The Information Technology Infrastructure Library, better known as ITIL, is the pre-eminent framework for managing IT service delivery around the world. ITIL defines a service lifecycle model that prescribes specific processes and activities during the design, development, delivery, and support of IT services. For the purposes of this discussion, IT services are any IT activities that deliver business value to a company’s end users, customers and other internal or external stakeholders. Examples of IT services include centralized corporate email and corporate websites based on back-end IT processes, such as server and network administration. The current version of ITIL is known as ITIL V3.
By adopting the ITIL framework, companies ensure that their services are delivered according to a set of consistent, well-defined processes that incorporate best practices and processes, resulting in a predictable level of service for users. The benefits of ITIL include reduced cost of service development and deployment, improved customer satisfaction with service delivery, increased productivity from IT personnel, quality improvements, better management metrics of services and increased flexibility in adapting services to changing business requirements.
In July 2013, Axelos took ownership of ITIL. It now maintains the ITIL framework and accredits training and examination institutes. Hundreds of ITIL Accredited Training Organizations (ATOs) are available to deliver training, and ITIL certification exams may be administered at the end of a training course or by an Examination Institute (EI), many of which work directly with the ATOs.
ITIL offers five different certification levels:
Be aware that ITIL uses a credit system for the Foundation through Expert levels, in which each certification earns a certain number of credits. Ultimately, a total of 22 credits is required to achieve ITIL Expert certification. (The ITIL Master has its own set of requirements, which you’ll read about shortly). The following graphic shows the structure of that certification scheme and its corresponding credits.
Before you read on for certification details, it’s important to understand how the ITIL IT service framework is structured and what it has to offer.
ITIL was first developed by the U.K. Government’s Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (CCTA) in the 1980s as a set of standardized best practices for IT services used in government agencies. From that narrowly focused start, ITIL has been adopted, revised and expanded into a comprehensive framework for managing IT service delivery in companies and organizations of all sizes, across all industries and market sectors.
In fact, IT has become a mission-critical service delivery mechanism for companies that rely on complex computing resources to keep their businesses operating and generating revenue. ITIL allows companies to define and implement a documented, repeatable process that assists them in staying focused on the large and small details involved in rolling out new IT services and managing those services afterward.
The ITIL service lifecycle consists of five practice areas or phases, with supporting principles, policies and processes within each phase:
Don’t let the scope of ITIL scare you away from the overall value afforded by this comprehensive lifecycle for IT services. The ITIL framework gives companies the structure and discipline required to design, develop, deliver and manage new or improved services in a timely manner and, most importantly, on a budget. Before ITIL, a lack of service management discipline and expertise led many IT projects to suffer budget overruns, veer off course or fail outright due to scope-creep, mismanagement and a lack of repeatable results. ITIL solves these problems quite nicely. In fact, ITIL is widely regarded as the pre-eminent standard for IT service management frameworks.
The ITIL Foundation certification covers the basics of ITIL and is where most newbies start the process of learning ITIL and becoming certified. The certification has no prerequisites, and anyone with an interest in the subject matter can sit for this exam. ITIL Foundation certification test prep can be accomplished via classroom or distance learning options, as well as via self-study. There is no requirement for you to complete a training course before you sit for the Foundations exam. The Foundation test consists of 40 multiple-choice questions that must be answered in 60 minutes with a grade of 65 percent, or 26 correct answers, required to pass the exam.
Although the certification covers all the five practice areas of the ITIL service lifecycle, including how the different lifecycle stages are linked to one another, an IT pro who completes the ITIL Foundation level will likely need to complete the Practitioner or Intermediate certification before being able to qualify for service management positions.
The ITIL Practitioner certification is the newest entry to the ITIL certification scheme. This test was offered for the first time in February 2016. As the name implies, the ITIL Practitioner certification is based on practical knowledge of ITIL processes and how those principles are implemented in the real world. An ITIL Practitioner can explain how to use the ITIL framework to support business objectives and focuses on organizational change management, communications, and measurement and metrics.
The ITIL Practitioner is considered the next step in the ITIL progression after achieving the ITIL Foundation (which is a prerequisite). It emphasizes the ability to adopt, adapt and apply ITIL concepts in an organization. Although the Practitioner certification is not required for upper-level ITIL credentials, achieving Practitioner certification provides three credits toward ITIL Expert certification. You can prepare for the Practitioner test through self-study, in-person classroom learning or online and distance learning options. The Practitioner test is 40 multiple-choice questions and requires a minimum score of 70 percent, or 28 correct answers, to pass.
The ITIL Intermediate certification is module-based, each of which focuses on a different aspect of IT service management. Relevant modules are categorized as either Service Lifecycle or Service Capability.
The Service Lifecycle modules are:
The Service Capability modules are:
To enable candidates to meet their own career goals, AXELOS lets you achieve qualification in one category or by choosing modules from both categories. AXELOS recommends that you have at least two years of IT service management experience. Note that you must complete your Intermediate test preparation by completing a training course offered by an accredited training organization (ATO), i.e., you cannot self-study then sit for the Intermediate exam.
The ITIL Expert is an advanced certification that encompasses the breadth and depth of ITIL processes and practices across all ITIL disciplines. ITIL Expert certification is a prerequisite for the ITIL Master certification.
To qualify for the ITIL Expert, you must obtain at least 17 credits from the Foundation, Practitioner and Intermediate modules, and pass the Managing Across the Lifecycle (MALC) exam, earning a total of 22 credits.
The pinnacle ITIL Master certification demonstrates an ability to apply the ITIL framework in real-world situations. The ITIL Master encompasses all ITIL principles and processes covered in the Foundation through Expert certifications. An ITIL Master must demonstrate complete mastery of the ITIL framework by completing the following:
The cost of the ITIL Master runs about $4,000, which you pay after an EI accepts your initial application. Given the expense of this certification and its stringent requirements, only serious candidates should pursue the ITIL Master. That said, earning this certification indicates you’ve reached the highest level of achievement in your field.
IT professionals who possess an ITIL certification have always been valued by large corporations who have adopted the ITIL framework as an internal IT standard. What is beginning to change is ITIL’s increasing proliferation. Many small- and medium-sized businesses also now recognize the value of employees with ITIL certifications under their collective belts.
As IT becomes more important, SMBs are realizing the biggest benefits of maintaining ITIL-trained personnel on staff. Though no company wants to see IT projects fail, larger companies can usually absorb the loss of productivity, time and money that accompanies a failed IT service project. SMBs may not have the financial luxury of allowing an important IT project to fail owing to poor management and lack of processes. Thus, the value of an ITIL certification may be greater for enlightened companies that cannot afford IT project failures.
The good news about ITIL certification is that it is a valuable skill for almost any IT professional, from system administrators to chief information officers (CIOs). Many large companies have dedicated ITIL coaches or mentors who help shepherd projects through the various steps of the ITIL framework. These ITIL gurus have a wide understanding of the IT landscape and can usually spot trouble with a service design document or implementation plan in a matter of minutes.
ITIL certification is also a valuable credential for IT project managers, who are in the IT service trenches every day. Most project managers are already familiar with the development lifecycle process, so the principles of ITIL come naturally to them. IT managers, architects and engineers might not ever become ITIL Masters, but even a basic knowledge of the ITIL framework can assist with understanding and supporting the ITIL process.
AXELOS provides a Career Paths chart that maps IT service management job roles with skill levels. This chart is handy for certification candidates interested in specific jobs who need to understand how they fit into the ITIL service lifecycle.
Each ITIL certification webpage provides links to relevant study guides and syllabi. Those pursuing the ITIL Foundation certification should read the three-part blog series on preparing for and taking the ITIL Foundation exam. Those who are thinking about pursuing the Intermediate certification should use the ITIL Intermediate Training Navigator to match desired job roles and skills with the appropriate modules.
Formal ITIL training is available in self-paced online courses, instructor-led distance learning and instructor-led classroom classes. The variety of ITIL training offered and the collection of certified companies offering ITIL training ensures that anyone who is interested in learning about ITIL or becoming ITIL certified has an option that fits their learning preferences.
Although non-accredited ITIL training is available, we strongly recommend that you only utilize an ITIL ATO when you pursue ITIL training. Find a complete list of such training providers on the Axelos ITIL website.
Axelos and the ITIL Development Group, made up of more than 2,000 ITIL stakeholders worldwide, began working on an update to ITIL V3 in late 2017. That work continued throughout 2018, and Axelos has announced upcoming changes to the ITIL certifications known as ITIL 4. ITIL 4 will provide sweeping changes to the ITIL certification program to better align with the growing complexity of modern IT. ITIL 4 also changes some of the certification program terms and titles to align with the new ITIL 4 program structure. Here is a look at the new ITIL 4 program overview:
You’ll recognize some familiar terms as well as some new nomenclature incorporated into the ITIL 4 certification scheme. The certification still starts with the ITIL Foundation, and ITIL Master is still the highest level of ITIL certification, but how you get from Foundation to Master now allows two distinct paths, allowing you to choose the certification knowledge areas that best fit your interests and career goals.
The new Foundation test is scheduled to be released in Q1 of 2019, with additional certification test updates scheduled to be released in the second half of 2019. You can find more details on how existing ITIL V3 certifications map to the new program structure here: ITIL 4 Program Updates.
Note: We will update this article as the new ITIL 4 test preparation courses and certification exams are released by Axelos so check back here often to learn more about ITIL 4.
Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro, and is the author of more than 140 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems.
Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press with many e-books, white papers and articles to his credit.
HPBOSE Class 12th exams start tomorrow
The Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education (HPBOSE) is all set to conduct the term 2 Class 12 final exams from tomorrow, March 22. The board has set up control rooms with CCTV cameras to curb cheating during Class 12 term 2 HPBOSE exams. The Class 12 HPBOSE exams will be conducted between 1:45 pm and 5 pm.
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The first day of HP board Class 12 exams will start with the Mathematics paper tomorrow, followed by Music (Hindustani Vocal), Hindustani Instrumental Melodic, Hindustani Instrumental Percussion on March 23.
By submitting details, you are registering on Careers360
The HPBOSE Class 12th exams will end with the Public Administration paper on April 13. The HPBOSE Class 12 practical exams have been scheduled to be conducted between April 23 and April 30.
Students will be required to follow Covid-19 guidelines strictly and should wear masks and carry hand sanitisers, without it they will not be allowed in the exam, an official statement said.
The HPBOSE Matric or Class 10 term 2 exams will begin from March 26 to April 13, 2022. The HPBOSE term 2 exams for Class 10 will be held in the morning shift from 8:45 am to 12 pm.
The board has already released the term 1 Class 10 and Class 12 test results. The students who appeared in the term 1 test can check the results on the official website -- hpbose.org. HPBOSE conducted the term 1 class 10 exams from November 20 to December 3, while Class 12 semester 1 test from November 18 to December 9, 2021.
Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education (HPBOSE) has declared the HP Board Class 12 Supplementary examination result for August 2022 session today, October 7. Students who took the supplementary examination can check the result on the official website at hpbose.org. Candidates can check their HPBOSE class 12th Supplementary results through their roll number.
HP Board 12th supplementary Result 2022: Know how to check
Visit the official website at hbpbose.org
On the homepage, click on the result tab
Next, click on “12th (Compartment/Improvement/Additional/Diploma Holder(Re-Appear)) Examination Result, August-2022”
Enter your roll number and click on search button
HP Board 12th supplementary result 2022 will appear on the screen
Download it and and take print out for future reference.
HP today announced it is expanding its Converged Cloud portfolio with joint HP and Microsoft solutions that simplify and enhance every aspect of a client’s private cloud journey.
The HP and Microsoft Joint Private Cloud initiative features optimized, preintegrated solutions based on extensive joint technology development, and offers one-stop-shop life cycle sales and support.
While organizations are attracted by the flexibility and financial benefits of cloud, they are struggling with how to get started quickly while addressing risk areas such as data loss, security and vendor lock-in. By providing a clear, proven path along with a single-vendor client experience, HP and Microsoft are greatly simplifying and accelerating the evolution to cloud computing.
The agreement between HP and Microsoft Corp. builds on the HP Converged Cloud strategy to extend the power of the cloud across infrastructure, applications and information, providing customers with choice, confidence and consistency. As the industry’s first strategy and portfolio based on a single open architecture, HP Converged Cloud enables the integration of any combination of private, managed and public cloud, as well as traditional IT.
The new HP and Microsoft Joint Private Cloud initiative includes:
Accelerated on-ramp to cloud deployment with new preintegrated solutions and reference architectures.
Simplified management across both physical and virtual environments with comprehensive management integration.
Trusted single-source engagement with Windows Server 2012 and Microsoft System Center 2012 SP1 available directly from HP.
“As customers move to private clouds, they are looking for a simplified approach that minimizes risks, increases their flexibility and allows for greater cost savings,” said Eyad Shihabi, Managing Director, HP Middle East. “Through this relationship with Microsoft, we’re providing customers with a trusted, single-source experience to provide them an easy on-ramp to cloud.”
“Windows Server 2012 was built from the cloud up, representing a transformational leap for businesses in the Gulf. The HP Converged Cloud solutions with Windows Server 2012 provide customers a clear path to go beyond virtualization and accelerate their journey to the cloud,” said Samer Abu Ltaif, Regional General Manager for Microsoft Gulf. “With this private cloud agreement and more than 30 years of proven cooperation, HP and Microsoft are committed to helping customers in the Gulf drive success for their organizations as they experience the benefits of the cloud.”
Accelerated path to private cloud
The expanded HP Converged Cloud offerings include the integration of HP CloudSystem and Microsoft solutions to help clients rapidly transform virtualized resources into self-service private and hybrid cloud environments. HP CloudSystem optimized for Microsoft provides faster time to value by providing preintegrated solutions that include HP Converged Infrastructure, cloud management from HP, Windows Server 2012 and Microsoft System Center 2012 SP1.
With HP CloudSystem optimized for Microsoft, customers can streamline and expedite both the service design and provisioning processes using proven templates based on best practices, such as HP Cloud Maps, and virtually eliminate common risks associated with cloud deployments. This solution also includes increased efficiency in storage management with HP 3PAR autonomic thin provisioning, automated data tiering and nondisruptive data mobility features.
In addition, for midsized businesses looking for an economical entry point to cloud computing, HP and Microsoft have worked together to deliver a two-node HP Departmental Private Cloud Reference Architecture. This solution combines HP Converged Infrastructure with “shared nothing” live migration, Hyper-V replica and the other breakthrough capabilities of Windows Server 2012, optimally balancing price and simplicity with performance, manageability and high availability.
The integrated HP CloudSystem offerings include comprehensive interoperability between HP Insight Management and Microsoft System Center. This enables System Center to deploy, monitor and update HP infrastructure without the administrator having to switch between multiple consoles.
The HP and Microsoft integration enables enterprises to:
Save time and training costs while consolidating operations with more than 1,400 points of integration between HP Insight Control and Microsoft System Center.
Reduce risk and remove the need for scheduled downtime with nondisruptive, cluster-aware firmware and driver updates for HP ProLiant servers.
Deliver seven times faster volume creation and live storage migration with minimal network impact using HP 3PAR and Windows Server 2012 offload data transfer (ODX).
Allow IT departments to move virtual machines between sites up to 100 kilometers apart without disrupting end users.
Clients can procure the entire HP CloudSystem optimized for Windows Server and Microsoft System Center directly from HP or an HP authorized reseller. Clients get a single point of contact for their HP-Microsoft solutions, including purchase, deployment, integration and maintenance, as well as support to enhance the customer experience and speed resolution time. In addition HP will be able to offer Windows Server 2012 and Systems Center 2012 at a price commensurate with a customer’s existing Microsoft Enterprise Agreement, enabling HP to match the pricing level and offer the value of an end-to-end solution transaction.
HP Departmental Private Cloud Reference Architecture
The HP Departmental Private Cloud Reference Architecture is optimized for delivery through HP channel partners. As part of their multiyear agreement in cloud and management, HP and Microsoft have earmarked significant funding for partner cloud programs, incentives, marketing, demand generation and training for sales and deployment of the HP Departmental Private Cloud.
Pricing and availability
For HP customers purchasing cloud and virtualization solutions that include Windows Server and Microsoft System Center, HP’s pricing will be competitive with their current Enterprise or Select Plus agreement.
Select HP Converged Cloud solutions, including the HP Departmental Private Cloud Reference Architecture, are available now through HP and its worldwide channel partners.
Solutions that require Systems Center 2012 SP1 will become available in early 2013.
Last November, GOP Rep. Tom Emmer of Minnesota released a statement slamming the passage of the infrastructure bill, arguing it “lays the groundwork for passage of President Biden’s multi-trillion-dollar socialist wish list.”
Then in June, Emmer – the House Republican campaign chairman leading attacks on Democrats for supporting the law – quietly submitted a wish of his own.
In a letter to Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg, Emmer expressed his hearty support for a multimillion dollar grant to Strengthen part of Highway 65 in his district. The work was critical, Emmer argued, not just for his constituents, but for people all over Minnesota. Crashes were leading to fatalities. Congestion was leading to huge delays. Plus, Emmer added, “this grant also strives to serve as a social justice measure.”
Emmer’s plea is one of dozens obtained by CNN in response to a public records request, full of instances like Alabama Sen. Tommy Tuberville modulating his tone from accusing the law of “using fuzzy math and IOU’s to hide the real cost,” to appealing to Buttigieg because “as a former mayor, you understand better than anyone the time and money that goes into applying for highly competitive grants.
The letter writers include high profile attackers of government spending, as well as several in tight reelection races, such as Florida Rep. María Elvira Salazar and California Rep. David Valadao, who like Emmer, slammed the Biden law in public and then behind the scenes asked for money from it.
Most members have not publicly mentioned the letters they sent petitioning for money from the bill they derided. Many, when contacted by CNN about their requests, either ignored questions or insisted that they were being consistent with their criticisms of the law with the requests they made.
A passage from a letter from Rep. Tom Emmer from June to Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg. - CNN
That was the logic Emmer used in a statement provided by his office, criticizing the infrastructure bill for not including a greater proportion of its cost to roads and bridges, but adding, “We’ll always answer the call to advocate for real infrastructure improvements in the Sixth District as a part of smart spending practices.” (It was not among the round of such grants announced last month.)
While some Republican members who opposed the law have already been criticized for praising projects made possible by it, these letters went a step further, going out of their way to argue for even more spending back home.
All typed out on the standard blue and white letterhead for the House and Senate, the letters are full of the graciousness and politesse of official government correspondence, and make no mention of their votes against the infrastructure law.
None cite “socialism” or “radical spending.” No one included a paragraph about House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy calling the law “rushed and irresponsible,” or Georgia Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene calling the Republicans who voted for it “traitors.” Often, the letters signed by members of the House and Senate appeal using the same terms that they derided Democrats for using, from “economic growth” to “sustainability” benefits.
Arizona Rep. Paul Gosar, a leading Biden critic who explained his vote against what he called a “phony” infrastructure bill by issuing a statement that “this bill only serves to advance the America Last’s socialist agenda, while completely lacking fiscal responsibility,” wrote three separate letters between March and July advocating for projects in his district. They’d enhance quality of life, Gosar wrote. They’d ease congestion and boost the economy. They’d alleviate bottlenecks and Strengthen rural living conditions.
A passage from a letter from Sen. Tommy Tuberville from April to Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg. - CNN
Gosar’s spokesperson said the congressman was “not obligated to vote for a bill of which he supports 80% of the funding if 20% is horrifically absurd,” but that “once appropriated and authorized, Congressman Gosar is free, and quite willing, to fight for the funding authorized to benefit good projects.”
Kentucky Rep. Andy Barr called the bill a “big government socialist agenda.” He later wrote three letters of his own on behalf of three different projects, also citing their importance for safety and job growth. Barr’s spokesperson said that the congressman couldn’t vote for the full bill because of its overall cost and money he called “giveaways to the green energy industry,” and that all the grants he supported were for traditional transportation funding programs. Those programs, though, would not have been funded if the infrastructure bill hadn’t passed.
Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul said he voted against the bill because it typified “wasteful spending,” which would deepen the national debt. Paul wrote 10 different letters petitioning for more of that money coming into Kentucky, including for a community development organization working to expand a riverwalk, Strengthen three stretches of roads, to strengthen a dam, support the revitalization of an old Internal Revenue Service facility in Covington, Strengthen streets in Lexington and modernizing a bridge between northern Kentucky and Cincinnati, Ohio which he argued would “promote continued economic development, ease congestion, Strengthen air quality, and support job growth throughout the region” for what would be “profound national and regional significance.”
“Opposition to a spending bill does not always mean opposition to the goal of that spending; opposition to a spending bill can mean opposition to spending that adds to the deficit and is not offset with spending cuts elsewhere,” argued a Paul spokesperson.
A passage from a letter from Sen. Rand Paul from May to Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg. - CNN
None of the projects that Gosar, Barr or Paul wrote on behalf of have so far been awarded grants, according to the announcements made by the Transportation Department. But of the nine projects Sen. Marsha Blackburn, who last year said the infrastructure bill was full of “frivolous left-wing programs that add to our nation’s debt,” wrote in support of, three were awarded so far, for a total of over $60 million.
The Transportation Department has left open the possibility that the applications will still be awarded through future grant programs.
In an interview with CNN, Buttigieg said “it’s hard not to chuckle” when seeing the letters from members who voted against the infrastructure law, or by seeing some of these members brag back home about the letters they’ve written – including Colorado Rep. Lauren Boebert, who called the bill “garbage” but then touted advocating for $33 million for a new bridge.
“Obviously, it’s good for their districts, which is why it’s probably good for America,” Buttigieg argued.
Salazar joined several of her Democratic colleagues from the Miami area in signing two letters looking for more money to Strengthen the city’s ports. Both letters were also signed by Republican Rep. Carlos Giménez, who like Salazar, voted against the infrastructure bill.
Valadao wrote in support of grants for five different projects, which he said would provide more economic stability and reduce dangerous emissions. Both voted against the infrastructure law. Both are facing strong Democratic challengers in November.
Valadao declined an interview request, but a spokesperson said there was no conflict between opposing the infrastructure bill and asking for money from the bill for his district, arguing that he was “not trying to get attention for this,” but simply trying to help constituent groups.
“The money is there. That’s the world we’re living in,” the spokesperson, who asked not to be named, told CNN, attributing his vote against the bill to inflation and Democrats who unsuccessfully tried to link the infrastructure bill to President Joe Biden’s broader Build Back Better spending bill (some provisions of which were later included in the Inflation Reduction Act passed in August). “Was it all bad? No. But those were the circumstances at the time.”
Some of the money Salazar pushed for has been awarded. None of the grants Valadao wrote on behalf of have been awarded so far.
Iowa Rep. Ashley Hinson, who has already been pilloried by the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee for touting the $829 million, which went to locks and dams along the Upper Mississippi after saying the infrastructure law was a “socialist spending spree,” has been even more active in pushing for other money. Hinson wrote seven letters to the Department of Transportation for grants which in many cases she called “vital” and “essential” and “have an impact on the day-to-day lives of every single resident in this community.”
A passage from a letter from Rep. Ashley Hinson in April to Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg. - CNN
A spokesperson for Hinson who asked not to be named told CNN, “once funding from the infrastructure bill was already set to be spent, Rep. Hinson advocated for money on the table to come back to Iowa instead of allowing it to go to other states.” Of the grants she supported, only one was awarded, $2.28 million for a new pedestrian overpass in Dubuque.
Rep. Markwayne Mullin, now the GOP nominee for Senate in Oklahoma, said last year that he voted against the infrastructure bill because he thought 90% was wasteful and “I will not support funding for policies that drive our country into socialism.” In April, Mullin wrote to Buttigieg in support of a RAISE grant to Strengthen a road in a rural area off of Highway 69, which he said would help introduce bicycle lanes, boost jobs and access to goods, and Strengthen overall quality of life. “The RAISE grant funding,” he wrote in another nod to prioritizing climate change measures despite a voting record which has not, “would greatly Strengthen sustainability by reducing emissions and redeveloping an existing infrastructure plan.”
Though the bill received GOP votes in the Senate and House, many Republicans have not wanted to provide Biden credit – while many Democrats have been reluctant to call the bill “bipartisan,” given the intensity of the opposition they faced (Biden and his aides prefer to emphasize that the law was an across the aisle achievement). Republican officials outside of Congress, though, were for the most part incredibly enthusiastic about all the money coming out of Washington to invest in local projects, cheering it on individually or through statements of support via the bipartisan National Governors Association and US Conference of Mayors.
But after gushing about all the benefits of the bill at an event in Washington in January, Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchison said he couldn’t explain why neither of his own home state senators or any of his state’s four members of the House voted against the bill.
“There’s always going to be something objectionable in the bill that maybe I could have written better,” said Hutchison, who was then serving as National Governors Association chair. “We’re going to put it to good use.”
Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg, center, is seen during a press conference in Detroit earlier this month, touting infrastructure projects. - Erin Kirkland/Bloomberg/Getty Images
Oregon Rep. Pete DeFazio, the chairman of the House Infrastructure Committee and one of the Democratic members deeply involved with the bill, said he wasn’t happy to hear about the request letters.
“They’re hanging on to our coattails while they’re opposing these things. And that should have consequences, in my opinion,” DeFazio told CNN outside the Capitol last month, comparing the letters to Republican members who touted the help small businesses got in their districts from the American Rescue Plan, which received no Republican votes. “But the administration is, unfortunately like the Obama administration, too evenhanded.”
Buttigieg confirmed that he and other officials were following the directives from the President that politics and votes not influence how the money is awarded.
“We’re not going to be trying to be jerks about it,” Buttigieg said. “We’re also not going to be shy about folks knowing who was with us and who was against us.”
A passage from a letter from Rep. Paul Gosar to Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg from July. - CNN
But Buttigieg said that not being shy would be limited to appearing with elected officials who supported the infrastructure bill on his frequent touring around the country.
“We’re obviously not going to penalize anybody,” he said, “for the shortsightedness of their politicians.”
Other senators who voted against the infrastructure bill but also wrote letters to the Department of Transportation in support of grants funded by it: South Dakota Sens. Mike Rounds and John Thune, Iowa Sen. Joni Ernst, Mississippi Sen. Cindy Hyde-Smith, Alabama Sen. Richard Shelby, Pennsylvania Sen. Pat Toomey and Oklahoma Sen. Jim Inhofe.
Other House members who also opposed the bill and wrote letters: Iowa Rep. Mariannette Miller-Meeks, Missouri Rep. Vicky Hartzler, Indiana Rep. Larry Bucshon, Alabama Rep. Jerry Carl, Kentucky Rep. Jim Comer, Florida Rep. John Rutherford, Nevada Rep. Mark Amodei, Rep. John Joyce of Pennsylvania, South Carolina Rep. Nancy Mace, Washington state Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers, Minnesota Rep. Michelle Fischbach, Mississippi Rep. Trent Kelly, Iowa Rep. Randy Feenstra, California Rep. Tom McClintock, Arizona Rep. Debbie Lesko, Louisiana Rep. Julia Letlow, and Illinois Rep. Darin LaHood.
CLARIFICATION: This headline and story have been updated to reflect Rep. Tom Emmer’s criticism of the infrastructure bill as laying the groundwork for passing what he referred to as “President Biden’s multi-trillion dollar socialist wish list.”
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Netflix will charge$6.99 a month for its new ad-supported tier of service when it debuts next month, the company said Thursday, releasing the plan a month before the launch of Disney+’s ad-backed streaming tier and for one dollar less.
Netflix said the new tier, called “Basic with Ads,” will initially be available in 12 countries including the U.S., U.K., Canada, Germany, Japan, Brazil and Australia, though it plans to launch more broadly over time. The ad-supported tier will launch in those initial markets globally in stages between Nov. 1 and 10, the company said.
ALBANY — The Capital District Transportation Committee is calling out for local and regional transportation initiatives to apply for inclusion in the committee's 2023-24 Unified Planning Work Program, which will make an estimated $1 million in federal funds available for projects.
With funding from the Federal Highway Administration and the Federal Transit Administration, the committee will accept proposals that further develop the policies and recommendations made by the metropolitan transportation plan, New Visions 2050, and adhere to the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law.
Bhanu P Lohumi
Shimla, October 3
Facing a challenge to revive 53 per cent (about 1,200 hectare) of abandoned area under tea cultivation, the Agriculture Department is distributing one lakh plants among farmers, besides undertaking fresh plantation in Jogindernagar, Palampur, Dharamsala and Jaisinghpur.
Labour crunch, no ready market key issues
- Nearly 5,900 growers cultivate tea in Kangra, Mandi, Chamba
- Landholding of 96 per cent of growers less than 0.5 hectare
- Lack of labour and marker, low yield, high cost other key issues
- Dept plans to provide one lakh plants, 50% subsidy on machinery
As per a survey, at least 2,311 hectare is under tea cultivation, of which 1,096 hectare is well-maintained and the remaining 1,215 hectare is abandoned. Nearly 5,900 growers cultivate tea in the Palampur, Baijnath, Dharamsala and Kangra areas of Kangra district, Jogindernagar and Karsog areas of Mandi district and Bhattiyat of Chamba. The landholding of 96 per cent of the growers is less than 0.5 hectare.
The average annual production is around 10 lakh kg, of which 4,000 kg tea is exported to the UK, Germany and France. Small tea growers contribute 59.2 per cent of the total production. There are four cooperative and 35 private tea units, which sell 90 per cent of the produce in Kolkata at an average price of Rs 160 per kg.
Despite this, tea cultivation in the hill state hasn’t shown encouraging results owing to small and scattered landholding, lack of labour, high labour cost, low yield, high production cost and lack of market. The tea auction centre in Kolkata is far away and involves high transportation cost.
The department has now brought additional nine hectares of land under tea cultivation and revived 7-8 hectare by gap filling since 2021, said BR Takhi, Director, Agriculture, adding that the department had set a target to distribute one lakh plants this year, of which 40,525 had been distributed in five circles of Baijnath, Bhawarna, Bir, Panchrukhi and Dharamsala.
“We are providing plants to farmers at Rs 2 per plant on the doorstep. We plan to provide 50 per cent subsidy on tea machinery and pruning machines to overcome labour problem,” he added.
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