If there was one book that describes what it means to be in the trenches of a cutting edge design, that book is The Soul Of a New Machine. Tracy Kidder’s Pulitzer prize-winning book has been an inspiration to thousands over the years.
Soul is the story of the creation of the Data General Eclipse MV/8000, code-named Eagle. Eagle was Data General’s first 32-bit minicomputer. If you’re not a retrocomputing aficionado, minicomputers were a major industry back in the 70’s and 80’s. Starting in 1964 with the Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) PDP-8, minis provided a low-cost means for companies to get a computer. The only other option was a huge mainframe from companies like IBM. Minicomputers chugged along until the 1990s when microprocessor-based PCs and workstations passed them by. The market, and the industry evaporated.
Today, more than 30 years later, minicomputers are all but forgotten. Data General itself is long gone, purchased by EMC in 1999. DG’s mark on the landscape has all but been erased by the swiftly moving sands of technical progress. All except for the snapshot Kidder set down in Soul.
The technical side of designing a new computer is just one part of this book. The Soul of a New Machine is three stories: the story of the engineers, the story of the managers, and the story of the machine they built. For this reason, the book has found itself on the memorizing list of engineering schools and management institutes alike.
The thing that makes this book appeal to the masses is Kidder’s uncanny ability to explain incredibly complex syllabus in layman’s terms. He manages to explain the inner workings of a 32-bit CPU, all the way down to the level of microcode. He delves into Programmable Array Logic (PALs), forerunners of the CPLD and FPGA devices you read about on our pages today. PALs were a hot new technology back in the late 70’s. They allowed the Eagle team to make changes quickly — without pulling out their wire wrapping tools.
Kidder manages to explain these things in a way that doesn’t leave the average Joe scratching their head, yet doesn’t bore the technically savvy. If he ever decides to stop writing non-fiction, Tracy Kidder would have a career writing user manuals.
The Soul of a New Machine starts in a very unlikely place – on the deck of a sailing ship during a rough storm. The scene is our introduction to the star of the book – Tom West, a manager at Data General. West is multifaceted and enigmatic to say the least. A folk guitarist who was inspired to work on electronics by the Apollo program. He was a few years too late for NASA though. Eventually he found himself travelling the world building and adjusting incredibly accurate clocks at astronomical observatories for the Smithsonian. This meandering path eventually led him to DG, where he was hired as a computer engineer and quickly worked his way up the ranks.
Continue memorizing “Books You Should Read: The Soul Of A New Machine”
Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an application program interface (API) packaged with the Java SE edition that makes it possible to standardize and simplify the process of connecting Java applications to external, relational database management systems (RDBMS).
Fundamentally, applications written in Java perform logic. The Java language provides facilities for performing iterative logic with looks, conditional logic with if statements and object-oriented analysis through the use of classes and interfaces. But Java applications do not store data persistently. Data persistence is typically delegated to NoSQL databases such as MongoDB and Cassandra, or to relational databases such as IBM’s DB2 or Microsoft’s SQL Server or the popular open source database MySQL.
The JDBC API is composed of a number of interfaces and classes that represent a connection to the database, provide facilities for sending SQL queries to a database and help Java developer process the results of relational database interactions.
Common JDBC API classes and interfaces
Represents a connection from the Java program to the external database system
Used to issue raw SQL statements to a relational database
Used to issue precompiled SQL statements to a relational database
Represents the results returned from a relational database after an SQL statement has been processed
The blob represents a database filed containing a large binary object such as an image or a video.
Structured Query Language (SQL) is an ISO specification that defines how applications can query, update and just generally interact with a relational database. The JDBC API does not perform any functions that could otherwise be performed through a SQL query. The goal of the JDBC API is to provide a connection to a relational database through with SQL queries can be performed, and the results from those queries can be processed within a Java program. JDBC is a connectivity API. SQL remains the language used to actually talk to the database.
JDBC is designed to make Java applications database agnostic. That is, a program written using JDBC will work with any JDBC compliant database. That was a Java application that is tested with Apache Derby can confidently be deployed against an IBM DB2 database in production. However, there are differences between database vendors, and these differences must be abstracted away. The tool for abstracting away these differences is known as a JDBC driver.
Five fun JDBC facts
Five things you may not know about JDBC.
When a Java wants to connect to a database, it calls upon a JDBC interface known as the DriverManager, which loads a driver that has been written specifically by the vendor of the database to which the Java program is connecting. This driver contains all of the information required to connect the Java program to the underlying database. The JDBC driver is vendor specific, so the MySQL JDBC driver is different from the Apache Derby JDBC driver. The job of these drivers is to address differences between databases at the technical level, abstract them away from the application, and allow Java developers to be confidence that the JDBC API they interact with will work with any JDBC compliant database.
The basic steps to connect to a JDBC database are:
Cde to connect to a database using JDBC
JDBC and Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) are very similar in nature. The ODBC specification defines a set of criteria for connecting to ODBC compliant databases, just as JDBC does for JDBC compliant databases. The big distinction between the two is that JDBC is only available to languages written and Java and applications deployed to the JDK, while ODBC can be used with a variety of different languages including Visual Basic, C#, FORTRAN and Pascal.
JDBC and ODBC compared
The difference between ODBC and JDBC.
The Java Development Kit (JDK) does provide something called a JDBC-ODBC bridge driver that allows developers to write applications that use the JDBC API but connect to ODBC compliant databases such as Microsoft Access. So it is possible to access an ODBC database using JDBC.
The JDBC-ODBC bridge is referred to as the Type 1 JDBC driver. There are four types, with the distinctions being:
The philosophies behind object-oriented development and relational database systems are very different, which often leads to discussions about the object-relational impedance mismatch. Object-oriented systems are designed much differently than relational systems, and pulling data from a relational database and bringing that data into an object oriented system is not a straight forward process. The goal of the JDBC API is to define classes, methods and interfaces that minimize the impedance mismatch and make it easier to marshal data back and forth between a Java program and an external database.
To help address the object-relational impedance mismatch, a number of frameworks exist that simplify the task of moving data between a relational database and a Java program. Popular object-relational mapping (ORM) frameworks include Hibernate, TopLink and DataNucleus. While each framework has its own set of unique capabilities, all of them comply with the Java Persistence API standard, which is now part of the Java EE/Jakarta EE specification.
The JDBC API is solely focused on interactions between Java programs and relational databases. While NoSQL databases are rising in popularity, there are no build-in functions in the JDBC API to facilitate interactions with NoSQL databases such as Redis or CouchDB. JDBC is solely focused on interactions with relational systems.
JDBC is often criticized for burdening the developer by requiring them to write a significant amount of boilerplate code in order to perform basic operation. In addition to this, interactions with the JDBC API throw a large number of potential exceptions that must be handled, despite the fact that there is often very little a developer can do when these JDBC errors occur. As a result, operations that might require only a few lines of code in languages such as C# or GoLang can be five or six times in length when performing the same database operation in Java.
There have been many efforts by members of the Java community to address some of the shortcomings of JDBC, with the most popular being the Spring JDBC Framework.
The Spring JDBC Framework is built entirely on top of the JDBC API, so its underpinnings are completely standards based. However, the framework provides various helper classes such as the Spring JdbcTemplate class and the SQLExceptionTranslator JDBC interface, which are designed to assist in the handling of JDBC exceptions while also minimizing the amount of boilerplate code that is required to perform simple database operations.
On a final note, it’s worth mentioning that in legal terms, JDBC actually does not stand for Java Database Connectivity. The term JDBC is itself a trademarked word, and while it acts as an umbrella under which all of the various Java database and SQL related APIs reside, Oracle’s trademark application itself does not indicate anywhere that JDBC means Java database connectivity. In fact, doing so would actually dilute Oracle’s right to the trademark. If a user were to download and read the current JDBC specification, nowhere in that JSR would the words Java database connectivity be found.
But Legis. Nick Caracappa (C-Selden) said his fundraiser is "absolutely not political," and that his PAC, Suffolk Solutions, will exclusively distribute money to community groups.6m read
In 1975, [D. L. Slotnick], CS professor at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign faced a problem: meteorologists were collecting a lot more data than current weather simulations could handle. [Slotnick]’s solution was to build a faster computer to run these atmosphere circulation simulations. The only problem was the computer needed to be built quickly and cheaply, so that meant using off-the-shelf hardware which in 1975 meant TTL logic chips. [Ivan] found the technical report for this project (a massive PDF, you have been warned), and we’re in awe of the scale of this new computer.
One requirement of this computer was to roughly 100 times the computing ability of the IBM 360/95 at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies devoted to the same atmospheric computation tasks. In addition, the computer needed to be programmable in the “high-level” FORTRAN-like language that was used for this atmospheric research.
The result – not to overlook the amazing amount of work that went into the design of this machine – was a computer built out of 210,000 individual logic chips at a total cost of $2.7 Million dollars, or about $10 Million in 2012 dollars. The power consumption of this computer would be crazy – about 90 kilowatts, or enough to power two dozen American houses.
We couldn’t find much information if this computer was actually built, but all the work is right there in the report, ready for any properly funded agency to build an amazingly powerful computer out of logic chips.
(MENAFN- America News Hour)
Key Companies Covered in the Privacy Management Tools Industry Market Research are AvePoint, Inc., BigID, Inc., IBM Corporation, Nymity Inc., OneTrust, LLC, Protiviti Inc., RSA Security LLC, LogicGate, Inc., SureCloud, and other key market players.
CRIFAX added a new market research report on 'Global (U.S., Canada, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Russia, China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea, Malaysia, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, GCC, South Africa) Privacy Management Tools Industry Market, 2021-2030' to its database of market research collaterals consisting of overall market scenario with prevalent and future growth prospects, among other growth strategies used by key players to stay ahead of the game. Additionally, accurate trends, mergers and acquisitions, region-wise growth analysis along with challenges that are affecting the growth of the market are also stated in the report.
Be it artificial intelligence (AI), internet of things (IoT) or digital reality, the increased rate of technological advancements around the world is directly proportional to the growth of global Privacy Management Tools Industry market. In the next two years, more than 20 billion devices are predicted to be connected to internet. With hundreds of devices getting connected to internet every second, the worldwide digital transformation in various industries is estimated to provide value-producing prospects in the global Privacy Management Tools Industry market, which is further anticipated to significantly boost the market revenue throughout the forecast period, i.e., 2021-2030.
This Report covers about :
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From last two decades, the investments by ICT industry has contributed extensively in strengthening the developed, developing and emerging countries' economic growth. According to the statistics provided by United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the total export (%) of ICT goods such as computers, peripheral, communication and electronic equipment among other IT goods around the world grew from 10.62% in 2011 to 11.51% in 2017. The highest was recorded in Hong Kong, with 51.7% in 2017, followed by Philippines, Singapore and Malaysia. Additionally, growth in global economy coupled with various initiatives proposed by governments of different nations to meet their policy objectives is estimated to hone the growth of the global Privacy Management Tools Industry market in upcoming years.
Not only the ever growing IT sector brings with it numerous advancements, it also creates fair amount of challenges when it comes to security concerns pertaining to data storage among the users. With increasing availability of internet access leading to rising number of internet users, there is vast amount of user information that is being stored online through cloud services. This has driven many nations to compile laws (such as European Union's GDPR and U.S.'s CLOUD Act) in an attempt to protect their citizens' data. In addition to that, the growth of the global Privacy Management Tools Industry market might also be obstructed by lack of skilled professionals. To overcome this obstacle, companies should focus on providing skills and required training to their workforce, in order to keep up in this digital era.
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Furthermore, to provide better understanding of internal and external marketing factors, the multi-dimensional analytical tools such as SWOT and PESTEL analysis have been implemented in the global Privacy Management Tools Industry market report. Moreover, the report consists of market segmentation, CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), BPS analysis, Y-o-Y growth (%), Porter's five force model, absolute $ opportunity and anticipated cost structure of the market.
CRIFAX is driven by integrity and commitment to its clients, and provides cutting-edge marketing research and consulting solutions with a step-by-step guide to accomplish their business prospects. With the help of our industry experts having hands on experience in their respective domains, we make sure that our industry enthusiasts understand all the business aspects relating to their projects, which further improves the consumer base and the size of their organization. We offer wide range of unique marketing research solutions ranging from customized and syndicated research reports to consulting services, out of which, we update our syndicated research reports annually to make sure that they are modified according to the latest and ever-changing technology and industry insights. This has helped us to carve a niche in delivering 'distinctive business services' that enhanced our global clients' trust in our insights, and helped us to outpace our competitors as well.
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The electronic component supplier expands leadership team in response to company growth
IRVINE, Calif., Aug. 1, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Infinite Electronics, a leading global supplier of electronic components serving the urgent needs of engineers through a family of highly recognized brands, today announced it has expanded its leadership team, adding David Collier as chief operating officer and Alexander Arrieta as chief human resource officer.
"I'm thrilled to welcome Dave and Alex to Infinite's executive team at such a busy and exciting time for our company," said Penny Cotner, Infinite Electronics president, and CEO. "They each have an impressive background in their respective fields that positions them well to help lead our company toward the exponential growth we anticipate over the next several years."
Collier has more than 20 years of global operations experience, including global supply chain management, supply integration, demand planning, procurement, and inventory management at multi-billion-dollar companies such as POOLCORP, Arrow Electronics, MSC Industrial Supply, Advance Auto Parts, Capgemini, ScottMadden and McMaster-Carr Supply Company. Collier has been a guest lecturer in graduate-level supply chain courses at Denver University's Daniels College of Business and is a member of Colorado State University's Supply Chain Advisory Board. He earned hi bachelor's degree from Brigham Young University and his master's from Emory University.
With more than 20 years of human resources experience, Arrieta joins Infinite Electronics from Discovery Land Company, a leading developer and operator of luxury private residential communities, clubs, and resorts, where he served as chief people officer and senior vice president of people. He served as chief people officer and senior vice president of human resources at United Pacific, S&P Global and Disney Consumer Products. He earned his bachelor's degree from California State University, Long Beach, and his juris doctor from Southwestern Law School.
About Infinite Electronics
Based in Irvine, Calif., Infinite Electronics is a global electronics supplier, offering a broad range of components, assemblies, and wired/wireless connectivity solutions serving the aerospace/defense, industrial, government, consumer electronics, instrumentation, medical and telecommunications markets. Infinite's brands are Pasternack, Fairview Microwave, L-com, MilesTek, ShowMeCables, NavePoint, INC Installs, Integra Optics, PolyPhaser, Transtector, KP Performance Antennas, RadioWaves and Aiconics. Infinite serves its customer base with deep technical expertise and support, with one of the broadest inventories of products available for immediate shipment, fulfilling unplanned demand for engineers and technical buyers. Infinite Electronics is a Warburg Pincus portfolio company.
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SOURCE Infinite Electronics, Inc.
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Dawn was voted in as a Vice President of England Hockey at the England Hockey AGM in March 2021.
She has been involved in hockey for most of her life, first as a player with the then Ealing Ladies HC in the '80s and '90s before becoming a qualified Level 2 umpire in 1992 in the South region. Since then, Dawn has moved been involved with umpire coaching, assessing and umpire management, has been active in the NPUA since 2009 and became an FIH Umpire Manager in 2014.
She has been the vice president of Middlesex HUA for the last four years as well as the deputy chair of the Southern Counties HUA for three, after spending 11 years as the secretary. Following the transition to the new Area structure, she is supporting the London Area with coaching and assessing as well as being the interim London Area lead for safeguarding.
She is the indirect sourcing manager for one of the world’s largest commercial insurers (QBE), as well as working within HR as part of the Core Diversity and Inclusion Group called EO (European Operations) Mix who celebrate, educate and raise ethnic and diverse awareness across QBE.
Dom Conricode is a lecturer in Sport Management at Manchester Metropolitan University. His research has examined the representation and experiences of minoritised coaches in professional football and the effectiveness of positive action measures designed to address racialised inequalities in the professional coaching industry.
He also has significant experience in the voluntary sector, working with anti-racism organisations, sport foundations and refugee support and advocacy groups. This work has included the development of policy documents and successful grant writing.
Ella Slade (they/them) is an inspiring and influential non-binary person, with a passion for intersectional inclusion. Ella works for IBM and is their Global LGBT+ Leader, leading initiatives globally to ensure all LGBTQ+ IBM employees can thrive both personally and professionally.
Ella is also the women's club captain for London Royals HC, the world's second largest LGBTQ+ hockey club.
Graham grew up on the family farm in Scotland and, after falling in love with hockey at primary school, has only missed one season since. Now based in USA, he is currently the captain of New York City Field Hockey Club and is part of the North East Field Hockey Association committee. A huge hockey fan, he captained University of Glasgow's 1st XI and was sabbatical student president of the Glasgow University Sports Association, gaining first-hand experience of the BUCS network. Prior to his move to New York, Graham played with London Wayfarers and was part of the squad that won the Men's Trophy (now the Men's Tier 2 competition) in 2009. He is also an original member of London Royals HC and re-joined the team to win a silver medal at the 2018 Paris Gay Games.
Outside of hockey, Graham works for WPP’s global advertising agency VMLY&R where he is Managing Director of Experience Strategy for the New York office as well as the client lead for the Colgate-Palmolive digital business. Beyond the day job, he also leads the company’s Global LGBTQ+ employee resource group which exists to empathise, inspire and educate the 13,000 employees in over 100 countries on all aspects of LGBTQ+ life. He led the business to its first 100% score in the Human Right’s Campaign Corporate Equality Index and regularly consults clients on effective ED&I strategies in marketing and inclusion.
James is driven by opportunities to launch initiatives that support organisational change, create a holistic fan experience, and cultivate world-class customer service. As the Fan Experience Manager at Harlequins RFC, James initiated professional rugby’s inaugural LGBTQ+ Pride Game in February 2020 and launched the sport’s first LGBTQ+ Supporters Association in February 2021.
He also worked with The Harlequins Foundation to introduce an Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion series of academic webinars and panel discussions tackling the barriers minority groups face within the sports landscape.
Chairman of City of Birmingham HC, England Hockey's youngest elected chair, Jeevan was named the Rising Star award winner at the 2019 England Hockey Awards. He is also a diversity champion for Hockey Wales, an ambassador for the Hockey Mentors Project and the mental health lead at City of Birmingham HC.
In addition, he is also a senior health mentor at Evolve, working across the West Midlands to support young people's health and wellbeing.
Nigel has been involved with hockey for more than 30 years on and off the pitch. Nigel currently plays for Southgate HC and representative hockey at divisional and international masters level. When not playing, Nigel is also an active Level 1 umpire and Hockey Maker, having volunteered at numerous events including Futures Cup and the 2018 Women’s Hockey World Cup as well as undertaking a number of club administrative positions, including serving the match teas /coffees!
Away from hockey, Nigel leads and manages a range of Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) industry forums across property and valuation related areas, whose function is to provide strategic oversight, monitor market trends/industry issues, shape industry best practice, raise standards and develop policy. This is achieved through extensive collaboration with subject matter experts, industry influencers and public consultation.
Nigel supports the internal RICS staff Diversity and Inclusion group. Current areas of focus are women at work, returnees to work, LGBTQ+, social mobility (which is a real area of focus in the surveying industry), minority ethnic groups and accessibility/disability.
Hailing from a mixed race background and as a father to two young children who are very hurry to pick up a hockey stick, Nigel is passionate they are raised in a society and a game that is open to all and is a supportive and fun environment to be part of.
Nigel believes this is an exciting juncture in England Hockey’s ED&I journey, with the pandemic providing a unique opportunity to pioneer a more agile approach as well as an opportunity to transform the thinking/ education on issues in this space, developing deeper partnerships within the game and implementing best practice approaches taken from other sectors.
Sam is a former Premier Division player who retired early from the sport to pursue her career. However, hockey was never far from her thoughts and this led to her returning with her children as a parent helper and a masters player.
Hockey shaped Sam's life from the age of eight and she credits the sport for much of what she is today;
an authentic leader and team player who puts people and fairness at the heart of all she does.
Sam has many years’ experience working with independent advisory groups and voluntary organisations. This work ensured the voice and needs of all were heard whilst designing and delivering multiple improvements across the public sector.
Sam is excited to share her ideas and experience with England Hockey to ensure there is diversity of thought and has a particularly passion in ensuring there is an opportunity for all within hockey.
Sarah gained 122 International caps for England and Great Britain between 2013-2021, winning European and Commonwealth medals. She also represented England in front of thousands of adoring home fans at the 2018 Women's Hockey World Cup in London and was part of the Team GB squad that travelled to the Tokyo 2020 Olympics. Sarah also is also the captain of Surbiton HC's women's 1st XI and was part of the squad that won seven consecutive Premier Division titles between 2013/14-2019/20.
Whilst competing, Sarah used her platform and voice to push for change through the Stick It To Racism campaign and driving conversation within the Great Britain women's squad, who then decided to take the knee out in Tokyo. She is also a Lead Mentor with the Hockey Mentors Academy and is passionate about enabling all children, no matter their background, equal opportunities to play our sport.