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  • A

    abstract class

    In Java and other object oriented programming (OOP) languages, objects and classes (categories of objects) may be abstracted, which means that they are summarized into characteristics that are relevant to the current program’s operation.

  • AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML)

    AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a technique aimed at creating better and faster interactive web apps by combining several programming tools including JavaScript, dynamic HTML (DHTML) and Extensible Markup Language (XML).

  • Apache Camel

    Apache Camel is a Java-based framework that implements messaging patterns in Enterprise Integration Patterns (EIP) to provide a rule-based routing and mediation engine enterprise application integration (EAI).

  • Apache Solr

    Apache Solr is an open source search platform built upon a Java library called Lucene.

  • AWS SDK for Java

    The AWS SDK for Java is a collection of tools for developers creating Java-based Web apps to run on Amazon cloud components such as Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3), Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and Amazon SimpleDB.

  • AWS SDK for JavaScript

    The AWS SDK for JavaScript is a collection of software tools for the creation of applications and libraries that use Amazon Web Services (AWS) resources.

  • B

    bitwise operator

    Because they allow greater precision and require fewer resources, bitwise operators, which manipulate individual bits, can make some code faster and more efficient. Applications of bitwise operations include encryption, compression, graphics, communications over ports/sockets, embedded systems programming and finite state machines.

  • C


    Compositing used to create layered images and video in advertisements, memes and other content for print publications, websites and apps. Compositing techniques are also used in video game development, augmented reality and virtual reality.

  • const

    Const (constant) in programming is a keyword that defines a variable or pointer as unchangeable.

  • CSS (cascading style sheets)

    This definition explains the meaning of cascading style sheets (CSS) and how using them with HTML pages is a user interface (UI) development best practice that complies with the separation of concerns design pattern.

  • E

    embedded Tomcat

    An embedded Tomcat server consists of a single Java web application along with a full Tomcat server distribution, packaged together and compressed into a single JAR, WAR or ZIP file.

  • EmbeddedJava

    EmbeddedJava is Sun Microsystems' software development platform for dedicated-purpose devices with embedded systems, such as products designed for the automotive, telecommunication, and industrial device markets.

  • encapsulation in Java

    Java offers four different "scope" realms--public, protected, private, and package--that can be used to selectively hide data constructs. To achieve encapsulation, the programmer declares the class variables as “private” and then provides what are called public “setter and getter” methods which make it possible to view and modify the variables.

  • Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB)

    Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is an architecture for setting up program components, written in the Java programming language, that run in the server parts of a computer network that uses the client/server model.

  • exception handler

    In Java, checked exceptions are found when the code is compiled; for the most part, the program should be able to recover from these. Exception handlers are coded to define what the program should do under specified conditions.

  • F

    full-stack developer

    A full-stack developer is a type of programmer that has a functional knowledge of all techniques, languages and systems engineering concepts required in software development.

  • G

    git stash

    Git stash is a built-in command with the distributed version control tool in Git that locally stores all the most recent changes in a workspace and resets the state of the workspace to the prior commit state.

  • GraalVM

    GraalVM is a tool for developers to write and execute Java code.

  • Groovy

    Groovy is a dynamic object-oriented programming language for the Java virtual machine (JVM) that can be used anywhere Java is used.

  • GWT (GWT Web Toolkit)

    The GWT software development kit facilitates the creation of complex browser-based Java applications that can be deployed as JavaScript, for portability across browsers, devices and platforms.

  • H


    Hibernate is an open source object relational mapping (ORM) tool that provides a framework to map object-oriented domain models to relational databases for web applications.

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)

    HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a text-based approach to describing how content contained within an HTML file is structured.

  • I


    InstallAnywhere is a program that can used by software developers to package a product written in Java so that it can be installed on any major operating system.

  • IntellJ IDEA

    The free and open source IntellJ IDEA includes JUnit and TestNG, code inspections, code completion, support for multiple refactoring, Maven and Ant build tools, a visual GUI (graphical user interface) builder and a code editor for XML as well as Java. The commercial version, Ultimate Edition, provides more features.

  • inversion of control (IoC)

    Inversion of control, also known as the Hollywood Principle, changes the control flow of an application and allows developers to sidestep some typical configuration hassles.

  • J

    J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition)

    J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) is a technology that allows programmers to use the Java programming language and related tools to develop programs for mobile wireless information devices such as cellular phones and personal digital assistants (PDAs).

  • JAR file (Java Archive)

    A Java Archive, or JAR file, contains all of the various components that make up a self-contained, executable Java application, deployable Java applet or, most commonly, a Java library to which any Java Runtime Environment can link.

  • Java

    Java is a widely used programming language expressly designed for use in the distributed environment of the internet.

  • Java abstract class

    In Java and other object oriented programming (OOP) languages, objects and classes may be abstracted, which means that they are summarized into characteristics that are relevant to the current program’s operation.

  • Java annotations

    Within the Java development kit (JDK), there are simple annotations used to make comments on code, as well as meta-annotations that can be used to create annotations within annotation-type declarations.

  • Java assert

    The Java assert is a mechanism used primarily in nonproduction environments to test for extraordinary conditions that will never be encountered unless a bug exists somewhere in the code.

  • Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS)

    The Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS) is a set of application program interfaces (APIs) that can determine the identity of a user or computer attempting to run Java code, and ensure that the entity has the privilege or permission to execute the functions requested... (Continued)

  • Java BufferedReader

    Java BufferedReader is a public Java class that allows large volumes to be read from disk and copied to much faster RAM to increase performance over the multiple network communications or disk reads done with each read command otherwise

  • Java Business Integration (JBI)

    Java Business Integration (JBI) is a specification that defines an approach to implementing a service-oriented architecture (SOA), the underlying structure supporting Web service communications on behalf of computing entities such as application programs or human users... (Continued)

  • Java Card

    Java Card is an open standard from Sun Microsystems for a smart card development platform.

  • Java Champion

    The Java Champion designation is awarded to leaders and visionaries in the Java technology community.

  • Java chip

    The Java chip is a microchip that, when included in or added to a computer, will accelerate the performance of Java programs (including the applets that are sometimes included with Web pages).

  • Java Comparator

    Java Comparator can compare objects to return an integer based on a positive, equal or negative comparison. Since it is not limited to comparing numbers, Java Comparator can be set up to order lists alphabetically or numerically.

  • Java compiler

    Generally, Java compilers are run and pointed to a programmer’s code in a text file to produce a class file for use by the Java virtual machine (JVM) on different platforms. Jikes, for example, is an open source compiler that works in this way.

  • Java Cryptography Extension (JCE)

    The Java Cryptography Extension (JCE) is an application program interface (API) that provides a uniform framework for the implementation of security features in Java.

  • Java Data Objects (JDO)

    Java Data Objects (JDO) is an application program interface (API) that enables a Java programmer to access a database implicitly - that is, without having to make explicit Structured Query Language (SQL) statements.

  • Java Database Connectivity (JDBC)

    Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an API packaged with the Java SE edition that makes it possible to connect from a Java Runtime Environment (JRE) to external, relational database systems.

  • Java Development Kit (JDK)

    The Java Development Kit (JDK) provides the foundation upon which all applications that are targeted toward the Java platform are built.

  • Java Flight Recorder

    Java Flight Recorder is a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) profiler that gathers performance metrics without placing a significant load on resources.

  • Java Foundation Classes (JFC)

    Using the Java programming language, Java Foundation Classes (JFC) are pre-written code in the form of class libraries (coded routines) that deliver the programmer a comprehensive set of graphical user interface (GUI) routines to use.

  • Java IDE

    Java IDEs typically provide language-specific features in addition to the code editor, compiler and debugger generally found in all IDEs. Those elements may include Ant and Maven build tools and TestNG and JUnit testing.

  • Java keyword

    Java keywords are terms that have special meaning in Java programming and cannot be used as identifiers for variables, classes or other elements within a Java program.

  • Java Message Service (JMS)

    Java Message Service (JMS) is an application program interface (API) from Sun Microsystems that supports the formal communication known as messaging between computers in a network.

  • Java Mission Control

    Java Mission Control is a performance-analysis tool that renders sampled JVM metrics in easy-to-understand graphs, tables, histograms, lists and charts.

  • Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE)

    The Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) is a collection of Java APIs owned by Oracle that software developers can use to write server-side applications. It was formerly known as Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition, or J2EE.

  • Java Runtime Environment (JRE)

    The Java Runtime Environment (JRE), also known as Java Runtime, is the part of the Java Development Kit (JDK) that contains and orchestrates the set of tools and minimum requirements for executing a Java application.

  • Java Server Page (JSP)

    Java Server Page (JSP) is a technology for controlling the content or appearance of Web pages through the use of servlets, small programs that are specified in the Web page and run on the Web server to modify the Web page before it is sent to the user who requested it.

  • Java string

    Strings, in Java, are immutable sequences of Unicode characters. Strings are objects in Java and the string class enables their creation and manipulation.

  • Java virtual machine (JVM)

    A Java virtual machine (JVM), an implementation of the Java Virtual Machine Specification, interprets compiled Java binary code (called bytecode) for a computer's processor (or "hardware platform") so that it can perform a Java program's instructions.


    JAVA_HOME is an operating system (OS) environment variable which can optionally be set after either the Java Development Kit (JDK) or the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) is installed.

  • JavaBeans

    JavaBeans is an object-oriented programming interface from Sun Microsystems that lets you build re-useable applications or program building blocks called components that can be deployed in a network on any major operating system platform.

  • JavaFX

    JavaFX is a software development platform for the creation of both desktop aps and rich internet applications (RIAs) that can run on various devices. The name is a short way of typing "Java Effects."

  • JavaScript

    JavaScript is a programming language that started off simply as a mechanism to add logic and interactivity to an otherwise static Netscape browser.

  • JAX-WS (Java API for XML Web Services)

    Java API for XML Web Services (JAX-WS) is one of a set of Java technologies used to develop Web services... (Continued)

  • JBoss

    JBoss is a division of Red Hat that provides support for the JBoss open source application server program and related middleware services marketed under the JBoss Enterprise Middleware brand.

  • JDBC Connector (Java Database Connectivity Connector)

    The JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) Connector is a program that enables various databases to be accessed by Java application servers that are run on the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) from Sun Microsystems.

  • JDBC driver

    A JDBC driver (Java Database Connectivity driver) is a small piece of software that allows JDBC to connect to different databases. Once loaded, a JDBC driver connects to a database by providing a specifically formatted URL that includes the port number, the machine and database names.

  • JHTML (Java within Hypertext Markup Language)

    JHTML (Java within Hypertext Markup Language) is a standard for including a Java program as part of a Web page (a page written using the Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML).

  • Jikes

    Jikes is an open source Java compiler from IBM that adheres strictly to the Java specification and promises an "extremely fast" compilation.

  • JMX (Java Management Extensions)

    JMX (Java Management Extensions) is a set of specifications for application and network management in the J2EE development and application environment.

  • JNDI (Java Naming and Directory Interface)

    JNDI (Java Naming and Directory Interface) enables Java platform-based applications to access multiple naming and directory services.

  • JOLAP (Java Online Analytical Processing)

    JOLAP (Java Online Analytical Processing) is a Java application-programming interface (API) for the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) environment that supports the creation, storage, access, and management of data in an online analytical processing (OLAP) application.

  • jQuery

    jQuery is an open-sourced JavaScript library that simplifies creation and navigation of web applications.

  • JRun

    JRun is an application server from Macromedia that is based on Sun Microsystems' Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE).

  • JSON (Javascript Object Notation)

    JSON (JS Object Notation) is a text-based, human-readable data interchange format used for representing simple data structures and objects in Web browser-based code. JSON is also sometimes used in desktop and server-side programming environments. (Continued....)

  • JTAPI (Java Telephony Application Programming Interface)

    JTAPI (Java Telephony Application Programming Interface) is a Java-based application programming interface (API) for computer telephony applications.

  • just-in-time compiler (JIT)

    A just-in-time (JIT) compiler is a program that turns bytecode into instructions that can be sent directly to a computer's processor (CPU).

  • Jython

    Jython is an open source implementation of the Python programming language, integrated with the Java platform.

  • K

    Kebab case

    Kebab case -- or kebab-case -- is a programming variable naming convention where a developer replaces the spaces between words with a dash.

  • M

    MBean (managed bean)

    In the Java programming language, an MBean (managed bean) is a Java object that represents a manageable resource, such as an application, a service, a component, or a device.

  • Morphis

    Morphis is a Java -based open source wireless transcoding platform from Kargo, Inc.

  • N


    NetBeans is a Java-based integrated development environment (IDE). The term also refers to the IDE’s underlying application platform framework. 

  • O

    object-relational mapping (ORM)

    Object-relational mapping (ORM) is a mechanism that makes it possible to address, access and manipulate objects without having to consider how those objects relate to their data sources...(Continued)

  • Open Service Gateway Initiative (OSGi)

    OSGi (Open Service Gateway Initiative) is an industry plan for a standard way to connect devices such as home appliances and security systems to the Internet.

  • OpenJDK

    OpenJDK is a free, open-source version of the Java Development Kit for the Java Platform, Standard Edition (Java SE).

  • P

    Pascal case

    Pascal case is a naming convention in which developers start each new word in a variable with an uppercase letter.

  • prettyprint

    Prettyprint is the process of converting and presenting source code or other objects in a legible and attractive way.

  • R

    Remote Method Invocation (RMI)

    RMI (Remote Method Invocation) is a way that a programmer, using the Java programming language and development environment, can write object-oriented programming in which objects on different computers can interact in a distributed network.

  • S

    Snake case

    Snake case is a naming convention where a developer replaces spaces between words with an underscore.

  • SQLJ

    SQLJ is a set of programming extensions that allow a programmer using the Java programming language to embed statements that provide SQL (Structured Query Language) database requests.

  • Sun Microsystems

    Sun Microsystems (often just called "Sun"), the leading company in computers used as Web servers, also makes servers designed for use as engineering workstations, data storage products, and related software.

  • T


    Tomcat is an application server from the Apache Software Foundation that executes Java servlets and renders Web pages that include Java Server Page coding.

  • X

    XAML (Extensible Application Markup Language)

    XAML, Extensible Application Markup Language, is Microsoft's XML-based language for creating a rich GUI, or graphical user interface. XAML supports both vector and bitmap types of graphics, as well as rich text and multimedia files.

  • Sat, 28 May 2022 18:12:00 -0500 en text/html
    Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2020

    Savvy, talented and knowledgeable database professionals are always in demand. This article covers some of the best, most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases. 

    During the past three decades, we’ve seen a lot of database platforms come and go, but there’s never been any question that database technology is a crucial component for all kinds of applications and computing tasks. 

    Database certifications may not be as sexy or bleeding-edge as cloud computing, storage, or computer forensics. That said, there has been and always will be a need for knowledgeable database professionals at all levels and in a plethora of database-related job roles. 

    To get a better grasp of the available database certifications, it’s useful to group these certs around job responsibilities. In part, this reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

    • Database administrator (DBA): Responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). Often tied to a specific platform such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server. 
    • Database developer: Works with generic and proprietary APIs to build applications that interact with a DBMS (also platform-specific, like DBA roles).
    • Database designer/database architect: Researches data requirements for specific applications or users, and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
    • Data analyst/data scientist: Responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insight, determine meaning behind the data and make business-specific recommendations.
    • Data mining/business intelligence (BI) specialist: Specializes in dissecting, analyzing and reporting on important data streams, such as customer data, supply chain data, and transaction data and histories.
    • Data warehousing specialist: Specializes in assembling and analyzing data from multiple operational systems (orders, transactions, supply chain information, customer data, etc.) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

    Careful attention to these database job roles highlights two important technical issues for would-be database professionals to consider. 

    First, a good general background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a basic prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 

    Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver come from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. That’s why most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

    It’s important to note that NoSQL databases – referred to as “not only SQL” and sometimes “non-relational” databases – handle many different types of data, such as structured, semi-structured, unstructured and polymorphic. NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data applications, which tend to be associated with certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence. Although there is some natural overlap, for the most part, we cover those certs in our annually updated “Best Big Data Certifications.” 

    Before you look at our featured certifications in detail, consider their popularity with employers. The results of an informal search on several high-traffic job boards show which database certifications employers look for most when hiring. Though these results vary from day to day (and by job board), such numbers provide a useful perspective on database certification demand in current job listings.

    Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)*




     LinkedIn Jobs 



    IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2






    Microsoft SQL Server database certifications**






    Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator






    Oracle Database 12c Administrator












    *See our complete methodology for selecting top five certifications in the “Best Certifications” series.

    **Combined totals for MCSA: SQL Database Administration (540), MCSA: SQL Database Development (569), MCSE: Data Management and Analytics (640) and MTA: Database (503).

    If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $86,415 as the national average in the U.S., in a range from $60,960 to over $128,000. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat higher at $93,164, with a top rung for experienced, senior DBAs right around $135,000.

    Top 5 database certifications

    Now let’s look at the details of our top five database certification picks for 2020.

    1. IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

    IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry standard DB2, as well as IBM Compose, Information Management System (IMS), lnformix, Cloudant and IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop. IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program, which has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

    After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM’s major data-centric certification category is called IBM Data and AI, which includes a range of database credentials: Database Associate, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Application Developer and more. It’s a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers straight to the handful of items that are relevant to their interests and needs. 

    Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on Linux, Unix or Windows should check out the IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 certification. It’s an intermediate credential that addresses routine administration, basic SQL, and creation of databases and database objects, as well as server management, monitoring, availability and security. 

    This certification requires candidates to pass two exams. Pre-exam training is recommended but not required.

    IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 facts and figures

    Certification name

    IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 11.1 (Linux, UNIX and Windows)

    Prerequisites and required courses

    None required; recommended courses available

    Number of exams

    Two exams: IBM DB2 11.1 DBA for LUW (exam C2090-600) (60 questions, 90 minutes)
    DB2 11.1 Fundamentals for LUW (exam C2090-616) (63 questions, 90 minutes)

    Cost per exam

    $200 (or local currency equivalent) per exam ($400 total). Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.


    Self-study materials

    Each exam webpage provides exam objectives, suggested training courses and links to study guides for sale through MC Press. Click the exam Preparation tab for detailed information. You can also visit the Prepare for Your Certification Exam webpage.

    2. Microsoft SQL Server database certifications 

    SQL Server offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence, data warehousing and data-driven applications of all kinds. That probably explains why Microsoft offers database-related credentials at every level of its certification program. 

    Microsoft has taken significant steps over the last year to change its certification program from technology-focused to role-centric, centered on the skills one needs to be successful in specific technology jobs. With these changes in mind, Microsoft now identifies four job tracks in its certification program: Developers, Administrators, Solution Architects and Functional Consultants. You will find a wide variety of skills and technologies within each of those categories, but we’ll concentrate below on the company’s SQL Server certifications.

    MTA: Database Fundamentals

    The MTA program includes a single database-related exam: Database Fundamentals (98-364). This credential is ideal for students or as an entry-level cert for professionals looking to segue into database support.


    Microsoft offers several SQL-related credentials at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) level:

    • MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014 (three exams)
    • MCSA: BI Reporting (two exams)
    • MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development (two exams)
    • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration (two exams)
    • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development (two exams)


    There is one SQL database credential at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert level: Data Management and Analytics. This certification has the MCSA as a prerequisite (a list of valid items follows in the table) and then requires passing one elective exam.

    Microsoft SQL Server database certification facts and figures

    Certification name

    MTA: Database Fundamentals
    MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014
    MCSA: BI Reporting 
    MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development
    MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration
    MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development
    MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

    Prerequisites and required courses  

    No prerequisites:
    MTA: Database Fundamentals
    MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014
    MCSA: BI Reporting
    MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development
    MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration
    MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

    MCSE Data Management and Analytics prerequisites (only one required):
    MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014
    MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development
    MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration
    MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development
    MCSA: Machine Learning
    MCSA: BI Reporting
    MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure

    Training courses are available and recommended for all certifications but not required.

    Number of exams

    MTA: Database Fundamentals: One exam

    • Database Fundamentals (98-364)

    MCSA: BI Reporting: Two exams

    • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Power BI (70-778)
    • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Microsoft Excel (70-779)

    MCSA: SQL Server: Three exams

    • Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-461)
    • Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 Databases (70-462)  
    • Implementing a Data Warehouse with Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-463

    MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development: Two exams

    • Implementing a SQL Data Warehouse (70-767)
    • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768) 

    MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration: Two exams

    • Administering a SQL Database Infrastructure (70-764)
    • Provisioning SQL Databases (70-765) 

    MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development: Two exams

    • Querying Data with Transact-SQL (70-761)
    • Developing SQL Databases (70-762) 

    MCSE: Data Management and Analytics: One exam (from the following)

    • Developing Microsoft SQL Server Databases (70-464)
    • Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server (70-465)
    • Implementing Data Models and Reports with Microsoft SQL Server (70-466)
    • Designing Business Intelligence Solutions with Microsoft SQL Server (70-467)
    • Developing SQL Databases (70-762)
    • Implementing a Data Warehouse Using SQL (70-767)
    • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768)
    • Analyzing Big Data with Microsoft R (70-773)
    • Implementing Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Solutions (70-777

    All exams administered by Pearson VUE.

    Cost per exam

    MTA: $127 (or equivalent in local currency outside the U.S.)
    MCSA/MCSE: $185 (or equivalent) per exam


    Self-study materials

    Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the MTA, MCSA and MCSE certs are well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice tests and other materials.

    3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

    Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks for Database Application Development (SQL and PL/SQL), MySQL (Database Administration and Developer) and Oracle Database (versions 12c, 12c R2, and 11g, and Oracle Spatial 11g). 

    MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

    A candidate interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server; configure replication; apply security; and schedule and validate database backups. 

    The certification requires candidates to pass a single exam (the same exam can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

    Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

    4. Oracle Database 12c Administrator

    Most Oracle DBMS credentials require candidates to attend authorized training classes to qualify for the related exam, but MySQL (and Sun-derived) credentials often do not. Oracle certifications also represent a true ladder, in that it is generally necessary to earn the associate-level credentials first, professional-level credentials second and master-level credentials third, culminating with the expert level. 

    Oracle Database 12c R2 is the latest version, which includes enhancements to Oracle Database 12c. Oracle 12c certifications are currently offered at the associate, professional and master levels. 

    A Foundations Junior Associate certification (novice level) is also available for Oracle Database 12c, as are three specialist designations: the Implementation Specialist, the Oracle Database Performance and Tuning 2015 Certified Implementation Specialist, and the Oracle Real Application Clusters 12c Certified Implementation Specialist. 

    Available expert-level credentials include the Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administrator; Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Expert; Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administrator; Oracle Certified Expert; and Oracle Database 12c: Performance Management and Tuning. Oracle still offers 11g certifications as well. 

    NoteAlthough premium support for Oracle 11g Database ended on Dec. 31, 2014, extended support lasts until December 2020, so it’s probable that Oracle Database 11g will remain in use for the short term. 

    We focused on requirements for Oracle Database 12c certifications. One important consideration is that Oracle 11g is forward-compatible with Oracle 12c, but Oracle 12c is not backward- compatible with the prior version. Because Oracle 12c is a newer version, IT professionals with Oracle 11g certifications should consider upgrading their 11g credentials.

    Oracle Database 12c Administrator facts and figures

    Certification name

    Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Associate (OCA 12c)
    Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional (OCP 12c)
    Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master (OCM 12c)
    Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master

    Prerequisites and required courses

    OCA 12c: Training recommended but not required

    OCP 12c: OCA 12c credential and one training course required; complete course submission form

    OCM 12c: OCP 12c or 12c R2 credential and two advanced training courses (must be different from the course used to achieve the OCP); complete course submission form; submit fulfillment kit request

    Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: Three credentials

    • Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master
    • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administration
    • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administration

    Oracle training: Classes typically run 2-5 days; costs range from $1,360 to over $5,580.

    Number of exams

     OCA 12c: Choose one exam from the following:

    • Oracle Database 12c SQL (1Z0-071) (73 questions, 100 minutes)
    • Oracle Database 12c: Installation and Administration (1Z0-062) (67 questions, 120 minutes)

    OCP 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c: Advanced Administration (1Z0-063) (80 questions, 120 minutes)

    OCM 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c Certified Master (12COCM), a two-day, performance-based exam

    Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

    Cost per exam

    OCA 12c: 1Z0-071and 1Z0-062 cost $245 each.
    OCP 12c: 1Z0-063, 1Z0-082 and 1Z0-083 cost $245 each
    OCM 12c: 12COCM costs $2,584; contact Oracle for pricing/availability of upgrade exam.
    Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

    Note: Prices vary by geography.


    Self-study materials

    Each Oracle certification exam webpage lists exam syllabus as well as recommended training courses, seminars and practice tests. A variety of self-study guides are available on Amazon. Oracle Database certification candidates benefit from student manuals, labs and software provided as part of class offerings.

    5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

    SAP SE has a large portfolio of business application and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications, and storage. The foundation of the SAP HANA platform is an enterprise-grade relational database management system, which can be run as an appliance on premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform enables customers to build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

    SAP offers a comprehensive certification program, built to support its various platforms and products. We chose to feature the SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications in this article and is in high demand among employers, according to our job board surveys. This certification ensures that database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers managing users and authorization, applying security, and ensuring high availability and effective disaster recovery techniques. 

    SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $3,048. This online training program is designed for those who run, support or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all of the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

    Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most recent SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end of life and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

    SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

    Certification name

    SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

    Prerequisites  and required courses        

     None required
     Recommended: SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) course ($3,750)

    Number of exams

    One exam: SAP Certified Application Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016), exam code C_HANATEC_12 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

    Cost per exam



    Self-study materials

    The certification webpage includes a link to sample questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

    Beyond the top 5: More database certifications

    Besides the ones mentioned in this article, other database certification programs are available to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

    While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, there are few well-known vendor-neutral database certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) is part of this unique group, offering its Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Find out more about ICCP certifications here

    EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program, with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional. PostgreSQL was the fourth-ranked relational database management system in October 2019, according to DB-Engines

    Credentials from GoogleMarkLogicTeradata and SAS may also be worth considering. All of these credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets – and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them. 

    Ed Tittel
    Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant, and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro and GoCertify, and is the author of more than 140 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems. 

    Earl Follis
    Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who has worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism, and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press, with many e-books, whitepapers and articles to his credit.

    Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
    Killexams : Bringing Java To The World Of Microcontrollers

    C is a beautiful language perfectly suited for development on low-power devices such as the 8-bit microcontrollers. With newer, more powerful ARM microcontrollers making their way onto the market and workbenches around the world, it was only fitting that Oracle got in on the action. They released a version of Java targeted at these newer, more powerful microcontrollers called Java ME embedded.

    The new embedded version of Java has everything you would expect from a microcontroller development platform – access to GPIO pins, including SD cards and I2C devices. The new Java machine is designed for full headless operation and is capable of running on devices with as little as 130 kB of RAM and 350 kB of ROM.

    As for the utility of programming a microcontroller in Java, it’s still the second most popular language, after spending the better part of a decade as the number one language programmers choose to use. The requirements of the new embedded version of Java are far too large to fit onto even the best 8-bit microcontrollers, but with a new crop of more powerful ARM devices, we’ll expect to see more and more ARM/Java projects making their way into the Hackaday tip line in the coming months.

    Tip ‘o the hat to [roger] for sending this one in.

    Thu, 14 Jul 2022 12:01:00 -0500 Brian Benchoff en-US text/html
    Killexams : Best Big Data Certifications

    Today’s organizations are looking for better ways to pull the information they need from massive volumes of data available to them. Big data system administrators store, manage and transfer large sets of data, making them amenable to analysis. Data analytics is the practice of examining the raw data to identify patterns and draw conclusions. Business intelligence involves the collection and organization of information to report on business activities, often pulling data from those very sets.

    Along with the surge in big data interest comes a growing number of certifications to recognize the necessary skills in working with enormous data sets. The target audience is IT professionals with a background in analytics, data mining, business intelligence or data management, along with a knack for and interest in mathematics and statistics. Big data engineers are in reasonably high demand and usually command salaries of $101,000 or more, where data scientists average about $128,500 in salary.

    We took a detailed look at certifications from INFORMS, MicrosoftMongoDBOracle and SAS. Check out the results from our informal search of various job boards to see which certifications employers really want. However, these results are a snapshot from a specific day, time and geography, so they may not reflect real job demands in your locality when you search for yourself.

    Job board search results (in alphabetical order, by certification)













    MCSE: Data Management and Analytics (Microsoft)






    MongoDB Certified DBA






    MongoDB Certified Developer






    Oracle Business Intelligence






    SAS Certified Data Scientist






    *Certified Analytics Professional

    CAP: Certified Analytics Professional

    INFORMS is a membership-based association aimed at practitioners, researchers and instructors in analytics, as well as operations research and management sciences. The association reports about 12,500 members from nearly 90 countries, most of whom participate in various educational and networking opportunities via their INFORMS membership.

    The organization also sponsors the vendor-neutral Certified Analytics Professional (CAP) certification. CAP focuses on seven domains of the analytics process:

    • Business problem framing
    • Analytics problem framing
    • Data
    • Methodology selection
    • Model building
    • Deployment
    • Model lifecycle management

    Candidates must meet rigorous education and experience requirements, obtain confirmation from a supervisor (current or former) of acceptable soft skills, agree to a code of ethics, and pass one computer-based exam.

    This credential must be renewed every three years by earning 30 professional development units (PDUs). INFORMS also requires a $100 annual maintenance fee beginning in the fourth year after certification.

    CAP facts and figures 

    Certification name

    Certified Analytics Professional (CAP)

    Prerequisites and required courses

    Eligibility to sit for exam:

    • A BA/BS degree or MA/MS degree in an analytics-related area (as approved by INFORMS)
    • A minimum of 3 years of professional analytics-related experience with an MA/MS degree related to analytics OR 5 years with a related BA/BS degree related OR 7 years with a BA/BS degree or higher that’s not related to analytics
    • Supervisory confirmation of demonstration of acceptable soft skills
    • Agreement to code of ethics

    Number of exams

    1 exam (100 multiple-choice questions, 3 hours)

    Cost per exam

    Exam: $495 member, $695 nonmember
    Re-examination fee: $300 member, $400 nonmember
    Exams administered by Kryterion. Candidates must be approved by INFORMS and pay for the exam before registering with an exam site.


    Self-study materials

    The Certified Analytics Professional Candidate Handbook includes exam syllabus (the 7 domains), sample test questions and a list of self-study resources. A study guide is available on the CAP website (membership or registration required).

    MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

    Microsoft is part of the big data mix with its MCSE: Data Management and Analytics certification, which leans heavily toward SQL Server 2016 and emphasizes cloud environments and reporting. This credential replaces the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE): Business Intelligence, which retired on March 31, 2017.

    The MCSE: Data Management and Analytics requires candidates to earn an MCSA certification and then pass an elective exam. The MCSA certifications to choose from are MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014; MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration; MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development; MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development; MCSA: Machine Learning; MCSA: BI Reporting; and MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure. There are 12 MCSE elective exams, which focus on a variety of cloud, big data analytics and BI topics, with machine learning now added to the MCSA certifications.

    To maintain this certification, you must pass an additional elective exam each year. Doing so adds an entry to your transcript that indicates your commitment to staying current on technologies and expanding your skill set.

    MCSE: Data Management and Analytics facts and figures

    Certification name

    MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

    Prerequisites and required courses

    Prerequisites (1 required):

    • MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014
    • MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development
    • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration
    • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development
    • MCSA: Machine Learning
    • MCSA: BI Reporting
    • MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure

    Training courses available and recommended for all certifications but not required.

    Number of exams

    One of the following:

    • 70-473: Designing and Implementing Cloud Data Platform Solutions
    • 70-475: Designing and Implementing Big Data Analytics Solutions
    • 70-464: Developing Microsoft SQL Server Databases
    • 70-465: Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server
    • 70-466: Implementing Data Models and Reports with Microsoft SQL Server
    • 70-467: Designing Business Intelligence Solutions with Microsoft SQL Server
    • 70-762: Developing SQL Databases
    • 70-767: Implementing a Data Warehouse Using SQL
    • 70-768: Developing SQL Data Models
    • 70-773: Analyzing Big Data with Microsoft R*
    • 70-774: Perform Cloud Data Science with Azure Machine Learning
    • 70-775: Perform Data Engineering on Microsoft Azure HDInsight

    Cost per exam

    $165, administered by Pearson VUE.


    Self-mtudy Materials

    Each exam page has links to instructor-led training, exam prep videos, self-paced training, practice tests and books.

    *Exam to be retired on June 30, 2019. Replacement test not yet released but should be available prior to that date.

    MongoDB NoSQL certifications

    MongoDB is both an open-source, NoSQL document-oriented database and the name of the company providing that technology. Because of its document-oriented NoSQL model, MongoDB is well suited for managing large amounts of loosely structured data, as is so often the case in big data projects.

    MongoDB was deemed a leader in Forrester Wave: Big Data NoSQL, Q3 2016, and Gartner selected MongoDB as a challenger in its 2016 Magic Quadrant for Operational Database Management Systems. The database ranks fifth in overall database engine popularity as of March 2019.

    The MongoDB NoSQL certification program recognizes developers and operations professionals who can create and run applications on MongoDB. The program offers two associate-level credentials: MongoDB Certified DBA and MongoDB Certified Developer. The company plans to eventually roll out higher-level certifications. The current exams are based on MongoDB V4.0.

    MongoDB offers private, instructor-led classroom training as well as free online video training through MongoDB University. Each online course typically runs for 3-7 weeks and features video lectures, quizzes, weekly assignments, and a final exam or project. Students may use the forums to interact and address each other’s questions; instructors and teaching assistants monitor forums and jump in when needed.

    For database professionals interested in venturing into big data projects and NoSQL databases, the MongoDB certification is certainly a worthwhile goal.

    MongoDB NoSQL certification facts and figures

    Certification name

    MongoDB Certified DBA, Associate Level

    MongoDB Certified Developer, Associate Level

    Prerequisites and required courses

    None; training recommended but not required

    Number of exams

    1 exam per credential (multiple-choice questions, 90 minutes; delivered online through MongoDB’s proctoring partner)

    • C100DBA: MongoDB Certified DBA Associate Exam
    • C100DEV: MongoDB Certified Developer Associate Exam

    Cost per exam

    $150 (or local currency equivalent)


    Self-study materials

    MongoDB University offers public and private training, as well as free online courses. Each exam webpage includes a study guide and links to documentation, presentations and exam study sessions (if available).

    Oracle Business Intelligence certification

    Oracle has one of the largest certification programs in the world, and it has granted more than 1 million Oracle and Sun certifications.

    Oracle offers its Business Intelligence (BI) certifications across several applications and platforms, such as Business Intelligence Applications 7 for CRM, Business Intelligence Applications 7 for ERP, and Business Intelligence Foundation 11g. To narrow down the field, we focused on the Oracle Business Intelligence Foundation Suite 11g Certified Implementation Specialist credential.

    Candidates for this certification are intermediate-level professionals (architects, analysts, developers and administrators) who work with Oracle Business Intelligence Suite solutions, performing tasks such as installing, building, querying, configuring, and managing the platform and BI dashboards.

    Although anyone can attempt the exam, the certification is designed for members of the Oracle Partner Network who sell and deploy the technology.

    New exams and training courses based on Oracle BI 12c are also becoming available as those courses and exams are released to the public.

    Oracle Business Intelligence certification facts and figures

    Certification name

    Oracle Business Intelligence Foundation Suite 11g Certified Implementation Specialist

    Prerequisites and required courses



    Number of exams

    1 exam: 1Z0-591 Oracle Business Intelligence Foundation Suite 11g Essentials (75 multiple-choice questions, 120 minutes, 63% passing score)

    Cost per exam

    $245, administered by Pearson VUE. Exam vouchers may be purchased from Oracle University or Pearson VUE; Oracle Testing ID required to register; Oracle Partner Network members also need their OPN Company ID.


    Self-study materials

    Training is available, including classroom, live virtual class, training on demand, self-study, learning streams and practice exams. Additional exam preparation materials are listed on the exam webpage.

    SAS Certified Data Scientist

    SAS is a multibillion-dollar global corporation that specializes in business analytics software and services. The company’s well-honed certification program offers nine credentials across programming, information and data management, advanced analytics, and business intelligence. 

    Three noteworthy SAS certifications are the SAS Certified Data ScientistSAS Certified Statistical Business Analyst Using SAS 9: Regression and ModelingBusiness Intelligence Content Developer for SAS 9, and SAS Certified Big Data Professional Using SAS 9. We concentrated on the SAS Certified Data Scientist Using SAS 9.

    Candidates for the Data Scientist certification should have in-depth knowledge of and skills in manipulating big data using SAS and open-source tools, using complex machine learning models, making business recommendations, and deploying models. Candidates must pass five exams to earn the SAS Certified Data Scientist credential.

    SAS doesn’t require candidates to take certification courses as a prerequisite for exams, but the company offers an official curriculum for those who have the budget and need the extra preparation.

    SAS “versioned” credentials, such as the SAS Certified Data Scientist Using SAS 9, do not expire. However, SAS may retire exams as new or enhanced software is released.

    SAS Certified Data Scientist facts and figures

    Certification name

    SAS Certified Data Scientist Using SAS 9

    Prerequisites and required courses

    SAS Certified Big Data Professional Using SAS 9

    SAS Certified Advanced Analytics Professional Using SAS 9

    See a list of courses that support Big Data and Advanced Analytics on the SAS Academy for Data Science webpage. Recommended Data Scientist training: SAS Certified Data Scientist (e-learning, $4,400; live instructor-led in Cary, North Carolina; 12 weeks, $16,000)

    Number of exams

    5 exams:

    • SAS Certified Big Data Professional Using SAS:
      • SAS Big Data Preparation, Statistics and Visual Exploration
      • SAS Big Data Programming and Loading
    • SAS Certified Advanced Analytics Professional Using SAS:
      • Predictive Modeling Using SAS Enterprise Miner 13 or 14
      • SAS Advanced Predictive Modeling
      • SAS Text Analytics, Time Series, Experimentation and Optimization

    Exams include multiple-choice, short-answer and interactive questions (interactives are in simulated SAS environment). Exams available through Pearson VUE.

    Cost per exam

    $180; Predictive Modeling exam is $250

    See the Certification Discount Packages webpage for discounts for faculty, staff, students, veterans and others.


    Self-study materials

    List of exam preparation training and materials available on individual exam pages. Free sample questions available. Practice exams ($500) available through SAS and Pearson VUE.

    Beyond the top 5: More big data certifications

    It was a real challenge to whittle down this year’s list of popular big data certifications. The Cloudera Certified Professional Data Engineer (CCP Data Engineer) missed a spot in the top five by a small margin. The company also offers CCA Spark and Hadoop Developer and CCA Data Analyst certifications. Given the company’s leadership status in software and services based on Hadoop, the CCP Data Engineer certification is worth your consideration.

    Other notable certifications include the IBM Certified Data Architect, the EMC: Data Science (EMCDS), and those from Amazon Web Services (AWS), HortonworksMapR and Teradata.

    Check out Stanford’s Data Mining and Applications graduate certificate. Although it’s not a vendor-neutral or vendor-specific certification (it’s a college certificate), TechExams forum members like it in terms of popularity and job prospects. The certificate requires completion of three courses (nine college units) at a cost of $11,340 to $12,600. The Microsoft Professional Program (MPP) currently offers four tracks for online education with course completion certificates, including two relevant tracks: one on data science, the other on big data. These are worth checking out as well, and significantly cheaper than the Stanford certificate program.

    There are many more. A quick Google search every month or two should reveal a growing list of big data, data analytics and BI certifications, and we think one or more of these is a smart way to spend your certification dollars.

    Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
    Killexams : Alithya's Oracle Practice Signs Anticipated 10 Million USD Contract with Leading U.S. Dental Insurer

    ALPHARETTA, Ga., July 12, 2022 /CNW Telbec/ - Alithya Group inc. (NASDAQ: ALYA) (TSX: ALYA) ("Alithya") is proud to announce the signing of a contract to accompany an existing Oracle client through important stages of its digital transformation processes. The contract has now commenced and is expected to generate approximately 10 million USD in revenues over its 2.5-year term.

    The contract, signed with a client that offers dental insurance coverage to millions of Americans, covers an Oracle Cloud Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) project that will include the implementation of a payroll system, as well as change management and cloud-based training services to ensure optimal adoption of the technology. The newly signed contract follows a previous Oracle Cloud Enterprise Performance Management (EPM) project conducted between the Alithya Oracle team and the client.

    Quote by Mike Feldman, Senior Vice President, Oracle Practice at Alithya:

    "This agreement seals the deal on one of the largest contracts ever awarded to the Alithya Oracle Practice. It reflects our reputation for excellence as an Oracle partner, as well as showcases Alithya's expanding role as the trusted advisor to top tier organizations across multiple sectors. This undertaking was an entire team effort, and it gives us the opportunity to deliver repeat success for this important client."

    About Alithya

    Alithya is a trusted North American leader in strategy and digital transformation, employing a dedicated and highly skilled workforce of 3,700 professionals in Canada, the United States and internationally. Alithya's strategy is based on a plan of accelerated organic growth and complementary acquisitions to create a global leader. The company's integrated offer is based on four pillars of expertise: business strategies, enterprise cloud solutions, application services, and data and analytics.

    A 25-year Oracle Partner, Alithya's expertise includes more than 300 certified consultants and Oracle ACEs. The company has a dedicated practice for healthcare and financial services and serves other industries, and contributes in an advisory role to the Oracle Product Development team. To learn more about Alithya, visit

    Forward-Looking Statements

    This press release contains statements that may constitute "forward-looking information" within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities laws and "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other applicable U.S. safe harbours (collectively "forward-looking statements"). Statements that do not exclusively relate to historical facts, as well as statements relating to management's expectations regarding the future growth, results of operations, performance and business prospects of Alithya, and other information related to Alithya's business strategy and future plans or which refer to the characterizations of future events or circumstances represent forward-looking statements. Such statements often contain the words "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "plans," "predicts," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "could," "would," "will," "may," "can," "continue," "potential," "should," "project," "target," and similar expressions and variations thereof, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words.

    Forward-looking statements are presented for the sole purpose of assisting investors and others in understanding Alithya's objectives, strategies and business outlook as well as its anticipated operating environment and may not be appropriate for other purposes. Although management believes the expectations reflected in Alithya's forward-looking statements were reasonable as at the date they were made, forward-looking statements are based on the opinions, assumptions and estimates of management and, as such, are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond Alithya's control, and which could cause real events or results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such statements. Such risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to those discussed in the section titled "Risks and Uncertainties" of Alithya's Management's Discussion and Analysis for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 and Management's Discussion and Analysis for the year ended March 31, 2022, as well as in Alithya's other materials made public, including documents filed with Canadian and U.S. securities regulatory authorities from time to time and which are available on SEDAR at and EDGAR at Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to Alithya or that Alithya currently deems to be immaterial could also have a material adverse effect on its financial position, financial performance, cash flows, business or reputation.

    Forward-looking statements contained in this press release are qualified by these cautionary statements and are made only as of the date of this press release. Alithya expressly disclaims any obligation to update or alter any forward-looking statements, or the factors or assumptions underlying them, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements since real results may vary materially from them.


    View original content:

    SOURCE Alithya


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    Wed, 13 Jul 2022 12:06:00 -0500 en-CA text/html
    Killexams : The Life and Times of TDD

    This article first appeared in Objective View magazine and is brought to you by InfoQ & Objective View magazine.

    There’s been a lot of hullabaloo lately about the state of test driven development (TDD). This was the result of blog posting and conference presentation by David Heinemeier Hansson entitled TDD is dead. Long live testing. TDD is of course alive and well, albeit not as common as its protagonists would like. This is because TDD requires both skill and discipline on the part of practitioners, and as you will soon see TDD is only one of many practices that disciplined agile practitioners follow.

    Let’s start by defining a few terms. TDD is an approach that combines test-first development (TFD) and refactoring. With TFD you write a single test and then just enough production code to fulfill that test. Refactoring is a strategy where you Improve the quality of something (source code, your database schema, your user interface) by making small changes to it that do not change its semantics-in other words refactoring is a clean-up activity that makes something better but does not add or subtract functionality. Because you write a test before you write the code the test in effect does double duty in that it both specifies and validates that piece of code. A test-driven approach can be applied at both the requirements level and at the design level, more on this later.

    In May of 2014 I ran a mini-survey to explore how teams have adopted TDD in practice. There were 247 respondents from around the world, 40% of whom were TDD practitioners with an average of 16 years of experience in software development. I purposely gave the survey the title “Is TDD Dead?” so as to attract TDD practitioners. The goal of the survey wasn’t to determine whether people were doing TDD, with that survey title I would have hopelessly biased the survey, but instead to determine what teams were doing in addition to TDD to specify and validate their work. Not surprisingly the survey found that TDD practitioners are doing far more than just TDD to get the job done.

    TDD and Requirements

    A TDD approach can be used to specify detailed requirements on a just-in-time (JIT) basis throughout construction. Instead of writing a document to capture your requirements you instead capture them as acceptance tests which are added into your regression test suite throughout construction.

    This practice is often referred to as acceptance test-driven development (ATDD) or behavior driven development (BDD). People will sometimes argue that ATDD and BDD are different, but the argument boils down to nuances that don’t seem to matter in practice-so call it whatever you want and move on. An ATDD approach is supported by a wide variety of development tools including Cucumber, Fitness, and JBehave to name a few.

    Is TDD sufficient to explore requirements? Very likely not. Yes, ATDD is an incredibly valuable technique that I highly recommend, but it isn’t sufficient in most cases.

    The survey found that practitioners who were following an ATDD approach were also applying other requirements-related activities:

    • Sketches captured on whiteboards or paper (76% of respondents)
    • Text-based requirements using a word processor or wiki (54%)
    • Text-based requirements captured on paper (perhaps using index cards or sticky notes) (46%)
    • Diagrams captured using modeling tools (such as Blueprint, MagicDraw, or Enterprise Architect) (18%)

    Years ago in Agile Modeling we described how modeling and TDD fit together in practice. The observation is that modeling is very good for thinking through high-level concepts but usually rather clunky for specifying details. TDD, on the other hand, is great for specifying details but inappropriate for high-level concepts. As a result TDD practitioners need to adopt lightweight agile modeling strategies to enhance their TDD activities, something that comes out very clear in the survey.

    A TDD approach can be used to specify the detailed design of your application code, database schema, or user interface (UI) in a JIT executable manner throughout construction. This is referred to as developer TDD or unit TDD and is typically done via xUnit tools just as jUnit for Java and PL/Unit for Oracle.

    Not surprisingly the survey found that TDD practitioners are commonly doing more than just TDD to explore their designs. People doing developer TDD were also working on teams who were applying other design related activities, such as:

    • Sketches captured on whiteboards or paper (79%)
    • Diagrams captured using diagramming tools (such as Visio or Powerpoint) (40%)
    • Text-based designs captured on paper (perhaps using index cards or sticky notes) (33%)
    • Text-based designs using a word processor or wiki (29%)
    • Diagrams captured using modeling tools (such as Enterprise Architect, Magic Draw, ...) (18%)

    TDD and Testing

    TDD is an aspect of confirmatory testing, the equivalent of testing against the specification (in the case the tests are the detailed specifications). Confirmatory testing is important but it isn’t sufficient as it assumes that you’ve been told what the requirements are, something we know that stakeholders are not very good at in practice. Disciplined agile teams realize that they need to also perform exploratory testing, the aim of which is to identify potential issues that the stakeholders haven’t told you about. Furthermore there are some forms of testing, such as integration testing within complex environments, which may be better performed but professional testers with experience in such activities. Sure enough, the survey found that in addition to TDD that agile teams were adopting additional testing strategies as well:

    • Testers are members of the development team (62%)
    • Some testing will occur at the end of lifecycle (41%)
    • There is a team of testers working in parallel to the development team (33%)

    Got Discipline?

    To be successful at agile software development it requires discipline to identify, adopt, and then execute the practices described in this article. This article has just touched on a few of the practices, in addition to TDD, that agile teams are adopting. There is a plethora of software development strategies that your team may choose to adopt, and these strategies can be combined in many different ways. The Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD) process framework captures several hundred agile techniques, providing advice for when and when not to adopt them. DAD has effectively done a lot of the heavy lifting for you when it comes to process, helping you to identify ways to enhance your approach to software development. Including, but not limited to, strategies around TDD.

    Recommended Resources

    • At Surveys Exploring the Current State of IT Practices I post the original questions, the source data, and my analysis of the results for all the surveys that I run. I am a firm believer in open research, and this is the highest level of openness possible.
    • At Disciplined Agile Delivery and Disciplined Agile Consortium you can find out more about the Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD) process framework.
    • To find out more about TDD, you may find my article An Introduction to TDD to be a good starting point.
    • The Agile Modeling site has a wide range of advice for effective modeling and documentation strategies, including advice for how modeling and TDD fit together in practice. The article Introduction to Agile Model Driven Development (AMDD) in particular should be a valuable read.

    About the Author

    Scott Ambler is Senior Consulting Partner with Scott Ambler + Associates, and specializes in helping organizations to successfully adopt disciplined agile strategies. He is the author of many books and a regular contributor to many magazines and industry conferences. Follow him: @scottwambler

    This article first appeared in Objective View magazine and is brought to you by InfoQ & Objective View magazine.

    Wed, 06 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
    Killexams : Operation Talla heroes honoured for COVID-19 response work

    Officers across the ranks who created the COVID-19 response have been honoured with special awards.

    A special awards event celebrated the complex and sometimes dangerous work of officers and staff who delivered Operation Talla at the height of the COVID-19 outbreak.

    Achievements including procurement of 3,000 tonnes of facemasks and other protective equipment received formal recognition.

    Organised by the National Police Chiefs Council (NPCC) and the National Police Coordination Centre (NPoCC), the event in London brought together some of those who kept the Service going during a national crisis.

    From the people who created the 4Es strategy to welfare teams, every element of the response was recognised.

    NPCC Chair Martin Hewitt, gold command for Op Talla, highlighted how 57 pieces of legislation were passed in 18 months – and coordinated across the four UK governments.

    Although lockdown imposed the toughest restrictions ever known in peacetime, it was not a law and order issue.

    “Throughout all of this, it’s been a health crisis; it’s not been a policing crisis. It’s been a crisis where we’ve helped,” he said.

    “Things that did not exist on Friday did exist on Monday,” he said.

    The awards had been organised to say thank you and recognise the successes – as well as the sacrifices – made by officers.

    The Home Secretary, who attended along with Policing Minister Kit Malthouse, said the government acknowledged the risks taken by thousands of officers.

    “During the uncertainty and fears we were all experiencing, police officers ran towards danger to protect their fellow citizens and Op Talla’s work equipped them to deal with these challenges in the safest way possible,” she said.

    “We owe an immense debt of gratitude to every single person who worked throughout this tough period in our history.”

    Forces not only policed the restrictions but also ensured the Uplift recruitment campaign was kept on track by moving online – processing 180,000 applications.

    Years of Whitehall resistance to officers working from home ended over night with thousands of officers being issued with laptops.

    CC Hewitt said it had delivered a step-change at operational level that has continued – particularly with safeguarding.

    “There’s lots of things where if we know if you’d have suggested doing them beforehand, people would have laughed at us,” he said.

    A major analysis is under way to evaluate not only what worked but what can be developed for the future. Chiefs say one of the biggest steps forward was in improving officer welfare.

    Oscar Kilo’s Director, Andy Rhodes said: “We’ve got to hold onto that sort of thing. We have 200,000 totally unique people. Not one of them are the same. We’ve learned that.”

    But the work isn’t done.

    The event also heard a “sobering reminder” from Assistant Chief Constable Owen Weatherill, National Mobilisation Coordinator, NPoCC for Op Talla that COVID-19 rates are again on the rise.

    “We need to be viglilant. We are seeing a rise in cases but we are better prepared than we ever were,” he said.

    But the Home Secretary the time is also right to celebrate “the greatest coming together of the local aspect of policing”.

    “We look back with a great deal of pride,” she said.

    National Award Winners and Citations 

    Governance & Coordination Remote 101 Implementation Team

    Thames Valley Police and Hampshire ConstabularyThe team successfully implemented a remote call handling solution for 101 calls. This provided a reliable method for answering calls, utilising existing technology, enhancing Business Continuity, and ensuring that staff could work, stay safe and reduce the spread of infection - all whilst maintaining an essential public service and reducing the demand on 999 calls.

    Julia Wire

    College of Policing Policy & Legislation Lead

    Aware of the pressures on frontline policing during the Covid-19 pandemic, Julia ensured that new legislation was developed in a timely manner and accurately translated into regulations and guidance for operational policing. This work was supported by the development of a survey to analyse how frontline officers responded to the regulatory guidance whilst policing the pandemic.

    Covid-19 Legislation & Guidance Team

    The College of Policing

    The team responded to a complex and time critical introduction of new legislation which saw frequent changes over a prolonged period. In a fast moving and unprecedented environment, the team enabled policing to implement the Covid-19 legislation in England and Wales in a swift, easy to understand and consistent way.

    Inspector Carl Morgan

    South Wales Police

    At the forefront of Covid-19 police operational delivery across Wales, Carl’s leadership and enthusiasm to ‘get it right’ was instrumental in the success of a Pan-Wales response to the Pandemic.Carl helped to introduce new policies and procedures, working closely with partners to Improve security and safety for those on the frontline, as well as the public.

    Eric Mirfin

    South Yorkshire Police - NPCC Business Continuity Lead 

    Eric led the NPCC Business Continuity (BC) portfolio throughout the pandemic, balancing concurrent challenges of the pandemic and planning to leave the EU without a deal. Eric supported forces by creating a bespoke Covid-19 BC plan and developing two national tabletop exercises to test and develop plans at local level, raising the standard of BC within forces.

    Superintendent Emma Baillie

    Thames Valley Police (Op Restore)

    As Tactical Commander for Op Restore and Chair of the Thames Valley Local Resilience Forum, Emma developed a comprehensive partnership plan involving multiple stakeholders. Emma demonstrated determination, drive and focus to achieve agreed goals, as well as playing a key part in setting up the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) arrangement that led to the national police PPE process.

    Ben AxelsenThames Valley Local Resilience Forum Manager

    Ben was instrumental in the implementation of the multi-agency response to the pandemic for Thames Valley area. Overseeing the first emergency repatriation flight for British Citizens into RAF Brize Norton, as well as having responsibility for one of the few isolation centres in Milton Keynes. His leadership and coordination resulted in a strong, joined up approach across all agencies.

    Claire Boot

    Hertfordshire Constabulary

    Claire was at the heart of Hertfordshire Constabulary’s response to the pandemic, supporting and managing the commitments of several senior commanders, at a time of unease and uncertainty. Claire helped implement several processes to support the wellbeing of staff, including

    the dissemination of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), Lateral Flow Testing and absence reporting.

    Nicola Growcott

    National Police Chiefs’ Council Communications Lead

    During unprecedented times Nicola led the NPCC Communications team, working round the clock and under considerable pressure to manage and respond to announcements at short notice. All this whilst appreciating the impact on policing in general, the workforce and the public.

    NPCC Communications Team

    National Police Chiefs’ Council and Mutual Aid support from across the UK

    An extended volunteer communications team worked under considerable challenges to deliver an insight-driven communication strategy. The national communication operation achieved unprecedented coordination and consistency across policing in tone, messaging and alignment on key policy issues and highly effective engagement with partners. This impacted positively on public

    confidence in the police handling of Covid-19.

    Neil Pattinson, Head of Public Safety COVID-19 Response Team, Home Office

    Under Neil’s leadership, a robust and effective Home Office Covid-19 response team was formed. The support Neil provided to NPoCC and engagement with Ministers on behalf of the police, was integral to the overall success of the national policing response to the Covid-19 pandemic.

    Chris Hicks

    Covid-19 Response Team, Home Office

    Chris was integral in developing and strengthening relationships with the Department of Health and Social Care and the Cabinet Office; ensuring prompt reimbursement to forces for Personal Protective Equipment. Chris’ support and understanding of the demands on policing was evident when he drove the work to prioritise testing and vaccinations for police.

    Assistant Chief Constable Alan Todd

    Police Service of Northern Ireland

    The safety of the workforce was at the forefront of Alan’s approach to policing the pandemic. Alan created bespoke protection teams who were deployed through a risk management process, provided a designated protection suite in custody to protect staff and detainees from infection, and created an effective process to source and distribute Personal Protective Equipment.

    Sergeant Simon Kempton

    Police Federation of England & Wales

    Simon was a huge support to the Personal Protective Equipment team and pivotal in communicating the findings from research carried out into how to better support officers and encourage the use of Personal Protective Equipment. Simon showed determination and reached out to forces, setting up focus groups for the researchers, whilst influencing senior officers and other staff association members as to the value of this research.

    Stuart Sterling

    Government Affairs Lead

    Stuart ensured that there was consistency with communication from Ministers and the NPCC, working round the clock during the height of the pandemic to brief Ministers, arrange meetings and understand new legislation. Stuart's problem solving and flexibility was integral to the success of Op Talla’s governance and the policing response.

    Detective Chief Superintendent Trevor Lawry NPCC Policy & Legislation Lead

    Trevor recognised the need to build strong relationships with key stakeholders; such as the Cabinet Office, Home Office and Border Force. Trevor quickly established communication with external colleagues, sharing data, seeking feedback and ensuring new regulations and guidance were understood and relevant for frontline policing.

    Inspector Pete Healey

    NPoCC Silver Support

    Pete facilitated the recording and sharing of data, ranging from Fixed Penalty Notices to workforce absence recording, ensuring the Command Team were updated with any emerging risks. He also

    established and managed the Op Talla Ethics Committee and communicated views which helped shape service delivery and Improve trust and confidence in policing.

    Inspector Louise Coughlin

    NPoCC Op Talla Silver Team

    Louise joined the Op Talla team at the height of the COVID-19 Pandemic, where she hit the ground running, dealing with large volumes of enquiries from forces and partner agencies, coordinating

    meetings, and ensuring national guidance was communicated. Louise was integral in the coordination of the Daily Contact Testing process for all 43 forces, resolving issues, providing additional guidance and seeking to ensure the process was fit for purpose for operational policing.

    Ministry of Defence Police COVID Management

    Chief Inspector James Carr & Nicola Dutton

    James and Nicola acted quickly to manage the impact of Covid-19 on the workforce; reducing infection levels with swift and robust control measures, which maximised the safety of staff and ensured continued operational delivery. They guided, coached, and mentored partner agencies, sharing methodology and process to benefit the wider defence service.

    Op Talla Resource CapabilityStuart Budgen & Oliver Clark-Darby - College of Policing

    Aware of the impact of Covid-19 on police resources; Stuart and Oliver quickly developed and delivered a national resource reporting tool, including the Daily Resource Capability and Special National Operation Capabilities Assessment. This enabled accurate and timely updates to Ministers, supporting critical decision making on behalf of UK policing.

    IT and Digital Team

    West Midlands Police

    The team ensured that West Midlands Police could maintain service delivery during the Covid-19 Pandemic, acting swiftly. Within eight days, they successfully built and distributed over 2,000 laptops across the force, to critical policing functions, and to those staff who were able to work remotely.

    Police Uplift Recruitment Team

    The team’s commitment, approach to problem solving and partnership working, ensured recruitment of police officers across the 43 Police Forces continued at pace during the Covid-19 Pandemic. As a team, they managed in excess of 180,000 applications, and completed a staggering 50,000 assessments, all whilst engaging with stakeholders and maintaining confidence in the process.

    Forensic Capability Network

    The team coordinated the forensic supplier market to ensure the priority needs of investigations and the Criminal Justice System were maintained. This included consultation with all forces and forensic providers to understand demand, reviewing road traffic toxicology and the set up of a PCR testing process.

    Op Talla Recovery, Reform & Learning Team

    The team enabled the identification and sharing of near real time learning and long-term impacts and implications during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Due to the success of these now influential and diverse

    networks and mechanisms; learning is now established and embedded in everyday business, influencing local policies, but all recognised by global partners.

    Operation Georgia

    Merseyside Police

    The team was instrumental in the planning and response to several critical events during the pandemic. One such event was the repatriation of UK Nationals from Wuhan and the Princess cruise

    ship; the first mass Covid-19 testing facility in Liverpool, and the first national ‘test to release’ programme.

    Police Food & Retail Liaison Team

    The team represented UK policing and engaged with retailers and business groups, developed appropriate guidance on operational protocols to keep customers and staff safe, as well as bespoke guidance to the tourism and hospitality sector on safe reopening. This engagement reduced the demand on policing and provided high levels of confidence to the industries and consumers.

    Health & Wellbeing

    Tara McGuinness

    Thames Valley Police Occupational Health Nurse

    Tara’s passion, empathy and warmth was evident to all staff throughout the pandemic, personally reviewing 1,253 individual risk assessments to ensure vulnerable staff were supported and safeguarded. Tara provided practical support and advice to operational staff during Operation Forth

    Bridge, conducting Lateral Flow Tests and managing 45 Occupational Health referrals during the event.

    Chief Superintendent Howard Hodges

    Op Talla Welfare and Resourcing Lead

    Howard coordinated the national reporting mechanisms in order to understand how the pandemic was affecting the national capability for policing across the UK. Howard engaged with staff associations and kept welfare and wellbeing at the forefront of his approach when managing mutual aid, resource and capability.

    Chief Inspector Matt Sulley

    Thames Valley Police - Op Talla PPE Bronze

    Matt’s strong leadership and commitment enabled a small team of officers to coordinate the storage and distribution of over 300 million items of Personal Protective Equipment to police forces. Matt devised an electronic inventory system to track all orders and certification of items, as well as developing a digital National PPE Dashboard to help staff stay safe whilst at work.

    Op Talla National Logistics Team

    The team worked tirelessly to source, procure and quality assure Personal Protective Equipment from across the world and make it readily available to all police forces in England and Wales, as well as our Overseas Territories. The team devised a new system to record and track each piece of PPE and distributed in excess of 300 million items of PPE, weighing over 3,000 tonnes.

    Op Talla Personal Protective Equipment Team

    The team provided advice and guidance to forces, researching the best products on the market, checking certification standards and compiling a risk register. The team managed the ongoing development of the Digital Personal Protective Equipment Dashboard and acted as the triage function for forces between the PPE Hub and Department of Health and Social Care.

    Superintendent Hannah Wheeler QPM

    Op Talla Personal Protective Equipment Lead

    It was always evident that Hannah’s priority was the welfare and wellbeing of officers and staff, continually reviewing best practice and guidance to keep workplaces safe. She oversaw the national supply of essential equipment and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), whilst also developing processes and procedures to ensure staff stayed protected and could safely continue to do their job.

    Dr Mark Salter

    Public Health England Senior Medical Advisor

    Mark provided expert advice to the NPCC Civil Contingencies portfolio on the evolving nature of the virus and developed guidance to forces on how to respond to the Pandemic. He also devised a system to manage covert and sensitive details following the introduction of the NHS ‘Test and Trace’ application.

    Superintendent Sallie Churchill

    West Midlands Police

    Sallie developed the principles for West Midlands Police’s Covid-19 patrol and produced a video blog, discussing her own personal experience along with the methods she found useful for increasing her

    mental resilience. Sallie also designed the principles for distribution of excess vaccines, which were then adopted as best practice nationally, and recognised by Professor Sir Jonathan Van Tam.

    Penelope Lowery

    Leicestershire Constabulary

    Penelope single handily managed the progression of Leicestershire’s Covid-19 related fixed penalties from ACRO through to prosecution; creating a new system in force, as well as dealing with the many enquiries from officers and the Crown Prosecution Service. Penelope personally processed in excess of 1,550 tickets.

    Melissa Dark

    Casualty Bureau Coordinator

    Melissa became the ‘critical friend’ for Disaster Victim Recovery (DVI) coordinators across the country, reviewing plans and processes and cascading the learning from London and other regions. This included facilitating a virtual tabletop exercise to test and Improve the nations response to potential excess deaths. 633 people took part in the tabletop from 17 police forces and 28 partner agencies.

    John Crossley

    HMICFRS Legislation Lead

    John volunteered to support the national policing response to the pandemic and quickly translated new legislation into a workable policy for policing. His hurry attention to detail ensured correct and enforceable legislation was created and disseminated to all forces, often at short notice.

    Kawan Patel

    Home Office Legislation Lead

    Kawan is a natural problem solver and showed great resilience with the long hours and ability to review and manage the immense volume of new legislation and guidance published. Kawan created a valuable network of contacts across other government departments which enabled a joined-up approach and supported the national policing response.

    Nadia Connor

    British Transport Police Head of Justice Solutions

    Nadia was described by the Silver Commander as “the cornerstone of the force’s tactical and operational response to the pandemic”. She reviewed and interpreted the new legislation; updating policies and producing briefings, which included training videos to equip frontline officers with knowledge and confidence to correctly apply the new regulations.

    Civil Contingencies

    Tony Thompkins & Lindy Woodage

    Tony and Lindy demonstrated their effort to support and protect the workforce, developing police specific Track and Trace guidance which helped forces to navigate this complex policy, this included an online event where questions and concerns could be raised and resolved. They also reviewed and updated guidance after each legislation change.

    ‘Staying Safe’ YouTube Animation

    Sergeant Robert Anderson & Robbie Unwin

    Robert and Robbie created an innovative 'Staying Safe’ during Covid-19 YouTube animation which provided a quick, simple and effective communication with staff to ensure that policing across the UK understood what was required in terms of wearing Personal Protective Equipment and how to stay safe.

    Operation Shadowist

    National Crime Agency

    The team anticipated a significant increase in online abuse involving children during the Covid-19 pandemic and immediately established a team to identify risk and prioritise investigations, whilst remaining Covid safe. In a 12-month period, the team made 154 arrests and safeguarded 310 vulnerable children.

    ACRO - Criminal Records Office

    The team responded immediately to the new legislation and established a new service within ACRO within a matter of weeks. They managed the processing and payment of all Fixed Penalty Notices, with up to 8,000 tickets processed each week during the height of the pandemic. ACRO’s processes were reviewed in an independent audit, where they received a top grade of ‘Substantial’.

    NPoCC Strategic Intelligence & Briefing (SIB) Team

    The team designed and delivered a range of bespoke products and over 20 wide ranging intelligence assessments which supported the dissemination of intelligence and information to forces; ensuring that staff could effectively and safely carry out their roles. They produced daily reports to force leads and the Home Office; collating, analysing, and assessing over 46,000 pieces of information at the height of the pandemic.

    Thames Valley Police Finance Team

    The team created a record management system to manage the ordering and in-bound supply chain of Personal Protective Equipment into the central hub. They took responsibility to train themselves on

    PPE standards and regulations; auditing suppliers and inspecting the certification of goods. This supported the safety of the workforce and provided confidence to forces.

    Gemma Stannard

    Op Talla National Recovery & Reform Lead

    Gemma set up Recovery and Reform governance and communication structures, enabling the capture of learning from across all business areas in policing. Gemma worked in collaboration with the College

    of Policing through knowledge sharing events, reaching all forces, identifying emerging issues and sharing best practice. Gemma ensured a national debriefing process which has influenced ongoing policy, practice, and readiness for future events.

    Organisational Development & Peer Support Team

    The team provided critical support, coordination, and guidance to UK Policing, to aid learning as part of the operational response to the pandemic. They arranged up to 3 weekly virtual events, providing

    a forum for quick problem solving; often routinely having 600 attendees online. They also produced the Top 10 Operational Priorities Report and regular Operational Briefings.

    Thu, 30 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 text/html
    Killexams : Health Information Exchange

    Why do I have to complete a CAPTCHA?

    Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property.

    What can I do to prevent this in the future?

    If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware.

    If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices.

    Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Check out the browser extension in the Chrome Web Store.

    Wed, 06 Jul 2022 03:16:00 -0500 en-US text/html
    Killexams : Survey: Support for Zero Knowledge Proofs in Web3 Growing

    Web3 Watch

    Survey: Support for Zero Knowledge Proofs in Web3 Growing

    The cryptography practice of proving and validating information without revealing the data behind the information -- known as zero knowledge proofs (ZKP) -- is the key to securing and growing Web3 and the metaverse, a recent survey found.

    The survey results were presented in the "State of Zero Knowledge 2022" report by the Mina Foundation, creator of the Mina Protocol, which the organization claims is the "world's lightest blockchain protocol." The survey included 1,978 respondents, including policy makers, developers and those in the blockchain environment.

    The report found that 46 percent of respondents said that both privacy and scalability were the primary advantages of implementing ZKP in apps, while 30.7 percent chose only privacy as the primary advantage and 18.2 percent indicating only scalability as the primary advantage. "This slight preference for privacy over scalability could reflect the cryptocurrency industry's increasing attention paid to privacy, potentially motivated by growing concerns over centralized, corporate involvement in the metaverse," read the report.

    When asked which industries could benefit the most from ZKP implementation, 40.6 percent of respondents indicated that finance could benefit from smart validation technology. Following that, 11.7 percent chose health care, 5.0 percent said social media and 2.9 percent responded with e-commerce.

    "Many participants similarly expressed it was important to keep all personally identifiable information private, but there was a greater emphasis on financial data, which could include a user's social security number, crypto balance, net worth, credit score, etc.," read the report.

    The Mina Foundation report gave the example of implementing ZKP in the creation of a dapp (decentralized application) that could confirm a user's credit score to be over a certain threshold for a loan. This would allow for verification by the loan provider, while keeping the user's sensitive information private.

    Those responding to the blockchain-based survey indicated a strong concern about governments accessing their private data. Almost half (48.5 percent) said it was their biggest privacy concern, with third-party companies (44.0 percent) coming in second and social media platforms (41.3 percent) in third.

    The Mina Foundation inferred that since many of those responding to the survey are cryptocurrency holders, it does make sense that they would want additional privacy from government access to private data. And the interest in cryptocurrency holders and developers in ZKP has been rising in the past few years as Web3 technologies continue to grow.

    "More developers and crypto users are also paying attention to ZKPs from a building and trading point of view now more than ever before," according to the report. "The focus will likely manifest in the launch of many more dapps utilizing ZKP technology to enable privacy, scalability or both in the near term."

    Thu, 23 Jun 2022 07:51:00 -0500 en-US text/html
    Killexams : Princeton Identity Releases Whitepaper, "Biometrics in Commercial Real Estate: Putting Possibilities into Practice"

    HAMILTON TOWNSHIP, N.J., July 13, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Princeton Identity (PI), a leading developer of iris and face biometric identity solutions, has released a whitepaper, "Biometrics in Commercial Real Estate: Putting Possibilities into Practice." This collaborative effort between co-authors Bobby Varma, CEO and Co-Founder of Princeton Identity, and Paul Benne, PSP, CPOI, President and Founder of Sentinel Consulting, illuminates the many ways in which biometric identity solutions can contribute to a premium experience for commercial tenants and their visitors. Benne's firm, which offers risk assessment, security master planning, technical and architectural security design, operations, and training, counts many of the nation's most prestigious and iconic commercial properties as clients.

    Princeton Identity harnesses biometric technology to deliver secure, convenient solutions for access, safety and authentication across commercial enterprises. (PRNewsfoto/Princeton Identity)

    The whitepaper addresses various syllabus of interest to real estate developers and management companies. They include: building public trust in the technology, best practices for implementation, choosing a suitable modality, prioritizing applications, and considerations for integration with various solutions, including access control, video surveillance, and visitor management. As employers struggle to make return-to-office policies more palatable to workers, they are seeking ways to create buildings that feel safer and more welcoming. Integrating biometrics with a number of security and operational applications allows stakeholders to deliver state-of-the-art security, efficiency, automation, and convenience.

    "Forward-thinking members of the commercial real estate sector are envisioning ways to enhance the user experience, but are not aware of the many ways in which biometrics can help to achieve their goals. Paul and I hope that this whitepaper answers some of their questions, demystifies certain misconceptions, and plants some seeds regarding the possibilities the technology offers," said Bobby Varma, CEO of Princeton Identity.

    Download the whitepaper at

    About Princeton Identity:

    Princeton Identity offers the fastest, simplest, and most secure biometric security system on the market. Leading the revolution toward a more intuitive, efficient, and natural security experience that keeps people and businesses moving, Princeton Identity uses iris recognition, face recognition, and other biometric technology to enable businesses, governments, and global organizations to streamline identity management, resulting in improved safety and protection. Formerly a division of SRI International, Princeton Identity was established as an independent venture in August 2016. For more information, visit


    View original content to get multimedia:

    SOURCE Princeton Identity

    Wed, 13 Jul 2022 06:33:00 -0500 en-US text/html
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