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SAP Certified Associate - Support Consultant for Incident Management with SAP Business All-in-One
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Killexams : SAP Consultant information hunger - BingNews Search results Killexams : SAP Consultant information hunger - BingNews Killexams : Technology Solutions to Boost Employee Experience and Strengthen Patient Outcomes

Workforce management solutions from DXC and SAP support healthcare providers in managing their teams while focusing on employees' well-being and ability to deliver quality care

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Killexams : Plant Analysis: a Diagnostic Tool Killexams : NCH-46



Cooperative Extension Service
Purdue University
West Lafayette, IN 47907

E.E. Schulte, University of Wisconsin-Madison
K. A. Kelling, University of Wisconsin-Madison


H. D. Chapman, Louisiana State University
M. Sumner University of Georgia
T. Peck, University of Illinois

Interest in plant analysis as a crop management tool has been stimulated in latest years by increased use of scouting programs and crop consultants and by a higher level of sophistication among farmers themselves. In addition, narrowing profit margins and the continual pursuit of higher yields has spurred this interest.

The information provided through plant analysis helps farmers with decisions on fertilizer effectiveness, the need for additional nutrients, and planning fertilizer programs for future years. If used properly, plant analysis can be an important guide to efficient crop production because it provides a nutritional profile of the growing plant.

The objective of this publication is to explore the use and limitations of plant analysis in evaluating soil fertility programs for corn.


Plants require 16 elements for normal vegetative growth and reproduction. Different amounts of each element are required by different plant species. Plant growth is restricted when: 1) not enough of one or more elements are present; 2) too much of one or more elements are present, including toxic levels of nonessential elements such as aluminum, arsenic, selenium or sodium; or 3) the levels of one or more elements are adequate but out of balance with other elements.

The first result of nutrient deficiency, toxicity, or imbalance is a reduction in plant growth. If the condition persists, visible symptoms of deficiency or toxicity appear, and plant yield is reduced. "Hidden hunger" is a nutrient deficiency or imbalance not expressed in visible symptoms, but yield is restricted nevertheless.


Plant analysis is the quantitative determination of the elements in plant tissue. Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are not analyzed routinely because they come from air or water and virtually never limit plant growth. Chlorine is normally sufficient under field conditions, but it may become excessive in saline soils. It is usually analyzed in special cases only. Similarly, molybdenum deficiency or toxicity is rare, and this element is not analyzed routinely. Thus, plant analysis usually refers to analysis of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and boron (B). Aluminum (Al) and sodium (Na) are sometimes included even though they are not essential elements. Aluminum can be toxic in acid soils, and sodium improves the quality of some crops such as beets and celery.

Plant analysis is distinguished from tissue testing in that it is a quantitative laboratory analysis; whereas tissue testing refers to semi-quantitative "quick" tests of plant sap carried out in the field for trouble-shooting purposes. Plant analysis is unique from other crop diagnostic tests in that it gives an overall picture of the nutrient levels within the plant at the time the trial was taken. Its use is based on the principle that the nutrient level present is a result of all factors affecting the growth of the plant.

The general relationship between nutrient level and crop growth is shown in Figure 1. When a nutrient is deficient, addition of that nutrient results in increased crop growth and usually an increase in the concentration of that element in the plant. As the level of the deficient nutrient increases, crop growth increases until some maximum yield is reached. Further additions of the element will cause the concentration of that element in the plant to rise more rapidly because it is not being diluted by added dry matter accumulation. Eventually, toxicity of that element may occur.

Figure 1. Relationship between nutrient supply, corn yield and nutrient concentration in earleaf tissue. (Adapted from Brown, 1970).


Plant analysis has proven useful in confirming nutrient deficiencies, toxicities or imbalances, identifying "hidden hunger," evaluating fertilizer programs, determining the availability of elements not tested for by other methods, and studying interactions among nutrients.

Determining nutritional problems. Plant analysis defines nutrient problems more precisely than does an examination of deficiency symptoms, soil tests, or quick tissue tests. In addition to confirming suspected deficiencies, plant analysis can also detect toxicities or hidden deficiencies where visible symptoms are not manifest. One of the major uses of plant analysis is troubleshooting crop problems. Farmers seem to have confidence in the technology associated with plant analysis more so than with visual inspection and diagnosis. The second most common use is crop monitoring to evaluate potential nutritional problems while they can still be corrected or so they can be avoided in subsequent seasons.

Evaluating fertilizer programs. Adding fertilizer to the soil is no guarantee that plants will benefit from it. The form of the fertilizer might make it unavailable to plants, or it might react with the soil to form unavailable compounds. Soil scientists use plant analysis to study element uptake from fertilizer and to evaluate different methods and times of fertilizer application. Farmers can also use plant analysis to determine whether their fertilizer program is performing according to expectations.

Determining nutrient availability where soil tests are not available. Most laboratories test soils routinely for lime needs, phosphorus, and potassium. Some have optional tests for calcium, magnesium, and some of the minor elements. However, reliable soil tests have not been developed for all of the elements. A test for iron developed in one state, for example, is not applicable to the soils of another state until the test has been calibrated for the soils in that state. Plant analysis can be particularly advantageous in determining the availability of nutrients for which there are no reliable soil tests, or for those areas where soil test calibration has not been done.

Deficiencies of most micronutrients and sulfur are identified more accurately by plant analysis than by soil test. The soil test commonly used for sulfur, for example, measures only the amount of sulfate-sulfur present in the sampled area. It does not include possible contributions from other sources such as rainfall. A high sulfur soil test indicates adequate sulfur is present, but a low test may mean either the sulfur is not there or it was not measured. Plant analysis gives an accounting of the sulfur available to the plant.

Studying nutrient interactions. Plant analysis frequently reveals relationships among essential elements. While plant physiologists sometimes make these interactions a deliberate study, more often they discover these relationships when they summarize results of many plant analyses. This use of plant analysis is important for research but beyond the scope of "routine" use and will not be discussed here.


Sometimes adequate nutrient levels may be present in the soil, but because of other problems such as insect feeding, root damage, and too much or too little moisture, inadequate amounts of nutrients get into the plant. Plant analysis along with soil tests can help pinpoint the problem. Quite often the two techniques should be used together; for example, plant analysis of corn earleaf samples from central Wisconsin may show high levels of Mn present, but the soil analysis identifies the real problem as one of very acid soils.

Soil tests normally are calibrated for the average depth of plowing. If a subsoil is high in a particular nutrient, the subsoil contribution will go undetected unless a subsoil trial is also analyzed. A plant analysis will not tell how much of the nutrients in the plant came from the subsoil, but it will measure the integrated effect of the entire root volume. A soil trial typically consists of 5 to 10 cores of soil to tillage depth from a 5- to 20-acre field. A single corn plant, on the other hand, extracts nutrients from several cubic feet of soil.


Interpretation difficulties. In general, good relationships can be developed between soil nutrient supply, nutrient levels in the plant, and crop yield for a given location in any one year. However, differences in location, variety, time, and management often cause variations in these relationships and make them difficult to interpret. Nutrient levels in plants differ depending on the plant part sampled, stage of maturity, hybrid, and climatic conditions. Therefore, interpretations of plant analysis must take these factors into consideration. For this reason, most plant analysis interpretations are based on a specific plant part sampled at a definite stage of development. Greater detail on plant sampling for tissue analysis is in NCH-15.

For corn, the ear leaf at silking is most commonly used for analysis. In most situations, this is too late for remedial treatment if some is needed. The results of the analysis, then, can only be used to forestall future problems. In many cases, however, it is possible to identify nutrient disorders at an earlier stage of crop development if plants from a normal growing field at the same growth stage are also analyzed for comparison. The normal/abnormal comparison is often essential since sampling the entire plant tends to mask the differences in key parts of the plant. The plant must also be sufficiently mature to have developed a spread in concentrations.

Interrelationship of other factors. Martin and Matocha (1973) stated that "the basic principle of the use of plant analysis is that the chemical composition of the plant reflects its nutrient supply in relation to growth." They caution, however, that "the chemical composition of any plant is a `result' of the interaction of nutrient supply and plant growth. Any factor that limits growth. ..may cause other nutrients to accumulate in the plant." They point out that in using plant analysis as a diagnostic tool, "we are in effect attempting to infer a cause and effect relationship from two results (yield and nutrient concentration), either of which may have been brought out by some other factor." Thus, restricted root growth due to compacted soil layers or cold weather can result in reduced nutrient uptake even though the nutrient supply in the soil would be considered adequate under normal conditions.

Progressive deficiencies. Another limitation of plant analysis is that it usually detects only the one element that inhibits plant growth the most. Rarely are two or more elements acutely deficient at the same time. A corn plant, for example, may be deficient in K; but, because K is limiting growth, there may be sufficient P for the reduced amount of dry-matter production even if soil P is low. When K is added as a remedial treatment, dry-matter production increases sharply; then P becomes deficient. Nitrogen stress, on the other hand, can limit the uptake of phosphorus and some of the micronutrients to the extent that they appear to be "low."

Sample contamination. Contamination of a plant trial with soil particles or pesticide residue can lead to erroneously high results for iron, aluminum, manganese, zinc, or copper. Washing the trial to remove contamination can introduce other contaminants if a detergent or tap water are used. Appreciable potassium can be lost by washing. These problems are discussed further in NCH-15.

Sample deterioration. Decomposition of a plant trial before it reaches the laboratory will result in a loss of carbon (as CO2 through respiration and microbial activity) and the concomitant concentration of most other elements, thereby giving erroneously high readings. This can be prevented by refrigerating the trial until it is delivered to the lab, avoiding weekends if the trial is mailed, or by partially drying the trial before shipment. Solar drying to 15 to 20% moisture prior to shipment will not only eliminate the likelihood of trial spoilage but will reduce shipping costs as well. Brief drying in a microwave oven to about 10 to 15% moisture will halt enzymatic activity, but care must be taken to avoid over-drying the sample.


Critical value and sufficiency range approaches. For most diagnostic purposes, plant analyses are interpreted on the basis of "critical levels" for each nutrient. The critical level has been defined in several ways by different persons. Jones and Eck (1973) define it as "that concentration below which yields decrease or deficiency symptoms appear." For many nutrients, yield decreases even before visible deficiency symptoms are observed. Because the exact concentration of a nutrient below which yields decline is difficult to determine precisely, some define the critical level as the nutrient concentration at 90 or 95% of maximum yield.

The nutrient composition of a plant changes as the plant matures and with the portion of the plant sampled; therefore, critical levels are defined for a specific plant part at a specified stage of maturity. For corn, the ear leaf from tasselling to silking is most commonly used. For most crops, there is an optimal range of concentration over which yield will be maximized rather than a single point. If possible, one would attempt to supply nutrients at the lowest level which still provides top yields, but because of the many factors affecting yields and concentrations, this point is difficult to identify. Growers, therefore, usually strive for operating in the sufficiency range.

In the deficient range, visible nutrient deficiency symptoms are evident, and crop yield is less than 75% of maximum. In the low range, there are no clear-cut deficiency symptoms, yet responses to additions of the low nutrient are likely. The sufficiency range represents the yield plateau. The nutrient concentration increases more rapidly as nutrient supply increases because there is no further increase in dry matter production to "dilute" the additional nutrient. Most nutrients have fairly broad sufficiency ranges. The lower end of the sufficiency range (or the upper end of the low range) represents the critical range. In the "high" range the plant takes in more of the nutrient than is required for maximum production. This range is sometimes referred to as the zone of "luxury consumption."

If the nutrient supply is increased sufficiently, yields decline either because of an imbalance with other plant nutrients or direct toxic effects of the excessive nutrient. Phosphorus, for example, at high levels can suppress the uptake of copper and zinc and be out of balance with respect to nitrogen or potassium, but it is rarely toxic per Se. Boron, on the other hand, can easily become toxic to corn if misapplied.

Melsted et al. (1969) point out that critical levels of plant nutrients "can seldom be derived through a single carefully designed experiment." More typically, results of many experiments over a number of years and at various locations are averaged. Critical levels were published by Melsted et al. (1969) and sufficiency ranges were published by Jones (1967) and Neubert et al. (1969), and they are given in Table 1. Also included are the sufficiency ranges used by the Soil and Plant Analysis Lab, University of Wisconsin-Madison. These were compiled from a number of sources, including Jones (1967), Chapman (1966), and others. Agreement is remarkably close considering the variety of sources from which the data were derived.

Nutrient ranges for corn representing deficient, low, sufficient, high, and excessive concentrations used by the Soil & Plant Analysis Lab, UW-Madison, are given in Table 2. For some nutrients, excessive nutrient levels have not been well-defined. These ranges are useful guidelines for interpreting plant analyses, but they must not be used dogmatically. Knowledge of hybrid requirements, unusual soil or climatic conditions, or other extenuating information should be taken into account.

As plant analysis becomes more popular as a diagnostic tool, the need for earlier sampling and analysis intensifies so problems can be corrected before serious yield loss occurs. Plant analyses interpretations at early growth stages would require that critical levels be established for those stages. Unfortunately, limited data are available on critical nutrient concentrations for very young plants. Lockman (personal communication) has developed sufficiency ranges for whole corn plants 24 to 45 days after planting as well as ranges for more mature corn (see Table 3). Nutrient uptake and dry matter accumulation are generally rapid during early stages of growth. Consequently, nutrient concentrations may be expected to vary considerably with maturity, as reflected in the rather wide sufficiency range for the mobile elements. The concentration of these elements (N, P, K, Mg) in whole plant tissue is appreciable higher at 24 to 45 days than is their concentration in earleaf tissue. A variation of a few days in sampling time at this stage of growth would be more critical than at silking stage.

Multiple regression approach. Modern analytical multiple-element analysis gives results which lend themselves to multiple-regression analysis for interpretation. Greater information is gained since additional complex interactions can be evaluated with respect to yields. Although some work in this manner has been done, particularly for N, P, and K, this type of interpretation has not been incorporated into routine plant analysis programs.

Nutrient ratio approach. A variation of the multiple regression approach recently developed is the Diagnosis and Recommendations Integrated System (DRIS) developed by Beaufils (1971,1973) and introduced in this country by Sumner (1977a, 1977b, 1979). As originally developed, as many yield determining factors as are capable of quantitative or qualitative expression are considered simultaneously in making a diagnosis, and recommendations are made from that diagnosis. These factors include not only soil and plant analysis data but also information pertaining to climate, insects, disease, varieties, etc.

The DRIS approach to interpreting the results of plant analysis involves the analysis of thousands of samples of a specific crop. The samples are divided into high and low yielding populations, and the analytical results from each population are studied to determine what criteria can be used to distinguish between the high and low yielding populations. As it turns out, ratios of plant nutrient concentrations have given better results than simple concentrations alone. The ratios corresponding to the high yielding population (norms) are then compared to the ratios present in the trial being analyzed. A ratio of plant nutrient concentrations by itself cannot be used to diagnose plant problems, but combinations of different nutrient ratios can be combined mathematically to determine what nutrients are most likely to limit yield. The results of such calculations are the "DRIS Indices."

Although finer tuning may be possible, DRIS indices are normally calibrated so that those within the range of about -10 or -15 to +10 or +15 are considered normal and in balance. A DRIS index between -25 and -15 indicates a likely deficiency. Values greater than +25 may be an indication of possible nutrient excess. The greater the magnitude of the nutrient index, either positive or negative, the more likely that element is out of balance in the plant.

Table 1. Critical nutrient values or sufficiency ranges for corn ear leaves at silking to tasselling.

           Melsted                 Neubert     UW Soil &
             et al.     Jones        et al.    Plant anal.
Nutrient    (1969)     (1967)       (1969)       Lab
N, %         3.00      2.76-3.50   2.60-4.00    2.76-3.75
P, %         0.25      0.25-0.40   0.25-0.50    0.25-0.50
K, %         1.90      1.71-2.50   1.70-3.00    1.75-2.75
Ca, %        0.40      0.21-1.00   0.21-1.00    0.30-0.60
Mg, %        0.25      0.21-0.60   0.31-0.50    0.16-0.40
              --          ---      0.21-0.50    0.16-0.50
Zn,ppm        15        20-70       50-150        19-75
B,ppm         10         4-25        15-90         5-40
Mn, ppm       15        20-150      34-200        19-75
Fe, ppm       25        21-250      21-250        50-250
Cu,ppm         5         6-20         8-20         3-15

Table 2. Interpretive ranges for plant nutrients in corn earleaf tissue at silking to tasselling as used by the Soil & Plant Analysis Lab, UW-Madison.

                              Nutrient Concentration in Tissue
  Nutrient Deficient  Low      Sufficient      High       Excessive
  N, %      <1.75   1.76-2.76  2.76-3.75      >3.75          --
  P, %      <0.16   0.16-0.24  0.25-0.50      >0.50          --
  K, %      <1.25   1.25-1.74  1.75-2.75      >2.75
  Ca,%      <0.10   0.10-0.29  0.30-0.60   0.61-0.90        >0.90
  Mg,%      <0.10   0.10-0.15  0.16-0.40      >0.40          --
            <0.10   0.10-0.15  0.16-0.50      >0.50          --
  Zn,ppm    <  12     12-18      19-75        76-150         >150
  B, ppm    <2.0     2.0-5.0    5.1-40.0      41-55          >55
  Mn,ppm    <  12     12-18       19-75        >75           --
  Fe, ppm   <  10     10-49      50-250       251-350        >350
  Cu,ppm      ---     < 3          3-15        16-30         >30
   <= "less than"
   >= "more than"

Table 3. Nutrient sufficiency ranges for corn at several growth stages. (From R. B. Lockman, 1984. Personal communication.)

          Whole plant,    3rd leaf,     Earleaf      Earleaf     Earleaf
Nutrient   2445 days1    45-80 days2  green silks3  brown silks4  mature5
N, %        4.0-5.0        3.5-4.5      3.0-4.0      2.8-3.5     2.5-3.5
            .40-.60        .35-.50      .30-.45      .25-.40     .20-30
K, %        3.0-5.0        2.0-3.5      2.0-3.0      1.8-2.5     1.6-2.5
Ca, %       .51-1.6        .20-.80      .20-1.0      .20-1.2     .20-1.5
Mg,%        .30-.60        .20-60       .20-.80      .20-.80     .20-80
S, %        .18-40         .18-40       .18-.40      .18-35      .16-.35
B, ppm       6-25           6-25         5-25         5-25        5-25
Cu,ppm       6-20           6-20         5-20         5-20        4-20
Fe, ppm     40-500         25-250       30-250       30-250      30-250
Mn,ppm      40-160         20-150       20-150       20-150      20-150
Zn, ppm     25-60          20-60        20-70        20-70       16-50
1 Seedlings 6 to 16 inches tall; 24 to 45 days after planting.
2 Third leaf from top; plants over 12 inches tall, before silking.
3 70 to 90 days after planting.
4 Grain in developing stage up to "roasting ear."
5 Poor stage-sample; grain in dough stage, beginning to dent.

The principal advantages of the DRIS system are that stage of maturity, plant part, and cultivar are less important than they are for the critical level or sufficiency range approaches to interpreting plant analyses. Thus, it is possible to trial corn at the knee-high stage, for example, rather than waiting for the silking stage. However, Sumner (personal communication) has determined recently that different norms should be used for whole plant samples than those use for leaf samples.

A problem encountered by some users of the DRIS system is a tendency to interpret the results too dogmatically. Some regard every negative index as representing a deficiency and pay no attention to positive indices. But because all scientific measurements are subject to some degree of uncertainty, both positive and negative indices must be evaluated, and the evaluations should not be made disregarding nutrient concentrations altogether.

Another limitation is that not all of the norms used to develop DRIS indices have been evaluated under field conditions. High yielding corn might be high in Ca, for example, because soil conditions required to obtain high yields coincidentally favored luxury consumption of Ca. The need for Ca is rarely evaluated under field conditions, this need being regarded as fulfilled by liming, although raising the pH of an acid soil provides many plant benefits in addition to supplying Ca.

The results of plant analysis alone cannot be used to make fertilizer recommendations. Although plant analysis can provide substantial additional information, plant samples should be accompanied by soil samples taken from the same area as the plants. If the plant and soil samples are taken from an abnormal area of a field, the results are applicable to that area only. Unless a field is sampled in detail, the soil trial accompanying a plant trial usually is not very representative of the entire field. Low or deficient values for either soil or plant analysis signal the need for such detailed soil sampling. Emergency recommendations for an abnormal area in a field can be made from soil and plant analyses, but field scale recommendations should be based on detailed soil sampling and analysis.


Plant analysis is a powerful tool for confirming nutrient deficiencies, toxicities and imbalances, identifying "hidden hunger," evaluating fertilizer programs, studying nutrient interactions, and determining the availability of elements for which reliable soil tests have not been developed. The results can be misleading, however, if initial plant sampling, handling, and analysis of the trial are faulty. Experience with interpreting the overall plant analysis report is essential because of the many interacting factors which influence the concentration of any one element in plant tissue. After assessing the status of each nutrient per Se, one needs to review possible causes of the effects observed. Thus, cropping history, sampling techniques, soil test data, and a knowledge of nutrient concentrations all need to be considered in the final diagnosis. If properly done, plant analysis can point the way toward more efficient use of fertilizer investments.


    1. Beaufils, E. R. 1971. Physiological diagnosis-a guide for improving maize production based on principles developed for rubber trees. Fert. Soc. South Africa J. 1:1-30.
    2. Beaufils, E. R. 1973. Diagnosis and recommendation integrated system (DRIS). A general scheme of experimentation and calibration based on principles developed from research in plant nutrition. Soil Sci. Bull. I. Univ. of Natal. Pietermaritzburg, S. Africa.
    3. Brown, J. R. 1970. Plant analysis. Missouri Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. SB881.
    4. Chapman, H.D. (ed.). 1966. Diagnostic criteria for plants and soil& Univ. of California, Division of Agr. Sci., Berkeley.
    5. Jones, J. B., Jr. 1967. Interpretation of plant analysis for several agronomic crops. Soil Testing and Plant Analysis. Part 2. SSSA Special Publ. Series No. 2, pp. 49-58. Soil Sci. Soc., Amer., Madison, WI.
    6. Jones, J. B. Jr., and H. v. Eck. 1973. Plant analysis as an aid in fertilizing corn and grain sorghum. In Soil Testing and Plant Analysis& Revised. L. M. Walsh and J. D. Beaton (eds.), pp. 349-364. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer., Madison, WI.
    7. Lockman, R. B. 1969. Relationships between corn yields and nutrient concentrations in seedling whole-plant samples. Agron. Abstr. p. 97. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI.
    8. Martin, W. E., and J. E. Matocha. 1973. Plant analysis as an aid in the fertilization of forage crops. In Soil Testing and Plant Analysis. Revised. L. M. Walsh and J. D. Beaton (eds.), pp. 393-426. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer., Madison, WI.
    9. Melsted, S. W., H. L. Motto and T. H. Peck. 1969. Critical plant nutrient composition values useful in interpreting plant analysis data. Agron. J. 61:17-20.
    10.Neubert, P., W. Wrazidlo, N. P. Vielemeyer, I. Hundt, F. Gullmick and W. Bergmann. 1969. Tabellen zur planzenanalyze-Erste orientierende ubersicht. Institut fur planzenernahrung, Jena, Berlin.
    11.Sumner, M. E. 1977a. Use of the DRIS system in foliar diagnosis of crops at high yield levels. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 8:251-268.
    12.Sumner, M. E. 1977b. Effect of corn leaf sampled on N, P, K, Ca, and Mg content and calculated DRIS indices. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 8:269-280.

RR 4/91

Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, State of Indiana, Purdue University and U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperating. H.A. Wadsworth, Director, West Lafayette, IN. Issued in furtherance of the Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914. It is the policy of the Cooperative Extension Service of Purdue University that all persons shall have equal opportunity and access to our programs and facilities.

Wed, 12 Aug 2020 20:09:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : What Makes A Great Leader? 12 Executives Weigh In

When you are searching for the best candidate to lead your team, they don't always need to be the most knowledgeable but they do need to possess the ability to make complex decisions with the clarity and confidence to move the company and its people forward.

In addition, shareholders and staff are more likely to rely on a leader who has conviction and is willing to dig into a wide range of situations the company may be faced with, no matter how uncomfortable the environment may be.

Below, 12 members of Forbes Human Resources Council are here to discuss the leadership skills that hiring managers should be seeking during their recruitment process for executive-level positions.

1. Well-Roundedness

No singular trait should rate above some of the critical traits for recruiting executive-level hires. Because in an executive hire, the target is to get a well-rounded candidate. Just as leadership skills rank high, so do vision, confidence, courage of conviction, integrity, transparency, emotional intelligence, adaptability, communication, and in the new normal, empathy. - Awuese Oku, African Development Bank

2. Agility

Agility is key. As I think of the executives that I've worked with over the years and the ones that truly scaled, they had an innate ability to show agility when dealing with operational issues, organizational challenges or external forces often times out of their control. This was all while maintaining an engaging and collaborative approach with team members. - Kelly Jones, Alleghany Corporation

3. The Ability To Develop People

Look at how many employees they have promoted or enabled to be promoted. This is a great indicator that they are a people-focused leader who truly understands how to develop a team. It’s also an easy, objective interview criterion that can be applied across the whole team regardless of their discipline. - Karla Reffold, Orpheus Cyber

4. Empathy

Empathy is important and ties directly to employee engagement. It is critical that executives relate to employees with compassion. Part of being an executive is being a cheerleader. We need to encourage and inspire others so that they show up and deliver their best every day. In our company, we work hard to ensure everyone gets the recognition and support they need at every level. - Addie Swartz, reacHIRE

Forbes Human Resources Council is an invitation-only organization for HR executives across all industries. Do I qualify?

5. Self-Awareness

Self-awareness is key. Leaders who truly understand their strengths and take an honest view of their development areas tend to be more successful in the long run. Similarly, those with a hunger to continue their growth are ironically the most effective. - Jeff Rosenthal, ProjectNext Leadership

6. Resiliency

Resilience in leaders is a critical trait. With the barrage of challenges that executives face today, resilience equips them to be flexible and adaptable in the face of challenges and change. Add optimism to the equation as a byproduct of being resilient and the sum will support instilling trust and confidence in the leader from the executive’s peers and reporting line. - Megan McCann, McCann Partners

7. Clear Vision And Communication

One trait that I look for when hiring executive-level candidates is the ability to think with clarity and communicate the same across a wide global audience with simplistic language that is easy to understand and moves people to action. - Bala Sathyanarayanan, Greif Inc

8. Confidence In Decision Making

I look for executives who make decisions with speed and conviction. In evolving climates, the pressure is on leaders to provide clear direction, empowering teams to charge forward. Shareholders want leaders who can steer the company swiftly towards success. They don't always have to make the right decisions, but they do make them quickly and confidently, even in uncomfortable environments. - Jenn Bouyoukos, Yorkville University

9. Ability To Empower Others

The best leaders don’t have to be the most knowledgeable person in the room, but they do need to possess exceptional leadership skills. Executives who possess empathy and compassion while also empowering their leaders and team with a strong grasp of how to utilize data to drive results are going to be your most successful hires. - Jason Lee, DailyPay

10. Culture Champion

It’s important for executive-level hires to be stewards of culture and this is something to look for when hiring. By being a culture champion and a builder of culture, executives need to display high levels of empathy, coaching techniques, strategic thinking around people and organizational matters, and lastly, the ability to translate that strategy into actionable and excitable items for growth. - Elizabeth Corey, Velosio

11. Emotional Intelligence

Executives influence the culture and bottom line of the organization, so it is imperative to hire the right executive. One trait to look for when recruiting executives is their emotional intelligence (EI). Executives need to make tough decisions and must have control over their emotions. EI will affect interactions with employees and decisions being made that can change the trajectory of the company. - Tania White, Canary HR Consulting

12. Flexibility

Flexibility is essential. Times are changing and how we do business—regardless of the industry—is changing as well. When recruiting executive-level hires, you need to ensure that your candidates are able to be creative in both leadership and approach and can adapt to both internal and external factors. Long gone are the days when an executive can excel if they can't move past how things "used to be done." - Angela Persaud, Anthem Entertainment

Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:15:00 -0500 Expert Panel® en text/html
Killexams : Using Agriculture to Fight Malnutrition

Odimegwu Onwumere
In June 2016, Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières), MSF, in a declaration, alerted that about 24,000 Internally Displaced Persons, IDPs, were in calamitous health conditions of which 30 people, who were children, were dying every day in their camps.
That was coming after two weeks the Borno State Governor, Kashim Shettima paid a visit to Bama camp leading to reports that hundreds of malnourished persons recently rescued from Boko Haram confinement were dying in a camp in Bama.

Nigeria gaps for breath to curb her indices of malnourished persons with available statistics indicating that over two billion people in the world undergo diverse forms of malnutrition.
Nutrition experts GA Nkwocha, KU Anukam, ON Oguoma, and VI Nkwocha are worried that the fundamental causes of malnutrition in Nigeria are poverty, inadequate food production, inadequate food intake, ignorance and uneven distribution of food, poor food preservation techniques, improper preparation of foods, food restrictions and taboos, and poor sanitation.

In an analysis, they relay that there is an increase of mild to moderate symptoms of malnourished persons in Nigeria, making the country to be suffering from a near crumple of nutrition health freedom services. Different surveys, according to them, of nutritional evaluation in Nigeria divulge low intakes of protein, energy, iron, calcium, zinc, thiamin, and riboflavin in almost all age groups and in both sexes.

Hence, they are worried that malnutrition and related diseases such as diarrhea, measles, anemia, and gastroenteritis are the cause of most deaths in infants and young children.
The nutritionists opine that their fear is that with the estimated increase of the world’s population from six billion to more than 7.5 billion by 2020, Nigeria may be suffering untold malnutrition if increase in meat intake is not taken seriously.

In 2013, participants at the 10th anniversary of African Agricultural Technology Foundation, AATF seminar showed anxiety, saying that Nigeria’s quest of accomplishing food satisfactoriness in proceeding years can only be hinged on the implementation of biotechnology (otherwise called Genetically Modified Organisms, GMOs) in the agricultural sector.

The then President Goodluck Jonathan was persuaded and his government set up a committee to inspect the much anticipated Biosafety Bill as passed by the National Assembly before he could sign it into law.
‘‘The project would ensure Nigeria is self sufficient in the production of rice and would boost the countries revenue,’’ then Minister of State for Agriculture, Alhaji Bukar Tijani said in his remarks.

Adesina said in Addis Ababa at the High Level Meeting of AU Heads of State and Government on “unified approach to end hunger in Africa by 2025” that the Nigerian Government had announced plans to swell the use of bio-fortified crops, such as pro-vitamin `A’ cassava and orange-flesh sweet potato to address the hunger situation being faced by some 13 million people.
“Much progress is being made, we are mindful that we still have challenges of malnutrition and micro-nutrient deficiencies to tackle. Nigeria still has 13 million people suffering from hunger, and malnutrition is still high,” Adesina said.

It’s gathered that biotechnology seeks out to harness agricultural practices by making it cost successful, productivity increment and lessening gaps that are not favourable to agriculture. Views are that the initiative is a gateway to competence building, job creation, poverty eradication and alleviation of malnutrition.
Seeing the importance of biotechnology, the United Nations Economic and Social commission for western Asia Cooperation with International Labour Organisation (ILO) are at the forefront in crusading that countries should adopt the technology.

The international bodies believe that countries that adopt a better approach to biotechnology, genetic engineering, biomaterials and informatics being the four novel technologies in using agriculture to fight malnutrition will not lag in economic and social capacity development.
A Director-General of NABDA and Chairman, Open Forum for Agricultural Biotechnology, Professor Bamidele Solomon, was of the view that the development would positively answer the question that the country was looking for to arrest “food security, job/wealth creation, affordable healthcare delivery and sustainable economic environment.”

The professor added that with the Biosafety Bill, “The law will also facilitate risk assessment exercises, monitoring and enforcement measures relevant to import, export, transboundary movement of the products of modern biotechnology, laboratory, and field testing/use of modern biotechnology including handling, control, monitoring and release of biotech products.’’

It’s understood that not only the development, but also sustaining agriculture through the deployment of biotechnology tools such as culture, molecular breeding and genetic engineering to a wider audience will take the country so far in curbing malnutrition.

“One of their key projects in Nigeria is the development of nitrogen-use, water efficient and salt tolerant rice. This is key because Nigeria is the second largest importer of rice in the world, about two million metric tons of rice from countries like Thailand and China.

“The project would ensure Nigeria is self sufficient in the production of rice and would boost the countries revenue. Another key project AATF has in Nigeria is the Cassava Mechanization and Agro-processing project. Being the largest producer of cassava in the world, the project would boost farmers’ capacity for production thus, showcasing a local product globally and boosting the economic growth for the country,” Tijani said.

Investing In Nutrition
“Investment in nutrition is investing in the economy,” said ex-Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina at a high level policy dialogue meeting on Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture in Nigeria held in Abuja, 2015.
The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) says over 13 million children are suffering from chronic malnutrition in Nigeria.
While addressing a gathering in Abuja, UNICEF Chief Nutritionist in Nigeria, Arjan de Wagt says that 300,000 children will die in 2016 alone if they are not treated.

“Without treatment, do you know that about 300,000 of these children will die in 2016 alone?” Wagt questions.
“On the foregoing, we call on the Federal, State and Local Governments to create nutrition specific budget lines in the Ministries of Health, Education and Agriculture at the Federal, States and LGA levels in Nigeria.”
Not only the UNICEF, the Civil Society Organisations also calls on the Federal Government to act by making funds accessible for the handling of malnourished children.
Wagt and others believe that creating “nutrition specific budget lines” is one optimal means to prevent malnutrition.

Scary Data of Malnourished Persons
Information by the United Nations (UN) accounts that malnutrition is also an underlying cause of death of 2.6 million children each year, akin to a third of child deaths globally.
Many believe that malnutrition is a major silent crisis in Nigeria and that it contributes to over one third of death in children; being half of all child death worldwide, predominantly in the first 1,000 days of life.

“There are approximately 1.7 million severely, acutely malnourished children under five in Nigeria; accounting for a tenth of the global total. Nearly a thousand Nigerian children die of malnutrition-related causes every day a total of 361,000 each year. Acute malnutrition also leads to stunting of children causing life-long physical limitations and can reduce intellectual capacity,” Wagt says.

Looking for Way Out
Many articles have been written, research and opinion conducted, all in a bid to find a lasting solution to arrest the menace.
Roughly speaking, 70 per cent of Nigerians live below poverty and professionals finger corruption as one chief contributor to the escalation of malnutrition.

“Using poverty indicators such as literacy level, access to safe water, nutrition, infant and maternal mortality, and the number of people living on less than $1 a day, Nigeria is found to rank among the 25 poorest nations in the world below Kenya, Ghana and Zambia (World Bank, 2002),” says Dr. Sulaiman Khalid, Department of Sociology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto.

Adding, Khalid affirms, “This is in spite of all the efforts and resources devoted for many years to fighting poverty by successive governments in Nigeria. With the support of richer nations and international development institutions, this unsatisfactory results call for a re-examination of policies and practices of poverty eradication in Nigeria.”

Worrisome Agricultural Dimension
The country’s agricultural production which was supposed to be panacea has stayed behind on an infinitesimal dimension and chiefly reliant on rainfall which at most periods is not foreseeable.
Experts and opinion leaders see it as worrisome that 35 per cent of infants in Nigeria are introduced to supplementary feeding too early with such staple foods like cassava and rice which consequently results in malnutrition; whereas the World Health Organisation recommends that children must be fed with multiplicity of nutritional foods.

In 2015, Adesina raised confidence among Nigerians that government was not only geared up towards making sure that more food was produced but that nutritious food to children was expanded and accessible.
He raised hope that in the next four years, 80 million Nigerians would have entrée to bio-fortified cassava, maize and orange flesh sweet potatoes, while the country was partnering with the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) to convey through mobile phones, Micronutrient Power (MNP) to 10 million children under the age of five in Nigeria.

Importing Food
Records have it that 90 per cent of high-energy foods distributed in Africa are imported of which Adesina was not happy about and stated that it’s the goal of the government to become the largest producer of high-energy foods in Africa.

Early this year, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Chief Audu Ogbeh at the closing of the 41st National Council on Agriculture held at Kano Government House, laments that the total amounts to $20b per year are expended by Nigerians on importing food into the country.
This is still happening even when Adesina had said, “We have the solutions in our hands and a huge opportunity to build a stronger partnership with Africa’s agribusiness sector to solve Africa’s malnutrition challenge.”

Ways to Curb Malnutrition
Checks further revealed that malnutrition has persisted since the 1960s, but the extent is on the increase today, due to a decrease in quality and quantity of food intake, as a result of neglect to biotechnological agriculture, of which Ogbeh has said that programmes like Udoji of the 1970s are responsible for some of the tragedies facing the agricultural sector in the country.

“It was Udoji programme that made people run away from farms and pursued to become contractors,” Ogbeh says.
Not even the many food policies like the structural adjustment programme (SAP) in 1986 have helped to boost food security in the country.

Catering for Nutrition Problem
Observation is that Agriculture can cater for the awaiting problem of food shortage through crop and livestock enhancements (Biotechnology).
That was stated by an international conference of professionals arranged by the Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the food and agriculture organization (FAO) in 1992.

“Biotechnology has prospects to remedy the problem of food shortage as research in this field aims to develop plant varieties that provide reliable high yield, at the same or lower costs by breeding in qualities such as resistance to diseases, pest and stress factors which will contribute gainfully to food production while maintaining a healthy environment by reducing the amount of fertilizer, pesticides, herbicides used in farming,” reported Opuah Abiekwen, Graduate of Biotechnology and Genetics, University of Calabar.

Some practical steps have been taken so far by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to achieve the objectives of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda of Jonathan administration. Under a programme known as Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) for farmers, Jonathan harnessed all the necessary financial and technical support to produce crops on a profitable, commercial scale, by giving farmers access to improved seeds; subsidised fertilisers through vouchers.

Adesina while at a presentation to Nigeria’s economic management team assured that ATA will “focus on attracting private sector agribusinesses to set up processing plants in zones of high food production, to process commodities into food products. The government will enable this by putting in place appropriate fiscal, investment and infrastructure policies for staple crop processing zones.”

Abiekwen, however, added that when he was in 4thyear in 2012, a survey was conducted and the outcome was that 85% of Nigerians didn’t know what biotechnology entailed, creating a sensitisation work on the part of the National Biotechnology Management Agency (NBMA) which was made-up to control the activities of biotechnology.

Onwumere, is a Rivers State based poet, writer and consultant

Sat, 30 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Neurones: Organic growth up 12.5% in 1st half 2022


PRESS INFORMATION        Nanterre, August 3, 2022 (after trading)
Section: 1st half 2022 revenues

Organic growth up 12.5% in 1st half 2022

Revenues (millions of euros)




of which organic




+ 12.8%

+ 12.2%




+ 13.4%

+ 12.8%

Total H1 revenues



+ 13.1%

+ 12.5%


With 12.8% organic growth in the second quarter (vs. 12.2% in the first quarter), NEURONES has maintained its sustained growth for several quarters.

There are still many opportunities related to digital transformation. The strong demand in Digital, Cloud, Cybersecurity, as well as in SAP Consulting and Integration, makes for a certain selectivity.

Despite persistent recruitment tensions, increasing recourse to subcontracting and high turnover, operating profit for the half-year (¹) rose by 22.1% to reach 11.3% of revenue (compared with 10.5% in H1 2021).

(¹) unaudited and after 0.4% of expenses related to bonus shares.


In an uncertain global environment, for the moment there are no signs of a slowdown in demand for digital services. In this context, NEURONES is raising its forecasts and now anticipates the following for the whole year:

  • revenues of at least €640m (vs. €625m previously forecast),

  • an operating profit of around 10.5% (vs > 10%).


With over 6,000 experts, and ranking among the French leaders in management consulting and digital services, NEURONES helps large companies and organizations implement their digital projects, transform their IT infrastructures and adopt new uses.

Euronext Paris (compartment B - NRO) - Euronext Tech Leaders -DSS mid caps

Press Relations:
Valérie Hackenheimer
Tel.: +33 (0)6 12 80 35 20

Matthieu Vautier
Tel.: +33 (0)1 41 37 41 37

Investor Relations:
Paul-César Bonnel
Tel.: +33 (0)1 41 37 41 37


Wed, 03 Aug 2022 03:43:00 -0500 en-NZ text/html
Killexams : Startups News No result found, try new keyword!Showcase your company news with guaranteed exposure both in print and online Online registration is now closed. If you are looking to purchase single tickets please email… Ready to embrace the ... Thu, 04 Aug 2022 06:27:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Cognitus and Revelation Software Concepts Announce Strategic Partnership to Simplify S/4HANA Projects

Cognitus partners with Revelation Software Concepts, a leader in SAP change management and intelligence software, to fast-track S/4HANA migration for digital transformation.

MELBOURNE, Australia, July 28, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Cognitus, an SAP Gold Partner that sells and implements SAP solutions, announced a new partnership with Revelation Software Concepts (RSC), a leader in SAP change management and intelligence software, to help organizations stay ahead in a nearly digital world.

The collaboration has already solved digital challenges for several clients, including Danbury Mission Technologies, which deployed Rev-Trac Platinum, RSC's automated SAP change management platform, to assist with its successful migration to S/4HANA.

The RSC and Cognitus partnership creates solutions to meet the rising demand for organizations to transform digitally to deliver a first-class customer experience while accelerating innovation. It empowers organizations to create better business outcomes sooner with a fast, risk-reduced migration to S/4HANA, the building block for a digital transformation strategy.

Under the partnership, Cognitus can offer Rev-Trac Platinum to its customers as an add-on to its advanced Gallop product suite and SAP consulting expertise to better provide clients with a predictable transition to S/4HANA and the digital capability required to keep pace with innovation.

Daniel Clark, Global Partner Manager for Rev-Trac, says Cognitus is the perfect partner to work with on digital transformation projects. "Our automated SAP change management and intelligence tools complement Cognitus' S/4HANA packaged solutions, facilitating a successful digital transformation today and helping to prevent issues in the future."

"With a reputation and presence built on the success of its S/4HANA product suite in the U.S. and EMEA, we look forward to our partnership with Cognitus enabling organizations to achieve digital transformation objectives faster and with less effort and risk," he said.

René van de Zanden, VP Sales EMEA at Cognitus, said, "We are delighted to partner with RSC in improving our clients' digital transformation projects."

"Rev-Trac Platinum bolsters our current toolset, enabling us to offer more value-added services," Mr. Steve Brown, Lead SAP Basis Consultant at Cognitus, said. "Its capacity to automate and enforce SAP change management and orchestrate an end-to-end DevOps platform will allow us to simplify and accelerate S/4HANA migrations, which translates to extra value and better business outcomes for our clients."

"RSC's more than 20 years of experience in empowering organizations to deliver rapid low-risk SAP change makes them an ideal partner in helping our clients to transition safely to S/4HANA and avoid unnecessary costs, project delays." - Steve Brown.

About RSC

RSC develops solutions that enable organizations to increase business agility and accelerate transformation in a fast-paced digital economy. For more information, visit or contact

About Cognitus

Cognitus is an SAP Gold Partner that specializes in SAP solutions. It is a world leader in the S/4HANA Movement with its Gallop portfolio focusing on S/4HANA assessments, factory delivered migrations, and guided outcomes for specific business process improvements.

Visit Cognitus at or contact

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RSC and Cognitus Partnership

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Thu, 28 Jul 2022 05:25:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Consulting Solutions Named to 2022 List of "Best and Brightest Companies to Work For" In the Nation

Annual list by National Association for Business Resources recognizes best human-resources practices and companies that are leaders in employment standards

JACKSONVILLE, Fla., July 11, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Consulting Solutions, a nationally recognized leader in technology workforce and consulting services, announced today that it has been named among the 2022 Best and Brightest Companies to Work For® in the Nation by the National Association for Business Resources (NABR). The company also received this recognition in 2020.

Winning companies were assessed by an independent research firm and were scored on categories such as communication, work-life balance, employee education, diversity, recognition, and retention.

"Consulting Solutions is committed to exemplary human-resources practices that positively impact employee engagement, job satisfaction, and productivity," said Michael Werblun, CEO of Consulting Solutions. "We're honored to receive this year's Best and Brightest recognition on a national level. Every employee trajectory is important to us, and we look forward to continuing to raise the bar in terms of how we help our teams excel while also achieving a work-life balance."

"These 2022 winning organizations have stood out during unpredictable times and have proven they are an employer of choice. They continue to keep the needs of their employees first and provide perks that include development, wellbeing, work-life balance, rewards, and recognition. In addition, these winning companies offer a fantastic work culture and workplace environment that attract and retain superior employees," said Jennifer Kluge, President and CEO of NABR and The Best and Brightest Program.

To see all winners of the 2022 National Best and Brightest Companies to Work For, click here.

About Consulting Solutions

Consulting Solutions ( is a nationally recognized leader in technology solutions and services. Consulting Solutions' key practice areas include Agile Development, Application Development, Advanced Analytics, Cloud & Infrastructure, Cybersecurity, Delivery Leadership, and ERP (SAP & Oracle). Our scalable engagement models—from individual technology consultants to strategic enterprise programs—enable clients to tap into world-class talent, expertise, and services to drive technology and enterprise transformation initiatives. Consulting Solutions was recently named to the Inc. 5000 list of America's fastest-growing private companies, the SIA Fastest-Growing Staffing Firms in the U.S. and SIA Largest Staffing Firms in the U.S., and was the recipient of ClearlyRated's Best of Staffing for both Client and Talent Satisfaction.

Media Contact:
Kathy Berardi

Cision View original content:

SOURCE Consulting Solutions

Mon, 11 Jul 2022 01:01:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Global Remote Asset Management Market 2022 - Production, Revenue, Average Product Price And Industry Analysis To 2030

(MENAFN- EIN Presswire)

For undertakings in a few businesses, distant resource the board permits far off support and checking of resources, frameworks, and hardware.

NEWARK, UNITED STATES, July 20, 2022 / / -- Global Remote Asset Management Market 2022 offers a dashboard overview and provides vital information on each parameter required for making strategic decisions to lead the market. This research document makes it easier to understand the global Remote Asset Management market status, top competitors and their targeted segments, regions etc. The report can be used as a powerful resource layers by stakeholders, new entrants and other participants in the market in order to gain the upper hand. The report effectively points at the global and regional market along with an in-depth analysis of the overall growth prospects. The segmental analysis focuses on revenue and forecast with respect to region and key players in terms of revenue and forecast.

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Furthermore, it sheds light on the comprehensive competitive landscape of the global market. The report further encompasses the market contribution, latest expansions in both historic and present contexts and successful marketing strategies conducted by leading companies of the industry.

This research document sheds light on the global Remote Asset Management market players making available the information such as product picture, company profiles, specification, price, cost, revenue, capacity, production and contact information.

Key Summary of the Global Remote Asset Management Market:

The report provides a holistic approach to market analysis, forecast, market size, trends, growth drivers, and challenges, as well as vendor analysis covering the top most key players: Accruent, Ascent Intellimation Pvt. Ltd., AT&T, Bosch.IO, Cisco Systems, Inc., EAMbrace, Hitachi Ltd., IBM Corporation, Infosys Limited, Meridium Inc., PTC, RapidValue Solutions, RCS Technologies, ROAMWORKS, Rockwell Automation, Inc., SAP, Schneider Electric, Siemens AG, Verizon, Vodafone Group

Based on the global Remote Asset Management industry and its applications, the enterprise is additionally sub-segmented into multiple primary Applications of its industry. The briefing of each segment which includes Applications such as

Building Automation
Energy And Utilities
Metal and Mining
Transportation And Logistics
This research study classifies the global Remote Asset Management to predict the revenues & analyze the trends in each of the following sub-industry. The Remote Asset Management (Thousands Units) and Revenue (Million USD) Market Split by Product Type such as

Read Detailed Index of full Research Study at @

Likewise, the geographical segmentation shows the key regions competing in the industry, such as:

Latin America (Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia)
Europe (Spain, Great Britain, Italy, Germany, France, Russia, and Benelux countries)
North America (USA, Canada, and Mexico)
Asia Pacific (Southeast Asia, Japan, China, India, and Australia)
And remaining others
The report offers an up-to-date analysis of the present global market scenario, overall market environment and latest market trends and drivers. The rapid demand for the industry is driving the global Remote Asset Management market. To define the market size and forecast in the report, an in-depth secondary research was initially conducted to realize an honest perception of the market in each region. All-embracing primary research has also been administered with the help of interviews attempted with senior executives in the industry. The info gaps left after conducting secondary research interviews could be filled because of these investigations.

Market Report Provides Comprehensive Analysis of:

Remote Asset Management market drivers, trends and their impact
Market landscape and disruption
Various market segments and their sizes
Market size and growth rate in forecasted year
Vendor and customer landscape
Challenges faced by the market
Key performing regions and countries as well
Insights on the key vendors
Table of Contents:

Remote Asset Management Market Overview
Impact on Remote Asset Management Market Industry
Remote Asset Management Market Competition
Remote Asset Management Market Production, Revenue by Region
Remote Asset Management Market Supply, Consumption, Export and Import by Region
Remote Asset Management Market Production, Revenue, Price Trend by Type
Remote Asset Management Market Analysis by Application
Remote Asset Management Market Manufacturing Cost Analysis
Internal Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
Market Effect Factors Analysis
Remote Asset Management Market Forecast (2022-2028)
About Remote Asset Management Market Report:

The research document can be considered as the reliable source of obtaining the major and most essential market insights that will exponentially fast-track a business. It is highly based on the far-reaching research covering an extent of features such as exhaustive study of market segments, market evolution and economic shifts.

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The Brainy Insights is a market research company, aimed at providing actionable insights through data analytics to companies to Strengthen their business acumen. We have a robust forecasting and estimation model to meet the clients' objectives of high-quality output within a short span of time. We provide both customized (clients' specific) and syndicate reports. Our repository of syndicate reports is diverse across all the categories and sub-categories across domains. Our customized solutions are tailored to meet the clients' requirement whether they are looking to expand or planning to launch a new product in the global market.

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Wed, 20 Jul 2022 12:51:00 -0500 Date text/html
Killexams : A Texas Natural Gas Pipeline Highlights America’s Energy Conundrum

In late March, shortly after Vladimir Putin sent the Russian Army into Ukraine, President Joe Biden made a commitment on behalf of a U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry to dramatically increase shipments of American-produced LNG to Europe in the coming years. While helping Europe ease its heavy dependence on Russia and Putin for a large portion of its natural gas supplies represents a noble goal, the President made that commitment without consulting leaders in the LNG industry and without any apparent understanding of the things it would need to fulfill that national commitment.

One big thing the U.S. LNG industry will need is a great deal of new infrastructure to facilitate the production, movement, processing and shipping of the higher volumes of natural gas and LNG. An integral piece of that particular puzzle will be pipelines needed to move the natural gas from often faraway places where it is produced hundreds of miles to the export facilities at which it is turned into LNG.

It is a central, immutable fact that the gas can only be produced where it is found beneath the ground, and LNG can only be moved overseas on ships that are loaded at facilities that lie along the coast. Moving the gas from where it is produced to where it can be loaded on ships requires pipelines, and lots of them.

Achieving that in some parts of the country will require permits from the federal government whenever the pipeline in question crosses a state line and thus falls under the purview of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Unfortunately, Biden’s FERC has demonstrated a great reluctance to issue such permits needed by proposed major pipeline projects designed to carry the gas from the massive Marcellus/Utica Basin to delivery points in the New England states and along the mid- and southern-Atlantic seaboard. This refusal to permit pipelines has left America’s biggest natural gas-producing basin in a constrained situation on pipeline takeaway capacity.

The nation’s second-most prolific natural gas basin, meanwhile, is the Permian Basin that spans West Texas and Southeast New Mexico. The Permian has undergone a major buildout of pipeline capacity in latest years, and all of that capacity is contained within the expansive borders of Texas, and thus free from FERC entanglements and delays.

Despite the latest expansion, however, the Permian remains in a constrained situation where natural gas pipelines are concerned. Production growth in the Permian slowed from a 2012-2020 average of 17% per year to just 8% in 2021, and many analysts are expecting the rate of growth to slow further during 2022 and 2023 without new takeaway capacity coming online.

Artem Abramov, the head of shale research at energy consulting firm Rystad Energy, recently told S&P Global that "The natural gas landscape in the U.S. changed a lot in the last three to four years," Abramov said in an email. Abramov added that the Permian requires another 2 billion cubic feet per day of new takeaway capacity to avoid a bottleneck in coming months.

One major new Permian gas takeaway project already permitted by state agencies and under development is the Matterhorn Express Pipeline, which would span 490 miles of Texas from Waha to interconnection points near Houston. About 2/3rds of the way through that route, the plan is for it to traverse Williamson County in Central Texas. There, the project has encountered substantial pushback from local landowners and civic leaders concerned about the project’s impact.

For any pipeline project, it is one thing to obtain the permits necessary to proceed to construction. Overcoming community opposition, often spurred by professional activists and amplified by a sympathetic news media, is another thing entirely. One recent report quoted several Williamson residents who expressed concerns about potential explosions, land devaluation and other emotional fears.

While it is true that pipeline explosions can unfortunately occur, such incidents have become increasingly and exceedingly rare over time, and modern pipelines are built with safety measures and technologies unimagined even 20 years ago. Cody McGregor, a spokesperson for the Matterhorn Express line, told me in an email that The Matterhorn Express has been designed with careful consideration of the environment and the communities along the proposed route. We are committed to being good neighbors and incorporating feedback from all relevant stakeholders into both the proposed route and the project’s overall design.”

When completed, the Matterhorn Express line would carry enough gas to heat 1.5 million homes in Texas or Europe every day. As Texas’s population and industrial base continue to expand, it will need all of this gas and much more to keep air conditioners running on summer days like Monday, when demand on the state’s grid became so elevated that officials at ERCOT felt the need to ask consumers to conserve energy.

Pipelines like Matterhorn Express are needed, and they have to go into the ground somewhere. The conundrum for state officials who must approve pipeline routes is that, if the residents of Williamson County were to succeed in their efforts to force the route of the line to shift out of their county, then landowners in another county would raise their own emotional objections.

An ongoing constraint of America’s two largest natural gas basins will not only limit the LNG industry’s ability to fulfill Biden’s promises to Europe, it will also impede the ongoing displacement of coal-fired power plants with cleaner natural gas plants. Further constraints would also impede the manufacture of fertilizers that increase yields of crops that produce bio-fuels and help feed the world, and could lead to a resurgence of the flaring issue in the Permian that has been tamed in latest years.

For consumers and public officials, it’s a stark choice: You can’t continue to complain about the U.S. industry not producing enough oil and natural gas to keep prices down, and you certainly can’t expect that industry to be able to feed Europe’s hunger for LNG, if you won’t allow it to build out much-needed critical infrastructure like the Matterhorn Express.

The simple fact is that America needs more pipe in the ground, a lot more. That’s America’s reality. If the industry can’t get that pipe into the ground in Texas, of all places, then Europe’s reality is that it should start looking for another, more reliable LNG trading partner.

Mon, 11 Jul 2022 12:01:00 -0500 David Blackmon en text/html
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