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Killexams : ADOBE Experience test - BingNews Search results Killexams : ADOBE Experience test - BingNews Killexams : The Lightroom Experience Digital Camera Home > Photo Software > Lightroom
lr-logo.jpg By MIKE PASINI
The Imaging Resource Digital Photography Newsletter

Review Date: January 2006

After a particularly intensive session with Apple's Aperture one day, we wondered why Adobe hadn't come up with something similar. They'd certainly made a few stabs at it with their amateur offerings but the power of Photoshop must have blinded them to simplifying a high end workflow, we thought. There was Bridge and Adobe Camera Raw, but they aren't simple tools.

Silly us. For a couple of years, Adobe has been working on a secret project code named Shadowland, the ultimate pro photographer workflow tool. They leveraged much of what they built in other products from keywording in Album to Raw processing in ACR.

It evolved into four main functions: building a library of images, editing individual images, creating a slideshow and printing. The interface was designed to get out of the way of the work of evaluating images, enhancing them and presenting them.

It supports open standards like Adobe's Digital Negative format along with broad support for file formats. It's cross platform (although the Windows version is taking a little longer) and asks only "reasonable" system requirements. And it plays well with others.

It's ready to ship except one crucial thing is still missing.

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The missing ingredient is your feedback. Taking a new approach to product design, Adobe's digital imaging team decided to hold the commercial release until they'd gotten your opinion of the product. So they've released the product as a public beta which will expire in June.

You can download the newly-christened Lightroom 1.0 beta and contribute your feedback in three forums at the new Adobe Labs site. The forums address General Issues, Bugs and Feature Requests. The company plans to ship the commercial release by the end of the year.

"A good product," said Kevin Connor, senior director of digital imaging at Adobe, "takes on a life of its own." Photoshop, he said, grew into something no one would have guessed when they released the earlier versions. And by getting broad user input from the start, Adobe hopes Lightroom will develop more quickly into the kind of tool you need.

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Lightroom's job is to help digital photographers with high-volume image workflows get their work done more efficiently. It does that primarily by presenting a streamlined interface targeted to common tasks.

This isn't a tool like Bridge for managing complex publishing projects. Nor is it merely a digital asset manager. It can make swift and significant image edits but it complements Photoshop by handling the simpler work, much as Aperture (or, for that matter, iPhoto) does.

And while it does slideshows and prints, the beta won't build Web pages. It is, in many respects, unfinished.

But its innovation is the interface. Adobe is so sure of the friendliness and efficiency of Lightroom's interface that it offers only five rules to get you started. There's no other documentation.

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The five rules appear the first time you launch Lightroom and are available from the Help menu if you want to review them. You won't need to, though.

Rule One explains the Module Picker, otherwise known as the Menu bar. But Menu bars are like closets that never get cleaned out. Programmers toss everything in there they've ever used whether or not it makes sense.

Modules are a bit different, a bit more disciplined like accordion folders. A slot for the mortgage, another for utilities, another for bank statements, etc. There are four modules in 1.0: Library, Develop, Slideshow and Print.

Adobe says they correspond roughly to a photographic workflow. When you select one, the panels on the left and right sides of the screen switch to the appropriate tool sets.

Rule Two explains the Panels. The left panel is a bit more generic than the right panel, which often contains the sliders and checkboxes to do specific tasks. The headers are collapsible and the panels themselves are scrollable using elevators (but not a scroll wheel, unfortunately). Change modules and you get different panels.

Rule Three explains the Filmstrip. The bottom of the screen displays your library of images in a scrollable row. If you are working on a selection of images, they'll be in the Filmstrip.

Rule Four list several important key commands but Lightroom is full of single key commands that are easy to learn.

Rule Five is, well, you'll have to see for yourself.

Missing from the rules is the obvious. The central pane of your screen real estate is the thumbnail panel. By default, Lightroom shows you a Grid view (whatever fits -- and, yes, you can resize them). But there is also a Loupe view (fit in window) and a compare view (which displays any images selected in the Filmstrip).

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So what can you do in Lightroom?

To find out, we put our laptop to sleep and left the building with a new Fujifilm FinePix S 5200 in the review process. We took a lot of, uh, extreme shots. Then we came back from our shoot and copied the card's contents to our hard drive, like we usually do.

That's when we brought Lightroom up. We clicked the Import button in the right panel and took a look at our options. We liked what we saw.

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The first thing we liked was our File Handling options. Adobe is letting you have your cake and eat it too, unlike other workflow managers. You can browse your existing collection or you can create a Lightroom Library of your images.

Here are the File Handling options:

  • Reference file in existing location. This leaves the originals where you put them. No doubt you have an existing archive and working directories. You don't have to abandon that with Lightroom. Lightroom will build its database and edits of your originals, but it won't copy or move them to its Library.
  • Copy file to Lightroom Library. In this case, your originals are copied to the Library, duplicating your collection.
  • Move file to Lightroom Library. And here, the originals are copied and then deleted from their original location. So you only have one copy.
  • Copy photos as Digital Negative (DNG). Amusingly enough, this will even convert a JPEG into a DNG. In an earlier test, we did just that. It was slow going but it worked and, surprisingly, we were able to make some fairly wide ranging tonal and color adjustments. Not surprisingly, they tended to bring us right back to where we started (the original JPEG) from a rather over-exposed DNG thumbnail.

Under the hood, Lightroom is building at least two SQLite databases. One for the library and another for the thumbnails. Depending on your File Handling options, it can also manage your image files in its own collection.

Adobe told us they're the inventor of non-destructive editing (a bit chagrined at Apple's championing of the concept), but it might be helpful to define the term. It does not mean you can't delete or lose your originals. It does not mean you can't destroy your own work. It does not mean these programs can swallow anything you import into them. What it does mean is pretty simple. Edits to the originals you import will be made to copies of the originals, not the originals themselves.

Rename Files. If you select Copy, Move or Copy as DNG, you can also Rename your files. A name template uses tokens you drag into it, some of which popup to reveal options (like the Date format). You can also set the starting number. And you can certainly just type in a constant, as we did.

Segment. If you're importing a collection that spans more than one day or folder, Lightroom can maintain that organization in its library. You can disable this, too, or define a Containing Shoot to include the whole Import.

Copyright. This is the only metadata that you can plug in on Import, but Adobe assured us they plan to expand this feature. (That's opt-g for the Copyright symbol, BTW.)

You can preview the images in the Import dialog box and you can add a Shoot Name, Keywords and Custom Name, which apparently are written into the database.

Adobe touts the flexibility of Lightroom's file handling and we're sure it will be welcomed by many photographers who are a little wary of letting a database handle their images (as Aperture does). But unless you're the sort who stuffs cash under the mattress, databases are something you already rely on. Probably the worst thing you can do is use both approaches, adding some images to the Library and references others. You may easily lose track of which originals you've asked Lightroom to preserve and which you've taken responsibility for. We find no inherent advantage to either approach, but we caution you to think about your decision.

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Adobe has added a few terms to the lexicon to explain how your images are organized. The Library contains Shoots. An image can be a member of only one shoot. To organize images outside their shoots, you create Collections.

Collections. Press the Plus icon on the Collections bar and type in a new name. Select a few images in your Library and drag them to the new name under the Collections bar and there you have it.

Deleting images from a Collection does not delete them from the Shoot.

Quick Collection. You can tag images temporarily to be included in a Quick Collection. Just click on the empty circle in the top left of the image and it's added to the Quick Collection. This is a nice way to cull a few images from a shoot without the formality of creating a Collection.

Previous Import. You can always display images from just the last import.

Keywords. Assigning Keywords works just like Collections. It's an image-centric way to group shots and keyword them. You aren't working with tags or fields, you're working with images.

View Options. Finally, you can set a few options for what the Library module displays. The Show Extras option enables the display of image Index Numbers (an attractive gray number on the background on which each image sits), a Rating (easily assigned from the keyboard, BTW), Filename and a Rotation control.

We had rotated our images in the camera, but none of that stuck in Lightroom. Selecting a group of images and clicking the Rotate control on any of them rotated all of them. But if the Shift key was held down, the rotation went in the opposite direction. There are two Rotate commands on the image, one clockwise and the other counter.

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You can apply a rating of 0 to 5 using the keyboard keys 0 through 5 to any selected image. Or you can switch to Loupe mode, viewing one image at a time as large as it fits in the display pane and press a rating key as you scroll through the set with the arrow keys.

Then you can restrict the view to images with a minimum rating using the Search box Minimum Rating slider.

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Lightroom (a play on Darkroom) likes to call image editing "development." Even in the Library module, you can apply some quick edits to any image or selection of images using the Quick Develop options.

First, there are a number of Preset edits (which you can create yourself) that you can apply. Second, you can change the White Balance. Third are Exposure, Brightness, Contrast and Saturation options that with a click increase, reset or decrease the option. Exposure also has an Auto option.

You can also Convert Photograph to Grayscale.

Finally, Quick Develop takes advantage of Adobe's non-destructive editing to copy and paste edits from one image to another. You can even Synchronize edits between images. And because it's non-destructive, you can Reset the edits.

In the same pane, BTW, are the Info (with keyword and copyright data) and Exif Metadata displays. Just scroll down to see them.

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Adobe cautions that Lightroom is no substitute for Photoshop. But where Photoshop has every possible tool hanging from hooks in its menus, Lightroom plays the handyman who can fix just about anything with no more effort than a phone call.

We took a very underexposed image of a grave marker shot in the dark nave of Mission Dolores and used two different techniques available in the Develop module to Boost the image.

Basic. First, we used two of the Basic adjustments. We knew the image was underexposed, so we simply moved the Exposure slider to the bright end. Ah, much better. We could see the red in the tile floor but the marble marker was quite yellow. To correct the color balance, we selected the White Balance dropper and clicked on the white marble.

Tone Curve. After reverting to the original underexposed image, we used the new Tone Curve tool. Adobe has provided a user-friendly but still powerful Curve tool in this version. O'Connor explained that Curves can do anything but it's hard to get them to do something specific unless you're a master. So Adobe built a better Curves tool.

The usual Curve is there but you don't click on it to anchor points and drag others around. Instead, you observe the new histogram in the background as an aid to setting two markers. One marks the spot between Shadows and Midtones. And the other marks the spot between Midtones and Highlights. Once you've divided the Curve to match the image, you use sliders above the Curve display to modify each part of the Curve.

Highlights has two sliders: Compression and Luminance. Midtones has a Brightness and a Contrast slider. And Shadows gets Compression and Luminance sliders, just like Highlights.

It sounds more complicated than it actually is. The Histogram is a great help in evaluating where to set the markers. And the sliders let you work on just the parts of the image that need it. Curves with training wheels, maybe, but you get where you're going.

Raw images have a good deal more at their disposal, inheriting Adobe Camera Raw functionality and, like the Curves tool, making it a bit friendlier.

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Probably the first thing you want to do after any shoot is see a slide show of the images. But for some inexplicable reason, this is much harder than it should be. Ideally, you'd like to just drag the imported folder of images onto a slide show program's icon and, uh, see the slide show. Unfortunately, you have to jump through other hoops before you ever get that option.

Lightroom doesn't make it any easier and certainly doesn't add any polish to the task, but it is, after all, a beta. There's a rudimentary slide show function that lets you tweak the presentation but doesn't delve into the more powerful world of animated slide shows like Boinx's Fotomagico or Photo to Movie. Even worse, the output options avoid any sort of MPEG or AVI option, relying instead on HTML, PDF and Flash.

But here's one place where Lightroom's branding is useful. Lightroom calls it the Identity Plate. You enter your name (or your business's name) and it appears not only where Adobe Lightroom's name appears on the application but on each slide as well.

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A little more attention has been paid to the print functions. There are a number of templates, for one thing, and in the opposite panel a good number of options, too. And everything seems to work well with any printer driver (which, sadly, is not the case with iPhoto, say).

Here, too, Identity Plates can be applied, varying Opacity and Scale. You can add Exif data, too, and maintain a border, even print multiple images on one sheet. The flexibility is extensive and accessible. If we were disappointed by the slide show options, we were impressed with the printing power.

This is particularly true when it comes to printing a lot of high res images as thumbnails. Lightroom can, when you enable Draft Mode printing, scale the images down and print them very quickly. With sharpening. Very cool.

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We should have suggested you download the beta and come back to our first impressions only if you got confused or wanted to compare experiences. But we figured Adobe's servers would be so swamped with requests, you'd have some time to kill. There's nothing like trying it on for size, though, and since it's a free public beta, there's almost no impediment.

But we'd urge you to take your half of the deal seriously, too. Adobe wants your feedback and typically it's the quiet types who have the most to say. Make note of what bothers you, what you miss, what you really like and post a note on the appropriate Lightroom forum.

Lightroom is, no question, a work in progress. In a sense, it's a slave trying to break free of its chains. And you are the one who can help it. The chains are the conventional idea of what you need. Which always falls a bit short of the dog bone. But Lightroom provides an efficient and pleasant approach to the work of being a photographer. And for that alone, it's worth pursuing.

Tue, 07 Jun 2022 10:42:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Adobe Photoshop on the web is about to become free for everyone No result found, try new keyword!The freemium version is currently available as part of a limited test to ... it out and experience the product." When it finally goes live for everyone, you'll only need a free Adobe account ... Thu, 16 Jun 2022 00:37:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : Adobe Flash 10.1 for mobile is ready to go

Hey Flash fans, the day has finally come. Today, Adobe announced the release of Flash 10.1 for all Android smartphones running Android OS 2.2 (Froyo). Not an Android user? No problem. Adobe goes on to write: “Flash Player 10.1 was also released to mobile platform partners to be supported on devices based on Android, BlackBerry, webOS, future versions of Windows Phone, LiMo, MeeGo and Symbian OS, and is expected to be made available via over-the-air downloads and to be pre-installed on smart phones, tablets and other devices in the coming months.” Adobe also touted Flash 10.1’s optimization towards touch input, accelerometer recognition (for viewing Flash content in portrait mode), and smart zooming. All sounds good to us! Hit up the bounce for a list of partnered content providers and the rest of the release.

SAN JOSE, Calif., — June 22, 2010 —Adobe Systems Incorporated (Nasdaq:ADBE) today announced the release of Adobe® Flash® Player 10.1 to mobile platform partners. Redesigned from the ground up with new performance and mobile specific features, Flash Player 10.1 is the first release that brings the full Web across desktops and devices. Mobile users will now be able to experience millions of sites with rich applications and content inside the browser including games, animations, rich Internet applications (RIAs), data presentations and visualizations, ecommerce, music, video, audio and more.

Already one of the top free apps on Android™ Market today, Flash Player 10.1 will be available as a final production release for smart phones and tablets once users are able to upgrade to Android 2.2 “Froyo.” Devices supporting “Froyo” and Flash Player 10.1 are expected to include the Dell Streak, Google Nexus One, HTC Evo, HTC Desire, HTC Incredible, DROID by Motorola, Motorola Milestone, Samsung Galaxy S and others. Flash Player 10.1 was also released to mobile platform partners to be supported on devices based on Android, BlackBerry, webOS, future versions of Windows® Phone, LiMo, MeeGo and Symbian OS, and is expected to be made available via over-the-air downloads and to be pre-installed on smart phones, tablets and other devices in the coming months.

“We are thrilled that more than three million Flash designers and developers are now able to unleash their creativity on the world of smart phones, tablets, netbooks, televisions and other consumer electronics,” said David Wadhwani, general manager and vice president, Platform Business at Adobe. “The combined power of the leading rich media technology platform with millions of passionate creatives is sure to impact the world in ways we haven’t even imagined yet.”

Broad Partner Support
Device and technology partners including ARM, Brightcove, Dell, Google, HTC, Intel, Microsoft, Motorola, NVIDIA, Qualcomm, RIM, Samsung, Texas Instruments and others announced more specifics around their support for Flash Player 10.1 today.

Content publishers including AgencyNet, AKQA, Armor Games, Blitz,, HBO, JustinTV, Kongregate, Mochi Media, Msnbc Digital Network, Turner, Nickelodeon, Odopod, Photobucket, RAIN, Roundarch, Sony Pictures, South Park Studios, USA Network, Viacom, Warner Brothers and many others have also started to optimize Flash content to deliver the best possible experience within the context of smaller screens, which includes larger buttons for interactions, layout adjustments for mobile screens and more.

For details visit or, Adobe’s showcase site for optimized Flash content. For more information on how to optimize Flash content for mobile, visit

New High Performance Features
Completely redesigned and optimized for mobile, Flash Player 10.1 delivers new interaction methods with support for mobile-specific input models. Support for accelerometer allows users to view Flash content in landscape and portrait mode. With Smart Zooming, users can scale content to full screen mode delivering immersive application-like experiences from a Web page. Performance optimization work with virtually all major mobile silicon and platform vendors makes efficient use of CPU and battery performance.

The new Smart Rendering feature ensures that Flash content is running only when it becomes visible on the screen, further reducing CPU and battery consumption. With Sleep Mode, Flash Player automatically slows down when the device transitions into screen saver mode. Advanced Out-of-Memory Management allows the player to effectively handle non-optimized content that consumes excessive resources, while automatic memory reduction decreases content usage of RAM by up to 50 percent. Flash Player pauses automatically when events occur such as incoming phone calls or switching from the browser to other device functions. Once users switch back to the browser, Flash Player resumes where it paused.

Industry Analyst Feedback
“Although it is labeled a dot release, Flash Player 10.1 is a significant update that includes a number of new performance and mobile specific features,” said Al Hilwa, program director of the Application Development Program at IDC. “This allows consumers to see a much bigger part of the Web and allows developers to bring their Flash Platform skills to a much bigger swath of devices.”

“For the past few weeks I have had the opportunity to test an Android Froyo device loaded with a beta of Flash Player 10.1,” said Ben Bajarin, principal analyst at Creative Strategies. “The overall experience and performance of Flash has been impressive. Mobile users now have access to full Web pages with rich Flash content on millions of sites. With the new mobile specific features, developers also have an important opportunity to help shape the way Web content, games, touch capabilities and more are presented across platforms and devices as Froyo and other platforms deliver full Flash support.”

Additional Resources
To watch demo videos of Flash Player 10.1 running across devices, including smart phones and tablets, visit

Flash Player 10.1 is expected to be available as a final production release for devices once users are able to upgrade to Android 2.2 “Froyo.” Once upgraded, smart phones, tablets and other devices can be updated with Flash Player 10.1 over-the-air via numerous ways including content triggered downloads, system software updates and on-device app catalogs such as Android Market, Adobe Labs and other venues. The upgrade mechanism will vary by device and device manufacturer. The desktop version of Flash Player 10.1 for Windows, Mac OS and Linux is available on today.

Tue, 21 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Adobe Photoshop

Photoshop started the digital image manipulation revolution more than 30 years ago, and Adobe's groundbreaking application continues to be the best photo editing software money can buy (or rent, to be more precise). If you need layered image editing, typography, drawing, and a multitude of effects, you need Photoshop. Designers and photographers alike find the most—and the most advanced—tools available for their crafts in this application. Adobe continually adds new AI-powered tools like the mind-blowing Neural Filters, Sky Replacement, Landscape Mixer and Color Transfer. More utilitarian tools like live shapes, cloud-stored files, and pattern preview also appeared recently. 3D modeling is no longer part of Photoshop, however; it now lives in the company's Substance 3D suite of products.

In the offing for Photoshop are more features involving the web and collaboration. Exciting announcements from Adobe include a new collaborative space for team ideation called Canvas and an online repository for sharing assets and projects called Spaces. In addition, the company announced a limited web-based version of Photoshop and Creative Cloud Express, a template-based design tool for people who need to make professional-looking content for social media.

The latest June 2022 update adds Cylindrical Transform Warp (useful for product label designers), improved hair selection masks (true, we've heard this before), more customizable and per-document grids and guides, and an emoji shorthand for comments using the colon character. It also adds support for video playback and limited editing on Macs with M1 processors. As with most updates, it also adds support for new camera models, in this case the Canon EOS R7 and R10 and the Fujifilm X-H2S.

The version also bids farewell to one tool that was once greatly anticipated but never delivered fully on its promise: Camera Shake Reduction. The March 2022 update added full support for Google's WebP image format, a bigger (and distracting) Share button, a faster Oil Paint filter, and more support for Windows on Arm PCs.

How Much Does Photoshop Cost?

To get the latest version of Photoshop, you need a Creative Cloud subscription. To get one, you need to sign in with an existing Adobe ID or create a new one. The Photography plan is $9.99 per month, and that also gets you Photoshop Lightroom, our Editors' Choice winner for photo workflow software, and 10 Adobe Stock images.

Photoshop interface

You can no longer simply buy a one-payment license for Photoshop, which annoys some users who don't like the software-as-a-service model. Those who feel this way may want to consider options such as Corel's surprisingly capable PaintShop Pro ($79.99), CyberLink PhotoDirector ($99.99), or even Adobe's own Photoshop Elements ($99.99), all of which can be purchased outright. And if you don't want to pay a cent, you can use the free, open-source GIMP software, though doing so can be a painful, counterintuitive experience if you're used to the convenience and polish of Photoshop.

How Do You Get Started With Photoshop?

To install the application, you first install the resident Creative Cloud helper program, which handles updates and syncs your files online. It's also where you find Adobe news, stock images, and the Behance creative social community (more about this later). This Creative Cloud utility also lets you browse and easily install plug-ins.

Creative Cloud Desktop app

Only consider installing Photoshop on a fairly powerful PC or Mac. I tested on a 3.4GHz Core i7 PC running 64-bit Windows 10 with 16GB RAM and an Nvidia GeForce 1650 graphics card. It requires 64-bit Windows 10 version 1909 or later, 8MB RAM, and 4GB available hard-disk space. It runs on Windows on ARM with the same requirements. Mac users must be running macOS 10.15 or later with 8GB RAM and a GPU with Metal support. Apple Silicon Macs can also run Photoshop as long as they're running macOS 11.2.2 or later; PCMag's Tom Brant ran some tests on that hardware and found it offered some performance advantages on that platform.

The Photoshop Interface

Adobe continues to make Photoshop's interface more customizable and helpful. You can choose from among several targeted workspace layouts, including Graphic and Web, Motion, Painting, and Photography, or you can create your own custom layout of panels and windows. You can even rearrange the program's toolbar button rail to taste.

Photoshop Welcome Screen

The redesigned start screen offers New File, Open, Home, Learn, as well as your file locations, including photos you've uploaded through Lightroom and cloud documents shared with you. The Home icon takes you to suggested tutorials and thumbnails of your latest document. Choosing New File presents a tabbed dialog offering templates such as Textured Geometric Masks, Instant Film Mockups, and Photo Collage Layouts. Category filters across the top let you restrict the proposed templates to Photo, Print, Art & Illustration, Web, Mobile, and Film & Video. If you've copied an image onto the clipboard, the software gives you an option to open a new image with its exact dimensions.

New Document dialot in Photoshop

You can pick from thumbnails of your latest files, and access presets and libraries from the start page. The page shows personalized tutorial content at the bottom. Those who'd rather stick with the legacy starting experience can switch back to it, but I find that the start page makes it much easier to get to things I'm interested in, such as latest projects.

The ever-present search magnifying glass icon at the top right lets you search for program functions, your own images, tutorials, or Adobe Stock images. If you already have a file open, the resulting dialog becomes a detached Discover window that presents command shortcuts and help. The panel's Home icon shows tutorial suggestions, What’s New items, the user guide, and more resources. An always-available search function in a complex desktop application is a great idea, and some big-league software developers agree. It's in Ableton Live and Microsoft Office, for example.

Photoshop's built-in tutorials

The interface also adapts to the purpose at hand. A case in point is the Select and Mask workspace, which is an available option whenever you have a selection tool active. It shows only the tools useful during selection, such as Refine Edge, Lasso, Brush, Hand, and Zoom, along with the relevant Properties panel. The interface's color themes offer a pleasing, context-sensitive consistency, too. If you set the window borders to be light gray, all dialogs will likewise be gray.

Touch gestures in Photoshop

When it comes to touch input, Photoshop is keeping up with the times with excellent touch support for devices like the Microsoft Surface Pro. The company also now has a nearly fully functional iPad version of Photoshop. Not only does it let you use touch to pan and zoom images, but it also recognizes gestures, such as a two-finger swipe to undo and a three-finger swipe to scroll through images. Larger tabs help touch-screen users, as do soft Shift, Ctrl, and Alt buttons. You can't yet use touch for finger painting, however. For that, you might try Adobe's Fresco app, available for iOS and Windows tablets.

Selection Tools

Object select in Photoshop

Selecting objects and people in photos is one of the top functions of the application, and one of the top pain points. Photoshop still includes the venerable Lasso, Magic Wand, Marquee, as well as the newer Object and Quick selection tools (with their cool Subject Select checkbox). Of note is the new Select on Hover feature as well as the Select and Mask workspace along with its Refine Edge option.

Select on Hover offers a nifty way to create masks. It uses Adobe’s Sensei AI technology to detect all objects in the image, and as you hover over each, it's highlighted for selection. Select on Hover works with the Object Selection tool, which is in the same tool button as Magic Wand and Quick Selection. Press and hold it to use it. Check the Object Finder checkbox in the option bar and Auto Show Overlay selected in the gear icon's settings. Move the cursor around the image and you'll see objects shaded as you go. You can tap the Show all Objects button (the square containing different-size rectangles) to show all the automatically selected objects, and a related menu option, Layer > Mask All Objects, creates separate masks for all the objects detected in a layer.

Hover subject select in Photoshop

Select Subject uses AI to automatically determine and select the main object in an image. When either of these is active, a Select Subject button appears in the options bar across the top of the program windows. In testing, it did a remarkable job of selecting people when the background was relatively uniform. More complex backgrounds left some incorrectly selected areas.

Once again, with the June 2022 update, Adobe claims to have improved selection of complex hair with Subject Select. And once again, the tool worked mostly well but hadn’t yet reached the holy grail of one-and-done hair selection. Hairs in my test shot remained unselected and some lines in the background behind the hair were incorrectly selected.

Hair Selection
Even after several updates claiming to perfect hair selection in Select Subject, the program still misses some hairs that are obvious to the eye.

Even pressing the Refine Hair button didn't Boost the situation much:

Refine Hair in Adobe Photoshop's Subject Select

Neural Filters

Among Photoshop's most exciting latest features are neural filters, which let you automatically change a portrait subject’s mood, age, and gaze. Neural here is short for neural network, a subset of AI machine learning. The tools take advantage of Generative adversarial networks (GANs), which in essence, use a technique of trying to trick the AI algorithm with incorrect (or adversarial) data. Most of the new Adobe effects require a download, and they're not small. The Landscape Mixer was over 380MB. Others, like Smart Portrait, do their processing in Adobe's cloud, and the program is good about telling you where processing happens while using the filters.

The most interesting of such filters are in the Beta section: Smart Portrait, Harmonization, Landscape Mixer, Depth Blur, Color Transfer, and Makeup Transfer. Of the 11 tools at the time of writing only Skin Smoothing, Super Zoom, JPEG Artifacts Removal, Colorize, and Style Transfer are not considered betas.

A Wait List tab shows tools not yet available: Portrait Generator, Water Long Exposure, Shadow Regenerator, Latent Visions, and Noise Reduction. That last has me excited that Adobe will finally offer automatic noise reduction like that found in DxO PhotoLab. Seemingly no longer under consideration are the intriguing Photo Restoration, Dust and Scratches, and Face-to-Caricature options, since they don't appear anywhere in the Neural Filters panel anymore.

Harmonization neural filter in Adobe Photoshop

With Harmonization, masked objects can be rendered in the colors and tones of other layers. It's best for similar objects. I tried it with a portrait and a nature background, so it gave the portrait the colors of a deer and grass, which is probably not what you want.

Color Transfer Neural Filter in Adobe Photoshop

Another new filter, Color Transfer (not to be confused with Style Transfer), lets you apply the colors and tones of one image to another.

Landscape Mixer in Adobe Photoshop

The new beta Landscape Mixer filters let you change a scene’s season, from, say, summer to fall, or to make a midday scene look like it was shot at sunset. In testing, the Landscape Mixer did indeed supply the foliage fall colors, but it removed an egret that was in the original photo, so you're best using it on pure landscapes.

The Super Zoom effect didn’t do much aside from applying a blurry noise reduction, but I suppose it could Boost large printouts.

Smart Portrait Neural Filter in Adobe Photoshop

The face tools in Smart Portrait are more fun than practical, though they may be useful to portrait photographers if used judiciously. When I ramped up the Happiness slider on most pictures, the result was more like a forced smile than a natural one, though it can be effective if you don’t turn it all the way up. There are also sliders for Anger, and Surprise, which were surprisingly effective. The algorithm also failed to de-age the neck on some subjects. An interesting option is Retain Unique Details; if you uncheck this, your subject approaches a Barbie-doll appearance. One slider, Placement, can nudge the face selection box right or left, though it didn't do much in my test shots. The Light Direction slider, when used judiciously, can work to good effect. The Gaze slider moves the eyes subtly, but the head direction tool wasn’t convincing in my test photos.

The Colorize tool, though impressive, failed to bring alive the hands as well as the head in an old photograph. Still, it’s clearly labeled as beta, so you can’t take points off for that. I had better luck with Photoshop Elements’ Colorize tool. On a few test photos of streets and beaches, it did nothing, but it convincingly colorized a snowy reindeer scene. The neural tools do have a Before-and-After button, but I wish it had a side-by-side view.

Style Transfer neural filter in Photoshop

The final neural filter I’ll discuss is something that’s been in other photo software for a few years, notably in Cyberlink PhotoDirector. It’s the Style Transfer effect, which makes your photo look like the work of an artist such as Picasso or van Gogh. It’s a 176MB download at the time of testing. There’s a good selection of looks, with over 30 to choose from already. You can not only choose the strength of the effect, but also preserve color, focus on the subject, change brush size, and blur the background. It’s a good implementation of the effect type.

Tools for Photographers

Though it's now packed with drawing and font tools, Photoshop got its start as a photo editing and printing application, and it remains the most powerful photo editing software. Along with its completely photography-focused sibling, Lightroom, Photoshop offers the most support for raw camera files, and the most in correction and effects. From removing or adding objects with content-aware tools to lens-profile-based geometry correction to histogram adjustments to stained-glass effect filters, Photoshop has it all. It's impossible to cover every feature here, but I'll take a closer look at a couple of the standout tools.

Sky Replacement. Sky Replacement. For a while, Photoshop had been trailing software such as Skylum Luminar in handling skies in photos. Replacing a drab sky with a beautiful one used to be a many-step process involving manual masking and layers. Photoshop's Sky Replacement tool is instant and awesome. You get many choices, ranging from pleasant to dazzling, and you can adjust the position, edge, brightness, and temperature of your chosen sky replacement.

Sky Replacement in Photoshop

Unlike some tools, which simply try to detect a horizon, Photoshop can handle images with foreground objects that block the sky, like the obelisk in the image above. You can move the sky around to get the best placement and even adjust the lighting and color of the foreground to better match the new sky. In the example, you can see how the pavement reflection changes to match the sky color.

A latest update improves how the tool handles complex edges such as treelines. It does this by adding two adjustment layers and a "less-smooth mask than the compositing mask." There's also a new Edge Lighting slider that helps reduce halo effects that result from using a bright sky on a dark existing area and vice versa.

Content-Aware Crop. Content-Aware Crop. A few years ago, an app called Anticrop (since renamed to Recrop) gained momentary celebrity in the tech world. Why? As its name suggests, it lets you change the aspect ratio of an image by adding to the sides instead of simply cutting them off. The Photoshop tool works similarly. Just check the Content-Aware box while using the crop tool, and the app fills in anything in the crop selection that falls outside your image's boundaries. Content-Aware Crop resembles the Content-Aware Fill tool. Like that tool, Content-Aware crop only works well with patterned image content, such as a forest, pavement, sea, or sky. It's particularly convincing with skies. Note in the image below all the extra clouds generated in the sky on the right to create a more spacious composition.

Content-Aware crop in Adobe Photoshop

Content-Aware Fill has also been updated, with an interface that shows you what source content it's using to replace the object you want to remove. You can edit the source area, but the program does a remarkable job with no help. It has improved over last year's version, now identifying objects that shouldn't be part of the fill pattern.

Face-Aware Liquefy in Adobe Photoshop

Face-Aware Liquefy. Face-Aware Liquefy. Face detection has reached an increasingly high level of accuracy in latest years, to the point of recognizing individual facial features, as well as whole faces. Face-Aware Liquify resembles a feature we first saw demonstrated by Adobe at Apple's iPad Pro launch event in the app called Adobe Fix. Face-Aware Liquefy tool lets you convincingly transform facial expressions, turning, for example, an RBF into a smile.

This brilliant tool finds facial features like eyes and mouths and gives you the ability to manipulate them with sliders for resizing the eyes, nose, face width, and jawline. You can even edit the eyes independently with Face-Aware Liquefy. A chain icon lets you either lock together editing of both a subject’s eyes or edit them separately.

You can apply some very flattering changes, or some ridiculously unflattering ones, as you can see in my test images. For me, the coolest part of this feature is that the resulting image still looks human. It's not like simply smearing a portrait with the old-fashioned, face-unaware Liquify tool. Note the smile I've added.

Camera Raw Features

Adobe Camera Raw

The Adobe Camera Raw (ACR) module appears when you open raw camera files like those from Canon's CR2 and Nikon's NEF. It seems to become more of a full photo editing tool on its own with every Photoshop update, and there's a good deal of overlap between what you can do in ACR and in Photoshop itself. It's become sort of a Lightroom without the slick workflow features.

For example, ACR lets you make local hue adjustments rather than having to change the hue values for the whole image. It even includes the Subject Select and masking tools of the main program. The tool lets you have more than one adjustment panel open, and you can switch between vertical and horizontal filmstrip thumbnail views. You can also create presets based on images' ISO settings and do panorama merges from a right-click.

As in Lightroom, you get the geometry correction tool called Upright. It lets you fix parallel vertical and horizontal lines. Its Auto setting attempts to fix perspective errors, but you can choose to align only verticals or only horizontals, or mess with the perspective to taste with transforming sliders for pincushion and barrel distortion, vertical, horizontal, and aspect ratio.

Back in the main Photoshop, you can call up Camera Raw as a filter, applying all its manifold photo adjustments—color temperature, exposure, geometry, all of it—to any image layer, not just to raw camera files. You can apply Camera Raw adjustments to videos, too, and use a non-circular healing brush. As in Lightroom, you also get a radial filter that lets you apply the adjustments to an oval shape, such as a person's head.

Camera Raw Profiles supply you options for how Photoshop converts raw files into viewable images. The default is Adobe Color, which produces a more vivid image than the old Adobe Standard profile. You also get Landscape, Portrait, Monochrome, and Vivid Profiles, along with a selection of retro and artistic Profiles that are essentially Instagram-style effect filters. The same Profiles feature appears in Lightroom.

The module also now includes over 100 presets developed by pro photographers, in categories including portrait, travel, cinematic, future, and vintage. As it did for Lightroom, Adobe has added an Amount slider to these presets so you can adjust their strength, and you now even gets the Adaptive Subject presets that are only applied to an automatic subject mask. Unfortunately, most of the presets use nondescriptive names like FT1, FT2, FT3, and so on. They're also a bit drab overall, with few—even in the Creative category—resulting in particularly striking effects. Even the Edgy presets are fairly tame, but there's enough choices that you're likely to find a look you like.

The Edgy PE04 Preset in ACR
The Edgy PE04 preset in Adobe Camera Raw

Note the new amount slider in the above screenshot, which I've set to 155. This slider gives you a stronger or weaker effect, and the default is 100, which is in the middle of the slider.

Super Resolution

The March 2021 release added an intriguing feature called Super Resolution. It uses machine-learning AI to effectively double the resolution of your image, which is a great help if you need to print photos that you've cropped significantly. The update also added support for Apple's ProRaw format and gives you more control over the interface, letting you reorder edit panels and sort the filmstrip based on date, rating, and more.

Super Resolution in Adobe Camera Raw
Super Resolution (left) vs. standard raw conversion (right).

The Super Resolution feature is related to the Enhance Details that landed in Photoshop and Lightroom a few years ago. You only see the Super Resolution as a checkbox option inside the Enhance dialog, which you won't see unless you right-click on the image (Ctrl-click on macOS). In my test shot above, I saw some smoothing, with the result that the enhanced image seemed to lose detail, though for printing, smoothing pixelated edges as in the Hoopoe's bill below, is a win. Note that it's not an instant effect. Creating the resulting DNG file took about 7 seconds on my test PC.

Super Resolution detail from Adobe Camera Raw in Photoshop

It worked even better on the geometric patterns of an architectural shot. See below. The enhanced version is on the right.

Photoshop's Super Resolution used on architecture

Mobile Design and Libraries

Photoshop has made great strides in mobile design. Not only can you use views and tools intended to facilitate mobile and web design, such as Artboards and Design Space, but you can also install the Adobe Preview mobile app and see how your project looks on it. When I installed the app on my iPhone, I initially got a connection error. I was trying to connect by USB rather than Wi-Fi, though the Adobe documentation says both methods should work.

The Design Space workspace presents a smaller, simpler toolset, and it is geared to working with HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript. A tutorial panel helps you get started with this interface option. In Design Space, you can search and trial anything you work with, including colors, effects, fonts, layers, and your Library. What you don't get are the standard Photoshop photo adjustments and effects, but you can easily switch back to the standard Photoshop interface from Design Space.

Artboards in Adobe Photoshop

Artboards let you create Photoshop documents with multiple views for different device screens. An Artboard can also be thought of as a level above layers, and they're accessible from the Layers panel. It sounds a little dry, but after playing with Artboards for a while, I find it to be a useful capability.

Design Space uses Artboards by default. It also includes templates for current iPhones, iPads, Surface Pros, and other mobile-device screens. While I appreciate the thought behind these tools, I still expect it's going to be a hard sell for designers who are used to the full Photoshop interface. It does offer a streamlined way to work with multilevel layer content, though. It also lets you manipulate multiple objects at once, or easily swap their locations.

For a few years, Adobe has offered a way to sync content across multiple installations of the Creative Cloud apps, but the current Libraries feature goes a step farther. Libraries sync not only documents, but also brushes, font styles, and color themes. They can be created and accessed not only on the full Photoshop application, but also in mobile apps such as Capture, Hue, Photoshop FixPhotoshop Mix, Photoshop Sketch, and Comp. The Adobe mobile apps support Libraries for acquiring, creating, or editing content. They're all free downloads, but most require a Creative Cloud account for full functionality.

Related to Libraries are Cloud Documents. Saving your project as a Cloud Document enables you to work on it in the iPad version of Photoshop as well as on other desktops. Cloud Documents are saved instantly and allow collaboration among multiple creators, with an Invite to Edit option. You can also create a link to a web-hosted version of the photo where collaborators can comment. Access previous versions of cloud documents in a Version History panel and even name versions if you need to. Cloud documents support offline editing, too.

Unfortunately, Adobe doesn’t have a spotless record when it comes to storing your media in the cloud. Some Lightroom users were taken aback to find that their unsynced photos had been lost during an app update, and the long-defunct Adobe Revel service bears further testament. Use Adobe’s cloud for convenience, but it’s still a good idea to back your work up.

Photoshop Libraries support Adobe Stock templates (see below) and can share read-only access to a public Library. You can share a Library with anyone who has a Creative account and set permissions for collaborators, limiting them to read-only rights or granting them full edit privileges.

Adobe Stock

Adobe Stock, which emerged from Adobe's 2015 acquisition of Fotolia, is a repository of over 40 million images, vectors, illustrations, and video clips. Non-Creative Cloud members can still buy assets from Stock. Creators can also sell their assets and get a 33% cut of all sales. That's not bad, considering that the industry standard is 25 percent.

You can work within any Adobe desktop apps with Adobe Library support, including Photoshop, InDesign, Illustrator, Premiere Pro, and After Effects. The Search Adobe Stock menu choice opens the website, on which you can search for content and either download or sync it to your Creative Cloud Library. But you can also search Stock right in the Library panel and insert it into your image, where it will be watermarked until you license it. After you license it, it retains any edits you make.

Font Tricks

Photoshop keeps getting better at fonts. Your document's fonts are automatically downloaded, activated, and synced to your Library. You can also filter searches for fonts with attributes like serif, script, and blackletter, and you can even tell the program to show you fonts similar to the one you've selected.

Finding typefaces from photos in Adobe Photoshop

The Type > Match Font tool can identify fonts in images and find the closest match on your system or in Adobe's massive font collection. Its intelligent imaging analysis is improved with more fonts, vertical text, and multiple-line detection. I had better results in my testing this time around.

You can also designate fonts as favorites, which is particularly handy. Another nifty touch is the ability to hover over a font choice to see it previewed in your document. As you hover the mouse cursor over typefaces in the search panel, your selected text instantly switches to that typeface. The font size dropdown menu offers a 16-point option, a size commonly used for web content. Web designers will also rejoice now that Photoshop supports SVG OpenType fonts for those wildly popular responsive designs, as well as emoji fonts. You can search for typefaces, and everything is licensed thanks to your Creative Cloud subscription.

Font fanciers who want to go beyond standard typeface sets will love the Glyphs panel. It lets you substitute alternate characters, and even shows you those alternates when you select a character in a Type layer. The tool didn't always work reliably for me, though, sometimes proposing a previous letter when I selected a new one.

Photoshop also supports Variable Fonts, an OpenType font format that lets you play with custom attributes like weight, width, slant, and optical size using slider controls. It now also uses the Unified Text Engine to legacy text engines and allows more flexibility with non-Latin characters.

Tools for Artists and Designers

With higher-resolution displays becoming more common, your old images sometimes may not be good enough anymore. Photoshop's upsampling algorithm could be a lifesaver. The upscaler shows up when you resize an image, in the form of the Preserve Details resample setting. It also offers a Reduce Noise option, since the process may introduce noise. It's much clearer than the old bicubic algorithm.

Smart Objects make for nondestructive, reusable raster and vector images that update throughout your project. You can save formatting of type as styles that can be easily applied to other text later. You can also view type in a way that previews the antialiasing used in web browsers. For web designers, Photoshop can generate CSS code that produces the exact look designed in the software. Going in the other direction, the software can also import color from a website's HTML or CSS code.

Gradient panel in Adobe Phtoshop

Gradients themselves get new options in the latest major update, with the new Perceptual and Linear interpolation modes, which look smoother and more natural in some cases.

New modes for Adobe Photoshop Gradients

Converting Smart Objects back to their components for editing is now a simple matter of using the Convert to Layers menu option. The default swatches, gradients, patterns, shapes, and styles have all been updated with more appealing options. Below you can see the gradient panel on the right, for example.

Photoshop offers a vast array of brushes and pencils, more than 1,200 of them. They offer stroke smoothing options, and you can organize brush presets in folders. A latest capability is the Symmetry option. It works with Paint Brush, Mixer Brush, Pencil, or Eraser tools. To use it, you click the butterfly icon in the Options bar, and then choose the kind of symmetry you want: Vertical, Horizontal, Dual Axis, Diagonal, Wavy, Circle, Spiral, Parallel Lines, Radial, or Mandala.

Pattern Preview in Adobe Photoshop

A Pattern Preview feature simply repeats whatever’s in your image as a grid—outside the genuine image boundary. You can then save the result as a reusable pattern. (As you can see, I’m no artist.) It seems like a great tool for designing gift wrap and greeting cards.

Alternatively, you could use the Shape and Line tools from the left-hand toolbar. Adobe lets you draw raster lines as pixels, and designers now can import Illustrator files complete with vector shapes, paths, and masks. Before, you could only draw vector lines, which makes more sense unless you're going for a pixel-art effect. And a latest update added the ability to import text layers from Illustrator that maintain vector and font editability; previously they'd be converted to raster.


Behance is a social network for creative professionals, offering online portfolios and connections. It's built into all the Creative Cloud applications, letting users post projects for feedback from colleagues and clients. Users can post their files directly from Photoshop via a one-click share button. From Behance they can share and discuss the work and even connect with potential and existing clients and freelancers.

Behance is a great resource for burnishing your Photoshop skills, too. It offers a Daily Challenge (often hosted by the wonderful Adobe principal worldwide evangelist Paul Trani) in which you can see an expert working the program's magic and interact with the presenter via a chat panel.

Behance's ProSites are customizable online portfolios, which Creative Cloud subscribers can use with their own URLs. Behance's presentation is elegant and clean, and incorporates all the essential social features du jour. I especially like that it offers statistics of your page activity. You can also export photos in Zoomify format, a powerful viewer that lets viewers zoom deep into large images. I'd like to see more sharing options, however, such as built-in email and Flickr sharing. Of course, you can do all this from Photoshop's ancillary Bridge image organizer app.

Video Editing

You can apply all of Photoshop's still-image adjustments to video clips, including exposure, cropping, and filters. Photoshop is even capable of multitrack and keyframing, using the same fast rendering engine that powers Adobe's Premiere Pro video editor. Only a few transition options are available, however, all of them variants of fades. Each video track you add becomes a Photoshop layer that can be individually adjusted.

You also get all the standard digital video editing tools, letting you join, split, and trim clips. Audio tools are minimal, but you can set an audio track's volume percent, fade it in, fade it out, or mute it. Movie files are saved as PSDs, but by choosing File/Export/Render Video you can create a video file with H.264, QuickTime, or DPX encoding. You also get a decent choice of resolutions targeting both big screens and mobile devices, including 720p, 1080p, and 4K options.

Export and Share

Photoshop's Export options are richer than ever, and the performance is improved in the latest update, too. It supports the operating system's share feature, which opens macOS and Windows' built-in share targets. On the Mac, you can use AirDrop and on Windows you can use Nearby sharing as well as any other installed Store apps that accept photos.

Share Creative Cloud document in Adobe Photoshop

There's also now a bigger Share button that lets you invite co-editors on Adobe Cloud–saved documents. You either specify the user's Adobe ID email address or you can copy a sharing link; you can include a comment when you share this way to collaborators. Note that this new button joins, rather than replaces the system sharing buttons mentioned above.

The Export option replaces the tried-and-true Save for Web option, though you can still use that if you prefer. It's faster and it delivers smaller files, especially when it comes to JPGs. You can also export and import SVG (scalable vector graphics) files, which are commonly used on websites. As mentioned above, you can now export images in Google's web-friendly WebP format.

You can also export at multiple sizes simultaneously, convert to the sRGB color space, and export a single layer or Artboard. By setting up a Quick Export option from the File menu, you can use the format of your choice. Finally, you can add metadata, such as copyright information, at export.

Rooting Out Deep Fakes

Verify site for content authentication

One feature worth mentioning in Photoshop, though it's in beta, is Content Credentials. This new tool ties in with the Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity (C2PA) proposal. It records tamper-evident proof of any edits made to an image and verifies the identity of its creator. It also makes the information available on the public Verify website, where you can check an image's provenance. Adobe's Behance social sharing site also supports Content Credentials for validation of images' authenticity.

Beyond Mere Photoshopping

Photoshop makes it easier and easier to do amazing things with digital images. Each time I investigate its features to review a new version, I discover new capabilities, even ones that have long existed, so great is the program's depth. Integrated stock photography, advanced font tools, and organizational and syncing features, such as Cloud Documents and Libraries, are unique to the application.

You won't find photo editing software with better, more complete, or more precise tools for drawing and typography, all of which continue to improve. Adobe also understands the move toward mobile and web-focused design. Photoshop's position as the preeminent image editing tool remains secure. It earns a rare five-star rating and is the PCMag Editors' Choice winner for image editing software.

Fri, 27 May 2022 15:36:00 -0500 en-gb text/html
Killexams : Adobe Premiere Pro vs Lightworks

When you first look at Adobe Premiere Pro vs Lightworks, it may not seem a fair fight. After all, Adobe has cornered the film & TV industry with Premiere Pro - a premium, polished, professional tool that we dubbed a “video editing powerhouse with a huge list of features” in our 5-star review. 

Lightworks, on the other hand, is our top pick for best free video editing software. During our review, we found it “a great free video editor with numerous tools to satisfy most casual video editors, although if you want more advanced features, you’ll need to pay for the privilege.”