100% free download S90-01 Practice test

It is not just a piece of cake that you just read S90-01 course books and pass S90-01 exam. There are bunch of tricky questions that will become a huge trouble for you and will lead you to failure. We have been talking care of these kind of situation by collecting S90-01 Practice test. We update S90-01 cram on regular basis and make it ready for candidates to download and memorize before attempting the actual S90-01 exam.

Exam Code: S90-01 Practice test 2023 by team
S90-01 Fundamental SOA & Service-Oriented Computing

This course provides a well-rounded, end-to-end overview of service-oriented computing, service-orientation and SOA. Attendees benefit from this fundamental coverage by gaining an understanding of common terms, concepts and important industry developments.

The following primary courses are covered:
– Strategic Goals of Service-Oriented Computing
– Fundamental Service-Oriented Computing Terms
– Concepts relating to Services, Service-Oriented Architecture and Service Compositions
– Introduction to the Service-Orientation Design Paradigm and related Principles and Concepts
– SOA Project Delivery Approaches and Planning
– Introduction to the Service Delivery Lifecycle, including Service-Oriented Analysis, Service-Oriented Design and Service Modeling
– SOA Adoption Impacts and Requirements
– Enterprise Service Bus, Web Services, REST Services
– Service Grids and Service Virtualization
– Cloud Computing and SOA Connection Points

This course can be taken as part of instructor-led workshops taught by Arcitura Certified Trainers. These workshops can be open for public registration or delivered privately for a specific organization. Certified Trainers can teach workshops in-person at a specific location or virtually using a video-enabled remote system, such as WebEx. Visit the Workshop Calendar page to view the current calendar of public workshops or visit the Private Training page to learn more about Arcituras worldwide private workshop delivery options.

Below are the base materials provided to public and private workshop participants. Some public and private workshops offer promotions whereby participants receive entire Self-Study Kits for attending workshops, or are offered discounts for the purchase of Self-Study Kits and/or Pearson VUE test vouchers.

Note that all SOACP course modules are focused on vendor-neutral courses and therefore do not provide detailed coverage of any vendor-specific platforms or technologies. SOACP courses are intentionally authored this way so as to provide an unambiguous and objective and industry-level understanding of practices and technology that can be further complemented with vendor-specific training.

Fundamental SOA & Service-Oriented Computing
SOA Service-Oriented test contents
Killexams : SOA Service-Oriented test contents - BingNews Search results Killexams : SOA Service-Oriented test contents - BingNews Killexams : Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Latest Trends 2023, Drivers, and Projections Report till 2028

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Feb 05, 2023 (The Expresswire) -- The research study on the "Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market" [NEW REPORT 2023] " by Types (Cloud Based, On Premises) and end users/application (BFSI, Manufacturing, Retail, Education, Healthcare, Telecom, Others),offers a thorough examination of critical factors, including growth drivers, significant obstacles, and promising possibilities, all of which will have an impact on market trends in the future. To help design the finest business plan and choose the best path for the market's participants to experience the greatest growth, it precisely provides the information required and advanced analysis. It thoroughly examines the market's geographic landscape, putting special emphasis on crucial elements like sales volume, revenue generated, growth rate, and prospects of the local markets. Ask for a demo Report

Furthermore, Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market research report gives insight on the global market's thorough competitive landscape. The research also includes a graphical overview of major organisations that includes their effective marketing strategies, market contribution, and latest advancements, market share by Type (Cloud Based, On Premises), Application (BFSI, Manufacturing, Retail, Education, Healthcare, Telecom, Others) in both historical and current contexts.

"Browse Detailed TOC of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market report, Tables and Figures with Charts that provides exclusive data, information, vital statistics, trends, and competitive landscape details in this niche sector."

In a nutshell, this report is a must-read for industry players, investors, researchers, consultants, business strategists, and all those who have any kind of stake or are planning to foray into the market in any manner.

Get a demo PDF of report at-

Competitor's/Manufacturer's details Mentioned in the reports are:

- Competitive Profile

- Performance Analysis with Product Profiles, Application and Specification

- Sales, Revenue, Price, Gross Margin

- Company latest Development

- Strategies for Company to Deal with the Impact of COVID-19

TOP MANUFACTURERS Listed in The Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Report Are:

● MID GmbH ● Oracle ● Red Hat ● CASB Solution ● TIBCO Software ● WSO2 ● IBM ● Rogue Wave Software ● HP ● Microsoft

Get a demo Copy of the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Report 2023

Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Report Overview:

The research report has incorporated the analysis of different factors that augment the market's growth. It constitutes trends, restraints, and drivers that transform the market in either a positive or negative manner. This section also provides the scope of different segments and applications that can potentially influence the market in the future. The detailed information is based on current trends and historic milestones.

For the competitive landscape, the report also introduces players in the industry from the perspective of the market share, concentration ratio, etc., and describes the leading companies in detail, with which the readers can get a better idea of their competitors and acquire an in-depth understanding of the competitive situation. Further, mergers and acquisitions, emerging market trends, the impact of COVID-19, and regional conflicts will all be considered.

Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software MarketProduct Insights:

Based on the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market development status, competitive landscape and development model in different regions of the world, this report is dedicated to providing niche markets, potential risks and comprehensive competitive strategy analysis in different fields. From the competitive advantages of different types of products and services, the development opportunities and consumption characteristics and structure analysis of the downstream application fields are all analysed in detail. To Boost Growth during the epidemic era, this report analyses in detail for the potential risks and opportunities which can be focused on.

Based on TYPE, the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market from 2023 to 2028 is primarily split into:

● Cloud Based ● On Premises

Based on applications, the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market from 2023 to 2028 covers:

● BFSI ● Manufacturing ● Retail ● Education ● Healthcare ● Telecom ● Others


The readers in the section will understand how the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market scenario changed across the globe during the pandemic, post-pandemic and Russia-Ukraine War. The study is done keeping in view the changes in aspects such as demand, consumption, transportation, consumer behavior, supply chain management, export and import, and production. The industry experts have also highlighted the key factors that will help create opportunities for players and stabilize the overall industry in the years to come.

The Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market revenue was Million USD in 2016, grew to Million USD in 2023, and will reach Million USD in 2028, with a CAGR of during 2023-2028.Considering the influence of COVID-19 on the global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market, this report analyzed the impact from both global and regional perspectives. From production end to consumption end in regions such as North America, Europe, China, and Japan, the report put emphasis on analysis of market under COVID-19 and corresponding response policy in different regions.


Regional Insights:

Geographically, the detailed analysis of consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate, historical data and forecast (2017-2028) of the following regions are covered inthis report:

United States





Southeast Asia

Latin America

Middle East and Africa


- Does this report consider the impact of COVID-19 and the Russia-Ukraine war on the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market?

Yes. As the COVID-19 and the Russia-Ukraine war are profoundly affecting the global supply chain relationship and raw material price system, we have definitely taken them into consideration throughout the research, and we elaborate at full length on the impact of the pandemic and the war on the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Industry.

- How do you determine the list of the key players included in the report?

With the aim of clearly revealing the competitive situation of the industry, we concretely analyze not only the leading enterprises that have a voice on a global scale, but also the regional small and medium-sized companies that play key roles and have plenty of potential growth.

Please find the key player list in Summary.

- What are your main data sources?

Both Primary and Secondary data sources are being used while compiling the report.

Primary sources include extensive interviews of key opinion leaders and industry experts (such as experienced front-line staff, directors, CEOs, and marketing executives), downstream distributors, as well as end-users.

Secondary sources include the research of the annual and financial reports of the top companies, public files, new journals, etc. We also cooperate with some third-party databases.

- Can I modify the scope of the report and customize it to suit my requirements?

Yes. Customized requirements of multi-dimensional, deep-level and high-quality can help our customers precisely grasp market opportunities, effortlessly confront market challenges, properly formulate market strategies and act promptly, thus to win them sufficient time and space for market competition.

Chapters Included in Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Report: -

Chapter 1 provides an overview of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market, containing global revenue and CAGR. The forecast and analysis of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market by type, application, and region are also presented in this chapter.

Chapter 2 is about the market landscape and major players. It provides competitive situation and market concentration status along with the basic information of these players.

Chapter 3 introduces the industrial chain of Polyurethane Elastic Sealant and MS Sealant. Industrial chain analysis, raw material (suppliers, price, supply and demand, market concentration rate) and downstream buyers are analyzed in this chapter.

Chapter 4 concentrates on manufacturing analysis, including cost structure analysis and process analysis, making up a comprehensive analysis of manufacturing cost.

Chapter 5 provides clear insights into market dynamics, the influence of COVID-19 in Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software industry, consumer behavior analysis.

Chapter 6 provides a full-scale analysis of major players in Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software industry. The basic information, as well as the profiles, applications and specifications of products market performance along with Business Overview are offered.

Chapter 7 pays attention to the sales, revenue, price and gross margin of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software in markets of different regions. The analysis on sales, revenue, price and gross margin of the global market is covered in this part.

Chapter 8 gives a worldwide view of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market. It includes sales, revenue, price, market share and the growth rate by type.

Chapter 9 focuses on the application of Polyurethane Elastic Sealant and MS Sealant, by analyzing the consumption and its growth rate of each application.

Chapter 10 prospects the whole Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market, including the global sales and revenue forecast, regional forecast. It also foresees the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software market by type and application.

Enquire before Purchasing this report at-

Years considered for this report:

Historical Years: 2016-2023

Base Year: 2023

Estimated Year: 2023

Forecast Period: 2023-2028

Key highlights of the report:

- Define, describe and forecast Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software product market by type, application, end user and region.

- Provide enterprise external environment analysis and PEST analysis.

- Provide strategies for company to deal with the impact of COVID-19.

- Provide market dynamic analysis, including market driving factors, market development constraints.

- Provide market entry strategy analysis for new players or players who are ready to enter the market, including market segment definition, client analysis, distribution model, product messaging and positioning, and price strategy analysis.

- Keep up with international market trends and provide analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on major regions of the world.

- Analyze the market opportunities of stakeholders and provide market leaders with details of the competitive landscape.

Buy this report (Price 4000 USD for single user license) at-

Detailed TOC of 2023-2028 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Professional Market Research Report, Analysis from Perspective of Segmentation (Competitor Landscape, Type, Application, and Geography)

1 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Polyurethane Elastic Sealant and MS Sealant

1.2 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Segment by Type

1.3 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Segment by Application

1.4 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market, Region Wise (2017-2023)

1.5 Global Market Size of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software (2017-2028)

2 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Landscape by Player

2.1 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales and Share by Player (2017-2023)

2.2 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Revenue and Market Share by Player (2017-2023)

2.3 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Average Price by Player (2017-2023)

2.4 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Gross Margin by Player (2017-2023)

2.5 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Manufacturing Base Distribution, Sales Area and Product Type by Player

2.6 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Competitive Situation and Trends

3 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Upstream and Downstream Analysis

3.1 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Industrial Chain Analysis

3.2 Key Raw Materials Suppliers and Price Analysis

3.3 Key Raw Materials Supply and Demand Analysis

3.4 Manufacturing Process Analysis

3.5 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials

3.6 Downstream Buyers

3.7 Value Chain Status Under COVID-19

Get a demo Copy of the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Report 2023

4 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Manufacturing Cost Analysis

4.1 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis

4.2 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Key Raw Materials Cost Analysis

4.3 Labor Cost Analysis

4.4 Energy Costs Analysis

4.5 RandD Costs Analysis

5 Market Dynamics

5.1 Drivers

5.2 Restraints and Challenges

5.3 Opportunities

5.4 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Industry Development Trends under COVID-19 Outbreak

5.5 Consumer Behavior Analysis

6 Players Profiles

7 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales and Revenue Region Wise (2017-2023)

7.1 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales and Market Share, Region Wise (2017-2023)

7.2 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Revenue (Revenue) and Market Share, Region Wise (2017-2023)

8 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales, Revenue (Revenue), Price Trend by Type

8.1 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales and Market Share by Type (2017-2023)

8.2 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Revenue and Market Share by Type (2017-2023)

8.3 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Price by Type (2017-2023)

8.4 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales Growth Rate by Type (2017-2023)

8.4.2 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales Growth Rate of MS Sealant (2017-2023)

9 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Analysis by Application

9.1 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Consumption and Market Share by Application (2017-2023)

9.2 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Consumption Growth Rate by Application (2017-2023)

10 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Forecast (2023-2028)

10.1 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)

10.2 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales and Revenue Forecast, Region Wise (2023-2028)

10.3 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Sales, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2023-2028)

10.4 Global Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Consumption Forecast by Application (2023-2028)

10.5 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Forecast Under COVID-19

11 Research Findings and Conclusion

Browse complete TOC at-

About Us:

Market is changing rapidly with the ongoing expansion of the industry. Advancement in the technology has provided today bsusinesses with multifaceted advantages resulting in daily economic shifts. Thus, it is very important for a company to comprehend the patterns of the market movements in order to strategize better. An efficient strategy offers the companies with a head start in planning and an edge over the competitors.Market Reports Worldis the credible source for gaining the market reports that will provide you with the lead your business needs.

Contact Us:


Phone: US +(1) 424 253 0946 /UK +(44) 203 239 8187


Our Other Reports:

High Brightness LED Market 2023 Will Witness a Huge Rise in Revenues by 2027 With 5.5% CAGR| 113 Pages Report

Myasthenia Gravis Drugs Market Latest Trends 2023, Drivers, and Projections Report till 2028

Antimony Pentoxide Market (Exclusive Report) 2023: Analysis by Competitors, Growth, Share, Revenue and Industry Size till 2029| 121 Pages Report

Global Cable and Wiring Harness Design Market 2023 (New Report): Size, Share, Challenges, Analysis and Forecast to 2028

IT Portfolio Analysis Software Market (New Report) 2023 Will See a Massive Increase in Revenues and CAGR till 2028

Press Release Distributed by The Express Wire

To view the original version on The Express Wire visit Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Governance Software Market Latest Trends 2023, Drivers, and Projections Report till 2028


Is there a problem with this press release? Contact the source provider Comtex at You can also contact MarketWatch Customer Service via our Customer Center.

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Sun, 05 Feb 2023 08:31:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Service Oriented

Joe McKendrick is an author and independent analyst who tracks the impact of information technology on management and markets. As an independent analyst, he has authored numerous research reports in partnership with Forbes Insights, IDC, and Unisphere Research, a division of Information Today, Inc. Joe speaks frequently on cloud, data, and enterprise computing courses at industry events and Webcasts. He is co-author, along with 16 leading industry leaders and thinkers, of the SOA Manifesto, which outlines the values and guiding principles of service orientation. In a previous life, Joe served as director of the Administrative Management Society (AMS), an international professional association dedicated to advancing knowledge within the IT and business management fields. He is a graduate of Temple University.

Mon, 17 Aug 2020 21:01:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : SOA Agents: Grid Computing meets SOA

SOA has made huge progress in latest years. It moved from experimental implementations by software enthusiasts to the main stream of today's IT. One of the main drivers behind such progress is the ability to rationalize and virtualize existing enterprise IT assets behind service interfaces which are well aligned with an enterprise business model and current and future Enterprise processes. Further, SOA progress was achieved through the introduction of the Enterprise Service Bus - a pattern for virtualization of a services infrastructure. By leveraging mediations, service location resolution, service level agreement (SLA) support, etc., ESB allows software architects to significantly simplify a Services infrastructure. The last piece missing in the overall SOA implementation is Enterprise Data Access. A possible solution for this problem, Enterprise Data Bus (a pattern for ubiquitous access to the enterprise data), was introduced in [1,2]. EDB adds the third dimension to SOA virtualization, which can be broken down as follows:

  • Services - virtualization of the IT assets;
  • ESB - virtualization of the enterprise services access
  • EDB - virtualization of the enterprise data access.

In other SOA developments, several publications [3,4,5] suggested the use of Grid technology for improving scalability, high availability and throughput in SOA implementations. In this article, I will discuss how Grid can be used in the overall SOA architecture and introduce a programming model for Grid utilization in services implementation. I will also discuss an experimental Grid implementation that can support this proposed architecture.

SOA with EDB - overall architecture

Following [1,2] the overall architecture of the SOA with EDB is presented in Figure 1.

Figure 1: SOA architecture with the Enterprise Data Bus

Here, ESB is responsible for proper invocation of services, which are implemented by utilizing EDB to access any enterprise data [1] which might be required by those services. This architecture provides the following advantages:

  • Explicit separation of concerns between implementation of the service functionality (business logic) and enterprise data access logic.
    Enterprise Data Bus effectively creates an abstraction layer, encapsulating details of enterprise data access and providing "standardized interfaces" to the services implementations.
  • EDB provides a single place for all of the transformations between enterprise semantic data models used by services [2] and data models of enterprise applications by encapsulating all of the access to enterprise data.
    As a result, service implementations can access enterprise data using a SOA semantic model, thus significantly simplifying the design and implementation of enterprise services.
  • Service implementations having access to the required enterprise data provided by the EDB allows for significantly simplified service interfaces and provides a looser coupling between service consumer and provider:
    • Because the service (consumer) can directly access data [2] , the service invocation, for example, does not require the actual values of parameters (input/output) to be sent as part of a service invocation. As a result, the service interface can be expressed in terms of data references (keys) instead of actual data.
    • While an enterprise service model will evolve as the SOA implementation matures, the changes in the data reference definitions will rarely change. As a result, service interfaces based on Key data are more stable.
    • Extending service implementations to use additional data can be implemented without impacting its consumers.

Adding a Grid

One of the possible implementations the EDB is the use of a data grid such as Websphere eXtreme Scale, Oracle Coherence Data Grid, GigaSpaces Data and Application Grid or NCache Distributed Data Grid.

Data Grid is a software system designed for building solutions ranging from simple in-memory databases to powerful distributed coherent caches that scales to thousands of servers. A typical data grid implementation partitions data into non-overlapping chunks that are stored in memory across several machines. As a result, extremely high levels of performance and scalability can be achieved using standard processes. Performance is achieved through parallel execution of updates and queries (different parts of data can be accessed simultaneously on different machines) while scalability and fault tolerance can be achieved by replicating the same data on multiple machines.

Figure 2 shows the use of a Grid as an EDB implementation. The Grid maintains an in-memory copy of the enterprise data, which represents the state of enterprise databases and applications.

Figure 2 Grid as an EDB

The introduction of Grid allows the repartitioning of data that exists in multiple databases and applications so that it adheres to the enterprise semantic model. This entails bringing together logically related data from different applications/databases in the enterprise into one cohesive data representation along with rationalizing the duplicate data which will inevitably exist in the enterprise.

Grid implementations are typically supported by a publish/subscribe mechanism, allowing data changes to be synchronized between Grid memory and existing enterprise applications and data. A Grid-based intermediary allows for very fast access to the enterprise data using a data model optimized for such a service usage.

Although Grid-based EDB (Figure 2) simplifies high speed access to the enterprise data, it still requires potentially significant data exchange between the EDB and the service implementation. A service must load all the required data, execute its processing and then store results back to the Grid.

A better architecture is to bring execution of the services closer to the enterprise data; implement services as coordinators of the agents [7], which are executed in the memory space containing the enterprise data (Figure 3). A service implementation, in this case, receives a request and then starts one or more agents, which are then executed in the context of Grid nodes, returning the results to the service implementation, which then combines the results of agents' execution and returns the service's execution result.

Figure 3 Service as an agent's coordinator

This approach provides the following advantages over the Publish/Subscribe data exchange model:

  • It allows for local data manipulation that can significantly Improve overall service execution performance, especially when dealing with large amounts of data (megabytes or even gigabytes of data).
  • Similar to the data partitioning, the actual execution is partitioned between multiple Grid nodes, thus further improving performance, scalability and availability of such an architecture.
  • Because all services can access the same data, when service execution involves purely the manipulation of data with minimal request/replies, there is no need to pass data at all.

Software agents

The concept of an agent can be traced back to the early days of research into Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) which introduced the concept of a self-contained, interactive and concurrently-executing object. This object had some encapsulated internal state and could respond to messages from other similar objects. According to [7], "an agent is a component of software and/or hardware which is capable of acting exactingly in order to accomplish tasks on behalf of its user."

There are several types of agents, as identified in [7]:

  • Collaborative agents
  • Interface agents
  • Mobile agents
  • Information/Internet agents
  • Reactive agents
  • Smart Agents

Based on the architecture for the service implementation (Figure 3), we are talking about agents belonging to the multiple categories:

  • Collaborative - one or more agents together implement the service functionality.
  • Mobile - agents are executed on the Grid nodes outside of the service context
  • Information - agents' execution directly leverages data located in the Grid nodes.

In the rest of the article we will discuss a simple implementation of Grid and a programming model that can be used for building a Grid-based EDB and an agent-based service implementation.

Grid implementation

Among the most difficult challenges in implementing Grid are High Availability and Scalability and data/execution partitioning mechanisms.

One of the simplest ways to ensure Grid's High Availability and Scalability is the use of messaging for the internal Grid communications. Grid implementations can benefit from both point-to-point and publish-subscribe messaging:

  • Usage of messaging in point-to-point communications supports decoupling of Consumers from Providers. The request is not sent directly to the Provider, but rather to the queues monitored by the Provider(s). As a result, queuing provides for:
    • Transparently increasing the overall throughput by increasing the number of Grid nodes listening on the same queue.
    • Simple throttling of Grid nodes' load through controlling the number of threads listening on a queue.
    • Simplification of the load balancing. Instead of the consumer deciding which provider to invoke, it writes the request to the queue. Providers pick up requests as threads become available for request processing
    • Transparent failover support. If some of the processes listening on the same queue terminate, the rest will continue to pick up and process messages.
  • Usage of publish/subscribe messaging allows for the simplification of "broadcast" implementations within the Grid infrastructure. Such support can be extremely useful when synchronizing changes within a Grid configuration.

Depending on the Grid implementation, data/execution partitioning approaches can range from pure load-balancing policies (in the case of identical nodes) to dynamic indexing of Grid data. This mechanism can be either hard-coded in the Grid implementation or externalized in a specialized Grid service-partition manager. The role of partition manager is to partition Grid data among nodes and serves as a "registry" for locating nodes (nodes queues) for routing requests. Externalization of a partition manager in a separate service introduces additional flexibility into an overall architecture through the use of a "pluggable" partition manager implementation or even multiple partition managers, implementing different routing mechanisms for different types of requests.

The overall Grid infrastructure, including partition manager and Grid nodes communication can be either directly exposed to the Grid consumer in the form of APIs, used as part of a Grid request submission or encapsulated in a set of specialized Grid nodes - Grid masters (controllers). In the first case, a specialized Grid library responsible for implementation of request distribution and (optionally) combination of replies has to be linked to a Grid consumer implementation. Although this option can, theoretically, provide the best possible overall performance, it typically creates a tighter coupling between Grid implementation and its consumers [3]. In the second case, Grid master implements a façade pattern [8] for the Grid with all advantages of this pattern - complete encapsulation of Grid functionality (and infrastructure) from the Grid consumer. Although implementation of Grid master adds an additional networking hop (and consequently some performance overhead), the loose coupling achieved is typically more important.

Overall high level Grid architecture supporting two level - master/nodes implementation is presented at Figure 4.

Figure 4 Grid High Level Architecture

In addition to components, described above, proposed architecture (Figure 4) contains two additional ones - Grid administrator and code repository.

GRID administrator provides a graphical interface, showing currently running nodes, their load, memory utilization, supported data, etc.

Because restarting of Grid nodes/master can be fairly expensive [4] we need to be able to introduce new code into Grid master/nodes without restarting them. This is done through usage of code repository - currently implemented as Web accessible jars collection. As developers implement new code that they want to run in Grid environment, they can store their code in a repository and dynamically load/invoke it (using Java URLClassLoader) as part of their execution (see below).

Programming model

In order to simplify the creation of applications running on the Grid we have designed a job-items programming model (Figure 5) for execution on the Grid. This model is a variation of Map/Reduce [9] pattern and works as follows:

Figure 5 Job Items model

  1. Grid consumer submits job request (in the form of job container) to the Grid master. Job container provides all of the necessary information for the master environment to instantiate the job. This includes job's code location (location of the java jar, or empty string, interpreted as local, statically linked code), job's starting class, job's input data and job's context type, allowing the choice between multiple partitions managers for splitting job execution.
  2. Grid master's runtime instantiates job's class passing to it the appropriate job context (partition manager), and replier object, supporting replies back to the consumer. Once the job object is created, runtime starts its execution.
  3. Job's start execution method uses partition manager to split the job into items, each of which is send to a particular Grid node for execution - map step.
  4. Each destination Grid node receives an item execution request (in the form of item container). The Item container is similar to the job container and provides sufficient information for the Grid node to instantiate and execute item. This includes item's code location, item's starting class; item's input data and item's context type.
  5. Grid node's runtime instantiates an item's class, passing to it the appropriate item context and replier object, supporting replies back to the job. Once the item object is created, runtime starts its execution.
  6. The Item's execution uses a reply object to send partial results back to the job. This allows job implementation to start processing an item's partial results (reduce steps) as soon as they become available. If necessary, additional items can be created and sent to the Grid nodes during this processing.
  7. The Job can use a replier to send its partial results to the consumer as they become available

The overall execution looks as follows (Figure 6)

Figure 6 Job Items execution

Detailed execution for both Grid master and node is presented at Figure 7

Figure 7 Execution details

In addition to implementing Map/Reduce pattern, this programming model provides support for fully asynchronous data delivery on all levels. This not only allows significantly improved overall performance when job consumers can use partial replies, (For example: delivering partial information to the browser) but also Improve the scalability and throughput of the overall system by limiting the size of the messages (message chunking) [5].

Interfacing Grid

Use of a job container as a mechanism for job invocation also allows a standardized interface for submitting jobs to the Grid [6] (Figure 8). We are providing 2 functionally identical methods for this web service interface - invokeJobRaw and invokeJobXML.

Figure 8 GridJobService WSDL

Both methods allow invocation of the job on the Grid. The first approach uses MTOM to pass a binary-serialized JobContainer class, while the second one support XML marshalling of all elements of the JobContainer (Figure 5). In addition to the JobContainer, both methods pass two additional parameters to the Grid:

  • Request handle allowing to uniquely identify request and is used by consumer to match replies to a request (see later)
  • Reply URL - a URL at which consumer is listening for reply. This URL should expose GridJobServiceReplies service (Figure 9)

Figure 9 Grid Job Service Reply WSDL

Implementation of Grid master

The class diagram for Grid master is presented in Figure 10. In addition to implementing the basic job runtime described above, the Master's software also implements basic framework features including threading [7], request/response matching, requests timeout, etc.

In order to support request/multiple replies paradigm for items execution, instead of using "get Replies with wait" (a common request/reply pattern when using messaging), we decided to use a single listener and build our own reply matching mechanism. Finally, we have implemented a timeout mechanism, ensuring that the job is getting the "first" reply from every item within a predefined data interval (defined in the job container).

Figure 10 Grid master implementation

Implementation of Grid node

The class diagram for Grid node is presented at Figure 11. Similar to the master runtime, here we complement basic item's execution with the framework support including threading, execution timeout, etc.

Figure 11 Grid node implementation

To avoid stranding of node resources by items running forever, we have implemented items eviction policy, based on the item's execution time. An execution of an item, running longer then the time advertised by it (in the item container), will be terminated and timeout exception will be sent back to the job.

Grid consumer framework

We have also developed a consumer implementation, wrapping Web services (Figure 8, Figure 9) with a simple Java APIs (Figure 12) It leverages embedded Jetty Web server and allows to submit a job request to a Grid and register a callback for receiving replies.

Figure 12 Grid consumer


Introduction of the EDB allows architects to further simplify SOA implementation by introducing "standardized" access from services implementation to the enterprise data. It simplifies both service invocation and execution models and provides for further decoupling of services. The use of Grid for EDB implementations supports the EDB's scalability and high availability. Finally, use of service agents executing directly in the Grid further improves scalability and performance. Grid's high level architecture and programming model, described in this article, provides a simple yet robust foundation for such implementations.


Many thanks to my coworkers in Navteq, especially Michael Frey, Daniel Rolf and Jeffrey Herr for discussions and help in Grid and its programming model implementation.


1. B. Lublinsky.">Incorporating Enterprise Data into SOA. November 2006, InfoQ.

2. Mike Rosen, Boris Lublinsky, Kevin Smith, Mark Balcer. Applied SOA: : Service-Oriented Architecture and Design Strategies. Wiley 2008, ISBN: 978-0-470-22365-9.

3. Art Sedighi. Enterprise SOA Meets Grid. June 2006.

4. David Chappell and David Berry. SOA - Ready for Primetime: The Next-Generation, Grid-Enabled Service-Oriented Architecture.A SOA Magazine, September 2007.

5. David Chappell. Next Generation Grid Enabled SOA.

6. Data grid

7. Hyacinth S. Nwana. Software Agents: An Overview

8. Façade pattern

9. Map Reduce.

Wed, 18 Jan 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Prepare for the CAP Exam

ISA offers a variety of resources to help you prepare for the Certified Automation Professional (CAP®) exam.

Primary Textbook

A Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge is the primary text resource for the CAP test and provides a complete overview of all technical topics. Order the Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge.

Study Guide

The CAP Study Guide is a comprehensive self-study resource that contains a list of the CAP domains and tasks, 75 review Questions and Answers complete with justifications. References that were used for each study guide question are also provided with the question. The Study Guide also includes a recommended list of publications that you can use to do further study on specific domains. Order the CAP Study Guide.

Review Courses

A CAP review course is available in several formats as preparation for taking the certification exam. This course is offered by ISA and can also be offered at your location.

ISA also has a variety of training courses that would be helpful in preparing for CAP. Visit the Automation Professional Training page for a complete list.

Additional Resources

Exam Topics

  1. Basic Continuous Control: Process Instrumentation, Analytical Instrumentation, Continuous Control, Control Valves, Analog Communications, Control System Documentation, Control Equipment
  2. Basic Discrete, Sequencing, and Manufacturing Control: Discrete Input & Output Devices and General Manufacturing Measurements, Discrete and Sequencing Control, Motor and Drive Control, Motion Control
  3. Advanced Control Topics: Process Modeling, Advanced Process Control, Control of Batch Processes, Environmental, Environmental Monitoring, Building Automation
  4. Reliability, Safety, and Electrical: Alarm Management, Reliability, Process Safety and Safety Instrumented Systems, Electrical Installations, Safe Use and Application of Electrical Apparatus
  5. Integration and Software: Digital Communications, Industrial Networks, Manufacturing Execution Systems and Business Integration, System and Network Security, Operator Interface, Data Management, Software, Custom Software
  6. Deployment and Maintenance: Operator Training, Checkout, System Testing, and Startup, Troubleshooting, Maintenance, Long-Term Support and System Management
  7. Work Structure: Automation Benefits and Project Justifications, Project Management and Execution, Interpersonal Skills

CAP demo Questions

Questions on the test were derived from the actual practice of automation professionals as outlined in the CAP Role Delineation Study and job task analysis. Using interviews, surveys, observation, and group discussions, ISA worked with automation professionals to delineate critical job components to develop test specifications to determine the number of questions related to each domain and task tested. This rigorous program development and ongoing maintenance process ensures that CAP certification accurately reflects the skills and knowledge needed to excel as an automation professional.

The following six questions were taken from the CAP test question item bank and serve as examples of the question type and question content found on the CAP exam.

  1. The method by which the tasks and hazards associated with a machine or process are analyzed is known as:
    • A. Risk assessment.
    • B. Machine assessment.
    • C. Risk reduction.
    • D. Risk abatement.
  2. To test controller tuning or prototype new control strategies offline, the model should be a(an):
    • A. Tie-back (loopback) simulation.
    • B. Artificial neural network.
    • C. Dynamic process simulation.
    • D. Steady state process simulation.
  3. The temperature measurement with the BEST repeatability and resolution is the:
    • A. Thermocouple.
    • B. Resistance temperature detector (RTD).
    • C. Dial thermometer.
    • D. Capillary system.
  4. Which of the following is NOT a variable speed drive setup parameter?
    • A. Acceleration rate.
    • B. Motor winding type.
    • C. Output frequency.
    • D. Maximum speed.
  5. A complete test plan for system integration testing MUST include:
    • A. Comments for the application programmer.
    • B. Multiple test cases for each mode of operation.
    • C. At least five test cases for each test.
    • D. Expected results for each test case.
  6. Frequency of maintenance should be determined by:
    • A. Failure rates of components.
    • B. Availability of personnel and parts.
    • C. Management targets for efficiency and productivity.
    • D. Effectiveness of maintenance personnel.

Sample Questions Answer Key

Question Number Correct Answer Exam Content Outline
1 A Domain 1, Task 4
2 C Domain 2, Task 2
3 B Domain 3, Task 3
4 B Domain 4, Task 7
5 C Domain 5, Task 5
6 A Domain 6, Task 2
Wed, 14 Jul 2021 04:33:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : The Disadvantages of a Results-Oriented Work Environment

Melinda Hill Sineriz has been writing professionally for over 10 years. She worked as an editorial assistant for Forward Movement Publications in Cincinnati, Ohio. She wrote for several years for and edited and wrote a chapter for a book with Wooster Press. She graduated from Miami University in Ohio with a Bachelor of Arts in English. She has a master's degree in teaching.

Mon, 17 Aug 2020 20:28:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : 2021 USGA Rules test Information No result found, try new keyword!We are excited to announce that we have a new partner for offering our digital Rules of Golf exam. Additionally, we’d like to apologize for the test process to date. Offering the Rules test digitally ... Fri, 18 Mar 2022 19:25:00 -0500 Killexams : NextGen Bar Exam: What to Know Focused young Asian woman  studying book and making notes at home, concentrates on her studies. Further education concept © (Getty Images) Focused young Asian woman studying book and making notes at home, concentrates on her studies. Further education concept

Similar to licensure exams for doctors, certified public accountants, nurses and pilots, the purpose of the bar test is to ensure that law school graduates are prepared to competently and ethically serve the public.

"It's basically public protection and some sort of stamp of approval, if you will, for the public," says Judith A. Gundersen, CEO and president of the not-for-profit National Conference of Bar Examiners, which develops bar test content for 54 U.S. jurisdictions. "So the public can have confidence in a professional's proven ability to show proficiency to represent them."

For decades, there has been debate about whether the current bar test – which relies heavily on memorization – actually measures competency for legal practice, says Marsha Griggs, associate professor of law and director of academic enrichment and bar passage at Washburn University School of Law in Kansas.

In 2018, the NCBE's board of trustees decided it was time to reevaluate the test, prompting development of the next generation of the bar exam. As part of the multiyear project, the board used focus groups and conversations with stakeholders to analyze the knowledge lawyers needed to successfully represent their clients, Gundersen says. This information was used to make changes to the current bar exam.

"For a lot of our clients, the work we do as lawyers is life or death," says Hemanth C. Gundavaram, associate dean for experiential education at Northeastern University School of Law in Massachusetts and a volunteer for the development of NextGen content. "Whether your business stays open, whether you stay out of prison or whether you aren't deported, there's so many ways in which the work we do is so important. When I think of it that way, and tell students that, I think it's an important thing to remember of why we have an entrance exam."

Here's what incoming law school students should know about the NextGen bar exam.

NextGen Bar test vs. Current Bar Exam

Compared to the current bar exam, the legal concepts and principles – including civil procedure, contract law, evidence, torts, business associations, constitutional law, criminal law and real property – will stay largely the same. The NextGen test will not test subjects related to conflict of laws, family law, trusts and estates, or secured transactions. The difference is mostly in test structure.

The current bar test has three sections consisting of 200 multiple-choice, essay and performance test questions. But in the NextGen exam, test-takers will instead be given scenarios that have elements of different knowledge areas and skills. Multiple-choice, short-answer and essay questions are then tied to those scenarios.

Overall, the NextGen bar test is more skills-based than reliant on memorization, which was a major point of stress for test-takers, experts say.

"I remember for me, that was one of the hardest parts of the exam," says Gundavaram, who is also director of legal clinics and co-founder and director of Northeastern's Immigrant Justice Clinic. "I don't have a great memory. I think I'm a great lawyer and I don't think you need to have a photographic memory to be a good lawyer."

Another challenge with the current test is length – it's typically 12 hours, spread over two days. The goal is for the NextGen bar test to be shorter and to ensure that test-takers have access to accommodations, if needed, Gundersen says.

The cost of taking the bar test varies per jurisdiction and can often be a barrier for test-takers. NCBE officials have not stated the cost of the new exam, but say they are committed to keeping it "affordable for all."

Additionally, the new test will be completely computer-based, eliminating the current paper question booklet.

When Will NextGen Be Administered?

The Supreme Court or highest court in each jurisdiction will decide whether to adopt the NextGen exam, which can be administered as early as July 2026 following pilot testing and tweaks, according to the NCBE.

During the phased rollout, both the current and NextGen exams will be administered. And like the current bar, NextGen will be administered twice a year, in February and July.

Effect on Current Law School Curricula

Jon J. Lee, an associate professor of law at the University of Oklahoma College of Law and another volunteer for the development of NextGen content, says the changes will free up time for law schools to focus on skills courses because "currently there is a lot of doctrine that students must know for the bar exam."

"Some schools, at least, feel as though they need to cover all of that in their coursework," he says. "And so with this change, this is an opportunity for law schools to think critically about the curriculum."

There may be slight adjustments, but full curricular changes may not be necessary because most of the same Topic knowledge is required, says Marilyn Wellington, chief strategy and operations officer at NCBE.

If curricular adjustments are needed, however, Griggs emphasizes that they should start with the 2023 incoming class, since those students would be the first graduates to take the new exam.

"The NCBE hasn't fully informed us on what this test will entail. And I understand they are in their process of testing and vetting it," she says. "So I'm sure they will once they have the information ready. ... We have been trying to impress upon the NCBE the urgency of ... giving us this information now so that we can make informed decisions for the benefit of students."

Searching for a law school? Get our complete rankings of Best Law Schools.

Copyright 2023 U.S. News & World Report

Wed, 15 Feb 2023 03:53:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : test preparation in a group

In our intensive and evening courses, which run over the course of several weeks and build upon one another, you can systematically work towards achieving a certain language level. The course content of the individual sub-levels is designed such that, by combining the applicable courses, the learning goals of a complete level are covered.

The difference is that our one-week Exam preparation in a group course focuses on targeted preparation for your German exam.

Book an test preparation in a group course here

Yes, once you have completed the Exam preparation in a group course, you receive a certificate of attendance.

Book an test preparation in a group course here

Yes, to attend an Exam preparation in a group course, you need previous knowledge of German to the level of the applicable course. This means, to do the Exam preparation in a group at level B1, you will need knowledge of German at level B1. To do the Exam preparation in a group at level B2, you will need knowledge of German at level B2. To do the Exam preparation in a group at level C1, you will need knowledge of German at level C1. To do the Exam preparation in a group at level C2, you will need knowledge of German at level C2.

Book an test preparation in a group course here

One-week Exam preparation in a group costs EUR 369.

Book an test preparation in a group course here

Fri, 27 Nov 2020 06:39:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : test stress - How can parents help

According to psychologist Dr Anna Colton, all young people are different both in the way they revise and show their stress.

Stress can manifest in many ways. For example, tearfulness, insomnia, a lack of appetite, or eating all the time. Alternatively, young people may show their stress by socialising too much or withdrawing from social activities altogether. To add to this, blind panic, which some young people experience when they are under pressure can result in inactivity - this can often be misinterpreted by parents as laziness.

Sat, 25 Jul 2020 16:10:00 -0500 en-GB text/html
S90-01 exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List