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Budget Economic Survey 2023 Updates:  Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman represents the country’s annual pre-budget economic survey at Parliament.  According to the Economic Survey 2022-23, the following fiscal year will see real GDP growth of 6.5 percent.

Get here Economic Survey 2023 summary presented by FM Nirmala Sitharaman

Get here Economic Survey 2023 summary presented by FM Nirmala Sitharaman

Budget Economic Survey 2023:  Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman represents the country’s annual pre-budget economic survey at Parliament on January 31, 2023.  According to the Economic Survey 2022-23, the following fiscal year will see real GDP growth of 6.5 percent.

The Indian Economy would also increase by 7% for 2023-24. This growth also depicts that India has become the world's fifth-largest economy. 

Economic Survey 2023 Key Highlights 

  • Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Economic Survey in both Parliament Houses ahead of the Union Budget.
  • According to the survey, the Indian economy would increase by 7% in real terms in the current fiscal year. It also stated that India will continue to be the world's fastest-growing major economy.
  • According to the poll, India has become the world's fifth-largest economy, with a nominal GDP of roughly 3.5 trillion US dollars in March 2023. 
  • According to the poll, the growth in consumer prices has slowed significantly. According to the poll, the annual rate of inflation is less than 6%, and wholesale prices are growing at less than 5%. 
  • Exports of products and services increased by 16% in the first nine months of the current fiscal year.

How to obtain the Economic Survey 2023 PDF?

The documents of Economic Survey 2023 are presented by CEA V Anantha Nageswaran, they can be downloaded from the government’s official website https://www.indiabudget.gov.in/.

Click on the below available links to obtain the pdf of Economic Survey 2023. 

Economic Survey 2022-23 Official Documents Download PDF
Preface Click Here
State of the Economy 2022-23: Recovery Complete Click Here
India’s Medium-term Growth Outlook: With Optimism and Hope Click Here
Fiscal Developments: Revenue Relish Click Here
Monetary Management and Financial Intermediation: A Good Year Click Here
Prices and Inflation: Successful Tight-Rope Walking Click Here
Social Infrastructure and Employment: Big Tent Click Here
Climate Change and Environment: Preparing to Face the Future Click Here
Agriculture & Food Management: From Food Security to Nutritional Security Click Here
Industry: Steady Recovery Click Here
Services: Source of Strength Click Here
External Sector: Watchful and Hopeful Click Here
Physical and Digital Infrastructure: Lifting Potential Growth Click Here

Economic Survey 2023: Highlights of President’s Speech

President Draupadi Murmu addressed the Budget session and highlighted some of the points, such as:

  • India is in a better position as compared to other countries due to the decision of the government for the national interest.
  • The government e-marketplace has witnessed transactions worth over Rs 3lakh crore.
  • GST, Ayushman Bharat are boons for India.
  • The government has passed legislation to tackle fugitive economic offenders.
  • The Centre is working for women's empowerment.
  • Taxpayers are receiving refunds within a few days of filing IT returns.
  • 11 crore small farmers are the government’s priority.
  • 36,000 Adivasi families have been covered under Adivasi Ekta Mission.
  • Government praise people who support fighting against corruption. 

What is an Economic Survey?

The economic survey is an annual report of the Ministry of Finance, Government of India. Every year the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance introduces the survey in the parliament prior to the Union Budget. 

The Budget is prepared under the guidance of the Chief Economic Adviser of India. The economic survey is presented to both the Parliament House during the Budget session. 

What are the contents of the Economic Survey?

The economic survey contains the Ministry’s view on the economical state of the country. It represents the development in the Indian economy over the past financial years and exhibits the country’s performance on essential development programs, highlighting the policy initiatives of the government and the economic prospects in the short to medium term.

Economic Survey 2023: Significance

The Economic Survey represents the country’s economic trends and ensures a better appreciation of the resource mobilization and their allocation in the Union Budget. It analyzes the agricultural, industrial, employment, import, and export trends in the country. 

The survey also directs the Gross Domestic Product for the coming financial year and comprises insights into India’s economic growth.

Who Publish the Economic Survey?

The survey is prepared by the Economics Division of the Department of Economic Affairs under the guidance of the Chief Economic Advisor (CEA). The current CEA of India is Dr. V Anantha Nageswaran. 

The first Economic Survey of India was prepared by the Finance Ministry in 1950-51. At that time, the survey was represented along with the Union Budget. However, later it was de-linked from the budget in 1964 and unveiled priorly to provide a context of the latter. 

Economic Survey 2023 Theme?

Every year the theme of the Economic Survey is different. The theme for the Economic Survey 2023 is likely to take note of inflation levels, likely pressure on the Indian Rupee due to RBI’s tightening of monetary policy, employment conditions, pick-up in private investment, infrastructure spending, and improvement in the financial growth of the Indian banking sector. 


What is Economic Survey 2023-24?

The economic survey is an annual report of the Ministry of Finance, Government of India. It represents the country’s economic trends and ensures a better appreciation of the resource mobilization and their allocation in the Union Budget.

How to obtain Economic Survey 2023 PDF?

The Economic Survey 2023 PDF of India will be available for reading on the official website https://www.indiabudget.gov.in/.

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Tue, 31 Jan 2023 17:39:00 -0600 text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/current-affairs/economic-survey-2023-pdf-download-1675152036-1
Killexams : Budget 2023 Highlights: PDF obtain with Key Pointers & Summary

Union Budget 2023 Highlights: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Union Budget 2023-24 in Parliament on February 1, 2023. Here are the key highlights from Sitharaman’s Budget speech, summary, explanations, and complete analysis.

Budget 2023 Highlights: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Union Budget 2023, the fifth budget on February 01 (Wednesday). The Finance Minister said that the Union Budget 2023-24 aimed at the overall development of the Indian Economy with respect to the global perspective. She also said that the Budget proposals for the 2023-24 financial year rest on envisioning a prosperous and inclusive India, in which the fruits of development reach all regions and citizens, especially our youth, women, farmers, OBCs, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. 

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said “This Budget hopes to build on the foundation laid in the previous Budget, and the blueprint drawn for India@100. We envision a prosperous and inclusive India, in which the fruits of development reach all regions and citizens, especially our youth, women, farmers, OBCs, Scheduled Castes, and Scheduled Tribes.”

While presenting the Budget 2023-24, the Finance Minister also said “ In these nine years, the Indian economy has increased in size from being 10th to 5th largest in the world. We have significantly improved our position as a well-governed and innovative country with a conducive environment for business as reflected in several global indices. We have made significant progress in many Sustainable Development Goals.” 

The economic agenda for achieving this vision focuses on three things: first, facilitating ample opportunities for citizens, especially the youth, to fulfill their aspirations; second, providing a strong impetus to growth and job creation; and third, strengthening macroeconomic stability. 

India Budget 2023 Overview

  • In RE 2022-23, the total expenditure has been estimated at 41,87,232 crore which is more than the Actuals of FY 2021-22 by 3,93,431 crore. The total capital expenditure in RE 2022-23 is estimated at 7,28,274 crore.
  • The total expenditure in BE 2023-24 is estimated at 45,03,097 crore of which total capital expenditure is 10,00,961 crore. Budget 2023-24 reflects continuing strong commitment of the Union Government to boost economic growth by investing in infrastructure development leading to an increase in capital expenditure by 37.4 percent over RE 2022-23. Effective Capital Expenditure, at 13,70,949 crore in BE 2023-24, shows an increase of 30.1 percent over RE 2022-23.
  • Total resources being transferred to the States including the devolution of State’s share, Grants/Loans and releases under Centrally Sponsored Schemes, etc. in BE 2023-24 is 17,97,537 crore, which shows an increase of 1,43,056 crore over Actuals of FY 2021-22.

Priorities of Budget 2023-24: 

The Budget 2023-24 adopts the following seven priorities. They complement each other and act as the ‘Saptarishi’ guiding us through the Amrit Kaal.

  1. Inclusive Development 
  2. Reaching the Last Mile
  3. Infrastructure and Investment
  4. Unleashing the Potential
  5. Green Growth
  6. Youth Power 
  7. Financial Sector

Budget 2023 Highlights: Top 10 Key Summary 

In the Union Budget 2023-24 there were remarkable changes to the new personal income tax structure in a year. Currently, those with income up to Rs. 5 lakhs do not pay any income tax in both old and new tax regimes. The rebate limit has been increased to Rs. 7 lakhs in the new tax regime. Thus, persons in the new tax regime, with income up to 7 lakhs will not have to pay any tax. 

The second proposal relates to middle-class individuals and was introduced, in the year 2020. According to the new personal income tax regime with six income slabs starting from Rs.2.5 lakhs. The change in the tax structure in this regime by reducing the number of slabs to five and increasing the tax exemption limit to Rs. 3 lakhs. The new tax rates are.

Annual Income

New Tax Slab

0-3 lakh


3-6 lakh

5 percent

6-9 lakh

10 percent

9-12 lakh

15 percent

12-15 lakh

20 percent

Above 15 lakh

30 percent

Budget 2023 Highlights: Union Budget FY 2023-2024 in a Glance

  • Per capita income has more than doubled to ₹1.97 lakhs in around nine years
  • The Indian economy has increased in size from being 10th to 5th largest in the world in the past nine years
  • EPFO membership has more than doubled to 27 crores.
  • 7,400 crore digital payments of ₹126 lakh crore have taken place through UPI in 2022.
  • 11.7 crore household toilets constructed under Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • 9.6 crore LPG connections provided under Ujjwala.
  • 220 crore covid vaccination of 102 crore persons.
  • 47.8 crore PM Jan Dhan bank accounts.
  • Insurance cover for 44.6 crore persons under PM Suraksha Bima and PM Jeevan Jyoti Yojana.
  • Cash transfer of ₹2.2 lakh crore to over 11.4 crore farmers under PM Kisan Samman Nidhi.
  • Seven priorities of the budget ‘Saptarishi’ are inclusive development, reaching the last mile, infrastructure and investment, unleashing the potential, green growth, youth power, and the financial sector. 

Let’s take a look at the Union Budget 2023-24 highlights and how it affects various sectors. Here are the key changes announced by FM Sitharaman and obtain Budget 2023 highlights PDF here.

Budget 2023-24

PDF Download

Budget 2023 at a Glance (Full)

PDF File

Budget 2023 at a Glance

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Budget 2023 Deficit Statistics

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Transfer of Resources to States and Union Territories with Legislature

PDF File

Budget 2023 Profile

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Budget 2023 Receipts

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Budget 2023 Expenditure

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Budget 2023 Major Schemes

PDF File

Also Read - 

Last 5 Years Budget Highlights & Speeches PDF

The highlights of the Budget for the last five years has been provided below. You can obtain the Budget copies from the provided link for your future reference. 

Also Read - Budget Meaning in Hindi

Ministry Wise Budget 2023 Key Highlights are as follows:

Road Transport Budget:  

  • By 2030, the govt aims to produce 5 MMT of green hydrogen. Recently launched National Green Hydrogen with an outlay of Rs 19,700 crore
  • To achieve net zero and transition to a sustainable energy system, Rs 35,000 crore has been allocated to the Ministry of petroleum and natural gas.
  • 100 critical transport infrastructure project for last and first-mile connectivity for ports, coal, steel, fertilizer, and food grains sectors have been identified. They will be taken up on priority with an investment of Rs 75,000 crore, including Rs 15,000 crore from private sources.
  • Rs 5,172 crore has been allotted for the FAME II scheme.
  • Rs 2.70 lakh crore has been allotted to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH).

Railways Budget:

  • Major push for Railways with Rs. 2.4 lahks crore capital outlay
  • Railways plan to refurbish more than 1,000 coaches of premier trains
  • Proposed to manufacture 35 hydrogen fuel-based trains, 4,500 newly designed automobile carrier coaches with side entry, 5,000 LHB coaches and 58,000 wagons

Agriculture Budget:

  • Digital Public Infrastructure for Agriculture: Digital public infrastructure for agriculture will be built as an open source, open standard, and interoperable public good. This will enable inclusive, farmer-centric solutions through relevant information services for crop planning and health, improved access to farm inputs, credit, and insurance, help for crop estimation, market intelligence, and support for the growth of the agri-tech industry and start-ups. 
  • Agriculture Accelerator Fund: An Agriculture Accelerator Fund will be set up to encourage agri-startups by young entrepreneurs in rural areas. The Fund will aim at bringing innovative and affordable solutions for challenges faced by farmers. It will also bring in modern technologies to transform agricultural practices and increase productivity and profitability.
  • Enhancing the productivity of cotton crop: To enhance the productivity of extra-long staple cotton, we will adopt a cluster-based and value chain approach through Public Private Partnerships (PPP). This will mean collaboration between farmers, the state, and industry for input supplies, extension services, and market linkages.
  • Atmanirbhar Horticulture Clean Plant Program: We will launch an Atmanirbhar Clean Plant Program to boost the availability of disease-free, quality planting material for high-value horticultural crops at an outlay of ` 2,200 crores.
  • Global Hub for Millets ‘Shree Anna’: Now to make India a global hub for 'Shree Anna', the Indian Institute of Millet Research, Hyderabad will be supported as the Centre of Excellence for sharing best practices, research, and technologies at the international level.   
  • Agriculture Credit: The agriculture credit target will be increased to 20 lakh crore with a focus on animal husbandry, dairy, and fisheries. 
  • Fisheries: A new sub-scheme of PM Matsya Sampada Yojana with a targeted investment of ` 6,000 crores to further enable activities of fishermen, fish vendors, and micro & small enterprises, Improve value chain efficiencies, and expand the market.
  • Cooperation: For farmers, especially small and marginal farmers, and other marginalized sections, the government is promoting a cooperative-based economic development model. A new Ministry of Cooperation was formed with a mandate to realize the vision of ‘Sahakar Se Samriddhi’. To realize this vision, the government has already initiated the computerization of 63,000 Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS) with an investment of 2,516 crores. In consultation with all stakeholders and states, model bye-laws for PACS were formulated enabling them to become multipurpose PACS. A national cooperative database is being prepared for the country-wide mapping of cooperative societies. 

MSME Budget:

  • Deduction for expenditure incurred on payments made to MSMEs to be allowed only when payment is actually made in order to support MSMEs in timely receipt of payments.
  • Revamped credit ensure scheme for MSMEs to take effect from 1st April 2023 through the infusion of Rs 9,000 crore in the corpus. This scheme would enable additional collateral-free guaranteed credit of Rs 2 lakh crore and also reduce the cost of the credit by about 1 percent.

Skill Development Budget:

  • Aspirational Blocks Programme covering 500 blocks launched for saturation of essential government services across multiple domains such as health, nutrition, education, agriculture, water resources, financial inclusion, skill development, and basic infrastructure.

Education Budget:

  • As many as 38,000 teachers and support staff are to be recruited in the next 3 years, for 740 Eklavya Model Residential Schools serving 3.5 lakh tribal students 
  • The government will launch Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 4.0
  • 100 labs will be set up for developing apps using 5G services in engineering institutions
  • Teacher training will be envisioned through innovative pedagogy, continuous professional development, curriculum transaction, and ICT implementation. The district institutes of education and training will be developed into vibrant institutes of excellence for this purpose
  • National Child Trust, Children's Book Trust and other sources to be encouraged to provide and replenish non-curricular titles in regional languages and English, to these libraries; collaboration with NGOs working in literacy also to be done
  • PM VIKAS (Pradhan Mantri Vishwakarma Kaushal Samman), which was announced in Budget 2023, will include skilled people who are engaged in various traditional and skilled professions.
  • To skill the youth for international opportunities, 30 Skill India International Centres will be set up across different States
  • To provide support to 47 lakh youths in 3 years, a Direct Benefit Transfer under a pan India national apprenticeship scheme will be rolled out
  • A National Digital Library for children and adolescents will be set up for facilitating the availability of quality books across geographies, languages, genres, and levels and device-agnostic accessibility 
  • States will be encouraged to set up physical libraries for them at panchayat and ward levels and provide infrastructure for accessing the National Digital Library resources
  • 157 new nursing colleges will be established in colocation with the existing 157 medical colleges established since 2014
  • Indian Institute of Millet Research will be supported as a center of excellence
  • For realising the vision of Make AI in India and Make AI work for India, 3 Centres of Excellence for Artificial Intelligence will be set up in top educational institutions
  • Leading industry players will partner in conducting inter-disciplinary research, and develop cutting-edge applications & scalable problem solutions in the areas of agriculture, health, and sustainable cities

Health Budget:

  • The Union health and family welfare ministry has been allocated Rs 89, 155 crores in the Union budget FY24 
  • For the upcoming financial year, Rs 86,175 crore has been allocated to the department of health and family welfare while Rs 2,980 crore has been allocated to the department of health research.
  • In the ongoing fiscal, the budget spent on the department of health and family welfare is Rs 76, 370 while Rs 2,775 crore had been marked for the department of health research.

Banking Budget:

  • National Financial Information Registry to be set up to serve as the central repository of financial and ancillary information for facilitating the efficient flow of credit, promoting financial inclusion, and fostering financial stability. A new legislative framework is to be designed in consultation with RBI to govern this credit public infrastructure.
  • Financial sector regulators to carry out a comprehensive review of existing regulations in consultation with public and regulated entities. Time limits to decide the applications under various regulations would also be laid down.
  • To enhance business activities in GIFT IFSC, the following measures are to be taken. 
  • Delegating powers under the SEZ Act to IFSCA to avoid dual regulation.
  • Setting up a single window IT system for registration and approval from IFSCA, SEZ authorities, GSTN, RBI, SEBI, and IRDAI.
  • Permitting acquisition financing by IFSC Banking Units of a foreign bank.
  • Establishing a subsidiary of EXIM Bank for trade refinancing.
  • Amending IFSCA Act for statutory provisions for arbitration, and ancillary services, and avoiding dual regulation under SEZ Act
  • Recognizing offshore derivative instruments as valid contracts.
  • Amendments proposed to the Banking Regulation Act, the Banking Companies Act, and the Reserve of India Act to Improve bank governance and enhance investors’ protection.
  • Countries looking for digital continuity solutions would be facilitated for setting up their Data Embassies in GIFT IFSC.
  • SEBI to be empowered to develop, regulate, maintain, and enforce norms and standards for education in the National Institute of Securities Markets and to recognize the award of degrees, diplomas, and certificates

Urban Planning Budget:

  • Urban Infrastructure Development Fund (UIDF) will be established through the use of priority Sector Lending shortfall, which will be managed by the National Housing Bank, and will be used by public agencies to create urban infrastructure in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities.
  • Encouragement to states and cities to undertake urban planning reforms and actions to transform our cities into ‘sustainable cities of tomorrow.

Fiscal Management Budget:

The key highlights of the Budget 2023-24 Direct Taxes (Part B) are as follows:

  • Direct Tax proposals aim to maintain the continuity and stability of taxation, further simplify and rationalize various provisions to reduce the compliance burden, promote the entrepreneurial spirit, and provide tax relief to citizens.
  • The constant endeavor of the Income Tax Department to Improve Tax Payers Services by making compliance easy and smooth.
  • To further Improve taxpayer services, a proposal to roll out a next-generation Common IT Return Form for taxpayer convenience, along with plans to strengthen the grievance redressal mechanism.
  • Rebate limit of Personal Income Tax is to be increased to Rs. 7 lakhs from the current Rs. 5 lakhs in the new tax regime. Thus, persons in the new tax regime, with income up to Rs. 7 lakhs do not pay any tax.
  • Tax structure in the new personal income tax regime, introduced in 2020 with six income slabs, to change by reducing the number of slabs to five and increasing the tax exemption limit to Rs. 3 lakhs. Change to provide major relief to all taxpayers in the new regime.
  • Proposal to extend the benefit of a standard deduction of Rs. 50,000 to salaried individuals, and deduction from family pensions up to Rs. 15,000, in the new tax regime.
  • The highest surcharge rate is to reduce from 37 percent to 25 percent in the new tax regime. This to further result in the reduction of the maximum personal income tax rate to 39 percent.
  • The limit for tax exemption on leave encashment on the retirement of non-government salaried employees to increase to Rs. 25 lakhs.
  • The new income tax regime is to be made the default tax regime. However, citizens will continue to have the option to avail the benefit of the old tax regime.
  • Enhanced limits for micro-enterprises and certain professionals for availing the benefit of presumptive taxation were proposed. Increased limit to apply only in case the amount or aggregate of the amounts received during the year, in cash, does not exceed five percent of the total gross receipts/turnover.
  • Deduction for expenditure incurred on payments made to MSMEs to be allowed only when payment is actually made in order to support MSMEs in timely receipt of payments.
  • New co-operatives that commence manufacturing activities till 31.3.2024 to get the benefit of a lower tax rate of 15 percent, as presently available to new manufacturing companies.
  • The opportunity provided to sugar co-operatives to claim payments made to sugarcane farmers for the period prior to the assessment year 2016-17 as an expenditure. This is expected to provide them relief of almost Rs. 10,000 crores.
  • Provision of a higher limit of Rs. 2 lakh per member for cash deposits to and loans in cash by Primary Agricultural Co-operative Societies (PACS) and Primary Co-operative Agriculture and Rural Development Banks (PCARDBs).
  • A higher limit of Rs. 3 crores for TDS on cash withdrawal is to be provided to cooperative societies.
  • Date of incorporation for income tax benefits to start-ups to be extended from 31.03.23 to 31.3.24.
  • Proposal to provide the benefit of carrying forward losses on change of shareholding of start-ups from seven years of incorporation to ten years.
  • Deduction from capital gains on investment in residential houses under sections 54 and 54F to be capped at Rs. 10 crores for better targeting of tax concessions and exemptions.
  • Proposal to limit income tax exemption from proceeds of insurance policies with very high value. Where the aggregate premium for life insurance policies (other than ULIP) issued on or after 1st April 2023 is above Rs. 5 lakhs, income from only those policies with aggregate premiums up to Rs. 5 lakhs shall be exempt.
  • Income of authorities, boards, and commissions set up by statutes of the Union or State for the purpose of housing, development of cities, towns, and villages, and regulating, or regulating and developing an activity or matter, proposed to be exempted from income tax.
  • The minimum threshold of Rs. 10,000/- for TDS to be removed and taxability relating to online gaming to be clarified. Proposal to provide for TDS and taxability on net winnings at the time of withdrawal or at the end of the financial year.
  • Conversion of gold into the electronic gold receipt and vice versa is not to be treated as a capital gain.
  • TDS rate to be reduced from 30 percent to 20 percent on the taxable portion of EPF withdrawal in non-PAN cases.
  • Income from Market Linked Debentures to be taxed.
  • Deployment of about 100 Joint Commissioners for disposal of small appeals in order to reduce the pendency of appeals at the Commissioner level.
  • Increased selectivity in taking up appeal cases for scrutiny of returns already received this year.
  • Period of tax benefits to funds relocating to IFSC, GIFT City extended till 31.03.2025.
  • Certain acts of omission of liquidators under section 276A of the Income Tax Act to be decriminalized with effect from 1st April 2023.
  • Carry forward losses on strategic disinvestment including that of IDBI Bank to be allowed. 
  • Agniveer Fund to be provided EEE status. The payment received from the Agniveer Corpus Fund by the Agniveers enrolled in Agnipath Scheme, 2022 proposed to be exempt from taxes. Deduction in the computation of total income is proposed to be allowed to the Agniveer on the contribution made by him or the Central Government to his Seva Nidhi account.

The key highlights of the Budget 2023-24 Indirect Taxes are as follows:

  • The key highlights of the Budget 2023-24 Sector-Specific are as follows:
  • The number of basic customs duty rates on goods, other than textiles and agriculture, reduced to 13 from 21.
  • Minor changes in the basic customs duties, cesses, and surcharges on some items including toys, bicycles, automobiles, and naphtha.
  • Excise duty is exempted on GST-paid compressed biogas contained in blended compressed natural gas.
  • Customs Duty on specified capital goods/machinery for the manufacture of the lithium-ion cell for use in batteries of electrically operated vehicles (EVs) extended to 31.03.2024
  • Customs duty exempted on vehicles, specified automobile parts/components, sub-systems, and tyres when imported by notified testing agencies, for the purpose of testing and/ or certification, subject to conditions.
  • Customs duty on the camera lens and its inputs/parts for use in the manufacture of the camera module of cellular mobile phones was reduced to zero and concessional duty on lithium-ion cells for batteries was extended for another year.
  • Basic customs duty reduced on parts of open cells of TV panels to 2.5 percent.
  • Basic customs duty on electric kitchen chimneys increased to 15 percent from 7.5 percent.
  • Basic customs duty on heat coil for the manufacture of electric kitchen chimneys reduced to 15 percent from 20 percent.
  • Denatured ethyl alcohol used in the chemical industry is exempted from basic customs duty.
  • Basic customs duty reduced on acid grade fluorspar (containing by weight more than 97 percent of calcium fluoride) to 2.5 percent from 5 percent.
  • Basic customs duty on crude glycerin for use in the manufacture of epichlorohydrin reduced to 2.5 percent from 7.5 percent.
  • Duty reduced on key inputs for domestic manufacture of shrimp feed.
  • Basic customs duty reduced on seeds used in the manufacture of lab-grown diamonds.
  • Duties on articles made from dore and bars of gold and platinum increased.
  • Import duty on silver dore, bars, and articles increased.
  • Basic Customs Duty exemption on raw materials for the manufacture of CRGO Steel, ferrous scrap, and nickel cathode continued.
  • Concessional BCD of 2.5 percent on copper scrap is continued.
  • The basic customs duty rate on compounded rubber increased to 25 percent from 10 percent or 30 per kg whichever is lower.
  • National Calamity Contingent Duty (NCCD) on specified cigarettes was revised upwards by about 16 percent.
  • Legislative Changes in Customs Laws
  • Customs Act, 1962 to be amended to specify a time limit of nine months from the date of filing the application for passing the final order by the Settlement Commission.
  • Customs Tariff Act to be amended to clarify the intent and scope of provisions relating to Anti-Dumping Duty (ADD), Countervailing Duty (CVD), and Safeguard Measures.
  • CGST Act to be amended
  • to raise the minimum threshold of tax amount for launching prosecution under GST from one crore to two crores
  • to reduce the compounding amount from the present range of 50 to 150 percent of the tax amount to the range of 25 to 100 percent;
  • decriminalize certain offenses;
  • to restrict the filing of returns/statements to a maximum period of three years from the due date of filing of the relevant return/statement; and
  • to enable unregistered suppliers and composition taxpayers to make the intra-state supply of goods through E-Commerce Operators (ECOs).

Also Read:-

Agriculture Budget 2023 Highlights: PDF obtain with Key Summary & Takeaways

Railways Budget 2023 Highlights: PDF obtain with Key Summary & Takeaways

Wed, 01 Feb 2023 06:47:00 -0600 text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/current-affairs/budget-2023-highlights-pdf-download-1675245961-1
Killexams : Miner School of Computer & Information Sciences

To transfer files back and forth to CS unix servers from a unix system, use either the scp(non-interactive) or sftp(interactive) commands. Both of these commands will do file transfers between unix/linux 'ssh' hosts, with each one working differently.

Click HERE for instructions on how to open up a terminal session to a CS unix system via ssh.

SCP1. SCP :  This utility provides non-interactive file transfers between ssh-enabled unix/linux systems. After contacting the ssh server/host, the scp program will prompt you for your password. If that password is correct, the file transfer will take place, with a status message indicating file transfer times and other items.

To copy a file TO a CS server from another UNIX server :
  scp  localfilename  cs_user_name@cs.uml.edu:~/destination_file_name

To transfer entire directory structures, use the '-r' option to scp:
  scp  -r  localdirectory  cs_user_name@cs.uml.edu:~/destination_directory_name 

To transfer files/directories FROM the CS server while logged into a remote unix/linux server, reverse the syntax:
  scp [-r] cs_user_name@cs.uml.edu:~/destination_file_name  localfilename

If the username you are using on the local unix/linux system matches the remote unix/linux system username, you do not need to use the username prefix before the name of the ssh server you are transferring files to/from:

  scp [-r] localfilename  cs.uml.edu:~/destination_file_name
  scp [-r] cs.uml.edu:~/destination_file_name  localfilename

SFTP2. SFTP :  This utility provides a interactive file transfer session between ssh-enabled unix/linux systems. After contacting the ssh server/host, the scp program will prompt you for your password. If that password is correct, you will be entered into an interactive command line session, analogous to the standard 'FTP' program.

To start the sftp program, type :

  sftp server_name

This will connect to the sftp server and will prompt you for your password. As with scp and ssh, it will use the same username as the user that executed the sftp program. If you wish to 'sftp' to another server with a different username, use the following syntax:

  sftp username@server_name

Once you successfully log into the 'sftp' session, your prompt will be "sftp>". From this prompt you can use the get command to receive files from the server you have connected to and the put command to send files to the server you have connected to.

To learn more about using sftp, type man sftp at your unix prompt.

Fri, 26 Feb 2016 08:37:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.uml.edu/Sciences/computer-science/CS-Infrastructure/unix-scp-sftp.aspx
Killexams : obtain the app today!

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Mon, 31 Oct 2016 20:37:00 -0500 Fox News en-US text/html https://www.foxnews.com/download
Killexams : How to achieve network infrastructure modernization

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July 2022

How to achieve network infrastructure modernization

These days upgrading to advanced network infrastructure involves firms being able to deliver mission-critical services through cloud providers and through their own cloud resources. Increased network infrastructure capacity need has seen deployment of optical networking and advanced network solutions such as software-defined wide area network (SDWAN).

Table Of Contents

  • The benefits of network infrastructure as code
  • Neos Networks completes latest leg in infrastructure expansion
  • Hybrid network vs. hybrid network infrastructure
  • What does a network infrastructure upgrade project involve?
  • How cloud-native networking will transform infrastructure
  • 5 steps to achieve network infrastructure modernization
Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:51:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.computerweekly.com/ehandbook/How-to-achieve-network-infrastructure-modernization
Killexams : JEE Main Admit Card 2023 PDF Download: test Details, Steps to obtain Hall Ticket

The National Testing Agency (NTA) will release the admit card for the Joint Entrance Examination (Main) 2023 January Session test anytime soon. The session 1 hall ticket for JEE Main 2023 will be available to obtain on the official website jeemain.nta.nic.in. Once released,  candidates can obtain the admit card using their application ID, date of birth, and security pin.

The National Testing Agency (NTA) will release the admit card in an online format. NTA has not disclosed the exact date and time for releasing JEE Admit Card and Examination City Slip 2023. JEE Main 2023 entrance test for the January session will be held on 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30 and 31 January, 2023. Engineering aspirants wondering how to obtain JEE Main Admit Card 2023 online from the official website can check the steps below.

JEE Main 2023 Admit Card Details

As per reports, the JEE Main 2023 session 1 will be held from 24th - 31st  January 2023. The Admit Cards can be downloaded from the official website probably in the third week of January 2023.


Date of Release

JEE Main session 1 admit card release date

Third week of January 2023

JEE Main session 2 admit card release date 

Last week of March 2023

Steps to obtain JEE Main 2023 Admit Card?

Students who have to appear for JEE Main 2023 Exams this year can visit the official website to obtain the detailed time table. In case you have any doubts or confusion on how to obtain the JEE Main 2023 Admit Card, then please go through the steps below. 

Visit the official website: jeemain.nta.nic.in

Click on the link that reads, ‘JEE Main 2023 Admit Card’ on the home page

Enter the required credentials i.e (application number and date of birth)

JEE Main Admit Card will be displayed on the screen

Download the admit card PDF for JEE Main 2023 January Session and take a printout 

Details Mentioned in JEE Main Admit Card 2023

After JEE Main 2023 admit card PF download, it is necessary for students to check if all the details given on the admit card are mentioned correctly. The details mentioned on the Admit Card include:

Candidate’s Name

Application Number

Roll Number

Course Name 

Father’s Name 


Date of Birth 



Test City 

Centre Code 

Exam Shift 

Exam Date


Exam Centre

Reporting Time

Things to Remember for JEE Main 2023 Admit Card

It should be noted that JEE Main admit card for 2023 will be released separately for each session

No hard copy or duplicate JEE Main admit card 2023 will be issued or sent by post to the applicants

Candidates who had mistakes or incorrect information in the application form will not be issued the admit card

Always carry the hall ticket/admit card to the Exam Center as the entry will not be permitted without the admit card.

Exam Pattern of JEE Main 2023

According to the JEE Main 2023 test pattern, the test will be conducted in online mode (Computer-Based-Test (CBT).

JEE Main test Pattern

Exam Papers

Paper 1- B.E/B.Tech

Paper 2- B.Arch

Paper 3- B.Plan

Exam Duration- 3 Hours

Types of Question- Objective (MCQs) and Numerical Value Type

Marks for Correct Answer: (+4 Marks)

Marks for Negative Answer: (-1 Marks)

Marks for Unattempted Questions- 0

What are the Documents Required in the Examination Centre?

Along with the printed copy of JEE Main Admit Card 2023, the candidates are advised to carry various other documents to the examination center. The other documents that the applicants are required to carry to the Examination Centre are:

A passport-size photograph for pasting on the attendance sheet during the examination is required

A valid identity proof, such as the Driving License/PAN Card/Voter ID/Aadhaar Card/Passport/Aadhaar Enrolment No for identification

If the Candidate is claiming for PwD Reservation, then PwD Certificate is mandatory

JEE Main Self Declaration Form

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Mon, 30 Jan 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.freepressjournal.in/education/jee-main-admit-card-2023-pdf-download-exam-details-steps-to-download-hall-ticket
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