Free ASVAB-Electronic-Info cheat sheet with braindumps and PDF Questions

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Exam Code: ASVAB-Electronic-Info ASVAB Section 5 : Electronic Information exam plan January 2024 by Killexams.com team

ASVAB-Electronic-Info ASVAB Section 5 : Electronic Information

Test Detail:
The ASVAB (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery) is a test used by the military to assess the skills and aptitudes of individuals seeking to join the armed forces. The ASVAB consists of several sections, and one of them is the ASVAB Section 5: Electronic Information (EI), also known as the ASVAB-Electronic-Info test. Below is a detailed description of the test, including the number of questions and time allocation, course outline, exam objectives, and exam syllabus.

Number of Questions and Time:
The ASVAB-Electronic-Info test typically consists of 16 multiple-choice questions. Candidates are given a specific time limit of 8 minutes to complete the test.

Course Outline:
The ASVAB-Electronic-Info test assesses the candidate's knowledge and understanding of electronic information concepts and principles. While there is no specific course associated with this test, candidates can prepare for it by studying relevant syllabus related to electronic information. Some of the key areas covered in the test include:

1. Electrical Circuits:
- Understanding basic electrical components such as resistors, capacitors, and inductors.
- Analyzing series and parallel circuits.
- Applying Ohm's Law and Kirchhoff's laws.

2. Electronic Devices and Components:
- Identifying common electronic devices and components like transistors, diodes, and integrated circuits.
- Understanding their functions and characteristics.

3. Digital Electronics:
- Understanding binary, hexadecimal, and decimal number systems.
- Exploring digital logic gates and their truth tables.
- Analyzing binary arithmetic operations.

Exam Objectives:
The objectives of the ASVAB-Electronic-Info test are to evaluate the candidate's knowledge and understanding of the following areas:

1. Basic electrical circuits and principles.
2. Electronic devices and components.
3. Digital electronics and binary systems.

Exam Syllabus:
The exam syllabus for the ASVAB-Electronic-Info test may include, but is not limited to, the following topics:

- Electrical circuits and their components
- Electronic devices and their functions
- Digital electronics and binary systems

Candidates should note that the specific content of the ASVAB-Electronic-Info test may vary, and it is recommended to consult official ASVAB resources or study guides for the most accurate and up-to-date information on exam objectives and syllabus.
ASVAB Section 5 : Electronic Information
Military Information exam plan

Other Military exams

ASVAB Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery
ASVAB-Word-Knowledge ASVAB Section 1 : Word Knowledge
ASVAB-Arithmetic-Reasoning ASVAB Section 2 : Arithmetic Reasoning
ASVAB-Mechanical-Comp ASVAB Section 3 : Mechanical Comprehension
ASVAB-Automotive-and-Shop ASVAB Section 4 : Automotive & Shop Information
ASVAB-Electronic-Info ASVAB Section 5 : Electronic Information
ASVAB-Mathematics-Knowledge ASVAB Section 6 : Mathematics Knowledge
ASVAB-General-Science ASVAB Section 7: General Science
ASVAB-Paragraph-comp ASVAB Section 8: Paragraph comprehension
ASVAB-Assembling-Objects ASVAB Section 9 : Assembling Objects

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ASVAB-Electronic-Info
ASVAB Section 5 : Electronic Information
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Question: 170
How many wires do serial cables used on computers have?
A. 3
B. 9
C. 15
D. 25
Answer: B
This is true, even if the cable has a 25-pin connector. Serial cables are often used to connect computers to
perpetual devices.
Question: 171
To produce greater storage of electrons and more capacitance, capacitors should __________.
A. be connected in parallel
B. be connected in series
C. have more voltage applied to them
D. be eliminated
Answer: A
Connecting capacitors in parallel produces more capacitance.
Question: 172
Insulated fittings can be used to splice wires, thus eliminating the need for __________.
A. cleaning the wires
B. removing the plastic coating from the wires
C. twisting the wires together
D. soldering the wires together
Answer: D
Insulated fittings replace soldering.
Question: 173
The symbol shown above stands for __________.
A. battery
B. transformer
C. capacitor
D. resistor
Answer: A
This symbol stands for battery.
Question: 174
Radio waves travel __________.
A. at the speed of light
B. at the speed of sound
C. faster than the speed of light
D. faster than the speed of sound but slower than the speed of light
Answer: A
Radio waves travel at the speed of light. The speed of sound is much slower.
Question: 175
Changing alternating current to direct current is called __________.
A. capacitance
B. impedance
C. rectification
D. induction
Answer: C
Changing AC to DC is a process called rectification.
Question: 176
Millihenries are related to __________.
A. capacitors
B. inductors
C. relays
D. transformers
Answer: B
Inductors are rated in millihenries.
Question: 177
Radar can operate at frequencies as high as __________.
A. 100,000 Hz
B. 100,000 kHz
C. 100,000 MHz
D. 500,000 MHz
Answer: C
Radar can operate as high as 100,000 MHz (megahertz).
Question: 178
Newer cell phones contain a removable memory card, which is often called a __________.
A. SIM card
B. DIM chip
C. PIN card
D. Pin chip
Answer: A
SIM stands for Subscriber Identity Module. The card contains information such as your phone number, your billing
information, and your address book. It makes it easier to switch from one cell phone to another.
Question: 179
When current flows through a wire, the following influences are present __________.
A. amperes and ohms only
B. voltage, watts, and ohms only
C. voltage and amperes only
D. voltage, ohms, and amperes
Answer: D
Voltage, ohms, and amperes are always present when current flows through a wire.
Question: 180
Another name for cycles per second is __________.
A. watts
B. voltage
C. hertz
D. amperes
Answer: C
The number of times alternating current changes direction in one second is known as its frequency, which is
measured in hertz.
Question: 181
Which of the following materials usually has an electromagnetic-induction device in its core?
A. brass
B. silver
C. aluminum
D. iron
Answer: D
Iron is easily magnetized and demagnetized, so it works well for this device.
Question: 182
How many diodes should you expect to find in a bridge rectifier?
A. 0
B. 4
C. 8
D. 10
Answer: C
A bridge rectifier is also known as a full wave rectifier, usually containing 8 diodes.
Question: 183
Ohms law states __________.
A. Voltage = Current x Resistance
B. Amperes = Current x Resistance
C. Voltage = Resistance Amperes
D. Ohms = Voltage Current
Answer: A
Ohms law states that Voltage (V) = Current (I) x Resistance (R). All other answers are incorrect expressions of
this law.
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Military Information exam plan - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/ASVAB-Electronic-Info Search results Military Information exam plan - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/ASVAB-Electronic-Info https://killexams.com/exam_list/Military How a Wellness Fitness exam Can Help You After a Long Layoff from Exercise

After a lengthy illness or injury, conducting a wellness fitness exam before diving back into your usual routine is important. When I recently experienced an upper respiratory infection that turned into bronchitis, I learned the hard way that pushing myself too soon only led to further downtime and more antibiotics. After a few days of rest and relative inactivity, I realized it was time to test my flexibility, mobility, cardio function, strength and muscle stamina before picking up where I left off.

The workout starts like a mobility day: Repeat five times.

  • Easy cardio 5 minutes
  • Stretch, roll, massage 5 minutes

However, instead of repeating the “stretch, roll, and massage 5 minutes” each set of the routine, you replace the mobility/flexibility exercises with a series of calisthenics or lightweight lifting movements to check joint stiffness and muscle weakness.

You may want to do 2-3 sets above before performing the following movements to test your overall wellness. This is a good warm-up for any workout, regardless of illness or injury, but it is effective if coming back from a lengthy absence.

Next, warm up with an easy cardio session and some stretching, such as biking or walking for 10-15 minutes. Gradually increase the intensity, adding calisthenics first, then working in a few lightweight weightlifting exercises to assess the effects on your joints and muscles. A light jog and some additional weightlifting will further test your cardio and strength.

For example:

  • Bike or elliptical machine 5 minutes (assess heart rate, breathing rate, coughing)
  • Do 5 minutes of upper-body work: push-ups, pull-ups, dumbbell curls, overhead presses, rows and dips for 5-10 repetitions of each.

The goal is to assess how your heart rate and breathing handle cardio activity. Does a certain heart rate cause you to cough or hurt your knees, back or shoulders? If not, continue. If so, consider doing the stretching portion of mobility day instead and just walking for cardio to keep the heart rate down.

Here’s a lower-body set example:

  • Bike, walk, or other 5 minutes (keep the heart rate down if needed; otherwise, push it)
  • Work 5 minutes of the lower body: squats, lunges, leg extensions, leg curls, leg presses, walking stairs, deadlift with light weights, etc.

The goal is to assess how you can push the cardio (if there are no lung issues) and how your leg muscles and joints handle 5-10 reps of the exercises listed (or add others you prefer). If there is pain, go back to stretching and using massage tools. If not, try another upper- or lower-body set after another five-minute cardio set.

If you want to take the assessment further and have the facilities, do 4-5 sets of the above stretching, upper- and lower-body exercise options. Then finish off with a swim and dynamic stretching in chest-deep water, taking advantage of the buoyancy of the water to work out any lingering stiffness and help boost your flexibility and mobility. This overall assessment should be enough of a workout, as it is just helping to ease you back into your routine, with a better understanding of any areas needing more attention.

Be mindful of persistent congestion or shortness of breath and look for stiffness or soreness that could indicate the need for a slower return to full workouts. Don’t make the mistake of jumping back in at your pre-illness/injury level, which could lead to muscle and joint pain, as well as the potential to worsen lung issues. Take it slow and be prepared for gradual progress; it may take twice as long to return to where you were before.

Key Takeaways

After recovering from illness or injury, consider a wellness fitness exam to test your flexibility, mobility, cardio function, strength and muscle stamina. The same model above could be used by those who have not exercised in a very long time and would be considered new to fitness. The key to a successful wellness exam is starting slowly and gradually working out any kinks to avoid over-stressing the body.

When it is time to prioritize your health and well-being again, get the information you need to return safely and effectively to exercise by checking out our workout ideas and conducting a wellness fitness exam.

Stew Smith is a former Navy SEAL and fitness author certified as a Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) with the National Strength and Conditioning Association. Visit his Fitness eBook store if you’re looking to start a workout program to create a healthy lifestyle. Send your fitness questions to stew@stewsmith.com.

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Thu, 21 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.military.com/military-fitness/how-wellness-fitness-exam-can-help-you-after-long-layoff-exercise
Data: the golden thread of military defence

Militaries have long depended on information. Tactical, operational and strategic intelligence is vital to warfare. And there has long been a close relationship between defence and technology. Military innovations during the Second World War – from cracking the German Enigma codes to naval gunnery – drove the developments of the earliest computers.

Defence is undeniably complex. It uses a vast range of equipment and materiel (equipment and supplies of military forces), and the defence sector is a large employer. If anything, the post-Cold War defence landscape is more complex than ever, with the use of reservists, civilian contractors and industry to create what the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) calls the “whole force” concept.

And defence – from the armed forces to the logistics, supply chains and manufacturing that supports it – is moving quickly to make better use of data. By doing so, defence ministries hope to make better use of budgets, speed up decision making, and increase the availability and readiness of their forces.

“Defence is rightly focussed on establishing intelligence systems that provide insights on threats and provide advantage on the battlefield,” says Tim Smail, a digital expert at PA Consulting.

“This means harnessing massive volumes of data from different sources and processing it at speed using hyperscale cloud environments and artificial intelligence. There is enormous opportunity in the application of these skills in enabling functions. And one area in which the opportunity is being pursued is defence support.”

This support is the logistics, supply chain, manufacturing and even recruitment that allows defence to operate on a daily basis, in peacetime as well as during conflicts.

As defence equipment becomes ever more sophisticated, it needs much tighter integration between manufacturers and the armed forces themselves. This includes equipment maintenance and repair (MRO) and upgrades and improvements to equipment during its service life, as well as its ability to gather and share data on the battlefield.

Increasingly, data is the thread that connects all aspects of defence, from the soldier, sailor or aviator on the front line, to logistics, manufacturing, R&D, and recruitment. All new defence systems being developed for NATO and other Western militaries – and, as likely as not, those of rival states – are equipped with sensors and networking.

The MoD talks about “systems of systems”, with equipment working together by sharing data on the battlefield. And hardware such as the F-35, the upcoming Type 26 and Type 31 frigates and even more basic hardware such as armoured vehicles will all undergo “spiral development” during their lifetime, with upgrades added as new technologies emerge.

Many of these new capabilities will be electronic, including sensors, software and data links. In the future, artificial intelligence (AI) could be used to monitor the health of troops, control drones, or help commanders form a clearer tactical picture of events.

Better use of data also promises to Boost the armed forces ability to deliver “operational effect”, though greater readiness and better availability of equipment.

“Attitudes to data have changed rapidly over the past 5-10 years and we are not starting at ground zero,” notes Paul Finley, a defence sector expert at PA Consulting.

 “We’ve always used data to run supply chains in ERP systems. But what defence is now pursuing is the value of data as a strategic asset, and we find people are talking about it in these terms. Maybe 10 years ago they wouldn’t. The sector has always recognised the critical importance of mission data, from birth of radar to using real life information to conduct information [warfare].”

The challenge now, he says, is to carry that use of data beyond the the front line, into the day-to-day work of running the defence “business” and to industry.

Defence data strategies

The need to make better use of data is set out in defence policy. In 2021, the UK MoD issued the UK Data Strategy for Defence.

The document states: “Data is a critical component of Defence’s digital backbone, alongside people, process, technology and cyber and is fundamental to the Digital Foundry (including the Defence AI Centre) in driving Defence exploitation activity.”

The strategy also sets out the “data vision and transformative change required for Defence to leverage data as a strategic asset”.

This needs a change of thinking, as well as the use of new technologies. According to the MoD, only 25% of 100 defence systems have data that is “automatically discoverable”, and too much analysis is still being done in spreadsheets, or even with pen and paper.

But there is more to the UK strategy than automating outdated processes. Defence holds vast amounts of data, as do its suppliers. The aim is to make better use of those data sources, by using everything from off-the-shelf business intelligence and analytics tools to AI.

Future military equipment is likely to have even more data gathering capabilities. Already, defence equipment is being designed with this in mind – for example, by providing more electrical power. Future armoured vehicles will have batteries to run sensors when their engines are off.

As Mivy James, digital transformation director at defence supplier BAE Systems Digital Intelligence notes, even something as complex as a fighter aircraft could be designed almost as a minimum viable product. The base airframe, with the aeronautical and safety critical systems, would be fixed, but the digital capabilities upgraded.

“In terms of the airframe and the parts that make it airworthy, there are laws of physics that apply. So, we know we are not going to be messing around with them,” she says. “But there are other things, like the communications systems, or radar, where you can take a much more digital approach to development.”

This offers the potential of shorter development lead times for new equipment, as well as better long-term value through in-service upgrades. Increasingly, defence companies are using digital twin technology to develop and test hardware, as well as to plan upgrades.

And this technology extends to another area where defence aims to make better use of its data, through maintenance and repairs.

“You can use digital twins for the design, manufacturing and maintenance of equipment,” says James. “If you get that right from the beginning, you can explore how you manage change, and be much more iterative. You can do some really smart analytics in terms of maintenance and support.”

As in the civilian world, defence forces are moving away from fixed servicing and overhaul schedules to data-driven approaches to predictive maintenance.

And with better data, commanders will be able to choose whether, for example, to use an asset on an exercise or deployment for longer by delaying a refit, or parts that analytics identifies as a risk could be replaced before the patrol starts.

Defence suppliers are also investing more in digital capabilities and data analysis, and are looking at how this can be used to support their customers’ fleets.

“They [defence firms] are starting to become more savvy, in terms of how their data can be used,” says Joyce Klein, applied intelligence lead for aerospace and defence at consulting firm Accenture. “The emergence of generative AI has served as a bit of a reawakening in terms of the power of data. But the data needs to be good, and the data needs to be governed.

“You have that opportunity of trying to understand how to use this data and information to increase the uptime of the product, or to Boost the repair protocols associated with it. The extension of this information into MRO is another critical area.”

But achieving this, within the specific requirements of the defence sector, presents its own challenges.

Challenges to data in defence

The greatest barrier to making more use of data in defence will always be security. But the sector faces other challenges, including complex business processes, legacy systems and skills. In this respect, defence is not that different to other critical industries.

But the sector also needs to Boost the way information flows from manufacturers to users and back again. This means tackling data that has been segregated, often for historical reasons, but also dealing with hardware that was not designed for the digital age.

Both manufacturers and armed forces are taking steps to do this, not least by making more use of off the shelf information technology, including open source and the cloud.

“Just because you have segmented data in a certain way doesn’t mean you can’t draw across different segments to answer questions,” says Paul Finley, at PA Consulting. “There are some significant further opportunities there. As newer assets go into service, there will be more telemetry on them. What are the big data patterns across the fleet? What are the operating conditions that can be automated through AI and ML, and how can an AI engine learn what gets assets in a serviceable state to the front line?”

The potential for data is recognised in the UK’s Defence command paper, which talks about the need to build systems that work together “to leverage the value of data”, Finley says.

“With older kit, it is much harder to extract data and it is invasive to fit telemetry,” he adds. “Newer kit will continually deliver new opportunities. For example in maritime, the Type 26 [frigate] will have three times as many data points as the Royal Navy’s aircraft carriers, but on a much smaller platform…When building these assets, they are architected to have more communications across systems of systems, and to supply larger and larger amounts of data to exploit.”

Data sharing, though, raises security issues. Defence organisations need to protect systems against cyber attacks by hostile states, and manufacturers need to protect their intellectual property.

Nor is sharing data with customers simple: a manufacturer can sell hardware to several NATO members, members of alliances such as AUKUS, and to friendly but non-aligned nations. All parties need to be sure that data generated by equipment for operations does not provide away tactical or strategic intelligence.

“We want to want to be able to share data whilst also maintaining security, so you don’t just have this big data soup, where everybody can see everyone else’s data and noodle around as much as they see fit,” says BAE’s James. “That has all sorts of challenges around protecting intellectual property and there might be commercially sensitive information in there.”

This also applies to sub-contractors and the wider supply chain: a supplier might sell to other prime contractors or OEMs, and not want each customer to see those details. The number of suppliers involved in defence projects is significant, from large multinationals to small, precision engineering firms that might not be familiar with digital ways of working.

“It’s being open and closed at the same time, and it is a bit of a paradox to to manage there,” adds James.

A further aspect is tactical security. Building in instrumentation and telemetry is all well and good, but as James notes, military equipment, unlike civilian vehicles, needs to control its radio frequency (RF) signature and operate in “silent mode”. This means a good understanding of when data collection is appropriate and when it is not.

As a result, improving the use of data also requires both militaries, and their suppliers, to have both the right data skills and deep knowledge of the defence environment.

The UK’s Data Strategy for Defence identified a skills gap. But addressing skills shortages is easier for defence suppliers, who can recruit from the open market, than it is for the forces themselves who need to develop data specialists on their existing enlisted personnel and officers.

“The data scientist isn’t the one with the business knowledge or the understanding of how the product might actually be best used over time,” says Accenture’s Klein.

This is why data connections between the defence industry and its customers are so important. Given the constraints around military recruitment and training, not just in the UK, it could be an opportunity for industry to supply more digital services alongside hardware. This could lead to manufacturers investing more to recruit and train data specialists.

Accenture’s Klein talks about creating a digital feedback loop that between forces to manufacturers and back. “That feedback loop is so powerful,” she says. “It gives information from the genuine consumer of the of the capability or equipment back to the OEM. It’s really up to the OEMs to continue that flow of information and use that data and information to enhance products.”

Ultimately, defence customers and manufacturers alike hope that their equipment will never have to be used in anger. But using data to ensure better readiness, availability and more potent capabilities offers a deterrence value of its own.

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 19:16:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.computerweekly.com/feature/Data-the-golden-thread-of-military-defence
Active Military Duty Leave

If you are a member of the National Guard or a military reserve unit and are called to active military duty during a national, state, or local emergency, you will be granted unpaid military leave in accordance with applicable federal and state law. Such leave protects an employee's seniority and right to return to the same or a comparable position. The college provides a military pay differential to eligible employees.

Military Differential Pay

Regular Employees

Military leave is unpaid; however, if you are employed in a regular position of half time or more, you may be eligible for military differential pay for up to 10 work days in a calendar year.  If you work half time or more, you are eligible for prorated differential pay based on the number of hours you are regularly scheduled to work. If military leave exceeds one calendar year, the differential is paid in the first year only.

Military differential pay is available only if you are called to active duty during the period of time you would normally be at work (e.g., if you work an academic-year schedule, you would not be eligible for differential pay for military leave during the summer).

Upon receipt of the appropriate documentation, the college will pay the difference between your regular salary and your military pay for the period of required active duty up to a maximum of 10 work days, provided that your military pay is less than your regular college pay for the work days missed. For the purpose of calculating differential pay, military pay includes base pay and allowances for subsistence, quarters, and travel (unless the allowances are offset by out-of-pocket expenses).

You are not entitled to back pay during military leave, but upon your return your salary will reflect any salary increases you would have received had you not been called to active duty.  

To request military differential pay, submit to the office of Human Resources your military pay voucher which verifies the dates you were on active duty and which includes a detailed breakdown of military pay and allowances.

Limited-Term Employees

If you hold a limited-term position which exceeds three years, you are entitled to military differential pay on the same terms and conditions as employees holding regular positions. If you hold a limited-term position of from one to three years, you are not eligible for military differential pay.

Temporary Employees

If you work less than half time, or hold a temporary position, you are not eligible for military differential pay.

Terms and Conditions

If you are called to active military duty during a national, state, or local emergency you will be granted military leave.  Upon separation from active duty, you will normally be returned to your former position or to a comparable position, subject to the provisions and limitations of the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA).

Effect of Military Leave on Paid Time Off and Benefits

Paid Time Off

Time off for military leave will not be charged against your vacation time or personal days. However, you may elect to use vacation and/or personal time for this purpose.

While on military leave, you continue to earn personal time. Vacation and sick leave accruals continue during the first 12 weeks of military leave for those staff who are eligible to receive military differential pay. However, vacation and sick leave do not accrue during any combination of paid and/or unpaid leave which exceeds 12 consecutive weeks. Upon your return to work, vacation and sick leave accruals will resume as if there had been no interruption in service.

You are not entitled to holiday pay, recess pay, jury duty leave, bereavement leave, or any other paid leave while you are on unpaid military leave.

Benefits

You may continue to participate in the college's benefit plans during military leave (NOTE: Some benefit plans have contractual exclusions for some injuries or illnesses which result from military service. If there is any discrepancy or conflict between the plan documents and the information presented here, the plan documents will govern.) The college will continue its premium contribution toward your coverage for health, dental, life, and long-term disability insurance for up to 12 weeks, and you will be billed for your share of the premiums. Retirement contributions are not made during unpaid military leave (except on differential pay) and tuition benefits are normally not available.

After 12 weeks you may retain membership in the college's group health, dental, life, and LTD insurance plans, but the college will discontinue its contributions and you must assume the full cost.

Procedures

If you have advance notice of orders to report to active duty, you are required to inform your supervisor and department head and to request a military leave if appropriate.  However, the law does not require that notice be provided in instances where the orders for active duty cannot be issued in advance. You must provide a copy of your orders to your supervisor and to the Office of Human Resources as soon as possible.  

In the case of exempt staff, supervisors must notify the Office of Human Resources and forward the military orders immediately so pay can be withheld for the exact dates the employee will be on unpaid military leave.

In the case of non-exempt staff, supervisors should identify unpaid military leave and the number of hours the employee was regularly scheduled to work on each work day missed on the biweekly time sheets.

Upon completion of active duty, staff members who are eligible for military differential pay should submit the military pay voucher which verifies the dates and times of military reserve training and the detailed breakdown of military pay and allowances to the Office of Human Resources.

Mon, 18 Dec 2023 15:29:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.smith.edu/your-campus/offices-services/human-resources/employee-handbook/time-benefits-leave-plans/active
The Military Diet: All You Need to Know

The military diet is a restrictive intermittent fasting eating plan that may promote short-term weight loss. But it may be difficult and potentially unsafe to sustain.

The military diet, also called the 3-day diet, is a short-term diet that claims to help you lose up to 10 pounds (lbs) (4.5 kilograms) in 1 week. Despite its name, this diet is not associated with the military.

The diet plan involves a 3-day, calorie-restricted meal plan followed by 4 days off. You can then repeat the cycle for up to 1 month, or until you reach your weight loss goal.

However, no research supports its claimed benefits and severe calorie restrictions may pose health problems.

Keep reading to learn more about the military diet, a demo 3-day meal plan, and the potential benefits and risks.

The 3-day military diet is split into two phases over 7 days.

During the first phase of 3 days, the total calorie intake is roughly 1,100–1,400 calories per day. This makes it a low calorie diet, defined as a dietary pattern that provides 800–1,200 calories per day.

For the remaining 4 days of the week, the military diet simply encourages people to follow a 1,500-calorie diet.

It’s important to note that this kind of calorie restriction falls below the recommended daily calorie intakes of 2,200–2,400 for adult males and 1,600–1,800 for adult females, as outlined in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020–2025.

Before making any drastic calorie restrictions, it’s important to speak with a healthcare professional. Not consuming enough calories may lead to a wide range of symptoms and health issues.

The military diet provides a set meal plan for breakfast, lunch, and dinner for the first 3 days, without snacks between meals. Here’s a brief review of what a week on this diet looks like.

The 3-day meal plan

The 3-day meal plan on the military diet consists of 16 foods to be divided between breakfast, lunch, and dinner.

The table below outlines the suggested military diet 3-day meal.

The recommended amounts of these 16 foods decrease day by day. Your total calorie intake starts at 1,400 calories on the first day and falls to 1,100 calories on the third day.

The diet permits drinking water, herbal teas, and caffeinated coffee or tea twice per day with no sugar or creamers.

The remaining 4 days

There are no rules for the remaining 4 days of the diet aside from following a healthy eating pattern.

However, a 1,500-calorie menu is provided for those who hope to speed up their weight loss even further. For instance, snacks are permitted during these days, but you’re encouraged to limit your portion sizes.

Keep in mind that eating 1,500 calories per day is still a calorie restriction that may not fit everybody’s energy needs. This is especially true if you lead an active lifestyle, which translates into increased energy expenditure and higher calorie needs.

Additional permitted and ‘forbidden’ foods

The military diet allows substitutions during the 3-day phase, as long as portions match the calorie count. These substitutions may be:

The military diet emphasizes not substituting grapefruits for oranges. Instead, it advises replacing grapefruit with a glass of water with 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda. This is purported to help alkalinize your body and reduce body fat.

However, research shows that while some foods increase your body’s acid load, your kidneys can excrete the excess acid through urine. Thus, your dietary choices have little effect on your body’s acidity or alkalinity levels.

What’s more, animal-based protein foods such as the ones permitted in the diet are the type of foods that tend to increase your body’s acidic load, making this recommendation a bit contradictory.

Furthermore, there’s no evidence supporting the use of baking soda to reduce body fat.

There are currently no studies on the military diet.

Although a calorie deficit is generally required to achieve weight loss, the military diet doesn’t consider other factors that could affect weight loss, such as:

  • lifestyle habits
  • underlying health conditions
  • taking certain medications
  • genetics
  • sleeping habits

A 2018 review suggests that a calorie deficit of 500–600 calories is a sustainable way to lose 0.5 kilograms (kg) (1.1 lbs) per week. For adults, this is around 1,500–1,800 daily calories for males and 1,200–1,500 for females.

These moderate calorie restrictions are the opposite of the military diet’s heavy restrictions.

What’s more, a 2017 review found that moderate and continuous calorie restriction is just as effective for weight loss as intermittent extreme energy restrictions, such as 3 days on and 4 days off. This means you shouldn’t starve yourself to lose weight.

Lastly, proponents of the military diet claim that the specific food combinations in the meal plan increase your metabolism and burn fat. However, there’s no research to support these claims.

Caffeine may be the one component of the military diet that could help promote body weight and fat loss.

The military diet is unbalanced. Repeating the cycle multiple times could lead to health issues, such as nutrient deficiencies.

A 2014 review also suggests that dramatic calorie reductions — even for short periods, such as in the case of the military diet — may create or worsen unhealthy eating patterns, poor relationships with food, or disordered eating.

What’s more, regularly eating processed foods like hot dogs, crackers, and ice cream has been associated with several health conditions, such as:

A healthy eating pattern should include whole and minimally processed foods, such as:

The military diet doesn’t promote positive, long-term habit changes. That means any weight that’s lost can be quickly regained once you return to your habitual eating pattern.

Setting realistic weight loss goals and aiming for lifestyle changes rather than short-term fad diets is essential for successful weight loss, weight maintenance, and the prevention of weight regain.

The military diet became popular because proponents claimed that it could help you lose 10 lbs in 1 week.

However, most of the weight loss you experience will be due to the loss of water. That’s because severe calorie restrictions lead to a decline in the body’s glycogen stores — your body’s energy reserve.

When you eat sufficient calories, fluid accumulates easily because around 3 grams (g) of water are stored for every 1 g of stored glycogen. Consequently, when your glycogen stores are depleted, the related stored water is lost as well.

Once you return to your normal diet, you can easily regain any lost weight because your glycogen stores will get replenished again.

If you intend to lose weight, remember that weight management consists of achieving weight loss and maintaining it. Best practices advise aiming for a weight loss rate of 1–2 lbs (0.5–1 kg) weekly to ensure fat loss rather than the loss of fluid or muscle mass.

It’s important to note that rapid weight loss may pose potential risks, especially if the weight loss is lean body mass. Some complications may include malnutrition, fatigue, loss of strength, and slower basal metabolic rate.

How much weight can you lose on a 3-day military diet?

The amount of weight you lose on a 3-day military diet will vary for each person. The proponents of the diet claim you can lose up to 10 lbs. However, it’s important to note that this is likely to be mostly water weight, rather than fat.

What foods can you not eat on the military diet?

The military diet doesn’t explicitly mention foods to avoid. However, it provides a specific shopping list of foods to buy.

The military diet is a low calorie diet that promotes weight loss. However, it’s an unbalanced and unsafe diet.

Since most of the weight you’d lose would be water weight, you’re likely to regain the weight quickly once you return to your habitual eating pattern.

If you’re looking for long-lasting results, focus on making healthy and sustainable dietary changes instead of resorting to fad diets like the military diet, which can harm your health.

Wed, 13 Dec 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/the-military-diet-101
Where Was the Israeli Military?

The Israeli government had determined that the loosely organized civilian guard, known as Kitat Konnenut, would serve as the first line of defense in the towns and villages near the border. But the guardsmen had different standards of training depending on who was in charge. For years, they warned that some of their units were poorly trained and underequipped, according to two Israeli military officials with direct knowledge of the volunteer teams.

Additionally, the Israeli military reservists were not prepared to quickly mobilize and deploy. Some described heading south on their own initiative.

Davidi Ben Zion, 38, a major in the reserves, said reservists never trained to respond at a moment’s notice to an invasion. The training assumed that Israeli intelligence would learn of a looming invasion in advance, giving reservists time to prepare to deploy.

“The procedure states that we have the battalion ready for combat in 24 hours,” he said. “There’s a checklist to authorize the distribution of everything. We practiced this for many years.”

Hamas capitalized on these errors in ways that further delayed the Israeli response. Terrorists blocked key highway intersections, leaving soldiers bogged down in firefights as they tried to enter besieged towns. And the Hamas siege on the military base in southern Israel crippled the regional command post, paralyzing the military response.

Much remains unknown about that day, including what orders were given inside Israel’s senior military leadership in Tel Aviv, and when. The Times investigation builds on and adds new details to aggressive coverage in the Israeli media of the military response.

Officers and reservists who headed south that morning, whether under orders or on their own, soon learned of the chaos that they were entering.

Gen. Barak Hiram, who was scheduled to soon take over command of a division along the Gaza border, drove south to see firsthand how the soldiers there responded to what seemed like a routine Hamas attack.

In an interview, he recalled the text messages he received from soldiers he knew in the region.

“Come save us.”

“Send the army, quickly, they are killing us.”

“Sorry we’re turning to you, we’re already out of weapons.”

Commando units were among the first to mobilize that morning. Some said they rushed into the fight after receiving messages pleading for help or learning about the infiltrations from social media.

Other units were on standby and received formal activation orders.

The small size of the teams suggested that commanders fundamentally misunderstood the threat. Troops rolled out with pistols and assault rifles, enough to face a band of hostage-taking terrorists, but not to go into full-scale battle.

Previously undisclosed documents reviewed by The Times show just how drastically the military misread the situation. Records from early in the day show that, even during the attack, the military still assessed that Hamas, at best, would be able to breach Israel’s border fence in just a few places. A separate intelligence document, prepared weeks later, shows that Hamas teams actually breached the fence in more than 30 locations and quickly moved deep into southern Israel.

Hamas fighters poured into Israel with heavy machine guns, rocket-propelled grenade launchers, land mines and more. They were prepared to fight for days. Israeli commandos apparently believed they would be fighting for just hours; one said he set out that morning without his night-vision goggles.

“The terrorists had a distinct tactical advantage in firepower,” said Yair Ansbacher, 40, a reservist in a counterterrorism unit who fought on Oct. 7. He and his colleagues mainly used pistols, assault rifles and sometimes sniper rifles, he said.

The situation was so dire that at 9 a.m., the head of Shin Bet, Israel's domestic security agency, issued a rare order. He told all combat-trained, weapons-carrying employees to go south. Shin Bet does not normally activate with the military. Ten Shin Bet operatives were killed that day.

Making matters worse, the military has acknowledged that it moved two commando companies — more than 100 soldiers — to the West Bank just two days before the attack, a reflection of Israel’s mistaken belief that a Hamas attack was not an imminent threat.

That left three infantry battalions and one tank battalion along Gaza’s border. But Oct. 7 was the Jewish holiday of Simchat Torah, and the Sabbath. One senior military officer estimated that about half the 1,500 soldiers in the area were away. He said that another infantry battalion had been reassigned years earlier after Israel finished building a security wall around Gaza.

Whether Hamas knew that the military was understaffed is unclear, but it had fatal consequences. When the attacks began, many soldiers were fighting for their lives instead of protecting residents nearby. Hamas stormed one base, Nahal Oz, forcing soldiers to abandon it and leave behind dead friends.

And just as the civilian volunteers had warned, the first line of defense inside Israel was quickly overwhelmed. Some units barely had enough weapons for an hourslong battle, officials said.

Hamas also worked strategically to weaken Israel’s advantage in firepower. Terrorists targeted Israeli tanks, hitting several of them, said Brig. Gen. Hisham Ibrahim, the commander of the armored corps. Tanks ran out of ammunition, leaving crews to fight with ground soldiers.

In another instance widely covered in the Israeli media, Hamas fired on an Israeli helicopter, forcing it down near Gaza. The paratroopers escaped injury before the helicopter burst into flames.

All of this should have been a clear sign that Israel was under broad attack, facing a dire situation.

But Hamas made another strategic strike that morning that all but blinded Israel’s military at a critical moment.

Fri, 29 Dec 2023 17:43:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.nytimes.com/2023/12/30/world/middleeast/israeli-military-hamas-failures.html
US military's secretive spaceplane launched on possible higher-orbit mission No result found, try new keyword!The U.S. military's secretive X-37B robot spaceplane blasted off from Florida on Thursday night on its seventh mission, the first launched atop a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket capable of delivering it to ... Thu, 28 Dec 2023 18:45:36 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ North Korea’s Kim threatens ‘more offensive actions’ against U.S. after watching ICBM test No result found, try new keyword!Kim’s statement suggests he is confident in his growing missile arsenal and will likely continue weapons testing activities ahead of next year's presidential election in the United States. Mon, 18 Dec 2023 13:51:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ NTA Military Nursing Service exam registration begins on exams.nta.ac.in

National Testing Agency (NTA) has started online registration process for the Military Nursing Service Examination: Selection for Short Service Commission (SSC) 2023-24 under the Director General of Armed Forces Medical Services (DGAFMS). Eligible and interested female candidates can apply for it on the website exams.nta.ac.in/SSCMNS/

NTA Military Nursing Service exam registration begins (Representational image)(Unsplash)
NTA Military Nursing Service exam registration begins (Representational image)(Unsplash)

The application deadline is 6 pm, December 26.

The examination will be held on January 14. Admit cards will be issued in the first week of January.

This will be a Computer Based Test (CBT) in which candidates have to answer multiple-choice questions (MCQs) based on Nursing, English Language and General Intelligence. The exam will be in English only and there is no negative marking. The duration of the exam is 150 minutes. The paper timing will be from 10 am to 12:30 pm.

The candidate should be between 21 and 35 years of age on the application deadline to be eligible for the exam.

Candidates can check eligibility, scheme of exam, exam centers, exam timings, exam fee, procedure for applying etc. on the information bulletin.

Mon, 11 Dec 2023 07:03:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/competitive-exams/nta-military-nursing-service-exam-registration-begins-on-examsntaacin-101702287816092.html
NTA Military Nursing Service exam: Apply from December 11 at exams.nta.ac.in

National Testing Agency (NTA) has announced that it will conduct the examination for the Military Nursing Service: Selection for Short Service Commission (SSC) 2023-24 under the Director General of Armed Forces Medical Services (DGAFMS).

NTA Military Nursing Service exam: Apply at exams.nta.ac.in from Dec 11 (Representational image)(Unsplash)
NTA Military Nursing Service exam: Apply at exams.nta.ac.in from Dec 11 (Representational image)(Unsplash)

Only female candidates can apply for it.

Wrap up the year gone by & gear up for 2024 with HT! Click here

The examination will be held as a Computer Based Test (CBT) on January 14, 2024. The application window will open on December 11 and close on December 26 and admit cards will be issued in the first week of January.

To apply for the exam, the candidate should be between 21 and 35 years of age on the application deadline.

The CBT will consist of MCQ’s based on Nursing, English Language and General Intelligence. The exam will be in English and there is no negative marking.

The CBT will be in English only. There will be no negative marking.

The computer based exam will have a duration of 150 minutes. The paper timing will be from 10 am to 12:30 pm.

Information about eligibility, scheme of exam, exam centers, exam timings, exam fee, procedure for applying etc. are available on the information bulletin hosted on the website.

“Candidates who are desirous of applying for the exam may go through the Information Bulletin and apply online at https://exams.nta.ac.in/SSCMNS only during the period from 11 December 2023 to 26 December 2023 and also pay the applicable fee, online, through the payment gateway using debit/creditcards, net banking and UPI,” NTA said.

Click here for more details.

Thu, 07 Dec 2023 02:45:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/competitive-exams/nta-military-nursing-service-exam-apply-from-december-11-at-examsntaacin-101701924767924.html
New U.S. Russia Sanctions Target Financial Support of Military-Industrial Base and Expand Ban of Seafood Imports

New U.S. Russia Sanctions Target Financial Support of Military-Industrial Base and Expand Ban of Seafood Imports

The Biden Administration recently issued the latest round of U.S. sanctions against Russia, focusing on (1) secondary sanctions applicable to foreign financial institutions (“FFIs”) that engage in certain transactions in support of Russia’s military-industrial base, and (2) the importation into the United States of certain Russian-origin seafood processed in third countries. The U.S. sanctions, issued December 22, 2023, follow the European Union’s twelfth package of sanctions against Russia, imposed on December 18, 2023.

As a result of the new sanctions, it will be important for FFIs to conduct export controls-related due diligence for any transaction with potential Russia exposure and for U.S. seafood importers to engage in supply chain tracing to ensure that imported products are not prohibited.

To effectuate the sanctions, President Biden issued a new executive order (“EO”) amending EO 14024 (providing for the imposition of sanctions against certain categories of Russia-related persons) and EO 14068 (prohibiting certain Russia-related imports, exports, and new investment). Furthermore, the U.S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) issued a determination (the “Critical Items Determination”) identifying categories of goods triggering secondary sanctions risks for FFIs and a determination (the “Seafood Determination”) identifying categories of seafood processed in third countries that are prohibited for import.

Secondary Sanctions Against FFIs

President Biden’s EO authorizes the imposition of sanctions against FFIs conducting or facilitating transactions:

  1. For or on behalf of persons designated as Specially Designated Nationals (“SDNs”) under EO 14024 for operating in the technology, defense and related materiel, construction, aerospace, or manufacturing sectors of the Russian economy; or
  2. Involving Russia’s military-industrial base, including the supply to Russia (directly or indirectly) of certain listed items.

The Critical Items Determination lists items triggering sanctions for FFIs, including certain machine tools and manufacturing equipment; manufacturing materials for semiconductors and related electronics; electronic test equipment; propellants, chemical precursors for propellants, and explosives; lubricants and lubricant additives; bearings; advanced optical systems; and navigation instruments. 

It is important to keep in mind that the authority to impose sanctions against FFIs under item (i) above is separate from the authority to impose sanctions under item (ii) (involving listed “critical items”), and further that providing support for the supply of “critical items” is just an illustrative example of a transaction involving Russia’s military-industrial base. Thus, FFIs that conduct or facilitate significant transactions or provide any service involving Russia’s military-industrial base, whether or not involving “critical items,” run the risk of being sanctioned by OFAC.

Where an FFI engages in the above activity, OFAC is authorized to:

  • Prohibit the opening of U.S. correspondent or payable-through accounts for the FFI or impose “strict conditions” on the maintenance of such accounts; or
  • Block the property and interests in property of the FFI, i.e., designate the FFI as an SDN, impose an asset freeze, and prohibit U.S. persons from engaging in all transactions and dealings with the FFI.

To aid FFIs in complying with the new sanctions, OFAC issued a Compliance Advisory. The Advisory identifies the following as examples of activities that could place an FFI at risk:

  • Maintaining accounts, transferring funds, or providing other financial services (i.e., payment processing, trade finance, insurance) for any persons designated for operating in the specified sectors.
  • Maintaining accounts, transferring funds, or providing other financial services for any persons, either inside or outside Russia, that support Russia’s military-industrial base, including those that operate in the specified sectors of the Russian Federation economy.
  • Facilitating the sale, supply, or transfer, directly or indirectly, of the specified items to Russian importers or companies shipping the items to Russia.
  • Helping companies or individuals evade U.S. sanctions on Russia’s military-industrial base. This includes: 

- offering to set up alternative or non-transparent payment mechanisms,
- changing or removing customer names or other relevant information from payment fields,
- obfuscating the true purpose of, or parties involved in payments, or
- otherwise taking steps to hide the ultimate purpose of transactions to evade sanctions.

Seafood Sanctions

President Biden’s EO broadens EO 14068’s pre-existing ban of the import of Russian-origin seafood to authorize OFAC to ban the import of seafood:

mined, extracted, produced, or manufactured wholly or in part in the Russian Federation, or harvested in waters under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation or by Russia-flagged vessels, notwithstanding whether such products have been incorporated or substantially transformed into other products outside of the Russian Federation.

Therefore, under the new EO, OFAC has expanded the prior ban to now also prohibit imports of seafood that are of Russian origin or harvested in Russian waters or by Russia-flagged vessels—even to the extent they are incorporated or substantially transformed into products made elsewhere.

OFAC’s Seafood Determination, in implementation of the new sanctions, identifies salmon, cod, pollock, and crab as subject to the expanded import ban.

To ease the compliance burden associated with the new sanctions, OFAC issued a general license authorizing until February 21, 2024, the wind-down of transactions “ordinarily incident and necessary to the importation into the United States of seafood derivative products.” The general license applies to transactions pursuant to contracts entered into before December 22, 2023.

Notably, in a Frequently Asked Question, OFAC stated that it intends to issue a determination similarly prohibiting the importation of certain Russian diamonds processed in third countries.

Key Takeaways

Particularly notable aspects of the new sanctions include the following:

  • FFIs / secondary sanctions.
    • FFIs can be subject to sanctions for engaging in transactions involving (1) SDNs designated for operating in certain sectors of Russia’s economy supporting Russia’s military-industrial base, or (2) the supply to Russia of certain specified critical items. 
    • Notably, this applies even if a transaction is completely outside of U.S. “primary” sanctions jurisdiction (e.g., to non-U.S. dollar-denominated transactions). 
    • The new sanctions make clear that OFAC intends to focus on FFIs’ financial services as key nodes of support for Russia’s defense industrial base.
       
  • FFIs / export control due diligence.
    • As a result of the Critical Items Determination, it is important for FFIs to conduct export controls-related due diligence for any transaction with potential Russia exposure.
    • Specifically, FFIs should consider integrating checks into their due diligence regarding possible direct or indirect export to Russia of listed “critical items.”
    • The focus on the financial system’s role in facilitating exports of critical items to Russia is consistent with a recent joint bulletin issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network and the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security regarding evasion of U.S. export controls.
       
  • Seafood / processing in third countries.
    • The Seafood Determination’s focus on Russian-origin seafood processed in third countries reflects a concern by the United States and its G7 partners that third-country processing of sanctioned Russian items helps Russia to derive revenue and evade sanctions. 
    • Along these lines, as noted above, OFAC intends to issue a determination imposing similar sanctions on Russian diamonds processed in third countries.
       
  • Seafood sanctions / supply chain tracing.
    • With the updated sanctions prohibiting the import of Russian-origin seafood (including seafood harvested in Russian waters or by Russia-flagged vessels) that is processed in third countries, it will be important—and challenging—for U.S. seafood importers to engage in supply chain tracing to ensure that imported products are not prohibited. 
    • U.S. seafood importers may wish to consider how to develop diligence processes to confirm that their imports are free of sanctions-related taint.
    • It seems likely that U.S. Customs and Border Protection will take an active role in seizing prohibited cargo, as under the Uyghur and Forced Labor Prevention Act.
Tue, 02 Jan 2024 09:59:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.natlawreview.com/article/new-us-russia-sanctions-target-financial-support-military-industrial-base-and




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