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Exam Code: P2180-039 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
IBM WebSphere MQ Technical Sales Mastery Test v2
IBM WebSphere Questions and Answers
Killexams : IBM WebSphere Questions and Answers - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/P2180-039 Search results Killexams : IBM WebSphere Questions and Answers - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/P2180-039 https://killexams.com/exam_list/IBM Killexams : All Trivia Card Questions and Answers No result found, try new keyword!But if you're struggling to answer them all, we've got every single question and answer below. Not sure how to find Trivia Cards? Check out the How to Find All The Trivia Cards guide. There are a ... Mon, 26 Sep 2022 23:24:00 -0500 https://www.ign.com/wikis/return-to-monkey-island/All_Trivia_Card_Questions_and_Answers Killexams : IBM releases WebSphere Liberty code to open source

IBM today is moving the code that underlies its WebSphere Liberty solution for development using Agile and DevOps methodologies to GitHub, where it will be available this week under the Eclipse Public License v1.

The Open Liberty project is working to create a new runtime for Java microservices that can be moved between different cloud environments, according to Ian Robinson, an IBM distinguished engineer and the chief architect of WebSphere. Open Liberty will be the basis the IBM’s continued development of its Liberty product – the codebase is the same — and will be fully supported in commercial WebSphere licenses. It can be downloaded at openliberty.io.

The Open Liberty code on GitHub will provide developments the components they need to create Java applications and microservices, using the Java EE foundation from WebSphere Liberty and the work from the Eclipse MicroProfile community. MicroProfile defines common APIs and infrastructure to microservices applications can be created and deployed without vendor lock-in, Robinson wrote in his blog.

Along with being a founding member of the Eclipse MicroProfile project, IBM has collaborated with Google and Lyft on the Istio project to create an open service fabric for microservices integration and management, and would like to see MicroProfile integrate with Istio, Robinson said.

Further, IBM’s commitment to open source includes the contribution of IBM’s Java 9 VM to Eclipse as Eclipse OpenJ9, which – when combined with Open Liberty, Eclipse MicroProfile and Java EE at Eclipse – creates a fully open licensing model of a full Java stack for building, testing, running and scaling Java applications.

“We hope Open Liberty will help more developers turn their ideas into full-fledged, enterprise ready apps,” Robinson wrote in his blog. “We also hope it will broaden the WebSphere family to include more ideas and innovations to benefit the broader Java community of developers at organizations big and small.”

Mon, 19 Sep 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://sdtimes.com/agile/ibm-releases-websphere-liberty-code-open-source/
Killexams : IBM: The Most Innovative and Prizewinning Tech Company

Founded in 1911 as a Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company, International Business Machines (IBM) needs to keep its finger on the pulse of the development of information technology not to be ousted by younger tech giants like Google, Microsoft, Apple, and Amazon. With the advent of the internet, IBM needed to widen the spectrum of its products and services to retain its strong position in the tech field. Although the company lost its dominance, having only a 5% market share in 2021, as opposed to 68% shared by Microsoft, Amazon, and Google, it has many spectacular achievements to its credit. IBM holds more patents than any other technology company and takes pride in employees who have earned five Nobel Prizes, four Turing Awards, five National Medals of Technology, and five National Medals of Science. And it had been the top tech company for longer than any of the titans dominating the market now. 

Also called “Big Blue,” IBM indeed has an impressive pedigree. After starting to produce hardware at the beginning of the last century, it thrived in this business for decades and became the leading supplier of mainframe computers worldwide. IBM’s gross income had inexorably grown in the last part of the twentieth century, expanding from $14.450 billion earned in 1975 to $71.940 billion made in 1995. The company’s revenue skyrocketed to the record level of $106.9 billion in 2011, after which it has steadily been declining amidst its transition into new technologies and lines of business. To move with the times and survive the competition from other tech titans, IBM gradually shifted its focus from hardware to software and services. It began to devote more energy and money to cloud-based services and cognitive computing. IBM focuses now on offering primarily network services, application services, cloud services, digital workplace services, business processes and operations, technology consulting services, and AI services. IBM Watson, a cognitive system capable of answering questions posed in natural language, has become the company’s high-visibility offering in the technology field. IBM has a strong faith in Watson, promoting the system as a benevolent digital assistant that would help hospitals, offices, factories, and farms. The company’s white paper referred to Watson as “the future of knowing.”

To see how well IBM has prepared for, what it calls, the new age of understanding, study the statistical data presented below.

Sources: IBM, Wikipedia

 IBM’s Outstanding Achievements

  • In 1891, IBM, then called CTR, invented the computing scale that could show both the weight and the proportionate price of the product simultaneously.
  • In 1888, the company invented the Time Clock, a device that records start and end times for hourly employees. Then, it designed the punch card base data processing machines. IBM is also responsible for inventing the magnetic stripe technology and the Universal Product Code.
  • IBM designed and developed the first smartphone in the world, launching it in November 1992. Designed by IBM and manufactured by Mitsubishi Electric, the device had a touchscreen, a calculator app, email capability, 2 MB RAM, and 2 MB internal storage. There were about 50,000 of these smartphones sold for $899 a unit.
  • IBM also revolutionized the computer industry, inventing DRAM, floppy disk, SQL programming language, ATMs, and hard disk drives.
  • IBM also invented the first personal computer, known as the IBM PC. It was launched in August 1981 and acquired by many companies before PCs were commercialized.
  • Since 1920, IBM has received 151,302 US patents. In 2019, the company received a staggering amount of 9,262 US patents. A year later, IBM beat the record of most US patents received by a business for 27 consecutive years. In 2021, IBM had 1,811 patents granted, while this year it has so far received 492 patents.
  • IBM has long worked with NASA. Although IBM contributed to many missions, the most memorable is landing on the Moon in 1969. IBM’s responsibility was to develop the software and various programs, build computers, and streamline the mission for NASA.
  • One of the fascinating inventions of IBM is the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope developed in 1981 for imaging at the atomic level. Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer received the Noble Prize in Physics in 1986 for the invention. 
  • IBM developed several chess computers, the most popular of which is Deep Blue. In 1996, Deep Blue beat the chess world champion, Garry Kasparov, who accused IBM of cheating. IBM declined Kasparov’s offer of a rematch. 
  • IBM invented the ASME (The Anatomic and Symbolic Mapper Engine) that offers a 3D interactive avatar of the human body to doctors in real-time, helping them visualize patients’ medical records.
  • Big Blue made LASIK eye surgery mainstream.
  • The company invented the IBM 2990 Blood Cell Separator, designed to harvest white blood cells from blood donors to support patients with leukemia. Later, IBM engineers improved the device, introducing its more sophisticated version, IBM 2997.
  • IBM offers the IBM LinuxONE for cloud computing solutions. This powerful computer system can manage the work of 1000×86 servers simultaneously on a single platform.  

IBM Statistics in 2022

  • Over 90% of credit card transactions are processed by IBM mainframes.
  • About 80% of global retailers use IBM retail solutions in their stores and for online sales.
  • Over 80% of travel reservations are processed through an IBM product.
  • Nearly 97% of banks worldwide use IBM products.
  • There are 245,000 IBM employees worldwide in 2022.
  • IBM employees live in 170 countries.
  • There are 130,000 IBM employees in India.
  • 3,000 researchers are working in IBM’s fifteen laboratories around the world.
  • During the pandemic, between 2020 and 2021, IBM reduced the number of its employees by around 0.24%.
  • Over 29% of IBM managers are women.
  • There are an average of 108 applications per available job position at the company. 
  • Every day, IBM handles 70 billion security events.
  • Every second, it manages 8.18 million security events.
  • Over 27.3 million people use the IBM website every month.
  • The IBM website has a bounce rate of 52.66%.
  • In 2020, IBM’s earnings hit about $73 billion.
  • In 2021, its global revenue diminished by 22%.
  • Almost half of IBM’s revenue is generated in the North American market.
  • IBM bought Red Hat for $33.4 billion.
  • Cognos was purchased by IBM for $4.9 billion in 2008.
  • Big Blue acquired SoftLayer Technologies in 2013 reportedly for $2 billion.
  • To date, IBM has acquired more than 183 companies.

Facts about IBM’s Incumbent CEO, Arvind Krishna

  • Arvind Krishna became IBM’s CEO in 2020, arriving with the mission to reverse the company’s decline. He is expected to create a new line of business that would rediscover IBM’s former glory.
  • Before becoming the company’s CEO, Krishna worked as the Senior Vice President for IBM’s cloud and cognitive software. He developed IBM’s security software business.
  • Krishna was the general manager of IBM Systems and Technology Group’s development and manufacturing organization. He also managed IBM’s acquisition of Red Hat and supervised its synergy with IBM.
  • Krishna is the co-author of 15 patents and has been the editor of IEEE and ACM journals. He has received distinguished alumni awards from IITK and the University of Illinois, where he completed his PhD. His scholarly articles appear in numerous journals.
  • Krishna leads the IBM business unit that provides the cloud and data platform. His responsibilities include IBM Research, IBM Cloud, and IBM’s security and Cognitive Application business.
  • Krishna guides IBM’s overall strategy in core and emerging technologies including AI, quantum computing, blockchain, cloud platform services, data-driven solutions, and nanotechnology.
  • IBM Chairman and CEO Arvind Krishna was paid $17.5 million for 2021, up from $17 million paid in the year before, according to IBM’s 2022 Notice of Annual General Meeting and Proxy Statement.
  • In 2021, IBM’s board approved an annual incentive payment of $2.9 million to Krishna for the 2021 performance, which was 98% of the target.
  • The estimated net worth of Arvind Krishna was about $27.4 million in June 2022. He also owns over 21,803 units of International Business Machines stock worth over $23,629,581.

Source: Fortune

IBM’s Annual Revenue since 2000

Once an unparalleled tech giant, IBM has been struggling for the last decade. It had to adjust to the changing world by selling its low-margin businesses and investing in high-margin ones. To implement its strategies, Big Blue sold IBM WebSphere Commerce to HCL Technologies in 2018 and a part of the Watson Health business at the beginning of this year. Although IBM’s earnings are still high, they do not reach the levels hit between 2006 and 2012. The company’s annual revenue skyrocketed to $106.9 billion in 2011, whereas it was only $57 billion last year. In the second quarter of 2022, IBM’s earnings dropped below expectations. IBM’s falling fortune is reflected in the table below:

IBM’s Annual Revenue since 2000 (in $US Billion)

Year Annual Revenue (in $US Billion)
2000 $88.4
2001 $83.07
2002 $81.19
2003 $89.13
2004 $96.29
2005 $91.13
2006 $91.42
2007 $98.79
2008 $103.63
2009 $95.76
2010 $99.87
2011 $106.92
2012 $104.51
2013 $99.75
2014 $92.8
2015 $81.74
2016 $79.92
2017 $79.14
2018 $79.59
2019 $57.71
2020 $55.18
2021 $57.35
2022 (Q1; Q2) $14.2 billion; $15.5 billion

Source: Statista; IBM

IBM’s Annual Revenue by Segment for 2020-2021

Big Blue has repeatedly changed the segment reporting to reflect its move away from being hardware, software, and service company towards becoming a cognitive solutions and cloud platform company. It changed its segment reporting in 2016, 2019, and 2021. The last change was dictated by IBM’s need to align its segment reporting with its platform-centric approach to hybrid cloud and AI. There are presently six segments in IBM’s business: Technology Services and Cloud Platforms, Infrastructure, Software, Consulting, Financing, and Other. In 2021, IBM’s software segment generated $24.14 billion of its global revenue of $57.35 billion. In 2022 so far, the Software division earned $5.77 billion and $6.2 billion, in the first and second quarters, respectively. The Consulting sector brought the company $4.83 billion in Q1 and $4.8 billion in Q2 of the current year. The revenue earned by the Infrastructure segment amounted to $3.22 billion in the first quarter and $4.0 billion in the second quarter. Revenues generated by IBM’s segments in the last two years are shown in the table below:

IBM’s Annual Revenue by Segment for 2020-2021 (in $US billion)

Segment 2020 2021
Software $22.93 $24.14
Consulting $16.26 $17.84
Infrastructure $14.53 $14.19
Financing $0.98 $0.77
Technology Services and Cloud $25.00 $28.00
Other  $0.49 $0.41

Source: Statista

Worldwide Market Share of Cloud Infrastructure Providers in Q2 2022

In the second quarter of 2022, IBM’s Cloud Infrastructure had only a 4% share of the worldwide market, lagging behind Amazon, Azure, and Google Cloud. The spending on global cloud infrastructure services soared to $55 billion and thus brought the industry’s total for the twelve months to more than $203.5 billion. Outshining IBM, Amazon and Microsoft together accounted for more than half of cloud infrastructure revenues in the three months that ended on June 30.

These figures show how much Big Blue fell from grace because, in the past, it used to enjoy the leading position. In 2017, IBM reported cloud revenue growth of 33% year-over-year in its first quarter earnings. In that quarter, its cloud revenue jumped to $3.5 billion. IBM’s total cloud revenue over the past 12 months that year hit $41.6 billion and catapulted IBM to the top of the list in the field of enterprise cloud.  In the first quarter of 2017, today’s winners were obliged only to trail behind with lower earnings: Microsoft with $14 billion, Amazon with $12.20 billion, and Google with $10 billion. The latest market share of the main providers of cloud infrastructure can be seen in the table below:

Worldwide Market Share of Cloud Infrastructure Providers in Q2 2022

Company Market Share
AWS 34%
Azure 21%
Google Cloud 10%
Alibaba Cloud 5%
IBM Cloud 4%
Salesforce 3%
Tencent Cloud 3%
Oracle Cloud 2%

Sources: Statista, IBM

IBM’s Annual Net Income since 2009

Net income is defined as a company’s net profit or loss after it has accounted for all its revenues, income items, and expenses. IBM’s net income for the quarter ending on June 30, 2022, was $1.292 billion, which constituted a 5.06% jump year-over-year. The company’s net profit for the 12 months ending on June 30, 2022, was $5.588 billion, demonstrating an increase of 4.76% year-over-year. Last year, IBM’s annual net income reached $5.743 billion, a 2.74% surge from 2020. The first year of the pandemic brought IBM a net income of $5.59 billion, which was a whopping 40.73% drop from 2019. In 2019, IBM’s annual net profit was $9.431 billion, an 8.05% advance from 2018. The uneven trajectory of IBM’s annual net income is drawn in the table below:

IBM’s Annual Net Income since 2009 (in $US Billion)

Year Net Income in $US Billion
2009 $13.425
2010 $14.833
2011 $15.855
2012 $16.604
2013 $16.483
2014 $12.022
2015 $13.190
2016 $11.872
2017 $5.753
2018 $8.728
2019 $9.431
2020 -$5.590
2021 $5.743

IBM’s Number of Employees Worldwide from 2000 to 2022

IBM is the fifth largest employer in the United States. In 2021, the company employed 282,000 people worldwide. This year, the number of people working for Big Blue dipped to 245,000. As the company has lately been struggling, experiencing drops in its revenues, it is trying to restructure its business and be on par with such tech giants as Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and Apple. Hence the decline in the number of its employees this year. The table below shows how the number of IBM’s employees has changed over the years:

IBM’s Number of Employees Worldwide from 2000 to 2022 (in 1,000s) 

Year Number of Employees (in 1,000s)
2000 316.3
2001 319.88
2002 315.89
2003 319.27
2004 329
2005 329.37
2006 355.77
2007 386.56
2008 398.46
2009 399.41
2010 426.75
2011 433.36
2012 434.25
2013 431.21
2014 379.59
2015 377.76
2016 380.3
2017 366.6
2018 350.6
2019 352.6
2020 345.9
2021 282.1
2022 245

Source: Statista

Conclusion

As the world is facing a probable recession, analysts believe that the enterprise tech sector will still continue going strong. People who are tech-savvy will turn to IBM in these unpleasant times to help them survive in a tighter economic environment and use the company’s software, consulting, and infrastructure to work productively during an economic decline. Big Blue can definitely provide the products and services people will need in the near future. IBM’s Q2 2022 results signify that technology spending in such spheres as AI, cloud, automation and networking is steady. The company beat anticipated results in the second quarter and boasted its first double-digit quarterly revenue growth in more than a decade. Automatic calculations conducted at Coinpriceforecast.com inspire faith in the company’s future and the cost of its stock. At the beginning of the year, IBM’s stock price was $116.92. At the time of writing, IBM is trading at $118.81, thus demonstrating a 2% jump from January 2022. Coinpriceforecast.com foresees that by Christmas, IBM will surge to $138. In the first half of 2023, the price of the stock might advance to $145 and end the next year at $155, adding 30% to today’s price. Whether or not these predictions prove to be correct, IBM will surely continue pushing technology and innovation forward, as it has spectacularly done since the beginning of the twentieth century.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 00:38:00 -0500 Daniel Shvartsman en-US text/html https://www.investing.com/academy/statistics/ibm-facts/
Killexams : Uncomfortable Questions and Hard Answers

St. Francis would probably have made most of us uncomfortable. He's perhaps both the most well-known and most domesticated saint. His love for God and God's creation has made him a secular patron for pets. But his radical love of God and insistence on poverty sparked renewal in a way that should unsettle our lives.

Father Fidelis Moscinski, a Franciscan friar, also makes people uncomfortable. He can often be seen praying outside of abortion clinics. In New York City, that not only makes people uncomfortable, but livid, as I've personally witnessed.

A few days after Independence Day this past summer, he showed up at an abortion clinic on Long Island early in the morning, carrying locks and chains. He obstructed access to the clinic for a few hours. He said he wanted to delay women going in so he could try to persuade them not to have abortions. So now the Justice Department is making a federal case of him.

When I first heard back in July that he had done this lock-and-chain work, I questioned the efficacy of the tactic to a mutual friend, in terms of messaging and long-term strategy.

"Women turned around," my friend replied. For Father Fidelis, any opportunity to provide anyone a chance to reconsider abortion is worth it. It's a radical last line of defense.

Nicole Moore counsels abortion-minded women in New York City at Pregnancy Help Inc., one of the modest pregnancy-help centers that the governor of New York and Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren want to shut down. Moore observes that even in the abortion capital/destination of New York, something has changed in the 100 days or so since Roe was overturned.

Women's "hearts are open." I've heard this from others on the frontlines of pregnancy help: Now that Roe v. Wade isn't the law of the land, some of the pressure is lifted -- alternatives that wouldn't have been considered before are now in play.

Jessica Keating Floyd recently wrote about being in the Master of Divinity program at Notre Dame, and finding pro-life people who talk about abortion more than other issues annoying. After saying this during a study of Christian radicalism, she was challenged by someone she respected, known for "his commitment to social justice." He said to her: "If you believe these are human beings, you might feel differently." Now she works to convince others of the urgency of protecting the unborn.

Moore has spoken about how so much of the noise since Roe ended seems so remote from the needs of the women who come to her, who aren't certain how to make it through the week, never mind a pregnancy and the next 18+ years.

I'm much less interested in the political and legal debate over the federal charges against Father Fidelis as I am in how uncomfortable he can make us in terms of causing us to question our commitments, ideals and actions. How much do we really value human life, and what lengths are we really willing to go to in order to defend and protect it? These are important questions for people on both sides of the abortion divide.

As long as there are politicians trying to cloak abortion in euphemisms, rhetoric and hyperbole, there will be religious leaders making us uncomfortable -- and going to jail -- because they have the courage of their convictions in the face of a grave moral muddle.

(Kathryn Jean Lopez is senior fellow at the National Review Institute, editor-at-large of National Review magazine and author of the new book "A Year With the Mystics: Visionary Wisdom for Daily Living." She is also chair of Cardinal Dolan's pro-life commission in New York. She can be contacted at klopez@nationalreview.com.)

Trending on Townhall Video

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://townhall.com/columnists/kathrynlopez/2022/10/07/uncomfortable-questions-and-hard-answers-n2614156
Killexams : 50 Halloween Trivia Questions and Answers for Spooktacular Fun

Test your knowledge of October 31 with these Halloween trivia questions—answers included!

There’s a lot to love about Halloween: playing Halloween party games, watching the best Halloween movies, dressing up in Halloween costumes (or maybe as Halloween monsters), playing Halloween bingo, solving Halloween riddles and indulging in a bit of Halloween trivia! But how much do you really know about Halloween in the first place? The October holiday may be one of the most popular holidays in the United States now, but the origin of Halloween actually has quite a rich international history.

After you’ve mastered this Halloween trivia, you can bring it out at your next Halloween party to wow your friends and family. And don’t worry, we’ve included the answers to the Halloween trivia questions too.

Historical Halloween trivia

historical halloween trivia gif

sydney watson/rd.com

1. What is the name of the legend that jack-o’-lanterns originated from?

Answer: Stingy Jack

2. Before jack-o’-lanterns were carved as pumpkins, what other root vegetable was commonly used?

Answer: Turnips

3. Halloween can be traced back to a Celtic holiday. What’s the name of that holiday?

Answer: Samhain

4. In what century was Halloween first introduced?

Answer: The 19th century

5. How did the tradition of dressing up for Halloween start?

Answer: It was once believed that at the end of October, ghosts and demons would be able to walk the Earth again. To protect themselves, people dressed up as spirits to blend in.

6. Where did the game of bobbing for apples originate?

Answer: England

7. On Halloween during the 18th century, why would women throw apple peels over their shoulders?

Answer: To see if they would land in a pattern resembling initials, indicating the man who would become their husband.

8. Who brought the Halloween tradition to the United States?

Answer: The Irish, during the potato famine

9. Which Roman goddess is thought to be honored on Halloween?

Answer: Pomona

Next, check out these super random trivia facts and history trivia questions (and answers) you probably never knew.

General Halloween trivia

50 Halloween Trivia Questions and Answers For Spooktacular Fun General Halloween Trivia

SYDNEY WATSON/RD.COM

10. What is another name for Halloween?

Answer: Allhallows Eve

11. What is another name for Nov. 1, the day after Halloween?

Answer: All Saints’ Day

12. What are the Halloween colors?

Answer: Black, orange and purple

13. Who was the first First Lady to decorate the White House for Halloween?

Answer: Mamie Eisenhower, in 1958

14. What was Bram Stoker’s original name for Dracula in his vampire novel?

Answer: Count Wampyr

15. When is the next time there will be a full moon on Halloween?

Answer: 2039

16. What do you call a fear of Halloween?

Answer: Samhainophobia

17. What is the name of Ireland’s traditional Halloween bread?

Answer: Barmbrack

18. Which state produces the most pumpkins?

Answer: Illinois

19. Where in the United States can you traditionally find the biggest Halloween parade?

Answer: New York City

20. Halloween is the second most commercial holiday in the United States. Which holiday is No. 1?

Answer: Christmas

21. When was the Halloween song “Monster Mash” first recorded?

Answer: 1962

22. Who are the guests of the Halloween party, according to the lyrics of “Monster Mash”?

Answer: Wolfman, Dracula and his son

23. Where did real mummies originate?

Answer: Ancient Egypt

24. Which story originated the Headless Horseman?

Answer: The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

25. Who wrote the horror book Frankenstein?

Answer: Mary Shelley

Still curious about Halloween traditions? Find out why we carve pumpkins.

Halloween movie trivia

50 Halloween Trivia Questions and Answers For Spooktacular Fun Halloween Movie Trivia

SYDNEY WATSON/RD.COM

26. Michael Myers’ mask in Halloween was that of a famous actor. Which one?

Answer: William Shatner—the studio didn’t have much of a budget, so his mask was a Shatner mask from Star Trek painted white and distorted.

27. How many Michael Myers movies are there?

Answer: 13

28. Which actor turned down the role of Max Dennison in Hocus Pocus?

Answer: Leonardo DiCaprio

29. Which famous boy band used the mansion from Casper for one of their music videos?

Answer: The Backstreet Boys, for the “Everybody (Backstreet’s Back)” video

30. What year did Halloweentown premiere on Disney Channel?

Answer: 1998

31. Where was Halloweentown filmed?

Answer: Oregon

32. Who did Tim Burton want to play Beetlejuice in Beetlejuice?

Answer: Sammy Davis Jr.

33. What was Beetlejuice almost called?

Answer: Scared Sheetless

34. Which TV network airs the 31 Nights of Halloween event?

Answer: Freeform

35.  What colors make up Freddy Krueger’s shirt in A Nightmare on Elm Street?

Answer: Red and green

36. How long did it take to put on Freddy Krueger’s makeup in A Nightmare on Elm Street?

Answer: 3 1/2 hours

37. How many takes did it take to get the puking scene right in The Exorcist?

Answer: Just one

38. Which horror movie earned the most at the box office?

Answer: It

If you’re looking to get into the Halloween spirit, we recommend checking out these scary movies on Netflix.

Halloween candy trivia

50 Halloween Trivia Questions and Answers For Spooktacular Fun Halloween Candy Trivia

SYDNEY WATSON/RD.COM

39. What is the most popular Halloween candy in America?

Answer: Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups

40. About how much money does the United States spend on Halloween candy annually?

Answer: Around $3 billion

41. What was the original name of candy corn?

Answer: Chicken feed

42. What two candy bars were the first to come in fun size?

Answer: Snickers and Milky Way

43. In which decade did the term “trick-or-treat” originate in the United States?

Answer: The 1920s

44. How is the Dum-Dums mystery flavor lollipop made?

Answer: At the end of the production run, Dum-Dums mixes the leftover candy together to form a new (mysterious) flavor for its lollipops.

45. What is the least popular Halloween candy?

Answer: Candy corn

46. On average, how many cups of sugar from Halloween candy do kids consume each year?

Answer: Three cups

47. How far in advance does Hershey’s start production on Halloween candy?

Answer: Six months in advance

48. How many pounds of candy corn are produced each year?

Answer: 35 million pounds

49. What day is National Candy Corn Day?

Answer: Oct. 30

50. How many pounds of chocolate are sold during Halloween week?

Answer: 90 million pounds

Next, check out these corny Halloween jokes that are sure to provide you a good chuckle and ghost stories that’ll provide you a good scare.

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.rd.com/article/halloween-trivia/
Killexams : Questions and Answers from the ‘Car Doctor’

Q. Do new tires loose a little air every month? I bought a new Honda Pilot in May of this year, every two months a light comes telling me my car has low tire pressure. It happened a few times so far, all four tires were low by five pounds and had to be inflated by the dealer. When I asked about this the service manager said this is normal, is it?

A. All tires will lose air over time, it is normal that most tires can lose a couple of pounds of pressure every month or so. In cooler weather tires can lose one pound of pressure for every 10 degree drop in temperature. This is why it is important to check your car’s tire pressure at least once per month, using a quality tire gauge. Maintaining the correct pressure will maximize both fuel economy and tire life.

Q. The oil light came on in my car while driving, shortly after that the car shut off. It is a 20-year-old Mercedes Benz, what do you think is wrong.

A. When the oil light or any other red light comes on you need to stop driving immediately. The oil light indicates there is/was dangerously low oil pressure. Driving with the oil light on could have seized and destroyed the engine. At this point take the car to a mechanic and have it checked out. Although considering its age (the average car on the road is a little over 12 years old) it may be near the end of its useful life.

Q. I have a 15-year-old Saab which I like driving better than my BMW and Audi. My question is, what is the life expectancy of the airbag system? I want to provide the car to my daughter after winter and just was wondering if the airbags wear out?

A. Most car manufacturers consider the airbag system to last the life of the car. Now of course if the airbag light is on, this would indicate one of the systems that support the airbag has failed and will needs to be repaired.

Q. I was recently at a dinner party and was telling someone I found a low mileage 2019 Chevrolet Sonic for my daughter for a college car. Someone called it a rolling coffin, are these cars as unsafe as this person was making them out to be?

A. The Chevrolet Sonic is a safe car that utilizes advanced seat belts, air bags and traction and stability control. In the design of the car it utilizes a safety cage to protest the occupants. In fact it got a five-star rating from NHTSA and a good rating from IIHS. Now all of this doesn’t change the law of physics when it comes to vehicle crashes and doesn’t remove the responsibility of the driver to drive safely.

Q. Now that the cool Fall weather is here, every time I get out of my car I get a shock. Is there something I can do?

A. Static electricity is the imbalance of positive and negative changes. During the summer when the weather is more humid these charges tend to roll off of us more quickly. With winter, comes cold dry air and the imbalance of charges tends to build until you touch your car and the charge goes to ground. Using a fabric spray such a Static Guard once or twice a month will usually help eliminate static shocks.

Q. I have a work van (former Grumman bread truck) and it is always cold inside. I remember years ago I had a friend with a Volkswagen with a gasoline heater. The heater would drive you out of the car and only used a little bit of gas. Is there a modern equivalent for trucks?

A. The only item that I’m familiar with is the Blueheat unit by Webasto. These units heat the air or the coolant depending on the model, using vehicle fuel. They work almost like a little household furnace. My only experience was years back with one installed in a Dodge Sprinter. This was a great system, provided plenty of heat, used a minimal amount of fuel and had a timer that could be programmed so the interior was warm when you needed the truck. Best of all there was no excessive idling, wasting fuel and adding to air pollution worries of an engine running unnecessarily.

Q. I have a 2008 Toyota Prius Touring model and one of my front headlights is intermittently going out. I thought this would be a simple fix, but it turns out Toyota wants $300-$500 to install the new bulb? I’m wondering if there are other options out there (quicker, cheaper fixes) or if that’s actually the price I’ll have to pay for a new bulb. Is the dealer the only option?

A. This has been a fairly common failure on certain year Prius vehicles with HID headlights and I’m surprised that they lasted this long. Unlike halogen bulbs that dim and then burn out HID bulbs flicker or just turn off. The repair generally involves changing both headlights. There are non-Toyota parts including the ballast which are generally cheaper than the factory parts. Any competent garage should be able to repair the headlights.

Got a car question, email the Car Doctor for a personal reply. jpaul@aaanortheast.com

Sat, 08 Oct 2022 04:00:00 -0500 By John Paul, Senior Manager, Public Affairs and Traffic Safety, AAA Northeast en-US text/html https://www.saratogian.com/2022/10/08/questions-and-answers-from-the-car-doctor-86/
Killexams : Is a Rochester legend about a wartime friendship and IBM accurate?

Dear Brainiac,

I have a question about why IBM chose to build an $8 million campus in 1956 in Rochester, which had a population of about 30,000 people. The late state lawmaker David Bishop wrote an article in 2011 that said it was the wartime friendship between the IBM CEO and a Rochester pilot that spurred Big Blue to choose the Med City over Madison, Wisconsin.

That sounds like a local legend. Is there proof that a friendship brought a major Fortune 500 company and thousands of jobs to Rochester?

Looking for Big Blue’s clues

Dear clueless,

I have heard many versions of the tale of why IBM chose Rochester. Personally, I think the version that Dave Bishop wrote is my favorite. It is a fantastic story of friendship transforming a community.

Unfortunately, it might not be completely accurate.

Here's the basic background. Thomas Watson, Jr., the son of IBM founder and future CEO, was a pilot in World War II. He flew missions with Leland (Lee) Fiegel of Rochester who was also a pilot. In 1942, they flew to Moscow for a secret mission, which later resulted in Fiegel being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross medal for "meritorious achievement.”

IBM 1958 pb.jpg
The former IBM campus in Rochester, seen here in an aerial view in 1958, was designed by famed architect Eero Saarinen. (Contributed photo from the History Center of Olmsted County)

Post Bulletin file photo

I reached out to IBM to see if there was ever a recorded instance of Watson saying his connection to Fiegel drove the decision to build in Rochester.

“We have not been able to confirm this story. Yes, Thomas Watson, Jr. and Leland (Lee) Fiegel did fly on bomber missions during the war. And yes, Watson maintained a relationship with the Fiegel family following Lee’s death. However, we have not uncovered any corroboration to support the family’s assertion that Watson chose Rochester as an homage to his war buddy,” according to a response by IBM’s Lorie Luedke.

IBM historians went on to flesh out what is documented about the decision to build in Rochester.

“At the time of the announcement in 1956, the health and vibrancy of the city’s civic institutions were cited by IBM as the official reason. Decades later, in a 1989 speech at the Mayo Clinic, Watson, Jr. singled out the hospital as the chief reason,” wrote IBM’s archivist.

In that 1989 speech, Watson is quoted as saying, “When it became time to build an IBM plant out in that general area of the country, and nobody around the table had any particular idea where to go in that circle that included Lone Rock and some of your other interesting towns, I spoke up for the Mayo Clinic which accounts for the IBM plant being in that area today.”

A 1958 Post Bulletin article mentioned another reason: “Reporters were interested in why a Midwest site was chosen for this plant and how Rochester was picked. Watson explained that the company realized that it was awkward and dangerous for the customers of IBM to have its production concentrated in the East, so the executive plotted on a map the center of 12 Midwest states and swung a pencil in a radius 200 miles, which included Rochester, and then had an independent survey firm investigate about 80 cities for a possible site,” reads a Sept. 30, 1958 Post Bulletin article.

23cf851f573f1e1037639923b3c463e1.jpg
Interior. IBM Manufacturing and Administrative Center in Rochester. 1956-58.

Contributed

Later in the article, Watson explained, “We thought Rochester wanted an industry and it seemed the sort of place where our people could find more than the average intellectual challenge. We thought it was a very logical place to build a plant.”

Bishop’s account states that Fiegel, who was based in Washington, D.C., as a U.S. Army flight trainer, flew to New York in 1948 to meet with Watson. The return to Washington proved to be the last flight for Fiegel, who survived so many battles in World War II.

Fiegel’s plane crashed in Maryland killing him and two others. Newspaper articles in 1948 quote witnesses as saying an engine fell off the plane and it “disintegrated.”

The tragic death of his friend did come up when IBM announced the plans to build in Rochester. “Watson said that he was delighted his firm had decided on the site here (Rochester) because of his association with the Fiegel family,” reported a Sept. 27, 1958, Post Bulletin article.

The bottom line is that neither the archivists at IBM and Mayo Clinic nor the Rochester Public Library’s amazing reference librarian Susan Hansen or even the Answer Man's crack investigative team could find definitive proof that the Watson/Fiegel friendship brought IBM to Rochester.

It's still a good story.

Send questions to Answer Man at answerman@postbulletin.com .

Mon, 26 Sep 2022 01:14:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.postbulletin.com/news/local/is-a-rochester-legend-about-a-wartime-friendship-and-ibm-accurate
Killexams : 55 Best Christmas Trivia Questions and Answers for Kids and Adults

Well, mostly everyone. A famous author once dismissed the timeless book as having "no heart," calling it "nothing but glittering frostwork." Who would ever say such a thing about a tale so legendary it's been made into Christmas movies and stage plays?

We'd love to tell you, but what fun would that be? After all, the best thing about a rousing game of trivia is the challenge of coming up with the answer.

Don't worry, we won't leave you in suspense over the answer to this juicy morsel of Christmas trivia. But you’ll need to read on to find out — and lucky for you, there's a whole lot more where that came from.

Show up to your Christmas party with a bunch of fun facts about everything from the link between Santa Claus and Coca-Cola to the bestselling Christmas song of all time. Hint: It's not "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer." Even so, if you've ever wondered how Rudolph came to be one of Santa's unofficial reindeer, we've got that one for you too.

So, put on your Santa cap (we'd say "thinking cap" but it's Christmas, so we're staying on-theme here) and get ready because with all these Christmas trivia questions and answers, you're about to become a full-fledged holiday pro.

  • Question: What is thought to be the first observation of the December 25 holiday? Answer: The Christian church in Rome commemorated the Feast of the Nativity in 336.

  • Question: When did Christmas become a national holiday?Answer: On June 24, 1870, President Ulysses S. Grant signed a proclamation declaring December 25 a national holiday.

  • Question: What was the original name of Clement Clarke Moore’s "The Night Before Christmas"? Answer: “A Visit from St. Nicholas”

  • Question: What controversy is associated with "The Night Before Christmas"? Answer: Some scholars suggest it was actually written by poet and farmer Henry Livingston Jr.

  • Question: Where did "Old Saint Nick" come from? Answer: During the Middle Ages, St. Nicholas was a patron saint of children, sailors and thieves (among others), and is known for giving out gifts to the faithful.

  • Question: Where did the first modern-day image of Santa Claus come from? Answer: An 1881 issue of "Harper's Weekly" featured a drawing by Thomas Nast that portrayed Santa as a jolly, robust man wearing a suit and carrying a bag of toys.

  • Question: Which soda manufacturer is thought to have cemented the rosy-cheeked, bearded Santa Claus that is associated with Christmas today? Answer: In 1931, Coca-Cola commissioned illustrator Haddon Sundblom to paint an image of Santa for their ads and it has since been the basis for the Santa Claus we know today.

  • Question: What did Haddon Sundblom base his rendering of Santa Claus on? Answer: Clement Clarke Moore’s “A Visit from St. Nicolas,” otherwise known as “The Night Before Christmas.”

  • Question: How many reindeer does Santa have? Answer: Eight: Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner and Blitzen.

  • Question: When did Rudolph become Santa’s unofficial ninth reindeer? Answer: In 1939, when the song “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” was released.

  • Question: When did Santa first become associated with reindeer? Answer: Santa’s reindeer are thought to have originated in an 1821 booklet written by an anonymous author who pens: “Old Santeclaus with much delight / His reindeer drives this frosty night.”

  • Question: Are Santa’s reindeer male or female? Answer: Female. Male reindeer lose their antlers in November, while female reindeer keep their antlers through the winter. Most depictions of Santa’s reindeer show antlers, which means they must be female to guide his sleigh in December.

  • Question: Why do reindeer have hairy hooves? Answer: The hair on their hooves provide reindeer a good grip when walking on ice and snow, per the FDA.

  • Question: What’s the origin of “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer?” Answer: In 1939, a copywriter named Robert May created the character for a Montgomery Ward Christmas coloring book based on his daughter’s love of deer.

  • Question: How did “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” become a song? Answer: Inspired by coloring book character's success, Robert May's brother-in-law, Johnny Marks, penned the song in 1939.

  • Question: True or false: Gene Autry didn’t want to record “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer.” Answer: True. Autry thought the song was bad for his image and his wife ultimately convinced him to record the song as a B-side, according to the New York Times.

  • Question: What’s the best-selling Christmas single of all time? Answer: “White Christmas” by Bing Crosby has sold over 100 million records around the world, according to the Guinness World Records.

  • Question: Which song tops Billboard's list of the 100 greatest holiday songs of all time? Answer: “All I Want For Christmas Is You” by Mariah Carey

  • Question: Which album tops Billboard's list of the top 100 holiday albums of all time? Answer: “A Charlie Brown Christmas by the Vince Guaraldi Trio

  • Question: After “All I Want For Christmas Is You,” what are Billboard's five greatest holiday songs of all time (in order)?Answer: “Jingle Bell Rock” by Bobby Helms, “The Christmas Song (Merry Christmas to You)" by Nat King Cole, “A Holly Jolly Christmas” by Burl Ives, “Feliz Navidad” by Jose Feliciano and “It’s The Most Wonderful Time Of The Year” by Andy Williams

  • Question: Where is the real North Pole located? Answer: The geographic North Pole is at 90 degrees north latitude, making it the northernmost point on the planet.

  • Question: True or false: The North Pole has no time zone. Answer: True. All longitudinal lines start at the North Pole, which means there’s no time zone.

  • Question: When was the first mass-produced Christmas card printed and sent? Answer: The first Christmas card was printed in the United Kingdom in 1843 and depicts a family celebrating Christmas.

  • Question: Who invented Christmas lights? Answer: Three individuals are responsible for the lights we hang today. Thomas Edison created the first strand of electric lights in 1880. Edward H. Johnson put the first string of Christmas lights together in 1882. And, in 1917, Albert Sadacca proposed that his family’s lighting company sell colored strands of inexpensive Christmas lights to the public.

  • Question: When was the first Rockefeller Center Christmas tree erected? Answer: In December of 1931, workers at Rockefeller Center pooled their money to buy a Christmas tree. It was a 20-foot balsam fir.

  • Question: When did lighting the Rockefeller Center Christmas tree become an annual tradition? Answer: December 1933

  • Question: When did the Rockefeller Center skating rink open? Answer: 1936

  • Question: What’s the largest tree in Rockefeller Center’s history? Answer: In 1999, The tallest tree, which was imported from Killingworth, Connecticut, stood 100 feet tall.

  • Question: Which actor won an Oscar for their portrayal of Santa Claus? Answer: Edmund Gwenn won best supporting actor for his role as Santa Claus in “Miracle on 34th Street.”

  • Question: What’s unique about the McCallister's house in “Home Alone”? Answer: Nearly all the rooms are decorated in red, green and gold.

  • Question: Where was the movie “Home Alone” filmed? Answer: The bulk of the film was shot on sets built inside a Chicago high school.

  • Question: True or false: The gangster movie that Kevin McCallister watches in “Home Alone” is a real film. Answer: False. “Angels With Filthy Souls” was created especially for “Home Alone,” but is based on the 1938 James Cagney movie, “Angels With Dirty Faces.”

  • Question: Which actor broke their finger while filming “National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation"? Answer: While filming the scene where Clark Griswold punches the outside Christmas decorations after he can’t get the lights to work, actor Chevy Chase broke his pinky finger but continued filming the scene that appears in the final movie.

  • Question: What's the significance of the moose glasses that Clark Griswold and Cousin Eddie drink eggnog out of during “National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation?” Answer: The moose glasses are from Walley World, the Griswold vacation destination from the original “National Lampoon's Vacation."

  • Question: Which classic Christmas movie inspired “The Wonder Years?” Answer: “A Christmas Story”

  • Question: Why do we leave milk and cookies out for Santa on Christmas Eve? Answer: According to NPR, one of the first literary references to leaving out milk and cookies on Christmas is in a short story from the 1870s, a time when good manners dictated hosts put out food for visiting guests to eat.

  • Question: How much does the average consumer spend on holiday gifts and other related purchases? Answer: In 2021, the National Retail Federation estimated that consumers would spend roughly $997.73 on holiday gifts, decorations and other items.

  • Question: What percentage of people return at least one of their holiday gifts? Answer: At least 66% of consumers surveyed by Optoro returned at least one holiday gift in 2020.

  • Question: In 2021, what percentage of U.S. adults intended to celebrate Christmas, Hanukkah or Kwanzaa? Answer: According to the National Retail Federation, 90% of adults planned to celebrate the holidays.

  • Question: True or false: Early holiday shopping (defined as prior to November) is on the decline. Answer: False. Half of holiday shoppers plan to start buying before November, the highest number in the National Retail Federation's survey’s history.

  • Question: True or false: The Puritans canceled Christmas. Answer: True. The English Puritans banned the holiday in 1647 because they viewed it as a pagan celebration. In Massachusetts, the U.S. Puritans followed suit. From 1659 to 1681, anyone caught celebrating the holiday was fined.

  • Question: Where’s the biggest Christmas light display in North America? Answer: Christmas Town at Busch Gardens in Williamsburg, Virginia. The display boasts more than ten million Christmas lights.

  • Question: Which state produces the most Christmas trees in the U.S.? Answer: According to the Agricultural Marketing Resource Center, Oregon is the top tree-producing state, followed by North Carolina, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin.

  • Question: What’s the most popular type of Christmas tree?Answer: Fraser fir, followed by noble fir, Douglas fir, balsam fir and Scotch pine.

  • Question: How many Christmas tree seedlings are planted each year? Answer: 60 to 70 million

  • Question: True or false: You should add bleach, aspirin or fertilizer to Christmas trees to make them last longer. Answer: False. The National Christmas Tree Association says some commercial additives and other hacks can increase needle loss. Just use plain tap water instead.

  • Question: How much should you cut off before putting a tree in a stand? Answer: Half an inch, per the National Christmas Tree Association.

  • Question: How many real Christmas trees are sold in the U.S. each year? Answer: Approximately 25-30 million

  • Question: What is the most popular Christmas cookie in the U.S.? Answer: A YouGov poll found that chocolate chip cookies are the most popular Christmas cookie, followed by sugar, fudge and brownie cookies.

  • Question: What’s the least popular Christmas cookie?Answer: The same YouGov poll found that anise cookies are the least popular come Christmas, followed by chai sugar, spritz and Pfeffernüsse.

  • Question: When was “A Christmas Carol” published?Answer: "A Christmas Carol" was published by Charles Dickens on December 19, 1843.

  • Question: How long did it take Charles Dickens to write "A Christmas Carol"? Answer: Six weeks

  • Question: How many ghosts visit Ebenezer Scrooge in "A Christmas Carol"? Answer: Technically four. The first is Scrooge's former business partner, Jacob Marley, who tells him about the three spirits that will follow.

  • Question: After Jacob Marley, who are the spirits that visit Ebenezer Scrooge on Christmas Eve? Answer: The spirits of Christmas Past, Present and Future

  • Question: Which famous author and peer of Charles Dickens wasn't a fan of "A Christmas Carol"? Answer: Mark Twain famously critiqued Dickens' work, saying "there is no heart. No feeling – is nothing but glittering frostwork."

  • Fri, 16 Sep 2022 09:15:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://news.yahoo.com/55-best-christmas-trivia-questions-204337959.html
    Killexams : Questions and Answers about fescue renovation

    Published 12:00 am Saturday, September 24, 2022

    September is the best time for fescue lawn renovation. Turf-type fescue renovation should be initiated in the fall and early winter in order to become established and survive the summer heat. Below are a few questions posed from local homeowners about fall lawn renovation practices

    Question: Should I core-aerate my yard now?

    Answer: Yes. Now is the perfect time to core-aerate your fescue lawn. Using this tool is probably the best method of getting fertilizer into the root zone. It also gives tight clay soils pore space necessary for root growth and expansion. Coring allows fertilizer and seed to penetrate without plowing. Don’t forget to add straw mulch to conserve moisture.

    Question: How long do I have to wait after I core aerate to apply seed and fertilizer?

    Answer: You need to apply fertilizer and seed right after you core aerate. You can apply seed, lime and fertilizer all in the same day.

    Question: What is the best type of fescue to use for my lawn?

    Answer: Seed with a blend of turf-type fescues. Fescue blends are available at most retail outlets. Blends of three or more turf-type fescues adapt better to our differing soil types and have more resistance to brown patch and other diseases. Single cultivars plantings allow the fungus to spread freely, whereas a mixture limits its spread.

    Question: Our lawn is covered in broadleaf weeds growing in the newly seeded areas. When should I spray to kill these weeds?

    Answer: The newly planted fescue needs to be well established before spraying with a broadleaf herbicide. Make sure you’ve mowed the newly planted lawn at least two times before spraying broadleaf herbicides.

    Question: Do I really need to apply straw mulch if I have plenty of water?

    Answer: Yes, research has proven that cool-season fescue germinates quicker and stronger with some type of mulch to hold moisture. Apply clean, wheat straw as a mulch to cover bare ground areas. Wheat straw mulch holds moisture, allowing seed to germinate quickly. Gently shake one to two bales of straw per 1,000 square feet. Be careful not to apply too much straw. After application you should be able to see the bare ground through the mulch. Over-mulching produces thin, weak stands of turf.

    Question: How much water does my newly seeded lawn need?

    Answer: Keep the soil moist for adequate germination. Irrigate deeply to prevent sparse, inadequate root development; about one-two inches of water per week. Irrigation maybe needed two or three times per week if we have dry weather. Water less frequently as turf becomes established.

    Darrell Blackwelder is the retired horticulture agent and director with the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in Rowan County. Contact him at deblackw@ncsu.edu.

    Fri, 23 Sep 2022 16:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.salisburypost.com/2022/09/24/questions-and-answers-about-fescue-renovation/
    Killexams : Questions and Answers from the ‘Car Doctor’

    Q. My son purchased a used 2020 Kia Soul Model S with 13,600 miles on it from a local Kia dealer in May of this year. After a couple of days, the engine light on the dashboard came on. He brought the car back to the dealership and they attached a diagnostic meter to it. They said there was a problem with the cooling system. They serviced it and said the problem was corrected. A few days later the engine light went on again. We brought it back and they replaced a faulty thermostat. It stayed off until he started out for a trip down south, the light came on again. We looked under the hood, no leaks and the car wasn’t running hot. A neighbor attached a diagnostic meter, and the code came up cooling system. He was able to reset the light and it stayed off till two days ago. What is the problem that causes the engine light to go on and why can’t it be corrected by Kia?

    A. Certainly Kia can fix the problem. At this point I would go back to any Kia dealer when the engine light is on and have them check for codes. As the second owner the car is covered by a 60,000 mile 5-year warranty. The limited basic warranty offers bumper-to-bumper coverage for most vehicle components not covered by any powertrain warranty.

    Q. I have what I think is a simple question. I got a flat tire, called AAA came to help and put my spare tire on. I think I need to get my tire replaced, do I go to the car dealer, or can I go to a garage and see if they can replace and repair the tire? Or is it mandatory to go to the dealership for it since it’s the original tire?

    A. The dealership or a tire store should be able to match the tire exactly with the original tires on the car. Depending on the car and mileage you may need to replace two tires. At this point I would go to what ever is most convenient and quickest to have the flat tire inspected. You may find once the tire is carefully examined it can be repaired to as good as new.

    Q. Did I miss something in the news? I have a car registered in Massachusetts and I had my vehicle inspected today. During the inspection the technician removed my clear plate cover and did not place it back on. They noted that in Massachusetts since there are no toll booths any longer, that plate covers are not allowed, due to possible glare from taking photos of the plate. Is this valid? Should I not place the cover back on myself? This was the first time I had the car inspected at the dealer. The local garage last year didn’t remove the clear cover. I am confused.

    A. Massachusetts has a law in place that requires vehicle license plate numbers to be legible and unobscured by a glass or plastic cover or another device. A violation is $35 for the first offense, $75 for second offense and $150 for third offense. Generally, a clear plate cover that doesn’t distort the plate and allows for normal reflectivity is allowed. I also checked with the Motorist Assistance Center (the contractor that handles vehicle inspection) that confirmed this. It may just be one inspector’s interpretation of the law.

    Q. My 1997 Toyota Camry runs well with 203,000 miles on it. I’ve been extending the life of this vehicle with major repairs lately, and now the power steering rack is leaking. It was suggested to use a sealant rather than an expensive repair. Do you think it will work?

    A. If the seals are leaking a product such as Lucas Power Steering Sealer may help or at least slow the leak. These product swell the seals slightly and slow down the leaks. In some cases, the leak can stop completely. Will it last forever, probably not, but it may buy you more time. You also might want to have your shop check around remanufactured steering racks are now in some cases under $200 and it is only two hours labor to replace the steering rack on that model Camry.

    Q. I have a creaking noise in my right rear suspension of my 2016 Mazda Miata. I hear it on sudden turns or on the first movement forward from a standstill. Just one low creaking noise per turn or start up. Other than that, the car runs beautifully. The local dealer could not find the noise and said the brake calipers were loose, that didn’t work. Several mechanics have not been able to find anything loose in the suspension. Is it true that coil springs “creep” at the ends as they compress and release? Could this be the mystery creaking?

    A. if I was looking for a creaking noise, I would start with looking at anything with a rubber bushing. Also, if the creak isn’t present in the rain, then more likely a rubber bushing. Could a spring insulator be a problem, perhaps but usually it is more consistent. The most common issue with these cars is the hub support bushings wear and rust forms and it makes a noise. Usually with a very close inspection you can see rusty dust at the upper bushings. This is not a cheap repair about two hours labor and the part is nearly $600. I would want to completely confirm the issue before spending almost $1000

    Got a car question, email the Car Doctor for a personal reply. jpaul@aaanortheast.com

    Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:00:00 -0500 By John Paul, Senior Manager, Public Affairs and Traffic Safety, AAA Northeast en-US text/html https://www.saratogian.com/2022/10/01/questions-and-answers-from-the-car-doctor-85/
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