500-210 mission - SP Optical Technology Field Engineer Representative Updated: 2024
|Precisely same 500-210 questions as in real test, WTF!
Exam Code: 500-210 SP Optical Technology Field Engineer Representative mission January 2024 by Killexams.com team
500-210 SP Optical Technology Field Engineer Representative
The Cisco 500-210 SP Optical Technology Field Engineer Representative test is designed to validate the knowledge and skills of individuals working as field engineers in optical technology. Here is a detailed description of the exam, including the number of questions and time allocation, course outline, test objectives, and test syllabus.
Number of Questions and Time:
The number of questions and time allocation for the Cisco 500-210 test may vary. Generally, the test consists of multiple-choice questions and simulation-based scenarios that assess the candidate's understanding of optical technology concepts and their ability to troubleshoot and configure optical networks. The exact number of questions and time allocation can be obtained from the official Cisco test documentation.
The course for the Cisco 500-210 test covers a wide range of Topics related to optical technology. The course outline may include the following key areas:
1. Optical Networking Concepts:
- Introduction to optical networking
- Optical transmission principles and technologies
- Optical network architectures
2. Optical Network Components and Devices:
- Optical transmitters and receivers
- Fiber optic cables and connectors
- Optical amplifiers and attenuators
3. Optical Network Design and Planning:
- Optical link budget calculations
- Optical power budget analysis
- Network topology and capacity planning
4. Optical Network Configuration and Troubleshooting:
- Configuration and management of optical network devices
- Troubleshooting optical network issues
- Performance monitoring and optimization
5. Optical Network Security:
- Optical network security threats and vulnerabilities
- Optical network encryption and authentication mechanisms
- Best practices for securing optical networks
The objectives of the Cisco 500-210 test are to assess a candidate's proficiency in the following areas:
1. Understanding of optical networking concepts, principles, and technologies.
2. Knowledge of optical network components, devices, and their functionalities.
3. Ability to design and plan optical networks based on given requirements.
4. Configuration and management of optical network devices and services.
5. Troubleshooting optical network issues and performing diagnostics.
6. Awareness of optical network security threats and best practices for securing optical networks.
The test syllabus for the Cisco 500-210 test covers the Topics mentioned in the course outline. The syllabus may include questions related to optical networking concepts, transmission principles, network components, design and planning considerations, configuration and troubleshooting techniques, and network security aspects.
Candidates should refer to the official Cisco test documentation and study resources for accurate and up-to-date information on the test format, content, and requirements. It is recommended to allocate sufficient time for test preparation, including studying the course materials, practicing configuration and troubleshooting scenarios, and familiarizing oneself with optical network devices and their management interfaces.
|SP Optical Technology Field Engineer Representative
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SP Optical Technology Field Engineer Representative
Which type of connector is used on the 16-WXC-FS and associated mesh patch panels?
Which type of architecture employs nLight ROADM?
A. broadcast and select
B. drop and continue
C. route and select
D. pass through and drop
What does the Functional View show in Cisco Transport Controller?
A. power levels of each wavelength
B. slot assignments of line cards in the chassis
C. fiber interconnections between cards and nodes
D. wavelength routing through the network
Colorless add/drop eliminates physical port dependency for which wavelength
A. bit rate
Which two options are the two basic building blocks of the mesh patch panel? (Choose
Answer: A, D
Which technology allows 100G transponders to accept multiple wavelengths at their
input, without requiring demultiplexing of the composite signal?
A. QPSK modulation
B. forward error correction
C. coherent reception
D. dual polarization modulation
In a mesh ROADM node, how many degrees is an omnidirectional add/drop unit
A. 1 degree
B. 4 degrees
C. 16 degrees
D. all degrees
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But enterprise networking and security giant says the data was not sensitive and the hack had ‘no impact to our business.’
Cisco is confirming that data recently splashed across the internet by the Yanluowang ransomware gang included information that was hacked from its network this past spring.
But the San Jose, Calif.-based Cisco stressed that the leaked information, which first appeared online on Sept. 11, was not sensitive and the incident didn’t effect business.
“We continue to see no impact to our business, including Cisco products or services, sensitive customer data or sensitive employee information, intellectual property, or supply change operations,” Cisco Talos said in a blog update post.
Noting that it previously acknowledged in August that it had been the target of an cyberattack in May, Cisco said its assessment of what happened overall hasn’t changed over the weeks – that the attack wasn’t a severe hit to Cisco.
Still, Cisco did note that the attacker was persistent and wouldn’t provide up easily even after being detected.
“During the investigation (by Cisco Security Incident Response) and Cisco Talos, it was determined that a Cisco employee’s credentials were compromised after the attacker gained control of a personal Google account where credentials saved in the victim’s browser were being synchronized,” Cisco wrote.
“The attacker conducted a series of sophisticated voice phishing attacks under the guise of various trusted organizations attempt to convince the victim to accept multi-factor authentication (MFA) push notifications initiated by the attacker. The attacker ultimately succeed in achieving an MFA push acceptance, grant them to VPN in the context of the targeted user.”
Once detected, it wasn’t easy getting rid of the attacker, which Cisco said “displayed persistence, repeatedly attempting to regain access in the weeks following the attack; however these attempts were unsuccessful.”
According to BleepingComputer, the Yanluowang leader is now claiming Cisco is downplaying the severity of the attack, telling BleepingComputer “that they stole thousands of files amounting to 55GB and that the cache included classified documents, technical schematics, and source code.”
BleepingComputer said Cisco denied the possibility that the intruders had exfiltrated or accessed any source code.
A Cisco representative could not be reached for comment by CRN as of mid-afternoon Monday.
At least one Cisco partner said that the Yanluowang ransomware gang attack against Cisco is another sign of the difficulty of securing a large global enterprise in the wake of the post-pandemic work-at-home era.
In the blog post, Cisco said “initial access” to the Cisco VPN was achieved “via the successful compromise of a Cisco employee’s personal Google account.” That user had enabled password syncing via the Google Chrome browser and had stored their “Cisco credentials” in the browser.
“It could happen to anybody,” said a top executive for an SP500 Cisco enterprise partner who did not want to be identified.
“With work-from-home and distributed workforces there is just so much opportunity for company data to be where it is not supposed to be. I am sure Cisco has policies that says you should not put data on non-approved cloud resources but it happens,” said the executive.
The top technology executive emphasized that Cisco’s network remained secure.
“The network itself is not what was compromised,” he said. “This was an employee breaking Cisco policies and electronic protections by moving data into a non-managed resource like Box.”
The attack highlights the need for employees to be trained and educated on the “damage” they can cause by not following corporate security policies, said the executive.
“Education and training is paramount,” he said. “I am sure Cisco does security training. This accentuates the need for continuous training for employees and contractors and continual refinement of security policies and the tools you have available to enforce those policies.”
The technology executive said ransomware breaches are at an all-time high. “It is non-stop,” he said.
The SP500 executive said his company’s security business has doubled in the last year.
“Any partner that is not investing in their security practice is missing an opportunity and a need of their customers,” he said.
‘What we have seen in the partner community is a serious uptake on taking our technology and delivering managed services to the customer. I think the desire for these kinds of services from the customer is real,’ Cisco CEO Chuck Robbins told CRN about the company’s XaaS and managed services push.
Cisco Systems is a company that has grown both organically and via acquisitions. As such, the networking giant has a huge portfolio of products and services that have historically been disparate. But Cisco is working to remedy that.
The company at Cisco Live 2022 unveiled a breakthrough in network management. The very popular Cisco Catalyst portfolio can now be managed via the cloud using the simple Meraki dashboard. But that’s not the only integration Cisco has been piecing together. The company’s flagship Webex collaboration offering is now feeding Cisco’s WAN Insights engine and the security portfolio is being united, according to the San Jose, Calif.-based company. It’s music to the ears of Cisco partners who are deploying these solutions but who now have a more unified networking, security and collaboration story to bring to their end customers.
Integration isn’t the only thing that has been keeping the company busy. Cisco Chair and CEO Chuck Robbins sat down with CRN at Cisco Live to talk about how the company is on “just the first step” of its unified networking story. He also discussed the macro issues that are impacting the tech industry, like supply chain constraints and how they are shaping the selling motion of channel partners. The global supply chain crisis has created a record-breaking backlog for Cisco, and the company is doing a lot of work behind the scenes to prioritize and triage the evolving situation. And speaking of selling motions, the Everything-as-a-Service (XaaS) model is gaining traction as the company released its second Cisco Plus offer earlier this month.
From the company’s simplification and integration work to supply chain and XaaS, here’s what Robbins told CRN in an exclusive interview at Cisco Live 2022.
With the announcement of Catalyst support on the Meraki platform, how big a deal is it that administrators can manage their network from a single pane of glass from the cloud?
I think it’s a significant milestone and I think it’s just the first phase. Todd [Nightingale, executive vice president and general manager of Cisco’s enterprise networking and cloud business] has done a great job with the organization of getting them here. But there’s a long list of things we’re going to do to leverage that [Meraki] dashboard and help continue to expand it, from monitoring to some level of configuration to looking at the rationalization of platforms over time. There’s a lot of things that will come as a result of it. I’m just really happy we got that out and proud of what they announced.
Partners are saying Cisco is tearing down walls to create a more unified networking story. Do you agree with that assessment?
I think that we’re bringing more offers to the market today that require integration across business units than we ever have, and this is probably a banner day for that. But there’s a lot more coming.
Look at the integrations between ThousandEyes and Talos Threat Intelligence service within AppDynamics. One of the ironic things they figured out is that Webex actually has a lot of analytics about internet performance, so now it’s feeding the [WAN Insights] engine data. Then, you have observability integration with Intersight, and [Nightingale] and Jonathan [Davidson, executive vice president and general manager, Cisco Mass-Scale Infrastructure] are working on private 5G and Wi-Fi 6 stuff together. There’s a lot of cross business unit work going on, and I think it’s a muscle that we’re going to build even more effectively as we go forward.
How is Cisco prioritizing its record-breaking backlog in the midst of a constrained supply chain?
We have a team of people that are doing this. And obviously, when the customer ordered matters. That’s the basic principle. But then you can imagine that we are working hard to prioritize first responders and those who have regulatory requirements. And a lot of those come in sort of ad hoc from customers who send us notes. I will say, though, that customers have been very conscientious about escalating for exceptions only when they need them. And in many cases, that conversation is around, ‘I need this stuff, I don’t need that—you can push it out, so don’t worry about that—but I need this stuff if you can help me.” And so, it’s actually allowed us to, in some cases, serve other customers. It’s just been complicated. It’s a daily triage for our team to try to get this done.
Do you think the supply chain crisis will accelerate the XaaS trend?
Considering that a lot of our services have hardware built into the core service, I wouldn’t say that it’s a significant accelerant because I’ve actually had some conversations where some of our challenges in getting some of these things adopted is actually still supply chain and trying to get that stuff out there. Like [for Cisco Plus] Hybrid Cloud, we went out and we allocated some equipment from our capacity to make sure we were getting those early adopters up and running so we could get the feedback because otherwise it would have taken a little longer, so I don’t think that you’re seeing an accelerant. I think [XaaS] is not immune to supply chain challenges, unfortunately. For pure SaaS offers, it’s obviously a different story.
Are partners coming along with Cisco on the XaaS business model transformation?
I think they are coming along with us. We just launched the SASE [Cisco Plus Secure Connect Now], and Cisco Plus Hybrid Cloud is still in early adoption. We have some architectural systems work that we’re doing that’ll make it a much more simple way for us to offer everything as a service. That work is being done right now and should come online in the fall, which will provide us the ability to accelerate a lot of offers in this space.
What I would say, though, is one of the big things that we have seen in the partner community is a serious uptake on taking our technology and delivering managed services to the customer. I think the desire for these kinds of services from the customer is real. We launched a new [partner program role] called ‘Provider,’ which is a managed service provider program and there are almost 2,000 partners now that are delivering something. So, for me, that validates the model. And I think over time, what you’ll see is partners having a combination of their unique intellectual property baked into a managed service that they can deliver, as well as in some cases, they may deliver ours as a service to their customers as well. I think that’s where we’ll end up—probably 2023—we’ll start to see that really come together.
Customers don’t want to be systems integrators. It just takes too long. So, you create two opportunities where partners can go in and do that systems integration work more effectively and more quickly—that’s an opportunity for them. But at the end of the day, [customers] want the outcome one way or the other, buy it as a service, or buy it as an integrated, tightly wrapped solution from a partner. I think that’s where they’re building their managed service offerings as well, even if it’s just the management of on-premises capabilities. If it’s all packaged and done, I think a customer finds that more attractive because it helps them get to that outcome they’re trying to get to.
How important is it that partners wrap their own services around XaaS and Cisco managed services?
I think you’ll see us expose APIs on our own services. If you look at Meraki, that’s a great example where we deliver that as a service. But we also have partners who take that and add their own layer of capabilities on top because of the APIs we expose. So, I think you’ll see that that opportunity arise as well. But my view is to the extent you can, you want to provide the partners the ability to add their intellectual property to it to differentiate their solutions.
Is your channel mix changing due to Cisco’s growing base of cloud and hyperscale business?
I think it has to anytime you start partnering with new partners, [especially] big ones. We’re doing more with the hyperscalers for sure [and] building out in the cloud marketplaces. And then, obviously looking at the managed services opportunity—we have really spent a lot of time at the leadership team level with Oliver [Tuszik, Cisco’s channel chief, pictured] around cloud marketplaces and managed services in particular, as he’s taken on this whole routes-to-market responsibility. Those are two of the big ones that we’re focused on right now. I think anytime you do that, you’ll see a big shift.
We’ve always been in the managed services space, but [Tuszik] has invested pretty significantly on service creation resources to help our partners actually think about and build plans to create those services—the marketing plans and sales plans. And it feels like customers are adopting those even at a faster pace than they used to. I would say that that particular provider will become a greater percentage. But it might still be some traditional providers who have moved into that space. It might be the same partner, but a different profile of what they look like.
Where should Cisco partners be placing their bets right now?
I think, clearly, security, which I think many of them already are. I think if you look at customers trying to re-architect their fundamental infrastructure to deal with these traffic patterns that we’re facing today, I think, ironically, partners could have a big role to play in just thinking about how you architect that. I think getting in the early phases of the observability space would be a good area for partners to start looking at, but it may not be for everybody early on, but over the next year or two, it would be one that I would definitely look at.
Then, obviously, hybrid work and really helping customers think through their strategy for hybrid work, I think that’s another big area. I also think DevNet. Grace [Francisco, vice president of Cisco developer relations strategy and experience] came in, and working for Liz [Centoni, Cisco’s chief strategy officer and general manager of applications], rearchitected our entire DevNet program. There’s now a standardized API architecture that teams are building, which gives these partners opportunities to build businesses on top of our platforms.
I have to say there’s probably more opportunity today than we’ve seen in 20 years. And I think that’s true for the partners as well.
I recently sat down with Greg Alden, the CEO of Diagnostic Biochips (DBC), to discuss how he started with the company, how having Parkinson’s gives him a unique perspective on the company’s work, the state of progress in treating neurological diseases, and what’s next on the treatment horizon.
Gary Drenik: Thanks for joining me, Greg. To get started, tell me a bit about your background and how you came to DBC?
Greg Alden: My career really began about 25 years ago when I started as a manufacturer's representative for networking companies, including Compatible Systems, where I worked with the first commercial Internet service providers. I found myself in the middle of the Wild West of the Internet. I then spent 7 years at Cisco, where, amongst other things, I led our efforts to build the US mobile data business. I was then recruited to a small company called Starent Networks, which built the access technology needed to do data on your mobile device. We went public in 2007 and were acquired by Cisco in 2009 for $3B. Then, in the fall of 2010, after noticing that my right hand was slower than normal, I was diagnosed with Parkinson’s Disease a week before my 40th birthday.
I carried on and followed the standard protocol from my doctor. It seemed to work but had very unpleasant side effects. Two years after co-founding a new company, I began to notice that my cognitive processing was not as sharp, and I struggled to have that “edge” you need as a start-up CEO. I ended up leaving the company in 2015 and started a plan to get on top of my health.
I quickly learned that there is a vast amount that is not understood about the brain and how it works, which has led to substandard therapeutic options for patients, poor diagnostics, and drugs that were either old or repurposed from something else – some of which were dangerous, especially in combination. That’s when I decided to try and find a way to help. For me, that meant leveraging my 20+ years in data and analytics experience to try and determine how we can learn about how the brain communicates internally, and if the data that the brain generates can tell us how to fix it. This is how I was introduced to DBC, which had built world class technology to capture brain data in real time. Now, the team just needed to figure out how to capture, store, and analyze it.
Drenik: What has your experience with Parkinson’s brought to DBC and the work you are doing with these labs?
Alden: The problem is urgent - there are millions of people unnecessarily suffering, and I have the unique perspective of being able to connect my experience to neuroscience in a highly valuable way. By having Parkinson’s, I have a more concrete understanding of how things affect the people with the disease.
That experience helps DBC focus on the things that are most impactful from a patient perspective. As a patient, I have a better understanding of what efforts will create benefits and those that won’t. It helps us by guiding our product development to focus on areas with the most potential to have a massive therapeutic impact.
To me, the brain looks like a giant distributed computing infrastructure, and while brain matter is organic, they are both puzzles - and puzzles have lots of parts that need to fit together. My thinking prior to starting with DBC was, if you could get data from the brain with the right level of detail, and understand how it communicates, that we might better understand it and find new treatments for some of the most pressing neurodegenerative diseases. For example, according to a recent Prosper Insights & Analytics survey of Parkinson’s patients, nearly a third of respondents reported having problems with headaches/migraines, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, in addition to common symptoms of the disorder. If we understood the brain better, we could understand the cause and effect of how Parkinson’s affects other parts of the body beyond just the nervous system. Everyone has their own unique experience, so the only way to achieve true objectivity is with data.
Drenik: Can you tell me a bit about why we haven’t seen progress in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases? Why is it so challenging to unlock critical brain data?
Alden: In short, we’ve hit a therapeutic wall. The drugs are very complex, and when new ones come along, there’s a high failure rate. Specifically for Parkinson’s patients who are often taking multiple drugs, the lack of advancement takes a tremendous toll on their well-being.
From my perspective, our inability to make significant progress in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases stems from a fundamental lack of understanding about how the brain works at a basic functional level. We can’t “fix” something without understanding how it works. It is a multidimensional problem, starting with the fact that a brain is living – it’s not a straightforward thing where you can just start collecting data. However, building this understanding of how the brain works, the “plumbing level”, is paramount to advancement.
We are starting to see people collect much larger data because ever-advancing technology is enabling labs to download increasingly bigger files and, as a result, analyze higher volumes of information. As we push the boundaries of existing technology, we inch closer to unlocking the mysteries of the brain and revolutionizing our approach to these complex conditions.
Drenik: Why is it so important that these labs collect granular brain data and uncover affected cells to find better treatments?
Alden: There is significant value in brain data. I believe you need to build the data from the bottom up, or rather, the inside out. The more data you have at a very granular level, the better precision output you would get.
At the core, we're on a mission to unravel these mysteries and address their various challenges. It's not a walk in the park; we're essentially trying to reverse engineer the workings of a complex organic entity. The bottom line is that more detailed information is our compass in navigating the intricate landscape of the brain.
Drenik: What are the latest developments in the treatments of these diseases? Do you see better treatments on the horizon?
Alden: There have been some advancements in pharmaceuticals, and there is also promising research on using stem cells from your own body and neuro-modulation devices, like deep brain stimulation. Most of the neuro diseases are very individualistic, so I think that, in the long run, precision personalized medicine will be critical - and that is all data-driven.
With the brain, there’s both chemical and electrical pieces that need to be addressed, and I don’t think we’re doing nearly enough on the electrical side of the brain. Things like, for example, vagus nerve stimulation are great and are providing notable therapeutic benefits, but all in all, we need to be able to collect more data from the brain with the least amount of disruption possible to the brain itself.
Beyond the scientific community, Parkinson’s patients themselves need to take control of their treatment. According to a recent Prosper Insights & Analytics survey, over 90% of Parkinson’s patients use an electronic device to monitor their health, with blood glucose monitors and Garmin smartwatches being the top two choices among respondents. On a personal level, I use both of these to monitor my health on a regular basis and would wholeheartedly recommend it.
Drenik: Thanks Greg for your insights on your career and the latest on finding treatments for neurodegenerative diseases.
The automotive industry is undergoing a major transformation with the rise of electrification, connectivity, and autonomous driving capabilities fueling the need for a greater number of more advanced semiconductors. The associated regulatory expectations are also creating challenging safety and reliability requirements for automotive-grade silicon that need to be understood and managed over a wide set of operating conditions and increasingly longer product lifetimes.
What are the requirements for today’s automotive silicon?
Challenges for automotive ICs
The unprecedented use of cutting-edge technology processes, advanced IPs and complex designs expose automotive IC and solutions providers to risks caused by process variability, aging and degradation. Physical defects are unavoidable: test escapes, latent, stress-induced defects. In general stress is an accelerator; parts used “hard” fail faster.
Silicon is intrinsically unreliable and indifferent to safety. It can be made as reliable and safe as needed, provided the costs are paid. These costs include design effort, added circuitry, power and performance overhead, rising exploitation costs and others.
The impact of stress on the lifetime of the product
Many products are working under dynamic operating or environmental conditions. Vehicles, in particular, have to handle extreme weather fluctuations, intense vibrations, complex interconnections, and other physical impacts that drive silicon design. Reliability engineers capture this in a list of mission profiles that are used in their failure analysis efforts. The devices are then designed to fulfil the reliability and safety expectations for the representative mission profile. Typical lifetime expectations are often expressed simply as the number of worked hours at a given temperature. Specific to automotive reliability analytics, the (expected) “mission profile” is defined as the collection of relevant environmental and functional loads that a component will be exposed to during its use lifetime and the corresponding worked hours. In its simplest form, the temperature-based mission profile consists in a table with the number of hours spent at a temperature value. More complex scenarios (such as hours spent in park/idle/city drive/highway drive) are also used. During the design phases, all the required due diligence is spent to ensure that the devices will successfully survive the application requirements.
What are we trying to accomplish?
There is a risk that in “harsher” environments, the device may wear-out faster than expected and cause reliability and quality issues. Accordingly, the objective here is to measure and interpret the data measured by in-circuit monitors, compare the real conditions to expectations, and issue actionable insights to help with the mitigation of operating environment challenges.
A core concept used in these calculations is the stress experienced by the components, evaluated based on operating conditions – such as temperature and voltage. For the vast majority of failure mechanisms, the temperature is a strong acceleration factor, often modeled by the well-known Arrhenius equation. Higher voltages also lead the increased stress, and this can be captured in voltage acceleration or stress factors. Finally, the signals’ state (duty factors) or activity (transitions) play an important role in the aggravation of specific degradation mechanisms.
The opportunity is to recover and interpret the data measured by environmental monitors (Voltage / Temperature / signal and circuit activity / workload and more if available) to build mission profiles that accurately reflect the utilization of the products in-field.
Building the monitor and analysis framework
Synopsys has taken a leadership role in building the market for deep-silicon observability through analytics under a broad initiative called ‘Silicon Lifecycle Management’ (SLM). The broad SLM differentiation lies in the ability to enable customers access to silicon-proven sensors IP (both hard and soft) through end-to-end solutions: automated implementation, leverage of sensor data to accelerate new product introduction and yield ramp, insightful analytics during normal in-field operation and ultimately device- and fleet-level lifetime reliability management.
Synopsys provides an extensive library of Process, Voltage and Temperature (PVT) monitors that can be inserted intelligently into the design to monitor environmental and activity data with sufficient space and time granularity. We also provide the analytics collaterals (on-chip and off-chip libraries and toolsets), a predictive framework to process the data into meaningful reliability and functional safety metrics, and dashboard access of the results into actionable fleet-level summaries.
Starting from baseline Meant-Time-To-Failure (MTTF) data provided by the chip suppliers, the accumulated stress progressively reduces the life expectancy of the parts, allowing SLM software – in-field and cloud – to continuously evaluate metrics such as the Remaining Useful Life (RUL), Failure-in-Time (FIT), error rates and updated Safe Operating Area (SOA) for each element on the chip, in the car or in the fleet of cars. Overall, this is a prediction-based, indirect, approach.
Furthermore, the remaining useful life of elements of an item, up to full systems, can be predicted using in-field measurements obtained from in-circuit monitors. Path Margin Monitors (PMM), Process Detectors (PD), Clock and Delay Monitor (CDM), UCIe’s Monitor, and Track and Repair (MTR) IPs provide unprecedented deep silicon data and a more direct measurement of the real state of the circuit. The collected data will evaluate the health state and degradation rate of the circuit and the current margins in terms of performance. Integrity data from sensors such as logic and memory BIST are also direct measurements of any faults, errors, failures and defects experienced by the circuit. Overall, this is an observation-based, direct, approach.
Lastly, a coherent fleet-level management of aging, degradation and wear-out issues can aggregate sparse and rare degradation events (at device level) to significant trends and observations at the population level and provide an extraordinary insight into the resiliency of the technologies, IPs, and designs.
The predictive maintenance concept
To address the new semiconductor lifetime challenges, the work group ISO/TR 9839 “Road vehicles – Application of predictive maintenance to hardware with ISO 26262-5”  established a list of recommendations for the 3rd edition of ISO 26262. In this proposal, degrading intermittent faults caused by aging or over-stressed conditions must be managed with similar consideration as permanent and transient faults, from early models and design to in-field.
Predictive maintenance concepts can act as competent Safety Mechanisms against degrading intermittent faults, providing ample and timely detection and coverage of intermittent faults. The proposed update of the standard suggests two applications of predictive maintenance techniques.
The first use case investigates faults caused by random events. If the fault leads to an early End-of-Life condition according to known degradation physical laws that can be measured online, in a direct way, then this allows prediction techniques to help mitigate the effects of the fault. This use case can be successfully accomplished using Synopsys in-circuit monitors, RO, PMM, CDM, and MTR, and the associated analytics.
The second use addresses faults caused by systematic circuit degradation. In this context, degradation or aging models can be exercised with actual, measured (“online”) mission profile data to enable end-of-life calculations. This objective is achievable using the proposed prediction-based, indirect, approach where the measured environmental voltage, temperature, workload data provided by Synopsys monitoring IPs is processed through analytics.
Synopsys’ SLM offering provides an extensive library of IP, analytics principles, and technical tools to implement a highly effective Mission Profile analytics and predictive maintenance framework.
The proposed methodology can accommodate state-of-the-art (SOTA), straightforward acceleration factors up to sophisticated sensor-based logic and memory health status evaluation. The provided solution can be implemented economically on-chip or in edge or cloud platforms and provide highly differentiating insights that can be leveraged to Improve reliability and in-field operation.
For more information on Synopsys’ SLM solution, visit our website.
Dateline: Hybrid wars in Ukraine, Russia, Israel, and Gaza.
Ukraine at D+665: Reprisals for the Kyivstar hack. (CyberWire) Ukrainian hacktivist auxiliaries undertake reprisals for the Kyivstar hack, and Russian disinformation tacks toward a narrative of the Russian World as it takes advantage of technological advances.
Hamas insists on end to Israel’s offensive in Gaza before hostage talks can begin (the Guardian) UN security council resolution calling for ceasefire and more aid deliveries delayed again at the request of the US
Russia-Ukraine war: List of key events, day 666 (Al Jzeera) As the war enters its 666th day, these are the main developments.
Russia shells 6 communities in Sumy Oblast (The Kyiv Independent) Russian forces attacked six communities along the Sumy Oblast border on Dec. 20, firing 14 times over the course of the day, the Sumy Oblast military administration reported.
Captured Russian weapons, an ammo crisis and a new NATO ally: 5 stories from Europe in 2023 (Breaking Defense) Alliance expansion might force Russia to reassess a strategic calculus around a war beyond Ukraine’s borders, but tough questions around just how long Kyiv can defend itself are beginning to be asked.
While Washington Dickers, Tiny Bulgaria Races To Supply Ukraine With Bullets, Tank Shells, and Armor (The New York Sun) Russia’s neighbors — from Norway and Finland to Romania and Bulgaria — see helping Ukraine as an existential necessity for the defense of eastern and…
Expert Opinion: To Win in Ukraine, We Must Prove Putin Wrong (The Cipher Brief) Cipher Brief expert and former Chief of CIA's Central Eurasia Division Rob Dannenberg shares his insights on how to win in Ukraine
Putin’s dead end | The Strategist (The Strategist) In his annual press conference, Russian President Vladimir Putin made it clear that he will be ready for a peace settlement with Ukraine only after he has achieved his goals, which haven’t changed since he ...
Orban Isn’t the EU’s Trump (World Politics Review) The EU’s struggle to manage rogue member states is a chronic but manageable condition. The US’ Trump problem is much more acute.
European Allies’ Views of Russia’s Nuclear Policy after the Escalation of Its War in Ukraine (Real Clear Defense) Russia’s nuclear threats have not gone unnoticed among citizens of European nations, including in those countries that reportedly host U.S. battlefield (also sometimes called tactical or short-range) nuclear weapons (Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Turkey).
Ukraine’s Front-Line Troops Are Getting Older: ‘Physically, I Can’t Handle This’ (Wall Street Journal) Corruption and fear are hindering effort to rebuild army
Ukrainian hackers breach Rosvodokanal, seize data of Russia's largest private water utility (RBC-Ukraine) Ukrainian hackers, reportedly with support from the Security Service (SSU), sought revenge for the recent cyberattack on Kyivstar and destroyed the IT infrastructure of the Russian major private water-supply company Rosvodokanal, according to RBC-Ukraine's own sources.
Ukrainian hackers report successful attack on Russian Bitrix service (Ukrainska Pravda) Hackers from the IT Army of Ukraine have announced that they have carried out a successful attack on the servers of Bitrix24, a service used by major Russian companies such as Rosneft.
Uninterrupted communications for critical infrastructure: Ukraine gets 5,000 more Starlinks from Poland (Ministry of Digital Transformation of Ukraine) The Polish government has handed over another 5,000 Starlinks to Ukraine. The terminals are being transferred to critical infrastructure facilities and frontline areas to ensure uninterrupted communications.
How pro-Russian 'yacht' propaganda influenced US debate over Ukraine aid (BBC) A false rumour spread by a dubious AI-powered website caught the attention of leading politicians.
The legal case for seizing Russia’s assets (Financial Times) G7 allies are debating whether to spend Moscow’s frozen funds to support Ukraine
Germany moves to seize €720mn of Russian group’s assets (Financial Times) Bid to take cash from financial institution comes as west explores ways to seize assets of Russia’s central bank
U.S. Makes a New Attempt to Stifle Russian Oil Trade (Wall Street Journal) Treasury Department imposes blocking sanctions on three trading firms that have emerged as important players in the Russian petroleum market
Russia Jails Men for Funding Far-Right Ukraine Group (The Moscow Times) Russia on Thursday handed long jail sentences to a Ukrainian man and another individual for financing an ultranationalist group in Ukraine by selling illegal drugs.
Attacks, Threats, and Vulnerabilities
Web injections are back on the rise: 40+ banks affected by new malware campaign (Security Intelligence) DanaBot is a sophisticated banking trojan targeting financial institutions and their customers. Now, a new global campaign has put more users at risk.
Crypto scammers abuse Twitter ‘feature’ to impersonate high-profile accounts (BleepingComputer) Cryptocurrency scammers are abusing a legitimate Twitter "feature" to promote scams, fake giveaways, and fraudulent Telegram channels used to steal your crypto and NFTs.
Threat Actors Exploit CVE-2017-11882 To Deliver Agent Tesla (Zscaler) Understand how threat actors exploit CVE-2017-11882 to deliver Agent Tesla for data exfiltration
Attackers Exploit 6-Year-Old Microsoft Office Bug to Spread Spyware (Dark Reading) Malicious attachments that exploit an RCE flaw from 2017 are propagating Agent Tesla, via socially engineered emails and an evasive infection method.
Intellexa and Cytrox: From fixer-upper to Intel Agency-grade spyware (Cisco Talos Blog) Talos revealed that rebooting an iOS or Android device may not remove the Predator spyware produced by Intellexa. Intellexa knows if their customers intend to perform surveillance operations on foreign soil.
Cybercriminals target UAE residents, visitors in new info-stealing campaign (Record) A group of hackers in recent months has attempted to steal personal and financial information from residents and visitors of the United Arab Emirates in a new text-based phishing campaign, according to new research.
Cybercrims target hotel staff for management credentials (Register) Research highlights how major attacks like those exploiting Booking.com are executed
The Naughty List: scammers exploit Christmas Eve rush with fake deliveries (Group-IB) Group-IB, a leading creator of cybersecurity technologies to investigate, prevent, and fight digital crime, has detected a sharp increase in the number of fake delivery websites just weeks before Christmas.
Seasonal-themed scams hit user inboxes in the run-up to Christmas, Bitdefender Antispam Lab warns (Hot for Security) During the winter holidays, online scams and unsolicited emails increase considerably and malicious spammers, as usual, begin celebrating early.
Microsoft Alert: COLDRIVER Credential Theft Rising Again (TuxCare) Stay informed on the surge in COLDRIVER credential theft. Microsoft's alert reveals the latest tactics. Safeguard your data now!
Hacker Sells Access to Customer Data from Brazil ISPs (SafetyDetectives) A hacker is selling information allegedly stolen from Brazil-based internet service providers (ISPs) The SafetyDetectives cybersecurity team found a forum post
Nearly 3 million affected by ransomware attack on medical software firm (Record) Austin-based ESO Solutions said a ransomware attack allowed hackers to access patient health information.
Indian tech giant HCL investigating ransomware attack (Record) In a regulatory filing, HCL Technologies said it “has become aware of a ransomware incident in an isolated cloud environment for one of its projects.”
Wolverine part of massive Insomniac Games leak after ransomware deadline passes (The Verge) 1.67 terabytes of data comprising over 1.3 million files.
Data Leak Exposes 1.5 Billion Real Estate Records, Including Elon Musk, Kylie Jenner (Hackread - Latest Cybersecurity News, Press Releases & Technology Today) A Campbell, New York-based real estate training platform called Real Estate Wealth Network exposed a massive treasure trove of real estate records due to cloud server misconfiguration.
COC alerts employees to third-party data breach (Santa Clarita Valley Signal) Unauthorized data breach via the college’s insurance provider affects more than 2,400 current, former employees College of the Canyons is communicating with more than 2,400 affected personnel after an unauthorized data breach through its insurance provider, according to Eric Harnish, a spokesman for the college. Keenan & Associates, a Torrance-based consulting and brokerage firm which […]
Security Patches, Mitigations, and Software Updates
Apple Releases Security Updates for Multiple Products (Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency | CISA) Apple has released security updates to address vulnerabilities in Safari, iOS, iPadOS, and macOS Sonoma. A cyber threat actor could exploit one of these vulnerabilities to obtain sensitive information.
Mozilla Releases Security Updates for Firefox and Thunderbird | CISA (Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency CISA)
Annual Payment Fraud Intelligence Report: 2023 (Recorded Future) Throughout 2023, many indications suggested that the payment fraud underground has begun to recover from Russian law enforcement’s crackdown against domestic cybercriminals and the subsequent full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022.
Regulators Got Tough on Cyber in 2023 as Crime Soared (Wall Street Journal) Regulators Got Tough on Cyber in 2023 as Crime Soared
7 Security Trends to Watch Heading into 2024 (Information Week) Challenges and opportunities old and new will shape another year in the cybersecurity space.
Tracking Ransomware: November 2023 (CYFIRMA) This CYFIRMA Monthly Ransomware Report thoroughly analyses ransomware activity in November 2023, covering significant attacks, the top five ransomware families, geographical distribution, targeted industries, evolution of attacks, vulnerabilities exploited by ransomware groups, and trends
Proofpoint closes acquisition of Tessian (iTWire) Cybersecurity and compliance company Proofpoint has completed the acquisition of AI-based Cloud Email Security provider Tessian. Proofpoint says combining its industry-leading threat and data loss protection technology and intelligence with Tessan&#39;s AI-powered behavioral and dynamic detection wi...
Anthropic to Raise $750 Million in Menlo Ventures-Led Deal (The Information) Anthropic is in talks to raise $750 million in a venture round led by Menlo Ventures that values the two-year-old artificial intelligence startup at $15 billion not including the investment, more than three times its valuation this spring, according to two people with direct knowledge of the ...
BlackBerry posts surprise quarterly profit on resilient cybersecurity demand (Moneycontrol) BlackBerry (BB.TO) reports unexpected quarterly profit, driven by robust demand for cybersecurity services amid escalating online threats; stable spending despite overall IT downturn.
Cybersecurity Leader Ranell Gonzales Joins Cybrella as Vice President of Global Sales and Alliances (PR Newswire) Cybrella, a prominent player in the cybersecurity advisory space, is thrilled to welcome Ranell Gonzales as the new Vice President of Global...
Products, Services, and Solutions
Independent Technical Evaluation from Technology Advancement Center Finds Darktrace Federal Cyber AI Mission Defense Provides Comprehensive Visibility and Detection for IT and OT Environments (PR Newswire) Darktrace Federal announced that the Technology Advancement Center (TAC) completed an independent technical evaluation of the Darktrace Federal...
Saviynt Recognized as a 2023 Gartner® Peer Insights™ Customers’ Choice for IGA (Saviynt) Converged identity security company is recognized as a Customers’ Choice for 3 years in a row
Saviynt helps Danfoss cut the time to onboard new employees by 83 percent (Saviynt) Saviynt Enterprise Identity Cloud enables engineering and manufacturing company to manage and secure 45,000 digital identities across 100 countries
The Limitations of Google Play Integrity API (ex SafetyNet) (Approov) Explore the history, uses, and limitations of the Google Play Integrity API (formerly SafetyNet); compare and contrast it with Approov's mobile security.
Stellar Cyber integrates with SentinelOne for enhanced cybersecurity across environments (Help Net Security) Stellar Cyber and SentinelOne integration boosts cybersecurity across on-premises, cloud, hybrid, and IT/OT environments.
Microsoft teams up with Silobreaker to enhance cybersecurity with MDTI intelligence (MSPoweruser) Microsoft and Silobreaker announced an integration between Microsoft Defender Threat Intelligence (MDTI) and Silobreaker's 360 Search platform.
Technologies, Techniques, and Standards
The Disturbing Impact of the Cyberattack at the British Library (The New Yorker) The library has been incapacitated since October, and the effects have spread beyond researchers and book lovers.
The cult of tech could push us into a new Dark Age (The Telegraph) It is senseless to destroy historical documents and assume digital versions will survive the centuries
CISA seeking comments on its ‘secure by design’ guidance (FedScoop) The agency’s request for information on its software security white paper “acknowledges that security by design is not easy,” and that additional comments from manufacturers and other interested parties are needed.
What's the Best Way to Communicate After a Data Breach? (Dark Reading) So you've had a data breach, and now you need to take the next step. Here's a guide for communicators dealing with security incidents from Ashley Sawatsky of Rootly.
Research and Development
The FTC Voice Cloning Challenge (US Federal Trade Commission) Voice cloning technology is becoming increasing sophisticated due to improving text-to-speech AI.
GPT and other AI models can't analyze an SEC filing, researchers find (CNBC) The findings from Patronus AI highlight some of the challenges of using AI models within big companies in regulated industries like finance.
Legislation, Policy, and Regulation
Biden administration takes first step toward writing key AI standards (Reuters) The Biden administration said on Tuesday it was taking the first step toward writing key standards and guidance for the safe deployment of generative artificial intelligence and how to test and safeguard systems.
How Congress can rein in data brokers (CyberScoop) Know your customer rules are a first step to address the risks of sensitive data — including on U.S. military servicemembers — sold online.
U.S. Regulators Propose New Online Privacy Safeguards for Children (New York Times) The F.T.C. called for sweeping changes that could curb how social media, game and learning apps use and monetize youngsters’ data.
FTC Proposes Curbing Targeted Advertising to Children Online (Wall Street Journal) Agency seeks to bolster 1998 law by requiring targeted ads for children to be turned off by default
FTC proposes tougher children’s data privacy rules for first time in a decade (Record) The agency is proposing new restrictions on the use and disclosure of children’s personal data and wants to make it much harder for companies to exclude children from their services if they can’t monetize their data.
The Obscure Google Deal That Defines America’s Broken Privacy Protections (WIRED) Google’s doomed social network Buzz led US regulators to force Google and Meta to monitor their own data use. Insiders say the results were mixed, as pressure mounts for a federal privacy law.
Litigation, Investigation, and Law Enforcement
Julian Assange's 'Final' Appeal Against US Extradition to be Held in February (Voice of America) Assange is wanted by the U.S. on 18 counts relating to WikiLeaks' release of confidential U.S. military records
ALPHV's Downfall? The 2023 Crackdown on BlackCat Ransomware (Flashpoint) Exploring the impact of ALPHV's ransomware blog takedown by law enforcement and its impact on the greater cyber threat landscape
ALPHV Ransomware Site Outage: What We Know So Far (ReliaQuest) The ALPHV ransomware data-leak site has been offline for 30 hours, raising speculation of disruption by law enforcement activity. Here's what we know so far.
How hard has the BlackCat ransomware group been hit by the FBI? (Tech Wire Asia) The BlackCat ransomware group has been around since November 2021 targeting organizations globally. Has the FBI just hit it hard?
German police take down Kingdom Market, a darknet emporium of illicit goods (Record) German police said they posted a takedown notice on the website and are now analyzing Kingdom Market's server infrastructure to identify the people behind the website's operation.
AI cannot be patent 'inventor', UK Supreme Court rules in landmark case (Reuters) A U.S. computer scientist on Wednesday lost his bid to register patents over inventions created by his artificial intelligence system in a landmark case in Britain about whether AI can own patent rights.
Judge Gives Prosecutors Access to G.O.P. Lawmaker’s Messages in Jan. 6 Case (New York Times) The roughly 1,700 messages are from the cellphone of Representative Scott Perry, who was involved in discussions with Trump administration officials about overturning the election.
Rite Aid Banned From Using AI Facial Recognition in FTC Settlement (Wall Street Journal) The company said it ‘fundamentally’ disagrees with the allegations
The couch surfing predator: how a group of women were drugged and assaulted – then fought back (the Guardian) Dino Maglio, a former Italian police officer, opened up his home to young women travellers, many of whom suffered at his hands. As scattered as they were, legal action seemed impossible. But as their numbers grew, so too did their determination ...
Brazil’s First Lady Clashes With Elon Musk Over Hacked X Account (Bloomberg) Janja has threatened to sue over slow response to breach. Musk says his platform bears no responsibility for hacking.
Since 1857, The Atlantic has been challenging assumptions and pursuing truth.
When the founders of The Atlantic gathered in Boston in the spring of 1857, they wanted to create a magazine that would be indispensable for the kind of reader who was deeply engaged with the most consequential issues of the day. The men and women who created this magazine had an overarching, prophetic vision—they were fierce opponents of slavery—but they were also moved to overcome what they saw as the limits of partisanship, believing that the free exchange of ideas across ideological lines was crucial to the great American experiment. Their goal was to publish the most urgent essays, the most vital literature; they wanted to pursue truth and disrupt consensus without regard for party or clique.
Here is the mission statement published in the very first issue of The Atlantic, in November 1857, and signed by many of the greats of American letters, including Ralph Waldo Emerson, Herman Melville, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Nathaniel Hawthorne:
In studying this original mission statement, we came to understand that its themes are timeless. The core principles of the founders are core principles for us: reason should always guide opinion; ideas have consequences, sometimes world-historical consequences; the knowledge we have about the world is partial and provisional, and subject to analysis, scrutiny, and revision.
See the article in its original context from
December 9, 1900, Page 1Buy Reprints
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(MENAFN- Trend News Agency) BAKU, Azerbaijan, December 29. We are very pleased with our stay in Baku and take this opportunity to thank the representatives of the Azerbaijani government for the fact that we were very well received and created conditions for the mission's activity, head of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) election observation mission Eoghan Murphy said, Trend reports.
He spoke at a press conference dedicated to the opening of the mission in connection with the extraordinary presidential election to be held in Azerbaijan.
He noted that the mission is being conducted at the invitation of the Azerbaijani government.
"We will have a press conference and issue a statement the day following the election, on February 8. Finally, a few months after the election processes are completed, we will produce a final report with pertinent recommendations," Murphy added.
To note, an extraordinary presidential election will be held in Azerbaijan on February 7, 2024.
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