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Planning to work as an IT professional soon or want more out of your career as an IT professional? You can boost your resume and land rewarding career opportunities by mastering SAP software. 

Consider online SAP courses that allow you to work through the material at your own pace. There are several options for all skill levels. 

Benzinga is here to help you find an SAP course that suits your needs and budget. 

Quick Look: Best SAP Courses

What Makes an SAP Course Great?

Keep the following considerations in mind as you explore SAP courses and choose the right one for you. 

Taught by an SAP Expert 

Is your instructor a seasoned SAP facilitator? Does this person have a track record of success with past students, as indicated by reviews? What type of experience do they have in the field? These are all critical factors to consider as you assess the instructors' background for classes you’re considering. 

Starts with the Basics

Whether you’re an SAP newbie or subject-matter expert, you want a course that features a primer on the essentials. There’s a lot to learn about SAP, and it doesn’t make sense to jump right into more advanced concepts if you don’t have a solid understanding of the basics.  

Includes Supplementary Resources

You want an SAP course that features supplementary resources. These include readings, downloadable resources, assignments and quizzes that allow you to master the material and apply your knowledge in a practice setting. 

Our Top Picks

We’ve highlighted a description and enrollment fee for Benzinga’s top picks below. We made our selections from LinkedIn Learning and Udemy after hours of extensive research. 

You’ll also notice that the SAP courses are categorized by skill level — beginner, intermediates and advanced courses — to help you find the best fit. 

SAP Courses for Beginners

These introductory courses are for individuals who are new to SAP. 

1. SAP Simplified for Absolute Beginners by Udemy 

Want to learn the fundamentals of SAP from scratch without getting overwhelmed or pulling your hair out? This Udemy bestseller is the perfect fit. 

SAP Simplified for Absolute Beginners covers the basic functionalities of SAP ERP. You’ll also learn how to navigate the software with ease and conduct transactions. 

Register today to access 31 lectures condensed into 2.5 hours of on-demand video and 1 article. You will also receive a certificate of completion when you finish the course. 

Enroll now.

2. Learn SAP Course – Online Beginner Training by Udemy 

This introductory course from Udemy is also an ideal option for SAP beginners. It includes 2 hours of on-demand video and 1 downloadable resource to provide you with a holistic learning experience. 

Learn SAP Course – Online Beginner Training is facilitated by SAP expert Peter Moxon. The class comprises the following segments: 

  • SAP Introduction
  • SAP Functionality 
  • SAP Products
  • SAP System Basics
  • SAP Basics – Step by Step
  • Customizing Your SAP
  • Interrogating the System  
  • Reporting 
  • Beyond the Basics
  • Quiz and Course Wrap-Up 

Level up your knowledge today by enrolling in the course. You can register with confidence knowing it comes with a 30-day money-back ensure if the content doesn’t quite meet your needs. 

Enroll now.

3. SAP Financials Essential Training by LinkedIn Learning 

Who it's for: Beginners

Price: Included with the monthly membership 

In a little over 1.5 hours, you can go from a novice to pro in SAP ERP Financials. Let SAP trainer Justin Valley show you the ropes.

SAP Financials Essentials Training dives into ways the ERP can be leveraged to manage your company’s finances and conduct enterprise resource planning. You will also learn how to execute account reconciliations, set up gender ledger documents, add suppliers, generate invoices and reports, use other key accounts receivable and payable features and so much more. 

Here’s a breakdown of the course: 

  • Introduction 
  • General Ledger 
  • Accounts Payable 
  • Accounts Receivable
  • Asset Accounting 
  • Conclusion 

There’s no cost to enroll if you have a monthly LinkedIn membership. If not, you can sign up for a 1-month trial to access the class for free. 

Enroll now.

Have a solid grasp of SAP basics? Consider these intermediate courses if you want to explore more advanced concepts or learn more about SAP SD and SAP Business One. 

4. SAP SD Training – in Plain English by Udemy 

Interested in learning the most common configuration in SD? Or maybe you want to learn how to interpret SAD help documents. This intermediate course is worth considering.

SAP SD Training – in Plain English features detailed instruction on SAP GUI Setup, the order to cash cycle, master data, SD-FI interface, Customer Material Info Records (CMIR) and more. Plus, there’s a lecture on SAP SD Certification Help in case you want to put your knowledge and skills to use in the field. 

When you register, you’ll get full lifetime access to 132 lectures jam-packed into 28.5 hours of on-demand video. The low enrollment fee also includes 1 article and 53 downloadable resources to supplement critical concepts presented in the lessons. 

The course is facilitated by SAP trainer and consultant Siva Prasad. It’s best to have access to an SAP Server before you register. 

Enroll now.

5. SAP ERP Essential Training by LinkedIn Learning 

Who it's for: Intermediate students 

Price: Included with the monthly membership 

Also instructed by Justin Valley, SAP ERP Essential Training offers a primer to get you up and running. This intermediate course then transitions to the primary differences between functional and technical modules, end-user navigation and how to export reports. 

Here’s a quick look at the syllabus: 

  • Overview of SAP
  • Exploring SAP Modules
  • SAP End-User Base Navigations
  • SAP Basic Reporting  

You will also take 4 chapter quizzes to assess your knowledge. Doing so helps you identify areas where you excel, along with areas where you may need to focus more to master the material. 

Grab a free seat in the course with a LinkedIn membership. If you’re not yet signed up for a membership, you can enroll for free with a 1-month trial. 

Enroll now.

6. SAP Business One Essential Training by LinkedIn Learning 

Who it's for: Intermediate students

Price: Included with the monthly membership 

SAP Business One is a tool that can be implemented to monitor key business processes and execute essential tasks. If you’re unfamiliar with the ERP or seek advanced knowledge to get it up and running in your company, this course is worth considering. 

Facilitator Steven Lipton, VP of Special Projects at Science Device Laboratory, draws from his years of experience to demonstrate SAP Business One's application using real-life scenarios. He also shows you how to tailor SAP Business One to meet your company’s needs. The lessons are divided into 6 core segments:

  • Get Started
  • Modules: TheTop 6
  • Navigation and User Functions 
  • Choosing the Modules You Need
  • Reporting 
  • Output 
  • Customization 

Ready to get started? Register at the tap of a fingertip if you have a LinkedIn membership without spending a dime. Or you can sign up for a 1-month trial to enroll in the course for free. 

Enroll now.

Advanced SAP Courses

IT professionals looking for SAP advanced training to pass the certification test or land a more lucrative role will find these courses useful.  

7. SAP SD Advanced Training by Udemy 

Also led by Siva Prasad, this Udemy bestseller moves beyond the basics of SAP SD to help you become a subject-matter expert. It caters to individuals who already understand the fundamentals of SAP SD and want to level up their expertise. 

SAP SD Advanced Training includes 55 lectures condensed into 10.5 hours of on-demand video and 8 downloadable resources. The lessons are categorized as follows: 

  • Introduction 
  • 3rd Party Sales
  • Pricing – Rounding
  • Pricing – Pricing Type 
  • Rebates
  • Cross Company Sales
  • Stock Transfer Order
  • LIS Tables
  • EDI 
  • ALE
  • Make to Order

You’ll receive a certificate of completion when you reach the finish line. 

Make sure you have basic knowledge of the SAP Sales and Distribution Configuration before you register. 

Enroll now.

8. SAP ERP: Beyond the Basics by LinkedIn Learning 

Who it's for: Advanced students 

Price: Included with the monthly membership 

Master more advanced SAP ERP basics with instructor Justin Valley. This advanced course from LinkedIn Learning requires 1.5 hours of your time and also includes 4 chapter quizzes to test your comprehension of the material as you progress. 

SAP ERP: Beyond the Basics includes 4 modules: 

  • SAP Personal Settings
  • SAP Advanced Navigation 
  • Selection Criteria and Running Reports
  • Reporting Results 

Upon completion, you’ll know how to use SAP ERP to support all essential components of your business. 

The registration fee is included with a LinkedIn membership or you can access the course with a 1-month free trial. 

Enroll now.

9. SAP ERP: Become an SAP S/4HANA Certified Consultant - Pro by Udemy 

SAP ERP: Become an SAP S/4HANA Certified Consultant equips you with the skills and knowledge you need to impress prospective employers. It’s also a good fit for IT professionals who want to prepare for and pass SAP exams on the first attempt. 

Instructor George Boyle, SAP Project Manager at Accenture, breaks the course down into these categories: 

  • Introduction to SAP S/4 HANA
  • SAP GUI and Navigation
  • User Experience
  • Basic System-Wide Concepts
  • Enterprise Management (previously logistics)
  • Finance (previously FICO)
  • HR (previously Human Capital Management)
  • SAP Basis
  • Embedded Analysis
  • SAP HANA
  • Implement SAP 
  • Next Steps 

Sign up today for full lifetime access to 9 hours on-demand video, 17 articles and 16 downloadable resources. The course is backed by a 30-day money-back ensure if you’re unsatisfied for any reason. 

Enroll now. 

Find the Best SAP Course for You

Don’t spend hours sifting through dozens of articles and textbooks to learn SAP. Consider an online course to bring you up to speed. Regardless of your skill level, there’s an affordable option that meets you right where you are. 

Our top picks are a great place to start. They’re taught by SAP experts and include supplementary resources to ensure you get the most from your online learning experience. Even better, the classes are self-paced so you can work through the material at your own pace when it’s convenient for you.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q

What does SAP stand for?

A

SAP stands for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing.

Mon, 11 Jul 2022 12:01:00 -0500 text/html https://www.benzinga.com/money/best-sap-courses
Killexams : HANA FAQ & Support

Here are some of our most frequently asked questions to help you on your HANA journey. For questions related to the data within the two SAP HANA Cubes or any pre-built Excel workbooks provided by FP&A, please contact FP&A support at TreasReporting@purdue.edu. For connection issues or unexpected system errors, please contact BICC support at bicc@purdue.edu

  1. Navigate to the BoilerKey self-service at https://www.purdue.edu/apps/account/flows/BoilerKey?execution=e1s1                                  
  2. Click on “Where I use BoilerKey” in the second section.                                                           
  3. Towards the bottom of the page, you should see “Zone-network-BI”. Click Request to the right of Zone-network-BI.                                                                                                             
  4. After clicking Request, you will receive an email acknowledging your request. Within a day or two, you should receive a reply stating that your access has been granted.                               
  5. You may now log in to the VPN using the Cisco AnyConnect client. Type the following information in Cisco to connect to the BI VPN.

 BI VPN

 zonevpn.itap.purdue.edu/BI 

 Click “Connect”

  1. You will be prompted for your username and BoilerKey password. Once you have logged in successfully, you will see the following screen, indicating that you have connected to the BI VPN and you are now ready to use the HANA (SFA/XL) software.

 BI VPN connected

  1. Refer to the Connection Guide for step by step instructions on how to set up your initial connection to the HANA (SFA/XL) software.

IMPORTANT: ACCESS TO PAYROLL CHARGE DATASET IS RESTRICTED. PLEASE CONFIRM WITH YOUR SUPERVISOR THAT YOU HAVE THE CORRECT HR PERMISSIONS TO ACCESS THE DATASET PRIOR TO SETUP.

If you are trying to connect to the SFA Simplified Dataset, refer to the SFA/XL Connection Guide instead.                                                                                                                                       

This guide outlines the steps needed to set up an initial connection to the Payroll Charge database. Once created, this connection will be saved and can be accessed easily.                                            

Setting up the initial connection: 

After installing the SAP HANA Client Software and getting access to the BI VPN, please do the following:

1. Connect to the BI VPN via the Cisco AnyConnect program using the URL below. Your BoilerKey will be required to log on.

 BI VPN

2. Once connected to the BI VPN, open Excel.

  • For Office 365, using the search feature at the top of the spreadsheet, search for ‘Data Connection Wizard’.  Select “From Data Connection Wizard (Legacy)” from the search result. 

  office 365 search

  office 365 data connection

  • For other versions of Excel (2007, 2010, 2013 or 2016), on the Data tab in the Ribbon, click “From Other Sources”. In the drop down menu that appears, click “From Data Connection Wizard”.

 from other sources

3. In the Data Connection Wizard, choose “Other/Advanced” and click Next.                                     other advanced

4. In the Data Link Properties window, on the Provider tab, choose “SAP HANA MDX Provider” and click Next. Note: if you do not see this option, the Excel for HANA add-on was not properly installed on your machine. Check with your local IT department for help with installation.                               hana mdx

5. Complete the fields on the Connection tab with the information below. Note that you do not need to fill in the User and Password fields unless instructed. Copy and paste the URL below into the Host field and complete the other fields as pictured.

pubip1.epilabs.purdue.edudata link properties

Click the “Test Connection” button. If the popup that appears says “Test Connection Succeeded”, you may click OK to proceed to the next step. If you get any other message after clicking “Test Connection”, please contact the Treasury Reporting team at treasreporting@purdue.edu for assistance.

NOTE: If you are a Regional user (and have not previously created a successful connection), your account will require additional setup. Please contact treasreporting@purdue.edu for assistance.

6. In the Select Database window that appears, ensure that the PAYROLL_CHARGE_DATASET_S is selected and click Next.

payroll charge connect

7. On the 'Save Data Connection File and Finish' screen, click Finish. data connect and finish

8. In the Import Data window, ensure that PivotTable Report is selected and click OK.pivot table

Congratulations! You now have a connection to the Payroll Charge dataset. If you have previously set up a connection to the Simplified Dataset, keep in mind that you now have two connections to choose from when creating a new workbook (Simplified Dataset and Payroll Charge). Workbooks with an existing connection will default to their previous connection.

To reconnect after setting up the initial connection:

On the Data tab, click “Existing Connections”.              existing connect

Select the Payroll Charge Dataset from the list of available connections and click Open.

 
Choose where you would like your Pivot to be located (Existing or New worksheet) and click OK.

pivot table

Pre-requisites & System set up

In order for users to have access to the tool, they must follow the steps below.

  1. Cognos role HR Level 1 or higher, HR Level 2 or higher is needed when using wage type number or name fields.
  2. If the user has never used Excel Pivot Tables, they can take an online course to familiarize themselves with the tool. See LinkedIn Learning for Excel Pivot Table training opportunities.
  3. Refer to the Payroll Charge Dataset Connection Guide to set up your initial connection.

Data Concepts

The tool uses the Payroll Charge Dataset as its source.  Below is information that may help in understanding how these terms are used.

Fields with “Organization” (i.e. Business Area Display – Organization) are from the perspective of the Department’s cost center hierarchy.  Use these fields to view data based on the employees in a department.

Fields with “Reporting” (i.e. Financial Unit Display – Reporting) are from the perspective of the Parent Funded Program’s cost center hierarchy.  Use these fields to view data based on the account charged.

Source field identifies if the data is from Pay_Charge or FM (Funds Management).  The data from payroll charge are transactions that route through the payroll process.  The data from FM are compensation transactions that did NOT route thru the payroll process.  i.e. JV processed for moving fringe benefits.

Central Fringes Flag, this flag is “Y” when fringe benefits are charged to a central university account

Employee Class/Group is a combined field that includes the employee group field for transactions prior to 1/1/2019 and employee class for transactions 1/1/2019 forward; employee class is also available

Hierarchical Fields

Some fields are available in both a hierarchical field and as a stand-alone field.  You should be aware of which you are choosing as they act differently within the pivot table and filters.

Hierarchical

Commitment Item – contains all levels from Category 0 to Commitment Item.

Cost Center Organization - contains all levels from Company to Cost Center from an Organization point of view

Cost Center Reporting - contains all levels from Company to Cost Center from a Reporting point of view

Wage Type Hierarchy – contains category level 1, 2 and wage type display

 

Stand Alone

Campus Display – Organization

Campus Display – Reporting

Segment – Organization

Segment – Reporting

Business Area Display – Organization

Business Area Display – Reporting

Financial Unit Display – Organization

Financial Unit Display – Reporting

Financial Sub Unit Display – Organization

Financial Sub Unit Display – Reporting

Program Display - Organization

Program Display - Reporting

Cost Center Display – Organization

Cost Center Display – Reporting

Category 1

Wage Type Category Level 1

Category 2

Wage Type Category Level 2

Category 3

Wage Type Display

Category 4

Commitment Item Display

 

Cautions

General/Tool

  • You MUST be logged into the BI VPN - zonevpn.itap.purdue.edu/BI. If you are not, you will get the error message shown below.

Data

  • There are a limited number of years’ worth of data included in this dataset, Fiscal Year 2019 - present at initial population.
  • Fields with “Organization” (i.e. Business Area Display – Organization) are from the perspective of the Department’s cost center hierarchy. Use these fields to view data based on the employees in a department.
  • Fields with “Reporting” (i.e. Financial Unit Display – Reporting) are from the perspective of the Parent Funded Program’s cost center hierarchy. Use these fields to view data based on the account charged.
  • Funded Program attributes are primarily from the Parent Funded Program perspective.

Sharing Files with Others

You can share your spreadsheet with individuals who do not have the software on their machines, but they will be unable to make any changes to the file.  The below error will display if they try to make a change.

sharing file

Validation Sources

The Statement of Payroll Charge standard report can be used to validate transaction with a Source of Pay_Charge.  The Statement of Payroll Charge standard report “Compensation Transaction NOT included in Statement of Payroll Charge – EXCEL” to validate transactions with a Source of FM.

Any of the SFA version can be used to validate at a commitment item level when using fields containing  “Reporting” for the account that was charged.  Pay close attention to notes on filters in the header of the SFA reports to ensure you are filtering on the same items.

Refreshing your Data

Select the Data menu ribbon (or Analyze menu ribbon), and then click Refresh or Refresh All to refresh all pivot tables. As with regular pivot tables, you can also right click the pivot table and select Refresh Data.

refreshing data 1

OR

refreshing data 2

Unhook your file from the Data Source so that it doesn’t update

If you have created a dataset and don’t want the numbers to be updated, you can remove the link to the dataset.  Click the Data menu item, then select Connections.  Highlight the connection and click Remove.  You will get a warning dialog box.  Click OK.

unhook

Troubleshooting

VPN

You MUST be logged into the BI VPN - zonevpn.itap.purdue.edu/BI.  If you are not, you will get the error message shown below.connection failed

Refresh Error

In some cases, the error shown below is received when trying to refresh data.  After the error, click Refresh Data again, and it will work.

refresh error

Setting up the initial connection: 

After installing the SAP HANA Client Software and getting access to the BI VPN, please do the following:

1. Connect to the BI VPN via the Cisco AnyConnect program using the URL below. Your BoilerKey will be required to log on.BI VPN

2. Once connected to the BI VPN, open Excel.

  • For Office 365, using the search feature at the top of the spreadsheet, search for ‘Data Connection Wizard’.  Select “From Data Connection Wizard (Legacy)” from the search result. 

office 365 search

  office 365 data connection

  • For other versions of Excel (2007, 2010, 2013 or 2016), on the Data tab in the Ribbon, click “From Other Sources”. In the drop down menu that appears, click “From Data Connection Wizard”.

from other sources

3. In the Data Connection Wizard, choose “Other/Advanced” and click Next.                                     other advanced

4. In the Data Link Properties window, on the Provider tab, choose “SAP HANA MDX Provider” and click Next. Note: if you do not see this option, the Excel for HANA add-on was not properly installed on your machine. Check with your local IT department for help with installation.                               hana mdx

5. Complete the fields on the Connection tab with the information below. Note that you do not need to fill in the User and Password fields unless instructed. Copy and paste the URL below into the Host field and complete the other fields as pictured.

pubip1.epilabs.purdue.edudata link properties

Click the “Test Connection” button. If the popup that appears says “Test Connection Succeeded”, you may click OK to proceed to the next step. If you get any other message after clicking “Test Connection”, please contact the Treasury Reporting team at treasreporting@purdue.edu for assistance.

NOTE: If you are a Regional user (and have not previously created a successful connection), your account will require additional setup. Please contact treasreporting@purdue.edu for assistance.

  1. In the Select Database window that appears, ensure that the SFA_SIMPLIFIED_DATASET is selected and click Next.

SFA connect selection

  1. On the next screen, click Finish.

save data connect - sfa

  1. In the Import Data window, ensure that PivotTable Report is selected and click OK.

pivot table

Congratulations! You now have an active connection to the SFA Simplified Dataset.

To reconnect after setting up the initial connection:

On the Data tab, click “Existing Connections”.existing connect

Select the SFA Simplified Dataset from the list of available connections and click Open.existing connect sfa

Choose where you would like your Pivot to be located (Existing or New worksheet) and click OK.pivot table

In order to make financial data more accessible to business users, a new Excel on HANA tool is being implemented.  This tool allows users to drag and drop fields directly into an Excel pivot table.  The tool uses the SFA Simplified Dataset as its data source.  Like the SFA Simplified Dataset and other Boiler Insight stars, the data is updated nightly.

Pre-requisites & System set up

In order for users to have access to the tool, they must follow the steps below.

  1. If the user has never used Excel Pivot Tables, they must take an online course to familiarize themselves with the tool. See LinkedIn Learning for Excel Pivot Table training opportunities.
  2. Request access to the BI VPN.
  3. Ensure the software has been pushed to your machine. Data related questions contact FP&A at TreasReporting@purdue.edu and software questions contact BICC@purdue.edu.
  4. Refer to the SFA/XL Connection Guide to set up your initial connection.

Data Concepts

The tool uses the SFA Simplified Dataset as its source.  In general, you will see some new terms added to field names.  Below is information that may help in understanding how these terms are used.

Posting – This indicates where the real posting in SAP/S4 occurred.  More commonly, in fiscal years prior to 2019, these could be different from the Reporting fields.  This term is used with Funded Program and Cost Center Hierarchy.

Reporting – This term refers to who owns the master data element, not necessarily where the posting happened in SAP/S4.  This term is used with Parent Funded Program and Cost Center Hierarchy.

Trend – This field indicates that logic has been added to postings prior to fiscal year 2019 to help align postings with the new master data elements implemented in 2019 for trend purposes.

A best practice would be to stay consistent with these fields within your view, i.e. if you are using Reporting fields, always use reporting fields, don’t combine Reporting with Posting.  Or, if you are looking at multiple years, use Trend fields consistently.

Hierarchical Fields

Some fields are available in both a hierarchical field and also as a stand-alone field.  You should be aware of which you are choosing, as they act differently within the pivot table and filters.

Hierarchical

Commitment Item – contains all levels from Category 0 to Commitment Item.

Cost Center Posting—contains all levels from Company to Cost Center from a Posting point of view

Cost Center Reporting - contains all levels from Company to Cost Center from a Reporting point of view

 

Stand Alone

Campus Display – Posting

Campus Display – Reporting

Segment – Posting

Segment - Reporting

Business Area Display Posting

Business Area Display – Reporting

Financial Unit Display – Posting

Financial Unit Display – Reporting

Financial Sub Unit Display – Posting

Financial Sib Unit Display – Reporting

Program Display – Posting

Program Display - Reporting

Cost Center Display – Posting

Cost Center Display – Reporting

Category 0

Category 1

Category 2

Category 3

Category 4

Commitment Item Display

Cautions

General/Tool

  • You MUST be logged into the BI VPN. If you are not, you will get the error message shown below.

Calculating Balances

To get the available balance for a period in the middle of a fiscal year, Fiscal Period must be <=, not just =.  You cannot just put the periods as columns and use the Available Balance fact to get balance trends.  The fact does not work in this manner as it is not a cumulative balance when periods are displayed.  However, you may be able to use Excel to create a running total.  To do this, use the Value Field Settings and on the Show Values As tab, select Running Total In and select the Fiscal Period.

calculating balances 

Data

  • There are a limited number of years’ worth of data included in this dataset, i.e. 2017 – present at initial population. Each year a new Fiscal Year begins the oldest Fiscal Year will be dropped.
  • The dataset contains enhancement data which are added rows of data that are not contained in SAP. You can identify enhancement data by using the Report Display field.  Enhancement values might be FPA Enhancements – Align with Old Trend Report, FPA Enhancements – New Process Internal Grant, FPA Enhancements – New Process Others or FPA Enhancements – FY 19 Temp Fix
  • Funded Program attributes are primarily from the Parent Funded Program perspective.
  • Transactions may roll up to the Parent for reporting, but the real transaction can be on a different Fund or Funds Center IN ERROR. Examples would be Work Orders or bad master data set up.  Posting fields can help identify these issues.
  • Funds Center hierarchy on Enhancement data are only populated down to the Financial Unit level. The lower level fields will be populated with N/A or 0 so there are not null values.
  • Historical Cost Centers at a system level are only mapped to the Financial Unit level.

Sharing Files with Others

You can share your spreadsheet with individuals who do not have the software on their machines, but they will be unable to make any changes to the file.

sharing file

Validation Sources

Any SFA version can be used as a source for validation.  Pay close attention to notes on filters in the header of the reports to ensure you are filtering on the same items.

Refreshing your Data

Select the Data menu ribbon (or Analyze menu ribbon), and then click Refresh or Refresh All to refresh all pivot tables. As with regular pivot tables, you can also right click the pivot table and select Refresh Data.

refreshing data 1

OR

 refreshing data 2

Unhook your file from the Data Source so that it doesn’t update

If you have created a dataset and don’t want the numbers to be updated, you can remove the link to the dataset.  Click the Data menu item, then select Connections.  Highlight the connection and click Remove.  You will get a warning dialog box.  Click OK.

unhook

Troubleshooting

VPN

You MUST be logged into the BI VPN.  If you are not, you will get the error message shown below.

connection failed

Error when filtering

  1. You can have a seemingly endless number of only SINGLE-select filters.
  2. You can have a seemingly endless number of only MULTI-select filters.
  3. If you have a SINGLE-select filter, you can have a seemingly limitless number of additional MULTI-select filters.
  4. However, if you have a MULTI-select filter, you can have NO MORE than two additional SINGLE-select filters.

filtering error

Drill Down Error

Excel throws an error when drilling-down at any level for values that contain a COMMA.

drill down error

Refresh Error

In some cases, the error shown below is received when trying to refresh data.  After the error, click Refresh Data again, and it will work.

refresh error

Wed, 25 May 2022 06:40:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.purdue.edu/bicc/tools/hana/support.php
Killexams : The dangers of using AI in hiring

Patrick Sturdivant, a software systems engineer who worked at USAA for 34 years and is blind, is generally a fan of artificial intelligence software. 

“I love AI when it's used properly and thoughtfully to include everyone,” he said. “AI can be a great equalizer for the disabled, because the computer can do so much that I can't do.”

But he also worries about the dangers of AI inadvertently discriminating against people with disabilities during recruitment and hiring.

“I do get scared that too much AI is used to filter through resumes and a lot of good people are excluded,” said Sturdivant, who is now principal strategy consultant at Deque Systems. “What scares me even more is the use of AI to screen video interviews to see who's going to make the next cut. There is too much potential there for developers to forget to include people of all backgrounds, all abilities, all races, all colors, all genders. And if they don't do it right, and if they don't test it correctly and perfect it, they're going to hurt some people.” 

Most large employers, including banks, use AI throughout the hiring process to filter through thousands of applications to get to the smaller number of truly qualified candidates. This is sometimes called “predictive hiring.” Across the industry, 51% of banks said they use AI-powered analytics in decision making of all kinds, according to a survey conducted by Arizent that was published earlier this week.

“More and more organizations are using different algorithms to try and create better matches of prospective employees to jobs in their organization,” said Haig Nalbantian, senior partner at Mercer and co-lead of Mercer's Workforce Sciences Institute. “There's been a big uptick.”

This use of AI potentially could reduce or eliminate nepotism and bias from hiring decisions. But it could also perpetuate existing biases or introduce new forms of unfairness, including in the use of gamification, automated analysis of resumes, automated analysis of video interviews and AI-generated pre-employment tests.

Gamification

One AI-based technology Nalbantian has been seeing banks and other large companies use more in hiring is gamification software from companies like Pymetrics and Knack. These use games to measure potential employees’ “soft skills” and match them with job openings.  

In some cases, the games simulate real work experience. 

“It might involve some problem solving, and the employer through this mechanism will be able to see, how does this individual tackle a problem? What does he or she look at first? Are they attentive to things happening on the screen that may not be central to what they're focused on? In what order do they address particular issues that arise? How do they react to surprises?” Nalbantian said. “They're trying to simulate the work experience to gauge how people actually function when they're forced to make choices in an environment that's gamified.”

The providers of these programs argue that their technology can ensure a company is blind to race and gender.

“In that way, it can offset some of the overt bias that may show up in traditional hiring methods, where I look at a resume and the name, the addresses and the background are all there,” Nalbantian said. Gamification software vendors say they can remove anything that signals the person's race or gender, and therefore remove opportunities for bias. 

Nalbantian said there is some truth to this. Another potential advantage of such software is that it may help companies consider candidates that have the right skills but have not held a particular type of job before. 

“When labor markets are tight and it's hard to keep good talent, being able to expand the potential labor pool to candidates that have adjacent skill sets and experience can be a very positive thing to have access to more people than you otherwise would,” he said. 

But, Nalbantian said, the software’s reliance on computer gaming skills could be problematic.

“You can imagine that less privileged people and candidates who did not grow up playing computer games and did not have computers in their homes will be at a systematic disadvantage,” Nalbantian said. “You end up in effect self-selecting certain types of people with certain backgrounds that may relate to race and gender and that may create disparities.” 

AI-generated pre-employment tests

Most standard pre-employment tests used to be taken on paper, and all candidates took the same test. When such tests were first put online, everyone still got the same list of questions.

Now artificial intelligence is being used to modify qualification tests on the fly, according to Ken Willner, partner at Paul Hastings. The AI decides what the next question ought to be based on how the candidate did on the previous questions. 

“Let's say the test is looking at your geometry skills,” he said. “An artificial-intelligence-aided test might deliver you a first question on geometry, and then based on how you did on that one, deliver you either a harder question or an easier question.” 

Because of this, applicants get different questions based on how well they did. 

“That's a way perhaps of learning more precisely about someone's geometry skills, but it lends to difficulty in validating a test,” Willner added. “Everyone's not taking exactly the same test or at least answering exactly the same questions. That's something psychologists have been wrestling with somewhat, these tests that modify themselves based on the applicant.”

A bank would want to make sure its vendor can show that it's measuring the same skill or the same ability, he said. 

Nalbantian is not bothered by the use of AI to assess proficiency levels, especially where jobs require specific knowledge and skill sets. 

“You may have an apprentice level, a professional level and a master level,” he said. If answers to the first few questions identify someone as being at a master level, then it makes sense to ask questions that will gauge where the person is within the spectrum of mastery of the skillset.

Letting AI screen resumes

To weed through thousands of job applicants, large companies typically use application tracking systems from companies like Lever or SAP SuccessFactors that can analyze large volumes of resumes and separate the job candidates that will get a call back from those who won’t. 

Where AI software relies on data on past decisions to screen current applicants, this could lead to perpetuating existing bias in an organization. For instance, if a company has hired people from Ivy League colleges in the past and AI software picks up on that, it could disadvantage people who for socioeconomic reasons were not able to attend an elite college. The employment data of a company that has hired mostly white men in the past will likely lack signals relevant to successful Black and female candidates. 

“Hypothetically speaking, you might find a word like ‘African’ that's being either correlated or negatively correlated with selection, and you sure don't want to have a word that is directly related to a protected characteristic as one of the criteria that is being used in making selections,” Willner said. “If there's bias in the criteria that you're using, then there could be bias in the results. But that's something that companies can and should address to the greatest extent possible by looking at what is being correlated and eliminating anything that shows any potential for bias.” 

For instance, a company may find the word “baseball” correlates to being good at teamwork, but it may not have enough women in its demo for the word “softball” to come up.

“If baseball is going to indicate someone's on the baseball team and therefore is good at teamwork, well, softball would too,” Willner said. “You want to look for things like that and you want to know what's in there and make sure this is not discriminatory and that it is relevant to the job.

The use of AI for video interviews

Most large companies, and some small ones, use video interview technology to conduct video interviews with job candidates. One popular provider, HireVue, is used by many banks including Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan, and Morgan Stanley. 

In 2019, the Electronic Privacy Information Center filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission alleging that HireVue uses facial recognition technology and proprietary algorithms to assess job candidates’ cognitive ability, psychological traits, emotional intelligence and social aptitudes. HireVue collects tens of thousands of data points from each video interview of a job candidate, including a candidate’s intonation, inflection, and emotions to predict each job candidate’s employability, EPIC said.

EPIC also said HireVue does not deliver candidates access to their assessment scores or the training data, factors, logic, or techniques used to generate each algorithmic assessment.

HireVue says it discontinued the facial analysis component of its algorithm in March 2020 after internal research showed that advances in natural language processing had increased the predictive power of language analysis.

“Over time, we realized the minimal value provided by the visual analysis didn’t warrant continuing to incorporate it in the assessments or outweigh the potential concerns,” said Lindsey Zuloaga, chief data scientist at HireVue.

Zuloaga also said that although the company’s technology captures videos for later human review, its artificial intelligence only scores what is said by the candidate using natural language processing and it does not use any visual analysis, such as facial expressions, body language, emotions, or background and surroundings.

“We stopped using video inputs such as facial muscle movements in new models early in 2020, and in 2021 we started to phase out speech inputs,” Zuloaga said. Speech inputs include things like variation in tone or pauses.

HireVue transcribes interviews and analyzes the candidates’ responses to questions for possible matches with job descriptions, she said. The company also provides an AI Explainability Statement to corporate customers and to job candidates.

In accurate months, HireVue has been sued for collecting facial recognition data from candidates without notice nor consent, in violation of an Illinois law, the Biographical Information Protection Act. 

Some states have laws that regulate the use of video for screening job applicants, Willner noted. “There are legal risks in those states that can be addressed by compliance with the specific statutes,” he said.

Letting AI screen video interviews and reject candidates

Video interviews can be reviewed by humans or by AI to weed out unqualified candidates. Either way is lawful most of the time, according to Willner. 

“The rationale behind having AI make the assessment is that it does tend to move the potentially biased human being from the process,” Willner said. “Then you can take steps to eliminate or reduce the bias that may come into the source material for AI.” 

Research shows that using structured interviews and objective ways of assessing the answers in those interviews is an effective way of reducing bias in the process and improving the reliability and validity of the results, Willner said. 

“But the risks of bias being imported into the process from whatever the AI was built on does call for some steps to try and address and mitigate those risks so you can get the best possible result,” he said. 

The bottom line is, companies have to be careful using any of these technologies.

“AI is like anything,” Sturdivant said. “It can be made for good, but if you don't watch what you're doing, you can really mess things up and cause a lot of problems.” 

Fri, 29 Jul 2022 08:33:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.americanbanker.com/news/the-dangers-of-using-ai-in-hiring
Killexams : How Much Does It Cost to Remove a Tree?
  • Typical Range: $200 to $2,000
  • National Average: $750

Trees are a wonderful part of nature, but roots or an overgrown tree can become problematic over time. Roots can break through sidewalks and driveways or damage underground pipes. Overgrown branches could damage a house. On rare, unfortunate occasions, trees may need to be removed after falling during a storm. When a homeowner considers removing a tree from the yard, a common question is: How much does it cost to remove a tree? On average, it costs $750 to remove a tree, but this can range from $200 to $2,000, depending on the size and condition of the tree. Factors that affect the cost to remove a tree include accessibility, tree height, trunk diameter, condition of the tree, stump removal, cleanup, and any extra equipment required.

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Factors in Calculating the Cost to Remove a Tree

A tree service company can quickly identify any tricky situations that would make tree removal challenging or hazardous. In some cases, the tree is located too close to a home or fence, which means extra care is needed. Trees with smaller diameters or shorter trunks are often less costly to remove than large, old trees.

Accessibility

According to HomeAdvisor, a tree’s location and accessibility can affect the cost of tree removal by 25 to 50 percent. Large branches growing over the house should be lowered by rope when they’re cut, rather than dropped, to prevent damaging the home. If a large tree is growing in a small space between a fence and structure, it will likely cost more to remove.

Tree Species

Some trees grow with a complex branch system that makes removal complicated. Tall, thin trees like aspens can’t support the weight of a person, so extra equipment is needed to reach the top of the tree safely. Thick, dense trees like pine trees can take longer to remove due to their size.

Height

The height of a tree is a primary factor in determining how much it will cost to remove a tree. You can search the internet for “tree service near me” to get an accurate quote for your location. In general, a tree that’s less than 30 feet tall is considered small and will cost less to remove.

Diameter

The diameter of a tree is another primary factor in tree removal cost. The diameter is measured at chest height or approximately 4.5 feet from the ground. Trees with thicker trunks need to be cut into smaller pieces after they’ve been felled. Short, thick trees could take longer to cut down than tall, skinny trees.

Condition

Dead trees or trees in poor condition due to rot or disease may need special attention to prevent an accident during removal. Supports can prevent the tree from falling while being cut, and ladders or electric lifts could be required if the tree cannot be safely climbed. Multiple trunks, weak branches, and cavities indicate a need for extra precautions during tree removal.

Geographic Location

A certified arborist will know if your tree is a protected species that will require permission to remove. In areas with a higher cost of living, the cost will be more than the national average, and homeowners in rural or remote locations may be charged extra for the travel distance.

Additional Costs and Considerations

Every property is different and presents its challenges for tree removal. Some of the other considerations that can affect tree removal costs include stump removal, cleanup, landscaping, and removal of fallen trees.

Stump Removal

If homeowners prefer to remove the stump, there is an additional charge to grind the stump down and kill the roots. On average, this costs between $150 and $500. The age and size of the stump and the condition of the ground around it affect the cost.

Cleanup

Some homeowners prefer to keep the chopped tree for firewood, and some prefer to remove the debris on their own. Otherwise, the tree service company can clean up the debris for an additional fee.

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Landscaping

During the tree removal process, some existing landscaping could be damaged from equipment or falling branches. If the trees are inaccessible due to other bushes or trees, those plants may be removed. This can cost approximately $100.

Fallen Trees

A dead tree that’s still standing will cost about the same to remove as a living tree of the same size. However, a dead tree that has fallen will cost much less—$75 to $150 on average.

Wood Chipping and Log Splitting

Most tree service estimates include the cost of chipping the tree after it’s been cut down, but it’s best to ask anyway. Depending on the size of the tree, chipping the debris can cost between $65 and $150. Splitting wood into firewood logs costs $25 to $75 per tree on average.

Costo to Remove a Tree: Types of Trees

When a tree needs to be removed, the type of tree affects the cost of removal. Tree varieties vary in size and quality of wood. It’s easier to estimate the cost of some standard trees.

Type of Tree

Here are a few common trees and the average costs to remove them.

  • Pine tree: On average, a pine tree costs $250 to $1,500 to remove. This is mainly dependent on the size and health of the tree. Pine trees have thick trunks and dense branches and can grow to be over 100 feet tall, depending on the variety of pine.
  • Palm tree: A palm tree can cost on average $200 to $1,500 for removal. A 30-foot palm tree costs between $200 and $500, but 80-foot palm trees will cost between $1,000 and $1,500.
  • Oak tree: It’s not uncommon for an old oak tree to grow up to 100 feet tall. The average cost to remove an oak tree ranges between $200 and $2,000. If it’s at least 60 feet tall, you’ll likely pay around $800 to remove it.
  • Cedar tree: A cedar tree can grow to 160 feet on average, with some varieties reaching 230 feet. Depending on how accessible and healthy the tree is, the average cost to remove a cedar tree ranges from $250 to $1,500.
  • Maple tree: Though maple trees are common in many areas, they are large, complex trees with many branches, which affects the overall removal cost. They can grow at least 100 feet. On average, removing a maple tree costs $250 to $2,000.
  • Poplar tree: A poplar tree is a giant deciduous tree that can grow up to 115 feet high. These trees have complex root systems that will need extra attention during removal. The average cost to remove a poplar tree ranges between $1,100 to $1,800.

Small

Small trees are the easiest to remove since they are usually less complex, require less equipment, and have less root structure. A tree that’s 30 feet or less is considered a small tree, and this includes fruit trees, mimosas, or dwarf varieties. On average, it costs $200 to $450 to remove a small tree.

Medium

Trees between 30 and 60 feet tall are considered medium-sized. This would include some oak varieties, weeping white spruce, and more. Stump removal and cleanup are bigger jobs for a medium tree than a small tree. The average cost to remove a medium-size tree ranges between $300 and $1,000.

Large

Removing a large tree is complex. Large trees grow between 60 to 80 feet tall. Heavy equipment may be needed to remove them safely. Large trees may also have an infestation or disease, which requires extra care during removal and increases the cost. Large tree removal costs $800 to $1,500 on average.

Do I Need Tree Removal?

Trees in most neighborhoods or parks need to be checked by arborists to ensure they don’t pose a safety risk due to disease or damage. If a tree shows signs of the following conditions, it’s time to consider removing the tree.

The best time to act is now

It's best to remove a dead tree sooner rather than later. Get free, no-commitment project estimates from tree removal services near you.

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The Tree Is Dead or Has Large Dead Branches

Trees should be removed if they are dead or if more than 25 percent of the branches have died, especially if they’re all on one side. Dead branches can fall on people or structures. A dead tree invites termites or rodents, speeding up the decaying process or spreading the infestation to other trees.

The Trunk Is Damaged or Hollow

A tree can survive for years with a hollow trunk, but a hollow tree becomes unstable without the usual support structure. An arborist can measure the interior health of a tree with a resistograph test to determine if the tree is solid, decayed, or hollow. Large vertical cracks or seams on the exterior can indicate a problem with the tree.

The Tree Is Diseased or Rotting

If a tree shows signs of disease like fungus or infestation, it can spread the problem to other trees. Diseased or rotted trees are structurally unstable and unsafe. Some common disease symptoms include fungi or mushrooms growing on the tree, soft bark that falls easily when touched, or soggy soil near the trunk, which indicates root rot. There are some conditions that an arborist may be able to treat or control, according to experts, so having a professional examine the tree in question is the best course of action.

The Tree Is Leaning

In windy regions, it’s not uncommon for some trees to lean slightly in the direction the wind pushes them. A serious lean of the main trunk of at least 15 degrees can indicate a problem in the root system. Without a robust root system, a tree is at risk of falling over in windy conditions and damaging the house or property. If a tree suddenly starts leaning, contact a tree service professional.

The Tree Is Under Power Lines

If you’re choosing to plant a tree directly under power lines, select a tree that will remain below the power line at its mature height. Trees that grow too close to a power line must be removed to prevent unsafe power outages. A qualified professional is the safest option to remove a tree in this precarious situation to avoid electrocution.

The Tree Is Growing Too Close to an Existing Structure

If a tree grows too close to a house or garage, the branches can damage the exterior, roof, or windows. Pine tree sap can ruin paint, and windows can be broken during storms. Trees should be 20 feet away from the house. Removing a tree that’s too close to the home keeps the structure safe.

How Much Does It Cost to Remove a Tree? DIY vs. Hiring a Professional

Choosing to do your own tree removal can bring out the lumberjack in almost any homeowner. While it’s easy to trim a few branches off a growing fruit tree or dwarf tree, tackling a full-grown pine tree is a different story. In reality, it’s a dangerous job. In general, it’s recommended to leave tree removal to professionals if the tree is over 15 feet tall. There are risks from falling branches or debris, rotted or dead branches, and sharp tools. If your house or public utilities are damaged as you remove a tree, you would be responsible for any repair costs.

A tree removal company will assess the health of the tree properly, the tools needed, and how to handle any special circumstances like tight spaces or rotted, unstable trees. They have the proper safety equipment to protect themselves while sawing, chopping, or climbing. If a tree is being removed near a power line, a qualified lineman must be brought in to help prevent a power arc from an active power line. Additionally, tree service companies should carry liability insurance to cover any accidents that may occur.

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How to Save Money on the Cost to Remove a Tree

Tree removal can be costly in some cases, but homeowners have options to save money in the process. Here are several ways to reduce the cost of removing a tree.

  • Cut down small trees under 15 feet on your own.
  • Ask for quotes from at least three reputable companies.
  • Have an arborist inspect the tree to see if the whole tree needs to be removed or only some branches.
  • If you have several trees being removed, opt to remove the stumps yourself. Renting a grinder costs between $100 and $150 per day.
  • Clean up and remove the debris on your own.
  • Keep the wood for firewood instead of paying to have it removed.
  • Do your own log splitting.
  • Some companies offer discounts for removing multiple trees at one time.
  • If an unwanted tree grows into a power line, the power company may remove it for free.
  • In some regions, tree service companies may offer off-season discounts.
  • See if a logging company will cut down your tree for free. If it’s a popular wood, they might even pay for the tree.
  • Have a certified arborist check the health of your trees each year. With proper maintenance, most trees will not need removal until the end of their long lifespan.

Questions to Ask About the Cost to Remove a Tree

Cutting down a tree may seem like a straightforward process, but every tree and property is different. Asking a tree service company the right questions can help prevent miscommunication, manage expectations, and achieve the desired results. Here are some helpful questions to ask about how much it costs to remove a tree.

  • Are you certified and insured?
  • How long have you been cutting down trees?
  • Will you come to my property to assess the scope of the project?
  • Are any of your employees certified arborists?
  • Does insurance cover tree removal?
  • Do I need a permit to remove my tree?
  • Do you charge per hour or per tree?
  • Do you include debris removal, chipping, or log splitting in your estimate?
  • Is travel time included?
  • Will the location of my tree make it more costly to remove?
  • Do you charge extra to remove a fallen tree on top of my car or house?
  • Can you remove a tree under a power line?
  • What do you charge for stump grinding?
  • Do you offer a discount to remove multiple trees at once?
  • How long will it take to remove my tree?
  • Will my landscaping be damaged?
  • How can I prepare my property for tree removal?
  • Will you need to use extra equipment to remove my tree?
  • What will happen to the tree roots after the tree is cut?

FAQs

Removing trees from your property can be a big decision that changes the ecosystem and landscape. When the health of the tree has significantly declined, it’s best to have the tree removed. To better understand how much it costs to remove a tree, here are some frequently asked questions.

Q. How much does it cost to remove a large tree?

A tree that has grown at least 60 feet is considered a large tree. These trees often have complex branch systems and thick trunks that make them more challenging to cut down. On average, the cost to remove a large tree is $800 to $1,500. An extremely tall tree over 80 feet may require a crane, which increases the price by about $500.

Q. Does anyone remove trees for free?

Under certain circumstances, yes. A tree that fell in a storm and is covered by homeowners insurance may not cost anything to remove. If a standing tree needs to be removed, check local and state programs for qualifying free tree-removal services. A local arborist may be happy to remove a tree for free if they can keep the wood. Trees could be removed for free by a lumber company, or they might pay for the tree if it’s in excellent condition. Finally, power companies might offer to remove a tree for free if it poses a safety hazard to power lines.

Q. How long does it take to remove a tree?

It could take only a few hours to cut down small trees and remove the debris. Large trees could take more than 8 hours, depending on the complexity of the tree or power line encroachment. If extra brush or trees need to be removed, additional time will be required.

Q. Does my tree need to be trimmed or removed?

In some cases, a tree only needs to be trimmed and pruned rather than removed. A certified arborist is qualified to inspect the health of the tree and the ground around it. If the trunk is healthy and no disease is apparent, the tree may only need trimming.

Another consideration would be the proximity to the house. If the tree branches overhang the roof or push against the house, it’s likely the tree will need to be cut down. Removing too many branches to protect the house can damage the tree’s health, causing it to die.

Sources: HomeAdvisor, HomeGuide, Fixr

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Sun, 31 Jul 2022 08:22:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-much-does-it-cost-to-remove-a-tree/
Killexams : SAP Functional Application Manager SD/MM

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Killexams : Satisfactory Academic Progress Policy

The University Of Wyoming Office of Scholarships & Financial Aid is responsible for ensuring that all students receiving federal financial aid meet minimum standards.

If you are looking to appeal your "Not Eligible" SAP status, please read and understand the below policy. Once you have read and understood the policy, please complete the SAP Appeal and Academic Plan form. Please refer to our Frequently Asked SAP Questions page for more information regarding the appeal process.

Satisfactory Academic Progress is reviewed at the end of each semester (fall, spring, and summer) and the following three areas are measured:

  1. Institutional Cumulative Grade Point Average 

  2. Completion Percentage (Pace) 
    A student’s earned hours must equal or exceed 67% of all cumulative attempted hours since beginning classes.

    • Courses that are Failed, Withdrawn, Unsatisfactory or Incomplete are considered attempted but not earned hours.

    • Audit, Correspondence, Credit by exam, Remedial and Enrichment courses do not count as attempted or earned.

    • Successfully completed courses (grades of A, B, C, D, S), transfer hours accepted toward completion of student’s program, academic renewal hours earned through previous enrollment, advanced placement credit, credits earned through Study Abroad and Consortium agreements, credits earned while student is not receiving federal aid and experiential learning credits are all counted as attempted and earned.

    • Overall Earned Credits / Overall Attempted Credits = Pace

  3. Maximum Timeframe
    A student is eligible for financial aid until they have attempted 150% of the minimum credit hours required to earn a specific degree. The University of Wyoming sets the following maximum timeframe for student degrees:

    • Undergraduate - 180 hours (150% of 120 hours)

    • Master's Program - 45 hours (150% of 30 hours)

    • Doctorate Program - 108 hours (150% of 72 hours)

    • Law - 135 hours (150% of 90 hours)

    • Pharmacy - 213 hours (150% of 142 hours)

Transfer hours are included in the calculation of the Maximum Timeframe. When pursuing multiple degrees or changing majors the maximum timeframe may be adjusted based on a student generated appeal that includes a degree audit. All attempted credit hours are considered when calculating the maximum timeframe regardless of whether or not the student received financial aid for those hours. Any student with hours over the maximum timeframe are “Not Eligible” for further federal financial aid until a SAP appeal is received and approved by the committee. There will be no warning semester. Submitting an appeal does not ensure approval. Students awaiting a decision on their SAP appeal are responsible for paying their tuition and fees by the payment deadline.

Financial Aid Eligibility Statuses

  1. Financial Aid Warning
    Students who have not met the minimum standard requirements for the previous semester will be placed on a 'Warning' status. Students on 'Warning' status are eligible for financial aid for one additional semester. Students who do not meet minimum standard requirements at the end of their 'Warning' semester will be 'Not Eligible' for the next semester.
  2. Financial Aid Probation
    Students who have successfully appealed a status of “Not Eligible” are placed on probation and are eligible to receive federal aid for one more semester. After Probation, the student must be making SAP or successfully following their Academic Plan. Students are reviewed at the end of each semester for compliance with their Academic Plan and SAP Standards.
  3. Not Eligible
    A student who does not meet SAP requirements at the end of the warning semester, whose SAP appeal has been denied, who has not fulfilled the requirements of their academic plan or who has met their maximum timeframe will be categorized as “Not Eligible.”

Reinstatement

If a student loses federal financial aid eligibility due to not meeting SAP standards or their appeal was denied, they can regain eligibility in one of the following ways:

  1. Completing courses using their own resources that will satisfy the deficient SAP area.

  2. Successfully appealing by submitting a SAP Appeal Form with supporting documentation.

  3. Taking a minimum of 2 classes, 6 hours, no fails, no withdrawals and grades of “C” or better on their own. If successful, student can appeal for the next term.

SAP Appeal Process

A student that is “Not Eligible” for federal financial aid has the option to appeal. The student must submit a complete appeal form to the Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid by the end of the drop/add period of the term in which they are appealing. The complete appeal form including the academic plan and all supporting documentation will be presented to the SAP Appeal Committee. The SAP Appeal Form must include the following:

  • an explanation of any extenuating circumstances that prevented the student from maintaining Satisfactory Academic Progress,

  • an explanation of what has changed that will allow the student to succeed academically, and

  • an Academic Plan signed by their academic advisor that will enable student success

All appeals are reviewed by a SAP committee. The review time for appeals may take 7-10 business days. Students will be notified of the results by email. If the appeal is granted, the notification will explain the terms of the approval. If the appeal is denied, students may request an additional review by the Director of Scholarships & Financial Aid if they have something that was not included in the original appeal to be considered. The Director's decision is final.

Items to consider:

  • Being declared 'Not Eligible' for federal financial aid does not mean a student has been academically dismissed from the University of Wyoming.

  • Many scholarship recipients are required to maintain a higher credit hour level or grade point average than outlined in this policy. Guidelines on the minimum acceptable credits/grade point average for scholarship recipients are outlined by donors or in acceptance notices signed by the recipient.

  • Students must submit complete appeal form with academic plan and supporting documentation by the end of add/drop period. Advisor signature and certification are required on the academic plan.

  • Repeated courses:

    • A student can repeat a course one time and still receive federal aid for that course. On the third attempt, federal aid will not pay for that course.
    • All repeated courses will be calculated again in attempted hours and could pull down completion percentage (pace).
Tue, 18 Aug 2020 16:32:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.uwyo.edu/sfa/renew-your-financial-aid/sap/
Killexams : Extension, Poison test

URBANA — Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum) has received a lot of attention lately, with reports of expanding populations statewide and subsequent increased human contact with this toxic plant. However, there is some confusion about the risk this plant poses to humans and animals, along with what measures should be taken for protection.

The wild carrot family (Apiaceae) has long been known to include plants with potentially harmful effects to humans. Many plants in this family, including poison hemlock, are dangerous or even deadly when consumed and many produce other defensive chemical compounds that have serious effects if we simply come in contact with plant parts.

Wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa), another carrot family plant, is well known for its photo-reactive sap. Compounds in the sap, called furanocoumarins, cause a painful skin rash if sap contacts skin in the presence of sunlight. Every year, many folks are unknowingly exposed to this plant resulting in a mysterious rash. In my experience, it is the most common wild carrot family member to cause harm to humans.

The risk of rash development from contact with poison hemlock varies based on the health condition of the plants in question. It’s possible to be exposed to sap and not contract a rash, which has resulted in some confusion about whether or not poison hemlock has the ability to cause skin rashes.

Risk from ingestion of poison hemlock

The risk of death from ingestion of poison hemlock is not questioned, however. A different set of compounds produced by this plant, most notably coniine and a few other toxic alkaloids, cause rapid death in very small amounts if they enter the body through ingestion or other means.

This attribute has been somewhat sensationalized in accurate years, drawing much media attention and creating a general panic surrounding exposure to poison hemlock. Not to say that precaution shouldn’t be taken around this noxious plant, but it's highly unlikely that death can result simply from being in proximity of poison hemlock plants.

Poison hemlock is a non-native, invasive plant that is commonly observed along fence rows and edges of pastures, which poses a serious threat to grazing animals. If consumed, the plant is equally as lethal to livestock as it is to humans. However, it’s not a preferred forage plant and grazing animals will typically favor other plants of higher quality over poison hemlock. Nonetheless, quick action needs to be taken if this plant appears in or around grazing areas.

Where does poison hemlock occur in Illinois?

While poison hemlock is certainly widespread in rural areas, it's less of a threat in more developed landscapes. The plant thrives on disturbance and primarily occupies degraded habitats.

It’s unlikely to pop up in your vegetable garden or landscaping.

It's highly likely along highways, railroads, field edges, and other areas that are infrequently mowed.

How to control poison hemlock

Control of poison hemlock is a bit complicated because the plant, like many others in the carrot family, its biennial, meaning it grows for two years before setting seed and dying back. Control measures center on stopping seed production but vary based on the life stage of the plants.

At this point in the season, chemical control is not a great option since the plant has initiated flowering and may be getting close to seed set. However, it is an opportune time to hand pull or remove plants with a sharp shovel since plant resources are low due to the high investment required to flower and set seed. Use a sharp shovel to sever the tap root below the soil line. Or plants can be hand-pulled if soil moisture permits. Pulled or cut plants must be bagged and set to the landfill as seed production can still occur.

Mowing is a great option to stop or limit seed production if other measures cannot be taken. Repeated mowing can actually eliminate the plant if consistently applied over several growing seasons. However, be sure to mow before seed production begins or your mower may spread seed to new locations during future mowing.

For more information on poison hemlock and a few lookalike members of the wild carrot family, visit extension.illinois.edu/ccgms/blogs

Wed, 29 Jun 2022 13:06:00 -0500 en text/html https://jg-tc.com/extension-poison-test/article_1deaba6c-f7fe-11ec-958e-73273811b828.html
Killexams : Three Reasons To Seek A Tax Professional And How

Karla Dennis, EA, MST & CEO of The Award Winning Tax Accounting Firm, Karla Dennis and Associates Inc.—Specializing In Tax Planning

Have you ever thought that doing your own taxes will save you a little bit of money? I am about to let you know why you should seek professional help when it comes to your taxes, but first, I want to tell you about a client of mine named Lisa.

Lisa bought software that costs $59 per year that allowed her to do her taxes, and she was so proud of the fact that she was paying so little to get her taxes prepared. This is until the year came that she wanted to purchase a home, and she decided to seek professional help.

Part of the reason you want to hire a tax professional is that they look at your taxes from prior years. When I took a look at Lisa's records, I realized that I could have saved her $3,800.

Lisa said to me, "Wow, so when I thought I was saving money by only spending $59 on my taxes, I was really losing $3,800."

So is it true that you can save money by doing your own taxes? You can save a little bit on the real purchase of the software versus hiring a tax professional, but you may be losing a lot to tax burdens by not seeking out a professional. So today, I am going to share with you three reasons you should seek professional help when it comes to preparing your taxes.

Reason #1

The number one reason you want to hire a tax professional is that the tax professional comes with professional knowledge. They may be a licensed, certified public accountant (CPAs). This means they are licensed in their state, passed a rigorous test on accounting and had to pass an test where large portions are based on tax regulations.

These are licensed, regulated professionals.

The second person you can use is an enrolled agent (EA). These are the professionals who are licensed by the Federal Treasury Department and must pass a three-part Special Enrollment Examination based on the entire tax code. The great thing about these professionals is that they have had to demonstrate their knowledge in preparing taxes and are going to come with an abundance of experience.

This is why you may want to hire a tax professional, as they are going to know a lot about taxes, and they'll be more knowledgeable than over-the-counter software.

Reason #2

The second reason why you want to choose a tax professional is that a tax professional comes with hands-on experience. If they have been in the tax industry for a while, they have experienced a lot of different tax scenarios, and you won't be the first person they have come across that is buying a home, trying to flip property through an LLC, short selling a home or selling a home for a gain.

They will have years of experience as they have seen multiple people in your situation with different idiosyncrasies, and they can draw on that experience to help you. When you are using an experienced professional, it is like the difference between going to Walmart WMT and getting an emergency medical kit versus going to the emergency room when you are experiencing trauma. An experienced person is going to know what to do and is going to help you reduce your tax bill.

Reason #3

Reason number three of why you want to use an experienced tax professional is because a tax professional knows that looking at receipts only tells part of the picture. When I meet with clients, and I see their receipts, I know they went to have dinner at Ruth Chris, or maybe they went to buy equipment at Home Depot. However, when I am talking to a client in person, and I hear the pitch, tone and passion, I'm provided with insights into nuances that a tax program would not be able to work with.

When I am listening to them, I am able to ask them questions. The more questions I ask, the more information I am able to draw out of situations. I had a client come to me who was an investor. She had her roof leak and cave in. She had told me all about the repairs done to the roof; as she was telling me that, I was thinking about the casualty loss that she had and could write off.

She hadn't even thought about that. The cost of the roof when she purchased the property is also going to be a write-off for her.

So, when you are working with a tax professional that can ask you questions, you are going to get much bigger write-offs, and they are going to take you down roads that you never considered. This is not going to be their first rodeo.

One thing to consider when working with a tax professional is to look for one who can deliver either in your area or virtually. They should have a proven track record. Depending on your financial situation, don't be afraid to compare rates but just remember that you will always get what you pay for, and at the end of the day, you want to invest in a long-term relationship that doesn't cost you your peace of mind. If you are already working with a licensed professional, know that it is a long-term relationship, but if you are just getting started, it is a good idea to get their Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN PTIN ).

So yes, using an application for your taxes can save you a little money, but hiring a tax professional will save you even more in taxes because they are going to know what to do and how to get it done. You deserve the best when it comes to your tax situation. So make sure to ask your questions to your tax accountant and speak with a tax professional who can help you today.

The information provided here is not investment, tax or financial advice. You should consult with a licensed professional for advice concerning your specific situation.


Forbes Finance Council is an invitation-only organization for executives in successful accounting, financial planning and wealth management firms. Do I qualify?

Tue, 19 Jul 2022 23:47:00 -0500 Karla Dennis en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbesfinancecouncil/2022/07/20/three-reasons-to-seek-a-tax-professional-and-how/
Killexams : Therapists in New Bern, NC Some of the most common types of mental health providers in New Bern are psychologists, licensed counselors, therapists, psychotherapists, and licensed clinical social workers, all of whom diagnose mental health conditions and provide individualized treatment.

Services offered, education and credentials vary by type of mental health professional. Each professional in New Bern then may specialize in certain areas, such as depression, marriage counseling, or anxiety. Although many mental health providers are not licensed to prescribe medication, they may coordinate with a provider who can.

Both in-person and online therapy sessions are available from most psychologists.

Tue, 02 Oct 2012 14:16:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/therapists/nc/new-bern
Killexams : Integration and Fusion of Standard Automated Perimetry and Optical Coherence Tomography Data For Improved Automated Glaucoma Diagnostics

Results

Thirty-four healthy individuals and 36 glaucoma patients were excluded because of ophthalmic, neurological and metabolic disorders affecting the visual field and/or the retina, refractive errors and visual acuity outside the defined range for inclusion, erroneous estimation of the RNFL by the OCT segmentation algorithm, and due to inability to complete the examination. Only three healthy persons were excluded based on optic disc criteria (one with optic disc drusen, one with an optic disc hemorrhage and and one with a peripapillary membrane). One patient with glaucoma but normal ONH appearance was also excluded. After application of all exclusion and inclusion criteria, OCT and SAP data from 125 healthy individuals and 135 patients with glaucoma were used in our analyses. Eight of the 135 glaucoma patients were initially part of the healthy population invited to participate in the study, but were diagnosed with glaucoma during the clinical examination and were included in the glaucoma group. The diagnosis for these 8 patients was based on a second clinical examination that included imaging of the ONH and RNFL, SAP testing and evaluation of the fundus and ONH. All OCT tests were of good quality, with mean (±SD) signal strength of 9.95 (±0.23) and 9.36 (±0.97) for the healthy and glaucoma groups respectively. Based on the Mean Deviation of the SAP visual fields, the glaucoma group consisted of 49 patients (ca 36%) with early, 32 patients (ca 24%) with moderate and 54 patients (ca 40%) with advanced glaucomatous visual field loss. The demographic characteristics of the healthy subjects and glaucoma patients can be seen in Table 1. The significantly lower visual acuity of the glaucoma group could be attributed to the higher incidence of lens opacities in this group.

The integration of fused data offered higher diagnostic accuracy compared to the best performing SAP and OCT algorithms that exist in the available analysis packages of each instrument. For SAP, the GHT (with borderline results signifying glaucoma) provided an accuracy of 86.92%. For OCT, RNFLT abnormally depressed in at least one quadrant at the 5% significance level, had an accuracy of 91.54%. The combination of non-fused data led to a diagnostic accuracy of 93.85%, significantly better than GHT (McNemars test: p = 0.006), whereas the accuracy of combined fused data was 95.39%, higher than the accuracy of both the GHT (McNemars test: p < 0.0001) and OCT RNFLT algorithm (McNemars test: p = 0.031).

The two ANNs with input based on the fused OCT and the combined fused OCT and SAP data respectively provided almost identical AROC values of 0.978, performing significantly better than the ANN based on the SAP measurements alone. Utilizing input based on the combined non-fused OCT and SAP measurements did not lead to similar significant improvements. The AROCs of ANNs based on the fused and non-fused parameters are shown in Figure 3. Significance testing between the compared parameters is shown in Table 2.

Figure 3.

Performance measured as Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (AROC) for the compared parameters. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) AROCs for the different input types used. The upper quadrant of the diagram (shaded area) is shown in magnification. The largest AROCs were created by Artificial Neural Network (ANN) ensembles with input based on the fused OCT data and the combined fused OCT and SAP data. Figure abreviations: SAP data: Standard Automated Perimetry data, based on Pattern Deviation (PD) probability scores. F-SAP data: Fused SAP data, based on weighted transformation of PD probability scores with OCT-derived probability scores. OCT data: Age- and refraction corrected OpticalCoherence Tomography A-scan data, optimized by principal component analysis (PCA). F-OCT data: Fused OCT data, based on weighted transformation of A-scan measurements with PD probability scores and optimized by PCA.

The ANN with input based only on the processed OCT A-scan data (AROC: 0.970) had larger AROC compared to the ANN based on PD probability scores (AROC: 0.945). Even though this difference was not statistically significant, the higher performance of the OCT-based ANN prevented any differences from reaching statistical significance when comparing the OCT-based ANN to ANNs trained on the integrated or fused input data. At high specificities fused OCT parameters provided the highest sensitivity values (Figure 3)

The agreement in classification (reflected by the odds ratios) between ANNs based on SAP and OCT measurements improved when using the fused parameters as input. The improved agreement led to a larger number of individuals correctly classified by both function-and structure-based ANNs (Figure 4). Examples on such classification improvements are given in Figure 5. The missclassified tests belonging to glaucoma patients, did not exhibit discernable visual field or RNFLT defects in neither the SAP nor the OCT tests.

Figure 4.

Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Classification for fused and non-fused data. The two diagrams show the classification output of the ANNs based on fused and non-fused data, for each healthy individual and glaucoma patient. The odds ratios given for each diagram signify the chance that a test will be classified as normal or abnormal by both SAP-based and OCT-based ANNs. The number of misclassified tests from ANNs based on these different types of data, as well as their combination, is also shown.

Figure 5.

Classification examples for OCT-based and SAP-based Artificial Neural Networks. Three examples (two healthy individuals and one glaucoma patient) with disagreement between the SAP-based and OCT-based ANN classification results are highlighted. This disagreement is not evident in the classification results of ANNs based on fused OCT (F-OCT) and SAP (F-SAP) input data, where all three individuals are correctly classified. The ANN classification results for these three persons using combined OCT and SAP as well as combined F-OCT and S-SAP data are also provided under each diagram.

Tue, 25 Jan 2022 22:25:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/752706_4
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