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Oracle Exadata X5 Administration
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Killexams : Oracle Administration exam Questions - BingNews Search results Killexams : Oracle Administration exam Questions - BingNews Killexams : Best Courses for Database Administrators

Database Administrator Courses

Database professionals are in high demand. If you already work as one, you probably know this. And if you are looking to become a database administrator, that high demand and the commensurate salary may be what is motivating you to make this career move. 

How can you advance your career as a database administrator? By taking the courses on this list.

If you want to learn more about database administration to expand your knowledge and move up the ladder in this field, these courses can help you achieve that goal.

Oracle DBA 11g/12c – Database Administration for Junior DBA from Udemy

Udemy’s Oracle DBA 11g/12c – Database Administration for Junior DBA course can help you get a high-paying position as an Oracle Database Administrator. 

Best of all, it can do it in just six weeks.

This database administrator course is a Udemy bestseller that is offered in eight languages. Over 29,000 students have taken it, giving it a 4.3-star rating. Once you complete it and become an Oracle DBA, you will be able to:

  • Install the Oracle database.
  • Manage Tablespace.
  • Understand database architecture.
  • Administer user accounts.
  • Perform backup and recovery.
  • Diagnose problems.

To take the intermediate-level course that includes 11 hours of on-demand video spanning 129 lectures, you should have basic knowledge of UNIX/LINUX commands and SQL.

70-462: SQL Server Database Administration (DBA)

The 70-462: SQL Server Database Administration (DBA) course from Udemy was initially designed to help beginner students ace the Microsoft 70-462 exam. Although that exam has been officially withdrawn, you can still use this course to gain some practical experience with database administration in SQL Server.

Many employers seek SQL Server experience since it is one of the top database tools. Take the 70-462: SQL Server Database Administration (DBA) course, and you can gain valuable knowledge on the Topic and provide your resume a nice boost.

Some of the skills you will learn in the 70-462 course include:

  • Managing login and server roles.
  • Managing and configuring databases.
  • Importing and exporting data.
  • Planning and installing SQL Server and related services.
  • Implementing migration strategies.
  • Managing SQL Server Agent.
  • Collecting and analyzing troubleshooting data.
  • Implementing and maintaining indexes.
  • Creating backups.
  • Restoring databases.

DBA knowledge is not needed to take the 10-hour course that spans 100 lectures, and you will not need to have SQL Server already installed on your computer. In terms of popularity, this is a Udemy bestseller with a 4.6-star rating and over 20,000 students.

MySQL Database Administration: Beginner SQL Database Design from Udemy

Nearly 10,000 students have taken the MySQL Database Administration: Beginner SQL Database Design course on Udemy, making it a bestseller on the platform with a 4.6-star rating.

The course features 71 lectures that total seven hours in length and was created for those looking to gain practical, real-world business intelligence and analytics skills to eventually create and maintain databases.

What can you learn from taking the Beginner SQL Database Design course? Skills such as:

  • Connecting data between tables.
  • Assigning user roles and permissions.
  • Altering tables by removing and adding columns.
  • Writing SQL queries.
  • Creating databases and tables with the MySQL Workbench UI.
  • Understanding common Relational Database Management Systems.

The requirements for taking this course are minimal. It can help to have a basic understanding of database fundamentals, and you will need to install MySQL Workbench and Community Server on your Mac or PC.

Database Administration Super Bundle from TechRepublic Academy

If you want to immerse yourself into the world of database administration and get a ton of bang for your buck, TechRepublic Academy’s Database Administration Super Bundle may be right up your alley.

It gives you nine courses and over 400 lessons equaling over 86 hours that can put you on the fast track to building databases and analyzing data like a pro. A sampling of the courses offered in this bundle include:

  • NoSQL MongoDB Developer
  • Introduction to MySQL
  • Visual Analytics Using Tableau
  • SSIS SQL Server Integration Services
  • Microsoft SQL Novice To Ninja
  • Regression Modeling With Minitab

Ultimate SQL Bootcamp from TechRepublic Academy

Here is another bundle for database administrators from TechRepublic Academy. With the Ultimate SQL Bootcamp, you get nine courses and 548 lessons to help you learn how to:

  • Write SQL queries.
  • Conduct data analysis.
  • Master SQL database creation.
  • Use MySQL and SQLite
  • Install WAMP and MySQL and use both tools to create a database.

Complete Oracle Master Class Bundle from TechRepublic Academy

The Complete Oracle Master Class Bundle from TechRepublic Academy features 181 hours of content and 17 courses to help you build a six-figure career. This intermediate course includes certification and will provide you hands-on and practical training with Oracle database systems.

Some of the skills you will learn include:

  • Understanding common technologies like the Oracle database, software testing, and Java.
  • DS and algorithms.
  • RDBMS concepts.
  • Troubleshooting.
  • Performance optimization.

Learn SQL Basics for Data Science Specialization from Coursera

Coursera’s Learn SQL Basics for Data Science Specialization course has nearly 7,000 reviews, giving it a 4.5-star rating. Offered by UC Davis, this specialization is geared towards beginners who lack coding experience that want to become fluent in SQL queries.

The specialization takes four months to complete at a five-hour weekly pace, and it is broken down into four courses:

  1. SQL for Data Science
  2. Data Wrangling, Analysis, and AB Testing with SQL
  3. Distributed Computing with Spark SQL
  4. SQL for Data Science Capstone Project

Skills you can gain include:

  • Data analysis
  • Distributed computing using Apache Spark
  • Delta Lake
  • SQL
  • Data science
  • SQLite
  • A/B testing
  • Query string
  • Predictive analytics
  • Presentation skills
  • Creating metrics
  • Exploratory data analysis

Once finished, you will be able to analyze and explore data with SQL, write queries, conduct feature engineering, use SQL with unstructured data sets, and more.

Relational Database Administration (DBA) from Coursera

IBM offers the Relational Database Administration (DBA) course on Coursera with a 4.5-star rating. Complete the beginner course that takes approximately 19 hours to finish, and it can count towards your learning in the IBM Data Warehouse Engineer Professional Certificate and IBM Data Engineering Professional Certificate programs.

Some of the skills you will learn in this DBA course include:

  • Troubleshooting database login, configuration, and connectivity issues.
  • Configuring databases.
  • Building system objects like tables.
  • Basic database management.
  • Managing user roles and permissions.
  • Optimizing database performance.

Oracle Autonomous Database Administration from Coursera

Offered by Oracle, the Autonomous Database Administration course from Coursera has a 4.5-star rating and takes 13 hours to complete. It is meant to help DBAs deploy and administer Autonomous databases. Finish it, and you will prepare yourself for the Oracle Autonomous Database Cloud Certification.

Some of the skills and knowledge you can learn from this course include:

  • Oracle Autonomous Database architecture.
  • Oracle Machine Learning.
  • SQL Developer Web.
  • APEX.
  • Oracle Text
  • Autonomous JSON.
  • Creating, deploying, planning, maintaining, monitoring, and implementing an Autonomous database.
  • Migration options and considerations.

Looking for more database administration and database programming courses? Check out our tutorial: Best Online Courses to Learn MySQL.

Disclaimer: We may be compensated by vendors who appear on this page through methods such as affiliate links or sponsored partnerships. This may influence how and where their products appear on our site, but vendors cannot pay to influence the content of our reviews. For more info, visit our Terms of Use page.

Thu, 21 Jul 2022 16:35:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Microsoft issues $25 price hike for certification exams

If you're planning to take any Microsoft certification exams, now is the time to act because Microsoft will raise the price for each exam by $25 beginning July 1.

Prices vary by country, but Microsoft's price lookup tool reveals a current exam price in the United States of $125, and a price after July 1 of $150. There are lower prices for current students at high schools and colleges: $60 now and $83 after July 1.

WORTH IT? Microsoft certifications won't boost your pay much

The new price affects exams for nine types of certifications: Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist; Certified IT Professional: Certified Professional Developer; Certified Desktop Support Technician; Certified Systems Administrator; Certified Systems Engineer; Certified Application Developer; Certified Solution Developer; and Certified Database Administrator.

If you're planning to get certified in multiple Microsoft technologies, the price could add up quickly. For example, there are dozens of certifications that fall under the category of Microsoft Certified Technology Specialists (MCTS), and in some cases multiple certifications for the same piece of software. There are three MCTS certs for Windows Server 2008, and another for Windows Server virtualization.

But not all certification exams will get more expensive. Microsoft said it "does not anticipate" raising the price for the Microsoft Certified Master, Certified Architect, Technology Associate, or Office Specialist exams.

Copyright © 2011 IDG Communications, Inc.

Thu, 30 Jun 2022 11:59:00 -0500 Jon Brodkin en text/html
Killexams : Starting quarterback in question, again
Coach Jeff Scott said he will announce a starter after the team’s first scrimmage on Aug. 13. ORACLE PHOTO/ALEXANDRA URBAN

As football season nears, a large question still remains: who will be this year’s starting quarterback? On Wednesday, coach Jeff Scott shared that fall camp will be a deciding ground.

The battle of the quarterbacks is one of the most discussed syllabus in the program, and remains a trend in the Scott era. Last season, Cade Fortin was named the starter, but was soon replaced by sophomore Timmy McClain in Game 3.

Now, McClain is facing junior Gerry Bohanon, who Scott added to the mix for the 2022 season.

“We are going to use the first half of fall camp and let those guys go out and compete,” Scott said.

Bohanon is coming from playing four seasons at Baylor and leading the team to a Sugar Bowl win last year. He started 12 games, rushed for 323 yards and had 27 touchdowns.

McClain started nine games as a true freshman, passing for 1,888 yards on 145 of 262 attempts, completing 55.3% and had four touchdowns.

He said he has gained confidence since last year and will maintain that going into the season and serving as a leader for the team.

The competition to be starter is strong, but Bohanon said his relationship with McClain is brotherly.

“We honestly look at each other like brothers,” he said. “We want to see each other succeed at whatever it may be.”

One of the major differences between this year’s decision in comparison to last year is when the team will figure out who their main guy will be. Last season, Fortin was announced the week of the first game, but this year Scott will announce the starter much earlier.

“Timmy will go out and practice with the ones today and Gerry with the twos,” he said. “In practice, we will alternate for the first 10 to 11 practices, and then when we have our first scrimmage on Aug. 13. And we are going to be watching them.”

Who will be the starter Sept. 3 against BYU will be announced after the scrimmage, according to Scott.

“I want whoever wins the starting job to have three full weeks to be seen as the starter by the offense and to work with that first group of offensive players alone and running backs in the mesh,” he said.

Scott’s approach this year shows a mentality of wanting more structure coming into 2022 instead of trying to piece the team game by game. Though structure is what will assist the team in having a better season, patience is also key.

“We’ve got to have that quarterback stand and be able to lead our offense, and that takes time,” Scott said.

South Florida will open its season against BYU at Raymond James Stadium on Sept. 3 at 4 p.m. The game will be broadcast on ESPNU and 95.3 WDAE/620 AM and iHeartRadio Bulls Unlimited.

Wed, 03 Aug 2022 16:34:00 -0500 Themeinwp. en-US text/html
Killexams : Lawmakers Question Oracle, Amazon And Others Over Location Data

House Democrats are questioning four data brokers about their policies regarding the sale of location information that could be used to identify women seeking abortions.

“Mobile phone location data can be used to track individuals who have visited abortion clinics or have left the state to seek care,” Representative Lori …

Wed, 20 Jul 2022 16:00:00 -0500 Wendy Davis en text/html
Killexams : DDA JE Recruitment 2022: Check Syllabus & Latest exam Pattern Post-wise

DDA JE Syllabus & exam Pattern 2022: Delhi Development Authority (DDA) will be conducting the Single Stage Online Written exam for eligible Indian candidates to fill up 279 vacancies of Junior Engineer (Civil/Electrical/Mechanical), Junior Translator (Official Language), Programmer, Assistant Director (Landscape), and Planning Assistant. Online applications were invited for the DDE Recruitment 2022 from 10th June 2022 to 10th July 2022. The Single Stage Online Written exam will be held on 16th August 2022 for the posts of Assistant Director (Landscape), Planning Assistant, Jr. Translator (Official Language) and on 27th August 2022 for Programmer. Date of examination for the post of Jr. Engineer (Civil) and Jr. Engineer (Elect./Mech.) will be declared separately.

In this article, we share the DDA JE Syllabus & exam Pattern for the posts of Assistant Director (Landscape), Junior Engineer (Civil), Junior Engineer (Elect. / Mech.), Programmer, Junior Translator (Official Language), and Planning Assistant.

DDA Recruitment 2022 Calendar

Events Important Dates
Opening date & time for online registration 11th June 2022 (10 am)
Last date & time for online registration and fee payment  10th July 2022 (6 pm) 

Single Stage Online Written Exam

Assistant Director (Landscape), Planning Assistant, Jr. Translator (Official Language) 

16th August 2022


27th August 2022

DDA Recruitment exam Pattern 2022

For Assistant Director (Landscape), Junior Engineer (Civil/ Elec/ Mech), Programmer, Planning Assistant Posts

Name of the Subject

Number of Questions

Number of Marks


Respective discipline



2 hours


Quantitative Aptitude

General Awareness

English Language

For Junior Translator (Official Language) post

Stage I

Name of the Subject

Number of Questions

Number of Marks


General English



2 Hours

General Hindi



Stage II Convention Paper (Pen & Paper Method)

Name of the Subject

Number of Questions

Number of Marks


Translation from Hindi to English



2 Hours

Translation from English to Hindi



NOTE: The medium of the On-Line examination will be Hindi / English only for all categories of posts.  Penalty for wrong answers: in all such cases where the question is of 01 marks, there will be penalty of 0.33 marks (negative marking) for wrong answers/multiple answers marked by a candidate in the objective type question papers having four alternatives. However, where question is of 02 marks, there will be penalty of 0.66 marks (negative marking).

For the post of Junior Translator (Official Language): Stage II examination shall be evaluated in respect of only those candidates who attain the minimum qualifying standards in Stage I examination as may be fixed at the discretion of the Authority. Merit list will be prepared on the basis of marks obtained in Stage I and Stage II taken together.

Also Read: DDA JE Recruitment 2022: Check Eligibility, Age, Qualifications, How to Apply 

Also Read: DDA JE Recruitment 2022: Check Preparation Strategies for Reasoning & General Awareness

DDA Recruitment Syllabus 2022

For Assistant Director (Landscape), Junior Engineer (Civil/ Elec/ Mech), Programmer, Planning Assistant Posts

Assistant Director (Landscape)


1. Plants: Familiarity with local flora; criteria for plant selection; history of planting design; planting as a design element with respect to trees, shrubs, ground cover and creepers; planting features like form, leaf color and texture, color of flowers and fruits in different seasons; role of plant material in environmental improvement (e.g. soil conservation, modification of microclimate); maintenance of plant material; preparation of planting concepts, planting plans and plant schedules; estimation of costs and bill of quantity. Planting design in various environments such as woodlands, forests, rural areas, urban areas, roadside planting in urban and rural areas, industrial sites and in habitats such as grasslands, woodlands, sloping areas, marshes, bogs, wetlands, waterside and aquatic planting etc. Planting for shelter, windbreaks and shelter belts, visual effect and accent; Field ecology: Quadrat, line transect, community analysis.

2. Geology, Hydrology & Geomorphology: minerals and metals; rock type (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic); principles of stratigraphy and geology of India; relationships between geology, soils and vegetation; morphology and classification of soil type; properties of soils; soil management (evaluation, water conservation, fertility and plant nutrition, degradation control and reclamation techniques); hydrological cycle, sources of surface water; watersheds and drainage basins; infiltration characteristics; rainwater harvesting, artificial recharge; groundwater management, ground water pollution; landscape evolution.

3. Site Planning and Landscape Engineering: Site planning process; site character and design requirement relation; site survey and appraisal; contours and grading principles; efficient surface drainage pattern and watershed area, calculation of surface runoff, catchments areas and discharge rate; types of drainage systems, design of surface and sub-surface drainage elements; sports field drainage; earthwork volume computations; construction of roads, parking, paths, plazas, planter, water elements, etc; external lighting; irrigation and plumbing system; street/ site furniture; landscape working drawings; site mobilization and protection measures; water conservation; protection of water retention structures; soil conservation and erosion control measures; land reclamation and rehabilitation process; disposal of sludge, fly-ash, solid and liquid waste; transportation corridors; environment-friendly materials; sustainable landscape features (bioswales, bio retention ponds etc); estimation of costs and preparation of bill of quantities, specifications and tender documents.

4. Landscape Design and Communication: Urban and rural landscape appraisal, analysis and design; application of ecological principles; language skills for technical report ‘writing and- professional communications with planning authorities, statutory bodies, contractors and other professionals; communication techniques in digital media; research ability towards establishing a strong theoretical background. Ecology: Concept of ecosystem: energy flow; production; biogeochemical cycles; carbon cycle, global water cycles, nitrogen cycle; bioaccumulation and biomagnifications; ecosystem services; ecosystem types; ecological succession and maturity; population dynamics; ecosystem management; climate change.

5. Theory of Landscape Architecture: Concepts of space, time and scale in terms of garden, landscape and nature; evolution of landscape and garden design in relation to art, architecture and city planning; changing perceptions of man’s relationship with nature in various phases of history; environmental and behavioral theories; social and cultural dimensions of landscape; Ancient Indian traditions; Landscape from various geographic locations and periods, highlighting aspects of Form, Space and Order; Development of landscape design and gardens; Eastern, Central and Western traditions; Ancient Heritage: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome. Western Civilization: Europe; Italy, France and England. The middle-east: The Persian tradition and its far reaching influence. Eastern Civilisation: China and Japan. Ancient and medieval period in India; Mughal and Rajput Landscapes. Influences and linkages across cultures and traditions, e.g Chinese tradition and the English Landscape style, influence of Persian traditions towards the West and East. Colonial landscape development in India.

6. Nineteenth-Century Europe: Open space development in its urban design and planning context. Early industrial towns and the Garden City movement. USA: Further evolution of the public park as a major component of urban landscape. The work of F. L. Olmsted and other pioneers. Park-Systems and suburban development centered on open space. The Modern Movement: changing concepts of space and the relationship of architecture and landscape illustrated through studies of selected works of the modern masters. Post-war development in Europe: New Towns in England and the concept of Landscape Structure. Landscape Urbanism; Examples of open space development in new towns and urban renewal to illustrate the close conceptual relationship between town planning, urban design and landscape architecture (e.g. Haussmann’s Paris, Lutyen’s Delhi); influence of Ian McHarg on mid and late 20th Century landscape architecture. The work of selected twentieth century landscape architects, in the west as well as in India. Contemporary concepts and concerns: “Green” Architecture and EnergySaving site planning and Landscape Architecture; Cultural landscapes, their definition, identification, characteristics and policies; Landscape inventory and conservation of historical landscape; Artistic sensibility in Landscape Architecture, land art; new developments in urban landscape design. The Indian Context: Understanding contemporary attitudes to open space design in India: ancient horticultural tradition, Mughal influence, British colonial influence. Trends in landscape design in India in the late 20th and the first decade of the 21st Century.

7. Landscape Economics, Management & Horticultural Practice: Economics: Cost and benefits related to open space development; costs: intangible costs, depletion of natural resources, Management: Landscape management at the regional scale in relation to soil conservation, water management, grassland management, forestry and agriculture. Management practices related to urban ecology and urban habitats, such as urban forests, river banks, regional parks and greenbelts: ecological, economic and administrative issues. Management models. Horticulture Practice: Nursery establishment and Plant propagation. Establishment and maintenance of grass, shrubs and trees with respect to: ground preparation, planting and transplanting, pruning;

8. Landscape Resources: Settlements and Landscape: Siting and evolution of cities; Role of landform, water systems, climate and vegetation; Illustrative studies of cities in India and elsewhere; Microclimate; Air pollution; Solid waste management; conservation of water resources and vegetation cover; Urban forest; Landscape heritage; City development Plans, Zonal Plans. Development controls and their role in the conservation and creation of urban landscape; Delhi Master Plan; National Environment Policy; The rural landscape; Forest types of India; Biodiversity, urban biodiversity, Wetlands: definition, wetland values and conservations; Wastelands management; Land reclamation and rehabilitation; Watersheds and its management; Ramsar Convention, Forest Policy and management of forest resources. Conservation Forestry, Bye laws and planning regulations applicable to landscape development.

9. Landscape Conservation and Regional Landscape Planning; Concept of Landscape Planning and Landscape Conservation; Landscape Assessment techniques; Basic quantitative methods of collecting, analyzing, projecting and presenting data for Landscape Planning. Landscape Conservation: Priorities, Policies and Programmes; National parks and other protective designations; Biodiversity and Biosphere reserves; Endangered landscapes; Aspects of watershed management. The application of landscape planning techniques to large scale developments such as infrastructure and power projects, extractive and manufacturing industry, new towns and urban extensions, and developments for tourism and eco-tourism; Landscape perception, visual assessment and the aesthetic dimension of landscape planning. Environmental Impact Assessment and the Environmental Impact Statement: Theory and Practice; role of Environmental Legislation and the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

10. Landscape Project Management and Professional Practice: The role of statutory and regulatory bodies such as the Municipal Corporation, N.D.M.C, D.D.A and Urban Art commission etc.; Construction administration , Implementation process; Sequence of activities from inception to completion; progress evaluation and monitoring: (Estimation), Site documentation, Techniques of inspection and quality control; Construction documents Comparison of various kind of tenders with regard to objectives, utility and appropriateness. Tender Documentation and evaluation of tender; negotiations with contractors. Contract Documentation: Forms of contract; General and special conditions, specifications, Bill of quantities; significant clauses pertaining to defects, maintenance, arbitrations, etc. Parties to the contract; their roles, contractual relationships and legal obligations; Forms of agreement, conditions of engagement, scope of work and services to be provided. Scale of Professional Fees: Relationship of Landscape Architect with other professionals. Landscape Design Competitions: Types, Guidelines.

Junior Engineer (Civil)

Civil Engineering

Building Materials: Physical and Chemical properties, classification, standard tests, uses and manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building stones, silicate based materials, cement (Portland), Asbestos products, Timber and Wood based Products, laminates, bituminous materials, paints, varnishes.

Surveying: Principles of surveying, working of properties, compass and bearing, plane table surveying, theodolite traverse, adjustment of theodolite, levelling and contouring, curvature, refraction, permanent adjustment of dumpy level, methods of contouring and uses of a control map, tachometric survey.

Soil Mechanics: Origin of soil phase diagram, definitions of void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, water content, specific gravity of soil grains and unit weights, grain size distribution curves for different solid and their uses. Atterjerg's limits, ISI soil classification, plasticity chart, coefficient of permeability, effective stress, consolidation of soils. Calculation of shear strength of soils, direct shear test, vane shear test, triaxial test, soil compaction, Lab compaction, Lab compaction test, moisture content and bearing capacity of soils, plate load test, standard penetration test.

Hydraulics: Fluid properties, hydrostatics, measurements of flow, Bernoulli's theorem and its application, flow through pipes, flow in open channels, weirs, flumes, spillways, pumps and turbines.

Environmental Engineering: Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of water, distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage system, circular sewers, oval sewer, sewer appurtenances, surface water drainage, sewage treatments.

Structural Engineering: Theory of structures: Elasticity constants, type of beams, determinate and indeterminate, bending moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported, cantilever and over hanging beams. Moment of area and moment of inertia for rect. & circular section, bending moment and shear stress for tee, channel and compound sections, chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric loads, slope deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams, critical load and columns, torsion of circular section.

Concrete Technology: Properties, Advantages and uses of concrete, cement aggregates quality, water cement ratio, workability, mix design, storage, batching, mixing, placement, compaction, finishing and curing of concrete, quality control of concrete, hot weather and cold weather concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structure.

RCC Design:

RCC beams: flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, design of single reinforced beans, lintels, cantilever beams, double reinforced beams, one way slabs, two way slabs, isolated footings, reinforced brick work. T-beams, columns, staircases, retaining walls, water tanks (RCC design questions may be based on both Limit State method and Working Stress method).

Steel Design: Steel design and construction of steel columns, beams, roof trusses, plate girders.

Junior Engineer (Electrical/Mechanical)

General Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical)

Electrical Engineering

Basic Electrical Engg.: Elect. Measurements, Concepts of current, voltage, resistance, power and energy, their units, Ohm’s law.

Circuit Law: Kirchooff’s law, solution of simple network problems, Network theorems and their applications, Electro-magnetism, concept of flux, e m f, reluctance, magnetic circuits. Electromagnetic induction, self and mutual inductance. A.C. fundamentals, instantaneous, peak, R.M.S. and average values of alternating waves, Equation of sinusoidal wave form, simple series and parallel AC. circuits consisting of R.L. and C, Resonance. Measurement and measuring instruments, Moving coil and moving iron ammeters and voltmeters, Extension of range, Wattmeters, Multimeters, megger, Basic Electronics.

Electrical machines: Basic principles of D.C. motors, generators, their characteristics, Speed control and starting of D.C. motors, losses and efficiency of D.C. machines.1-Phase and 3-phase transformers: Principles of operation, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, O.C. and S.C. tests, efficiency, auto transformers. Synchronous machines, generation of 3-phase e m f, armature reaction, Voltage regulation, parallel operation of two alternators, synchronizing, starting and applications of synchronous motors. 3-Phase Induction motor, rotating magnetic field, principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torque-speed characteristics, starting and speed control of 3-phase induction motors, Fractional KW motors, 1-phase induction motors, A.C. series motor, reluctance motor.

General, Transmission and Distribution: Different types of power stations, Load factor, diversity factor, demand factor, simple problems thereon, cost of generation, inter- connection of power stations. Power factor improvement, various types of tariffs, types of faults, short circuit current for symmetrical faults. Switchgears- rating of circuit breakers: Principles of a extinction by oil and air, H.R.C. fuses, Protection, earth leakage, over current, Buchhotgz relay, Merz- Prince system of protection of generators & transformers, protection of feeders and bus bars. Lightning arresters, Various transmission and distribution systems, Comparison of conductor materials, efficiency for different systems. Utilization of Electrical Energy, Illumination, electric heating, Electric welding, electroplating, electric drives and motors.

Mechanical Engineering

Flow of Fluids: Laminar & turbulent flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem, measurement of discharge, flow through pipes, friction losses, Forces of jet impinging on vanes, blades, work done and efficiency, classification of turbines & pumps.

Thermal Engineering: Laws of thermodynamics, change in entropy in various processes; uses of steam, Properties of steam table & charts; Construction & Working of Cochran, Lancashire locomotive & Babcock & Wilcox boilers, working of steam turbine, Otto & Diesel Cycles, working of IC engines, Carburetion, Solex Carburettor. Diesel fuel, pump & injector: Cooling & lubrication.

Production Engineering: Foundry- Different casting processes, concept of Patterns; types of mould making, purring defect in castings, causes & remedies, Welding-classification and types of welding, Testing and defects in welds. Lathes- working of lathe, various tools, operation on lathes, types of lathes. Drilling operations performed on drilling machines. Description, principles of working and various operations on machine tools, milling machine, shaper, grinder, boring and slotting machines.

Strength of Materials: Stresses in composite bars, relation between elastic constants, Resilience under different types of loads, SF and BM diagrams; stresses in beams-combined direct and bending stresses, Struts and columns – Euler’s and Rankin’s theories, Torsion of circular shafts.

Theory of Machines: Simple Machines – Four bar chain, Slider crank chain, double slider crank chain, Flywheel – Turning moment diagrams. Fluctuation of energy, Friction-in collar and pivots, plate clutch, conical clutch, journal bearing. Transmission of power through flat and V-belts, Gears, profile of gears, Governors- Watt and Hartnell governors.


Computer Architecture, Computer Organization. Data Communication And Net-Working, Artificial Intelligence, Micro-Processors, Number Systems & Digital Logics, Peripherals And Storage Devices.

Operating Systems: Windows, Unix And Linux

Programming: Programming in Angular Java, PSP, Asp.Net, Java And Android/ Mobile Aps Programming, Programming In D2k, Programming In Visual Basic, PL/SQL, HTML.

Data Base Management (DBMS): Oracle 8i And Above, SQL server 2003 and above, Open Sources DBMS, My SQL Sybase Ingress etc.

Internet and Web Technologies

Planning Assistant

i. Basic concepts of urban planning and Architecture, Planning Legislation and GIS

Section 1: Architecture Elements, construction, architectural styles and examples of different periods of Indian and Western History of Architecture; Oriental, Vernacular and Traditional architecture; Architectural developments since Industrial Revolution; Influence of modern art on architecture; Art nouveau, Eclecticism, International styles, Post Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture; accurate trends in Contemporary Architecture; Works of renowned national and international architects.

Section 2: Environmental Planning and Design Ecosystem- natural and man-made ecosystems; Ecological principles Concepts of Environmental Impact Analysis; Environmental considerations in planning and design; database for incorporation of environmental concerns in planning analysis, land suitability analysis, vulnerability analysis; Climate responsive design; Solar architecture; methods of addressing environmental quality; Green Building Concepts and Rating; ECBC; Building Performance Simulation and Evaluation; Environmental pollution- types, cause, controls and abatement strategies.

Section 3: Services, Infrastructure and Transportation Urban infrastructure- Transportation, Water Supply, Sewerage, Drainage, Solid Waste Management, Electricity and Communications, Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering; Road capacity; Traffic survey method; Traffic flow characteristics; Traffic analyses and design considerations; Travel demand forecasting; Land use transportation – urban from inter-relationships; Design of roads, intersections/ grade separates and parking areas, Hierarchy of roads and level of service; Traffic and transport management and control in urban areas; Mass transportation planning; Para-transits and other modes of transportations Pedestrian and slow moving traffic planning; Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Section 4: Planning Legislation and GIS Planning legislation will include acts and legislation related to development management and maintenance of Delhi and other towns of NCR, municipal corporation and local bodies, Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc. Local self- Governance.

ii. Delhi Development Act, (DD Act), 1957 will include all sections and provisions of the Act.

iii. Master plan of Delhi 1962-2021 will include provisions, strategies and Master Plan proposals as per documents published from time to time.

Junior Translator


a) General Hindi: 100 marks (Objective type)

b) General English: 100 marks (Objective type)

The questions will be designed to test the candidate's understanding of the languages and literature, correct use of words, phrases and idioms, and ability to write the languages correctly, precisely, and effectively. The questions will be of degree level.


Translation and Essay: 200 Marks (Conventional Type) The paper will contain two passages for translation-one passage for translation from Hindi to English and one passage for translation from English to Hindi, and an Essay each in Hindi and English, to test the candidates‟ translation skills and their ability to write as well as comprehend the two languages correctly, precisely and effectively. The level of the paper will be consistent with the educational qualifications prescribed.

DDA Recruitment 2022 Apply Online

Tue, 26 Jul 2022 01:07:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Social Security Numbers and Driver License

Due to COVID, the Birmingham Social Security Administration (SSA) office has suspended drop-in/walk-in visits except for limited, "dire need" appointments. You cannot just go to the SSA office. Please follow the steps listed below.

  1. Call the SSA at 866-592-3734 to speak to an SSA officer.
  2. Inform the officer that you are international student or scholar and why you are calling (i.e., to apply for an SSN, obtain a Social Security denial letter for ITIN purposes, etc.).
  3. Inform the officer what type of immigration status you have (i.e., F-1, J-1, H-1B, etc.).
  4. Inform the officer of what type of immigration document you can provide (i.e., Form I-20 for F-1, Form DS-2019 for J-1, Form I-797 approval notice for H-1B approval notice, passport, Form I-94, etc.).
  5. Provide the officer with your contact information as requested.
  6. Wait 24-48 hours for the officer to contact you with the time and date for your in-person appointment. If the officer does not contact you within 24-48 hours, call again and repeat the same process listed above.

On the day of your confirmed in-person appointment, take the relevant documents listed above to the Social Security Administration (SSA) office, located at:

Social Security Administration
1200 Rev. Abraham Woods Jr. Blvd. North
Birmingham, AL 35285

The office is open from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday and from 9:00 a.m. until noon on Wednesday. The parking entrance is on 12th Street. When you arrive, take a number from the computer in the lobby and wait for your number to appear on a screen in the waiting room. Bring your documents to the window number on the screen to speak to an SSA officer, who will review and return your documents. If your application is accepted, it will take approximately three weeks to receive your Social Security card in the mail. If your application is rejected, ask for a supervisor. If a supervisor is unavailable, call ISSS at (205) 934-3328 and ask the SSA officer to speak with one of our international student advisors. The SSA officer will not be able to tell you your Social Security number that day. You must wait for the card to arrive in the mail.

During non-COVID operations, you would need to gather the following documents for your Social Security Number (SSN) application:

  • Unexpired passport
  • Your electronic Form I-94, printed from the CBP website
  • Signed, valid Form I-20 (for F-1 students) or Form DS-2019 (for J-1 students)
  • Completed Form SS-5 application
  • On-Campus Employer Verification Letter signed by your employment supervisor
  • Verification of On-Campus Employment letter signed by an ISSS staff member
Wed, 29 Jan 2020 07:05:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : How the search for the next Dalai Lama is drawing interference from China and what it means for the future of Tibet No result found, try new keyword!The reincarnation of the Dalai Lama is steeped in ancient tradition but, as the current spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism marks his 87th birthday, China is looking to assert its influence. Sat, 06 Aug 2022 06:49:58 -0500 en-au text/html Killexams : Everyone dies - even the Dalai Lama. Tibet and China are bracing for what happens next.

By Avani Dias and Som Patidar for the ABC.

Death. It is unpredictable yet inevitable.

Dalai Lama

The Dalai Lama turned 87 in July. Photo: Supplied

Even if you are a great runner, you cannot escape it.

You cannot stop it with wealth, recitation of mantras or even medicines. Therefore, it is wise to prepare for death while you are living.

These are some of the Dalai Lama's many teachings on death.

While these words have brought comfort to many people about their place in the world, what will happen at the end of the current Dalai Lama's life on earth is still unclear.

As the spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism celebrates his 87th birthday, the issue of who his successor will be is becoming more urgent and more political than ever.

The Dalai Lama has floated many options for who will take over his soul when he leaves his human form - someone he chooses while he's still alive, someone born in a "free country," perhaps even a woman.

Tibetans say the lack of clarity on what will happen next is a tactic to confuse China, as it seeks to gain political power by taking ownership of the spiritual lineage.

Those closest to the situation are now calling for the international community to publicly support their choice for a successor over China's.

Amid global concerns about the Communist Party's growing influence, they say the future of their community - and the world - depends on it.

Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama gestures as revered by the "Ladakh dPal rNgam Dusdon 2022" award on the ocassion of union territory Ladakh declaration day, in Leh on August 5, 2022. (Photo by Mohd Arhaan ARCHER / AFP)

The current Dalai Lama, the 14th, is among the oldest in the lineage. Photo: MOHD ARHAAN ARCHER

The chosen one

For 600 years, Tibetans have been using ancient rituals and mysticism to find the human form of the Dalai Lama.

It's believed the Dalai Lama is the human manifestation of a being who has attained nirvana - released from the cycle of life, death, and suffering - but is continuing to live on earth for the compassion of other beings.

As one Dalai Lama's human form leaves this world, the soul is reborn in another body, according to Tibetan Buddhist belief.

The current Dalai Lama, the 14th, is among the oldest in the lineage. Many of his predecessors didn't even live to see their 30th birthday.

"He's in human form, so there has to be degeneration of his body, which is a natural thing, which every one of us accepts," Tibet's political leader Penpa Tsering says.

When the previous Dalai Lama died, in 1933, a search party of Tibetan disciples used signs from his body to find his successor.

A head tilt and an unusual fungus on the shrine containing his corpse pointed them to the north-eastern Tibetan district of Dokham, an area spanning several provinces in present-day central China.

The disciples also checked a lake traditionally used to see visions of the location of the next Dalai Lama.

"They sent out search teams, until they found a building that looked like what they had seen in the lake," explains Robbie Barnett, a Tibet researcher at the University of London.

In the small hillside village of Taktser, they found a child who took an instant shine to one of the previous Dalai Lama's close advisers and seemed to recognise his old walking stick.

That boy was a two-year-old named Lhamo Dhondup, who could pass every test offered to him and identify items belonging to his predecessor, reportedly shouting: "It's mine!"

Before he could travel to the Potala Palace in Lhasa, where Dalai Lamas have lived for centuries, the monastery had to pay a local Chinese Muslim warlord a ransom of 300,000 silver dollars.

After an arduous mountain trek, he finally arrived in Lhasa. The four-year-old boy's hair was cut, his clothes swapped out for maroon monks' robes, and he was ordained with a new name: Tenzin Gyatso.

Under the tutelage of senior lamas, he learned logic, fine art, Sanskrit, medicine and philosophy, and led long ceremonies for his disciples.

"When one dies, you've got to find the next one, then you've got to educate him and train him and wait for that child to grow up," Professor Barnett says.

"There will be disputes, always, over whether you've found the right child or whether somebody has interfered with the process and so on."

And, just as his own journey across the Himalayas did, the process to find the Dalai Lama's replacement is already attracting attention from China.

His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso

China wants a say in approving the next incarnation of the Dalai Lama. Photo: Wikipdia Commons

An ever-present China

Finding the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama is steeped in ancient tradition, but that looks likely to change this time around.

The Chinese government has made it clear that it wants final approval of all reincarnations of Tibetan Buddhism, including the Dalai Lama, and insisted they will be found within China's borders.

"The 14th Dalai Lama himself was found and recognised following rituals and conventions, and his succession was approved by the then central government," China's Foreign Ministry spokesman said in 2018.

"Therefore, the reincarnation must comply with Chinese laws and regulations, follow rituals and historic conventions."

It's an ironic move for a strictly atheist government that does not allow its officials to practise religion, but experts say that having control over the next Dalai Lama would provide China major power.

It is a tension that harks back to the 14th Dalai Lama's own path to become spiritual leader.

By the time Tenzin Gyatso reached his early 20s, he had already led six million Tibetans through years of threats of all-out war with China.

In 1950, Chinese troops invaded Tibet and formally incorporated the region, saying it had always been a part of China.

Nine years later, a Chinese general offered a supposed olive branch and invited the Dalai Lama to a dance troupe performance, but there was a crucial catch: he had to go alone, without bodyguards or soldiers.

The Dalai Lama's key spiritual adviser is known as the state oracle, a deity who communicates through a human monk.

They deliberated for a week over whether it was safe to attend the performance - could he be missing an opportunity to liaise with China directly over the future of Tibet?

But the Dalai Lama was receiving reports of atrocities against his people and the oracle advised him to escape into exile, drawing him a map to cross the border into India.

On March 17, 1959, just before 10pm, the Dalai Lama dressed up as a Tibetan soldier and began a two-week trek over the mountains to exile in Dharamshala.

Travelling only at night to avoid Chinese sentry guards, the group endured the harsh climate and treacherous peaks.

Until he appeared in India, there were fears the Dalai Lama may have been killed.

India's prime minister at the time, Jawaharlal Nehru, had a policy of not interfering with the domestic politics of other countries, and had discouraged the Dalai Lama from provoking China.

But when His Holiness and his group of soldiers crossed the border, the Indian leader commanded that they should be allowed in, to set up a new home nestled at the base of the Himalayas.

A child, wearing a Free Tibet hat, waits to catch a glimpse of Tibetan spiritual leader The Dalai Lama at the historical Mahabodhi Temple, where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, in Bodhgaya in India's Bihar state on January 4, 2010. Exiled Tibetan spiritual leader The Dalai Lama will spend a week in Bodhgaya where he will pray and deliver teachings to followers at the Mahabodhi temple. AFP PHOTO/Diptendu DUTTA. (Photo by DIPTENDU DUTTA / AFP)

Tibetans have long revered the Dalai Lama. Photo: DIPTENDU DUTTA

Tibetans in exile

Since then, the Dalai Lama and many of his followers have lived in exile in Dharamshala. For decades, the community has gathered here to hear their leader's speeches and mark important milestones.

At this year's birthday celebrations, thousands of monks, Tibetan school children and a handful of foreign tourists pack into his temple.

Three pictures of the Dalai Lama - as a child, a young adult, and more recently in his old age - are blown up on a banner that looms large over the audience.

Several cakes are spread across a table. Students cut slices for the hungry crowd after singing choruses of Happy Birthday to His Holiness.

Tibetan students sing their national anthem, a tune that remains illegal in their homeland controlled by China.

This generation has only heard stories from their parents, or grandparents, about what Tibet is like.

"We were told that, eventually, we are going to go back to this country that my grandparents and parents had left behind, so it became a darling story for all of us," Tibetan activist Tenzin Tsundue says.

"It was later in school that I understood the political situation. We understood, at a very early age, that our country had been occupied by China and [that] we are refugees. We are living in India at India's sympathy."

Tenzin Tsundue's parents were among the thousands of refugees who followed the Dalai Lama when he fled to India after rejecting China's ownership over his homeland.

More than 100,000 Tibetans now live in India, but they - as well as the Dalai Lama - are only recognised as "stateless", not refugees, with no citizenship nor passport in any country.

"My mother had seen how people are leaving the pastoral homes, their farmlands and escaping, and she had heard stories of nearby villages, which had been plundered by Chinese invading forces," Tenzin says.

"Those who resisted were executed in public squares … some of my grandparents, family, they got up and left behind Tibet."

Every Tibetan has a story like this.

Namgyal Dolkar Lhagyari is a member of the democratic Tibetan parliament-in-exile, an administration set up by the Dalai Lama in 1963 so he could shed the political authority attached to his role.

"My late father, he was a political prisoner, he was imprisoned for 20 years, six months, 11 days, because of his voice against the Chinese Communist Party," she says.

"My late mother, my late grandmother, were former political prisoners … so I belong to a family who has been challenging the Chinese Communist Party regime for generations.

"I know that, if given a chance, I would take the same step."

In the more than 70 years since China invaded Tibet, there have reportedly been thousands of Tibetans taken as political prisoners like Namgyal's family.

There are currently at least 273 Tibetan political prisoners in China, most of them accused of resisting Chinese rule.

Candidate for Sikyong (Tibetan Prime Minister)Penpa Tsering (2L) casts his vote in leadership elections in Dharamshala on March 20, 2016. - Tens of thousands of exiled Tibetans have voted for a new leader tasked with sustaining their struggle for greater autonomy in their Chinese-ruled homeland as the Dalai Lama retreats from the political frontline. (Photo by Lobsang Wangyal / AFP)

Penpa Tsering is the Sikyong or political leader of the Central Tibetan Administration, the democratic parliament in exile. Photo: LOBSANG WANGYAL

Finding the next Dalai Lama

The Dalai Lama has been intrinsically linked with the fight for Tibet's future. For years, he joined his fellow countrymen and women in calling for an independent country.

But in 1988, he publicly deserted that goal and called for an autonomous state within China instead, a policy he calls the "Middle Way".

He has consistently said that fight should remain non-violent. Even peaceful marches and hunger strikes are a step too far for His Holiness, who says people should avoid confrontation at all costs.

"We have to follow … the Middle Way approach and, based on that policy, we follow non-violence, as it means a negotiated and mutually beneficial lasting solution for the conflict," prime minister-in-exile Penpa Tsering says.

"Therefore, we have to reach out to the Chinese government."

This stance is divisive within the Tibetan community, with many wanting more for their homeland.

"Until Tibet is free again, I will work every single day and my focus is only about the independence of Tibet," Tenzin Tsundue says.

It is with this delicate balance in mind that many believe the Dalai Lama has made a choice to change the age-old custom surrounding his reincarnation.

Over the past decade, he has given a number of conflicting clues about his successor that some say are designed to keep China guessing about what happens next.

In a speech in 2011, he said he would make a decision on whether the Dalai Lama would continue as an institution when he turns 90, after consulting with high lamas and the Tibetan people.

He has also said he could choose his successor while he's still alive.

In 2019, the Dalai Lama stirred controversy by saying his reincarnation could be a woman, adding that, if they were female, she would have to be attractive.

And, in a more direct rebuttal to China, the Dalai Lama has also asserted his reincarnation would be found in a free country, which observers interpreted as referring to India, rather than Chinese-controlled Tibet.

"It is all up to His Holiness, because he is the one who's going to be reincarnated … we cannot decide for him," Penpa Tsering says.

"Our friends in the West ask us the same question: Why don't you have a process at hand right now?

"I tell them that whatever His Holiness is doing now is very smart, because China cannot handle unpredictable things."

Namgyal Dolkar Lhagyari says the future of her community relies on what happens after the current Dalai Lama dies and, as uncomfortable the Topic is, it needs to be discussed now.

"We're choosing not to discuss [what happens when the Dalai Lama dies], but that's a reality that we can't escape," she says.

"We wish, we pray, we hope that he lives to 113, but we also know that the post-Dalai Lama situation is one we'll have to deal with."

Venerable Geshe Lhakdor, a senior monk, Tibetan scholar and close confidant of the Dalai Lama, says while the spiritual leader will ultimately decide what happens, arrangements are being made for his death.

"Some preparations already have been made, we [have] had several meetings on how to carry this forward," he says.

"According to the existing tradition and the wishes of His Holiness the Dalai Lama then, of course, we should follow the traditional ways of recognising His Holiness's reincarnation after he passes away.

"We've made some preparation, but the big announcement has not been made right now."

Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama (C) waves to the crowd during the third day of a series of teachings in Bodhgaya on January 4, 2020. (Photo by AFP)

Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama waves to the crowd during the third day of a series of teachings in Bodhgaya in 2020. Photo: STR

The fight for Tibet's future

While all Tibetans who spoke to the ABC agreed that it's up to the Dalai Lama to decide what happens next, they acknowledged China's interference remains a threat.

"It is a matter of concern but that does not necessarily mean that worrying over it will solve the problem," Penpa Tsering says.

"[Indian Buddhist monk] Shantideva said: 'If the problem can be solved, why worry? If the problem cannot be solved, worrying will do you no good.' So, we follow that concept.

"It's a concern that we have to address. We have to also look at a post-Dalai Lama scenario, it's our responsibility. But it's too early to talk about all this."

Others in the community argue that the Tibetan people should capitalise on the global shift against China's growing power.

After decades of building trade relations with the Chinese government, Australia, India, the US and Japan are now strengthening the Quad, a partnership to reduce reliance on China.

"The world finally sees the People's Republic of China as a threat to the freedom … of democracies around the world," Namgyal Dolkar Lhagyari says.

"It's a perfect time for us to let them know, and remind them, we've been doing that for the past 60 years.

"We've suffered under their regime for generations, and we don't want the entire international community to be a victim."

The prime-minister-in-exile is calling on countries including Australia to endorse the Tibetan people's choice of the next Dalai Lama, over China's.

"We'll be approaching governments to take up … legislation regarding the recognition of the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama," he says.

"The more countries adopt that, [then] that will also provide some kind of international leverage for the Tibetans."

Although India has given asylum to the Tibetan community for decades, its governments have been reluctant to show too much support, in fear of isolating China, its biggest trading partner.

That changed in 2020, when Chinese and Indian troops engaged in skirmishes in Ladakh, along their contested border.

After those clashes, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi called the Dalai Lama to wish him a happy birthday. China criticised the move last month, saying India was using Tibet to "interfere in China's internal affairs".

"It is a consistent policy of the government of India to treat His Holiness Dalai Lama as an honoured guest in India, and as a respected religious leader who enjoys a large following in India," the external affairs ministry spokesperson said in response.

For the first time since tensions in Ladakh reignited, the Dalai Lama is spending a month in the region.

"Sooner or later, you have to solve this through talk, through peaceful means. Use of military force is outdated," His Holiness said.

Although his visit to Ladakh is believed to be irritating Beijing, the Dalai Lama says the Chinese people are not objecting.

"Now, more and more Chinese are showing interest in Tibetan Buddhism. Some of their scholars are realising that Tibetan Buddhism is very scientific. Things are changing," he said.

Exiled Tibetans wait in a queue to place offerings to mark the 87th birthday of their spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, in New Delhi on July 6, 2022. (Photo by Prakash SINGH / AFP)

Exiled Tibetans wait in a queue to place offerings to mark the 87th birthday of their spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, in New Delhi. Photo: PRAKASH SINGH

How will the West face China?

As Australia navigates the tricky balance of its own relationship with China, how it responds to the Dalai Lama's reincarnation will be pivotal.

"When we talk about the reincarnation of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, the question does not [only] come to Tibetans," activist Tenzin Tsundue says.

"The question is [also] about how the West will face China.

"Will the West continue to ignore these serious issues and continue to be entrapped by China's rising economic power? Or will the West allow China to take over and create a China order to the rest of the world?

"It is for the Western countries to decide."

Researchers say the issue of the Dalai Lama's reincarnation could actually provide a chance to alleviate tensions between China and the rest of the world.

"There's always a possibility of negotiation … this is a classic issue that could be an opening for other possibilities to say, 'Let's negotiate a deal before the Dalai Lama dies'," Professor Barnett says.

"This is an opportunity for us to find a way to work with this very new, important player in the world scene [China], and to make it possible for them to negotiate without losing face [while] avoiding the major tensions that are coming down the road."

Towards the end of his 87th birthday celebration, the Dalai Lama relaxed into his chair - a sign those close to him say indicates he's lost interest.

His staff took off his microphone and hurried to his sides to lift him. He now needs two people holding him on either side get up from his seat or to walk.

The room of monks quickly stood up as a mark of respect, but the Dalai Lama decided he had one more statement left to make and told everyone to sit back down.

"You have followed my leadership without any hesitation. This is primarily the strength of the ordinary people," he said.

"So I want to take this opportunity to thank the general public.

"I am sure that I will live for another one or two decades, and I am confident that I can promote the principles of compassion and tolerance in the world."


Sat, 06 Aug 2022 21:35:00 -0500 en-nz text/html
Killexams : Last chance for VA’s multi-billion electronic health records system?

Senator Jon Tester (D-Mont.) hopes an Oracle executive’s presence at the Senate Veterans’ Affairs Committee on July 20 signifies a “game changer” for the troubled health records system at the Department of Veterans Affairs. Ending the hearing on that note, the Montana lawmaker and VA committee chair had good reason to draw on Oracle’s decades-long experience developing complex databases. The electronic health records rollout is an injustice to veteran-patients and is becoming one of the worst government IT projects ever.

Oracle completed its nearly $30 billion acquisition of the electronic health records, or EHR, company Cerner last month, among the biggest healthcare deals in accurate years. Cerner was awarded a $10 billion contractin 2018 to transition Veterans Affairs from a 1980’s era legacy system for digitizing patient records. The goalis to enable care continuity through the sharing of Defense Department medical records with the VA as military personnel transition from active duty to veteran status.

Cost over-runs, delays, service outages and malfunctioning software are detailed in over a dozen inspector general reportssince the Cerner system was first deployed at the Mann-Grandstaff VA Medical Center in Spokane, Wash., in 2020. Costs have since increased to $16 billion, and there is no end in sight. At the beginning of the hearing last week, Tester cited an Institute for Defense Analysis estimate that puts the true cost of the VA’s electronic health records modernization program at over $56 billion by the time it’s completed.

There is nothing new about government contracts running over budget and behind schedule. What has members of Congress ready to pull the plug on Cerner is the faulty software causing harm to veterans.

An IG reportissued this month details examples of what is described as an “unknown queue,” a bizarre process and design flaw in which referrals to specialty care providers, laboratory procedures, diagnostic imaging and other follow-up services go missing. In all, the new Cerner system failed to deliver 11,000 orders. The result is what the IG cited as nearly 150 instances of patient harm. 

Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.) explained at the hearing that she met with veterans and providers this month in Spokane. “There continues to be flaws with the EHR that risk patient care and safety,” she said. Murray is demanding the EHR rollout be suspended in Washington state. Regarding the so-called unknown queue, Murray mentioned a VA official who denied patients were getting harmed despite the problem having been documented months before. “I have talked to veterans who have suffered serious harm,” she said. 

It’s easy to see how patients are harmed. Even before the unknown queue issue, the Inspector General documented 38 unresolved threats to patient safety due to Cerner software. That critical report, issued in March, lists problems that include data migration from the old system, medication reconciliation and referrals to specialists. The problems range from wrong patient genders to veterans not getting their medications. The new EHR complicated medication management and care coordination, according to the IG. These are routine functions that patient data systems should perform. But too often this one doesn’t.

Veterans Affairs is not the only organization struggling with patient records data. Doctors and nurses have a love-hate relationship with electronic health records software that can affect clinical workflows throughout the country.

While the amount of paper records stuffed in filing cabinets have been reduced, doctors are often staring at a screen and trying talk to patients at the same time. Buggy, poorly-designed software prompted MedStar Health and the American Medical Association to launch an unprecedented campaign called “errors happen regularly,” — their own version of the EHR acronym. Overhauling the design and use of EHRs is a “national imperative” according to the AMA.

Oracle believes it can do better. That’s why it was not a Cerner representative but Oracle Vice President Mike Sicilia who appeared before senators last week. He claims the Veterans Administration will be the “gold standard” for EHR implementation worldwide and pledged to triage and fix patient safety issues. 

As Sen. Tester noted, this month’s hearing was “calm.” But expect the gloves to come off if Oracle falls short.

Senators and representatives can do more than vent their anger during committee hearings and require more reports on the EHR program, as they did in a measure signed into law earlier this year. Congress has the power to terminate the entire agreement based on a Congressional Research Service legal analysis of federal contracting procedures.

Veterans’ lives are at stake. Oracle is saying the right things, now it must do them. 

Dr. Shravani Durbhakula, MD, MPH, MBA is a Johns Hopkins School of Medicine anesthesiologist, pain physician, researcher and educator who focuses on innovation at the intersection of medicine, public health, and business and how it can advance patient care. Follow her on Twitter @ShravaniD_MD

Mon, 25 Jul 2022 02:36:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Oracle starts job cuts in U.S. - The Information

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