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Killexams : IBM Subscription exam - BingNews Search results Killexams : IBM Subscription exam - BingNews Killexams : The Pros and Cons of Virtualization
  • While it comes with a high upfront cost, virtualization reduces IT costs and requires less management. 
  • Virtualization is highly scalable. However, because of how easy it is to create a new server, many companies end up managing more servers than necessary. 
  • Not all software and hardware are virtualization-friendly. 
  • This article is for small business owners who want to learn whether virtualization may be right for them.

Virtualization has several benefits. For businesses with limited funds, virtualization helps them stay on budget by eliminating the need to invest in tons of hardware. Virtual work environments also help businesses with limited IT staff automate and outsource routine tasks and centralize resource management. Plus, employees can access their data anytime, anywhere, with any device.

However, virtualized environments have drawbacks too. Here are the major pros and cons of virtualization.

Pros of virtualization

1. Reduced IT costs

Virtualization helps businesses reduce costs in several ways, according to Mike Adams, vice president of product and technical marketing at Ivanti.

  • Capital expenditure savings: Virtualization lets you reduce your IT costs by requiring fewer hardware servers and related resources to achieve the same level of computing performance, availability, and scalability. [Related: How to Cut Business Costs]
  • Operational expenditure savings: Once servers are virtualized, your IT staff can greatly reduce the ongoing administration and management of manual, time-consuming processes by automating operations, thus resulting in lower operational expenses.
  • Data center and energy savings: As you shrink your company’s hardware and server footprint, you lower your energy consumption by cooling power and data center square footage, which results in lower costs. Learn how to make sustainability part of your business model.

Did you know?Did you know? According to Spiceworks, enterprises with over 1,000 employees have been adopting application virtualization twice as much as small businesses.

2. Efficient resource utilization

Virtualization enables your business to get the most out of your investments in hardware and resources.

“As customer data center environments grow in size and complexity, managing it becomes a burden,” Adams said. “Virtualization can greatly help reduce this complexity by offering resource management capabilities to help increase efficiencies in these virtual environments.”

In contrast, traditional infrastructures that use multiple servers don’t make the most of their setups.

“Many of those servers would typically not utilize more than 2% to 10% of the server hardware resources,” said John Livesay, vice president of Infranet Technologies, a network infrastructure services provider. “With virtualization, we can now run multiple virtual servers on a single virtual host [and make] better use of the resources available.”

3. Scalability

Virtualization is highly scalable. It lets you easily create additional resources as required by many applications, such as by adding extra servers – all on an as-needed basis, without any significant investments in time or money.

IT admins can create new servers quickly because they do not need to purchase new hardware each time they need a new server, Livesay said. “If the resources are available, we can create a new server in a few clicks of a mouse.”

The ease of creating additional resources also helps businesses scale as they grow. “This scenario might be good for small businesses that are growing quickly, or businesses using their data center for testing and software development,” Livesay said.

“Workloads such as Hadoop, SQL databases, Spark, and containers often start off on bare-metal hardware but present new opportunities to be virtualized later on,” Adams said. “Virtualization can now support many new applications and workloads within the first 60 to 90 days on the market.”

Cons of virtualization

1. The upfront costs are hefty.

If you’re transitioning a legacy system to a virtualized one, upfront costs are likely to be high. Be prepared to spend upward of $10,000 for the servers and software licenses. However, as virtualization technology improves and becomes more commonplace, costs will go down.

2. Not all hardware or software can be virtualized.

Not all servers and applications are virtualization-friendly, Livesay said. “Typically, the main reason you may not virtualize a server or application is only because the application vendor may not support it yet, or recommend it.”

Although more software applications are adapting to virtualization situations, there may be licensing complications due to multiple hosts and migrations. Regarding performance and licensing issues, you should check if your business’s essential applications work well in a virtualized environment.

3. It’s easy to get carried away with adding servers.

Keep in mind that one of the main goals and advantages of virtualization is the efficient use of resources. You should be careful not to let the effortlessness of creating servers result in the carelessness of allocating resources. 

“Server sprawl is one of the unintended consequences of virtualization,” Livesay said. “Once administrators realize how easy it is to add new servers, they start adding a new server for everything. Soon you find that, instead of six to 10 servers, you are now managing 20 to 30 servers.” 

Key TakeawayKey takeaway: Virtualization can be extremely beneficial for a business owner looking to scale their company or save on resources. However, make sure your hardware and software are capable of virtualization before making any changes.

Virtualization solutions for small businesses


VMware offers a wide range of virtualization products and services that make IT less costly and easier to manage for all types of companies, including small businesses. Its end-to-end solutions include vSphere, a virtualization platform known for its high reliability and used by businesses around the world. It delivers powerful computing that can handle multiple workloads with maximum uptime and optimum performance. 


Citrix offers several virtualization solutions suitable for small businesses. One such solution is VDI-in-a-Box, a scalable desktop virtualization service that is easy to deploy and manage. Anyone with Windows expertise can centrally manage the service and grant user access, reducing desktop management costs like hiring IT certified and purchasing extra equipment and multiple software. Another option is XenApp Fundamentals, a turnkey solution that lets a small business instantly and securely virtualize applications for the entire organization.


IBM offers many types of virtualization solutions that lower costs and maximize agility for small businesses. Using VMware’s virtualization platform, IBM’s virtualization services provide an enterprise-class IT infrastructure for a small business budget. You can choose from four plans based on your needs: the popular IBM System x, the easy-to-deploy IBM Power Systems, the multi-server IBM BladeCenter, and the advanced IBM PureFlex System Express.

Virtualization certifications

VMware certification

Because VMware certifications are based on its proprietary technology, most notably vSphere, the certifications change as the technology advances. Those who are interested in a VMware Associate certification must pass a single exam, while Professional and Advanced Professional certifications require training courses or a prerequisite certification and an exam. Design Expert certifications are even more extensive.

Citrix certification

For professionals interested in Citrix certification, it offers credentials for virtualization at the associate, professional and expert levels. Associate credentials are earned by passing a single exam, and training is not required. From there, you can work your way up to professional and expert certifications, which require more involved testing.

Cisco certification

The Cisco Career Certification program offers a wide range of certifications, from entry to architect level. Depending on the certification you’re looking to earn, there are various exams and prerequisites. Certifications are valid for two to five years, depending on the type. After that timeframe, you need to recertify by either passing a recertification exam or advancing upward in Cisco’s certification program.

Azure certification

Like many other certifications, Microsoft Azure credentials are earned by passing an exam. Azure certification requires a strong understanding of virtual machines, Azure subscriptions, identity management, and six months of experience administering Azure. You can earn various certification levels, from associate to expert. For those looking to earn the Microsoft Certified: Azure Administrator Associate credential, Microsoft offers various self-study materials to help you prepare for the exam. 

Sean Peek and Sara Angeles contributed to the writing and reporting in this article. Source interviews were conducted for a previous version of this article.

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2020

Savvy, talented and knowledgeable database professionals are always in demand. This article covers some of the best, most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases. 

During the past three decades, we’ve seen a lot of database platforms come and go, but there’s never been any question that database technology is a crucial component for all kinds of applications and computing tasks. 

Database certifications may not be as sexy or bleeding-edge as cloud computing, storage, or computer forensics. That said, there has been and always will be a need for knowledgeable database professionals at all levels and in a plethora of database-related job roles. 

To get a better grasp of the available database certifications, it’s useful to group these certs around job responsibilities. In part, this reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA): Responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). Often tied to a specific platform such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server. 
  • Database developer: Works with generic and proprietary APIs to build applications that interact with a DBMS (also platform-specific, like DBA roles).
  • Database designer/database architect: Researches data requirements for specific applications or users, and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst/data scientist: Responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insight, determine meaning behind the data and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining/business intelligence (BI) specialist: Specializes in dissecting, analyzing and reporting on important data streams, such as customer data, supply chain data, and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist: Specializes in assembling and analyzing data from multiple operational systems (orders, transactions, supply chain information, customer data, etc.) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

Careful attention to these database job roles highlights two important technical issues for would-be database professionals to consider. 

First, a good general background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a basic prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 

Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver come from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. That’s why most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

It’s important to note that NoSQL databases – referred to as “not only SQL” and sometimes “non-relational” databases – handle many different types of data, such as structured, semi-structured, unstructured and polymorphic. NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data applications, which tend to be associated with certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence. Although there is some natural overlap, for the most part, we cover those certs in our annually updated “Best Big Data Certifications.” 

Before you look at our featured certifications in detail, consider their popularity with employers. The results of an informal search on several high-traffic job boards show which database certifications employers look for most when hiring. Though these results vary from day to day (and by job board), such numbers provide a useful perspective on database certification demand in current job listings.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)*




 LinkedIn Jobs 



IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2






Microsoft SQL Server database certifications**






Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator






Oracle Database 12c Administrator












*See our complete methodology for selecting top five certifications in the “Best Certifications” series.

**Combined totals for MCSA: SQL Database Administration (540), MCSA: SQL Database Development (569), MCSE: Data Management and Analytics (640) and MTA: Database (503).

If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $86,415 as the national average in the U.S., in a range from $60,960 to over $128,000. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat higher at $93,164, with a top rung for experienced, senior DBAs right around $135,000.

Top 5 database certifications

Now let’s look at the details of our top five database certification picks for 2020.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry standard DB2, as well as IBM Compose, Information Management System (IMS), lnformix, Cloudant and IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop. IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program, which has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM’s major data-centric certification category is called IBM Data and AI, which includes a range of database credentials: Database Associate, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Application Developer and more. It’s a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers straight to the handful of items that are relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on Linux, Unix or Windows should check out the IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 certification. It’s an intermediate credential that addresses routine administration, basic SQL, and creation of databases and database objects, as well as server management, monitoring, availability and security. 

This certification requires candidates to pass two exams. Pre-exam training is recommended but not required.

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 11.1 (Linux, UNIX and Windows)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses available

Number of exams

Two exams: IBM DB2 11.1 DBA for LUW (exam C2090-600) (60 questions, 90 minutes)
DB2 11.1 Fundamentals for LUW (exam C2090-616) (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per exam ($400 total). Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.


Self-study materials

Each exam webpage provides exam objectives, suggested training courses and links to study guides for sale through MC Press. Click the exam Preparation tab for detailed information. You can also visit the Prepare for Your Certification Exam webpage.

2. Microsoft SQL Server database certifications 

SQL Server offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence, data warehousing and data-driven applications of all kinds. That probably explains why Microsoft offers database-related credentials at every level of its certification program. 

Microsoft has taken significant steps over the last year to change its certification program from technology-focused to role-centric, centered on the skills one needs to be successful in specific technology jobs. With these changes in mind, Microsoft now identifies four job tracks in its certification program: Developers, Administrators, Solution Architects and Functional Consultants. You will find a wide variety of skills and technologies within each of those categories, but we’ll concentrate below on the company’s SQL Server certifications.

MTA: Database Fundamentals

The MTA program includes a single database-related exam: Database Fundamentals (98-364). This credential is ideal for students or as an entry-level cert for professionals looking to segue into database support.


Microsoft offers several SQL-related credentials at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) level:

  • MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014 (three exams)
  • MCSA: BI Reporting (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development (two exams)


There is one SQL database credential at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert level: Data Management and Analytics. This certification has the MCSA as a prerequisite (a list of valid items follows in the table) and then requires passing one elective exam.

Microsoft SQL Server database certification facts and figures

Certification name

MTA: Database Fundamentals
MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014
MCSA: BI Reporting 
MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development
MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration
MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development
MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

Prerequisites and required courses  

No prerequisites:
MTA: Database Fundamentals
MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014
MCSA: BI Reporting
MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development
MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration
MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE Data Management and Analytics prerequisites (only one required):
MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014
MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development
MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration
MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development
MCSA: Machine Learning
MCSA: BI Reporting
MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure

Training courses are available and recommended for all certifications but not required.

Number of exams

MTA: Database Fundamentals: One exam

  • Database Fundamentals (98-364)

MCSA: BI Reporting: Two exams

  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Power BI (70-778)
  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Microsoft Excel (70-779)

MCSA: SQL Server: Three exams

  • Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-461)
  • Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 Databases (70-462)  
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse with Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-463

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development: Two exams

  • Implementing a SQL Data Warehouse (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration: Two exams

  • Administering a SQL Database Infrastructure (70-764)
  • Provisioning SQL Databases (70-765) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development: Two exams

  • Querying Data with Transact-SQL (70-761)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762) 

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics: One exam (from the following)

  • Developing Microsoft SQL Server Databases (70-464)
  • Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server (70-465)
  • Implementing Data Models and Reports with Microsoft SQL Server (70-466)
  • Designing Business Intelligence Solutions with Microsoft SQL Server (70-467)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762)
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse Using SQL (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768)
  • Analyzing Big Data with Microsoft R (70-773)
  • Implementing Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Solutions (70-777

All exams administered by Pearson VUE.

Cost per exam

MTA: $127 (or equivalent in local currency outside the U.S.)
MCSA/MCSE: $185 (or equivalent) per exam


Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the MTA, MCSA and MCSE certs are well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice questions and other materials.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks for Database Application Development (SQL and PL/SQL), MySQL (Database Administration and Developer) and Oracle Database (versions 12c, 12c R2, and 11g, and Oracle Spatial 11g). 

MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

A candidate interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server; configure replication; apply security; and schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single exam (the same exam can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

4. Oracle Database 12c Administrator

Most Oracle DBMS credentials require candidates to attend authorized training classes to qualify for the related exam, but MySQL (and Sun-derived) credentials often do not. Oracle certifications also represent a true ladder, in that it is generally necessary to earn the associate-level credentials first, professional-level credentials second and master-level credentials third, culminating with the expert level. 

Oracle Database 12c R2 is the latest version, which includes enhancements to Oracle Database 12c. Oracle 12c certifications are currently offered at the associate, professional and master levels. 

A Foundations Junior Associate certification (novice level) is also available for Oracle Database 12c, as are three specialist designations: the Implementation Specialist, the Oracle Database Performance and Tuning 2015 Certified Implementation Specialist, and the Oracle Real Application Clusters 12c Certified Implementation Specialist. 

Available expert-level credentials include the Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administrator; Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Expert; Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administrator; Oracle Certified Expert; and Oracle Database 12c: Performance Management and Tuning. Oracle still offers 11g certifications as well. 

NoteAlthough premium support for Oracle 11g Database ended on Dec. 31, 2014, extended support lasts until December 2020, so it’s probable that Oracle Database 11g will remain in use for the short term. 

We focused on requirements for Oracle Database 12c certifications. One important consideration is that Oracle 11g is forward-compatible with Oracle 12c, but Oracle 12c is not backward- compatible with the prior version. Because Oracle 12c is a newer version, IT professionals with Oracle 11g certifications should consider upgrading their 11g credentials.

Oracle Database 12c Administrator facts and figures

Certification name

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Associate (OCA 12c)
Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional (OCP 12c)
Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master (OCM 12c)
Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master

Prerequisites and required courses

OCA 12c: Training recommended but not required

OCP 12c: OCA 12c credential and one training course required; complete course submission form

OCM 12c: OCP 12c or 12c R2 credential and two advanced training courses (must be different from the course used to achieve the OCP); complete course submission form; submit fulfillment kit request

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: Three credentials

  • Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administration
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administration

Oracle training: Classes typically run 2-5 days; costs range from $1,360 to over $5,580.

Number of exams

 OCA 12c: Choose one exam from the following:

  • Oracle Database 12c SQL (1Z0-071) (73 questions, 100 minutes)
  • Oracle Database 12c: Installation and Administration (1Z0-062) (67 questions, 120 minutes)

OCP 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c: Advanced Administration (1Z0-063) (80 questions, 120 minutes)

OCM 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c Certified Master (12COCM), a two-day, performance-based exam

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Cost per exam

OCA 12c: 1Z0-071and 1Z0-062 cost $245 each.
OCP 12c: 1Z0-063, 1Z0-082 and 1Z0-083 cost $245 each
OCM 12c: 12COCM costs $2,584; contact Oracle for pricing/availability of upgrade exam.
Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Note: Prices vary by geography.


Self-study materials

Each Oracle certification exam webpage lists exam courses as well as recommended training courses, seminars and practice tests. A variety of self-study guides are available on Amazon. Oracle Database certification candidates benefit from student manuals, labs and software provided as part of class offerings.

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

SAP SE has a large portfolio of business application and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications, and storage. The foundation of the SAP HANA platform is an enterprise-grade relational database management system, which can be run as an appliance on premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform enables customers to build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program, built to support its various platforms and products. We chose to feature the SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications in this article and is in high demand among employers, according to our job board surveys. This certification ensures that database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers managing users and authorization, applying security, and ensuring high availability and effective disaster recovery techniques. 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $3,048. This online training program is designed for those who run, support or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all of the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most recent SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end of life and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

Prerequisites  and required courses        

 None required
 Recommended: SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) course ($3,750)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Application Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016), exam code C_HANATEC_12 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam



Self-study materials

The certification webpage includes a link to sample questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Beyond the top 5: More database certifications

Besides the ones mentioned in this article, other database certification programs are available to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, there are few well-known vendor-neutral database certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) is part of this unique group, offering its Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Find out more about ICCP certifications here

EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program, with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional. PostgreSQL was the fourth-ranked relational database management system in October 2019, according to DB-Engines

Credentials from GoogleMarkLogicTeradata and SAS may also be worth considering. All of these credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets – and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them. 

Ed Tittel
Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant, and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro and GoCertify, and is the author of more than 140 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems. 

Earl Follis
Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who has worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism, and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press, with many e-books, whitepapers and articles to his credit.

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : IBM acquires

IBM recently announced it has acquired, a leading provider of data observability software that helps organizations fix issues with their data, including errors, pipeline failures and poor quality — before it impacts their bottom-line. Today's news further strengthens IBM's software portfolio across data, AI and automation to address the full spectrum of observability and helps businesses ensure that trustworthy data is being put into the right hands of the right users at the right time. is IBM's fifth acquisition in 2022 as the company continues to bolster its hybrid cloud and AI skills and capabilities. IBM has acquired more than 25 companies since Arvind Krishna became CEO in April 2020.

As the volume of data continues to grow at an unprecedented pace, organizations are struggling to manage the health and quality of their data sets, which is necessary to make better business decisions and gain a competitive advantage.

Data observability takes traditional data operations to the next level by using historical trends to compute statistics about data workloads and data pipelines directly at the source, determining if they are working, and pinpointing where any problems may exist. When combined with a full stack observability strategy, it could help IT teams quickly surface and resolve issues from infrastructure and applications to data and machine learning systems.'s open and extendable approach allows data engineering teams to easily integrate and gain observability into their data infrastructure. This acquisition would unlock more resources for to expand its observability capabilities for broader integrations across more of the open source and commercial solutions that power the modern data stack. Enterprises would also have full flexibility in how to run, whether as-a-Service (SaaS) or a self-hosted software subscription.

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The acquisition of builds on IBM's research and development investments as well as strategic acquisitions in AI and automation. By using with IBM Observability by Instana APM and IBM Watson Studio, IBM is well-positioned to address the full spectrum of observability across IT operations.

"Our clients are data-driven enterprises who rely on high-quality, trustworthy data to power their mission-critical processes. When they don't have access to the data they need at any given moment, their business could grind to a halt," said Daniel Hernandez, general manager for Data and AI, IBM. "With the addition of, IBM offers the most comprehensive set of observability capabilities for IT across applications, data and machine learning, and is continuing to provide our clients and partners with the technology they need to deliver trustworthy data and AI at scale."

Headquartered in Tel Aviv, Israel, employees will join IBM Data and AI, further building on IBM's growing portfolio of Data and AI products, including its IBM Watson capabilities and IBM Cloud Pak for Data. Financial details of the deal were not disclosed. The acquisition closed on June 27, 2022.

Fri, 15 Jul 2022 22:42:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Datadog Stock Will Continue To Dominate, IBM Stock Will Probably Go Nowhere
Cloud computing

iambuff/iStock via Getty Images

Investment Thesis

Even if we find ourselves in a bear market, my pair of stocks will be looking to provide alpha from the long stock, as I anticipate the long stock will outperform the short position over time. I picked both stocks from the software sector since it has some unique characteristics that make exponential growth more attainable. Here's how the spread long Datadog (NASDAQ:DDOG) and short IBM (NYSE:IBM) looks like historically, since 2019 when Datadog got listed:




There are 2 ways in which I think about this stocks pair. Firstly, we can look at the fundamentals to decide which companies are suitable for both long and short. Secondly, another important filter is technical analysis, especially for the short part. There are many types of potential shorts that I can choose from, but in the end, I decided to go with a mature company that everybody expects will perform well and the return will be much lower than the return for my long position. I am thinking about this in terms of cyclical vs defensive stocks so I will try to pick a low-beta stock as my short.

I will for sure avoid any high growing company that has a rough patch and has fallen out of the investors' grace (the grow at all cost type of company). These have a small chance of recovering and usually the high growth translates into a high beta. This is not a risk that I'm willing to take so I will go for a mature company that signals a potential slowdown in the business performance.

Long Stock

Firstly, I need to decide which industry might provide the best returns after the tide will turn. And I believe that it will. Perhaps not in a few weeks or months, but it will. In my opinion, one of the best industries to invest in is software. It showcases low fixed costs, which creates operating leverage (proved by very high gross margin), small amount of (CAPEX) required to grow exponentially, high % of recurring revenue, which offers good revenue visibility and improves the free cash flow, and low debt. These characteristics make software companies more resilient in the face of an economic recession, especially the ones that don't carry any debt on their balance sheet and have a strong cash position or the ability to consistently generate free cash flow.

To identify the best software companies, I will use the Rule of 40. It's a widely used software metric that usually contains the quarterly YoY revenue growth and operating margin or FCF margin as % of revenue. For the revenue part I will use the 2022 expected revenue CAGR to remove the seasonality that might appear when using quarterly data. Moreover, I will use the (LTM) FCF instead of operating margin as I believe it's the most rigorous metric to look at and it showcases a company's ability to generate cash, even when having negative operating margin.

Another important aspect that I need to consider in the analysis is the stock-based compensation. I believe this is a true economic cost for the company and as a result I will not add back the (SBC) to the Net profit when calculating the Operating Free Cash Flow. I will treat the SBC as a real expense and since it's already expensed on the Income Statement, I will not add it back. The formula that I used for FCF becomes:

(FCF) = Cash from operations - CAPEX


As we can observe, when expensing the SBC, there are only 6 companies that have a Rule of 40 > 40%. The best from this data set is Datadog. It has a result of 71%, composed of 57% YoY revenue growth and 14% FCF margin. This is not enough to decide if this will be my pick and further analysis is needed for their unit economics.

Introducing Datadog

Datadog S-1 file

Datadog S-1 file

Datadog created a platform that integrates and automates infrastructure monitoring, application performance monitoring (APM) and log management to provide unified, real-time observability of their customers' entire technology stack. Since 2018, when the company introduced its log management product, it became one of the first to combine the "three pillars of observability" to enable digital transformation and cloud migration. Datadog is designed to be cloud agnostic and easy to deploy, with hundreds of out-of-the-box integrations and endless customizability.

Datadog has recently been named a leader in the APM and Observability space by research and consulting firm Gartner. Other leading companies are Dynatrace, New Relic, Honeycomb, and IBM:

APM Gartner



Datadog uses ARR as their preferred key performance indicator. ARR is defined as the annual run-rate revenue of subscription agreements from all customers at a point in time. It is calculated by taking the monthly run-rate revenue and multiplying it by 12.


Datadog 10-K 2021

The company grew its customer base very fast during the last couple of years. More importantly, the company has done a great job of attracting new customers with more than $100k in ARR. At the end of 2021, Datadog had more than 2000 customers, growing 64% as compared to 2020. Moreover, we can observe the concentration around the big customers since this cohort represents around 83% of Datadog's ARR.

Datadog employs a land-and-expand market strategy centered around offering products that are easy to adopt and have a very short time to value. Then, customers can expand their footprint on a self-service basis. Its go-to-market strategy, in conjunction with its ability to consistently come up with new products, offers its customers numerous opportunities to upsell. As a result, at the end of 1Q22, 81% of Datadog's customers were using 2+ products, while 35% were using 4+ products. This proves a high ROI on its R&D investments as the platform expands and creates new complementary offerings:

Datadog Investor Presentation, May 2022

Datadog Investor Presentation, May 2022

As a result, the company had an incredible 130%+ Net dollar retention rate for the last 19 consecutive quarters. This represents the ARR from the same set of customers in one period, relative to the year-ago period.

Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC)

This metric shows how well the company is using its sales & marketing team. It's important to analyze sales efficiency to ensure that growth is efficient and sustainable. The formula that I used is:

(CAC) = S&M Expenses period n-1 / Nr of new customers in the current period


Datadog 10-K 2021

CAC Payback Period

This shows how many years it takes on average for a customer to produce enough gross profit to pay back its CAC. It incorporates the S&M expense per customer, the revenue gained from the customer but also the gross margin of the company:

(CAC) payback period = Average S&M Expense per customer / Average revenue per customer x Gross margin

Datadog 10-K 2021

Datadog 10-K 2021

The gap between the CAC and gross margin per customer has decreased and now the company has a CAC payback period of around 1.1 years (~ 13 months), which is a small improvement from 2020. This is an encouraging sign, especially considering that the average SaaS company has a CAC payback period above 12 months, as we can see from the work of Jamin Ball:

Jamin Ball

Jamin Ball


Datadog has been one of the few companies that has consistently delivered on its guidance. It crushed revenue and earnings expectations pretty much every single quarter since it got listed:



Moreover, Datadog also raised its guidance for revenue and earnings in Q1 of 2022 and despite economic uncertainty, the company shows no signs of slowdown. This proves that management has tremendous confidence in the demand for Datadog's products:

"Our strategic focus remains to invest aggressively in R&D and go-to-market to optimize for long-term growth. In Q1, we are pleased to have had our best-ever quarter of hiring, and we plan to continue hiring aggressively throughout 2022." - Datadog's CFO, May 2022

EPS revision


As a result of management's confidence in the underlying business for 2022 and onwards, estimates for earnings per share have been adjusted accordingly. Although the risk for an economic recession is elevated and historical performance doesn't ensure future performance, I believe that management proved its ability to execute and deliver on their estimates. Moreover, management owns a big piece of the company, around 9.5%, which shows that management's objectives are aligned with the shareholders' best interests:

Yahoo Finance

Yahoo Finance

Balance Sheet

Datadog has a strong balance sheet: at the end of 2021 it had around $1.5 billion in cash & equivalents, around $735 million in debt, while the number of outstanding shares has only increased 6% since 2019, when the company got listed:



Income Statement



Datadog grew it revenue tremendously during the last couple of years, with its gross margin remaining relatively constant, around 77%, while EBITDA came in around breakeven in the last 2 years. The fact that Datadog grows so fast without accumulating big losses is a major plus and it all comes from the operational expenses that are very well managed by the company. Here's how the OPEX look like as % of revenue:



An encouraging trend that started with 2021 is that R&D as % of revenue surpassed the S&A plus G&A as % of revenue. Moreover, R&D grew as % of revenue, surpassing 40% for the first time ever. This shows a commitment to invest in new products and create opportunities to upsell its existing customers, which is exactly what I want to see from a company that innovates and tries to be at the forefront of its industry.

Moreover, the S&M spending isn't out of control and has actually decreased as % of revenue, which is a rare occurrence for a software company growing so fast.

Cash Flow

As I've highlighted before, Datadog's cash flow statement is a big plus for the company. It consistently shown positive operating cash flow. Moreover, even when expensing the (SBC), the operating cash flow remains positive:



The only downside that I can see for the CF statement is the Accounts receivables balance. It has consistently grown, and it might show difficulties in collecting payments from its customers. In order to find out if that's a real concern, let's look at the Days Sales Outstanding (DSO), which represents the average number of days it takes credit sales to be converted into cash or how long it takes a company to collect its account receivables. It is defined as:

Days Sales Outstanding = (Average Accounts receivables / Revenue) * 365



DSO has consistently been around 80 days, while in 2021, in spite of the growth in the Accounts Receivables balance it has improved to around 77 days. As a result, this is not a concern for the cash-flow statement of the company. Lastly, the very low amount of (CAPEX) needed for the growth of the business is yet another plus for Datadog:




If we open the Valuation tab here on Seeking Alpha, that thing looks awful. Starting with a high Price/Sales and gigantic Price/Earnings, pretty much every metric shows that the company is ridiculously overvalued:



Moreover, when we compare the best high growing software companies, Datadog is one of the most expensive stocks when considering metrics like Enterprise Value / 2022 Gross Profit. I'm focusing on this metric since it incorporates the operating leverage that a high gross margin company has created. Additionally, Enterprise Value is a better metric to use than Market Capitalization since it also takes into account debt and cash. Here's how the SaaS high growers are valued:


Datadog is the 3rd most expensive company from this data set (26X), while the median multiple for this data set is around 11.5X. However, the company has one of the biggest 2021-2023 revenue CAGR, sitting around 47%.

Datadog is expensive. No doubt about it. But giving that Datadog is a leader in terms of revenue growth and ability to generate free cash flow, I believe that the company will always trade at a premium to the software median, especially as long as the company continues to execute and deliver on its guidance. The management shown a trend of consistently delivering on their estimates, which instills confidence for potential investors.

When considering historical valuation, Datadog's stock is as cheap as it has ever been, sitting around 18X EV/Revenue, in the ballpark of its March 2020 multiple, decreasing from a high of more than 50X EV/Revenue:


Short Stock

Ideally, I want to pick a slowly downgrading company. I don't want a stock so beaten up that it sits now below $5 and can swing wildly between $1 and $5. Firstly, I need to decide which industry I want to short. Generally, I try to pick a pair of stocks from the same industry, as a way of eliminating the industry-specific risk. Let's imagine I'm long a software company and short an EV stock, my returns could suffer in the case of EV-specific news that will lift all the EV stocks. But picking both stocks from the same industry removes, at least partially, this unsystematic risk.

This is the most difficult part for me since I am a permabull. I don't generally look for shorting opportunities since there are so many stocks that offer outsized returns by going long. Still, here are some characteristics that I want to see for a short pick, starting with the fundamentals: slow revenue growth anticipated, low-margin business - I really don't want to short a company with 80% gross margin (perhaps only if it decreased from 90%) since this translates into significant operating leverage, high S&M spending (especially without growing revenue fast; this shows that its sales team's efforts don't provide a good ROI), high G&A spending - a sustained trend is even better, negative free cash-flow or decreasing earnings per share, if positive. I probably won't find a company that has all these, but I'll do my best.

Next let's turn to the technical analysis. This is an important filter that will tell me if the declining company has also a declining stock. Remember, for a high growing company (yearly revenue CAGR > 30%), many of the things that I've listed above are common. In terms of technical analysis, I'm looking for:

  • Low beta - Ideally < 1, but it can also be around 1; this lowers the chances that the stock will grow significantly once the market turns bullish
  • A bear trend on the weekly chart
  • Above $5 - I don't want to play this game with a penny stock

Now that I've highlighted what I'm looking for, let's see why I've chosen to short IBM:


IBM has multiple revenue streams. The one that competes directly with Datadog is in the enterprise observability and APM space after IBM bought Instana at the end of 2020. This fits into IBM's software segment, which also includes solutions like: switching from legacy to cloud architecture, creating data-driven business insights, automatization of end-to-end processes across IT and business environments and keeping the applications and data secure.

IBM 2021 Annual report

IBM 2021 Annual report

IBM grew its Software revenue 5.3% in 2021, while the gross margin for this segment is the highest from all the business segments, around 79%. Moreover, the Software segment is the biggest by revenue, with around 42% of IBM's total revenue. Moreover, most of the growth came from the Red Hat solution, which is the leading hybrid cloud software platform, and the only one that is fully integrated and open source:


IBM 2021 Annual report

Fundamentally, IBM fits the pattern. It's an old, established company that couldn't surprise the market much in terms of growth and innovation. The stock has a 24 months beta of around 0.57, which is ideal for the scope of my investment. Moreover, its forward revenue growth is actually negative as the company is expected to have revenue below its 2021 numbers for the next two years:



Gross margin is around 55%, which shows some operating leverage, but it's way lower than the 80% that a software company usually has:



Regarding operational costs, the company has a cumulative S&M and G&A costs of around 34.5% of revenue at the end of 2021. These have been elevated during the last 3 years compared to the historical trend, which shows that IBM didn't manage to sustain its operational leverage during the last financial years:



Moreover, if we look at the earnings per share estimates, IBM shows the opposite trend as compared to Datadog. Their earnings forecast has been adjusted on the downside, which shows that the business might have a rough patch in the next couple of quarters:



In terms of cash-flow, the company has an extraordinary ability to generate cash. Using the same formula from above, where we expense the SBC, FCF sits around $9.75 billion at the end of 2021, while the FCF margin is ~ 17%. Moreover, IBM has a strong cash position that will provide the company liquidity in case of unexpected economy turbulences:



One thing that is worth noting for IBM is the $45 billion that the company has in debt. This is above the company's average debt balance, and it might be concerning in the current interest rates environment, especially since the company has historically used debt as a way of financing:



To conclude the fundamental analysis of IBM, I'm not banking on the fact that IBM will crumble. It has enough cash on its balance to keep its operations going and it has already reached a mature stage that makes it easier to optimize costs in case of a recession. My bet is that the company's better days are behind it and there is no transformative growth in sight for the next couple of years.




IBM has a high valuation grade, which might be misleading in my opinion. The company seems to have both P/E and Price / Cash Flow lower than the sector median. This implies that the stock is "cheap", but that's not always a positive. In this case, the stock is cheap because as I've highlighted before, most of its growth is in the past. Moreover, having a dividend yield much bigger than the sector shows that IBM can't find as many investment opportunities that can offer a high ROI. As a result, the company prefers to just pay back its shareholders.

Technical Analysis

I don't own Datadog yet. But it's not because of the company, but because of the economy and the fact that the stock didn't reach my target. I see $74 as a really strong support during the last 2 years, so that's obviously where I want to open a position. Considering the recent drawback in all assets, not buying Datadog has been a real test of patience, but I do believe that the price will hit that $74 level sooner rather than later, depending on the broad economy:

On the other hand, the more convincing reason for which IBM is a good short is the technical side. Let's look at the weekly chart for IBM's stock:

Firstly, the trend is obviously bearish. Moreover, the company has been in a consolidation stage since the end of 2018, when it dropped below $142. This level represents a very strong resistance, that rejected the price action on several occasions. On the other hand, we have the $102 support that has also been hit several times. IBM stock did absolutely nothing during the last 3 and a half years. I know what a trader might think: the bigger the consolidation area, the stronger the breakout. But I do not think this will be the case unless IBM will have a significant breakthrough from an operational perspective.

Even when using the adjusted for dividends price, the stock still didn't go anywhere for the last couple of years, as the range between its support ($102) and resistance ($142) has a span of only $40.


Considering we are currently in the middle of a multiples' compression, there is no way to anticipate how much more the software multiples will decrease. For now, this is an important element for all software stocks. Secondly, I believe that my spread will create beta only if the economy doesn't go into a recession in the next couple of quarters. If that would be the case, my long stock will be much more impacted than my short one and the spread will offer negative returns.

However, in the scenario where the economy doesn't crumble, Datadog stock might not offer the expected return because of a couple of reasons: investments in the company's expansion aren't as successful as expected, Datadog fails to expand beyond the US, its execution isn't as good as it was in the past, the R&D investments don't provide a good ROI, which leads to less new products and less upselling opportunities or the company's go-to-market strategy is not as successful as the management anticipated.

Another important risk is that IBM stock will behave better than I anticipated. The reason might be either fundamental (IBM makes operational breakthroughs after aggressive investments and reignites its growth) or technical (stock breaks out its consolidation phase and the stock rallies). Still, since IBM has a low beta, I believe that the most significant risk is that Datadog underperforms. For IBM I'm only betting on the fact that the company won't provide outsized returns as compared to Datadog.

Final Thoughts

This pair of stocks will offer outsized returns only if the overall market will regain its bull trend. My long pick carries a high degree of volatility and there's a high chance that the multiples compression isn't done. As a consequence, I expect Datadog stock to have more downside on the short-term, which will offer investors the opportunity for a better entry, so please be aware of these unprecedented market conditions before investing.

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 23:30:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : IIPMR offers Top 3 Certifications in Supply Chain and Market Research

India, 24th June 2022: Based out of Texas, USA, the International Institute for Procurement and Market Research (IIPMR) is offering 3 levels of Certifications in Supply Chain and 3 levels of Certifications in Market Research. IIPMRis the developer of globally recognized certifications in Supply Chain, Procurement and Market Research. All the certifications are online and the learning methodology consists of access to pre-recorded online lectures, downloadable study materials, case studies, practice questions papers and online exam.

IIPMR has been a trusted learning partner forover12 years and has assistedprofessionals from more than 84 Countriesto successfully complete the certifications. Without any geographical restrictions, IIPMR on-boards leading senior leaders fromApple, Walmart, IBM, US Government, Coca-Cola, Procter & Gamble, Hewlett-Packard etc. who teach the aspirants. Over the years, IIPMR’s Top 3 Certifications have been globally recognized,highly respected and valued in the Supply Chain as well as the Market Research Industry.

Highlighting the benefits of the certifications,Mr. Rodney Griffith,Senior Director, IIPMR Membership Council, USA said,"Employers look at IIPMR Certifications in order to ascertain the quality of candidates they recruit. They treat it as a metric to make sure they are recruiting the right ones."

IIPMR Review
IIPMR Review

The top 3 supply chain certifications offered by IIPMR are given below:

Level 1: Certified Supply Chain Associate (CSCA)

IIPMR CSCA Certification is the first level of Certification offered by IIPMR. Students aspiring to start their career in the supply chain industry are eligible to enroll for CSCA Certification.

Fee:US $500 or EUR 425 or CAD $665 or INR 25,000 (Including Online Exam)

Eligibility: Should have completed any Graduation or Post Graduation

Work Experience: Not Required

Duration: 1 Month

Level 2: Certified Supply Chain Specialist (CSCS)

IIPMR CSCS Certification is the second level of Certification that teaches all aspects of supply chain such as logistics, warehousing, inventory management, demand forecasting, purchasing, procurement, supply chain risk and quality management principles such as six sigma, kaizen and Kanban.

Professionals with CSCS Certification are in high demand since it is ranked #1 by United States Supply Chain Council ( and Supply Chain Council of European Union (

Fee:US $600 or EUR 510 or CAD $800 or INR 30,000 (Including Exam)

Eligibility: Graduate with minimum 1 year of relevant work experience

Duration: 2 Months

Level 3: Certified Procurement Professional (CPP)

IIPMR CPP Certification is the third and highest level of Certification offered by IIPMR. It provides a holistic view of supply chain but delves deeper in to Procurement, Strategic Sourcing and how to achieve cost savings.

The CPP Certification is ranked #1 by and

Candidates with CPP Certification are most sought after by recruiters for job roles such as Procurement Managers, VP Procurement, Chief Procurement Officer and Head of Supply Chain.

Fee:US $700 or EUR 595 or CAD $935 or INR 35,000 (Including Exam)

Eligibility: Graduate with minimum 3 years of relevant work experience

Duration: 3 Months

IIPMR also offers 3 levels of Market Research Certifications as given below:

Level 1: Certified Research Analyst (CRA):

IIPMR CRA Certification is the first level of Market Research course that is offered by IIPMR. It is done by students aspiring to enter the market research industry.

Fee:US $500 or EUR 425 or CAD $665 or INR 25,000 (Including Online Exam)

Eligibility: Should have completed any Graduation or Post Graduation

Work Experience: Not Required

Duration: 1 Month

Learning Methodology: Access to pre-recorded online lectures, downloadable study materials, case studies, practice questions papers and online exam

Level 2: Certified Research Expert (CRE):

The second level of market research certification offered by IIPMR is called Certified Research Expert (CRE). It is typically done by Research Analysts aspiring to become Research Managers.

Fee:US $600 or EUR 510 or CAD $800 or INR 30,000 (Including Exam)

Eligibility: Graduate with minimum 1 year of relevant work experience

Duration: 2 Months

Learning Methodology: Access to pre-recorded online lectures, downloadable study materials, case studies, practice questions papers and online exam

Level 3: Certified Research Professional (CRP)

IIPMR CRP Certification is the most valuable and highest level of market research certification offered by IIPMR. The CRP Certification is done by CEOs, Senior Market Research Managers, Director of Market Research, VP Research and Head of Market Research.

Fee:US $700 or EUR 595 or CAD $935 or INR 35,000 (Including Exam)

Eligibility: Graduate with minimum 3 year of relevant work experience

Duration: 3 Months

For more information visit:


Disclaimer: This article is a paid publication and does not have journalistic/editorial involvement of Hindustan Times. Hindustan Times does not endorse/subscribe to the content(s) of the article/advertisement and/or view(s) expressed herein. Hindustan Times shall not in any manner, be responsible and/or liable in any manner whatsoever for all that is stated in the article and/or also with regard to the view(s), opinion(s), announcement(s), declaration(s), affirmation(s) etc., stated/featured in the same.

Fri, 24 Jun 2022 01:40:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Innovation-driven course in Computing Research poised towards job creation As India is on its way to becoming a digital nation, the computing research segment across all sectors has grown in the past five years and is likely to create more career opportunities. Computing Research deals with research in Computer Science and Computer Engineering by using the basics of computing algorithms.
The subject also finds its applications in other domains including Life Science, Biology, and Materials Science. Computing Research is also applicable in industrial sectors like e-commerce, supply chain, finance, and many other fields.
The stream will create employment in the future as computer-based innovation has penetrated every domain of life and forms the core of business solutions in health, transport, and education. Scholars with engineering backgrounds can find research work or jobs in academia, industry, and government offices.

Exploring pre-doctoral assignments
“Scholars can pursue their careers in academia by taking up a Junior Research Fellow (JRF) role in government-funded projects running at research centres of several departments of government bodies or research institutions,” says Shreekanth M Prabhu, HoD-CSE at CMR Institute of Technology, Bengaluru.


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To raise interest in Computing Research and hire the right talent, many research labs endorsed by IT giants such as TCS, Microsoft, Google, and IBM, run pre-doctoral programmes, in India. The students join the pre-doctoral profile that offers a decent stipend and are encouraged to explore the assigned research courses for two years. After successful completion of the programme, they might get into Stanford University where they pursue a full-time PhD or take up research assignments.
Gautam Shroff, SVP and Head, TCS Research says, “Students need to understand if research is their calling or not. For the same, they also get to spend two years working on a research project while earning. The response for retaining the right fit in academia with gradual career progression has been satisfactory, so far.”

Ranjita Bhagwan, senior principal researcher, Microsoft Research India says, "In the past few years, there has been an explosive growth in the use of technologies. But, this is leading to several new problems, which researchers are identifying and solving. Qualitative, as well as quantitative research work, is required. As a result, the academia space awaits recruitment for varied job roles.”

Stressing the need to architect opportunities for lateral movement for working professionals from academics and industry, Prabhu mentions that Computing Research scholars are being hired by industries. “Critical-thinking, observation and experimentation approach of such candidates can usher radical change and innovative products can be developed,” says Prabhu.
“Quality Computing Research allows building platforms in alignment with our national security and its development. This industry is also open to hiring computing professionals. Soon, there will be a great demand for skilled talent to efficiently conduct the work in any Indian language as it is being done in English.”
Pushpendra Singh, professor, Computer Science & Engineering (IIIT-Delhi) says, “Scholars with deep knowledge of computer science and computing research are needed for troubleshooting and bringing efficiency in the system. For instance, computer engineers working in healthcare not only provide solutions to store health data but also use modern machine learning techniques to develop helpful analytics.”

Expansion in demands

“Several eligible students are hired by Biotech firms to work in quantum computing’s area of quantitative hedge funds,” says Dipyaman Sanyal, head of Academics and Learning, Hero Vired.
Mentioning the career trajectory of computing scholars, Prabhu informs, “These students can also foray into data analytics jobs in the Oil, Automotive and Energy sectors. Three other popular domains for job opportunities are Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Machine Learning.”
Fri, 15 Jul 2022 19:35:00 -0500 Nafisa Khatoon text/html
Killexams : Six Long-Term Dividend Stocks for Income Investors

Warren Buffett is a big fan of long-term dividend stocks. In fact, his favorite holding period is forever. When he buys a great company at an undervalued price, the long-term returns can be huge.

The steady income is also great for many investors. It’s a popular retirement strategy. You can build up a portfolio of dividend stocks and live off the dividend income. Or even owning just a few dividend stocks can help offset your living expenses.

Although there is one problem with this strategy. Not all dividend stocks are a good investment. That’s why I’ve done some deep analysis and compiled this list of the top long-term dividend stocks. Without further ado…

calculating income piling up from long-term dividend stocks

Top Long-Term Dividend Stocks

  1. Coca-Cola (NYSE: KO)
  2. Procter & Gamble (NYSE: PG)
  3. Walmart (NYSE: WMT)
  4. IBM (NYSE: IBM)
  5. AT&T (NYSE: T)
  6. Walgreens Boots Alliance (Nasdaq: WBA)

To make this list, the companies need a successful track record, growth potential and a reasonable valuation. One starting point I used was a list of Dividend Aristocrats. These are companies that have paid and raised their dividends for the last 25 consecutive years.

This shows cash flow consistency and growth. But it’s also important to consider survivorship bias. Long-term dividend stocks come and go. So I took a closer look at each company’s growth potential and dividend safety. Let’s look at some of the highlights…

1. Coca-Cola has increased its dividend the last 59 years. And its dividend yield is 2.8%. To support this payout, Coca-Cola is a consumer goods giant that offers more than 500 different brands. It also has global reach in more than 200 countries and territories.

This size helps it produce steady income. Many of its products also do well during downturns. So it’s a defensive consumer staples stock. This is one reason Warren Buffett has invested in Coca-Cola, his third-largest holding.

From a valuation standpoint, Coca-Cola stock isn’t as cheap as it’s been in the past. Its price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio comes in at almost 27. Although that’s not really a bad price to pay in this low interest rate world. You can collect a growing 2.8% dividend yield.

To learn more about Coca-Cola stock, check out Coca-Cola’s dividend history.

2. Procter & Gamble has increased its dividend the last 65 years. And its dividend yield is 2.76%. Procter & Gamble is also diversified with products sold in more than 180 countries and territories.

The company has 10 main product categories, and it grew organic sales 6% across these categories in 2021. To go with that, total e-commerce organic sales are growing steadily and making up a bigger portion of total company sales. This growth should help Procter & Gamble remain a top long-term dividend stock.

From a valuation standpoint, it’s also a bit higher. The P/E ratio comes in closer to 25. Although, once again, there’s usually a premium to pay when investing in established leaders.

To learn more about investing in Procter & Gamble, check out Procter & Gamble’s dividend safety.

3. Walmart has increased its dividend the last 48 years. And its dividend yield is 1.89%. This is the lowest on the list, but it’s hard to beat the consistency of Walmart’s dividend growth. Walmart has also produced high share price appreciation over the years.

One of Walmart’s biggest challenges is its transition to online sales. Amazon (Nasdaq: AMZN) has taken a big bite of e-commerce market share. Although Walmart is nipping at its heels. In FY 2021 and 2022, its e-commerce sales grew a combined 70%.

From a valuation standpoint, Walmart has just under a 27 P/E ratio. So it’s right in line with the previous two picks.

To learn more about Walmart as an investment, check out Walmart’s dividend history.

4. IBM has increased its dividend the last 25 years. And its dividend yield is 4.62%. IBM is the newest Dividend Aristocrat on this list.

Overall, IBM has struggled to transition from its mainframe business. It’s been slow to build up cloud services and other faster-growing areas. Although Big Blue isn’t down for the count. It’s aggressively investing in new tech and also acquired Red Hat recently for $34 billion.

From a valuation standpoint, IBM has just over a 23 P/E ratio. Investors have beaten it down, but that’s why its dividend yield is on the higher end. If IBM can capitalize on some of its innovation, it could be one of the best long-term dividend stocks to buy.

To learn more about IBM stock, check out IBM’s dividend history.

5. AT&T has increased its dividend the last 35 years. And its dividend yield is 5.56%. This is the highest yield on this list, but it also comes with higher risk. AT&T has a huge pile of debt that concerns some investors.

Although the company is a cash flow machine and should continue to pay both its debt and dividend payments. AT&T has a steady subscription model and has expanded its service offerings by acquiring Time Warner for more than $80 billion.

From a valuation standpoint, AT&T has P/E ratio below 10. Due to debt concerns, investors aren’t willing to pay as high of a premium for it as they are for Coca-Cola, Procter & Gamble and Walmart. Still, AT&T has a good risk-to-reward setup going forward.

To learn more about investing in AT&T stock, check out AT&T’s dividend history.

6. Walgreens Boots Alliance has increased its dividend the last 45 years. And its dividend yield is 4.67%. That’s a healthy yield, but, like AT&T, investors are thinking about debt levels.

Walgreens acquired Rite Aid for $4.4 billion and is expanding through other channels as well. It’s been tough during the downturn, but management is cutting costs and making the business more efficient. Overall, the healthcare industry continues to grow with America’s aging population, and Walgreens should benefit.

From a valuation standpoint, Walgreens P/E ratio doesn’t look great. It comes in just above 6. But if the company’s management can deliver as promised, now could be a great time to buy for the long term.

To learn more about Walgreens stock, check out Walgreens Boots Alliance dividend history.

Final Thoughts and Resources

The six long-term dividend stocks above are some of the best deals around. They have proven track records and deliver you a good mix of dividend yields. Adding just a few of these to your portfolio could produce steady income.

And to see how your portfolio could grow, check out our free investment calculator. It shows the power of compounding your investment returns.

Mon, 27 Jun 2022 23:28:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Psychology Today Sun, 10 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html Killexams : Bataan to have green data center

INFORMATION technology company DFNN Inc. and Nautilus Data Technologies have inked a memorandum of understanding to collaborate and jointly assist each other in projects involving the development of a green data center in the Freeport Area of Bataan.

The collaboration between the companies comes at a time when digital transactions and transitions are at its peak, triggered by the pandemic and its restrictions on consumer movement.

"Connecting the entire technology ecosystem is of great importance in creating value to both business and stakeholders. In this case, providing for a sustainable data center will ensure resiliency in the face of rapid growth and demand," DFNN Chief Operations Officer Ricardo Banaag said in a statement.

Banaag has extensive experience in developing the information and communications technology industry in the Philippines. Before joining DFNN, he was president and country manager for Intel Microelectronics Philippines Inc., and before that, he ran IBM's Philippine PC news jungle.

Nautilus created the world's most innovative water-cooled data center design, setting a new standard for energy efficiency, environmental sustainability and global scalability. Nautilus data centers offer unprecedented advantages including energy savings, water conservation, environmental sustainability and rapid global scalability.

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Fri, 01 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Police Records Management System Market Size, Share, Analysis Challenges, And Future Growth Forecast 2021-2030

(MENAFN- America News Hour)

Key Companies Covered in the Police Records Management System Market Research Report Are AWS, Azure, IBM, Oracle, and other key market players.

CRIFAX added a report on 'Global Police Records Management System Market, 2021-2030' to its database of market research collaterals consisting of overall market scenario with prevalent and future growth prospects, among other growth strategies used by key players to stay ahead of the game. Additionally, recent trends, mergers and acquisitions, region-wise growth analysis along with challenges that are affecting the growth of the market are also stated in the report.

The increasing number of innovations and advancements in technology globally has provided various business opportunities and is predicted to drive the growth of the market over the forecast period (2021-2028). The introduction of 5G accompanied by other technologies such as digital reality comprising of Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR) and Mixed Reality (MR) or the fast growing Internet of Things (IoT) are setting new trends for the continuously evolving IT & Telecom industry. The total number of cellular IoT connections are anticipated to reach 3.4 billion by 2023. The global Police Records Management System market is estimated to attain noticeable growth over the next 6-7 years, owing to digital transformation taking place across several services such as R&D & Testing, Information Technology (IT), Telecom and Internet. The Information & Communication Technology (ICT) goods exports recorded a growth of 11.51% in 2017 as against 11.20% in 2016. Through 5G connection, about one billion enhanced mobile broadband subscriptions are anticipated to be covered by 2023.

Get a sample Copy of this Report with Graphs and Charts:-

This Report covers about :

  • Historical data
  • Revenue forecasts, CAGR and growth rates up to 2030
  • Industry Analysis
  • Competitive Analysis
  • Key geographic growth data
  • In-depth profiling of Key Player's Companies

The global Police Records Management System market is anticipated to observe noteworthy growth in the forthcoming years, owing to increasing investments by ICT and Telecom industries in research and development activities associated with digital transformation. The United States of America is anticipated to remain as the largest telecom market and Asia Pacific is anticipated to attain highest market share in telecom sector. World Development Indicators (WDI) has placed China at the top of the rankings among the various nations according to Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), which holds 19.38% of the world's GDP as of 2018. According to Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), the Canadian telecom industry achieved a growth rate of 3.2% from 2016-2017 generating revenues of USD 38.79 billion in 2017, on account of improvement in data usage through both fixed internet as well as mobile services. Fixed internet services had an average growth rate of 7.0% by attaining revenues of USD 8.87 billion between 2016 and 2017, whereas mobile segment achieved a growth rate of 5.4% to garner revenues of USD 19.9 billion in 2017. All these factors are anticipated to drive the growth of the market over the forecast period.

Get a sample Copy of this Report with Graphs and Charts:-

To provide better understanding of internal and external marketing factors, the multi-dimensional analytical tools such as SWOT and PESTEL analysis have been implemented in the global Police Records Management System market report. Moreover, the report consists of market segmentation, CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), BPS analysis, Y-o-Y growth (%), Porter's five force model, absolute $ opportunity and anticipated cost structure of the market.


CRIFAX is driven by integrity and commitment to its clients and provides cutting-edge marketing research and consulting solutions with a step-by-step guide to accomplish their business prospects. With the help of our industry experts having hands on experience in their respective domains, we make sure that our industry enthusiasts understand all the business aspects relating to their projects, which further improves the consumer base and the size of their organization. We offer wide range of unique marketing research solutions ranging from customized and syndicated research reports to consulting services, out of which, we update our syndicated research reports annually to make sure that they are modified according to the latest and ever-changing technology and industry insights. This has helped us to carve a niche in delivering 'distinctive business services' that enhanced our global clients' trust in our insights and helped us to outpace our competitors as well.

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Michael is a freelance writer with high proficiency for technical content writing. He loves to write on recent trends and developments taking place across industries owing to his desparate interest for research. He has strong professional skill required to conduct in-depth industry analysis in addition to several other subject areas such as working on new innovations and technology, strategic planning, business strategies and market research.
Further, my major areas of interest are on subjects such as ICT, energy and power, and healthcare.


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Tue, 12 Jul 2022 09:42:00 -0500 Date text/html
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