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Tara Duggan is a Project Management Professional (PMP) specializing in knowledge management and instructional design. For over 25 years she has developed quality training materials for a variety of products and services supporting such companies as Digital Equipment Corporation, Compaq and HP. Her freelance work is published on various websites.

Sun, 16 Aug 2020 21:47:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : The best laptops under $1,000: Best overall, best for students, and more

Each year, laptops Improve across the board—between technology advances and competitive pressures, the hardware inside offers better performance in ever greater leaps and bounds.

That means you don’t need to drop a ton of cash on a premium model to get a solid laptop. Whether you’re talking about a traditional Windows clamshell or a fully loaded Chromebook, spending between $600 and $1,000 can get you a laptop you’ll enjoy using. Moreover, its battery will last the length of the work or school day without trouble.

Enough options exist now that finding the right model for you can take some time, so we’ve highlighted our top picks to make the hunt fast and easy. Read on to find your match. (To find laptop recommendations that span all price ranges, see our comprehensive guide to the best laptops).

If you’re on the hunt for a new laptop to help you ace those next semester exams, look no further. Our curated list of back-to-school deals shows you the best sales on Chromebooks, MacBooks, iPads, and more.

Updated 07/27/2022 Looking for a budget-friendly laptop from Microsoft? Check out our latest review of the Microsoft Surface Laptop Go 2. It didn’t make the cut on the highly competitive list below, but it is still a reliably solid option at an affordable price.

Also, if you’re interested in the Acer Aspire 5, be sure to take a look at our review of the latest Acer Aspire 5 (2022) model to see how it stands up to the previous version—which is our pick for best laptop under $500.

Lenovo IdeaPad Slim 7 Carbon – Best overall under $1,000


  • 2.8K OLED display is gorgeous
  • Booming audio
  • Quiet operation
  • Strong application and multimedia performance


  • So-so keyboard
  • Lid is so thin it flexes a bit too much
  • Below-average battery life

From zippy multimedia performance to punchy audio, the Lenovo IdeaPad Slim 7 Carbon has a lot to offer at a reasonable price point. The real star of the show is the 14-inch 2880×1800 OLED display. According to the reviewer, “the contrast is outstanding, with the deepest blacks and brightest whites.” As for colors, they’re “accurate and noticeably vibrant.” The screen is a perfect fit for creative professionals who do a lot of photo editing. In addition to its stunning panel, the laptop also weighs just a little over 2 pounds, making it a capable travel laptop. There are a few minor shortcomings, though. The keyboard isn’t the best and battery life is less than stellar. But in the end, the pros really outweigh the cons here.

Read our full Lenovo IdeaPad Slim 7 Carbon review

Acer Aspire 5 – Best under $500


  • Affordable price
  • Rugged build
  • Great keyboard
  • Good selection of ports


  • Subpar webcam
  • Annoying bloatware comes pre-installed
  • Touchpad is a little hard to us

MSRP: $369 (base model) $499 (as reviewed)

With its affordable price point, decent performance, and robust build, the Acer Aspire 5 is an excellent sub-$500 option. Our tester was surprised by its “solid, durable feel.” Although it lacks backlighting, the keyboard is quite nice. It has a spacious layout, which is perfect for longer typing sessions. Performance is fast enough for general-use tasks like writing emails and browsing the web, but that’s about it. If you’re shopping around for a solid everyday laptop that won’t break the bank, the Aspire 5 is definitely worth a look.

Read our full Acer Aspire 5 review

Lenovo Chromebook Flex 5 – Best Chromebook


  • Attractive design
  • Affordable
  • Punchy audio
  • Excellent keyboard


  • Mediocre performance
  • Subpar battery life

The Lenovo Chromebook Flex 5 is a good mid-range Chromebook. It’s fast enough for web browsing, editing documents, and so on. That said, it can “feel taxed by demanding tasks.” When our tester opened up multiple tabs, he noticed a sag in performance. The port selection, however, is nice combination of old and new. It has two USB-C ports, a single USB-A port, a 3.5mm combo audio jack, and a microSD card reader. As for the keyboard, our tester liked the “crisp and taut” feel of the keys. Although this laptop is a 2-in-1—meaning the screen can fold back to make it function more like a tablet—it weighs about 3 pounds, which is on the heavier side for a convertible laptop. It may not be the most portable laptop in the world, but that flexibility can still be nice for applications that favor a tablet form factor.

Read our full Lenovo Chromebook Flex 5 review

HP Chromebook x2 11 da0023dx – Best folio-style Chromebook


  • Gorgeous 2K touchscreen
  • Solid performance
  • Excellent battery life
  • Robust design


  • Trackpad is too sensitive at times
  • Light on ports

Ah, folio-style laptops. While some may find the detachable-keyboard design a pain to deal with, our reviewer really liked this one. The HP Chromebook x2 11 is one of the best 2-in-1 laptops you can buy. The tablet’s aluminum chassis feels rugged and like it’ll last quite a while. The detachable keyboard took some getting used to, but ended up being fine for long typing sessions. The rear plate, which transforms into a kickstand that holds up the tablet for hands-free use, connects to the back of the tablet via magnets. The reviewer found the connection to be both clean and strong. As for the performance, it’s about what you’d expect out of a Chromebook. It’s zippy enough for everyday tasks like browsing the web and so on.

Read our full HP Chromebook x2 11 review

Acer Swift 3 – Best for college students


  • Solid chassis and build quality
  • Large, attractive 16-inch 1080p screen
  • Enjoyable keyboard and touchpad
  • USB-C with charging and DisplayPort


  • Webcam, microphone, and speakers don’t impress
  • Intel processor falls behind AMD alternatives 
  • Disappointing battery life
  • Lots of bloatware

If you’re a college student working with a modest budget, the Acer Swift 3 is a fantastic option. It features an attractive 16-inch 1080p display, a solid chassis, and an enjoyable keyboard and touchpad. However, battery life is subpar, so you’ll want to keep the charger on hand. This is unfortunate, as the Swift 3’s slim profile makes it a good laptop for travel. If you don’t mind the lackluster battery life, this is a great laptop for watching movies and writing research papers on.

Read our full Acer Swift 3 SF316-51 review

How we tested

The PCWorld team puts each and every Windows laptop through a series of benchmarks that test GPU and CPU performance, battery life, and so on. The idea is to push the laptop to its limits and then compare it against others we’ve tested. Chromebooks, on the other hand, go through a series of web-based tests. It wouldn’t be fair or possible to run the same kinds of tests on a Chromebook, as they’re Chrome OS-based machines. Below, you’ll find a breakdown of each test and the reasons why we run them.

Windows laptops

  • PCMark 10: PCMark 10 is how we determine how well the laptop handles lighter tasks like web browsing, word processing, spreadsheets, and so on.
  • HandBrake: HandBrake is more intensive than PCMark 10. It basically measures how long a laptop’s CPU takes to encode a beefy 30GB file.
  • Cinebench: Cinebench is a brief stress test of the CPU cores. It does this by rendering a 2D scene over a short period of time.
  • 3DMark: 3DMark checks if 3D performance remains consistent over time by running graphic-intensive clips.
  • Video rundown test: To gauge battery life, we loop a 4K video using Windows 10’s Movies & TV app until the laptop dies.


  • CrXPRT 2: The CrXPRT 2 benchmark tests a Chromebook’s battery life.
  • Speedometer 2.0: This test determines a Chromebook’s web browser performance. It simulates this by adding, completing, and removing a to-do list.
  • Basemark Web 3.0: This benchmark gauges how well a Chromebook can handle web-based applications.
  • Kraken 1.1: Kraken 1.1 is a JavaScript performance benchmark.
  • Jetstream 2: Jetstream 2 is a combination of WebAssembly and JavaScript benchmarks. This is a way to gauge how well a Chromebook runs advanced workloads.

How to pick a laptop under $1,000

Ah, here we are at the million dollar question. Do you spring for a basic Chromebook or go for a Windows laptop with more features? Well, it really depends on your personal lifestyle and what you plan on using your laptop for. For example, Chromebooks are a great low cost option for those who just want the basics. I use a Chromebook as my primary work laptop, as it has everything I need for both editing and writing. If you travel a bunch for work, it’s probably a good idea to invest in a laptop with solid battery life. If you’re still unsure, don’t sweat it. I’ve put together a list of quick tips below.

What laptop type should I choose?

There’s traditional clamshells, 2-in-1’s, Chromebooks, and much more. The displays on convertible laptops (aka 2-in-1’s), for example, can swing around 360 degrees. This allows you to use the laptop like a tablet. They can also be propped up like a tent for viewing movies or participating in video calls. Chromebooks, on the other hand, exclusively run Google’s web-focused Chrome OS and are generally used for everyday tasks. All you need is a Gmail account and boom, you’re in. There are pros and cons to each of them. Chromebooks are affordable and generally have good battery life whereas convertibles are normally lightweight and portable.

How do I pick a CPU?

If it’s CPU power you’re looking for, look for processors with higher numerical names. A Core i7 is more suited to gaming and more intense work than everyday tasks. Intel processors are available in Core i3, Core i5, Core i7, and Core i9. The higher the number, the more powerful the CPU. If you don’t need a ton of power, Intel Core i5 processors are your best bet, as they offer good performance at a decent price. Basic office and web work gets along just fine on a Core i3. As for AMD options, the Ryzen 3 is good for basic productivity and web browsing, while Ryzen 5 chips rival Intel’s Core i5 as solid all-arounders. If you need more power, the Ryzen 7 chip is well suited for content creation like video editing. Finally, if you’re dealing with 4K video, spring for a Ryzen 9.

What about GPUs?

You’ll want a discrete graphics card for hardcore gaming or editing videos. It’s separate from the processor, so you can expect higher performance out of it. Integrated graphics, on the other hand, are attached to the CPU and uses less power as a result. This is perfectly fine for everyday tasks, especially if you’re not doing anything that’s graphics-intensive.

How much RAM should I look for?

8GB of RAM is zippy enough for general use. If you’ve got a gaming laptop, 16GB of RAM is the way to go, and content creators will want even more.

How about battery life?

If you plan on taking your laptop anywhere with you, aim for something that can last 10 to 12 hours on a single charge. That’s more than a full work day, so it should theoretically get you through long flights or a day of classes. Obviously, more is always better. Just know that the bigger the battery, the heavier the laptop.

What kind of ports should I look for?

A wide array of ports is always a plus in my book, as it eliminates the need for an adapter. I’d recommend a laptop that has both USB-C and USB-A. An HDMI port is good, too. This is especially useful for hooking up to an external monitor.



Do Chromebooks make good gaming laptops?

The short answer is no, but it really depends on the type of gaming you intend to do. Chromebooks will handle web games and Android games just fine. But if you’re looking to play the latest high-powered 3D games, a Chromebook won’t suffice, because a) it doesn’t run Windows, and b) it probably has insufficient graphics power.

All that said, Google is working hard to bring cloud gaming to Chromebooks. Cloud gaming services use a remote PC or console to play games streamed through the cloud down onto the Chromebook. Until this service becomes more popular, though, Chromebooks will not be able to compete in the gaming arena.


Can integrated graphics be used for gaming?

Yes, some of the latest processors with integrated graphics can run modern PC games at reasonable settings. For example, Intel’s latest Iris Xe line of processors with integrated graphics have been shown to run some of the latest games at 1080p and 30 fps. Be careful, however, as not all integrated graphics are up to the task.

Intel and AMD’s integrated graphics have made huge leaps in recent years with regard to gaming performance. If you’re on a budget or looking for an ultra thin laptop with integrated graphics you can still game on, we recommend checking out Intel’s Core 12th-gen Iris Xe or AMD’s brand new Ryzen 6000 RDNA 2.


What size laptop is best?

This is really personal preference. If you intend to travel a lot with your laptop then a smaller, more portable size in the neighborhood of 13 to 14 inches is recommended. If you want to do gaming on a laptop, then you should look for something in the 15 to 17 inch range. Also, keep in mind the weight of the laptop before you buy it. Ultra thin laptops can weigh a featherlight 2 pounds while beefy gaming computers top the scales at three or four times that.

Mon, 01 Aug 2022 15:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Top HP laptops you need to explore Killexams : Top HP laptops you need to explore

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Sunday, Aug 07, 2022


HP is considered one of the top laptop brands. Renowned worldwide, HP has released some of the best top-ranking laptops in the last years.

product info

Laptops are essential to our daily lives and HP is a trusted brand.

It is difficult to function without a laptop nowadays since most of our work takes place online. If you are looking for a laptop, HP has some of the best models that can Improve the way you work. Being one of the most sought-after laptop brands, HP ensures quality and affordability with top-notch features. There are several models that HP offers. If you are wondering which one is the best for you, we have got you covered. Below is a list of the best HP laptops you need to explore.

1. HP Pavilion 15 Laptop

HP Pavilion 15 offers its users exceptional performance with a screen size of 156 inches. The laptop is powered by 11th Gen Intel Core i5 with a RAM of 8 GB. Consequently, you get enhanced performance and efficiency. Its high-quality screen display prevents blurred images and delays between actions. With a Type-C SuperSpeed USB port, you also get high-speed data transfer. Other features like Dual Array digital speakers and multitouch gestures are just the cherry on top.

Product Specifications

Screen size: 15.6 inches

Operating system: Windows 11 Home

Warranty: 1 year

RAM installed size: 8 GB

Special feature: Anti-glare screen, Micro-edge display

Graphics card: Integrated

Pros Cons
High-resolution display and anti-glare screen A bit heavy
Sleek and shiny silver exterior  
5.2 enabled Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connectivity options  
SSD internal storage of 512 GB  
Dual Array digital speakers and BBO dual speakers  

HP Pavilion 15 11th Gen Intel Core i5-8GB RAM/512GB SSD 15.6 inch(39.6 cm)Laptop, FHD Anti-Glare Display/ Intel Iris Xe Graphics/Backlit KB/B&O Audio/Windows 11/ 1.75kg, 15-eg1000TU

18% off 61,660 75,000

2. Victus by HP Ryzen 5 5600H 16.1-inch(40.9 cm) FHD Gaming Laptop

Looking for a laptop that’s both efficient with work and gaming? Then, the Victus by HP Ryzen 5 5600H is the perfect choice for you. With an anti-glare IPS and 16.1-inch display, the laptop provides a perfectly clear display. The laptop has an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3050 graphic card that gamers will love. To prevent overheating, the laptop also offers an enhanced thermal solution. So, you can work and play games without any worries!

Product Specifications

  • Screen size: 16.1 inches
  • Operating system: Windows 10
  • Warranty: 1 year
  • RAM installed size: 8 GB
  • Special feature: Micro-edge display
  • Graphics card: Dedicated
Pros Cons
Offers 16.1-inch full HD display Build quality could have been enhanced
Built-in 8 GB internal RAM Low refresh rate
Comes with AMD Ryzen 5 5600H processor  
Provides 1920 x 1080 pixels resolutions  

HP Victus AMD Ryzen 5 5600H 16.1 inches(40cm) FHD Gaming Laptop (8GB RAM/512GB SSD/4GB RTX 3050 Graphics/Flicker Free Display/Windows 10 Home/MS Office/Mica Silver/2.48 Kg), 16-e0076AX, Black

3. HP 15 (2021) Thin & Light Ryzen 3-3250 Laptop

A thin, lightweight, and well-built option is the HP 15 (2021) Ryzen 3-3250 laptop. The 15.6-inch screen with an FHD display provides the user with a bright and elevated screen experience. Backed by both 8 GB RAM and 245 GB SSD, the laptop provides plenty of storage and data safety. To help you glide through your workdays smoothly, the laptop comes with a 3250U processor. Along with that, the AMD Radeon Vega 6 graphics only add to the user experience.

Product Specifications

  • Screen size: 15.6 inches
  • Operating system: Windows 10 Home
  • CPU model: Ryzen 3
  • RAM installed size: 8 GB
  • Special feature: Anti-reflective screen
  • Graphics card: Integrated
Pros Cons
Easy to carry and light Sometimes hangs while operating
Offers 8 GB RAM and 256 GB SSD storage Not suitable for gamers
FHD anti-glare display  
Built-in latest AMD Ryzen 3 processor  

HP 15- AMD Ryzen 3-3250U 15.6 inch(39.6 cm) FHD,Micro-Edge, Thin & Light Laptop (8 GB RAM/1TB HDD + 256GB SSD/ AMD Radeon™ Graphics/ Win11/MS Office/1.74 kg (15s-gr0012AU)

21% off 37,990 48,294

4. HP Pavilion (2021) Thin & Light 11th Gen Core i5 Laptop

Offering a 14-inch screen with a sleek exterior, HP Pavilion is one of the best HP laptops you can get. This laptop runs on an 11th Gen Intel Core i5-1135g7 processor, providing the user with distinct multimedia capabilities. Equipped with an Intel Iris Xe graphic processor, the laptop is efficient for gamers as well. For the fastest performance, the laptop comes with 16 GB RAM and 512 GB storage space.

Product Specifications

  • Screen size: 14 inches
  • Operating system: Windows 10 Home
  • CPU model: Core i5 family
  • RAM installed size: 16 GB
  • Special feature: Anti-reflective
  • Graphics card: Integrated
Pros Cons
Sleek and stylish display Relatively smaller screen size
Lightweight Display could have been better
Long battery life  
Built-in fingerprint reader  
Several multimedia capabilities (11th Gen Intel Core i5-1135g7)  

Hp Pavilion 14 Intel 11Th Gen Core I5 14 Inches (35.6 cm) Laptop (16Gb Ram/512Gb Ssd, Fhd Micro-Edge Anti-Glare Display/Iris X Graphics/Backlit Kb/B&O Audio/Fpr/Windows 11 Ready/1.41Kg, 14-Dv0054Tu)

20% off 71,500 88,999

5. HP 250 G8 Laptop

The HP G8 is a convenient and portable laptop backed by 8 GB Ram and 512 GB SSD storage space. The Intel HD graphics provided by the laptop ensures a smooth and hassle-free gaming experience. With 5-hour-long battery life, you can work on the laptop without any worries. This laptop also comes with a 720p HD camera for a high-quality video-calling experience. Lastly, its 11th Gen Intel Core i3-1115G4 processor promises its users the best performance.

Product Specifications

  • Screen size: 15.6 inches
  • Operating system: Windows 10
  • CPU model: Core i3
  • RAM installed size: 8 GB
  • Special feature: Lightweight, thin
  • Graphics card: Integrated
Pros Cons
Portable and lightweight Graphics could have been better
Sleek design  
Built-in 720p HD camera  
Internal 8 GB RAM and 512 GB SSD  
5-hour-long battery life  
Smooth gaming experience  

HP 250 G8 Laptop (11th Gen Intel Core i3-1115G4/8GB DDR4 Ram / 512GB SSD/Windows 10/39.62 cm (15.6 inch) HD/Intel UHD Graphics) 42V68PA (Dark Ash Silver, 1.74 kg)

21% off 36,790 46,601

6. HP 14 11th Gen Intel Core i5 Processor 14-inch (35.6 cm) HD Laptop

Looking for a compact and easily portable laptop? Then, the HP 14 11th Gen might be the right choice for you. The laptop is lightweight and easy on the eyes because of its micro-edge display. Equipped with an 11th Gen Intel Core i5 processor, the laptop keeps up with your fast-paced work needs. The best part is that this laptop comes with a pre-installed Microsoft Office Home & Student 2019. Along with that, you get a built-in Alexa.

Product Specifications

  • Screen size: 14 inches
  • Operating system: Windows 10 Home
  • CPU model: Core i5
  • RAM installed size: 8 GB
  • Special feature: Anti-reflective
  • Graphics card: Integrated
Pros Cons
Sturdy design Comparatively smaller screen size
Provides an in-built Alexa Hangs while operating
Offers pre-installed Microsoft Office Home & Student 2019 Can get heated sometimes
Backed by 8 GB RAM and 512 GB SSD storage  

HP 14 11th Gen Intel Core i5 Processor 14 inches HD Laptop, 8GB/512GB SSD/Windows 10/MS Office (Natural Silver/1.46Kg), 14s-dq2535TU

25% off 58,950 79,000

7. HP 15, 11th Gen Intel Core i5

The HP 15 11th Gen Core is built to ensure productivity because of its long-lasting battery life. Its micro-edge bezel display and sleek look make it both portable and stylish. The performance of its Intel processor allows its users to work efficiently for longer hours. Its extensive display and anti-glare screen offer an amazing display that is hard to match. The integrated precision touchpad only adds to the overall benefits of the laptop.

Product Specifications

  • Screen size: 15.6 inches
  • Operating system: Windows 11 Home
  • CPU model: Core i5 family
  • RAM installed size: 16 GB
  • Special feature: Anti-glare screen
  • Graphics card: Integrated
 Pros Cons
 Provides built-in Alexa No internal slot for an internal HDD
 Comes with Intel Iris Xe Graphics No fingerprint reader
 Offer anti-glare screen  
Fast performance with Intel Turbo Boost technology   

HP 15, 11th Gen Intel Core i5-8GB RAM/512GB SSD 15.6 inches(39cm) Laptop, FHD, IPS, Micro-Edge, Anti-Glare Display/Intel Iris Xe Graphics/Alexa Built- in/Windows 11 Home/1.75kg, 15s-du3517TU

19% off 56,850 70,171

8. HP 14 Ryzen 5 5500U 14-inch (35.6 cm) FHD Laptop

The HP Ryzen 5 5500U comes in a sturdy and stylish design with a 14-inch screen. The screen has an FHD anti-glare, micro-edge display that provides a high-class screen experience. With the built-in 8 GB DDR-3200 RAM, which can be upgraded to 16 GB, you can safely keep your data on this laptop. Along with that, you also get 512 GB of SSD storage. The laptop is backed by an AMD Radeon graphics card to enhance the gaming experience.

Product Specifications

  • Screen size: 14 inches
  • Operating system: Windows 10 Home
  • CPU model: Ryzen 5
  • RAM installed size: 8 GB
  • Special feature: Anti-reflective
  • Graphics card: Integrated
Pros Cons
Can be easily carried; travel-friendly Relatively smaller screen size
Powered by Windows 10 Home  
Comes with internal 8 GB RAM and 512 GB SSD storage  
Internal RAM can be upgraded to 16 GB  

HP 14 Ryzen 5 5500U 14-inch(35.6 cm) FHD Laptop with Alexa Built-in(8GB/512GB SSD/Windows 10/MS Office/Natural Silver/1.46Kg), 14s-fq1030AU

13% off 51,000 58,657

Price of HP laptops at a glance:

 Product Name Product Price 
 HP Pavilion 15 Laptop Rs. 59,490
 Victus by HP Ryzen 5 5600H 16.1-inch(40.9 cm) FHD Gaming Laptop Rs. 74,990
 HP 15 (2021) Thin & Light Ryzen 3-3250 Laptop Rs. 38,999
 HP Pavilion (2021) Thin & Light 11th Gen Core i5 Laptop Rs. 69,410 
 HP 250 G8 Laptop Rs. 39,990
 HP 14 11th Gen Intel Core i5 Processor 14-inch (35.6 cm) HD Laptop Rs. 57,556
 HP 14 Ryzen 5 5500U 14-inch (35.6 cm) FHD Laptop Rs. 52,990
 HP 15, 11th Gen Intel Core i5-8GB Rs. 51,390 

Best value for money

Looking for an HP laptop with the best return on investment? We suggest checking out HP 15 (2021) Thin & Light Ryzen 3-3250 laptop. The HP 15 is a well-built laptop with a 15.6-inch display. It checks all the boxes when it comes to affordability, reliability, and portability.

Best overall

Our best pick from the HP laptops listed above is the Victus by HP Ryzen 5 5600H 16.1-inch (40.9 cm) FHD Gaming laptop. The laptop performs the best as it is backed by an AMD Ryzen 5 5600H. Moreover, it offers 8 GB RAM, expandable up to 16 GB, and 512 GB of internal storage space to its users. The best part is that it works well for both gamers and working professionals. The laptop has an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3050 graphic card for an enhanced gaming experience. What’s more, it provides an enhanced thermal solution to prevent overheating.

How to find the perfect HP laptop?

Looking for the perfect laptop does not have to be a tiring process. To make it easier, all you need to do is consider certain features. Below is a list of these features to help you:

  • Size: Consider if portability is a significant factor for you. If yes, you should go for a lightweight laptop with a screen size of 13-14 inches.
  • CPU: CPU is essentially responsible for how efficient your laptop is. Therefore, we recommend going for a dual-core processor.
  • RAM: For basic tasks, 4 GB RAM would suffice. However, if you are a video editor or gamer, you should go for an 8 GB or 16 GB RAM laptop.
  • Screen Quality: It’s important to go for a screen that is comfortable to look at. So, it is recommended you go for a 1920 x 1080-pixel resolution and full HD screen.
  • Storage: 1 TB of storage would be sufficient if you are looking to store only large text files and photos. However, you would need more storage space if you need to store movies, games, music files, and other such large files on your laptop.

3 best features:

 Product Feature 1  Feature2  Feature 3 
 HP Pavilion 15 Laptop 11th Gen Intel Core i5 and 4.2 GHz Intel Turbo Boost technology DDR4 RAM of 8 GB, can be expanded up to 16 GB Type-C SuperSpeed USB port
 Victus by HP Ryzen 5 5600H 16.1-inch(40.9 cm) FHD Gaming Laptop  16.1-inch screen display with anti-glare IPS, mirco-edge bezel display  AMD Ryzen 5 5600H processor  NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3050 graphic card
 HP 15 (2021) Thin & Light Ryzen 3-3250 Laptop  AMD Ryzen 3 3250 H processor  Windows 10 Home operating system  Backed by 8 GB internal RAM
 HP Pavilion (2021) Thin & Light 11th Gen Core i5 Laptop  IPS, FHD micro-edge display screen Intel Iris XE graphic processor  Long battery life
 HP 250 G8 Laptop  15.6-inch display screen  11th Gen Intel Core i3-1115G4 processor  720p HD camera
 HP 14 11th Gen Intel Core i5 Processor 14-inch (35.6 cm) HD Laptop  HD anti-glare, micro-edge display  11th Gen Intel Core i5 processor Intel Turbo Boost Technology
 HP 15, 11th Gen Intel Core i5-8GB RAM/512GB SSD 15.6-inch(39.6 cm) Laptop  6.5 mm micro-edge bezel display  Built-in Alexa  Intel iris Xe Graphics
 HP 14 Ryzen 5 5500U 14-inch (35.6 cm) FHD Laptop  8 GB DDR-3200 RAM upgradeable up to 16 GB and 512 GB SSD storage  AMD Ryzen 5 5500U processor  Pre-installed Microsoft Office Home & Student 2019

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the answers to some of the most frequently asked questions.

1. Why are HP laptops considered the best?

HP laptops have a large user base all around the globe because of the advantages they offer to their users. HP provides affordability, portability, long battery life, safety, and other features that make HP laptops the best.

2. Which HP laptop is best suited for home use?

The HP 250 G8 is the best-suited laptop for home use. The Intel HD graphics and 5-hour-long battery life offer convenience like no other to the user. Moreover, it also has a 720p HD camera for FaceTime.

3. Do HP laptops have a long lifespan?

The average lifespan of HP laptops usually falls between 5 and 6 years. However, the lifespan also depends upon how well you take care of your laptop. So, make sure you take proper care of your system to make it last longer.

4. Which HP laptop is the best for gamers?

The HP Ryzen 5 5600H with a 16.1-inch display is the best laptop for gamers. It comes with an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3050 graphic card for smooth gaming. The laptop also has an enhanced thermal solution to tackle overheating.

5. How to buy an affordable HP laptop with the best features?

If you are looking to buy an affordable HP laptop with the best features. List down all the features that are your top priority. Then, compare different HP laptops. We suggest checking out the HP 15 (2021) Thin & Light Ryzen 3-3250 laptop.

At Hindustan Times, we help you stay up-to-date with the latest trends and products. Hindustan Times has affiliate partnership, so we may get a part of the revenue when you make a purchase.


Thu, 21 Jul 2022 04:49:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Free Student Laptop Programs And Technology Discounts For College

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

As work and school have pivoted to remote environments in the last couple years, computer sales have soared to record highs. Laptops and mobile technology have become even more necessary in today’s households, offices and classrooms.

But for college students, new laptops often come at steep, unaffordable prices. Fortunately, there are ways to get a free laptop for college. Through scholarship opportunities, charitable donation programs and college student discount deals from top brands, tech is becoming more accessible to students.

What Is a Free Laptop Program?

Free laptop programs provide computers at no cost to students. Funded by colleges, educational nonprofits and scholarships from leading tech brands, these programs empower students with reliable tech to ensure academic and professional success.

Keep in mind: Most free laptop programs have specific eligibility requirements, including enrollment in an accredited four-year degree program.

Do Colleges provide Students Free Laptops?

Yes. Many colleges distribute free laptops at no cost to their students. The following are just a few examples of universities in the U.S. that guarantee free technology to incoming students:

  • Moravian University issues MacBook Pros and iPads to students, including AppleCare coverage and the option to have regular repairs and service via Moravian’s IT help desk.
  • Full Sail University’s Project Launchbox gives every student a laptop loaded with professional creative software to promote an immersive, hands-on learning experience.
  • Chatham University’s first-year students receive a free, 13-inch MacBook Air laptop with AppleCare and SafeWare protection. They also get protective accessories and the option for on-campus repairs.

As you start applying to schools, check out their IT department websites. These usually outline any free or discounted laptop promotions for new students.

If your college or university doesn’t offer free laptops as a part of enrollment, check out your school’s library. Temporary laptop loans are typically available for students to use on campus. For commuter students who prefer to study off campus, local libraries are also a great option for borrowing free laptops.

Organizations that Provide Free Laptops

If you don’t have access to a laptop through school and you’re experiencing financial challenges, don’t worry. Several nonprofit organizations provide free laptops to students in need on a rolling basis.

The On It Foundation

Since 1999, the On It Foundation has provided free computers to low-income K-12 students in U.S. public schools. The nonprofit collaborates with educational institutions, businesses and local community members to collect and distribute donated computers. The organization also offers technology training and internet access to families.

To apply for a free computer, a parent or guardian should contact the On It Foundation via a letter or an email with a request that includes proof of financial need.

Computers with Causes

Receiving hundreds of requests per day, Computers with Causes gives over 20,000 donated computers annually as a part of the Giving Center Charity. Free computers are available to anyone. However, the organization prioritizes students and teachers, people experiencing housing insecurity, disabled veterans and military families.

Students can apply online and expect to receive confirmation of their free computer within a month.

Scholarships and Grants that Provide Free Laptops

High school students may be eligible for scholarship and grant opportunities that offer free laptops. These programs are often competitive and selective. Some are fairly accessible but require fundraising to cover the costs of technology.

Dell Scholars Program

Each year, the Dell Scholars Program provides high school graduates with a $20,000 educational scholarship, a free laptop, and textbook credits through Chegg—plus professional and personal resources to help navigate life challenges during the college years.

Applications open in October, so if you’re a rising high school senior, you can start submitting materials this fall. To qualify, candidates should have a minimum 2.4 GPA and be Pell Grant eligible. Applicants should also be on track to graduate in the same academic year they apply, and they should plan to enroll in a bachelor’s program immediately after graduation.

Laptops 4 Learning

Founded in 2015, Laptops 4 Learning (L4L) equips students with computer access to help them excel in school and the workplace. The mission-driven nonprofit also supports military veterans, who are also eligible for a laptop.

To obtain a free computer, register for an account on L4L’s website. From there, students should solicit their networks and local communities for donations to cover costs. Once sufficient funds are raised, students receive their free laptops.

Discounted Laptops for College Students

The following nonprofits and online platforms sell refurbished laptops at a discounted rate for students seeking reliable, affordable products. These are great options if you’re looking to save and invest in a device.

PCs for People

This nonprofit organization sells discounted desktop and laptop computers. It also provides a variety of tech services, including computer repair and recycling. With a mission to close the “digital divide”, PCs for People serves low-income families and individuals with disabilities.

Starting at $145 for a laptop, PCs for People currently offers brands like HP, Dell and Lenovo.

Dell Refurbished

Dell Refurbished sells an array of refurbished Latitude models at a discount. Offering thorough computer inspections plus “cosmetic grades” to ensure top-notch quality, bargain shoppers can snag a like-new laptop starting around $400.

Notebooks for Students

Originally founded by college students in California, Notebooks for Students (NFS) works with tech brands to provide refurbished, discounted laptops to students of all ages.

The organization’s homepage offers an extensive lineup of laptops categorized by school grade level and high-performance laptops. NFS offers both Mac and PC products, and prices start around $200.

Unlike most refurbished laptop sellers, NFS includes a free four-year warranty with the purchase of a laptop. This warranty includes full tech support to troubleshoot hardware repair, software installation and file recovery.


An e-commerce platform, ConnectAll aims to provide affordable, refurbished laptops and desktops to nonprofits and low-income individuals.

The organization’s laptop inventory is sortable by form factor, storage capacity, memory and operating system. With options for Mac and PC, prices range from about $100 to $1,000. This includes free shipping, a one-year extended warranty and pre-installed Microsoft Windows and Office software.

College Student Technology Discounts and Deals

If you’re set on purchasing a brand-new device, many trusted tech brands offer annual educational discounts that cater to college students. Some of these laptop offers include bundled add-ons like gift cards and pre-installed software.

Dell Student Discount

Dell’s student discount specials include savings of up to $200 on new models like the Inspiron 14. Dell offers a no-interest payment plan in their education pricing. The company also includes the option to install Microsoft Office software like Word, Excel and PowerPoint.

Microsoft Student Discount

Microsoft offers up to a 10% discount on select products for students, teachers, parents and the military. To access this discount, check your eligibility by logging in to your Microsoft account when prompted. From there, start shopping and the best price will appear as you browse.

Free access to Office 365 is also included when purchasing with a student discount. Note that this discount cannot be combined with other offers.

Apple Education Pricing

Apple is known for its educational discounts for students and parents, faculty and staff and even homeschool teachers. Shopping with a Checked email address and institutional affiliation can save students up to $100 on Apple products including iMac, MacBook Pro, Macbook Air and iPads.

Education pricing also includes an Apple gift card (up to $150 in value) when purchasing select items.

Samsung Education Offer Program

Through Samsung’s Education Offer Program, students can purchase a brand-new Galaxy Chromebook at a fraction of the retail cost, saving up to $575. Samsung’s back-to-school bargains are not limited to laptop deals. Students and educators can shop for tablets, phones, watches, audio accessories and more.

Sun, 31 Jul 2022 22:26:00 -0500 Ian Callahan en-US text/html
Killexams : Ph.D. in Community Health Promotion


two people at a UAB wellness promotion boothToday public, private, and governmental health agencies recognize the need for community health promotion and advocacy. In light of initiatives such as Healthy People 2020 and its goal to “increase the quality, availability, and effectiveness of educational and community-based programs designed to prevent disease and injury, Improve health, and enhance the quality of life,” the demand for skilled health education specialists continues to expand.

The Ph.D. program in Community Health Promotion offers a broad-based curriculum emphasizing biological, behavioral, and socio-cultural determinants of health, as well as interventions and policies aimed at improving community health. The curriculum provides students with the coursework, background, and practical experiences to become leading researchers and practitioners in the broad and rapidly growing field of health education and health promotion.

Students learn the skills needed to work with individuals and communities to assess health needs, and then effectively plan, implement and evaluate culturally appropriate and theoretically based interventions to Improve and promote health and lessen unhealthy behaviors by addressing knowledge, attitudes, skills, and beliefs in various settings.

By the conclusion of the program, students are able to conceptualize the theoretical and philosophical basis of health promotion clearly and conduct their own independent research projects. The curriculum prepares students for careers in academia, clinical research, and leadership roles in the community and public health promotion in private industry, as well as non-profit and governmental health organizations.

Health Education Accreditation

Certified Health Education specialists (CHES®) are individuals who have met the standards of competence established by the National Commission for Health Education Credentialing Inc. (NCHEC) and have successfully passed the CHES® examination. NCHEC serves to enhance the professional practice of Health Education by promoting and sustaining a credentialed body of Health Education Specialists.

The CHES® credential establishes a national and international standard for members of the profession and ensures prospective employers that an individual has taken the initiative to pursue additional certification, and is proficient in evidence-based planning, implementing, evaluating, and advocating for the health of communities.

NCHEC developed a rigorous set of professional standards known as the Responsibilities and Competencies for Certified Health Education Specialists. These standards serve as a framework for the profession, illustrating the knowledge, required skills, and expertise needed for a position in the field of health education and promotion.

CHHS Faculty utilized these standards as a framework for the development of the Ph.D. in Community Health Promotion, including coursework in the health promotion core. This curriculum meets the academic qualifications for eligibility and adequately prepares students to sit for the CHES® examination. Although not a requirement, many students sit for and pass this important exam. This is in part due to the increasing demand to have credentialed health education specialists on the job; particularly, if part of the job responsibilities include training health educators in post-secondary settings.

Application Deadline

Cohort admission occurs once per year in the Fall. In order to be considered for admission for the Fall term, all application materials must be submitted by April 30.

Applying for Admission

Candidates for admission must enter the program with a master's degree in health education, community health, human services, or other related field from an accredited institution.

Applying for admission to the Community Health Promotion PhD program begins with completing an online application through the UAB Graduate School.

  • Complete and submit online application for admission to the Graduate School
  • Submit all required materials (see ‘indicators’ below)
  • Pay application fee online with credit card/debit card
  • Ask the individuals from whom you request references to respond online to the form they will receive via email from the Graduate School (This form is sent automatically to your references by UAB as soon as you submit your application).
  • Request transcripts from all prior institutions to be sent to UAB including institutions where you might have taken only one course (information on how to do this is provided in Apply Yourself). The preferred email addresses for electronic submission of transcripts are as follows: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .
  • Submit official TOEFL or IELTS test score (for international applicants only) NOTE: International applicants must also meet all requirements stipulated at This includes mailing your Financial Affidavit of Support.

The admissions committee considers these indicators when making admission decisions:

  • Graduate degree (minimum of a master's) in a health-related field
  • Transcripts
  • Professional resume/CV – make sure to include professional experience, presentations and publications.
  • Admissions Essay - In approximately two single-spaced pages, explain why you are applying to this program. When writing this essay, consider these questions: What life experiences led to your decision to apply and what attracted you to this program? What are your research interests and career goals? How will this program help you pursue those research interests and career goals?
  • GPA (minimum of 3.25 on previous graduate work)
  • Three recommendations/letters of reference

If the admissions committee feels the student is a good candidate for the program, a faculty member from the committee will be in contact for an interview.


The PhD curriculum in Community Health Promotion is comprised of five areas:

Health Promotion Core – There is an increased awareness of the impact of social determinants (ethnicity, income, housing, education) on health outcomes. As a result, the CDC, NIH and other health agencies have placed emphasis on social determinants of health (SDH) and health disparities through funding initiatives to promote improved research, policy and practice. By focusing on SDH, health education specialists can Improve health outcomes and advance health equity. This program requires a Health Promotion core, infused with training in using the SDH as a framework for planning, implementing and evaluating successful health interventions.

Research and Statistics Core – Today, health promotion researchers must have training in mixed research methodologies to understand the complex issues that confront community health. Interest in mixed-methods research is growing among funders, as evidenced by recent calls for proposals using these methods from the NIH, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, as well as the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. This program requires mixed methods, qualitative and quantitative research methodologies.

Health Sciences Concentration – These courses allow students the flexibility to receive education and training in their particular area of interest from across UAB. This program provides a professional health promotion curriculum that brings together students from a variety of social/behavioral backgrounds to provide the appropriate training and mentorship to develop health-related research.

Supervised Research Core – This core allows students to gain valuable research experience under the supervision of faculty while earning credit hours toward their PhD. Students will work with faculty on research projects and grants, and/or the development of scholarly publications or professional conference presentations. In addition, students will work with their mentor to develop a dissertation proposal. A minimum of 12 credit hours are required, or until the successful completion of a dissertation proposal defense.

Dissertation – These hours are designed to provide students with significant research experience on their course of interest and requires the completion of 18 credit hours, or until the completion of the dissertation.

This program requires students to complete a minimum of 72 semester hours.

Program Co-requisites

Students must enter the program with a master's degree in health education, or a closely related field. Students with a limited background in health education/health promotion may be required to take program co-requisites during years one and two, including CHHS 610 Foundations of Health Education (or equivalent), CHHS 631 Planning (or equivalent), and CHHS 697 Community-Based Approaches to Evaluation and Grantsmanship (or equivalent). These additional requirements will be determined from a review of transcripts by the Graduate Program Coordinator after admission to the program.

Comprehensive Examination

All PhD candidates must sit for a comprehensive examination, which is offered on the third Thursday of January and June of each year. This exam should be prepared for by individual study expanding on the content covered in the health promotion core courses. The exam must be passed unconditionally before student’s can defend their dissertation proposal and be advanced to candidacy. Students must be registered for at least three semester hours of graduate work during the semester(s) in which the comprehensive exam is taken.

The comprehensive exam is a criterion-referenced assessment — students do not compete with other students. Students should NOT assume that “A” level performance in their coursework as adequate preparation for passing the comprehensive exam. To prepare, students should review all materials from the HP core courses as well as other supplementary material. Students should review health education theory and program planning, implementation, and evaluation materials not only from their prior coursework but also from a range of self-selected documents, websites, and texts. The core courses provide background information and a blueprint for their own regimen of self-study — students must demonstrate broad mastery of the subject matter and intellectual growth. Each student must be able to synthesize and apply what has been learned in order to design an appropriate, theory-based intervention to address the chosen health issue/population. Students must be able to specify why a program is necessary, how it can be achieved, who will be involved during implementation, and how results might best be used. It is recommended that students preparing for their comps work with other students, share materials, discuss key concepts with faculty members, and confer with students who have already passed the exam.


To qualify to sit for comprehensive exams, students must have successfully completed the health promotion core courses:

  • Advanced Theoretical Approaches in Health Promotion CHHS 731
  • Advanced Planning and Implementation in Health Promotion CHHS 732
  • Evaluation and Research Methods in Health Promotion CHHS 740
  • Health Disparities in Diverse Populations CHHS 742

Dissertation and Final Defense

The dissertation represents the culmination of a significant research experience. Students begin work on their dissertation only after they have completed all coursework, passed the comprehensive examination, organized their dissertation committee, defended their dissertation proposal, and gained admission to candidacy.

The dissertation committee consists of a minimum of five faculty members and typically includes a chair, methodologist, content expert(s), and other interested faculty. The chair must be faculty from the CHHS program in the School of Education. While the chair may assist with the formation of the committee, it is the student's responsibility to invite committee members. Students finalize their committee selections by completing and submitting the Graduate Student Committee Letter to the Graduate School and work closely with their committee to develop a dissertation proposal. Before beginning dissertation research, students must have successfully defended their dissertation proposal, be admitted to candidacy, and submit the proper paperwork to the Graduate School. Students cannot collect or analyze data ahead of committee or IRB approval.

PhD candidates should set the date and time of their final defenses well in advance, making certain that all committee members can attend. Candidates are also responsible for furnishing committee members with complete copies of their manuscripts by a date of the committee’s choosing. They must make all requested changes or corrections to the manuscript as soon as possible after the defense and obtain signatures of all committee members and the Program Director on the appropriate approval form. Each candidate must submit a completed dissertation for online review to the Graduate School no later than two weeks (10 business days) after the final defense.

Additional information about graduation requirements may be found in the Graduate Catalog, Graduate Student Handbook or by contacting the Graduate School staff via email (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ) or phone (205-934-8227).

Financial Support

For highly qualified first-year Ph.D. students, the UAB Graduate School supports a small number of Blazer Graduate Research Fellowships. The position requires full-time enrollment (9 hrs/semester Fall/Sp/Su) to be considered for funding. Full-time UAB employees are not eligible for these funds. These funds vary from year to year and are awarded on a competitive basis.

Explore these links for additional sources for funding your Ph.D.!

Finally, Ph.D. students who have a background in health promotion may be hired as adjunct faculty to teach undergraduate health education courses. For more information, contact the Graduate Program Director.

Sat, 07 May 2022 06:36:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Best Project Management Software Of 2022

Regardless of budget limitation, offers something for everyone. Even if you are working on a team of two with no budget, can help you get your project done on time and with limited risk. If you are a small two-person team, you can enjoy for free. If you’re part of a growing team, use advanced project-tracking features, automations and integrations for as little as $8 to $16 per team member per month, if billed annually (minimum of three seats per plan).

For small teams with little incoming revenue, the free version offers the ability to manage projects with customizable boards so your team works on its own terms. You can create custom boards using over 200 templates and unlimited docs. Your team members can even work on the go via’s iOS and Android apps. But, once you’re ready to move on to more complex, large-team projects,’s plans grow with your needs.

If you’re working with a growing or mature team, you can manage simple projects all the way up to multiple complex projects. Advanced integrations and plan features allow you to perform work using the tools that help your team best communicate, manage risk, plan and stick to a budget, allocate resources as needed and track your project’s progress, iterations, timing and completion.

For example, automations help your team stay on track with little added effort. With a few clicks, you can set a notification to alert you if any task is over budget or a team member has fallen behind. Further, Gantt charts show you how your project is progressing, and what needs to happen next. Zoom, Slack, synced calendars, Salesforce, Google Docs and other integrations allow for seamless and intuitive team collaboration across your organization.

Who should use it:

Startup businesses on a shoestring budget should consider It offers a free version and free trials so users can test more advanced tiers as their companies can afford them. For more information, check out our review.

Mon, 25 Jul 2022 14:10:00 -0500 Alana Rudder en-US text/html
Killexams : Gujarat: Kejriwal promises jobs to every unemployed youth if AAP comes to power

Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) convenor Arvind Kejriwal on Monday assured that his party will provide employment to every youth in Gujarat.

Kejriwal promised to offer 3000 monthly per month as unemployment allowance if his party wins the Gujarat assembly polls which is scheduled for later this year.

“Aam Aadmi Party will provide employment to every unemployed youth of Gujarat. The party will offer 3,000 per month as unemployment allowance if voted to power. AAP’s Gujarat government will provide 10 lakh government jobs to the youth of Gujarat,” said Kejriwal while addressing a gathering in Veraval town of Gir Somnath district.

Kejriwal’s new poll promise comes days after he assured free electricity up to 300 units per month if voted to power in the BJP-ruled state.

Also Read: We want students to spread love, not hate: Kejriwal at Happiness Utsav

The Delhi chief minister said if the AAP forms a government in Gujarat, his party will ensure that each and every unemployed youth gets a job in the next five years.

“Until we provide them jobs, every jobless youth will get 3000 per month unemployment allowance,” he announced.

The AAP leader also promised a law to curb leaking of question papers of government recruitment examinations and punish the culprits.

There have been several cases in the recent past of question papers of competitive exams getting leaked.

“We will ensure the mafia behind the paper leak gets punished strongly and the system of paper leak stops in Gujarat,” he said.

The Delhi CM said an AAP government will Improve the recruitment process in the cooperative sector and make it transparent so that youths are not placed there via recommendations or bribery as is the case now.”

The AAP National Convenor said, “In my guarantee on employment, there are five guarantees. First, every youth will be employed within five years. You may say that Kejriwal has also come to fool us because this is not possible. I have already done that in Delhi by giving employment to 12 lakh youth in the past five years. I know how to generate employment because my intentions are clear and I am well-educated. Now I have taken a pledge with all my ministers that I will provide 20 lakh more jobs in Delhi in next five years. Second, until an unemployed youth gets a job, we will provide an allowance of 3,000 per month. This has been done keeping in mind that it takes time to generate employment and it is not possible to provide employment immediately after coming to power.”

Mon, 01 Aug 2022 17:06:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Preparation Strategies to Ace UPSC CAPF STAGE – 1 Exam No result found, try new keyword!The written exam forms the Stage -1 of the CAPF selection process, the examination comprises 2 papers, namely Paper I and Paper II. Mon, 01 Aug 2022 18:26:26 -0500 en-in text/html Killexams : CBSE Class 11 Psychology Syllabus 2022-2023 (PDF): get To Check Course Content, Guidelines for Practical Work

Check CBSE Class 11 Psychology Syllabus 2022-2023 to know about the prescribed course structure for the current academic session. Also, get details for practical work and question paper design.

CBSE Class 11 Psychology Syllabus 2022-2023: For the past few years, Psychology is becoming one of the favourite subjects among senior secondary students. A number of students have scored full marks in the subject. For CBSE Class 11 Psychology, there is a theory paper of 70 marks and a practical assessment of 30 marks. Students need to know the detailed course structure and course content to perform well in the CBSE Class 11 Psychology exam 2022-23. Here is the detailed syllabus for CBSE Class 11 Psychology subject. This syllabus is designed as per the annual assessment scheme. Students can clearly know the complete course plan and marking scheme by going through the syllabus. This would help them to create an effective study schedule and prepare well for their CBSE Class 11 Psychology Exam.

Check CBSE Class 11 Psychology (Code No. 037) Syllabus 2022-23 below:

CBSE Class 11 Psychology Course Structure 2022-2023


Also Check CBSE Class 11 Syllabus of All Subjects for 2022-2023 Session (PDF)

CBSE Class 11 Psychology Course Content 2022-2023

Unit I What is Psychology? - 27 Periods

The courses in this unit are:


2.What is Psychology? ·

  • Psychology as a Discipline ·
  • Psychology as a Natural Science ·
  • Psychology as a Social Science

3.Understanding Mind and Behaviour

4.Popular Notions about the Discipline of Psychology

5.Evolution of Psychology 6. Development of Psychology in India

7.Branches of Psychology

8.Psychology and Other Disciplines

9.Psychology in Everyday Life

Unit II Methods of Enquiry in Psychology - 32 Periods 

The courses in this unit are:


2.Goals of Psychological Enquiry ·

  • Steps in Conducting Scientific Research
  • Alternative
  • Paradigms of Research

3.Nature of Psychological Data

4.Some Important Methods in Psychology ·

  • Observational Method ·
  • Experimental Method ·
  • Correlational Research ·
  • Survey Research ·
  • Psychological Testing ·
  • Case Study

5.Analysis of Data ·

Quantitative Method ·

Qualitative Method

6.Limitations of Psychological Enquiry

7.Ethical Issues

Unit IV Human Development - 26 Periods

The courses in this unit are:

  1. Introduction
  2. Meaning of Development ·
  • Life-Span Perspective on Development

3.Factors Influencing Development

4.Context of Development

5.Overview of Developmental Stages ·

  • Prenatal Stage ·
  • Infancy ·
  • Childhood ·
  • Challenges of Adolescence ·
  • Adulthood and Old Age

Unit V Sensory, Attentional and Perceptual Processes - 18 Periods

The courses in this unit are:


2.Knowing the world

3.Nature and varieties of Stimulus

4.Sense Modalities ·

Functional limitation of sense organs

5.Attentional Processes ·

  • Selective Attention ·
  • Sustained Attention

6.Perceptual Processes ·

  • Processing Approaches in Perception

7.The Perceiver

8.Principles of Perceptual Organisation

9.Perception of Space, Depth and Distance ·

  • Monocular Cues and Binocular Cues

10.Perceptual Constancies


12.Socio-Cultural Influences on Perception

Unit VI Learning - 20 Periods

The courses in this unit are:


2.Nature of Learning

3.Paradigms of Learning

4.Classical Conditioning ·

  • Determinants of Classical
  • Conditioning

5.Operant/Instrumental Conditioning ·

  • Determinants of Operant Conditioning ·
  • Key Learning Processes 6. Observational Learning

7.Cognitive Learning 8. Verbal Learning

9.Skill Learning

10.Factors Facilitating Learning

11.Learning Disabilities

Unit VII Human Memory - 19 Periods

The courses in this unit are:


2.Nature of memory

3.Information Processing Approach: The Stage Model

4.Memory Systems : Sensory, Short-term and Longterm Memories

5.Levels of Processing

6.Types of Long-term Memory ·

  • Declarative and Procedural; Episodic and Semantic

7.Nature and Causes of Forgetting 

  • Forgetting due to Trace Decay, Interference and Retrieval Failure

8.Enhancing Memory ·

  • Mnemonics using Images and Organisation

Unit VIII Thinking - 14 Periods

The courses in this unit are:


2.Nature of Thinking ·

Building Blocks of Thought

3.The Processes of Thinking

4.Problem Solving



7.Nature and Process of Creative Thinking ·

  • Nature of Creative Thinking ·
  • Process of Creative Thinking

8.Thought and Language

9.Development of Language and Language Use

Unit IX Motivation and Emotion - 14 Periods

The courses in this unit are:


2.Nature of Motivation

3.Types of Motives ·

  • Biological Motives ·
  • Psychosocial Motives

4.Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

5.Nature of Emotions

6.Expression of Emotions ·

  • Culture and Emotional Expression ·
  • Culture and Emotional Labelling

7.Managing Negative Emotions

8.Enhancing Positive Emotions

To check details of practical work and design of question paper, check the full syllabus from the link given below:

Mon, 18 Jul 2022 20:55:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Do you know the things Medicare doesn’t cover, and will you be able to afford them?

By the time you turn 65, you probably have a good feel for what health insurance does and doesn’t cover. But Medicare is a different beast — and there are some surprising things that don’t fall under Medicare’s umbrella.

Medicare is the federal government’s health insurance coverage for people age 65 and older, and other people living with disabilities and certain chronic conditions. Here are seven things Medicare doesn’t cover:

1. Deductibles and coinsurance

If you opt for Original Medicare, both Medicare Part A (hospital insurance) and Part B (medical insurance) require out-of-pocket spending in the form of deductibles and coinsurance. If you have medical needs, this can get pricey, and there’s no out-of-pocket cap on Original Medicare spending.

“Many people on traditional Medicare get a Medigap plan to help cover those costs and make their out-of-pocket costs more predictable,” says Gretchen Jacobson, vice president of Medicare for The Commonwealth Fund, a private foundation with the mission of promoting a high-performing health care system.

If you enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan, which is offered by private insurance companies that contract with the federal government, you’ll also be responsible for any deductibles, copays or coinsurance required when you seek health care. Although there’s an out-of-pocket maximum for Medicare Advantage, that limit can be as high as $7,550 in 2022.

Read: Will the real Medicare Advantage please stand up?

2. Routine dental care

Although Medicare Part A covers some dental services you may get as part of a hospital stay, basic dental care like cleanings, X-rays and fillings aren’t covered. If you want coverage, you’ll have to purchase a separate dental policy.

You may be able to get some coverage by purchasing a Medicare Advantage plan with dental benefits. “But those benefits can be limited, or Medicare Advantage plans can ask you to pay extra for those benefits,” says Lina Walker, vice president of health security for AARP’s Public Policy Institute.

Don’t miss: I’m 65 and know I need to exercise more — but I hate it. Here’s what I’m trying to turn it around.

3. Eye exams

Medicare doesn’t cover eye exams for glasses or contacts, or the eyeglasses or contacts themselves. Medicare Part B does cover one pair of glasses or contacts if you have cataract surgery. (After the Part B deductible of $233 in 2022, you’ll pay 20% of costs.)

4. Hearing aids

Medicare also doesn’t cover hearing aids or the exams required for hearing aids. While there’s some language in the Build Back Better Act to add hearing aid coverage to Medicare, the act hasn’t made it through Congress. Medicare does cover diagnostic hearing exams if your doctor thinks you need them.

5. Prescription drugs

Original Medicare Parts A and B don’t offer coverage for prescription drugs. If you want prescription drug coverage, you must buy a Medicare Part D plan from a private insurance company or get prescription drug coverage from a Medicare Advantage plan that includes it.

Medicare drug coverage is optional, but if you choose to skip it and you don’t have other creditable drug coverage, you’ll pay a late enrollment penalty if you decide to enroll at a future time. You’ll pay this penalty for as long as you have Medicare drug coverage, so it’s worthwhile to make sure you get and keep qualified coverage once you’re eligible.

Read: How can you keep up with the cost of prescriptions? Here are some ways to save.

6. Long-term care

A person turning 65 today has about a 7-in-10 chance of needing long-term care at some point in the future, according to the Department of Health and Human Services, and it can be a big expense. But Medicare doesn’t cover long-term care if it’s the only care you need.

“This is an area where there might be some confusion, because people have heard that Medicare covers nursing services,” Walker says. Medicare does cover skilled nursing facility care if your doctor recommends it after a qualifying three-day inpatient hospital stay. In these circumstances, Medicare covers the first 100 days of care along with a daily coinsurance charge. After that, you’re responsible for all costs.

Also on MarketWatch: Here’s how much the average working boomer has saved for retirement

Medicare Advantage plans may offer some additional limited benefits. “Some Medicare Advantage plans are providing in-home help, but it’s pretty limited coverage at this point, and relatively few plans are providing that,” Jacobson says.

7. Overseas health care

If you’re outside of the U.S. and certain U.S. territories, Medicare doesn’t cover health care or supplies except in some very specific circumstances. (For instance, if you’re passing through Canada between Alaska and another state when you have a medical emergency, and a Canadian hospital is closer than a U.S. hospital, Medicare may cover your care.) Otherwise, you’ll need to find supplemental coverage for travel or purchase insurance in the country you’re living in.

Check out: This Ecuadorean city in the Andes has perfect weather – and you can retire there for as little as $1,500 a month

This is a key point if you’re planning to move out of the country. If you ever change your mind and want to return to the U.S. and re-enroll in Medicare, you may be subject to Part B penalties. “It’s important, before they move, that they find out what the implications will be for them if they were to provide up Medicare,” Walker says.

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Kate Ashford writes for NerdWallet. Email: Twitter: @kateashford.

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