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Cybercriminals are growing ever more relentless and deft with their attacks, with data breaches and system disruptions due to cyberattacks rising every year. Therefore, finding and strengthening cybersecurity weak spots, or vulnerabilities, is key to thwarting these attacks. 

A key vulnerability is apps. Many organizations rely on productivity software and apps built in-house or from IT service providers to be competitive in today’s market. However, while these solutions boost productivity and employee and customer experiences, many of them have weak security measures that can expose the organization to cyberattackers.

Implementing a successful vulnerability management program is necessary for your overall IT risk management plan to protect your business from these threats. According to a report by Mordor Intelligence, the security and vulnerability management market is expected to reach $11.72 billion by 2026. 

Dealing with cybersecurity vulnerabilities, exploits and attacks is difficult since they are continuously evolving. New vulnerabilities and exploits are found daily, leading attackers to build innovative cyberthreats to exploit them. As a result, automated vulnerability management techniques like vulnerability testing and patch management are critical for mitigating emerging cybersecurity risks.


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If an organization doesn’t currently engage in vulnerability management, it’s essential to understand the potential consequences and how to develop a successful vulnerability management solution as part of your overall cybersecurity strategy.

How does vulnerability management work?

Vulnerability management can help identify security vulnerabilities in unpatched systems that, if exploited by adversaries, can put an entire enterprise environment at risk. Typically, vulnerability management is a foundational practice and an integral part of any standard cybersecurity initiative. 

However, constantly changing device demographics and increasing sophistication in cyberattack techniques, including an increase in accurate multipronged attacks, are challenging existing vulnerability management practices. 

“Vulnerabilities open doors for attackers that are hidden from an organization. Even if attackers and organizations learn at the same time of a vulnerability, the attackers are faster to exploit than the organizations are to find and fix it,” said Kevin Haley, director of security response at Symantec.

According to Haley, robust vulnerability management is the only way for businesses to have a fair chance against attackers and mitigating such cyberthreats.

A vulnerability management program’s goal is to keep networks safe against known exploitations while ensuring compliance with regulatory obligations. This protects a business network from being breached through well-known vulnerabilities, making it much harder for cybercriminals to target the company. It can also help protect the business from penalties associated with regulatory noncompliance, saving money and your company’s reputation.

Steve Benton, vice president of Anomali Threat Research, said he believes that as much as vulnerability management programs are absolutely critical for data-driven businesses to mitigate cyberthreats, they also need to be intelligence-led. 

“Organizations give themselves away too cheaply to attackers by not prioritizing mitigating vulnerabilities from their attack surface. Given the resource constraints all organizations face, you must have the means to determine and act on the vulnerabilities most likely to be exploited in attacks on your organization,” Benton told VentureBeat. 

Talking about how data-driven organizations can achieve best-in-class status for a vulnerability management program, Benton says that the vulnerability management cycle needs to be empowered and enabled by threat-relevant intelligence correlated to the organization’s attack surface and key assets. 

“Such precise and laser-focused assessment must be further translated into a verifiable patch/mitigation execution. Intelligence is the steel thread that will pump-prime best-in-class status,” said Benton. 

Key processes

A vulnerability management program may be built internally or by utilizing a vulnerability management service from a managed security service provider (MSSP).

When developing a program internally, several factors must be taken into account:

Identification: A vulnerability assessment is an essential first step in developing a vulnerability management strategy. Without a method for identifying weaknesses, your management approach will be a shot in the dark rather than an intelligent strategy. As a result, conduct an initial evaluation to discover vulnerabilities and be receptive to employee input if they uncover other problems. For a thorough assessment, it is critical to scan systems and programs that have network access and track the services that run on the network, including remote access portals, during this stage.

Analysis: The next step is to assess the risk of a vulnerability and estimate how much time, money or other resources would be required to rectify it. To determine these features, a team must discuss a few critical questions: How difficult would it be for an attacker to exploit this vulnerability? What danger does this vulnerability represent to our network or digital assets? Since each vulnerability is unique, it is critical to identify vital facts to make educated decisions with your vulnerability management team moving forward.

Treatment: The next step is to address any vulnerabilities discovered within the network, hardware or software. The following action plans should be used to prioritize vulnerabilities based on their severity:

  • Remediate: The ideal action plan for any possible risks discovered within a network is to completely resolve the vulnerability. If it is not feasible to resolve every vulnerability discovered, this should at least be the expectation when dealing with weaknesses that might cause significant damage to the organization.
  • Mitigate: If the full resolution isn’t possible for the vulnerability, a solution is to mitigate its potential impact on the enterprise. This action plan ultimately buys you time until a solution is found and helps your cybersecurity posture tremendously.
  • Acceptance: When the cost of fixing a vulnerability surpasses the potential harm of the exposure, it’s best to merely be aware of it.

To address vulnerabilities more effectively, it is critical to collaborate with an internal IT team to evaluate which vulnerabilities require immediate attention and remedy, which may simply be mitigated for the time being and which don’t warrant any action at all.

Continued reporting and monitoring: For continually developing cyberthreats, it’s critical not to stagnate in the vulnerability management program — something that may be avoided by periodically monitoring current vulnerabilities and scanning for new ones. Establish a simple approach to report potential vulnerabilities across all teams within your business by compiling reports of existing vulnerabilities and their plans of action. This will assist the internal IT staff in staying informed of current and prospective dangers.

According to Pete Chestna, CISO North America at Checkmarx, when designing a vulnerability management program, firms frequently spend too much time “managing” the vulnerabilities rather than addressing them.

“We need realistic goals based on the team’s maturity and the application’s importance. Any vulnerabilities that get to production by exception process or ‘management’ are probably there for good. So it’s important to be clear-eyed on that and refer from your data to confirm,” Chestna told VentureBeat.  

The role of automation

Since current threats need constant moderation, vulnerability management software can assist in automating this process. 

A vulnerability management program employs a vulnerability scanner and, in some cases, endpoint agents to inventory and identify vulnerabilities in multiple systems on a network. Vulnerability scanning uses an automated program to scan an organization’s IT networks, apps, devices, and other internal or external assets for potential security flaws and vulnerabilities.

Users receive a report at the end of each vulnerability scan that records the vulnerabilities discovered, as well as risk rankings for each vulnerability and security advice. Furthermore, the discovered vulnerability threats are evaluated in various contexts so that decisions regarding how to effectively handle them can be made.

“The idea behind automated vulnerability management programs (AVMPs) is to reduce the time it takes organizations to roll out patches,” Alon Nachmany, field CISO at AppViewX, told VentureBeat.  

Nachmany says that the remediation process where patches must be tested and deployed is time-consuming and could increasingly benefit from automation.

“[AVMPs] can help automate and ultimately reduce this process, rolling out patches much faster and plugging security holes that expose the company. In addition, automating the QA process for testing and the implementation factor would reduce the time it takes to secure the organization,” he said.

The impact and exploitability of a vulnerability are estimated by taking into consideration a variety of parameters such as ease of access, authentication, the diffusion of the vulnerability, the availability of mitigation, and others. 

The exploitability and impact are then combined to assign each vulnerability a severity score between 0.0 and 10.0. This is known as the CVSS score (common vulnerability scoring system). The vulnerabilities are further categorized as high, medium or low severity based on their CVSS score.

Vulnerabilities with a score of 7 to 10 are regarded as extremely serious, while a score of 4 to 6.9 are classified as medium and those with a value of 0 to 3.9 are classified as low. These scores enable developers and security professionals to prioritize vulnerabilities based on severity, ensuring that the most significant ones are handled first.

Forrester senior analyst, Erik Nost, said that many security teams today deal with staffing and skill shortages, and automating critical processes such as vulnerability management can aid such use cases.  

“Anything that removes manual effort is always helpful. However, dealing with today’s threat volume is almost impossible without automation. Scanning for assets, and vulnerabilities on them, is the most common process that is fully automated today,” Nost told VentureBeat. 

Future vulnerability management challenges

One of the critical future challenges for vulnerability management frameworks is the need for an integrated solution for supply chain attacks, said Rohit Dhamankar, VP of threat intelligence at Alert Logic. 

Dhamankar believes that supply chain attacks are a critical vulnerability that organizations need to address, as evidenced by the infamous Log4j critical vulnerability in December of 2021. “As organizations get more and more code-shared for development, it is necessary to know what software and packages are being used in the network directly or indirectly. It also highlights the boundary lines of shared responsibilities in this aspect,” he said. 

While automation can bring various benefits to the vulnerability management process for most medium- to enterprise-sized firms, it can also add potentially significant expenses, according to Jerrod Piker, competitive intelligence analyst at Deep Instinct.

“An organization must know what assets are the most important to protect so they can balance the cost of automation, whether it be through in-house or third-party solutions. This can only be achieved through the process of categorization and prioritization,” Piker explained.

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Mon, 26 Sep 2022 08:10:00 -0500 Victor Dey en-US text/html
Killexams : Best System Administrator Certifications for 2019

When it comes to managing computer systems, whether in an office environment, on a campus or in an enterprise data center, there’s a long list of tools and technologies SysAdmins need to master. There are numerous certifications can help validate knowledge and skills in those areas.

In addition to server and client configuration and maintenance, many system administrators must understand access controls, network services and resource requirements for applications. They often find themselves working with directory and name services as well as network addressing, database services, web and desktop applications, email, and more.

Making sense of all these different system administrator roles and accompanying certifications is no easy task. After examining various credentials, we came up with a list of our five favorite system administrator certifications for 2019.

The following chart shows the results of an informal job search we conducted that gives you an idea of the relative frequency with which our top five certifications appear in genuine job postings. While all the certifications are popular, the CompTIA Server+ stands out as the clear favorite.

Job Board Search Results (in alphabetical order, by certification)*

Certification SimplyHired Indeed LinkedIn Jobs Linkup Total
MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure (Microsoft) 112 247 253 151 773
Oracle Linux System Administrator (Oracle) 311 377 124 304 1,116
RHCE (Red Hat) 507 625 864 286 2,282
Server+ (CompTIA) 98 111 165 25 399
VCP6.5-DCV (VMware)* 219 275 169 192 855

*When searching for VCP – Data Center credentials, we found most job descriptions didn’t indicate a specific version.

Although employers tend to pay SysAdmins less than some of their IT peers, such as network engineers and data architects, a career in system administration is still worth pursuing. SimplyHired reports $77,296 as the national average salary for SysAdmins, in a range from $49,746 to $120,102. pegs averages at $75,967 for plain-vanilla, and $88,032 for senior systems administrators.

MCSE: Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert

The Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE) certification has long ruled the hearts and minds of those who work on Microsoft-based systems, servers and clouds. MCSE certifications focus on the latest technologies for business applications, cloud infrastructures, data management and analytics, mobility, and productivity.

But when it comes to system administration certifications in general, the brightest lights are those that address Windows Server at the enterprise and server administrator levels. While these credentials don’t all specifically use “system administrator” in their descriptions, they all fall well inside the roles and responsibilities of system administration jobs. They’re also in high demand in job postings and classified job advertisements.

The MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure targets IT professionals seeking to promote careers such as information security analysts or computer support specialists. Those obtaining the certification will find that the MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure credential is designed to validate the skills necessary to effectively run a data center, including networking, storage, systems management, virtualization and identity management.

Note: The Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) is Microsoft’s prevailing mid-range IT certification. It covers most administrative job roles, including system administration at both the desktop and server levels, as well as more specialized job roles that include SQL Server and Office 365. MCSA: Cloud Platform is a gateway certification that feeds into these MCSE certifications.

System administration candidates might also want to take a close look at the MCSE: Productivity credential, which garners nearly as many hits on job boards as the MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure cert. The MCSE: Productivity focuses on Microsoft Exchange, SharePoint or Skype For Business. Because communications systems and services of all kinds are so important to business, these are good areas for aspiring and practicing system administrators to specialize in.

The Microsoft Certification Program underwent extensive changes in September 2016. Once you earn one of the latest MCSE credentials, you do not have to recertify within three years as used to be the case. However, by passing an elective test each calendar year, you add an entry to your transcript that indicates your commitment to staying current on technologies and expanding your skillset.

MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure Facts and Figures

Certification Name Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE): Cloud Platform and Infrastructure
Prerequisites & Required Courses Any one of the following MCSAs is required:

MCSA: Windows Server 2016

MCSA: Cloud Platform

MCSA: Linux on Azure

MCSA: Windows Server 2012

Number of Exams One additional elective test is required to earn this MCSE. Valid electives include:

70-532 Developing Microsoft Azure Solutions

70-533 Implementing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions (exam retires December 31, 2018)

70-473 Designing and Implementing Cloud Data Platform Solutions

70-475 Designing and Implementing Big Data Analytics Solutions

70-744 Securing Windows Server 2016

70-745 Implementing a Software-Defined Datacenter

70-413 Designing and Implementing a Server Infrastructure

70-414 Implementing an Advanced Server Infrastructure

70-537 Configuring and Operating a Hybrid Cloud with Microsoft Azure Stack (coming soon)

Candidates are encouraged to check the certification web page for the most current list of qualifying exams.

Cost per Exam $165 per test in the USA
Self-Study Materials Visit the certification web page and Microsoft Learning for practice tests, free online training, Microsoft Official Curriculum in-classroom and on-demand course offerings, books, online resources and more.  Candidates will find links to training resources including practice exams, books, video, and formal training on the test web page.

Oracle Linux System Administrator

Although known for its database products and solutions, Oracle also has its own distribution of Linux, geared for the enterprise and designed to support cloud environments. In fact, Oracle Linux is optimized for various Oracle products and platforms, such as Oracle Exadata Database Machine, Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine, Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud and Oracle Database Appliance.

To support Oracle Linux, the company offers the Oracle Linux System Administrator certification at Associate and Professional levels. A single Oracle Linux Certified Implementation Specialist credential is also offered. We focus on the Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) version in this section.

The OCP Oracle Linux System Administrator certification, currently at version 6 (although version 7 should be coming soon), covers a lot of details. Candidates must be well-versed on the Btrfs file system, control groups, Linux containers, advanced storage administration techniques, Oracle cluster management and package management. The certification also tests for knowledge of dump analysis, dynamic tracing, network and security configuration and more.

The OCP Oracle Linux System Administrator certification requires that candidates first obtain the Oracle Certified Associate (OCA) Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator certification and pass one exam.

SysAdmins who support Oracle Solaris might be interested in the Oracle Solaris System Administrator certification, which Oracle offers at the Associate and Professional levels. Oracle also offers several server-related certifications for SPARC and Fujitsu servers.

Oracle Linux System Administrator Facts and Figures

RHCE: Red Hat Certified Engineer

In the realm of Linux system administrator certifications, Red Hat certs really stand out. Red Hat’s more senior-level certifications are especially popular among IT professionals as well as the employers who hire them. Those holding the Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) credential qualify for job roles such as senior Linux administrator, senior UNIX administrator, senior systems engineer, infrastructure systems engineer, IT analyst and the like.

The RHCE is regarded as a high-level credential that’s not easy to obtain. Candidates must first obtain the Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) credential and then pass a three and a half hour, hands-on, performance-based test that’s intense and demanding. Those who earn the RHCE can go on to earn the Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) in Infrastructure credential.

The current RHCE test is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7. RHCE certification is valid for three years from the date the certification was achieved. To maintain the certification, a credential holder must pass any RHCA test or pass the RHCE certification test again before the end of the three-year period.

Note: In October 2018, IBM announced that it was acquiring Red Hat for the princely sum of $34 billion. It’s too early to tell what impact this may have on Red Hat certification offerings, if any.

RHCE Facts and Figures

Certification Name Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)
Prerequisites & Required Courses Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) certification (does not have be on the same Red Hat Enterprise Linux version). RHCSA requires one exam: EX200 — Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA).

Note: Courses recommended but not required

Number of Exams One exams:

EX300 – Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) exam, 3.5 hours

Cost per Exam $400 (RHCE test fee only)
Self-Study Materials Red Hat Training offers multiple training options, including classroom, virtual, online, video and private onsite. The Red Hat Learning Subscription offers online and video courses, including cloud-based labs, in Basic and Standard subscriptions. Prices vary by geography. Candidates in the U.S. can expect to pay $5,500 (or 19 training units) for the Basic tier and $7,000 (or 24 training units) for the Standard tier.

CompTIA Server+

CompTIA offers a long list of entry-level certifications, such as the A+ for hardware technicians, Network+ for network admins and Security+ for security specialists, all of which are highly regarded in the computing industry. The CompTIA Server+ certification is no exception. Companies such as Intel, HP, Dell, Lenovo, Xerox and Microsoft, as well as the U.S. Department of Defense, recommend or require that their server technicians earn CompTIA Server+.

The Server+ certification test focuses on foundational server-related courses that are vendor-neutral in nature, including server hardware, operating systems, storage systems, networking, the IT environment (documentation, diagrams and best practices), security and disaster recovery, virtualization and troubleshooting.

The Server+ credential, along with sufficient experience, is a great asset for individuals seeking a position as a server or network administrator, systems engineer or website administrator. You can also consider it as a stepping stone to a more focused certification, such as the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) or the Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA).

Server+ certification requires one exam, SK0-004. CompTIA recommends that candidates have at least 18 months of experience and A+ certification before sitting for the exam.

CompTIA Server+ Facts and Figures

Certification Name CompTIA Server+
Prerequisites & Required Courses Required: None

Recommended: CompTIA A+ certification plus 18 to 24 months of IT experience

Number of Exams One exam: SK0-004 (90 minutes, 100 multiple-choice questions, 750 on a scale of 100-900 required to pass)
Cost per Exam $319. Purchase vouchers through CompTIA Marketplace. test administered by Pearson VUE.
Self-study Materials Links to practice questions, test objectives, eBooks, and other training resources are available on the certification web page. test study bundles including eBooks and CertMaster practice are available from the CompTIA Marketplace.

VCP6-DCV: VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization

The VMware family of certifications are must-have credentials for IT professionals interested in the field of virtualization. Offering a comprehensive certification program that encompasses all skills levels, VMware credentials are recognized globally as best in class.

The latest incarnation of the VMware vSphere product is Version 6.5. VMware currently offers two credentials which target vSphere V6.5 users: the VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization and the VMware Certified Advanced Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization (Design and Deploy). It’s anticipated that the VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX-DCV) will be available soon.

Although Version 6.5 is the newest version of the vSphere product, interested candidates can still certify on vSphere V. 6. The VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization (VCP6-DCV) is one of VMware’s most popular credentials with more than 100,000 certified credential holders. The VCP6-DCV prepares credential holders for more advanced certifications, including the VMware Certified Advanced Professional (VCAP6-DCV) and the pinnacle cert, VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX-DCV). For this article, we chose to concentrate on the requirements for the VCP6.5 – DCV since it’s based on the newest version of vSphere.

Training is required for non-credential holders seeking to obtain the VCP6-DCV. VMware offers a variety of training options to meet the training prerequisite: self-paced (on demand), live online and live classroom, some of which include virtual labs. Those possessing a valid VCP5-DCV or VCP6-DCV credential need only pass a delta exam to obtain the credential.

VCP6.5-DCV Facts and Figures

Certification Name VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization (VCP6.5-DCV)
Prerequisites & Required Courses Path 1 (non-VCP credential holders):  Gain vSphere 6.5 experience, attend a required training course, pass either the vSphere 6 or 6.5 Foundations exam, and pass the current VCP6.5–DCV exam

Path 2 (active VCP5-DCV or VCP6-DCV credential holders): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience, pass the VCP6.5–DCV or VCP6.5–DCV Delta exam. Training is recommended but not required.

Path 3 (expired VCP-DCV): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience, attend a required training course, pass either the vSphere 6 or 6.5 Foundations exam, and pass the current VCP6.5–DCV exam

Path 4 (active VCP 6, 6.5 or 7 in a different track): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience and pass the VCP6.5–DCV exam. Training is recommended but not required.

See the VCP6.5-DCV web page for list of current approved training courses.

Number of Exams One or two exams depending on certification path.

Foundation exams:

vSphere 6 Foundations Exam, 2V0-620, 115 minutes, 65 questions

vSphere 6.5 Foundations Exam, 2V0-602, 105 minutes, 70 questions

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization exams:

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization, 2V0-622, 105 minutes, 70 questions

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Delta, 2V0-622D, 106 minutes, 70 questions

Cost per Exam vSphere Foundations test (V6 or V6.5), $125

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization exam, $250

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Delta exam, $250

Self-Study Materials A link to an test guide, training and a practice test (if available) appear on each test page (see the How to Prepare tab). VMware Learning Zone offers test prep subscriptions. Numerous VCP6-DCV study materials are available through MeasureUp offers a VCP6-DCV practice tests and a practice labs.

Beyond the Top 5: More SysAdmin Certifications

Beyond the five system administrator certifications featured in this article, there are many other certification programs that can help to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work in system administration.

It makes sense to investigate the plethora of vendor-specific programs available for those who work with systems from companies such as Brocade, Dell EMC, HPE, IBM, NetApp, Symantec and so forth. Many of them play into key system specialty areas, such as storage, security or virtualization, while others offer a broad range of platforms for these and other technology areas. Here are some examples:

  • IBM Certified System Administrator (and Advanced Administrator), for WebSphere Application Server Network Deployment, AIX, DB2, Connections, Sametime, Lotus Notes, Informix, IBM i and more
  • NetApp Certified Data Administrator (NCDA), geared toward professionals who manage NetApp data storage controllers running the ONTAP operating system
  • ServiceNow Certified System Administrator, aimed at professionals who are adept at configuring, implementing and managing ServiceNow systems

Likewise, vendor-neutral certification programs also offer a variety of interesting and potentially valuable credentials. For example, the LPI LPIC certifications, which had been in our top five list for several years, are well known and widely recognized in IT shops and operations that depend on Linux servers to handle their workloads. It’s best to think of our top five certifications as a good place to start, while also realizing that there are many other options to consider as well.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : How to Run Live Update From Within the Symantec Endpoint Protection Management Console

Sohaib Khan is a freelance writer and aspiring novelist with a bachelor's degree in math from Luther College, Iowa. He is an expert in SEO techniques. Khan also contributes to blogs and helps friends maintain their websites. He hopes to earn a master's degree in creative writing some day.

Sat, 21 Jul 2018 14:40:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Budworm Espionage Group Returns, Targets US State Legislature

The advanced persistent threat (APT) actor known as Budworm has been spotted targeting a US-based entity for the first time in more than six years, alongside other international targets.

The news comes from Symantec security researchers, who shared an advisory about the attacks with Infosecurity before publication.

According to the new data, Budworm executed attacks over the past six months against several strategically significant targets, including a Middle Eastern country’s government, a multinational electronics manufacturer, a hospital in South East Asia and a US state legislature.

“While there were frequent reports of Budworm targeting US organizations six to eight years ago, in more accurate years, the group’s activity appears to have been largely focused on Asia, the Middle East, and Europe,” reads the advisory.

In the latest attacks, Budworm leveraged the Log4j vulnerabilities (CVE-2021-44228 and CVE-2021-45105) to compromise the Apache Tomcat service on servers to install web shells. The attackers reportedly used Virtual Private Servers (VPS) hosted on Vultr and Telstra as command and control (C&C) servers.

Symantec also explained that Budworm continued to rely on the HyperBro malware family as its primary payload, which is often delivered using a dynamic-link library (DLL) side-loading technique. 

“In accurate attacks, Budworm has used the endpoint privilege management software CyberArk Viewfinity to perform side-loading,” the security researchers wrote in the advisory.

“The binary, which has the default name vf_host.exe, is usually renamed by the attackers in order to masquerade as a more innocuous file.”

In some cases, however, the HyperBro backdoor was loaded with its own HyperBro loader, also designed to load malicious DLLs and encrypt payloads.

“This is the second time in accurate months, Budworm has been linked to attacks against a US-based target,” Symantec wrote, warning companies against the APT’s potential change of tactics.

“A recent CISA report on multiple APT groups attacking a defense sector organization mentioned Budworm’s toolset. A resumption of attacks against US-based targets could signal a change in focus for the group.”

For indicators of compromise (IoC) and additional information about the latest Budworm campaign, the Symantec advisory is now publicly available at this link.

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 03:00:00 -0500 Alessandro Mascellino text/html
Killexams : Can IAM help save on cyber insurance?

Sponsored Feature Underwriters are continuing to feel the pinch as cyber insurance claims mount. That means customers are hurting too, with policies becoming more costly and insurers demanding more proof of cybersecurity. So how do organizations make better use of identity and access management to demonstrate their competency in protecting people's sensitive personal and financial data?

Darren Thomson is vice president of product marketing for identity security company One Identity, having previously held the role of EMEA CTO at Symantec before working at its cyber insurance analytics spin-off CyberCube. He explains that cyber insurance developed in the early 2000s as a way to hand off risk as cybersecurity concerns mounted.

"There comes a point where the simple choice between mitigating risks and ignoring them is not enough," he says. "People want to share or transfer that risk."

That point first came in 1997, when AIG launched the first documented internet security liability policy. It offered third-party risk coverage for technology services providers to reimburse their clients in the event of cybersecurity-related damage. In the mid-2000s, policies evolved to offer first-party risk, covering attacks against a policy holder's own business and broadening the target market beyond tech firms.

As cyber threats grew, so did the appetite for risk transfer, with the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) noting a dramatic increase in the proportion of insurance clients taking out cyber insurance policies. In 2016, just 26 percent of clients opted for this coverage with one large broker it studied. By 2021, that number had reached 47 percent.

The rise of enterprise ransomware

Transferring the risk to an insurance company helps to regulate a client's investment in cybersecurity, which in turns aids the avoidance of over- or under-investing in protective measures proportional to the risk. But what happens when the risks become too volatile for the insurers too?

That's what happened as ransomware evolved from attacks on individuals and small businesses into a mature criminal industry targeting bigger companies. Cyber crooks became more sophisticated, hitting larger organizations with deeper pockets. They also became more successful at it. The size of ransom demands rose accordingly from tens of thousands to millions. "Insurance companies didn't see that coming," says Thomson.

The other problem for insurers was complexity. Clients frequently add more tools and technologies to their sprawling infrastructures. The pandemic exacerbated the problem. As hybrid work became a necessity, the physical perimeter disappeared.

Companies supporting a hybrid workforce found themselves grappling with endpoints sitting on residential local area networks (LANS) used for both work and personal activities. Managing these devices' access to corporate information became more difficult. The change in infrastructure and access methods created yet more layers of security risk, making cyber risk transfer even more problematic for underwriters.

The problem of valuing cyber risk

Fairly assessing and pricing this risk has been tough for insurers, especially given the lack of available data. Actuaries have decades of data on car accidents and health conditions, but not much about cyber risk for example. Assessing the risk of cyber attack is more art than science, and the industry demand for the skills to support that process is high.

Insurers that charged too little for covering cybersecurity risk have found themselves shouldering an array of costs. Ransomware payments are perhaps the simplest to understand, but they're just one factor among many possible expenses. These include post-breach investigation and data recovery; loss of income from business disruption; breach notification costs; legal claims; and regulatory penalties. Supply chain attacks make third-party liability costs especially worrying for insurers, who face reimbursement costs for their clients' downstream users.

In May, Fitch Ratings found that reported cyber insurance claims had risen 100 percent annually in the past three years. Claims closed with payment grew by 200 percent annually over the same period, with 8,100 claims paid in 2021. This eats into insurers' profits. The direct loss plus defense and cost containment (DCC) ratio is the proportion of the earned premium paid out in claims expenses. Lower is better and in 2015-2019, the average figure was 42 percent. In 2021, it stood at 65 percent

Insurers naturally became obsessed with ransomware as payouts increased, recalls Thomson. This, along with other evolving security risks, transformed the still-nascent cyber insurance industry into a 'hard market'.

"A hard market is one that is difficult to comply with," he explains. One characteristic is the rising price of premiums.

The Council of Insurance Brokers and Agents has measured these increases. Its most accurate Q1 2022 data showed a 27.5 percent quarter-on-quarter bump in premium prices for cyber insurance, following a 34.3 percent rise in Q4.

"The policies are highly priced and the payout limits are very low," continues Thomson. "So it's actually pretty hard for many organizations to get good coverage on cyber now."

Holding clients to account

The other reaction from insurers has been more scrutiny. Insurance companies are asking more detailed questions about their clients' cybersecurity posture before assuming their risk. They are also building more cyber assessment capabilities, ranging from auditing through to penetration testing and IT security consulting.

Increased insurer scrutiny means a lot more hoop-jumping for companies that were used to treating the premium payment as a simple hedge against attack. Now, they must demonstrate a robust approach to cybersecurity.

"A better security posture means higher coverage and/or lower rates," explains Thomson.

Insurance firms started establishing minimum requirements with checklists before verifying compliance. And clients which find themselves falling short must step up to address any issues if they want a reasonable cyber insurance policy.

Insurers are asking organizations to demonstrate their plans for disaster recovery for example. Backup and restoration too play a big part in that assessment, Thomson explains, prompting companies to demonstrate that they are regularly testing these capabilities.

Underwriters are paying extra attention to email security in their assessments, given the heavy use of phishing in ransomware and other cyber attacks.

Clients are under extra pressure to demonstrate that they're patching their systems regularly, which also increases attention on endpoint management and effective software inventory (you can't patch what you don't see).

Other focal points include classification schemes for networks, data, and systems, along with education and cybersecurity awareness programs for users.

The role of identity and access management

Thomson sees one of the most significant areas that companies can Strengthen upon is identity and access management. Solutions that stop attackers from getting onto the company network and accessing information inappropriately are of particular interest.

"IAM teams historically always struggled to show concrete benefits to the business," he says. "Now, with cyber insurance as a risk management requirement and potential savings on policies it's a much easier argument to win. IAM can clearly demonstrate value for the business."

Insurers are focusing on multi-factor authentication in their evaluations as they realize the growing importance of identity in cybersecurity posture. Harvesting some low-hanging fruits is mandatory, including multi-factor authentication (MFA) for the whole workforce.

"Most insurers now want to know that you have at least two factors of authentication in place for your users and your customers, if not multi-factor authentication," Thomson continues.

But not all MFA solutions are equal, and this choice can affect clients' cybersecurity protection. One common problem is the lack of support for on-prem devices. Many solutions will secure access to SaaS applications but can't protect access to the workstation you're sitting in front of. So the type of MFA you use affects issues on insurer checklists such as endpoint security management.

"One Identity managed to cover this capability gap by fusing together Defender (our on-prem 2FA) and OneLogin SaaS, creating a hybrid solution well suited to these hybrid needs," Thomson adds.

Increasing the focus on identity infrastructure

Some insurers are also acknowledging the need to enforce complex passwords and avoid default passwords or default accounts, One Identity says. Companies should also look at other areas, such as structured processes for handling joiners, movers, and leavers.

Insurers are already asking more questions about the management of access credentials on their cyber insurance premium questionnaires. They are becoming more interested in techniques ranging from password management through to privileged access management, and are asking companies to attest to their capabilities here too.

AIG asks clients about their techniques for managing privileged access credentials, including the use of access logging tools and secure storage mechanisms, for example. It also makes explicit reference to the use of MFA for workers remotely accessing corporate resources.

Active Directory or equivalent directory systems are foundational technologies when managing identity data and access privileges, so it's not surprising that this comes up in questionnaires. You'll find insurers asking about the number and types of accounts used on that system, Thomson says.

As technology moves on, he expects insurers to embrace other facets of identity management, such as passwordless technology.

"They [insurers] are aware of the trend and they're excited about the next phase," he says. "They're tracking the maturity of those solutions."

As underwriters continue to turn up the pressure on cyber insurance clients, we're seeing a traditionally conservative industry tackle the challenge of insuring against a dynamic, fast-moving set of risks. Ultimately, this will benefit everyone, increasing insurers' confidence in underwriting cyber risk while forcing clients to Strengthen their protection. Acquiring the right tools in areas such as IAM and IT management, combined with an appropriate risk management mindset, are critical for equitable, sustainable risk transfer.

Sponsored by One Identity.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 20:10:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : What Is the 4-7-8 Breathing Technique, and How Does It Help With Sleep?

Good sleep is a crucial part of overall health, but plenty of people struggle to get the recommended seven-plus hours a night. In fact,

data suggests that one in four women has symptoms of insomnia, like trouble falling asleep, issues staying asleep, or both, leaving many searching for help for sleep problems.

One potential aid that’s now getting buzz is the 4-7-8 breathing technique. While it won’t suddenly cure a person’s sleep problems, experts say it can help you relax enough to conk out. But what is the 4-7-8 breathing technique and how can it help?

What is the 4-7-8 breathing technique?

At its core, the 4-7-8 breathing technique is designed to relax you. It was popularized by integrative medicine specialist Andrew Weil, M.D., who has videos online about how to do the breathing exercise.

In one video, Weil said he teaches this exercise to all of his patients, calling it “another yoga breathing technique.”

The name describes what you should actually do when you’re trying this technique: You breathe in for four counts, hold your breath for seven counts, and exhale for eight counts.

How to do the 4-7-8 breathing technique

Weil breaks down the technique in a video on his website:

  • Sit with your back straight.
  • Place the tip of your tongue against the ridge of tissue just behind your upper front teeth (you’ll keep it there the entire time).
  • Exhale through your mouth.
  • Close your mouth and inhale through your nose for four counts.
  • Hold your breath for seven counts.
  • Exhale your breath through your mouth for eight counts, making a whooshing sound (if it’s tough to do this around your tongue, Weil suggests pursing your lips slightly).
  • Do this cycle four times.

How can the 4-7-8 breathing technique help with sleep?

In general, the technique “is helping an individual focus on their breathing and the numbers require some concentration,” Christopher Winter, M.D., of Charlottesville Neurology and Sleep Medicine, and author of the book, The Sleep Solution: Why Your Sleep Is Broken and How to Fix It. That can actually be a welcome distraction from other things that may be keeping you awake, he says. “The individual is not sitting there focused on why they cannot sleep, which is probably the main value,” Dr. Winter says. “There are some who feel like the technique is unlocking some magical breathing combination lock of sleep, which I have never seen any real research to support.”

Philip Gehrman, Ph.D., is a clinical psychologist with the Penn Sleep Center and an associate professor of clinical psychology in psychiatry with the Perelman School of Medicine, agrees. “I’m not aware of any evidence demonstrating it is any better or worse than other approaches,” he says.

But doing something over and over again like breathing exercises can help set you up for good sleep, says Kelly Waters, M.D., a sleep medicine physician with Spectrum Health. “The repetitive nature of breathing techniques is great for the last steps of settling,” she explains. “The first stage of sleep is called the ‘hypnic’ stage, and these types of breathing techniques allow for a type of self-hypnosis.”

Breathing exercises in general are known to help people relax, says clinical psychologist Thea Gallagher, Psy.D., an assistant professor at NYU Langone Health and co-host of the Mind in View podcast. “It helps to regulate your physiology,” she says. “It can help slow you down, ground you, and bring you back to the present.”

This can be especially helpful if you feel like your mind starts to race when you try to settle down for sleep, Gallagher says. “It really allows you to come back to the moment, re-calibrate, reassess and pull you out of a mental spiral that you may be having,” she says.

Doing breathing exercises like the 4-7-8 technique can also facilitate chemical changes in your body, says Hillary Ammon, Psy.D., clinical psychologist at the Center for Anxiety & Women's Emotional Wellness. “Often when people are experiencing anxiety, worry, or stress, they are releasing stress hormones, including cortisol,” she says. “These chemical changes are sending signals to your body that there is a threat in front of you, causing you to feel keyed up or restless.” The 4-7-8 technique helps your body get out of that fight-or-flight mode. “You are expelling more oxygen than you are taking in, signaling to your body that there is no threat and that it can go into a relaxed state,” Ammon says.

What to do if you’re struggling to sleep

Relaxing your mind is an important step toward helping you to go to sleep, Dr. Winter says. And, if the 4-7-8 technique helps you do that, he says you absolutely should use it—it’s just not the only method that can help.

“Anything can be used to calm people down—decorate your dream house in your mind, plan a trip, imagine sitting with a deceased person who is dear to you and the two of you having a conversation, or relive a memory you had with them,” he says. “I had a patient who went through the steps of making banana bread and her husband visualized playing his favorite golf course. There are lots of ways to relax and focus your mental energy elsewhere.”

You can also take a step-wise approach to falling asleep, Dr. Waters says, including turning off screens before bed, since bright lights can work against your mind’s ability to get ready for bed. Settling your thoughts can help, too, like journaling or making a to-do list to write down any thoughts that are swirling in your mind so you can leave them for the next day, she says.

Light reading or doing a puzzle can also help settle your mind, Dr. Waters says. “When your eyes are moving, but you stop processing what you are reading, it's time to shut off the lights and move to bed,” she says. Then, if you want to use breathing techniques, it can be helpful to use them here. If you happen to wake up in the middle of the night, Dr. Gehrman says you can also try the breathing technique at that point.

Dr. Winters just recommends not relying on the 4-7-8 technique alone to help you sleep. “It’s fine, but it's no miracle,” he says. “It’s just a way to be mindful of breathing which is relaxing and calming for some. “The miracle technique that will have you asleep in 60 seconds”? Probably not, but it’s certainly not harmful to try.”

Fri, 23 Sep 2022 09:30:00 -0500 en-us text/html
Killexams : Witchetty hackers hide backdoor malware in a Windows logo

Symantec warns of new Chinese hacking campaign

The 'Witchetty' hacking group, which uses steganography to hide a backdoor malware in a Windows logo.

Symantec reports that the threat group is operating a new cyberespionage campaign launched in February 2022 that targeted two governments in the Middle East and a stock exchange in Africa.

The hackers refreshed their toolkit to target different vulnerabilities and used steganography to hide their malicious payload from antivirus software.

For those who came in late steganography is the act of hiding data within other non-secret, public information or computer files, such as an image, to evade detection. Symantec found Witchetty is using steganography to hide an XOR-encrypted backdoor malware in an old Windows logo bitmap image.

The file is hosted on a trusted cloud service instead of the threat actor's command and control (C2) server, so the chances of raising security alarms while fetching it are minimised.

The attack begins with the threat actors gaining initial access to a network by exploiting the Microsoft Exchange ProxyShell (CVE-2021-34473, CVE-2021-34523, and CVE-2021-31207) and ProxyLogon (CVE-2021-26855 and CVE-2021-27065) attack chains to drop webshells on vulnerable servers.

Witchetty uses standard utilities like Mimikatzand to dump credentials from LSASS and abuses "lolbins" on the host, like CMD, WMIC, and PowerShell.

The hackers rely on exploiting last year's vulnerabilities to breach the target network, taking advantage of the poor administration of publicly exposed servers so if you want to fight it off upgrade your system.

Sun, 02 Oct 2022 21:11:00 -0500 Nick Farrell en-gb text/html
Killexams : Remote Access Management Market Worth USD 12.67 Billion, Growing at a 15.8% CAGR by 2030 - Report by Market Research Future (MRFR)

Market Research Future

Increased Staff Productivity to Boost Remote Access Management Market Growth

New York, US, Oct. 05, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- According to a comprehensive research report by Market Research Future (MRFR), “Remote Access Management Market, By Component, By Technology, Organization Size and By Vertical - Forecast 2030, the market is anticipated to acquire a valuation of approximately USD 12.67 Billion by the end of 2030. The reports further predict the market to flourish at a robust CAGR of over 15.8% during the assessment timeframe.

Remote Access Management Market Key Players 

Eminent market players profiled in the global remote access management market report include –

  • NetScreen Technologies Inc. (US)

  • Symantec Corporation (US)

  • Fortinet (US)

  • Sophos Ltd. (UK)

  • Brocade Communication Systems Inc. (US)

  • Palo Alto Networks Inc. (US)

  • Cisco Systems Inc. (US)

  • Juniper Networks (US)

  • Citrix Systems Inc. (US)

  • VMware Inc. (US)

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Remote Access Management Market Drivers 

Plentiful Benefits to Boost Market Growth 

With benefits including important data protection, increased productivity, remote data management and access, usage of personal devices, remote administration, and quicker troubleshooting, remote access management is becoming more and more popular in a variety of end-user applications. This will fuel market growth in the assessment period.

Remote Access Management Market Report Scope:

Report Metric


Revenue forecast in 2030

USD 12.67 Billion

Growth Rate

CAGR of 15.8% from 2021 to 2030

Key Market Opportunities

Utilizing User and Entity Behavior Analytics into MDM

Key Market Drivers

Rising security worries to ensure tremendous corporate information

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Increased Staff Productivity to offer Robust Opportunities 

Globally rising employee productivity and the demand for improved client communication are significant drivers of the market's expansion.

Bring Your Own Device (BYOD), the rising acceptance of cloud-based services, and the increased implementation of remote access control systems by numerous businesses and institutions are all anticipated to fuel market expansion. The market is growing as small, medium, and large organizations increasingly accept remote access software. Businesses are becoming more globally diversified, and to manage their activities around the world, they are installing remote access management software, which is driving the market forward.


Compliance with Stringent Government Guidelines and Rules to act as Market Restraint 

The compliance with strict government guidelines and rules may act as a market restraint over the forecast period. To prevent the development of the cell phone in the market for executives, certain norms and restrictions must exist. Any nation's laws prioritize the security and protection of its data, which leads to the implementation of laws restricting the use of MDM techniques. The main initiative by the European Union (EU) focused on protecting Personally Identifiable Information (PII) of its citizens is the General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) regulation. The GDPR offers businesses the ability to increase customer confidence, which will Strengthen business operations.


Complex Portability Challenges to act as Market Challenge 

The complex portability challenges for the developing number of stages, OS, and cell phones may act as a market challenge in the assessment period. There are different portable venture applications such as web, crossover, and local, made to be used in cell phones.

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Remote Access Management Market Segmentation 

The global remote access management market has been bifurcated based on component, technology, organization size, and vertical.

By component, software will lead the market in the assessment period. Software for managing remote access allows people to connect to and utilize a computer from a distance.

By technology, IPsec VPN will dominate the market over the forecast period. The most popular invention for remote access executives is IPsec VPN. In an IPsec VPN, a virtual private network client is installed on the end client's computer and set up with details about the target organization, such as an IP address. When a client needs to communicate with a remote organization, they launch a virtual private network client, and a secure connection to the company firewall is established.

By organization size, SMEs will spearhead the market over the forecast period. The requirement for remote resources, executive arrangements, and administrations to deal with their resources to boost profitability and reduce operating costs is growing for SMEs across all verticals. Expanding the use of cutting-edge innovation across industries has benefited SMEs and significantly improved their operational profitability.

By vertical, the remote access management market is segmented into government, travel, healthcare, and BFSI.

COVID-19 Analysis 

It is believed that the COVID-19 will impartially influence the growth of the global remote access management market. It is unlikely that the COVID-19 epidemic spread will have a large impact on the global market. Customers are not required to increase or decrease their usage, nor are they required to stock up on more supplies. The market will be impacted by the rise of cloud IAM and contribute to its growth virtually at any time. Similarly, this study report deconstructs additional crucial trends and market forces that will influence market development beyond 2020–2024.

Remote Access Management Market Regional Analysis 

North America to Lead Remote Access Management Market 

The largest growth potential is in North America, which might soon take the top rank in the worldwide market. The market growth is mostly attributed to the high concentration of reputable remote access management software solution providers. The rise of the market in the region is also fueled by the region's highly developed IT infrastructure and businesses' high levels of enthusiasm for using the newest technology. Since the COVID-19 outbreak, the network security market in the area has expanded quickly, demonstrating exceptional resilience in the face of economic uncertainty. The lockdown situation's impact on distant working policies within enterprises increased the adoption of remote network technologies in the region, which benefited the local economy. The remote asset management business was dominated by North America. It is the most developed region in terms of infrastructural development and technological uptake. It is one of the biggest contributors to the market. The presence of sizable IT firms and quickening technological developments, such as the digitalization of the US & Canada, are propelling market expansion in this area. The market will expand as a result of the increased use of connected, smart, and secure technologies for asset-centric applications. The North American region's technological improvements are responsible for the market for remote access management experiencing significant growth.

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APAC to Have Admirable Growth in Remote Access Management Market 

Together with the growing number of major organizations in addition to small and medium-sized businesses, the APAC market for remote access management can achieve the fastest CAGR over the assessment period. To effectively meet all client requests, the majority of these businesses are increasingly using remote access control systems. Bring Your Own Devices (BYOD) and the Internet of Things (IoT) is both driving significant market growth in the area. The Asia Pacific (APAC) market is anticipated to develop at the highest CAGR of 17.3% during the projected period due to the need for remote asset management solutions and services in nations like China, Japan, India and the rest of APAC. The market in APAC is being driven by the rising popularity of cloud-based solutions and new technologies like the big data analytics, Internet of Things, and mobility.

Related Reports:

IOT- Identity Access Management Market, by Services, by Components, by End-Users - Forecast 2030

Identity & Access Management Market, By Deployment, By Organization Size, By Verticals - Forecast 2030

Privileged Access Management Solutions Market Research Report: Information By Type, Application and Region - Forecast to 2030

About Market Research Future:

Market Research Future (MRFR) is a global market research company that takes pride in its services, offering a complete and accurate analysis regarding diverse markets and consumers worldwide. Market Research Future has the distinguished objective of providing the optimal quality research and granular research to clients. Our market research studies by products, services, technologies, applications, end users, and market players for global, regional, and country level market segments, enable our clients to see more, know more, and do more, which help answer your most important questions.

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CONTACT: Contact Market Research Future (Part of Wantstats Research and Media Private Limited) 99 Hudson Street, 5Th Floor New York, NY 10013 United States of America +1 628 258 0071 (US) +44 2035 002 764 (UK) Email: Website:
Tue, 04 Oct 2022 23:00:00 -0500 en-NZ text/html
Killexams : Incorporating traditional management techniques to combat effects of ocean acidification

Ocean acidification is a major concern related to climate change, with the oceans currently absorbing around a quarter of the carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere. The increased CO 2 that is absorbed by the ocean in turn decreases its pH, making the waters more acidic. These more acidic conditions put marine organisms that create calcium carbonate shells and skeletons at risk.

New research that will be presented Monday at the Geological Society of America's GSA Connects 2022 meeting evaluated a strategy based on Indigenous techniques that may help to mitigate the effects of ocean acidification on calcifying organisms.

Hannah Hensel, a Ph.D. candidate at the University of California, Davis, led a study that tested whether adding hash—pulverized clam shells—to sediments could help raise the pH of pore waters and aid in calcification for infaunal .

"One of the things that marine invertebrates have to deal with regarding is ocean acidification," said Hensel. "When researching that build shells and skeletons out of calcium carbonate, I came upon some research by a diverse group of people up in British Columbia working in clam gardens, an Indigenous shellfish management practice."

Clam gardens are a longstanding form of Indigenous coastal management in Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington State that typically involve building a rock wall in the intertidal zone that creates a level beach terrace. Clam gardens expand the habitat where clams thrive and increase productivity. Shell hash is also sometimes added to these environments to help promote growth.

"I reached out to people from the Clam Garden Network and also started looking into Indigenous management techniques in California to see if there were connections that could be made between the two ," said Hensel.

Adding additional pieces of shelly material to sediments may help buffer the water against acidification as they dissolve and release ions into the water. Hensel ran laboratory experiments using juvenile Pacific littleneck clams (Leukoma staminea), which are infaunal organisms that burrow within the sediment, to test how adding shell hash to the sediments may impact the pH and alkalinity of the water and calcifying conditions for the clams.

Hensel gathered dead from a local California bay to pulverize for the shell hash and then added the shell hash to juvenile Pacific littleneck clams that were grown for 90 days in acidified seawater and control seawater. Clams were also grown without the shell hash in acidified and control seawater.

By analyzing the pH and alkalinity of the pore water in the sediments and the overlying water, Hensel found that adding shell hash increased the pH and alkalinity of the pore fluids both in the acidic and control seawater conditions. The added shell hash thus worked to alter the chemistry of the pore fluids, helping to buffer against , which can help promote biologic calcification.

While these tests using shell hash were conducted in a laboratory, a next important step will be seeing how the technique fares in a natural environment.

"Next summer we're going to mimic this experiment in the field to see if we get a similar trend," Hensel said.

Given the longstanding Indigenous knowledge regarding the many benefits of adding shell hash and now experimental data showing its ability to help buffer against acidic conditions, shell hash may be a useful tool for combatting the local effects of .

"With more research and collaboration between local resource managers, Indigenous scholars and citizens, and the aquaculture industry, I do think it could be used in commercial aquaculture as a pointed and direct method to protect specific organisms that are known to do poorly in acidic conditions. The influence of shell hash on the pore fluids is very local," Hensel said.

Citation: Incorporating traditional management techniques to combat effects of ocean acidification (2022, October 8) retrieved 17 October 2022 from

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Fri, 07 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : IT Service Management (ITSM) Market Analysis, Business Development, Size, Share, Trends, Future Growth, Forecast to 2029 By VMR

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Oct 13, 2022 (Heraldkeepers) -- New Jersey, United States,- The IT Service Management (ITSM) Market research report delivers accurate data and innovative corporate analysis, helping organizations of all sizes make appropriate decisions. The IT Service Management (ITSM) report also incorporates the current and future global market outlooks in emerging and developed markets. Moreover, the report also investigates regions/countries expected to witness the fastest growth rates during the forecast period.

The IT Service Management (ITSM) research report also provides insights of different regions that are contributing to market growth. It also includes the competitive landscape that involves leading companies and adopting strategies to announce partnerships and collaboration to contribute to market growth.

Request PDF sample Copy of Report: (Including Full TOC, List of Tables & Figures, Chart) @

The research study includes profiles of leading companies operating in the IT Service Management (ITSM) Market:

ServiceNow, Atlassian, Ivanti (HEAT Software), IBM, CA Technologies, BMC Software, ASG Software, Axios Systems, SAP, Cherwell Software, Micro Focus (Formerly HPE), Freshworks, Ultimo, Epicor, TOPdesk, Samanage, Agiloft Service, Symantec, SysAid, SolarWinds, Autotask

The study report offers a comprehensive analysis of IT Service Management (ITSM) Market size across the globe as regional and country-level market size analysis, CAGR estimation of market growth during the forecast period, revenue, key drivers, competitive background, and sales analysis of the payers. Along with that, the report explains the major challenges and risks to face in the forecast period. IT Service Management (ITSM) Market is segmented by Type, and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global IT Service Management (ITSM) Market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource.

This report also covers Analysis based on SWOT Analysis, providing the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats for a better understanding of the market. Also, the Porter Five Forces Model for the Global IT Service Management (ITSM) Market will be provided.

IT Service Management (ITSM) Market, By Type:

? Cloud-based
? On-Premises

IT Service Management (ITSM) Market, By Application:

? SMEs
? Large Enterprises

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Regional Analysis Covered in this report:

? North America (USA and Canada)
? Europe (UK, Germany, France and the rest of Europe)
? Asia Pacific (China, Japan, India, and the rest of the Asia Pacific region)
? Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, and the rest of Latin America)
? Middle East and Africa (GCC and rest of the Middle East and Africa)

Reasons Why You Should Buy This Report:

? To gain an in-depth understanding of the IT Service Management (ITSM) Market
? To obtain research-based business decisions and add weight to presentations and marketing strategies
? To gain competitive knowledge of leading market players
? It gives a pinpoint investigation of changing rivalry elements and keeps you in front of contenders.
? It helps in settling on educated business choices by having total bits of knowledge of the market and by making inside and out an investigation of market sections.

Table of Contents:

1. Introduction of the Global IT Service Management (ITSM) Market
? Overview of the Market
? Scope of Report
? Assumptions

2. Executive Summary

3. Research Methodology of Checked Market Reports
? Data Mining
? Validation
? Primary Interviews
? List of Data Sources

4. Global IT Service Management (ITSM) Market Outlook
? Overview
? Market Dynamics
? Drivers
? Restraints
? Opportunities
? Porters Five Force Model
? Value Chain Analysis

5. Global IT Service Management (ITSM) Market, By Product

6. Global IT Service Management (ITSM) Market, By Application

7. Global IT Service Management (ITSM) Market, By Geography
? North America
? Europe
? Asia Pacific
? Rest of the World

8. Global IT Service Management (ITSM) Market Competitive Landscape
? Overview
? Company Market Ranking
? Key Development Strategies

9. Company Profiles

10. Appendix

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Verified Market Reports is a leading Global Research and Consulting firm servicing over 5000+ global clients. We provide advanced analytical research solutions while offering information-enriched research studies.

We also offer insights into strategic and growth analyses and data necessary to achieve corporate goals and critical revenue decisions.

Our 250 Analysts and SME's offer a high level of expertise in data collection and governance using industrial techniques to collect and analyze data on more than 25,000 high-impact and niche markets. Our analysts are trained to combine modern data collection techniques, superior research methodology, expertise, and years of collective experience to produce informative and accurate research.

Our research spans over a multitude of industries including Energy, Technology, Manufacturing and Construction, Chemicals and Materials, Food and Beverages etc. Having serviced many Fortune 2000 organizations, we bring a rich and reliable experience that covers all kinds of research needs.

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The post IT Service Management (ITSM) Market Analysis, Business Development, Size, Share, Trends, Future Growth, Forecast to 2029 By VMR appeared first on Herald Keeper.


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Thu, 13 Oct 2022 15:45:00 -0500 en-US text/html
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