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Exam Code: Gsuite Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
Gsuite GSuite

A Google Cloud certification in G Suite signals to employers that you possess the digital skills to work collaboratively and productively in a professional environment. By earning the G Suite certification, you prove your ability to complete common workplace activities using cloud-based tools to create and share documents, spreadsheets, presentations, and files. You demonstrate that you can communicate effectively with email and online meeting solutions.

This test verifies proficiency in key features of the G Suite platform:
- Drive
- Gmail
- Hangouts Meet
- Docs
- Sheets
- Forms
- Slides

1. Using Drive
1.1 Managing files. Considerations include:
- Copying
- Moving to trash
- Downloading to hard drive
- Uploading from hard drive

1.2 Creating and managing folders. Considerations include:
- Moving
- Renaming
- Removing (moving to trash)
- Uploading folders from hard drive

1.3 Locating files. Methods include:
- Search
- latest
- Shared with me
- Computer and device sync settings

1.4 Changing display and settings. Settings include:
- Grid or list view
- File or folder details
- Offline accessibility
- Notifications (adding content, delete a file)
- Folder activity (for example, last modified date)

1.5 Sharing files and folders. Options include:
- Add to My Drive
- Assign or removing ownership
- Permission settings (Off, Folders: organize, add, edit; view only; Docs: edit, comment, view)
- Sharing notifications
- Publish to web

2. Using Gmail
2.1 Personalizing settings
- Set vacation responder
- Desktop notifications
- Language and Display preferences

2.2 Managing your inbox. Considerations include:
- Applying filters and blocking addresses
- Archiving messages
- Mute
- Multiple inboxes

2.3 Managing and communicating with contacts. Considerations include:
- Composing, replying/reply all, forwarding email messages, CCing, BCCing
- Launching a text chat
- Launching a video call
- Sharing files (attaching or linking)
- Inserting image

2.4 Locating messages
- Searching and sorting your inbox
- Sent messages
- Drafts

2.5 Using Gmail Offline.
3. Using Hangouts Meet
3.1 Scheduling a Hangout
3.2 Launching a Hangout
3.3 Presenting your screen in a Hangout

3.4 Managing sound, video and bandwidth. Actions include:
- Muting microphone
- Turning camera off
- Reducing bandwidth

Managing meetings with Hangouts. Features include:
- Dialing in
- Inviting users
- Hangouts chat
- Muting other users
- Ejecting users

4. Working in Docs
4.1 Setting up pages. Factors include:
- Page size, orientation, and color
- Adding footers, headers, and page numbers
- Adding Table of Contents

4.2 Inserting non-text elements. Elements include:
- Images
- Tables
- External links
- In Doc linking
- Bookmarks

4.3 Changing text attributes. Attributes include:
- Font
- Font size
- Text and highlight color
- Bold, italic, underline

4.4 Formatting text blocks. Attributes include:
- Paragraph styles
- Alignment
- Line and paragraph spacing
- Columns
- Numbering and bullets

4.5 Using content management tools. Tools include:
- Spelling
- Personal dictionary

4.6 Inserting and editing tables. Actions include:
- Creating/deleting tables
- Inserting/deleting rows and columns
- Managing table properties, such as color, border, dimensions, and alignment

4.7 Collaborating and sharing in Docs. Considerations include:
- Comments
- Editing
- Suggesting
- Revision history

4.8 get as
5. Working in Sheets

5.1 Managing values, rows, cells, or columns. Considerations include:
- Adding
- Deleting
- Freezing
- Inserting

5.2 Formatting sheets and cells. Considerations include:
- Bolding and italicizing
- Merging cells
- Text wrapping
- Fill color
- Borders
- Data validation
- Alignment
- Fonts
- Font size
- Date formats
- Currency
- Adding, deleting, copying, copy to…, and renaming sheets

5.3 Inserting non-text elements. Elements include:
- Charts
- Images
- Links
- Forms
- Drawings

5.4 Using functions. Basic tools and functions include:
- Function list

5.5 Managing and transforming data. Considerations include:
- Conditional formatting
- Naming, sorting, and protecting sheets and ranges
- Creating filters and filter views
- Validating data
- Protecting sheets
- Creating and modifying charts

5.6 Collaborating and sharing in Sheets. Considerations include:
- Comments
- Revision history
- get as

5.7 Importing and converting from other file types. File types include:
- .csv
- .xls

6. Working in Slides
6.1 Building a presentation. Considerations include:
- Adding, copying, deleting slides
- Apply layouts and themes
- Presenter notes
- Creating animations
- Copy and paste slides and adjust to destination formatting
- Linking slides

6.2 Working with text. Factors include:
- Inserting text blocks
- Font
- Font size
- Text and highlight color
- Bold, italic, underline
- Setting capitalization

6.3 Working with non-text elements. Actions include inserting and working with:
- Images
- Charts
- Diagrams
- Lines
- Shapes
- Tables
- Slide numbers
- Videos

6.4 Arranging objects. Actions include:
- Sending to front or back
- Group/ungroup
- Alignment
- Rotation
- Distribute
- Snap-to guiding lines
- Resizing

6.5 Sharing a presentation. Considerations include:
- Presenter view
- Print settings and preview
- Publish to web

Google GSuite candidate
Killexams : Google GSuite candidate - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Gsuite Search results Killexams : Google GSuite candidate - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Gsuite https://killexams.com/exam_list/Google Killexams : If Google Had To Sell Chrome, Who Would Buy It? Here Are 5 Candidates

There are grim times ahead for big tech. Democrats are pushing for Congress to rein in firms such as Google, Apple and Facebook, while the EU has reportedly drawn up a list of 20 internet companies that will be subject to stringent new rules that curb their power.

At the weekend, Politico reported that the Justice Department and state prosecutors, who are investigating Google for alleged antitrust violations, are considering whether to force Google to sell its Chrome browser.

Chrome is by far the world’s most used browser, with almost 70% of the market on desktop computers and 64% on mobile, according to NetMarketShare.

If Google were forced to cleave its browser away from its advertising business, who would buy it? Here are some of the likely contenders:


Samsung certainly has the funds to make big buys and it’s not short of motive, either. Samsung has its own browser on mobile devices, which is pre-installed on all of its phones, but despite being the world’s second biggest smartphone maker (it was overtaken by Huawei earlier this year), Samsung’s browser is barely an also-ran, with just over 4% of the mobile market.

Samsung buying Chrome would deliver it an instant captive audience and a means to sell both advertising and more handsets. However, would the U.S. authorities want to see Chrome handed to a foreign owner? That seems unlikely.


Having switched its own browser to the same engine as Chrome earlier this year, Microsoft would be an obvious candidate to pick up the browser. Not only would it deliver Microsoft the mobile presence it has craved for years, it would restore Microsoft’s desktop browser dominance too.

That last point is, however, precisely the reason such a deal would be unlikely to go through. Authorities in the U.S. and Europe fought long-running battles to combat Microsoft’s browser dominance at the turn of the century. The idea that the Justice Department would hand it back to Microsoft now, even in a vastly different market, seems fanciful. And can you imagine the legal challenges from rival browser makers?

Microsoft would love to make it happen, the rest of the world would wince.


Oracle is a strange company. On the face of it, an enterprise software company has no business buying a largely consumer-focused browser. On the other hand, it recently won approval to buy the U.S. operations of TikTok!

A browser would certainly make more sense than a social media app. Many of Oracle’s applications are now browser-based and having control over the browser’s development and security features could be attractive to enterprise customers.

It would also keep Larry Ellison’s company firmly in the public eye, and if there’s one place that Larry Ellison loves to be, it’s in the spotlight.


HP is still the world’s second biggest PC vendor by unit sales, according to Gartner, and so has obvious skin in the game when it comes to a desktop browser.

It’s a company with a track record of bold acquisitions, too. Palm for $1.2 billion in 2010, Autonomy for $11 billion in 2011, and Compaq for $25 billion back in 2002, to name but a few. That said, with the possible exception of Compaq, none of those big buys have worked out brilliantly.

The biggest reason HP is a contender is that, if forced to sell Chrome, Google would surely have to surrender its Chromebook business too. That’s a piece of business that HP would dearly love to pick up.


Unlike HP, Adobe definitely has the software pedigree. And with an increasing push to move its services into the cloud, owning its own browser could make business sense, too. Not to mention the upsell opportunities. “Click here to open your PDF in the Adobe browser, and by the way, you can upgrade to Adobe Acrobat DC for just $49 per month...”

The subscription model that Adobe has doggedly stuck to has driven its revenue and profits skywards in latest years, making such an acquisition financially viable. Being a U.S. company, it would raise fewer eyebrows than selling to, say, Samsung too.

And if Adobe had its own browser, it could bring black Flash! (Relax, it’s just a joke.)

Mon, 12 Oct 2020 02:07:00 -0500 Barry Collins en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/barrycollins/2020/10/12/if-google-had-to-sell-chrome-who-would-buy-it-here-are-5-candidates/
Killexams : Google releases its first Android Q release candidate

If you've got a Pixel phone that's running the Android Q beta, it's time to check for updates. Google today released the fifth beta for its next big Android feature update. As you can probably guess, there really isn't anything that's new here.

In fact, this is considered to be the first release candidate. When Google released the first Android Q beta back in March, it promised six betas before the public release in Q3, the final two of which are release candidates. And yes, that means that there will be one more beta build before general availability.

In the announcement, Google also noted that it's working closely with OEMs to make gesture-based navigation the standard on all Android Q devices. In beta 5, you can swipe in from the corners to access Google Assistant, and the company also said that in beta 6, custom launchers will still get three-button navigation by default.

You can get today's beta through the usual channels. If you've got a Pixel device that's already on the beta, the update will arrive OTA. If you're not on it yet, you can sign up for the Android Beta Program or flash the image. If you're on the Android Q beta on a third-party device, you're on a different schedule and it's up to the OEM to roll it out.

Android Q beta 6 and the public release will both happen later this quarter.

Wed, 05 Oct 2022 03:00:00 -0500 Rich Woods en text/html https://www.neowin.net/news/google-releases-its-first-android-q-release-candidate/
Killexams : How Google could rig the 2016 election

America’s next president could be eased into office not just by TV ads or speeches, but by Google’s secret decisions, and no one—except for me and perhaps a few other obscure researchers—would know how this was accomplished.

Research I have been directing in latest years suggests that Google, Inc., has amassed far more power to control elections—indeed, to control a wide variety of opinions and beliefs—than any company in history has ever had. Google’s search algorithm can easily shift the voting preferences of undecided voters by 20 percent or more—up to 80 percent in some demographic groups—with virtually no one knowing they are being manipulated, according to experiments I conducted recently with Ronald E. Robertson.

Given that many elections are won by small margins, this gives Google the power, right now, to flip upwards of 25 percent of the national elections worldwide. In the United States, half of our presidential elections have been won by margins under 7.6 percent, and the 2012 election was won by a margin of only 3.9 percent—well within Google’s control.

There are at least three very real scenarios whereby Google—perhaps even without its leaders’ knowledge—could shape or even decide the election next year. Whether or not Google executives see it this way, the employees who constantly adjust the search giant’s algorithms are manipulating people every minute of every day. The adjustments they make increasingly influence our thinking—including, it turns out, our voting preferences.

What we call in our research the Search Engine Manipulation Effect (SEME) turns out to be one of the largest behavioral effects ever discovered. Our comprehensive new study, just published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), includes the results of five experiments we conducted with more than 4,500 participants in two countries. Because SEME is virtually invisible as a form of social influence, because the effect is so large and because there are currently no specific regulations anywhere in the world that would prevent Google from using and abusing this technique, we believe SEME is a serious threat to the democratic system of government.

According to Google Trends, at this writing Donald Trump is currently trouncing all other candidates in search activity in 47 of 50 states. Could this activity push him higher in search rankings, and could higher rankings in turn bring him more support? Most definitely—depending, that is, on how Google employees choose to adjust numeric weightings in the search algorithm. Google acknowledges adjusting the algorithm 600 times a year, but the process is secret, so what effect Mr. Trump’s success will have on how he shows up in Google searches is presumably out of his hands.


Our new research leaves little doubt about whether Google has the ability to control voters. In laboratory and online experiments conducted in the United States, we were able to boost the proportion of people who favored any candidate by between 37 and 63 percent after just one search session. The impact of viewing biased rankings repeatedly over a period of weeks or months would undoubtedly be larger.

In our basic experiment, participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups in which search rankings favored either Candidate A, Candidate B or neither candidate. Participants were given brief descriptions of each candidate and then asked how much they liked and trusted each candidate and whom they would vote for. Then they were allowed up to 15 minutes to conduct online research on the candidates using a Google-like search engine we created called Kadoodle.

Each group had access to the same 30 search results—all real search results linking to real web pages from a past election. Only the ordering of the results differed in the three groups. People could click freely on any result or shift between any of five different results pages, just as one can on Google’s search engine.

When our participants were done searching, we asked them those questions again, and, voilà: On all measures, opinions shifted in the direction of the candidate who was favored in the rankings. Trust, liking and voting preferences all shifted predictably.

More alarmingly, we also demonstrated this shift with real voters during an genuine electoral campaign—in an experiment conducted with more than 2,000 eligible, undecided voters throughout India during the 2014 Lok Sabha election there—the largest democratic election in history, with more than 800 million eligible voters and 480 million votes ultimately cast. Even here, with real voters who were highly familiar with the candidates and who were being bombarded with campaign rhetoric every day, we showed that search rankings could boost the proportion of people favoring any candidate by more than 20 percent—more than 60 percent in some demographic groups.

Given how powerful this effect is, it’s possible that Google decided the winner of the Indian election. Google’s own daily data on election-related search activity (subsequently removed from the Internet, but not before my colleagues and I downloaded the pages) showed that Narendra Modi, the ultimate winner, outscored his rivals in search activity by more than 25 percent for sixty-one consecutive days before the final votes were cast. That high volume of search activity could easily have been generated by higher search rankings for Modi.

Google’s official comment on SEME research is always the same: “Providing relevant answers has been the cornerstone of Google’s approach to search from the very beginning. It would undermine the people’s trust in our results and company if we were to change course.”

Could any comment be more meaningless? How does providing “relevant answers” to election-related questions rule out the possibility of favoring one candidate over another in search rankings? Google’s statement seems far short of a blanket denial that it ever puts its finger on the scales.

There are three credible scenarios under which Google could easily be flipping elections worldwide as you read this:

First, there is the Western Union Scenario: Google’s executives decide which candidate is best for us—and for the company, of course—and they fiddle with search rankings accordingly. There is precedent in the United States for this kind of backroom king-making. Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th president of the United States, was put into office in part because of strong support by Western Union. In the late 1800s, Western Union had a monopoly on communications in America, and just before to the election of 1876, the company did its best to assure that only positive news stories about Hayes appeared in newspapers nationwide. It also shared all the telegrams sent by his opponent’s campaign staff with Hayes’s staff. Perhaps the most effective way to wield political influence in today’s high-tech world is to donate money to a candidate and then to use technology to make sure he or she wins. The technology guarantees the win, and the donation guarantees allegiance, which Google has certainly tapped in latest years with the Obama administration.

Dr. Robert Epstein is senior research psychologist at the American Institute for Behavioral Research and Technology and the former editor-in-chief of Psychology Today.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 16:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.politico.eu/article/google-2016-election-us-candidates-search/
Killexams : Google Algorithm Updates

Google has a long history of famous algorithm updates, search index changes and refreshes. Below is a history of the major Google search algorithm updates.

Want to read our latest coverage of algorithm updates and changes? Jump to the latest algorithm update news and guides.

How many times does Google update its search algorithms?

Google search is changing all the time. In 2020, Google made 4,500 changes to search. This number includes changes to its ranking system, user interface and more. Plus, Google ran more than 600,000 experiments. That means Google search is changing, on average, 12 times per day.

The history of Google algorithm updates: 2003-today

Here is a complete history of Google algorithm updates that you need to know about, in reverse chronological order.

2022 Google Algorithm Updates

September 2022 Product Reviews Update

Sept. 20

This was the second Product Reviews Update of the year and fifth overall. While Google typically doesn’t like to overlap algorithm updates, this update was launched before the September 2022 Core Update was complete. It was meant to reward English-language product reviews that are helpful and useful to searchers. Rollout completed Sept. 26.

September 2022 Core Update

Sept. 12

This was the second core update of the year and launched three days after the helpful content update finished rolling out. Overall, it seemed less significant than previous core updates, including the May 2022 core update. Rollout of completed Sept. 26.

Learn more about Core updates in our guide, Google Broad Core Algorithm Updates: Everything you need to know.

Helpful content update

Aug. 25

On Aug. 18, Google revealed details about its new helpful content update, a sitewide signal that is meant to reward content that helps or informs people, rather than content that is created primarily to rank well in search results. It began rolling out Aug. 25 and completed 15 days later on Sept. 9.

Google provided a list of 15 questions to ask about your content reviews to ensure you are building human-first content. It also said that the types of content that could be most impacted would be online education materials, arts and entertainment, shopping and tech-related. However, the impact was mostly felt in a few website categories (e.g., ringtones, coding, lyrics). Its overall impact was relatively small.

July 2022 Product Reviews Update

July 27

Google said the fourth release of the product reviews update would take 2-3 weeks to roll out but later announced it had fully rolled out after six days. This was more of a refresh than anything new, and is meant to reward high-quality product reviews. As a whole, this update was not as widespread and had little ranking volatility compared to prior product review updates.

May 2022 Core Update

May 25

This was the first broad core algorithm update of 2022 and the first in more than 6 months. Google said it would take up to two weeks to fully roll out. As with all other past core updates, Google has made broad changes to how its ranking systems assess content.

March 2022 Product Reviews Update

March 23

Google said the third release of the product reviews update, which will take a “few weeks” to fully roll out, builds on the work of the two prior product review updates. Like those, this update is meant to help Google to identify high-quality product reviews and reward them with better rankings.

There were three new bits of advice from Google around ranked lists, recommendations of “best” products and creating reviews for multiple vs. individual products.

Page Experience Update (desktop)

Feb. 22

This update included all the signals from the mobile version of the page experience update, except for the page needing to be mobile-friendly. It took 9 days to fully roll out.

2021 Google Algorithm Updates

December 2021 Product Reviews Update

Dec. 1

The goal of the Google product reviews update, like the April Product Reviews Update, was to reward outstanding product reviews in search results. Google wanted to show users content with insightful analysis and original search, written by topical experts or enthusiasts. It took about three weeks for this update to fully roll out.

Google’s new advice for this update: provide more multimedia “evidence” around your product reviews and include links to multiple sellers.

November 2021 Local Search Update

Nov. 30

Google said this global update was a “rebalancing of various factors we consider in generating local search results.” It ran between Nov. 30 and Dec. 8, overlapping with the December 2021 Core Update and December 2021 Product Reviews Update. However, Google didn’t confirm this update happened until Dec. 16.

November 2021 Core Update

Nov. 17

This was the third and final Core Update of 2022. Like all of Google’s core updates, the November 2021 core update was wide-reaching, impacting websites and SEO across all languages and took about two weeks to fully roll out.

Link Spam Update

July 26

Google said the purpose of this update was to “nullify” spammy links across the web and multiple languages. Websites with spammy links were more likely to see an impact on their rankings. Google’s advice: follow best practices for all incoming and outgoing links.

July 2021 Core Update

July 1

This was the second of two back-to-back Core Updates that Google rolled out. As is typical of Core updates, the July 2021 core update was a comprehensive update that changed the whole algorithm slightly, but not any single function specifically. This update rolled out over 12 days, from July 1 to 12.

Spam Update (Part 2)

June 28

The promised sequel of its Spam Update. We learned that both parts of the Spam Update were “global” updates that targeted both web results and image results

Spam Update (Part 1)

June 23

Google announced the release of a Spam Update to their systems and said a second was coming the following week. There was no additional guidance or details. As part of the Twitter announcement, Google referred to its Webmaster Guidelines.

Page Experience Update

June 15

Google began using a new set of metrics – Core Web Vitals – to understand how users perceive the experience of a specific web page. The three Core Web Vitals metrics are Largest Contentful Paint (LCP) (measures loading performance); First Input Delay (FID) (measures interactivity); Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS): (measures visual stability).

Part of the Page Experience Update includes existing ranking signals, such as page load speed, mobile-friendliness, HTTPS and lack of intrusive ads. This new ranking algorithm was announced in May 2020. The rollout began slowly, finishing at the end of August.

Multitask Unified Model (MUM) Update


Previewed at Google I/O in May 2021, Google’s Multitask Unified Model (MUM) is built on a transformer architecture, like BERT, but 1,000 times more powerful and capable of multitasking to connect information for users in new ways. In our first glimpse of MUM, it helped the search engine identify more than 800 variations of vaccine names in over 50 languages in a matter of seconds. In September, Google announced additional applications of MUM technology.

June 2021 Core Update

June 2

This was the first of two back-to-back Core Updates that Google rolled out. Google decided to release these updates separately because some of the core updates they planned to roll out weren’t ready in June.

Like other Google core updates, the June 2021 update was comprehensive and wide-reaching. It’s likely many sites felt the impact of this update.

April 2021 Product Reviews Update

April 8

The Product Reviews Update is meant to better reward product reviews that go above and beyond (e.g., by including in-depth and original research, insightful analysis). Google said it will promote these types of product reviews in its search results rankings.

Google provided a list of nine questions to ask about your product reviews to make sure they are insightful, include original research and are written by experts or enthusiasts who know the course well.

Passage Ranking

Feb. 10

Google began rolling out a change to how it ranks specific passages from a web page in search results. This update was meant to help searchers find specific “needle-in-a-haystack” information. Google said this update would impact 7% of search queries across all languages.

Because this update was more about how Google understands your content, there was no specific advice on things to address or change, according to Google.

2020 Google Algorithm Updates

December 2020 Core Update (Dec. 3)

The 2020 Core Update was the last major update of 2020 and the first major update since May of that year. Like all of Google’s core updates, the December 2020 core update was wide-reaching, impacting websites and SEO across all languages.

BERT Expands (Oct. 15)

Google announced that BERT was powering nearly all English-based search queries, a big leap from 10% it powered the year prior. You cannot optimize for BERT per se, as BERT is designed to Improve the relevancy of search results by better understanding the content on webpages.

May 2020 Core Update (May 4)

Google rolled out its relatively strong May 2020 broad core algorithm update over a few weeks in early May of 2020.

This update was broad and comprehensive. Like other core updates, it was not targeted at any specific aspect of the algorithm.

January 2020 Core Update (Jan. 13)

A relatively weak core update, the January 2020 Core Update wasn’t felt strongly by SEO experts. It was followed up just four months later by the much more robust May 2020 core update.

2019 Google Algorithm Updates

BERT Natural Language Processing Update (Oct. 25)

Google announced its Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) update, which impacted 10% of searches. In short, BERT was created to help Google understand queries and webpage content more like how humans do.

September 2019 Core Update (Sept. 24)

The September 2019 Core Update was another broad core algorithm update of the kind that Google rolls out every few months.

June 2019 Core Update (June 3)

The June 2019 core update covered broad aspects of Google’s algorithm and was intended to Improve user experience in multiple areas.

March 2019 Core Update (March 15)

The March 2019 Core Update was somewhat confusing, briefly disrupting the usual equilibrium of the SEO world. The March 2019 Core Update was released without a name, giving users all across Twitter to speculate about the update and why it wasn’t named.

Google, catching wind of the confusion, quickly jumped on social media to right the wrong. On Twitter, they wrote, “Our name of this update is March 2019 Core Update.”

2018 Google Algorithm Updates

August 2018 Core Update (aka Medic Update) (Aug. 1)

The August 2018 broad core algorithm update was a core update that shook up the SEO world. In this update, Google made major fixes to their algorithm that rewarded previously under-rewarded pages on the web.

Google said there was “no fix” to any observed drop in the rankings. The ranking drops were simply due to other under-rewarded sites finally making gains.

Google’s advice to webmasters with a ranking drop? Keep making excellent content, and you may very well see your site rise back in the rankings.

April 2018 Core Update (April 20)

The April 2018 core update, like other updates, was aimed at improving the end-user experience by delivering the most relevant content for search queries.

Google didn’t announce this update and only came out with its announcement after speculation that there may have been a core update.

March 2018 Core Update (March 12)

The March 2018 Core Update, quickly followed by 2018’s April Core Update, was a broad and far-reaching core update meant to Improve Google’s query results.

The March 2018 Core Update had a significant impact on some sites, and webmasters who witnessed a drop in rankings were advised to continue to develop excellent content and not to try to game the system. As always, only through excellent content are durable ratings attained.

January 2018 Core Update (Jan. 18)

The January 2018 Update was a comprehensive core update aimed at all aspects of the site’s SERPs. It was followed by the March and April core updates of that year.

2017 Google Algorithm Updates

Mid-December Updates (~Dec. 14-19)

Google confirmed releasing several minor changes that were meant to Improve relevancy. It seemed to negatively affect sites that were targeting huge numbers of keyword variants.

Local Update (Aug. 22)

This update made corrections to the Possum update, which had inadvertently unfairly impacted local rankings.

The Possum Update of 2016, which we’ll get into a little more detail further down, was intended to Improve SERP relevancy by eliminating redundant search results from the SERPs. To summarize, some local business owners were being eliminated by Google’s filters because their businesses were too close to other similar businesses that already ranked on Google’s SERPs.

The Hawk Update slightly corrected the Possum update, making local businesses that competed with others that already ranked on the SERPs more likely to be seen in a relevant search query.

Fred Update (March 9, unconfirmed)

In March of 2017, Google seems to have released an update that members of the SEO community christened “Fred.” This was the result of a joke by Google CSH (Chief of Sunshine and Happiness) Gary Illyes, who suggested that all future Google updates be called “Fred.”

The Google Fred Update seemed to be an update attacking link accuracy across the web. Many in the “black hat SEO” corner of the internet saw their rankings dip, in some cases significantly.

Spammy links and practices like keyword stuffing are not the way to attain search engine results. Check out our SEO penalty reminders here.

2016 Google Algorithm Updates

Penguin Update 4.0 (Sept. 23)

After nearly two years, Google updated its Penguin algorithm – and it was for the last time. Google announced Penguin became part of its core search algorithm, which meant data was refreshed in real-time. It also became more granular, which essentially meant Penguin might impact ranking for individual pages on a site, parts of a site, or the entire site.

Possum Update (Sept. 1)

This update affected local listings. In brief, the Possum Update was a change to the way Google’s filters work.

What are filters? Filters for local results on Google eliminate websites that seem to be redundant. For local businesses, this can mean, for example, that if you have two websites for your service, only one of them will appear for a given local search term.

The Possum update was intended to Improve the user experience of Google, but it may have gone too far. Certain businesses that were nearby to other businesses that already ranked on Google’s SERPs saw their website drop off significantly.

Mobile-Friendly Update 2 (April 21)

This update was more of a boost to the original Mobile-Friendly Update of 2015, a real-time, page-by-page signal that only impacts mobile search results. This update was meant to “increase the effect of the [mobile-friendly] ranking signal.”

January 2016 Core Update (Jan. 17)

Major fluctuations were being observed in the search results. Google’s Gary Illyes confirmed it was a core ranking algorithm update.

January 2016 Core Update (Jan. 10)

Following a weekend filled with ranking changes and fluctuations, Google on Jan. 12 confirmed it was due to a core ranking algorithm update.

2015 Google Algorithm Updates

RankBrain (Oct. 25)

The RankBrain algorithm is powered by machine learning, processing what people search for and sorting through billions of webpages to rank the ones believed to be best first. Initially used on a “very large fraction” of search results, it was later rolled out and used on all Google searches.

Panda Update 4.2 (July 18)

This was a refresh of the existing Panda algorithm. It impacted about 2% to 3% of English language queries.

Quality Update (May)

Mobile-Friendly Update (April 21)

2014 Google Algorithm Updates

Pigeon Expansion (Dec. 22)

Penguin Everflux (Dec. 10)

Penguin Update 3.1 (Nov. 27)

Pirate Update 2 (Oct. 21)

Penguin Update 3.0 (Oct. 17)

Panda Update 4.1 (Sept. 25)

Google said this Panda update was supposed to be more precise and allow more high-quality small and medium-sized sites to rank better. It impacted about 3% to 5% of English language queries.

Pigeon Update (July 24)

This algorithm update was designed to provide more useful, relevant and accurate local search results that were tied more closely to traditional web search ranking signals. Google stated that this new algorithm improves their distance and location ranking parameters.

Payday Loan Update 3.0 (June 12)

Panda Update 4.0 (May 20)

The 27th update of Panda was supposed to be “gentler” for some websites and lay the groundwork for future changes in that direction. It impacted 7.5% of English queries.

Payday Loan Update 2.0 (May 16)

Page Layout 3 (aka Top Heavy 3) (Feb. 6)

2013 Google Algorithm Updates

Penguin Update 2.1 (Oct. 4)

Hummingbird (Sept. 26)

Panda Update 26 (July 18)

Google confirmed that it was pushing out a new Panda update that incorporated new signals to make it more finely targeted.

Multi-week Update (June 21)

Payday Loan Update (June 11)

Penguin Update 2.0 (May 22)

Panda Update 25 (March 14)

On March 11 at SMX, Google’s Matt Cutts said a Panda update was coming. It seemed to roll out on time as promised. However, Google never officially confirmed the rollout happened.

Panda Update 24 (Jan. 22)

This Panda refresh impacted 1.2% of English queries.

2012 Google Algorithm Updates

Panda Update 23 (Dec. 21)

This Panda refresh impacted 1.3% of English queries.

Panda Update 22 (Nov. 21)

Panda Update 21 (Nov. 5)

Page Layout Algorithm 2 (aka Top Heavy 2) (Oct. 9)

Penguin Update 3 (Oct. 5)

Panda Update 20 (Sept. 27)

Exact-Match Domain (EMD) Update (Sept. 27)

Google launched this algorithm change to prevent low-quality sites from ranking well simply because they had words that matched search terms in their domain names.

Panda Update 3.9.2 (Sept. 18)

Panda Update 3.9.1 (Aug. 20)

Pirate Update (Aug. 10)

This update demoted the rankings of sites that received too many DMCA takedown requests. It wouldn’t be until 2022 that we learned Pirate can cause up to, on average, an 89% drop in search traffic.

Panda Update 3.9 (July 24)

Panda Update 3.8 (June 25)

Panda Update 3.7 (June 8)

Penguin Update 2 (May 25)

Panda Update 3.6 (April 27)

Penguin Update (April 24)

The goal of this update was to decrease rankings for sites that Google believed were violating Google’s quality guidelines. In particular, websites that were buying links or obtaining them through link networks that were primarily designed to boost Google rankings.

Panda Update 3.5 (April 19)

Panda Update 3.4 (March 23)

Venice (Feb. 27)

Panda Update 3.3 (Feb. 27)

Page Layout Algorithm (aka Top Heavy) (Jan. 19)

2011 Google Algorithm Updates

Panda Update 3.1 (Nov. 18)

Freshness Update (Nov. 3)

Panda Update 3.0 (Oct. 19)

Panda Update 2.5 (Sept. 28)

Panda Update 2.4 (Aug. 12)

Panda Update 2.3 (July 23)

Panda Update 2.2 (June 21)

Panda Update 2.1 (May 9)

Panda Update 2.0 (April 11)

Panda Update (Feb. 23)

Scraper filter

2010 Google Algorithm Updates

Merchant Reviews (December)

Brand Update (August)

Caffeine (June)

May Day (May)

2009 Google Algorithm Updates

Vince Update (Feb. 20)

In late February, SEOs and webmasters started noticing big brands gaining more visibility in search results. On March 5, Google’s Matt Cutts confirmed the “minor change,” adding that Google’s ranking algorithm may be factoring trust, quality, PageRank, and other metrics for more generic queries. Cutts said it did not impact long-tail queries. A Googler named Vince created this change, which is how the update got its name.

2008 Google Algorithm Updates

Dewey Update (March 31)

Some major shuffling in search results was being reported at the end of March and into early April. Google’s Matt Cutts asked webmasters for feedback on the changes via a form and to include the word “dewey” in their feedback, giving this update a name.

2007 Google Algorithm Updates

PageRank Update (Oct. 7)

Google confirmed they were lowering PageRank scores for some sites that were selling links. Google also said that some of those sites could be removed from its search results or be given penalties that prevent them from ranking well. Google’s PageRank Update Goes After Paid Links? (Oct. 24) documented multiple sites that were impacted.

2005 Google Algorithm Updates

  • Big Daddy (December)
  • Jagger (October)
  • Bourbon (May)

2004 Google Algorithm Updates

Austin (~Jan. 23)

This is considered to be a continuation of the work Google started with Florida, aimed at producing more relevant search results. Websites impacted by this update were using on-page SEO tactics that, at the time, had worked quite well (but today are considered spammy, outdated practices).

2003 Google Algorithm Updates

Florida (Nov. 15)

Florida was the first major Google algorithm update and it caused a huge outcry. Google’s goal was to make it harder for websites to rank well using manipulative SEO techniques.

Unfortunately, this update drove many websites out of business (including some “false positives”) right before the lucrative holiday season. After this update, Google promised it would try to avoid rolling out major changes around the holidays (a promise that remained unbroken until 2011).

Fritz (July)

This is the update when Google switched to indexing pages every day (or more often) instead of doing one large monthly algorithmic update (called the “Google Dance“), where everyone’s rankings would increase or decrease over a period of six to eight days. From this point onward, Google made many (typically minor) changes every day, which came to be known as “everflux.”

Google Algorithm Updates: the latest news and guides

Mon, 27 Jun 2022 12:54:00 -0500 Barry Schwartz en text/html https://searchengineland.com/library/google/google-algorithm-updates
Killexams : Google Meet users to get automatic framing, speech transcriptions and more in big feature update Google Meet users to get automatic framing, speech transcriptions and more in big feature update © Provided by The Financial Express Google Meet users to get automatic framing, speech transcriptions and more in big feature update

Google is always enhancing its features and working on improving the users’ experience while using the two video-calling platforms- Google Meet and Google Duo. Continuing with its trend, Google has rolled out an update where users will soon get access to a host of new features including automatic framing, speech transcriptions, and more.

In-room meeting participants can join break-out rooms: 

The company has mentioned that meeting hosts will be able to assign conference rooms to breakout rooms while using Google Meet hardware devices. By doing this, all meeting participants whether joined remotely or from the office will be able to engage in collaborative working sessions.  

Google has confirmed that the feature will be available by default to Google Workspace Essentials, Business Standard, Business Plus, Enterprise Starter, Enterprise Essentials, Enterprise Standard, Enterprise Plus and Educations Plus customers by October 24.  

The company also mentioned that it will be enabled by default for meeting hosts once a meeting participant joins from a meeting room. 

Transcribe speech during call: 

 The second feature which is about to come to Google Meet is the ability to transcribe a Google Meet video meeting in a Google Doc file. The company in its blog post has mentioned that the transcribed file will then be saved in the hosts ‘Meet Recordings’ folder in Google Drive.  

It was further mentioned that at the moment, transcriptions will only be available in English. 

As for the availability is concerned, Google has stated that in all those meetings with 200 or less than invitees, the meeting host, co-hosts or the transcript initiator will only have the link to the transcription document via email once the meeting ends. The document will automatically get attached to the calendar invite for the meeting. 

For meetings which have 200 or more invitees, the transcription will be shared only with the meeting organisers, hosts and co-hosts. Similar to what will happen above, the transcription will automatically get attached to the calendar invite. 

This feature will be on by default and can be configured at the group, domain or OU level. As for the availability, similar to the above-mentioned feature it will start rolling out to its users by October 24. 

Automatic framing: 

The last feature will automatically frame the video before the user joins a meeting which will help ensure that everyone is visible equally in the frame. The company has mentioned that this feature will work only once that too at the start of the video call so that there are no motion distractions. 

Later on, users will have the option to manually reframe the video at any point in time by going to the settings. This feature will be off by default but it can be enabled by the users in the meeting. 

For availability, the company has stated that this feature will gradually roll out to users starting from November 2.  

ALSO READ | Google starts Diwali 2022 countdown with cool hidden surprises in Search; find out more here

Mon, 17 Oct 2022 00:20:26 -0500 en-IN text/html https://www.msn.com/en-in/money/news/google-meet-users-to-get-automatic-framing-speech-transcriptions-and-more-in-big-feature-update/ar-AA133dix Killexams : Google Workspace vs. Microsoft 365: What’s the best office suite for business? No result found, try new keyword!Then in 2006 Google came along with Google Docs & Spreadsheets, a collaborative online word processing and spreadsheet duo that was combined with other business services to form the Google Apps ... Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:14:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.computerworld.com/ Killexams : Google partners with Assam govt to strengthen school digitisation Google will further extend scholarships for Google Career Certificates to Assam’s youth. © Provided by The Financial Express Google will further extend scholarships for Google Career Certificates to Assam’s youth.

Technology company Google has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of Assam to promote digital growth and development in the state. Under the initiative, Google will collaborate with the Assam Government’s Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship Department (SEED) to strengthen their school digitisation efforts with digital learning tools and solutions to aid teaching and learning, an official statement said. The company will further promote the fundamentals of online safety and digital citizenship among school children through the ‘Be Internet Awesome’ programme, the statement added.

“Our vision is to transform Assam and make its economy amongst the country’s leading growth drivers. The collaboration with Google will bring the best of digital tools and technology to classrooms across the state and create new skilling opportunities. These programmes will go a long way in empowering our children and our youth in developing critical skills and for wider job and career opportunities,” Himanta Biswa Sarma, chief minister, Government of Assam, said.

Google will further extend scholarships for Google Career Certificates to Assam’s youth in collaboration with the Assam Skill Development Mission (ASDM), as per the statement.

Further, Sanjay Gupta, country head, vice president, Google India, said, the MOU aims to help in modernizing education for the next generation, “while also building awareness about online safety so children can reap the benefits of the internet.” “We look forward to working together as we accelerate digital adoption and unlock the value of the internet for children and youth, setting them on a path of growth and equipping them with essential training and skill-sets to succeed in the fast growing digital economy of India,” he said.

Google has previously collaborated with the state Government to increase internet penetration across Assam and support the government’s efforts on women empowerment, internet safety, skill development and universal education. In 2018, Dibrugarh train station became the 400th railway station in India to become WiFi-enabled under Google’s joint initiative with Indian Railways and RailTel, the statement said. Most recently, Assamese was added to the list of languages available in Google Translate, it mentioned.

Also Read: BYJU’S tries to bounce back after fall, raises $250 million in fresh funding round

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Sun, 16 Oct 2022 22:22:41 -0500 en-IN text/html https://www.msn.com/en-in/money/news/google-partners-with-assam-govt-to-strengthen-school-digitisation/ar-AA13300h
Killexams : Republican AG candidate endorses ban on Plan B contraception

In latest months, Matt DePerno has become one of this year’s more controversial candidates for statewide office. The GOP’s nominee for attorney general in Michigan has been accused of helping orchestrate a clumsy scheme involving voting machine breaches after the 2020 elections.

Despite the fact that the lawyer is facing the prospect of a special prosecutor investigation, Michigan Republicans nominated him anyway.

But DePerno is also considered a provocative candidate because of his platform and political beliefs. The Detroit Free Press reported yesterday on remarks the GOP candidate made in which he seemed to endorse a ban on Plan B contraception.

Heartland Signal, a progressive digital reporting site based out of Chicago, reported earlier Tuesday it had obtained a recording of DePerno at an event in Texas last month. On the tape, DePerno initially seemed confused about the nature of Plan B — also known as the morning-after pill — but then said, “You’ve got to figure out how to ban the pill from the state.”

According to the recording, which has not been independently Verified by MSNBC or NBC News, someone at the event asked DePerno how Plan B could be banned. The Republican responded, “You have to stop it at the border. It would be no different than fentanyl.”

Late yesterday, the Michigan candidate did an interview with MLive and confirmed that he doesn’t consider Plan B contraception to be contraception. DePerno added that as far as he’s concerned, the morning-after pill would be banned under Michigan’s 1931 anti-abortion law — which was recently blocked by a judge from being enforced.

Syndication: Detroit Free Press
Attorney General candidate Matt DePerno speaks during the MIGOP State Nominating Convention at the Lansing Center in Lansing on Aug. 27.Junfu Han / Junfu Han / USA TODAY NETWORK

At this point, I could spend a few paragraphs explaining why Plan B contraception really is contraception. I could also take the time to explore how bizarre it is for a state attorney general candidate to equate the morning-after pill with, of all things, fentanyl.

But assuming readers already know this, let’s instead consider the political implications of such rhetoric.

The Michigan Republican’s comments, for example, apparently came to the attention of the White House.

“Another week and another extreme and backwards proposal from Republican officials that will strip women of their rights,” White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre said in a statement provided first to the Free Press. “Make no mistake: These proposals from Republican officials expand far beyond a women’s right to choose; there are Republican officials [who] want to ban contraception.”

The claim was hardly outlandish. Circling back to our earlier coverage, it was just a few months ago when Justice Clarence Thomas explicitly condemned the outcome of Griswold v. Connecticut, a 1965 case that struck down a state law that restricted married couples’ access to birth control. A variety of Republican senators and candidates have also eagerly rejected the Griswold precedent in latest months.

A month after Thomas made his argument in a concurring opinion, a prominent GOP lawmaker in Ohio said she’d consider a contraception ban, and soon after, Mississippi’s Republican governor was asked whether his state might ban certain forms of contraception. He didn’t say no.

Though the bill ultimately died, Republican legislators in Louisiana also explored an abortion ban this year that would’ve criminalized forms of birth control.

It’s against this backdrop that a Trump-backed state attorney general candidate in one of the nation’s biggest battleground states not only compared the morning-after pill to fentanyl, he also talked up the idea of banning Plan B contraception.

Democrats are eager to paint Republicans as radical on social issues, and it’s striking to see some GOP candidates bolster the Democratic claims.


Sun, 16 Oct 2022 11:31:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/maddowblog/republican-ag-candidate-endorses-ban-plan-b-contraception-rcna48715
Killexams : Job Candidate Schools Interviewer On Why 'Nobody Wants to Work Anymore'

Commenters praised an anonymous job candidate for calling out the person interviewing him and explaining why "nobody wants to work anymore."

The original poster (OP), known as u/acfreeman94, posted about the incident in Reddit's "Antiwork" forum, where it received more than 7,300 upvotes and 400 comments. The post can be found here.

'Nobody Wants to Work'

According to a study conducted by Pew Research Center, over 60 percent of respondents said they quit their jobs in 2021 due to low pay.

Another 63 percent said they left jobs because they didn't feel there were opportunities for advancement and 57 percent felt disrespected at work. Nearly half of workers said child care issues and lacking flexibility played into their resignation.

Commenters backed the OP for calling out the interviewer on the salary for the job for which they interviewed. fizkes/iStock

Of those who quit, 33 percent said it was "very easy" to find a new job while 61 percent said it was "somewhat easy."

More than half reported a pay increase in their new role, as well as more opportunities for advancement and a better work-life balance.

'Nuked an Interview'

In the post titled "nuked an interview because 'nobody wants to work anymore,' the OP said they had an interview at a paper plant during their day off.

After sitting through a two-hour pitch, he turned to the OP and said: "it seems like nowadays nobody wants to work anymore, what makes you want to work here."

The OP said there were many other "red flags" such as the fire alarm going off because of the dust in the air or lying about the pay.

"The biggest one being that he lied on the job posting about the pay and was only offering $18/hour when I was actively working a job that was paying me $32/hour," the post read. "So I mentally threw my hands up decided to just tank the interview."

The OP asked the interviewer if he would do the job for $500,000 a year and he said yes. The OP then asked if he thought more people would interview if the job was listed at $500,000 and he said "probably."

"I say 'so it's probably not that people don't want to work this job, but more that people don't want to work this job at this price,'" the post read. "Honestly he looked bewildered and just muttered 'so I take it you aren't interested in the job?'"

The OP replied that they would openly accept the job for $35 an hour, but the interviewer shook his head no.

"I essentially gave him an F you and expected to never hear from him again," the post read. "But the guy has the audacity to call me a few days later and tell me that he got the ok from his boss to hire me at a whole $20/hour. I laughed, thanked him for the opportunity and said no thank you."

Redditor Reactions

More than 400 users commented on the post, many sharing similar experiences and opinions.

"Nowadays nobody wants to be a wage slave," one user commented.

"Work two jobs just to be poor is a real f**king slap," another commented.

"They love to tout the virtues of capitalism until they fail to keep up with labor costs. Then they blame the workers," another user commented. "If you can't afford labor costs, the market is putting you out of business, as it should."

"If they could enslave you legally they would by force," another user commented.

"I had something similar a few years ago. The job was being advertised as 'earning up to £2000 a month,'" one user commented. "I went to the interview, and the guy started explaining how the wages work. You are self-employed, your hourly rate is £0 and you earn based on commission...then I stood up, said 'stop ripping kids off with this job and don't take me for an idiot.'"

"I was at a union paper mill for a while where they paid $24/hr ten years ago," one user commented. "Now that we know what can happen to demand for toilet paper it should be more like $50/hr today."

Newsweek reached out to u/acfreeman94 for comment.

Other Viral Posts

In another viral Reddit post, a woman was praised for quitting her job on the spot and another worker was applauded for their resignation email.

Last week, hundreds of commenters took to Reddit to praise millennial workers for their "entitled ways."

Fri, 23 Sep 2022 02:51:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.newsweek.com/job-candidate-schools-interview-nobody-wants-work-anymore-1745869
Killexams : tvOS 16 Release Candidate version available after Apple event

After the “Far Out” event, tvOS 16 beta RC is now available to developers. Although the company almost forgot about tvOS 16 during the WWDC 2022 keynote, there are some features users should be excited about when it launches.

Today’s build is 20J373. Next week, Apple will release tvOS 16 to all users.

Different from the other betas, developers need to get the tvOS 16 testing version through Xcode. Although HomePod Software 16 is available for a few developers, users that want to try its beta should enroll in the Beta Software Program, since it’s now available for everyone that owns a HomePod mini.

That said, here’s what’s new with tvOS 16 RC:

  • Nintendo Switch controllers compatibility: tvOS 16 will finally support Nintendo Switch’s Joy-Cons and Pro Controller. We feature this story here at 9to5Mac. Apple says “many additional Bluetooth and USB game controllers are supported by the Game Controller” starting with tvOS 16;
  • HDR10+ support: The latest generation of high dynamic range technology will be supported in the Apple TV app on tvOS 16;
  • Video-forward featuring on the Apple TV+ tab: Rich video previews at the top of the Apple TV+ tab help users discover their next favorite Apple Original;
  • Apple Fitness+: With tvOS 16, at key moments in the workout, Intensity Metrics are called out and will appear on the screen for motivation. The intensities are Easy, Moderate, Hard, and All Out.

Again, HomePod Software 16 is finally available for public beta testing. To get it, just follow the steps below:

If your iPhone or iPad is already running the latest iOS 16 beta:

  1. Open the Home app on your iPhone or iPad.
  2. Tap the “…” button in the upper right corner of the screen.
  3. Tap Home Settings.
  4. Choose the Software Update option.
  5. Go to the HomePod Beta Updates menu.
  6. Switch on the toggles for the HomePods you want to install the beta software on.

Alongside tvOS 16 RC, Apple is seeding iOS 16 RC, and watchOS 9 RC.

If you spot any changes in tvOS 16 RC or the other betas from Apple today, let us know in the comments below or on Twitter @9to5Mac. Stay tuned for our full hands-on coverage with the releases right here at 9to5Mac if we find anything new. 

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Wed, 07 Sep 2022 06:55:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://9to5mac.com/2022/09/07/tvos-16-rc-now-available/
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