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Exam Code: 200-901 Practice test 2023 by team
200-901 DevNet Associate (DEVASC)

Exam Number : 200-901

Exam Name : DevNet Associate (DEVASC)

Duration: 120 minutes

Available languages: English, Japanese

This test tests your knowledge of software development and design, including:

- Understanding and using APIs

- Cisco platforms and development

- Application development and security

- Infrastructure and automation

The DevNet Associate test v1.0 (DEVASC 200-901) test is a 120-minute test associated with the Cisco Certified DevNet Associate certification. This test tests a candidate's knowledge of software development and design including understanding and using APIs, Cisco platforms and development, application development and security, and infrastructure and automation. The course, Developing Applications and Automating Workflows Using Cisco Core Platforms, helps candidates to prepare for this exam.

15% 1.0 Software Development and Design

1.1 Compare data formats (XML, JSON, and YAML)

1.2 Describe parsing of common data format (XML, JSON, and YAML) to Python data structures

1.3 Describe the concepts of test-driven development

1.4 Compare software development methods (agile, lean, and waterfall)

1.5 Explain the benefits of organizing code into methods / functions, classes, and modules

1.6 Identify the advantages of common design patterns (MVC and Observer)

1.7 Explain the advantages of version control

1.8 Utilize common version control operations with Git

1.8.a Clone

1.8.b Add/remove

1.8.c Commit

1.8.d Push / pull

1.8.e Branch

1.8.f Merge and handling conflicts

1.8.g diff

20% 2.0 Understanding and Using APIs

2.1 Construct a REST API request to accomplish a task given API documentation

2.2 Describe common usage patterns related to webhooks

2.3 Identify the constraints when consuming APIs

2.4 Explain common HTTP response codes associated with REST APIs

2.5 Troubleshoot a problem given the HTTP response code, request and API documentation

2.6 Identify the parts of an HTTP response (response code, headers, body)

2.7 Utilize common API authentication mechanisms: basic, custom token, and API keys

2.8 Compare common API styles (REST, RPC, synchronous, and asynchronous)

2.9 Construct a Python script that calls a REST API using the requests library

15% 3.0 Cisco Platforms and Development

3.1 Construct a Python script that uses a Cisco SDK given SDK documentation

3.2 Describe the capabilities of Cisco network management platforms and APIs (Meraki, Cisco DNA Center, ACI, Cisco SD-WAN, and NSO)

3.3 Describe the capabilities of Cisco compute management platforms and APIs (UCS Manager, UCS Director, and Intersight)

3.4 Describe the capabilities of Cisco collaboration platforms and APIs (Webex Teams, Webex devices, Cisco Unified Communication Manager including AXL and UDS
interfaces, and Finesse)

3.5 Describe the capabilities of Cisco security platforms and APIs (Firepower, Umbrella, AMP, ISE, and ThreatGrid)

3.6 Describe the device level APIs and dynamic interfaces for IOS XE and NX-OS

3.7 Identify the appropriate DevNet resource for a given scenario (Sandbox, Code Exchange, support, forums, Learning Labs, and API documentation)

3.8 Apply concepts of model driven programmability (YANG, RESTCONF, and NETCONF) in a Cisco environment

3.9 Construct code to perform a specific operation based on a set of requirements and given API reference documentation such as these:

3.9.a Obtain a list of network devices by using Meraki, Cisco DNA Center, ACI, Cisco SD-WAN, or NSO

3.9.b Manage spaces, participants, and messages in Webex Teams

3.9.c Obtain a list of clients / hosts seen on a network using Meraki or Cisco DNA Center

15% 4.0 Application Deployment and Security

4.1 Describe benefits of edge computing

4.2 Identify attributes of different application deployment models (private cloud, public cloud, hybrid cloud, and edge)

4.3 Identify the attributes of these application deployment types

4.3.a Virtual machines

4.3.b Bare metal

4.3.c Containers

4.4 Describe components for a CI/CD pipeline in application deployments

4.5 Construct a Python unit test

4.6 Interpret contents of a Dockerfile

4.7 Utilize Docker images in local developer environment

4.8 Identify application security issues related to secret protection, encryption (storage and transport), and data handling

4.9 Explain how firewall, DNS, load balancers, and reverse proxy in application deployment

4.10 Describe top OWASP threats (such as XSS, SQL injections, and CSRF)

4.11 Utilize Bash commands (file management, directory navigation, and environmental variables)

4.12 Identify the principles of DevOps practices

20% 5.0 Infrastructure and Automation

5.1 Describe the value of model driven programmability for infrastructure automation

5.2 Compare controller-level to device-level management

5.3 Describe the use and roles of network simulation and test tools (such as VIRL and pyATS)

5.4 Describe the components and benefits of CI/CD pipeline in infrastructure automation

5.5 Describe principles of infrastructure as code

5.6 Describe the capabilities of automation tools such as Ansible, Puppet, Chef, and Cisco NSO

5.7 Identify the workflow being automated by a Python script that uses Cisco APIs including ACI, Meraki, Cisco DNA Center, or RESTCONF

5.8 Identify the workflow being automated by an Ansible playbook (management packages, user management related to services, basic service configuration, and start/stop)

5.9 Identify the workflow being automated by a bash script (such as file management, app install, user management, directory navigation)

5.10 Interpret the results of a RESTCONF or NETCONF query

5.11 Interpret basic YANG models

5.12 Interpret a unified diff

5.13 Describe the principles and benefits of a code review process

5.14 Interpret sequence diagram that includes API calls

15% 6.0 Network Fundamentals

6.1 Describe the purpose and usage of MAC addresses and VLANs

6.2 Describe the purpose and usage of IP addresses, routes, subnet mask / prefix, and gateways

6.3 Describe the function of common networking components (such as switches, routers, firewalls, and load balancers)

6.4 Interpret a basic network topology diagram with elements such as switches, routers, firewalls, load balancers, and port values

6.5 Describe the function of management, data, and control planes in a network device

6.6 Describe the functionality of these IP Services: DHCP, DNS, NAT, SNMP, NTP

6.7 Recognize common protocol port values (such as, SSH, Telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, and NETCONF)

6.8 Identify cause of application connectivity issues (NAT problem, Transport Port blocked, proxy, and VPN)

6.9 Explain the impacts of network constraints on applications

DevNet Associate (DEVASC)
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Killexams : Cisco Associate learning - BingNews Search results Killexams : Cisco Associate learning - BingNews Killexams : 10 “Best” Cybersecurity Courses & Certifications (August 2023)

Кибербезопасность становится все более важной для бизнеса в каждом секторе, особенно для малых и средних организаций. Кибератаки продолжают становиться серьезной проблемой в Соединенных Штатах и ​​остальном мире, часто приводя к краже информации о клиентах.

Из-за этого повышенного риска сертификаты кибербезопасности являются важным инструментом для подготовки к атакам. Высокий спрос на навыки кибербезопасности означает, что высшая сертификация кибербезопасности повысит ваше резюме.

Имея на выбор так много сертификатов кибербезопасности, давайте взглянем на лучшие из них на рынке:

Harvard VPAL Cybersecurity: Краткий онлайн-курс «Управление рисками в информационную эпоху» | Трейлер

Этот содержательный курс по кибербезопасности бизнеса ведет Эрик Розенбах, директор проекта «Защита цифровой демократии» и содиректор Белферовского центра науки и международных отношений в Гарвардской школе Кеннеди. Ранее он занимал должность начальника штаба министра обороны США Эша Картера и занимал должность помощника министра обороны. Он был начальником службы безопасности Tiscali, крупнейшего общеевропейского поставщика интернет-услуг, и в прошлом офицер разведки армии США.

Благодаря этому курсу вы поймете следующие важные принципы:

  • Способность составлять, разрабатывать и разрабатывать стратегию снижения киберрисков, включая соответствующие юридические шаги и шаги по соблюдению, которые необходимо предпринять при реагировании на кибератаки и сообщении о кибератаках в правоохранительные органы.
  • Глубокое понимание различных типов кибератак, бизнес-систем, которые подвергаются наибольшему риску, и важность общеорганизационного подхода к кибербезопасности.
  • Главный сертификат от офиса вице-ректора Гарвардского университета по развитию обучения совместно с HarvardX в качестве подтверждения ваших новых знаний и навыков в области кибербезопасности, а также доступа к глобальной сети профессионалов-единомышленников в области кибербезопасности.

Краткий онлайн-курс лидерства в области кибербезопасности Северо-Западного университета | Трейлер

Этот курс возглавляет не кто иной, как Тодд Фицджеральд, fили 20 лет Фитцджеральд создавал и руководил программами информационной безопасности для крупных компаний, некоторые из которых входят в список Fortune 500. Он является автором четырех книг, связанных с кибербезопасностью (в том числе бестселлера номер один и победителя Зала славы CANON 2020 года), входит в список 50 лучших руководителей по информационной безопасности. Фитцджеральд провел множество семинаров по лидерству в области безопасности для таких корпораций, как ISACA и MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives.

Из этого курса вы уйдете с:

  • Способность составлять, разрабатывать и разрабатывать стратегию снижения киберрисков, включая соответствующие юридические шаги и шаги по соблюдению, которые необходимо предпринять при реагировании на кибератаки и сообщении о кибератаках в правоохранительные органы.
  • Глубокое понимание различных типов кибератак, бизнес-систем, которые подвергаются наибольшему риску, и важность общеорганизационного подхода к кибербезопасности.
  • Главный сертификат от офиса вице-ректора Гарвардского университета по развитию обучения совместно с HarvardX в качестве подтверждения ваших новых знаний и навыков в области кибербезопасности, а также доступа к глобальной сети профессионалов-единомышленников в области кибербезопасности.
  • Стратегии и технологии для наблюдения и управления любыми организационными уязвимостями к кибератакам.

Курс IBM Cybersecurity Analyst был разработан с нуля, чтобы подготовить вас к реальным хакерским атакам.

Вы можете записаться бесплатно. Расследуйте реальную брешь в системе безопасности, определяя атаку, уязвимости, затраты и рекомендации по предотвращению.

Этот профессиональный сертификат из 8 курсов даст вам технические навыки, необходимые для работы на должности аналитика по кибербезопасности. Учебный контент и лабораторные работы познакомят вас с такими понятиями, как сетевая безопасность, защита конечных точек, реагирование на инциденты, анализ угроз, тестирование на проникновение и оценка уязвимостей.

Сертификат Cybersecurity Mastertrack от Университета штата Аризона (ASU) предназначен для предоставления ИТ-специалистам знаний, необходимых для управления уязвимостями на предприятии.

Создавайте и практикуйте основные навыки кибербезопасности, изучая криптографию, безопасность программного обеспечения, сетевую безопасность и многое другое в школе № 1 по инновациям в США.

В этой программе вы пройдете настоящий модуль онлайн-программы магистра компьютерных наук, который поможет вам понять область кибербезопасности через призму компьютерных систем и алгоритмов.

Вы научитесь защищать и защищать информацию и информационные системы, обеспечивая их доступность, целостность, аутентификацию, конфиденциальность и неотказуемость с помощью методов защиты, обнаружения и реагирования.

Еще одна высшая сертификация — CompTIA Security+, которая дает вам возможность получить глобальную сертификацию, посвященную основным навыкам кибербезопасности, которые необходимы для администраторов безопасности и сетевых администраторов.

Курс идеально подходит для проверки ваших навыков в области управления рисками, снижения рисков, управления угрозами и обнаружения вторжений.

Эта сертификация CompTIA Security+ позволяет вам обрабатывать инциденты безопасности, а не просто выявлять их. Вскоре вы научитесь объяснять различных участников угроз, их векторы и источники информации, а также, что более важно, анализировать потенциальные индикаторы, связанные с атаками на приложения и сети.

Этот курс был разработан для того, чтобы заставить вас думать как хакер, что крайне важно, чтобы остановить его.

Класс охватывает различные темы и инструменты, такие как технологии взлома, которые используются против технологий облачных вычислений, мобильных платформ и операционных систем.

На протяжении всего курса вы изучите важные концепции, такие как этический взлом, криптография, компьютерные сети и безопасность, безопасность приложений, idAM (управление идентификацией и доступом), анализ уязвимостей, вредоносные программы, сниффинг, SQL-инъекция, DoS, перехват сеанса и различные методы обеспечения безопасности для предприятий, а также практическая демонстрация

CompTIA Security+ — еще одна сертификация базового уровня для ИТ-специалистов. Для его прохождения требуется всего два года опыта, и он считается общей сертификацией по кибербезопасности, поскольку он также полезен для различных настроек.

ComptTIA Security+ охватывает такие темы, как стратегии и средства защиты от сетевых атак, эффективные политики безопасности, методы обеспечения безопасности в сети и на хосте, стандарты и продукты для аварийного восстановления и шифрования.

Эта сертификация полезна для тех, кто хочет получить больше знаний в области базовой ИТ-безопасности. Это относится ко всем рабочим ролям, особенно к разработчикам, аналитикам поддержки ПК и менеджерам по бухгалтерскому учету. Министерство обороны США требует его для всех сотрудников.

Сертификация сертифицированного менеджера по информационной безопасности (CISM) считается одним из лучших курсов по кибербезопасности на рынке. Для этого требуется не менее пяти лет опыта.

CISM ориентирован на управление и охватывает четыре конкретные темы:

  • Разработка и управление программой информационной безопасности
  • Управление информационной безопасностью
  • Управление инцидентами информационной безопасности
  • Управление информационными рисками и соблюдение требований

CISM значительно более строг, чем другие, но он полезен для директоров по информационной безопасности и других ИТ-специалистов.

 NIST Cybersecurity Framework была создана в 2014 году, и к 2015 году ее использовали 30 процентов организаций США. Сертификаты в NCSF предоставляют навыки для разработки, создания, тестирования и управления программами кибербезопасности с помощью этой структуры.

В настоящее время в рамках программы НМТП доступны две сертификации:

  • Сертификация NCSF Foundation: эта программа предназначена для руководителей, бизнес-специалистов и ИТ-специалистов, желающих получить базовые знания о NCSF. Он специально используется для создания общего словаря NCSF в компании.
  • Сертификация NCSF Practitioner: эта программа предназначена для разработки и создания комплексных программ кибербезопасности, и она учит вас, как минимизировать риски и защищать критически важные активы с помощью программы управления рисками кибербезопасности, ориентированной на бизнес.

Дополнительные программы для специалистов НМТП планируется выпустить в начале 2021 года.

Сертификация CCSP предоставляет ИТ-специалистам практический опыт, который приведет к повышению эффективности архитектуры, проектирования, эксплуатации и услуг облачной безопасности. Он специально предназначен для специалистов по безопасности с опытом работы в области информационных технологий, ИТ-архитектуры, управления, облачной и веб-безопасности.

CCSP, для которого также требуется как минимум пятилетний опыт работы, охватывает различные темы, такие как облачная архитектура и концепции проектирования, безопасность облачных данных, облачные операции, безопасность инфраструктуры и соответствие требованиям.

Это особенно полезно для системных инженеров, менеджеров по безопасности, администраторов безопасности и архитекторов предприятий.

CCNA предоставляет специальные знания и практические навыки, необходимые для защиты сетей Cisco, поэтому она полезна для организаций, внедряющих технологии Cisco. Это сертификация на уровне младшего специалиста, которая помогает распознавать угрозы в сети Cisco, а также разрабатывать эффективную инфраструктуру безопасности.

Это особенно ценно для специалистов по сетевой безопасности, инженеров по поддержке сетей и администраторов безопасности.

 CHFI — это продвинутая сертификация, предназначенная для судебных следователей по сетевой безопасности. Он дает навыки, необходимые для сбора доказательств и судебного преследования.

CHFI охватывает такие темы, как реагирование на инциденты и судебная экспертиза, восстановление информации, техническое обследование и анализ, а также составление компьютерных отчетов о доказательствах.

С ростом киберугроз в каждом секторе должен быть большой толчок к получению этих лучших сертификатов кибербезопасности. На рынке есть много отличных вариантов для любого уровня организации. Каждый из них предоставляет определенные навыки, необходимые для решения проблем кибербезопасности, и дает компаниям возможность подготовить свой ИТ-персонал к постоянно развивающейся цифровой среде.

Sat, 05 Aug 2023 16:43:00 -0500 ru text/html
Killexams : Cisco Learning Network Store Coupons & Promo Codes

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Wed, 11 May 2022 12:50:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Cisco Announces New Platform for Hybrid Learning

Last week, Cisco gave a preview of Webex Classrooms, a new platform that can help schools manage online and hybrid classrooms.

The platform works hand in hand with Webex Meetings, Cisco’s videoconferencing service, and gives educators, students and parents a single secure place to connect online.

With Webex Classrooms, teachers can schedule and launch their online classes, host virtual office hours and parent-teacher conferences, and organize classroom resources that students can easily access no matter where they are, according to a news release. IT staff can also seamlessly integrate the platform with learning management systems such as Schoology, Canvas and Blackboard.

Cisco also announced new features to Webex Meetings for secure and engaging distance learning. Here are a few to keep on your radar:

  • Auto-lock: This feature allows only signed-in users and students to join a meeting. Teachers can set their own admission policy, which helps them keep bad actors out of their virtual classroom.
  • Breakout rooms: Teachers can now place students into smaller groups so they can collaborate and problem-solve together.
  • Classroom management: Webex now has hard-mute options, including one that detects and mutes background noise, which can prevent unwanted distractions in a virtual classroom.
  • Live transcription: Cisco’s AI-powered Webex Assistant for Meetings offers real-time meeting transcription and automated closed captioning, making synchronous learning more accessible for students with unique learning needs or disabilities.

Aleksandra Nigmatulina/Getty Images

Tue, 26 Oct 2021 17:40:00 -0500 Micah Castelo en text/html
Killexams : Five Cisco Networking Academy Partners Receive Golden Bridge Award Honors No result found, try new keyword!Cisco Networking Academy continues to be one of the longest-standing IT skills-to-jobs programs of its kind, in the ... Tue, 15 Aug 2023 15:08:00 -0500 Killexams : Classroom Modernization Projects Support HyFlex Learning

Colleges and universities adapted quickly to educational challenges during the pandemic. They subscribed to collaboration tools to support online classes and upgraded in-classroom technology to enable hybrid or HyFlex learning, which was important when students returned to campus.

Now, more than three years later, many institutions have discovered that students want the flexibility and convenience of these different learning modalities to become permanent fixtures, prompting schools to further invest in new classroom technology.

“Experiences from the pandemic era of teaching and learning are having a big impact on the way students and faculty look at learning and work. We’re definitely seeing an increased interest in hybrid and remote modalities,” says Jenay Robert, an EDUCAUSE researcher.

Definitions of what constitutes a hybrid course vary, but it typically offers a mix of classroom instruction with synchronous or asynchronous online sessions. HyFlex, which comes from the words “hybrid” and “flexible,” is a type of blended course that lets students decide how to attend class: in person, live through a videoconference or by watching a recording later.

Hybrid and HyFlex courses allow students to balance education with their personal and professional lives, and that can Strengthen recruitment and retention, educators say. For example, with HyFlex, students can make choices based on their preferred learning styles, schedules or other individual needs.

“Students are asking for flexibility. They want to be able to manage their schedules. They want to be in class when they can be there, and when they can’t, they want to do it online and still have quality,” says Brian Beatty, professor of instructional design and technology at San Francisco State University.

To support these flexible modalities for the long term, colleges and universities are adding video cameras, wireless microphones, speaker systems and large LED displays to their classrooms so that everyone can see and hear one another regardless of their location.

Click the banner below to learn more about the technology behind today's HyFlex learning spaces.

Leading the Way on HyFlex Learning at San Francisco State

SF State primarily offers classroom courses, but the school was an early adopter of the HyFlex model thanks to Beatty, who pioneered the teaching style in 2006. He perfected it over several years by experimenting with course design and technology and getting feedback from his students, who were ideal test subjects: they were graduate students in instructional design and technology.

“I had them attend class online for a week or two, and they couldn’t complain because I had a legitimate case to make. We were learning how to use these technologies differently to support learning,” Beatty says.

Today, 40 to 50 class sections are taught as official HyFlex courses each semester at SF State. Another 40 to 50 are offered as unofficially HyFlex, meaning that faculty list them as classroom courses but allow students to complete the classes online, he says.

The university has upgraded technology in about 40 classrooms to support HyFlex learning. Beatty primarily teaches in a combination HyFlex/active learning classroom that he helped design.

The classroom features two video cameras. When class starts, Beatty launches a Zoom session on an Apple iMac to allow remote students to learn synchronously and to record it for asynchronous online students.

DIG DEEPER: Building out blended learning environments for higher education.

The iMac’s built-in webcam provides a view of the front of the classroom, where Beatty spends most of his time. A Hitachi projector displays presentations on a screen there. A PTZOptics pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) camera mounted on the ceiling in the back provides online students a wider view of the classroom.

The audio system, featuring wireless microphones and a speaker, is critical and allows remote and in-class students to hear one another, he says. Beatty standardized on Shure wireless lavalier microphones for instructors and Shure desk mics that sit on the room’s five tables, which fit six students each.

To enable active learning, the room includes desks and chairs with wheels; instructors can rearrange them for different types of instruction. Each table has a mounted 60-inch Samsung LED display that in-person students can connect to when collaborating on projects.

Prior to COVID-19, half of Beatty’s graduate students attended class in-person and half attended virtually. Close to 90 percent of students have gone online over the past year, he says, but he anticipates more students will return to the classroom in the next school year.

The key to successfully implementing HyFlex is to ensure all students have the same learning outcomes. He engages with online synchronous students to make sure they feel like part of the class. When he has in-class students break out into small groups for a discussion or project, he asks remote students to go into their own online breakout rooms.

For asynchronous learners, he pauses the recording and directs them to do their own exercises and to add their comments in a shared classroom document online.

“It’s a way to show they are actually engaged and participating,” he says.

[Students] want to be in class when they can be there, and when they can’t, they want to do it online and still have quality.”

Brian Beatty Professor of Instructional Design and Technology, San Francisco State University

Missouri State University Nearly Triples Web Conferencing Rooms

Early in the pandemic, Missouri State University tasked Brian P. Leas, coordinator of classroom instructional technologies at the institution’s Faculty Center for Teaching and Learning, with building more web conferencing-capable rooms to enable hybrid and HyFlex learning.

The Springfield campus had a dozen Zoom Rooms for its distance learning programs, but it needed more for the start of the 2020-2021 school year to allow students to attend class while social distancing.

Leas and his team equipped 50 more rooms with videoconferencing equipment in just a week and a half, right before the start of the fall semester. They standardized on a Vaddio EasyIP system with a PTZ camera and ceiling microphones. That enabled faculty to simultaneously teach students in class and students connected live over Zoom.

“Some students were apprehensive about physically being in the classroom, and had we not had the capability to deliver classes online, we would have lost those students,” Leas says.

Two years later, Missouri State has nearly tripled the number of web conferencing-enabled rooms to support an increased demand from students for hybrid, HyFlex and online learning, Leas says. About half of Missouri State’s 365 classrooms now have web conferencing available.

In the new web conferencing rooms, he and his team have installed cameras from Panasonic and PTZOptics as well as new AVer auto-tracking cameras that automatically follow instructors and other speakers.

Some professors teach using hybrid or HyFlex models in those classrooms. Others use the rooms strictly for lecture capture, so they can upload a lesson to the learning management system for their online students, he says.

“We’ve primarily gone back to seated courses, but our faculty members have a lot more choices in the way their courses are delivered: hybrid, HyFlex, online or blended,” he says.


The percentage of respondents who are modifying classroom learning spaces to support remote or hybrid learning

Source:, “EDUCAUSE QuickPoll Results: Learning Spaces Transformation,” April 1, 2023

University of Texas at San Antonio Rethinks Classroom Design

In the Southwest, the University of Texas at San Antonio is upgrading 55 classrooms (about one-third of its learning spaces) to support flexible teaching and learning. That includes videoconferencing equipment, says Joe Tobares, executive director for academic technologies and strategic enterprise.

In Spring 2021, administrators met with faculty and students to discuss what classrooms should look like post-pandemic. They had embraced different modalities during the health crisis, including fully online courses and hybrid courses, where some class sessions were in-person and other sessions were fully online.

The HyFlex model was critical for students not comfortable with returning to the classroom immediately, says Melissa Vito, vice provost for academic innovation. “The HyFlex piece was most important to some students who wanted to be home and still participate.”

In focus groups and surveys, administrators discovered that faculty wanted to support a flexible pedagogy moving forward, including active learning and remote learning activities in their classrooms, she says.

As a result, the university developed several standard classroom configurations, including “connected” and “active connect” rooms, which leverage audiovisual equipment.

Those rooms include Panasonic AW Series 4K PTZ cameras; Shure wireless microphones; speakers; multiple LED displays from Panasonic, Samsung, Sony and others; a Crestron control panel for managing the audiovisual equipment; and an Extreme Networks switch to network the equipment together, Tobares says.

Both room designs are similar, but the active connect rooms feature movable furniture for active learning. In both rooms, faculty can choose the web conferencing software they will use, including Zoom, Microsoft Teams or Cisco Webex, Tobares says.

UTSA also has built Zoom classrooms, which are similar to the connected rooms but offer a one-touch system that allows faculty to easily launch a Zoom session at the click of a button, he says.

So far, the university has built 31 of these flexible learning spaces and will complete the remaining 24 this summer. With videoconferencing available in these classrooms, professors can invite guest lecturers to speak remotely to their students. If students are sick and can’t make it to class that day, they can join the class online.

“We have the technology to do it, and it allows faculty to be flexible and supply that opportunity to students,” Tobares says.

Photography by Cody Pickens

Fri, 18 Aug 2023 06:20:00 -0500 Wylie Wong en text/html
Killexams : The shady consultants bosses hire to dissuade workers from unionizing

Most people often think of “union-busting” only in terms of overt and even illegal tactics like termination and intimidation, but most bosses first opt for subtler, more sophisticated activities to discourage worker organizing. Enter the “persuaders,” also known as union avoidance consultants—professional firms who offer bosses the specialized service of spreading union disinformation and sowing confusion in the ranks of workers. TRNN Associate Editor Mel Buer speaks with Dave Jamieson of The Huffington Post on the shady world of persuaders and what workers attempting to organize can expect if one shows up at their job.

Dave Jamieson has been HuffPost’s labor reporter since 2011. Read Jamieson’s HuffPost series on the union-busting industry here.

Studio Production: Adam Coley
Post-Production: Alina Nehlich


Mel Buer:  Welcome back to another episode of The Real News Network podcast. My name is Mel Buer and I’m a staff reporter here at The Real News Network. I am so glad that you’re back with us.

The Real News is an independent, viewer supported nonprofit media network. We don’t take corporate cash, we don’t have ads, and we don’t put our reporting behind paywalls. To stay up to date on the important stories that we’re covering, sign up to our free newsletter at, follow us on social media, and consider becoming a monthly sustainer at

Over the last couple of years, labor organizing has experienced a resurgence across the United States. High profile organizing drives, contract fights, and strikes have been given considerable airtime by local and national outlets, which in turn has exposed new audiences to the ways in which unions organize and fight for their working members.

Just as these audiences are learning about the American labor movement, they’re also learning about the ruthlessness of the employers who fight tooth and nail to prevent unions from gaining a foothold in the workplace. One of these union-busting tactics is to bring in outside union avoidance consultants, or persuaders, to try and sow doubt and discord among the unionizing employees.

As labor reporters, when looking into union drives and elections, we often hear stories of the union avoidance firms who come onto the shop floor and attempt to dissuade workers from organizing. This million dollar industry deploys armies of subcontractors to achieve these ends, and despite their reputation for derailing union drives across the country, the exact nature of the industry and the money that flows through it is harder to pin down.

With us today to talk about this elusive industry is Dave Jamieson, who has been HuffPost’s labor reporter since 2011. His recent five-part investigative series, The Persuaders, was just released at HuffPost and attempts to pull back the curtain on the union-busting industry. Before joining the DC Bureau, Dave was a staff writer at Washington City Paper and a freelancer contributing to Slate, The New Republic, The Washington Post, and Outside magazine, among other outlets.

He’s won the Livingston Award for young journalists, the Hillman Foundation Sidney Award, and the Deadline Club Award for best business feature. He’s also the author of a nonfiction book, Mint Condition: How Baseball Cards Became an American Obsession. Welcome, Dave. Thanks for joining us today.

Dave Jamieson:  Good to be here, Mel.

Mel Buer:  Let’s get right into it. In your five-part series and one of the articles titled “Inside Corporate America’s Favorite Union Busting Firm”, you spend some time examining the Labor Relations Institute, a notorious union buster who boasts thousands of successful anti-union campaigns. I myself learned about LRI when writing a story about a contentious and ultimately unsuccessful union drive at private equity backed Sabre Industries in Sioux City, Iowa, back in 2022. It’s kind of a gnarly beast to try and reach in and see what’s going on there.

More broadly, can you shed some light on the firms, these union-busting firms? How do they usually operate? What’s the process by which they get engaged in these anti-union campaigns?

Dave Jamieson:  So it’s a really interesting world. The whole system generally runs on subcontracting. You have the persuaders themselves who go into the workplace to talk to the workers and basically run a campaign against the union, which involves figuring out how individuals plan to vote, figure out who’s on the fence and who’s persuadable.

But to get those people, companies usually, employers usually go through firms like the Labor Relations Institute. LRI is probably the best known, I think. A lot of the big name companies like Dollar General, Cisco, Aramark, they, over the years, have all gone through LRI.

LRI, interestingly, I went down to Tulsa. They’re based in Broken Arrow, which is a suburb of Tulsa in Oklahoma, and it’s just this dinky little office between a dog grooming shop and a bar, and it is just built on subcontracting. So you, as an employer, reach out to LRI. LRI links you up with a persuader or a group of persuaders who are based all over the place. A lot of these folks are out of California. And LRI essentially just takes a cut. And what I was able to see generally in court documents is my best guess is LRI keeps about half of the fees.

So the going rate in the industry these days is like $3,200 or $3,500 a day for a persuader. So a firm like LRI, you might be paying the $3,500 for Joe the persuader. About half of that is probably going to LRI and you’re essentially paying a broker’s fee or an administrative fee. So firms like LRI, it’s very hard to get a handle on the money, in part because the disclosure requirements are really weak. But LRI has been dishing out in the millions each year to their subcontractors, so they probably have quite a bit of money coming in, especially as there have been a lot of union election petitions and a lot of organizing going on.

It’s not clear to me whether employers really know that they’re paying a significant finder’s fee when they go through a firm like LRI, but that’s basically what they’re doing.

Mel Buer:  In your series, you spend a pretty significant amount of time laying out exactly what these union avoidance campaigns look like – You’ve touched on this briefly already. In your first article in the series, “Workers Wanted a Union, Then the Mysterious Men Showed Up”, these persuaders often view their work in militaristic terms, which I also came across in my brief examination of LRI. They have a white paper that you can find on their website essentially comparing union organizing drives to placing IEDs in the road in Iraq, which is a wild comparison to make. But these campaigns that they wage against workers are obviously very calculated, with the express goal of keeping a union out of the workplace.

Can you expand a little bit on this, what this looks like? And additionally, these consultants often have a background in the labor movement. A lot of times they come from organizing positions such as with the Teamsters or, in my brief touch on it, with IBEW, and then they somehow, through whatever reasons, end up on the other side of the line there and start working as consultants. Can you supply us a sense of how that plays into this calculation for how these campaigns work in the workplace?

Dave Jamieson:  Sure. So as the union organizer said to me, the consultants essentially run an organizing campaign like the union organizers, only in reverse. And I was able to see this in documents we got through records requests, where essentially files where the consultants are creating daily notes, they’re building spreadsheets, they’re rating individuals on their levels of union support, usually on a scale of one to five, say, where a one would be pro-company in their words, meaning anti-union, and five would be very pro-union.

And so you’re mapping out the entire workplace, getting a feel for, okay, if the election was held today, how would it go? And crucially, who are our fencers, the folks on the fence, and what is our best line of persuasion for them? And so you see in a lot of these cases, their persuaders are writing files like, Mel here grew up a mile from the facility. We think they’re concerned about job stability. They have a 10-year-old kid at home, so they want to make sure their job’s going to be there. These are literally, that’s something that was in some of these files, a case like that, where they’re really diving into workers’ personal lives to figure out what will be the best argument against a union. And so they’re trading notes on individual workers, and they’re running a campaign hard on the ground right up until the ballots are cast.

So I think a lot of people assume this job is mostly about corralling workers in the break room and giving them a speech about how unions fail to deliver and you might never get a contract. You might end up going on strike, blah, blah, blah. And that is a big part of it, but what they’re also doing is this behind-the-scenes work. I mean literally, if you are in one of these meetings, you are being observed. They’re looking for cues on where your leanings are on a union. And so that is really the more behind-the-scenes work that is going on.

Of course, unions are doing something similar on their own end of, you want to know whether Joe is for the worker or against, or if Joe is persuadable, what’s the best argument we can make to make Joe a union voter? Big difference is that the union doesn’t have guaranteed access to the workers the way the employer does. The employer, in mandatory fashion, can require everybody come in and hear what our persuader has to say about why unions suck.

Mel Buer:  Well, and certainly the employer’s furnishing all of this information to these consultants in a way that maybe the unions don’t also have access. And certainly, as part of my reporting, I’ve heard what happens inside these captive audience meetings. And it’s definitely one of those things where individuals are surveilled and are separated out based on how militant, maybe, they respond to these meetings. And certainly they seek to drive wedges in between this burgeoning organizing solidarity on the shop floor.

And they use really sometimes vague language. They’re very good at manipulating conversation and toeing this line of what the language is. They are often saying, we’re not discouraging you from joining this union, even though there are giant posters on the wall that say “vote no.” But they use the language of, we’re just trying to tell you the truth about what this looks like.

And I think a lot of times coming from the labor movement, they can use that as a bit of authority to say, look, I did this and it did work, or what have you. And I think that’s a huge piece of it. This really is like a counterinsurgency in the workplace.

Dave Jamieson:  Most of these folks hold themselves out as neutral parties, even though they’re obviously hired by the employer, they’re paid thousands of dollars, and they have a purpose in being there. They will say, hey, we’re just here to supply the facts. I’ve been in this world, and you may not know what a union is really like and how collective bargaining works, so I’m going to explain it to you.

An interesting thing I saw in a lot of case files at the National Labor Relations Board, and I went back through years and years basically finding any case I could where these consultants ended up speaking, testifying in a hearing, often under subpoena. And in a lot of cases, the judge later wrote, I didn’t believe what this guy said because he insisted that he was a neutral party, even under testimony claimed he was there just to educate.

And so I actually talked to quite a few persuaders, the ones that would speak to me, and it is a mixed bag, from a personal standpoint. I was a lot more likely to believe you and what you had to say to me if you were upfront about the purpose of your work. And some of them are. I think others, for whatever reason, insist on hiding the ball, contrary to all logic.

Interestingly, I did, one persuader I interviewed and ended up writing about a guy named Joe Brock who used to be a Teamster himself. He was a president at Local 830 in Philadelphia. I found him to be pretty forthcoming about his work and his experience, which is, frankly, a little refreshing. And he talked a bit about the competitive nature of the job. They are running a campaign on the other side of the union. And if they’re being honest, they want to win.

And so even though a lot of these folks would say, even in board testimony, that I don’t have a dog in this fight, essentially, it’s the employee’s choice. I could see in their notes that were given over as part of subpoena that you are strategizing on how to defeat the union. You are trying to turn “yes” votes into “no” votes and “maybe” votes into “no” votes. And it’s all very clear. This all has a very clear purpose to it.

Mel Buer:  Wasn’t Joe Brock briefly the main character on Twitter last week for responding to some folks about being a proud union buster and brought up his –

Dave Jamieson:  Yeah. Brock defended his line of work. I think he felt that in my series, I tended to write about [chuckles] some of the more colorful characters. Like my first story was about, speaking of colorful, to persuaders who went into a workplace under fake names, Jack Black and Alex Green.

And another common thread I saw in all my research was, frankly, a lot of persuaders not being forthcoming about who they are. I’m not saying about lying about their identities, but it’s clear in a lot of case notes and in workers’ testimony under oath that they didn’t always know who they were talking to, or they couldn’t get a last name out of the consultant. And there are reasons why consultants might want to hide their last names. They have backgrounds that they may not want workers poking around.

And some of them, many of them, as you mentioned earlier, come out of unions. One guy I saw on board testimonies, he was writing in his notes, so-and-so was asking my last name today, suggesting that he wasn’t telling workers his last name. And this was a union official who had been, whose union, while he was there, had been put in a trusteeship and he was sued under this alleged scheme of no-show jobs and whatnot. And that was his break from the labor movement, and he turned up consulting.

So there are certain things that I think they don’t want workers to know about. Now in this extreme case, these guys literally used aliases and workers did not know who they were dealing with. Workers testified months later at a hearing referring to this guy under his fake name because that is what they knew. And it turned out this gentleman had a recent felony conviction for stalking in Florida, what I think is relevant information that workers might want to know. And frankly, I think someone with that history might have a hard time getting work if people know about that history. And so yeah, it is a very interesting world of, in that case, overt deception, if you want to say. And also a more general, among other persuaders, well, they don’t need to know my whole story here.

Mel Buer:  Right. In your third article in the series, you focused on the tactics that union busters use specifically against immigrant workers, especially in the last couple of decades. The organizing in the workplace has really focused a lot on including and bringing in immigrant workers as a key point in the labor movement and a key point in many industries in this country, which is a net positive, in my opinion.

What are some of the strategies that you found that are specifically targeted to dissuading immigrant workers from joining a union in the workplace, and how are consultants marketing themselves to these employers who use these tactics?

Dave Jamieson:  Yeah, it is a really interesting sub-industry of the industry, which is why I wanted to write about it. This world of bilingual consultants who get called in, basically, when there’s a lot of Latino workers. And these are, in my research, turned out to be a lot of, in some cases, the most lucrative campaigns on the consultant side because you’re talking about large facilities, say in food production, where there’s a lot of workers and a lot of them are Latin American immigrants.

And one case I wrote about was actually a small workplace in Philadelphia at a company called United Scrap Metal, it’s a recycling facility where they brought in a bilingual consultant. And I had their internal notes between the consultants and the company about, how do we handle this? And it was just very interesting to see the consultants saying, well, we’ve done the breakdown and the support is primarily among the Honduran workers as opposed to the workers from Guatemala and El Salvador.

And so they’re trying to get a read on the demographics at play during a union campaign. And one of the most interesting things I saw in all my research was in this case, I developed this strategy of where, okay, we’re going to equate the union with dictators – Their words – From these workers’ home countries. And so the whole idea was to appeal to workers’ backgrounds in a way that could make them question whether they could trust the union. And the union in this case was the Laborers International, or LIUNA. And so they actually created flyers equating the LIUNA with Juan Orlando Hernandez, the former president of Honduras who’s been indicted on drugs and arms charges in the US.

And so these are the kinds of things you might see or hear about in a campaign involving immigrants that basically nobody hears about, because this was a campaign that had nobody out on Twitter flogging support for the workers and that sort of thing. It was just one of these many campaigns that happens in the dark, and in this case it was around 30 workers, and it was just a sign of how far employers will sometimes go to prevent, in this case, really a couple dozen workers from collective bargaining.

And workers, the union actually ended up winning that election two-and-a-half years ago, but they still don’t have a contract. The litigation is still going on, the company is not bargaining, and now it’s in federal court, which can be a real mess for a union. So employers, they can and they do take it very far, to the bitter end.

Mel Buer:  We see this more broadly and perhaps in more high profile ways in terms of how much money employers are willing to spend to keep workers out on strike. But again, it’s never about the money, it’s never about the profit sharing, it’s never about any of that. It’s about not ceding power to collective worker action in the workplace, and it really is ruthless in the ways that employers will engage, in this case, union avoidance – It’s such a nice way to say union buster – Essentially, these consultants to drive wedges between workers who have quite a bit to gain from collective organization in a workplace.

The thing that really gets me too, and this gets to our last question here, is that it’s well known that employers use these union-busting firms and campaigns all over the country. We hear about it. They’re oftentimes offhandedly mentioned in high-profile union drives that either fail or don’t fail. I think of things like Colectivo Coffee, and to a certain extent, sometimes Starbucks, some of the various things. And independent research projects like Labor Lab have done a tremendous amount of work tracking the anti-union consultants as they land in these workplaces all over the country. Labor Lab has an interactive map where you can pull up various workplaces that are holding union campaigns and see what consultants have been contracted for which.

And I believe they use the data from OMLS, so they’re pulling forms called LM-20s and LM-10s to see this paperwork that should be filed on behalf of these consultants and the employers who pay the money out to them. But still, so much of this industry is shrouded in secrecy. Why is it so difficult to break through that opacity and be able to shed light on what is a multi-million dollar industry that really has its fingers in every workplace dispute or organization across the country? Why can’t we find more information?

Dave Jamieson:  So the disclosures are a real mixed bag. On the nice end, the disclosure requirements are there. There’s a law from 1959. It’s the same law that says every union’s got to file this huge book of an annual report and disclose everyone’s salaries, blah, blah, blah, which I like as well, as a reporter. I think the union transparency is important. It also requires transparency on the employer side.

Unfortunately, that stuff is not very well enforced. There are requirements that if you’re a consultant and Amazon or whoever hires me, I’m supposed to send in a transparent report within 30 days so that workers know who I am and what I’m being paid. It’s poorly enforced, it’s poorly followed. These things are filed late all the time, and unfortunately, they’re often filed after the campaign has ended, when the disclosures are really of no value to the workers.

And why are the disclosures important? Look, this is a workplace election. Just like a US political election, I think people deserve to know how money is influencing them, and there’s often a lot of money pouring into these campaigns. Workers deserve to know who’s lobbying them and what they’re being paid.

So often the consultants, they say they just had an oral agreement with the employer. Frankly, it’s hard to believe in a lot of cases that any company is going to basically write a blank check on the consulting work and not have something in writing.

And in a lot of cases, workers don’t know who they’re dealing with. I talked to people who’ve written to me over the years, so-and-so has been consulting in my place, and there’s no record of it. I think she consulted this other place. And it’s just people that have a very poor handle on what’s going on.

And so I think that’s part of the frustration with advocates on the worker side, is to get some teeth to the enforcement. And I think, frankly, they are doing a better job under Biden. It was kind of a joke during the Trump years, at least that’s what the data suggests. We saw disclosures plummet. Some of that may have been the consultants getting less work. It’s hard to imagine that that really accounts for the drop off. I think a lot of the consultants and employers thought, well, nobody’s watching things right now, so no need to file.

So they are bugging people. Even a consultant told me, he’s like, I feel like I’m being harassed these days by this office. But there almost never, I found no documented case of someone being prosecuted for willfully ignoring the requirements.

And another downside is, on the employer side, even if you’re following the law, you can file these so late that people don’t find out what the company spent until after they voted. A perfect example is Amazon. Companies spent millions of dollars combating the campaigns in Alabama and on Staten Island. Well, Amazon, guess what? They were not required to file until the very end of March. They were literally counting the ballots at JFK8 when Amazon’s disclosure came through. So it would’ve been nice for workers to say, hey, here’s a form that says Amazon spent $4 million last year, or, this past year, Amazon spent $13 million, or whatever. But you often don’t have that information until, frankly, it’s no longer valuable.

And so, again, the disclosures are nice in that it gives us a general sense of where these consultants are operating and who’s using them. But you really can’t trust the system, and you cannot trust it at all, in my opinion, to really put a peg on how much money is flowing through this world. That is unknowable under this current system.

Mel Buer:  Well, and even just a cursory look at what is filed, you know it’s an astronomical amount of money. Any workplaces that are filing this paperwork late, you’re still seeing millions of dollars for any one campaign. You have to think, if you’re paying $3,200 a day for one consultant and maybe they bring on a team of two or three others that come into a workplace of 60 people, they hang out for multiple weeks. That’s a lot of money that employers are willing to throw into keeping workers from organizing collectively in the workplace. And when you try to wrap your head around it, it really does kind of boggle the mind just how much money is flowing through.

Dave Jamieson:  And in a lot of these cases, workers, they’re pushing for a dollar raise or whatever. So I think for a lot of them, it’s galling to see that a not even particularly large company just spent $200,000 on these consultants.

And I talked to workers to that effect. One place, El Milagro, a food maker in Illinois where they, according to disclosure, spent well over $1 million on consultants. And I talked to workers there who said they were fighting for basic raises, and to see how much was spent was mystifying to them.

Mel Buer:  Right. And again, it comes back to the point that it’s not about the money that they would spend on a dollar or two dollar raise over two years or what have you, it’s about ceding power to workers at the workplace and not shutting the door on them before you can even try and force them to offer you a seat at the table.

And this is fantastic work that you’ve been doing, and I think it’s much needed in trying to shed light on this industry. It has quite a hold on the organizing and is quite a big backstop against broader organizing capacity. And hopefully continued conversations about what’s happening with the union-busting industry might lead to strengthening of the laws that would actually bring consequences against these individuals who flout the law in the course of the anti-union campaign, or don’t file the paperwork quick enough. Because right now, even the fines assessed for not filing paperwork is a drop in the bucket for a multimillion-dollar corporation.

Fantastic work. I really appreciate you taking the time to talk to me about this today. Could you please let folks know where to find you, find your work, what you’re working on, what’s next for you?

Dave Jamieson:  Sure. Yeah. My stuff is up on I’m also on Twitter, or X, or whatever it’s being called today. My handle’s @Jamieson, J-A-M-I-E-S-O-N. And yeah, more labor stories to come. I appreciate your interest in the series, Mel. It was fun to dig into this world for a while.

Mel Buer:  It is pretty maddening. It’s like falling down the rabbit hole in many senses, so really great work.

That’s it for us here at The Real News Network podcast. Once again, I’m Mel Buer, staff reporter at The Real News Network. Follow us on your favorite social media, and don’t forget to subscribe to our newsletter so we can continue bringing you independent ad-free journalism. Until next time.

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Killexams : Parents: Take a cue from the schools; protect your kids on home devices No result found, try new keyword!I cannot keep up with what’s going on,” she told us with a chuckle. Truth is, Wagner doesn’t need to be a tech expert, though her husband is one, since they have been smart enough to install a ... Tue, 15 Aug 2023 08:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : PEOPLE's 100 Companies That Care in 2023: Employers Putting Their Communities First

The businesses on PEOPLE's annual list go the extra mile to honor their customers, empower their employees — and make the world a better place


Kate Medley @

Cisco team members volunteer at Carolina Community Garden, a program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden, on Aug. 9 in Chapel Hill, N.C.

Cisco, a worldwide leader in technology that powers the Internet, has an ambitious company goal: to positively impact one billion people by 2025. It’s a commitment that begins with its people on their first day — each new employee is given $15 in their onboarding session to donate to a charity of their choice. The idea: that a sense of care can and should be embedded in the DNA of the company.

And Cisco isn’t leaving their employees to find their philanthropic footing solo. Their Next Horizon Impact program actively connects team members, customers, partners and suppliers to shape strategy, form partnerships and work together to make the biggest difference possible. Recently, they have met and sustained their goal of 80 percent workforce participation in volunteering, donating and participating in programs that positively impact communities around the world. in fiscal year 2023, more than 70,000 employees have generated more than $27 million in total donations and matching gifts.

"At Cisco, we recognize that doing our part for communities around the world makes us better in everything we do,” says Francine Katsoudas, Chief People, Policy and Purpose Officer. “Over 80 percent of our employees supply back to causes and organizations that are meaningful to them, and in doing so help us achieve our purpose to Power an Inclusive Future for All. This is a wonderful recognition of our employees who bring our conscious culture to life every day."

Rocket Companies

Rocket Co

Rocket team members repair homes at a volunteer event.

In May 2022, Rocket Companies, a fintech platform centered on personal finance and consumer technology, increased their longstanding efforts to support residents of Detroit.

The Gilbert Family Foundation — cofounded by Rocket chairman Dan Gilbert and his wife Jennifer — debuted the Detroit Home Repair Fund, which was created to build capacity for nonprofit partners to provide low-income Detroit homeowners with critical home repairs. The foundation committed $10 million to the $20 million program, with additional support from ProMedica and DTE Energy. It is now expected to serve more than 1,000 Detroit homeowners.

“Stable housing is about more than a place to live,” explains Jennifer Gilbert of the foundation’s efforts. “It is about ensuring residents and their families feel safe and secure in their home.”

American Express

american express

American Express colleagues participate in a Serve2Gether park cleanup event.

American Express, the globally integrated payment company based in New York City, has gone the extra mile to show generous care to not only their people, but people everywhere.

Recently, they granted $250,000 to The Trevor Project, a nonprofit organization that provides crisis services and counseling to LGBTQ+ youth. In response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the company also teamed up with Hilton to donate one million hotel rooms for refugees across Europe, and donated $1 million to support humanitarian efforts to charities like the Red Cross and UNICEF.

“This is a complicated, difficult and fluid situation,” said chairman and CEO Stephen J. Squeri in a memo to employees. “During these times, our values are what guide us, and we’re working hard to do what’s right for our colleagues, customers and communities.”



Pursue Your Passion honoree Terri Andrews (far right, with friend and fellow breast cancer survivor Laura Renegar, far left, and a local doctor) helped 200 Jamaican women get mammograms.

Chicago-based RSM, the leading provider of professional services to the middle markets, knows the power passion plays in building a top-tier company. But they also know that allowing employees to pursue their own passions makes for a workforce that’s healthier, more inspired and ultimately more successful.

To that end, through its Pursue Your Passions Program, RSM donates $90,000 to nine employees ($10,000 each), along with extra paid days off, to allow team members to make dreams realities. One 2022 winner, Brad Sawyer, a consulting senior associate from Gaithersburg, Md., used the time and money to make a summit attempt on Mount Rainier in Washington. Another, Misty Pleiness, a consulting director from Detroit, used the money to open a therapeutic horse-care and riding program for physically and mentally handicapped children, young adults and veterans.

“Every year, our 13,000+ people across the U.S. and in Canada look forward to learning about what their nine colleagues choose to do through the program,” says Doug Opheim, chief financial officer with RSM and chair of the RSM US Foundation. “As we get to know one another better, we strengthen relationships, which builds trust and enhances our ability to provide our clients with the best possible service.”



A Baird associate participates in the firm’s annual Baird Gives Back event, reading to kids at Next Door Foundation, an early childhood education provider in Milwaukee.

Baird, an employee-owned international financial services firm based in Milwaukee, has put focus on their efforts to support employee volunteering and giving. Through their annual Baird Gives Back Week, associates organized a variety of opportunities with more than 1,800 participants volunteering at over 120 nonprofits, donating over 5,800 hours of time.

Last year, Baird hosted its first Multicultural Community Conference in Nashville. Every ethnically diverse associate in the U.S. was invited, and nearly every member of Baird’s Executive Committee and many senior leaders attended. More than 350 people gathered to network and learn from each other, but most importantly to celebrate the contributions diverse associates make toward Baird’s success.

“The associates and culture are two of the biggest reasons this company is the best place to work,” says one Baird employee. “Giving back helps bring everyone together. It’s always about the we, not about the I.

Edward Jones

Edward Jones

Edward Jones associates in Tempe feed Arizonans facing hunger through the firm’s annual Bag-A-Thon event.

As part of the based financial services specialists’ philanthropic giving goal — $200 million by the end of 2025 – Edward Jones is building on its legacy of community engagement in St. Louis, its hometown for a century.

In late 2022, the firm announced its plan to open a branch office in a community space known as The Delmar DivINe, a hub for social, economic and community development, specifically in north St. Louis City. The space includes a minority business incubator, transit-accessible housing and student- and senior-oriented programming — and Edward Jones’s presence provides all-new opportunities for community development, social improvement and meaningful collaboration with underserved neighborhoods.

"Advancing inclusive growth demonstrates our belief that every person deserves an opportunity to thrive," says Laura Ellenhorn, an Edward Jones principal responsible for the firm's community impact efforts. "We want to do our part to provide economic opportunity to more families and revitalize this historic neighborhood."

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP


PricewaterhouseCoopers' Shine Inclusion network currently has over 3,600 members.

Professional services giant PricewaterhouseCoopers is taking the workplace experience of employees to the next level with My+,  a program launched in May 2022 that aims to transform the workplace experience with choice and flexibility.

The company made a $2.4B investment to improve, among other things, parental leave, hybrid working and the ability to move within the company to different teams and projects. They also expanded mental health benefits — doubling the number of free visits with mental health professionals from six to 12 annually — and increased the amount of out-of-network mental health support from 70 percent to 90 percent.

“I work with a lot of incredibly smart and kind individuals,” says one employee. “I'm genuinely excited to call them colleagues and friends, and they'd say the same about me. They care about me as a person and celebrate wins in my life, personal and professional, and also check in and offer support when times are tougher.”

Bell Bank


Bell Bank team members pose with actor Josh Duhamel at a Dare 2 Stand Out charity golf event in June.

Fargo, N.D.-based Bell Bank’s Pay It Forward initiative gives full-time employees $5,000 to donate as they choose, a program that has, to date, empowered more than $22 million in charitable giving.

One example of Pay It Forward’s reach: Physical security officer Andrew Gaydos, who was deployed in Romania for 10 months with the Army Reserve. During his time there, Gaydos used his Pay It Forward dollars to help the Salvation Army purchase school supplies for children and hygiene kits for families in impoverished areas.

“There are so many things that make [Bell Bank] great,” says a team member. “The Pay It Forward program is one of the most unique. It really gives the employees a sense of pride, power and commitment to help others. It’s one of the very first things I share with people when they ask me about my job.”

Target Corporation


Team members support families during the holidays through the Target Great Giftogether.

The retail giant based in Minneapolis is a Companies that Care All-Star — and their commitment to honoring their employees has only gotten stronger.

Central to their mission: Dream to Be, an education assistance benefit for more than 340,000 full- and part-time team members. Through the program, the Target Corporation supports employees taking select courses for high school completion, college prep, English language learning, certificates, certifications, bootcamps, and associate and undergraduate degrees. Team members have access to classes at more than 40 schools, colleges and universities, choosing from more than 250 business-aligned programs. For team members pursuing educational opportunities outside of the debt-free programs, Target will provide direct payments to their academic institution of up to $5,250 for undergraduate degrees and up to $10,000 for masters' degrees. Since its inception, tens of thousands of team members have taken advantage.

“There is no place else I would rather work,” says one longtime staffer. “This is my second family, and we have been through everything together. The people are what keep me here!”

Sage Therapeutics

Sage Therapeutics

Sage colleagues showcasing some of the company’s core values at an onsite event.

Sage Therapeutics, a biopharmaceutical company based in Cambridge, Mass., is taking its social impact mission to new heights. That commitment starts with SageCitizen Service Week, an annual event during which employees are encouraged to take time off to volunteer.

Sage organizes and hosts more than a dozen volunteer opportunities available in person around their offices in Boston and Raleigh, N.C., as well as virtual events for “Sageans” across the U.S., U.K and Canada. Last year more than 226 Sageans volunteered 496 hours across 16 virtual and in-person activities. Sage also provides additional compensation for employees who choose to dedicate their five-year sabbatical — a period of five weeks off, every five years — to acts of community service.

Says an employee: “Sage's benefits and perks are the best I've ever experienced. And we get to do amazing work that will change lives. Sage really walks the walks the walk when it comes to their core values.”

Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company


A Nationwide employee takes part in a blood donation drive at the corporate office in Columbus, Ohio.

More than 180 leaders at Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, based in Columbus, Ohio, serve on nonprofit boards across the country — because volunteerism is part of Nationwide’s DNA. To prove it, each year Nationwide recognizes an associate as Volunteer of the Year, with the winner receiving a $5,000 grant for their organization and two days of paid time-off. In addition, nine finalists receive $1,000 for their organizations and one day of paid time-off.

The 2022 honoree, Chris Stollar, has volunteered for more than 10 years with She Has A Name, an anti-human trafficking organization based in Columbus. He recently became the vice chair of the board of directors after training, mentoring and serving as an active board member for several years.

“We know thousands of our employees volunteer in their communities every day,” says Chad Jester, vice president of corporate citizenship at Nationwide. “We’re grateful for their continued commitment, and very proud of Chris and our 9 honorees.”

Comcast NBCUniversal


Employees participate in a project at the Comcast Center in Philadelphia, rewiring toys so children working with Easterseals can play independently.

As part of Comcast NBCUniversal’s Project UP initiative to advance digital equity and help build a future of unlimited possibilities, the global media and technology company has partnered with Easterseals, the nation's leading nonprofit provider of services and advocacy for 61 million individuals with disabilities in the United States.

In June, the Comcast NBCUniversal Foundation awarded Easterseals a $1.3 million grant to expand digital literacy training among young adults with disabilities in employment programs at seven Easterseals Affiliates nationwide, while also funding a national study to determine digital equity and access among BIPOC populations with disabilities.

"Far too many people with disabilities do not have access to the digital tools and resources that will help ensure their full participation in society and life," says Dalila Wilson-Scott, EVP & chief diversity officer of the Comcast Corporation and president of the Comcast NBCUniversal Foundation. "We are so pleased to further our partnership with Easterseals to deliver essential digital training and further equitable employment outcomes for young adults with disabilities."



As part of NVIDIA's Inspire365 program, team members pack boxes at Second Harvest of Silicon Valley, a local food bank.

When conflict between Russia and Ukraine broke out in Feb. 2022, information technology leader NVIDIA sprang into action to ensure the hundreds of NVIDIA families in the two countries were safe. They made the decision to prepay salaries in the event of any disruption to operations, and assisted in relocating many to Armenia, even chartering a flight and setting up a new office in Yerevan.

One of NVIDIA’s company goals is to provide a supportive environment in which team members can “do your life’s work.” This includes finding passion in work projects, providing for one’s family, learning new skills and giving back to worthy causes. Today, many NVIDIANs participate in the NVIDIA Foundation's Inspire 365 efforts, resulting in more than $9 million in donations and 16,500 volunteer hours. In all, employees and the company have contributed more than $22.3 million in charitable giving and supported 5,700 nonprofits in 50-plus countries around the world.

“NVIDIA is dedicated to making a positive impact in the world,” NVIDIA founder and CEO Jensen Huang wrote in a recent corporate responsibility report. “Our culture of generosity and service is our engine for making positive change.”

Pinnacle Financial Partners


Pinnacle team members in Roanoke, Va., celebrate Black History Month in February.

Terry Turner, CEO of Pinnacle Financial Partners, has a mantra: “We want to take everybody with us” as the Nashville-headquartered firm strengthens the economies in the markets it serves. According to Turner, prosperity that isn’t shared is a wasted opportunity.

Recently, Pinnacle committed $10 million to low-cost lending at The Housing Fund in Nashville. The money has been used in a shared equity program, a new model that seeks to keep homes affordable for decades, even as property values rise. The Housing Fund requires home buyers to provide one percent of the purchase price of a home. The program contributes a 25 percent down payment, and Pinnacle provides a loan for the remaining 74 percent of the price, creating a reasonable monthly mortgage payment and allowing buyers to build equity without extra costs.

“The teamwork exhibited at Pinnacle is unlike anywhere I've ever worked,” says an employee. “You see it when cross-functional teams get together to solve problems or implement something new.”



Deloitte team members participate in Chicago Pride.

Deloitte, which provides audit, consulting, tax, and advisory services to the majority of Fortune 500 companies, is well on its way to achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 for their own operations. As part of that goal, Deloitte will reduce business travel emissions, source 100 percent renewable energy for its buildings and convert 100 percent of its fleet to hybrid and electric — all by 2030.

That success will rely, in part, on the actions its people take toward meaningful climate change. To that end, in a first-of-its-kind initiative among major global organizations, Deloitte launched a climate learning program for all of its 330,000 employees worldwide. Developed in collaboration with World Wildlife Fund, the program is designed to engage people around the world on the impacts of climate change, inform them about how Deloitte is responding to the climate crisis and inspire all to take action.

As Deloitte CEO Joe Ucuzoglu confirmed recently: “If there was any doubt that climate change is an enduring part of the business agenda, the increased focus on sustainability by leaders over the past year should put it to rest.”



Staffers with chair Accenture CEO Julie Sweet (top row center) at a volunteer event to help refugees.

Accenture, a global professional services company with leading capabilities in digital, cloud and security, knows that businesses have an important role to play in times of emergency.

This core value is evident in Accenture’s long-standing commitment to the refugee crisis  — and the more than $5 million in relief donations to people across the globe who have been displaced. What’s more, Accenture’s Refugee Employee Resource Group is giving boots-on-the-ground support to those in need, assisting in refugee resettlement, donation drives, professional development, legal clinics, mentorship programs and listening sessions.

The company also piloted a program called Accenture Academy for female Ukrainian refugees. “To support the women who have courageously left their country, we are piloting the first edition of an Accenture Academy for female refugees from Ukraine to build their technology skills,” explained Accenture’s Ellyn Shook, chief leadership & human resources officer. “Childcare will be provided so they can focus on their learning.”



Karen Smith, an Aledade medical director, participates in a Vot+ER voter drive/Covid testing event.

Headquartered in Bethesda, Md., Aledade — a leading physician enablement company helping independent practices, health centers and clinics deliver better care to their patients — is committed to promoting civic engagement.

Last year, Aledade partnered with Vot+ER to help patients and communities exercise their right to vote. Vot+ER, a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization works to Strengthen access to the ballot through the patient-practitioner relationship, providing practitioners with access to voter education resources and tools. Aledade also partnered with Power the Polls, a nonpartisan initiative to recruit poll workers, and gave team members paid days off to volunteer.

“Aledade is a place where our mission defines everything we do,” wrote CEO Farzad Mostashari in January. “Where you will never have to choose doing well over doing good. Where we hold ourselves accountable for the promises we make — to patients, practices and society. Where we make decisions that each of us, ten years in the future, would be proud of.”

Atlassian, Inc.


Members of the Atlassian San Francisco team make care bags for hospitalized children, new parents and people experiencing homelessness during the May It Forward campaign.

As a leading provider of collaboration software for teams, San Francisco-based Atlassian, Inc. knows the value of working together to increase wins. To date, the company has donated hundreds of thousands of dollars in humanitarian aid to Ukraine through the Atlassian Foundation and employee giving programs. And, at the direct request of the Ukrainian government, they donated licenses of Atlassian software to aid their humanitarian and relief efforts.

Atlassian has also pledged to donate the equivalent of all forward revenue from customers in Russia and Belarus, starting with an initial donation of $5 million, to causes that provide direct support to the people of Ukraine.

Says an employee: “The people, the culture, the benefits and the opportunities: Atlassian somehow manages to balance each element of being an employer masterfully. The people truly care about one another here and that extends very naturally to caring for our customers and company as a whole.”

Wegmans Food Markets, Inc.


Wegmans employees share a message of love at a Juneteenth parade in Buffalo in the wake of the 2022 shooting.

On May 14, 2022, when a mass shooting at the Tops Friendly Market in Buffalo, N.Y., rocked the community, Wegmans responded with uncommon compassion. First, Wegmans leadership confirmed the safety of their own employees — then turned attention to their neighbors.

Wegmans arranged for a tractor-trailer delivery of groceries and wellness essentials to the neighborhood, a food desert, previously served by the Tops market, and followed that with a $400,000 contribution to the Buffalo 5/14 Survivor Fund and the Buffalo Stronger Together Fund, benefitting victims and their families.

“We stand in solidarity with you in putting our values into action,” wrote CEO Colleen Wegman to team members, “especially in extending care and respect that all people deserve, all of the time.”

Capital One

Capital One

Capital One associates have volunteered over 140,000 hours through Capital One Coders, which has supported more than 23,000 students.

The diversified financial services company headquartered in McLean, Va., takes its social impact volunteerism commitment very seriously. One initiative, Capital One Coders, has allowed volunteers to work in more than 120 schools and youth-serving nonprofits, building mentor relationships and inspiring confidence in students as they explore technology.

Through the program, Capital One strives to combat the equity gap in computer science by focusing on underrepresented students. Seventy-eight percent of Coders students are underrepresented minorities; 52 percent identify as female; over 90 percent of students are from low-to-moderate income communities. 96 percent of schools and nonprofits report that the Coders program filled an existing need for computer science education to a moderate or large extent.

“Capital One lives its mission and values with great pride,” says an employee. “I am excited to live the mission of ‘Changing Banking for Good.’ The values match and embody my own.”

Bank of America

Bank of America staffers volunteer at the Food Bank of Delaware.

Bank of America uses its size to magnify the impact it can have on people’s lives. The financial institution headquartered in Charlotte, N.C., requires U.S. vendors to provide a minimum hourly salary of $15 per hour to employees, and they actively seek to work with certified diverse businesses through the provider Diversity Program.

BoA has also committed $1 trillion in financing by 2030 to help clients transition to a low-carbon future. That includes financing to help small businesses adopt more sustainable business practices, and to help major corporations in all industries transform and decarbonize their business models. Finally, they tripled their Bank of America Community Homeownership Commitment to $15 billion through 2025 with a goal of helping 60,000 low- and moderate-income (LMI) individuals and families to purchase a home, and issued two $2 billion Equality Progress Sustainability bonds, proceeds from which are designed to advance racial and gender equality, economic opportunity and environmental sustainability.

Says one employee: “The company's commitment to community service and charitable contributions is a huge part of what makes it a great place to work. It builds the employees’ relationship with the community and instills trust."

Intuit Inc.


Intuit team members participate in Small Business Big Impact Day, benefiting 240+ local businesses.

Intuit, a global technology platform with more than 100 million customers worldwide, states its corporate values plainly:  “Integrity Without Compromise,” “Courage,” “Customer Obsession,” “Stronger Together” and “We Care and supply Back.”

That uncompromising integrity and courage was on display in the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson that limited access to comprehensive reproductive care throughout the country. Committed to providing employees and their families equitable access to comprehensive healthcare — regardless of race, gender, religion, sexual identity, sexual orientation or where they live — Intuit made updates to its health insurance policy, allowing those who aren’t able to access services in their state to receive care in other states. They also expanded the travel and lodging coverage.

As CEO Sasan Goodarzi wrote in a recent corporate responsibility report: “I firmly believe that the shared passion among our more than 17,000 employees is a key driver in helping Intuit continue to grow and thrive as a company, and make a more meaningful impact on society,” adding, “We’ll never stop working to make a difference.”

Box, Inc.


Box employees volunteer at a Pride event at the Center on Halsted, an LGBTQ+ community center in Chicago.

As a leading content cloud platform, Box powers how the world works together. And that spirit of collaboration also extends to making the world a better place for all.

Through the Box Impact Fund, the company provides $100,000 in grants to help fuel critical missions and digitally transform nonprofits devoted to child welfare, crisis response and the environment. recent grantees include ChildFund Mexico, which connects vulnerable youth in Mexico with resource they need to grow up safe, healthy and educated; HERA Digital Health, which helps refugees access healthcare; and Replate, which aims to reduce food waste and counter climate change.

“I love Box and feel incredibly grateful to be part of this organization,” says an employee. “From our CEO to our new entry-level Boxers, it is about delivering incredible work with amazing people and in a wonderful culture. Our values are part of our DNA and ingrained into all that we do.”

DHL Express


DHL staffers participate in a 2023 Fill a Backpack drive.

As global logistics experts, DHL Express aspires to be the first choice for customers, employees and investors worldwide.

To show care for their team members, they recently launched a wellness campaign, Pole2Pole, to encourage employees to walk, run, hike and get in their steps to maintain physical wellness. They also launched a SPIRE Class, giving employees the option to learn how to enhance their spiritual, physical, intellectual, relational and emotional lives. And in support of their communities, DHL has joined the Fill a Backpack drive, helping schoolchildren get the supplies they need to excel academically.

“DHL is a great place to work, because they have some of the best managers I have ever had in my professional career,” says an employee. “They go above and beyond to really cultivate the sense that they are in the employees' corners, to help with whatever matters may arise.”



KPMG staffers participate in Community Impact Day 2023.

A Big 4 firm providing advisory, audit and tax services, KPMG still keeps an eye on the smaller community. Their Community Impact Volunteer Portal connects employees to charitable opportunities that align with their interests and values.

One of KPMG’s biggest recent impacts has been made through the KPMG Family for Literacy group’s Summer HEAT program, an initiative that promotes healthy eating, exercise and time spent reading. The group distributed more than 70,000 books and 6,500 health and wellness kits, and breakfast bags to 65 schools and organizations serving kids in need. A post-campaign survey to educators confirmed overwhelming results: 94 percent agreed the healthy breakfasts provided necessary nutritional resources to students, and 90 percent agreed the educational and wellness resources supported students’ ability to learn.

“We have a lot of opportunities to be involved with programs and volunteer opportunities,” confirms a team member. “It makes for a great community.”

Zillow Group

Zillow Group

A memer of Zillow Group's Pacific Islander Employee Resource Group takes advantage of a flexible work arrangement.

Zillow, the Seattle-based real estate specialist, is working to make home ownership a reality for more people.

Since 2019, Zillow has worked with Housing Connector to find homes for more than 3,000 individuals and families experiencing homelessness across the Puget Sound and Denver regions. Nine-in-ten families remain housed after one year, and 74 percent of renters who moved into a unit owned or managed by a Housing Connector partner landlord remained in their home after two years. Through this partnership, communities are able to house people experiencing homelessness with just under $3,000, one-tenth the annual cost to a community to support an individual experiencing homelessness

“The amount of genuine care that is shown…has brought me to tears a time or two,” says a team member. “ I am extremely proud to be an employee of Zillow Group.”

Credit Acceptance

Thankful Harvest

Credit Acceptance team members tie paracord bracelets as part of a military appreciation project.

Southfield, Mich.-based Credit Acceptance offers automobile dealers finance programs to help them sell vehicles to consumers, regardless of credit standing. This commitment to helping people get a leg up — encapsulated by the company purpose “We change lives” — extends to the way they treat employees and the community.

Credit Acceptance’s Community Service and Diversity and Inclusion Committees recently co-hosted a fundraiser for the Ruth Ellis Center, a local organization that creates opportunities for LGBTQ+ youth — with an emphasis on young people of color, and/or those experiencing homelessness, involved in the child welfare system or experiencing barriers to health and well-being.

“The company's culture is second to none,” says a team member. “The company goes to great lengths to make team members comfortable, supported and ready for success. Leaders are always thinking of ways to Strengthen the employee experience.”

Adobe Systems Incorporated


Adobe employees attend a career development session in July 2023 at Adobe’s San Jose headquarters.

The San Jose, Calif.-based Adobe Systems Incorporated is guided by its mission to change the world through digital experiences.

An important area of focus for Adobe is supporting the protection and advancement of equal access to opportunity for marginalized and underrepresented groups. With support from the Adobe Foundation, the company launched a three-year Equity and Advancement Initiative with 11 leading global NGOs — including OutRightAction International, Human Rights Watch and Equal Justice Initiative — that seeks to address systemic barriers to opportunity and advance social equity. Through this model, Adobe is making long-term strategic commitments and investing a minimum of $20 million to provide partnership opportunities, employee learning experiences and new ways of leveraging the team’s unique strengths to support issues key to the company and communities.

“Adobe’s commitment to doing the right thing by focusing on people, purpose and community dates back to our founding,” says Adobe Inc. chairman and CEO Shantanu Narayen.

Synchrony Financial


Synchrony team member Claritza Rivera (right) earned her bachelor’s and master’s degrees with help from the company’s tuition benefits program.

When it comes to doing what’s best for their employees and communities, Synchrony — a premier U.S. consumer financial services company — is flexible.

As they learned that nearly any job could be done virtually, and that employees were more productive and satisfied than ever before, Synchrony quickly launched flexibility for all. U.S. Synchrony employees are given the opportunity to work full-time remote, going in when business needs require, or in hybrid fashion for those who want to enjoy office life a few days a week. To remedy virtual meeting fatigue, they instituted Flex Fridays — no meetings in the mornings, with afternoons off — allowing team members time to catch up on deep thinking and learning and development, as well as moments to disconnect and be with their families.

Says one Synchrony employee: “The company truly listens to what we need regarding benefits and flexibility since we are people with emotions and at-home lives. After talking with friends from other employer backgrounds, [I know] this quality of care is truly unique. It makes Synchrony a very progressive place to work.”



Salesforce Atlanta employees volunteer repainting weathered picnic tables at a local Buckhead park.

Salesforce, a leader in customer relationship management based in San Francisco, takes a holistic approach to doing good in the world, through employee care, community engagement and efforts to combat climate change.

The company has been committed to sustainability for years, but they officially made it their fifth value last February, incorporating environmentalism into everything they do. They continue to support the Trillion Tree initiative (having funded more than 43 million planted trees so far), and they have established UpLink, a platform for eco-preneurs. They are also evaluating the materials they bring into their real estate spaces, pushing the manufacturing industry forward. Salesforce recently made a $100,000,000 investment to help remove carbon from the atmosphere at scale, and as part of the First Movers Coalition — a group working to scale carbon removal — they’re also working to replace five percent of conventional jet fuel usage with low- and no-carbon alternatives.

“I'm very thankful for having the chance to develop my professional career at Salesforce,” says one employee. “I'm blessed because the company shares my personal values, such as trust, sustainability and giving back.”

The Progressive Corporation


Progressive donates a car to a veteran during a Keys to Progress event in Oklahoma City.

Progressive — the third largest auto insurer in the country, a leading seller of motorcycle and commercial auto insurance and one of the top 10 homeowners insurance carriers — works hard to help their people help others.

In 2022, The Progressive Insurance Foundation introduced Name Your Cause, a new charitable giving program for employees. Through Name Your Cause, employees can recommend a charity of their choice and receive a one-time $100 donation for that charity. They also continue to help veterans through their Keys to Progress vehicle giveaway program

“The way we supply back to the community is out of this world!” says a team member. “Progressive supply cars to veterans in need. I attended an event in the past, and it was truly amazing to see people’s lives changed in just a moment.”

David Weekley Homes

David Weekley

The David Weekley Jacksonville, Fla., team holds a linen donation drive.

Houston-based David Weekley is one of the largest privately held homebuilders in America, and they’re passionate about their “Building Dreams, Enhancing Lives” purpose.

For more than 30 years, the David Weekley Family Foundation, now known as the Dovetail Impact Foundation, has provided more than $250 million in grants to deserving nonprofit organizations by allocating a percentage of profits from the company to support these efforts. Each year, the amount given to support domestic and international organizations has increased, with more than $31.7 million allocated in 2021. These efforts included delivering meals to primary school children in Kenya through Food for Education; working with Indus Action to help vulnerable Indian families access vaccines; and launching the Houston Methodist Chaplain Program to support frontline health workers and patients with spiritual care.

“This is the only job I have ever had where the employees talk to each other about how lucky we are to work here,” says one David Weekley team member.

Plante Moran

Plante Moran team members in Southfield, Mich., spend an afternoon supporting a local food bank.

At Plante Moran, one of the nation’s largest audit, tax, consulting and wealth management firms, company culture has revolved around gratitude and recognition for nearly a century.

And leadership at Plante Moran is quick to point out: Gratitude isn’t about monetary incentives or a point system, but a more encouraging, organic way of recognizing one another. One method of keeping the attaboys and attagirls coming among team members: Shout Out Plante Moran, a special Yammer page designed for staff to supply kudos and kind words to their colleagues. The goal is to make the “thanking experience" more public, to call out the gratitude givers as well as the shoutout receivers and remind everyone that they need not be shy in doling out high-fives to one another. Each month, 20 Shout Out posters/nominees are randomly selected to receive $100 in their next paycheck.

“The culture of the firm truly embodies the firm slogan of ‘We Care,’” says one team member. “Everybody goes out of their way to get to know you and make you feel welcomed and supported no matter how long you have been here.”

Veterans United Home Loans

Veteran's United Home Loans

Veterans United team members show their company spirit.

Veterans United, headquartered in Columbia. Mo., helps service members and veterans achieve the American Dream of homeownership. And through their Flourish Program, Veterans has found all-new ways to help young people experiencing employment and educational barriers.

Flourish focuses on providing resources to individuals in Boone County, Mo. The program has provided housing, scholarships and other resources for hundreds of youth since its inception in 2019. In 2020, The Flourish Home opened its doors and, since then, the space has housed 19 youths for a total of 1,600 bednights. Every single resident has improved their school attendance and GPA while staying in The Flourish Home.

“I have never been associated with a company that cares more about people,” says one Veterans United employee.

Highlight Technologies, Inc.

Highlight Technology

Highlight Technologies staffers support Toys for Tots.

Highlight Technologies, Inc. is an awarding-winning, employee-owned federal government contractor dedicated to providing digital government and mission support services to more than 20 federal agencies.

Among Highlight Technologies’ most important corporate priorities is community health, which is why they launched HighlightCares: a company-led effort with a mission to supply back to employees’ local communities and support charitable organizations. Their first initiative was in support of Feeding America; with employee and corporate donations of canned goods, dry goods and monetary funds, they provided over 114,000 meals. In addition, to honor Earth Day, employees donated more than 130 hours of their time participating in activities like building gardens with recycled materials and clearing brush. In just two years, Team Highlight has also donated more than $40,000 to its charity partners.

“Highlight Tech is the best company I have ever worked for, bar none,” says a team member. “Every employee from upper management on down is very humble and caring. I hope to be employed by this wonderful company for years to come.”



Mia Dell (center right), an Aurora Foxes grad, poses with the Hilton London Euston food and beverage team.

Hilton — a leading global hospitality company with a portfolio of 18 world-class brands comprising 7,000 properties and nearly 1.1 million rooms in 122 countries and territories — partners with organizations that equip people of all backgrounds with skills that prepare them for the future and contribute to opportunities for career growth.

Recently, Hilton and the Hilton Global Foundation have partnered with organizations such as Springboard and Aurora Foxes, teaching hospitality skills to disadvantaged youth and young people with disabilities. And HGF made progress on new social impact goals by awarding a three-year grant to Clean the World to launch a Mobile Hygiene Unit (MHU), which will provide shower services to the unhoused of Orange County, Fla. Not only have communities with these services seen a 15 percent decrease in homelessness, but individuals experiencing homelessness who use supportive services are more likely to participate in job training programs and attend school. Since April 1, 2022, the MHU has provided 441 showers, 607 Hygiene Kits and 109 articles of clothing in Orange County.

“Now more than ever,” says Hilton president and CEO Chris Nassetta, “it’s our responsibility to preserve the destinations we call home and create truly inclusive growth in our communities.”

HP Inc.

HP, Inc

HP Inc. teams from Boise join forces for a cleanup project at the Idaho Botanical Gardens.

Global technology leader HP Inc. demonstrates its commitment to diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) through its Business Impact Networks (BINs), which build an increased sense of belonging for all employees and promote diversity in development, hiring and mentoring. HP has 131 BINs in 37 countries, open to all employees and representing those who identify as Black/African American, Hispanic/Latin American and LGBTQ+, as well as groups dedicated to multiculturalism, multi-generationalism, veterans, women and individuals with disabilities.

HP is also the first Fortune 100 tech company to commit to achieving 50/50 gender equality in leadership by 2030. In 2021, women represented 32.5 percent of director level and above positions globally. Women also represented 22.7 percent of technical and engineering roles at HP, putting the company on track to achieve greater than 30 percent by 2030.

“Building a diverse, equitable and inclusive culture across HP and the communities we serve has long been one of our strategic imperatives,” says president and CEO Enrique Lores. “It's an integral part of understanding the needs of our customers, driving innovation and building a Future Ready company.”

Marriott International


Marriott volunteers serve dinner to veterans in Boston.

With its size and scale, global hospitality leader Marriott knows it has both a responsibility and a unique opportunity to be a force for good. It’s in this spirit that Marriott continues to build on its longstanding partnership with the International Rescue Committee (IRC) to help empower and support refugees.

Through the IRC’s Hospitality Link program, Marriott has provided skills-development training, life skills instruction and English language classes to resettled refugees, while introducing them to careers in the hospitality industry. Marriott also aims to provide employment opportunities to Hospitality Link graduates and other clients from the IRC network. Marriott has supported the Hospitality Link program since 2016 and has helped train more than 600 refugees.

“At Marriott International, we believe in…making a positive and sustainable impact in the communities where we do business,” president and CEO Anthony Capuano recently said. “Across Europe, this has included support for refugees from Ukraine since the start of the war. Our focus on creating job opportunities has already led to over 970 refugees hired across dozens of our hotels in the European region. Marriott’s goal to hire an additional 1,500 refugees in Europe builds on the work we’re doing to promote opportunities...and highlights our steadfast commitment to put people first.”

Baker Tilly US, LLP

Team members come together to serve their San Francisco community during Baker Tilly Stewardship Week.

In early 2022, Baker Tilly declared its purpose: to unleash and amplify talent. With employees at the core of everything they do, the CPA firm works to provide a supportive and rewarding work environment and experience, allowing their people to grow, develop and bring their best, true selves to work each day.

Baker Tilly has instituted an unlimited time-off policy and introduced Disconnect Days to encourage team members to collectively log off. The company has also begun sending team members monthly care packages — to all of their 6,000+ employees — with items that not only show the company values them, but also encourage them to relax, rejuvenate and recharge. Packages have included individually curated snack boxes, a “Cozy” kit with blankets, soup-making supplies and candles, and “Movie Night” kit with popcorn and a gift card for an at-home viewing.

“This company is very generous to their employees and very thoughtful,” says a team member. “As a company, they go above and beyond to keep their employees, which is really amazing. I've never seen anything like them in my entire life.”

World Wide Technology

Members of World Wide Technology's Pride employee resource group represent the company at Pride St. Louis festivities.

World Wide Technology, a global technology solution provider, helps companies think differently about how technology can enable their business by turning complex IT solutions into a practical and actionable way forward.

And finding actionable solutions extends to WWT’s philosophy of caring for its employees. WWT continues to go above and beyond to recognize employees’ health and wellness. Recently, they began offering employees two new and enhanced mental health mobile apps to support well-being. Additionally, through their Employee Assistance Program (EAP), WWT engaged the National Alliance on Mental Illness-St. Louis to provide a series of webinars and presentations to help employees deal with stress and Strengthen quality of life.

“I love that WWT really cares about our personal health and well-being,” says a team member. “The company's mindset [about] these things has motivated and inspired me to take better care of myself than I ever have before, and it's made a difference in every aspect of mine and my family’s lives.”



HubSpot employees volunteer at the Boys and Girls Club of Orchard Gardens in Boston.

HubSpot — a leading CRM platform that provides software and support to businesses — is focused on perfecting work-life balance for its 4,400+ employees. As a fast-paced, growing company with over 158,000 customers in more than 120 countries, HubSpot is no stranger to the symptoms of burnout. They recognized they needed to create a more sustainable way of working.

Between an available five-year sabbatical, unlimited vacation and flexible working schedules, HubSpot has always encouraged employees to take time off, but they recognize it’s easier to truly rest and unplug when your colleagues are doing the same. That’s why they recently introduced an Annual Global Week of Rest in July, when all employees take time to recharge. Additionally, they adopted "No Internal Meeting Fridays" to encourage deep work, prep or time to decompress.

Says one team member: “The environment and the culture that is deeply ingrained in everything we do makes HubSpot an amazing place to work. From even my first encounter with recruiting, I could tell this was a place that was special, supportive and willing to do everything it can to ensure employees are successful.”

Collaborative Solutions

Autism Speaks

Collaborative Solutions team members participate in an Autism Awareness Month Walk

One of the most meaningful ways Collaborative Solutions, a leading global finance and HR transformation consultancy, gives back is through its long-standing partnership with nonprofit awareness organization Autism Speaks.

The company’s IT team helps facilitate an internal event, Laptops for Autism Speaks, that gives employees the opportunity to purchase refurbished computers at a heavily discounted price, with a portion of those proceeds going to the nonprofit. Collaborative Solutions team members also participate in an annual awareness walk for autism, and a recently established program allows employees to dedicate a percentage of payroll contributions.

As the company explains its mission: “We’re passionate about bringing visibility and funding to autism. We understand that behind the statistics...are people — people and their families who live with autism every day."



The Orrick summer associate Class of 2022 enjoys a surf trip, a company tradition for more than 20 years.

Orrick is a forward-looking law firm focused on advising clients in three sectors: technology and innovation, energy, and infrastructure and finance. The firm was named No. 1 for pro bono impact by The American Lawyer with 98 percent of their lawyers participating in pro bono work, contributing 141,000 hours of free legal advice to the community — the equivalent of a social impact law firm of 70 lawyers.

But Orrick’s efforts to support its community don’t end there. Their Racial Justice Fellowship Program allows five Orrick lawyers to work full-time for a year at full salary embedded with organizations dedicated to civil rights, criminal justice reform and economic equity. After the year, they return to the firm and advance in class year. One of their associates was recently appointed to the San Francisco Police Commission after serving as a fellow with NYU Law School’s Policing Project.

“[Orrick] really takes care of their people,” says an employee. “From our generous benefits, time off to unplug, wellness programs, work at home program, community involvement and overall care, Orrick really takes us into consideration. You don't find that in many places."



A BetterUp new hire cohort finds its team spirit.

It’s no surprise that BetterUp, the largest mental health and coaching startup in the world, places so much attention on the well-being of its employees.

BetterUp creates a culture that encourages employees to regularly pursue “Inner Work” through activities like meditation, reading, walking, spending time in nature, volunteering, creating whitespace, diving into philosophy, journaling for structured reflection and participating in coaching and therapy. Employees are encouraged to participate in Inner Work during their workdays, and BetterUp provides five paid Inner Work Days, plus five paid volunteer days annually. What’s more, in early 2022, BetterUp invited the world to launch a movement around Inner Work, with the first annual public-facing Inner Work Day. The event was a success, with 22,000+ people from across the globe registering to reset, refocus and realign themselves in pursuit of achieving peak performance.

“The connection between the mission, product and experience is intertwined in a positive way,” say a team member. “Each day is an opportunity to not just be your best self personally or professionally, but to help empower and inspire others to do the same.”


The 6sense executive team shares a laugh at the CMO Coffee Talk in San Francisco.

6sense, a San Francisco-based revenue AI platform, puts the power of machine learning and big data in the hands of its customers. The company’s goal is to usher in a new era of B2B platforms that will fundamentally transform the way businesses create, manage and convert pipeline to revenue.

But 6sense also knows the importance of good old-fashioned giving, and pledges one percent of the company’s equity, time, product and profit to Strengthen communities around the world. The company partnered with online charitable gifting provider Daymaker during the winter holidays on a “Making Spirits Bright” campaign, allocating funds to each employee to treat underserved children to gifts. Many 6sense employees supplemented $100 company contributions with their own funds, bringing the giving total to $53,400 and providing 2,630 gifts to 611 kids.

“Even through hyper-growth, we still remain true to who we are,” says a team member. “This is because our executive team truly cares about all of us aside from how we impact the bottom line.”

Blue Shield of California

Blue Shield of California

Blue Shield of California employees celebrate Pride in Oakland.

Blue Shield of California  is committed to addressing the growing mental health crisis impacting young people. To that end, the Oakland-based provider of health, dental, vision, Medi-Cal and Medicare plans established the BlueSky initiative to bolster support through access, awareness, and advocacy — with a priority on equity.

They helped offer services to 20 schools in California with certified providing 4,038 individual, group and family counseling sessions to 491 youth. Blue Shield also provided a $1 million community investment to support youth mental health services within the California Department of Education’s public school system of six million youth and young adults.

“To help future generations succeed, we need to ensure access to high quality and culturally relevant mental health supports, particularly for youth from marginalized communities,” says Antoinette Mayer, vice president of corporate citizenship and co-founder of BlueSky. “This includes improving mental health care on school campuses and in community centers, as well as bolstering peer support. While it’s encouraging that youth are taking action to Strengthen their emotional well-being, more can be done to reduce stigma and to empower youth to speak up.”



Crowe team members work at a Habitat for Humanity of Greater Palm Beach County build site as part of the first-ever Crowe Cares Day on Aug. 4.

Crowe, a Chicago-based public accounting, consulting and technology firm with offices around the world, walk the walk when it comes to valuing employees and caring for the communities in which they do business.

Recently they launched Crowe’s Stewardship Ambassador Program, asking for volunteers who are passionate about service. More than thirty ambassadors play a key role in mobilizing their office colleagues to participate in volunteer opportunities — both local and firm-wide — facilitating events and communicating key messages locally around Crowe’s corporate responsibility priorities. The firm’s overall charitable giving, managed by the Crowe Foundation, has recently made contributions exceeding $2.5 million.

Says one employee: “We are really committed to living our values, and it starts from the top down. The effort put into not only communicating but educating everyone on our values and purpose is unparalleled to anything I have ever experienced at other organizations. Our commitment to community is sincere.”

Nations Lending Corporation

Nations Lending

Nations Lending employees build beds at Good Knights, a Cleveland nonprofit that provides beds for children in need.

Nations Lending Corporation is one the fastest-growing independent mortgage lenders in the country, but they’ll never get too big to care for their own in their Cleveland hometown.

Recently, they worked with a Cleveland-area military veterans group to save their VFW Post from being lost to foreclosure, ultimately providing a $25,000 donation. The building had fallen behind on its property taxes roughly three years ago, and the veterans lost ownership. The donation from Nations Lending helped put the VFW Post back into the group’s possession. Now operating on a solid financial foundation, the VFW Post plans to completely pay-off the building’s debt in less than 10 years.

“[My father’s] military background helped solidify who I am, what I do and to hold myself to an accountability,” Nations Lending CEO Jeremy Sopko has said of the inspiration he took from growing up in a military household. “If you’re in the service, you count on others around you. Your word is all you have.”

Power Home Remodeling

Power Home Remodeling

Power Home Remodeling team members volunteer to commemorate Juneteenth.

Power Home Remodeling, the nation’s largest, full-service, exterior home remodeler, recently took the step of incentivizing employee volunteerism, offering team members $125 the first time they donate time outside of the company. But they didn’t stop there.

Through their Cultural Diversity & Inclusion Initiative (CD&I), they’ve encouraged volunteerism from employees across the business, building a long-standing national partnership with the WeLoveU Foundation. Through the partnership, they organize regular opportunities, like trash cleanups in areas facing disparities in litter and pollution. These neighborhoods are shouldering much of the burden of excessive waste and single-use plastics, piling up fastest in the communities least capable of properly disposing of it. Power wants to not only Strengthen the quality and overall health of these communities, but to do their part to protect the environment as well.

“Power focuses on the people first and knows that personal growth will transition well into the workplace with happier employees who perform at a higher rate,” says a team member. “ It is a great place to work with a positive culture.”

First American Financial Corporation

First American Financial

A First American staffer organizes items for a school supply drive benefiting a local Santa Ana elementary school.

Santa Ana, Calif.-based First American Financial Corporation, which provides title, settlement and risk solutions for real estate transactions, knows that making an impact in the communities they serve can only happen with dedicated employee volunteers.

First American has a vast network of employee volunteers from across the country, called FirstAmCares Champions, dedicated to the promotion and organization of community events. They are critical to the success of the FirstAmCares program, and First American is proud to help them serve the communities where they live and work. Founded in 2019, the group has helped First American raise more than $2.6 million to date. In 2021 alone, the Champions and their teams raised over $1 million for local and national organizations. This program has also increased First American’s Trust Index score on community contribution by eight percent since 2014.

“The contributions we make to the community are outstanding,” says one employee. “Whenever a disaster or emergency situation has developed, the company keeps us informed and advises of what [efforts] we can become involved in. This is a compassionate and community-friendly company.”



ServiceNow team members participate in a One Tree Planted event.

The Santa Clara, Calif.-based ServiceNow provides a cloud platform and solutions that help digitize and unify organizations so that they can find smarter, faster, better ways to make work flow.

The company has taken meaningful steps to apply their professional know-how in support of the environment. Recently, they launched an integrated environmental, social and governance Command Center solution to help customers achieve their ESG goals. ServiceNow also achieved 100 percent renewable electricity, became carbon neutral in their operations and business travel and provided customers with a carbon-neutral cloud. In addition, they facilitated boots-on-the-ground events in support of the environment, coordinating 12 tree-planting and plant restoration projects around the world.

“When I think of ServiceNow’s responsibility to make a positive impact on the world, I’m reminded that none of us is as smart as all of us,” says chairman and CEO Bill McDermott. “From vaccine management to refugee resettlement to helping businesses navigate global economic uncertainty, ServiceNow is doing well for our customers…so we can do good things for the world.”



Expel staffers whip up something delicious at their Cooking for a Cause event.

Expel, a security operations provider based in Herndon, Va., honors the company value: “Take care of our people first.” It’s the guiding principle that has inspired transparency related to salary ranges, bonuses and commission targets, and that motivates Expel to continually Strengthen their diversity and inclusion efforts.

And because Expel takes care of its employees, employees are empowered to take care of their community. At Thanksgiving, through a program called “Pay it Forward,” Expel provides gift cards to all employees so they can make donations to local organizations. In Oct. 2022, Expel and the Recipe for Success Foundation partnered to hold a team culinary experience. Their "Cooking for a Cause" event provided lasagna dinners and bagged lunches for the local Embry Rucker Community Shelter. In May, they hosted a Charity Bike Build-a-Thon for She Believes In Me, a local nonprofit that benefits vulnerable children.

“Everything we do is rooted in our values,” says a team member. “Every decision made, whether it be benefits or events or deals, we always do so with our values in mind. That's what makes the culture so great.”



Credera team members remove litter from the shoreline of White Rock Lake in Dallas.

Based in Dallas, Credera is a consulting firm focused on strategy, innovation, data and technology. Even with long-time market-leading clients like Mercedes-Benz, McDonald’s and Southwest Airlines, the company never loses sight of its mission statement: “To make an extraordinary impact on our clients, our people and our communities.”

Recently, Credera has taken new steps to support communities, launching a philanthropic arm called Credera Community Impact, with the goal of providing STEM education-based opportunities and a wide variety of options to which Credera employees can contribute time and resources. Their company-wide Service Day gives employees an opportunity to volunteer. In June 2021, Credera hosted their largest and most impactful Service Day to date, with nearly 400 team members packing and distributing meals to those in need, beautifying parks and preparing meals and building care kits for families with sick children.

Says one team member: “Our core values actually matter in how we work. They are ingrained in how we make decisions, how we run projects and how we resolve conflict. People will literally bring up the core values as a rationale for a decision. Who wouldn't want to work at a place where those things are truly valued?”

Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company

Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company

Hewlett Packard Enterprise staffers distribute backpacks with school supplies at the 2023 CodeWars programming competition in Houston.

Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company is the global edge-to-cloud company that helps organizations accelerate outcomes by unlocking value from all of their data, everywhere.

HPE’s commitment to the environment is inextricably linked to its business strategy, as helping customers achieve their IT sustainability goals is, in HPE’s opinion, the single biggest impact the company can have on the planet. To that end, they have accelerated their target of achieving net-zero emissions across HPE’s entire value chain by 10 years, from 2050 to 2040, and they are implementing a comprehensive roadmap to get there that includes holding C-level executives directly accountable for achieving these goals. In addition, HPE’s Technology Renewal Centers in the U.S. and Scotland are the largest IT refurbishment centers in the world, taking in 3 million assets — regardless of manufacturer — last year and re-marketing 85 percent of them for a second life.

“The human and environmental challenges we face today present us with unprecedented opportunities for innovation,” says president and CEO Antonio Neri. “I am incredibly fortunate to have the backing of a talented global team who share this vision.”

The Cheesecake Factory Incorporated

The Cheesecake Factory

A Cheesecake Factory employee donates food to a local nonprofit as part of the Nourish Program.

The upscale casual restaurant chain based in Calabasas Hills, Calif., is one of the busiest in the country — but they never lose sight of the needs of their customers or their employees.

An example of how The Cheesecake Factory goes the extra mile: When staff experience a catastrophic event, they can reach out to the HELP (Hardship and Emergency Lifeline) Fund for a financial grant — no repayment required — to cover basic needs or defray costs associated with a housing disaster or death in the family. During the first six months of 2022, HELP Fund applications nearly doubled from the previous year, resulting in nearly $210,000 in grants to staff in need (compared to $134,000 granted during the first six months of 2021). And through the Nourish Program, the company donated approximately 925,000 pounds of excess food to local nonprofits in 2021 and the first half of 2022.

“Cheesecake Factory has been an amazing work environment for me,” says a team member. "The managers and my coworkers are my family, and I look forward to coming to work every time.”


Carat/Dentsu Communications India Pvt Ltd

Tara Nathan, Mastercard EVP for the Humanitarian and Development Sector, (seated second from left) visits rural India as part of Community Pass, a digital infrastructure program that increases access to underserved communities.

Mastercard, headquartered in Purchase, N.Y., is a global technology company in the payments industry, and the company powers an inclusive digital economy that benefits everyone. Part of that commitment to benefiting all revolves around doing their part for the environment and social equity.

Recently, Mastercard introduced a new compensation model for executives at the Executive Vice President level and above. Their bonus is determined in part by the company’s performance on three environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) priorities: carbon neutrality, financial inclusion and gender pay parity. Thanks to a collective effort, all goals were met or exceeded. Expanding on the system in place, now bonus calculations for all employees will factor in shared ESG goals.

“We’ll continue to use our technology, our experience, our partners and our people to create [a brighter] future,” says CEO Michael Miebach. “It’s the right thing to do, and a responsibility we embrace."

Hyatt Hotels Corporation


Colleagues from Afghanistan celebrate their work anniversary at Grand Hyatt San Antonio River Walk in 2023.

Hyatt Hotels Corporation, headquartered in Chicago, is a leading global hospitality company guided by its purpose — to care for people so they can be their best. In fact, a common mantra among team members: “Care is our superpower, guiding our decisions and actions every day.”

That superpower was on full display recently, as Hyatt placed special emphasis on addressing the challenges of Afghan refugees in the U.S., connecting them with employment opportunities at their hotels. Building on this, they partnered with the charitable groups Welcome.US and Welcome Exchange to identify Afghan refugees in search of work and enable them to begin a new life in the U.S. The effort has been an incredible success: They’ve placed 100+ refugees in roles at hotels across the country — and they continue to build on those efforts.

“I feel very comfortable being exactly who I am and bringing my whole self to work,” says a Hyatt team member. “People around our property truly care for others and demonstrate that often."



Insmed team members volunteer at a community garden in New Jersey on Earth Day.

Insmed, based in Bridgewater, N.J., develops and commercializes therapies for patients with serious and rare diseases. The manner in which they carry out that mission of transforming the lives of their patients reflects a larger ethos of helping whenever and wherever they can.

In 2021, Insmed established an official ESG working group that conducted a thorough assessment of their ESG achievements to date and outlined a plan for the next several years. They then committed to laying the foundation to build an in-house patient advocacy function that will further ensure patient and caregiver needs are being met as they develop new medicines and address the most significant challenges within patient communities. Insmed is also taking active steps to reduce carbon emissions from their vehicle fleet over time, including the integration of electric and hybrid vehicles.

“This company is all about culture!” says a team member. “Employees of all levels leave their egos at the door. I have never worked with an organization that has cared more about its employees."



EY volunteers clean a beach in Honolulu as part of EY Connect Day.

Professional services heavyweight EY, headquartered in New York City, works across assurance, consulting, law, strategy, tax and transactions. And you don’t become a trusted expert in so many fields without knowing a thing or two about the needs of people.

That knowledge and attention to detail shows in the steps EY has taken to care for its team members. Through the EY Way Of Working Transition fund, the company has set aside money and resources to reimburse their people for out-of-pocket expenses related to teaming, commuting, dependent care and pet care. The fund has been used to reimburse 29,500 people for over $22 million in eligible expenses. In addition, their new Wellbeing Champion Network serves as a community of advocates who promote well-being by acting as a direct line between employees and the Talent team. Through their Wellbeing Fund, every U.S. professional is reimbursed for 75 percent of the costs of well-being — items such as fitness classes, ergonomic home office equipment, meal delivery services and outdoor fitness equipment — up to $1,000.

“The wellness fund has been a great additional benefit,” says one EY employee. “Our culture of care and empathy shine through.”

Ally Financial Inc.

Ally Financial Inc

Ally Financial team members volunteer with Habitat For Humanity.

Detroit-based Ally Financial Inc., the largest digital-only bank and leading auto lender, is driven by a straightforward motto: Do it right. This mission starts with the way they treat their team members.

First, Ally Financial increased its minimum hourly wage from $17 to $23. Then, in early 2023, they made each person a shareholder in the company, giving 100 restricted stock units to all employees. Ally also expanded a robust financial education program aimed at assisting teammates with saving, investing and managing their money. Finally, all Ally employees have access to certified financial planners and monthly seminars focusing on at least one aspect of prudent financial management, whether that’s saving for education, reducing debt, the fundamentals of investing or retirement planning.

"Ally is a large company with an intimate feel,” says a team member. “It feels like they care from the second you get hired. During Covid, layoffs were never mentioned; instead, Ally doubled-down on its employees, guaranteed our commissions, offered assistance and gave employees their own stimulus. I am forever a loyal Ally employee.”

New Relic

New Relic

New Relic staffers volunteer as part of 21 Days of Goodness.

New Relic, an information technology company based in San Francisco, is a leader in observability — empowering engineers with a data-driven approach to planning, building, deploying and running software. And while it takes a great deal of expertise to provide their level of insight, it's not hard to see the good they’re doing in the world.

Through the 21 Days of Goodness campaign, New Relic connects employees with each other and inspires them to supply back to their communities with intention. A key part of the campaign is Giving Tuesday, during which the company deposits funds into employees’ accounts for them to donate to any charity they choose. Similarly, on their Global Day of Service, New Relic shuts their offices and encourages employees to partner up with a local philanthropic organization. More than 60 percent of New Relic employees in 21 countries across the globe participated in the most recent Global Day of Service, spending more than 4,000 hours on community projects.

“New Relic is absolutely amazing,” says an employee. “We are a team that has the same goal — to help our customers succeed. I see this in my daily interactions with both my coworkers, my leadership and other teams.”

Lucid Software Inc.

Lucid Software

Lucid employees deliver boxes to a local elementary school as part of their Adopt a Family efforts.

“I don’t ever want my employees to wake up and groan that they have to go to work,” says Karl Sun, CEO of the South Jordan, Utah-based Lucid Software, a leading visual collaboration suite. “My goal is to make Lucid a place where people genuinely want to be because they enjoy what they’re doing, and, maybe more importantly, whom they are doing it with.”

With that in mind, Lucid’s leadership launched Lucid Heart, a community engagement program focusing on strengthening communities through partnerships with schools, nonprofits and other organizations. Through the program, Lucid supports reading programs, donates laptops for distance learning, compiles reading packets for pediatric hospitals and refugees, and leads coding competitions for underrepresented youth.

Lucid also runs an Adopt-a-Family holiday program annually, recently donating more than $72,000 in gift cards, clothes, games, toys and more. All told, the company has supported more than 35 families and nearly 200 additional students through the program.

Custom Ink, LLC

Custom Inc

Inkers sort donations during a 203 Martin Luther King Jr. Day of Service.

The Fairfax, Va.-headquartered Custom Ink believes that its custom apparel and products do more than make their customers look good — they also help them to feel good, inspire them to do good and bring people together.

A longstanding part of Custom Ink’s giving is its Charitable Outreach Program. For customer orders placed supporting certain charities, Custom Ink donates a percentage of money to the cause. (Customers often don’t know about this practice, so it comes as a nice surprise.)  It’s Custom Ink’s way of thanking customers for letting them be a part of those special moments in their lives. Since the company started the Outreach program in 2008, they’ve donated more than $1.2 million to customer causes.

An email from a happy Custom Ink customer reads: “My sons, Jacob and Joseph, founded this team in 2013. We hold an annual fundraiser to raise money for the Food Bank of Santa Barbara County to help feed kids. One in five kids is at risk of hunger in our county. Since 2012, we have raised over $86,000 for the food bank, and we are hoping to hit $100,000 with this year’s campaign. Your donation will help us get there!”

Tri Pointe Homes, Inc.

Tri Pointe Homes

Tri Pointe staffers in Las Vegas hold a toy drive to benefit HELP of Southern Nevada.

One of the largest homebuilders in the U.S., Tri Pointe Homes, Inc., headquartered in Incline Village, Nev., takes pride in the work they do to supply back to the community.

In the past year, team members have recorded more than 1,000 hours of paid-volunteer time off, and Tri Pointe as a whole donated more than $350,000 to charities like HomeAid, Boys and Girls Clubs, Challenged Athletes Foundation, City of Hope and House of Refuge. Recently, the Austin division served as Builder Captain for the nonprofit developer HomeAid, constructing eight tiny homes for the unhoused and volunteering at the annual City of Leander backpack collection for a local middle school.

“The energetic and positive culture of this company is absolutely incredible,” says a Tri Pointe employee. “The team atmosphere coupled with the common desire to provide outstanding service to our clients — all while having having some fun — makes this company a sincere pleasure to work for! It feels great to work with folks that all have the common goal of doing great work while being supportive and respectful of each other.”

Alston & Bird LLP

Alston and Bird

Alston & Bird team members rep the firm at Los Angeles Food Bank Volunteer Night.

Based in Atlanta, Alston & Bird is a leading international law firm with core practices spanning complex litigation, corporate, intellectual property and tax.

In 2021, the firm dedicated 48,477 pro bono hours and over 12,000 hours serving in the community — including helping with the distribution of federal emergency funds related to the housing crisis and rental relief. And efforts to provide support to Ukraine are ongoing. An Alston & Bird attorney is currently serving as the President of the Ukrainian American Bar Association, and the firm has worked to support numerous emerging legal needs. Attorney volunteers are assisting with immigration status for many, and the firm has held various fundraisers, drives and service projects as the conflict continues.

"Alston & Bird is a fantastic place to work,” says one team member. “They care a lot about their people and because they do, their people care back. You'd be hard-pressed to find anyone here that isn't genuine, caring, giving, kind, hardworking and willing to help out in any way they can.”

Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc


Vertex Pharmaceuticals staffers participate in a Global Day of Service.

Boston-based Vertex Pharmaceuticals creates transformative medicines for people with serious conditions like cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disease and Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

As a leader in effective therapies, Vertex also offers its employees innovative health and wellness solutions, like Ginger, an emotional support coaching app that gives team members day-to-day support in learning new skills and achieving personal and professional goals via a real-time coach-chat, guided content and video therapy. Ginger is offered at no cost to employees and their dependents across the globe. Another solution, aHealthyMe, is a digital wellness platform that assists employees in reaching personal goals, from managing stress to quitting smoking to meal planning.

"The vision and the mission are extraordinary,” says a Vertex Pharmaceuticals employee. “People speak about our commitment to curing disease and improving patient lives in a real way. It's not theoretical. It drives us every day and you can feel it.”

Fusion Medical Staffing


Fusion team members support nonprofits like MS Forward year round.

Omaha-based Fusion Medical Staffing, an award-winning healthcare staffing company, prides itself on finding the best talent in the industry and matching them with the right facilities.

The most meaningful and impactful event for many Fusion employees takes place at the end of each year. Through a local organization, Angels Among Us, Fusion adopts 50 families who have been impacted by childhood cancer. Departments pool money to buy toys and gift cards for the families, and Fusion's Be the Change committee organizes a Winter Wonderland event — a catered meal and a chance to meet Santa and Mrs. Claus. The event helps the families enjoy a stress-free night of holiday fun, and the gifts given to them help take some of the stress of the holidays off their shoulders.

Says one employee: “The opportunity to volunteer and make an impact on the community is at the top of Fusion's priorities. I love being able — as well as it being highly encouraged by the whole leadership team — to supply back.”

Kimpton Hotels & Restaurants


Team members celebrate Pride Month outside the Kimpton Hotel Eventi in New York City.

San Francisco-based Kimpton Hotels & Restaurants, the original boutique hotel company since 1981, now operates more than 50 hotels and 60+ eateries, bars and lounges.

A commitment to hospitality and care extends to every decision Kimpton makes, including the resources they provide their 4,000+ employees. In the wake of Covid, Kimpton has increased its health and wellness offerings by starting a partnership with online and mobile therapy service Talkspace. All employees, from frontline staff to managers, can participate in the Talkspace membership free of charge for unlimited therapy, as well as access a variety of other educational resources. Kimpton also recently distributed a Managing Mental Health guide for leaders, to help them support anyone on their teams struggling with their mental health.

“It is the culture!” raves one team member. “I have never in my life truly felt like I belonged to a team where I work. When I started working for Kimpton I immediately felt like I was home. Everyone looks out for one another. I have never felt such warmth at [another] place of work.”

Sheetz, Inc.


Sheetz employees support their communities — and each other.

Founded in 1952, Sheetz is one of America's fastest-growing family-owned and -operated convenience restaurant chains, with over 24,000 employees and more than 650 stores in six states. And Sheetz, Inc. takes their commitment to those communities they serve very seriously.

One example: the Sheetz For the Kidz Holiday program. With assistance from The Salvation Army, every Sheetz store helps 16 children in their neighborhood each holiday season — purchasing and distributing gifts to roughly 10,000 kids and families per year. Similarly, in 2021, Sheetz announced the “Get a Meal-Give a Meal” campaign, aimed at feeding children and adults most in need in the communities Sheetz serves. The company donated one meal for every 6-inch sub sold, and two meals for every 12-inch sold, totaling a $50,000 donation.

“Our house burned down in October, leaving us with seven devastated children, one of whom is battling cancer,” says Amy, a Sheetz customer and a beneficiary of the Sheetz For the Kidz program. “After losing everything, SFTK was the blessing our family needed to get through the holiday season with a sense of hope. It meant everything to us when we needed it most.”

First American Equipment Finance

First American

First American Equipment Finance colleagues volunteer on a neighborhood beautification project during the company's Impact Day in May.

Among the largest equipment finance companies in the nation, First American provides leasing and project financing to the most creditworthy and sophisticated commercial borrowers in the country, including nonprofit organizations. Central to their success: First American has built a culture of listening to their people. Much of the feedback from company surveys is activated by the Culture Team, who have implemented impactful initiatives like $20,000 per year MBA financial support, a free flu shot clinic, remote colleague gift packages, remote colleague gym subsidies, 20 hours of Volunteer Time Off and much more.

Last October, First American hosted the inaugural Captain Your Cause Day. This event, completely colleague-driven, brought passions and community engagement to life. Thirteen captains led nearly 100 colleagues on a variety of fundraising and hands-on volunteer work for nonprofits, benefiting organizations like Villa of Hope, Isaiah House and Empowering People’s Independence.

Confirms a team member: “First American has a commitment to community giving that is encouraged from the top down.”



Cadence employees volunteer at a Rise Against Hunger food packing event as part of the company's annual Season of Giving program.

San Jose, Calif.-based Cadence is a pivotal leader in electronic systems design, building upon more than 30 years of computational software expertise. The company applies its underlying Intelligent System Design strategy to deliver software, hardware and IP that turn design concepts into reality.

And Cadence is committed to building an infrastructure through which their people can help others. Employees are given 40 hours volunteer time off each year and offered a 100 percent donation match up to $2,500. Their annual Season of Giving last year saw more than 1,000 employees across 15 countries volunteering over 2,000 hours to support causes meaningful to them, with a total of $1.9 million+ employee and Cadence-matched donations. This support allows all Cadence employees to feel secure that their work is life-changing.

Lynn, a team member, has experienced the impact and success of Cadence’s culture firsthand: “Throughout my career at Cadence, the leadership team and my managers played a key role in providing meaningful work that not only leveraged my skills but also enabled learning and development — providing challenging, even difficult, opportunities that yield deep satisfaction, growth and a sense of accomplishment. The rewards and recognition matter, but more important to me has always been to be in a role that’s impactful.”



A Bombas team member delivers socks to a New Yorker in need.

Headquartered in New York City, Bombas is a comfort-focused premium basics brand with a mission to help those in need. Originally founded in 2013 on the core value “give back meaningfully and personally," the company adheres to a strict giving model: For every item — socks, underwear, t-shirts — sold, a specially-designed item is donated to the homeless community. To date, Bombas has donated more than 60 million items to those at-risk, in need, and experiencing homelessness.

Last year alone, through the One Purchased=One Donated model, Bombas donated almost 27 million pairs of socks, underwear and t-shirts. In addition, they made great efforts to support local communities. Employees collectively spent over 1,000 hours volunteering, and each month the Giving team organizes 10 to 15 volunteering opportunities made available to all employees. A recent example: assembling over 200 hygiene kits that included non-perishable and personal care items for their New York neighbors .

“Bombas has a mantra that's rooted in the name: It's ‘bee better,’” cofounder and CEO David Heath told Forbes in 2020. “I got a tattoo of it to celebrate our one millionth pair of socks donated. It's knitted on the inside of all of our socks, printed on the inside of all of our t-shirts. It's this gentle reminder that we can always strive to be better.”

Venterra Realty


The leasing team at District Universal Boulevard enjoys some extra TLC during Venterra's Leasing Appreciation Week.

Founded in 2001, Houston-based Venterra Realty is a rapidly growing owner and manager of approximately 70 communities and more than 20,000 apartment units across major U.S. cities that are home to over 38,000 people and 12,000 pets. A key part of their success: a commitment to “out-caring” the competition.

In support of their employees, Venterra instituted the Venterra WOW Program. The initiative provides leaders with resources to create meaningful experiences for the members of their team. In turn, leaders are rewarded for positively impacting the lives of their colleagues. They’ve dedicated an $80,000 budget to this important initiative each year, and more than $38,000 has been spent on creating personalized moments for teams so far. In addition, their Venterra Cares program empowers employees to supply back by providing eight paid hours each year to serve their communities as they see fit.

Says one Venterra staffer: “This company makes work fun and enjoyable for its employees! They push lifelong learning and career advancement. Venterra is simply the best, and I'm beyond proud to be a part of such an amazing team!”


Met Life

MetLife volunteers worked with the Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund to create resources for victims of hate crimes.

MetLife is one of the world’s leading financial services companies, providing insurance, annuities, employee benefits and asset management. Central to MetLife’s corporate philosophy is a commitment to sustainability — a position they have fortified through significant progress on their environmental goals, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions by about 21 percent, originating more than $6 billion in new green investments and planting more than 200,000 trees around the world. And through the MetLife Foundation, the company has provided more than $1 million in climate-focused grants.

In June 2022, MetLife introduced a new Volunteering PTO day as part of their U.S. paid time-off program. The floating day was launched in response to employee feedback, and is designed to provide maximum flexibility for employees who wish to supply back to their communities.

“For MetLife, sustainability is about managing the business for the long term and ensuring we can deliver on our purpose for generations to come,” says chief sustainability officer Jon Richter. “Living our purpose means ensuring MetLife can remain a force for good in the communities we serve, with a deep commitment to using all our resources to foster a healthier, more inclusive and equitable world. While sustainability and [environmental, social, and corporate governance] may be gaining increased attention, for us, it’s always been woven into our DNA.”

BayCare Health System


Students led by BayCare's Kids Wellness and Safety Team prepare for the St. Anthony's Meek & Mighty Triathlon.

Formed in 1997 by a group of local hospitals determined to continue providing not-for-profit health care to the community, BayCare Health System provides an integrated network of services, with 15 hospitals, ambulatory and physician services in West Central Florida. Their commitment to this area runs deep — and extends well beyond patient care.

Since 2021, BayCare has increased its support of food pantries at 18 public schools to 42 across the region, so families in low-income neighborhoods, many of them food deserts, have access to the proper nutrition. The pantries represent an annual commitment for BayCare of more than $1 million. BayCare also opened a first-of-its-kind Health Education Center at Feeding Tampa Bay’s food distribution center, where hundreds of struggling families come each week for nourishment and other essentials.

“Any health care professional will tell you that food is the first medicine,” says Tommy Inzina, BayCare’s president and CEO. “Without good nutrition, maintaining one’s health is significantly harder, and no medical intervention can compensate for what we need first: good and dependable access to food.”



CarMax associates build a playground in Richmond, Va. as part of a partnership with the nonprofit KABOOM!

Richmond, Va.-based CarMax revolutionized the automotive retail industry by driving integrity, honesty and transparency in every interaction, and offering a uniquely personalized car-buying experience.

In a post-pandemic world, CarMax has found inventive ways to bring associates together — whether they’re on site, remote or hybrid — for opportunities to serve the community. By adapting their Volunteer Team-Builders (VTBs), they successfully completed 1,700 events in the fiscal year 2022. Those included “virtual walks,” in which associates walked for an hour to earn corporate donations (up to $2,000) for the organizations of their choice. At home or in office, CarMax associates also assembled Kynd Kits, care packages for vulnerable populations like injured veterans, cancer patients, displaced LGBTQ+ teens, those in homeless shelters and essential workers. More than 12,000 kits were distributed in 2022.

“I’m grateful to work for an organization that gives me an opportunity to support my community as a remote employee, and glad to be able to share this with my family,” says Nicole Gasper, a senior recruiter.

Ultradent Products, Inc.


Team members participate in Ultradent's Day of Service in Sandy, Utah, in June.

Headquartered in South Jordan, Utah, Ultradent Products is a company driven to Strengthen oral health globally through science, creativity and education. Their passion has made them into a global dental manufacturing company that has experienced nonstop growth for over 40 years.

Channeling their expertise for good, Ultradent proudly donates all of the dental supplies used at a small dental clinic in Namche Bazaar, a village located at the base of Mt. Everest in Nepal. The clinic services and teaches basic dental hygiene to village children, who are often given candy by climbers and tourists who visit the region every year. The Namche Bazaar clinic also addresses frequent incidents of dental pain in climbers from all over the world, often caused by the area’s sharp increase in elevation.

“Everyone employed at Ultradent truly lives out the core values; that’s what separates us from other companies,” says one team member. “Integrity sets the bar, care is contagious, quality is without a second thought, innovation is encouraged and implemented, and hard work is a result of all of the above. I’ve never been a part of a community of people who are so kind, helpful and dedicated. It makes me want to be a better version of myself every day."

Scripps Health

Scripps Health

Scripps Health staff receives letters of support from the community in response to its Be Kind initiative.

Scripps Health is a $3.2 billion private, nonprofit, integrated health system in San Diego that is ranked among the top 15 in the nation. With five hospital campuses, 29 outpatient centers and clinics, 4 emergency rooms, 3 urgent care sites, over 16,000 employees and 3,000 affiliated physicians, Scripps touches more than 700,000 lives each year, representing about one-quarter of the county’s 3.3 million people.

When a major blood supply shortage threatened San Diego County in Jan. 2022 — amid the Omicron surge — Scripps joined forces with community hospital leaders, created blood use criteria and mobilized its own courier service. By sharing resources, spreading the word and getting in front of local media, Scripps sparked an influx of donations. What the Blood Bank predicted could take up to six months was resolved in three weeks — because Scripps stepped up to care with the community’s needs first.

“One of my contractors saw us on the news and rallied his motorcycle club,” says Scripps CMO Dr. Ghazala Sharieff. “Here’s somebody I know personally but never would have thought to tell. But because he saw the news, he was able to spread the word.”

Hilcorp Energy Company


Hilcorp Energy team members celebrate the completion of Northbound 275, one of their "Big Hairy Audacious Goals."

Founded in 1989, Hilcorp Energy Company is the largest privately owned oil and natural gas producer in the United States. The Houston-based company says it “is built on the people and energy we produce, and strives for alignment with our fundamental core values.”

Every five years, Hilcorp sets a goal — a “Big Hairy Audacious Goal,” in fact — and that seemingly unattainable target brings with it an equally audacious reward. Hilcorp’s most recent BHAG, called Northbound 275, rewarded all employees, “from the pumper to the president,” a prorated $75,000 cash bonus. Hilcorp braved tough market conditions, natural disasters and a pandemic, but hit record marks in spite of it all. The bonus was hand-delivered to each employee at the corporate and field Christmas parties. As one final surprise, Hilcorp threw in an additional $25,000 for charitable giving.

“This company goes above and beyond for the employees and what they offer the community,” says a team member. “They supply us the opportunity to get better every day.”

Burlington Stores, Inc.


Burlington associates volunteer at the Caring for Friends food bank in Philadelphia.

Burlington Stores, Inc. headquartered in Burlington, N.J., is a nationally recognized off-price retailer operating more than 900 stores in 46 states and Puerto Rico.

In 2021, the company launched the Burlington Stores Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-operating private Foundation built upon their commitment to the community and enabling people to live better lives. Through the Foundation’s grants program, associates nominate nonprofits that support education, health and poverty relief in their neighborhoods. Those approved receive up to $5,000. In 2021, over 100 nonprofits were approved, with grants disbursed in early 2022. The Foundation is also privileged to be able to support many worthwhile organizations through charitable contributions. In its inaugural year, it awarded nearly $670,000, including $500,000 to five nonprofit diversity organizations, as part of the $1 million Social Justice and Racial Equality Pledge.

The company further outlines these values in a DEI Statement of Commitment, which reads in part: “At Burlington, we stand for equality and the dignity of each person. We specifically condemn racism, discrimination and bigotry in all forms. We embrace the many facets of diversity that strengthen our communities and Our Burlington. We believe that everyone deserves to be treated with respect and understanding.”

Northwell Health

Northwell Health

Northwell Health continues its commitment to honoring veterans at its fourth annual Side By Side event.

Located in New Hyde Park, N.Y., Northwell Health is more than New York State’s largest health care provider and private employer. They are a community of innovators who regularly push the status quo and offer superior health care to two million people annually. Central to their success: partnering with communities to ensure a healthy and vibrant future for all.

In the last year, Northwell has continued its work against gun violence, putting a particular emphasis on influencing other health systems to act through Northwell’s annual forums, partnerships, federal funding and ongoing government conversations. Northwell also took action when the attacks on Ukraine began. Through early 2022, Northwell’s Ukraine Relief Fund had raised nearly $250,000, with 100 percent of donations directly funding international relief partners. Northwell also donated 18,000 pounds of medical supplies to be used to care for refugees and those injured during combat, in addition to shipping more than 1,110 pounds of non-perishable food items, aiding with telemedicine and collaborating with the U.S. Immigration office to expedite medical visas for families with complex conditions who needed treatment in the U.S.

"I believe all of us, irrespective of the position that we are in these days, have a special obligation to do everything we possibly can to help the situation in Ukraine," Northwell CEO Michael Dowling told Fox Business.



Ripplers volunteer at Sanchez Elementary School in San Francisco as part of Ripple Impact.

Ripple is a crypto solutions company based in San Francisco that is transforming how the world moves, manages and tokenizes value.

A key component of the company’s commitment to supporting the community is Ripple Impact, a corporate social program focusing on financial inclusion, sustainability and research and innovation. The company offers “Ripplers” the opportunity to contribute to causes or charities of their choice, as well as discover new organizations aligned with their values. In 2021, Ripple saw its most generous year of employee giving, nearly all of which was matched by Ripple. (Ripple matches up to $1,000 per full-time employee annually.) Upon joining, employees receive a $50 credit to explore the platform and make an initial donation.

“There are opportunities to get involved with community service and access to mental health care benefits,” says one Rippler of company culture. “Most importantly, employees are appreciated and encouraged to balance life and work.”

Sprout Social

Sprout Social

Sprout Social employees assist My Block, My Hood, My City in a neighborhood beautification project in Woodlawn, Chicago.

Chicago-based Sprout Social is a global leader in social media management and analytics software. The company empowers more than 30,000 brands to deliver smarter, faster business impact with comprehensive solutions, including publishing and engagement, customer care, advocacy and AI-powered business intelligence.

And Sprout Social actively seeks ways to support larger communities. Sprout Serves is their employee-led volunteering program, which helps source organizations and opportunities worthy of support. The company holds an annual Philanthropy Week, when team members gather to raise money for causes and charities — including organizations that provide access to healthcare, fight for LGBTQIA+ rights, combat homelessness, increase educational opportunities for underrepresented communities and more.

“Sprout has a great company culture and core beliefs,” says a team member. “The level of effort in the diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) efforts that permeate all aspects for the company is really wonderful to experience. We hire amazing people from all types or backgrounds and they bring their experience and perspective to our team. Sprout also supports outside organizations and does great work for the community.”

Camden Property Trust

Camden Property Trust

Camden Property Trust team members volunteer at a shelter in the Greater Austin area.

Headquartered in Houston, Camden Property Trust is a publicly traded, multifamily real estate investment trust that provides homes and exceptional customer service to more than 90,000 people across the country.

A commitment to fostering an environment where all are welcomed and encouraged to succeed led Camden to develop a small but impactful program partnering with Workforce Solutions — a 16-week apprentice program for “opportunity youth,” young adults who are low income and experience very specific challenges to employment, including former runaways, past offenders and disabled individuals. Camden has continued its commitment to find and retain maintenance employees from local communities with five of the six apprentices being offered full-time employment.

Laurie Baker, chief operating officer, summed up the program this way: “These experiences are not only impacting the [apprentices] but the Camden team members working with them. What an amazing opportunity to connect with individuals whose lives need meaning and purpose. It gives everyone involved a sense of accomplishment while helping serve others.”

Liberty Mutual Insurance

Liberty Mutual

Liberty Mutual team members, including CEO and president Tim Sweeney (far right), complete a Serve With Liberty community project in May.

In business since 1912, Boston-headquartered Liberty Mutual Insurance is today the sixth largest global property and casualty insurer. The company employs more than 47,000 people in 29 countries and economies around the world, and offers a wide range of products and services.

To honor the diverse and wide-reaching communities it represents, Liberty Mutual Insurance instituted Serve With Liberty, dedicating corporate days of service annually in May, where employees can spend time giving back. Most recently, more than 11,000 employees across the globe volunteered 47,000 hours on projects with community partners, supporting over 700 organizations — planting trees, stocking food pantry shelves, readying summer camps for children, cleaning up beaches and more.

Liberty Mutual team member Raquel Rodriguez and her colleagues in the Scranton office have volunteered for years at the Sixth Street Shelter — both in person and, when required, remotely.  “When we were back together,” she says, “we went into ‘family mode’ without missing a beat and did everything we could to help out our extended family at Sixth Street.”

Otsuka America Pharmaceutical Inc

Otsuka America Pharmaceuticals Inc

Otsuka team members volunteer on World Kidney Day 2023.

Princeton, N.J.-based Otsuka researches, develops, manufactures and markets innovative products, with a focus on pharmaceuticals to meet unmet medical needs, specifically in the fields of neuroscience, nephrology and digital innovation.

Internally, Otsuka makes great efforts to care for their people’s mental health. In 2022, they introduced a new collaboration with Lyra to provide employees with cost-free, confidential and personalized mental health care for themselves and their families. Lyra’s online platform allows employees to find the right coach or therapist for their individual needs. Employees and eligible dependents are offered 16 coaching or therapy sessions per person per year at no cost, regardless of their participation in the company’s medical plan.

“Everyone is genuine and helpful,” an Otsuka employee says. “This has been such a nurturing culture, and I love that all levels interact. I feel comfortable speaking with anyone when at meetings, and everyone is vested and motivated by the success of others."



IEHP's EBONE (Empowering Black Opportunity Networking and Excellence) committee leads a Juneteenth celebration in June 2023.

With a mission to heal and inspire the human spirit, Rancho Cucamonga, Calif.-based Inland Empire Health Plan (IEHP) is among the top 10 largest Medicaid health plans and the largest not-for-profit Medicare-Medicaid plan in the country.

In reaction to a worsening economy, IEHP took steps to ensure employee salaries remained competitive in the marketplace. The company commissions a compensation study every three years and adjusts compensation accordingly. In Jan. 2022, IEHP went above and beyond this practice to account for the additional strain of cost-of-living increases and inflation. To help employees address the financial burden, IEHP announced a six percent cost-of-living increase across the board to all eligible employees, in addition to any annual merit increase and company-wide bonuses for meeting organizational goals. At a time when many companies were laying off and furloughing employees, IEHP made a calming statement of stability to its work family.

Says one IEHP staffer: “People are warm and kind and very helpful toward each other, while helping our patients and the community we serve. Benefits offered are unprecedented to other places I worked before, including other nonprofits. I hope I can continue to work at IEHP until retirement!”


Glenn Photography

Houston staffers build raised community garden beds as part of Dow's Global Serve-a-Thon.

Dow, headquartered in Midland, Mich., manufactures a broad range of advanced materials including plastics, industrial intermediates, coatings and silicones. The company operates 109 manufacturing sites in 31 countries.

In 2021, Dow found an effective way to adjust company benefits. Utilizing feedback directly from employees, Dow expanded its offerings, adopting a global minimum standard of 16 weeks paid time off for new parents and up to three weeks of paid time-off to care for sick or injured family members. They also launched Dow’s first-ever Volunteer and ERG Participation Policy, which allows Dow employees paid time-off to volunteer in the community and engage in employee resource group (ERG) activities. The company also committed $600,000 over six years to the Dow Promise program, an employee-led initiative to positively impact educational and economic challenges faced by Black youth and adults in communities near Dow sites through competitive grants and nonprofit partnerships.

“This company is a great place to work,” says one employee. “I feel Dow truly cares about its people. I also truly appreciated being able to take my 12-year-old daughter to work with me to show her what we do. It's a great way to inspire young people.”

Roth Staffing Companies, L.P.

Roth Staffing

Roth coworkers volunteer at Kids Meals, Inc., packing school lunches to feed more than 1,000 food-insecure children in the Greater Houston area.

Roth Staffing is one of the largest privately held staffing companies in the country. To support clients’ growth and evolving needs, six specialized lines of business at the Orange, Calif.-based firm provides temporary, temporary-to-hire, contract, contract-to-hire and direct hire staffing solutions and recruitment services.

Roth recently launched its “Roth Food for Thought” initiative, through which coworkers across the nation volunteer at local food banks in support of Feeding America. Through this initiative, Roth has seen a huge influx of participation, volunteer tracking and coworker engagement, and the company has exceeded its internal goal of 500 volunteer hours by 30 percent. Similarly, based on overwhelming employee response, Roth expanded its Make a Wish involvement in 2022, making three wishes from across the country come true — a trip to Disneyland, a tropical vacation and a marine biology adventure.

“[I appreciate] the way the organization prioritizes giving back to our communities and creating a remarkable experience for everyone,” says a Roth team member. “I have worked for a couple other companies in the industry, and I never knew a company this great really existed!”



Members of Asana's Team Rainbow and Blacsana ERGs assemble Curly Hair Kits, curated by San Francisco's Larkin Street Youth Services, to address the needs of Black and Brown youth in housing transition.

Asana helps organizations orchestrate their work, from small projects to strategic initiatives. Headquartered in San Francisco, the company has millions of users in over 200 countries and territories.

Asana recently implemented two cutting-edge tools for the benefit of employees’ well-being. The first, Modern Health, allows Asanas access to tools related to mental heath and self-improvement, including professional support from a dedicated coach or therapist, curated courses, and meditations — plus live community circles. And through Thrive, Asana’s internal mental health community, employees have a safe, stigma-free space to share thoughts, feelings, experiences and resources related to mental well-being. In these ways, Asana is ensuring that team members are bringing their full selves to work, while also being their full selves outside of work, with family and friends.

“We have built and nurtured our culture with the same care and intentionality that we’ve invested in designing our product,” says Asana cofounder and CEO Dustin Moskovitz. “It’s not just about doing the right thing; these efforts are essential to maximizing the longevity and success of our business.”



As part of a Citizen of the World event, Teleperformance team members from Boise provide backpacks to students of West Elementary, a title-one school in need.

Teleperformance, based in Salt Lake City, is a global digital business service company that provides a comprehensive, AI-powered service portfolio, including customer care, technical support, debt collection, social media services and trust-and-safety services that help defend both online users and brand reputation.

A charitable spirit is in Teleperformance’s DNA, as evidenced by several long-standing collaborations. Every year since 2017, the company has worked with The Alzheimer’s Association to raise money and awareness, resulting in more than $84,000 in combined contributions. A newer partnership, with the Wounded Warrior Project, resulted in team members donating through payroll contributions. Together, Teleperformance raised $13,117 to support military veterans in need.

“I honestly love working here,” says a Teleperformance employee. “Everyone is like one big family, and we all are about going the extra mile to provide help when needed. It’s an everyday thing.”



On Community Day, Vizient employees gather to adapt books to fit children with learning challenges and disabilities.

Vizient, based in Irving, Tx., is a community of experts, change makers and innovators leading the performance improvement journey for more than half of the nation’s healthcare systems.

In addition to helping healthcare organizations to do their best work, Vizient makes sure its team members are in a position to theirs — a responsibility that involves a commitment to diversity, equity and inclusion. In 2021, Vizient strengthened its organization by increasing women in leadership roles by ten percent and executives of color by 15 percent. The same year, Vizient also expanded their inclusive policies by introducing a company-wide self-identification program and LGBTQ-specific training. They also added LGBTQ-owned businesses to their provider diversity program, and developed a transgender inclusion policy.

“Vizient is focused on bringing your real self to work,” says a team member. “I have not experienced that anywhere else.”



Protiviti team members participate in a beach cleanup at the Chicago shoreline as part of the iCare initiative.

Protiviti, a global consulting firm headquartered in Menlo Park, Calif., delivers deep expertise, objective insights, a tailored approach and unparalleled collaboration to help leaders confidently face the future. And imbuing its own employees, their families and the larger community with the confidence and support needed to optimize their future is an integral part of their company culture.

As part of its mission to assist women in their pursuit of careers in technology, Protiviti’s GET IT (Gender Equality in Technology and IT) employee network group has formed relationships with related nonprofit organizations, including Girls Who Code and TechGirlz. Recently, three Protiviti GET IT members in the Chicago office hosted a virtual workshop in collaboration with TechGirlz to coach 14 middle school-aged girls on the basics of building a website using Wordpress. After the session, the girls were able to retain access to their websites and continue practice what they learned in the session.

After the event, one of the girls’ parents wrote to the organizers: "I just wanted to thank you so much for hosting such a wonderful workshop, such an inspiration for the girls. My daughter really enjoyed it and is still working on her website even after the class. Look out NASA!”

Robert Half International Inc.

Robert Half

The Robert Half Atlanta team packs 432 boxes at the Community Food Center in March.

Robert Half, based in San Ramon, Calif., is the world’s first and largest specialized talent solutions firm that connects great businesses with highly skilled job seekers. The company offers contract and permanent placement solutions for finance and accounting, technology, administrative and customer support, legal and marketing and creative roles.

While volunteering in the community is an everyday focus at Robert Half, the company also implements a “Season of Service,” during which hundreds of team members across the country engage in events. In 2021, over 5,000 employees spent 23,000 hours volunteering in their communities, and the company matched $2.3 million in donations to nonprofits. The company is also working on making its Employee Emergency Relief fund global — to continue giving assistance to team members affected by hurricanes, fires, flooding and damage caused by extreme weather shifts.

“When Hurricane Ida displaced me and my family, we were unsure when we could get back to our home and what condition it would be in,” says senior recruiting manager Carrie Lewis. “Robert Half and everyone who contributes to the fund really helped us through those stressful moments.”

Chegg Inc.

Chegg Inc.

Chegg staffers pack hygiene, wellness and self-care kits as part of the company's Global Impact Day.

Education technology platform Chegg Inc. provides homework help, digital and physical textbook rentals, textbooks, online tutoring and other services. The Santa Clara, Calif.-based company prides itself on helping students save time and money — and get smarter.

But Chegg is also passionate about combating food insecurity. In lieu of a holiday gift item for their employees, the company recently donated $150,000 to support on-campus food initiatives through nonprofits. Additionally, in 2021 the Impact Fund — which estimates that up to 26 percent of students have struggled to afford food in the previous 12 months — donated $200,000 to Second Harvest Food Bank of Silicon Valley, as part of their ongoing effort to support people experiencing hunger in their communities.

Says one team member: “Feeling cared for by Chegg inspires me to bring my A-game to work!”

Ryan, LLC

Ryan, LLC

Ryan team members from Tampa Bay and St. Petersburg come together to clean up a local beach.

Ryan, a corporate tax advisory firm based in Dallas, aims to liberate clients from the burden of being overtaxed, freeing their capital to invest, grow and thrive.

A significant part of fostering employees’ well-being is encouraging and facilitating community giving. A favorite Ryan mantra: “Generosity Matters: I share success with colleagues, clients and the community." To that end, Ryan actively promotes its progressive Community Service policy, which provides employees 16 hours per year of paid volunteer time for firm-sponsored community outreach. Also, The Ryan Foundation matches 100 percent of employee donations raised through designated fundraising days, payroll deduction and other charitable activities.

“The culture here is authentic and welcoming,” says one team member. “It is so very important to feel like you belong at work, as it creates a space for growth, improvement and ultimate success.”

Panda Restaurant Group Inc.

Panda Restaurant Group Inc.

Panda Express associates visit the Panda Cares Center of Hope located at the Boys & Girls Club of Antelope Valley in Lancaster, Calif.

Panda Restaurant Group, headquartered in Rosemead, Calif., is a family-owned and family-inspired restaurant company with more than 44,000 associates and more than 2,200 restaurants nationwide. The company has a self-described commitment to becoming a “world leader in people development.” Whether sharing good food with guests or creating opportunities for professional and personal growth for associates, Panda embraces all in a genuine family environment.

Panda Cares, the philanthropic arm of Panda Restaurant Group, is committed to serving the communities in which Panda Express operates by providing food, funding and volunteer services to underserved youth. Panda Cares also supports relief efforts during times of disaster, serving meals to first responders and their families. Finally, Panda’s yearly Associate Giving Campaign allows associates to donate a portion of their checks to their local Children’s Miracle Network Hospital — an effort that has resulted in more than $570,000 in total donations.

“These people are my family,” says a team member. “This is what Panda is about. Putting people first really shows.”

NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital

NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital

Volunteers from NewYork-Presbyterian's The Uptown Hub, a space for 14- to 24-year-olds in Washington Heights and Inwood to act, create and inspire growth within themselves and their communities.

NewYork-Presbyterian is a world-class academic medical center committed to excellence in patient care, research, education and community service. Based in New York City, it is one of the nation’s largest and most comprehensive hospitals, and a leading provider of inpatient, ambulatory and preventive care.

In response to the Covid-19 pandemic, the hospital launched the Northern Manhattan Recovery Fund, which led to the distribution of $5.3 million in emergency funding to 600 local businesses and community-based organizations. Working in collaboration with community leaders and with administrative support from the Hispanic Federation, the Fund disbursed grants of up to $25,000 to help businesses recover from the economic losses they incurred during the pandemic. Since 2021, the Fund has pivoted to long-term recovery efforts and resilience projects, like promoting vaccine and booster efforts, bolstering arts and culture, expanding community mental health supports and fostering youth-focused programming.

“To say this facility is a great place to work is really an understatement,” says a team member. “I started here in my 20s as a single mother of two little boys. I didn't know if I was coming or going at the time. NYP nurtured me like a plant from the ground and watered me into becoming the woman I am today.”

Summit Health

Summit Health

Volunteers participate in a back-to-school backpack packing event hosted by Summit Health in partnership with Big Brothers, Big Sisters of Westchester, N.Y.

Berkeley Heights, N.J.-based Summit Health helps patients with all their primary and specialty care needs, working to deliver care that allows patients to make the right choices and stay ahead of any issues.

And Summit Health takes pride in how they empower their people. Their rewards and Recognition programs make it easy for managers to recognize staff for jobs well done. Through a web-based platform, managers can send e-cards, reward team members with points redeemable for prizes and even acknowledge above-and-beyond performance with monetary rewards of up to $1,500. In addition, Summit Health makes it possible for team members to take a day off each year to do volunteer work with the company’s philanthropic foundation on a variety of community-based projects.

Says one Summit Health team member: “The unique thing [about] this company is that, once you let your voice be heard, they really listen, and they stand by you until you feel comfortable with the outcome. They really show they care.”

Orlando Health

Orlando Health

Orlando Health team members celebrate Pride.

One of Florida's most comprehensive private, not-for-profit healthcare networks, Orlando Health is comprised of ten award-winning hospitals, nine hospital-based- and seven freestanding ERs; rehabilitation services, cancer and heart institutes, imaging and laboratory services and much more.

The care shown to more than 160,000 inpatients and 3.6 million outpatients per year is only matched by the appreciation Orlando Health shows to its 23,000+ team members. The company’s “Your Best Place to Work” committee has even taken to feeding as many employees as it can, packaging grab-and-go meals at every Orlando Health cafeteria. The organization has now begun introducing family-style meals at its hospital locations. To deliver even more options, the committee is partnering with local vendors for Food Truck Fridays.

Needless to say, response has been enthusiastic. “This is a fabulous idea, and I love the creativity and innovation!” wrote one staffer. “Thank you! This really does take some weight off our shoulders,” said another.

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Tue, 22 Aug 2023 20:01:00 -0500 en-NZ text/html
Killexams : The role of bilingualism in paired-associate and cross-situational word learning

1. Introduction

Although the childhood period has been the dominant focus in the literature on word learning, adults also learn novel words every day. In adulthood, word learning can be a conscious and effortful process, as when learning vocabulary lists in a foreign-language classroom, or it can happen implicitly (as during childhood) – for example, when inferring meanings of new words through exposure. While there is an extensive psycholinguistic literature on how words are learned, the examinations into the different ways learning can occur have to date been siloed from each other.

In the laboratory, ostensive learning of novel words where learning is explicit and unambiguous has most frequently been studied using Paired-Associate Learning (PAL) tasks. Implicit learning that is meant to resemble ecologically-valid immersion-based learning in ambiguous settings has been studied using cross-situational word learning (CSWL) tasks. PAL and CSWL tasks have never been compared, limiting the understanding of word learning mechanisms in adulthood. The goals of the present study were two-fold. First, we aimed to contrast PAL and CSWL and examine whether word learning paradigm would affect learning performance in adults. Second, we aimed to examine the extent to which language background (i.e., bilingualism), word familiarity and verbal working memory would affect learning accuracy across paradigms. Ultimately, this approach can yield a more comprehensive framework for studying word learning in adulthood, and can reveal similarities and potential differences in the mechanisms by which words are learned.

1.1. PAL vs. CSWL

In paired-associate word learning, there is no ambiguity as to the association between the word to be learned and its referent (e.g., a translation or an object). In contrast, in cross-situational word learning, more than one word and one object are presented in any given trial. While the outcome of both paradigms is a phonological representation of the novel word stored in long-term memory (e.g., Litt et al., Reference Litt, Wang, Sailah, Badcock and Castles2019; Vlach & Sandhofer, Reference Vlach and Sandhofer2014), the learning process in each setting differs.

The PAL paradigm was developed under the theoretical umbrella of Baddeley's working memory model, where verbal information is encoded into a dedicated system called the phonological loop (Baddeley, Reference Baddeley2003; Baddeley & Hitch, Reference Baddeley, Hitch and Bower1974). The literature in PAL suggests a word learning advantage for bilinguals compared to monolinguals (Antoniou et al., Reference Antoniou, Liang, Ettlinger and Wong2015; Kaushanskaya, Reference Kaushanskaya2012; Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009b; Nair et al., Reference Nair, Biedermann and Nickels2016; Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1995; but see Tsuboi & Francis, Reference Tsuboi and Francis2020), possibly due to enhanced phonological working memory (Kaushanskaya, Reference Kaushanskaya2012; Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009b; Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1995). Separately, in monolingual research, phonological working memory has been found to support PAL, with phonological working memory interacting with long-term memory to scaffold learning of lexically familiar, but not unfamiliar, novel words (Ellis & Beaton, Reference Ellis and Beaton1993; Papagno et al., Reference Papagno, Valentine and Baddeley1991; Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1992; Service & Craik, Reference Service and Craik1993).

In contrast, CSWL has developed from statistical learning approaches (e.g., Aslin, Reference Aslin2017; Saffran et al., Reference Saffran, Aslin and Newport1996), and thus the CSWL literature has not devoted the same amount of attention to the role of phonological working memory in the learning process. However, findings examining CSWL in monolinguals and bilinguals suggest that perceiving fine phonological detail affects learning (Escudero et al., Reference Escudero, Mulak and Vlach2013, Reference Escudero, Mulak and Vlach2016b; Mulak et al., Reference Mulak, Vlach and Escudero2019). Additionally, studies involving bilinguals suggest a bilingual advantage over monolinguals in CSWL, but only when phonological competition is present in the stimuli (Benitez et al., Reference Benitez, Yurovsky and Smith2016; Escudero et al., Reference Escudero, Mulak, Fu and Singh2016a; Poepsel & Weiss, Reference Poepsel and Weiss2016). In PAL, one of the loci of this advantage has been hypothesized to be enhanced phonological working memory capacity (Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009b). In contrast, in statistical learning, this bilingual advantage has been attributed to bilinguals’ enhanced executive functioning skills (e.g., Bartolotti & Marian, Reference Bartolotti and Marian2012), and in CSWL specifically, to the need to resolve competition between two languages (Benitez et al., Reference Benitez, Yurovsky and Smith2016; see Bogulski et al., Reference Bogulski, Bice and Kroll2018 for a review across word learning paradigms).

Taken together, the findings suggest that in PAL, phonological working memory plays a central role in successful learning, and that additionally, it might be the locus of a bilingual advantage in word learning. However, this has not yet been studied in CSWL, although one study found a correlation between auditory attention and CSWL performance in children (Vlach & DeBrock, Reference Vlach and DeBrock2019).

Monolinguals and bilinguals have not yet been tested in a single experiment, comparing PAL and CSWL, and the role of phonological working memory has not been examined across both paradigms. This limits the ability to comprehensively understand how bilingualism might affect novel word learning across learning contexts.

1.2. Bilingualism and PAL

Early evidence for the role of phonological working memory in supporting PAL in monolinguals (Baddeley et al., Reference Baddeley, Papagno and Vallar1988; Papagno et al., Reference Papagno, Valentine and Baddeley1991; Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1992; Service, Reference Service1992) has prompted the question of whether phonological working memory also supports the acquisition of novel words by bi-/multilingual individuals (e.g., Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1995; Kaushanskaya, Reference Kaushanskaya2012; Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009a, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009b; Tsuboi & Francis, Reference Tsuboi and Francis2020; Van Hell & Mahn, Reference Van Hell and Mahn1997).

A seminal study by Papagno and Vallar (Reference Papagno and Vallar1995) compared a group of bilinguals with a group of multilinguals (with knowledge of at least three languages) on a PAL paradigm with word-word and word-nonword associations to learn. Participants were additionally tested on two phonological working memory measures: a forward digit-span and a nonword repetition task, and measures of general intelligence, vocabulary knowledge in the native language, and visuo-spatial memory. Multilinguals performed significantly better than bilinguals on both phonological working memory tasks and learned the nonwords significantly better compared to bilinguals. A follow-up principal component analysis showed that both phonological memory tasks and nonword learning loaded on the same factor. This suggested, in addition to the lack of significant differences on the other measures administered, that multilinguals’ higher performance on nonword learning was operating through phonological working memory.

While not directly tested, the role of phonological working memory has been implicated in subsequent studies of paired associate word learning in bilingual and monolingual adults. For example, in a study contrasting novel word learning performance in English-speaking monolinguals, English–Spanish bilinguals and English–Mandarin bilinguals, both bilingual groups outperformed the monolingual group on novel word learning (Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009b). The bilingual groups had acquired their two languages early in life, showing that this advantage was independent of second language learning strategies that could have been developed in the classroom for late bilinguals (as tested in Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1995; Van Hell & Mahn, Reference Van Hell and Mahn1997). It was suggested that this advantage could stem from more efficient encoding of unfamiliar phonology, increased working memory storage (see also Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1995), or that early exposure created a more tolerant phonological system. However, performance on a phonological memory measure (a digit-span task) in the three groups revealed no differences across monolinguals and both groups of bilinguals (Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009b). Therefore, bilinguals’ better performance in this study could not be attributed to advantages linked to phonological working memory function.

The question of whether phonological working memory supports word learning in bilinguals was further examined in Kaushanskaya (Reference Kaushanskaya2012), where monolinguals and bilinguals were tested on a digit-span and nonword repetition tasks (both have been widely recognized as phonological working memory measures) and matched by low-span/high-span across groups. Both lexically familiar and unfamiliar stimuli were included in the PAL task, as previous studies in monolingual research found a robust effect of familiarity on novel word learning (Ellis & Beaton, Reference Ellis and Beaton1993; Papagno et al., Reference Papagno, Valentine and Baddeley1991; Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1992; Service & Craik, Reference Service and Craik1993). Bilinguals outperformed both low- and high-span groups of monolinguals, on both word types. These findings suggest a bilingual advantage in word learning, over and above phonological working memory capacity. Nonetheless, it is possible, among other factors, that the role of phonological working memory was masked because participants were tested through the retrieval of the English translations for the novel words, whose phonology was familiar to all participants.

Considering the variety of ways that bilingualism effects on paired associate word learning have been tested and the inconsistency in results, Tsuboi and Francis (Reference Tsuboi and Francis2020) examined within one study the role of bilingualism, language dominance and language proficiency in PAL in English monolinguals, English–Spanish bilinguals with dominance in either English or Spanish, and Japanese–English bilinguals. They tested learning both auditorily and visually, and cued a response through an unfamiliar language for all participants (Japanese for English monolinguals and English–Spanish bilinguals, and Spanish for Japanese–English bilinguals), to ensure word referents were unfamiliar to all participants. Findings showed similar performance across monolinguals and bilinguals, and revealed that higher proficiency in the language through which the novel words are learned led to higher learning performance, independent of bilingual status.

To summarize, findings generally point to a bilingual advantage in novel word learning in PAL (Hirosh & Degani, Reference Hirosh and Degani2018; Warmington et al., Reference Warmington, Kandru-Pothineni and Hitch2019; except in Tsuboi & Francis, Reference Tsuboi and Francis2020), but evidence for the association of this advantage with phonological working memory is inconsistent. The role of bilingualism in CSWL has also been tested, although much more sparsely than in PAL, and without focusing on phonological working memory as a possible locus of bilingual effects.

1.3. Bilingualism and CSWL

Contrary to PAL literature, which has made phonological working memory a central tenet of its posited mechanisms, CSWL emerged from statistical learning approaches. Learning in CSWL is theorized to take place either through associative learning, where information is aggregated over time to infer meaning (e.g., Yu & Smith, Reference Yu and Smith2007), or through hypothesis testing, where evidence is gathered to formulate hypotheses, which then support inference-making on word-referent pairings (e.g., Yurovsky & Frank, Reference Yurovsky and Frank2015).

Only a few studies have examined the effect of bilingualism on CSWL, and generally, they indicate that bilinguals learn better in CSWL paradigms, but only in the presence of competition (Benitez et al., Reference Benitez, Yurovsky and Smith2016; Poepsel & Weiss, Reference Poepsel and Weiss2016). In both studies, competition was created by pairing a referent (an object) with two words instead of one. In Benitez et al. (Reference Benitez, Yurovsky and Smith2016), the participant pool was divided into speakers of one language, and speakers of multiple languages. One of the two words to learn contained a systematic phonological property making it more distinctive than the other word. Results showed that this distinctiveness helped learning performance only for monolinguals, and bilinguals learned both labels in the two-word pairings at significantly higher levels than monolinguals. These findings suggest that one or more factors linked to dual-language learning may help learning novel words that have competing pairing options, such as a lower phonological bias towards one language, and/or variations in language processing ability.

Another study that examined competition in word-referent pairings tested monolinguals and bilinguals in three conditions varying in ambiguity, with 2 x 2 (two words are presented auditorily while two pictures are displayed visually), 3 x 3, and 4 x 4 presentations (Poepsel & Weiss, Reference Poepsel and Weiss2016). Monolingual and bilinguals’ performance did not differ across conditions. However, when introducing two-to-one mappings (two objects for one word) in a 3 x 3 design, bilinguals outperformed monolinguals in learning more of the two-to-one mappings, and converged faster on primacy (first label paired with an object) and recency (second label paired with the same object) pairings. These findings suggest that the bilingual participants were more flexible in their ability to contemplate two-to-one mappings compared to monolinguals.

While these two studies show that bilinguals may be better able to learn in the presence of competition in the input, the role of phonological working memory was not explored in Poepsel and Weiss (Reference Poepsel and Weiss2016). It was only indirectly touched upon in Benitez et al. (Reference Benitez, Yurovsky and Smith2016), where sensitivity to phonological detail was tested by manipulating the phonological distinctiveness of one of the two words mapping onto one object. To target sensitivity to phonological overlap within stimuli, Escudero et al. (Reference Escudero, Mulak, Fu and Singh2016a) examined how Singaporean English–Mandarin bilinguals might differ from Australian English monolinguals in their processing of fine phonological detail when learning novel words in CSWL. The novel word stimuli conformed to native language phonotactics and were divided into non-minimal pairs, consonant minimal pairs or vowel minimal pairs. Moreover, one of the minimal pairs was formed by a vowel height contrast absent in Singaporean English. It was hypothesized that bilinguals would outperform monolinguals based on previous work suggesting a phonological working memory advantage for bilinguals, and that vowel minimal pairs would be the most difficult to learn for all groups. Moreover, bilinguals were expected to perform worst on the minimal pairs containing the contrast absent from their native language. While both groups learned above chance, bilinguals did outperform monolinguals, even on the contrast that was absent from the bilinguals’ inventory. This study however did not include a measure of phonological working memory, limiting the possibility of examining the source of the observed phonological similarity.

1.4. Cross-linguistic overlap and phonological memory

Models of bilingual language processing consistently show that a bilingual's two languages are activated non-selectively (e.g., Dijkstra & Van Heuven, Reference Dijkstra and Van Heuven2002; Duyck, Reference Duyck2005; Jared & Kroll, Reference Jared and Kroll2001). One method to tap into dual-language activation is to examine how cross-linguistic overlap affects processing – for example, using cognates, interlingual homographs or homophones. With interlingual homophones, where two words sound the same but are semantically different, studies have found that depending on task demands, processing can be facilitated or hindered. For example, Liu and Wiener (Reference Liu and Wiener2020) studied adult native speakers of English (L1), in their second semester of learning Mandarin Chinese (L2). Half of the novel words to be learned in the L2 were homophones with words previously learned in the L2, and half were novel words in the L2 that were not L2 homophones. The words were played auditorily and paired with an image representing the word. Participants were then tested in a four-alternative-forced-choice task to identify the novel words. Accuracy was higher on homophones than non-homophones, suggesting a facilitative effect of phonological and lexical information previously learned on building L2 vocabulary. A facilitative effect of homophones has also been found in priming tasks (Duyck, Reference Duyck2005), but not in tasks that require making a judgement about the lexical or phonological nature of the word, as in category-verification or gating (e.g., Friesen & Jared, Reference Friesen and Jared2012; Schulpen et al., Reference Schulpen, Dijkstra, Schriefers and Hasper2003; Sperber et al., Reference Sperber, Davies, Merrill and McCauley1982). These findings suggest that for tasks that require a higher cognitive load on working memory, homophones may create a processing cost.

The role of lexical competition across languages has also been studied, manipulating the level of cross-linguistic overlap (Bartolotti & Marian, Reference Bartolotti and Marian2012; Blumenfeld & Marian, Reference Blumenfeld and Marian2007; Ju & Luce, Reference Ju and Luce2004; Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2007; Marian & Spivey, Reference Marian and Spivey2003; Mishra & Singh, Reference Mishra and Singh2014; Nakayama & Archibald, Reference Nakayama and Archibald2005; Weber & Cutler, Reference Weber and Cutler2004). When overlap is partial, competition for lexical selection arises, slowing down language processing. However, in language learning, bilinguals tend to resolve this competition quicker and with higher accuracy rates than monolinguals (Bartolotti & Marian, Reference Bartolotti and Marian2012).

In monolingual and bilingual research, when words are manipulated such that their phonotactics conform to the known language, either for familiar words or unfamiliar (nonwords), lexical familiarity has been found to benefit learning (Ellis & Beaton, Reference Ellis and Beaton1993; Majerus et al., Reference Majerus, Van der Linden, Mulder, Meulemans and Peters2004; Papagno et al., Reference Papagno, Valentine and Baddeley1991; Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1992). This is also true when familiar words are nonwords conforming to the known language phonotactics, and the unfamiliar words contain phonemes absent from the known language (Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2008; Service & Craik, Reference Service and Craik1993). This lexical and phonological familiarity effect on learning is hypothesized to emerge from the involvement of known phonological representations stored in long-term memory in phonological working memory.

In CSWL, only two studies manipulated phonological overlap, and did so within novel stimuli rather than in terms of overlap between known words and novel words (Escudero et al., Reference Escudero, Mulak and Vlach2013, Reference Escudero, Mulak and Vlach2016b). In these studies (Escudero et al., Reference Escudero, Mulak and Vlach2013, Reference Escudero, Mulak and Vlach2016b), learning was worst on vowel minimal pairs. This suggests that in CSWL, the efficiency of the phonological loop in encoding fine phonological detail likely affects learning performance. Therefore, it is possible that when learning familiar words, a facilitation effect might be found, as in PAL. However, the CSWL paradigm is more ambiguous than PAL, due to presentation of at least two words and two referents at the same time in teaching trials. This could increase working memory load, negatively impacting word learning performance (Mulak et al., Reference Mulak, Vlach and Escudero2019; Vlach & Sandhofer, Reference Vlach and Sandhofer2014; Yu & Smith, Reference Yu and Smith2007), and making the CSWL task especially sensitive to word familiarity manipulations.

1.5. Summary and Current Study

Taken together, findings in PAL suggest a bilingual advantage in novel word learning, but the evidence for phonological working memory as the mechanism supporting this advantage is sparse and mixed. In CSWL, a bilingual advantage was also found, but only in the presence of competition in the stimuli, and while phonological working memory may be a factor in this observation, it has not been directly tested yet. While familiarity was found to facilitate PAL, it has been shown to be less important in bilingual PAL (Kaushanskaya, Reference Kaushanskaya2012; Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009b), and manipulations of phonology have been drastically different in PAL vs. CSWL studies (Escudero et al., Reference Escudero, Mulak and Vlach2013, Reference Escudero, Mulak and Vlach2016b), making it difficult to identify the loci of such effects and to compare them across paradigms and participants with different language learning histories. The two paradigms have never been compared to each other when testing both monolinguals and bilinguals, and yet, ambiguity at learning suggests that CSWL is more challenging than PAL (Mulak et al., Reference Mulak, Vlach and Escudero2019; Vlach & Sandhofer, Reference Vlach and Sandhofer2014; Yu & Smith, Reference Yu and Smith2007), indicating that word learning performance could be worse in CSWL compared to PAL.

In the present study, we examined the degree to which word learning paradigm (PAL or CSWL), word familiarity (familiar words – homophones, and unfamiliar words – nonwords), bilingualism, and phonological working memory might predict word learning performance. We hypothesized that across groups, word learning performance would be higher in PAL versus CSWL, and on familiar versus unfamiliar words. Additionally, we predicted that bilinguals would learn more words than monolinguals across conditions and word types, and that this effect would be associated with phonological working memory. Moreover, we predicted that bilinguals’ experience with resolving cross-language ambiguity might supply them an advantage in learning homophones compared to monolinguals. However, if the role of phonological working memory in word learning is similar for monolinguals and bilinguals, we should observe that higher scores on phonological working memory across groups are positively associated with word learning accuracy, particularly on CSWL, and that unfamiliar words are learned at a higher rate in participants with higher phonological working memory scores.

2. Method

2.1. Participants

We recruited 136 monolinguals on the online platform Prolific (Palan & Schitter, Reference Palan and Schitter2018), and 130 bilinguals, recruited both on Prolific (n = 88), and via a register of participants who had given consent to be recontacted for invitation to participate in new studies (n = 42). We derived the initial trial size of n = 136 from a power analysis conducted using the “modelPower” function in the lmSupport package (Curtin, Reference Curtin2018) in R Studio (v. 4.0.0; R Core Team, 2020). A meta-analysis of second language word learning from spoken input found a large effect of vocabulary gains (g = 1.05) (de Vos et al., Reference de Vos, Schriefers, Nivard and Lemhöfer2018), but this figure conflates studies with different populations and testing procedures and does not include all the variables included in the present study. Therefore, we chose a more conservative, medium effect size of ηp 2 = .06.

On Prolific, monolingual participants were pre-screened using the following filters: U.S. nationality, location in the U.S., age between 18 and 40, no other language than English, no language disorders and no hearing difficulties. The same filters were applied for bilinguals, and additionally, English had to be the native language, with knowledge of one additional language, Spanish. Bilinguals who were recontacted from previous studies were similarly screened (screener questions are available in the OSF repository for this article, at One bilingual had to be excluded for indicating an age over 40.

Based on information provided in the Language Experience and Proficiency Questionnaire (LEAP-Q, Marian et al., Reference Marian, Blumenfeld and Kaushanskaya2007), where information about languages known, exposure to each language and proficiency levels is provided, 6 participants had to be excluded in the monolingual group due to exposure to another language more than 5% of the time. In the bilingual group, 11 participants had to be excluded due to exposure to a third language more than 5% of the time.

Regarding bilinguals’ second language (L2), 93 indicated it was Spanish, 9 English, 1 Spanish and Mandarin, and 8 did not reply. We excluded two participants who indicated French and Tagalog as L2. Additionally, we excluded one participant who was a native speaker of Spanish with English as L2. For those who did not reply, all had exposure to English and Spanish only, except for the Spanish–Mandarin bilingual who had equal exposure to Mandarin and Spanish (5% each). For the 9 bilinguals who indicated English as their L2, all indicated exposure to English from birth and exposure to Spanish from birth or 1 year old (2), or in a range from 2 to 6 years old (7). Bilingual participants’ characteristics are available in Table 1. The data suggests that the bilinguals learned Spanish on average during childhood, and that they learned in similar proportions by living in a Spanish-speaking country, living with Spanish-speaking family members, and learning in the classroom. We note however that the median for this latter measure is higher, at 4 years, compared to 0.5 and 0.5 years for the other two learning environment measures, suggesting a skew in the data towards more L2 learning in the classroom. The data on L2 proficiency suggests that participants had average to high proficiency in Spanish.

Table 1. Bilingual participants’ characteristics (n = 111)

The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of Wisconsin – Madison. All participants were compensated at a rate of $10 an hour, either through Prolific, or with a gift card, according to the source of recruitment. Participants began the study by providing informed consent to participate and indicating whether they consented to audio recordings (8 individuals in the monolingual trial and 7 in the bilingual trial did not consent to audio recordings, but were still included in data analyses). Participant characteristics are summarized in Table 2.

Table 2. Participant characteristics on samples after exclusions

In the final sample, monolinguals (Mmono = 29.98, SD = 6.44) were significantly older than bilinguals (Mbi = 25.81, SD = 5.86), and there was a significant gender difference – the bilingual group was majority female, while the monolingual group had a more balanced gender divide. Monolinguals and bilinguals did not significantly differ in the number of years of education received, nor on their English vocabulary score, which is unsurprising because all participants were native English speakers. Moreover, while the groups did not significantly differ on the backward digit-span measure, they did differ on the English nonword repetition task: bilinguals (Mbi = 61.94, SD = 15.76) scored ten percentage points above the monolinguals (Mmono = 51.33, SD = 20.38).

2.2. Materials


Participants learned a total of twelve novel words, of which six were unfamiliar nonwords conforming to English phonotactics (e.g., tosem, posek) and six were familiar words, i.e., were English homophones (e.g., cooker, alike). The unfamiliar words were chosen from the database of Gupta et al. (Reference Gupta, Lipinski, Abbs, Lin, Aktunc, Ludden, Martin and Newman2004) and had first syllable stress for half of the stimuli, or second syllable stress for the other half. We matched the six familiar words with the unfamiliar words on stress pattern and biphone frequencies using the Clearpond database (Marian et al., Reference Marian, Bartolotti, Chabal and Shook2012).

We chose twelve pictures from the Novel Object and Unusual Name (NOUN) database (Horst & Hout, Reference Horst and Hout2016) to match the novel words. The objects were chosen such that they had average saliency. To limit bias in the pairings, two lists were created, where the objects that were paired with the familiar words in one list were paired with the unfamiliar words in the other. Participants were assigned randomly to a list. Stimuli are presented in Appendix C.

Vocabulary measures

Monolingual participants completed a vocabulary test of their English ability (Woodcock-Johnson III Picture Vocabulary Test - Tests of Achievement, Mather & Woodcock, Reference Mather and Woodcock2001), and bilingual participants completed the same test, and its equivalent in Spanish (Vocabulario sobre Dibujos - Batería III Woodcock-Muñoz: Pruebas de aprovechamiento, Muñoz-Sandoval et al., Reference Muñoz-Sandoval, Woodcock, McGrew and Mather2005).

Both Picture Vocabulary tests were adapted to an online format, and shortened such that the start point was that of typical adults as per manual guidelines. Six pictures were displayed on the screen, at four levels of increasing difficulty. Participants were asked to record themselves saying the name of each picture (instructions are available in Appendix A5 for the English version and B3 for the Spanish version). Recordings were scored for accuracy and 10% of the data was double scored for inter-rater reliability. Research assistants were instructed to supply one point per correct answer, or otherwise a zero. They were provided with a list of acceptable answers in both languages. On the Woodcock Johnson in English, 45 cases (8.82% of the data) from the monolingual participants and 42 cases (8.61% of the data) from the bilingual participants had to be removed due to poor or absent audio. On the Woodcock Johnson in Spanish, 69 cases had to be removed due to similar audio issues, or answering in English (14.02% of the data). We calculated an intraclass correlation coefficient using two-way random effects and a single-rater unit. Results on the test in English showed good agreement (ICC =.83, p < .001), and excellent agreement in Spanish (ICC = .99, p < .001). Final scores per participant are normalized out of 100. In our analyses, we retained the score in English as it was common to both groups of participants. The ranges of performance on the English version of this test (M = 53.32, SD = 18.79, Med: 54.17, Range [0:100]) indicated that the measure captured variability in participants’ English language skills.

Phonological working memory measures

All participants completed two working memory tasks: a nonword repetition task (English and Spanish versions: Lado, Reference Lado2017) and a backward digit-span task (van den Noort et al., Reference van den Noort, Bosch and Hugdahl2006; Wechsler, Reference Wechsler1997). Monolinguals completed the tasks in English only, while bilinguals completed both tasks in English and Spanish. For the nonword repetition task, the original recordings in English and Spanish from Lado (Reference Lado2017) were used, but only stimuli up to five syllables in length were used, as piloting revealed floor effects beyond this threshold. Stimuli were normalized at 70 dB. Participants had to listen to the nonword pairs and repeat them immediately after (instructions for the English version are available in Appendix A4 and for the Spanish version in Appendix B2). Participants’ productions were scored for accuracy, and 10% of the data was double-scored to gain a measure of inter-rater reliability. Research assistants were instructed to score the productions as correct (1) or incorrect (0), without giving partial points for correct syllables. For the monolingual data, the intraclass correlation coefficient showed good agreement (ICC = .86, p < .001). For the bilinguals, agreement was excellent on the English version of the task (ICC = .92, p < .001). A portion of the data had to be excluded in each group due to poor audio, or no recording: for monolinguals, 110 cases were removed (9.86% of the data) and for bilinguals, 69 cases were removed (5.55% of the data).

The backward digit-span included 16 trials, with two trials per level of difficulty. Trials started at 2-digits length and ended at 9-digits length. The stimuli in English and Spanish were recorded by a simultaneous English–Spanish bilingual speaker and normalized at 70 dB. Participants had to listen to the digit list carefully and repeat the digits backwards (instructions for the English version are available in Appendix A3 and for the Spanish version in Appendix B1). Participants were given one practice trial before beginning the task. Only once the audio finished playing, the box to enter the response appeared, to limit the possibility of writing down numbers as they were being spoken. There was no time-limit on trials, and the Return key had to be pressed to move forward. The task was set to be automatically scored, and scores were normalized out of 100. Similarly to the vocabulary scores, only English scores were included in analyses as they were common to both groups. Because the data for the Spanish versions of the tasks were not the focus of this study, they are not described further.

The nonword repetition task and backward digit-span tasks positively correlated (r = .29, p < .0001). However, only the backward digit-span was used in models as it had no missing data.

Nonverbal IQ measure

Participants completed a measure of their nonverbal intelligence using the Visual Matrices of the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (KBIT-2) (Kaufman & Kaufman, Reference Kaufman and Kaufman2004). For bilinguals, instructions were available both in English and Spanish. Participants were asked to choose the picture that best completed the relationship or the rule in a set of pictures or patterns (instructions for the monolingual version are available in Appendix A6 and for the bilingual version in Appendix B4). Each trial was limited to 30 seconds, and feedback was provided on the first three trials (following the test manual). A green tick mark was shown for correct answers, and a red cross was shown for incorrect ones. However, participants did not have an opportunity to self-correct on these trials, and difficulty level did not drop with incorrect answers. This task was automatically scored and individual scores were normalized out of 100.

Paired-associate word learning

The PAL experiment started with a teaching phase and ended with a testing phase. In the teaching phase, participants were exposed to each novel word-object pairing three times. Exposures were divided into three blocks. Within-block presentation and block order was randomized between participants.

The task began with instructions, where participants were told that they would be taught the names for several new objects (instructions are available in Appendix A1-i). Once participants were ready to begin, a black cross on a white background appeared at the center of the screen for 1000 ms. Then, the first novel object appeared on the screen and its associated name began to be spoken with a 400 ms delay. The object stayed on screen for 3400 ms. This cycle repeated 36 times. After the first block of 12 presentations, an attention check was inserted. Participants were told this was to check their engagement with the task and were asked to click “next”.

In the testing cycle, each word was tested three times. Presentation was divided into three blocks, with presentation randomized within and between participants. Testing was a four-alternative-forced-choice task, such that participants saw four pictures on the screen while one word was auditorily played, and they had to choose the picture they thought corresponded to the word spoken (instructions are available in Appendix A1-ii). Before the first set of pictures was presented, a fixation cross appeared for 1500 ms. The word was spoken with a 700 ms delay. Presentation of the four pictures was pseudorandomized such that no set contained repeating images within a trial, and pairings were pseudorandomized such that two words within the four options never appeared together more than six times. Each object appeared 10–14 times in all four zones of the screen. A picture could be clicked only after the target word was spoken. Responses were scored as 1 or 0 depending on whether they matched the correct answer.

Cross-situational word learning

This task began with instructions which did not reveal that it was a word learning task (instructions are available in Appendix A2-i). Once participants began the experiment, a black fixation cross appeared for 1000 ms. Then, two objects were displayed on screen and two words were auditorily presented. Each pairing was presented three times, in three blocks, with randomized order within and across blocks. The first word was spoken with a 400 ms delay after both objects appeared on screen, and for a duration of 1300 ms. The second object was named between 1700 ms and 3400 ms, to keep time per trial the same as in PAL. The same attention check as in PAL was presented after the first block for all participants. Presentation of the objects and their naming was counterbalanced left/right. Half of the words had four occurrences where the first word played was paired with the left-side object and the second word played was paired with the right-side object. On the other two occurrences, the first word played was paired with the object on the right side and the second word played, with the object on the left side. For the other six words, on four occurrences the first word played was paired with the right-side object and the second word played, with the left-side object. On the other two occurrences, the first word played was paired with the left-side object and the second word played was paired with the right-side object. This pairing was equally divided between word categories: familiar (homophone) or unfamiliar (nonword).

The testing phase was the same as in PAL, except that instructions did not explicitly indicate that auditorily presented words had to be paired with objects (instructions are available in Appendix A2-ii). The pseudorandomized order ensured that pairs seen as teaching were not systematically reproduced at test.

2.3. Procedure

Participants took the experiment on Gorilla Experiment Builder (Anwyl-Irvine et al., Reference Anwyl-Irvine, Massonnié, Flitton, Kirkham and Evershed2020). They first completed the consent form and ticked a box to express their consent to audio recordings. For those who did not consent, they were automatically directed to a version of the experiment that did not contain the tasks that required audio recording (that is, without the Woodcock Johnson test(s) and nonword repetition test(s)). Before beginning the experiment, a sound check was included to ensure participants’ volume was at an appropriate level, and that auto play worked. In both versions, participants first completed the word learning task and were randomly assigned, in equal ratios, to the PAL experiment, list A or B, or the CSWL experiment, list A or B. Bilinguals who consented to audio recordings were randomly assigned to complete the working memory tasks and vocabulary test either all in Spanish first, or English first, counterbalanced. Because the digits on the backward digit-span were the same in both tasks, the English and the Spanish versions were placed furthest apart, such that participants did a backward digit-span task, then a nonword repetition task, then a Woodcock Johnson vocabulary test, and repeated that sequence in opposite order, with both vocabulary tests being back-to-back, in the other language. Bilinguals who did not consent to audio recordings were randomly assigned to take the backward digit-span either in English or Spanish first. Then, all participants completed the KBIT-2 and the LEAP-Q. For monolinguals, the experiment took about 25 minutes, and for bilinguals, 35 minutes.

2.4. Analyses

We screened participant data on an attention check inserted in the teaching phase. Participants who took significantly longer to provide an answer at the attention check (response required to click on the button “Next”) as per reaction time plot visualizations were removed (4 monolinguals and 4 bilinguals).

Trials from the testing phase on which reaction times were three standard deviations above a participant's mean, or below 150 ms were also removed, to avoid introducing bias either due to forgetting after a time lapse, or clicking automatically. This respectively removed 83 cases (1.83% of the data) and 85 cases (1.91% of the data) for monolinguals, and 84 cases (2.10% of the data) and 96 cases (2.45% of the data) for bilinguals. This corresponds to 1.96% of the monolingual and bilingual data combined for trials on which reaction times were above three standard deviations above a participant's mean, and 2.16% of the overall dataset removed for trials on which reaction times were under 150 ms.

We constructed logistic mixed effects models in R Studio, version 4.0.0 (lme4 package, Bates et al., Reference Bates, Mächler, Bolker and Walker2015) to examine the role of condition, word type, group, and verbal working memory in predicting the likelihood of word learning accuracy. Because our ad-hoc predictions were that the four variables would differentially affect learning accuracy, we examined both their main effects and interactions. Item-level dichotomous data from the testing blocks on word learning accuracy was used as the dependent variable. We tested model assumptions with the DHARMa package, and they were satisfied (Hartig, Reference Hartig2022).

Because Pearson t-tests revealed that groups significantly differed on age and on the KBIT-2, and a chi-square test showed the groups significantly differed on gender, preliminary analyses included these variables as covariates. Only the KBIT-2 score variable improved model fit, therefore only this covariate was retained in our models.

We included Condition (-0.5, 0.5), Group (-0.5, 0.5), Word Type (-0.5, 0.5) and backward digit-span centered around each participant's mean and their interaction as fixed effects, and the KBIT-2 score centered around each participant's mean as a covariate. Word type varied within participant (participants saw both familiar and unfamiliar words), and group, condition, backward digit-span and the KBIT-2 varied within item (an item is “seen” by individuals in different groups, condition and with different working memory scores). Convergence and singularity issues emerged after reducing both the by-subjects structure to a random intercept, and the by-item random effects structure following Brauer and Curtin, Reference Brauer and Curtin2018: removing random effects for covariates which do not interact with key predictors, removing lower-order random effects terms, and covariances among random effects and the random intercepts. We next simplified the by-item random effects structure to only a random intercept and reintegrated a slope for word type in the by-subjects structure. This model converged and singularity issues were resolved.

3. Results

Models were run on 237 participants (8184 observations). Both monolinguals and bilinguals learned above chance (set at 25% due to the 4-alternative-forced choice task at test) in PAL (Mmono = 92%, SDmono = 27%; Range: 39%-100%; t(2121) = 112.13, p < .0001; Mbi = 94%, SDbi = 24%; Range: 22%-100%; t(1797) = 121.23, p < .0001) and in CSWL (Mmono = 71%, SDmono = 45%; Range: 17%-100%; t(2245) = 48.26, p < .0001; Mbi = 69%, SDbi = 46%; Range: 8%-100%; t(2017) = 42.77, p < .0001). Mean learning proportions by group, condition and word type are summarized in Table 3.

Table 3. Average accuracy per group, condition and word type

The logistic mixed-effects model looking at the effects of Condition, Group, Word Type, backward digit-span and their interaction, and controlling for KBIT-2 score showed no significant main effect of Group (b = -0.01, SE = 0.24, z = -0.04, OR = 0.99, p = .97). There was a significant main effect of Condition such that participants in the PAL condition learned novel words more accurately than in the CSWL condition (b = -2.29, SE = 0.24, z = -9.58, OR = 0.10, p < .0001). Results also revealed a significant main effect of Word Type such that familiar words were learned more accurately than unfamiliar words (b = 0.56, SE = 0.20, z = 2.86, OR = 1.75, p < .001). The main effect of the backward digit-span was not significant (b = 0.01, SE = 0.01, z = 1.36, OR = 1.01, p = .17).

There was a trend for an interaction between Group and Condition (b = -0.88, SE = 0.47, z = -1.86, OR = 0.41, p = .064), such that the effect of Condition on word learning decreased by a factor of 0.41 for bilinguals compared to monolinguals. We followed up on this interaction and found no effect of Group on word learning in PAL, or in CSWL, indicating that the interaction was driven by the difference in the direction of the effects, rather than different degrees of significance. See Figure 1 to view graphed results of the Group x Condition interaction.

Figure 1. Word learning probability as a function of Group and Condition, with standard error bars.

The interaction between Condition and Word Type was significant (b = -0.42, SE = 0.19, z = -2.25, OR = 0.66, p < .05), such that the effect of Word Type on the likelihood of learning novel words decreased by a factor of 0.66 in CSWL compared to PAL, indicating that the familiarity effect was stronger in PAL. There was also a trend for an interaction between Condition and backward digit-span (b = -0.02, SE = 0.01, z = -1.79, OR = 0.98, p = .074), such that the effect of the backward digit-span on word learning decreased by a factor of 0.98 in CSWL compared to PAL. We followed up on this interaction and found no effect of the backward digit-span on CSWL, but a trending effect of the backward digit-span on PAL, such that for every one unit increase in the backward digit-span score, its effect on word learning increased by a factor of 1.02 (b = 0.02, SE = 0.01, z = 1.96, OR = 1.02, p < .05).

None of the other two-way, three-way or four-way interactions were significant. See Table 4 for the full model results.

Table 4. Word learning accuracy by Group, Condition, Word Type and backward digit-span, controlling for KBIT-2 score

As bilinguals scored significantly higher on the nonword repetition task compared to monolinguals, we ran an exploratory model following the same structure as the model reported in Analyses, with the nonword repetition task scores used in place of the backward digit-span scores. All findings had the same level of significance, except for the Condition by Word Type interaction which became significant at the .01 level instead of .05 (b = -0.54, SE = 0.21, z = -2.62, OR = 0.58, p < 0.01).

We ran an equivalence test using Bayesian logistic regression to confirm there was no difference between monolingual and bilingual groups. As there is little previous work on this Topic and findings are mixed, we used the default priors for the intercept and all effects. We used Stan in R (Goodrich et al., Reference Goodrich, Gabry, Ali and Brilleman2023) to estimate the posterior distribution. We ran four chains with 2,000 iterations each, 1000 warm-up draws and 1000 sampling draws, yielding 4000 total draws from the posterior distribution.

The most likely value for the posterior for the main effect of group was 0: bilinguals and monolinguals were similarly accurate in learning novel words across conditions, word types and at average levels of backward digit-span and KBIT-2 scores, 95% credible interval = [-0.48, 0.48], Bayes Factor = 0.053. Given that the credible interval included 0, we are confident that 0 is a credible value for the main effect of group. Additionally, the Bayes Factor for the main effect of group suggests we have strong evidence for the null hypothesis.

4. Discussion

Previous work has examined the role of bilingualism in PAL, but much less so in CSWL. Moreover, the PAL and the CSWL paradigms have emerged from and been studied under different theoretical umbrellas, which has limited the possibility of gaining a comprehensive overview of word learning mechanisms across paradigms. Research in PAL with monolingual participants has shown that familiarity supports word learning, and that phonological working memory facilitates learning in PAL (e.g., Baddeley et al., Reference Baddeley, Gathercole and Papagno1998). Therefore, this study examined whether bilingualism affects performance in PAL and CSWL, and whether bilingualism interacts with familiarity across paradigms. In addition, the role of phonological working memory in predicting novel word learning across conditions, bilingual status and word familiarity was examined.

We found that word learning was more successful in PAL compared to CSWL for both monolinguals and bilinguals, suggesting that PAL is a less complex word learning paradigm than CSWL, a pattern which can be attributed to its lack of ambiguity (Mulak et al., Reference Mulak, Vlach and Escudero2019). While the group effect was not significant in either paradigm, the direction of monolingual and bilinguals’ word learning performance switched between PAL and CSWL. In PAL, bilinguals tended to learn more words than monolinguals, but this effect was reversed in CSWL; this trend was very weak, however.

Therefore, we did not find an overall bilingual advantage for novel word learning, although it has generally been found in PAL (e.g., Bogulski et al., Reference Bogulski, Bice and Kroll2018, Exp. 1; Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009a, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009b; Kaushanskaya, Reference Kaushanskaya2012; Van Hell & Mahn, Reference Van Hell and Mahn1997; Warmington et al., Reference Warmington, Kandru-Pothineni and Hitch2019), and also observed in CSWL (Escudero et al., Reference Escudero, Mulak, Fu and Singh2016a). However, a lack of group differences on word learning performance in PAL has been observed by Tsuboi and Francis (Reference Tsuboi and Francis2020), and in CSWL by Escudero et al. (Reference Escudero, Mulak and Vlach2016b) and Mulak et al. (Reference Mulak, Vlach and Escudero2019). In these two CSWL studies, while the samples included both monolinguals and bilinguals, dividing these participants into groups and including group in the models did not Strengthen model fit.

One possible reason for the discrepant findings between our study and those that have observed group differences in word learning performance is that different analysis strategies may yield distinct results. For instance, many of the previous studies that have found a bilingual advantage on novel word learning did not account for the non-independence in the data that emerges from participants providing multiple data points in the testing phase, which introduces error, or randomness, in the data. Failing to account for random effects leads to an overly high Type I error rate (Brauer & Curtin, Reference Brauer and Curtin2018), which is why we used mixed-effects modelling in our study to address this issue. We note however that while our findings are in line with Tsuboi and Francis (Reference Tsuboi and Francis2020), their analyses did not include random effects, warranting replication of our findings. Another possible reason is that the difficulty level of the word learning task (over and above the type of word learning paradigm) may modulate group differences in word learning performance, such that for example, bilingual advantages would be more likely on more taxing tasks (in line with Friesen et al., Reference Friesen, Latman, Calvo and Bialystok2015). This explanation does not quite fit with our data, where a trend for better bilingual performance was observed for the easier PAL task. However, it does provide a fruitful avenue for future work that would implement task-difficulty manipulations across different word learning paradigms to identify the possible task-difficulty threshold where possible bilingual effects on learning might be observed.

Word learning was more successful on familiar compared to unfamiliar words and there was no interaction between group and word type, in line with previous studies (Kaushanskaya, Reference Kaushanskaya2012; Kaushanskaya et al., Reference Kaushanskaya, Yoo and Van Hecke2013), suggesting that the effect of word familiarity was the same across groups. Our findings confirm that word familiarity supports word learning, over and above word learning paradigm or language learning history. They further suggest that monolinguals and bilinguals do not differ in how they process familiar and unfamiliar words, at least at similar levels of phonological working memory capacity. Moreover, bilinguals’ increased experience with cross-linguistic homophones (e.g., Escudero et al., Reference Escudero, Mulak, Fu and Singh2016a) did not translate into a specific homophone learning advantage over monolinguals. We also note that in Tsuboi and Francis (Reference Tsuboi and Francis2020) while a general bilingual advantage in PAL was not found, there was a learning advantage associated with higher proficiency in the language through which the novel words were learned. In our study, all novel words (familiar and unfamiliar) conformed to English phonotactics, and groups did not significantly differ on their English vocabulary scores. If novel words were manipulated such that the unfamiliar words were novel in terms of phonotactics, we may have found group differences. That is, if experience with the phonology of two languages leads to a more agile phonological loop, we might see a larger gap in learning performance between learning performance on familiar and unfamiliar words in monolinguals compared to bilinguals.

The main effects of learning condition and word type compounded in an interaction such that the gap between successful learning of familiar versus unfamiliar words widened in CSWL. In other words, learning of unfamiliar words in CSWL was the most difficult learning situation in our experiment. This may be explained by the fact that the information load was twice as high in CSWL compared to PAL, which might have affected performance when compounded with unfamiliar words. This finding was independent of phonological working memory, suggesting that while unfamiliar words may have been more difficult to learn, they may not have been so to such an extent that they required greater reliance on phonological memory to be encoded. Indeed, even the unfamiliar words conformed to English phonotactics. Research on processing unfamiliar words in the PAL literature involving monolingual participants suggests that familiar phonology is processed through activation of long-term memory representations of known phonology, supporting phonological working memory (e.g., Ellis & Beaton, Reference Ellis and Beaton1993; Majerus et al., Reference Majerus, Van der Linden, Mulder, Meulemans and Peters2004; Papagno et al., Reference Papagno, Valentine and Baddeley1991; Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1992; Service & Craik, Reference Service and Craik1993). However, unfamiliar phonology cannot be supported by long-term memory and as a result, relies to a larger extent on phonological working memory capacity. To further test this hypothesis, unfamiliar words could be constructed such that they do not conform to any languages known by monolinguals and bilinguals tested.

The effect of phonological working memory was stronger for PAL than for CSWL, although it is important to reiterate that this was only a marginal trend in the analyses. There was no evidence that our measure of phonological working memory was differentially predictive of word learning performance in bilinguals and monolinguals. The absence of a group effect in the current study is independent of phonological working memory as groups did not significantly differ on the backward digit-span measure, and distribution of the data was normally spread in the trial containing both monolinguals and bilinguals (M = 60.45, SD = 18.95, Med: 62.5, Range [0:100]). We note however that the backward digit-span task significantly correlated with the KBIT-2 score (r = .22, p <.001), which was included as a covariate in the model. Its inclusion likely obscured the effect of the backward digit-span, which is significant at the .05 level when the KBIT score is not included. The bilinguals did score significantly higher on the English nonword repetition task compared to monolinguals, suggesting a bilingual advantage on that task (in line with several previous studies, e.g., Kaushanskaya, Reference Kaushanskaya2012; Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1995; Warmington et al., Reference Warmington, Kandru-Pothineni and Hitch2019). Findings from an exploratory model using the nonword repetition task scores in English instead of the backward digit-span task scores revealed highly similar results, pointing to a similar association of verbal working memory and word learning accuracy across monolinguals and bilinguals, independent of the verbal working memory task used. It must be noted that nonword repetition data from 31 participants across groups (17 monolinguals, 14 bilinguals) were missing or inaudible, therefore, in future studies, better quality nonword repetition data would need to be collected to further examine its association with word learning across groups and word types.

We observed a trend such that the backward digit-span was associated only with PAL and not CSWL, and that association was positive, such that as scores on the backward digit-span task increased, PAL performance increased. While this effect is opposite to our prediction that phonological working memory might associate to a higher extent with CSWL due to its ambiguity compared to PAL, our CSWL task may not have been ambiguous enough to let that effect emerge (Mulak et al., Reference Mulak, Vlach and Escudero2019). It would be interesting to examine this hypothesis by increasing the ambiguity at learning in CSWL with a 3 x 3 or 4 x 4 design instead of 2 x 2.

In line with numerous previous studies (Atkins & Baddeley, Reference Atkins and Baddeley1998; Baddeley et al., Reference Baddeley, Papagno and Vallar1988, Reference Baddeley, Gathercole and Papagno1998, Reference Baddeley, Gathercole, Papagno and Baddeley2017; Gupta, Reference Gupta2003; Papagno et al., Reference Papagno, Valentine and Baddeley1991; Papagno & Vallar, Reference Papagno and Vallar1992, Reference Papagno and Vallar1995; Service, Reference Service1992; Speciale et al., Reference Speciale, Ellis and Bywater2004), we found an association between phonological working memory and PAL. Compared to CSWL, it is possible that because the PAL task is explicitly a word learning task, participants may have been in “learning mode”, and solicited the phonological loop to a higher extent through rehearsal to learn the novel word-object pairings. To test this hypothesis further, a manipulation of articulatory suppression could be introduced in both paradigms to examine the role of rehearsal in word learning in PAL and CSWL.

5. Conclusion

This study is the first to directly compare PAL and CSWL paradigms across monolinguals and bilinguals. Findings contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms underlying each paradigm. Previous work has suggested a bilingual advantage in word learning both in PAL and CSWL, potentially taking place through phonological working memory. Our findings suggest no difference on word learning performance across monolinguals and bilinguals in either paradigm and on either familiar or unfamiliar words, at similar levels of phonological working memory. We did observe a trend for bilinguals to outperform monolinguals on PAL but not on CSWL, and this finding is consistent with other studies indicating a bilingual advantage on PAL-type tasks (Kaushanskaya, Reference Kaushanskaya2012; Kaushanskaya & Marian, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009a, Reference Kaushanskaya and Marian2009b), and a much more constrained advantage on CSWL tasks (Escudero et al., Reference Escudero, Mulak, Fu and Singh2016a). However, in contrast to previous PAL studies, our findings only indicated a weak trend towards this effect, suggesting that prior reports may have been biased by less appropriate statistics.

We additionally found that word learning is easier in PAL compared to CSWL, and on familiar versus unfamiliar words. This suggests that the role of phonological working memory in supporting the learning of words with varying levels of familiarity is the same across paradigms and groups, at least based on how phonological working memory, word familiarity, and word learning were tested in our study. Further research is warranted to test bilinguals across the lifespan, controlling for both linguistic and cognitive variables that could affect learning performance within bilinguals. Moreover, task design could be further manipulated in terms of word familiarity and task complexity, to examine whether these results hold on a continuum of phonological working memory, and working memory demands.

In conclusion, for the first time, this study tested monolinguals and bilinguals on comparable PAL and CSWL tasks. While a trend for better bilingual performance was observed for PAL but not for CSWL, statistically speaking, this effect was negligible, and the findings largely suggest that word learning was accomplished similarly by the two groups, independent of paradigm and novel word familiarity. Furthermore, while working memory may be more involved in PAL than in CSWL, bilinguals and monolinguals did not differ in their reliance on phonological working memory for the accomplishment of either word-learning task. Together, the findings suggest a great degree of overlap in word learning patterns and the mechanisms that support them for bilingual and monolingual adults. The fact that our data were collected remotely from a relatively large trial of bilinguals and monolinguals strengthens these conclusions and indicates the need for larger-scale approaches to examining possible effects of bilingualism on language performance.

Fri, 21 Jul 2023 03:03:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Associate Provost for Transformative Teaching and Learning

Joe Tranquillo is the Associate Provost for Transformative Teaching & Learning and a Professor at Bucknell University. On campus he has served as the Director of the Teaching & Learning Center, Co-Director of the Institute for Leadership in Technology & Management and co-founded the Bucknell Innovation Group and hurry Winter Interdisciplinary Design Experience. Off campus, Joe is an American Society for Engineering Education Fellow, American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering Fellow, National Academy of Engineering Frontiers of Engineering Education Fellow, Senior Member of IEEE, NSF Pathways to Innovation Faculty Fellow, past chair of the ASEE Biomedical Engineering Division, co-editor of the Morgan and Claypool Biomedical Engineering Book Series and an international visiting faculty member at Universidad Catolica de Chile in Santiago. He has been recognized with several awards including the National Biomedical Engineering Teaching Award, ASEE Theo Pilkington Outstanding Educator, and has been nominated twice for the CASE US Professor of the Year. Joe is the author of five books and his work, conducted exclusively with undergraduates, has been featured on the Discovery Channel, TEDx and CNN Health. He has received funding from NASA, NIH, NSF, Kern Family Foundation, VentureWell Foundation, Degenstein Foundation, and the US Department of Defense. Joe has delivered intensive teaching workshops throughout the United States and internationally, including Finland, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and the United Kingdom. Joe earned his BS from Trinity College, his PhD from Duke and was a visiting scholar at the Scientifically Computing and Imaging Institute (University of Utah) and Stanford Technology Ventures Program.

Educational Background

  • B.S., Trinity College, 1997
  • Ph.D., Duke University, 2004

Research Interests

  • Engineering Education
  • Computational Electrophysiology
  • Engineering Design Methodology
  • Entrepreneurship and Innovation
  • Engineering and the Arts

Courses Taught

  • BMEG 205: Bioinstrumentation
  • BMEG 210: Fundamentals of Biomedical Engineering
  • BMEG 220: Introduction to Engineering Computing
  • BMEG 350: Fundamentals of Biomedical Signals and Systems
  • BMEG 401 and 402: Biomedical Engineering Capstone I and II
  • BMEG 408: Medical Device Assessment and Development
  • BMEG 441: Neural Signals and Systems
  • BMEG 461: Brain Mind and Culture
  • BMEG 472: Complex Systems
  • BMEG 472: Devices, Diseases and Patients
  • ENGR 100: Exploring Engineering
  • ENGR 290: Engineering in a Global and Societal Context (in Chile)

Select Professional Service

  • Co-editor of the Biomedical Engineering Series, Morgan and Claypool Publishers
  • Past Chair, Biomedical Engineering Division of ASEE
  • NSF Engineering Pathways to Innovation Fellow
  • Co-founder and Chair of ASEE Committee on Interdivisional Cooperation
  • ASEE Strategic Doing Committee
  • Co-founder and Inaugural Chair of the BMES Undergraduate Research Track
  • BME-IDEA Organizer
  • Board Member for Indo-US Collaboration for Engineering Education


  • National Academy of Engineering Frontiers of Engineering Education Awardee
  • ASEE Biomedical Engineering National Teaching Award
  • ASEE Theo Pilkington Outstanding Educator Award
  • CASE US Professor of the Year Nomination
  • Bucknell Presidential Teaching Award
  • IEEE Senior Member
  • Phi Beta Kappa

Selected Publications


J. Tranquillo, Complex Systems: Making Sense of a Changing World, Springer Nature 2019.

J. Tranquillo, Biomedical Signals and Systems, Morgan and Claypool, Synthesis Lectures in Biomedical Engineering. 2014.

J. Tranquillo, Matlab for Engineering and the Life Sciences, Morgan and Claypool, Synthesis Lectures in Engineering. 2011.

J. Tranquillo, Quantitative Neurophysiology, Morgan and Claypool, Synthesis Lectures in Biomedical Engineering. 2009.

Journal Articles

J. Tranquillo, "Learning Environments and Evidence-Based Practices in Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering", Biomedical Engineering Education. 2022.

J. Tranquillo, "The Product Archaeology Canvas", Journal of Engineering Entrepreneurship. 2016.

J. Tranquillo, "Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in Professional Development and Continuing Education for the Health Professions", Surgical Neurology. 2015.

J. Tranquillo, "Coding to Think: Teaching Algorithmic Thinking from Idea to Code", Journal of Engineering Education Transformations 2015.

J. Tranquillo, D. Ebenstein, E. Kennedy, K. Bieryla, D. Cavanagh, "Product Archaeology: Unearthing Business Decisions", Journal of Engineering Entrepreneurship, 2015.

J. Tranquillo, N. Badie, C.S. Henriquez, N. Bursac, "Collision-based spiral acceleration in cardiac media: Roles of wavefront curvature and excitable gap", Biophysical J. 2010.

J. Tranquillo, M. Howes, "Intrinsic inhomogeneities and the coexistence of spirals with different periods of rotation", Physical Review E. 2008.

J. Tranquillo, A. Sunkara, "Can we trust the transgenic mouse? Insights from computer simulations", Lecture Notes in Computer Science Special Issue: Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart. 2007.

J. Tranquillo, J. Hlavacek, C.S. Henriquez", An integrative model of mouse cardiac electrophysiology from cell to torso", Europace. 2005.

J. Tranquillo, D. Burwell, C.S. Henriquez, "Analytical model of extracellular potentials in a tissue slab with a finite bath", IEEE Trans on BME. 2005.

J. Tranquillo, M.R. Franz, B.C. Knollmann, A. Henriquez, D.A. Taylor, C.S. Henriquez, "Genesis of the monophasic action potential: Role of the interstitial resistance and boundary gradients", Amer J of Physiol. 2004.

Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:46:00 -0500 en text/html
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