You should simply download PEGACPDC88V1 real questions questions and answers helps a large number of applicants pass the exams and get their Certifications. We have a large number of successful audits. Our PEGACPDC88V1 Exam dumps are dependable, latest, updated, and of the really best quality to beat the challenges of any IT certifications. Killexams PEGACPDC88V1 Questions and Answers are collected from real PEGACPDC88V1 exams, thats why no doubt in passing the PEGACPDC88V1 exam with hight marks.

Exam Code: PEGACPDC88V1 Practice test 2023 by team
PEGACPDC88V1 Certified Pega Decisioning Consultant (PCDC) 88V1

Exam Specification:

- test Name: Certified Pega Decisioning Consultant (PCDC) 88V1
- test Code: PEGACPDC88V1
- test Duration: 90 minutes
- test Format: Multiple-choice questions

Course Outline:

1. Introduction to Pega Decisioning
- Understanding the role of decisioning in Pega applications
- Overview of Pega Decisioning architecture and components

2. Decision Strategy Design
- Defining decision requirements and objectives
- Creating decision strategies using Pega Decisioning tools and techniques

3. Predictive Analytics and Modeling
- Leveraging predictive analytics to drive decision outcomes
- Building and configuring predictive models using Pega Decisioning

4. Adaptive Decisioning
- Implementing adaptive decisioning capabilities
- Monitoring and optimizing adaptive decision strategies

5. Decision Data Management
- Managing and organizing decision data
- Integrating external data sources for decision making

6. Next-Best-Action Design
- Designing and implementing Next-Best-Action strategies
- Personalizing customer interactions based on real-time data and insights

7. Decision Governance and Compliance
- Ensuring compliance with regulatory and organizational policies
- Implementing decision governance processes and controls

Exam Objectives:

1. Understand the role and importance of decisioning in Pega applications.
2. Design decision strategies to meet specific business requirements.
3. Utilize predictive analytics and modeling techniques for decision making.
4. Implement adaptive decisioning capabilities for real-time decision making.
5. Manage and integrate decision data from various sources.
6. Design and implement Next-Best-Action strategies for personalized customer interactions.
7. Ensure decision governance and compliance with regulatory requirements.

Exam Syllabus:

The test syllabus covers the following Topics (but is not limited to):

- Pega Decisioning overview and architecture
- Decision strategy design and optimization
- Predictive analytics and modeling techniques
- Adaptive decisioning and real-time decision making
- Decision data management and integration
- Next-Best-Action design and implementation
- Decision governance and compliance

Certified Pega Decisioning Consultant (PCDC) 88V1
Pegasystems Decisioning education
Killexams : Pegasystems Decisioning education - BingNews Search results Killexams : Pegasystems Decisioning education - BingNews Killexams : Cardona slams affirmative action decision as ‘new low point’ for higher education

Education Secretary Miguel Cardona on Wednesday pitched several ideas to lessen the blow of the Supreme Court’s decision to gut affirmative action while also taking his jabs at elite colleges and the high court.

“This majority has repeatedly shown a willingness to throw precedent out the window,” Cardona said at the Education Department’s headquarters during its National Summit on Equal Opportunity in Higher Education. “Now, we’re faced with a decision that threatens to take us backwards.”

The secretary added that colleges “have lost the most effective tool they ever had for building diverse campus communities” and the decision “feels like a new low point” for higher education.

In response to the high court’s decision to end race-conscious admissions, Cardona announced the start of a $45 million postsecondary student success competition to boost strategies that help underrepresented students graduate from college.

He also pitched reimagining how colleges recruit students and connect with K-12, expanding need-based aid, increasing applications from underrepresented communities, expanding career and technical education and dual enrollment programs and resolving credit transfer issues.

Cardona also called on college leaders to make their presence known on K-12 campuses, build a culture of belonging on campus and increase their enrollment number of Pell-eligible students.

The secretary, during his Wednesday speech, also admonished elite colleges.

“I also want to see more of our elite institutions with incredibly high graduation rates step up their enrollment of Pell Grant recipients... College rankings be damned,” Cardona said. “Do admissions practices that benefit the wealthy and well-connected reflect your values?”

“Look, I have nothing against the legacy student who did really well at an elite private school,” he added. “But I am in awe of the straight-A student from a Title I school who spent an hour on a bus every week to take an AP class that wasn’t offered at her school and still found time to contribute to her community — all while having to take care of siblings.”

Cardona, who’s career has largely focused on K-12, discussed college admissions through a K-12 lens. He expressed the need to take into consideration the racial and socioeconomic disparities at K-12 schools that have struggled with inadequate funding, fewer extracurriculars and AP courses, outdated textbooks and larger class sizes.

“These inequities add up,” Cardona said, adding that “Anyone who tells you that the discrimination of the past doesn’t impact educational opportunity today is either lying to you or living under a rock.”

Wed, 26 Jul 2023 14:46:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : Make education fairer for all: Specialized high schools must open up

The Supreme Court’s decision to gut affirmative action in higher education is a devastating blow to equitable and accessible education. As Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson, the first Black woman to sit as a Supreme Court justice, wrote in her dissent, “deeming race irrelevant in law does not make it so in life.”

New York City’s public high schools have their own racial problem and we are missing an opportunity to help level the educational playing field here. NYC’s public specialized high schools are coveted as an equalizing springboard for success, but in reality, they are overwhelmingly segregated, thanks to the Specialized High School Admissions Test (SHSAT) being the sole admission factor.


It’s been five years since my last op-ed on the SHSAT causing racial disparities, and every year another report comes out on the devastatingly low number of African-American students admitted.

With the Supreme Court gutting affirmative action programs at colleges, it is more important now than ever to equalize our high schools. Standardized testing for undergraduate admissions was mostly considered benign and fair, but in reality, it was started back in the 1950s by intentionally designing tests that Black students could not pass to maintain segregation.


Members of the Supreme Court sit for a new group portrait in Washington, Oct. 7, 2022.

Prestigious universities began recognizing this bias, and started dropping requirements for the SAT and ACT, which drastically accelerated when COVID-19 upended testing. Now many have extended their policies post-pandemic, and aren’t likely to bring it back. In fact, more than 80% of U.S. four-year colleges aren’t requiring test scores. Higher education figured out that testing is not always an indicator of a student’s potential to achieve, but it often identifies bias and inequity that results in discrimination.

We saw heinous headlines about Stuyvesant High School, which admitted only seven Black students out of 762 new students. At this point, touting the low number of Black students admitted is just insulting when nothing substantial is done and there are proven models for change.

The SHSAT was enshrined into law via the Calandra-Hecht Act in 1971. Many critics at the time, including Mayor John Lindsay, believed the act was intended to halt efforts to desegregate top high schools in New York. The design of the test favors affluent students or students from socioeconomic backgrounds that can afford tutors and have resources for endless studying.

“This is Groundhog Day,” writes David Bloomfield, education professor at Brooklyn College and the CUNY Graduate Center. “I’ve been writing about this for years. The demographics don’t move because the system is made for a group of students who will be tutored for years before sitting for the test.”

Students at Stuyvesant High School leave after classes end for the week, March 13, 2020, in New York.

The SHSAT doesn’t measure a student’s holistic intelligence; it measures their ability to pass one test. When I was in high school, I heard poorly-performing peers say they were grateful for the SHSAT because it overrides their poor grades. As a daughter of working class immigrants who became the first elected Haitian-American assemblymember from NYC, I owe much of my success to attending the elite Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts.

LaGuardia High School is the only specialized high school that forgoes the SHSAT, with a performance audition, which attracts more culturally diverse applicants.

The Daily News Flash


Catch up on the day’s top five stories every weekday afternoon.

Although I was ranked third in my middle school, I still thought the SHSAT was too biased and I lacked support and tutoring. Had I not been admitted to LaGuardia, I may not have gotten into college and began my path to success. How many others like me have slipped through the cracks?

At the most elite universities and colleges, the admission tests have not vanished, and perfect scores on the ACT and the SAT retain power. But they aren’t the only data point, nor required.


“Students who do not submit standardized test scores will not be disadvantaged in their application process,” Harvard said in explaining its decision. “...[applicants] are encouraged to send whatever materials they believe would convey their accomplishments in secondary school and their promise for the future.”

The SHSAT similarly should not be the single requirement for admission.

Parents, politicians and supporters from nine middle and elementary schools gather outside City Hall for a rally supporting keeping the SHSAT test for admissions to the city's academic high schools Friday, May 10, 2019 in Manhattan, New York.

I propose getting rid of the current test, and creating a new assessment related to academics learned in the school system that counts as 20% of the applicant evaluation. Decisions can also be based on a student’s grades, a personal statement, extracurricular activities, interviews and recommendation letters. I also agree with former Mayor de Blasio’s methodology in allowing the top percentage students of every school to have a seat in the specialized schools.

It’s time to rewrite the laws in NYC and change the paradigm to end segregation in high schools.

Bichotte Hermelyn is the Assembly majority whip and chair of the Brooklyn Democratic Party.

Sat, 29 Jul 2023 17:01:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Make education fairer for all: Let public charter schools grow

Educational opportunity for minority students is once again under attack, this time from the Supreme Court. Their decision eliminating affirmative action in college admissions is a tragic but predictable event — the American education system has rarely worked in our favor.

As Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson wrote in her dissenting opinion, “This contention blinks both history and reality in ways too numerous to count. But the response is simple: Our country has never been colorblind.”


Many fear that the elimination of race-conscious college admission practices will exacerbate educational inequalities and widen the societal gaps that exist in our culturally diverse communities.

Jackson went on to further state, “Gulf-sized race-based gaps exist with respect to the health, wealth, and well-being of American citizens.”


Jackson is right.

This is the Williamsburg Charter High School on Varet St. in Brooklyn.

Educational attainment plays a crucial role in determining socioeconomic status and health outcomes, as it directly influences an individual’s ability to shape and Excellerate their own life. However, for most of our history, both the government and the traditional public education system have actively worked to inhibit and outright exclude people of color from a quality education. Affirmative action, while not perfect, was an acknowledgement of this injustice and served as a critical tool to close those gaps.

While the Supreme Court ruling is a tragedy it must be a thunderous call to action. We must demand and create a system that provides an excellent educational foundation to traditionally underserved communities, including Latinx and Black students. We must demand a system that prioritizes the success of our children — our future. And we must demand the self-determination and representation that are vital to achieving equity in education.

It’s not only a matter of educational sustenance at stake, but we’re talking about the growth of society and the broadening of racial harmony. As Thurgood Marshall once argued, “Unless our children begin to learn together, there is little hope that our people will ever learn to live together.”

The traditional public schools system has continued to fall short when it comes to students of color. Especially in light of the pandemic, leaving our students even further behind. We need a system that works for us.

And we know what works.

The sun rises behind the Supreme Court on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, July 11, 2023.

Locally-run charter schools, led by people of color, have emerged as a beacon of hope — a powerful vehicle to address the inequities that continue to plague our educational landscape. They provide an opportunity for communities to take charge of their children’s education, to shape curricula that reflect their unique histories and cultures, and to foster environments that empower students to succeed.

The Daily News Flash


Catch up on the day’s top five stories every weekday afternoon.

Public charter schools allow for the autonomy and flexibility required to meet the unique academic needs of their community. A recent study by Stanford’s Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO) shows that charter school students are outpacing their peers in traditional public schools in both math and reading. Furthermore, research shows that culturally-affirming schools where leadership and teachers reflect the communities they serve have positive, tangible outcomes including decreased dropout rates and a significant boost in college enrollment.


Given these facts, our partners in Albany — particularly in the Legislature — should be helping charter schools to expand, pushing for their growth and requiring equity. It is outrageous that we continue to face such opposition, all the more so because that opposition is often fueled by Democrats. How can you profess to stand for social and economic equity, yet not stand with public charter schools?

Students are pictured in a classroom at Success Academy Harlem 1 charter school in this file photo.

At Black Latinx Asian Charter Collaborative (BLACC) our motto is “education for us, by us” and we embed this belief in every aspect of our work, from whom we serve to what we advocate for. Our members are New York public charter school educators of color. We believe deeply in centering communities of color so that the families we serve can exercise self-determination in education, choosing what is best for their children.

We believe in the potential of the public charter school model, and we know that in order to fully catalyze its power, we need to move the needle on increasing the number of public charter schools led and staffed by people of color.

With this Supreme Court decision, the clarion call must be racketed up. We must all fight to ensure higher-education leaders build student bodies that are reflective of our communities. We must increase our efforts to ensure black and brown students are ready for higher-education by receiving a quality K-12 education.

I assure you that BLACC will continue to be at the forefront of the fight for equity in education.

Raccah is the CEO of the Black Latinx Asian Charter Collaborative.

Sat, 29 Jul 2023 17:01:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : 'Historic decision taken to implement state education policy': K'taka Higher Education Minister No result found, try new keyword!Karnataka's Higher Education Minister MC Sudhakar praised the decision to implement a new state education policy, calling it historic. Deputy Chief Minister DK Shivakumar announced the state's plan to ... Mon, 21 Aug 2023 05:45:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : The Court’s Affirmative-Action Decision Will Excellerate Legal Education No result found, try new keyword!No charge. Will the Supreme Court’s recent decision against the legality of racial preferences matter? Those on the left are wailing that it will have a terrible result because now ... Thu, 10 Aug 2023 13:44:00 -0500 en-US text/html Killexams : Alliance for Decision Education Expands its Teacher Fellowship Program with Selection of 2023–2024 Teacher Fellows

PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 01, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The Alliance for Decision Education, a national nonprofit organization leading the movement to have decision-making skills taught in K-12 schools, today announced the selection of 25 Teacher Fellows from across the United States to join its Decision Education Teacher Fellowship program. These new Teacher Fellows will join existing Teacher Fellows from various states, collectively working to expand the field of Decision Education.

The Decision Education Teacher Fellowship brings together educators from around the country, offering them the opportunity to learn about Decision Education and implement new practices and activities with their students throughout the school year. The Alliance offers three levels of the Fellowship: Level 1 for teachers interested in learning about Decision Education, and the advanced Levels 2 and 3 for teachers who have already completed one or more Fellowships and have experience teaching decision-making skills. As part of their dedication to ongoing learning, collaboration, and advocacy for teaching decision-making skills to students, the Teacher Fellows are participating in the 2023–2024 Decision Education Teacher Fellowship Orientation, taking place this week in Philadelphia.

The 25 new Teacher Fellows, along with the returning 20 Level 2 and six Level 3 Teacher Fellows, will all engage in sessions focusing on foundational aspects of Decision Education, community building, and presentations by returning Teacher Fellows. The goal is to foster a supportive and collaborative environment, where participants can share real-world applications and experiences. Representing 43 schools in 15 states, the Alliance Teacher Fellows bring a diverse range of backgrounds and experiences to the program.

"We are excited to work with so many talented educators in our most diverse cohort yet to enhance the understanding and share the implementation of Decision Education across a variety of school settings," said Alison Stumacher, Interim Deputy Director of Education at the Alliance. "Expanding the program this way gives us a greater breadth of teacher experience to learn from and enables us to share a broader range of ideas and information."

In addition to the enriching sessions and learning opportunities, the keynote presentation will be delivered by Kevin Parkinson, author of the Teachers Decide newsletter and principal of Midtown Public Charter School in Jackson, Mississippi. Mr. Parkinson is a passionate advocate for the importance and effectiveness of Decision Education in the classroom.

About the Alliance 

The Alliance for Decision Education is a national nonprofit and field builder leading the growing call to have Decision Education taught in schools across the country. Founded in 2014 and backed by experts in decision science and education, including several Nobel laureates, the Alliance believes that better decisions lead to better lives and a better society.

The Alliance is working with teachers, academic and business leaders, families, and community members to raise awareness and Excellerate lives by empowering students with essential skills and dispositions for making better decisions.

For more information about the Alliance for Decision Education, please visit the website at, or connect with us on TwitterLinkedInFacebook, and YouTube.

Media Contact
Duane Brozek
Public Relations Senior Manager

© 2023 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Tue, 01 Aug 2023 02:13:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Secretary Cardona Says Affirmative Action Decision Will Challenge All Education Leaders

Secretary of Education Miguel A. Cardona said Wednesday that the U.S. Supreme Court decision ruling against affirmative action in higher education will be a challenge to leaders at all levels of education similar to that of the COVID-19 pandemic, requiring boldness and collaboration to help maintain student body diversity.

“We come together today at a turning point in higher education, perhaps in all of education,” Cardona said at a National Summit on Equal Opportunity in Higher Education at the Department of Education’s headquarters in Washington. “We didn’t ask for this moment, but as leaders, we must answer it.”

The secretary spoke passionately to hundreds of educational leaders, including some from K-12 education, about the U.S. Supreme Court’s June 29 decision in Students for Fair Admissions v. President and Fellows of Harvard College , which struck down race conscious admissions policies at Harvard and the University of North Carolina.

“For many of us, the Supreme Court’s decision on affirmative action feels like a new low point,” Cardona said. “It’s going to take the same kind of bold leadership and collaboration at every level of education we saw during the pandemic to address the fallout of this deeply disappointing ruling.”

Cardona, a former teacher, principal, and state superintendent in Connecticut, said, “I can’t help but view this dilemma with a K-12 lens.”

While “our colleges have lost the most effective tool they’ve ever had for building diverse campus communities,” he said, “our K-12 schools, which are the pipeline for future higher education students, continue to wrestle with longstanding inequities laid bare by the pandemic.”

Federal officials say ‘resource document’ on decision is coming

The daylong conference, which included remarks by other Biden administration officials and panel discussions of educational leaders, was relatively light on legal advice for what colleges and universities may still do for racial diversity in the wake of the decision.

In a joint appearance at the conference, Catherine E. Lhamon, the Education Department’s assistant secretary for civil rights, and Kristen Clarke, the assistant attorney general for civil rights in the U.S. Department of Justice, said the administration was preparing a “resource document” on lawful admissions practices that would likely be released next month.

“The court’s decision, as we know, sharply limited a tool that colleges and universities with selective admissions policies had used to create diverse campus communities,” Lhamon said. “The court did not question the educational value of diverse student bodies.”

“Even after the decision, lawful avenues remain open to colleges and universities to pursue diverse classes,” Lhamon added, referring, for example, to Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr.’s language in his majority opinion that “nothing in this opinion should be construed as prohibiting universities from considering an applicant’s discussion of how race affected his or her life, be it through discrimination, inspiration, or otherwise.”

(Roberts emphasized that a college admissions decision based on such a discussion must be tied to that individual student’s experience.)

Lhamon said she has heard about groups contacting schools with their interpretations of the Supreme Court decision. One such letter has gone out from Students for Fair Admissions to 150 colleges, warning them against using student essays or other workarounds to continue to make race-conscious admissions decisions.

“I have heard about groups who are not the Department of Education or the Department of Justice who are sending schools notifications about what they say the law is and what they want you to do,” Lhamon said. “I will offer you this. You will know when you hear from us.”

Touching on legacy admissions and DEI

Neither Cardona nor Lhamon specifically mentioned the news this week that the Education Department’s office for civil rights had opened an inquiry into legacy admissions at Harvard. The investigation is a response to a complaint from a Boston-based civil rights group that argues that admissions preferences for children of alumni tend to favor white applicants from wealthy families.

But Cardona and Clarke each addressed the issue more generally.

“This may be time [for universities] to confirm that all admissions preferences and policies directly relate to an applicant’s individual merit or potential and ensure that existing metrics or criteria do not increase inequality or disparities,” Clarke said.

Cardona asked the participants whether “admission policies that benefit the wealthy and well-connected reflect your values?”

“Look, I have nothing against the legacy student who did really well at an elite private school,” he added. “But I am in awe of the straight-A student from a Title I school who spent hours on a bus every week to take an AP class that wasn’t offered at her school and still found time to contribute to her community, all while having to take care of siblings at home.”

Cardona said some state and local leaders were “overreacting” to the Supreme Court decision by arguing that it outlaws all diversity, education, and inclusion efforts in school districts, higher education institutions, and other entities.

“We have politicians trying to turn diversity, equity, and inclusion into bad words, as if the alternatives—racial inequity and exclusion—were the good ones,” Cardona said. “Now is not the time to ignore the reality of ongoing racial inequality. Now is not the time to abandon our support for students of color.”

Wed, 26 Jul 2023 09:41:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Kentucky education commissioner speaks on decision to leave

FRANKFORT, Ky. (LEX 18) — Dr. Jason Glass announced that his last day as Kentucky’s commissioner of education will be September 29. He was appointed commissioner by the Kentucky Board of Education in 2020. His four-year contract was set to expire in September 2024. Now, he'll be heading to Western Michigan University to serve as the associate vice president of teaching and learning.

Glass says Kentucky’s political climate played a role in his decision to step down. "You don't take a job like the one that I have, not knowing that things can get political and that something like this could happen. In fact, it's becoming a more common exist story for state education chiefs around the country."

Glass addressed why he'd be leaving three years into his four-year contract. His contract with the board of education includes a clause that allows him to terminate his employment at his discretion with 60-day written notice to the chair. Glass says he's enjoyed being able to return to his home state.

He says, "We've come back to my home state, a place that gave so much to me — where my great-grandparents, and grandparents, and my parent's third generation Kentucky educator. To get to do this job in this state has been an incredible honor."

Glass came to the position six months into the COVID-19 pandemic. He also navigated two natural disasters — tornadoes in western Kentucky and flooding in eastern Kentucky. KDE's chair, Lu S. Young, said in part, "Thanks to his forward-thinking leadership, we have a statewide portrait of a learner that articulates a set of high expectations for every learner....”

Glass explains that politics are being injected into education. The commissioner says, "I think that going forward, we are increasingly injecting partisan, hyper-partisan politics into educational policy decisions, and that's going to make that work of balancing the policy part of this job and the best interest of students part of this job more difficult going forward."

Glass believes it will become more difficult for KDE to be an independent voice moving forward — citing political statements directed at him and the agency. He said that SB 150 was a tipping point for him, saying he didn't want to be a part of implementing what he calls "dangerous and unconstitutional, anti-LGBTQ" legislation. Despite its difficulties, Glass says education is still a great profession.

He says, "For anyone considering education, it remains a great field, it remains a great profession, and it's a great way to spend your life. At the same time, I need to say to the policymakers in Kentucky — you're making it really hard, and it’s starting to show. Again, we all have an interest in having great schools in our communities and in our states. We want to protect them, we want to grow them, we want to support them, and we need to take direct steps to do those things."

Copyright 2023 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Tue, 01 Aug 2023 10:26:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Biden Administration Releases Guidance on Affirmative Action

The federal government released long-awaited resources for colleges this morning on the implications of the Supreme Court’s decision striking down affirmative action, offering legal guidance on a number of questions that have been the subject of interpretive debate since the June 29 ruling.

The Departments of Education and Justice, which released the guidance together, encouraged colleges to thoroughly review and update their admissions policies to ensure compliance with the Supreme Court’s finding that considering race as a factor “in and of itself” was illegal.

But they also stressed what many legal experts have pointed out since the decision was handed down: that considerations of how an applicant’s race has affected their individual experience could still be considered when making admissions decisions, and that the court did not deny the value of diverse student experiences on campus.

“Although this decision changes the landscape for admissions in higher education, it should not be used as an excuse to turn away from long-standing efforts to make those institutions more inclusive,” associate attorney general Vanita Gupta said at a news conference this morning. “Race can be relevant to a person’s life or a lived experience, and may impact one

’s development motivations, academic interests or personal or professional aspirations. That impact can still be considered.”

Many colleges have indicated they will look to application essays as a place where applicants can talk about how race has affected their lives. Some have added or revised essay prompts in direct response to the Supreme Court decision.

Education Secretary Miguel Cardona said the Biden administration was “working relentlessly” to support legal diversity efforts.

“We know what has happened at colleges when individual states banned affirmative action in the past: fewer students of color applied, and fewer students of color were admitted,” he said. “We cannot afford that kind of backsliding on a national scale.”

On June 29, the day the ruling was handed down, the Biden administration promised guidance in 45 days. The guidance actually came 47 days later, after more than a month of anxious anticipation and apparent frustration from higher ed leaders.

A more thorough list of recommendations, including guidance on how to use measures of adversity in admissions to cultivate a diverse student body, will come in September.

Advice Beyond the Application

Beyond admissions, the departments’ guidance says colleges can still legally work to diversify their student bodies through targeted recruitment efforts, including using race, and by redoubling retention efforts aimed at supporting students of color once they arrive on campus. Officials also said that bridge and pathway programs for high schoolers aimed at diversifying applicant pools are still legal, a view many questioned in the ruling’s immediate aftermath.

“The Court’s decision does not require institutions to ignore race when identifying prospective students for outreach and recruitment, provided that their outreach and recruitment programs do not provide targeted groups of prospective students preference in the admissions process,” according to a question and answer document issued as part of the resources.

However, the departments clarified that any program that used race as a prerequisite for applying or awarded slots based on a student’s race “risked triggering the strict scrutiny” standard applied in the affirmative action ruling.

The departments also clarified that the Supreme Court ruling did not make it illegal for institutions to collect demographic data on applicants, nor did it prohibit admissions officers from looking at that data—as long as they did not consider it when making admissions decisions. They encouraged institutions to take measures to ensure that didn’t happen, noting the court’s criticism of colleges “adjusting their admissions priorities dynamically in response to demographic data.”

Colleges will have to decide whether to take that risk themselves. Anticipating the result of the Supreme Court decision, the Common App introduced a new feature in May allowing institutions to toggle an option that hides an applicant’s racial identity from admissions officers.

The guidance took up the question of diversity, equity and inclusion offices, student affinity groups and cultural resource centers—which some conservative legal activists have argued are fatally undermined by the Supreme Court decision.

“A core philosophy advanced by campus Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion ideology has been rejected as unlawful,” Cornell law professor William Jacobson wrote in an email to Inside Higher Ed last week. “Those in higher education who try to pigeonhole the ruling into university admissions are missing the sweep and scope of the equal protection ruling.”

The Biden administration pushed back on that reading. Highlighting the importance of improving retention for underrepresented students, officials said that belonging and retention resources directed at minority students fell within the law, as long as the resources are “available to all students regardless of race.”

“It is important that students—particularly those who are underrepresented—feel a sense of belonging and support once on campus,” the question and answer form reads.

‘The Elephant in the Room’

Colleges and universities have been awaiting federal guidance on the scope of the ruling and the legality of certain practices outside admissions for weeks. Some institutions, including Western Illinois University and the University of Kentucky, have gestured toward policy changes outside of admissions but cited the lack of federal guidance as reason to wait.

Guidance on some of these areas of concern was conspicuously absent.

There is no mention of how the Supreme Court decision might apply to hiring, which Students for Fair Admissions president Edward Blum has said is affected. Neither is there reference to its impact on race-conscious scholarships, which Missouri attorney general Andrew Bailey ordered colleges to eliminate in the wake of the ruling, and which have raised concerns at many institutions unsure how far the ruling extends.

A senior education department official said the Supreme Court decision didn’t address scholarships, and the department’s resources are based solely on the purview of the decision.

“We think that we are staying in the realm of what the court decided which is focused on admissions in selective colleges and universities,” the official said. “We are offering states and colleges and universities clarity about what remains lawful and what tools are still available.”

Blum was unable to respond to requests for comment in time for publication.

James Murphy, deputy director of higher education policy at Education Reform Now, said that even if the Biden administration does not believe scholarships should be affected, failing to mention them at all is an oversight—especially when state officials like Bailey and Wisconsin Assembly speaker Robin Vos have publicly espoused their own contradictory interpretations of the ruling.

“I’m really glad to see the Department issue some guidance on how colleges should be interpreting the SFFA decisions. But it feels like there’s a big elephant in the room that they’re not talking about, and that’s financial aid,” he said. “Leaving that in limbo will just make for a really chaotic situation.”

Officials also declined to announce any specific action to accompany the guidance, which Murphy said was odd considering the quick and substantive federal action taken after other Supreme Court decisions, like student debt relief and abortion rights. He said he hopes such action is forthcoming.

“The Biden administration has been bold in many ways: they acted in response to the Dobbs decision, and got creative in figuring out how to protect women’s rights. They got creative and active in trying to protect students when it comes to student loan debt,” he said. “I’d love to see some more of that action and creativity on this front as well.”

Mon, 14 Aug 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : ‘We can go further’: Education Secretary Cardona speaks on legacy admissions, affirmative action decision

The Supreme Court’s affirmative action decision “was wrong,” Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona said Wednesday, but has provided an opportunity to “go further” for diversity in higher education — steps like unraveling legacy admissions practices.

“Legacy admissions is one of those things too that a lot of campuses are looking at saying, ‘If I can’t use race as a factor to diversify my campus and why am I allowed to use something like, you know, a person’s last name?'” Cardona said in a interview with the Herald Saturday ahead of his remarks at the NAACP National Convention in Boston. “So it’s an opportunity for us to come together and exceed the outcomes that were available during affirmative action.”

Cardona’s remarks follow the DOE’s Office of Civil Rights’ decision to open an investigation into a complaint made against Harvard’s legacy and donor-related admissions preferences filed by Boston nonprofits alleging civil rights violations.

The complaint was just one step in a broad national push against legacy admissions — which opponents note gives preference to a majority white group of applicants, narrowing opportunity for applicants of color — in the wake of the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn affirmative action in June.

Cardona declined to comment on the investigation but said “as a country, we really need to revisit all of our practices for college admissions.”

The secretary visited Wesleyan University on Friday, praising the college’s decision to end legacy admission preferences. The Connecticut university joins a growing list of colleges to forgo the practice, including Johns Hopkins, MIT, University of Florida and University of Wisconsin-Madison.

At colleges like Wesleyan, Cardona said, school heads are recognizing their roles to lead in the wake of the decision and “to make sure they’re doing more than they were doing before.”

The Department of Education will be releasing a report before or during September highlighting what college campuses can be doing to promote diversity, Cardona said, expressing concern that some states are misinterpreting the court’s decision as a broad limit on strategies for diversity.

“It’s really important to look at the language from this Supreme Court, but also what it doesn’t say,” said Cardona. “It doesn’t say college campuses shouldn’t be diverse. It doesn’t say — if anything it acknowledges the importance of diversity on campus.”

Cardona cited strategies like considering a student’s background in essay or other portions of college applications, expanding access to college level course in K-12 education, improving transfer credits and being more proactive in reaching out to diverse students.

“We’re ripe as a country to really look for ways to increase diversity on campus and engage student voice in the process,” said Cardona.

Mayor Michelle Wu addresses attendees during the NAACP Convention Saturday in Boston. (Paul Connors/Boston Herald)

Paul Connors/Boston Herald

Mayor Michelle Wu addresses attendees during the NAACP Convention Saturday in Boston. (Paul Connors/Boston Herald)

Grace Zokovitch is a general assignment reporter. Email her at

Sat, 29 Jul 2023 13:55:00 -0500 Grace Zokovitch en-US text/html
PEGACPDC88V1 exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List