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Exam Code: Google-PCNE Practice exam 2022 by team
Google-PCNE Professional Cloud Network Engineer

Professional Cloud Network Engineer
A Professional Cloud Network Engineer implements and manages network architectures in Google Cloud Platform. This individual has at least 1 year of hands-on experience working with Google Cloud Platform and may work on networking or cloud teams with architects who design the infrastructure. By leveraging experience implementing VPCs, hybrid connectivity, network services, and security for established network architectures, this individual ensures successful cloud implementations using the command line interface or the Google Cloud Platform Console.

The Professional Cloud Network Engineer exam assesses your ability to:
- Design, plan, and prototype a GCP Network
- Implement a GCP Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
- Configure network services
- Implement hybrid interconnectivity
- Implement network security

1. Designing, planning, and prototyping a GCP network
1.1 Designing the overall network architecture. Considerations include:
- Failover and disaster recovery strategy
- Options for high availability
- DNS strategy (e.g., on-premises, Cloud DNS, GSLB)
- Meeting business requirements
- Choosing the appropriate load balancing options
- Optimizing for latency (e.g., MTU size, caches, CDN)
- Understanding how quotas are applied per project and per VPC
- Hybrid connectivity (e.g., Google private access for hybrid connectivity)
- Container networking
- IAM and security
- SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS services
- Microsegmentation for security purposes (e.g., using metadata, tags)

1.2 Designing a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC). Considerations include:
- CIDR range for subnets
- IP addressing (e.g., static, ephemeral, private)
- Standalone or shared
- Multiple vs. single
- Multi-zone and multi-region
- Peering
- Firewall (e.g., service account–based, tag-based)
- Routes
- Differences between Google Cloud Networking and other cloud platforms

1.3 Designing a hybrid network. Considerations include:
- Using interconnect (e.g., dedicated vs. partner)
- Peering options (e.g., direct vs. carrier)
- IPsec VPN
- Cloud Router
- Failover and disaster recovery strategy (e.g., building high availability with BGP using cloud router)
- Shared vs. standalone VPC interconnect access
- Cross-organizational access
- Bandwidth

1.4 Designing a container IP addressing plan for Google Kubernetes Engine
2. Implementing a GCP Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
2.1 Configuring VPCs. Considerations include:
- Configuring GCP VPC resources (CIDR range, subnets, firewall rules, etc.)
- Configuring VPC peering
- Creating a shared VPC and explaining how to share subnets with other projects
- Configuring API access (private, public, NAT GW, proxy)
- Configuring VPC flow logs

2.2 Configuring routing. Tasks include:
- Configuring internal static/dynamic routing
- Configuring routing policies using tags and priority
- Configuring NAT (e.g., Cloud NAT, instance-based NAT)

2.3 Configuring and maintaining Google Kubernetes Engine clusters. Considerations include:
- VPC-native clusters using alias IPs
- Clusters with shared VPC
- Private clusters
- Cluster network policy
- Adding authorized networks for cluster master access

2.4 Configuring and managing firewall rules. Considerations include:
- Target network tags and service accounts
- Priority
- Network protocols
- Ingress and egress rules
- Firewall logs

3. Configuring network services
3.1 Configuring load balancing. Considerations include:
- Creating backend services
- Firewall and security rules
- HTTP(S) load balancer: including changing URL maps, backend groups, health checks, CDN, and SSL certs
- TCP and SSL proxy load balancers
- Network load balancer
- Internal load balancer
- Session affinity
- Capacity scaling

3.2 Configuring Cloud CDN. Considerations include:
- Enabling and disabling Cloud CDN
- Using cache keys
- Cache invalidation
- Signed URLs

3.3 Configuring and maintaining Cloud DNS. Considerations include:
- Managing zones and records
- Migrating to Cloud DNS
- DNS Security (DNSSEC)
- Global serving with Anycast
- Cloud DNS
- Internal DNS
- Integrating on-premises DNS with GCP

3.4 Enabling other network services. Considerations include:
- Health checks for your instance groups
- Canary (A/B) releases
- Distributing backend instances using regional managed instance groups
- Enabling private API access

4. Implementing hybrid interconnectivity
4.1 Configuring interconnect. Considerations include:
- Partner (e.g., layer 2 vs. layer 3 connectivity)
- Virtualizing using VLAN attachments
- Bulk storage uploads

4.2 Configuring a site-to-site IPsec VPN (e.g., route-based, policy-based, dynamic or static routing).
4.3 Configuring Cloud Router for reliability.
5. Implementing network security
5.1 Configuring identity and access management (IAM). Tasks include:
- Viewing account IAM assignments
- Assigning IAM roles to accounts or Google Groups
- Defining custom IAM roles
- Using pre-defined IAM roles (e.g., network admin, network viewer, network user)

5.2 Configuring Cloud Armor policies. Considerations include:
- IP-based access control

5.3 Configuring third-party device insertion into VPC using multi-nic (NGFW)
5.4 Managing keys for SSH access
6. Managing and monitoring network operations
6.1 Logging and monitoring with Stackdriver or GCP Console
6.2 Managing and maintaining security. Considerations include:
- Firewalls (e.g., cloud-based, private)
- Diagnosing and resolving IAM issues (shared VPC, security/network admin)

6.3 Maintaining and troubleshooting connectivity issues. Considerations include:
- Identifying traffic flow topology (e.g., load balancers, SSL offload, network endpoint groups)
- Draining and redirecting traffic flows
- Cross-connect handoff for interconnect
- Monitoring ingress and egress traffic using flow logs
- Monitoring firewall logs
- Managing and troubleshooting VPNs
- Troubleshooting Cloud Router BGP peering issues

6.4 Monitoring, maintaining, and troubleshooting latency and traffic flow. Considerations include:
- Network throughput and latency testing
- Routing issues
- Tracing traffic flow

7. Optimizing network resources
7.1 Optimizing traffic flow. Considerations include:
- Load balancer and CDN location
- Global vs. regional dynamic routing
- Expanding subnet CIDR ranges in service
- Accommodating workload increases (e.g., autoscaling vs. manual scaling)

7.2 Optimizing for cost and efficiency. Considerations include:
- Cost optimization (Network Service Tiers, Cloud CDN, autoscaler [max instances])
- Automation
- VPN vs. interconnect
- Bandwidth utilization (e.g., kernel sys tuning parameters)

Professional Cloud Network Engineer
Google Professional information
Killexams : Google Professional information - BingNews Search results Killexams : Google Professional information - BingNews Killexams : How Google Pros & Cons Update Impacts Product Review Sites

Google updated its structured data documentation for Editorial Product Review webpages. There is now a new Pros and Cons structured data that makes sites eligible for an enhancement in search.

This change to Google’s structured data for product reviews can significantly impact product review websites.

Only editorial product review sites can have an enhanced listing in the search results when they use these new structured data properties.

Merchants are not eligible for the pros and cons enhancement in Search, nor are customer product review pages.

That means this update to the structured data affects product review websites, including product review affiliate sites, that do not sell the products themselves but are focused on reviewing the products.

What Is Pros & Cons Structured Data?

The pros and cons structured data is used by Google to identify specific information in product reviews and display it in the search results.

The structured data Google uses for pros and cons is based on the positiveNotes and negativeNotes structured data properties.

What’s interesting about these structured data properties is that they are not yet fully integrated into

According to the official page for these kinds of structured data:

“This term is proposed for full integration into, pending implementation feedback and adoption from applications and websites.”

Eligible Languages for Product Review Pros & Cons

Websites in the following ten languages are eligible to be shown with the new enhancement in search:

  1. Dutch
  2. English
  3. French
  4. German
  5. Italian
  6. Japanese
  7. Polish
  8. Portuguese
  9. Spanish
  10. Turkish


Google has published new guidelines that in addition to limiting the eligibility for a pro/con enhancement in Search also states that at least two pro or con statements must be made.

That means it can consist of a minimum of two pros, two cons or one of each (a pro and a con).

According to the new documentation:

“Currently, only editorial product review pages are eligible for the pros and cons appearance in Search, not merchant product pages or customer product reviews.

There must be at least two statements about the product. It can be any combination of positive and/or negative statements (for example, ItemList markup with two positive statements is valid).

The pros and cons must be visible to users on the page.”

Pros & Cons Structured Data is Prioritized

Google noted that editorial review webpages that don’t use the new structured data can still be eligible for an enhancement in search if Google can figure it out from the text on the webpage.

However, Google will supply priority to editorial review pages with structured data.

The announcement stated:

“If you do not provide structured data, Google may try to automatically identify pros and cons listed on the web page.

Google will prioritize supplied structured data provided by you over automatically extracted data.”

Is it Hard to Add New Structured Data?

If you’re using a plugin, whoever maintains it should be adding the new structured data.

It shouldn’t be difficult if the plugin differentiates between reviews for editorial review sites and reviews in the context of a merchant.

What’s involved is pretty much limited to adding Pros and Cons to a product review and then adding the positiveNote and negativeNote structured data to the product review website.

If you’re adding the new pros and cons structured data, it’s a fairly easy process of simply adding the positiveNote and/or the negativeNote structured data properties to any existing product review structured data.

Screenshot of positiveNote Structured Data

        "positiveNotes": {
            "@type": "ItemList",
            "itemListElement": [
                "@type": "ListItem",
                "position": 1,
                "name": "Consistent results"
                "@type": "ListItem",
                "position": 2,
                "name": "Still sharp after many uses"

Screenshot of negativeNote Structured Data

          "negativeNotes": {
            "@type": "ItemList",
            "itemListElement": [
                "@type": "ListItem",
                "position": 1,
                "name": "No child protection"
                "@type": "ListItem",
                "position": 2,
                "name": "Lacking advanced features"

List Items in the Structured Data

It’s important to pay attention to the ListItem in the structured data. The ListItem is a reference to the Pro or Con.

The correct pros and cons structured data will have at least two ListItem types in the structured data.

That means the structured data can contain:

  • One pro and one con
  • Or it can contain two pros and no cons
  • Or it can contain two cons and no pros

Important: Do Not Use with Customer Product Reviews

This structured data is specifically for product review websites, aka editorial product review websites.

Google explicitly mentions that customer product reviews do not qualify.

While Google does not explicitly say that this should not be used with User Generated Content product reviews, that likely is what Google means.

Newly Updated Product Review Structured Data Impacts Publishers

The updated structured data will result in what Google calls enhancements to search. That means it will result in SERP snippets that can increase clickthrough rates.

Screenshot of New Snippet

Screenshot of new Pros and Cons search snippet

Product review websites, what Google refers to as editorial product review websites, should consider adding pros and cons structured data to their webpages to qualify for enhancements in search.

It’s not necessary to do so, but it’s always helpful to get every available advantage in how search snippets are shown to maximize search traffic.


Read Google’s Announcement

New in structured data: Pros and cons

Featured image by Shutterstock/Thapana_Studio

Mon, 08 Aug 2022 06:39:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Google Ad Customizers: The How & Why

“I have never seen a kid work so hard at being lazy.”

A teacher once said this to my parents. However, she didn’t mean it in a demeaning way. She was impressed with me.

I stayed after school and automated an Excel sheet so that the data entry I was in charge of for our yearbook class would only take half as long.

I spent hours of up-front, hard work to be as lazy as possible for the rest of the semester.

I didn’t know it then, but this was my first automation – and my first experience working hard at being lazy!

Years later, as a marketing professional, I sought ways to speed up the process of creating ads for my Google Ads search campaigns.

And that is when I discovered ad customizers.

Just like in high school, I saw the value in doing some heavy lifting upfront to make things easier for myself down the road.

It was worth it then, and it’s worth it now.

If you learn to create ad customizers, it will be worth it for you, too.

Here’s how to set up ad customizers and why they are worth your time.

Why Ad Customizers Are Important

Learning all the different features and functions of Google Ads can be overwhelming, and sometimes it feels impossible to keep up with everything.

But, there are some good reasons why learning to use ad customizers in Google Ads campaigns is a good use of your time.

Your Ads Need To Stand Out

You know you need to break through the clutter.

But, you also know you don’t have the time to create all new campaigns, ad copy, and the new account structure that goes along with designing all new ads that are ultra-relevant to users.

This is precisely where ad customizers are worth their weight in gold.

With a bit of extra time upfront now, you can have ultra-relevant ads that increase your Quality Score and engage your customer for months to come.

Lower Conversion Costs Without Making Changes

Ultimately, conversions (and conversion costs) start at the search engine results page (SERP) and your ads.

Without changing your price, product, landing page, marketing funnel, etc., you can still increase conversions and conversion rates, and lower conversion costs with ad customizers.

What other tool has the power and ability to do that without a massive amount of work or change to your product, price, landing page, or marketing funnel?

Personalization Without Privacy Concerns

No other tool on the market allows you to personalize advertising to such a degree without running afoul of privacy concerns or laws.

Ad customizers are a freebie waiting to be used.

You can be ultra-relevant to a user, using just the data they freely (and legally) offer you, so let’s use it.

Long-Term Benefits With Small, Up-Front Time Cost

Getting ad customizers set up can take a while, especially if you are doing this for the first time.

However, once your business data is connected and attributes set up, you can indefinitely run relevant ads to users.

You can do so without additional work outside the general maintenance of updating business data.

How To Set Up Ad Customizers

While keeping all the data formatting straight can be complicated, there are three main steps to creating and launching customized ads.

  1. Set up your business data.
  2. Create a data feed.
  3. Set up your customized ad in Google Ads.

Setting Up Your Business Data

In true Google fashion, setting up your business data is the most challenging part, as there are very specific rules about how your data must be formatted.

But once you learn the rules and get a few of these campaigns under your belt, the entire process can be done in 20-to-30 minutes.

First, obtain the template that Google suggests you use.

(Once you hit step three, you will see a link to obtain the template, so keep following along.)

It is always a good idea to use the exact documents that Google recommends for tasks that deal with tedious data.

Set up your template with the information you want to use to customize your ad.

There are three types of data that you can use in the template:

Attribution Types

Attribute Type Examples

Ad Content

This is the exact text that will be placed in your ad.

The different types of content that you can customize are number (i.e., number of items available in your inventory), text (i.e., the color of an item), time and date (i.e., when a sale ends), or price.

You can name these columns whatever you want, but you have to ensure the corresponding Attribute Type is in parentheses in the column’s name.

Duration And Device

Use these columns to schedule when your ad runs, what devices they show on, and other additional preferences (see chart below for more options).

When naming the column of your spreadsheet, you must use the name exactly as it appears in the Attribute column in the chart below.

And don’t forget to add the Attribute Type in parentheses at the end of the name.

Standard Attributes


Targeting allows you to choose what triggers an optimizer, what campaign/ad groups are involved, and how keywords play a part in the ad.

If you want to use any or all targeting options, you must use the name exactly as it appears in the Attribute column in the chart below.

However, you do not need to include an Attribute Type at the end of the column name.

Targeting Attributes

Create Data Feed

Once you have your business data set up, organized, and formatted, you need to connect it to your Google Ads account.

As long as there are no issues with the formatting of your business data, this is a pretty straightforward process.

  • Click the tools icon in the top menu.
  • Under Setup, click Business data.
  • Click Data feeds on the left-hand side.
  • Click the plus button and click “Ad customizer data for text ads.”
  • Name your feed.
  • Click Select source and then click Upload a file.
  • Click Apply.

Setting Up The Ad

If you have made it this far, then congratulations!

The hard part is over.

Setting up the actual ad in Google Ads is much more straightforward than setting up the business data, especially if you are familiar with setting up other types of campaigns.

  • Navigate to the ad group where you want to create your new ad that utilizes the ad customizer business data.
  • Click the icon and select Responsive search ad.
  • Fill out the headlines and descriptions using the ad customizers you would like to utilize. Enter the text you would like, and when you come to the point that you would like to use a customizer, add a curly bracket ( { ). That will bring up the dropdown menu where you can choose Ad customizer. Now, select the customizer you would like to use, and it will be inserted into your text.
  • Repeat this process to place customizers in your ad copy.

Like many automations, adding customizers to ads in your Google Ads campaigns may seem a bit tricky and complicated.

On this point, you’re not wrong!

However, automations are quick and easy to set up after the learning curve.

You will also realize that they are the key to maximizing output, gaining efficiency, and lowering conversion costs.

So, supply ad customizers a shot. I know they will become a part of your everyday arsenal, and you will come to love them!

Hungry For More?

Ad customizers are a huge topic, and we could not possibly fit all the information around this syllabu into a single article.

Luckily, SEJ has another great post about ad customizers by Andrea Atzori.

In his article, “4 Ad Customizers to Strengthen Google Ads Campaign Performance,” Andrea dives deeper into why you would want to use ad customizers, how they work, and four great ways to use them in your daily campaigns.

Together, these two pieces should supply you a good foundation into what ad customizers are, how to use them, why to use them, and how to set them up.


More resources:

Featured Image: Prostock-studio/Shutterstock

Tue, 09 Aug 2022 01:45:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Google Just Made a Very Small Change to One of Its Most Useful Features. It's Not Just for Power Users No result found, try new keyword!Search just got a little better.Google search is a remarkable thing, and not just because it is able to find what you're looking for among billions of web pages. I think you could argue that the fact ... Mon, 08 Aug 2022 20:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : Google Analytics For Businesses And How To Use It

By Baruch Labunski, CEO of Rank Secure. His knowledge and professional acumen have already made Rank Secure a globally acclaimed SEO company.

If there’s one thing that’s desirable for all businesses, it’s profit—or at least the struggle to attain and maximize it.

In today's digital era, securing a solid ROI, establishing a brand and gaining more customers happens almost entirely through the web. And without some way to measure the activity that’s happening online, many businesses find themselves in the dark ages.

That’s where services like Google Analytics come into play.

What Google Analytics Does

Google Analytics is a tool that collects, analyzes and sorts data from a business' website. With this information, companies can make deliberate and beneficial choices about advertising, marketing, web design, content creation and more.

With Google Analytics, a vast array of features makes it simple to understand how your current (or prospective) clients are interacting with your site, with things like:

  • Predictive capabilities
  • Insights about changes in data or new trends
  • Real-time reports: engagement, acquisition, etc.
  • ROI tracking across all channels
  • Google Ad integration

In 2020, the Google Analytics services were made even more efficient thanks to the ushering-in of Google Analytics 4, which opened the doors to cross-platform analysis and unified app and web analytics.

How Google Analytics Impacts Businesses

Equipped with the facts and figures that reveal how people interact with their website, businesses using Google Analytics get a unique insight into how clients engage with their products or content.

Let’s take a deeper dive into some of the ways this insight can be helpful and how it can change a business’ web presence for the better:

• Offers A Sneak Peek At Client Behavior

By assigning each site user with a personal ID, Google Analytics 4 makes it possible to monitor client behavior closely. With "life cycle collection" and "user collection" features, a business owner can easily track user activity, revenue and retention and understand who their clients are. It provides enormous detail about age, location and interests. You can do more to meet clients' needs once you know them.

• Helps Strengthen ROI

Google Analytics gives businesses the tools necessary to track and understand trends, including which products are and aren't selling, which are gaining traction and which parts of your website lure visitors.

This, coupled with consumer behavior data, means businesses can know where to spend money on marketing and branding. The result is more website traffic but also more purchases and revenue for the business.

• Provides Specific Marketing Insight

Google Analytics has an “ads personalization” feature that creates highly targeted marketing strategies based on audience demographic and behavior. That amounts to a more successful campaign. You can tailor ads for each audience, see how they work and tweak them if necessary.

• Develops A Name And Brand

Branding is important and Google Analytics can help. It tells you where and how potential customers find your page and that indicates where you can establish your authority or brand.

A strong presence with correct marketing can boost ROI and establish your credibility. That leads to more sales. Google's SEO analysis helps your site get discovered on Google searches and that helps spotlight your brand, too.

How To Use Google Analytics

Many entrepreneurs avoid using Google Analytics because they don't understand how to use it. Yet, it can do so much for a business that every business owner should make a point of at least looking at it. Below are some tips for how to use Google Analytics.

• Free Training

Free training courses like Google Analytics for Beginners are available through Google Academy. You will need a free Google Mail account and then you can register for any number of tutorials.

• Start With One Property

Don't get overwhelmed with trying to track multiple websites, mobile apps or other devices through your Google account. Start with one until you are comfortable, then add others.

You can add multiple properties to the same account. Each property will have its unique tracking code so you can use one account to track data from a specific website or app.

• Start Viewing Data

The best way to get acquainted with Google Analytics is to first look at the data.

There are four basic reports:

  • An overview of your site traffic
  • An acquisition report showing where your traffic originates
  • A behavior report showing how visitors interact with your site
  • A conversion rate showing if visitors are buying, calling or sending in a request form

• Create A List

You can dig down on data to see how each page of your website is doing. Make a list of which pages are doing well and which aren't doing as well. The goal is to figure out why some do better than others so you can make necessary changes to drive up traffic on all pages. Data can usually show you that.

• Make Some Small Changes

You don't need to revamp your entire site to get better rates. Experiment with small changes to see what works. Add new images, change a title and perhaps work with the meta description. Use better SEO.

Monitor the page for a week or so after making changes to see if they helped.

• Ask For Professional Help

There may be times when you need a professional SEO expert or marketer to help. Many website marketing companies will offer a free analysis to help you find your weaknesses. Then, you can decide whether fixing issues is something you can do or if you need to hire a professional.


There’s no better way to route your business’ strategies and decisions than with the help of facts and statistics that provide real, in-depth information about how your current setup works.

Google Analytics collects vital site and app data and translates these details into information that business owners can utilize for real change.

By giving you a closer look at user behavior, providing key insights on marketing or advertising and helping predict future trends across all of your digital channels, Google Analytics can help skyrocket your business to the next level.

Sun, 31 Jul 2022 23:15:00 -0500 YEC en text/html
Killexams : Google Pixel Buds Pro review: the sweet sound of redemption

It wasn’t a sure thing that the Pixel Buds Pro would turn out to be good. Google has had a mixed, inconsistent track record with wireless earbuds so far. The original Pixel Buds in 2017 had such an unconventional design that something as fundamental as putting them back into the case was overly complicated. The Pixel Buds 2 moved to a much sleeker, true wireless form factor, but they were beset with connectivity issues and frequent audio dropouts. Google righted the ship with the low-end $99 Pixel Buds A-Series last year, but now all eyes are on the new, flagship $199 Pixel Buds Pro — the company’s first earbuds with active noise cancellation — to see whether Google can really hang with the very best from Apple, Sony, Samsung, and others.

Turns out, it very much can. The Pixel Buds Pro fully resolve the Bluetooth woes of the second-gen model while delivering improved sound quality, longer battery life, satisfactory noise cancellation, and bonus convenience features like multipoint. They’re not the smallest or lightest earbuds around, but Google’s elimination of the integrated wing tips (or “stabilizer arcs”) from prior models results in better overall comfort.

When Google announced these earbuds a couple months ago, it made a point to call out the custom silicon and in-house audio processing that were key to developing the Pixel Buds Pro. Every company with earbuds that are the best at something — think noise cancellation in the case of Sony or transparency mode for Apple — builds its own components to achieve that. According to Google, the Pixel Buds Pro include a custom six-core audio chip (not to be confused with the custom Tensor chip in Pixel phones) that powers the active noise cancellation system, and they also use custom 11-millimeter drivers / speakers tuned by the company’s audio team.

So then, let’s get right to it: noise cancellation on the Pixel Buds Pro is generally quite good for subduing noise at home, the office, or in a coffee shop. But I do notice that some parts of the frequency spectrum (like street noise from passing cars) cut through louder than they would on the AirPods Pro or Sony’s WF-1000XM4 buds. Since the ANC runs on Google-developed algorithms, it’s feasible that firmware updates could further enhance the noise-canceling strength of the Buds Pro. As it stands today, the ANC is more than competent — even if it won’t be bumping Sony or Bose from the top of the mountain.

Transparency mode, on the other hand, is decent but falls well short of matching the natural, airy sensation you get with the AirPods Pro or Sony’s LinkBuds S. Google’s transparency passthrough does the job but has a semi-muffled tonality to it. This is likely, at least in part, because the Pixel Buds Pro no longer have the same “spatial vent” that lets through some natural ambient sound on the 2020 Pixel Buds and Pixel Buds A-Series.

While on the subject of ANC, I’m admittedly perplexed by the feature Google calls “Silent Seal.” The company describes it like so:

Everyone’s ears are unique, so it’s not always possible for the eartips to create a perfect seal that prevents sound from leaking in from the outside. Pixel Buds Pro use Silent Seal to adapt to your ear, to help maximize the amount of noise that’s canceled.

When I asked for more specifics on how Silent Seal works or exactly what is happening, Google spokesperson Marisa DeRose oddly declined to share further details. My best guess is that Google’s algorithms try to optimize the active noise cancellation based on your ear shape and how the earbuds fit you, but the lack of information leaves me skeptical that Silent Seal is really a game changer.

Google also says that the Pixel Buds Pro contain sensors that “measure the pressure in your ear canal” to alleviate the plugged-up sensation that ANC earbuds can often produce. I did manage to get more particulars on this from product manager Pol Peiffer, who told me by email that the sensors “constantly measure the pressure in your ear canal so the earbuds can actively relieve it and stay comfortable. These measurements never leave the earbud and are erased immediately after they are processed for noise canceling.” This is Google’s solution for the lack of an air vent, but I’m curious as to whether the overall noise cancellation power on the Pixel Buds Pro is being hamstrung by this emphasis on comfort. It’d be nice to have the option to crank it to 11 — ear pressure be damned.

Backing up a bit, the Pixel Buds Pro carry on the design lineage of Google’s last couple models. The outward-facing portion still looks like a Mentos, especially in the mellow yellow color of my review sample, but the rest of the earbud is much more substantial and chunky. When you initially pluck them from the case, the Buds Pro might not seem like earbuds that will be especially comfortable or stay in your ears well. Thankfully, that first impression is misleading.

The design is substantially chunkier than past Pixel Buds — and there’s no integrated fin.

Even without the affixed stability fins from past Pixel Buds, the Buds Pro slid into my ears snugly, and after some twisting and light adjustments, I wasn’t concerned about them going anywhere. I thrashed my head around, and they stayed put. They also passed the standard eating and talking tests without dislodging. It’s certainly easier to (purposefully) remove them than the foam-tipped Sonys or deep-seated Galaxy Buds, but you don’t need to worry about unexpected tumbling-out-of-your-ears mishaps. I’ve noticed they stick out a bit in smaller ears but are more flush and subtle in big ears like mine. And despite the relative heft compared to lighter buds, they stayed comfortable over extended listening. Google bundles the standard three sets of silicone tips in the box, and there’s an ear tip seal test in the Pixel Buds app if you need further confirmation you’re using the right size. The pebble-shaped carrying case is also very similar to past Pixel Buds, with the same eggshell feel and satisfying snap when closing, plus wireless charging.

The Pixel Buds Pro deliver the best audio experience of Google’s lineup thus far. They don’t rival the superb dynamics and rich clarity of something like Sennheiser’s Momentum True Wireless 3 earbuds, and I think the Sony 1000XM4s still surpass them in a head-to-head. I wouldn’t quite rank these in that upper echelon, but for a daily, take-everywhere pair of earbuds, I’ve been pleased with Google’s refinements. The Hold Steady’s “Lanyards” came through with ample bass kick and punchy guitars. Lake Street Dive’s “Nick of Time” showed off their smooth vocal reproduction, and while sampling John Mayer’s “Wild Blue,” the Pixel Buds Pro created ample separation between instrumentation to let the solos shine. In some tracks, the mids can come off as recessed, and I’d like more control over the default V-shaped EQ. Google’s website confirms that’s in the works.

For now, audio tuning settings from past Pixel Buds (like bass boost) are MIA in the Pixel Buds app, but the company plans to add five-band EQ customization sometime this fall. In the meantime, there’s a “volume EQ” toggle that lifts bass and treble at lower volumes to keep your music sounding consistent throughout the range. Audiophiles might be disappointed that the Pixel Buds Pro only support AAC and SBC for Bluetooth codecs — rumors that they would also include LC3 and Bluetooth LE audio are untrue — but I think tuning and audio signature are ultimately more important to how they sound. If you can’t live without LDAC, there’s always the 1000XM4s, LinkBuds S, or even cheaper options.

To ensure the Pixel Buds Pro have fully conquered any unwelcome dropout issues, I tested the new earbuds on busy streets, intersections, and in other environments that would’ve spelled doom for the Pixel Buds 2. But the audio kept playing without any interruptions. That held true whether my phone was handheld or in my pants pocket; the latter scenario can cause audio disruptions for some earbuds, but not these. The connection is simply much more robust this time around.

Google covers pretty much everything you need with the onboard controls: tap once to play / pause, twice to skip tracks, or three times to go back. You can press and hold to switch between ANC and transparency, and this gesture can be customized (on either earbud) to activate Google Assistant as well. The swipe-based volume controls of the 2020 Pixel Buds have also returned, letting you increase loudness by brushing a finger forward across the earbud surface or lowering it by swiping backward.

The Pixel Buds Pro come with the usual perks of having Google Assistant in your ear; you can ask for the weather or walking directions, respond to texts, request a song, have notifications read aloud, or take advantage of features like Live Translate when traveling — all with hands-free “Hey Google” voice commands. It’s helpful to have these tricks at your disposal, but other specialties from past Pixel Buds — adaptive sound, attention alerts, and the aforementioned bass boost — have quietly been removed. Regardless, I’d argue the biggest new addition to the Pixel Buds Pro is multipoint, which allows you to connect to two audio sources (like your phone and computer) simultaneously.

And it works pretty much like a dream: I can start watching a video on my MacBook Pro, hit pause, switch over to my Pixel and start a song on Spotify, and the earbuds play it without delay. Stopping the song and jumping back to the video is just as seamless. When a call comes in, you can just answer it, and the buds will prioritize that audio; it’s a huge plus being able to avoid Bluetooth menus. Every so often, you’ll hear a little hitch in the audio when transitioning between audio sources, but it’s barely perceptible. Voice call performance is acceptable; I was intelligible to my colleagues on Zoom even in a busy coffee shop, and in quieter environments, I never got any complaints about mic quality.

Later this year, Google plans to counter Apple and Samsung by introducing spatial audio with head tracking for the Pixel Buds Pro. So when you’re watching movies or listening to Dolby Atmos music, you can move your head around, and the sound field will shift appropriately. But like always, this is all about ecosystem lock-in and will be limited to Google’s own hardware — so you’ll need a Pixel phone to do anything with it. The Pixel Buds Pro are also capable of intelligent automatic switching between various Android devices, but I don’t know many people using a handful of Android products unless you’ve got a smartwatch or TV that also happens to run the OS.

Battery life for Google’s latest buds is rated at 7 hours with noise cancellation on or up to 11 with it switched off; in several days of testing the Pixel Buds Pro so far, those estimates seem on the mark. And the earbuds are rated IPX4 for water resistance, so you don’t need to worry about getting them sweaty mid-workout. The case is a slightly less durable IPX2, but at least it’s got some level of protection.

Even with all the praise, there’ve been occasional bugs. I’ve had (very) rare instances where audio breaks down and gets unlistenable while watching a video when using multipoint, or the stereo imaging of the earbuds gets thrown out of whack after I manually disconnect one of the two devices. These glitches aren’t unheard of when using true wireless earbuds, and Google has some early kinks to iron out. But on the whole, I’m much more confident in recommending the Pixel Buds Pro than any of the company’s prior efforts, and that boils down to their rock-solid overall connection stability.

The Pixel Buds Pro are Google’s best set of earbuds yet. They’ve shed the connectivity flaws that sank the second-gen model while adding respectable active noise cancellation, longer battery life, and superior sound. And the inclusion of multipoint makes them genuinely more useful day to day. Like any pricey earbuds, you’ll want to try them on for yourself to get a feel for the fit. But assuming the new, bulkier design jibes with your ears, Google finally has a full-featured, flagship pair of earbuds that Pixel fans can enjoy without any back-of-mind reservations or second thoughts — just as it ought to be for $200.

Photography by Chris Welch / The Verge

Thu, 28 Jul 2022 05:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : The top Google Docs tips and tricks to try today No result found, try new keyword!Google Docs is an incredible alternative to Microsoft Word. Here are some of the most helpful tips and tricks in Google's word processing app. Mon, 08 Aug 2022 22:13:14 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : Google Accidentally Reveals Radical Pixel 7 Camera Upgrade

Important new hardware details have been revealed concerning Google’s next-gen Pixel devices, including the Pixel 7, Pixel 7 Pro and a forthcoming tablet device.

According to the leak, courtesy of Android developer and leaker Kuba Wojciechowski, both the Pixel 7 and Pixel 7 Pro will use Samsung’s 11-megapixel Isocell 3J1 sensor in their front-facing ‘selfie’ cameras. The Isocell 3J1 supports dual-pixel autofocus for improved focusing and face-authentication performance, as well as Samsung’s ‘Smart WDR’ feature for improved dynamic range.

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This configuration marks a radical departure from the equivalent Pixel 6 models, where the Pro model comes with a similar 11-megapixel sensor, but the ‘non-Pro’ edition has to make do with a lower-resolution 8-megapixel version, delivering lower image quality and missing out on 4K selfie videos altogether.

According to the same leak, both Pixel 7 models are expected to retain the same rear camera sensors as the Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro — Samsung’s 50-megapixel Isocell GN1 for the main lens, paired with a Sony IMX381 for the ultrawide lens. One exception is that the telephoto sensor on the Pixel 7 Pro has been changed to a Sony IMX586 rather than the similarly-specced Isocell GM1 found in the current Pixel 6 Pro.

Also discovered by Wojciechowski are references to an unknown Google device with the code name ‘Lynx - L10’, again featuring a 50-megapixel Isocell GN1, but this time paired with a new 64-megapixel Sony IMX787 as found in ZTE’s recently-launched Axon 40 Ultra. The Lynx L10 reportedly uses an as-yet-unannounced Sony IMX712 sensor in its front-facing camera. This indicates that Google may finally be developing a device that combines cutting-edge camera hardware with its already excellent image processing software. Whether or not it ever appears as a commercial product remains to be seen.

Lastly, Google’s code also reveals a new Pixel Tablet T6 featuring two 8-megapixel Sony IMX355 sensors and a new ‘P7’ device expected to be a foldable smartphone featuring the 50-megapixel Isocell GN1 alongside an 11-megapixel Sony IMX363 and an 8-megapixel IMX355.

As is often the case with leaks of this kind, these unannounced details have been gleaned from text found within Google’s own newly-released code. What’s different this time is that the relevant information appears to have been intentionally obscured to make it harder for leakers like Wojciechowski to discover unreleased specs. This strongly suggests that Google intended this information to remain under wraps for the time being.

The Pixel 7 and Pixel 7 Pro are expected to launch in October of this year.

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Sun, 31 Jul 2022 01:17:00 -0500 Paul Monckton en text/html
Killexams : The next iPad Pro could have a connector no other Apple device has

Bad news for everyone who got annoyed when 30-pin was replaced by Lightning, and when Lightning was replaced by USB-C: it looks like Apple is once again planning to unveil a new connector port when it launches its next set of iPad Pro models.

The latest report from the Japanese site Macotakara, citing unnamed “reliable sources in China”, claims that both the 11-inch and 12.9-inch versions of the next Pro “will have the same chassis design as the current iPad Pro series, but with 4-pin connectors on the top and bottom side edges.” That’s Google Translate’s interpretation of the original, at any rate; it’s possible that some nuance has been lost in translation, but it appears that Apple is changing the 3-pin Smart Connector on the iPad Pro.

The site has little further information about the nature of these new 4-pin ports, but speculates that they may be intended “to assist in powering peripherals that connect to the Thunderbolt/USB-C port on the [current] M1 chip-equipped iPad.” It isn’t clear why that function couldn’t continue to be served by the USB-C port, which obviously has the advantage of being compatible with legacy adapters and accessories, rather than requiring customers to pay for new ones (or Apple to bundle them with the new iPads). Perhaps 4-pin, or whatever branding Apple uses for the new connector, will have a higher spec for faster charging or data transfer.

Or is the key factor the inclusion of two ports? Macotakara’s article appears to imply, confusingly, that the 4-pin ports will sit on both the top and the bottom edges, although it isn’t clear how “top” and “bottom” apply to a device that can rotate through 360 degrees: does this mean the two long edges, or the two short ones? In either case, having two ports could enable the new iPad Pros to remain plugged in while also powering (or transferring data to or from) a peripheral accessory. This would represent an increase in overall productivity for a laptop replacement, although from an aesthetic point of view Apple has never been a company to offer more ports than strictly necessary.

As it stands, the iPad Pro and iPad Air have a three-pin smart connector on the back of the device for connecting the Magic Keyboard. The connector originally appeared on the edge of the iPad Pro but moved to the back with the 2018 redesign. It’s not clear whether the current Magic Keyboard would still be compatible with the new connector or if Apple will sell two versions.

As such, Apple fans may find the timing of this revelation slightly frustrating, given that the company appears close to unifying the ports across its entire tablet range. The 10.2-inch iPad is the last Lightning hold-out, and is expected to adopt USB-C later this year. Even the iPhone range looks set to move to USB-C next year.

We’ll have to wait and see if Macotakara’s sources have got this one right. (And bear in mind that the site isn’t the most consistent on the circuit, with an AppleTrack accuracy rating of just 58.5 percent at time of writing.) The new iPad Pros are expected to launch this fall, at either the September event for the iPhone 14 or at a separate event the following month, so we haven’t got long to wait.

Mon, 08 Aug 2022 22:43:00 -0500 Author: David Price en-US text/html
Killexams : The Google Pixel 7 could launch in October

Google gave us an unexpected first look at the Google Pixel 7 and Google Pixel 7 Pro at Google I/O 2022, its annual developer conference. At the event, the company unveiled the two new flagships, which look to feature the same aluminum and glass build as the Pixel 6 series, but with the camera bar covered in aluminum, rather than being mainly glass, which is set to provide better durability. 

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