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Exam Code: CTFL-2018 Practice exam 2023 by team
CTFL-2018 ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level 2023

Test Detail:
The ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL-2018) exam, offered by the American Software Testing Qualifications Board (ASTQB), is designed to assess the knowledge and understanding of individuals in the field of software testing. The exam tests the candidate's knowledge of testing principles, methodologies, and best practices.

Course Outline:
The Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL-2018) course provides comprehensive training on the principles and practices of software testing. The course covers various topics, including testing fundamentals, test design techniques, test management, and tools. The following is a general outline of the key Topics covered:

1. Fundamentals of Software Testing:
- Introduction to software testing and its importance in software development.
- Testing principles, objectives, and fundamental concepts.
- Software development lifecycle and its relationship with testing.
- Different levels and types of testing.

2. Test Design Techniques:
- Black-box and white-box testing techniques.
- Equivalence partitioning and boundary value analysis.
- Decision table testing and state transition testing.
- Use case testing and user story-based testing.

3. Test Management:
- Test planning, estimation, and prioritization.
- Test execution, monitoring, and control.
- Defect management and reporting.
- Test documentation and traceability.

4. Test Tools:
- Overview of test automation tools.
- Test management tools and their features.
- Test design and execution tools.
- Performance testing and monitoring tools.

Exam Objectives:
The CTFL-2018 exam assesses the candidate's knowledge and understanding in the following areas:

1. Testing Fundamentals:
- Knowledge of software testing principles, objectives, and basic concepts.
- Understanding of the software development lifecycle and its relationship with testing.
- Familiarity with different levels and types of testing.

2. Test Design Techniques:
- Understanding of black-box and white-box testing techniques.
- Proficiency in equivalence partitioning, boundary value analysis, decision tables, and state transition testing.
- Knowledge of use case testing and user story-based testing.

3. Test Management:
- Knowledge of test planning, estimation, and prioritization.
- Understanding of test execution, monitoring, and control.
- Proficiency in defect management and reporting.
- Familiarity with test documentation and traceability.

4. Test Tools:
- Awareness of test automation tools and their features.
- Understanding of test management tools.
- Familiarity with test design and execution tools.
- Knowledge of performance testing and monitoring tools.

Exam Syllabus:
The CTFL-2018 exam syllabus provides a detailed breakdown of the Topics covered in the exam. It includes specific learning objectives, subtopics, and references to relevant resources. The syllabus may cover the following areas:

- Introduction to Software Testing
- Software Development Lifecycle and Testing
- Testing Techniques and Test Design
- Test Management and Control
- Tools for Testing

ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level 2023
ASTQB Foundation information source
Killexams : ASTQB Foundation information source - BingNews Search results Killexams : ASTQB Foundation information source - BingNews Killexams : Anonymous Sources

Transparency is critical to our credibility with the public and our subscribers. Whenever possible, we pursue information on the record. When a newsmaker insists on background or off-the-record ground rules, we must adhere to a strict set of guidelines, enforced by AP news managers.

 Under AP's rules, material from anonymous sources may be used only if:

 1. The material is information and not opinion or speculation, and is vital to the report.

 2. The information is not available except under the conditions of anonymity imposed by the source.

 3. The source is reliable, and in a position to have direct knowledge of the information.

 Reporters who intend to use material from anonymous sources must get approval from their news manager before sending the story to the desk. The manager is responsible for vetting the material and making sure it meets AP guidelines. The manager must know the identity of the source, and is obligated, like the reporter, to keep the source's identity confidential. Only after they are assured that the source material has been vetted by a manager should editors and producers allow it to be used.

 Reporters should proceed with interviews on the assumption they are on the record. If the source wants to set conditions, these should be negotiated at the start of the interview. At the end of the interview, the reporter should try once again to move onto the record some or all of the information that was given on a background basis.

 The AP routinely seeks and requires more than one source when sourcing is anonymous. Stories should be held while attempts are made to reach additional sources for confirmation or elaboration. In rare cases, one source will be sufficient – when material comes from an authoritative figure who provides information so detailed that there is no question of its accuracy.

 We must explain in the story why the source requested anonymity. And, when it’s relevant, we must describe the source's motive for disclosing the information. If the story hinges on documents, as opposed to interviews, the reporter must describe how the documents were obtained, at least to the extent possible.

The story also must provide attribution that establishes the source's credibility; simply quoting "a source" is not allowed. We should be as descriptive as possible: "according to top White House aides" or "a senior official in the British Foreign Office." The description of a source must never be altered without consulting the reporter.

 We must not say that a person declined comment when that person the person is already quoted anonymously. And we should not attribute information to anonymous sources when it is obvious or well known. We should just state the information as fact.

Stories that use anonymous sources must carry a reporter's byline. If a reporter other than the bylined staffer contributes anonymous material to a story, that reporter should be given credit as a contributor to the story.

 All complaints and questions about the authenticity or veracity of anonymous material – from inside or outside the AP – must be promptly brought to the news manager's attention.

 Not everyone understands “off the record” or “on background” to mean the same things. Before any interview in which any degree of anonymity is expected, there should be a discussion in which the ground rules are set explicitly.

These are the AP’s definitions:

On the record. The information can be used with no caveats, quoting the source by name.

Off the record. The information cannot be used for publication. Background. The information can be published but only under conditions negotiated with the source. Generally, the sources do not want their names published but will agree to a description of their position. AP reporters should object vigorously when a source wants to brief a group of reporters on background and try to persuade the source to put the briefing on the record.

Deep background. The information can be used but without attribution. The source does not want to be identified in any way, even on condition of anonymity.

In general, information obtained under any of these circumstances can be pursued with other sources to be placed on the record.


Reports from other news organizations based on anonymous sources require the most careful scrutiny when we consider them for our report.

AP's basic rules for anonymous source material apply to material from other news outlets just as they do in our own reporting: The material must be factual and obtainable no other way. The story must be truly significant and newsworthy. Use of anonymous material must be authorized by a manager. The story we produce must be balanced, and comment must be sought.

Further, before picking up such a story we must make a bona fide effort to get it on the record, or, at a minimum, confirm it through our own reporting. We shouldn't hesitate to hold the story if we have any doubts. If another outlet’s anonymous material is ultimately used, it must be attributed to the originating news organization and note its description of the source.


 Anything in the AP news report that could reasonably be disputed should be attributed. We should provide the full name of a source and as much information as needed to identify the source and explain why the person s credible. Where appropriate, include a source's age; title; name of company, organization or government department; and hometown. If we quote someone from a written document – a report, email or news release -- we should say so. Information taken from the internet must be vetted according to our standards of accuracy and attributed to the original source. File, library or archive photos, audio or videos must be identified as such. For lengthy stories, attribution can be contained in an extended editor's note detailing interviews, research and methodology.

Sun, 25 Jun 2023 21:21:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Financial Information

With more than a half-million members, The Heritage Foundation is the most broadly supported public policy research institute in the nation. This broad base of support guarantees that no donor or group of donors has the ability to direct the views or activities of Heritage.

Additionally, the total of all corporate support to Heritage amounts to less than 2% of all contributions, and Heritage takes no money from government—whether federal, state, local, tribal, or foreign—for any research activity or any other purpose. Rather, our power to impact government policy and to promote and defend America’s founding ideals comes directly from the voluntary support of our more than 500,000 members.

Our members make it possible for Heritage to conduct expert research, educate Congress and the American people, and promote consistently effective policy solutions based on the ideals of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense.


To honor the intent of our members, we ensure that all Heritage research and policy proposals are guided by a core set of True North principles. Heritage does not support policies that deviate from these principles, nor are our recommendations ever influenced by outside political pressure.

Heritage also carefully protects the independence and quality of our research by refusing to engage in contract research. Our research products all go through a rigorous, multi-layer review process prior to publication to ensure the highest research quality and integrity of our work. 

>>> Read more about Heritage’s Research Independence and Integrity

The steadfast support of our members combined with Heritage’s operational effectiveness earned us the ranking of the No. 1 think tank in the world for our impact on public policy. 

It is only with our members’ ongoing support that we can continue to create effective solutions to the biggest issues America faces; make significant policy impacts at the federal, state, and local levels; and build an America where freedom, opportunity, prosperity, and civil society flourish.

A significant way we strive to be good stewards of our members’ gifts is by making our financial information easy to find and easy to understand. We disclose the names of donors, with their approval, in our annual report. You can find more detailed financial information in The Heritage Foundation’s annual reports and annual audited financial statements: 

The Heritage Foundation’s IRS Form 990 is available here.

If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact our membership office at (800) 546-2843 or [email protected].

Wed, 19 Aug 2020 05:19:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Compare and Contrast Information From Different Sources

Use this graphic organizer to help students compare and contrast information from different sources of their choosing while researching a relevant topic. Guiding questions help students closely examine each source for credibility and reliability, and reflection questions on the second page get students to dig deeper into similarities and differences between types of sources. This worksheet provides essential practice evaluating sources for research, an important part of a middle school literacy curriculum.

For additional value, check out the accompanying Evaluating Sources for Research lesson plan.

View aligned standards
Fri, 04 Dec 2020 23:40:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Linux Foundation to Boost open-source security with new initiative

The Linux Foundation has announced a new collaboration effort to Boost open-source security. The Open Source Security Foundation (OpenSSF) aims to consolidate industry efforts with targeted initiatives and best practices. 

According to the Linux Foundation, OpenSSF is committed to collaboration and working both upstream and with existing communities to advance open source security for all as open-source software has become more pervasive in data centers, consumer devices, and services.

In addition, projects such as The Linux Foundation’s Core Infrastructure Initiative (CII), which was created in response to the 2014 HeartBleed bug, and the Open Source Security Coalition, founded by the GitHub Security Lab, will be brought together under the new OpenSSF.

RELATED CONTENT: It’s critical to keep your open-source components up to date and secure

“We believe open source is a public good and across every industry we have a responsibility to come together to Boost and support the security of open source software we all depend on,” said Jim Zemlin, the executive director at The Linux Foundation. “Ensuring open source security is one of the most important things we can do and it requires all of us around the world to assist in the effort. The OpenSSF will provide that forum for a truly collaborative, cross-industry effort.”

Initial members include efforts from the Core Infrastructure Initiative, GitHub’s Open Source Security Coalition and other open source security work from founding governing board members GitHub, Google, IBM, JPMorgan Chase, Microsoft, NCC Group, OWASP Foundation and Red Hat, among others.

OpenSSF intends to host a variety of open source technical initiatives to support security for the world’s most critical open source software, all of which will be done in the open on GitHub, the Linux Foundation stated. 

More details on the initiatives are available here.

Thu, 03 Aug 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Selected Sources of Information on Mollusks

The study of mollusks has captured the interest of amateur and scientist alike for many centuries. The National Museum of Natural History receives numerous requests from the general public for information on mollusks. We hope that the information contained in our new on-line Selected Sources of Information on Mollusks will be of help to the beginning shell collector as well as the amateur conchologist and malacologist. This bibliography is not comprehensive and is meant to serve only as a guide to selected references.

Selected Sources of Information on Mollusks has undergone a substantial change in format as well as a thorough revision to produce a more streamlined publication. To that end we have eliminated several sections and combined others to avoid redundancy in titles. The section listing shell clubs has been deleted because this information is best obtained by writing to one of the national malacological organizations which we are continuing to list or by checking the Internet.

The publications listed may not be obtained from the Smithsonian Institution. Most of the references cited may be consulted at local libraries, requested through an interlibrary loan or purchased through local bookstores. Some books are out of print and would be available only from a secondhand book dealer.


Caldrey, Jennifer. Shells. Eyewitness Explorer Series. New York: DK Publishing, 1993. 64 pp., many illus.

Dudley, Ruth H. Sea Shells. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1953. 149 pp., 62 drawings.

Evans, Eva Knox. The Adventure Book of Shells. Irvington-on-Hudson, NY: Capitol, 1955. 93 pp., many illus.

Farmer, Wesley M. Sea-Slug Gastropods. Tempe, AZ: Wesley M. Farmer Enterprises, 1980. 177 pp. 157 species drawn by author. Identification and coloring book.

Florian, Douglas. Discovering Seashells. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1986. 32 pp., color drawings.

Hansen, Judith. Seashells in My Pocket: A Child's Guide to Exploring the Atlantic Coast from Maine to North Carolina. Boston: Appalachian Mountain Club Books, 1988. 124 pp., illus.

Hunt, Bernice Kohn. The Beachcomber's Book. New York: Viking Press, 1970. 96 pp., illus.

Hutchinson, William M. A Child's Book of Sea Shells. New York: Maxton, 1954. 30 pp., illus. in color and black-and-white.

Low, Donald. The How and Why Wonder Book of Seashells. Los Angeles: Price, Stern, Sloan, 1987. 48 pp., illus.

Myers, Arthur. Sea Creatures Do Amazing Things. New York: Random House, 1981. 70 pp., illus.

Paige, David. A Day in the Life of a Marine Biologist. Mahwah, NJ: Troll Associates, 1981. 32 pp., color photos.

Pallotta, Jerry. The Ocean Alphabet Book. Chicago: Children's Press, 1991. 28 pp., color illus.

Podendorf, Illa. The True Book of Pebbles and Shells. Chicago: Children's Press, 1954. 47 pp., illus.

Sabin, Louis. Wonders of the Sea. Mahwah, NJ: Troll Associates, 1982. 32 pp., color illus.

Whybrow, Solene. The Life of Animals with Shells: A Simple Introduction to the Way in Which Animals with Shells Live and Behave. London: Macdonald Educational, 1975. 63 pp., illus.

Noble Scallop Return to Table of Contents

Abbott, R. Tucker. Introducing Sea Shells. Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand, 1955. 10 color and black-and-white plates, text figs.

______. Seashells of North America: A Guide to Field Identification. Under the editorship of Herbert S. Zim. New York: Golden Press, 1968.

______. Seashells of the World. Under the editorship of Herbert S. Zim. 2nd ed. New York: Golden Press, 1987. 48 pp., color illus.

______. Shells: Nature in Photography. New York: Portland House, 1989. 210 pp., 196 color illus.

Cameron, Roderick. Shells. New York: Octopus Books, 1972 (c.1961). 128 pp., 95 figs., 32 color plates.

Cate, Jean M., and Selma Raskin. It's Easy to Say Crepidula! (krehPIDuluh): a phonetic guide to pronunciation of the scientific names of sea shells and a glossary of terms frequently used in malacology. Santa Monica, CA: Pretty Penny Press, 1986. 153 pp.

Fair, Ruth H. Shell Collector's Guide. Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1976. 213 pp.

Harasewych, M.G. Shells: Jewels from the Sea. New York: Rizzoli, 1989. 224 pp., 210 color illus.

Jacobson, Morris K., and William K. Emerson. Wonders of the World of Shells: Sea, Land, and Fresh-water. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1971. 80 pp., illus.

Johns, Veronica P. She Sells Seashells. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1968. 198 pp., illus.

Johnstone, Kathleen Y. Sea Treasure: A Guide to Shell Collecting. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1957. 242 pp., 8 color plates, numerous text figs.

Major, Alan P. Collecting World Sea Shells. Edinburgh: J. Bartholomew, 1974. 187 pp., illus.

Melvin, A. Gordon. Seashell Parade: Fascinating Facts, Pictures and Stories. Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1973. 369 pp., 75 illus.

Murray, Sonia. Seashell Collectors' Handbook and Identifier. New York: Sterling, 1975. 240 pp., color plates.

Oliver, Arthur P.H. The Larousse Guide to Shells of the World. New York: Larousse, 1980. 320 pp., color illus.

Sabelli, Bruno. Simon and Schuster's Guide to Shells. Edited by Harold S. Feinberg. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1980. 512 pp., 1,230 color illus.

Saul, Mary. Shells: An Illustrated Guide to a Timeless and Fascinating World. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1974. 192 pp., illus.

Stix, Hugh, Marguerite Stix, and R. Tucker Abbott. The Shell: Five Hundred Million Years of Inspired Design. New York: Abradale Press/H. N. Abrams, 1988. 200 pp., 203 illus., including 82 plates in color.

Travers, Louise A. The Romance of Shells, in Nature and Art. New York: Barrows, 1962. 136 pp., 8 color plates, text figs.

Violette, Paul E. Shelling in the Sea of Cortez. Tucson: Dale Stuart King, 1964. 95 pp., illus.

Zinn, Donald J. The Beach Strollers Handbook, from Maine to Cape Hatteras. 2nd ed. Chester, CT: Globe Pequot, 1985. 246 pp., illus.

Noble Scallop Return to Table of Contents

Prepared by the Department of Systematic Biology, Invertebrate Zoology,
National Museum of Natural History, in cooperation with Public Inquiry Services,
Smithsonian Institution

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 06:16:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Public Radio Finances

While NPR shares a mission with our stations, we are funded in significantly different but interrelated ways. Get an overview of that system here. NPR's latest financial statements and annual reports are included here too.

NPR Revenues

NPR is an independent, non-profit media organization. We are also a membership organization of separately licensed and operated public radio stations across the United States.

NPR's two largest revenue sources are corporate sponsorships and fees paid by NPR Member organizations to support a suite of programs, tools, and services. Other sources of revenue include institutional grants, individual contributions and fees paid by users of the Public Radio Satellite System (PRSS; i.e. Satellite interconnection and distribution).

NPR's average consolidated revenues from changes in net assets without donor restrictions (FY18-FY22)

NPR's average consolidated revenues from changes in net assets without donor restrictions (FY18-FY22). Corporate sponsorships 39%; Core and other programming fees 31%; Contributions of cash and financial assets 12%; Other revenues 8%; PRSS contract, satellite interconnection and distribution 5%; Endowment and board-designated support 4%; Return on investments 1%

Fees from NPR Member organizations

NPR's Member organizations support NPR financially in two ways:

  • A core fee for the NPR newsmagazines (Morning Edition, All Things Considered, Weekend Edition), as well as an array of digital content, tools and platforms, and a suite of services designed to drive audience engagement and support
  • License fees for a portfolio of broadcast programs other than the NPR newsmagazines

The core fee calculation is based on a percentage of stations' membership revenue, as a reflection of the value that NPR programs and services provide to Members and their audiences.

The license fees for individual news/talk, entertainment, and music programs (e.g. programs like Fresh Air, Here & Now, 1A World Cafe, or Throughline) are set using pricing tiers based on each Member's total revenue.

The fee model includes provisions that recognize NPR Members with particular characteristics that contribute to NPR's audience service mission, including Members designated by CPB as serving rural and minority audiences.

Corporate Sponsorship Support

Covering the news requires significant resources. The funds NPR receives from corporate donors are an important part of the revenues that fuel NPR's in-depth reporting and programming, but only a part. One of the largest portions of NPR's revenue comes from dues and fees paid by our Member Stations.

Corporate sponsors cannot influence NPR's coverage. NPR journalists have no role in selecting corporate sponsors. Our journalists are trained in the ethics and practices of journalism which prevent outside groups from influencing their objectivity, story selection, and reporting. You can read the code of ethics in place at NPR here. When news warrants, we will report on the activities of companies that support NPR.

Messages acknowledging NPR's national sponsors are presented on air in short announcements, and are presented in visual and audio form on and other digital services.

NPR makes decisions about national corporate sponsors based on principles established by NPR's Board of Directors. Under those principles, NPR has no list of sources from which funding will be refused. However, potential conflict of interest or similar concerns are considered in accepting or rejecting support from particular entities.

This approach results in a diverse pool of funders which is an important basis of NPR's impartiality as a news organization. To impose a litmus test to accept or reject funding from an organization would create the appearance that NPR as a news organization has taken a position on the issues related to that organization.

NPR is represented by National Public Media LLC (NPM), a majority-owned subsidiary of NPR Asset Holding Company, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of NPR. NPM also handles some corporate sponsorship for NPR and PBS. As noted above, NPR journalists have no role in selecting corporate sponsors. You can find more about National Public Media on the web here.

Grants and Contributions

Grants from institutions and non-profits have made it possible for NPR to maintain its current programming, and launch new programs and initiatives. They have also allowed us to expand coverage of major news Topics including international news, education, science, the environment, and the economy. Many of these grants also directly and indirectly benefit Member Stations. NPR and our Member stations share a common mission and many of the same strategic goals. Together, we are increasingly engaging philanthropic partners at high levels. These individuals and families are interested in supporting transformational, strategic advancements in public media's capacity to meet major societal needs. The NPR Foundation, working in collaboration with Member stations, is poised to make a significant contribution to the individual giving fundraising capacity of public media — to the benefit of all.

Distribution from NPR Foundation Board-Designated and Endowment Funds to Support Operations

The NPR Foundation provides funding for NPR's operations, drawing on earnings from funds that include the 2003 bequest from Joan B. Kroc and other endowment funds, as well as a Board-designated fund. In addition, NPR earns revenue on its short and long-term investments.

Satellite Interconnection and Distribution

NPR's Distribution Division operates the Public Radio Satellite System ("PRSS"). They collect revenue from stations and producers that use its platform for broadcast distribution, including nearly every organization in the public radio community. In addition, the PRSS offers excess capacity to both public radio and non-public radio users for private networks to keep the cost of distribution as low as possible.

Other Revenues

Additional revenues include facility rental income, royalties, licensing of programming, and other fees.

NPR Expenses

The vast majority of NPR's expenses are devoted to producing and presenting news, technical support for radio programs and journalists, the distribution of programs to stations and digital media services like

The balance is spent on support and service for Member stations, facilities and information services, corporate sponsorship and fundraising, legal services, human resources, marketing and communications, and overall management of NPR.

NPR's Average Consolidated Operating1 Expenses (FY18-FY22)

NPR's average consolidated operating expenses (FY18-FY22). Content production and distribution 58%; Support services 31%; Digital and other platforms 11%

1Non-operating expenses (e.g. depreciation, amortization, interest, losses of disposition on fixed assets) are not included.

"Content production and distribution" includes expenses incurred by NPR's News and information, Programming, Engineering, NPR Music, and Distribution divisions. "Digital and other" program services includes expenses incurred by NPR's Digital, Member Partnership, and Consumer Products divisions. "Support services" includes expenses incurred by the following divisions: Development; Sponsorship; Facilities; Information Technology; Audience Growth; Communications; Finance; People Team; Office of General Counsel; and Executive leadership offices.

Cost of News

Year to year, our expenses are affected by major news events, particularly those that require extensive reporting and operational support. For example, when a natural disaster or health epidemic strikes, we often have to move staff and equipment into areas that lack transportation or basic communication channels to cover the story. Foreign coverage costs have increased over the years to keep pace with an ever more complex international scene. NPR invests in global coverage by maintaining offices throughout the world.

Special Series and Projects

NPR also typically invests in special series and projects. These include Planet Money, an award-winning, multi-platform explanatory journalism project focused on demystifying the economy, coverage of the presidential primaries and general elections, and the Olympics. For all of these reasons, NPR News and Engineering costs generally increase by some amount each year.

Digital Media

Investment in digital media has also been on the rise in exact years. Examples include an upgrade of, the introduction of the NPR API (application program interface) and the launch of NPR One. Several recent, noteworthy strategic investments have made it possible to produce new podcasts and mobile products to reach more people in more places. In addition, NPR provides extensive digital media training for its entire team of journalists.

Published reports in Worth Magazine and Consumers Digest cited NPR as a leading U.S. nonprofit charity because of the organization's program spending efficiency, high level of private support and outstanding public service.

Financial Reports

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of National Public Radio, Inc.; NPR Foundation; American Coalition for Public Radio; NPR International Operations, Inc.; and NPR Asset Holding Company, Inc. (which includes 1111 JW, LLC; 1111 Media Enterprises, LLC; and National Public Media LLC).

Note: NPR operates on an October 1 - September 30 fiscal year. Documents referenced on this page are posted as soon as they become available.

Audited Consolidated Financial Statements

All consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes that come immediately after the consolidated statements.

Audited Financial Statements(1)

Consolidated: FY2020 / FY2021 / FY2022

The Balance Sheets, as well as the Statements of Activities and Cash Flows, for NPR Parent Company Only and the NPR Foundation are included as supplementary schedules to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes.

(1) The audited consolidated financial statements are presented for convenience and information purposes only. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the integrity of such information, the audited consolidated financial statements presented should not be relied upon. An official printed copy of audited consolidated financial statements will be provided upon request.

IRS 990 Filings

The IRS Form 990 is the annual federal information return filed by all charitable corporations that are exempt from income tax. The amounts in these statements are presented in accordance with IRS regulations, which in some cases are at variance with generally accepted accounting principles. Both NPR, Inc and NPR Foundation are 501(c)(3) organizations and are each required to file Form 990.

In addition to Form 990, NPR and NPR Foundation are each required to file form 990T to report any unrelated business income.

IRS Form 990 Filings
NPR, Inc.: FY2020 / FY2021 / FY2022
NPR Foundation: FY2020 / FY2021 / FY2022
American Coalition for Public Radio: FY2020 / FY2021 / FY2022
NPR International Operations, Inc.: FY2021 / FY2022

IRS Form 990-T Filings
NPR, Inc.: FY2020 / FY2021 / FY2022
NPR Foundation: FY2020 / FY2021 / FY2022

Annual Reports

2001 / 2002 / 2003 / 2004 / 2005 / 2006 / 2007 / 2008 / 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015 / 2016 / 2017 / 2018 / 2019 / 2020 / 2021 / 2022

Additional Information

The forms posted above, which include our annual statements to the IRS as well as our audited financial statements, reflect the most current public information about NPR's finances. Other NPR About pages offer additional information on the role of institutional donations, individual giving, the NPR Foundation, and corporate sponsorship.

Member Station Revenues

As you can see in the following chart, public radio stations rely most heavily on contributions from listeners. Sponsorship from local companies and organizations (also known as corporate sponsorship or business support) is the second largest source of support to stations.

Public Radio Station Revenues (FY21)

Public Radio Station Revenue Sources (FY21). Individuals 41%; Investments and other 16%; Corporations 13%; Colleges and universities 8%; Foundations 8%; Federal appropriation via CPB 7%; Federal, state and local governments 7%

Public Radio and Federal Funding

Federal funding is essential to public radio's service to the American public and its continuation is critical for both stations and program producers, including NPR.

Public radio stations receive annual grants directly from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) that make up an important part of a diverse revenue mix that includes listener support, corporate sponsorship and grants. Stations, in turn, draw on this mix of public and privately sourced revenue to pay NPR and other public radio producers for their programming.

These station programming fees comprise a significant portion of NPR's largest source of revenue. The loss of federal funding would undermine the stations' ability to pay NPR for programming, thereby weakening the institution.

Elimination of federal funding would result in fewer programs, less journalism—especially local journalism—and eventually the loss of public radio stations, particularly in rural and economically distressed communities.

Stations receive support from many sources, including:

  • listener contributions,
  • corporate sponsorship,
  • in-kind and direct support from universities (when licensed to a college or university),
  • foundation grants and major gifts,
  • grants from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting
  • in some cases, state and local governments

On average, less than 1% of NPR's annual operating budget comes in the form of grants from CPB and federal agencies and departments.

Mon, 14 Aug 2023 13:19:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : Information for Suppliers

The terms and conditions of the Research Foundation of SUNY state that the following terms and conditions and any specifications, drawings, and additional terms and conditions which may be incorporated by reference or appended, are a part of the purchase order. By accepting the order, commencing work, or accepting payment or any part thereof, the Contractor agrees to and accepts all terms and conditions.

The goods provided under this purchase order must in all respects comply with the description on the purchase order and with the warranties of title, merchantability, and fitness as defined in the Uniform Commercial Code. In addition, if any item included in this purchase order is subject to any United States federal export control regulations, (other than EAR 99), the Vendor must include on its invoice all applicable federal export designations.  In addition, if any such item is listed on the United States Munitions List, the Vendor must notify the Director of Procurement at least 3 business days prior to delivery.  Failure to notify the Director may result in a refusal of delivery.

The Foundation has the right to inspect all goods before accepting them or paying for them. Goods are not considered to be accepted until the purchaser has had an opportunity to make a thorough inspection of the goods when they arrive at the destination. If this order involves personal services, the services must be rendered in a good and workmanlike manner in conformity with all applicable laws, rules, ordinances, and regulations, and, if applicable, the Contractor has or will obtain all legally necessary licenses or permits to perform such work.

This transaction must be consistent with New York State law. To the extent provided by law, Contractor will indemnify the Foundation for any claim made against the Foundation arising out of the goods or services provided by the Contractor.

Contractor shall at all times indemnify, defend and hold harmless Foundation, its officers, directors, employees, consultants, agents and representatives against all claims, causes of action, infringements, proceedings, demands, damages, losses, expenses, and liabilities of any kind whatsoever, including without limitation, legal expenses and attorneys’ fees, arising out of or resulting from the goods and/or services provided hereunder, including without limitation the death of or injury to any person or persons, or out of any damage to property resulting from the goods or services provided hereunder. Contractor, at its own expense, shall maintain in full force and effect commercial comprehensive general liability insurance, which shall protect Foundation and Contractor with respect to events covered in this paragraph:

If services are being provided to the Foundation by the Contractor, Contractor shall obtain and maintain the following insurance:

  1. Workers’ Compensation (including occupational disease) and Employer’s Liability: Statutory New York State Limits. Employers’ Liability minimum limit of $1,000,000. If contractor is a sole proprietor, please submit a Workers Compensation Exemption Certificate, CE-200. The CE-200 can be obtained from the Workers Compensation Board website.
  2. Disability Benefit Insurance as mandated by State law. If contractor is a sole proprietor, please submit a Workers Compensation Exemption Certificate, CE-200. The CE-200 can be obtained from the Workers Compensation Board website.
  3. Commercial General Liability: Bodily injury, Personal Injury, and Property Damage with minimum limit of minimum limit of $1,000,000 per occurrence and $3,000,000 aggregate. Limit may be provided through a combination of primary and umbrella/excess liability policies;
  4. Auto Liability (if applicable): $1,000,000 combined single limit Bodily Injury/Property Damage per each accident (including owned, hired, leased and non-owned autos);
  5. Professional Liability (medical care, if applicable): Limits of liability greater than $1,000,000 each claim and $3,000,000 aggregate.

This insurance shall be written by a company licensed to do business in New York State with a minimum A.M. Best rating of A-IX. Contractor shall notify Foundation by registered mail thirty (30) days prior to termination or material change of any policy.

If Contractor fails to maintain Insurance, Contractor shall promptly notify Foundation and Foundation reserves the right to issue a stop-work order until Contractor is in compliance with the above requirements.

The minimum coverage limit amounts and types of insurance coverage set forth in these Terms & Conditions shall not be construed in any manner whatsoever to limit the nature or extent of the Contractor’s responsibility and liability under the Purchase Order to indemnify, hold harmless and defend Foundation.

If a written contract already exists for these services between the Contractor and the Foundation, the insurance requirements in the written contract will take precedence over the Purchase Order Terms and Conditions.

Contractor shall provide a certificate of insurance to the Foundation with proof of above required insurance coverage(s), and include the Foundation as a primary and non-contributory additional insured on the Contractor’s commercial comprehensive general liability policy.

Pursuant to Circular A-110, article __.48, Contract Provisions, the following conditions will apply to this order.

(a) In the event of a violation or breach of these terms and conditions by Contractor, Foundation shall have the right to pursue any available remedy at law or equity including but not limited to withholding any payments to the Contractor for the purpose of set-off until such time as the exact amount of damages may be determined; suspending the agreement/order is established; or terminating the agreement/order.

(b) The Foundation may terminate this purchase order agreement: 1) upon thirty (30) days notice for any reason; or 2) if the Foundation has reason to believe that the Contractor is in breach of its obligations hereunder. Such termination shall be effective immediately upon receipt of official written notification from the Foundation.

(c) Except as otherwise required by statute, an award that requires the contracting (or subcontracting) for construction or facility improvements shall provide for the recipient to follow its own requirements relating to bid guarantees, performance bonds, and payment bonds unless the construction contract or subcontract exceeds $100,000. For those contracts or subcontracts exceeding $100,000, the Federal awarding agency may accept the bonding policy and requirements of the recipient, provided the Federal awarding agency has made a determination that the Federal Government’s interest is adequately protected. If such a determination has not been made, the minimum requirements shall be as follows.

(1) A bid guarantee from each bidder equivalent to five percent of the bid price. The “bid guarantee” shall consist of a firm commitment such as a bid bond, certified check, or other negotiable instrument accompanying a bid as assurance that the bidder shall, upon acceptance of his bid, execute such contractual documents as may be required within the time specified.

(2) A performance bond on the part of the Contractor for 100 percent of the contract price. A “performance bond” is one executed in connection with a contract to secure fulfillment of all the Contractor’s obligations under such contract.

(3) A payment bond on the part of the Contractor for 100 percent of the contract price. A “payment bond” is one executed in connection with a contract to assure payment as required by statute of all persons supplying labor and material in the execution of the work provided for in the contract.

(4) Where bonds are required in the situations described herein, the bonds shall be obtained from companies holding certificates of authority as acceptable sureties pursuant to 31 CFR part 223, “Surety companies Doing Business with the United States.”

(d) When the value of the order is in excess of the small purchase threshold, the Contractor agrees that the Foundation, the Federal sponsoring agency or any of their duly authorized representatives shall have access to any of its books, documents, papers, and records which are directly related to this transaction for the purpose of making audits, examinations, excerpts, and transcriptions.

Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action Provisions

The seller represents by acceptance of this purchase order, contract, subcontract or sales agreement that he/she will comply with the current final rules, amendments and provisions of Executive Orders 11246, 13496, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, including Section 503, the Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, the 2002 Jobs for Veterans Act (JVA), and their implementing regulations at 41 CFR Part 60.

The seller shall not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, color, creed, religion, sex (including pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions), sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, transgender status, age, national origin, marital status, citizenship, physical and mental disability, criminal record, genetic information, predisposition or carrier status, status with respect to receiving public assistance, domestic violence victim status, a disabled, special, recently separated, active duty wartime, campaign badge, Armed Forces service medal veteran, or any other characteristics protected under applicable law.

Further, the Company will not discharge or in any other manner discriminate against employees or applicants because they have inquired about, discussed, or disclosed their own pay or the pay of another employee or applicant.

This notice references 41 CFR 60-300.5(a) AND 41 CFR 60-741.5(a) by citation:

"This contractor and subcontractor shall abide by the requirements of 41 CFR 60-300.5(a) AND 60-741.5(A).  These regulations prohibit discrimination against qualified individuals based on their status as protected veterans or individuals with disabilities, and require affirmative action by covered prime contractors and subcontractors to employ and advance in employment qualified protected veterans and individuals with disabilities."

Information on these requirements can be found at and

Certification Regarding Debarment or Suspension
(1) CONTRACTOR certifies that, to the best of its knowledge and belief, that CONTRACTOR and/or any of its Principals, are not presently debarred, suspended, proposed for debarment, or declared ineligible for the award of contracts by a Federal agency.

(2) CONTRACTOR shall provide immediate written notice to the Research Foundation of SUNY if it learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted or has become erroneous by reason of changed circumstances.

The Purchase Order, including these terms and conditions, and any Blanket Release, if applicable, are intended to constitute a legal agreement and are legally binding upon all parties. The Blanket Purchase Projection is for estimate/projection use only, and is not intended to constitute any legal agreement or create any legal obligations.

E-Verify: Employment Eligibility Verification Optional Clause
If this purchase order is let under an Employment Eligibility Verification award, then this Agreement is subject to the requirements of Employment Eligibility Verification as articulated under FAR clause 52.222-54, commonly referred to as E-Verify, which requires the contractor to enroll in the E-Verify program and verify the work authorization of its employees.

Pursuant to the requirements, the contractor will enroll in the program by attesting to and submitting the required E-Verify Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) within thirty (30) days of Agreement execution. Contractor must submit evidence of enrollment to Foundation before any payments will be made. Failure to comply with this requirement will be considered a breach of this Agreement and will invoke a suspension or termination of this Agreement by the Foundation.

An Independent Contractor is not required to enroll in E-Verify if he/she is a sole proprietor with no employees, or is otherwise not required to comply with I-9 provisions. Nonetheless, if at any time Independent Contractor hires employees it must notify Foundation of the same and comply with this clause accordingly.

Notification of Employee Rights Under Federal Labor Laws
If the value of this PO is more than $10,000 and is funded from a prime federal contract over $100,000 it is incumbent upon the vendor/subcontractor to comply with 29 CFR Part 471, Appendix A to subpart A and flow-down the same to any sub-tier entity meeting the prescribed eligibility/threshold requirements.

Prohibition on Contracting for Certain Telecommunications and Video Surveillance Services or Equipment
Pursuant to the requirements of FAR Clause 52.204-25, the Seller attests it will comply with the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2019.  

The statutory requirement prohibits the provider from providing to the University with certain equipment, system, or service that use covered telecommunications equipment or services as a substantial or essential component of any system, or as critical technology as part of any system. Additional information may be found at FAR Clause 52.204-25.

Exhibit X
Exhibit X is a table of the U.S. federal government laws and implementing regulations, including A-110, Appendix A, that are applicable to Foundation contracts, agreements and purchase order terms and conditions. Exhibit X is not all inclusive of all applicable federal and state laws and regulations, and is subject to change as laws and regulations change. The Contractor must assure compliance with the requirements of Exhibit X, as applicable, to the work performed or for the goods and services provided under the purchase order. For more information, review the Guidance for Exhibit X document.

Contractor understands and agrees that they are subject to the terms and conditions outlined in this document. Contractor acknowledges, by its acceptance of this order, commencement of work hereunder, or acceptance of payment hereunder, that it has reviewed said terms and conditions and accepts the same as a condition of this order.

Wed, 02 Aug 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : Lakers Youth Foundation

To date, LYF has funded a school teaching garden, 3 STEM Lab Projects, 15 practicing and Learning Centers, and 40+ basketball courts throughout Los Angeles and Hawaii. The team has also contributed millions of dollars through ticket donations, autographed memorabilia, Lakers merchandise, and countless appearances made by current players, Lakers Legends and the Laker Girls. 

Sun, 01 May 2011 23:59:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Got a data breach alert? Don't ignore it. Here's how to protect your information. cannot provide a good user experience to your browser. To use this site and continue to benefit from our journalism and site features, please upgrade to the latest version of Chrome, Edge, Firefox or Safari.

Thu, 10 Aug 2023 14:12:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Gates Foundation offers grants to scale high school pathway programs

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation announced that it is wading into the world of dual enrollment and career technical education. Through its new “Accelerate ED” initiative, it is donating $175,000 each to twelve teams across the country, including one in California led by the Linked Learning Alliance.

The Gates Foundation is interested in researching and accelerating ways to ensure that every high school graduate has the opportunity to earn an associate’s degree or an industry-equivalent certificate within a year of graduating, according to Sara Allan, the director of Early Learning and Pathways for the Foundation.

The initiative is especially focused on Black, Latino and low-income students,  who receive less support as they transition from high school to college and the workforce. Allan said it’s important dual enrollment programs don’t just offer a random smattering of college courses, but that they set up students for post-secondary success.

The Linked Learning Alliance, a nonprofit that advocates for and certifies career pathway programs in schools, will be leading a team that includes Oakland Unified, Long Beach and Antelope Valley Union High school districts. Their higher education partners are Peralta Community College, Long Beach City College and Antelope Valley College. Local youth agencies, employers and economic development agencies are also key partners, said Anne Stanton, president of the Linked Learning Alliance.

Stanton said these three districts were chosen in the initial cohort because they represent diverse communities, geography and demographics across the state that have been working on thirteenth year strategies for the last decade.

The team will be researching what works and what doesn’t for students in California, considering factors such as scheduling, student supports, advising and counseling. Stanton said said the timing of this planning grant is key for a generation of students whose educations were disrupted by the pandemic.

“It allows us to really lean it at a time that is critical,” Stanton said.

Allan noted these planning grants allow programs to take advantage of increasing federal and state funding. In California, the governor’s budget proposes an addition $500 million to increase dual enrollment attainment and another $1.5 billion to Golden State Pathways to develop high school pathway programs that increase college and career readiness.

EdSource receives funding from several foundations, including the Gates Foundation. EdSource maintains sole editorial control over the content of its coverage.

Sun, 20 Aug 2023 21:26:00 -0500 en text/html
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