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Exam Code: HPE0-S52 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
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Killexams : HP Solutions helper - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/HPE0-S52 Search results Killexams : HP Solutions helper - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/HPE0-S52 https://killexams.com/exam_list/HP Killexams : HP launches HP Anyware for secure remote working

HP Anyware will be available somewhere in the coming months. The solution’s based on technology from Teradici, which HP acquired last year. HP Anyware should eventually replace HP’s existing zCentral Remote Boost solution.

Teradici is a cornerstone of the upcoming solution. The company provides virtual desktop environments using Cloud Access Software (CAS), allowing companies to remotely host PCs in their on-premises environment and the cloud.

Teradici uses its own PC-over-IP (PCoIP) protocol. The protocol streams the contents of a display. The data travelling over a network is unlike the data exchanged by traditional remote desktop tech, which promotes security.

HP Anyware is the next release of Teradici’s CAS solution. New functionality includes support for Arm-based M1 processors and Macs. In addition, HP and Teradici optimized the tool for Windows 11.

HP told The Register that HP Anyware will replace zCentral Remote Boost, HP’s existing solution for remote work. HP Anyware will have equivalent functionality by mid-2023, after which zCentral Remote is to be discontinued. Though the solution will receive security fixes for some time, users eventually have to migrate to Anyware.

Tip: HPC software company Teradici acquired by HP Inc.

Mon, 25 Jul 2022 22:15:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.techzine.eu/news/applications/84203/hp-launches-hp-anyware-for-secure-remote-working/
Killexams : The Best Table Saws of 2022

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Table saws top the wish lists of both DIYers and seasoned woodworkers. These powerful saws cut with more accuracy than circular saws, and they can cut larger pieces of material, including wood, plastic, and aluminum sheeting, better than miter saws. Some cut certain types of material better than others, so we put some of the best table saws through side-by-side, hands-on testing.

Essentially, a table saw’s main function is to perform rips, or cuts along the length of a board. While you can make rip cuts (lengthwise cuts), crosscuts, and angled cuts, and can even create a bevel cut along with dadoes, ripping remains this power tool’s primary purpose.

Whether you’re building bookcases, framing a garage, or even making your own trim for a feature wall, having a table saw in your workshop can speed the project along. Read on to learn more about this useful saw and to find out the results of our hands-on tests. One of the following models may be just right for your workshop, whether you’re a pro or a hobbyist.

  1. BEST OVERALL: Skil 15 Amp 10 In. Jobsite Table Saw
  2. BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: Ryobi 18V One+ HP Cordless Table Saw
  3. UPGRADE PICK: Bosch 10 In. Worksite Table Saw
  4. BEST WOODWORKING: SawStop Jobsite Saw Pro
  5. BEST JOBSITE: DeWalt 10 In. Jobsite Table Saw
  6. BEST HOME WORKSHOP: Ridgid 10 In. Pro Jobsite Table Saw with Stand
  7. BEST COMPACT: Skilsaw 8¼ In. Portable Worm Drive Table Saw

Types of Table Saws

While all table saws function in a similar manner—a flat tabletop surface supports the material being cut as you manually feed it into the saw blade—they differ in design, power, best use, mobility, and storage.

Bench Saws

Designed to be bolted to a workbench or attached to a stand, a benchtop table saw is compact and relatively lightweight, averaging 45 to 60 pounds (not including some stands). While some benchtop table saws have the cut capacity for cutting sheet goods, they are not really designed for this without modifications like infeed/outfeed support tables, usually shop built.

It’s possible to cut sheet material from time to time alone (better if there is a helper), but these saws are generally considered too compact and not quite stable enough for ripping something like ¾-inch medium-density fiberboard (MDF); sheet materials, such as plywood and oriented strand board (OSB); or plastic and aluminum paneling. For planks, deck boards, 2-by material, and the like, these tools are often indispensable.

Benchtop saws, which can cost $600 or more, are more affordable than larger contractor or cabinet table saws. But since they’re the smallest type of table saw, these tools are limited by the width of the material they can cut—usually about 18 to 20 inches (see “Rip Capacity” below).

Contractor Saws

A contractor table saw is designed to be somewhat mobile in a shop setting by utilizing a wheel kit. While some contractors use these types of saws on jobsites, the tools are often set up in a workshop for months on end. These jobsite table saws are also good for serious DIYers who have a semipermanent place for them and are doing a variety of tasks that require cast-iron stability and more horsepower than a benchtop saw.

They’re heavier than bench saws (90 to 150 pounds) and are generally capable of cutting sheet material up to 24 inches wide or wider. These tools can run as much as $1,500 or more, depending on quality and power.

Cabinet Saws

Packing more power than other table saws and sometimes requiring a 220-volt (V) circuit, cabinet saws are large stationary table saws. These are the priciest option, ranging from $1,200 to $5,000 or more, depending on power and quality. The motor is fully enclosed in a cabinet below the table.

Cabinet saw users also often build support tables for these tools—called infeed and outfeed support—to make it easier to manage sheet goods like MDF, plywood, and heavier material. Often found in professional or industrial workshops and in trade schools, these heavy saws can weigh more than 600 pounds.

Hybrid Saws

The hybrid table saw is a combination of the cabinet and contractor types. It offers at least as much power as a contractor saw, but without requiring a dedicated 220V circuit. Expect to pay from $750 to $1,500 for hybrid table saws, which are sometimes described as souped-up contractor saws.

Hybrid saws come with enclosed cabinets, mimicking the look of cabinet saws, but they weigh less, averaging 275 to 325 pounds. They’re usually moved with a hand truck, but wheel kits are often available for them as well.

What to Consider When Choosing the Best Table Saw

Table saws run the gamut in quality and price, so consider the guidance below when shopping for the best table saws.

Power

In short, the more horsepower (hp) in a table saw motor, the more cutting power the saw has. Smaller benchtop saws that typically feature horsepower in the range of ¾ hp to 1½ hp are sufficient for most things a larger table saw can cut; however, they may not leave quite as smooth a cut as a contractor or cabinet saw. Be aware that these ratings are typically shown in “amps” (e.g., 15 amps) and refer to how many amperes the tool draws. Benchtop tools are regular jobsite and workshop occupants, sizing everything from shelving to hardwoods for a woodworking project and to pressure-treated lumber for backyard projects.

Larger bench saws and contractor saws come with 2-hp to 4-hp motors, and cabinet table saws often feature 5-hp or larger motors. The more powerful motors run longer under heavy use without overheating (think cabinet shop where they’re used every day, all day, for years on end) and easily cut through denser materials, such as ironwood or Brazilian walnut.

Cutting Depth and Blade Size

Table saws are labeled by the size of the circular blade they accommodate; the vast majority take 10-inch blades, while a handful take 12-inch blades. The blade height and angles are adjustable, so it can make a shallow cut just a fraction of an inch deep as well as deeper cuts. The newest generation of table saws—many cordless or corded/cordless—spin a 7½-inch blade, similar to that on a circular saw.

The most common blade sizes for these saws are 10 inches and 12 inches. With a 10-inch table saw, users can often make a maximum cut up to 3½ inches deep (that enables the user to rip a 4×4 in half).

Fence

The fence on a table saw is the adjustable guide that holds the material in place while cutting. There are two fence styles that come with most table saws: one is a T-square fence, which is in all categories of table saw and built with varying degrees of quality based on the saw’s intended use. The other type of fence is a rack-and-pinion-style fence, which is found primarily in the benchtop category.

Some saws also come with extendable fences that either fold or slide out to accommodate larger sections of wood. Other table saws feature fences with embedded magnifiers that allow the user to better see the measurements on the saw when adjusting the fence. However, many users simply rely on a tape measure. By measuring from the fence to the tip of a blade tooth, the accuracy (or not) of the fence’s pointer doesn’t need to be depended upon or interpreted.

Rip Capacity

Table saws are key to ripping wide sheets of material, but the maximum width of material that will fit between the saw blade and the fence—the rip capacity—varies. Rip capacity starts at around 18 inches for entry-level benchtop saws and runs up to 60 inches or more for professional cabinet saws.

Depending on the planned projects, choose a table saw with a rip capacity large enough to accommodate the dimension of material. For example, if the goal is to build 2-foot-high toy boxes, a saw with a rip capacity of at least 24 inches can cut sections of plywood wide enough for the sides and back.

On the other hand, many pros use track saws for this purpose. Whether it’s cutting down a door to accommodate new flooring or sizing sheet stock for building a bench, track saws are light and accurate.

Dust Collection

If you’re working in a closed workshop, dust collection ports will help keep the air dust-free and collect sawdust chips that would otherwise have to be swept up later. Table saws have dust collection ports designed to connect to a standard shop vacuum. Users need to run the workshop vacuum while operating the saw to catch dust and sawdust.

For cutting synthetic material outdoors, such as composite decking or PVC trim, it’s a good idea to put a box or bucket under the saw to catch the shavings if the saw is set up on the grass. Standing on a large sheet of cardboard or a drop cloth also helps. Once those shavings get in the grass, they’re nearly impossible to get out.

Our Top Picks

There is an enormous breadth of table-saw users, needs, and requirements. Taking as much into account across this spectrum was not easy while evaluating the field of table saws during our hands-on testing. However, we have to land somewhere. It should be noted up front that each tool in this review delivered on its design promise.

Photo: amazon.com

The built-in foldout legs of the stand are light, stable, and easy to deploy. The saw is light yet powerful enough to blow through framing lumber like a boss. Its included blade leaves a lot to be desired, but that’s an easy swap. The fence was parallel to the blade out of the box, and carrying it to jobsites or moving it around the shop is a cinch. We loved that it stores in a cube when not in use.

The push-button switch takes some getting used to, and we wish the throat plate was steel, not plastic, but for making a few rips at home to plowing through treated lumber building a deck, the saw is on point with everything from power to mobility to accuracy.

This model’s dust port elbow should be on every table saw: With a 22.5-degree bend, it enables the user to chute dust into a box or bucket. It’s a simple, smart, and an eminently useful feature.

Product Specs

  • Type: Benchtop
  • Blade size: 10 inches
  • Cutting depth: 3½ inches
  • Rip capacity: 25½ inches
  • Weight: 51.2 pounds

Pros

Cons

  • Plastic throat plate
  • Included blade is rough

Get the Skil table saw on Amazon.

Photo: homedepot.com

The battery on this affordable table saw is fine for light work. The fence was square and parallel out of the box. It’s hardly plush, but it works. The saw is light and portable and has a decent amount of power. It’s not a beast, and that’s an attribute.

Some pros might even find its bare-bones setup and low cost just what they need. It handled 1x8s and composite decking just fine in terms of power. But it did have trouble ejecting the shavings. Having a blower on hand would be an added help. There’s no huge stand, but it does need to be set up at table height for best and safest use.

Product Specs

  • Type: Benchtop
  • Blade size: 8¼ inches
  • Cutting depth: 2¼ inches
  • Rip capacity: 12 inches
  • Weight: 45 pounds

Pros

  • Light
  • Small
  • Powerful enough
  • Cordless

Cons

  • Light-duty saw, primarily DIY
  • Stand not included

Get the Ryobi table saw at The Home Depot.

Photo: homedepot.com

A little-known fact is that the Bosch 10-inch worksite table saw is a pioneering table saw. Bosch has been making a version of this saw with very few visible changes (it’s that good) for 20 years. It was this saw that took table saws from being small, mainly featureless tools to being a solid, stable, on-site tool with wheels.

The fence is outstanding with the smoothest glide along the rails, which we found to be a real pleasure to use. The paddle switch is excellent and the included blade is nice. It has a soft—but not too soft—start that makes the saw comfortable for close-quarters use in a garage or jobsite shop where a million cuts per day need to be made.

The stand is solid, and the crank cadence to lower and raise the blade is nice. It rampages through 2-by treated lumber with a dust ejection that’s awesome. It has the best miter gauge in the bunch, the best push-stick storage ever, and an excellent thin stock auxiliary fence.

Like all of the tools in the category, this saw is heavy. Yes, it has a wheel kit, but it’s a two-person job to lift it into a truck.

Product Specs

  • Type: Benchtop
  • Blade size: 10 inches
  • Cutting depth: 3⅛ inches
  • Rip capacity: 30 inches
  • Weight: 94 pounds

Pros

  • High-quality construction
  • Best-in-class stand
  • Competitive capacities

Cons

  • Premium price
  • Stand requires initial assembly

Get the Bosch table saw on Amazon or at The Home Depot.

Photo: grizzly.com

Designed by woodworkers and based on the cabinet saw that brought flesh-sensing technology to the market, this tool is for dedicated users who want premium finishes and work primarily with dry lumber. The fence is best in class. Its deployable “thin material” fence is a genius feature that serious woodworkers will love.

Its folding cart works nicely, and the in-table storage is terrific. The blade depth adjustment moves the blade from zero to full height in one turn, which is another best-in-class feature. And the flesh-sensing tech is both comforting and causes one to be rife with anxiety; it picks up on electrical impulses and will save your finger if it’s ever near enough to the blade to be cut.

While there is a bypass mode to check if the sensors will react to wet lumber, it’s tricky to press the right series of buttons. Still, it’s a great saw to have on a trim site or for a garage woodworker. It does what stationary table saws do, but it is mobile-ish and safe.

Product Specs

  • Type: Benchtop
  • Blade size: 10 inches
  • Cutting depth: 3⅛ inches
  • Rip capacity: 25½ inches
  • Weight: 113 pounds

Pros

  • High-quality construction
  • Flesh-sensing technology
  • Astounding build quality

Cons

Get the SawStop table saw on Grizzly Industrial.

Photo: amazon.com

With front legs splayed when open toward the front of the saw, this tool is ideal for making long rips in heavy material. It is by far the most stable tool in the bunch.

The legs lock and unlock smoothly, though they are not identical to each other, which takes some getting used to. The table was flat out of the box and the blade was parallel to the fence from the start. The DeWalt-pioneered rack-and-pinion fence works really well.

It has an excellent included “rough carpentry” 24-tooth saw blade. The unit has a nice switch and a little bit of a slower blade height crank than other tools, and it was tight to the bevel release. Overall, it’s a high-quality saw at a very good price.

Product Specs

  • Type: Benchtop
  • Blade size: 10 inches
  • Cutting depth: 3⅛ inches
  • Rip capacity: 32½ inches
  • Weight: 110 pounds

Pros

  • Super stable
  • Great included blade
  • Good price

Cons

  • Heavy
  • Blade crank and bevel adjustment really close together

Get the DeWalt table saw at Amazon, The Home Depot, or Lowe’s.

Photo: homedepot.com

This table saw does all the basics well. It’s got a large cut capacity, collapsible wheel kit, and good power and dust ejection. A 3½-inch cut capacity means a 4×4 can be cut in half. It’s a lot of saw for a great price.

However, the fit and finish were not top of the class. The fence is gummy and the table needed to be adjusted out of the box (it was easy to adjust and worked fine). It didn’t glide smoothly along the rails, and a fence that’s hard to move or needs adjustment is difficult for professional users.

It also has a soft start, which new table saw users may appreciate. The problem for us was—and this may well be subjective—it was too soft. It felt like we had to wait a couple of seconds for the blade to come up to speed. It’s certainly comfortable, but for experienced users putting a lot of lumber through a table saw, those extra seconds add up fast.

For weekend work and projects, this is plenty of saw.

Product Specs

  • Type: Benchtop
  • Blade size: 10 inches
  • Cutting depth: 3½ inches
  • Rip capacity: 30 inches
  • Weight: 95.08 pounds

Pros

  • A capable saw for very little investment
  • Detachable stand included
  • Soft start

Cons

  • Finicky fence
  • Needed adjustment out of the box

Get the Ridgid table saw at The Home Depot.

Photo: amazon.com

Skilsaw’s 8¼-inch table saw, scaled down from its 10-inch cousin, is a pleasure to use. The 8¼-inch platform cuts the vast majority of things table saws cut. The worm drive motor, which is plush to be sure but also a bit heavy, isn’t bad in this smaller platform tool. The saw is compact, easy to move, and is so pleasantly quiet at start-up that it’s a joy to use.

Combined with an outstanding fence and fantastic up-front locking mechanism, this saw can move from site to site, around the garage, or to a stationary place for long projects and deliver dependable performance.

While the saw did not ship with a stand, the roll cage is bored for a stand (which will make it heavier) and is available. The compact design is also great for storing the saw on a work truck.

Product Specs

  • Type: Benchtop
  • Blade size: 8¼ inches
  • Cutting depth: 2⅝ inches
  • Rip capacity: 25 inches
  • Weight: 44 pounds

Pros

  • Smooth power
  • Portable
  • Fantastic cord and fence

Cons

  • Higher price
  • Requires stand

Get the Skilsaw table saw on Amazon or at Lowe’s.

Our Verdict

Given all the things that table saws need to do, from ripping lumber to being mobile to being out of the way when not in use, the Skil table saw rocked it. Top-notch fold-out legs and a great dust chute means it performs the best quickly. For light-duty and home use, the Ryobi table saw is a nice entry-level saw at an affordable price.

How We Tested the Best Table Saws

First, we tried to think about as many table saw users as we could and which tools might best meet their needs, considering everything from safety to production to mobility (around the shop or jobsite, in and out of the truck, etc.).

We tested for power and vibration and even the included blades, plowing through pressure-treated southern yellow pine that had been left to dry out and harden for a month. We ran 1×8 material and looked for both smoothness and dust management (without a dust collection system) using cellular PVC deck boards.

We evaluated the included stands, switches, and adjustments and considered the overall feel using the tool for everything from weekend work around the house to building a deck or shed to a months-long setup for remodeling a house.

How We Chose the Best Table Saws

Within our team of writers, one of us is a former woodshop owner and one is a general contractor; therefore, we have extensive experience using table saws of different sizes. We understand the requirements of users and how various models provide for them. In addition, our team researched all the current tools available, so we were aware of the latest developments.

For the updates to this test, we ran 2-by pressure-treated lumber; 1×8 finger-jointed primed pine; plywood; and composite decking through each saw looking for everything from power and vibration to dust ejection and vibration. We evaluated adjustments, switches, and fence smoothness along the rails. We also considered mobility and storage.

Capacities

While depth of cut is important, most table saws are 10-inch models and specifications are very similar. While their primary function in home workshops and on jobsites is ripping dimensional lumber—which doesn’t require a huge rip capacity—ripping capacity varies tremendously and is a key feature for those who cut large sheet material. We were careful to source solutions for all types of users.

Size and Portability

For many users, a compact, portable table saw is the ideal solution. For others, physical size is less important than capacity and stability. We made sure to include a comprehensive selection to cover those who work with these saws on-site or in small spaces at home as well as those who have a large workshop available.

Brand and Value

We avoid cheap table saws, which are often poor in terms of durability and reliability. While buying from the leading table saw brands can mean you pay a little more, this almost always results in better long-term value.

Tips for Using and Maintaining Your Table Saw

Owners will doubtless spend many hours learning how to get the best from their table saw. The following quick tips provide a useful place to start:

  • Read the manual carefully even if you have owned a table saw before; there will often be differences. It’s important to understand the safety features and know how to maximize performance.
  • By law, all table saws must have a blade guard. Never operate the saw without it in place. The riving knife should only be removed if using a dado blade.
  • Always wear eye protection. Ear defenders are also a good idea.
  • Check the blade for damage before each work session. If there is a crack, missing teeth, or unexpected vibration, replace the blade immediately.
  • There’s an old woodworking adage that you should measure twice and cut once. This can also apply to setting up a table saw. Adjust and then check before making each cut.
  • Clean the table saw after use. Disconnect the power first, then use an ordinary nylon-bristle hand brush or cordless blower.
  • Learning how to make featherboards, push sticks, and table saw jigs can Strengthen safety, speed, and accuracy, particularly with repetitive tasks. It’s also very rewarding to make things yourself rather than buying them.
  • Blade choice can have a dramatic impact on performance, even if the diameter remains the same. You can read more about the best table saw blades in a separate article.

FAQs

The information above covers many of the key aspects of the best table saws as well as details on a range of high-quality options that will suit a variety of users. Although it will have answered the majority of questions that occur to potential buyers, some users might have more general-use questions. Some of the most popular questions have been answered below.

Q. What do I need to use a table saw?

Apart from protective goggles or safety glasses and a stand of some sort, everything you need should come with the saw. In addition to providing some basic tips for using the table saw above, there is a more in-depth beginner’s guide here.

Q. Can a 10-inch table saw cut a 4×4?

A few 10-inch table saws will cut a 4×4 in a single pass, but not many. Bear in mind that 4×4 refers to dimensioned lumber that is actually closer to 3½ inches square. A common maximum for 10-inch table saws is 3⅛ inches, though the cut can usually be completed by turning the material over and running it through the saw again.

Q. Can I put a table saw on a miter saw stand?

It might be possible, but it is not recommended. Miter saw bases are fixed differently, so the result would probably be unsafe.

Q. What can I use for a table saw stand?

A sturdy bench can work, and it isn’t difficult to find plans for DIY table saw stands. You could also consider investing in a purpose-built stand.

Q. Where should you stand when using a table saw?

You should usually stand behind the saw table and to the left of the blade. Make sure you are comfortable and not stretching. If working with large sheet material, it’s a good idea to have someone support it on the out-feed side.

Thu, 14 Jul 2022 14:23:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.bobvila.com/articles/best-table-saw/
Killexams : Extrusion basics: The power struggle

In last month's column, I wrote about motor voltage, the hidden vital sign in extrusion. Today, I’ll deal with another measure important to extruders—power.

Power is the ability to do work. It doesn’t cost anything until it’s used. And like a car, running an extruder motor doesn’t consume all of its available power.

Power is measured in watts, named after James Watt (1736-1819), the Scotsman who didn’t invent the steam engine as sometimes believed, but made critical improvements and actively promoted his products along with partner Matthew Boulton. He did invent the term horsepower, telling farmers, millers and factories that his engines could do the work of four, six or eight horses, which became the common way to measure the power of an engine.

A watt is the power needed to push one ampere of current (electron flow) across a difference of one volt. This isn’t very much, so we often use the kilowatt (kW), which is 1000 watts. Run a 1-kW motor for an hour and we use 1000 watt-hours of energy = 1 kW-hr.

Electric power is sold in kW-hr all over the world, even in the USA where so little else is metric. I think the first big electric companies and Edison himself had something to do with it, but I don’t know for sure. Anyone who does, please e-mail me the details. By the way, don’t assume electric or hybrid cars are better for the environment, as it takes fuel to make electricity. Cleaner air in the cities is good, but I’d want to see that the electric consumption per mile or kilometer takes significantly less fuel than an efficient gasoline-powered car before I jump too firmly on the electric bandwagon.

Despite our power bills, we still use horsepower (HP) for motors in the USA, remaining true to James’ original usage. The conversion is easy: 3 kW = 4 HP. (Actually, it’s 746 watts = 1 HP, but we seldom need such accuracy.)

Why bother with all this when we don’t even measure and display power usage on our data screens?

One reason is that it is easy to confuse power in kW or HP with current in amperes or percent load. We are rightly panic if our amp load approaches its limit (which we should know and mark), but that doesn’t mean we are out of power. Many motors reduce the available power at speeds below top speed to protect the system from too much torque, which could break shafts. The remedies include running a hotter die (less resistance to flow), using a less viscous material (higher melt index), or applying surgical solutions, such as retrofitting pulleys to change speed range or changing the head/die passages to offer less resistance.

To find genuine power consumed, you have to know both current and voltage. In a DC motor, voltage is usually proportional to speed: If you know the reduction ratio and top voltage, you can get voltage across the motor. Amps are read directly or via the load display (you need to know how many amps are 100%), and amps x volts = power in watts. AC motors are more complicated, but power can still be calculated by multiplying amps and volts.

Another use of power is to estimate the possible output of an extruder. This requires knowledge of genuine power consumed and the production rate at that time. Thus, if a line is producing 200 lb/hr and the motor is drawing 40 HP, we are running at 5 lb/hr per HP = 1.7 kg/hr per kW. There may be other limitations to production rate such as cooling, mixing quality and overheating, but at least we can estimate the motor limit.

Trivial but interesting. The name Wat(t) is a familiar form of Walter, a Germanic name related to the image of force (power?) and was used as a first name many years ago, especially in the north of England and Scotland. It is still common as a last name: Watts (Zen guru Alan and author and hymn-writer Isaac) and Watson (Thomas, founder of IBM; James, DNA discoverer); another Thomas (Alexander Graham Bell’s helper); and Dr John (Sherlock Holmes’ assistant).

Very non-trivial: There are no toxic plastics, but people need to believe this because they resent big-oil corporate power, fear the humanipulated synthetics and are uncomfortable with science that takes away belief in the impossible. It’s akin to global warming denial and anti-vaxxers. You’ve heard this from me before, of course, but do you believe it? What would you say if a neighbor told you there was BPA in your soda bottles, or that the oceans were polluted with plastic?

Image: Vchalup/Adobe Stock

Allan Griff is a veteran extrusion engineer, starting out in tech service for a major resin supplier, and working on his own now for many years as a consultant, expert witness in law cases and especially as an educator via webinars and seminars, both public and in-house. He wrote the first practical extrusion book back in the 1960s as well as the Plastics Extrusion Operating Manual, updated almost every year, and available in Spanish and French as well as English. Find out more on his website, www.griffex.com, or e-mail him at [email protected].

Griff conducts live seminars across the country: The next ones are planned in Costa Mesa, CA, on Feb. 10; Chicago on Feb. 20; and Houston on March 19. Seminars in your plant are also available. If you can’t attend his live events, he offers a Virtual Seminar, which can be seen any time, any where. E-mail Griff at the address listed above for more information.

His recent webinar, What All Extruders Should Know, is now available on demand. Watch the free webinar at your convenience by clicking here.

Wed, 03 Aug 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.plasticstoday.com/extrusion-pipe-profile/extrusion-basics-power-struggle
Killexams : HP Announces Extension of the Expiration Date for Exchange Offer for Plantronics Notes

PALO ALTO, Calif., Aug. 01, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- HP Inc. (NYSE: HPQ) (“HP” or the “Company”) announced today that it has extended the expiration date of the previously announced offer to exchange (the “Exchange Offer”) any and all outstanding notes (the “Poly Notes”) of Plantronics, Inc. (NYSE: POLY) (“Poly”) for up to $500,000,000 aggregate principal amount of new notes to be issued by the Company (the “HP Notes”). HP hereby extends such expiration date from 11:59 p.m., New York City time, on August 1, 2022, to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on August 15, 2022 (as the same may be further extended, the “Expiration Date”).

At 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on July 18, 2022 (the “Early Participation Date”), the previously announced solicitation of consents to adopt certain proposed amendments (the “Amendments”) to the indenture governing the Poly Notes (the “Poly Indenture”) expired. The requisite consents were received to adopt the Amendments with respect to all outstanding Poly Notes at the Early Participation Date, and Poly executed the supplemental indenture to the Poly Indenture with respect to the Amendments on July 25, 2022. The Amendments will become operative only upon the settlement of the Exchange Offer.

The Exchange Offer is being made pursuant to the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the offering memorandum and consent solicitation statement dated June 27, 2022 (as amended from time to time prior to the date hereof, the “Offering Memorandum and Consent Solicitation Statement”), and is conditioned upon the closing of the Company’s acquisition of Poly (the “Acquisition”), which condition may not be waived by HP, and certain other conditions that may be waived by HP.

The settlement date for the Exchange Offer will be promptly after the Expiration Date and is expected to occur no earlier than the closing date of the Acquisition, which is expected to be completed by the end of the calendar year 2022, subject to customary closing conditions, including regulatory approvals.

Except as described in this press release, all other terms of the Exchange Offer remain unchanged.

As of 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on August 1, 2022, holders validly tendered $490,556,000 in aggregate principal amount of Poly Notes pursuant to the Exchange Offer. Tenders of Poly Notes made pursuant to the Exchange Offer may be validly withdrawn at or prior to the Expiration Date.

Documents relating to the Exchange Offer will only be distributed to eligible holders of Poly Notes who complete and return an eligibility certificate confirming that they are either a “qualified institutional buyer” under Rule 144A or not a “U.S. person” and outside the United States under Regulation S for purposes of applicable securities laws, and a non U.S. qualified offeree (as defined in the Offering Memorandum and Consent Solicitation Statement). The complete terms and conditions of the Exchange Offer are described in the Offering Memorandum and Consent Solicitation Statement, copies of which may be obtained by contacting D.F. King & Co., Inc., the exchange agent and information agent in connection with the Exchange Offer, at (888) 605-1956 (toll-free) or (212) 269-5550 (banks and brokers), or by email at [email protected] The eligibility certificate is available electronically at: www.dfking.com/hp and is also available by contacting D.F. King & Co., Inc.

This press release does not constitute an offer to sell or purchase, or a solicitation of an offer to sell or purchase, or the solicitation of tenders or consents with respect to, any security. No offer, solicitation, purchase or sale will be made in any jurisdiction in which such an offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful. The Exchange Offer is being made solely pursuant to the Offering Memorandum and Consent Solicitation Statement and only to such persons and in such jurisdictions as are permitted under applicable law.

The HP Notes offered in the Exchange Offer have not been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or any state securities laws. Therefore, the HP Notes may not b offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an applicable exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and any applicable state securities laws.

About HP Inc.

HP Inc. (NYSE: HPQ) is a technology company that believes one thoughtful idea has the power to change the world. Its product and service portfolio of personal systems, printers, and 3D printing solutions helps bring these ideas to life. Visit http://www.hp.com.

Forward-looking statements

This document contains forward-looking statements based on current expectations and assumptions that involve risks and uncertainties. If the risks or uncertainties ever materialize or the assumptions prove incorrect, the results of HP and its consolidated subsidiaries may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements and assumptions.

All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, any statements regarding the consummation of the Acquisition; the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions by governments, businesses and individuals in response to the situation; margins, expenses, effective tax rates, net earnings, cash flows, benefit plan funding, deferred taxes, share repurchases, foreign currency exchange rates or other financial items; any projections of the amount, timing or impact of cost savings or restructuring and other charges, planned structural cost reductions and productivity initiatives; any statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations, including, but not limited to, our business model and transformation, our sustainability goals, our go-to-market strategy, the execution of restructuring plans and any resulting cost savings, net revenue or profitability improvements or other financial impacts; any statements concerning the expected development, demand, performance, market share or competitive performance relating to products or services; any statements concerning potential supply constraints, component shortages, manufacturing disruptions or logistics challenges; any statements regarding current or future macroeconomic trends or events and the impact of those trends and events on HP and its financial performance; any statements regarding pending investigations, claims, disputes or other litigation matters; any statements of expectation or belief, including with respect to the timing and expected benefits of acquisitions and other business combination and investment transactions; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. Forward-looking statements can also generally be identified by words such as “future,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “can,” “may,” and similar terms.

Risks, uncertainties and assumptions include factors relating to the consummation of the Acquisition and HP’s ability to meet expectations regarding the accounting and tax treatments of the Acquisition; the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions by governments, businesses and individuals in response to the situation, the effects of which may supply rise to or amplify the risks associated with many of these factors listed here; the need to manage (and reliance on) third-party suppliers, including with respect to component shortages, and the need to manage HP’s global, multi-tier distribution network, limit potential misuse of pricing programs by HP’s channel partners, adapt to new or changing marketplaces and effectively deliver HP’s services; HP’s ability to execute on its strategic plan, including the previously announced initiatives, business model changes and transformation; execution of planned structural cost reductions and productivity initiatives; HP’s ability to complete any contemplated share repurchases, other capital return programs or other strategic transactions; the competitive pressures faced by HP’s businesses; risks associated with executing HP’s strategy and business model changes and transformation; successfully innovating, developing and executing HP’s go-to-market strategy, including online, omnichannel and contractual sales, in an evolving distribution, reseller and customer landscape; the development and transition of new products and services and the enhancement of existing products and services to meet evolving customer needs and respond to emerging technological trends; successfully competing and maintaining the value proposition of HP’s products, including supplies; challenges to HP’s ability to accurately forecast inventories, demand and pricing, which may be due to HP’s multi-tiered channel, sales of HP’s products to unauthorized resellers or unauthorized resale of HP’s products or our uneven sales cycle; integration and other risks associated with business combination and investment transactions; the results of the restructuring plans, including estimates and assumptions related to the cost (including any possible disruption of HP’s business) and the anticipated benefits of the restructuring plans; the protection of HP’s intellectual property assets, including intellectual property licensed from third parties; the hiring and retention of key employees; the impact of macroeconomic and geopolitical trends, changes and events, including the Russian invasion of Ukraine and its regional and global ramifications and the effects of inflation; risks associated with HP’s international operations; the execution and performance of contracts by HP and its suppliers, customers, clients and partners, including logistical challenges with respect to such execution and performance; changes in estimates and assumptions HP makes in connection with the preparation of its financial statements; disruptions in operations from system security risks, data protection breaches, cyberattacks, extreme weather conditions or other effects of climate change, medical epidemics or pandemics such as the COVID-19 pandemic, and other natural or manmade disasters or catastrophic events; the impact of changes to federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations, including environmental regulations and tax laws; potential impacts, liabilities and costs from pending or potential investigations, claims and disputes; and other risks that are described (i) in “Risk Factors” in the Offering Memorandum and Consent Solicitation Statement and (ii) in our filings with the SEC, including but not limited to the risks described under the caption “Risk Factors” contained in Item 1A of Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2021, as well as in Item 1A of Part II of our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended January 31, 2022 and the fiscal quarter ended April 30, 2022. HP does not assume any obligation or intend to update these forward-looking statements.

 


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Killexams : The Best Benchtop Planers of 2022

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Benchtop planers—box-shaped power tools that reduce board thickness while smoothing the surface—top many a woodcrafter’s wish list. They fine-tune the wood used to create cabinets, bookshelves, and more, taking the place of old-fashioned hand planes because they’re much faster and easier to use. Just insert a board at the intake slot, and the benchtop planer’s internal rollers will pull it through the machine to shave off the surface quickly.

However, benchtop planers can be pricey, so it’s essential to find one that will handle specific wood-planing needs. Like our readers, we wanted to know which of today’s popular models perform well in real workshop situations, so we tested them. We selected highly rated benchtop planers and started planing boards…hundreds of ’em! We shaved new wood and reclaimed wood, softwood boards, and hardwood boards. And all the while, we noted the best (and worst) features of each benchtop planer.

Keep studying to learn the most important features to look for when shopping and find out why the following models earned a spot in this lineup of the best benchtop planers for both DIYers and seasoned woodworkers.

  1. BEST OVERALL: Dewalt 13″, 3-Knife, 2-Speed Thickness Planer
  2. BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: Craftsman Electric Benchtop Thickness Planer, 15 Amp
  3. UPGRADE PICK: Makita 2012NB 12″ Portable Planer
  4. BEST FOR ROUGH WOOD: WEN 12.5″, 15-Amp, 2-Blade Benchtop Thickness Planer
  5. BEST LIGHT-DUTY: PowerTec Benchtop Thickness Planer, 15 Amp
  6. ALSO CONSIDER: Ridgid 13″ Thickness Planer With 3-Blade Cutterhead

What to Consider When Choosing the Best Benchtop Planer

Benchtop planers, also known as “thickness planers” because they reduce the thickness of a board, have rotating blades inside that shave off a thin layer of wood. Those who are interested in owning one but don’t have a lot of experience with this powerful tool should keep the following factors and features in mind when shopping.

Motor

A benchtop planer’s motor needs enough power to get the job done. How much is enough depends on specific projects.

If users work primarily with softer woods such as pine, cedar, and fir—for building country-style furniture or birdhouses, for example—a motor in the 1 to 1 1/2 horsepower (hp) range might suit them well. A thickness planer doesn’t need much juice to shave a layer off the top of these materials.

However, if they’re into high-end joinery or cabinetry, they’ll probably work with species such as oak, maple, and even walnut. These hard materials will require more from a planer to shave them down, so they should look for a 2-hp tool.
Perhaps even more important than hp is a planer’s motor rating—choose one with a 15-amp motor. Planers draw a lot of electricity, and a 15-amp motor helps ensure they can handle the task without breaking down. Smaller-amperage motors don’t have the power necessary for planing wood.

Blades

Thickness planer blades (or knives) come in two styles: straight and spiral. Each has its pros and cons. Straight knives look similar to long safety razors. They bolt onto the cutterhead (a spinning barrel inside the planer) that shaves off thin layers of wood as the board passes through the machine. Most cutterheads accept two blades, although some exceptional models accept three blades, which benefits those wanting the smoothest wood surface.

Blades vary on straight knife cutter models. Some are reversible, so when they become dull, the user can turn them over and use the other side. Others have only one sharp edge, but it can be manually sharpened with a standard sharpening stone, just as one would a kitchen knife. Until the past decade or so, sharpenable knives were the status quo for most benchtop planers. Users would remove them when the wood being planed seemed rougher than usual, sharpen the blades, and then put them back in the cutterhead. Reversible knives are disposable, meant to be tossed out after both sides wear down.

Spiral (or helical) blades work very differently. Instead of long straight blades, spiral cutterheads have multiple smaller knives, offset from one another in a spiral around the cutterhead. Spiral knife planers yield more consistent results compared to straight knife planers, but they’re typically reserved for commercial-grade machines found at wood-manufacturing companies. All the planers we tested came with cutterheads designed to accept straight blades.

Cutting Depth

Cutting depth refers to how much material a wood planer can remove in one pass. Generally speaking, the more powerful the planer, the more material it can remove in one pass and the larger the depth of cut.

Planers that can shave off up to 1/8 inch at a time are good for removing the surface of rough or weathered wood. Removing that much depth at once, however, isn’t always optimal. Generally, it’s usually best for the board—and for the machine—to err on the side of caution and plane off thinner amounts. The more wood a planer removes in a pass, the harder it must work, which can lead to overheating if the user is planing a lot of boards.

Many woodworkers will find little need to remove more than 1/16 inch per pass, and for fine-tuning boards, they will remove even less—1/32 or 1/64 of an inch. Don’t pass up a planer just because it doesn’t remove 1/8 inch per pass. It’s easy enough to set the planer at 1/16 inch and then run it through twice.

Allowance

A thickness planer’s allowance indicates the widest (and tallest) board that can be passed through the tool. Manufacturers label most planers with ranges between 12 inches and 13 inches (plenty for most woodworking hobbyists), but this metric doesn’t tell the whole story.

For example, a 12-inch planer can handle a board 12 inches in width capacity, but that does not say how thick (i.e., tall) a piece of wood the planer can handle. This metric is quite helpful, so look for a model that can handle materials as thick as 5 or 6 inches to get the most use out of a wood planer.

Snipe

Snipe refers to an undesirable line, sometimes very noticeable, left on the top end of a board after planing. It’s the result of the wood planer removing more wood at the end of the board. As the end of the board clears the first set of rollers, gravity tends to pull the board downward, which puts pressure on the other end. When this happens, the cutterhead blades may remove slightly more wood at the very end. A snipe looks like a thin dip—usually less than 1/16 of an inch, located along the last couple of inches of the board.

A helper holding the part of the board that’s already passed through the planer to keep it from dropping may help reduce snipe. Snipe may be unavoidable to some degree, but some benchtop thickness planers do better than others at minimizing its effect. The best way to avoid snipe appearing on a finished product is to leave boards longer than necessary by an inch or so when planning and then cut the sniped ends off before using the board for your project.

Gauge and Depth Stop

Shaving the intended amount of wood off your workpieces can be tedious. Bringing a hardwood board from a 1-inch thickness to a 5/8-inch thickness, for example, could take five or six passes. The user could measure the board’s thickness before each pass and adjust the cutterhead using a tape measure or a combination square, but that’s time-consuming.

Many of today’s benchtop planers have a built-in gauge that looks like a ruler attached to the side of the intake slot. The gauge will indicate the proposed board thickness as the user raises or lowers the planer’s carriage (the top part of the tool that moves up and down) via a hand crank.
Planer gauges typically show measurements in 1/16-inch increments, but some show measurements in 1/64-inch increments. Some experienced woodworkers don’t use the gauge at all but rather determine cutting depth with the tool’s hand crank. On a planer, a complete revolution of its hand crank equals 1/16 of an inch. Half a crank equals 1/32 of an inch, and a quarter of a crank equals 1/64 of an inch.

A depth stop is a feature that keeps the user from shaving off more than the machine’s maximum cutting depth. For example, if the planer has a maximum cutting depth of 1/8 inch, the depth stop will prevent the user from inserting any board more than 1/8 inch thicker than the thickness chosen on the gauge (ruler). The board simply will not go into the slot. In this way, users needn’t worry about taking off more than the maximum cutting depth because the depth stop won’t allow it.

Dust Collection

Thickness planers create a good deal of dust and wood chips. These machines rip off and spit out tiny pieces of wood, and the floor under a thickness planer will resemble a child’s sandbox after only a few boards.

Many of today’s benchtop planers have dust ports that attach to a shop vacuum or dust collection system to minimize the mess. These collection systems also do a good job of removing the dust from the machine before it can settle in the cutterhead, helping to maintain its usable life and cutting speed.

Speed

Different speeds apply to a benchtop planer: cutterhead speed, cutting speed, and feed speed.

  • Cutterhead speed refers to how quickly the motor spins the cutterhead, measured in rotations per minute (rpm). The best benchtop thickness planers use pulleys and belts from the motor to spin the cutterhead. Look for speeds above 8,000 rpm for best results.
  • Cutting speed refers to how many times the blades strike the board’s surface per minute. For instance, a cutterhead speed of 8,000 rpm on a two-blade cutterhead will produce a cutting speed of 16,000 cuts per minute. On a three-blade planer, that increases to 24,000 cuts per minute. The higher the cutterhead rpm, the smoother the results.
  • Feed speed refers to the rate the board passes through the thickness planer. Some high-end planers—like our Best Overall pick—allow users to increase or reduce feed speed, an adjustment that changes how many cuts per inch (cpi) the blade makes, but the majority have a set feed speed that isn’t adjustable. The higher the feed speed, the quicker the board moves, but the lower the cuts per inch, causing a rougher finished result. The lower the speed, the smoother the board will come out.

Our Top Picks

Investing in the right benchtop planer is important for anyone who’s into woodworking. We really put the top DIY and professional models on the market through their paces and scrutinized each. Don’t miss the “How We Tested the Best Benchtop Planers” section following these reviews.

These models that earned a spot in our lineup are among the best benchtop thickness planers available today, so one is likely to find a favored place in a workshop. Please remember: Read the owner’s manual and carefully follow operation and safety instructions to get the most enjoyment out of a new planer.

Photo: amazon.com

Those in the market for a high-capacity planer with plenty of features should consider the DeWalt 13-inch thickness planer. This benchtop planer can handle materials up to a 13-inch width capacity with a 6-inch height. This heavy planer weighs in at 92 pounds, and we found its weight was beneficial in keeping it in one place during operation. We put the planer on a reinforced work surface—this tool is too heavy for most portable-type bolt holes in the base.

We’re familiar with the high quality of many DeWalt tools, and this thickness planer is no exception. It boasts a powerful 15-amp motor and a three-blade cutterhead that spins at 10,000 rpm. It can be set to plane off as much as 1/8 inch of wood in a single pass. It comes standard with front and back stainless steel infeed and outfeed tables that help support the boards as they pass through the planer.

A unique option on this benchtop planer is the ability to adjust the feed speed. A lever on the front let us select either 96 cpi or 179 cpi. At 95 cpi, the DeWalt planer pulled the boards through twice as quickly as when we selected 179 cpi, but the surface was slightly rougher. Interestingly, even at 96 cpi, we found the boards were smooth enough for most high-end woodworking. At 179 cpi, they felt as though they’d already been sanded. This is in large part because of the three straight blades in the DeWalt planer. Most of today’s planers have only two blades.

We planed dozens of boards with the DeWalt model: softwoods, including pine and cedar; and hardwoods, including ash, oak, and walnut. The DeWalt planed all of them smoothly, and we found little to no snipe on any of the boards. We attributed this benefit to an extension outfeed table that helps support the boards as they exit the machine.

The benchtop planer has a fan-assisted chip ejection port on the back of the machine that we connected to our dust-collection system. The chip ejection fan is so powerful that when we walked behind the machine to grab the board as it passed through, the chips stung when they hit us. Impressive! And slightly painful. The downside is that the chip-ejection port is positioned just over the outfeed table, so the hose on our dust-collection system kept dipping down and interfering with the boards as they exited the planer. Our makeshift fix was to tie the hose up to keep it out of the way.

We believe this top-notch planer would be an asset in any DIYer’s or woodcrafter’s shop. It’s powerful, the feed speed is adjustable, and the ruler gauge is accurate. (We measured the planed boards with calipers to determine gauge accuracy.) The model comes with a “bump” on-off switch in the front that let us shut the machine down simply by bumping the switch with our hand or arm. This is a safety feature in the event something goes wrong—such as a board getting caught sideways or an article of clothing getting drawn into the machine. Just a bump, and the DeWalt shuts down.

Product Specs

  • Motor: 15 amp
  • Blades: 3 straight knife blades
  • Allowance: 13 inches wide and 6 inches tall

Pros

  • Shaves up to 1/8 inch per pass
  • 2 feed speeds included
  • Built-in infeed and outfeed tables
  • Fan-assisted chip ejection

Cons

  • Pricey
    Unhandy location for chip-ejection port

Get the DeWalt benchtop planer on Amazon or at The Home Depot.

Photo: amazon.com

As a reasonably priced wood planer that can handle up to 12-inch boards, the Craftsman Electric Benchtop Thickness Planer is worth a look. The manufacturer has a long and reputable history of making durable tools and quality machines. At just 61 pounds, the Craftsman was a bit easier to lift and position on the work surface, but we noted that lighter weight resulted in the machine “walking” just a bit when we planed large hardwood boards. Fortunately, there’s a simple solution: Just bolt it down to a workbench.

The benchtop planer has a 15-amp motor that produces cutter speeds up to 8,000 rpm. Thanks to its two-blade, straight-knife cutter design, it provides 16,000 cuts per minute, which we found to be more than adequate for most small cabinetry and furniture-building projects. This Craftsman planer accepts boards up to 6 inches tall, and it comes with a safety bump on-off switch on the front and a precision gauge along the side for selecting the correct cutting height.

The planer shaves off a maximum of 3/32 inch from the top of the boards. Although that isn’t as aggressive as a planer that removes up to 1/8 inch, the user can run the board through the machine as often as desired to keep reducing the thickness. The Craftsman doesn’t offer a feed-speed adjustment, and we couldn’t find a feed-speed rating listed in the owner’s manual, but we used a stopwatch and came up with an approximate feed speed of 23 feet per minute.

The planed boards were smooth enough that a light sanding would remove any residual grain roughness, but we did find a 2-inch snipe at the end of every board we planed. This is a common occurrence with planers; we didn’t deduct any points—just be aware that it occurs and plan to plane boards a couple of inches longer than the desired finished length.

Those who won’t use a benchtop planer often and are a bit short on space might appreciate the fold-up infeed and outfeed tables that make storage a bit easier. We found this handy for setting the planer out of the way under a table.

Product Specs

  • Motor: 15 amp
  • Blades: 2 high-carbon steel double-edge/reversible knives
  • Allowance: 12 inches wide and 6 inches tall

Pros

  • Up to 16,000 cuts per minute
  • Fold-up infeed and outfeed tables
  • Built-in dust-collection port

Cons

  • Requires bolting to workbench to prevent movement
    Creates small snipe on last 2 inches of board

Get the Craftsman benchtop planer at Amazon, Lowe’s, or Craftsman.

Photo: amazon.com

Anyone looking for a portable planer that provides extra maximum thickness—for timber frame mailbox posts, say, or heavy furniture—should check out the 2012NB 12-Inch Planer from Makita. This machine has an above-average 6 3/32-inch maximum height capacity, which is slightly higher than the others we tested.

The real draw of the Makita 2012NB comes in its stability and quiet operation. The Makita is remarkably stable for its relatively light weight of just 61 pounds. It didn’t walk or shift, even when we ran large hardwood boards through, making it one of the best portable thickness planers that need to be moved frequently without bolting down. Plus, though hearing protection is still recommended, it’s noticeably quieter than the other models we tested—a sound output of 83 decibels according to the manufacturer. The other planers don’t list the decibel factor but were, in our estimation, about a quarter louder than the Makita.

This planer has a 15-amp motor that produces 8,500 rpm on the cutterhead. It has two straight-knife cutters and a cutting depth of up to 1/8 inch. The Interna-Lok head clamp holds the board in place better than standard rollers, and we didn’t find any snipe on boards shorter than 4 feet long. As we planed longer boards, however, we began to see a faint snipe line on the last 2 inches of the board. By supporting the end of the board as it came out, we could eliminate the snipe line. Whether we removed 1/8 inch or 1/64 inch, the planed boards came out very smooth and would need only light sanding for most projects.

The feed speed is not adjustable, but the Makita makes quick work of pulling the boards through—the manufacturer lists the feed rate as 28 feet per minute, which seemed about right in our tests, but keep in mind that heavy boards typically move slightly slower than small lightweight boards. The planer comes with a bump power switch and a precision gauge, and although it doesn’t have a built-in dust collection port, an attachment is sold separately.

Product Specs

  • Motor: 15 amp
  • Blades: 2 straight knife blades
  • Allowance: 12 inches wide 6 3/32 inches thick

Pros

  • Interna-Lok head clamp for board stability
  • Minimal to no snipe
  • Very stable
  • Quieter operation than competing models

Cons

  • Dust collector port sold separately
  • Pricey

Get the Makita benchtop planer at Amazon, The Home Depot, or Tyler Tool.

Photo: amazon.com

Those looking for a robust planer for resurfacing rough or reclaimed lumber, or smoothing and thinning new lumber, may want to consider the Wen 15-Amp Thickness Planer. We found the Wen planer well suited to removing up to 1/8 inch of wood from the surface of boards up to 12.5 inches wide. In addition, it handles board heights of up to 6 inches. With 10,000 rpm, this planer offers plenty of power for smoothing rough wood. Its two straight blades make up to 20,000 cuts per minute.

The height adjustment handle on this planer is slightly smaller than some—and it’s located at the top of the machine—but it still follows the same general rule of one turn equals 1/16 inch.
When we planed the first board on the Wen and then measured it for precision, we found it was 1/32 inch too high. That may not sound like a lot, but it’s substantial when it comes to creating uniform board height for a project. Fortunately, the gauge is adjustable, so we used a small screwdriver to adjust it 1/32 of an inch and then ran another board through. Perfect! Most planer gauges come preset, but occasionally one can be slightly off. Just adjust it and try again. We did notice some snipe at the last couple of inches, so we recommend planing boards at least 2 inches longer than needed.

There’s no feed-speed adjustment, but according to the manufacturer, the planer moves boards as quickly as 26 feet per minute, depending on size. At just 55.6 pounds, the Wen is slightly on the light side, and we needed to bolt it down to keep it from moving during operation. It comes with a conveniently located port that we attached to our dust collection system. We did notice some small chips remained on the feed plate after planing. This isn’t a big issue, but the ejection fan didn’t seem to eject all of them through the port. If necessary, this can be remedied by just blowing the chips out before inserting a new board. Like many other quality planers, the Wen has a bump-type on-off switch for added safety.

Product Specs

  • Motor: 15 amp
  • Blades: 2 straight blades
  • Allowance: 12.5 inches wide, 6 inches high

Pros

  • Removes up to 1/8 inch of surface
  • Leaves wood smooth
  • Well suited for resurfacing rough lumber

Cons

  • Snipe on the last couple of inches
  • Requires bolting down to keep from moving

Get the Wen benchtop planer at Amazon, The Home Depot, or Lowe’s.

Photo: amazon.com

Aggressive planers aren’t for everyone, and the PowerTec Benchtop Thickness Planer is worth a look for those in the market for a lighter-duty model. The PowerTec has a 12 1/2-inch width capacity and a 6-inch maximum thickness.

When we tested the PowerTec, we found it removed thin layers very well, but it’s not suitable for more aggressive wood removal. This planer is made to remove a maximum of 3/32 inches from boards that are 5 inches wide or less. When planing boards wider than 5 inches, we had to adjust the gauge to remove just 1/32 of an inch or less. For many, this won’t be an issue because wood crafters often need only remove a sliver of the board’s surface.

The downside is that the user must know to scale down the depth of the cut with boards wider than 5 inches. Um…we didn’t know, so we fed a 10-inch-wide board into the PowerTec multiple times, only to overheat the machine and trip its internal circuit breaker. At that point, we decided to read the operating instructions and we found the caveat. When the machine cooled down, we started testing again, following the planing depth instructions. No problem—the PowerTec easily handled the boards.

The PowerTec didn’t supply us much in the way of pesky snipe at the board ends. A few of the larger boards bore an almost imperceptible snipe line, which we could smooth out with light sanding. This planer’s 15-amp motor produces up to 9,400 rpm at the two-blade cutterhead, and its intake and outtake tables fold upward for easy storage. It weighs in at 63.4 pounds, and the only time it moved during operation was when we were planing too much thickness from boards wider than 5 inches. When we stuck to the manufacturer’s limits, the machine held firm.

The only other drawback we found is the lack of a built-in dust collection port, though one can be purchased separately.

Product Specs

  • Motor: 15 amp
  • Blades: 2 straight cutting knives
  • Allowance: 12.5 inches wide and 6 inches high

Pros

  • Foldable infeed and outfeed tables
  • Anti-wobble base
  • Side-mounted carrying handles included
  • Affordable

Cons

  • Limited surface removal (up to 3/32 inch)
  • No dust collector

Get the PowerTec benchtop planer at The Home Depot or XDC Depot.

Photo: homedepot.com

Besides our Best Overall pick, the Ridgid 13-inch planer is the only other three-blade planer we tested, and it impressed us on many fronts. It features a maximum cut allowance of 1/8 inch and accepts boards up to 13 inches wide and 6 inches high.

In addition to its gauge, which is easy to read and comes with 1/64-inch increments, it also features a separate Ind-I-Cut gauge on the front of the planer that allowed us to see exactly how much wood we were removing in a pass. We found this feature valuable, especially because tiny 1/64-inch increments can be challenging to see. The Ind-I-Cut acted like a magnifying glass to let us see the amount of wood we were removing as we planned.

The Ridgid planer features 9,000 rpm at the cutterhead, which translates into 27,000 cpi, an enviable number of cuts in the world of planers. We tested it on dozens of boards, both hardwood and softwood species, large and small, and it powered through all of them without bogging down.

We did get a little snipe at the ends of the boards, but given how much power—and how smooth—the Ridgid performs, it was a minor downside. We found that supporting the ejected boards helped lessen, but didn’t fully eliminate, the snipe. As with the other planers we tested, we appreciated the large bump on-off switch for safety. At just under 73 pounds, the Ridgid remained firmly rooted while we planed board after board. It features a chip ejector port that connects to a standard dust-collection system.

This planer is suitable for removing rough, weathered surface grain as well as fine-tuning hardwood for furniture and cabinetry projects. Its third blade and its Ind-I-Cut gauge pretty much puts it in a class by itself. Those who want an aggressive three-blade planer but don’t want to spend the extra bucks may wish to consider the Ridgid planer. We were delighted with its performance.

Product Specs

  • Motor: 15 amp
  • Blades: 3 straight blades
  • Allowance: 13 inches wide, 6 inches high

Pros

  • Depth cut of up to 1/8 inch
  • Ind-I-Cut gauge makes cutting depth easy to see
  • Handles large and small boards with ease

Cons

  • Small snipe at board ends

Get the Ridgid benchtop planer at The Home Depot, or Ridgid.

Our Verdict

Selected for its high horsepower, three-blade cutterhead, and wide allowance, the DeWalt benchtop planer option is our top pick for the best benchtop planer. Made for tougher wood types, this planer shaves 1/8 inch of material per pass for efficient, fast cutting and comes with two preset feed speeds. Our value pick, the Craftsman benchtop planer, offers power, quality construction, and performance. Planed boards are smooth and ready for a light sanding—without breaking the bank.

How We Tested the Best Benchtop Planers

For our testing purposes, we selected a variety of planer models that came with 15-amp motors and high rpm, varying between 8,000 and 10,000. In this testing, brand mattered. Each of the planers we tested was made by a manufacturer with a reputation for producing quality power tools. The first three in our lineup come from three of the industry’s top names: DeWalt, Craftsman, and Makita. The other three—Wen, PowerTec, and Ridgid—are well-known for quality.

Our goal in testing the benchtop planers was to determine which models were the most powerful, which offered the deepest maximum cut depth, and which were best suited for specific projects or wood species.

We set up each machine, one at a time, and ran boards through. After planing each board, we inspected it for smoothness and nicks (which can be caused by blade unevenness), and checked the board’s end for snipe. As we tested, we scored every one of the machines’ functions using a rubric. The machines were scored on the quality of their components, design, and construction. They also received points for how smooth they planed boards, whether they overheated with prolonged use, and how user-friendly they were.

We tested the accuracy of the ruler gauges on each planer by setting them to a specific measurement, running boards through the machine, and then using a set of calipers (precision measuring tools) to verify the accuracy of the gauge.

We did not subtract for snipe or for the machine moving (walking) during operation because snipe is a well-known planing issue, and walking is easily eliminated by bolting the machine to a solid surface. We did, however, make a note of both aspects for our readers.
At the conclusion of the testing, we added the points and used them to determine the best categories for each of the planers.

FAQs

Alongside other popular power tools, such as band saws, table saws, and wood lathes, benchtop thickness planers are a boon in a woodworking shop. If this is your first planer, you will probably have questions about the tool’s best use and operation. Ahead are answers to some of the most common questions about benchtop planers. If you still want more information about your benchtop planer, refer to the user’s manual or contact the manufacturer.

Q. What is a bench planer used for?

Benchtop planers reduce the thickness of a board. Woodcrafters can use them to create consistent thicknesses on several boards for woodworking purposes or to uncover the beauty hidden underneath reclaimed wood.

Q. How is a benchtop planer used?

With the benchtop planer turned off, place a board in the intake feed slot. Lower the roller carriage (the top part of the planer) using the hand crank until it just touches the board. This is the starting point. Remove the board, and then use the crank to lower the roller carriage to the desired cutting depth (typically between 1/64 and 1/8 of an inch). The woodworker can use the ruler gauge to determine the cutting depth or use the crank rule of thumb—one full revolution of the crank equals 1/16 inch. Once the cutting height is decided, turn the planer on and slowly feed the board into the intake slot. The planer will do the rest—users don’t have to push the board.

Q. What is the difference between a jointer and a planer?

Planers reduce the thickness of a board by shaving a uniform amount of wood off its surface. Jointers make the board flat by shaving away only the high spots, not the entire surface, as a planer does.

Q. How much does a planer weigh?

Wood planers can be some of the heaviest tools in your shop. Benchtop planers weigh an average of between 60 and 100 pounds, so it may be wise to keep it on a benchtop rather than moving it around.

Fri, 29 Jul 2022 20:47:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.bobvila.com/articles/best-benchtop-planer/
Killexams : 2013 Ford E-350 Super Duty Review The following review is for a 2012 Model Year. There may be minor changes to current model you are looking at.

Big power, big capability.

Introduction

The Ford Super Duty pickups offer a pair of superb engines and can tow bumper-pull trailers that weigh up to 17,500 pounds or 24,500 with a fifth-wheel setup. Their bold, handsome exteriors are backed up by cabs that are attractive, functional and comfortable. Lariat and King Ranch models are downright luxurious. The F-450 pickup that shares cab and wheel sizes with the F-250 and F-350 remains atop the towing ratings for pickups. 

The Ford Super Duty got a major overhaul for 2011 with all-new diesel and gasoline engines, a new 6-speed automatic transmission, and new front styling. Changes for the 2012 model year are minor. 

The 6.2-liter V8 gasoline engine that comes standard is rated at 385 hp in F-250 models and 316 hp on the majority of F-350 versions. Those ratings are similar to GM's 6-liter and the Ram's 5.7-liter Hemi. 

The 6.7-liter Power Stroke turbodiesel V8 was bumped up mid-year 2011 to 400 horsepower and 800 lb-ft of torque, an update offered at no charge to early 6.7-liter buyers. Both engines come with a 6-speed automatic transmission; no manual is offered. 

For 2012, the gas engine may be ordered with a CNG/propane prep option. Also, short-bed models (6.75-foot) offer a factory gooseneck hitch package previously reserved for long beds. 

There is nothing small about a Super Duty and even the shortest, plainest version represents three tons of mass. While the snout is mildly curved and aerodynamics have improved, the Super Duty is about as sleek as a concrete block, with in-your-face attitude and enough chrome to shave in front of it. 

Super Duty trim ranges from basic commercial grade to luxurious Lariat and King Ranch models. Buyers can revel in heated-and-cooled Chaparral leather seats with driver memory, moonroof, a choice of two rearview cameras, SYNC voice-activated communications and entertainment, navigation, and remote start. The new diesel is quiet by heavy-duty truck standards. 

Super Duty XL and XLT are designed for the cost/benefit analysis small businesses and independents use: a simple, fast trailer hookup, 4WD to get in/out of the job site, and a warm cab they can be blown clean with compressed air. For fleet and owner-operator buyers, Ford's Work Solutions system provides facilities for GPS linking, computer access to your office (with cell signal), 110-volt power in-cab, and RFID tags for your tools so you never leave any on the job site. Crew Chief allows a dispatcher real-time truck location, speed, and fuel economy, potentially useful for the Friday-night parent as well. 

As usual the top tow and payload ratings are up from mid-year 2011 models, often to numbers that require a commercial driver's license. Best-in-class numbers for heavy-duty pickups sometimes change several times in a year, but they typically apply to just one model. The bottom line is that the Ford Super Duty, Ram 2500/3500, Chevrolet Silverado HD and GMC Sierra HD are all highly capable trucks and none of them has a clear capability advantage over the other. 

Lineup

The 2012 Ford Super Duty comes in four trim levels, three cab sizes and two box sizes. Most variants are available with a choice of two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive. The Super Duty XL, XLT and Lariat trims extend to most models. Only on Crew Cabs can you get the King Ranch interior, however. Also, there is no short-box dual-rear wheel model, and the FX4 package is offered only on SuperCab and Crew Cab 4WD F-250 and F-350. 

A 6.2-liter V8 with 385 horsepower at 5500 rpm and 405 pound-feet of torque at 4500 rpm is standard on all F-250 and some single-rear wheel F-350 models; all other F-350 get a lower revving 6.2-liter V8 of 316 hp and 397 lb-ft of torque, both at 4179 rpm. 

The 6.7-liter turbodiesel rated at 400 hp and 800 lb-ft of torque is optional on all other Super Duty. The Super Duty F-450 pickup, in long-bed, Crew Cab 4WD comes standard with the diesel. 

Pricing for heavy-duty pickups takes megabytes given all the possible permutations. The least expensive Super Duty, a regular cab, long box two-wheel drive XL is $30,000 with shipping and the most expensive is the F-450 King Ranch Crew Cab long box diesel, about twice that. 

In general terms, four-wheel drive adds $2500-$3500, a long box adds $200-$300, and dual rear wheels $1000-$1200. A step up in trim level may add a different cab, box length, or engine, which is why a SuperCab is $3500-$4700 more than a regular cab, and a Crew Cab is $5000-$6750 beyond a regular cab. Buying up from XL to XLT trim typically adds $2500-$3500, from XLT to Lariat $4000-$7500, and Lariat to King Ranch $3000-$6500. 

The Super Duty XL is work-truck, low-budget in nature, with vinyl seats and flooring, black painted grille and bumpers, plain trim, and AM/FM stereo, but it does include air conditioning, towing mirrors, trip computer, tilt/telescoping steering wheel and a weight-appropriate receiver hitch. Options are primarily mechanical in nature: diesel, locking differential, larger tires and wheels, snow plow prep, integrated fifth-wheel/gooseneck hitch prep package ($380), camper package, off-road package for 4WD, tow command ($230), auxiliary switches, dual or larger single alternators, reverse sensors, tailgate step, Work Solutions in-dash computer ($1395) and Tool Link ($1120). SuperCabs also include flip-out rear side windows, Super and Crew get an overhead console, and the F-450 has forged aluminum wheels. 

Super Duty XLT adds chrome trim, aluminum wheels, 40/20/40 cloth front seat with under-seat lockable compartment, carpet, CD player, power windows/locks/mirrors, power-adjusted and heated towing mirrors, privacy glass, the integrated brake controller for single-rear wheel trucks, remote keyless entry, MyKey, and cruise control. Options include captain's chairs w/power and heat, Audiophile sound system, adjustable pedals, moonroof, and rear-seat DVD entertainment. 

Super Duty Lariat adds polished aluminum 17-inch wheels for F-350 dually and bright 18-inch aluminum wheels for single-rear-wheel trucks, heated leather power front seats, dual-zone climate control, power-adjust pedals, backup camera, SYNC, redundant sound/climate controls on wheel, woodgrain trim, power fold-and-telescoping tow mirrors, illuminated visor mirrors, privacy glass, keypad door entry, 110-volt outlet and a powered sliding rear window with defrost. Options include those offered on most Super Duty models plus captain's chairs and universal door opener. 

Super Duty King Ranch adds two-tone paint including most trim pieces, driver memory package, heated/cooled power front seats, unique forged alloy wheels, rearview camera, and Chaparral-leather for the steering wheel, four captain's chairs and both center consoles. 

Safety equipment includes electronic stability control, trailer sway control, and hill-descent control, antilock brakes, SOS post-crash alert, dual front airbags, front side airbags, side curtain airbags, adjustable height outboard belt anchors, child-seat LATCH anchors, three rear seat headrests on Crew Cab and a passenger airbag deactivation switch on regular and SuperCabs. 

Walkaround

Already the biggest pickup in town, the Ford Super Duty appears imposing because of bigger horizontal bars in the grille, deep airdam and bumper with big cooling air openings, and stacked lamps with the headlights on the bottom. Dimensions are easily given in yards rather than inches. The sheer vastness of the sheetmetal may overwhelm your car wash guy. The Power Stroke badges have been given a hybrid-like green leaf with B20 in reference to the ability to burn biodiesel fuel, but only compared to other huge trucks might a Super Duty be considered green. 

Regardless of bulging flares or flared nostrils no Super Duty would be mistaken for anything less than a full-size pickup even with nothing scalable within sight. The clamshell hood essentially shrink-wraps the diesel engine underneath, and the rounded edges and deeper air dam have improved the coefficient of aero drag from about 0.45 to 0.425 Cd. By comparison, an aerodynamic sedan has a drag coefficient closer to 0.27. 

Super Duty box sides have a large fuel door, which allows room for the additional diesel exhaust fluid fill for diesel versions. Reverse lights are at the top of the tail-lamp assembly, so far off the ground they are really nothing more than signaling devices that the truck is in reverse. The available rearview camera works well at night, however. Wheels range from 17 to 20 inches in diameter, all of aluminum except the base 17-inch steel wheels. 

Towing mirrors that come optional work very well. They telescope and fold (manual or powered), and include two large convex mirror elements for safe rear vision with the widest street-legal trailers. The towing mirrors include signal repeaters that won't distract the driver. A camera mounted in the tailgate center latch housing linked to a display on the navigation screen or inside the rearview mirror gives the driver a good review of what's behind. 

An optional tailgate step is available that pops out of the tailgate for an easier step up to the bed; the step is rated at 1000 pounds. A grab handle flips up like a walking stick to further aid stepping up to the bed; the grab handle is rated at 300 pounds. We've found this setup handy at times and it doesn't usually get in the way. Once up in the bed, you need to remember the step is deployed so you don't forget and get tangled up in it, and you'll want to take care stepping back down. The tailgate also includes an assist so the very heavy tailgate feels less heavy. Unlike the Toyota Tundra, however, the assist doesn't do much to slow the tailgate when lowering it so be careful not to let it slam down. Removing the tailgate is a job due to its weight. 

Short boxes have four tie-down cleats a few inches off the floor, long boxes get six. Cargo can be secured with a hefty cable lock, and the box can be protected with a sprayed-in liner. 

An integrated fifth-wheel/gooseneck hitch prep option is available for both long-box and short-box trucks. This assembly is securely mounted to the frame at the factory (and warranted by Ford) and leaves a flat floor with guidelines marked to cut out four fifth-wheel mounting holes or the center gooseneck; major hitch suppliers were consulted for compatibility and the final hitch hardware choice is left to the consumer. The Super Duty also has an inside box-wall mounted 7-pin trailer plug that's handy for gooseneck and fifth-wheel setups. 

Interior

The Ford Super Duty cab is massive, measuring nearly six feet from side to side. Materials appear well assembled and mission-appropriate. The King Ranch version makes for a better luxury pickup than the what Lincoln has to offer, while the base XL model could be cleaned out with a bucket of warm water. On upper-end models, the gear-cog-like chrome surrounds for vents and gauges can create some unwelcome reflections, and the number of textures and colors (we counted up to eight) may be too much for design minimalists. Overall, it's a great cab. 

Front seats are available as a bench for three-passenger seating with a flip-down center console or as bucket seats for two with a very nice center console package. Be careful making this choice to avoid being surprised when the truck arrives. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. The bucket seats are more luxurious. However, having the solid wall between the front and rear seats is handy for corralling a dog or lots of cargo in the cab. The front bench seat is split 40-20-40. While the driver's and front passenger's seats adjust fore and aft, the center seat is fixed in place and, of course, comes with a center seatbelt. The center seatback flips down to present a pair of cupholders and a shallow storage console. The center seat is quite cramped, with little room for knees and feet, but it's a good choice if you periodically need that center seat. The other choice for front seating is the 40-console-40 bucket seats, which most people prefer for the storage options. Lariat and King Ranch come with a big center console when ordered with the buckets, while the XL is available with a mini console. 

The tilt-and-telescoping steering wheel, memory system and adjustable pedals allow great flexibility for his-and-hers operation. The dash is segmented in three smaller parts. The instrument pod provides engine and road speed through larger dials with four smaller gauges lined up between; diesel models include a boost gauge and gas engines substitute oil pressure. Instrument needles are now blue on many models but illuminate as white at night. 

The center stack houses a pair of large vents, radio and navigation located top center where easily viewed, climate control, and most switchgear, including optional auxiliary equipment fitter switches, tow command, SYNC inputs and one of up to five 12-volt power points. The far side houses the passenger airbag and a sizable glovebox; where so equipped, the reconfigurable center console is similarly large and the huge door pockets (two on each front door) could hold the contents of a small tool chest. 

The climb into the Super Duty cab is mitigated by a deep door-opening cut and well-placed assist handles; multiple choices in side steps are available. 

Adults can fit in the rear of the SuperCab but if you intend to make a habit of carrying adults in the back seats then go for the Crew Cab. 

The Crew Cab is very comfortable for four adults, with roomy, comfortable back seats. The Crew Cab center rear seat has a headrest. It also offers lockable storage under the seat with a power point, and grocery bag hooks under the short cushion passenger side. Remove the rear seats and you have a massive interior area for dogs or cargo. 

An electronic switch handles turn signals and high beams now; with a momentary lift the signal blinks three times automatically; unlike some competitors it does not add blinks with tow/haul mode engaged. The signal lever may feel some distance away from the wheel but high-beams are switched both on and off by pulling toward you. Primary controls are all easy to find and use, with few tiny buttons to complicate driving with gloves. The reverse parking sensor can be defeated for hooking up a trailer. The daytime running lights can be turned off for good neighborly night-time entries to campgrounds or drive-ins. 

The ventilation system is capable of cooling or heating the cavernous volume and keeping forward windows and mirrors clear, and seat heaters are very effective; a supplemental cab heater is available for diesel models. On many models, all outside mirror elements are heatable as well. 

Upper trim levels include a productivity screen in the center of the instrument panel. In addition to odometer, outside temperature, compass and gear indications this offers six other menus. The gauge mode gives more detailed readings for oil and transmission fluid temperatures, and diesel boost pressure. A/B trip computers offer time/miles/gallons used/relative instant fuel economy (a bar graph); curiously the fuel economy history, range remaining and instant fuel economy in mpg is under another menu titled Fuel Economy. 

The Truck Apps display includes an off-road screen with lateral and vertical angle indicators (no redline marked where the truck might/will fall over) and turning radius; it also provides information about the locking differential, plus 4WD, hill descent and traction control systems. The trailer submenu can store brake settings and name for two trailers and show checklists where you have to, for example, push OK when it asks if the tongue jack is raised, lights functioning, etc., for different types of trailers. These checklists can be helpful in reminding you to do things you know to do but may have forgotten or overlooked when tired or distracted. Of course, they can be turned off and not used. 

Owners can customize the screen to track maintenance intervals, program how long the lights stay on at key-off, or change the compass zone. The Information section includes MyKey preferences, log data (engine hours, idle hours, open doors, etc.), and messages like door ajar and tire pressure warnings. 

The navigation system is intuitive and will be familiar to Ford family drivers. The screen isn't the easiest to read, however. The type faces are too light and wispy and offer too little contrast to be easily read. This is made worse on bright days when sunglasses are worn. Also, the screen is relatively small. The GM and Ram screens are better. The navigation system is otherwise easy to use. Inputting destination addresses is intuitive. SYNC is also included. 

The Tool Link aspect of the Work Solutions equipment will tell you, on the center screen, which (if any) tool or anything else you've tagged is not in the truck when you are ready to leave. 

Ford's tow command integrated trailer brake system is easy to set up and provides better, smoother trailer braking control than the majority of aftermarket controllers. From 2011 it is compatible with both conventional and electric-over-hydraulic braking systems and the display for gain adjustment has been incorporated in the instrument pod. 

Driving Impression

Ford will tell gearheads about new stability control, trailer sway control, revised steering gear here and differential changes there but nothing, absolutely nothing, compares to the 800 lb-ft of torque delivered by Ford's 6.7-liter Power Stroke diesel. Torque is the twist that gets loads moving and is the primary propellant of any motor vehicle up to the 40-45 mph range. In trucks, especially those pulling weight and climbing hills, it is even more important. 

The 6.7-liter Power Stroke's 800 lb-ft of torque is more than two Toyota 4.6 or GM 5.3-liter truck engines put together and not far off the combined output of two Ram Hemis or Ford's standard Super Duty 6.2-liter gas engines. Nearly double the torque and 30- to 100-percent better mileage make the cost of most diesel engine options, including this one, easy to justify, assuming you are going to work the truck. 

Any negatives associated with diesel engines don't apply any more. The 6.7-liter Power Stroke makes no smoke, no nasty smells and less noise in the cab than the gasoline engine. Yes, it does have its own diesel aural characteristics just as the gas engine does but no one will complain about it. Smoggy city dwellers could be reminded the air coming out the exhaust is frequently cleaner than the air going in. 

The new diesel is so quiet you can barely hear it at cruising speeds. The gas engine generates a more authoritative hum. Road noise is reasonably controlled since the nearest wheel is not right under your feet. Unless the road surface is bad, conversation volume will be determined more by what you're towing than anything coming from the engine bay or tires. 

Power levels such as these scoot a four-ton pickup along the road quite well, and the Power Stroke will still be pulling hard when common sense prevails. Five-ton trailers are child's play. 

Of course if you haven't more than a ton or two of building materials and tools to move around locally, the 6.2-liter gas engine is down on torque but has the same horsepower and will get the job done. It won't get the fuel mileage but will be less expensive to service (it takes about half the oil of the diesel). The lighter weight of the 6.2-liter V8 (especially off the front axle) means more payload capacity. Gasoline engines are quicker to start and warm-up for very cold plowing operations. 

The new 6-speed automatic, the only transmission offered, is an ideal mate to either engine and offers excellent control. It can be shifted manually by pulling the lever to M and pushing an up/down rocker switch with your right thumb, just as GM's automatic. Like GM, Ford offers a dedicated 1 shift position, although Ford offers a dedicated 2 as well. We can understand multiple shifting options at different locations (such as steering wheel paddles and a console lever) but prefer the simplicity of the Dodge shifter which doesn't require moving the lever to M. Usually, however, we put it in Drive and let the transmission do its job, so all of this is relatively unimportant. 

An exhaust brake function has been built into the diesel/automatic combination and it is fully automatic. It also comes on gently and silently, though to maintain descent speed on a grade when not towing you will still have to downshift manually; in cruise control the truck does all it can to maintain speed up hill or down automatically. Although the diesel makes peak power at 2800 rpm and has redline marked at 4000 rpm, anything beyond 3800 rpm is overspeed and brakes should be used. 

For buyers who operate snow plows, towing services or anything else with powered equipment on the truck, Ford offers a PTO option, and unlike most of them this PTO works with the transmission in any gear. 

The latest steering system provides fairly light effort and more directness that isn't that apparent unless you've just climbed out of an old one. The steering feels more consistent and it takes more maneuvering to beat the pump and momentarily run short of steering assist. In short, it works great. 

No heavy-duty pickup rides like a car, however, and the Super Duty is no different. 

While 20-inch wheels may look better, they tend to degrade ride comfort so if your driving involves marginal roads, or no roads at all, better to stick with the standard size wheels; they're usually lighter and easier on fuel too. That said, we towed a loaded 20-foot enclosed car trailer from Los Angeles to New York on the 20-inch wheels and never found them lacking. 

There are a few instances in which a competitor might hold an advantage. GM full-size 4WD steering precision is better, a tradeoff many Super Duty owners happily accept to get Ford's solid front axle design often considered superior in durability and articulation. The GM's independent front suspension has a slightly softer ride, but that makes the back (especially empty) kick more for no real net gain. The Ram and GM HD pickups use sophisticated body mounts on all but regular cab models and clearly have less noise and vibration than the Super Duty. 

A Super Duty has no obvious drawbacks in maneuverability for such a behemoth, and the cut-down front windows and large mirrors supply a good view. The new hood's smoother edges and corners make it more difficult to judge close-in distances but with a hood that big you'll be climbing out to scout what the trail has in store frequently anyway. 

The word handling isn't ascribed to HD pickups as much as control is, and the Super Duty feels comfortable even with heavy loads. Brakes don't stand out as good or bad, and four-ton trucks never stop like cars, but the tow command system and cruise-integrated exhaust brake keep things in check. 

Differences between the F-250 and F-350 SRW are essentially limited to the 350 capable of carrying or towing more weight. The F-350 DRW goes a much larger step further in payload and trailer towing (or camper carrying) stability. The max tow rating on some F-350 DRW is close to 23,000 pounds, but remember those ratings are given with a nearly empty, low-optioned truck. (Any trailer more than 8500 pounds requires weight-distribution on any F-250/F-350.) The model specified below is rated for a maximum payload of 3190 pounds, but add the diesel engine and five (U.S.-standard 150-pound) passengers and the camper load rating is 1732 pounds. Less options and accessories you add. 

Often the choice comes down to an F-250 short-wheelbase SRW model vs. an F-350 (or F-450) long-wheelbase DRW model. It's not just the dual rear wheels that make parking an F-350 more difficult; the long-wheelbase makes negotiating tight parking lots more challenging. The long-wheelbase, dual rear wheel trucks are better while pulling a big, heavy trailer on the open highway. But we've found the F-250 short-wheelbase truck to be a superb tow vehicle and quite stable. The integrated brake controller is a great feature. If you're running a lot of tongue weight, you may want some air helper springs or a weight-distribution hitch. 

The F-450 model is a crew-cab, long-box-only truck that bucked trends and downsized slightly for 2011. The 10-bolt wheels and 19.5-inch tires of the old model required a speed-limiter of just more than the top posted speed limits in Texas, and a lot of customers complained. So the F-450 is now closer in concept to an F-350 DRW with roughly the same load capacity (5260 pounds) but a tow rating of 24,500 pounds. Just make sure your driver's license can handle that load. 

Whatever you are towing, the available towing mirrors are excellent and in some cases the wide-angle element is heated and the housing extends and/or folds electrically, handy when pulling up to the fast-food drive-through window. 

Summary

The Ford Super Duty is the largest mass-market pickup truck you can get, offered in the widest array of configurations and most of the highest ratings that pickup truck bragging wars often revert to. It is more than capable of handling all reasonable recreational or commercial needs, and an honest, thoughtful appraisal of your uses will supply you the best value. 

G.R. Whale filed this report to NewCarTestDrive.com after driving several Ford Super Duty in conditions from snow to sand; Mitch McCullough contributed to this report. 

Model Lineup

Ford F-250 Regular Cab long box ($29,065 2WD XL); SuperCab short box and long box; Crew Cab short bed XLT 4WD ($40,860), Lariat ($45,565); F-350 SRW Regular Cab l/b; SuperCab s/b ($34,360 4WD XL), l/b; Crew Cab s/b, l/b; F-350 DRW Regular Cab l/b; SuperCab l/b; Crew Cab s/b, l/b ($34,050 2WD XL) all 2WD or 4WD; F-450 Crew Cab l/b 4WD ($49,395 XL). 

Assembled In

Louisville, Kentucky. 

Options As Tested

diesel engine; 3.55:1 axle ratio; locking rear differential; power telescoping mirrors; XLT interior package; block heater; power sliding rear window with defrost; rear parking sensors; rear camera; upfitter switches; dual alternators; tailgate step; sprayed bedliner; cable lock. 

Tue, 12 Apr 2022 19:51:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.autoblog.com/buy/2013-Ford-E_350+Super+Duty-Commercial__Cargo_Van/review/
Killexams : Startups News No result found, try new keyword!Showcase your company news with guaranteed exposure both in print and online Ready to embrace the fast-paced future we’re all experiencing? Join us for tech… Outstanding Women in Business are ... Sun, 07 Aug 2022 12:41:00 -0500 text/html https://www.bizjournals.com/news/technology/startups Killexams : Super Simple Scope Shambles Solution

Sometimes the projects we write up for Hackaday require their creators to produce pages of technical explanation, while others need only rely on the elegance of the hack itself. The Scope Probe Caddy from [Tonyo] has probably one of the shortest write-ups we’ve linked to from a Hackaday piece, because its utility is self-evident just by looking at it.

Scope probe connector with 3d printed organiser attached.
The Hackaday Rigol gets the caddy treatment.

It’s likely that everyone who has owned an oscilloscope will have encountered this problem: that multiple ‘scope probes soon manifest themselves into a tangled mess, an unruly octopus which threatens to overwhelm your bench. The probe organizer is an extremely simple solution tot his problem, a 3D printed clip which fits over the probe connector and into which the probe itself can also slot.

The clip comes as an OpenSCAD file, which starts with a range of size definitions for different types of probe connector. The Rigol we have here isn’t among them, but a very quick measurement with the calipers allowed us to enter the size of a Rigol probe connector at 11.5 mm. It’s not often we make something we’re  writing up as we’re writing it, but in this case a quick bit of 3D printing and we too have tidy probe storage. With the addition of a cable tie or a small nut and bolt it’s assembled, and now helps make a Hackaday bench a little clearer.

Once you’ve printed this organizer, you might want to turn your attention to the probe itself.

Mon, 01 Aug 2022 12:00:00 -0500 Jenny List en-US text/html https://hackaday.com/2022/04/29/super-simple-scope-shambles-solution/ Killexams : Prepreg Speeds Up Prototyping, New Product Development Cycles

Hexcel’s HexPly M901 prepreg system has been selected by Rassini, a Mexico-based technology leader in composite vehicle suspension systems, to speed up prototype and new product development cycles. The company aims to reduce overall time to market with the easy-to-process material that enables effective early-stage design screening and cost-effective production.

HexPly M901 is a high-Tg epoxy resin prepreg system specifically developed for structural components that will be exposed to harsh thermal and environmental conditions. It features short cure cycles of 10 minutes and below, producing excellent green, or handling, strength of the composite part for demolding, and unidirectional glass fiber aerial weights up to 1,600 gsm.

As a specialist in the mass production of composite helper leaf springs for various leading OEMs, Rassini continuously develops innovative suspension component designs. Due to cost and timing, however, these new products cannot easily be prototyped using conventional high-pressure resin transfer molding (HP-RTM) technology.

With more than 15 years of experience in delivering glass-fiber prepregs for the serial production of composite leaf springs, Hexcel developed its HexPly M901 prepreg system specifically for this type of application. HexPly M901 combines structural performance with simple processing, providing Rassini with a reliable material solution optimized for rapid development and fine-tuning iterations.

In addition to having an important role in the new product development cycle, HexPly M901 also offers significant advantages for lower volume serial production of composite mono leaf springs. Mechanical performance is approximately 15% higher than standard prepregs with enhanced fatigue properties and a Tg up to 200˚C following post-cure.

Wed, 06 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.plasticstoday.com/automotive-and-mobility/prepreg-speeds-prototyping-new-product-development-cycles
Killexams : The new HP Spectre x360 and ENVY 16 laptops are now available in Malaysia

HP Malaysia has presented its latest Spectre and ENVY laptops, which are designed with the flexibility to create and live seamlessly in today’s hybrid world.

HP Malaysia Spectre and ENVY laptops 1

The Spectre and ENVY laptops are equipped with HP Presence 4 and HP GlamCam alongside features like HP Auto Frame and HP Dynamic Voice Leveling which provide users with an interactive video and audio experience. This makes them an excellent choice for individuals who are attending conferences or online classes frequently.

HP Malaysia Spectre and ENVY laptops featured

On top of that, they also offer intelligent power management features such as In-bag detection that adjust the PC’s power to avoid overheating or battery drain when placed in a bag, as well as the Adaptive Battery Optimizer, which monitors battery temperature, battery-charging status, and usage time to preserve its battery’s health.

Check out the following lists for their specifications:

Spectre x360

Operating System
Dimensions & Weight
  • 298 x 220.45 x 16.99 mm
  • Starting from 1.37 kg
CPU
  • Intel Core i7-1255U
  • Intel Core i5-1235U
GPU
Display
  • 13.5″ 3K2K (3000 x 2000) OLED, 100% DCI-P3, multitouch-enabled
  • 13.5″ WUXGA+ (1920 x 1280) IPS, 100% sRGB, multitouch-enabled
Storage & Memory
  • Up to 2TB PCIe Gen4 NVMe M.2 SSD
  • Up to 32GB LPDDR4x-4266 MHz RAM (onboard)
Wireless Connectivity
  • Intel Wi-Fi 6E AX211 and Bluetooth 5.2
I/O Ports
  • 2 x Thunderbolt 4 with USB4 Type-C
  • 1 x SuperSpeed USB Type-A
  • 1 x Combo Audio Jack
Webcam
  • HP True Vision 5MP IR camera with camera shutter
Audio
  • Audio by Bang & Olufsen
  • Quad speakers
  • HP Audio Boost
Power/Battery
  • 65 W USB Type-C power adapter
  • 4-cell, 66 Wh Li-ion polymer
  • Up to 15 hours Battery Life Video Playback

ENVY 16

Operating System
Dimensions & Weight
  • 298 x 220.45 x 19.99 mm (RTX 3060 Model)
  • 357.4 x 251.8 x 18.95 mm
CPU
  • Intel Core i7-12700H
  • Intel Core i5-12500H
GPU
  • NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060 6GB Laptop GPU
  • Intel Arc A370M Graphics
Display
  •  16.0″ WQXGA (2560 x 1600) IPS, 120Hz, 100% sRGB
Storage & Memory
  • Up to 2TB PCIe Gen4 NVMe M.2 SSD
  • Up to 32GB DDR5-4800 MHz RAM (2 x 16GB)
Wireless Connectivity
  • Intel Wi-Fi 6E AX211 and Bluetooth 5.2 combo
  • MediaTek Wi-Fi 6 MT7921 and Bluetooth 5.2 combo
I/O Ports
  • 2 x Thunderbolt 4 with USB4 Type-C
  • 1 x SuperSpeed USB Type-A
  • 1 x Combo Audio Jack
  • 1 x AC smart pin
  • 1 x HDMI 2.1
Webcam
  • HP True Vision 5MP IR camera with camera shutter
Audio
  • Audio by Bang & Olufsen
  • Quad speakers
  • HP Audio Boost
Power/Battery
  • Up to 200 W Smart AC power adapter
  • 6-cell, 83 Wh Li-ion polymer
  • Up to 16 hours and 30 minutes Battery Life Video Playback

Pricing and Availability

The HP Spectre x360 and ENVY 16 are currently up for grabs on HP’s official website, as well as authorized sellers on Lazada and Shopee, with prices starting from RM7,199 and RM6,999 respectively with further customization options available, all catered to your needs.

There are also limited-time bundled promotions going on right now which provide shoppers with free M22f FHD Monitor, Bluetooth Headset 500, Dual Mode Mouse, etc when they purchase the laptops.

For more information, kindly refer to the following links.

Mon, 01 Aug 2022 15:30:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.tech-critter.com/hp-spectre-envy-laptop-malaysia-price/
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