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Exam Code: NCE Practice exam 2022 by team
NCE National Counselor

This handbook provides information about the examination and registration process for the National Counselor Examination (NCE). It outlines the design and content of the examination and guides candidates through the examination process, from registration through test-taking.

The National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC) is internationally recognized as a leading provider of national counselor certification. Additionally, 50 states, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia administer NBCC examinations as part of their counselor credentialing requirements. Based on its reputation for excellence in the examination field, NBCC has provided consultation services for examination and credential development to many other organizations in the United States and abroad, including NBCCs affiliate the Center for Credentialing & Education (CCE). NBCC has contracted with CCE to oversee the certification examination process.

The examination is delivered in a pencil and paper format at more than 75 national sites and 350 campuses located throughout the United States. NBCC has contracted with Pearson VUE to assist in the electronic administration of the examination delivered either on college campuses or at Pearson VUE test centers. The examination is administered twice a year, in April and October. The examination is usually held on the third Saturday of the month.

You may postpone or defer your examination date to the next available administration without penalty as long as you contact NBCC more than 30 days prior to the exam date. If your request is less than 30 days prior to the exam or if you do not take the exam on your scheduled date, you will pay a $150 reregistration fee to take it on the next administration date. If an emergency (illness, accident, death in the family, etc.) prevents you from taking the exam on your scheduled date, you may be eligible for a waiver of the reregistration fee, depending on your specific circumstances.
The National Counselor Examination (NCE) is a 200-question, multiple- choice, nonsectioned examination. The NCE represents each of the original eight CACREP (Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs) content areas, with question content also emerging from the five work behaviors determined by NBCCs national job analysis. Thus, the content validity of the NCE is anchored on the five empirically validated work behaviors determined to be most relevant for competent counseling practice and the eight CACREP curriculum educational standards. A different form (version) of the NCE is compiled for each administration of the examination. Each forms questions, which are drawn from the item pool for the NCE, have undergone extensive review and field-testing.
Although each form of the NCE contains different questions, the content areas and the respective numbers of questions representing those areas are consistent. Within the set of 200 questions on each form of the NCE, 160 of the questions are counted for the purpose of determining whether you surpass the minimum criterion (i.e., “passing”) score for that form. Thus, the maximum possible score a respondent can achieve is 160.
The remaining 40 items are unscored field-test items. Field-test items are included on the exam to gather item statistics to evaluate their performance for use on future exams.
The following is an outline of the eight CACREP domains on which the examination questions are based:
1. Human Growth and Development — Studies that provide an understanding of the nature and needs of individuals at all developmental levels.
2. Social and Cultural Diversity — Studies that provide an understanding of issues and trends in a multicultural and diverse society.
3. Counseling and Helping Relationships — Studies that provide an understanding of counseling and consultation processes.
4. Group Counseling and Group Work — Studies that provide an understanding of group development, dynamics, counseling theories, group counseling methods and skills, and other group work approaches.
5. Career Counseling — Studies that provide an understanding of career development.
6. Assessment and Testing — Studies that provide an understanding of individual and group approaches to assessment and evaluation.
7. Research and Program Evaluation — Studies that provide an understanding of types of research methods, basic statistics, and ethical and legal considerations in research.
8. Professional Counseling Orientation and Ethical Practice — Studies that provide an understanding of all aspects of professional functioning, including history, roles, organizational structures, ethics, standards and credentialing.
7 The following is an outline of the five work behavior domains derived from a job analysis of professional counselors. The descriptions of the work behaviors are intended to be broad examples and are not exhaustive.
1. Fundamental Counseling Issues — Theory and application of counseling clients with conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention, and clients with various disorders including but not limited to neurocognitive, personality, anxiety and depressive disorders.
2. Counseling Process — Assessing a clients course of development or ones appropriateness for working with a specific client. Conducting diagnostic interviews, distance counseling and school/community outreach.
3. Diagnostic and Assessment Services — Assessing clients educational preparation and potential for harm to self and others. Conducting biopsychosocial interviews, initial assessments and custody evaluations. 4. Professional Practice — Advocating for client needs and the profession of counseling. Applying career counseling interventions, current counseling and multicultural counseling models.
5. Professional Development, Supervision and Consultation — Communicating with credentialing boards and consulting with the justice system, peers or other professionals, prescribers of medications, and professional organizations.

National Counselor
Certification-Board Counselor test
Killexams : Certification-Board Counselor test - BingNews Search results Killexams : Certification-Board Counselor test - BingNews Killexams : How to Become a Counselor and Why No result found, try new keyword!After earning a master's in counseling, a person will typically need to rack up hours of supervised work experience and pass a qualification exam in ... to pursue board certification from the ... Thu, 10 Feb 2022 04:45:00 -0600 text/html Killexams : Psychology Today

I am a Licensed Professional Counselor Supervisor. My goal as your Counselor will be to help you understand yourself holistically. Mind, body, and soul. I have worked with individuals experiencing anxiety, depression, loss, drug and alcohol use, gender identity, career and transition confusion, relationship/friendship problems, behavioral problems, chronic pain and illness, suicidal ideations, and much more. I have experience in group, individual, family, and couples counseling. I practice Postmodern Holistic Therapy, which encompasses focus on all factors of an individual's life, and Emotional Transformation Therapy.

Tue, 10 Aug 2021 16:52:00 -0500 en-us text/html
Killexams : Lactation Counselor Sues Georgia Over New Licensing Rules

ATLANTA (CN) — A Georgia breastfeeding counselor sued the state on Monday to stop new licensing requirements she says interferes with the constitutional rights of those in her profession.

In a complaint filed in the Fulton County Superior Court, plaintiff Mary Jackson says she has worked as a certified lactation counselor for 28 years, and currently serves as a breastfeeding consultant with the Grady Health System's Women, Infants and Children program.

Jackson says her work entailed counseling new mothers about breastfeeding, teaches breastfeeding courses to doctors and nurses, and supports mothers in reaching their breastfeeding goals.

But Jackson says her work will abruptly end if the Georgia Lactation Consultant Practice Act is allowed to go into effect on July 1, as scheduled.

The Act requires breastfeeding consultants to hold a privately-issued International Board Certified Lactation Consultant certification.

Once the law goes into effect, lactation consultants without the certification will be prohibited from providing lactation assessments, creating a lactation care plan for new mothers, or "evaluat[ing] outcomes."

Jackson and her co-plaintiffs, Reaching Our Sisters Everywhere Inc., contend "The Act appears to have been adopted by people who fundamentally do not understand how lactation care and services are provided on the ground."

According to the complaint, there are more than 800 lactation counselors in Georgia who, after July 1, will no longer be legally allowed to provide services to new mothers in exchange for payment.

The complaint states that the Secretary of State has issued less than 100 lactation consultant licenses as of Monday.

The plaintiffs say that around 10,800 babies are born in Georgia each month.

"Given the current number of licensed lactation consultants in Georgia, on July 1, there will be fewer than one licensed lactation consultant for every 1,300 babies born annually," says the complaint filed on behalf of the plaintiffs by Yasha Heidari of Norcross, Georgia.

Minorities and rural Georgians will be most affected under the new law, Jackson says.

"Not only are [International Board Certified Lactation Consultants] unavailable in most parts of the state, they are frequently more expensive and associated with hospitals and other intimidating institutions," the complaint says.

The complaint alleges that the new law improperly excludes care providers other than International Board Certified Lactation Counselors from providing breastfeeding support and violates the Georgia Constitution's equal protection and due process guarantees.

"The Act defeats its own purpose of promoting public health because it will, overnight, put hundreds of highly qualified lactation consultants (like Mary Jackson) out of business. This will dramatically reduce breastfeeding support statewide, particularly in the minority and rural communities where [Certified Lactation Counselors] are most active," the complaint says.

"The Act will also affirmatively harm public health and welfare by reducing access to already hard-to-find breastfeeding support," the complaint claims.

Certified lactation counselors must "complete 45 hours of breastfeeding-specific training, demonstrate competency in breastfeeding counseling, assessment, and support skills, and pass an exam."

To remain certified, certified lactation counselors must take a minimum of 18 hours of continuing education courses every three years, the complaint states.

To become an International Board Certified Lactation Consultant, the complaint says, "an individual must complete 8 college level health and science courses, 6 health related continuing education courses, a minimum of 300 hours of supervised clinical experience, and pass an exam."

To remain certified, International Board Certified Lactation Consultants must complete 75 hours of continuing education every five years and retake and pass the exam every ten years, the complaint says.

According to the complaint, Georgia's Occupational Regulation Review Council determined that except in high-risk situations, certified lactation counselors and International Board Certified Lactation Consultants are equally competent to provide lactation care and services.

“Licensing lactation consultants does nothing to protect public health and safety,” Wesley Hottot, an attorney at the Institute for Justice, said in a statement Monday. “This license will harm the public by making it harder—if not impossible—for new moms to find someone to help them with breastfeeding. In Georgia, the courts have a responsibility to strike down unnecessary and burdensome regulations that have no clear public benefit. We expect the Court will strike down this law.”

Georgia State House Health and Human Services Chairwoman, Rep. Sharon Cooper, who sponsored the Act in 2016, did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Jackson and Reaching Our Sisters Everywhere Inc. claim that the Act violates the Georgia Constitution's equal protection clause and due process guarantees. They are seeking a temporary restraining order barring the Secretary of State from enforcing the Act while the complaint is pending.

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Mon, 27 Jun 2022 12:01:00 -0500 Kayla Goggin en-US text/html
Killexams : Freshman Application Instructions

Applying for first-year admission to Saint Louis University has never been more streamlined: simply complete an application, and have your transcripts sent in. There is no application fee when you apply for undergraduate admission to SLU. 

Early Decision I and II, Early Action and Regular Decision  

Saint Louis University offers four application paths for all first-time freshman applicants: Early Decision I and II, Early Action and Regular Decision. Learn about all four options, see key dates and deadlines for each application path, and decide which is right for you. 

Learn About Early Decision I and II, Early Action and Regular Decision at SLU

Complete the Application for Admission

Option One: Apply directly through the applicant portal

Create an account with the SLU applicant portal. If you’ve already been receiving emails from SLU, use that email address and click the “forgot password” link. There is no application fee to apply for undergraduate admission to Saint Louis University via the SLU applicant portal. 

If you applied via the Early Decision I or II application path, you must complete your Early Decision I and II Agreement upon completion of your application. Your signature, along with a parent/guardian and your high school counselor/agent, is required to complete this form. You will need the correct spelling of their name and their email address in order to submit.

Note: The SLU applicant portal is also where you can access the separate applications for the following competitive scholarships and honors and scholars programs:

  • Presidential Scholarship
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Scholarship
  • University Honors Program
  • Medical Scholars Program
  • Law Scholars Program
  • Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences Scholars Program
  • Pharmacy Scholars Program
  • Physician Assistant (PA) Scholars Programs
  • Micah Program
  • Nutrition and Dietetics Scholars

Option Two: Complete and submit the Common Application

Saint Louis University accepts the Common Application. Supporting documents may be submitted via the Common Application as well. There is no application fee when you apply for undergraduate admission to Saint Louis University via the Common Application. 

Note: If you applied via the Early Decision I or II application path and completed the Common Application's Early Decision Agreement, you do not need to complete SLU's Early Decision I and II Agreement through DocuSign.

Send in Your Transcript

Have your high school transcript(s) sent electronically to Saint Louis University, at  Submitting documents electronically is strongly recommended but may also be mailed to Saint Louis University's Office of Admission. Contact your admission counselor if you need assistance.

Additional Application Items

Though not required for admission, the following items are strongly encouraged. Please note that all documents must be submitted electronically at this time.

  • Standardized Test Scores. ACT/SAT scores are not required as part of the admission process. You may choose to submit ACT/SAT scores if you wish. Learn more about SLU's test-optional policy. International students are still required to demonstrate English proficiency, which may require the submission of a standardized test score.
  • Secondary School Report Form. The Secondary School Report Form should be completed by your high school guidance counselor.
  • Professional Résumé. Résumés may be submitted via email to Please include your name, state and high school on your résumé.
  • Letters of recommendation. Letters should be emailed from the recommender to, and must include your name, state and high school.
  • Admission Interview. An admission interview is an opportunity to speak one-on-one with your admission counselor about your specific interests and application. Contact your admission counselor to arrange an admission interview.

Please note: Some competitive scholarships and special honors and scholars programs require a résumé and/or letters of recommendation as part of the application. Click here for more information about honors and scholars programs.

Requirements for Nursing, Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy

The application deadline for nursing and physical therapy was Dec. 1 and applications are no longer accepted. Occupational therapy is still accepting applications for Fall 2022 and will continue to do so on a rolling basis. If you applied Early Action or Regular Decision, supporting documents must be received no later than Jan. 12. Some of these programs prefer the submission of an ACT/SAT score as part of the application. Contact your admission counselor with any questions. 

Nursing Application Requirements

High school seniors applying for admission are reviewed on a competitive, holistic and individual basis. The best-qualified students are selected from the application pool with a required minimum high school GPA of 3.20 on a 4.00 scale, with an emphasis on math and science. Standardized test scores are optional but are preferred.

Please note that all nursing students sit for multiple exams throughout the course of their studies at SLU, culminating in the state board of nursing NCLEX exam at the end of the program. All applicants to nursing should be aware that while a standardized test score is not required for admission to the program (international applicants may be required to submit proof of English proficiency), standardized tests (during your undergraduate experience and NCLEX) are required to become a practicing nurse. If you choose to submit a test score, please note that the minimum requirement for admission consideration is a 24 ACT/1160 SAT, and our ACT/SAT average for students accepted to the program in Fall 2020 was a 28 ACT/1310 SAT.

Strong applicants will have:
• Four years of math (with math courses equivalent to algebra or advanced algebra) ​
• Four years of science (including one year of biology; one year of chemistry)
• Activities demonstrating leadership, community service and community involvement

If you completed your Nursing application by the Dec. 1 deadline, all supporting documents, transcripts (required) and test scores (if you applied test-inclusive), must be received by Jan. 12, 2022.

Occupational Therapy Application Requirements

High school seniors applying for admission are reviewed on an individual basis. The best-qualified students are selected from the application pool with a required minimum high school GPA of 3.20 on a 4.00 scale, with an emphasis on math and science.
Standardized test scores are now optional; international applicants may be required to submit proof of English proficiency. When evaluating whether to apply test-optional or with a test score, applicants should note that students accepted in previous years had an average composite 29 ACT or an average total 1330 SAT.

The following high school courses are required for admission:
• Four years of math
• Four years of science, including one year each of biology and chemistry and preferably anatomy/physiology or physics
• Four years of English

Occupational therapy is still accepting applications for Fall 2022 and will continue to do so on a rolling basis. All supporting documents, transcripts (required) and test scores (if you applied test-inclusive), must be received by Jan. 12, 2022.

Physical Therapy Application Requirements

High school seniors applying for admission are reviewed on an individual basis. The best-qualified students are selected from the application pool with a required minimum high school GPA of 3.20 on a 4.00 scale, with an emphasis on math and science.
Standardized test scores are now optional; international applicants may be required to submit proof of English proficiency. When evaluating whether to apply test-optional or with a test score, applicants should note that students accepted in previous years had an average composite 29 ACT or an average total 1330 SAT.

The following high school courses are required for admission:
• One year of biology; one year of chemistry
• College prep courses equivalent to algebra, geometry, advanced algebra and/or trigonometry

Strong applicants will have:
• Four years of math, including a course equivalent to pre-calculus
• Four years of science, including physics and anatomy/physiology
• Activities demonstrating leadership and community service
• An interest in the profession of physical therapy as demonstrated through observation, school activities, or personal experience

If you completed your physical therapy application by the Dec. 1 deadline, all supporting documents, transcripts (required) and test scores (if you applied test-inclusive), must be received by Jan. 12, 2022.

Requirements for Flight Science and Aviation Management

Dec. 1 is the application deadline for flight science and aviation management if you intend to register for flight training in your first semester. Students that apply after Dec. 1 will not be guaranteed admission to these programs, and may be placed on a waitlist until space becomes available.

Requirements for Music and Studio Art

There are additional requirements to complete your application if you are applying to the music or studio art programs:

SLU's Test-Optional Policy

Saint Louis University has a standardized-test-optional undergraduate admission process.

What does "test-optional" mean?

"Test-optional" means that you can choose whether or not to submit ACT/SAT scores as part of your application for admission. Test scores are not required for admission or scholarships. International students are still required to demonstrate English proficiency, which may require the submission of a test score.

What is the deadline by which a test score must be received for admission and/or scholarship consideration?

Test scores can be submitted for admission consideration at any time before an admission decision is made. The student must request in writing that they want their application path changed to include a test (or vice versa). If a test score is received after an admission decision, it will be considered for a merit scholarship increase only.

Test scores must be received by Feb. 1 for merit scholarship increase consideration.

Test scores for nursing, physical therapy and occupational therapy applicants must be received by Dec. 1.

Contact Us

Your admission counselor is your best resource throughout the admission process, and they are ready to connect with your however is most convenient: via phone, text, email or video chat.

Find Your Admission Counselor

Sat, 16 Jul 2022 14:40:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : How To Become A School Psychologist: Salary, Education Requirements And Job Growth

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

School psychologists fulfill an essential role in their students’ education and wellness. These professionals support students and their families through counseling, academic consultation, crisis intervention and mental health support.

If you enjoy working with young people and are interested in helping them succeed emotionally, socially and academically, school psychology may be a good career option for you. This article will explore how to become a school psychologist.

School Psychologist Job Outlook

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects employment for clinical, counseling and school psychologists to increase by 10% from 2020 to 2030. This increase in demand is due to greater public awareness of the importance of mental health conditions and how these challenges affect student learning, according to the BLS.

School psychologists work with students to address mental health challenges and prevent those challenges from interfering with learners’ ability to succeed in school.

What Do School Psychologists Do?

School psychologists work with students to help them Improve and maintain their mental well-being. These professionals use cognitive assessment skills to evaluate and diagnose learning disorders and developmental disabilities, address behavioral challenges, manage crisis intervention activities and provide strategies for improving students’ learning experiences.

School psychologists interact with parents and teachers to recommend solutions to address students’ behavioral challenges in classroom environments. These psychologists may also implement and evaluate school programs. They can suggest solutions for improvement in teaching and learning strategies to help meet their students’ needs.

How Much Do School Psychologists Make?

The median annual salary for school psychologists in the U.S. was $79,510 as of May 2021, according to the BLS. Not all school psychologists work in traditional school settings, however, and exact salaries may vary by industry.

Experience impacts salary as well. According to Payscale, entry-level school psychologists earn an average annual salary of around $57,000. Once a school psychologist has more than 20 years of experience under their belt, this average exceeds $80,000.

Steps to Becoming a School Psychologist

Being a school psychologist comes with stringent requirements. States also have their own requirements, so they differ depending on where you are located. It takes thoughtful planning, years of study and perseverance to become a school psychologist. Below are the steps you need to take to become a school psychologist.

Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

The first step to becoming a school psychologist is earning a bachelor’s degree. This degree is a critical part of your learning process, and you should major in psychology or a related field. After completing your undergraduate studies, you can move on to graduate work.

Earn a Graduate Degree

In addition to a bachelor’s degree in psychology or a similar field, you should earn a graduate degree in school psychology. Most states require school counselors to complete at least 60 graduate credits and a 1,200-hour internship to become licensed. A few states may certify school psychologists who have fewer than 60 graduate credits, but the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) still requires at least a specialist degree.

NASP is the leading professional organization for school psychologists in the United States. It also provides support to school psychology professionals in 25 other countries.

Specialist-Level Degree

While a master’s degree will help you broaden your knowledge, it’s not enough to become licensed as a school psychologist. A specialist-level degree is the minimum education required for certification or licensure as a school psychologist. Some states may require a doctoral degree. You should check your state’s requirements before enrolling in a graduate program.

The difference between a master’s degree and a specialist-level degree is that a specialist-level degree requires at least 60 credits and an internship, while a master’s degree typically requires fewer hours and no internship. It takes about three years of graduate study to complete a specialist degree, and a master’s takes about two years.

Specialist-level degree designations vary by state. Degree examples include education specialist, certification of advanced graduate study, certificate of advanced study and specialist in psychology.

Doctoral Degree

While many school psychologists choose a specialist-level degree, others pursue a doctoral degree, which is more comprehensive and may create more career options. A doctoral degree is especially useful if you plan to work in private or independent practice, hospitals, research or academia. A doctoral degree may also qualify you for additional credentials.

A doctoral degree requires a minimum of 90 credits and more internship hours than a specialist-level degree, depending on the program. Doctoral-level degrees include doctor of psychology and doctor of education.

Gain Experience with an Internship

You must complete an internship to become a school psychologist. Requirements vary by state, but internships are typically at least 1,200 hours, with half of those hours completed in a school setting.

During your internship, you apply your knowledge and skills in a professional setting and under the supervision of a licensed school psychologist. Internships help you gain competence in assessment skills, intervention and prevention strategies, program evaluation and research, ethics, communication skills and technology.

Obtain Certification

There are two options for becoming a credentialed school psychologist. Different states require different options. Candidates can become nationally certified school psychologists (NCSPs) through NASP. They may also become certified for a school psychology specialty through the American Board of School Psychology, which requires a doctoral degree. Both of these certification programs require exams.

Become Licensed Through Your State

States implement their own licensing procedures for school psychologists. In most cases, aspiring school psychologists become licensed through their state’s Department of Education or Department of Public Instruction.

Since the NCSP credential is on the national level, most states accept this credential and apply it toward state licensing requirements. This path may entail a teacher certification test, such as the PRAXIS test for school psychologists.

Check your state’s requirements to find out what you need to do to become licensed in your state.

Earn Continuing Professional Development Credits

As a school psychologist, you must maintain your credentials by earning continuing professional development (CPD) credits. To renew your NCSP credentials, you need 75 CPD credits within a three-year period of time.

You can earn CPD credits through workshops and conferences, in-service training, university coursework, research, self-study and other professional activities.

Frequently Asked Questions About School Psychologists

Do school psychologists get summers off?

School psychologists work nine or 10 months during the school year, and they must continue to build their knowledge and Improve their skills to renew their licenses. It’s common for school psychologists to earn their CPD credits during the summer.

What is the difference between a psychologist and a school psychologist?

Psychologists and school psychologists both help people Improve and maintain their mental well-being by observing, evaluating and suggesting helpful strategies or treatments for behavioral or emotional challenges. School psychologists work with students, families, teachers and administrators, and other psychologists work with many different groups of people, depending on their professional specialization.

What skills do you need to be a school psychologist?

School psychologists should have excellent communication, interpersonal, observational, analytical and problem-solving skills. They must exercise integrity and discretion to protect the privacy of learners and their families, and they should enjoy working with students.

Mon, 01 Aug 2022 02:41:00 -0500 Sheryl Grey en-US text/html
Killexams : MS in Counseling & Specialities

Career Counseling

The Career Counseling Specialization provides students with the knowledge, theory, and skills to work as effective counselors/career development specialists, and consultants in a variety of settings: community-based agencies, schools (K-12), colleges and universities, private practice, business, industry, and government. Students are trained to facilitate a holistic career development/career decision-making/planning process with groups and individuals that integrates personal, social, and career needs. Students develop the skills to address current issues such as career self-reliance, work/family/life balance, multiculturalism, diversity, and lifelong learning.

Explore Degree Requirements

Marriage, Couple & Family Counseling

The Marriage, Family and Child Counseling concentration provides students with the knowledge, theory, and skills to work as effective counselors/therapists in a variety of settings: community-based agencies, public and private agencies, non-profit organizations, private practice, and school based wellness centers supporting student mental health. The Marriage, Couple, and Family concentration meets all the educational competencies required by the California State Board of Behavioral Sciences (BBS) for licensure as a Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT). Emphasis is placed on training individuals to become social change agents and to work in diverse settings. Students also learn how to address developmental and preventative concerns.

Explore Degree Requirements

Rehabilitation Counseling

The Rehabilitation Counseling concentration provides students the opportunity to gain several specialized skills for working with individuals with disabilities, addiction, and co-occurring disorders. Students in this program are prepared to work in a wide variety of settings, including private practice, community agencies, private organizations, college campuses, and state departments. Students develop skills to understand medical and psychosocial aspects of disability and its impact on co-occurring disorders including substance abuse and clinical mental health.

Students are eligible for their Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor License (LPCC) as well as their Certified Rehabilitation Counseling (CRC) Credential.

Explore Degree Requirements

School Counseling with Embedded PPS-SC Credential

The School Counseling concentration is designed for individuals who seek to become elementary, middle, or secondary school counselors. This program meets the requirements for the K-12 California Pupil Personnel Services-School Counseling (PPS-SC) Credential. Students in this program are prepared to function as key members of an educational team seeking to optimize children’s academic, socio-emotional, and career development. Students obtain the expertise necessary to lead the educational team in working collaboratively with a broad range of education and human service professionals, paraprofessionals and community representatives to identify, develop, implement and evaluate programs that provide key services to both the individual child as well as the systems and subsystems in which the child interacts. Credential: The PPS-SC Credential at Sacramento State is not offered as a stand-alone credential. Only those students accepted into the School Counseling master’s degree are eligible to earn their PPS Credential.

Explore Degree Requirements

Master’s Culminating Experience

All MS Counseling students acquire 100 hours in Practicum, under faculty supervision providing counseling services through either the Center for Counseling and Diagnostic Services (CCDS) or a K-12 school site in the community. Over the course of the final year, students must accrue between 600-800 hours of experience in the community (under faculty AND site supervision) as an aspect of the Culminating Experience. Furthermore, all students must pass a comprehensive examination. This prepares students for licensing exams when seeking licensure or credentialing.

Counselor Preparation and Comprehensive Examination (CPCE): Students enroll in EDC 500 (1 unit) in their final semester and complete their culminating examination, the CPCE is a national exam used in counselor education programs. The areas assessed include the following content areas:

(C1) Professional Orientation and Ethical Practice;

(C2) Social & Cultural Diversity;

(C3) Human Growth & Development;

(C4) Career Development;

(C5) Counseling & Helping Relationships;

(C6) Group Counseling & Group Work;

(C7) Assessment and Testing; and

(C8) Research and Program Evaluation.

Tips for Success

Our Counselor Education Ambassadors are here to help mentor you through the application process. Our Student Counseling Society is here to help mentor you through your program. Our cohorted model helps build relationships with peers as you develop your professional skills. Our student leadership routes help you build your leadership skills and our Chi Sigma Iota Chapter helps you build your national presence and visibility. Our student centered faculty advising helps build your relationship with faculty and provides faculty mentoring. We have built in ways to involve our interested students in local, regional, and national scholarly activities including presenting with faculty. If you are ready to develop the clinical skills needed to work with a wide variety of clients and patients, and you are a relational people person, we are here to support your professional journey. The key to success in our counseling program is building on the support provided and following your cohort sequence, we will place our student interns and help you navigate the licensing and credentialing processes post-grad, so we are looking for passionate and flexible individuals that are ready to dive into building their clinical skills.

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Mon, 11 Apr 2022 05:51:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : Who Is Dave Ramsey?

Dave Ramsey is a personal finance guru and media personality. At the age of 26, Dave Ramsey was bringing home a quarter of a million dollars a year and had a $4 million real estate portfolio. Two years later he lost everything. Today Ramsey, 60, is one of America’s most trusted sources for financial advice. His syndicated radio program, The Dave Ramsey Show, is among the top five talk radio shows in the United States and is heard by 13 million listeners each week on more than 600 radio stations, according to Ramsey's website.

Ramsey is transparent about his investment style. He encourages his followers to avoid investing in individual stocks and purchase mutual funds that have a long track record of good performance. Personally, his equity investments are allocated into four types of mutual funds: growth, growth and income, aggressive growth, and international.

Besides mutual funds, Ramsey owns a portfolio of rental properties. His real estate investment philosophy is based on acquiring properties without the use of debt financing

Dave Ramsey has come a long way since filing for personal bankruptcy in his early years. With his estimated net worth of $200 million, he's living proof that anyone can turn a bad financial situation around. Ramsey made his first million, lost it, and then rebuilt an even larger fortune in a relatively short period.

Key Takeaways

  • Dave Ramsey is a well-known financial guru and author with a nationally syndicated radio show and other media presence.
  • Before becoming a financial pundit, Ramsey saw both early success and bankruptcy.
  • Ramsey employs Christian values to help convey his message of financial prudence and saving.
  • Dave Ramsey is transparent about his investment style, and he encourages his followers to avoid investing in individual stocks and purchase mutual funds with a long track record of good performance.
  • Ramsey's net worth is estimated to be around $200 million as of 2021.
Jackson Laizure/Getty Images Entertainment/Getty Images

Early Life and Education

Ramsey was born Sept. 3, 1960, and he grew up in a household that instilled a strong work ethic. In Live Like No One Else, a 20-minute documentary on his life, Ramsey tells the story of when he was 12 years old and asked his father for money to purchase a popsicle. He said his father responded to his request by saying, “You are old enough to get a job. That’s where money comes from.”

That conversation with his father inspired Ramsey to become an entrepreneur. That same day he printed 500 business cards at the local print shop for his first venture: a lawn care business. Throughout his school years, he had a number of other businesses, one of which sold leather bracelets. Ramsey said his early business ventures taught him valuable lessons like customer service and the importance of keeping your word. 

Three weeks after turning 18, Ramsey passed his real estate license exam. He used the commissions he made from selling property during college to help pay his tuition. As a child, he had been exposed to the world of real estate, and in his book Dave Ramsey's Complete Guide to Money, he explained, "My parents were in the real estate business, so it has always been a big part of my life."

Notable Accomplishments

Real Estate Success and Failure

After graduating from college, he started to flip properties. As a result of having a few family connections at local banks, Ramsey was able to secure financing for his deals. At the age of 26, his real estate portfolio was worth $4 million, and his net worth was just over $1 million.

His initial success was short-lived, and he ended up filing for personal bankruptcy protection at age 28 in 1988, mainly because his largest lender—to whom he owed $1.2 million—was acquired by a bigger bank. The bank demanded Ramsey pay the entire debt off within 90 days. Shortly after receiving his first demand notice, another bank called his $800,000 worth of notes. Ramsey managed to pay the majority of the debt down, leaving $378,000 outstanding.

Financial Counseling Business

Ramsey's fall from grace led him to Christianity. He began to read the Bible and discovered that "God's word has a lot to say about money." In the documentary, Ramsey says that one day after church, a man going through financial difficulties asked him how exactly he survived his money troubles in the past. He agreed to help the man and his wife create a financial plan for their life—and so began Ramsey's financial counseling career.

Ramsey started a personal finance counseling company called The Lampo Group. His money management class started with 37 students, but membership grew to more than 350 students after a few years of operation.

Author and The Dave Ramsey Show

Following the success of The Lampo Group, Ramsey began to co-host a personal finance-focused radio show called The Money Game with his friend, Roy Matlock. Around that time, he also published his first book, Financial Peace, and leveraged his growing radio audience to help sell it.

Ramsey then launched a spin-off radio program called The Dave Ramsey Show. In each episode, people from all over the country call in to ask Ramsey a wide range of personal finance questions.

As an evangelical Christian, Ramsey uses biblical principles to teach his followers how to Improve their financial conditions. For example, he often advises others to avoid debt because Bible verse Proverbs 22:7 states, “The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is a slave to the lender.”

At the age of 26, Dave Ramsey's real estate portfolio was worth $4 million, and his net worth was just over $1 million. As of 2021, his net worth is around $200 million.

What Is the Dave Ramsey Theory?

Dave Ramsey's theory for financial freedom is to incrementally build savings and pay off debts in a systematic way. He has formalized this logic into a series of "7 Baby Steps" that anybody could reasonably follow and succeed with.

What Are Dave Ramsey's 7 Baby Steps?

One of Dave Ramsey's financial literacy campaigns features seven "baby steps" that individuals and households should pursue in order to gain financial freedom. Each step should proceed when the previous one has been completed or is near completion. These include:

  1. Establish an emergency savings fund of at least $1,000
  2. Pay off all non-housing debts ASAP starting with those with the smallest outstanding balances (known as the debt snowball method)
  3. Increase yout emergency fund to 3-6 months' income
  4. Invest 15% or more of your gross monthly income into a retirement account like a 401(k) or IRA
  5. Start college funds (if you have children) in qualified accounts like 592 plans and ESAs
  6. Pay off your mortgage as early as possible
  7. Build wealth

Is Dave Ramsey a Billionaire?

No. accurate estimates show that Dave Ramsey has a net worth of around $200 million.

The Bottom Line

From a very early age, Dave Ramsey understood there was value in a day’s work. As a child, he started several different business ventures to earn extra pocket money. His impeccable work ethic helped him become a millionaire by the age of 26. A few years after reaching the million-dollar net-worth milestone, Ramsey filed for personal bankruptcy.

Since then, he has created a business empire that revolves around using his previous money mistakes and Bible scriptures to teach smart money-management practices. Today, millions of Americans have turned to the teachings of Dave Ramsey to guide them along the path to financial security and wealth.

Mon, 04 Apr 2022 06:32:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : The State Budget’s Impact on Student Mental Health and School Safety

By: David Hein, school board president at Parkland School District, 2022 president of the Pennsylvania School Boards Association, and member of the PCCD’s School Safety and Security Committee 

Negative trends in youth anxiety, depression and other mental health challenges in accurate years are troubling. With children spending much of their day at school, districts are uniquely positioned to identify issues and offer services that promote well-being and mental health. While the mission of public schools will always be focused on student academics and life skills, mental health challenges present a crippling impediment to student success. Therefore, in order to accomplish our core mission, public schools find that we must focus on the student as a whole in hopes that our children will thrive and not just survive their educational experience.   

Prior to the pandemic, the U.S. surgeon general shared that “from 2009 to 2019, the share of high school students who reported persistent feelings of sadness or hopelessness increased by 40%, to more than 1 in 3 students.”  

While this statistic is alarming enough, the COVID-19 pandemic intensified the decline of mental health among students. In the 2022 Pennsylvania School Boards Association’s State of Education report, which examined the impact of the pandemic on public education, nearly 86% of districts identified addressing mental health issues as one of their biggest instructional challenges.  

Although the pandemic exacerbated mental health concerns among Pennsylvania’s youth, it also spurred the provision of additional federal funding to facilitate mental health services and supports. Through federal pandemic relief funding, districts received one-time emergency money to address their needs. A large number of districts, about 87%, reported using this funding to address mental health – but these funds will be depleted in the near future, leaving schools and students without the resources to continue providing these much-needed and successful supports.  

However, in the recently passed state budget, the general assembly rightfully recognized the significant student needs in this area and provided schools with $200 million in state funding to address student mental health and school safety. Of this $200 million, $95 million will be distributed to districts through a new program of School Mental Health Grants, which PSBA, in partnership with Representative Jason Ortitay, fought hard to include in this year’s state budget.  

Districts that apply for these grants will receive a base of $100,000, with an additional amount allotted based on student enrollment, and other school entities – such as career and technical centers and intermediate units – will receive $70,000. Grant funds can be used for a variety of purposes to meet the unique needs of each school community.   

Here at Parkland, school-wide social-emotional programs are taught at the elementary, middle and high school levels. Learning social-emotional skills can Improve students’ emotional well-being. Parkland elementary schools teach students social-emotional skills through the MindUP program. MindUP teaches skills such as mindful awareness, which help students cope with stress. Parkland’s middle schools use the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program to teach skills such as identifying feelings, empathy and building a positive school community. Parkland High School uses Character Counts to teach self-awareness, social awareness and responsible decision-making. In 7th and 9th grade, school counselors present the More Than Sad Program to help students recognize the signs of depression and how to get help.      

Each school in Parkland has at least one certified school counselor that provides services such as brief counseling sessions, risk screening, and consultation with school staff and community mental health professionals to support students’ emotional well-being. Certified school psychologists in Parkland provide consultation and evaluation services for students who have significant emotional difficulties. All of the Parkland schools have a Student Assistance Program (SAP) team. This team assists parents in securing community-based mental health services when their child is experiencing emotional difficulties. As part of the Parkland High School SAP team, a school counselor runs groups to teach skills such as conflict resolution, mindfulness, managing test anxiety and coping with trauma.  

Parkland’s middle schools and high school have the St. Luke’s YESS program (Your Emotional Strength Supported). Through the YESS program, middle school and high school students with emotional difficulties may receive psychotherapy in the school setting from a master’s level therapist. When indicated, the YESS therapist can refer students to psychiatric services in the St. Luke’s University Health Network. 

Parkland School District is thankful for additional funds to support students’ mental health and appreciates that the Legislature and Governor worked together to provide these much-needed resources.  

As a member of the PCCD’s School Safety and Security Committee, board president of Parkland School District and 2022 President of the Pennsylvania School Boards Association, I believe that public schools want to ensure that every learner receives a world-class education that academically prepares our students to succeed as productive citizens. The mental health of our students can act as an impediment or a benefit to their future success. That is why the current focus on mental health is not only a response to the current crisis we are in, but also critical to the development of successful students. I am positive this need will not be going away any time soon. 


By: David Hein, school board president at Parkland School District, 2022 president of the Pennsylvania School Boards Association, and member of the PCCD’s School Safety and Security Committee 

Thomas G. JeBran, president of Trans-Bridge Lines Inc., writes about motorcoach transportation.

By Pennsylvania state Sen. Pat Browne

Pennsylvania Lieutenant Governor John Fetterman lays out ideas he thinks will help combat inflation, including increasing American manufacturing.

State Sen. Doug Mastriano represents Pennsylvania's 33rd District.

Wed, 03 Aug 2022 02:50:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : A Primer on Genetic Testing

Carolyn Constantin , RNC , PhD , is an ORISE Research Fellow at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the Division of Laboratory Services, focusing on communication and education issues involving genetic testing.
Andrew Faucett , MS , CGC , is the Genomics and Public Health Program Director in the Department of Human Genetics at Emory University School of Medicine and an ORISE Research Fellow at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Ira M. Lubin , PhD , is a board-certified geneticist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with extensive experience addressing quality assurance issues in laboratory practice.

Thu, 10 Mar 2022 06:58:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Sarasota-Manatee teachers prepare for upcoming school year amid labor shortage, political noise No result found, try new keyword!Amid a labor shortage and ramped-up political rhetoric, teachers are heading into the first school year since 2019 with no COVID-19 restrictions. Fri, 05 Aug 2022 21:00:44 -0500 en-us text/html NCE exam dump and training guide direct download
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