No bulky books, just short cut Questions of 300-625 exam 300-625 exam prep involves a Comprehensive Pool of 300-625 Issues and Answers having Exam Questions validated and approved along with personal references and explanations. Each of our objectives to train the 300-625 Questions and even Answers is not merely to pass typically the 300-625 test at typically the first attempt although Really Improve Your current Knowledge about typically the 300-625 test subjects.

Exam Code: 300-625 Practice test 2022 by team
300-625 Implementing Cisco Storage Area Networking (DCSAN)

300-625 DCSAN
Certifications: CCNP Data Center, Cisco Certified Specialist - Data Center SAN Implementation
Duration: 90 minutes

This test tests your knowledge of Cisco MDS 9000 series switches, including:
- Deployment
- Implementation
- Management and monitoring
- Troubleshooting

Exam Description
The Implementing Cisco Storage Area Networking v1.0 (DCSAN 300-625) test is a 90-minute test associated with the CCNP Data Center and Cisco Certified Specialist - Data Center SAN Implementation certifications. This test certifies a candidate's knowledge of Cisco MDS 9000 series switches including deployment, implementation, management and monitoring, and troubleshooting. The course, Configuring Cisco MDS 9000 Series Switches, helps candidates to prepare for this exam.

15% 1.0 Deployment
1.1 Describe installation and initial setup
1.1.a NX-OS
1.1.b DCNM
1.1.c POAP
1.2 Describe secure boot
35% 2.0 Implementation
2.1 Implement Fibre Channel port channels
2.2 Implement Fibre Channel protocol services
2.2.a Name Service
2.2.b Cisco Fabric Services (CFS)
2.3 Implement FCoE
2.3.a FCoE Initialization Protocol (FIP)
2.3.b Priority flow control (PFC)
2.3.c Enhanced transmission selection (ETS)
2.3.d Data Center Bridging Exchange/Link Level Discover Protocol (LLDP)
2.4 Implement VSANs
2.5 Implement NPV and NPIV
2.6 Implement device aliases and zoning
2.7 Configure inter-VSAN routing
2.8 Implement VSAN extensions
25% 3.0 Management and Monitoring
3.1 Configure DCNM
3.1a DCNM-SAN client
3.1b Licensing options
3.1c DCNM Device Manager
3.2 Configure RBAC
3.3 Configure Fibre Channel fabric security
3.4 Describe slow-drain analysis
3.5 Implement SAN telemetry streaming
25% 4.0 MDS Troubleshooting
4.1 Troubleshoot Fibre Channel domains and duplicate domain ID
4.2 Troubleshoot zoning and zone merge failure
4.3 Troubleshoot boot and upgrade issues

Implementing Cisco Storage Area Networking (DCSAN)
Cisco Implementing exam
Killexams : Cisco Implementing test - BingNews Search results Killexams : Cisco Implementing test - BingNews Killexams : The new Cisco Enterprise Certification – Everything you need to know

The CCNA Enterprise (Cisco Certified Network Associate) is an IT certification from Cisco Systems.

CCNA 200-301 Certification

  1. The CCNA Enterprise (Cisco Certified Network Associate) is an IT certification from Cisco Systems. The CCNA program began in 1998 with a basic certificate focusing on Routing and Switching. Since then, Cisco has expanded the program to cover many facets of computer networking and network administration, offering certifications at five increasingly demanding levels: Entry, Associate, Professional, Expert, and Architect. Among Cisco’s five-level network certification system, the CCNA family belongs to the Associate level, which is one step above the Entry level. Socheck this link right here nowfor more information.

As of February 24, 2020, Cisco has upgraded its certifications. The new Cisco certifications will now come in 4 skill levels (CCNA, Specialist, CCNP, and CCIE) in 6 specialty areas (Enterprise, Security, Service Provider, Collaboration, Data Center).

CCNA certification: The 200-301 takes the place of the 200-125

This is the significant change in the update, where the Special CCNAs (CCNA Security, Wireless, Voice, etc.) give way to a single CCNA which will be the starting point for all certification courses. We went from CCNA 200-125 to CCNA 200-301. courses removed will be Models, EIGRP, OSPFv3, BGP, VTP, and APIC-EM, as well as WAN courses like PPP, PPPoE, or GRE. The automation and programmability of networks are becoming a new field of purely theoretical knowledge. According to Cisco Press author Wendell Odom, the new CCNA 200-301 test is 25% less dense than its predecessor CCNA 200-125.

The CCENT level and the ICND1 and ICND2 exams are disappearing in favor of a single, generic CCNA 200-301 Implementing and Administering Cisco Solutions exam.

  1. The Enterprise 200-301 is delivered in 5 days + 3 days of Self-study. Click here to view official content.

For its academic version, the CCNA1, CCNA2, CCNA3, and CCNA4 give way to:

  1. CCNA Enterprise I: Introduction to Networks (17 modules)
  2. CCNA Enterprise II: Fundamentals of Switching, Routing, and Wireless (16 modules)
  3. CCNA Enterprise III: Enterprise Networks, Security and Authorization (14 modules)

Add an alternative

Are youa networkengineer,system engineer,network administrator,and systems technician? Want to boost your career and take it to the next level?

  1. It is essential to know that the Cisco Enterprise certification is among the most demanded and valued major computer science certifications today. Today, most companies require IT certificates. Day by day, with technological advancements, businesses need skilled human resources to manage their network and security.
  2. That’s why investing in Enterprise 200-301 certification is one of the best decisions you can make. It is the starting point for Enterprise, Security, Data Center, Collaboration, and Service Provider courses.

By getting certified, you will be able to discover and deepen the knowledge and skills necessary to install, configure, and troubleshoot enterprise network infrastructures and thus climb the ladder with the most advanced Certifications.

Here’s a look at the six Cisco training courses you’ll get on offer today:

  1. Cisco Certified Technician CCT Routing and Switching 100-490:This course is not intended for novices. Instead, it is aimed at people who are already working in the networking industry and want to deepen their knowledge. It covers switching and routing technologies, remote device configuration, complex connectivity issues, and visiting thecompany websitefor more updates.
  2. Cisco Enterprise 200-301:This course will teach you how to pass the new CCNA certification, which Cisco introduced in February 2020. For those who don’t know, Enterprise 200-301 is the latest network certification for network administrators, engineer support, and data center operations. It covers automation, programmability, SDN, and wireless and security fundamentals.
  3. Cisco CCNP Enterprise ENARSI test 300-410:If you want to work with routers and their associated technologies, you will need the Cisco CCNP Enterprise ENARSI certificate.

Press Release Distributed by The Express Wire

To view the original version on The Express Wire visit The new Cisco Enterprise Certification – Everything you need to know

Sun, 17 Jul 2022 21:31:00 -0500 TheExpressWire en-US text/html
Killexams : Pass Cisco 350-401 ENCOR by exploring essential course resources

Taking the Cisco 350-401 ENCOR test and passing it with good grades is not an easy task. Enterprise networking technologies are increasing at an intense level. In particular, the Cisco 350-401 ENCOR certification is accessible, and the training embodies success to obtain it and pass the 350-401 exams dumps. Not every IT professional has the ability to accomplish this task. The Cisco 350-401 Enterprise certifications allow you to gain more in-depth knowledge about networking technologies. Furthermore, it assists in gaining skills to deal with security issues and implement automation methods. Consequently, one of the visible benefits of taking the Cisco 350-401 ENCOR exam is that you will excel in your career.

Advantages of the Cisco 350-401 ENCOR certification

Indeed, the 350-401 certification will help you stand out in a crowd for several reasons.

  • Evidently, candidates taking and passing the Cisco 350-401 ENCOR test are known for their acquired skills. Cisco offers comprehensive courses and great training along with professional certifications.
  • Additionally, the 350-401 certification will open doors to several international organizations. Many companies who stay up to date with the latest network technologies want to work with the Cisco 350-401 ENCOR certified professional.
  • Hence, having Cisco 350-401 Enterprise on the resume will help you get the job more easily.
  • More likely, candidates will gain skills in network technologies. They acquire the ability to deal with fissures in automation and security.

Prepare for the Cisco 350-401 ENCOR exam

The Cisco certification test proves the ability of an individual to deal with and manage Cisco Enterprise wireless and wired networks. It is a part of the syllabus to get the ultimate command to implement security solutions. Therefore, it is necessary to commit to prepare for the 350-401 test and acknowledge the benefits. Moreover, all 350-401 training and online material is available for the Cisco test preparation.

To understand the courses well, it is good to practice Cisco 350-401 ENCOR tests online. This will help to prepare well for the Cisco test and also Boost the 350-401 course credits. The online 350-401 practice tests are taken according to the test structure.

Understand the concepts with Cisco 350-401 ENCOR dumps

Candidates can start the Cisco ENCOR 350-401 test preparation right away. The 350-401 ENCOR dumps, along with practice questions and answers, are also available online. The 350-401 Crack dumps with study guide and 350-401 test dumps allow the candidate to train and pass certification at the first attempt.

Indeed, the 350-401 ENCOR dumps, practice questions, and study guide are the only solutions you need to pass the certification exams. The practice questions are joined together by the industry experts. So, get immediate online help and study hard to pass hassle-free.

Cisco 350-401 ENCOR training videos, study guides, and practice questions are gathered by the experts. Prepare, study, and pass the ENCOR 350-401 certification test by practicing test questions and going through dumps to get immediate help.

Pass with the Cisco 350-401 ENCOR test material

The Cisco 350-401 ENCOR test material helps many candidates master the enterprise networking technologies. It also allows them to understand the core of automation infrastructure, security, and network assurance. The test is 120 minutes’ total following the certification updates. The individuals will get a chance to broaden their IT skills and enhance their knowledge. However, after passing the ENCOR 350-401 exam, they will get great positions in the IT field. The relevant material confirms that the candidate must have skills to configure, manage, and troubleshoot wired or wireless networks.

The self-study material includes all of the practice questions, comprehensive lab videos, and various challenges. All of the challenges let the candidates validate their abilities and skills. Indeed, the idea of providing complete ENCOR 350-401 test materials is to prepare candidates for certification without any hassle. It promotes organized study involving quizzes, questions, online practice tests, and review concepts. Thus, all of the resources with brilliant content mastery are available online.

Be a skilled Cisco 350-401 ENCOR professional

Passing the Cisco 350-401 ENCOR test will make a candidate a capable professional in automation and security. Moreover, it enables the candidate to handle all types of network technologies. So, passing the 350-401 test with a flying score is a reliable option to get a good job. Truly, a candidate needs to manage their time efficiently to prepare well for the exam. Significantly, there are several advantages to be a certified Cisco 350-401 ENCOR professional.

So, it is best to work hard for the 350-401 test by considering the reliable course material available online. While the online Cisco 350-401 ENCOR practice questions online prove to be very helpful. Complete 350-401 dumps enable to assess the knowledge growth more appropriately.

Be a Cisco 350-401 ENCOR certified professional and acquire proficiency and skills in network technologies.
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Sun, 31 Jul 2022 21:32:00 -0500 en-GB text/html
Killexams : Get Certified As A Cybersecurity Expert With 93% Off These Expert Led Classes

New threats to our data and privacy reveal themselves every day, to the point where you can't even trust a USB cable. As a result, cybersecurity knowledge is increasingly crucial to IT careers and everyday life. The Ultimate 2021 Cyber Security Survival Training Bundle offers 5 courses that will help you get certified as an internet safety expert, and help keep your team safe. It's on sale for just $29.99 (reg. $495). 

The Security Certifications You Need

The 5 courses are taught by a team of experts recruited by ITU Online, which has won a ton of industry awards, including at the Best in Biz Awards and the Cybersecurity Excellence Awards. Founded in 2012, ITU's goal is to make staying up-to-date on the latest in coding, security, and best practices efficient and effective. It designs its courses to make them accessible across the entire range of skills, so even experienced professionals can get the most from their test courses.

Each one focuses on a different certification: CompTIA Security+ SY0-501, Cisco 210-260 IINS: Implementing Cisco Network Security, Cloud Computing Security Knowledge (CCSK), Certified Information Security Manager (CISM), and Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA). Each unfolds with an eye towards building the correct skill sets and passing the test with flying colors.

The Skills You Need

Each course uses the lens of the test to teach you increasingly complex cybersecurity skills. SY0-501 looks at the basics of cybersecurity and how to prevent attacks. Next, the Cisco 210-260 looks at security as a network and infrastructure issue, and how to mitigate those threats.

The CCSK course looks at the specific risks around cloud computing and how to manage them at an organizational level through best practices and back-end measures. Finally, the CISM and CISA certifications show you how to scale up your knowledge to larger groups and networks, and to perform detailed analysis of usage and infrastructure to spot and mitigate threats.

Get the Ultimate 2021 Cyber Security Survival Training Bundle for $29.99 (reg. $495).

Futurism fans: To create this content, a non-editorial team worked with an affiliate partner. We may collect a small commission on items purchased through this page. This post does not necessarily reflect the views or the endorsement of the editorial staff.

Tue, 14 Sep 2021 00:07:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : CompTIA Network+ Certification Training

Online Comp TIA Network+ Training Course

Become CompTIA Network+ Certified Online

IT networks seamlessly connect devices to the data and tools that provide users with the information they need. This 100% online course will teach you to configure, manage and troubleshoot hard-wired and wireless IT networks. Key courses include network design, security, routing and switching, cloud computing, IPv6 and forensics. Upon successful completion, you will be prepared for the CompTIA Network+ certification test (N10-007).

Job Outlook for CompTIA Network+ Professionals
  • CompTIA Network+ Certification is widely considered the industry standard for initiating a career supporting IT network infrastructure. Skills such as configuring, deploying and troubleshooting networks are highly valued by premier employers in the business, non-profit and government sectors.
  • At the entry-level, CompTIA Network+ Certification holders often work in data centers, user support departments and network troubleshooting shops. With experience, many CompTIA Network+ professionals advance to become systems administrators, network engineers and IT managers.
  • According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), network administrators earn $83,510 per year on average.


CompTIA Network+ Certification Training FAQs


A thorough CompTIA Network+ Certification training course will prepare you to take the CompTIA Network+ certification exam. The test is a comprehensive validation of the knowledge and skills required to set up, deploy and manage a hard-wired or wireless IT network.

It tests for professional-level competency in the following areas:

  • Designing and implementing IT networks
  • Configuring, managing, and maintaining network devices
  • Using devices such as switches and routers to segment network traffic in order to create resilient networks
  • Reviewing existing network configurations for their strengths and weaknesses
  • Implementing and managing network security standards and protocols
  • Troubleshooting problems with hard-wired and wireless networks
  • Since the CompTIA Network+ Certification is considered a leading-edge credential, the test covers cloud and virtualization technologies


According to CompTIA, the Network+ certification is ideal for establishing a career deploying and supporting network infrastructure. Professionals who hold the Network+ certification commonly hold positions that include:

  • Junior Network Administrator
  • Computer Technician
  • Network Field Technician
  • Help Desk Technician
  • Junior System Engineer
  • System Engineer
  • IS Consultant
  • Network Support Specialist
  • Network Field Engineer
  • Network Analyst


Because the IT industry is subject to constant and rapid change, CompTIA encourages its certificate holders to pursue an aggressive schedule of continuing education (CE) once they achieve Network+ certification. The Network+ certification is valid for three years after the date of your exam. After expiration, CompTIA certifications can be renewed through CE for additional three-year intervals.


Although many IT network support positions involve hands-on work with networks, devices, network software and troubleshooting, CompTIA notes that many companies are opening user and customer support jobs to work from home (WFH) status.

Course Objectives
  • How to install, configure, and differentiate between common network devices
  • Routing protocols, computer forensic practices, and addressing and cloud computing technologies
  • All about WAN/LAN technology, addressing services like DHCP, the OSI model and the TCP/IP model, and Domain Name Services (DNS)
  • How to implement a basic wireless network and wireless security
  • How to conduct network monitoring and perform network performance optimization
  • Be prepared to take and pass the CompTIA Network+ certification test (N10-007)
Prerequisites and Requirements

There are no prerequisites to take the course. However, CompTIA recommends having up to 12 months of hands-on experience before taking the Network+ certification exam.



Network infrastructure implementation, routing concepts and protocols, cloud and virtualization


Monitoring tools, network segmentation, configuration management


Network vulnerabilities and threats, risk management, network access control models


Network and security troubleshooting, common issues with fiber cables, copper cables and WAN


OSI model, wired connectivity, network policies and procedures


David Grimes

David Grimes has more than 10 years of management and leadership experience in the private and non-profit sectors. Grimes is passionate about technology and education, having worked as academic dean, student services director, technology coordinator, teacher, consultant, and technology columnist. He holds a Master of Education and a Bachelor of Science from Ohio State University, both in Technology Education.

Registration and Enrollment
This course is powered by ed2go and 100% online. Start anytime.
Mon, 13 Sep 2021 08:42:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : CompTIA Security+ Certification Training

Online CompTIA Security+ Certification Course

Earn Your CompTIA Cyber Security Certificate

Securing this data is a key role in organizations of every size and type. This creates significant opportunities for professionals who can keep online data safe and private. The CompTIA Security+ certification is considered a global standard for validating cybersecurity skills. This 100% online course will help you master the basics of system security, network infrastructure, access control, and organizational security. Upon successful completion of the course, you will be prepared to take the CompTIA Security+ certification SY0-501 exam.

Job Outlook for CompTIA Security+ Professionals
  • Cybersecurity professionals are in high demand. Cyber Defense Magazine predicts a need for 1.8 million new cybersecurity professionals by 2022. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects 32% job growth for information security analysts between now and 2028.
  • This is among the BLS’s fastest-growing job categories, a factor the BLS attributes to growth in hacking and attacks on computer and network infrastructure. Growth is expected across every industry, especially those that involve private information such as banks and financial services, healthcare and emerging fields such as vehicle and physical infrastructure systems.
  • Cybersecurity professionals are well-paid. According to, cybersecurity analysts with CompTIA Security+ preparation command salaries above $61,000 per year.
CompTIA Security+ Certificate FAQs


Data security firm Netwrix considers the CompTIA Security+ the ideal certification for those entering the cybersecurity field. Although other certifications may offer subject matter and challenges that dive deeper into specific issues that are more appropriate for seasoned professionals, the Security+ certification process and exams fit ideally with the needs of new security professionals.


As a certification for entry-level or ground floor career opportunities, CompTIA Security+ certificate holders often work in jobs with titles such as:

  • Junior IT Auditor/ Penetration Tester
  • Security Specialist
  • Security Consultant
  • Security Engineer
  • Systems Administrator
  • Network Administrator
  • Security Administrator


The Security+ test is a comprehensive test of your ability to:

  • Install, configure and troubleshoot systems to ensure the security of applications, networks, and devices
  • Detect, analyze and mitigate threats to systems and information
  • Participate in activities that mitigate and address risks to information and devices
  • Be aware of and follow policies, laws, and regulations as applicable
  • Support network operations, information and devices following the principles of confidentiality, integrity, and availability


Although many cybersecurity jobs require access to highly confidential information including systems configurations, CompTIA notes that many support and user-facing jobs are shifting to a remote or work from home (WFH) basis. Especially given secure connections and reliable protocols, network security may offer opportunities for remote careers.

Course Objectives
  • Perform network design security, risk calculations, penetration testing, and risk management
  • Implement device security, wireless security, static environment security, secure authentication methods, and authorization models
  • Manage attack types, mitigating malware, discovery tools, and security administrative principles
  • Develop the necessary skills for a career as an IA technician, security consultant, information security analyst, or forensic analyst
  • Create an initial understanding of or build upon your existing IT knowledge by exploring computer and network security concepts
  • Prepare to successfully pass the CompTIA Security+ test SY0-501
Prerequisites and Requirements

There are no prerequisites to take the course. However, CompTIA recommends having up to two years of experience in IT administration with a security focus for the Security+ exam.

Course Outline


Malware and social engineering attacks, basic cryptography


Advanced cryptography and PKI, application and networking-based attacks, network security devices, design, and technology


Administering a secure network, wireless network security, client and application security


Mobile and embedded device security, authentication, account and access management


Vulnerability assessment and data security, backup and recovery, implementing software RAID


David Grimes

David Grimes has more than 10 years of management and leadership experience in the private and non-profit sectors. Grimes is passionate about technology and education, having worked as academic dean, student services director, technology coordinator, teacher, consultant, and technology columnist. He holds a Master of Education and a Bachelor of Science from Ohio State University, both in Technology Education.

Registration and Enrollment

This course is powered by ed2go and 100% online. Start anytime.

Mon, 13 Sep 2021 08:42:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : (ISC)² Makes the SSCP test Available in Chinese, Korean, German and Spanish

World's leading cybersecurity administration and operations certification exam
now available in more languages

ALEXANDRIA, Va., Aug. 1, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- (ISC)² – the world's largest nonprofit association of certified cybersecurity professionals – today announced that effective November 1, 2022, the (ISC)² Systems Security Certified Practitioner (SSCP®) certification test will be available in four additional languages — Chinese, Korean, German and Spanish – in addition to English and Japanese.

Expanding the available languages of (ISC)² certification exams is part of the association's broader initiative to Boost the accessibility of its exams, making cybersecurity certification opportunities more attainable globally. This update follows previous changes to the association's flagship CISSP® certification, as well as its fastest-growing certification, the CCSP®, which both added additional language availability this year.

"(ISC)2 is committed to making our exams more accessible around the world, because the need for cybersecurity professionals to demonstrate their advanced technical skills and knowledge is universal," said Dr. Casey Marks, Chief Qualifications Officer, (ISC)². "Expanding SSCP test language availability to include Chinese, German, Korean and Spanish will help more individuals earn the SSCP and advance their careers, while also enabling organizations to confidently build more resilient security teams around the globe."

The SSCP is ideal for IT administrators, managers, directors and network security professionals responsible for the hands-on operational security of their organization's critical assets. Those who earn the SSCP demonstrate they have the advanced technical skills and knowledge to implement, monitor and administer IT infrastructure using security best practices, policies and procedures established by the cybersecurity expertise of the (ISC)² membership.

SSCP test Updates 
Also starting November 1, the SSCP test will have 25 additional pre-test items added, which will increase the test from 125 to 150 items. The pre-test items are being evaluated for inclusion in future exams and are unscored, and the maximum test administration time will be increased from three to four hours to account for the additional items. This change enables (ISC)² to continue expanding its item bank to strengthen the integrity and security of the SSCP for all those who earn the certification.

For more information on the upcoming changes to the SSCP exam, please visit

About (ISC)² 
(ISC)² is an international nonprofit membership association focused on inspiring a safe and secure cyber world. Best known for the acclaimed Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP®) certification, (ISC)² offers a portfolio of credentials that are part of a holistic, pragmatic approach to security. Our membership, more than 168,000 strong, is made up of certified cyber, information, software and infrastructure security professionals who are making a difference and helping to advance the industry. Our vision is supported by our commitment to educate and reach the general public through our charitable foundation – The Center for Cyber Safety and Education™. For more information on (ISC)², visit, follow us on Twitter or connect with us on Facebook and LinkedIn.

© 2022 (ISC)² Inc., (ISC)², CISSP, SSCP, SSCP, CAP, CSSLP, HCISPP, CISSP-ISSAP, CISSP-ISSEP, CISSP-ISSMP and CBK are registered marks of (ISC)², Inc.

Media Contact: 


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Mon, 01 Aug 2022 01:03:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Data and IT Certifications and Credentials

IT Credentials That Qualify for Transfer Credits

Receive credit for these IT courses

Microsoft 98-381 Introduction to Programming Using Python

IT-140 Introduction to Scripting


CS-200 Computer Science’s Role in Industry

To qualify for transfer credits, students must initiate their request within 3 years of passing their IT certification exam.

To learn more about this Microsoft certification exam, 98-381 Introduction to Programming Using Python, visit Microsoft Learning’s certification test page.

To validate your certificate:

Microsoft Certification exams passed and certifications earned become part of your Microsoft Certified Profession (MCP) members official transcript, which can be shared with potential employers and universities. Microsoft offers MCP members a tool called Transcript Sharing, which can be accessed from the benefits and exams dashboard.

You must create an access code and share both the access code and transcript ID with the URL to SNHU. Your admission counselor or academic advisor will use the URL and the 2 codes to view your Microsoft transcript.

Tue, 17 Apr 2018 10:17:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Patent Infringement Verdict Nixed over Judge’s Stock Ownership

Thursday, July 14, 2022

The US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reversed a district court’s opinions and orders and remanded the case for further proceedings before a different district court judge because the original judge had failed to divest all financial interests in the case. Centripetal Networks, Inc. v. Cisco Systems, Inc., Case No. 21-1888 (Fed. Cir. June 23, 2022) (Dyk, Taranto, Cunningham, JJ.)

Centripetal sued Cisco for patent infringement. The original district court judge presided over a 22-day bench trial, which included a more than 3,500-page record, 26 witnesses and more than 300 exhibits. The court heard final arguments on June 25, 2020. While the case was still pending before the district court, the judge learned that his wife owned Cisco stock, valued at $4,687.99. The district court judge notified the parties on August 12, 2020, that he had discovered that his wife owned 100 shares of Cisco stock. He stated that his wife purchased the stock in October 2019 and had no independent recollection of the purchase. He explained that at the time he learned of the stock, he had already drafted a 130-page draft of his opinion on the bench trial, and virtually every issue had been decided. He further stated that the stock did not—and could not have—influenced his opinion on any of the issues in the case. Instead of selling the stock, which might have implied insider trading given his knowledge of the forthcoming order, the judge placed it in a blind trust. Under the terms of the trust, the judge was to be notified when the trust assets had been completely disposed of or when their value became less than $1,000.

Centripetal had no objections. Cisco, however, filed a motion for recusal under 28 U.S.C. § 455(a) and (b)(4). The judge ordered Centripetal to file a response. On October 2, 2020, the court denied Cisco’s motion for recusal. On October 5, 2020, the court issued a 167-page opinion and order containing the judge’s findings that Cisco willfully infringed the asserted claims of the patents-at-issue and awarded Centripetal damages of more than $755 million, pre-judgment interest of more than $13 million and a running royalty of 10%. Cisco moved for amended findings and judgment under Rule 52(b) or a new trial under Rule 59(a)(2). The court denied both motions. Cisco appealed the district court’s findings and asserted that the judge was required to recuse himself under 28 U.S.C. § 455(b) absent divestiture under § 455(f) (the only exception to the bright line rule that a federal judge is disqualified based on a known financial interest in a party).

On appeal, the Federal Circuit addressed two issues: whether the district court judge was relieved of his duty to recuse under § 455(b)(4) because his wife had divested herself of her interest in Cisco under § 455(f), and, if the requirements of § 455(f) were not satisfied, a determination as to the proper remedy.

The Federal Circuit analyzed whether placement of the stock in a blind trust satisfied the divesture requirement of § 455(f). The Court explained that a blind trust is “an arrangement whereby a person, in an effort to avoid conflicts of interest, places certain personal assets under the control of an independent trustee with the provision that the person is to have no knowledge of how those assets are managed.” Centripetal admitted that there are no cases holding that placement of stock in a blind trust constitutes divestment. The Court next turned to the intent of Congress when it drafted the statute. The Court reasoned that to “divest” was understood at the time to mean “dispossess or deprive,” which is only possible when an interest is sold or given away. The Court also noted that Congress used the present tense—that a judge should not sit when he or she has a financial interest in a party. The Court concluded that while placing the stock in a blind trust removed the judge’s wife from control over the stock, it did not eliminate her beneficial interest in Cisco. The Court also found that the Judicial Conference’s Committee on Codes of Conduct had previously ruled that a judge’s use of a blind trust does not obviate the judge’s recusal obligations. Accordingly, the Court found that placing assets in a blind trust is not divestment under § 455(f) and, thus, the district court judge was disqualified from further proceedings in the case.

As for the appropriate remedy, the Federal Circuit considered whether rulings made after August 11, 2020, when the district court judge became aware of his wife’s financial interest in Cisco, should be vacated as a remedy for his failure to recuse. The Court determined that the risk of injustice to the parties weighed against a finding of harmless error and in favor of vacatur. The Court reversed the district court’s opinion and order denying Cisco’s motion for recusal; vacated the opinion and order regarding infringement, damages and post-judgment motions and remanded for further proceedings before a new judge.

Wed, 13 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Computing and Information Technologies Bachelor of Science Degree Course Sem. Cr. Hrs. First Year COMM-142

General Education – Elective: Introduction to Technical Communication (WI-GE)

This course introduces students to current best practices in written and visual technical communication including writing effective email, short and long technical reports and presentations, developing instructional material, and learning the principles and practices of ethical technical communication. Course activities focus on engineering and scientific technical documents. Lab (Fall).

3 CSEC-102

Information Assurance and Security

Computer-based information processing is a foundation of contemporary society. As such, the protection of digital information, and the protection of systems that process this information has become a strategic priority for both the public and private sectors. This course provides an overview of information assurance and security concepts, practices, and trends. courses include computing and networking infrastructures, risk, threats and vulnerabilities, legal and industry requirements for protecting information, access control models, encryption, critical national infrastructure, industrial espionage, enterprise backup, recovery, and business continuity, personal system security, and current trends and futures. Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 GCIS-123

General Education – Elective: Software Development and Problem Solving I

A first course introducing students to the fundamentals of computational problem solving. Students will learn a systematic approach to problem solving, including how to frame a problem in computational terms, how to decompose larger problems into smaller components, how to implement innovative software solutions using a contemporary programming language, how to critically debug their solutions, and how to assess the adequacy of the software solution. Additional courses include an introduction to object-oriented programming and data structures such as arrays and stacks. Students will complete both in-class and out-of-class assignments. Lab 6 (Fall, Spring).

4 GCIS-124

General Education – Elective: Software Development and Problem Solving II

A second course that delves further into computational problem solving, now with a focus on an object-oriented perspective. There is a continued emphasis on basic software design, testing & verification, and incremental development. Key courses include theoretical abstractions such as classes, objects, encapsulation, inheritance, interfaces, polymorphism, software design comprising multiple classes with UML, data structures (e.g. lists, trees, sets, maps, and graphs), exception/error handling, I/O including files and networking, concurrency, and graphical user interfaces. Additional courses include basic software design principles (coupling, cohesion, information expert, open-closed principle, etc.), test driven development, design patterns, data integrity, and data security. (Prerequisite: C- or better in SWEN-123 or CSEC-123 or GCIS-123 or equivalent course.) Lab 6 (Fall, Spring, Summer).

4 MATH-131

General Education – Mathematical Perspective A: Discrete Mathematics

This course is an introduction to the courses of discrete mathematics, including number systems, sets and logic, relations, combinatorial methods, graph theory, regular sets, vectors, and matrices. (Prerequisites: MATH-101, MATH-111, NMTH-260, NMTH-272 or NMTH-275 or a Math Placement test score of at least 35.) Lecture 4 (Fall, Spring).

4 MATH-161

General Education – Mathematical Perspective B: Applied Calculus

This course is an introduction to the study of differential and integral calculus, including the study of functions and graphs, limits, continuity, the derivative, derivative formulas, applications of derivatives, the definite integral, the fundamental theorem of calculus, basic techniques of integral approximation, exponential and logarithmic functions, basic techniques of integration, an introduction to differential equations, and geometric series. Applications in business, management sciences, and life sciences will be included with an emphasis on manipulative skills. (Prerequisite: C- or better in MATH-101, MATH-111, MATH-131, NMTH-260, NMTH-272 or NMTH-275 or Math Placement test score greater than or equal to 45.) Lecture 4 (Fall, Spring).

4 NSSA-102

Computer System Concepts

This course teaches the student the essential technologies needed by NSSA majors, focused on PC and mainframe hardware topics. They include how those platforms operate, how they are configured, and the operation of their major internal components. Also covered are the basic operating system interactions with those platforms, physical security of assets, and computing-centric mathematical concepts. Lab 2 (Fall, Spring).

3 YOPS-10

RIT 365: RIT Connections

RIT 365 students participate in experiential learning opportunities designed to launch them into their career at RIT, support them in making multiple and varied connections across the university, and immerse them in processes of competency development. Students will plan for and reflect on their first-year experiences, receive feedback, and develop a personal plan for future action in order to develop foundational self-awareness and recognize broad-based professional competencies. Lecture 1 (Fall, Spring).


General Education – First Year Writing (WI)


General Education – Ethical Perspective


General Education – Global Perspective

3 Second Year ISTE-99

School of Information Second Year Seminar

This course helps students prepare for cooperative employment by developing job search approaches and material. Students will explore current and emerging aspects of IST fields to help focus their skill development strategies. Students are introduced to the Office of Career Services and Cooperative Education, and learn about their professional and ethical responsibilities for their co-op and subsequent professional experiences. Students will work collaboratively to build résumés, cover letters, and prepare for interviewing. (Prerequisites: This class is restricted to HCC-BS or CMIT-BS or WMC-BS or COMPEX-UND Major students with at least 2nd year standing.) Lecture 1 (Fall, Spring).

0 ISTE-140

Web & Mobile I

This course provides students with an introduction to internet and web technologies, and to development on Macintosh/UNIX computer platforms. courses include HTML and CSS, CSS3 features, digital images, web page design and website publishing. Emphasis is placed on fundamentals, concepts and standards. Additional courses include the user experience, mobile design issues, and copyright/intellectual property considerations. Exercises and projects are required. Lec/Lab 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-230

General Education – Elective: Introduction to Database and Data Modeling

A presentation of the fundamental concepts and theories used in organizing and structuring data. Coverage includes the data modeling process, basic relational model, normalization theory, relational algebra, and mapping a data model into a database schema. Structured Query Language is used to illustrate the translation of a data model to physical data organization. Modeling and programming assignments will be required. Note: students should have one course in object-oriented programming. (Prerequisites: ISTE-120 or ISTE-200 or IGME-101 or IGME-105 or CSCI-140 or CSCI-142 or NACA-161 or NMAD-180 or BIOL-135 or GCIS-123 or equivalent course.) Lec/Lab 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-240

Web & Mobile II

This course builds on the basics of web page development that are presented in Web and Mobile I and extends that knowledge to focus on theories, issues, and technologies related to the design and development of web sites. An overview of web design concepts, including usability, accessibility, information architecture, and graphic design in the context of the web will be covered. Introduction to web site technologies, including HTTP, web client and server programming, and dynamic page generation from a database also will be explored. Development exercises are required. (Prerequisites: (ISTE-120 or CSCI-140 or CSCI-141 or NACA-161 or IGME-105 or IGME-101 or NMAD-180 or GCIS-123) and (ISTE-140 or NACA-172 or IGME-230 or IGME-235) or equivalent course.) Lec/Lab 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-499

Undergraduate Co-op (summer)

Students perform paid, professional work related to their program of study. Students work full-time during the term they are registered for co-op. Students must complete a student co-op work report for each term they are registered; students also are evaluated each term by their employer. A satisfactory grade is given for co-op when both a completed student co-op report and a corresponding employer report that indicates satisfactory student performance are received. (Enrollment in this course requires permission from the department offering the course.) CO OP (Fall, Spring, Summer).

0 NSSA-220

Task Automation Using Interpretive Languages

An introduction to the Unix operating system and scripting in the Perl and Unix shell languages. The course will cover basic user-level commands to the Unix operating system, followed by basic control structures, and data structures in Perl. Examples will include GUI programming, and interfacing to an underlying operating system. Following Perl, students will be introduced to the basics of shell programming using the Unix bash shell. Students will need one year of programming in an object-oriented language. (Prerequisite: GCIS-124 or ISTE-121 or ISTE -200 or CSCI-142 or CSCI-140 or CSCI-242 or equivalent course.) Lecture 4 (Fall, Spring).

3 NSSA-221

System Administration I

This course is designed to give students an understanding of the role of the system administrator in large organizations. This will be accomplished through a discussion of many of the tasks and tools of system administration. Students will participate in both a lecture section and a separate lab section. The technologies discussed in this class include: operating systems, system security, and service deployment strategies. (Prerequisites: NSSA-241 and (NSSA-220 or CSCI-141 or GCIS-123) or equivalent courses.) Lab 2 (Fall, Spring).

3 NSSA-241

Introduction to Routing and Switching

This course provides an introduction to wired network infrastructures, topologies, technologies, and the protocols required for effective end-to-end communication. Basic security concepts for TCP/IP based technologies are introduced. Networking layers 1, 2, and 3 are examined in-depth using the International Standards Organization’s Open Systems Interconnection and TCP/IP models as reference. Course courses focus on the TCP/IP protocol suite, the Ethernet LAN protocol, switching technology, and routed and routing protocols common in TCP/IP networks. The lab assignments mirror the lecture content , providing an experiential learning component for each Topic covered. (Prerequisites: NSSA-102 or CSEC-101 or CSEC-140 or NACT-151 or CSCI-250 or equivalent courses.) Lab 2 (Fall, Spring).

3 STAT-145

General Education – Elective: Introduction to Statistics I

This course introduces statistical methods of extracting meaning from data, and basic inferential statistics. courses covered include data and data integrity, exploratory data analysis, data visualization, numeric summary measures, the normal distribution, sampling distributions, confidence intervals, and hypothesis testing. The emphasis of the course is on statistical thinking rather than computation. Statistical software is used. (Prerequisite: MATH-101 or MATH-111 or NMTH-260 or NMTH-272 or NMTH-275 or a math placement test score of at least 35.) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring, Summer).


General Education – Artistic Perspective


General Education – Natural Science Inquiry Perspective


General Education – Elective

3 Third Year ISTE-260

Designing the User Experience

The user experience is an important design element in the development of interactive systems. This course presents the foundations of user-centered design principles within the context of human-computer interaction (HCI). Students will explore and practice HCI methods that span the development lifecycle from requirements analysis and creating the product/service vision through system prototyping and usability testing. Leading edge interface technologies are examined. Group-based exercises and design projects are required. (Prerequisite: ISTE-140 or IGME-230 or NACA-172 or equivalent course.) Lec/Lab 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-430

Information Requirements Modeling

Students will survey and apply contemporary techniques used in analyzing and modeling information requirements. Requirements will be elicited in a variety of domains and abstracted at conceptual, logical, and physical levels of detail. Process, data, and state modeling will be applied in projects that follow a systems development lifecycle. Object-oriented modeling will be explored and contrasted with data and process oriented modeling. Individual and team modeling assignments will be required. (Prerequisites: ISTE-230 or CSCI-320 or equivalent course.) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-499

Undergraduate Co-op (summer)

Students perform paid, professional work related to their program of study. Students work full-time during the term they are registered for co-op. Students must complete a student co-op work report for each term they are registered; students also are evaluated each term by their employer. A satisfactory grade is given for co-op when both a completed student co-op report and a corresponding employer report that indicates satisfactory student performance are received. (Enrollment in this course requires permission from the department offering the course.) CO OP (Fall, Spring, Summer).


CIT Concentration Courses


General Education – Social Perspective


General Education – Scientific Principles Perspective


General Education – Immersion 1


Open Electives

6 Fourth Year ISTE-500

Senior Development Project I

The first course in a two-course, senior level, system development capstone project. Students form project teams and work with sponsors to define system requirements. Teams then create architectures and designs, and depending on the project, also may begin software development. Requirements elicitation and development practices introduced in prior coursework are reviewed, and additional methods and processes are introduced. Student teams are given considerable latitude in how they organize and conduct project work. (This course is restricted to WMC-BS, HCC-BS, CMIT-BS, and 2 ISTE-499 completed or (1 ISTE-498 completed and 1 ISTE-499 completed).) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-501

Senior Development Project II (WI-PR)

The second course in a two-course, senior level, system development capstone project. Student teams complete development of their system project and package the software and documentation for deployment. Usability testing practices introduced in prior course work are reviewed, and additional methods and processes are introduced. Teams present their developed system and discuss lessons learned at the completion of the course. (Prerequisites: ISTE-500 or equivalent course.) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring).


CIT Concentration Courses


General Education – Immersion 2, 3


Open Electives

9 Total Semester Credit Hours


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