The PRINCE2 Practitioner qualification enables you to apply PRINCE2 to the management of a project.
PRINCE2 (an acronym for projects in controlled environments) is a de facto process-based method for effective project management.
Gaining PRINCE2 certification gives you the skills to feel confident in managing projects successfully within the workforce.
The course is suitable for anyone wishing to gain the PRINCE2 Practitioner qualification, and who has already achieved the PRINCE2 Foundation level qualification.
In order to sit the PRINCE2 Practitioner examination you must provide
evidence of being a current holder of one of the following qualifications:
Project Management Professional (PMP)®
Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM)®
IPMA Level A (Certified Projects Director)
IPMA Level B® (Certified Senior Project Manager)
IPMA Level C® (Certified Project Manager)
IPMA Level D® (Certified Project Management Associate)
You will have a comprehensive knowledge of the relationships between the PRINCE2 principles, themes and processes and PRINCE2 products and will understand these elements.
By the end of the PRINCE2 Practitioner eLearning course you should be able to:
We will give you a voucher to book the test with an Institution partner on a date of your choice. You can sit the test remotely at your office or home (camera and microphone required).
We provide six months of access to the eLearning, a voucher to sit the accredited PRINCE2 Practitioner exam and a digital copy of the course manual.
In order to sit the PRINCE2 Practitioner test you must provide proof of having passed the PRINCE2 Foundation examination.
Please note, exams are hosted by a partner of the Institution and the Institution does not provide technical support.
PRINCE2® Foundation and Practitioner, are offered by ILX Group an ATO of AXELOS Limited.
PRINCE2® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved.
Prince2 (PRojects IN Controlled Environments) is the world’s most widely adopted, government recognised and industry standard project management professional qualification.
This online course will provide you with the knowledge and tools to guide you through the techniques and processes needed to manage successful projects of any type or scale, and in any industry.
We offer both the Foundation and Practitioner qualifications which you can choose to do over a 12-month period through our online e-learning provision. This enhances your learning experience by allowing you to take both exams over a short or longer period of time.
The e-learning is broken into bite-size sessions, combining cutting-edge multimedia and interactive exercises for maximum enjoyment and knowledge retention. This course conforms to the Prince2 6th edition syllabus.
What is included?
Official Prince2 manual
Why choose a Prince2 qualification with Leicester Castle Business School
There are no entry requirements for the foundation test but you will need to have passed the foundation level and provide a copy of your certificate before you can take the practitioner exam.
Prince2 Foundation Certificate following a successful pass of the Foundation Exam
Prince2 Practitioner Status following a successful pass of Practitioner Exam
Foundation: £800 VAT not applicable
Practitioner: £900 VAT not applicable
Combined Foundation & Practitioner: £1360* VAT not applicable
*If you sign up to both courses together you will receive a 20% discount based on the price of taking both courses separately.
Please contact the team at email@example.com for more information on delivery options and bespoke courses.
Register for the course.
Q. Do new tires loose a little air every month? I bought a new Honda Pilot in May of this year, every two months a light comes telling me my car has low tire pressure. It happened a few times so far, all four tires were low by five pounds and had to be inflated by the dealer. When I asked about this the service manager said this is normal, is it?
A. All tires will lose air over time, it is normal that most tires can lose a couple of pounds of pressure every month or so. In cooler weather tires can lose one pound of pressure for every 10 degree drop in temperature. This is why it is important to check your car’s tire pressure at least once per month, using a quality tire gauge. Maintaining the correct pressure will maximize both fuel economy and tire life.
Q. The oil light came on in my car while driving, shortly after that the car shut off. It is a 20-year-old Mercedes Benz, what do you think is wrong.
A. When the oil light or any other red light comes on you need to stop driving immediately. The oil light indicates there is/was dangerously low oil pressure. Driving with the oil light on could have seized and destroyed the engine. At this point take the car to a mechanic and have it checked out. Although considering its age (the average car on the road is a little over 12 years old) it may be near the end of its useful life.
Q. I have a 15-year-old Saab which I like driving better than my BMW and Audi. My question is, what is the life expectancy of the airbag system? I want to give the car to my daughter after winter and just was wondering if the airbags wear out?
A. Most car manufacturers consider the airbag system to last the life of the car. Now of course if the airbag light is on, this would indicate one of the systems that support the airbag has failed and will needs to be repaired.
Q. I was recently at a dinner party and was telling someone I found a low mileage 2019 Chevrolet Sonic for my daughter for a college car. Someone called it a rolling coffin, are these cars as unsafe as this person was making them out to be?
A. The Chevrolet Sonic is a safe car that utilizes advanced seat belts, air bags and traction and stability control. In the design of the car it utilizes a safety cage to protest the occupants. In fact it got a five-star rating from NHTSA and a good rating from IIHS. Now all of this doesn’t change the law of physics when it comes to vehicle crashes and doesn’t remove the responsibility of the driver to drive safely.
Q. Now that the cool Fall weather is here, every time I get out of my car I get a shock. Is there something I can do?
A. Static electricity is the imbalance of positive and negative changes. During the summer when the weather is more humid these charges tend to roll off of us more quickly. With winter, comes cold dry air and the imbalance of charges tends to build until you touch your car and the charge goes to ground. Using a fabric spray such a Static Guard once or twice a month will usually help eliminate static shocks.
Q. I have a work van (former Grumman bread truck) and it is always cold inside. I remember years ago I had a friend with a Volkswagen with a gasoline heater. The heater would drive you out of the car and only used a little bit of gas. Is there a modern equivalent for trucks?
A. The only item that I’m familiar with is the Blueheat unit by Webasto. These units heat the air or the coolant depending on the model, using vehicle fuel. They work almost like a little household furnace. My only experience was years back with one installed in a Dodge Sprinter. This was a great system, provided plenty of heat, used a minimal amount of fuel and had a timer that could be programmed so the interior was warm when you needed the truck. Best of all there was no excessive idling, wasting fuel and adding to air pollution worries of an engine running unnecessarily.
Q. I have a 2008 Toyota Prius Touring model and one of my front headlights is intermittently going out. I thought this would be a simple fix, but it turns out Toyota wants $300-$500 to install the new bulb? I’m wondering if there are other options out there (quicker, cheaper fixes) or if that’s actually the price I’ll have to pay for a new bulb. Is the dealer the only option?
A. This has been a fairly common failure on certain year Prius vehicles with HID headlights and I’m surprised that they lasted this long. Unlike halogen bulbs that dim and then burn out HID bulbs flicker or just turn off. The repair generally involves changing both headlights. There are non-Toyota parts including the ballast which are generally cheaper than the factory parts. Any competent garage should be able to repair the headlights.
Got a car question, email the Car Doctor for a personal reply. firstname.lastname@example.org
Well, mostly everyone. A famous author once dismissed the timeless book as having "no heart," calling it "nothing but glittering frostwork." Who would ever say such a thing about a tale so legendary it's been made into Christmas movies and stage plays?
We'd love to tell you, but what fun would that be? After all, the best thing about a rousing game of trivia is the challenge of coming up with the answer.
Don't worry, we won't leave you in suspense over the answer to this juicy morsel of Christmas trivia. But you’ll need to read on to find out — and lucky for you, there's a whole lot more where that came from.
Show up to your Christmas party with a bunch of fun facts about everything from the link between Santa Claus and Coca-Cola to the bestselling Christmas song of all time. Hint: It's not "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer." Even so, if you've ever wondered how Rudolph came to be one of Santa's unofficial reindeer, we've got that one for you too.
So, put on your Santa cap (we'd say "thinking cap" but it's Christmas, so we're staying on-theme here) and get ready because with all these Christmas trivia questions and answers, you're about to become a full-fledged holiday pro.
Question: What is thought to be the first observation of the December 25 holiday? Answer: The Christian church in Rome commemorated the Feast of the Nativity in 336.
Question: When did Christmas become a national holiday?Answer: On June 24, 1870, President Ulysses S. Grant signed a proclamation declaring December 25 a national holiday.
Question: What was the original name of Clement Clarke Moore’s "The Night Before Christmas"? Answer: “A Visit from St. Nicholas”
Question: What controversy is associated with "The Night Before Christmas"? Answer: Some scholars suggest it was actually written by poet and farmer Henry Livingston Jr.
Question: Where did "Old Saint Nick" come from? Answer: During the Middle Ages, St. Nicholas was a patron saint of children, sailors and thieves (among others), and is known for giving out gifts to the faithful.
Question: Where did the first modern-day image of Santa Claus come from? Answer: An 1881 issue of "Harper's Weekly" featured a drawing by Thomas Nast that portrayed Santa as a jolly, robust man wearing a suit and carrying a bag of toys.
Question: Which soda manufacturer is thought to have cemented the rosy-cheeked, bearded Santa Claus that is associated with Christmas today? Answer: In 1931, Coca-Cola commissioned illustrator Haddon Sundblom to paint an image of Santa for their ads and it has since been the basis for the Santa Claus we know today.
Question: What did Haddon Sundblom base his rendering of Santa Claus on? Answer: Clement Clarke Moore’s “A Visit from St. Nicolas,” otherwise known as “The Night Before Christmas.”
Question: How many reindeer does Santa have? Answer: Eight: Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner and Blitzen.
Question: When did Rudolph become Santa’s unofficial ninth reindeer? Answer: In 1939, when the song “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” was released.
Question: When did Santa first become associated with reindeer? Answer: Santa’s reindeer are thought to have originated in an 1821 booklet written by an anonymous author who pens: “Old Santeclaus with much delight / His reindeer drives this frosty night.”
Question: Are Santa’s reindeer male or female? Answer: Female. Male reindeer lose their antlers in November, while female reindeer keep their antlers through the winter. Most depictions of Santa’s reindeer show antlers, which means they must be female to guide his sleigh in December.
Question: Why do reindeer have hairy hooves? Answer: The hair on their hooves give reindeer a good grip when walking on ice and snow, per the FDA.
Question: What’s the origin of “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer?” Answer: In 1939, a copywriter named Robert May created the character for a Montgomery Ward Christmas coloring book based on his daughter’s love of deer.
Question: How did “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” become a song? Answer: Inspired by coloring book character's success, Robert May's brother-in-law, Johnny Marks, penned the song in 1939.
Question: True or false: Gene Autry didn’t want to record “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer.” Answer: True. Autry thought the song was bad for his image and his wife ultimately convinced him to record the song as a B-side, according to the New York Times.
Question: What’s the best-selling Christmas single of all time? Answer: “White Christmas” by Bing Crosby has sold over 100 million records around the world, according to the Guinness World Records.
Question: Which song tops Billboard's list of the 100 greatest holiday songs of all time? Answer: “All I Want For Christmas Is You” by Mariah Carey
Question: Which album tops Billboard's list of the top 100 holiday albums of all time? Answer: “A Charlie Brown Christmas by the Vince Guaraldi Trio
Question: After “All I Want For Christmas Is You,” what are Billboard's five greatest holiday songs of all time (in order)?Answer: “Jingle Bell Rock” by Bobby Helms, “The Christmas Song (Merry Christmas to You)" by Nat King Cole, “A Holly Jolly Christmas” by Burl Ives, “Feliz Navidad” by Jose Feliciano and “It’s The Most Wonderful Time Of The Year” by Andy Williams
Question: Where is the real North Pole located? Answer: The geographic North Pole is at 90 degrees north latitude, making it the northernmost point on the planet.
Question: True or false: The North Pole has no time zone. Answer: True. All longitudinal lines start at the North Pole, which means there’s no time zone.
Question: When was the first mass-produced Christmas card printed and sent? Answer: The first Christmas card was printed in the United Kingdom in 1843 and depicts a family celebrating Christmas.
Question: Who invented Christmas lights? Answer: Three individuals are responsible for the lights we hang today. Thomas Edison created the first strand of electric lights in 1880. Edward H. Johnson put the first string of Christmas lights together in 1882. And, in 1917, Albert Sadacca proposed that his family’s lighting company sell colored strands of inexpensive Christmas lights to the public.
Question: When was the first Rockefeller Center Christmas tree erected? Answer: In December of 1931, workers at Rockefeller Center pooled their money to buy a Christmas tree. It was a 20-foot balsam fir.
Question: When did lighting the Rockefeller Center Christmas tree become an annual tradition? Answer: December 1933
Question: When did the Rockefeller Center skating rink open? Answer: 1936
Question: What’s the largest tree in Rockefeller Center’s history? Answer: In 1999, The tallest tree, which was imported from Killingworth, Connecticut, stood 100 feet tall.
Question: Which actor won an Oscar for their portrayal of Santa Claus? Answer: Edmund Gwenn won best supporting actor for his role as Santa Claus in “Miracle on 34th Street.”
Question: What’s unique about the McCallister's house in “Home Alone”? Answer: Nearly all the rooms are decorated in red, green and gold.
Question: Where was the movie “Home Alone” filmed? Answer: The bulk of the film was shot on sets built inside a Chicago high school.
Question: True or false: The gangster movie that Kevin McCallister watches in “Home Alone” is a real film. Answer: False. “Angels With Filthy Souls” was created especially for “Home Alone,” but is based on the 1938 James Cagney movie, “Angels With Dirty Faces.”
Question: Which actor broke their finger while filming “National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation"? Answer: While filming the scene where Clark Griswold punches the outside Christmas decorations after he can’t get the lights to work, actor Chevy Chase broke his pinky finger but continued filming the scene that appears in the final movie.
Question: What's the significance of the moose glasses that Clark Griswold and Cousin Eddie drink eggnog out of during “National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation?” Answer: The moose glasses are from Walley World, the Griswold vacation destination from the original “National Lampoon's Vacation."
Question: Which classic Christmas movie inspired “The Wonder Years?” Answer: “A Christmas Story”
Question: Why do we leave milk and cookies out for Santa on Christmas Eve? Answer: According to NPR, one of the first literary references to leaving out milk and cookies on Christmas is in a short story from the 1870s, a time when good manners dictated hosts put out food for visiting guests to eat.
Question: How much does the average consumer spend on holiday gifts and other related purchases? Answer: In 2021, the National Retail Federation estimated that consumers would spend roughly $997.73 on holiday gifts, decorations and other items.
Question: What percentage of people return at least one of their holiday gifts? Answer: At least 66% of consumers surveyed by Optoro returned at least one holiday gift in 2020.
Question: In 2021, what percentage of U.S. adults intended to celebrate Christmas, Hanukkah or Kwanzaa? Answer: According to the National Retail Federation, 90% of adults planned to celebrate the holidays.
Question: True or false: Early holiday shopping (defined as prior to November) is on the decline. Answer: False. Half of holiday shoppers plan to start buying before November, the highest number in the National Retail Federation's survey’s history.
Question: True or false: The Puritans canceled Christmas. Answer: True. The English Puritans banned the holiday in 1647 because they viewed it as a pagan celebration. In Massachusetts, the U.S. Puritans followed suit. From 1659 to 1681, anyone caught celebrating the holiday was fined.
Question: Where’s the biggest Christmas light display in North America? Answer: Christmas Town at Busch Gardens in Williamsburg, Virginia. The display boasts more than ten million Christmas lights.
Question: Which state produces the most Christmas trees in the U.S.? Answer: According to the Agricultural Marketing Resource Center, Oregon is the top tree-producing state, followed by North Carolina, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin.
Question: What’s the most popular type of Christmas tree?Answer: Fraser fir, followed by noble fir, Douglas fir, balsam fir and Scotch pine.
Question: How many Christmas tree seedlings are planted each year? Answer: 60 to 70 million
Question: True or false: You should add bleach, aspirin or fertilizer to Christmas trees to make them last longer. Answer: False. The National Christmas Tree Association says some commercial additives and other hacks can increase needle loss. Just use plain tap water instead.
Question: How much should you cut off before putting a tree in a stand? Answer: Half an inch, per the National Christmas Tree Association.
Question: How many real Christmas trees are sold in the U.S. each year? Answer: Approximately 25-30 million
Question: What is the most popular Christmas cookie in the U.S.? Answer: A YouGov poll found that chocolate chip cookies are the most popular Christmas cookie, followed by sugar, fudge and brownie cookies.
Question: What’s the least popular Christmas cookie?Answer: The same YouGov poll found that anise cookies are the least popular come Christmas, followed by chai sugar, spritz and Pfeffernüsse.
Question: When was “A Christmas Carol” published?Answer: "A Christmas Carol" was published by Charles Dickens on December 19, 1843.
Question: How long did it take Charles Dickens to write "A Christmas Carol"? Answer: Six weeks
Question: How many ghosts visit Ebenezer Scrooge in "A Christmas Carol"? Answer: Technically four. The first is Scrooge's former business partner, Jacob Marley, who tells him about the three spirits that will follow.
Question: After Jacob Marley, who are the spirits that visit Ebenezer Scrooge on Christmas Eve? Answer: The spirits of Christmas Past, Present and Future
Question: Which famous author and peer of Charles Dickens wasn't a fan of "A Christmas Carol"? Answer: Mark Twain famously critiqued Dickens' work, saying "there is no heart. No feeling – is nothing but glittering frostwork."
There’s a lot to love about Halloween: playing Halloween party games, watching the best Halloween movies, dressing up in Halloween costumes (or maybe as Halloween monsters), playing Halloween bingo, solving Halloween riddles and indulging in a bit of Halloween trivia! But how much do you really know about Halloween in the first place? The October holiday may be one of the most popular holidays in the United States now, but the origin of Halloween actually has quite a rich international history.
After you’ve mastered this Halloween trivia, you can bring it out at your next Halloween party to wow your friends and family. And don’t worry, we’ve included the answers to the Halloween trivia questions too.
1. What is the name of the legend that jack-o’-lanterns originated from?
Answer: Stingy Jack
2. Before jack-o’-lanterns were carved as pumpkins, what other root vegetable was commonly used?
3. Halloween can be traced back to a Celtic holiday. What’s the name of that holiday?
4. In what century was Halloween first introduced?
Answer: The 19th century
5. How did the tradition of dressing up for Halloween start?
Answer: It was once believed that at the end of October, ghosts and demons would be able to walk the Earth again. To protect themselves, people dressed up as spirits to blend in.
6. Where did the game of bobbing for apples originate?
7. On Halloween during the 18th century, why would women throw apple peels over their shoulders?
Answer: To see if they would land in a pattern resembling initials, indicating the man who would become their husband.
8. Who brought the Halloween tradition to the United States?
Answer: The Irish, during the potato famine
9. Which Roman goddess is thought to be honored on Halloween?
10. What is another name for Halloween?
Answer: Allhallows Eve
11. What is another name for Nov. 1, the day after Halloween?
Answer: All Saints’ Day
12. What are the Halloween colors?
Answer: Black, orange and purple
13. Who was the first First Lady to decorate the White House for Halloween?
Answer: Mamie Eisenhower, in 1958
14. What was Bram Stoker’s original name for Dracula in his vampire novel?
Answer: Count Wampyr
15. When is the next time there will be a full moon on Halloween?
16. What do you call a fear of Halloween?
17. What is the name of Ireland’s traditional Halloween bread?
18. Which state produces the most pumpkins?
19. Where in the United States can you traditionally find the biggest Halloween parade?
Answer: New York City
20. Halloween is the second most commercial holiday in the United States. Which holiday is No. 1?
21. When was the Halloween song “Monster Mash” first recorded?
22. Who are the guests of the Halloween party, according to the lyrics of “Monster Mash”?
Answer: Wolfman, Dracula and his son
23. Where did real mummies originate?
Answer: Ancient Egypt
24. Which story originated the Headless Horseman?
Answer: The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
25. Who wrote the horror book Frankenstein?
Answer: Mary Shelley
Still curious about Halloween traditions? Find out why we carve pumpkins.
26. Michael Myers’ mask in Halloween was that of a famous actor. Which one?
Answer: William Shatner—the studio didn’t have much of a budget, so his mask was a Shatner mask from Star Trek painted white and distorted.
27. How many Michael Myers movies are there?
28. Which actor turned down the role of Max Dennison in Hocus Pocus?
Answer: Leonardo DiCaprio
29. Which famous boy band used the mansion from Casper for one of their music videos?
Answer: The Backstreet Boys, for the “Everybody (Backstreet’s Back)” video
30. What year did Halloweentown premiere on Disney Channel?
31. Where was Halloweentown filmed?
32. Who did Tim Burton want to play Beetlejuice in Beetlejuice?
Answer: Sammy Davis Jr.
33. What was Beetlejuice almost called?
Answer: Scared Sheetless
34. Which TV network airs the 31 Nights of Halloween event?
35. What colors make up Freddy Krueger’s shirt in A Nightmare on Elm Street?
Answer: Red and green
36. How long did it take to put on Freddy Krueger’s makeup in A Nightmare on Elm Street?
Answer: 3 1/2 hours
37. How many takes did it take to get the puking scene right in The Exorcist?
Answer: Just one
38. Which horror movie earned the most at the box office?
If you’re looking to get into the Halloween spirit, we recommend checking out these scary movies on Netflix.
39. What is the most popular Halloween candy in America?
Answer: Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups
40. About how much money does the United States spend on Halloween candy annually?
Answer: Around $3 billion
41. What was the original name of candy corn?
Answer: Chicken feed
42. What two candy bars were the first to come in fun size?
Answer: Snickers and Milky Way
43. In which decade did the term “trick-or-treat” originate in the United States?
Answer: The 1920s
44. How is the Dum-Dums mystery flavor lollipop made?
Answer: At the end of the production run, Dum-Dums mixes the leftover candy together to form a new (mysterious) flavor for its lollipops.
45. What is the least popular Halloween candy?
Answer: Candy corn
46. On average, how many cups of sugar from Halloween candy do kids consume each year?
Answer: Three cups
47. How far in advance does Hershey’s start production on Halloween candy?
Answer: Six months in advance
48. How many pounds of candy corn are produced each year?
Answer: 35 million pounds
49. What day is National Candy Corn Day?
Answer: Oct. 30
50. How many pounds of chocolate are sold during Halloween week?
Answer: 90 million pounds
If you ask your Amazon Echo a question today, Alexa’s crisp, digital voice will do its best to answer your query from its database of answers or via a seemingly related website.
But soon, it will let brands answer questions too in a feature called “Customers Ask Alexa”, blurring the line between neutral, objective advice and straight-up advertising.
The blog post accompanying the announcement gave an example of how this would work in practice. Brands can “easily discover and answer frequently asked customer questions using self-service tools,” and then suggest their own (somewhat biased) answers.
A cleaning brand, for example, could answer the question “How can I remove pet hair from my carpet” with general advice, as well as a product suggestion with a link to the Amazon storefront.
It’s not clear quite how egregious this could get, but Amazon is evidently aware that there’s a risk for user experience to nosedive rapidly. The blog post mentions that all supplied answers will go through “content moderation and quality checks” before Alexa picks the answer to give Echo owners.
“Amazon recognizes brands as experts on their products,” Rajiv Mehta, general manager of Alexa Shopping at Amazon said in a statement. “With this new capability, we have made it easier for brands to connect with customers to help answer common questions and better inform their purchase decisions.”
While that’s undoubtedly true, it could see Amazon as a kingmaker if two big brands answer the same question. And while it’s not certain that these product-heavy responses will see an uplift in sales (attempts to get people to buy directly via Alexa have proved unconvincing to date), it would certainly put the retailer in an awkward position if it’s seen to be playing favourites.
There’s also the chance it could backfire on consumers who worry their smart speaker is turning into a glorified billboard. Back in 2017, Google was on the receiving end of backlash when its Home devices started promoting Beauty and the Beast without any kind of provocation, and it’s hard to see this sort of quasi-advertising greeted any more favourably five years later.
In any case, Amazon has some time to sort out the details. The blog post says that Customers Ask Alexa will only reach Echo devices in mid-2023 after first coming to the Amazon search bar for brands via an invite-only program.
Register now for one of the Evening Standard’s newsletters. From a daily news briefing to Homes & Property insights, plus lifestyle, going out, offers and more. For the best stories in your inbox, click here.
Published 12:00 am Saturday, September 24, 2022
September is the best time for fescue lawn renovation. Turf-type fescue renovation should be initiated in the fall and early winter in order to become established and survive the summer heat. Below are a few questions posed from local homeowners about fall lawn renovation practices
Question: Should I core-aerate my yard now?
Answer: Yes. Now is the perfect time to core-aerate your fescue lawn. Using this tool is probably the best method of getting fertilizer into the root zone. It also gives tight clay soils pore space necessary for root growth and expansion. Coring allows fertilizer and seed to penetrate without plowing. Don’t forget to add straw mulch to conserve moisture.
Question: How long do I have to wait after I core aerate to apply seed and fertilizer?
Answer: You need to apply fertilizer and seed right after you core aerate. You can apply seed, lime and fertilizer all in the same day.
Question: What is the best type of fescue to use for my lawn?
Answer: Seed with a blend of turf-type fescues. Fescue blends are available at most retail outlets. Blends of three or more turf-type fescues adapt better to our differing soil types and have more resistance to brown patch and other diseases. Single cultivars plantings allow the fungus to spread freely, whereas a mixture limits its spread.
Question: Our lawn is covered in broadleaf weeds growing in the newly seeded areas. When should I spray to kill these weeds?
Answer: The newly planted fescue needs to be well established before spraying with a broadleaf herbicide. Make sure you’ve mowed the newly planted lawn at least two times before spraying broadleaf herbicides.
Question: Do I really need to apply straw mulch if I have plenty of water?
Answer: Yes, research has proven that cool-season fescue germinates quicker and stronger with some type of mulch to hold moisture. Apply clean, wheat straw as a mulch to cover bare ground areas. Wheat straw mulch holds moisture, allowing seed to germinate quickly. Gently shake one to two bales of straw per 1,000 square feet. Be careful not to apply too much straw. After application you should be able to see the bare ground through the mulch. Over-mulching produces thin, weak stands of turf.
Question: How much water does my newly seeded lawn need?
Answer: Keep the soil moist for adequate germination. Irrigate deeply to prevent sparse, inadequate root development; about one-two inches of water per week. Irrigation maybe needed two or three times per week if we have dry weather. Water less frequently as turf becomes established.
Darrell Blackwelder is the retired horticulture agent and director with the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in Rowan County. Contact him at email@example.com.
Q. My son purchased a used 2020 Kia Soul Model S with 13,600 miles on it from a local Kia dealer in May of this year. After a couple of days, the engine light on the dashboard came on. He brought the car back to the dealership and they attached a diagnostic meter to it. They said there was a problem with the cooling system. They serviced it and said the problem was corrected. A few days later the engine light went on again. We brought it back and they replaced a faulty thermostat. It stayed off until he started out for a trip down south, the light came on again. We looked under the hood, no leaks and the car wasn’t running hot. A neighbor attached a diagnostic meter, and the code came up cooling system. He was able to reset the light and it stayed off till two days ago. What is the problem that causes the engine light to go on and why can’t it be corrected by Kia?
A. Certainly Kia can fix the problem. At this point I would go back to any Kia dealer when the engine light is on and have them check for codes. As the second owner the car is covered by a 60,000 mile 5-year warranty. The limited basic warranty offers bumper-to-bumper coverage for most vehicle components not covered by any powertrain warranty.
Q. I have what I think is a simple question. I got a flat tire, called AAA came to help and put my spare tire on. I think I need to get my tire replaced, do I go to the car dealer, or can I go to a garage and see if they can replace and repair the tire? Or is it mandatory to go to the dealership for it since it’s the original tire?
A. The dealership or a tire store should be able to match the tire exactly with the original tires on the car. Depending on the car and mileage you may need to replace two tires. At this point I would go to what ever is most convenient and quickest to have the flat tire inspected. You may find once the tire is carefully examined it can be repaired to as good as new.
Q. Did I miss something in the news? I have a car registered in Massachusetts and I had my vehicle inspected today. During the inspection the technician removed my clear plate cover and did not place it back on. They noted that in Massachusetts since there are no toll booths any longer, that plate covers are not allowed, due to possible glare from taking photos of the plate. Is this valid? Should I not place the cover back on myself? This was the first time I had the car inspected at the dealer. The local garage last year didn’t remove the clear cover. I am confused.
A. Massachusetts has a law in place that requires vehicle license plate numbers to be legible and unobscured by a glass or plastic cover or another device. A violation is $35 for the first offense, $75 for second offense and $150 for third offense. Generally, a clear plate cover that doesn’t distort the plate and allows for normal reflectivity is allowed. I also checked with the Motorist Assistance Center (the contractor that handles vehicle inspection) that confirmed this. It may just be one inspector’s interpretation of the law.
Q. My 1997 Toyota Camry runs well with 203,000 miles on it. I’ve been extending the life of this vehicle with major repairs lately, and now the power steering rack is leaking. It was suggested to use a sealant rather than an expensive repair. Do you think it will work?
A. If the seals are leaking a product such as Lucas Power Steering Sealer may help or at least slow the leak. These product swell the seals slightly and slow down the leaks. In some cases, the leak can stop completely. Will it last forever, probably not, but it may buy you more time. You also might want to have your shop check around remanufactured steering racks are now in some cases under $200 and it is only two hours labor to replace the steering rack on that model Camry.
Q. I have a creaking noise in my right rear suspension of my 2016 Mazda Miata. I hear it on sudden turns or on the first movement forward from a standstill. Just one low creaking noise per turn or start up. Other than that, the car runs beautifully. The local dealer could not find the noise and said the brake calipers were loose, that didn’t work. Several mechanics have not been able to find anything loose in the suspension. Is it true that coil springs “creep” at the ends as they compress and release? Could this be the mystery creaking?
A. if I was looking for a creaking noise, I would start with looking at anything with a rubber bushing. Also, if the creak isn’t present in the rain, then more likely a rubber bushing. Could a spring insulator be a problem, perhaps but usually it is more consistent. The most common issue with these cars is the hub support bushings wear and rust forms and it makes a noise. Usually with a very close inspection you can see rusty dust at the upper bushings. This is not a cheap repair about two hours labor and the part is nearly $600. I would want to completely confirm the issue before spending almost $1000
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