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Tara Duggan is a Project Management Professional (PMP) specializing in knowledge management and instructional design. For over 25 years she has developed quality training materials for a variety of products and services supporting such companies as Digital Equipment Corporation, Compaq and HP. Her freelance work is published on various websites.

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Killexams : HP Anyware comes out of beta

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Workday, Inc. (NASDAQ:WDAY) offers a SaaS (software as a service) platform which is the gold standard in Enterprise Management. Its cloud-based platform helps track and Strengthen the efficiency of back-office functions such as Finance, Human Resources and Spend Management. The company was founded in 2005 and initially funded by Duffield and VC Greylock Partners. A partner at Greylock is LinkedIn co-founder Reid Hoffman who is a master of "Blitzscaling." Thus, a platform such as Workday fits nicely into his portfolio, as it helps Enterprises run efficient operations and scale employment more easily.

Workday now has over 9,500 customers across 175 countries. They serve a substantial 50% of the Fortune 500, including 70% of the top 50 Fortune 500 companies. The company has high customer retention (95%), high switching costs and leading product reviews with a Customer Satisfaction score of 97%.

The stock price went on a tremendous bull run in 2020 and increased by a rapid 115%. However, since November 2021, the stock price has been butchered by over 50% on the back of the high inflation numbers released during the period and a slight miss on earnings expectations. The stock price is now trading at the cheapest price to multiple since its IPO in 2012. In addition, the stock is "fairly valued" intrinsically according to my Discounted Cash Flow Model.

WDAY stock price
Data by YCharts

Catalysts

Workday has recently announced (July 13th 2022) they have achieved FedRAMP Authorization. This is a major event, as it means Workday can now provide services to Federal Government agencies, which opens up a new growth avenue. In addition, a latest survey by Credit Suisse forecasts an increase in IT Spend for Enterprises. Let's dive into the Business Model, Financials and Valuation for the juicy details.

SaaS Business Model

The Workday Enterprise Management Cloud consists of three core platforms, Human Capital Management, Financial Management and Spend Management. The estimated total addressable market (TAM) across these segments is $105 billion, which means there is plenty of runway ahead.

Workday Platform

Workday Platform (Investor presentation)

1. Human Capital Management (HCM)

Workday understands that employees are the lifeblood of any company, especially those in the consulting or service-based industries. As the old saying goes "if you can measure it you can manage it." Workday HCM offers the ability to view headcount, turnover, hiring needs, employee cost, and much more, all from one unified dashboard. As your company gathers more data, the system uses Machine Learning and natural language processing to help estimate the average "Time to hire Gaps" or fill specific management positions.

Workday HR

Workday HCM (Official Website)

The Workday Onboarding solution enables the rapid onboarding of new employees and decreases the time to productivity so they can hit the ground running.

The retention and attrition sections supply your company insights into how well employees are being retained and if there are any red flags you need to be aware off. The platform even enables the ability to build talent management programs, listen to employee feedback, perform consistent performance reviews, track diversity, set compensation levels, and much more.

The fact the solution is "cloud based" means it's ideal for remote workforces or even retail chains which can track employee metrics across multiple stores, states, and countries.

2. Financial Management

The Financial Management platform enables the ability to intelligently manage finance processes. From billings to revenue, cash flow and more. The machine learning helps with forecasting, forecasting and planning business strategy. In addition, the platforms gives visibility into international compliance and processes, which can be hard to track for organizations.

Workday Financial Management

Workday Financial (Website)

3. Spend Management

The Spend Management platform gives a seamless overview of all the costs associated with running an organization, to tracking various "cost centers," cost trends, and much more.

Workday Spend Management

Spend Management (Workday)

High Retention Rate and Moat

Workday has a high retention rate of over 95%, which means customers are staying with the product. I believe this is for a couple of reasons. The first is it's a great product, which is rated number one in Human Resources software for Enterprises on G2. In addition, the platform has 4.4 out of 5 star reviews on Gartner.

Workday Review

Workday Review (Gartner)

The other reason I believe the product has high retention is its high switching costs. The product is deeply embedded into vital operations such as Finance and Human Resources. There is also the training costs for employees having to relearn a new software. Thus, I believe Workday could demonstrate "pricing power" in the future, as even if there are slightly cheaper alternatives on the market, companies would be unlikely to switch due to the aforementioned reasons.

Powering the platform's success has been an army of 15,900 employees, and as an extra data point it is interesting to see the company has 4.2 out of 5 star reviews for great places to work. Even the negative reviews don't seem too bad. For example, someone commented about the lack of "free food," which personally I don't believe is needed to be offered by a company.

Workday Glassdoor review

Workday (Glassdoor)

Growing Financials

Workday has been rapidly growing its financials over the past few years. As you can see from the chart below, Annual Subscription Revenue has compounded by a 21% CAGR since 2020 and was $4.5 billion for FY22.

Workday Financials

Financials Workday (Investor presentation)

Total Revenue for the quarter ending April 30th 2022 also showed a similar increase, jumping to $1.43 billion, up by 22.1% over the prior year. The majority of this was driven by subscription revenue, which was up 23.2% YoY to $1.27 billion. Total Subscription Revenue Backlog also showed rapid growth of 26% to $12.65 billion.

The Non GAAP Operation Margin has improved by 900 bps over the past couple of years, with Non-GAAP operating income of $228.6 million, or 20.1% of revenues. The company did generate an Operating loss of $72.5 million, or -5.1%, which was greater than the -3.3%, or -$38.3 million, in the prior year.

Workday margins
Data by YCharts

Total costs and expenses increased by ~24%, which is at a slightly faster rate than revenue growth of ~22.1%. Approximately $100 million of this increase can be attributed to Product Development, which is okay. However, I would like to see General and Administrative expenses and overall costs growing at a slower rate longer term. I believe the company can accomplish this, as they offer a cloud SaaS platform which should have operating leverage - theoretically.

Workday Revenues and Costs

Total Costs (Workday)

Share-based compensation increased by 17.7% to $311.5 million, which does lead to some concern about the sustainability of long term compensation plans. Stock-based compensation makes up ~20% of revenue, which does seem very high for a company which isn't a startup and is a mature technology company. The good news with high stock based compensation is it attracts the best talent and gives employees "skin in the game." Thus, this promotes a harder working and more aligned organization. Of course, when valuing the company's equity, it makes sense to take this into account.

Workday Revenues and stock based compensation
Data by YCharts

Workday's balance sheet has cash, equivalents, and marketable securities of $6.26 billion, up a substantial 72% from $3.64 billion in the prior year. However, the company does have a substantial amount of total debt - $4.83 billion. The good news is this is well covered in the short term with $1.15 billion being in current debt. However, it is unusual to see a "money losing" technology company with such high debt levels, definitely something to keep an eye on but not a major issue right now.

Valuation

In order to value Workday, I have plugged the latest financials into my advanced valuation model, which uses the discounted cash flow method of valuation. I have forecasted 20% growth rate for next year and 19% growth rate for the next 2 to 5 years, which is aligned with managements guidance.

Workday stock Valuation

Workday stock Valuation 1 (created by author Ben at Motivation 2 Invest)

I have forecasted the operation margin to increase to 22% in the next five years as the company scales operations.

Workday R&D expenses

R&D expenses (Valuation model)

In addition, I have capitalized the company's large R&D spend over the past couple of years to increase model accuracy.

WDAY stock Valuation Model

Valuation Model (created by author Ben at Motivation 2 invest)

Given these factors, I get a fair value of $141/share. The stock is currently trading at $139/share and thus is "fairly valued."

As an extra datapoint, Workday is trading at a price-to-sales ratio = 5.7, which is the cheapest it's ever been historically since the IPO in 2012.

Workday PS ratio
Data by YCharts

Workday is trading at a midrange price-to-sales ratio (forward) = 5.7 (purple line) relative to other enterprise software companies.

WDAY vs peers PS ratio
Data by YCharts

Risks

Valuation and High Debt

Despite the major pullback in share price, the stock isn't really cheap but is fairly valued. The high debt levels are also a concern and definitely something to keep an eye on.

Competition

Gartner outlines various alternatives in the Human Capital Management space. These include;

  • SAP SuccessFactors.
  • Oracle Fusion Cloud HCM.
  • Ceridian Dayforce.
  • Darwinbox.
  • Workforce Now.
  • BambooHR.
  • PeopleStrong.

and many more. However, I do believe Workday is the gold standard solution for enterprises.

Final Thoughts

Workday is a tremendous company which offers the gold standard in Enterprise Management Software. The platform has an elite customer base of Fortune 500 giants and high customer retention. The latest crash in share price now means the stock is "fairly valued," and thus this could be a great opportunity for the long-term growth stock investor.

Wed, 20 Jul 2022 02:29:00 -0500 en text/html https://seekingalpha.com/article/4524438-workday-high-switching-costs-and-a-100-billion-tam
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KnowBe4 Recognized as a Leader in Security Awareness and Training Solutions by Forrester ResearchKnowBe4 has been named a Leader in The Forrester Wave: Security Awareness and Training Solutions, Q1 2022. Using a 30-criteria evaluation, the Forrester Wave report ranks 11 vendors in the security aware...

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Sun, 16 Aug 2020 11:35:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.scmagazine.com/resource-library
Killexams : Hands-On: MNT Reforms The Laptop

When we met our contact from MNT in the coffee shop, he was quietly working away on his laptop. Jet black and standing thick it was like an encyclopedia that didn’t quite blend in with the sea of silver MacBook lookalikes on the surrounding tables. After going through all the speeds and feeds we eagerly got our 64 piece driver kit out to open it up and see what made this marvel tick, but when the laptop was turned over it became clear that no tools were needed. The entire bottom of the machine was a single rectangle of transparent acrylic revealing everything from sharp white status LEDs on the bare mainboard to individual 18650 LiFePO4 battery cells in a tidy row. In a sense that’s the summary of the entire product: it’s a real laptop you can use to get work done, and every element of it from design to fabrication is completely transparent.

a view of the inside of a MNT Reform laptop, showing screen and keyboard
The MNT Reform

The device pictured here is called the Reform and is designed and manufactured by MNT, a company in Berlin, Germany (note MNT stands for MNT, it’s not an acronym). The Reform is a fully open source laptop which is shipping today and available via distribution through Crowd Supply. If the aesthetic doesn’t make it clear the Reform is an opinionated product designed from the ground up to optimize for free-as-in-freedom: from it’s solid metal chassis to the blob-free GNU/Linux distribution running inside.

We’re here to tell you that we’ve held one, it’s real, and it’s very well built.

Let’s get the spec punch list out of the way first. The currently shipping MNT Reform is powered by a Boundary Devices Nitrogen 8M System On Module which contains a quad core 1.5 GHz ARM64 processor (the NXP i.MX8M Quad) with 4 GB of RAM. This is packaged into a module that slots into a SODIMM slot on the mainboard next to a standard M key m.2 2280 socket with PCIe for an NVMe drive of the user’s choice, and a mini PCIe card slot for a WiFi or cell radio. All together this should make for a serviceable hardware package for daily use, especially with that fast PCIe storage, though the processor will be a little anemic by the standards of a modern personal computer, or even a high end smartphone.

Exposed along the edges of the laptop chassis are three USB 3 ports in the USB-A form factor, full sized SD card, a 1/8″ TRRS jack, gigabit Ethernet, and power via a barrel jack. If we were designing a machine from scratch today, we’d love to see that barrel jack replaced with USB-C and Power Delivery, but that’s a minor complaint, and as the saying goes the sources are available, so we could always fix that ourselves!

a top down view of a laptop showing the keyboard and track ball

Moving to the outside we can report that the MNT Reform feels exactly the way it looks in all the pictures; like an absolute brick of a machine. This particular unit has been lovingly bestickered but the bead-blasted, CNC milled chassis is absolutely every bit as well-built as we had hoped. In traditional notebook reviews, thin and light laptops get lambasted for wibbly-wobbly bendy screens and failing the “one handed open test”, which checks if the display can be opened without a second hand to keep the base of the computer planted on the table. The Reform certainly has no problems in either of these departments. The screen escapes its retaining magnets with a satisfying pop and swings smoothly open to past 180º on stiff hinges with nary a complaint or flex in sight.

Lacking a camera or internal microphone, the primary interface an operator will have with the MNT Reform is via keyboard and pointing device. As the astute reader has no doubt noticed, this portable computer is rather thick compared to the slivers of aluminium that you’d find at your favorite electronics retailer. But thickness has some tangible benefits in the interface department.

First we’ll point out the pointing device, which is a modular USB peripheral the user can specify when purchasing the machine. Besides the 1337-hacker choice to have no pointing device at all, the Reform is available in two configurations; trackpad and luxurious trackball.

an exploded mechanical drawing of the Reform trackball module
An exploded trackball schematic

We haven’t seen the trackpad in person so can only speculate about how it operates. It’s an off the shelf capacitive affair packaged under glass to supply your digits the smoothest glide possible. It supports a standard range of multi finger gestures and we’re sure it’s perfectly fine. But this is Hackaday, so we were absolutely thrilled to get our digits on the glorious trackball.

The trackball is an option that emphasizes the aesthetic the Reform is really built to indulge. The ball and five mechanical keys are packed into the same rectangular surface area as the trackpad to allow either to be installed, but there is plenty of room to maneuver. The ball is big at 2.5 centimetres in diameter, and just the right balance between tacky for good finger grip and smooth for easy rolling. Significantly, the ball is large enough that it’s easy to execute precise movements without much trouble, an issue we’ve experienced before on tiny trackballs.

Above the pointing device is the keyboard, and what a keyboard it is. As enthusiasts ourselves, we were excited to see that the unusually deep chassis here was leveraged once again to include real mechanical switches for a premium typing feel. These aren’t full sized keyswitches, but Kailh Choc low profile switches. Even so they provide a deep 3 mm of travel, closer to the 4 mm of a traditional full size Cherry MX switch than the 1 mm you’d get on a 2021 keyboard from Apple.

The keyboard layout is not completely standard, but with a little typing we don’t think it would be a problem. The other notable detail is the keycaps themselves. Kailh Choc switches use special keycaps that are typically of the utterly flat chicklet variety in vogue on modern laptops. Bucking this trend once again, the Reform has very deep keys which we found helped our digits distinguish them when typing quickly. Needless to say in our short time with the machine it was a very comfortable keyboard to clack away at. The only note against it was the flexure in the center of the deck, which got a little bouncy when we were aggressive with the keys. But this was only noticeable after it was specifically pointed out as an area for improvement.

a laptop keyboard with key caps which have a deep depression in the center
Deep keycaps help fingers find focus

Also notable is the small display above the keyboard. This is a sort of system management display, or rather an interface to the main processor’s supervisory micro. It connects with the keyboard and allows the user to view certain system information like battery status even while the machine is completely off. Of course it’s fully programmable just like the rest of the system.

To wrap up the device, we will mostly elide what it was like in the few minutes we spent using it as a computer. It’s fine. It’s a Linux computer. If you’ve used one before you know what to expect here, which is in its own way a complement in its banality. By default each machine comes with the relatively conservative Debian distribution and a mainline kernel, so for daily use you won’t need to be a terminal wizard and switching to another OS should be straightforward.

a small OLED display showing battery cell voltages

The Reform is a niche product for a niche audience. It’s unapologetically hefty. An interested buyer will pay north of $999 to buy one, and at that lower price will have to assemble it themselves: pre-assembled units start at $1,550. It has a processor that is sufficient for daily use but lags behind the latest 4.5 GHz burst octa-core behemoth from Intel or AMD. But none of that is the point.

It’s hard to come up with a substantial list of competitors to the MNT Reform. If you were lucky enough to be in the market for a portable computer at the right time there was the Novena; a similarly open source, similarly expensive, similarly rectangular computing device from [Bunny] and [Xobs]. More recently there are the devices from Pine64, the Pinebook and Pinebook Pro. These are also easy to service, though there isn’t nearly enough room inside for much in the way of additions. They have even more anemic processors than the Reform, and most importantly have open software but – as far as we know – totally closed hardware. Lastly there is the tide of cyberdecks (which we love!), generally in the form of a Raspberry Pi coupled to a battery, screen and keyboard. Few if any of these are commercial products, and even if they were, the constituent parts are similarly non-free.

picture of MNT Reform laptop with ortholinear keyboard
OLKB’s ortholinear concept render

And that’s it. Besides the Novena we’re hard pressed to find any totally comparable devices, especially not ones with commercial availability and a production volume higher than one. We’re sure you’ll let us know if we missed something. So that leaves us with an unusual beast in the MNT Reform. It’s open to a fault, from the bits in the flash to the atoms in the aluminum. It’s built by hand by a four person team in Berlin (plus requisite shop dog). Its thickness is best measured in integer inches, and it’s fairly expensive. So why does it exist?

In some ways these unusual traits hearken back to one of the influences of the MNT Reform: retrocomputing. Not in the literal sense that this is a Commodore 64, but in the spirit of the thing. The machine is large and invites you to poke around inside, with clear labels and an easy entry method. It comes with a thick manual that starts with friendly instructions about how to get around the Linux command line and ends with the complete schematics for the entire machine. It’s a useful tool but also one you can learn and grow with. And from that openness inspires people to learn from its example and mod it to suit their needs.

Building a completely open computer whose every design element caters to a group of enthusiastic hackers means that it didn’t take long for improvements to begin appearing. The highest profile of these might be the new keyboard design from crowd favorites OLKB, known for making a variety of diminutive keyboards with ortholinear layouts like the Planck. Of course this new keyboard is only real when it’s shipping, but as OLKB is a long established entity with a history of shipping keyboards in relatively high volume it seems like a safe bet.
Besides a new keyboard we’ve heard of multiple replacement System On Modules which should change the available compute capabilities in exciting ways and keep the Reform usable for years to come. MNT itself is working with a partner to bring a module powered by the the NXP Layerscape LS1028A and a whopping 8 or 16 GB of RAM to market. And [Lukas Hartmann] the founder of MNT has posted some very tantalizing renders of a SOM card containing a burly Kintex-7 FPGA which may one day play host to anything from RISC-V cores to a supercomputer of Z80s.

the top of a laptop covered in stickers
The MNT Reform we had our hands on

This is a real laptop, that you can buy today. It’s built out of high quality materials and will probably survive the rigors of daily metro trips in a messenger bag, and dirt from working in the park. It runs software whose source you can inspect in totality and build yourself, and if the color doesn’t suit your liking the mechanical CAD is available to manufacture your own enclosure. The processor isn’t the cutting edge but it’s socketed and can be trivially replaced so we expect it to continue evolving and improving.

That diversity we talked about above is really the takeaway from our time with the MNT Reform. We live in a world where professional-grade manufacturing capability is easily accessible to a casual hobbyist, let alone a motivated team like MNT. It’s possible to produce a real commercial electronics product of non-trivial complexity for a niche market, and that’s nothing short of astounding. With a global audience we’re not thinking in the least about selling through the initial 450 unit manufacturing run. So why shouldn’t it exist?

a standalone keyboard made from the keyboard in a MNT Reform laptop
The standalone MNT keyboard

Engaged Hackaday readers may note MNT has another upcoming product which is a close relative to the the Reform laptop. The keyboard we praised earlier has grown legs and stepped away from the trackball to become a standalone product. We had a chance to spend a few minutes with a preproduction unit and can confirm it’s exactly as satisfying as the integrated version. In fact, besides a firmware update, it’s literally the same as the one in the Reform laptop. Same extra deep keycaps, same satisfying but tactile action on the Kailh Choc keyswitches, and same programmable OLED screen. In this case the screen obviously isn’t integrated into the host machine so it’s relegated to providing metadata about the keyboard’s configuration, but MNT indicates you can draw to it with properly formed USB HID packets. We’re looking forward to the first Mavis Beacon integration. If you’re looking for a thin and light mechanical keyboard for on the go clacks and dig the unusual layout, it may be worth a look.

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 12:00:00 -0500 Kerry Scharfglass en-US text/html https://hackaday.com/2021/08/26/hands-on-mnt-reforms-the-laptop/
Killexams : Want Higher Definition? Tone Down Your TV's Sharpness Setting

Sharpness is one of the many picture settings you can adjust on your TV, like brightness, contrast, and color. Turning them all up might seem like a great idea. After all, who wants a picture that's dim, colorless and dull, right? In reality, maxing out any of those adjustments can ruin your picture, making it less accurate and limiting the potential of the best TVs.

CNET Tech Tips logo

It may be hard to believe, but the sharpness control on your TV doesn't actually "increase" the sharpness, detail or anything else associated with a good picture. (If you want better TV, take a look at the best picture mode and try changing these settings.) The sharpness control actually adds something called "edge enhancement," which can create overly harsh or "glowing" edges and diminish the fine resolution in the image you're looking at.

That means when your sharpness is set too high, you could lose some of the crisp detail of that fancy 4K TV. In some cases, the best setting is actually zero, while on most TVs the setting is best in the bottom 20% or so. 

But what exactly is sharpness? An image that's too bright or garish is easy to understand, but sharpness takes some explaining. Buckle up.

Sharpness means edge enhancement

On nearly all TVs, the sharpness control adds something called "edge enhancement." That's exactly what it sounds like. The edges in the image are enhanced, essentially by adding a thin outline or halo to them. This makes them more visible.

Left: the original image. Right: the edge-enhanced "sharper" version. The "halo effect" is what the sharpness control adds.

Geoffrey Morrison/CNET

Take a look at the side-by-side images above. The left image is the au naturel version. The right has significant amounts of edge enhancement added. Note the outline around the buildings. While the left image might appear, at first glance, "soft," it actually isn't.

The picture below is a close-up of the "sharpened" edge-enhanced version. As you'll see, a sort of white halo appears around distinct edges. 

Geoffrey Morrison/CNET

The problem is that the halo shouldn't be there -- and it's replacing what should be. It may not seem like a big deal in this image, but with most content that halo is covering the real detail. Additionally, it often brings out grainy noise in other parts of the image. See how much cleaner the left image looks compared to the enhanced.

Edge enhancement definitely gives the image a certain look: It can provide the appearance of more detail. Most TVs have their sharpness controls turned up in the default picture modes, so we're used to this faux-detail look.

While unenhanced images can look soft by comparison, especially at first, they're actually more detailed because they show fine textures in walls, pores on faces and tiny hairs -- all of which can be hidden by too much edge enhancement.

What's the best sharpness setting for my TV?

The easiest way to check is to switch your TV to the Movie or Cinema picture preset, and see where the sharpness control is in that mode. Whatever that number is, it's a good place to start. 

Read more: How to Set Up Your TV

Want to fine-tune it? While watching a variety of content, especially 4K if you have a 4K TV, turn the control down from that starting point and see what happens. Does the fine detail disappear? If so, that's too low. Ideally, you'll be able to find the spot that offers the most real detail and the least additional noise. Don't be surprised if that number is 0. 

Some TVs actively soften the image when you turn the sharpness control to zero (or even below 50 in some cases). This might be done to offer a way to decrease the noise in lower-quality sources, but I'd be shocked if it's ever used for that purpose. Just something to keep in mind. If the image suddenly looks blurry, that's definitely too low. There's a sweet spot with any TV, it's just a matter of finding it.

A setup disc, like the Spears & Munsil UHD HDR Benchmark, has patterns that will make it easier to find the exact sharpness level for your specific TV.

It's possible, though rare, that you have a TV with permanent edge enhancement. Even turning the sharpness control to zero and going through every setting (and picture preset) in your TV, you still may see edge enhancement or other processing. This was more common with older TV sets, though. These days it's fairly rare.

Read moreWhen to Bring In a Pro to Change Your TV Settings

What about other visual controls? 

Many TVs and some high-end projectors have processing features separate from the sharpness control. These are usually deeper in the settings menus, or in separate "advanced" sections. Some of these can enhance the apparent detail without adding undue amounts of edge enhancement. Others, of course, do more harm than good. 

AI Upscaling

The various steps in Samsung's AI Upscaling process. 

Samsung

Part of this is due to the increase in overall processing power available in mid- and high-end TVs. For instance, Samsung, LG, and Sony have discussed using AI for their upconversion, which is how you get a decent-looking lower-resolution image on a high-resolution television.

There's no blanket advice here. If your TV has these resolution/detail enhancement features, try out each to see what they do. Sit close, and see if it's adding noise, edge enhancement, or if it's making the image appear sharper. Purists will likely want to keep these features off, especially with high-quality content like from a 4K Blu-ray, but with some content it might help.

Why you sometimes can't turn down the sharpness

Occasionally, the edge enhancement is in the source. This was common on early DVDs, where edge enhancement was added to make them "pop." If it's in the source, there's nothing you can do about it. It's just something to keep in mind if you're trying out different settings, don't use just one source or program.

TV manufacturers love edge enhancement, largely because it makes their TVs seem super detailed when viewed in a store.

There are also some sources, generally low-quality video like standard-def TV channels or even VHS tapes, that can benefit from a TV's detail enhancement circuits. These sources are so soft and low-resolution to begin with, that when blown up to the size of today's large televisions they may look better enhanced.

Sharpness looking weird? supply it a few days

If you go to your TV right now and turn the sharpness control all the way down the picture is absolutely going to look soft. Much like with high color temperatures, anyone who isn't used to making fine adjustments to their TV controls has gotten used to a certain "look" to their TV's picture. So at first, even the correct sharpness setting might seem soft, especially if your TV has been in the Vivid or Dynamic picture mode.

Try the new, lower sharpness setting for a few days. If you then don't like the look of the un-enhanced image, that's fine. Turn it back up. But I bet when you do the "original" setting will look weird. 


As well as covering TV and other display tech, Geoff does photo tours of cool museums and locations around the world, including nuclear submarinesmassive aircraft carriersmedieval castlesairplane graveyards and more. 

You can follow his exploits on Instagram and YouTube about his 10,000 mile-road trip. He also has written a bestselling sci-fi novel about city-size submarines, along with a sequel.

Sun, 18 Jul 2021 10:14:00 -0500 See full bio en text/html https://www.cnet.com/tech/home-entertainment/want-higher-definition-tone-down-your-tvs-sharpness-setting/
Killexams : Tadalafil 5 mg Once Daily for the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction During a 6-Month Observational Study (EDATE)

Methods

Patients and Study Design

EDATE was a prospective, longitudinal, observational study conducted in 59 centres across Germany, France, Italy, and Greece, enrolling patients from November 2011 through June 2012.[20] Adult male patients who met the investigator's criteria for ED and presented within the normal course of care were eligible to participate if they had decided, in consultation with their physician, to either initiate PDE5 inhibitor treatment for the first time (treatment-naïve) or switch from any previous PDE5 inhibitor taken on-demand. Patients with previous experience with tadalafil OaD were excluded. The study was approved by the Comité de protection des personnes "Nord-Ouest IV", centre hospitalier universitaire, faculté de médecine, pôle recherche, 59045 Lille Cedex, and additional ethical review boards as per individual study site and country requirements (full list provided as Additional file 1 https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1186%2Fs12894-015-0107-5/MediaObjects/12894_2015_107_MOESM1_ESM.pdf). Patients provided written informed consent for data collection, storage, and release of anonymised data.

Assessment and treatment of patients were performed as per routine investigator practice for managing ED. In this article, data from patients who initiated or switched to treatment with tadalafil OaD at baseline (Visit 1) and were followed up longitudinally for up to 6 months (tadalafil OaD cohort) are reported. Post-baseline data were collected at routine visits (Visit 2, Visit 3) within 1 to 3 months and 4 to 6 months after initiation of therapy. Patients who switched or discontinued tadalafil OaD treatment during the observation were followed until the end of the 6-month observation period. A follow-up phone call was made to patients who did not visit within 4 to 6 months after baseline.

Outcome Measures

The primary results on the time to treatment discontinuation of tadalafil OaD in men who had initiated or switched to tadalafil OaD at baseline have already been published.[20] The current article includes secondary outcome results on the impact of patients characteristics and comorbidities on time to treatment discontinuation, and on mean changes from baseline to end of observation in the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) domain scores,[21] and Erectile Dysfunction Inventory for Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS) total score.[22]

Statistical Analysis

Sample Size. A demo size of 250 patients initiating or switching to tadalafil OaD at baseline was planned, based on the primary outcome (continuation rate on tadalafil OaD, estimated to be 50–80 % after 6 months of treatment).[20] Consecutive enrollment was planned to be stopped as soon as either 3,000 patients were enrolled overall, or 600 patients were enrolled in the tadalafil OaD cohort.

Primary Analysis. All patients prescribed tadalafil OaD treatment at baseline were included in the analysis. The distribution of time to discontinuation of tadalafil OaD was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier product-limit method. The Kaplan-Meier proportions and associated 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) of patients on tadalafil OaD at Months 2, 4, and 6 were reported for the tadalafil OaD cohort (primary analysis) as well as subgroups stratified by age (18–65 years and >65 years), pretreatment with PDE5 inhibitors, ED severity (mild, moderate, severe), and presence or absence of BPH, diabetes, CVD, hypertension, and dyslipidemia (prespecified subgroup analyses, reported in this manuscript).

An additional, prespecified exploratory analysis was performed to investigate the association between time to discontinuation of tadalafil OaD and selected baseline factors using a Cox proportional hazards model; hazard ratios (HRs) and the corresponding 95 %CIs were reported. The final model included factors associated with treatment discontinuation identified by backward selection (removing those with p >0.1). These included presence of relevant comorbidities, type of physician who initially diagnosed the ED, country, duration of living arrangement, age, ED etiology, ED severity, and work status.[20]

Secondary Analyses. All patients prescribed tadalafil OaD at baseline were included in the longitudinal analyses. Least-square (LS) mean effects in IIEF domain scores and EDITS total score from baseline to Month 6 were assessed using a mixed model for repeated measures (MMRM), including the following prespecified variables as fixed effects: visit, age (18–65 vs >65 years), pretreatment with PDE5 inhibitors (yes vs no), etiology of ED, ED severity, BPH (yes vs no), diabetes (yes vs no), CVD (yes vs no), hypertension (yes vs no), and dyslipidemia (yes vs no). p-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant and 95 % CIs were produced. Data were analyzed using the SAS 9.2 software (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA).

Thu, 04 Aug 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/856287_3
Killexams : Lingo Media sees English language learning products standout in pandemic world

Lingo Media Corporation (TSX-V:LM) said its Everybody Loves Languages (ELL) subsidiary has announced an additional sale in Colombia by securing another contract with language training and test-prep education provider Sophia Educational Group.  

The edtech language-learning and content development company noted the ELL language-learning system will be offered to students from preschool to grade 11.

“We continue to expand our reach in Latin America through relationships with new customers like Sophia Educational Group,” Lingo Media and ELL CEO Gali Bar-Ziv said in a statement.

“Along with the additional ELL course offerings, their students can take advantage of on-the-go learning opportunities with our Ola App and enjoy plenty of speaking practice ahead of their government proficiency exams,” Bar-Ziv added.

Mon, 04 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.proactiveinvestors.com/companies/news/919182/lingo-media-sees-english-language-learning-products-standout-in-pandemic-world-919182.html
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