Get 100% marks in HPE2-K43 exam with these bootcamp
At killexams.com, we give very legitimately HP HPE2-K43 Actual Questions that are needed for the Passing HPE2-K43 test. We genuinely empower people to improve their insight to remember the Designing High-End HPE Storage Platforms Latest Topics and guarantee their 100 percent achievement. It is the best choice to lift up your situation in your association.
Exam Code: HPE2-K43 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team HPE2-K43 Designing High-End HPE Storage Platforms Exam ID : HPE2-K43
Exam Name : Designing High-End HPE Storage Platforms
Exam type : Web based
Exam duration : 1 hour
Questions : 40
Passing score : 70%
Delivery languages : English, Japanese
Supporting resources : These recommended resources help you prepare for the exam: Designing High-End Storage Platform Solutions, Rev. 18.11
This test is designed to test a candidates ability to describe, position, recommend, demonstrate, select, and design HPE high-end storage solutions to meet a customer's technical and business requirements. The test covers HPE high-end storage, tools, and resources. It, also, covers architecting and HPE multi-array storage solutions to meet a customer's PTO, RTO, and data availability needs.
This test has 40 questions. Here are types of questions to expect:
Multiple choice (multiple responses)
Multiple choice (single response)
Introduction to HPE High-End Storage (30%)
Explain the HPE storage portfolio
Understand the buyer and product positioning
Explain features of HPE high-end storage (HPE XP7, 3PAR StoreServ 9450, 20000R2)
Customer challenges with global IT infrastructure (10%)
Understand the challenges in a hybrid world
Define Recovery Time Objectives and Recovery Point Objectives (PTO/RPO)
Identify type of recovery to meet customer needs
Determine RPO and RTO, data availability strategies (3%)
Describe how HPE storage solutions combine all block, file, and object storage requirements into a single platform
Describe how RPO and RTO are used when deciding the type of solution
Architecting the multi-array storage solution (35%)
Describe how HPE storage solutions optimize back-end storage capacity utilization and front-end storage services to hosts and applications
Describe how HPE storage solutions perform workload-balancing, creating a private, highly-available, intelligent storage cloud
Describe how HPE storage solutions use different platforms to integrate and create an intelligent end-to-end data availability and data protection solution
Describe and design HPE StoreServ integration with StoreOnce (RMC-V/RMC-X/Veeam)
Describe HPE StoreServ and RMC solution integration with File Persona
Define the solution and perform SWOT analysis (22%)
Given a customer case study, identify the challenges, and design a new enhancement or new recommendation
Use NinjaSTARS and other tools or resources available
Define the solution values based on your new design or recommendation
Identify the SWOT against competing products or solution
Prepare the customer presentation Designing High-End HPE Storage Platforms HP Designing learn Killexams : HP Designing learn - BingNews
Search resultsKillexams : HP Designing learn - BingNews
https://killexams.com/exam_list/HPKillexams : HP to Equip Educators with Digital Tools
HP has launched the HP Innovation and Digital Education Academy (IDEA) in collaboration with Intel and Mirai Partners, an education innovation consultancy.
The newly launched programme offers teachers and educators in Nigeria the opportunity to create digital capabilities based on educational frameworks from leading international universities.
Senior Education Business Lead for the Middle East, Africa and Eastern Europe at HP Inc., Mayank Dhingra, said: “Education is among the worst hit sectors from the pandemic. At the same time, it is one of the most promising sectors that – if we get it right – can reap the benefits of this new way of learning. In fact, we can now reach even more people than we ever did before. While the technology is advancing fast, there is a constant need to innovate to remain resilient. Hence, we need to make sure that teaching staff are able to acquire the right skills to take advantage of blended and digital learning solutions, which is why we have partnered with Mirai and Intel to launch HP IDEA.”
“This programme is exciting as it is focused on pedagogy rather than based on specific product. This way we can equip educators with the latest tools and best practices in teaching and learning, which in turn will enable better learning outcomes,” he added.
Director General, Office of Education Quality Assurance, Lagos State Ministry of Education, Abiola Seriki-Ayeni, said: “The teacher is the singular and most important individual in the education ecosystem and this partnership is a welcome development at such a time as this. Being an educator myself, this program would give teachers and educators the needed opportunity and expertise to be digitally inclined, acquire the right skills for a blended and digital learning solution and navigate new territories as they balance in-person, online, and hybrid learning. We are working closely to onboard our teachers to Excellerate their capacity which would, in turn, reflect on our students’ learning outcome”.
Co-founder of Mirai, Christine Nasserghodsi, said:“We have been supporting schools in their response to COVID-19 since February. What began as a crisis response has evolved into a long-term approach to teaching, learning, leadership, and the use of digital tools and resources. Effective distance and hybrid learning require innovation and a deep understanding of learning design, one aspect of which is the use of technology. No one is better equipped to shape the future of education than teachers and school leaders. That is the core value of the HP IDEA program which we have translated into a year-long program for select schools.”
The program is mapped against and delivers on United Nation’s Sustainability Development Goals (SDG’s), the Continental Education Strategy for Africa (CESA) objectives, the Knowledge and Human Development Authority (KHDA) and the Ministry of Education goals for UAE. The academy also incorporates world class research and frameworks from Harvard Graduate School of Education and University of Michigan.
Fri, 22 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500en-UStext/htmlhttps://www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2020/11/19/hp-to-equip-educators-with-digital-tools/Killexams : College Students Can Future-Proof Their Careers With These Five Skills
Advances in artificial intelligence and the metaverse will change the world we live in—and bring new classes to curriculums in coming years. Students will need to learn new skills, as well as hone some older ones, to keep up in fast-developing fields, educators say.
Here’s a look ahead at some of the new offerings students can expect on the syllabus.
Entrepreneurship in the Metaverse
Big tech companies’ major investments in the metaverse could open money-making opportunities to entrepreneurs of the future. New classes will aim to teach students how to profit in this unfamiliar environment.
The University of Virginia’s Darden School of Business is adding a course this fall on creating value in the metaverse.
Students doing business in the metaverse will need to reconsider ideas about pricing and cost of production, says Anton Korinek, an economics professor who will co-teach the class. Think of a New York penthouse with stunning views of Central Park. In the real world, the property has value because of its beauty and because the supply of such prime real estate is limited. In the metaverse, the apartment’s views could be copied and sold many times over–perhaps creating more potential value overall but lowering the value that comes from scarcity.
The digital vouchers of authenticity known as NFTs, or nonfungible tokens, seek to recreate the value from scarcity, Dr. Korinek says. How that plays out is another question.
“If so many of our big tech corporations are making big bets on the metaverse, there’s bound to be some promise for value creation there,” he said. “For a lot of students, it’s going to be really beneficial to know a little more about it.”
This fall’s class has hit its 65-student capacity, and students are registering for a waitlist.
The Future of Everything
A look at how innovation and technology are transforming the way we live, work and play.
Ethics and AI
Artificial intelligence has a growing influence in areas from hiring decisions to how autonomous vehicles drive. As a result, today’s students will increasingly face ethical decisions relating to AI in their future careers, some educators say.
For instance, how much risk is acceptable to build into machines? Engineers will need to make those determinations for their products, says Martin Peterson, a Texas A&M University professor of philosophy and engineering history and ethics. It could be a life-or-death calculation as artificial intelligence enters medical care, influencing doctors’ diagnoses and treatments, he says.
Texas A&M is developing a class on the ethics of AI alongside more than a dozen other universities that have received funding from the National Humanities Center, a North Carolina-based nonprofit, to dig into these key issues. Each school will develop a course on responsible AI with money from the overall $800,000 grant to the center from Google.
“We need to discuss it with our students—we need to give them the tools to think critically about AI,” Dr. Peterson says.
The campuses will debut courses on responsible artificial intelligence in 2023.
Recruiters meeting young job applicants might find themselves working an awkward room. Because of the virtual internships and online classes that were common during the pandemic, many students missed out on learning social skills important to their careers. Giving them explicit instructions on networking and professional ethics will be a greater part of the curriculum in the future, some campus officials say.
In the fall, Michigan State University’s Broad College of Business is teaching a course for some undergrads that focuses on basics—like resume development and making a LinkedIn profile—and softer social skills. The class, piloted last year, will be required for many business students.
In one exercise, volunteers form a circle around someone acting as a recruiter, practicing the chit-chat common to networking events. The class will teach how to respectfully join a circle, what questions to ask and how to maintain a connection after an event, says Marla McGraw, director of career management. Sometimes, these mock conversations are students’ first introduction to in-person networking. “The need was always there, but it wasn’t as broad of a need,” Ms. McGraw says.
Designing for Natural Disasters
Architects, engineers and planners will increasingly need to consider environmental risk as they plan for civic areas, schools and workplaces. The frequency of wildfires, flooding and hurricanes have brought these issues to the forefront, says Miho Mazereeuw, a professor of architecture and urbanism at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
“It’s an all-hands-on-deck effort now,” she says.
At MIT, Dr. Mazereeuw has taught classes on disaster-resilient design and innovation for disaster relief and preparedness. In the future, she says, similar issues should be part of middle- and high-school education as well.
Last semester, one student analyzed a neighborhood in Boston, wondering whether a high-school parking lot could, hypothetically, be a safe place for residents to shelter as existing evacuation centers were located in flood zones. Students weighed how to build environments that can cope with a changing climate as well as the social inequities that disasters reveal.
These days, students come into the class “very serious and very motivated” to dig into the issues, Dr. Mazereeuw says. “I no longer have to explain why I’m teaching the class, which is really unfortunate, but it’s where we are now.”
SHARE YOUR THOUGHTS
What new skills do you think students will need for the future? Join the conversation below.
Building a Personal Brand
Students have long known that becoming an influencer is an accessible way to make money, with classmates advertising brands on Instagram and TikTok. Legislation has allowed college athletes to profit off of their names and images, too.
Marketers will spend $4.62 billion on influencer campaigns in 2023, up from $3.69 billion in 2021, according to a forecast from the market-research company eMarketer and Insider Intelligence. Higher education is adapting, with colleges offering new courses on media influence and personal branding.
Some classes, including one at the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley, focus on building a personal brand. Students learn how to come up with a pitch and identify a company they would want to represent.
In one exercise, Kellie McElhaney, a professor at the Haas School of Business, asks students to select an athlete, artist, entertainer or leader whom they admire. Students analyze that person’s brand strategies and write a paper on the impact the individual has on others.
Athletes, especially, are facing “a circling swarm of agents,” Dr. McElhaney says, so it’s important that students identify their own core values and critically evaluate brands before committing.
Thu, 04 Aug 2022 02:47:00 -0500en-UStext/htmlhttps://www.wsj.com/articles/college-students-can-future-proof-their-careers-with-these-five-skills-11659628053?mod=hp_listb_pos1Killexams : HPE to ship a dedicated inference server for the edge
Later this month, HP Enterprise will ship what looks to be the first server aimed specifically at AI inferencing for machine learning.
Machine learning is a two-part process, training and inferencing. Training is usign powerful GPUs from Nvidia and AMD or other high-performance chips to “teach” the AI system what to look for, such as image recognition.
Inference answers if the subject is a match for trained models. A GPU is overkill for that task, and a much lower power processor can be used.
Enter Qualcomm's Cloud AI100 chip, which is designed for artificial intelligence on the edge. It has up to 16 "AI cores" and supports FP16, INT8, INT16, FP32 data formats, all of which are used in inferencing. These are not custom Arm processors, they are entirely new SoCs designed for inferencing.
The AI100 is a part of the HPE Edgeline EL8000 edge gateway system that integrates compute, storage, and management in a single edge device. Inference workloads are often larger in scale and often require low-latency and high-throughput to enable real-time results.
The HPE Edgeline EL8000 is a 5U system that supports up to four independent server blades clustered using dual-redundant chassis-integrated switches. Its little brother, the HPE Edgeline EL8000t is a 2U design supports two independent server blades.
In addition to performance, Cloud AI100 has a low power draw. It comes in two form factors, a PCI Express card and dual M.2 chips mounted on the motherboard. The PCIe card has a 75 watt power envelope while the two M.2 form factor units draw either 15 watts or 25 watts. A typical CPU is draws more than 200 watts, and a GPU over 400 watts.
Qualcomm says Cloud AI 100 supports all key industry-standard model formats including ONNX, TensorFlow, PyTorch, and Caffe that can be imported and prepared from pre-trained models that can be compiled and optimized for deployment. Qualcomm has a set of tools for model porting and preparation including support for custom operations.
Qualcomm says the Cloud AI100 is targeting manufacturing/industrial customers, as well as those with edge AI requirements. Use cases for AI inference computing at the edge include computer vision and natural language processing (NLP) workloads.
For computer vision, this could include quality control and quality assurance in manufacturing, object detection and video surveillance, and loss prevention and detection. For NLP it ncludes programming-code generation, smart assistant operations, and language translation.
Edgeline servers will be available for purchase or lease through HPE GreenLake later this month.
Join the Network World communities on Facebook and LinkedIn to comment on Topics that are top of mind.
Thu, 04 Aug 2022 09:26:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.networkworld.com/article/3669471/hpe-to-ship-a-dedicated-inference-server-for-the-edge.htmlKillexams : HP Idea programme gives SA educators the confidence to innovate
This initiative empowers teachers to use digital innovations to overcome challenges and provide value to their pupils
The HP Idea programme offers teachers in Africa the opportunity to create digital capabilities based on educational frameworks from leading global universities. Image:Supplied/HP
For veteran teacher Deone Schoeman, learning does not end at the final ring of the bell.
In her Afrikaans first additional language and life-skills classrooms at the Rutanang Primary Enrichment Centre in the North West province, she places an emphasis on revision exercises to be done at home with help from parents. But completing the homework can be challenging – especially since the onset of Covid-19, which led to widespread disruptions to the academic programme.
“Learners did not submit their homework, and cooperation from parents with regards to the engagement with and completion of homework was a major challenge. We need parents to assist us with facilitating homework so that the classwork can improve,” Schoeman says.
Like many teachers around the world, Schoeman has had to find innovative new ways of providing value to her pupils both in and out of the classroom.
Along with five of her colleagues, she recently enrolled in HP’s Innovation and Digital Education Academy (HP Idea) programme, which, in collaboration with Intel, offers educators in Africa the opportunity to create digital capabilities based on educational frameworks from leading global universities.
The HP Idea programme forces principals and teachers to think innovatively of ways to tackle the various challenges that they are faced with
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, founder of the Umlambo Foundation
HP Idea isn’t a course to teach educators how to use computers; it’s an initiative that gives them the confidence to innovate in how they deliver their classes, now and in future.
The programme is part of HP’s commitment to improving learning outcomes for 100-million people globally by 2025 and has thus far been launched in 15 countries across Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia.
In SA, HP partnered with the Umlambo Foundation to roll out the HP Idea programme at local schools.
“At Umlambo, we believe in the power of education, its ability to change people’s lives, and its power to create a prosperous future,” says Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, founder of the Umlambo Foundation.
"No child should be left behind, and that is why the HP Idea programme is such an inspiring and successful initiative. It forces principals and teachers to think innovatively of ways to tackle the various challenges that they are faced with.”
The six teachers at the Rutanang Primary Enrichment Centre who completed the programme have since adapted its modules to solve the challenges they previously faced.
Schoeman developed strategies – using the d6 School Communicator app, a standalone application designed to simplify school–parent communication – to facilitate group meetings, independent surveys and group surveys for parents to encourage communication and participation.
“This resulted in better compliance from parents and improvements in the completion of homework,” she says.
HP Idea fellow and mathematics teacher Reginald Khutsoane noted a significant increase in student and parent participation since the programme started.
“Learners are now more confident and eager to work than before. Since we adopted techniques learnt from the HP Idea programme, not only are learners more involved but parents as well,” Khutsoane says.
Since we adopted techniques learnt from the HP Idea programme, not only are learners more involved but parents as well
Reginald Khutsoane, HP Idea fellow and mathematics teacher
For technology teacher Ricardo Smit, using the digital innovations he got from the programme brought a renewed sense of excitement to his course material.
“One of my key takeaways was how to transform traditional teaching using technology to accommodate pupils with various barriers to learning. I now incorporate technology in my classroom using problem-based or project-based learning,” he says.
The programme has not only helped these teachers create value for their students but also allowed them to explore new skills in managing a diversified classroom environment.
With more than 28 years' experience as an educator, Agnes Mantsie Lesejane is proof that teacher education is a lifelong journey.
The programme exposed Lesejane to varied teaching methodologies, which she says helped her overcome barriers to inclusive education and plan lessons to better accommodate pupils who speak different languages.
Rutanang Primary School principal Isaac Pila, who enrolled his staff in the HP Idea programme, believes that empowering teachers and equipping them with new skill sets is the only way for them to adapt to the changing landscape of education.
Pila notes that academic results have improved at the school since the programme took effect, while parent participation and collaboration also increased significantly.
“We have used HP Idea's additional teaching strategies to assist in broadening our partnership with parents. Not only are our learners now better able to cope with the curriculum, but they have also shown more interest in learning. The initiatives we have adopted are also spreading to other schools through professional learning communities, where teachers convene interschool forums to share good practices,” Pila says.
HP’s goal is to have 30,000 teachers be part of the HP Idea programme by 2023. Since its inception in September 2020, nearly 500,000 students have stood to benefit from innovations brought into their classrooms by teachers enrolled in the programme.
“It is motivating to know that the value of the programme has a ripple impact on HP Fellows, their careers, their environments and, most importantly, the learners who are the greatest beneficiaries of the programme,” says Mayank Dhingra, HP’s senior education business leader for the Middle East, Africa and Eastern Europe.
This article was paid for by HP.
Fri, 15 Jul 2022 02:09:00 -0500en-ZAtext/htmlhttps://www.timeslive.co.za/news/sci-tech/2022-07-15-native-hp-idea-programme-gives-sa-educators-the-confidence-to-innovate/Killexams : The 5 best desktops for graphic design: Top rigs for creatives
As well as its attractive OptiPlex all-in-one systems, Dell also makes a range of workstations with more conventional designs. The recently updated Precision 7920 sits right at the top of the range, is available in either tower or rack configurations, and is aimed at virtual reality, 3D graphics and AI applications.
Customers in the US get five pre-built tower configurations (with some recent price cuts), starting at $2,219 for an entry-level 1.9GHz Xeon Bronze 3204-based system with 16GB of RAM, a 500GB 7,200rpm hard disk and an AMD Radeon Pro WX 2100 graphics card with 2GB of dedicated video RAM. The top-end pre-built system in the US runs Ubuntu Linux on dual 3GHz Xeon Gold 5217 processors, with 192GB of RAM, 256GB of SSD storage and an Nvidia Quadro RTX 6000 graphics card with 24GB of dedicated video RAM. This 'science'-oriented variant is considerably more expensive -- $13,809 to be exact.
Dell's UK website lists one primary Precision 7920 configuration, which costs £2,602.82 (ex. VAT; £3,123.38 inc. VAT). This has a six-core 1.9GHz Xeon Bronze 3204 processor, 8GB of RAM, a 500GB 7,200rpm hard drive, and an AMD Radeon Pro WX 2100 graphics card. The dual-Xeon 'science' model costs £9,186.02 (ex. VAT; £11,023.22 inc. VAT) in the UK.
These configurations are just the starting point, though: in both the US and the UK, Dell provides dozens of build-your-own options for customising the Precision 7920. Max these out, and you can easily end up in six-figure territory.
Great configuration options
Great for 3D modeling and animation
Pricey at higher configurations
Not for Linux beginners
Fri, 29 Jul 2022 02:08:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.zdnet.com/article/best-graphic-design-desktop/Killexams : Maximise fun, creativity and learning through Printable games whilst reducing screen-timeNo result found, try new keyword!Keeping children engaged in active play or learning outside the school environment isn’t always a simple task.Mon, 01 Aug 2022 00:13:13 -0500en-zatext/htmlhttps://www.msn.com/en-za/news/other/maximise-fun-creativity-and-learning-through-printable-games-whilst-reducing-screen-time/ar-AA105ILBKillexams : First Lady of Ukraine Accepts Computer Donation From HP Inc. for Ukrainian Children and Healthcare Workers
Submitted by HP Inc.
WASHINGTON, July 26, 2022 /CSRwire/ - First Lady of Ukraine, Olena Zelenska, met with representatives from HP Inc. and the Global Business Coalition for Education, at the Ukraine House cultural center in Washington, D.C. this week, to accept a donation of technology and learning material headed to Ukraine to support thousands of students, teachers, and healthcare practitioners.
HP’s "Digital Equity for Ukraine” initiative is a $30 million partnership with Global Business Coalition for Education that will put computers and learning materials in the hands of people who need them.
“The Ukrainian people have demonstrated incredible courage in the face of unimaginable circumstances, and we are grateful for the leadership of First Lady Olena Zelenska and others seeking to end this war,” said Enrique Lores, CEO of HP Inc. “HP continues to mobilize resources to support Ukraine. Through our partnership with the Global Business Coalition for Education, we will put personal computers in the hands of students and families who have been displaced from their homes and classrooms. This moment demands that we all take actions to support those in need.”
The computers will be distributed to organizations on the ground aiding Ukrainians by partnering with the Global Business Coalition for Education, an initiative of the global children’s charity Theirworld. HP will provide computers to the nonprofit organizations. Additionally, Microsoft will provide software support for the nonprofits receiving the computers.
In coordination with the Ukrainian government, about one-half of the donated computers will go to the many civilians displaced within the country and the other half to Ukrainian refugees displaced outside of Ukraine.
“We are very grateful for HP’s and the Global Business Coalition for Education’s support,” said Olena Zelenska, First Lady of Ukraine. “Their efforts and contribution will help students in Ukraine and beyond continue learning and prepare for the future, like any other youth in the world.”
"Education is one of the first things lost and last things restored during a crisis,” said Justin van Fleet, President of Theirworld and Executive Director of the Global Business Coalition for Education. “This is why we are so glad to collaborate with HP and Microsoft to provide resources to Ukrainian students so they can continue learning.
To date, the HP Foundation has delivered more than $3 million in grants to provide essential food, clothing, and shelter materials to Ukrainian refugees, and continues to match donations made by HP employees.
About HP Inc. HP Inc. (NYSE: HPQ) is a technology company that believes one thoughtful idea has the power to change the world. Its product and service portfolio of personal systems, printers, and 3D printing solutions helps bring these ideas to life. Visit http://www.hp.com.
About the Global Business Coalitions for Education The Global Business Coalition for Education is a movement of businesses committed to ending the global education crisis and unleashing the potential of the next generation. Established as an initiative of the global children’s charity Theirworld in 2012, the Global Business Coalition for Education is committed to bringing together the expertise and resources of the business community with the campaign for global education and Sustainable Development Goal 4. Visit www.gbc-education.org
HP Inc. creates technology that makes life better for everyone, everywhere. Through our portfolio of printers, PCs, mobile devices, solutions, and services, we engineer experiences that amaze. More information about HP (NYSE: HPQ) is available at www.hp.com.
Sustainable Impact at HP, Inc.
Sustainable Impact is our commitment to create positive, lasting change for the planet, its people and our communities. Click here for more information on HP’s Sustainable Impact initiatives, goals and progress.
Tue, 26 Jul 2022 03:31:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.csrwire.com/press_releases/750731-first-lady-ukraine-accepts-computer-donation-hp-inc-ukrainian-children-andKillexams : Everything You Need To Know About Chevrolet's 1000+ HP ZZ632 Crate EngineNo result found, try new keyword!In the early years of the automotive industry, car manufacturers were investing all their time and money to create the most powerful engines ever seen in the market. Although things have changed over ...Tue, 26 Jul 2022 12:00:13 -0500en-ustext/htmlhttps://www.msn.com/en-us/autos/news/everything-you-need-to-know-about-chevrolet-s-1000-hp-zz632-crate-engine/ar-AA100hnlKillexams : That birthday money has more value than you think: 4 ways to help your kids learn to saveNo result found, try new keyword!Turn your kid's birthday money or first paycheck into an opportunity to teach them to start saving, and how to spend wisely.Tue, 26 Jul 2022 21:00:00 -0500en-ustext/htmlhttps://www.msn.com/en-us/money/personalfinance/that-birthday-money-has-more-value-than-you-think-4-ways-to-help-your-kids-learn-to-save/ar-AA101iXMKillexams : The Market Is Teeming: Bargains on Dark Web give Novice Cybercriminals a Quick Start
Would-be cybercriminals can easily buy advanced tools, common exploits, and stolen credentials on underground markets for a few dollars — a low barrier to entry for novices, according to a study of 33,000 Dark Web marketplaces.
According to new analysis from HP Wolf Security and researchers at Forensic Pathways, there are plenty of bargains to be had. Out of the 174 exploits found advertised on the Dark Web, 91% cost less than $10, while 76% of the more than 1,650 advertisements for malware have a similar price.
Other common attacker assets also have similarly low prices: The average cost, for example, for stolen credentials for accessing a Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) instance is just $5.
While more advanced malware groups use private forums to trade zero-day exploits, the available credentials, exploits, and tools on offer in the wider underground economy allow novices to quickly create a credible toolset, says Alex Holland, senior malware analyst at HP and primary author of the report.
Novice cybercriminals "can use a freely available open source tool, and — as long as you are skilled enough to encrypt, use a packer, use techniques to evade defenses — then that tool will do a perfectly good job," he says.
The study of Dark Web marketplaces analyzed approximately 33,000 active sites, forums, and marketplaces over a two-month period, finding that the market for basic tools and knowledge is well entrenched, and attracting new customers all the time.
The increase in the number of threat actors could mean businesses will find their operations targeted even more than they are today, according to Michael Calce, HP Security Advisory Board member and former hacker (aka MafiaBoy). HP brought in criminologists and former hackers to help put the study in context.
"Today, only a small minority of cybercriminals really code, most are just in it for the money — and the barrier to entry is so low that almost anyone can be a threat actor," Calce says in the report. "That's bad news for businesses."
To protect themselves from the swelling ranks of cyberattackers, HP recommends that companies do the basics, using automation and best practices to reduce their attack surface area. In addition, businesses need to regularly conduct exercises to help plan for and respond to the worst-case attacks, as attackers will increasingly attempt to limit executives choices following an attack to make ransom payments the best worst option.
"If the worst happens and a threat actor breaches your defenses, then you don't want this to be the first time you have initiated an incident response plan," Joanna Burkey, chief information security officer at HP, says in the report. "Ensuring that everyone knows their roles, and that people are familiar with the processes they need to follow, will go a long way to containing the worst of the impact."
Cybercrime Convergence: Nation-State Tactics Blend With Financial Campaigns
The report also found that advanced actors are becoming more professional, using increasingly destructive attacks to scale up the pressure on victims to pay. At the same time, financially motivated cybercriminals groups continue to adopt many of the tactics used by high-end nation-state threat actors.
These especially focus on living-off-the-land attacks where the attacker uses system administration tools to avoid endpoint-detection systems that would otherwise flag malware, according to HP.
While the shift likely comes from the transfer of knowledge as cybercriminals become more skillful and learn the latest tactics used by advanced persistent threats, a number of groups are also blending nation-state activities—such as cyberespionage — and cybercriminal activities aimed at turning a profit. The leak of text messages from the Conti group highlighted that the members occasionally conducted operations at the request of at least two Russian government agencies.
Ransomware Is Here to Stay
Elsewhere in the report, researchers note that ransomware gangs will focus on timing their attacks to put the most pressure on organizations, such as attacking retailers during the holiday seasons, the agriculture sector during harvest seasons, or universities as students return to school.
"We don't see ransomware going away, but we do see it evolving over time," Holland says. "Ransomware attacks will actually become more creative."
Enforcing Ethics on the Dark Web
The study also found that trust continues to be a major problem for Dark Web markets in the same way that online businesses have had to deal with fraud and bad actors. The Dark Web, of course, has facets that make trust even harder to come by: A website on the anonymous Tor network, for example, has an average lifespan of 55 days, according to the researchers.
To ensure that vendors and customers play fair, the marketplaces have adopted many of the same strategies as legitimate businesses. Vendors are usually required to offer a bond of thousands of dollars to ensure trust. Customers can leave ratings on every marketplace. And escrow payments have become commonplace, with 85% of transactions using escrow payment systems.