Every fall, new students join the lab, eager to learn about consciousness and the brain. At this time of the year, I always ask myself, "What are the fundamental ideas about consciousness and the brain that should be taught first?" I always find myself revising, updating, streamlining, and making clearer the ideas in introductory lectures and the lab manual (Morsella, 2022). Below are the four fundamentals that, over the years, have always been presented first, both in the manual and in lab discussions.
The first thing to learn is what a “conscious content” is. Any particular thing one is conscious of has been referred to as a “conscious content.” A conscious content could be the sight of a coffee cup, an afterimage, a song that keeps playing in one’s mind, a percept, an urge (e.g., to scratch a sunburn), the smell of an ice cream sundae, or an autobiographical memory (e.g., memory of last summer’s camping trip).
The term “conscious content” refers to the most basic form of consciousness: If a creature is capable of having an experience of any kind—pain, nausea, a pleasant dream, or the sound of a bell—then it possesses this basic form of consciousness (Morsella, 2022). In short, to have an experience of any kind is to have some kind of conscious content. Sometimes people refer to this kind of basic consciousness as “awareness,” which means the same thing: Being aware of a cup or ringing in the ears is to experience these conscious contents.
The second thing to learn is the term “conscious field.” The conscious field is made up of all the conscious contents that are activated at one moment in time: the sight of an ice cream sundae plus the smell of coffee plus the feeling of the chair on which one is sitting plus the song that one cannot get out of one’s mind plus the memory of the doctor reminding one to cut down on sweets.
We are not aware of, and have no conscious contents for, many things going on in the brain or body—peristalsis in the gut, how the pupils in the eye are controlled, and many other activities in the nervous system (e.g., motor and syntactic programming). These processes are said to be unconscious. There is usually no experience about them. We know of these processes mainly through practicing about them in textbooks. We have no direct experience about them. In short, “unconscious events are those processes that, though capable of systematically influencing behavior, cognition, motivation, and emotion, do not influence the organism’s subjective experience in such a way that the organism can directly detect, understand, or self-report the occurrence or nature of these events” (from Morsella & Bargh, 2011).
Knowledge of unconscious process leads to the third important fundamental about consciousness and the brain: Not all brain processes and regions are associated with consciousness. Consciousness is associated with only a subset of the regions and processes. Researchers are attempting to home in on these circuits associated with consciousness (e.g., Morsella et al., 2016; Morsella, 2022).
The fourth fundamental is an observation that holds some clues about why one needs a fully operational conscious field, one in which many conscious contents are presented: Each conscious content activates brain processes, including, to some extent, behavioral inclinations. Consider the classic Stroop task (Stroop, 1935). In the task, subjects are instructed to name the color in which a word is written. When the word and color are incongruent (e.g., RED presented in blue), “response conflict” leads to increased error rates and response times. The response conflict arises because, though one intends to name only the color in which the word is printed, the stimulus (RED) activates involuntarily the “word reading” action plan (to utter “red”).
Because conscious contents can activate processes that influence behavior, it is essential that one conscious content (e.g., a tasty ice cream sundae) not be presented alone to have too much influence on behavior. Such a monopoly would not lead to adaptive behavior. Each content should be “checked” by other conscious contents (e.g., the memory that the doctor recommended cutting down on sweets). (This is called a “frame check”; Morsella et al., 2016.) Because voluntary behavior is influenced by the many conscious contents in the field, we respond to a given stimulus (the tasty sundae) not in isolation but in light of the other contents (e.g., memory of doctor) composing the conscious field.
With these four fundamentals, incoming students not only understand new terms but also begin to appreciate the important role of the conscious field in yielding adaptive actions that are context-sensitive. Over the years, these four fundamentals have consistently appeared at the beginning of the lab manual (Morsella, 2022), and I can’t foresee an introduction to the lab without them.
Vodafone has announced it is migrating its SAP S/4HANA ERP platform from a on-premises installation to Google Cloud.…
In a statement released today, the global telecoms firm, which boasts a revenue of around €45.58 billion (c $44 billion), said it had been running on on-premises for 15 years, "during which time it has significantly grown in size, making this one of the largest and one of the most complex SAP migrations in EMEA."
The company is in the top five mobile network operators in the world, and is the biggest outside of India and China, with 300 mobile subscribers across 21 countries.
"By integrating its cloud-hosted SAP system to its data ocean running on Google Cloud, Vodafone aims to introduce operational efficiency and drive innovation," the company said.
Vodafone is migrating its SAP system, the backbone for its financial, procurement and HR services, to Google Cloud.
Until November 2019, Vodafone was running single-instance SAP Enterprise Core Components (ECC) but managed to upgrade its on-prem system to the five SAP S/4 Hana instances worldwide in an upgrade programme which took around 18 months, according to reports.
At the time, CIO Ignacio Garcia said the company would "eventually" move its S/4HANA instances to the cloud.
Just three years later, the world's second-largest mobile phone company is decided to move those instances to Google Cloud, in line with a broad strategy for corporate data.
According to the corporation, Vodafone will launching "EVO2CLOUD" to migrate its financial, procurement and HR services SAP S/4HANA workloads to Google Cloud. "It's the backbone of ... internal and external operations. High availability and reliability are fundamental requirements to ensure smooth operation with minimal downtime. Moreover, hosting SAP on Google Cloud is a foundation for digital innovation and maintaining cybersecurity," the company said.
Vodafone said it foresees a "step change in its operating model" because of its ability to use Google Cloud M1 and M2 infrastructure on demand.
According to Google, the M1 machine series has up to 4TB of memory, while the M2 machine series has up to 12TB of memory. "These machine series are well-suited for large in-memory databases such as SAP HANA, as well as in-memory data analytics workloads," Google said in a post.
Vodafone also said it would increase its release-cycle frequency for its SAP software from bi-annual rollouts to weekly release cycles, increasing agility and introducing features faster. It did not indicate when it expected to complete the migration.
Vodafone and Google offered scant detail on how they intended to proceed with the migration but the size of the challenge will depend on the extent of customisation it made or replicated from ECC when moving to S/4HANA.
Experts have warned that users will have to wave goodbye to customizations as they move ERP to the cloud.
For example, in 2021 CEO of the Americas' SAP Users' group (ASUG) Geoff Scott warned SAP users there was much more to consider than just software and IT infrastructure.
"The traditional on-prem, highly customised ERP solution, absolutely, positively has to give way to a more SaaS-based ERP solution," he said.
"You need to spend some careful time looking at how your business is operating and perhaps the way you've operated a certain business process five years ago is not the way you want to operate it today. Thinking about how your business is operating in a post-pandemic world, there could be a lot of opportunities for you to take a look at," Scott said.
Vodafone's move is in line with its decision to use Google as the main provider for its analytics platform using BigQuery and other data products hosted on Google cloud.
It's worth noting though that Vodafone also remains a customer of Teradata and Oracle in its enterprise analytics stack. ®
What exactly is influencer marketing? How does it differ from other forms of advertising? And why should marketers care?
Influencer marketing has become a powerful tool for businesses looking to reach new audiences.
Marketers use various strategies to identify influential individuals and gain access to their followers.
In this article, we’ll discuss what influencer marketing is and the variable for incorporating influencer marketing into a brand’s strategy.
Influencer marketing uses celebrities, athletes, bloggers, and other influential figures to market brands.
Influencers are those who have large social media followings and have the ability to influence their audience.
Brands use influencers to promote their product or service through paid advertisements, free giveaways, and endorsements. In addition, they can generate significant brand awareness and loyalty through paid or unpaid posts.
The goal is to get them to share valuable information and create excitement around a particular topic, product, or service. The key benefit for brands is that they reach a larger audience at a lower cost than traditional advertising methods.
However, this opportunity comes with some responsibility on the part of the brand.
Brands must be careful when choosing an influencer because it’s easy for them to fall in love with the idea of working with someone influential.
Unfortunately, without thorough background research, this can lead to a situation where a potentially ideal influencer promotes products that aren’t aligned with a brand’s values. Therefore, it’s important to ensure the influencer you want to work with aligns with your brand’s goals and values.
Influencer marketing also requires brands to pay influencers fairly. If you don’t pay your influencers what they deserve, they won’t promote your brand in the vision you want them to. Additionally, you can risk a potentially fruitful relationship.
When collaborating with an influencer, it’s essential to not just think of the total cost but the project’s goals and establish what you would like accomplished in the front end.
This can include a discovery call to plan out potential posts or how-to videos. Will you provide the content and supporting information, or will they? Of course, all this will affect the cost and time involved in creating the posts.
Influencer marketing has become one of the most effective ways to get people talking about your business online. It’s essential to know how to find the right influencers for your niche to ensure your message gets across.
A study showed that in 2022 influencer marketing is set to reach $16.4 billion and 75% of brand marketers plan to include influencer marketing in this year’s strategy. This type of marketing is growing fast and doing well.
And this isn’t just for B2C brands, since 86% of B2B brands find influencer marketing a valuable strategy. That’s a considerable return on investment if you have the right approach.
If you’re only using traditional digital marketing (SEO, PPC, social media, etc.), you’re clearly missing out on a huge opportunity to increase your ROI.
It doesn’t matter if you’re an agency, brand, or business – everyone can benefit from trying influencer marketing.
Don’t believe me? You should. Influencer marketing is not “out of your league.” Here’s why.
How many clients does your agency have? That’s how many new influencing opportunities your agency has at its fingertips.
Agencies can use their clients, the ones they like and like them, to help promote their agency for them.
Think of it like receiving a referral or customer review.
If someone enjoys working with you and the business next door asks how they got so successful so quickly, they’re going to tell the next-door business all about your agency and how you helped them.
Case Studies & New Content
Capitalize on this process and ask your clients for video testimonials to become a part of your referral program (create one) and if you can use their results for case studies.
If you’ve been able to impact a client positively, they’re highly likely to approve you sharing the story of how you took them from one to 10.
Gather a dozen different case studies from your past and current clients to publish on your website, social pages, email newsletters, and ads. This isn’t only additional content but content your existing and new clients will appreciate.
You can also make the case study an appealing PDF and share it with the case study client for them to share among their peers.
If you help them reach their goals, they’ll love the PDF filled with graphics, charts, and impressive numbers to share with other business owners.
Trial By Error
Another way to utilize your clients for influencer marketing is to ask your clients to test out a new product.
If they’re a big client of yours, it’s appropriate to let them know that your agency is trying to innovate with all of the tech advances, and you want to try a new strategy or product with them as a test.
FREE Of Charge
If things work out with the test, woohoo! You’ve added another section to the contract. And you have a new service or product to charge for in the future.
If things don’t work out, you get insightful and honest feedback from the client and know how to fix the product or plan.
One of the most significant ways I see brands utilize influencer marketing is by partnering up with other brands.
Before I get too deep into this, I want to clarify that there are prominent corporate players like Sprint and Blue Apron. And they’re also individual brands like famous Instagram users and YouTube celebrities.
A brand can be an individual brand, like you trying to grow your role as a digital marketer in the industry. However, it can also represent a larger entity for cosmetics and skincare like Maybelline.
Now, back to the brands and the whole influencer marketing idea. Brands will partner together in campaigns to help widen their audience with influencer marketing.
They can use relevant brands in the same industry or reach out of the spectrum and partner with entirely different brands to increase their exposure to a new audience.
When you work with an influencer in a different industry, you get a level of influencer where you can capitalize on the new audience. Be strategic in who you reach out to and ask to partner up in a new influencing campaign.
Partnering with the wrong brand will profoundly impact your brand’s reputation and possibly ruin it.
Red Bull partnering with Coca-Cola for a new content campaign also wouldn’t be the best of ideas. On the one hand, Red Bull is heavily involved in extreme sports. But, they’ve chosen that angle due to their real product, an energy drink named Red Bull that essentially “gives you wings,” to be extreme.
Sure, the Red Bull athletes could do an incredible stunt riding a mountain bike down the ledge of the mountain holding both a Coca-Cola and a Red Bull can, but what would be the point?
It wouldn’t make sense because, technically, the two can be seen as competitors. They both are on-the-go drink manufacturers.
Instead, Red Bull could partner with Nike and do a content campaign featuring Nike’s new apparel line, Red Bull’s energy drink, and summer sports.
Just because your brand is in the same industry as another doesn’t mean a collab will work. It’s important to research how your consumers will react to the ad.
We can most commonly recognize influencer marketing when businesses do it.
If your business makes pipes for the plumbing industry, head to that list of the most famous plumbers and start reaching out.
Doing outreach is a huge part of influencer marketing. It almost feels like putting on a public relations or journalist hat for a second as you try and narrow down your influencers.
Once you’ve found an influencer who has agreed to help promote your product, don’t just stop there. The more influencers you have, the more brand exposure you get, as well as trust.
The word will get around if one of the most famous plumbers uses your pipes for repairs. Other plumbers will trust the renowned plumber and follow in their footsteps to purchase and use only your pipes.
Sometimes, you don’t need to pay an influencer. Instead, samples of the product you’re asking them to promote, discounts, or free services usually suffice.
It changes and becomes a more costly strategy when you pick who the influencer is and depends on the type of content you want.
The bigger the influencer, the more they’ll want.
If you’re aiming for that Kardashian type of exposure, you will need to break out the wallet. And the credit card. And possibly your mortgage.
If you’re a brand, business, or agency with goals like a Kardashian type of exposure and the budget to match. Then, by all means, reach out to your lawyers and start preparing contracts for when you lock in those influencers.
Make sure your contracts clearly state the expectations of the influencer. For example, if you want them to run the content by you before they publish it, specify that in the contract.
If you want the influencer to only be able to promote your plumbing pipes and not work with any other pipe companies, state it in the contract.
For the rest of us, focus on the more affordable influencers. These people may already invest much of their time promoting your brand because they love your product or what you do.
Death Wish Coffee is an excellent example of this.
People love their product, the ridiculously strong coffee that comes with a side of sarcasm. The brand speaks its customer’s language, making it fun for customers to engage and promote the product themselves.
This coffee company can monitor its hashtag mentions and unlock hundreds of potential influencers that would love to receive a free month of coffee for posting more about their brand.
Look at what kind of mentions your brand, business, or agency is attracting online and follow the conversation. You’ll quickly discover who’s talking about you the most.
Then, look at their followers if they have a healthy following reach out and see if they’d be interested in partnering up with you on an influencer campaign.
Don’t stop reading. I know those of you who are rolling your eyes yelling, “NO ONE MENTIONS MY BRAND!”
Don’t worry. I’ve got a solution for you, too. Look at your big competitors. Think of the Red Bulls and Coca-Colas of your industry.
See what kind of mentions they’re getting and from who. Then, reach out to those influencers and pitch away.
You never know who will say yes unless you ask.
Plus, they may not want as much as you think or even be willing to promote for free after getting to know more about you and your business.
Nowadays, there are numerous influencer marketing tools out there that can help connect you with the right people and brands. So, if you’re having trouble finding people you want to work with, it can be beneficial to give one of the tools a try.
Influencer marketing has become much more than just a buzzword.
Marketers have been using influencers to promote their products for years, but brands are now using influencers to build customer relationships and create new revenue streams.
By leveraging the power of social media platforms like Facebook and Instagram, marketers can connect directly with consumers through influencers.
This can help to increase brand awareness and drive sales. It can also open your brand, business, or agency to new audiences.
As we get closer to the end of this year, try strategizing the influencer marketing opportunities you have out there.
Featured Image: Anton Vierietin/Shutterstock
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By Josh Beckerman
Laser Photonics Corp., discussing the performance of shares that have mostly traded below their initial public offering price, said the company's "fundamentals are solid, with strong revenue growth and profits."
The maker of laser systems for tasks including cleaning and paint removal provided an updated capitalization table. It said the management team didn't sell any shares in the IPO or in subsequent trading.
The 3 million-share IPO priced at $5 each. In the stock's Sept. 30 debut, shares peaked at $5.50 but closed at $2.58, with lower closing prices in subsequent days.
The stock was recently up 1% after hours to $1.89.
Write to Josh Beckerman at email@example.com
In a short amount of time, the crypto exchange bot identified as Crypto Boom has become extremely popular. The software's creators have high hopes for its potential applications, outcomes, and implementation. We chose to write this evaluation of Crypto Boom to learn more about the program and see if it lives up to the claims being made by its creators.
An in-depth examination of the exact "Crypto Boom" will be provided below. By practicing this evaluation, you will learn about the bot's features, functionality, and pricing.
Crypto Boom is a cryptocurrency trading platform made available to investors who are looking to capitalize on the growing cryptocurrency market. The Crypto Boom platform is an automated trading application that facilitates user-friendly and adaptable trading.
There was no information discovered about the developers of the Crypto Boom platform. However, this has minimal bearing on the efficiency of the bitcoin exchange platform. It is common practice for initiatives to have anonymous creators, especially in blockchain-related sectors.
Trade Now in Crypto Boom
Crypto Boom, a cryptocurrency trading platform, turned out to be a versatile option. The platform supports trading in much more than 10 various assets. Investors can use it to buy Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Litecoin (LTC), as well as other cryptocurrencies. Now more than ever, investors can take a stab in the dark and potentially reap huge rewards. Trading in cryptocurrencies requires caution due to the market's volatility.
Due to the high volatility of cryptocurrencies, traders must exercise extreme caution while dealing with this asset class. The purpose of the Crypto Boom system, like that of many others, is to track the movements of the cryptocurrency market and predict its future direction. The goal of the Crypto Boom platform is to Excellerate the speed and accuracy with which price opportunities are identified, and trades are entered and exited. We' ve read in other reviews as well as on official websites for Crypto Boom that the machine has a 90% rate of success. We were unable to confirm any of this using a bot or external system. We advise you to trade with prudence and to risk only what you can manage to lose.