*Specifications are subject to change without notice. While every attempt has been made by IDG Communications in the production of these specifications, possible errors or omissions may still occur. IDG Communications neither assumes legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any product specifications supplied.
It was an astonishing interview for recruiter Elliott Garlock. While screening candidate engineers for a crypto firm in February, Garlock encountered one applicant who raised almost every conceivable red flag.
The interviewee joined the Zoom interview with his camera off and had to be cajoled into turning it on. There was constant chatter in the background, like he was jammed in a small, crowded room. He claimed to be from San Francisco but, when pressed, wasn't able to pinpoint his location more precisely than "Bay Area."
It was a strange and unproductive interview. Worst of all, it was the first of many. Garlock, the founder of the Stella Talent Partners recruitment firm, soon encountered another, nearly identical candidate. Then another, and another and another.
"I got annoyed after a while, because it was a total waste of time," Garlock said. "I originally thought the scam was that they were offshore, trying to take advantage of remote work to just get a salary for not working."
Now there's a new hypothesis: The people interviewing for jobs were North Koreans trying to siphon money to the reclusive nation. That's in accord with warnings from both the FBI and the Treasury Department, which have cautioned about North Korea's escalating risk to the cryptocurrency industry.
The danger is more than theoretical, as one catastrophic hack in March showed. The Lazarus Group, a hacking outfit associated with North Korea's government, managed to drain over $600 million in crypto from a blockchain used by NFT game Axie Infinity. North Korean hackers stole $840 million in the first five months of 2022, according to Chainalysis data, over $200 million more than they'd plundered in 2020 and 2021 combined.
That is of extraordinary consequence. About a third of the crypto North Korea loots goes into its weapons program, including nuclear weapons, estimates Anne Neuberger, a deputy national security adviser in the Biden administration. It's also funneled to the country's espionage operations. When two South Koreans earlier this year were revealed to have been stealing military information for a North Korean spy, it turned out they'd been paid in bitcoin.
"Crypto is arguably now essential to North Korea," said Nick Carlsen, a former North Korea analyst at the FBI who now works for crypto security firm TRM Labs. "By any standard, they are a crypto superpower."
A crypto superpower with nuclear weapons, that is. A country whose crypto prowess, North Korea watchers say, is directly funding the development of those nukes, with the odds of a new nuclear weapons test growing. The rogue nation has been ratcheting up ballistic missile tests in the past 10 days: Over 5 million residents of Japan were told to seek immediate shelter on Wednesday after North Korea launched a missile over the island of Hokkaido. It's highly likely this, too, was funded at least in part by stolen cryptocurrency.
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea, as North Korea is formally known, has come to depend more on crypto since the pandemic began. It historically relied on black market trade, exporting coal, meth, cigarettes and labor to Southeast Asia, Russia and especially China. But the zero COVID strategy of leader Kim Jong Un has closed borders, thinning the country's already slight revenues. Trade with China, by far North Korea's biggest economic partner, fell 80% in 2020, and reports of food shortages abound. At the same time, cryptocurrency values have skyrocketed.
Despite the recent crypto crash, bitcoin is trading 250% higher than before the pandemic. Ether, the second biggest cryptocurrency, is up over 700%.
Garlock estimates he encountered a dozen candidates he now considers North Korean operatives between February and April. None of them got referred to one of his client companies, which is lucky. North Korean hackers have shown they can cause immense damage if they manage to dupe just one person.
A single corrupted file can leave disaster in its wake. The Axie Infinity hack that netted North Korea over $600 million in crypto started with just that: a tainted PDF.
Axie Infinity is a web browser game similar to Pokemon, except that the Axie creatures you battle are owned as NFTs and can be traded for crypto. To support this digital economy, developer Sky Mavis created its own blockchain called Ronin, whose sole purpose is to process Axie Infinity transactions. At its peak in August 2021, the game was generating over $15 million a day. A senior engineer who worked on Ronin was approached by North Korean operatives on LinkedIn earlier this year, according to a report from The Block. After several rounds of interviews, the engineer received a formal job offer via PDF.
The Ronin blockchain runs on a proof-of-authority model, wherein validation control is given to nine handpicked accounts. To gain control of the blockchain, bad actors needed to control five of these nine validator accounts. When the senior engineer clicked the infected link, he unwittingly gave North Korean hackers keys to four of those validators. Once they were inside Axie Infinity's computer system, hackers were able to get keys for a fifth. The $600 million was drained shortly after.
Sky Mavis didn't respond to a request for comment. But in a post-mortem published in April, the company said: "Sky Mavis employees are under constant advanced spear-phishing attacks on various social channels and one employee was compromised. … The attacker managed to leverage that access to penetrate Sky Mavis IT infrastructure and gain access to the validator nodes."
It's possible the North Korean operatives hired a middleman company to orchestrate the faux employer phishing scheme. That's what they did in 2019, paying an actor to play an executive in fake job interviews with the goal of infiltrating the computer systems of Chile's Redbanc. (North Korea never got to steal from the bank, thanks to an eagle-eyed IT guy, who saw suspicious activity on the network.)
It's tempting to write off the Ronin hack as a disorganized crypto company being exploited. But the same tactics have worked against world-renowned targets. The infamous Sony hack of 2014, a response to the studio's distribution of Seth Rogan's The Interview, a comedy about an assassination attempt on Kim, was achieved in much the same way. Hackers gained access to Sony's computer network by pretending to be a businessman, former assistant US attorney Tony Lewis told the BBC.
Emails from the businessman, ostensibly about his wish to work with Sony, contained a link infected with malware, a link that at least one employee clicked. Two months later, computers at Sony headquarters went black, and the Lazarus Group, North Korea's most notorious hacking outfit, made its presence known. (At the time, the culprits called themselves Guardians of Peace.)
Months later, North Korean operatives pretended to be a job applicant and sent resumes to employees of Bangladesh's central bank. This time at least three employees clicked the link, according to Symantec cybersecurity expert Eric Chien, giving them access to the bank's computer network. The attackers waited a full year to make their move and, in February 2016, attempted to send $951 million from Bangladesh Bank's account with the Federal Reserve to accounts in the Philippines and Sri Lanka.
It was a carefully orchestrated heist. Hackers spent a year learning about the bank's IT system, and planned the robbery on a Thursday that coincided with both Bangladesh's Friday-Saturday weekend and a Philippine public holiday on the Monday, delaying alerts on both ends. Yet it was hamstrung by a stroke of bad luck. After several transactions went through, the Federal Reserve blocked the next $851 million. The attackers sent money to a Philippine bank located on a Jupiter Street. That triggered an alert because, by sheer coincidence, an unrelated Greek company called Jupiter Seaways Shipping was already on the Fed's sanctions watch list for helping Iran bypass oil sanctions.
Though it didn't go to plan, North Korean operatives still managed to steal $64 million from Bangladesh Bank.
"All of the skills they've learned, they're basically now applying it to crypto," said Soo Kim, a former CIA analyst who's now at the Rand Corporation, a think tank.
North Korea's considerable cyber capabilities are a paradox. In a rare 2017 survey the UN was allowed to conduct, only 1% of North Korean households were found to have internet access. Despite this, the DPRK has developed a formidable army of computer hackers.
"They basically do a talent search when kids from elite families are sent to elementary schools," Rand's Kim explained. "They send these kids abroad to Russia to get the [hacking] skills, and that's how they patriotically serve the country. They find ways to infiltrate networks."
It's estimated that around 7,000 North Koreans work in North Korea's cyber program. Kim Jong Un in the past has called his elite cyberattackers "warriors" that can "penetrate any sanctions for the construction of a strong and prosperous nation."
Crypto is an obvious target for these cyber soldiers. The very point of cryptocurrency is decentralization, meaning there's no Federal Reserve to block $851 million. The Ronin hack was a boon for North Korea. Naturally, it didn't stop there.
Harmony Bridge is a protocol that allows traders to send crypto between blockchains. It was exploited in June, and drained of $100 million. The FBI has named North Korea as the culprit. The hack started like all the others, with one person making an honest mistake.
"We believe the hackers … employed phishing schemes to trick at least one software developer to install malicious software on their laptop," Harmony core team member Jack Chan wrote in August.
In just two moves, North Korea stole $700 million worth of crypto, over 10 times the amount it burgled from Bangladesh Bank. It's also more than the $650 million the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses estimates North Korea spent on missile tests between January and June.
William Burleson describes speaking to a suspected North Korean operative as "one of the most awkward things I've done in my life." Burleson is head of growth at crypto recruitment firm Up Top Search, and was building the company's Discord channel so recruitment could be done within the popular messaging platform.
In his first week on the job, Burleson encountered three suspicious candidates he now believes were North Korean operatives.
Just as in Garlock's cases, the candidates were apprehensive about turning their cameras on. In some cases Burleson could hear whispering, as though someone offscreen was trying to tell the candidate how to answer Burleson's questions in real time.
"Just very weird, delayed responses, hearing the same words or phrases consistently," Burleson said, describing the interviews. "I know they weren't based in the States [as they claimed] due to the time zone difference. I only saw them appearing online on Discord during the Eastern Asia hours."
These candidates typically have poor English skills, but a language barrier isn't what makes these interviews so stilted. Encountering ESL engineers and developers isn't unusual in crypto recruitment — there was something different, something intangibly amiss with these particular candidates.
"This group of people have these very flat affects," Garlock recalls. "They don't have positive or negative emotions that flash on their face."
Burleson called talking to them eerie. "You could just tell, human to human, something is off."
He noted that several sketchy candidates, instead of leaving a resume, would leave links on Discord to protocols they had allegedly worked on. When Burleson ran these links through a safety checker, they always failed the test.
Infected links are a dead giveaway of suspicious activity, but it's not always so obvious. Dan Eskow, founder of Up Top Search, thinks he has a way of identifying these North Korean operatives.
"Instead of going through your pitch, you ask him, 'How's the weather in Kansas? How's your day going?'" Eskow explained. "They explode. They panic because their instructor, whoever's telling them what to say, hasn't prepared them to answer questions like 'How's the weather?'"
One time, Burleson said, a candidate left the call after being asked an off-topic query. Most times, a tangential question is just met with an uncomfortable blank stare.
Operations attributed to North Korea vary in their sophistication. Mandiant, a cybersecurity firm that in July warned of increased North Korean activity in crypto, says there are likely several groups within North Korea working to funnel money from crypto to the regime. The Lazarus Group is the best known cell of hackers, but only one of many.
Some groups are more skilled than others. Much of what Mandiant detects is sloppy work. Bad actors have presented screenshots of code they claim to have written, only for these pictures to be discovered stolen from freelance job boards. Often these operatives steal resumes but don't even bother changing the names and references.
"There are most likely thousands of these operators attempting to gain employment all over the world, and each individual can run multiple personas all at the same time," said Joe Dobson, senior principal analyst at Mandiant.
There are several reasons crypto firms are particularly vulnerable to North Korea infiltration. Normalized remote work allows bad actors operating out of North Korea or China to feign US or Canadian origin. Crypto culture also relishes anonymity. Personal details are often rejected at a philosophical level as being irrelevant — the very creator of bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto, remains pseudonymous to this day. And while tech companies often hire people to build the company around, Garlock says, crypto companies approach hiring more experimentally: hire liberally, keep them if they're good, cut them if they're not.
Many crypto companies are run by young, first-time CEO entrepreneurs, Garlock explained. People who tend to know a lot about crypto but have little or no experience running a company. "At the same time, they're super capitalized," he said. "You have, like, a 25-year-old crypto CEO, who, between his crypto assets and cash assets, has between $25 [million] and $500 million in capital."
The reasons North Korea targets the crypto industry are easy to understand. What happens after the money is stolen, however, is less obvious.
Authorities and researchers are slowly piecing together the details of North Korea's crypto activities, but a few crucial pieces are missing. We know North Korea doesn't liquidate stolen crypto in one big sale. Instead, it sells batches of bitcoin and ether over a period of months or years, trickle feeding the regime millions of dollars at a time. The crypto stolen from the Ronin blockchain in March, for instance, is still being offloaded.
That's according to Nick Carlsen, the former FBI researcher now at TRM Labs, who tracks North Korea's blockchain activities. Selling all the crypto at once, or at more regular intervals, would make it much easier to trace.
"What they're doing with this Ronin hack, they're up against the limit of how much money you can launder in the crypto ecosystem," Carlsen said.
Laundering cryptocurrency is easier than laundering US bills, but it still requires work. Bad guys make use of several tools. First are bridges, like the Harmony Bridge that North Korea hacked, which allow traders to send crypto between different blockchains. Then there are mixers, which mask where crypto comes from. You could, for instance, send 5 bitcoin from Wallet A to a mixer, where it's tumbled around with crypto sent by other people. Five bitcoin are then taken from that pool and sent to Wallet B, making it harder to track its precise provenance.
Just as money launderers shift money between different banks and institutions, crypto launderers send money between bridges and mixers in order to hide blemished tokens within bags of clean ones. To disguise funds stolen from Ronin, tokens have been sent between 12,000 different crypto addresses, according to Chainalysis.
The US is trying to make this process harder for crypto launderers in general and North Korea in particular. Citing the threat from the Kim regime, the US Treasury banned bitcoin mixer Blender in May, followed by the Tornado Cash mixer in August.
"We are taking action against illicit financial activity by the DPRK and will not allow state-sponsored thievery and its money-laundering enablers to go unanswered," Brian Nelson, the US Treasury's undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, said in May.
Perhaps the biggest obstacle is the crypto exchanges you or your friends might use. Exchanges like Binance and Coinbase are dead ends for blockchain tracers. It's easy to see that money is sent to an exchange like Binance, but tracking those tokens within the exchange — between different user accounts, for instance — is impossible without subpoena power, said Convex Labs head of research Nick Bax.
It would be too strong to call exchanges like Binance safe havens. They have anti-money laundering protocols, some with real teeth: Binance in April recovered $5.8 million in crypto stolen from Ronin, for instance. Still, to researchers like Bax, the barriers that exchanges throw up are far harder to penetrate than mixers like Tornado Cash.
"Roughly 25% of the funds deposited in Tornado over a certain timespan originated in the Ronin hack," Bax said. "You can't hide that amount of money in that size anonymity pool, it just doesn't work."
"We can trace the funds in and out of Tornado," he added, "but the centralized exchanges, Coinbase, Binance, Houbi, are a mixer unless you have subpoena powers."
Bax sees both sides of the issue. The same wall that obstructs his investigations, he points out, has also stopped Russian President Vladimir Putin's regime from tracing crypto sent to imprisoned political opponent Alexei Navalny.
The downside to North Korea's modus operandi is that it takes time and patience, which has proven costly. In the months since the Ronin heist, for instance, the $600 million haul has been devalued to about $250 million. But the advantage for the regime is that it can obscure some of its movements. While FBI and crypto researchers are often able to confidently say North Korea is behind a certain hack, it's less clear who's buying North Korea's crypto, and for how much.
It's thought that much of North Korea's stolen crypto is offloaded to Chinese buyers, but few particulars are known. The Department of Justice in 2020 found two Chinese nationals guilty of laundering some of the $100 million North Korea stole from a Hong Kong-based exchange in 2018, but that charge was an exception. What happens after dirty crypto is laundered remains largely opaque.
North Korea is "not going to get 99 cents on the dollar for its crypto," Carlsen explained. "What the real rate is, I don't think anyone has a really solid answer on that. But the kind of guy who's going to buy $20 million worth of stolen bitcoin is not going to pay $20 million."
Though precise details about buyers are unclear, there's little doubt about where the profits from North Korea's stolen crypto are funneled. "It's going to illegal weapons programs," Rand's Soo Kim said. "It's going to funding Kim's luxurious lifestyle." That ill-gotten crypto gains are funding North Korea's weapons program has also been flagged by the Treasury.
The risks entailed by Kim's weapons program were simultaneously highlighted and overshadowed by the political spectacle of Donald Trump's presidency. But over 5 million Japanese residents were reminded of those risks on Wednesday when North Korea launched a ballistic missile over the island of Hokkaido. The launch triggered Hokkaido's air-raid alerts, and any resident watching TV was urged to take shelter immediately.
It was the fifth launch from North Korea in a week, with other missiles landing in Korean and Japanese seas. After staying relatively quiet during the pandemic, the Kim regime has resumed an aggressive stance against the US and South Korea, its perennial rival. In September, North Korea's parliament rubber-stamped a new law stating nuclear missiles would be launched if South Korea or the US tried to assassinate Kim.
When South Korea's new president, Yoon Suk-yeol, offered Kim economic incentives for denuclearization, the DPRK regime balked. Kim's sister, Yo Jong, said Yoon was "still childish" and "should shut his mouth."
"No one barters their destiny for corn cake," she added.
North Korea is recognized by the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists as one of the potential flashpoints for a nuclear war. Formed by Albert Einstein after atomic weapons flattened Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Bulletin maintains the Doomsday Clock. As unwelcome as your 6 a.m. alarm may be, this alarm clock is far worse: The closer the Doomsday Clock is set to midnight, the closer Bulletin scientists estimate we are to our end.
In January, it was set as late as it's ever been in its 75-year history: 100 seconds to midnight. For comparison, in 1949 after the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb, the Doomsday Clock was set at 3 minutes to midnight. When the Soviet Union dissolved in the early 1990s, the clock was wound back to 17 minutes to midnight.
Recent worries about nuclear war have understandably been concentrated in Ukraine. Facing embarrassing battlefield failures in its war there, Putin has made increasingly explicit nuclear threats. Another problem country is Iran, which is slowly building its nuclear capacity. Like North Korea, Iran has been besieged by economic sanctions. But the Khamenei administration is buoyed by flowing oil reserves. North Korea is unique in its utilization of cryptocurrency to avoid the sanctions tied to its nuclear program.
North Korea's recent missile tests are thought to be partially in response to US Vice President Kamala Harris' visit to South Korea in September. Experts like Rand's Soo Kim think they presage a nuclear weapons test, which would be the first since September 2017.
"Some people think it's bluffing and, to an extent, there is going to be a little bit of that," Kim said. "But if Kim [Jong Un] was not serious about using the weapons, he would not be displaying them, he would not be flaunting them, and he would not be doing it so diligently."
Nuclear weapons act as an invaluable set of cards for North Korea, Rand's Kim explained. Even if it has no intention of dismantling its weapon program, the regime can play that hand when it needs to. The stakes are so high that officials in Washington and Seoul are forced to take note. Meanwhile, the most effective way to confront North Korea would be with the help of China, North Korea's biggest unofficial trade partner. The trouble is, Soo Kim said, North Korea is itself a bargaining chip for China. It could help rein its raucous neighbor in, but what is Washington willing to do in return?
While this game is being played, the Doomsday Clock ticks on.
The US government is limited in what it can do to stop North Korea's crypto heists. The Treasury Department is actively trying to dull laundering tools used by the regime, leading to its bans on Tornado Cash and Blender. Perhaps more significantly, the FBI has been working to recover stolen funds. Collaborating with blockchain analytics firm Chainalysis, the FBI in September froze $30 million in crypto stolen from Ronin.
"It's like we're in a catchup game," Soo Kim said, "where you're not fast enough to actually meet North Korea at the destination, but you're always just following after them."
A more effective route, according to Convex Labs' Bax, is to stop the hacks from happening in the first place. "We always take the reactive approach, chasing the money after it's been stolen," he said. "That money is being reinvested into criminal enterprises. We have to prevent it before it happens. That's the only way."
Bax points out that North Korea specializes in phishing scams — estimating that around half of all crypto phishing scams come out of North Korea — and so helping people detect phishing attacks should be a priority. He also advocates government-subsidized security audits. It took only one engineer to be phished for Ronin's funds to be drained, while attackers needed only two signatures to steal $100 million from Harmony Bridge.
Major hacks attributed to North Korea have died down in recent months. The crypto winter, when bitcoin and ether plunged in value amid recession fears, has led to a hiring freeze. The regime is also still busy laundering the funds it stole during the first half of the year. But the industry has proven too lucrative for North Korea to cease operations.
"It's going to take a really critical moment, some major incident that really shocks people, and then there's going to be a lot of pressure to do something," said Carlsen. "It's a constant waiting game.
"There's going to be another one coming."
Symantec Corp., a global leader in cyber security, today announced the release of Data Loss Prevention (DLP) version 15 providing increased data protection automation and product integration to strengthen the Information Centric Security solution. These major enhancements provide a greater ability to discover, monitor and protect sensitive or regulated data even in unmanaged environments.
Organizations are losing visibility and control over sensitive and regulated data as it is shared with a wide range of users across multiple organizations and stored in various locations, including the cloud.
Nearly 1 in 3 IT security executives believes data loss is the greatest internal threat to businesses this year (Symantec CISO research 2016), with concerns about shadow applications and malicious users. The problem continues to grow, with data breaches in 2016 resulting in 1.1 billion identities being exposed — double the number in 2015 per the Internet Security Threat Report volume 22 published in 2017.
The upcoming General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) introduces new obligations for organizations and the information they handle, and comes with increased penalties and heightened scrutiny for compliance. Analysts believe that visibility and protection, which can follow data, will become the new imperative.
Symantec’s Information Centric Security solution allows organizations to store, use and share sensitive data outside their managed environment with external users or cloud apps. Greater protection is ensured because data access is limited to authorized viewers, reducing the risk of unwanted exposure. This Information Centric Security approach helps ensure safe collaboration and helps to enable compliance for stringent regulations such as GDPR. The release of Symantec DLP 15 extends this capability through enhanced integration with cloud access security broker, data classification, user-entity behavioral analytics and information-centric encryption to support a wider range of communication channels.
“The sheer volume of data and the speed at which it moves around organizations has magnified the data loss problem. Sensitive data needs to be tracked everywhere – even outside the organization – to ensure security and maintain compliance with a growing roster of industry regulations,” said Doug Cahill, Senior Analyst, ESG.
“With so much at stake, it is no longer possible to depend on manual tagging or any other process that invites the possibility of human error. With Symantec DLP 15, we’ve given IT managers the ability to automatically tag data as sensitive and automate security policies that follow that data everywhere it goes, regardless of channel,” commented Nico Popp, Senior Vice President, Symantec.
Symantec Information Centric Security is available through integrations between the following products, all of which are already available globally:
Ruri Ranbe has been working as a writer since 2008. She received an A.A. in English literature from Valencia College and is completing a B.S. in computer science at the University of Central Florida. Ranbe also has more than six years of professional information-technology experience, specializing in computer architecture, operating systems, networking, server administration, virtualization and Web design.
When sending a PDF, you sometimes need to hide some sensitive information that you don't want others to see. And if you need to do this constantly, it helps to have an easy way of going about it. If you’re on Windows, you can use a free program called PDF Redactor to redact PDFs quickly.
Here is how to get and use PDF Redactor on Windows to hide sensitive information.
Downloading PDF Redactor is free, but you can’t use it for commercial purposes, and your redacted PDF will have a digital watermark in the top left corner. If you want to use it commercially and remove the watermark, you’ll have to upgrade to the paid version. But if you don’t mind these restrictions, then the free version should suffice.
To get and install the free version of PDF Redactor, follow the steps below:
To hide sensitive information with PDF Redactor, you can black out or delete the text. Blacking it out will put a black overlay over the text to hide it, and deleting it will remove the text and leave the background behind it. Either way, the reader won’t be able to tell what text was there.
To do that, follow the steps below:
Now you can access the redacted PDF in the location you saved it. As mentioned earlier, it will have a watermark, and if you’d like to remove it, please read our guide on the best free online tools for PDF watermark removal if you don't want to get the Pro version.
As you can see, it’s not hard to redact PDFs so people don’t read sensitive information on them. Just get PDF Redactor onto your Windows computer and blackout or delete any text you want to hide. Once redacted, you can send the PDF to the intended reader without worrying they’ll read something they’re not supposed to.
Based in the live music capital of the world, Tammy Columbo continues to work in the information technology industry as she has done for more than 10 years. While living in Austin, Columbo has contributed to high profile projects for the State of Texas, Fortune 500 technology companies and various non-profit organizations. Columbo began writing professionally in 2009.
<p>Lost Mobile Devices and Human Errors are Leading Causes of Data Loss</p>
<p>SYDNEY, Australia – 22 October 2008 – Symantec Corp. (Nasdaq: SYMC) today announced the results of its survey into the prevalence, causes and costs of data breaches experienced by Australian businesses. The survey found that Australian organisations are losing critical customer records, employee details and intellectual property to data breaches caused by human error as well as the loss of laptops and other portable devices.</p>
<p>Commissioned by Symantec, the survey revealed that more than 79 percent of Australian organisations who responded have experienced some form of data breach and approximately 40 percent have experienced anywhere from six to 20 known data breaches in the past five years. In addition, 59 percent of respondents suspected they have experienced undetected data breaches, demonstrating that respondents were aware of information leaving the organisation but they could not discover what information and how this information was leaving the business.</p>
<p>The survey found that respondent Australian businesses were most prone to losing customer records (55 percent); employee records (48 percent); intellectual property (43 percent); commercially sensitive information (35 percent); bank and credit card details (21 percent) as well as financial information (20 percent).</p>
<p>Primary Causes of Data Breaches
Survey respondent’s results revealed the primary cause of data breaches was lost laptops at 45 percent; accidental human error at 42 percent; lost mobile phones or portable devices at 30 percent; hacked systems at 29 percent; actions by malicious insiders at 28 percent; paper records leaving an organisation at 26 percent; and malicious code infiltrating systems at 24 percent. Interestingly third party or outsource suppliers were the least reported reasons for the cause of a data breach.
“Today’s organisations have no walls and information can be anywhere, so securing the perimeter is no longer adequate. Additionally, many organisations believe that confidential information is most at risk from malicious acts when employees are mobile and not connected to the corporate network,” said Craig Scroggie, vice president and managing director, Symantec, Australia and New Zealand. “To reduce the risk and impact of data loss, organisations must first answer three critical questions - where is your confidential data; how is the data being used; and how do you best prevent its loss.</p>
<p>“With the proposed amendments to the Federal Privacy Act, Australian businesses are becoming more aware of their obligations to secure and manage customer, employee and company confidential information. However, easy access to and dissemination of the growing volume of information together with an increasingly mobile workforce means Australian organisations are finding it harder than ever to prevent the loss of sensitive data,” Scroggie added.</p>
<p>Keeping Confidential Information Confidential
Approximately 45 percent of the survey participants acknowledged that there had been an incident within their organisation where company secrets or intellectual property were intentionally comprised. The survey sought to discover how this information was leaving the organisation. Revealingly, 77 percent stated this information was compromised by data copied to a removable storage device; 51 percent indicated that printed paper records were removed from the premises; 41 percent found that information was distributed externally via email or instant messaging; 26 percent stated that confidential information was posted on public websites; and 21 percent leaked information by copying or photographing confidential data onto a mobile phone or PDA.</p>
<p>The Cost of Data Breaches
The average financial cost of a single data breach to an organisation was wide-ranging with seven percent of respondents estimating the cost of a data breach to be more than more than AUD$1 million and 14 percent estimating the cost to be between $100,000 – $999,999. In contrast, the survey results indicated some 34 percent of organisations spent less than $4,999 on a data breach; 24 percent between $5,000 –$10,000 and 21 percent between $10,001- $99,999.</p>
<p>“While data breaches can be very costly in financial terms, they also come at a price to the business’ reputation and customer confidence,” said Steve Martin, Mid-Market manager, Symantec, Australia and New Zealand. “Australian organisations indicated loss of reputation and brand as well as decreased customer loyalty and trust as significant business costs caused by data breaches at 44 percent and 42 percent respectively. Furthermore, Australian business also reported loss of customers; decreased revenue and decreased staff morale as additional costs to their business.”
Technology Measures to Prevent Data Loss
The organisations surveyed employed a range of technology measures to protect their confidential information. Data encryption was the more common technology measure to prevent data breaches at 46 percent, followed closely by the implementation of security policies such as password protection processes at 45 percent. Data loss prevention technology (38 percent); identity and access management technology (37 percent); and endpoint security (24 percent) were other key technology measures which companies adopted to prevent the loss of sensitive data.</p>
<p>“Businesses today are caught between allowing their staff to use and leverage corporate information to Excellerate performance and productivity while also locking it down to prevent accidental or malicious data breaches,” said Martin. “Organisations should look to implement a comprehensive data loss prevention solution that effectively lowers risk by enabling them to discover, monitor, and protect confidential data wherever it is stored or used. Once this data is identified, the solution should enable organisations to protect it by automatically applying data protection policies through integration with data encryption, storage tiering and archiving systems.”</p>
To minimise the exposure to data loss, Symantec recommends that organisations identify and classify risks for all critical information. Organisations should proactively develop information protection policies and deploy technologies that integrate into business processes while addressing privacy and regulatory compliance. An effective data loss prevention strategy should involve multiple groups in the business, such as legal and human resources, in addition to the information technology department. Additionally, human error can be reduced by educating employees on the value of their company’s information assets and their role in protecting sensitive data. With heightened awareness, employees can become a company’s strongest line of defence and its most valuable security ally.</p>
<p>About Data Loss Prevention
Data Loss Prevention is the combination of people, processes and technology focused on preventing confidential information or other sensitive data from leaving an organisation. Whether it is personally identifiable information such as customer or employee records, proprietary corporate data such as financial statements or marketing plans etc, confidential data represents a valuable asset that must be carefully secured and managed.</p>
<p>Symantec Data Loss Prevention delivers a unified solution to discover, monitor and protect confidential data. Symantec solutions offer comprehensive coverage of confidential data across endpoint, network and storage systems - whether the users are on or off the corporate network. By measurably reducing risk, Symantec gives organisations new confidence to demonstrate compliance while protecting their customers, brand and intellectual property.
About the Symantec Data Loss Prevention Survey
The Data Loss Prevention Survey was an online survey conducted by Bread and Butter Research and commissioned by Symantec in September 2008. The first of its kind for Symantec in Australia, the survey reached 156 qualified respondents across Australia with 100 or more employees within their company. The survey was completed largely by IT managers from a variety of industry sectors and also had a fair representation of CEOs, CIOs, CISOs, CROs and line of business managers. The majority of respondents represented businesses with a financial turnover of $10-$500 million.</p>
Symantec is a global leader in providing security, storage and systems management solutions to help businesses and consumers secure and manage their information. Headquartered in Cupertino, Calif., Symantec has operations in more than 40 countries. More information is available at www.symantec.com
<p>NOTE TO EDITORS: If you would like additional information on Symantec Corporation and its products, please visit the Symantec News Room at http://www.symantec.com/news. All prices noted are in U.S. dollars and are valid only in the United States.</p>
<p>Symantec and the Symantec Logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Symantec Corporation or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.</p>
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New Jersey, United States, Sept. 26, 2022 /DigitalJournal/ The Security Information and Event Management Market research report provides all the information related to the industry. It gives the markets outlook by giving authentic data to its client which helps to make essential decisions. It gives an overview of the market which includes its definition, applications and developments, and technology. This Security Information and Event Management market research report tracks all the recent developments and innovations in the market. It gives the data regarding the obstacles while establishing the business and guides to overcome the upcoming challenges and obstacles.
Combining Security Information Management (SIM) and Security Event Management (SEM), Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) provides real-time monitoring and analysis of events as well as tracking and logging of security data for compliance or audit purposes. The market is constantly compelled to organize high-end security systems for companies that run Internet-based businesses. Cybercrimes, security vulnerabilities, system-corrupting bugs, etc. are constant threats to the market. Since the SIEM solution combines Security Information Management (SIM) and Security Event Management (SEM) systems, end users can track security information and get security event analysis.
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This Security Information and Event Management research report throws light on the major market players thriving in the market; it tracks their business strategies, financial status, and upcoming products.
Some of the Top companies Influencing this Market include:TIBCO Software, Dell Technologies, Symantec, EventTracker, Fortinet, Micro Focus, LogRhythm, Tenable Network Security, McAfee, Splunk, AlienVault, BlackStratus, Hewlett Packard, IBM, ZOHO Corp, Trustwave, SolarWinds,
Firstly, this Security Information and Event Management research report introduces the market by providing an overview that includes definitions, applications, product launches, developments, challenges, and regions. The market is forecasted to reveal strong development by driven consumption in various markets. An analysis of the current market designs and other basic characteristics is provided in the Security Information and Event Management report.
The region-wise coverage of the market is mentioned in the report, mainly focusing on the regions:
Segmentation Analysis of the market
The market is segmented based on the type, product, end users, raw materials, etc. the segmentation helps to deliver a precise explanation of the market
Market Segmentation: By Type
Log and event management
Firewall security management
Market Segmentation: By Application
Banking, Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI)
Telecom and Information Technology (IT)
Energy and utility
Retail and hospitality
Education and academia
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An assessment of the market attractiveness about the competition that new players and products are likely to present to older ones has been provided in the publication. The research report also mentions the innovations, new developments, marketing strategies, branding techniques, and products of the key participants in the global Security Information and Event Management market. To present a clear vision of the market the competitive landscape has been thoroughly analyzed utilizing the value chain analysis. The opportunities and threats present in the future for the key market players have also been emphasized in the publication.
This report aims to provide:
Table of Contents
Global Security Information and Event Management Market Research Report 2022 – 2029
Chapter 1 Security Information and Event Management Market Overview
Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry
Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers
Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region
Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions
Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type
Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application
Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis
Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis
Chapter 12 Global Security Information and Event Management Market Forecast
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WAN Optimization Solutions Market In 2022 (Short Description) : WAN optimization, also known as WAN acceleration, is the category of technologies and techniques used to maximize the efficiency of data flow across a wide area network (WAN).
According to this latest study, In 2022 the growth of WAN Optimization Solutions Market is projected to reach Multimillion USD by 2029, In comparison to 2021, Over the next Seven years the WAN Optimization Solutions Market will register a magnificent spike in CAGR in terms of revenue, In this study, 2022 has been considered as the base year and 2022 to 2029 as the forecast period to estimate the market size for WAN Optimization Solutions.
Global “WAN Optimization Solutions Market” Report is a detailed and comprehensive analysis for global WAN Optimization Solutions market. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses are presented by manufacturers, by region and country, by Type and by Application. As the market is constantly changing, this report explores the competition, supply and demand trends, as well as key factors that contribute to its changing demands across many markets. Company profiles and product examples of selected competitors, along with market share estimates of some of the selected leaders for the year 2022, are provided.
Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.
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COVID-19 can affect the global economy in three main ways: by directly affecting production and demand, by creating supply chain and market disruption, and by its financial impact on firms and financial markets. Our analysts monitoring the situation across the globe explains that the market will generate remunerative prospects for producers post COVID-19 crisis. The report aims to provide an additional illustration of the latest scenario, economic slowdown, and COVID-19 impact on the overall industry.
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Chapter 3focuses on analyzing the current competitive situation in the WAN Optimization Solutions market and provides basic information, market data, product introductions, etc. of leading companies in the industry. At the same time, Chapter 3 includes the highlighted analysis–Strategies for Company to Deal with the Impact of COVID-19, Top Key Players are as follows :
Scope Of the WAN Optimization Solutions Market:
The Global WAN Optimization Solutions market is anticipated to rise at a considerable rate during the forecast period, between 2022 and 2029. In 2020, the market is growing at a steady rate and with the rising adoption of strategies by key players, the market is expected to rise over the projected horizon.
North America, especially The United States, will still play an important role which cannot be ignored. Any changes from United States might affect the development trend of WAN Optimization Solutions. The market in North America is expected to grow considerably during the forecast period. The high adoption of advanced technology and the presence of large players in this region are likely to create ample growth opportunities for the market.
Europe also play important roles in global market, with a magnificent growth in CAGR During the Forecast period 2022-2029.
WAN Optimization Solutions Market size is projected to reach Multimillion USD by 2029, In comparison to 2022, at unexpected CAGR during 2022-2029.
Despite the presence of intense competition, due to the global recovery trend is clear, investors are still optimistic about this area, and it will still be more new investments entering the field in the future.
This report focuses on the WAN Optimization Solutions in global market, especially in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa. This report categorizes the market based on manufacturers, regions, type and application.
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Report further studies the market development status and future WAN Optimization Solutions Market trend across the world. Also, it splits WAN Optimization Solutions market Segmentation by Type and by Applications to fully and deeply research and reveal market profile and prospects.
Chapter 4 provides breakdown data of different types of products, as well as market forecasts.
Different application fields have different usage and development prospects of products. Therefore, Chapter 5 provides subdivision data of different application fields and market forecasts.
Chapters 7-26 focus on the regional market. We have selected the most representative20 countriesfrom ;197 countriesin the world and conducted a detailed analysis and overview of the market development of these countries.
This WAN Optimization Solutions Market Research/Analysis Report Contains Answers to your following Questions
Our research analysts will help you to get customized details for your report, which can be modified in terms of a specific region, application or any statistical details. In addition, we are always willing to comply with the study, which triangulated with your own data to make the market research more comprehensive in your perspective.
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Major Points from Table of Contents
Global WAN Optimization Solutions Market Research Report 2022-2029, by Manufacturers, Regions, Types and Applications
1.1 Objective of the Study
1.2 Definition of the Market
1.3 Market Scope
1.3.1 Market Segment by Type, Application and Marketing Channel
1.3.2 Major Regions Covered (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Mid East and Africa)
1.4 Years Considered for the Study (2015-2029)
1.5 Currency Considered (U.S. Dollar)
2 Key Findings of the Study
3 Market Dynamics
3.1 Driving Factors for this Market
3.2 Factors Challenging the Market
3.3 Opportunities of the Global WAN Optimization Solutions Market (Regions, Growing/Emerging Downstream Market Analysis)
3.4 Technological and Market Developments in the WAN Optimization Solutions Market
3.5 Industry News by Region
3.6 Regulatory Scenario by Region/Country
3.7 Market Investment Scenario Strategic Recommendations Analysis
4 Value Chain of the WAN Optimization Solutions Market
4.1 Value Chain Status
4.2 Upstream Raw Material Analysis
4.3 Midstream Major Company Analysis (by Manufacturing Base, by Product Type)
4.5 Downstream Major Customer Analysis (by Region)
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5 Global WAN Optimization Solutions Market-Segmentation by Type
6 Global WAN Optimization Solutions Market-Segmentation by Application
7 Global WAN Optimization Solutions Market-Segmentation by Marketing Channel
7.1 Traditional Marketing Channel (Offline)
7.2 Online Channel
8 Competitive Intelligence Company Profiles
9 Global WAN Optimization Solutions Market-Segmentation by Geography
9.1 North America
9.4 Latin America
9.5 Middle East and Africa
10 Future Forecast of the Global WAN Optimization Solutions Market from 2022-2029
10.1 Future Forecast of the Global WAN Optimization Solutions Market from 2022-2029 Segment by Region
10.2 Global WAN Optimization Solutions Production and Growth Rate Forecast by Type (2022-2029)
10.3 Global WAN Optimization Solutions Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast by Application (2022-2029)
12.2 Research Data Source
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Oct 14, 2022 (The Expresswire) -- "Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry."
The “Security Services Market” Report 2022 presents exhaustive coverage of global and regional market segments with industry size, share and growth analysis. Security Services market report covers future trends, growth opportunities, challenges of top key players for demand-supply side. The report delivers concise summary of business statistics, development plans, pricing strategies, competition analysis, economics policies adopted by top key players. Furthermore, the Security Services market report provides qualitative insights on historical and future growth prospects, latest market intelligence with key trends, industry environments and key gross-margin analysis.
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Security services focus on the security of key parameters such as data protection, compliance, architecture, email and web security, governance, data loss prevention, and identity and access. They provide features such as encryption, endpoint monitoring, identity and access management, intrusion detection, vulnerability scanning, and application and messaging security. They are gaining importance among large enterprises, government organizations, and SMEs because they provide protection to critical business information from unauthorized access and data theft.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia-Ukraine War Influence, the global market for Security Services estimated at USD million in the year 2022, is projected to reach a revised size of USD million by 2028, growing at a growing CAGR during the forecast period 2022-2028.
Security services have been deployed across verticals, including, Banking, Financial Services, and Insurance (BFSI), government and defense; telecom and IT, retail, healthcare, energy and utilities, manufacturing, and others (education, media and entertainment, and automotive). The BFSI vertical is estimated to have the largest market size in 2018, due to the growing use of web and mobile applications for banking transactions and payments.
This report has studied the key growth strategies, such as innovative trends and developments, intensification of product portfolio, mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, new product innovation, and geographical expansion, undertaken by these participants to maintain their presence. Apart from business strategies, the study includes current developments and key financials. The readers will also get access to the data related to global revenue, price, and sales by manufacturers for the period 2017-2022. This all-inclusive report will certainly serve the clients to stay updated and make effective decisions in their businesses.
Some of the prominent players reviewed in the research report include:● IBM ● Broadcom ● Cisco Systems ● Dell EMC ● Symantec ● SecureWorks ● Trustwave Holdings ● Verizon ● ATandT ● British Telecom (BT) ● Accenture ● Check Point Software Technologies ● Fortinet ● Fujitsu ● McAfee ● Hitachi Systems Security ● Palo Alto Networks
Segment by Type:
● Managed Security Services
● Security Consulting Services
● SaaS Security Services
● Threat Intelligence Security Services
Segment by Application:
● Government and Defense
● Telecom and IT
● Energy and Utilities
This report aims to provide a comprehensive presentation of the global market for Security Services, with both quantitative and qualitative analysis, to help readers develop business/growth strategies, assess the market competitive situation, analyze their position in the current marketplace, and make informed business decisions regarding Security Services.
The Security Services market size, estimations, and forecasts are provided in terms of output/shipments (K Units) and revenue (USD millions), considering 2021 as the base year, with history and forecast data for the period from 2017 to 2028. This report segments the global Security Services market comprehensively. Regional market sizes, concerning products by types, by application, and by players, are also provided. The influence of COVID-19 and the Russia-Ukraine War were considered while estimating market sizes.
Some Questions Answered in the Security Services Market Report:● What will the Security Services market size and the growth rate be in 2028? ● What are the key factors driving the global Security Services industry? ● What are the key market trends impacting the growth of the Security Services market? ● What are the Security Services market challenges to market growth? ● What are the Security Services market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the global Security Services market? ● What are the upstream raw materials and manufacturing equipment of Security Services What being the manufacturing process of Security Services? ● What are the types and applications of Security Services What being the market share of each type and application? ● What trends, challenges and risk factors are influencing its growth? ● Which are Trending factors influencing the Security Services market shares of the top regions across the globe? ● Who are the key market players and what are their strategies in the global Security Services market? ● What industrial trends, drivers and challenges are manipulating its growth? ● What are the key outcomes of the five forces analysis of the global Security Services market?
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Key Highlights of Global Industry Are:● Security Services Market Overview with Industry Types and Applications ● Growth Prospects with Revenue Estimations of Security Services Industry ● Market Competition by Manufacturers with Share, Price Analysis, Trends and Revenue ● Production and Consumption Analysis by Regions ● Technological Update Analysis by Regional Demand Forecast and Estimations ● Impact of Covid-19 on Industry Size, Share and Growth Trends ● Supply Value Chain Analysis, and Competitive Landscape
Global Security Services Market: Drivers and Restrains
The research report has incorporated the analysis of different factors that augment the market’s growth. It constitutes trends, restraints, and drivers that transform the market in either a positive or negative manner. This section also provides the scope of different segments and applications that can potentially influence the market in the future. The detailed information is based on current trends and historic milestones. This section also provides an analysis of the volume of production about the global market and about each type. This section mentions the volume of production by region. Pricing analysis is included in the report according to each type, manufacturer, region and global price from 2016 to 2027.
A thorough evaluation of the restrains included in the report portrays the contrast to drivers and gives room for strategic planning. Factors that overshadow the market growth are pivotal as they can be understood to devise different bends for getting hold of the lucrative opportunities that are present in the ever-growing market. Additionally, insights into market expert’s opinions have been taken to understand the market better.
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This section of the report provides key insights regarding various regions and the key players operating in each region. Economic, social, environmental, technological, and political factors have been taken into consideration while assessing the growth of the particular region/country. The readers will also get their hands on the revenue and sales data of each region and country for the period 2017-2028.
The market has been segmented into various major geographies, including North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America. Detailed analysis of major countries such as the USA, Germany, the U.K., Italy, France, China, Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia, and India will be covered within the regional segment.
Chapter 1: Introduces the report scope of the report, executive summary of different market segments (by region, product type, application, etc), including the market size of each market segment, future development potential, and so on. It offers a high-level view of the current state of the market and its likely evolution in the short to mid-term, and long term.
Chapter 2: Detailed analysis of Security Services manufacturers competitive landscape, price, output and revenue market share, latest development plan, merger, and acquisition information, etc.
Chapter 3: Production/output, value of Security Services by region/country. It provides a quantitative analysis of the market size and development potential of each region in the next six years.
Chapter 4: Consumption of Security Services in regional level and country level. It provides a quantitative analysis of the market size and development potential of each region and its main countries and introduces the market development, future development prospects, market space, and capacity of each country in the world.
Chapter 5: Provides the analysis of various market segments according to product type, covering the market size and development potential of each market segment, to help readers find the blue ocean market in different market segments.
Chapter 6: Provides the analysis of various market segments according to application, covering the market size and development potential of each market segment, to help readers find the blue ocean market in different downstream markets.
Chapter 7: Provides profiles of key players, introducing the basic situation of the main companies in the market in detail, including product production/output, revenue, , price, gross margin, product introduction, recent development, etc.
Chapter 8: Analysis of industrial chain, including the upstream and downstream of the industry.
Chapter 9: Analysis of sales channel, distributors and customers
Chapter 10: Introduces the market dynamics, latest developments of the market, the driving factors and restrictive factors of the market, the challenges and risks faced by manufacturers in the industry, and the analysis of relevant policies in the industry.
Chapter 11: Production and supply forecast, global and regional
Chapter 12: Consumption and demand forecast, global and regional
Chapter 13: Forecast by type and by application. It provides a quantitative analysis of the market size and development potential of each market segment in the next six years.
Chapter 14: The main points and conclusions of the report.
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Main Points from Table of Contents:
1 Security Services Market Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Security Services
1.2 Security Services Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Security Services Market Size Growth Rate Analysis by Type 2022 VS 2028
1.3 Security Services Segment by Application
1.3.1 Global Security Services Consumption Comparison by Application: 2022 VS 2028
1.4 Global Market Growth Prospects
1.4.1 Global Security Services Revenue Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.4.2 Global Security Services Production Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5 Global Market Size by Region
1.5.1 Global Security Services Market Size Estimates and Forecasts by Region: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
1.5.2 North America Security Services Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5.3 Europe Security Services Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5.4 China Security Services Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5.5 Japan Security Services Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
2 Market Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 Global Security Services Production Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.2 Global Security Services Revenue Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.3 Security Services Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)
2.4 Global Security Services Average Price by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.5 Manufacturers Security Services Production Sites, Area Served, Product Types
2.6 Security Services Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.6.1 Security Services Market Concentration Rate
2.6.2 Global 5 and 10 Largest Security Services Players Market Share by Revenue
2.6.3 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion
3 Production by Region
3.1 Global Production of Security Services Market Share by Region (2017-2022)
3.2 Global Security Services Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2022)
3.3 Global Security Services Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.4 North America Security Services Production
3.4.1 North America Security Services Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.4.2 North America Security Services Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.5 Europe Security Services Production
3.5.1 Europe Security Services Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.5.2 Europe Security Services Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.6 China Security Services Production
3.6.1 China Security Services Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.6.2 China Security Services Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.7 Japan Security Services Production
3.7.1 Japan Security Services Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.7.2 Japan Security Services Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4 Global Security Services Consumption by Region
4.1 Global Security Services Consumption by Region
4.1.1 Global Security Services Consumption by Region
4.1.2 Global Security Services Consumption Market Share by Region
4.2 North America
4.2.1 North America Security Services Consumption by Country
4.2.2 United States
4.3.1 Europe Security Services Consumption by Country
4.4 Asia Pacific
4.4.1 Asia Pacific Security Services Consumption by Region
4.4.4 South Korea
4.4.5 China Taiwan
4.4.6 Southeast Asia
4.5 Latin America
4.5.1 Latin America Security Services Consumption by Country
5 Segment by Type
5.1 Global Production Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.2 Global Revenue Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.3 Global Price by Type (2017-2022)
6 Segment by Application
6.1 Global Production Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.2 Global Revenue Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.3 Global Price by Application (2017-2022)
7 Key Companies Profiled
8 Security Services Manufacturing Cost Analysis
8.1 Key Raw Materials Analysis
8.1.1 Key Raw Materials
8.1.2 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
8.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
8.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Security Services
8.4 Industrial Chain Analysis
9 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers
9.1 Marketing Channel
9.2 Distributors List
10 Market Dynamics
10.1 Security Services Industry Trends
10.2 Security Services Market Drivers
10.3 Security Services Market Challenges
10.4 Security Services Market Restraints
11 Production and Supply Forecast
11.1 Global Forecasted Production of Security Services by Region (2023-2028)
11.2 North America Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)
11.3 Europe Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)
11.4 China Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)
11.5 Japan Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)
12 Consumption and Demand Forecast
12.1 Global Forecasted Demand Analysis of Security Services
12.2 North America Forecasted Consumption of by Country
12.3 Europe Market Forecasted Consumption of by Country
12.4 Asia Pacific Market Forecasted Consumption of by Region
12.5 Latin America Forecasted Consumption of by Country
13 Forecast by Type and by Application (2023-2028)
13.1 Global Production, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
13.1.1 Global Forecasted Production of by Type (2023-2028)
13.1.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of by Type (2023-2028)
13.1.3 Global Forecasted Price of by Type (2023-2028)
13.2 Global Forecasted Consumption of Security Services by Application (2023-2028)
13.2.1 Global Forecasted Production of by Application (2023-2028)
13.2.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of by Application (2023-2028)
13.2.3 Global Forecasted Price of by Application (2023-2028)
14 Research Finding and Conclusion
15 Methodology and Data Source
15.1 Methodology/Research Approach
15.1.1 Research Programs/Design
15.1.2 Market Size Estimation
15.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
15.2 Data Source
15.2.1 Secondary Sources
15.2.2 Primary Sources
15.3 Author List
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