., data wipeout)
- Security mechanisms that protect services and resources
- Security mechanisms that secure/scan application binaries and manifests
- Storing and rotating application secrets using Cloud KMS
- Authenticating to Google services (e.g., application default credentials, JWT, OAuth 2.0)
- IAM roles for users/groups/service accounts
- Securing service-to-service communications (e.g., service mesh, Kubernetes network policies, and Kubernetes namespaces)
- Set compute/workload identity to least privileged access
- Certificate-based authentication (e.g., SSL, mTLS)
- Google-recommended practices and documentation

1.3 Managing application data. Tasks include:
- Defining database schemas for Google-managed databases (e.g., Cloud Firestore, Cloud Spanner, Cloud Bigtable, Cloud SQL)
- Choosing data storage options based on use case considerations, such as:
- Cloud Storage-signed URLs for user-uploaded content
- Structured vs. unstructured data
- Strong vs. eventual consistency
- Data volume
- Frequency of data access in Cloud Storage
- Following Google-recommended practices and documentation

1.4 Refactoring applications to migrate to Google Cloud. Tasks include:
- Using managed services
- Migrating a monolith to microservices
- Google-recommended practices and documentation

Section 2: Building and Testing Applications
2.1 Setting up your local development environment. Considerations include:
- Emulating Google Cloud services for local application development
- Creating Google Cloud projects

2.2 Writing code. Considerations include:
- Algorithm design
- Modern application patterns
- Efficiency
- Agile software development
- Unit testing

2.3 Testing. Considerations include:
- Performance testing
- Integration testing
- Load testing

2.4 Building. Considerations include:
- Creating a Cloud Source Repository and committing code to it
- Creating container images from code
- Developing a continuous integration pipeline using services (e.g., Cloud Build, Container Registry) that construct deployment artifacts
- Reviewing and improving continuous integration pipeline efficacy

Section 3: Deploying applications
3.1 Recommend appropriate deployment strategies for the target compute environment (Compute Engine, Google Kubernetes Engine). Strategies include:
- Blue/green deployments
- Traffic-splitting deployments
- Rolling deployments
- Canary deployments

3.2 Deploying applications and services on Compute Engine. Tasks include:
- Installing an application into a VM
- Modifying the VM service account
- Manually updating dependencies on a VM
- Exporting application logs and metrics
- Managing Compute Engine VM images and binaries

3.3 Deploying applications and services to Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE). Tasks include:
- Deploying a containerized application to GKE
- Managing Kubernetes RBAC and Google Cloud IAM relationship
- Configuring Kubernetes namespaces and access control
- Defining workload specifications (e.g., resource requirements)
- Building a container image using Cloud Build
- Configuring application accessibility to user traffic and other services
- Managing container lifecycle
- Define deployments, services, and pod configurations
3.4 Deploying a Cloud Function. Types include:
- Cloud Functions that are triggered via an event (e.g., Cloud Pub/Sub events, Cloud Storage object change notification events)
- Cloud Functions that are invoked via HTTP
- Securing Cloud Functions

3.5 Using service accounts. Tasks include:
- Creating a service account according to the principle of least privilege
- Downloading and using a service account private key file

Section 4: Integrating Google Cloud Platform Services
4.1 Integrating an application with data and storage services. Tasks include:
- Read/write data to/from various databases (e.g., SQL, JDBC)
- Connecting to a data store (e.g., Cloud SQL, Cloud Spanner, Cloud Firestore, Cloud Bigtable)
- Writing an application that publishes/consumes data asynchronously (e.g., from Cloud Pub/Sub)
- Storing and retrieving objects from Cloud Storage
- Using the command-line interface (CLI), Google Cloud Console, and Cloud Shell tools

4.2 Integrating an application with compute services. Tasks include:
- Implementing service discovery in Google Kubernetes Engine and Compute Engine
- reading instance metadata to obtain application configuration
- Authenticating users by using OAuth2.0 Web Flow and Identity Aware Proxy
- Using the command-line interface (CLI), Google Cloud Console, and Cloud Shell tools

4.3 Integrating Google Cloud APIs with applications. Tasks include:
- Enabling a Google Cloud API
- Making API calls with a Cloud Client Library, the REST API, or the APIs Explorer, taking into consideration:
- Batching requests
- Restricting return data
- Paginating results
- Caching results
- Error handling (e.g., exponential backoff)
- Using service accounts to make Google API calls

Section 5: Managing Application Performance Monitoring
5.1 Managing Compute Engine VMs. Tasks include:
- Debugging a custom VM image using the serial port
- Analyzing a failed Compute Engine VM startup
- Analyzing logs
- Sending logs from a VM to Cloud Monitoring
- Inspecting resource utilization over time
- Viewing syslogs from a VM

5.2 Managing Google Kubernetes Engine workloads. Tasks include:
- Configuring logging and monitoring
- Analyzing container lifecycle events (e.g., CrashLoopBackOff, ImagePullErr)
- Analyzing logs
- Using external metrics and corresponding alerts
- Configuring workload autoscaling

5.3 Troubleshooting application performance. Tasks include:
- Creating a monitoring dashboard
- Writing custom metrics and creating metrics from logs
- Graphing metrics
- Using Cloud Debugger
- Reviewing stack traces for error analysis
- Exporting logs from Google Cloud
- Viewing logs in the Google Cloud Console
- Profiling performance of request-response
- Profiling services
- Reviewing application performance (e.g., Cloud Trace, Prometheus, OpenCensus)
- Monitoring and profiling a running applicationv - Using documentation, forums, and Google support

Professional Cloud Developer
Google Professional exam success
Killexams : Google Professional exam success - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Google-PCD Search results Killexams : Google Professional exam success - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Google-PCD https://killexams.com/exam_list/Google Killexams : Google Cloud Certifications and Career Guide 2019

Alphabet Inc. is the holding company that owns Google, along with a portfolio of other companies and assets. Among these many entities – including Calico, Sidewalk Labs, Chronicle, Dandelion, DeepMind, Google Fiber, Waymo and numerous others – Google is certainly first and foremost. By itself, even Google is no simple beast, though. It acts as the umbrella company for all of Alphabet’s business with an internet focus or connection, including the Android mobile OS, YouTube and Google Search, among many other elements.

Given Google’s enormous market recognition and mindshare, it may come as something of a surprise to learn that it is not the market leader in cloud services and delivery. In fact, Google didn’t make Forbes’ 2017 list of The Top 5 Cloud Computing Vendors. That said, the Google Cloud Platform (GCP) is a member of the top five such platforms, along with Microsoft Azure and Amazon Web Services, which routinely swap between first and second place. Oracle and IBM also place in the top five as well, often ahead of the Google Cloud Platform, depending on the metrics used to rank them.

Given all this, Google has powerful incentives to create and get behind a potent and well-regarded certification program for the Google Cloud Platform. Its efforts over the past two or three years are starting to pay some dividends, as an upcoming chart of job board search results will illustrate. But first, let’s take a look at the Google Cloud Platform certification portfolio as it currently stands.

The Google Cloud Platform certification portfolio

The Google certification program has experienced significant growth since our last update. At our last update, Google offered three certifications, one at the associate level and two at the professional level. Today, Google offers one associate-level credential, five professional level certifications, plus a certification aimed at G Suite productivity and collaboration tools. Current certifications include:

  • Associate Cloud Engineer
  • Professional Cloud Architect
  • Professional Data Engineer
  • Professional Cloud Developer
  • Professional Cloud Network Engineer
  • Professional Cloud Security Engineer
  • G Suite certification

To earn a Google certification, candidates must pass a single exam. All exams are reasonably priced with professional-level exams costing $200, $125 for associate-level exams, and $75 for the G Suite exam.

Associate- and professional- exams must be taken at a Kryterion testing center. At present, the G Suite exam is remote. While there are no mandatory prerequisites for any certification, training is highly recommended, and Google maintains links to various training resources on the respective exam web page.

Google is also affiliated with Coursera, and candidates will find formal training available through Coursera as well. At least six months of experience working with Google Cloud Platform is recommended for associate-level credentials, and a minimum of three years of industry experience for professional-level certifications with at least one year in designing and managing GCP solutions.

Google Cloud Platform: Associate Cloud Engineer

The Associate Cloud Engineer (ACE) deploys applications, monitors operations and manages enterprise solutions. He or she can use Google Cloud Console and the command line to complete common platform-based tasks. An ACE also maintains one or more deployed solutions that use either Google- or self-managed services in the Google Cloud environment.

To qualify candidates, the ACE exams seek to assess these specific abilities regarding Google Cloud solutions:

  • Set up a Google Cloud Platform environment
  • Plan and configure a Google Cloud Platform environment
  • Deploy and implement a Google Cloud Platform environment
  • Ensure successful operation of a Google Cloud Platform environment
  • Configure access and security controls for a Google Cloud Platform environment

Google recommends two training courses: Google Cloud Platform Fundamentals: Core Infrastructure and Architecting with Google Cloud Platform: Infrastructure and are available in ILT and online formats. Both courses are also offered in affiliation with Coursera. Qwiklabs also offers Google Platform Essentials labs and a Cloud Architect Quest to support hands-on learning and experience.

It’s absolutely correct to treat the ACE as the entry-level credential for the Google Cloud Platform. It’s most likely to appeal to early-stage or mid-career IT professionals interested in cloud computing, who work with (or want a job with an organization that uses) the Google Cloud Platform. The ACE represents a great way for such people to learn and acquire the skills and knowledge needed to set up, deploy and manage a runtime environment that incorporates the Google Cloud Platform.

Google Cloud Platform: Professional Cloud Architect

The Professional Cloud Architect (PCA) enables organizations to make effective and efficient use of Google Cloud technologies. PCAs must develop a thorough understanding of cloud architecture in general, and the Google Cloud Platform in particular. Those who hold this credential can design, develop and manage dynamic Google Cloud Platform solutions to meet business objectives that are robust, secure, scalable and highly available.

To qualify for the PCA, the exams seek to assess these specific abilities regarding Google Cloud Platform solutions:

  • Design and plan a cloud solution architecture
  • Manage and provision a cloud solution architecture
  • Build cloud solutions that are secure and compliant
  • Perform technical and business analyses to optimize processes, procedures and policies
  • Manage cloud architecture implementations
  • Ensure that cloud solutions and operations are reliable and remain available

A slate of related curriculum elements for the PCA is available online through Coursera, or in the classroom, as candidates’ needs and budgets may dictate. The same labs and quests offered for the ACE also apply to the PCA as well.

The PCA represents a more senior credential that’s most likely to appeal to mid- to late-career professionals interested in filling a cloud architect role in an organization of some size. Thus, the ACE makes a pretty good precursor to the PDE (even though it’s not formally required as a pre-requisite).

Google Cloud Platform: Professional Data Engineer

The Professional Data Engineer (PDE) focuses more on analyzing and using data stored in the Google Cloud Platform, rather than in designing, deploying or maintaining such environments as with the ACE and the PCA. As such, a PDE supports and facilitates data-driven decision-making based on collecting, transforming and visualizing data. Such professionals design, build, maintain and troubleshoot data processing systems. The PDE curriculum and exam puts particular emphasis on ensuring that such data processing systems are secure, reliable and fault-tolerant, as well as scalable, accurate, and efficient.

To qualify for the PDE, the exams seek to assess these specific abilities regarding Google Cloud Platform solutions:

  • Build and maintain data structures and databases within the Google Cloud Platform
  • Design data processing systems based on the Google Cloud Platform
  • Analyze data to support machine learning within the Google Cloud Platform
  • Model business processes for analysis and optimization within the Google Cloud Platform
  • Design for reliability and robustness, security and compliance within the Google Cloud Platform
  • Visualize data and advocate policy within the Google Cloud Platform

A different slate of courses is offered for the PDE, covered on the Data and Machine Learning page at Google Training. Candidates may choose among courses for three tracks for this credential: a data analyst track, a data engineering track and a data scientist track. In addition to a data engineering quest for hands-on PDE training, Google also offers an advanced, four-week machine learning advanced solutions lab at the main Google campus in Mountain View, California. A set of five practice exams may be purchased from Udemy.com for $24.99.

IT professionals interested in big data, data analysis, and/or machine learning are most likely to be attracted to the PDE. It’s a great credential for those with strong data interests and proclivities anywhere in their IT careers, though a strong background and interest in mathematics and data modeling/analysis is strongly recommended.

Professional Cloud Developer

The Professional Cloud Developer (PCD) is ideal for candidates who use Google services, tools and recommended practices to design, build, test, and deploy highly available and scalable applications. Candidates should possess the skills necessary to successfully integrate GCP services and conduct application performance monitoring. While not covered on the exam, candidates need to be able to successfully use Stackdriver to debug, trace code, and produce metrics. Proficiency in at least one general programming language is also recommended.

The exam is focused on validating a candidate’s ability and skill to use GCP services and practices in five key areas:

  • Designing cloud-native applications
  • Building and testing applications
  • Deploying applications
  • Integrating Google Cloud Platform Services
  • Managing application performance testing

On the certification web page, candidates will find links to an exam outline and demo case studies to help prepare for the exam. Recommended training includes the Google Cloud Platform Fundamentals: Core Infrastructure course and the Developing Applications with Google’s Cloud Platform. Quests on application development for Java or Python and core technologies, such as Stackdriver, Google Cloud Solutions: Scaling Your Infrastructure, and Kubernetes solutions, are also recommended.

Professional Cloud Network Engineer

A Google Professional Cloud Network Engineer (CNE) manages and implements network architectures using GCP. In addition to GCP, successful candidates should be skilled in working with technologies such as hybrid connectivity, network architecture security, VPCs, network services, and the GCP Console command line interface.

The exam is comprehensive and covers related topics:

  • Designing, planning and prototyping a GCP network
  • Implementing a GCP Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
  • Configuring network services
  • Implementing hybrid connectivity
  • Implementing network security
  • Managing and monitoring network operations
  • Optimizing network resources

Recommended training includes the Core Infrastructure course and Networking in Google Cloud Platform. If you’re looking for hands-on practice, Qwiklabs offers labs for networking in the Google cloud and network performance and optimization.

Professional Cloud Security Engineer

Another newcomer to the Google certification portfolio is the Professional Cloud Security Engineer (CSE). An expert-level credential, CSEs are well-versed in industry security requirements, regulations, best practices, and security-related syllabus and technologies, such as identity and access management, data protection using GCP, configuring security at the network level, analyzing logs, managing incidents, and recommending organization-wide security policies. CSEs also possess the skills necessary to design, implement and manage secure infrastructures on GCP.

The exam validates a candidate’s ability to:

  • Configure access within a cloud solution environment
  • Configure network security
  • Ensure data protection
  • Manage operations within a cloud solution environment
  • Ensure regulatory compliance

As with other certifications, Google provides a free exam outline and overviews plus in-depth discussions. In addition to the Core Infrastructure course, Google recommends taking the Security in Google Cloud Platform training and the Security and Identity Fundamentals Qwiklabs.

G Suite Credential

The G Suite cert aims at end users of Google’s productivity suite. As such, it’s likely to have only limited appeal for IT professionals, most of whom learn a productivity suite (MS Office, most typically) before they graduate from high school. The exam targets a candidate’s ability to communicate, work with, and manage tasks using the G Suite productivity and collaboration tools, including Drive (cloud-based storage), Gmail (cloud-based email and messaging), Hangouts Meet (online meetings), Docs (cloud-based document creation and editing), Sheets (cloud-based spreadsheets), Forms, and Slides (cloud-based presentation software).

The certification web page contains links to a number of training options including Qwiklabs, self-paced G Suite lessons, applied digital skills, and the G Suite Learning Center.

Google Cloud Platform Certifications

For those who work around or with the Google Cloud Platform, the current certifications seem like a very safe bet for career and personal development. Given high demand, relatively low cost and a single exam for these certifications, the risk-reward ratio looks quite favorable. Be sure to check them out, if you work (or would like to work) in an organization that uses this cloud platform.

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/11157-google-certification-it-career-guide.html
Killexams : 5 Best Digital Marketing Certifications
  • Digital marketing is a growing industry, with new skills needed on a routine basis. To remain competitive, certifications should be earned through top e-learning providers.
  • The most popular types of credentials in digital marketing include Google AdWords Certification, Hootsuite Social Marketing Certification and Facebook Planning Professional.
  • Most certification programs are self-paced with examinations provided at the end of the lessons. Typically, fees range from $100 to $1,000.

Do you have the skills and certifications to help you get ahead?

One of the hottest career sectors today is digital marketing. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, market research analysts and marketing specialists are among the top 20 occupations with the most new jobs forecast through 2026, and an average salary that tops $62,000.

A digital marketer develops strategies for marketing a company’s products and services over the web, and runs campaigns for brand awareness and to convert leads to customers. Marketers rely heavily on social media platforms, e.g., Facebook and Twitter, to do their jobs as well as utilize email and text message campaigns. In addition, marketers analyze web metrics and should be well versed in search engine optimization techniques and tools. 

But digital marketing isn’t always about bringing in new customers or business; it’s also about connecting with those you already have. You use the same channels, such as social media, to stay in touch and keep customers current on what your company can do for them. 

Top five certifications, by the numbers 

The following table lists top digital marketing certifications and the number of open positions on a single day that call for the certification specifically or experience with the technology. This isn’t a scientific analysis in which every job description is examined, just an overall glance at search numbers.  

Job site search results

Certification SimplyHired LinkedIn Jobs Total
Facebook Certified Planning Professional* 93 41 134
Google AdWords Ccrtification 175 134 309
Hootsuite Social Marketing certification 35 19 54
HubSpot Content Marketing certification 77 46 123
PCM – Digital Management 38 46 84

* Searching for “Facebook Blueprint” resulted in 478 hits.

The following sections provide details of the top digital marketing certifications according to job site searches as well as other certifications offered by the various companies. 

Facebook Certified Planning Professional 

The Facebook Blueprint Certification program offers two certifications: the Facebook Certified Planning Professional and the Facebook Certified Buying Professional. Both certifications aim at those who manage Facebook Pages and who target audiences for the biggest impact. From there, the Planning Professional focuses on optimizing reach and frequency, determines campaign KPIs, plans strategy and budget, and measures campaign performance.  

You have to pass two exams to earn either certification, which are available through Pearson VUE. Each exam costs $150, training is free, and the certifications are valid for one year. 

Google AdWords certification 

Google AdWords certification is soaring in popularity these days, followed closely by the Google Analytics Individual Qualification (IQ) credential. If you use Google tools to set up, measure, manage and optimize marketing campaigns, consider the Google AdWords certification.  

Two exams are required – the AdWords Fundamentals exam and one more on search, display, mobile, video or shopping advertising – both of which are free. To take any Google exam means first signing up for the Google Partners program, which also lets you register for free training; from there you can certify as an individual. The Google AdWords certification is good for one year.

Hootsuite Social Marketing certification  

The social media and platform company with the catchy name – Hootsuite – offers six certifications. The Hootsuite Social Marketing certification covers core concepts related to social media marketing. Other certifications include Hootsuite Social Selling, Hootsuite Advanced Social Advertising, Hootsuite Platform and a few specialty credentials.

Hootsuite encourages candidates to take a series of free online courses before sitting for the Social Marketing exam, which costs $199. The credential doesn’t expire. The certifications teach both beginner and advanced marketing skills for those who plan to advertise on social media sites. The self-paced lessons are done online with a 60-question examination given at the end of the course. 

HubSpot Content Marketing certification 

HubSpot, a maker of software for inbound marketing and sales, offers a bunch of training and certifications through HubSpot Academy. The HubSpot Content Marketing Certification recognizes professionals who create and promote content for the purpose of bringing in new customers. The associated course covers tips and best practices for building a content library of valuable assets. Other certifications include HubSpot Inbound Certification, HubSpot Email Marketing Certification and HubSpot Sales Software Certification. 

To earn the HubSpot Content Marketing Certification, take the associated online course and then the exam. It’s all free. For details, see the FAQs. 

PCM Digital Management certification 

The American Marketing Association Professional Certified Marketer (PCM) program takes a more formal approach to its certifications than other featured companies in this article. The organization created a body of knowledge for the PCM Digital Management certification, which includes syllabus on planning, branding, pricing, public relations, social media and more.

A related credential through AMA is the Digital Marketing Pro. A study guide costs $99 for AMA members or $149 for nonmembers. The exam costs $99 (members) and $299 (nonmembers) and is available online. To maintain the credential, you must recertify every three years by earning approved marketing continuing education units. 

What else? 

The Adobe Certified Expert (ACE) program has several digital marketing certifications, such as the Analytics Business Practitioner and the Campaign Business Practitioner, to name a few. The company’s digital marketing skills assessment helps you baseline your current skills and determine your next step regarding certification. 

Salesforce marketing certifications – the Salesforce Certified Marketing Cloud Social Specialist and Salesforce Certified Marketing Cloud Email Specialist – may appeal to professionals who use Salesforce for marketing campaigns. 

Finally, if you lean on Twitter to further your digital marketing campaigns (or want to), check out Twitter Flight School offerings. Twitter doesn’t offer certifications at this time, but you can take free courses and earn badges for your efforts. 

The Content Marketing Institute offers six courses to those who want to advance their skills in the field of content marketing. syllabus covered include planning, audience, conversion and metrics. Once you’re finished with the self-paced lessons, you can take the examination and receive your certification.

Marketing Motive offers another potential certification that you should obtain as part of beefing up your digital marketing credentials. Their platform allows you to get unlimited access to 35 courses streamed live by expert marketing professors. Your certifications can be designed based on your interests with options that include web analytics, conversions and social media marketing. Beginner and advanced certifications are both available through the e-learning portal from Marketing Motive.

Another solid source for the best certifications is through the Digital Marketing Institute. The company offers certifications based on the marketer’s current experience level. Options include Pro, Master and Expert. Certification programs run between one week to two years based on your enrollment. The certification programs are delivered 100% online, and can be done through micro modules to make lessons go smoothly and quickly.  

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.business.com/articles/5-digital-marketing-certifications-you-need/
Killexams : 5 Best Cloud Certifications 2019

Over the past several years, no other area of IT has generated as much hype, interest and investment as cloud computing. Though the term may have differing meanings for different users, there’s no doubt that the cloud is now a permanent fixture for end users and service providers, as well as global companies and organizations of all sizes. As a result, cloud computing attracts considerable coverage and attention from certification providers and companies that offer cloud-related products, such as Amazon Web Services, Google, Microsoft and VMware.

A Forbes article on cloud computing forecasts summarizes key statistics regarding the current cloud computing landscape and also includes a look to the future. Amazon Web Services (AWS) is the dominant cloud computing player and achieved an incredible 43 percent year-over-year growth. According to Wikibon predictions, AWS revenue should top $43 billion by 2022. AWS is followed closely by Microsoft Azure and the Google Cloud Platform.

According to industry analyst the International Data Corporation (IDC), the cloud has grown much faster than previously predicted. New projections indicate that spending on public cloud services and infrastructure is expected to top $160 billion in 2018, which is an increase of 23.2 percent from 2017. IDC also predicts a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.9 percent by 2021 with spending for public cloud services to exceed $277 billion. Those are huge numbers, in an era when the U.S. economy is growing at less than 3 percent and global GDP is at 4.2 percent.

A close examination of what’s available to IT professionals by way of cloud-related certifications shows a large and growing number of credentials. For 2019, the best cloud certifications include both vendor-neutral and vendor-specific certification options from some top players in the market. However, certification providers watch technology areas carefully, and seldom jump into any of them until clear and strong interest has been indisputably established.

Cloud professionals should expect to earn a healthy income. SimplyHired reports average salaries for cloud administrators at just under $75,000, while cloud developers average nearly $118,000 annually. Cloud architects are the big winners, with average earnings coming in at $129,469 and some salaries shown as high as $179,115.

Before you peruse our list of the best cloud certifications for 2019, check out our overview of the relative frequency at which the top five picks show up in job postings. Keep in mind that these results are a snapshot in time and real demand for certifications could fluctuate.

Job Board Search Results (in alphabetical order, by certification)




LinkedIn Jobs



AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional (Amazon Web Services)






CCNA Cloud (Cisco)






CCNP Cloud (Cisco)






MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure (Microsoft)






VMware VCP7 – CMA






AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional

Amazon Web Services launched its AWS certification program in May 2013. Currently, the program offers role-based credentials at the foundation, associate, and professional levels along with several specialty certifications. AWS certifications focus on preparing candidates for developer, operations and architect roles.   

Our featured cert is the AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional certification, which targets networking professionals with two or more years of experience designing and deploying cloud environments on AWS. A person with this credential works with clients to assess needs, plan and design solutions that meet requirements; recommends an architecture for implementing and provisioning AWS applications; and provides guidance throughout the life of the projects.

A candidate for this certification should be highly familiar with syllabus such as high availability and business continuity, costing, deployment management, network design, data storage, security, scalability and elasticity, cloud migration, and hybrid architecture.

Other certifications in the AWS certification program include the following:


AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate: Identifies and gathers requirements for solution plans and provides guidance on architectural best practices throughout AWS projects. Serves as the prerequisite credential for the professional-level certification.


AWS Certified Developer – Associate: Designs, develops and implements cloud-based solutions using AWS.

AWS Certified DevOps Engineer – Professional: Provisions, operates and manages distributed applications using AWS; implements and manages delivery systems, security controls, governance and compliance validation; defines and deploys monitoring, metrics and logging systems; maintains operational systems. This certification is a professional-level certification for both developer and operation-based roles. When we ran the job board numbers, we found an extremely strong showing among employers seeking AWS certified devops engineers. If your career path is following devops-related roles, this is definitely a certification worth exploring.


AWS Certified SysOps Administrator – Associate: Provisions systems and services on AWS, automates deployments, follows and recommends best practices, and monitors metrics on AWS.


The Certified Cloud AWS Practitioner is the sole foundation-level certification offered by AWS. While not required, it is a recommended prerequisite for associate, professional and specialty certs in the AWS certification family.


AWS offers three specialty certs that focus on security, big data and networking:  the AWS Certified Big Data – Specialty, the AWS Certified Advanced Networking – Specialty, and the AWS Certified Security – Specialty.

With about 40 percent market share, Amazon continues to hold the top spot in the cloud computing services market. That makes the AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional credential a feather in the cap of channel partners for whom AWS is a major part of their business. The credential also distinguishes partners from their competitors, perhaps giving them an advantage in the pursuit of new clients.

AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional Facts & Figures

Certification Name

AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional

Prerequisites & Required Courses


Hands-on experience with cloud architecture design and deployment on AWS (two or more years required)

Ability to evaluate cloud application requirements and make recommendations for provisioning, deployment and implementation on AWS

Skilled in best practices on architectural design at the enterprise, project and application level


AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate

Advanced Architecting on AWS training course

Number of Exams

One, AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional Level (multiple choice, 170 minutes)

Cost per Exam

$300; exam administered by Webassessor
An AWS Certification Account is required to register for the exam.



Self-Study Materials

AWS provides links to an exam blueprint (PDF)sample questions (PDF), practice exams ($40 each), exam workshops, self-paced labs, an exam preparation resource guide, white papers and more on the certification homepage.

CCNA Cloud: Cisco Certified Network Administrator Cloud

Cisco Systems was founded in 1984 and has become a household name in the realm of IT. Cisco maintains a strong global presence, boasting more than 74,000 employees worldwide and annual revenue of $49.3 billion.

To support its products and customers, Cisco developed and maintains a strong training and certification program, offering credentials at entry, associate, professional, expert and architect levels. Cisco offers two cloud-based credentials: The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Cloud and the Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Cloud. The CCNA and CCNP enjoy a strong presence in the cloud and are featured in this year’s top five list.

An entry-level credential, the CCNA Cloud targets IT professionals working in roles such as network or cloud engineer and cloud administrator. The CCNA Cloud credential validates a candidate’s ability to support cloud-based Cisco solutions. Candidates should possess a basic knowledge of cloud infrastructure and deployment models, cloud networking and storage solutions, provisioning, preparation of reports, ongoing monitoring and other cloud administrative tasks.

Two exams are required to earn the CCNA Cloud. Training is highly recommended, but not required. The credential is valid for three years, after which the credential holder must recertify by passing one of the qualifying recertification exams. Credential holders should check Cisco’s certification webpage for the current list of qualifying exams.

In addition to cloud, the CCNA credential is available for numerous other solution tracks, including Cyber Ops, Routing and Switching, Wireless, Data Center, Security, Collaboration, Industrial, and Service Provider.

CCNA Cloud Facts and Figures

CCNP Cloud: Cisco Certified Network Professional Cloud

Cisco certifications are designed to prepare IT professionals working in specific job roles for common challenges they may encounter in the normal scope of their duties. The Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Cloud credential is designed to validate the skills of administrators, designers, architects, engineers and data center professionals working in a cloud-based environment. In addition to Cloud, the CCNP is available in six other solution tracks: Collaboration, Routing and Switching, Service Provider, Data Center, Security and Wireless.

As the certification name implies, this is a professional-level credential for experienced cloud practitioners. Candidates should be well-versed in cloud-related technologies, such as Cisco Intercloud and Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), and cloud models (hybrid, private, public). The CCNP Cloud isn’t all about theory. Successful candidates should also possess the skills necessary to design and implement network, storage and cloud infrastructure solutions and security policies, troubleshoot and resolve issues, automate design processes, design and manage virtual networks and virtualization, provision applications and IaaS, and perform life cycle management tasks. Candidates must also understand Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI) architecture and related concepts.

The requirements to earn the CCNP Cloud credential are rigorous. Candidates must first obtain either the CCNA Cloud or any Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certification. In addition, candidates must pass four additional exams covering cloud design, implementing and troubleshooting, automation, and building applications using ACI. Training is highly recommended as the best way to prepare for CCNP Cloud exams.

The CCNP Cloud is valid for three years. There are several paths to recertification; most involve passing either a written or practical exam. However, candidates may also recertify by passing the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview and board review.

CCNP Cloud Facts and Figures

Certification Name

Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Cloud

Prerequisites & Required Courses

CCNA Cloud or any CCIE certification Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certification
Recommended training:

Implementing and Troubleshooting the Cisco Cloud Infrastructure (CLDINF)

Designing the Cisco Cloud (CLDDES)

Automating the Cisco Enterprise Cloud (CLDAUT)

Building the Cisco Cloud with Application Centric Infrastructure (CLDACI)

Number of Exams


Implementing and Troubleshooting the Cisco Cloud Infrastructure (300-460, )

Designing the Cisco Cloud (300-465, CLDDES)

Automating the Cisco Enterprise Cloud (300-470, CLDAUT)

Building the Cisco Cloud with Application Centric Infrastructure (300-475, CLDACI)

All exams have 55-65 questions and are 90 minutes in length.
Exams administered by Pearson VUE.

Cost per Exam

$300 each ($1,200 total)



Self-Study Materials

Cisco maintains numerous resources for credential seekers, including exam topics, blogs, study and discussion groups, training videos, seminars, self-assessment tools, Cisco Learning Network games and practice exams. Visit the certification webpage and each exam webpage for more information. Books and other training materials are available from the Cisco Marketplace Bookstore.

MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure

The MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure cert (replaced the MCSE: Private Cloud cert in 2017) recognizes a candidate’s ability to manage data centers and validates skills in networking virtualization, systems and identity management, storage and related cloud technologies.

The MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure credential requires candidates to first obtain one of the following Microsoft Certified Solution Associate (MCSA) certifications:

Each MCSA requires two or three exams depending on the path chosen. The MCSA: Linux on Azure credential requires both a Microsoft exam and the Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) exam.

Candidates must also pass an MCSE exam. These exams include syllabus such as developing, implementing and architecting Azure-related solutions; configuring and operating hybrid cloud using Azure stack designing and implementing solutions for cloud data platforms; designing and implementing big data analytics solutions; and implementing server infrastructures.

Microsoft Virtual Academy (MVA) offers free courses and training materials on many syllabus relevant to the cloud development. Microsoft Learning occasionally offers Exam Replay, a program that allows candidates to purchase a discounted exam with a retake (and a practice exam, for a small added cost).

As more and more Microsoft technologies are delivered and consumed in the cloud rather than on premises, Microsoft continues to beef up its cloud-related certifications. It does so by offering new credentials or sprinkling cloud syllabus into existing credentials. If you click the Cloud tab, you can see all the cloud-related certifications on the Microsoft Certification webpage.

MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure Facts and Figures

Certification Name

MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure

Prerequisites & Required Courses

One of the following MCSA credentials:

MCSA: Windows Server 2016 (three exams) or

MCSA: Cloud Platform (two exams) or

MCSA: Linux on Azure (two exams, one Microsoft and the Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator – LFCS) or

MCSA: Windows Server 2012 (three exams)

One required exam from the following:
Developing Microsoft Azure Solutions, exam 70-532
Implementing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions, exam 70-533
Architecting Microsoft Azure Solutions, exam 70-535 Designing and Implementing Cloud Data Platform Solutions, exam 70-473
Designing and Implementing Big Data Analytics Solutions, exam 70-475
Securing Windows Server 2016, exam 70-744
Implementing a Software-Defined Datacenter, exam 70-745, exam in beta
Designing and Implementing a Server Infrastructure, exam 70-413
Implementing an Advanced Server Infrastructure, exam 70-414
Configuring and Operating a Hybrid Cloud with Microsoft Azure Stack, exam 70-537

Number of Exams

One MCSE, plus two or three prerequisite exams

Cost per Exam

MCSE exam: $165

Prerequisite exams: $165 each (MCSA), $300 (LFCS)

Exams administered by Pearson VUE.



Self-Study Materials

The Microsoft Learning page includes links to online and in-person training options, study groups, forums, blogs, the Microsoft Evaluation Center and more. Microsoft Press offers free downloadable e-books and exam prep books for purchase. The MVA offers free training courses on a variety of topics.
Each exam page typically includes links to recommended training, exam prep videos, practice tests, community resources and books.

VCP7-CMA: VMware Certified Professional 7 – Cloud Management and Automation

If there’s a contributing technology that enables the cloud, it must be virtualization, and nobody has done virtualization longer or from as many angles as VMware. The company’s existing cloud credential is the VCP7 – Cloud Management and Automation (VCP7-CMA) certification, based on vSphere 6.5 and vRealize, which recognizes IT professionals who can extend data virtualization throughout the cloud.

To earn the VCP7-CMA, candidates need to follow one of these paths:

VMware offers additional credentials with strong cloud connections, such as these:

VMware regularly updates and replaces certifications in its program to reflect new technologies, so check the  VMware Cloud Management and Automation webpage and the certification roadmap for the latest information.

VCP7-CMA Facts & Figures

Certification Name

VMware Certified Professional 7 – Cloud Management and Automation (VCP7-CMA)

Prerequisites & Required Courses

Possess a minimum of six months’ experience on vSphere 6 and vRealize
Complete one of the following training courses:

Cloud Orchestration and Extensibility [V7.1]

zRealize Automation: Orchestration and Extensibility [V7.x]

vRealize Automation: Install, Configure, Manage [V7.0], [v7.0] On Demand, [V7.3], or [V7.3] On Demand

Those already possessing a valid VCP credential are not required to take the recommended training. 

(Training course requirements may change from time to time, so candidates should check back frequently for the current course list.)

Number of Exams

One to three, depending on current VCP certifications held:2V0-620: vSphere 6 Foundations (65 questions, 110 minutes, passing score 300)

2V0-602: VSphere 6.5 Foundations (70 questions, 105 minutes, passing score 300)

2V0-731: VMware Certified Professional Management and Automation (VCP7-CMA) (85 questions, 110 minutes, passing score of 300)

Cost per Exam

$125 2V0-620 and 2V0-602
$250 for 2VO-731

VMware exams administered by Pearson VUE. VMware Candidate ID required to register.



Self-Study Materials

Links to courses, communities, exam blueprint, instructional videos, study guides and more are available on the certification page.

Beyond the Top 5: More Cloud Certifications

There’s no overall shortage of cloud-related certifications (nor certificate programs that also attest to cloud competencies).

Although it didn’t make the top five list this year, the CompTIA Cloud+ is still an excellent entry-level credential for those looking for a foundation-level credential. More experienced practitioners should check out Dell’s EMC’s Proven Professional Cloud Architect Specialist (DECE-CA).

You’ll find vendor-specific cloud certifications from companies such as Google, IBM (search for “cloud”), Oracle, Red Hat, Rackspace (CloudU), CA AppLogic and Salesforce. On the vendor-neutral side, the Cloud Certified Professional (CCP) is a comprehensive program aimed at those who aren’t tied to any specific platform. Mirantis offers performed-based OpenStack and Kubernetes certifications at the associate and professional levels. And while it’s a relative newcomer, the vendor-neutral National Cloud Technologists Association (NCTA) CloudMASTER certification is also worth your attention. Candidates must achieve three prerequisite certifications or pass a challenge exam to earn the CloudMASTER.

  • MCSA: Windows Server 2016
  • MCSA: Cloud Platform
  • MCSA: Linux on Azure
  • MCSA: Windows Server 2012

Path 1 (for current VCP-Cloud or VCP6-CMA credential holders): Candidates who already possess a valid VCP-Cloud or VCP6-CMA certification need to obtain experience working with vSphere 6.x and vRealize and complete the VMware Certified Professional 7 – Cloud Management and Automation (VCP7-CMA) exam 2V0-731 to earn the certification.

Path 2 (for current VCP6, 6.5, or 7 credential holders in a different track): Candidates who already possess a valid VCP6, 6.5 or 7 credential in a different track should gain experience working with vSphere 6.x and vRealize and then pass exam 2V0-731: VMware Certified Professional 7 – Cloud Management and Automation.

Path 3 (for expired VCP-CMA credential holders): Candidates who hold an expired VCP-CMA certifications must obtain six months of experience on vSphere 6 and vRealize, take a training course and pass exam 2V0-620: vSphere 6 Foundations exam or exam 2V0-602 vSphere 6.5 Foundations Exam, plus complete exam 2V0-731: VMware Certified Professional 7 – Cloud Management and Automation.

Path 4 (for non-VCP credential holders): Candidates who are just starting with VCP7-CMA must gain six months of experience with vSphere 6.x and vRealize, take one of the required training courses, and pass the required exams mentioned in Path 3 above.

VMware Certified Advanced Professional 7 – Cloud Management and Automation Design (VCAP7-CMA Design)

VMware Certified Advanced Professional 7 – Cloud Management and Automation Deployment (VCAP7-CMA Deploy)

VMware Certified Design Expert 7 — Cloud Management and Automation (VCDX7-CMA)

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10748-top-5-cloud-certifications.html
Killexams : How forward-thinking employers recognize social mobility as an emerging area of DEI

Differences in social-class origins can be a strong determining factor in an individual’s future success and career achievement, and today more companies are waking up to this fact

US workers from lower social-class origins are 32% less likely to become managers than are people from higher origins, according to a study by Paul Ingram and Jean Oh. Ingram and Oh define “social-class origins” as individuals “who through conditions of birth and upbringing have relatively less access to money, contacts to help promote upward mobility, and the cultural know-how necessary to get ahead in schools and companies.”

And, unsurprisingly, these differences in social-class origins can be a strong determining factor in an individual’s future success and career achievement.

Social-class origins matter in the workplace

Dimensions of social-class origins include family income, parents’ level of education, and parents’ occupations; and these factors and others can be disadvantages for individuals entering into corporate cultures, mostly because of the long-lasting effects of the “cultural imprints” that occur during the formative years of childhood.

Origins of social class impacts social mobility, which is defined as the ability for individuals from one generation to move from one socio-economic strata to the next. And this is crucially important for individuals in the workplace because these disadvantages “materially reduce their career potential and general well-being,” according to Ingram and Oh.

In the legal industry, social-class origin as a structural barrier is most apparent in law school with first-generation law students. According to a exact study by the National Association for Law Placement (NALP), students who were first in their families to graduate from law school “fared worse in landing jobs compared to their peers” and lagged 11 percentage points behind those graduates who had a parent who held a JD degree.

NALP’s executive director indicated that one reason for the gap is the lack of social capital, seen as “the networks of relationships among people who live and work in a particular society, enabling that society to function effectively.” Without access to social capital, first-generation law school students have to seek out resources, usually in the form of mentors, to learn actively the unspoken rules, norms, values, and trust of how to succeed in professional settings. And this can range from professional attire to knowing how to interact with seasoned colleagues in professional settings. These are resources and knowledge that a law student with a family member or close family friends with a JD would likely learn or know by osmosis.

At the same time, the bar exam is a structural barrier to social mobility at least on a temporary basis. “Not counting law school, it is expensive post-graduation, to live while studying for the bar exam,” says Katherine Silver Kelly, Clinical Professor of Law, and Director of Academic Support Programs at The Ohio State University’s Mortiz College of Law. Indeed, the combination of little costs can add up, such as the fees for fingerprinting or background checks for character fitness, and for the privilege to use your laptop to take the exam, in addition to the normal costs of living while studying between the time law school graduates take the bar exam and their first day of full-time work.

On a positive note, people from lower-income backgrounds that working within organizations may bring a unique set of skills and experience that could help them thrive as leaders and managers. According to the Harvard Business Review, one exact study that analyzed participants from the US military “suggests that individuals with lower social-class origins are less self-centered, which sets them up to be more effective as leaders.” Also, another study from the United Kingdom found that “lawyers from less-elite backgrounds are more motivated and capable than their privileged peers.”

Social mobility as an area of corporate DEI

Social mobility is already recognized as an area of diversity, equity & inclusion (DEI) by corporations thanks to the UK Government’s Social Mobility Commission, which was created to ensure “the circumstances of birth do not determine outcomes in life.” The UK has one of the worst rates of social mobility in the developed world, which often means that individuals born into low-income families do not have the same access to opportunities, regardless of their talent or hard work.

Internationally recognized companies, such as Goldman Sachs and Deloitte, regularly publish research and content on the topic, which also has made acknowledgement of this issue more common.

How companies are executing social mobility strategies

Forward-thinking employers are beginning to find ways to remove social-class origin as a structural barrier for existing and prospective employees, including:

Offering poverty simulations to develop empathy — These interactive and immersive experiences build awareness among participants of the harsh realities of life that low-income families face on a daily basis. These programs help to expand empathy for new hires, some of whom may come from less-privileged backgrounds, to help them succeed in learning the unwritten norms of communication and behavior and successfully navigate a corporate culture that is very different from anything they have experienced before.

At one company’s exact gathering two participants shared some of their insight. “Poverty is a reality for many individuals and families,” said one participant. “This simulation gave me a whole new perspective and greater appreciation for the choices single mothers/parents are making day to day. I found myself at cross-roads during several points of the simulation, making survival choices against what I consider to be good parenting skills, like rewarding my child and their friends with ice cream.”

Another participant stated: “I consider myself empathetic to those living in poverty, but this brings insights to another level.”

Creating employee resource groups around social mobility — Uber Technologies created the ERG for socioeconomic inclusion to achieve a better reflection of the communities it serves through the promotion of by professional advancement of employees from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds.

Relaxing the requirements for bachelor’s degrees for some jobs — With the high cost of college in the US and the resulting high level of student debt, questioning the value of a college degree is gaining steam. These 15 companies, including Google and Apple, are offering well-paying jobs to those with non-traditional education or a high-school diploma. This becomes even more critical considering the ongoing labor shortage in many US industries, including legal.

“When we understand that nearly 40% of US citizens over the age of 25 have a Bachelors’ degree, there’s a whole wealth of talent that we’re not tapping into,” notes Shane Lloyd, head of DEI at Baker Tilly. “It is important that we continue to recognize the expansion of dimensions of difference as we continue to expand the aperture of inclusion.”

Tue, 12 Jul 2022 01:54:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.thomsonreuters.com/en-us/posts/news-and-media/social-mobility-dei/
Killexams : How to find, read and organize papers
A close up of a stack of papers and documents with multi-coloured sticky tabs

Many researchers struggle to keep on top of all the papers they need to read.Credit: Getty

“I’ll read that later,” I told myself as I added yet another paper to my 100+ open browser tabs.

Of course, I didn’t read it later.

I was in the first year of my PhD programme, having just joined my thesis laboratory. It was an important period of transition: I was working out what project I would focus on for the next five years, and knew that success would require a strong intellectual foundation. I spent long hours poring over papers, determined to master the literature in my research area.

Yet despite good intentions, my efforts fell flat, due in large part to inefficiency. I had no way of tracking whether I was missing key studies in my course area, and no system for keeping up with the new papers coming out daily. I frequently misplaced my reading notes, or failed to take good notes in the first place, and had to read the same papers again. The volume of papers was so overwhelming that I found myself procrastinating, making the problem even worse.

At some point, having so many open browser tabs caused my ageing laptop to crash, and all my tabs were lost. But rather than devastation, I felt relief: I realized that it was time to give my workflow a major overhaul.

In the two-plus years since, I’ve iterated through many versions of my workflow, and after lots of trial and error, I’ve finally found a literature-management system that works for me. Here’s what I do.

Step 1: find

I used to find new papers by aimlessly scrolling through science Twitter. But because I often got distracted by irrelevant tweets, that wasn’t very efficient. I also signed up for journal e-mail alerts, but these quickly overwhelmed my inbox, and I soon started to ignore them.

RSS (‘Really Simple Syndication’) feeds provide, well, a really simple solution. RSS allows users to subscribe to content from specific websites. Nearly every major journal has its own RSS feed, as do preprint servers — look for the orange icon on their home pages. You can even subscribe to specific PubMed or Google Scholar keywords, which update as new articles are added.

To keep my feeds organized, I use a feed aggregator; popular options include Feedly, Inoreader and NewsBlur. Every morning, I dedicate five minutes to scanning through my feed. For most papers, I just glance at the title and scroll past. If I see anything interesting, I add it to the ‘Read Later’ folder.

For deeper dives into a specific topic, you can try literature-mapping tools such as ResearchRabbit, Inciteful, Litmaps and Connected Papers. These track the citation networks that connect papers to each other, allowing you to get a handle on the most groundbreaking papers in a given area.

Step 2: manage

If you’re still formatting your references manually, you absolutely need to start using an automated system; the time saved in manuscript preparation is immense. But reference-management tools such as Zotero, Mendeley or Endnote provide more than just easy-to-create lists of references; they also store and organize your papers in a database with folders, keywords and tags. These programs provide browser plug-ins that allow you to save a paper with a single click, as well as word processor plug-ins to add in-text citations and build bibliographies.

When I find a paper that I want to read, I immediately add it to my reference manager. Then I can close the browser tab (so satisfying!) knowing that it’s safely stored so I can find it again later.

Step 3: read

This is the tricky part — you have to actually read the papers. The key is to set up a streamlined routine. Here are some suggestions:

Build time into your schedule. For example, I set aside a couple of hours on Friday mornings to read any papers I come across during the week.

Develop a workflow. For example, I first skim the paper quickly. If it’s interesting, I read it more carefully, highlight important text and write up a quick summary.

Block out time. If you’ve got a large stack of papers to read, either set aside a block of time to make it manageable, or purge and start afresh. Having a manageable number of papers can greatly reduce procrastination.

Minimize distractions. Read papers in a PDF reader instead of a browser tab (tip: some reference managers such as Zotero have built-in PDF readers, which will automatically extract your highlights into searchable text). Disconnect your computer or tablet from Wi-Fi. Put your phone on Do Not Disturb (and, if possible, in another room).

Have fun. Make reading enjoyable so that it’s something you look forward to. I like to read on my couch with a fancy coffee at my side.

Step 4: organize

Once you’ve established a strong reading habit, it’s crucial to make sure your notes are organized and accessible. My personal solution is Notion. Notion is a kind of free-form database for organizing all kinds of information, including notes, projects and tasks; I use it to manage everything related to my graduate studies. Notion can also sync up with my reference manager of choice, Zotero, using a plug-in called Notero. Whenever I add a new paper to Zotero, the plug-in automatically adds it to my Notion database.

Notion can have a steep learning curve if you’re not familiar with relational databases, but there are easier options. A simple spreadsheet often does the job! Whichever tool you choose, the key is to create a table that details all the papers you read. This should include the status of the paper (for instance, whether you’ve read it) and which projects it might be relevant for. Here’s what mine looks like (tip: you can copy my template here).

Each paper has an associated page with all my notes. If you’re using a spreadsheet, you can type your notes inline or link each row to a separate Google doc. Some reference managers such as Zotero allow you to attach notes directly to the reference file.

It might seem like a lot of overhead, but having an organized database of every paper you’ve read makes literature reviews, funding applications and other writing tasks easier. I can filter the table by keywords or relevant projects, and I have all the information I need — no re-reading necessary.

Establishing a paper-reading habit and workflow has absolutely made me a better scientist. I read far more in less time than I used to, and I regularly apply what I read to Strengthen my own experimental designs. I used this system extensively when putting together my PhD fellowship applications, as well as my candidacy exam. When I sit down to write my dissertation, I know my future self will thank me for having the foresight to take these steps today.

Wed, 06 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-022-01878-7
Killexams : What's Wrong With India's Booming Edtech Industry No result found, try new keyword!From getting flooded with consumers complaints to experiencing capital crunch, how the flourishing edtech industry is increasingly seeing fault lines ... Fri, 15 Jul 2022 15:30:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/smallbusiness/whats-wrong-with-indias-booming-edtech-industry/ar-AAZDecV Killexams : 20 Best Arthritis Supplements for Dogs

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Killexams : YouTube is hiring for hundreds of roles. Here's how to land a job, as the company focuses on shopping and Shorts.
  • YouTube is among the hardest tech companies to land an interview and job at.
  • Insider spoke with current and former employees, as well as the director of staffing, for tips on nailing the interview process. 
  •  Here's their top advice, from getting referrals to scheduling informational interviews.

While many other tech companies, including Facebook's owner Meta, have recently had to put recruiting efforts on the back burner, YouTube is still hiring.

The company has hundreds of open roles and is taking a future-minded approach to growth, CEO Susan Wojcicki said at Davos in May. 

"When you go through a downturn, I think it's important to keep that long-term view," said Wojcicki, who noted that she's been through two recessions during her tenure at Google. "There may be areas where we decide to delay starting a certain project, but in general we're still saying this is an important business. We're going to grow; we're going to continue to invest here."

And despite a mixed response to YouTube parent company Google's new hybrid work week, which has employees back in the office about three days a week, Google remains one of the most attractive places to work in tech. The company ranked No. 7 on Glassdoor's list of the best places to work in 2022, down slightly from No. 6 on last year's list. 

"A lot of people moved," Wojcicki said of YouTube's return to office, which she described at Davos as a mixed bag. "We are a much more distributed company than we ever were beforehand."

Getting hired at YouTube is no easy feat. Employees are expected to be creative, while also having technical skills. 

"YouTube is a product and engineering company, so we are always looking for outstanding people in computer science and technology," Allison Wright, YouTube's VP of people operations, told Insider. "It goes without saying that we are also looking for people who are as passionate as we are about video and experienced in the broader creative and entertainment industries."

Because YouTube is focusing on Shorts and shopping this year, the company is seeking candidates who are particularly innovative in those areas, Wright added. 

Diversity is also a priority, given that the company's mission, as Wright put it, is "to give everyone a voice and show them the world."

Insider spoke with two current and three former YouTube employees to learn what it takes to land a job at the video giant. Some of the people spoke on the condition of anonymity because they weren't authorized by the company to speak publicly about its hiring process.

How to stand out as an applicant 

When reviewing candidates, YouTube looks at applicants' "Googleyness" — or whether an applicant's personality is a good fit for Google's culture, a current YouTube employee told Insider. The company prioritizes the ability to collaborate and to successfully approach various challenges, for example.

"At YouTube, we want to understand the person behind the resume," Wright said. "What distinct attributes and experiences are they excited to share with the team that will be impactful to their teammates, the evolution of our platform, and the success of YouTube."

Wright offered three tips for applicants: be yourself without researching the ideal responses to interview questions; know what YouTube does, with an understanding of the broader context of the platform; and demonstrate that you work well with others. 

Allison Wright, YouTube's VP of people operations.
Courtesy of YouTube

"At YouTube, collaboration is key," she said. "So when you're telling an interviewer about your experience, consider examples and learnings that express when and how you partnered with others to achieve a common goal."

Plus, it's important to be familiar with the platform as a consumer and, in some cases, as a creator.

A second current YouTube employee told Insider that they had a YouTube channel and a TikTok account prior to applying for a role at the company. And two other current employees who spoke with Insider in 2021 said they worked at a company that managed YouTube creators' businesses prior to landing their roles at YouTube.

For example, Matt Kovalakides, who is the former head creator liaison at YouTube, is also a former creator. He ran a comedy channel with 114,000 subscribers prior to applying to YouTube.

Another former employee who worked on YouTube Shorts said that their knowledge of short-form video, their previous experience working with short-form creators, and the fact that they, themselves, were a short-form creator helped them stand out during the interview process. 

If you've applied and you're still not getting any luck, the second current employee recommends applying to jobs at a company that works closely with Google or YouTube.

There are several advertising agencies and creator management firms that work with the company on various projects. The employee recommends using this experience as a stepping stone and a way to network with YouTube employees while gaining show relevant work experience. 

Prepare for several rounds of interviews 

The application process at YouTube typically consists of multiple rounds of interviews.

"It was definitely a difficult process," the former Shorts employee said. "I had to meet with people all across the business to really prove the fact that I understood the space and can provide subject matter expertise."

 Here's what the several rounds of interviews usually look like, according to the employees:

  • First, a phone screening with the recruiter. 
  • Then, several interviews with your would-be manager.
  • Next, an interview with the head of the department. 
  • Then, an interview with someone who doesn't work within the department you're applying for, but works with the department.
  • Lastly, your application is presented to Google's hiring committee, and you'll go through a background check. 
  • The recruiter follows up with applicants several times throughout this process to collect information to build out a profile, the first employee said. 

Former interns can have a slightly different process. The second current employee completed an hour-long "end of internship" interview, as well as two back-to-back 45 minute interviews, before landing a full-time job.

A second former employee, who interviewed in 2018 and went on to work as a software engineer, told Insider that the hiring process for them focused on coding drills. They did five rounds of interviews, all of them with fellow software engineers, none of whom were managers.

Before interviewing, they practiced coding exercises for months with a book called "Cracking the Coding Interview," by former Google employee Gayle Laakman McDowell.

"If you answer the questions right, you'll probably get in," the former employee said. "It's all technical, almost like an exam."

How to get that first interview 

The two current YouTube employees said that college students looking to get a foot in the door should take advantage of Google's internship programs. These are typically offered to rising college seniors, though there are summer bootcamp programs available for younger students, as well.

The BOLD (building opportunities for leadership and development) Program is a paid summer internship for students in their third year of a four year BA/BS program or fourth year of a five year BA/BS program who are interested in working in technology, according to Google's career page. 

"We have a lot of people who go through that internship program and then a year later, when they graduate, they are able to come back and join the company," the first current employee said. 

Within the marketing department, YouTube offers a program called The APM (associate product manager) Program, which is designed for exact college graduates. 

"It's sort of like an entry-level class of people who come into the company together and basically learn how to work within the organization," the first current employee said about the APM Program. "The program lasts a while, and people do rotations within the company. There are other equivalents to these programs within other departments."

The second current YouTube employee agreed, saying that they were a Google intern before joining YouTube full time. After completing the internship program, they were offered an interview for a full-time role. 

"It can seem daunting to go work for YouTube or Google, but these programs can ease that transition," the first current employee added. "If you are going to apply, I think it's always helpful to have a referral." 

If you don't know anyone who works at YouTube for a referral, don't fret. The first current YouTube employee recommends networking and connecting with employees who have your dream job on LinkedIn to plan an introductory call.  

The first current employee told Insider in 2021 that they landed a role in the gaming department by networking at events that YouTube employees attended and building a working relationship with employees at the company. YouTube employees often attend events centered around creators and fan meet-ups, like VidCon, SXSW, Playlist Live, and VidSummit.

"What I strive to do is help people understand what the environment is like, what the expectations would be, and the things that you would want to know going into the job," the first current employee said about taking calls with people who reach out to them on LinkedIn. "I also try to help people understand what I believe we are looking for in employees, and how to portray that in the interview." 

"The worst that happens when you reach out to someone is that they don't respond," they added.

Having a professional resume writer to help revise and rewrite your resume can't hurt either. 

The first current employee shared that professional resume writers could know what specific keywords to include in a resume that YouTube might be looking out for. 

"The process is both straightforward and mysterious," the first current employee said about YouTube's application process. "Be persistent and also try out anything that you think could benefit you."

Do you have questions, or tips, about working at YouTube? Email the reporters aperelli@insider.com, mbiino@insider.com, and gweiss@insider.com.

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.businessinsider.com/how-to-get-job-at-youtube-application-referrals-interview-prep-2022-5
Killexams : Coursera Courses No result found, try new keyword!Get professional training designed by Google and get on the fast-track to ... ²\n\nThis program also prepares you for the CompTIA A+ exams, the industry standard certification for IT-you'll ... Fri, 27 May 2022 16:00:00 -0500 text/html https://www.usnews.com/education/skillbuilder/platform-search/coursera Killexams : MBA in Project Management Online

Register By: August 20 Classes Start: August 22

MBA in Project Management Program Overview

Meet the growing demand for project leaders and couple your MBA with a project management concentration with the Master of Business Administration in Project Management from Southern New Hampshire University. Learn what it takes to plan, monitor, measure and adapt a project from start to finish, and earn an MBA that fits right into your life.

A Project Manager's job is to keep projects and people on track, and the field of project management is growing as more companies move to project team-based business models. Our MBA is all about understanding and optimizing the functions of a business. The project management MBA builds a strong foundation of management skills, and you can apply these skills to leadership roles across a variety of industries, including construction, healthcare, IT development, manufacturing and more.

Students who take QSO-645: Project Management for Project Management Professional (PMP)® Certification course as part of their concentration can satisfy the educational requirement of the PMP exam. This industry-recognized credential demonstrates proven project management skills and could help boost career growth and earning potential.

Learn how to:

  • Analyze quantitative and qualitative data to inform project management decision-making
  • Develop and foster adaptable strategies for various projects
  • Learn to continually Strengthen organizations and their practices
  • Lead and collaborate with a variety of key stakeholders
  • Cultivate globally aware and culturally responsive teams and organizations
  • Create and implement plans that articulate organizational culture, align with ethical and legal standards, and promote sustainable business practices
  • Demonstrate knowledge in project management that builds upon the core competencies of business administration

SNHU’s MBA in Project Management is one of the most affordable MBAs in the nation and can be completed in just over a year.

Career Outlook

With an MBA in Project Management online from SNHU, you can develop the skills and experience you need to capitalize on the growing demand for qualified project managers.

PMI® expects project management jobs to grow by more than 31% through 2027, creating a total of 22 million new project management jobs.1 Earning potential for project management workers is also strong – particularly for workers with the PMP certification. A 2020 PMI survey found that PMP-certified workers earned 22% more than those without certification.2

The project management MBA offers a unique mix of project management skills and broad-based business knowledge that can help you stand out in this growing field.

Gina Cravedi with text Gina Cravedi“This degree will not only prepare you to carry a project management certification but it provides you the business acumen to put those project skills to work with any industry and any project model environment,” said Gina Cravedi '18, SNHU’s director of marketing operations, an MBA graduate and certified Project Management Professional (PMP).

Project managers can work in a variety of industries, including:

  • Construction or engineering
  • Healthcare or government agencies
  • Information technology or manufacturing
  • Food service and hospitality
  • Music and entertainment

Throughout these fields, project managers play an important role in the process of moving projects, organizations and entire industries forward. Supply chain management, for example, relies on the expertise of project managers to run its processes smoothly and maintain availability of essential goods and services.

A project management MBA can teach you the in-demand skills needed to succeed in one of these critical project management jobs:

  • Program or project manager: Project managers oversee a project from start to finish. They make sure the scope and goals of the project are on track. Project managers typically work closely with company leadership and may be supported in their roles by other project management positions.
  • Project risk manager: Before any project begins, a project risk manager is tasked with analyzing market and operational risks. Risk managers create and communicate risk mitigation policies and processes for a project’s workers.
  • Project cost estimator: Project cost estimators gather and analyze data to estimate the amount of time, money, materials and labor needed for a project. They work to ensure a project is completed on time and within budget.
  • Project procurement manager: Once a budget is set, a project procurement manager communicates with vendors to source supplies, equipment and service contracts. Procurement managers seek the most cost-effective and quality products for the project at hand.
  • Project quality manager: Maintaining project quality from start to finish is the job of a project quality manager. Quality managers monitor the performance and outcome of a project and identify any areas of quality improvement needed.

Job growth and earning potential for project management careers will vary depending on the career you pursue with your project management MBA.

Construction managers, for example, earned a median salary of $95,260 in May 2019. Jobs for construction managers are projected to grow 8% through 2029. General and operations management jobs are projected to grow 6% through 2029. The median annual wage for these positions was reportedly $100,780 in 2019.3

Your project management MBA can also help you prepare for a career as an operations research analyst, using data to drive better business decisions. Jobs in this field are projected to grow 25% through 2029 with a reported median salary of $84,810 in 2019.3

Not sure you want to work as a project manager? The skills gained in a project management MBA can help you develop key leadership and career skills that enhance any business management position.

Dara Edge with the text Dara EdgeEarning an MBA in Project Management gave Dara Edge '15 new tools to support her career in social media. As a social media community manager for SNHU, Edge manages engagement on the university’s social media channels and works with teams from across the organization to analyze community engagement data.

Edge said her MBA program helped develop the strong critical analysis and communication skills needed for this role.

“You have the ability to use the degree in so many different ways,” said Edge. “Whether you want to work in the project management field, work in management, or if you want to learn how to manage projects in general. You’ll always be able to use the skills and knowledge that you’ll learn in the program.”

Courses & Curriculum

The MBA in Project Management online combines theory with practical application. You can graduate with a set of tools that complement today's tech-intensive workplace. In the updated curriculum, you'll engage in scenario-base learning opportunities, allowing you to complete activities and individually graded group work based on solving real-world business problems. This type of learning offers hands-on learning experience in your online classroom that mimics real-world work settings and challenges.

Taught by professors with many years of business experience, your courses will focus on how to lead a project from start to finish – smoothly. You’ll learn how to define the scope of a project, develop a project timeline, and identify costs and resources.

Project management learning will be supported by the MBA core curriculum, which focuses on all aspects of business leadership, including:

  • Building Business Leaders
  • Applied Business Statistics
  • Leading People and Organizations
  • Optimizing Brands
  • Leading Organizational Change
  • And more

Your project management degree courses will focus on the tools, processes and strategies used to successfully hit the goals of any big project.

You’ll learn how factors like scope, time, cost, quality, risk, resources and communication impact a project. You can apply this learning to real-world case studies to gain key decision-making experience. And you’ll get hands-on practice using manual and technology-based tools to start, plan and control projects.

If you’re interested in seeking the PMP certification, you have the option to take QSO-645: Project Management for PMP Certification as part of your MBA program. In this course, you'll explore the professional and social responsibilities of project management. You can also get a deeper understanding of the tools and techniques you can use to plan and manage projects.

This course satisfies the education requirement of 35 hours needed to take the PMP exam. It does not certain certification or passage of the certification exam, but does get you closer to earning this key credential. You must meet all other PMP requirements, including work experience hours, in order to sit for the exam.

No matter what your goals are, an MBA in Project Management offers key leadership and career skills you can use to be successful as a project manager or business leader. These skills include:

  • Communication. Communicate effectively between internal team members, clients and vendors.
  • Critical thinking. Know how to ask questions, solve problems and make decisions.
  • Leadership. Be an active leader and coach for members of your project team to keep projects running smoothly.
  • Organization. Plan and monitor project timelines to keep projects on track.

Students with non-business academic backgrounds may be required to take foundation courses. As an add-on to your degree with minimal additional courses required, MBA students can also pursue a graduate certificate beyond the standard degree program, including a project management graduate certificate. This allows you to list another significant credential on your resume with minimal additional coursework.

Don't have a business background? No problem. Our MBA is accessible to everyone. Interested students must have a conferred undergraduate degree for acceptance, but it can be in any field. Those without an undergraduate degree in business or a related field may be asked to complete up to 2 foundation courses to get started. These foundations cover essential business skill sets and can be used to satisfy elective requirements for the general-track MBA. With foundations, the maximum length of your online MBA would be 36 credits.

Attend full time or part time. Students in the MBA have the option to enroll full time (at 2 classes per term) or part time (with 1 class per term). Full-time students should be able to complete the program in about 1 year, while part-time students could finish in about 2 years. Our SNHU students are busy, often juggling jobs, family and other obligations, so you may want to work with your academic advisor to identify the course plan that works for you. The good news is, you can switch from full time to part time and back again as often as you want.

In accordance with SNHU’s relationship with the Project Management Institute (PMI) and the ability to offer Project Management Professional (PMP)® exam content, SNHU instructors completed the PMI®’s Authorized Training Partner Train the Trainer – PMP® exam Prep Program. This program equips SNHU faculty with the authority to deliver PMP® exam prep and training content to PMI’s quality standards for the revised exam, which went into effect in January 2021. This designation is essential to allowing SNHU to offer PMP® preparatory content though QSO-645: Project Management for PMP Certification, which also offers students the 35 hours of project management education required to sit for the exam. Students who choose to pursue their PMP® certification may find that this industry-recognized credential offers proven project management skills and could help boost career growth and earning potential.

Tuition & Fees

Tuition rates for SNHU's online degree programs are among the lowest in the nation. We offer a 25% tuition discount for U.S. service members, both full and part time, and the spouses of those on active duty.

Online Graduate Programs Per Course Per Credit Hour Annual Cost for 15 credits 
Degree/Certificates $1,881 $627 $9,405 
(U.S. service members, both full and part time, and the spouses of those on active duty)*
$1,410 $470 $7,050 

Tuition rates are subject to change and are reviewed annually.
*Note: students receiving this rate are not eligible for additional discounts.

Additional Costs:
$150 Graduation Fee, Course Materials ($ varies by course)

Licensure and Certification Disclosures

SNHU has provided additional information for programs that educationally prepare students for professional licensure or certification. Learn more about what that means for your program on our licensure and certification disclosure page.

The Project Management Professional (PMP) is a registered mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc.

The PMI Authorized Training Partner seal is a mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc.

Thu, 13 Aug 2020 19:12:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.snhu.edu/online-degrees/masters/mba-online/mba-in-project-management
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