Guarantee your career with CSWIP cram and study guide CSWIP free pdf offers each of you that you have to take the Certified exam. We offer 100% free CSWIP test prep to download and evaluate. Our CSP CSWIP Exam will give you exam questions with valid answers that reflect the real exam. We at are made game plans to draw in you to finish your CSWIP test with good grades.

Exam Code: CSWIP Practice test 2022 by team
CSWIP Certification Scheme for Welding and Inspection Personnel 3.1

The CSWIP Welding Inspector course is designed for inspection engineers and supervisory staff. Those with little or no previous welding experience are advised to attend the Certificate in Visual Inspection of Welds course to prepare for this course.

Welding Inspector for a minimum of 3 years with experience related to the duties and responsibilities listed in Clause 1.2.2 of CSWIP document WI-6-92, under qualified supervision, independently Verified OR Certified Visual Welding Inspector for a minimum of 2 years with job responsibilities in the areas listed in 1.2.1 and 1.2.2 of CSWIP document WI-6-92 OR Welding Instructor or Welding Foreman/Supervisor for a minimum of one year

Welding Inspector (Level 2)
2.1 Examination format
Theory Part A2: General Welding Theory, Product Technology and NDT
30 multiple choice questions. Time allowed 45 minutes.
Theory Part B2: Specific Welding Technology.
60 multiple choice questions. Time allowed 1hr 30 mins.
Practical Part A2: Inspection of a plate butt weld to a code provided by the Test Centre. Time allowed 1hr 15 mins.
Practical Part B2: Inspection of a pipe butt weld to to a code provided by the Test Centre. Time allowed 1hr 45 mins.
Practical Part C2: Inspection of a set of destructive test samples to a code provided by the Test Centre (two macros, two bends or two fractures). Time allowed 45 mins.
Passmark for all parts is 70%.
2.2 Subjects
Candidates will need to demonstrate a knowledge of the Visual Welding Inspector (Level 1) syllabus plus:
i) Materials
• Size: thicknesses, lengths, diameters
• Type: grade composition against documentation
• Condition: cleanliness and surface for welding
• Heat treatment condition and distortion
The effect of composition, thickness and hydrogen on welding of certain grades of steel. The techniques and control used to avoid hydrogen induced cracking and lamellar tearing.
Post weld heat treatment, its conduct and control.
j) Welding processes
The effect of variations in welding parameters. The influence of process on appearance and penetration, and centreline cracking. British, American and ISO symbols on drawings.
k) Welding procedures and welder approvals and their control
The essential features of a procedure.
British, European, American and other systems of procedure and welder approval and appropriate documentation.
l) Quality control of welding
The implementation of quality controls and inprocess inspection. Organisation and records.
m) Destructive tests
The selection and purpose of all destructive tests specified in standards. Assessment of results.
n) Non-destructive testing
The methods, capabilities and limitations, and assessments of reports related to penetrant, magnetic particle, radiographic and ultrasonic testing of parent materials and welded joints.
o) Weld defects
Identification of defects. Reasons for their occurrence and acceptance.
p) Distortion
The influence of welding techniques on distortion.
The control of distortion. The influence of heat treatment and machining.
q) Reporting
The preparation of technical reports on all aspects of inspection referred to above.

Certification Scheme for Welding and Inspection Personnel 3.1
CSP Certification reality
Killexams : CSP Certification reality - BingNews Search results Killexams : CSP Certification reality - BingNews Killexams : 10 Hot Cybersecurity Certifications In 2022

Security News

Jay Fitzgerald

As the demand for skilled cybersecurity workers rises and evolves, so do certification offerings

The demand for cybersecurity practitioners at all levels has never been greater.

Unfortunately, demand is far outstripping the supply of skilled cybersecurity workers across the United States and the globe.

A number of cybersecurity corporations, including Palo Alto Networks and Fortinet, are trying to do something about the workforce skills gap by proactively offering various training and certification programs.

The major cloud-service providers, including Amazon, Google and Microsoft, are also pushing certification programs that put a heavy emphasis on security.

Meanwhile, nonprofit groups, such as the SANS Institute and ISC2 (International Information System Security Certification Consortium), re going all-out to boost cybersecurity certification of workers, while the for-profit Skillsoft has its own certification offerings.

Harpreet Sidhu, who heads Accenture’s managed security services, says cybersecurity certification programs are always evolving, as organizations adapt to market forces and the evolving nature of cyberattacks.

Data and AI security certifications are currently big, but Sidhu thinks they’ll only grow bigger in terms of demand.

What are some emerging cybersecurity certification fields? Science and space fields (both private and public) and maybe even the Metaverse, Sidhu said.

The bottom line: Cybersecurity certification is growing and evolving and it will continue to do so for the foreseeable future.

As part of CRN’s Cybersecurity Week 2022, here is a look at ten cybersecurity certifications highlighted by officials at SANS, ISC2, Skillsoft and Accenture.

Jay Fitzgerald

Jay Fitzgerald is a senior editor covering cybersecurity for CRN. Jay previously freelanced for the Boston Globe, Boston Business Journal, Boston magazine, Banker & Tradesman,, Harvard Business School’s Working Knowledge, the National Bureau of Economic Research and other entities. He can be reached at

Wed, 05 Oct 2022 09:51:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2020

Savvy, talented and knowledgeable database professionals are always in demand. This article covers some of the best, most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases. 

During the past three decades, we’ve seen a lot of database platforms come and go, but there’s never been any question that database technology is a crucial component for all kinds of applications and computing tasks. 

Database certifications may not be as sexy or bleeding-edge as cloud computing, storage, or computer forensics. That said, there has been and always will be a need for knowledgeable database professionals at all levels and in a plethora of database-related job roles. 

To get a better grasp of the available database certifications, it’s useful to group these certs around job responsibilities. In part, this reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA): Responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). Often tied to a specific platform such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server. 
  • Database developer: Works with generic and proprietary APIs to build applications that interact with a DBMS (also platform-specific, like DBA roles).
  • Database designer/database architect: Researches data requirements for specific applications or users, and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst/data scientist: Responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insight, determine meaning behind the data and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining/business intelligence (BI) specialist: Specializes in dissecting, analyzing and reporting on important data streams, such as customer data, supply chain data, and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist: Specializes in assembling and analyzing data from multiple operational systems (orders, transactions, supply chain information, customer data, etc.) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

Careful attention to these database job roles highlights two important technical issues for would-be database professionals to consider. 

First, a good general background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a basic prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 

Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver come from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. That’s why most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

It’s important to note that NoSQL databases – referred to as “not only SQL” and sometimes “non-relational” databases – handle many different types of data, such as structured, semi-structured, unstructured and polymorphic. NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data applications, which tend to be associated with certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence. Although there is some natural overlap, for the most part, we cover those certs in our annually updated “Best Big Data Certifications.” 

Before you look at our featured certifications in detail, consider their popularity with employers. The results of an informal search on several high-traffic job boards show which database certifications employers look for most when hiring. Though these results vary from day to day (and by job board), such numbers provide a useful perspective on database certification demand in current job listings.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)*




 LinkedIn Jobs 



IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2






Microsoft SQL Server database certifications**






Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator






Oracle Database 12c Administrator












*See our complete methodology for selecting top five certifications in the “Best Certifications” series.

**Combined totals for MCSA: SQL Database Administration (540), MCSA: SQL Database Development (569), MCSE: Data Management and Analytics (640) and MTA: Database (503).

If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $86,415 as the national average in the U.S., in a range from $60,960 to over $128,000. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat higher at $93,164, with a top rung for experienced, senior DBAs right around $135,000.

Top 5 database certifications

Now let’s look at the details of our top five database certification picks for 2020.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry standard DB2, as well as IBM Compose, Information Management System (IMS), lnformix, Cloudant and IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop. IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program, which has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM’s major data-centric certification category is called IBM Data and AI, which includes a range of database credentials: Database Associate, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Application Developer and more. It’s a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers straight to the handful of items that are relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on Linux, Unix or Windows should check out the IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 certification. It’s an intermediate credential that addresses routine administration, basic SQL, and creation of databases and database objects, as well as server management, monitoring, availability and security. 

This certification requires candidates to pass two exams. Pre-exam training is recommended but not required.

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 11.1 (Linux, UNIX and Windows)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses available

Number of exams

Two exams: IBM DB2 11.1 DBA for LUW (exam C2090-600) (60 questions, 90 minutes)


DB2 11.1 Fundamentals for LUW (exam C2090-616) (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per test ($400 total). Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.


Self-study materials

Each test webpage provides test objectives, suggested training courses and links to study guides for sale through MC Press. Click the test Preparation tab for detailed information. You can also visit the Prepare for Your Certification Exam webpage.

2. Microsoft SQL Server database certifications 

SQL Server offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence, data warehousing and data-driven applications of all kinds. That probably explains why Microsoft offers database-related credentials at every level of its certification program. 

Microsoft has taken significant steps over the last year to change its certification program from technology-focused to role-centric, centered on the skills one needs to be successful in specific technology jobs. With these changes in mind, Microsoft now identifies four job tracks in its certification program: Developers, Administrators, Solution Architects and Functional Consultants. You will find a wide variety of skills and technologies within each of those categories, but we’ll concentrate below on the company’s SQL Server certifications.

MTA: Database Fundamentals

The MTA program includes a single database-related exam: Database Fundamentals (98-364). This credential is ideal for students or as an entry-level cert for professionals looking to segue into database support.


Microsoft offers several SQL-related credentials at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) level:

  • MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014 (three exams)
  • MCSA: BI Reporting (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development (two exams)


There is one SQL database credential at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert level: Data Management and Analytics. This certification has the MCSA as a prerequisite (a list of valid items follows in the table) and then requires passing one elective exam.

Microsoft SQL Server database certification facts and figures

Certification name

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting 

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

Prerequisites and required courses  

No prerequisites:

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE Data Management and Analytics prerequisites (only one required):

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSA: Machine Learning

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure

Training courses are available and recommended for all certifications but not required.

Number of exams

MTA: Database Fundamentals: One exam

  • Database Fundamentals (98-364)

MCSA: BI Reporting: Two exams

  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Power BI (70-778)
  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Microsoft Excel (70-779)

MCSA: SQL Server: Three exams

  • Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-461)
  • Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 Databases (70-462)  
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse with Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-463

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development: Two exams

  • Implementing a SQL Data Warehouse (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration: Two exams

  • Administering a SQL Database Infrastructure (70-764)
  • Provisioning SQL Databases (70-765) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development: Two exams

  • Querying Data with Transact-SQL (70-761)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762) 

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics: One test (from the following)

  • Developing Microsoft SQL Server Databases (70-464)
  • Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server (70-465)
  • Implementing Data Models and Reports with Microsoft SQL Server (70-466)
  • Designing Business Intelligence Solutions with Microsoft SQL Server (70-467)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762)
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse Using SQL (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768)
  • Analyzing Big Data with Microsoft R (70-773)
  • Implementing Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Solutions (70-777

All exams administered by Pearson VUE.

Cost per exam

MTA: $127 (or equivalent in local currency outside the U.S.)

MCSA/MCSE: $185 (or equivalent) per exam


Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the MTA, MCSA and MCSE certs are well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice exams and other materials.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks for Database Application Development (SQL and PL/SQL), MySQL (Database Administration and Developer) and Oracle Database (versions 12c, 12c R2, and 11g, and Oracle Spatial 11g). 

MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

A candidate interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server; configure replication; apply security; and schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single test (the same test can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

4. Oracle Database 12c Administrator

Most Oracle DBMS credentials require candidates to attend authorized training classes to qualify for the related exam, but MySQL (and Sun-derived) credentials often do not. Oracle certifications also represent a true ladder, in that it is generally necessary to earn the associate-level credentials first, professional-level credentials second and master-level credentials third, culminating with the expert level. 

Oracle Database 12c R2 is the latest version, which includes enhancements to Oracle Database 12c. Oracle 12c certifications are currently offered at the associate, professional and master levels. 

A Foundations Junior Associate certification (novice level) is also available for Oracle Database 12c, as are three specialist designations: the Implementation Specialist, the Oracle Database Performance and Tuning 2015 Certified Implementation Specialist, and the Oracle Real Application Clusters 12c Certified Implementation Specialist. 

Available expert-level credentials include the Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administrator; Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Expert; Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administrator; Oracle Certified Expert; and Oracle Database 12c: Performance Management and Tuning. Oracle still offers 11g certifications as well. 

NoteAlthough premium support for Oracle 11g Database ended on Dec. 31, 2014, extended support lasts until December 2020, so it’s probable that Oracle Database 11g will remain in use for the short term. 

We focused on requirements for Oracle Database 12c certifications. One important consideration is that Oracle 11g is forward-compatible with Oracle 12c, but Oracle 12c is not backward- compatible with the prior version. Because Oracle 12c is a newer version, IT professionals with Oracle 11g certifications should consider upgrading their 11g credentials.

Oracle Database 12c Administrator facts and figures

Certification name

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Associate (OCA 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional (OCP 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master (OCM 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master

Prerequisites and required courses

OCA 12c: Training recommended but not required

OCP 12c: OCA 12c credential and one training course required; complete course submission form

OCM 12c: OCP 12c or 12c R2 credential and two advanced training courses (must be different from the course used to achieve the OCP); complete course submission form; submit fulfillment kit request

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: Three credentials

  • Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administration
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administration

Oracle training: Classes typically run 2-5 days; costs range from $1,360 to over $5,580.

Number of exams

 OCA 12c: Choose one test from the following:

  • Oracle Database 12c SQL (1Z0-071) (73 questions, 100 minutes)
  • Oracle Database 12c: Installation and Administration (1Z0-062) (67 questions, 120 minutes)

OCP 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c: Advanced Administration (1Z0-063) (80 questions, 120 minutes)

OCM 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c Certified Master (12COCM), a two-day, performance-based exam

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Cost per exam

OCA 12c: 1Z0-071and 1Z0-062 cost $245 each.

OCP 12c: 1Z0-063, 1Z0-082 and 1Z0-083 cost $245 each

OCM 12c: 12COCM costs $2,584; contact Oracle for pricing/availability of upgrade exam.

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Note: Prices vary by geography.


Self-study materials

Each Oracle certification test webpage lists test subjects as well as recommended training courses, seminars and practice tests. A variety of self-study guides are available on Amazon. Oracle Database certification candidates benefit from student manuals, labs and software provided as part of class offerings.

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

SAP SE has a large portfolio of business application and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications, and storage. The foundation of the SAP HANA platform is an enterprise-grade relational database management system, which can be run as an appliance on premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform enables customers to build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program, built to support its various platforms and products. We chose to feature the SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications in this article and is in high demand among employers, according to our job board surveys. This certification ensures that database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers managing users and authorization, applying security, and ensuring high availability and effective disaster recovery techniques. 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $3,048. This online training program is designed for those who run, support or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all of the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most exact SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end of life and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

Prerequisites  and required courses        

 None required

 Recommended: SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) course ($3,750)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Application Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016), test code C_HANATEC_12 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam



Self-study materials

The certification webpage includes a link to demo questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Beyond the top 5: More database certifications

Besides the ones mentioned in this article, other database certification programs are available to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, there are few well-known vendor-neutral database certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) is part of this unique group, offering its Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Find out more about ICCP certifications here

EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program, with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional. PostgreSQL was the fourth-ranked relational database management system in October 2019, according to DB-Engines

Credentials from GoogleMarkLogicTeradata and SAS may also be worth considering. All of these credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets – and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them. 

Ed Tittel

Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant, and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro and GoCertify, and is the author of more than 140 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems. 

Earl Follis

Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who has worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism, and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press, with many e-books, whitepapers and articles to his credit.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : 15 top-paying IT certifications for 2022

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The highest-paying certification in the U.S. this year is the AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional certification — with an average salary of $168,080. That’s 13% higher than the average salary of the top 15, most well-paying certifications — the average of which is $148,278. 

Today Skillsoft released its 15 Top-Paying IT Certifications for 2022 based on its 2022 IT Skills & Salary Report. A certification must have at least 50 survey responses to ensure the data was statistically valid, and the certification test must be currently available. Additionally, 65% of technical professionals who have earned one of the top 15 certifications also have a certification in cybersecurity. Skillsoft says 62% of all respondents earned certifications in the last year. 

Security, the most lucrative of certifications 

Getting into specifics, of the many certification types and focuses, security certifications are the most lucrative, with an average annual salary of $153,154. For cloud certifications, the average salary is $150,961. AWS certifications — despite having the top paying certification as mentioned above — are just a tad lower on average overall with the annual salary sitting around $149,371. It’s all good news for many technical professionals looking to grow their careers and capitalize on their certifications and experience to increase their incomes.  

Tech professionals with one or more certifications continue to see strong demand in the job market. For instance, LinkedIn’s job listings shows a combined 117,000 open cybersecurity jobs today seeking candidates who hold at least one of the four security certifications on the top 15 list below. There are also 88,200 open jobs on listed on the platform for candidates who hold at least one of the six cloud architect certifications below.  


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From that list, here are some key insights for 2022:

The avg. salary across all 15 certs is $148,278 in 2022, up from 2021

The highest-paying cybersecurity certification in 2022 is paying an average salary of $168,080 for AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional expertise — which is far above the average salary of all five AWS certifications combined. The top five AWS certifications pay an average salary of $149,371. More than 14,000 open positions listed on LinkedIn today list one or more of the five AWS certifications as a requirement.  

Google certs are the best-paying 

The average salary of technical professionals with Google certifications averages $152,039 this year, leading all cloud platforms in pay. It leads with a $3,000 margin over AWS and $10,000 above Microsoft. In contrast, Amazon AWS certifications pay an average of $149,371, and Microsoft’s certifications pay $142,975. The GCP – Professional Cloud Architect is one of the most lucrative from a platform perspective, paying around $161,371, or 8.8% higher than the average salary of all certifications. 

“The increase in the importance of Google Cloud and multicloud certifications – not just AWS and Azure – speaks to the growing fraction of enterprises that now rely on more than one cloud computing platform,” said Michael Yoo, customer market leader at Skillsoft. “Sometimes, that’s driven by a desire for technical and commercial flexibility. Other times, it is a result of M&A activity.” 

85% of IT leaders in the U.S. say certified professionals add $10,000+ in economic value to their orgs 

What’s more? Skillsoft’s findings found that 21% actually say the value may be more than $30,000 with a certification. IT leaders cite higher productivity as the leading benefit of certified staff, but also note competitive advantage and turnover reduction.

Some high-paying certifications just missed the cut 

The four that did not make the top 15 list include the Certified Ethical Hacker (EC-Council), Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Fundamentals, Google Cloud – Professional Data Engineer and Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC) by ISACA. 

Google’s Cloud – The Professional Data Engineer certification was the highest paying certification in last year, but did not make the list this year, with a reported average salary of $171,749.

A changing economy and industry

“This year’s list is notable first by what subjects continue to be hot – cloud foremost, supplemented by key certifications in cybersecurity and data,” Yoo said. “This is not surprising given how nearly every company in every industry of every size in every geography is relying on cloud computing to power their technology strategy.”.

Cloud, cybersecurity and platform certifications are also an excellent hedge against inflation and turbulent economic conditions, as employers need the expertise to keep IT operating and secure.

VentureBeat's mission is to be a digital town square for technical decision-makers to gain knowledge about transformative enterprise technology and transact. Discover our Briefings.

Wed, 28 Sep 2022 17:01:00 -0500 Louis Columbus en-US text/html
Killexams : Best Online Real Estate Schools

Final Verdict

All of the online real estate schools that made our list are reputable, with robust course offerings. Some have apps that can be used on the go, others offer videos and practice tests, and others are designed for real estate agents and brokers who are already licensed and want to enhance their careers. Overall, we recommend checking out Real Estate Express. They offer a broad variety of classes in multiple states and have plenty of career path information available to students.

Compare the Best Online Real Estate Schools

School Cost Accreditation Pass Guarantee License Prep State Coverage CE State Coverage
The CE Shop Best Overall and for Continuing Education $15+ ARELLO Yes 40 50
Real Estate Express Best Overall Runnerup $129+ ARELLO & IDECC Yes 40 50
Aceable Best Value $116+ Varies by state Yes 14 3
Kaplan Best Interactive Courses $149+ No No 27 27
RealEstateU Best on a Budget $69+ ARELLO, Various No 14 14

Guide to Choosing the Best Online Real Estate Schools

Determine Your Need for Online Real Estate Classes

If you’re interested in becoming a licensed real estate agent, there are two powerful reasons to take classes online:

Online real estate classes tend to cost less than in-person classes, often by hundreds of dollars; this is generally true for online vs. in-person education. You’re not paying for the use of a classroom, only the digital components and the teacher’s time. In-person classes may require expensive textbooks, which could be replaced by inexpensive or free ebooks when learning online. Plus, you’ll save more money by avoiding the time and cost of traveling to and from classes.

Online classes are more convenient, too—you can work on your lessons anywhere you have an internet connection, anytime (although, depending on the course, there may be scheduled live online events as well). You can typically go at your own pace, which is good if you like to take your time or you end up flying through the material.

In general, you don’t have to worry about sacrificing quality by going with an online real estate school. The Texas Real Estate Commission (TREC) publishes a list of real estate schools and pass rates, and you can see that many online schools have excellent pass rates (a high pass rate doesn’t necessarily ensure a high-quality school, but you shouldn’t pick a school with a low pass rate). Online schools typically offer many of the same features as in-person classes, like the ability to speak with industry experts, plus more in some cases. See the schools listed above for some high-quality options.

In-person classes have some merits, as well. You’ll likely have more opportunities to interact with the instructor and other classmates. If you have trouble self-motivating to sit down at a computer on your own time, it may also be better to have scheduled weekly meeting times in an actual classroom. Some people learn better face-to-face rather than staring at a screen. So, although online classes are usually cheaper and more convenient, in-person classes could be right for some aspiring real estate agents.

Comparing Online Real Estate Schools

Think about the following when looking for the right online real estate school; the main points to consider are availability, accreditation, courses offered, and fees.

  • Availability: Are the courses you need available in your state? Do you need any preliminary certifications or licenses?
  • Accreditation: Look for schools with accreditations relevant to your state, particularly ARELLO and IDECC. These certifications ensure the school meets certain standards for presentation of content, student assessments, and student/instructor interaction methods.
  • Salesperson pre-licensing courses: These are the basic courses you must take to meet the hourly requirements set out by your state.
  • Broker pre-licensing courses: To become a real estate broker, you’ll need to take additional classes; depending on your state, you may need specific certifications or on-the-job experience.
  • Exam prep courses: Pre-licensing courses may not adequately prepare you for the test. That’s what test prep is for; the more questions in the examcollection and the more similar to the actual test, the better. 
  • Continuing education (CE) courses: Real estate agents must periodically complete a certain amount of CE course time to maintain their licenses, as defined by their state. Many schools offer these courses, which may include subjects like contract law and fair housing.
  • Course fees: Different companies offer courses with different features, like video supplements or access to experts, which significantly affect their prices. Compare schools to find affordable courses with the features you like.
  • Money-back guarantee/cancellation policy: Some schools offer a money-back guarantee, which allows you to get a refund if you prove that you failed the test after taking prep courses. Many provide refunds if you cancel within a certain time period, with some giving you as long as a month.
  • Time in business/pass rates: Is the school an established, well-known name in the industry, or did it just show up on the scene? Schools with long track records and high pass rates are best.
  • Website usability: Not all real estate school websites are created equal. Some provide a much better user experience than others, even if the content of the lessons is similar.
  • Teacher/expert/student interaction: Are you able to ask the teacher or industry expert questions, or do you have to be a passive learner? Can you chat with your classmates?
  • Coursework support options: If you need help, how can you contact the teacher? Does the school offer live chat or phone support, or only email?
  • Mobile app: Learning on the go can be convenient, but only a few real estate schools currently offer mobile apps.
  • Third-party reviews: What do actual students say about the school on sites like Trustpilot and Better Business Bureau?

Signing Up for an Online Real Estate School

Signing up for an online real estate school is easy. Register a new account, providing your personal details and email address. Then you’ll be able to select the course(s) you want and submit payment information.

After that, simply follow the instructions on the website, which will be unique to each school. You’ll likely have access to course materials through an online dashboard, and certain resources (like ebooks) may be sent by email as well.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can You Get a Real Estate License Online?

To become a realtor, pre-licensing hours are required in order to obtain your real estate license, all of which can be completed by an online school. Depending on your state, you’ll need to complete a pre-license education course—you’ll need to meet a certain number of hours from schools that are approved by the state. For example, real estate agents and brokers in California need to complete a pre-licensing course that’s a minimum of 135 hours and is approved by the Department of Real Estate.

To meet the credentials of pre-licensing, real estate schools must go through an accreditation process (your state should have a list of schools that are approved). Keep in mind that online schools often have state limitations. That means you’ll need to do some research to see what’s available in your state and familiarize yourself with any requirements you need to meet before enrolling. It’s also probably a good idea to check your state’s licensing requirements before signing up.

How Much Does It Cost To Go to School for Real Estate?

Online real estate schools have a range of prices that vary based on whether you sign up for the pre-licensure class only or tack on an test prep course. Depending on where you reside and whether you opt for test prep, online classes can range from $69 to $900. This is in comparison to, generally, at least several hundred dollars to attend a live, in-person class—not including test prep.

How Long Does It Take To Get a Real Estate License Online?

Each state has different requirements, but the time to complete pre-licensing work can range from as little as 24 hours to as much as 180 hours. Remember, you'll go through the course at your own pace, but that doesn’t change the required pre-licensing hours. You may exceed the minimum required hours to get a better handle on the material, as necessary.

Depending on state requirements where you live, it can take anywhere from four to six months to become a real estate agent. The timeline also depends on how long you take to pass the real estate test and the number of courses needed to meet your state’s licensing requirements 

For instance, those who want to be licensed in Florida will need to complete 63 hours of state-approved pre-license education classes before sitting for the exam. Compare this to the state of California, where you're required to complete 135 hours.

What Is Online Test Prep for a Real Estate License?

Online test prep for a real estate license is a review course in preparation for the real estate license test. Every state requires some kind of pre-licensing education to get your real estate license. Online real estate schools may also offer online test prep services, which are different than classes for pre-licensing hours.

Test prep is typically voluntary and an additional charge on top of the pre-licensing course. Some real estate schools offer more personalized approaches to test prep by having you go through the course with an instructor. Test prep courses are usually much shorter than pre-licensing courses because they focus on reviewing the material to pass the test.

What Do You Learn in Real Estate School?

Although course names and state requirements will differ, you’ll find that real estate classes teach subjects like the principles of real estate, real estate practice, law and ethics, and the legalities such as the types of contracts needed in a transaction.

For instance, students will learn about the Fair Housing Act, which prohibits sales discrimination based on gender, race, ethnicity, religion, familial status, sexual orientation, gender identity, and nationality. Classes will also cover the practical skills necessary to conduct a successful closing, such as the realtor's responsibilities when it comes to the contract, writing listings, showing properties, and writing an offer.

Andy Smith, a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and licensed realtor, said in an Investopedia interview that "The overall course curriculum has to conform to the individual state requirements for licensing. Each course in the curriculum should have a well-defined structure laid out in a course syllabus or similar document and include overarching course objectives; syllabu learning objectives; instructional methods used; materials the student must obtain, including software and hardware; along with contact information for technical support and the instructor's name and contact info."

How We Chose the Best Online Real Estate Schools

To make sure that our findings offered the best opportunities for pre-licensing classes in as many states as possible, we used a methodology that involved examining 14 online real estate schools on factors such as price, support, availability, post-licensing opportunities, strong pass rates, and length of the program so that you can find the course that's right for you.

As a team of experienced writers and editors, we make sure to assess all products, including online real estate schools, from the consumer’s point of view. That’s so we can point out features and potential drawbacks in order to help you make the best decision when you embark or continue on your real estate career. 

Mon, 27 Sep 2021 20:59:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Jason DeLano Shares 2022 Trends in Business Technology No result found, try new keyword!Technology experts like Jason DeLano in Bethesda, MD, know businesses need to be aware of the latest technology trends to stay ahead of the curve. Jason DeLano of Bethesda, MD will discuss some of the ... Tue, 11 Oct 2022 04:12:00 -0500 en-US text/html Killexams : Highest paid IT certifications command $130K+

Cloud expertise dominates the most in-demand tech skills for enterprises today, according to Skillsoft.

The digital-learning company released its 2022 list of top-paying IT certifications, and AWS certs accounted for five of the 15 slots. Two Google Cloud Platform (GCP) certs and one Microsoft Azure cert also made the list.

The continuing value of cloud certifications isn’t surprising, but what’s noteworthy is a shift toward multi-cloud skills, said Michael Yoo, customer market leader for Skillsoft’s technology and developer portfolio. “The increase in importance of Google Cloud and multi-cloud certifications—not just AWS and Azure—speaks to the growing fraction of enterprises that now rely on more than one cloud computing platform.”

Skillsoft’s list isn’t entirely cloud-centric certifications, however. Three of the top-paying IT certifications fall into the domain of network and systems architects:

  • Nutanix Certified Professional-Multicloud Infrastructure (NCP-MCI)
  • VMware Certified Professional-Data Center Virtualization (VCP-DCV)
  • Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Enterprise

The ubiquity of digital transformation efforts is driving demand for tech skills across the board, Yoo said. “The fact that cloud computing (and by extension networking and virtualization) is at the heart of most of those digital transformations accounts for the patterns we see in certifications,” he said.

Nutanix certification emphasizes multi-cloud infrastructure

The NCP-MCI cert is aimed at validating a person’s ability to complete routine tasks, including deploying and managing virtual infrastructure components, performing operational maintenance tasks, and initiating disaster recovery, according to Nutanix, which offers cloud software and hyperconverged infrastructure (HCI) solutions. Knowledge objectives include managing Nutanix storage clusters, configuring networking and network security, configuring and remediating system alerts, and managing VM deployment and configuration.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Thu, 29 Sep 2022 00:02:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Editing Reality
Ethan Miller/Getty Images
The Kardashians getting their hair and makeup done while filming an episode of their show, "Keeping Up With the Kardashians," in 2008.
Ethan Miller/Getty Images

We live in divided times, when the answer to the question 'what is reality?' depends on who you ask. Almost all the information we take in is to some extent edited and curated, and the line between entertainment and reality has become increasingly blurred. Nowhere is that more obvious than the world of reality television. The genre feeds off our most potent feelings – love, hope, anxiety, loneliness – and turns them into profit... and presidents. So in this episode, we're going to filter three themes of our modern world through the lens of reality TV: dating, the American dream, and the rage machine.

Thu, 29 Sep 2022 10:33:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : What Is Fractional Real Estate Investing?

Private pilots who love to fly purchase their airplanes with other aviators. At municipal airports across the country, you’ll find Cessnas, Pipers and Beechcrafts owned by several different folks. Airplanes are expensive and getting more so — those who love to fly usually don’t have the funds to buy their own, so they team up with a group of friends or acquaintances who also like to fly. Just as flying enthusiasts can purchase fractional interests in airplanes, investors can buy fractional interests in real estate. 

Fractional real estate investing isn’t a time-share, where you pay for a certain amount of time every year in a vacation home. Timeshares don’t offer you ownership rights. Fractional real estate investing allows you, together with other investors, to own a home, vacation property, apartment building or commercial facility. You share the costs and split the profits for valuable real estate. 

What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Fractional Real Estate Ownership?


  • No large down payment or excellent credit score required
  • Potential passive rental income without the responsibilities of being a landlord 
  • Everyday issues handled by a property management company 
  • Diversification from small houses to large apartment buildings


  • Long-term commitment of 5 to 10 years
  • Risk of market fluctuations and economic downturns
  • Fees involved especially with early redemption 

Fractional Real Estate Is Different Than Owning A REIT

Some may be tempted to compare fractional real estate ownership to investing in REITs through a brokerage account. There are big differences between the two:

  • Investors in fractional real estate ownership actually own their property and can transfer ownership without restriction. When you purchase REITs, you buy shares in companies that own real estate. With a REIT, you don’t own real estate directly.
  • Investors in fractional real estate have personal control over the properties they purchase. With a REIT, the management company decides what properties in which to invest.

So What’s The Best Investment? Fractional Ownership Or Investing In REITs? 

What is the best investment between the two? It depends on your personal situation. If you want to own a piece of property and you can maintain the investment for several years, then fractional ownership may be for you. If you want regular monthly or quarterly income with the liquidity to get out of the investment at a moment’s notice, then you may want to consider a REIT. 

The choice is yours.

Read next: The Best Fractional Real Estate Investment Platforms

© 2022 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

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Tue, 27 Sep 2022 07:54:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Ask a real estate pro: What happens now with contract to buy property in path of hurricane?

Q: We are under contract to buy a property in the path of the exact hurricane. What happens now? — Anonymous

A: Whether it is a hurricane or any other natural disaster, you need to review the purchase contract.


The first clause to look for is often called the “force majeure” clause. Force majeure is loosely translated to “greater force,” referring to casualties caused through no fault of the parties. This can mean natural disasters, like hurricanes, or issues caused by fire and other man-made calamities that cannot be overcome.

This clause extends the contract’s deadlines several days after the disaster, and its immediate effects, have passed. This will put your closing on pause until you can assess the damage, bind insurance, and arrange to close escrow.


Next, review the “risk of loss” clause, which concerns which party is responsible if the property becomes damaged by force majeure during the contract. If the risk of loss is not addressed in the written agreement, it is dealt with under common law.

Common law contains a legal principle called “equitable conversion” that distinguishes between the two components of owning real estate, equitable title and legal title. Simplified, equitable title is the right of someone to obtain full ownership, along with its benefits. Legal title is the actual ownership of the land, such as whose name is on the deed.


What every South Floridian – newcomer or native – should know. Get insider tips, information and happenings.

Typically, property owners possess both components. However, certain situations, like contracting to sell your property, will split the ownership.

When signing a contract to purchase the property, the buyer becomes the equitable owner, while the seller remains the legal owner of the property. When they close escrow at the end of the process, the seller deeds the legal title to the buyer.

This creates a problem for sensible buyers because the risk of loss due to damage to the property is part of the equitable title, meaning that the buyer is on the hook for damage to a property she has yet to buy.

Because of this, almost every real estate contract shifts that risk back to the seller. The agreement will usually set a dollar limit, usually one or two percent of the purchase price, that the seller must credit the buyer for the unexpected damage. If the damage exceeds this small amount, the contract can be canceled.

For your transaction, you will need to use the extra time given by the force majeure clause to get detailed inspections to determine what was damaged and how much the repair will cost. If that amount exceeds the small threshold in the risk of loss clause, you can cancel the contract and get the deposit back.

Of course, you can try renegotiating the deal taking the damage into account.


Board-certified real estate lawyer Gary Singer writes about industry legal matters and the housing market. To ask him a question, email him at, or go to

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 03:13:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Ask a real estate pro: What should we do about lease after long-time tenant’s death?

Q: We have rented an apartment to the same gentleman for the last 10 years. We sign a new lease each year, and he has been a great tenant. Sadly, he recently passed away unexpectedly. What are we supposed to do with his belongings and the lease? — Sandy

A: When someone passes away, their legal existence continues in their “estate.” An estate is a legal construct where a representative called a “personal representative” or “executor” is appointed to marshal the deceased’s assets, pay any creditors, and distribute the remainder to the next of kin and beneficiaries designated in the will.


This legal process is known as “probate” and requires hiring an attorney to file the paperwork with the court. Some people, whether because of proper estate planning or circumstances, pass away with no assets that need to be probated. A trust agreement may designate who gets their belongings, or there may be a surviving spouse or children who get the remaining items of sentimental value.

This can be a difficult situation to deal with as a landlord. Your first step is to review the lease. Many leases bind your tenant’s estate or heirs. Their estate will be responsible for paying any remaining rent and will receive the return of the security deposit when the lease ends.


Secure the apartment and try to safeguard the belongings inside. Make sure anyone who wants to take the belongings is the appropriate person.

If probate has been opened, ask to see the paperwork showing who is appointed to administer the estate. If not, make sure you are dealing with the next of kin.

When dealing with the people left behind, be aware of what they are going through and show patience and compassion. Work with the heirs to terminate the lease and collect any remaining rent due. If probate was opened, make a claim with the court for any money still owed to you.

If no one comes forward from his family, you should try to get in touch with any relatives you know about. If you cannot find someone to deal with, be cautious with their belongings.

You must comply with the procedures set out in the abandoned property law in your area. If you just throw everything away and an heir shows up, you may be liable if you ignore the rules.

Board-certified real estate lawyer Gary Singer writes about industry legal matters and the housing market. To ask him a question, email him at, or go to

Thu, 22 Sep 2022 03:20:00 -0500 en-US text/html
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