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Exam Code: CWDP-303 Practice exam 2023 by team
CWDP-303 Certified Wireless Design Professional

Exam Name : Wireless Design Professional
Exam Number : CWDP-303 CWDP
Exam Duration : 90 minutes
Questions in exam : 60
Passing Score : 70%
Exam Registration : PEARSON VUE
Real Questions : CWNP CWDP-303 Real Questions
VCE practice test : CWNP Certified Wireless Design Professional Practice Test

Section Weight Objectives Define Specifications for the WLAN 25% 1 Collect and use business requirements
- Business use cases and justification
- User requirements
- Regulatory compliance
- Industry compliance 2 Collect, define, and use technical requirements
- Location services such as RTLS
- Latency requirements
- Signal strength requirements
- Capacity requirements
- Security requirements
BYOD and guest access
Authentication and encryption
- Discover applications and their specific requirements
- Discover WLAN upgrade requirements when applicable
- Define bridge link requirements when applicable
- Voice over WLAN (VoWLAN) Requirements
- Identify client devices including most Important and least capable device
- Requirement Areas 3 Identify design constraints
- Regulatory compliance
- Aesthetics
- Budget
- Architectural constraints
- Mounting restrictions
- Access restrictions
- Vendor selection
- Time constraints
- Building codes and safety codes 4 Collect, use, and deliver essential documents where applicable
- Validated floorplans
- Network diagrams
- Existing AP locations
- Network closet locations
- Existing cabling standards
- Existing cable drop locations
- Switch capabilities and capacity
- Existing network services including DNS, DHCP, NTP and authentication servers
- PoE capabilities and power budget
- Existing wireless system data
- Previous design/survey documentation
- Site survey deliverables 5 Define requirement areas including essential metrics for each requirement
- Capacity
- Client device types
- Applications and their requirements
- SSIDs and WLAN profiles
- Security settings
- Understand the various issues introduced by common vertical markets such as healthcare, education, retail, hospitality, high-density scenarios, public hotspots and outdoor networks 6 Implement effective project management
- Statement of Work (SoW)
- Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDAs)
- Project plans
- Resource management
- Role definition Design the WLAN 45% 1 Define WLAN architectures and select the appropriate architecture for a design
- Controller-based (physical and virtual controllers)
- Distributed (cloud-based and local WNMS)
- Standalone/Autonomous APs
- Dynamic vs. static channel assignment
- Dynamic radio management
- Software defined radio
- RF profiles
- Select and/or recommend the appropriate equipment for the design (APs, antennas, controllers, managed services) 2 Produce a design and communicate with appropriate individuals related to the design
- Use WLAN design software including the common features found in the solutions provided by various vendors
Import and calibrate floor plans
Set project parameters
Select and place APs and antennas manually or using automated placement tools and define configuration parameters
Adjust AP settings to accommodate design requirements
Define appropriate requirements areas using software features
Define channel plans (MCA or SCA, channel widths, frequency bands, output power levels, DFS and TPC requirements) including solutions for CCI, adjacent channel interference (ACI), non-overlapping ACI, and non-802.11 interferers within regulatory constraints
Document cabling requirements
- Select and use appropriate tools for a design project
Site survey hardware (camera, marking tools, spare batteries, survey trays, 2-way radios, USB adapters, USB hubs, external antennas)
Distance measuring tools (laser measure, tape measure, measuring wheel, angle finder, mapping software)
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (hardhat, steel-toe shoes, glasses, gloves, clean suits, masks, high visibility clothing)
Use WLAN analysis tools for appropriate use cases in WLAN design (spectrum analyzer, protocol analyzer, scanner/discovery tools, cable testers)
Use performance measurement tools to assist in WLAN design (throughput testers, QoS assessment, network functionality)
Perform client measurements and analysis to determine client capabilities (received signal measurements, roaming behavior, QoS capabilities)
Gather attenuation measurements for building materials and objects
Understand the differences between AP-on-a-Stick surveys and predictive modeling software and select the appropriate solution between them for a design project
- Perform a pre-design site survey when required
Select and perform the appropriate type of site survey (manual active, manual passive, AP-on-a-Stick)
Use the appropriate site survey tools during the survey
Gain appropriate access and clearance to perform the survey
Document metrics and other information collected during the survey (RSSI, SNR, noise floor, interference, cell coverage, application and connectivity data such as data rates, latency, loss, and retries)
Perform survey procedures for bridge links when required
- Design special WLAN deployments, including branch and remote offices, mesh networks, and bridge links
- Select among common vendor features and make configuration recommendations in a design scenario (band steering, automatic channel selection, load balancing, VLAN configuration)
- Design for different client and application types and the constraints they introduce (tablets, barcode scanners, VoIP handsets, laptops, ID badges, location tracking systems, voice and video)
- Ensure proper end-to-end QoS is understood and implemented including WMM, wired QoS, QoS markings and queues
- Define and recommend proper security solutions in the design including monitoring, authentication servers, EAP methods, authentication, and encryption
- Design for secure roaming including 802.11-2016 FT roaming, SCA roaming, vendor roaming solutions, and client support issues 3 Create, distribute, and communicate design documentation
- Bill of Materials (BoM)
- Design report
- Physical installation guide Deploy the WLAN 10% 1 Ensure proper understanding and implementation of design documentation
- Implementation meeting (explain design decisions to implementers and ensure understanding of design deployment)
- Distribute documents to appropriate individuals
- Select qualified implementation technicians when required 2 Perform validation and optimization tasks during deployment
- Verify proper AP installation location
- Verify PoE provisioning requirements are met
- Verify channel selections and output power
- Verify aesthetic requirements are met
- Verify proper security configuration 3 Recommend or perform essential deployment tasks
- Understand and perform installation procedures for different WLAN architectures (cloud-based, controller-based, WNMS, autonomous)
- Infrastructure configuration supporting the WLAN (DHCP, DNS, NTP, switches and routers)
- Channel assignment, automatic radio management, and output power configuration
- Installation procedures for cloud-based APs, controller-based APs, WNMS APs, and autonomous APs Validate and Optimize the WLAN 20% 1 Perform an RF validation survey
- Ensure coverage requirements
- Ensure capacity requirements
- Evaluate CCI impact 2 Perform client performance testing
- Application testing
- Roaming testing
- Connectivity testing 3 Recommend and/or perform appropriate physical adjustments
- AP locations
- Antenna locations 4 Recommend and/or perform appropriate configuration adjustments
- Transmitter RF output power
- RF channel selection
- RF channel bandwidth 5 Select remediation solutions for problems discovered during post-validation
- RF coverage problems
- Capacity problems
- QoS problems
- Security configuration errors
- Client connectivity issues
- Resolve interference issues 6 Implement knowledge transfer and hand-off
- End user training
- Support staff training
- Solution documentation and assets (digital or physical assets, guides, floorplans, configuration documents)
- Final meeting (Q&A and hand-off)

Certified Wireless Design Professional
CWNP Professional tricks
Killexams : CWNP Professional tricks - BingNews Search results Killexams : CWNP Professional tricks - BingNews Killexams : Sonic Frontiers: Pro Tips And Tricks © Provided by TheGamer

Sonic Frontiers has been out for a while now, and while plenty of players have already finished it and moved on to other things, the Blue Blur’s dedicated fanbase has been hard at work finding new tricks and exploits that somehow make Sonic look even cooler than he already is.

Related: Changes To Make Sonic Frontiers Go From Good To Great

Whether it’s your first time playing through Frontiers or you’re just revisiting the game after the free DLC dropped, the game has no shortage of exciting things you can do. Some of these tricks are harder to pull off than others, but with a bit of practice, you’ll be pulling off these pro player feats in no time at all.

Draw An Infinity For Endless Boost

A lot of people might already know about this, but it bears repeating: by drawing an infinity symbol with Sonic’s brand-new Cyloop ability, you will temporarily be able to use Boost as long as you want without worrying about running out of Boost Gauge and being forced to walk the rest of the way.

This is probably the easiest of these tricks to perform, but it still takes a bit of practice to consistently draw the shape right on your first attempt. Master this, and getting around the map will be faster than ever.

Drop Dash Up Icy Mountains

The Drop Dash is an ability Sonic has from the very start of the game. You perform it by pressing and holding the jump button after Sonic has already performed a double jump. Once you land on solid ground, Sonic will go spinning forward and can even deal damage to enemies while curled into a ball.

Related: The Most Beautiful Locations In Sonic Frontiers

It’s a pretty cool move, albeit one that you probably either don’t know about or do know about but never use. That said, Drop Dashing has a handful of practical uses. Most notably, it’s the only way Sonic can move over slippery surfaces, like the icy mountain peaks of Chaos Island. Try it out next time you visit the location.

Stay On Asura After Destroying Its Weak Point

Asura is one of the earliest Guardians Sonic is able to battle. Fighting one usually plays out the same way: you wait for it to slam the ground, you run up its arm, you destroy one of its pointed spires, it knocks you off, rinse and repeat two more times until it’s defeated. Normally this process can be a little time-consuming, but did you know there’s a way to immediately get back on?

When Sonic gets shaken off, he goes into a special animation where he can do almost nothing (emphasis on “almost”). If you Boost back towards Asura, you can actually grab onto the side of its body and climb back up straight away without having to wait for it to smash the ground again. If you’re lucky, your boost can even land you right back on top.

Boost Cancel To Maintain Air Momentum

This next trick is one used almost exclusively by speedrunners, or by completionists looking to earn an S-Rank in every Cyberspace level. When Sonic does a Homing Attack, he’ll pop upward a bit. This is great for giving you a second to find the next target to Homing Attack, but it also slows Sonic down a tad. So let’s fix that.

Related: Sonic Frontiers: Things To Do After You Beat The Game

If you press Boost right after Sonic lands his Homing Attack, you’ll cancel the little upwards pop he would’ve normally done, letting you get right back into the action. Who says hedgehogs can’t fly?

Do A Rail Launch (And Stick The Landing)

The premise of Rail Launching is simple. Grind rails massively bolster Sonic’s momentum, and Boosting while on a rail multiplies that speed to ludicrous proportions. So what happens then if you decide to jump off the rail after initiating a boost? Simple. You’ll free Sonic from the linear path of the rail and send him flying with tons of momentum in whatever direction you choose.

The hard part of Rail Launching isn’t so much doing it as it is controlling your massive speed with the precision needed to land on a midair platform, or even another rail. Speedrunners are already using this to set new records in Cyberspace levels that are full of rails. deliver it some practice, and you’ll be setting your own personal best times very soon.

Magnet Dash For Huge Distance

Magnet Dashing is very similar to Boost Canceling in that they both involve the Homing Attack and the Boost. The similarities end there though because to do a Magnet Dash, you’ll want to use Boost to cancel Sonic’s Homing Attack before he hits his target. Doing so will send Sonic flying past whatever he was trying to hit, but with the momentum from his Homing Attack.

The distance this trick covers is absurd, letting Sonic easily skip past entire sections of Cyberspace levels. The timing is the hardest part. Press it too late, and Sonic will just do a normal Homing Attack. Supposedly, Magnet Dashes are easier to do in 2D levels, so hop into one if you want to deliver this trick a go.

Boost Jump Off Uneven Ground

This trick is where things really get interesting. If you have Air Tricks unlocked, you may have noticed that Sonic can really go flying when he Boosts off of a rock or some other patch of uneven ground. Usually, it’s only a small leap, but if you hit one of these surfaces at just the right angle, you’ll get massive airtime, as well as enough momentum to fly to spots on the map that would normally be much harder to get to.

Related: Sonic Frontiers: All Islands, Ranked

Despite the name of the tech, there’s no jump input involved. All you have to do is boost at the right rock at the right angle. It will probably take you a lot of tries to pull off right, but pro speedrunners are already using it to skip whole small sections of the game.

The Massive Height Exploit (A.K.A. “The Hedgehog Space Program”)

If you thought the previous tricks on this list were awesome, you haven’t seen anything yet. The Massive Height Exploit is a trick that, if performed correctly, launches Sonic up into the stratosphere of whatever zone he’s in.

Doing it is simple enough. First, find an enemy and lock on to them. Next, perform a dodge. Then, cancel your dodge into a Stomp attack (which you’ll need to unlock first). Finally, before it has a chance to go off, cancel your Stomp into a Boost. You’ll know if you timed it right when Sonic ascends into a higher plane of existence.

In a surprise to no one, this exploit is very popular among speedrunners, who use it to glitch into Titan Boss Fight arenas way earlier than you’re supposed to.

The Infamous “Pinball Skip”

Ever wanted to skip the forced Pinball minigame on Chaos Island? Well, now (with a glitch), you can. The exact process is a bit complicated. It involves breaking a specific crate, quitting back to the title screen during the Pinball mini-game, and throwing Sonic off a cliff once you reload your save.

If you’re even thinking about trying this yourself, looking up a guide is a must. It’s so difficult to pull off correctly that even some speedrunners have trouble with it. Also, keep in mind that this is technically a glitch, albeit one you are unlikely to come across in a regular playthrough. There’s no telling if or when SEGA will patch it out of the game.

Next: Things That Make No Sense In Sonic Frontiers

Sun, 22 Jan 2023 12:51:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : I’m an arcade pro and there is a trick to always winning on the grabbing machines – you’ll never waste your money again

WINNING a teddy on a crane machine is a famously tough challenge.

But that bitter disappointment is about to be banished thanks to one expert hack.

There's a chance you'll win every time with this handy hack


There's a chance you'll win every time with this handy hackCredit: TikTok/@arcadefriends
They say their hack gives the claw a strong grip


They say their hack gives the claw a strong gripCredit: TikTok/@arcadefriends

Gone are the days of wasting all your twenty pence pieces and coming home empty-handed - a TikTok page called Arcade Friends has revealed an easy two-step method to bag a cuddly toy.

According to the experts, timing is key to stop the slippery claw dropping your prize. 

The video, which has over 250,000 views, begins with a view of a popular grabbing machine. 

The text reads: “Some people don’t know the secret about double tapping the claw machine. 

“Watch my hand to see how I double tap…”

First, the cameraman is seen tapping the button once to lower the claw over his chosen prize. 

As the claw closes over the little pink bear’s head, he double taps the button. 

“This gives the claw a strong grip and keeps it from rotating too far,” he writes. 

The claw is seen lifting the teddy by its head and gliding across the top of the glass box before dropping the prize into the bucket. 

It’s a revelation for arcade game fans, who can end up spending tens or even hundreds of pounds trying in vain to win a cuddly toy. 

Usually, gamers find that the claw loosens its grip and can’t lift the toy more than a few inches. 

But with this hack, we could all be in with a chance of winning.

TikTok users have gushed over the revelation, with one exclaiming: “BEST TIP! Doesn’t guarantee a win but def ups your chances.”

A second gushed: “Really this works.”

And a third replied: “I did this when I was younger then got a plushie by its tag.”

This isn’t the only crane machine hack on the TikTok user’s profile. 

Arcade Friends boasts hundreds of video tips to help gamers win big on every try. 

In one clip, they show the ‘tag trick’ - aiming one of the claw’s three pincers to hook a teddy’s tag - and according to the expert, it works every time.

Another video tells gamers to aim for the far corner of a round teddy instead of the middle, as there’s more chance of moving it where there’s thinner material. 

An appreciative viewer replied to this clip: “That’s why you’re the best claw machine/UFO catcher account. 

“You have real techniques and skill rather than just getting lucky on claw machine apps.”

Tue, 24 Jan 2023 20:43:00 -0600 en-gb text/html
Killexams : 8 advanced Android clipboard tricks No result found, try new keyword!Copy these tricks into your noggin, and before you know it, you'll be slashing all sorts of wasted seconds out of your day. [Psst: Love shortcuts? My Android Shortcut Supercourse will teach you ... Thu, 19 Jan 2023 20:47:00 -0600 en text/html Killexams : This must-have screwdriver has two cool hidden tricks
Adrian Kingsley-Hughes/ZDNET

I have a lot of screwdrivers. My favorite set for repairing tech gadgets is my trusty iFixit Pro Tech Toolkit, but that set has so many parts that I'm reluctant to take it out and about with me in case I drop it, forget it, or have it stolen.

Also: 3 security gadgets I never leave home without

This compact Wera screwdriver kit solves all that. Here's a screwdriver kit I can pop into a pocket or bag, and not compromise on quality or power.

And this screwdriver has some cool hidden tricks. 

First, it can go from a stubby to a long screwdriver (and back again) with the press of a button. 

Adrian Kingsley-Hughes/ZDNET

This is super handy for tackling a variety of jobs. I was a little skeptical of this feature initially because I panic it would make the screwdriver flimsy, but it doesn't.

It gives me all the flexibility of a small screwdriver, and the ability to turn it into a bigger screwdriver for heavier jobs. 

Also: These are my 3 must-have Raspberry Pi accessories

The mechanism is super strong and reliable. I've leaned into this screwdriver with all my weight -- I'm a big bloke -- and it didn't budge.

The other hidden feature is the handle is home to six screwdriver bits, hidden away in a compartment that you access by pressing a button on the top.

Adrian Kingsley-Hughes/ZDNET

Press and pop!

Adrian Kingsley-Hughes/ZDNET

The bits in the handle are securely stored, so nothing rattles about!

The six bits in the handle of the Wera screwdriver are securely held in place

Adrian Kingsley-Hughes/ZDNET

I love this design. It's small enough for me to pop into my pocket for jobs where I know that I'll only need a screwdriver -- things like changing a graphics card or swapping out a lock on a door -- but it's versatile enough so I can be ready for anything.

The screwdriver is also magnetic, having a "just right" amount of magnetic pull -- enough to keep a fastener on the bit, not so much that it's being pulled all over the place inside a PC or some other delicate bit of kit.

The magnet is strong enough to be useful, and not too strong as to be annoying

Adrian Kingsley-Hughes/ZDNET

This screwdriver excels in a place where a lot of "multi" screwdrivers fail -- it's really tough. Despite the built-in mechanisms for the shank and handle, it feels very much like a regular screwdriver in the hand.

Six bits not enough for your needs? That's what I thought!

So, not wanting to the lacking in the screwdriver bits department, I also got the 30-piece bit set I can pop in my pocket along with the screwdriver if I think I'm going to need more. This has a very good selection of slotted, Torx, hex, Phillips, and Pozidriv bits. 

These bits are hard-wearing and excellent quality. 

All in all, this is a great kit. The screwdriver is better, stronger, more versatile, and not much bigger than those multitools that people carry (in all honesty, I think this is a better alternative to expensive multitools for a fraction of the money), and even adding the extra bits doesn't add much in the way of cost or bulk to the kit. 

Mon, 30 Jan 2023 06:56:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : I’m a makeup pro & you’ve been applying your blush all wrong…my way gives you an instant face lift

THERE are many tricks that makeup artists use to perfect the perfect glowy look.

But unfortunately these aren’t widely known.

Make-up pro reveals we've been applying our blush all wrong


Make-up pro reveals we've been applying our blush all wrongCredit: TikTok/@ilmakiage

And unless you pay a fortune to do a makeup course, you’ll probably have a few trial and errors when getting dolled up. 

However, the internet has now become a great resource for discovering professional tricks and tips. 

Especially TikTok, as many beauty fans and professionals take to the platform to share their advice. 

And one latest trick has shocked many makeup fans.

It’s how to apply your blush, and it’s not the way you think it is according to this makeup pro at cosmetic brand Il Makiage.

In a video, shared to their 151k followers, the pro films herself applying a red blush with a brush. 

She starts off by showing the wrong way to do it.

Demonstrating herself, she dabs and brushes the powder on her cheek just under her eye. 

She shows the difference it can make in a viral video


She shows the difference it can make in a viral videoCredit: TikTok/@ilmakiage

She then follows this by showing the correct technique when applying a blush.

The makeup pro holds the brush and begins adding powder to the high end of her cheek, closer to the corner of her eye. 

She claims it will deliver you an instant lift to your cheeks. 

However, there were mixed opinions from people commenting on her video.

One wrote: “There is no wrong way, it depends on your face shape and the look you try to go for.” 

Another added: “Depends on face shape and age.” 

A third wrote: “That’s super cute.”

Thu, 16 Feb 2023 23:01:00 -0600 en-gb text/html
Killexams : Tips and Tricks No result found, try new keyword!Whether it's dealing with difficult enemies, unlocking spells for free, or tips that make exploring the world so much easier, our comprehensive Forspoken Tips and Tricks guide has all the ... Wed, 25 Jan 2023 15:22:00 -0600 Killexams : Rimworld: Pro Tips & Tricks © Provided by TheGamer

Managing your first colony in Rimworld will often end in starvation, immolation, or frustration. There is a lot to learn before you can achieve stability, but making it over that hill allows you to fully explore the heart of the game. Take the time to reach sustainability before you get too invested in trying to tame a megasloth.

RELATED: Dwarf Fortress Vs. Rimworld: Which Game Is Better?

Once you get a handle on the basics, there are a lot of ways to increase the efficiency of your base and reduce potential headaches. Using the zoning tool effectively and creating more complex defensive setups will go a long way towards making you and your colonists happier. Life on the Rim is unforgiving, but that doesn’t mean you can’t eventually master it.

Undead Revival

The death of a colonist may seem like the closing of a book, but newer players may not realize there is a way to cheat death. Certain quests or ancient shrines will reward you with a resurrector mech serum. This marvel of technology has the power to bring a colonist back to life.

As long as a corpse hasn’t been desiccated, it can be made to once more walk among the living. Fresher bodies incur less side effects upon resurrection, so you will want to freeze your favorite colonist's body as soon as possible until a serum is acquired.

Strip Mining

When you first crash-land on a planet, you will notice exposed mineral nodes scattered all about the rocky areas of the map. These nodes will be your primary source of steel and components in the early game. However, these zones will inevitably run out. A great way to thoroughly exhaust all the nodes before seeking alternative sources is to strip mine.

Mine long straight lines into rock formations along both the X and Y axis. This will allow you to efficiently search for mineral nodes without wasting too much time.

Customizable Zones

Whenever you build structures in your colony, the designated ‘home zone’ expands in turn. This catch-all area will determine where colonists do tasks such as cleaning and firefighting. Zones actually have a much greater utility than glorified housekeeping. Creating custom zones will allow you to do all sorts of things, such as manage animals, regulate safety, and corral unruly guests.

RELATED: Rimworld: Relatable Things Every Player Does

If you’re tired of your boomalope bringing a bomb hazard into your base, simply use a custom zone to designate indoor areas as off-limits. Or better yet, create a pen for your explosive buddy, so you can harvest that sweet, sweet chemfuel.

Use A Killbox

Having your base fully established feels great. Your food needs are covered, recreation is satisfied, and everyone has a bed. Getting your base burnt down because you lack effective security measures doesn’t feel so great. An effective method for reducing the difficulty of hostile raids is by creating a 'killbox.'

Wall off your entire settlement except for a single section of your choice. From here, create a snaking set of walls that slowly creep into your base. Lay down spike traps at frequent intervals, and have the last of your walls expand to create a hallway watched by barricades. The attacking AI will be enticed to walk through your traps to attack your base, since that section is not blocked off by a door. Any enemies who make it through the traps will find themselves caught in the hallway, and can be easily mopped up by colonists behind the barricade.

Indoor Agriculture

Crops don’t have to obey the seasonal laws of nature. By creating a greenhouse or researching hydroponics, you can reap the benefits of year-round agriculture. Indoor crops will no longer have to worry about the scorching sun or the freezing winters. Hydroponics basins also grow crops at a highly accelerated rate. For all the convenience that indoor growing offers, there is one major caveat — sun lamps. These are required to grow any roofed crops that don’t have access to natural light.

The problem is that these little balls of light require a massive amount of energy to maintain, almost as much as an entire geothermal generator. If you want to experiment with indoor agriculture, it is very important to consider all of your energy needs first.

Use Devilstrand Clothing

Fresh Rimworld players who want to beef up their colonists' personal defenses will likely turn toward flak jackets. They are a common piece of protective wear that are inexpensive to craft. Devilstrand dusters, and clothes in general, are a much better option. Devilstrand mushrooms can be grown after researching their respective tech block, and you certainly won’t regret it.

RELATED: Rimworld: Biggest Changes With Biotech DLC

The fabric made from devilstrand is very tough, and any clothing made from this material grants great protective bonuses. For example, a duster made from this material is stronger than flak jackets and doesn’t reduce movement speed. Hyperweave and thrumbofur are tougher materials than devilstrand, but they are also much rarer.

Day And Night Shifts

Disasters in Rimworld can happen at any moment, and if your doctor is sleep deprived during surgery at three in the morning, their mood break might be worse for the patient than a wound. Each colonist can be given specific hours for their tasks, including things like work, sleep, and recreation. If you’re feeling extra wild, you can even have them work for 24 hours — although they will likely collapse before their shift ends.

By setting your pawns' schedules to alternate, you can have certain roles working at specific times. For example, having one doctor work during the day and another at night will mean that your hospital will always be on duty. Or, to avoid needless mopping, your house-cleaning pawn can do all the dirty work at night after everyone goes to sleep.

Organize The Colonist Display

The top of your screen will always display your active pawns. This is a highly convenient feature to avoid searching for them on the map individually. The issue is that when you start having over ten colonists, each with different skills and specialties, it becomes a bit unwieldy to look at the display bar. Fortunately, right-clicking and dragging colonist portraits actually lets you reorganize them.

For example, you can arrange all your melee colonists on the right, with range on the left. Or, you can do things like group your pacifists separately from psychopaths.

Stack Wind Turbines And Solar Panels

The description for wind turbines says that obstructive objects will decrease power efficiency. This is true, as objects such as trees and walls will significantly hamper power production if they are within the designated turbine zone. However, what many new players don’t realize is that solar panels don’t actually count as an obstruction. You can place solar panels directly in the path of wind turbines without any interference.

This is great because it saves a ton of space, and doesn’t require extra wiring to connect the two power sources. Just remember to place fire-retardant gadgets, such as firefoam poppers, nearby. You don’t want the entire colony's power infrastructure to potentially burn down half of your base.

Remember To Use EMP Weapons

The early raids of Rimworld are usually quite tame. Unarmored bandits and club-wielding primitives won’t pose too much of a threat to your colony. Late-game raids are a whole different story. Raiders and mechanoids will start bringing shield generators to absorb gunfire. These can be devastatingly effective if you’re not prepared.

These situations demand the use of EMP weapons. While rather ineffective in the early game, they become much more useful when they can shut down shields and stun mechanoids. A well-placed EMP grenade can completely stop the human-hunting machines, and leave them vulnerable to retaliation.

NEXT: Small Details In Rimworld We Love

Tue, 03 Jan 2023 13:55:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : 5 tips and tricks for the Ring Video Doorbell

The Ring Video Doorbell is one of the best smart doorbells of 2023. Not only is it affordable, but it can capture HD video, store footage for later review, and is remarkably easy to install regardless of your existing setup. However, if you’re looking to make the most of your fancy smart doorbell, you’ll want to dive into its accompanying smartphone app and make a few tweaks to your settings. Here are five tips and tricks for the Ring Video Doorbell to Boost its performance.

Set up your motion zones

Ring Video Doorbell 3 on Ring mobile app

The first thing you’ll want to do after installing your Ring Video Doorbell is set up motion zones. These are customizable areas that will trigger an alert if motion is detected — and properly setting them up will save you the headache of getting unwanted updates. To customize your motion zones, load up your Ring app and tap the three lines at the top of your screen. From there, select Devices, then navigate through Motion Settings to Motion Zones. You’ll now be able to add zones and adjust the size of existing zones.

Turn off motion notifications

Screenshot of Ring App

Motion zones do a great job of reducing unwanted motion alerts — such as when people are walking on the sidewalk outside your home or far off in the peripheries. However, sometimes you want to turn off motion notification entirely (a useful feature if someone in your family will be going in and out of the front door repeatedly over the course of a few minutes). To turn off your motion detection or motion alerts, simply open the Ring app, click on the three lines at the top of the screen, then head to the Devices menu. Select the device you want to adjust, then toggle the Motion Detection or Motion Alerts button on or off.

Activate Mode Settings

Ring Video Doorbell 2nd gen on doorway
Alina Bradford / Digital Trends

Want your Ring Video Doorbell to monitor your home while you’re away, but turn off entirely when you’re home? Consider setting up Mode Settings. These allow you to automatically activate certain features with a single button press instead of wading through a sea of menus. To enable this functionality, head back to the Devices screen and click on the product you want to modify. Next, click Mode Settings. You’ll then be walked through the activation process. Once enabled, you’ll have the option to choose three different Modes – each one offering different functionality and activated with just one touch on the Device menu.

Extend your battery life

Ring Video Doorbell 2 battery

Unfortunately, there’s no foolproof way to deliver your Ring Video Doorbell a significant boost in battery life. You can eke out a bit more juice by disabling motion detection or moving your Wi-Fi router closer to your front door, but those will only get you so far. You might also consider picking up a new battery pack if yours is a few years old, as they lose their longevity as they age. And keep in mind that during the winter months, you’ll probably see a drop in performance – cold weather tends to drain the battery faster than warm weather.

Sync with your smart home

The Ehco Show and Ring Doorbell on a white background.

The Ring Video Doorbell can be paired with several different smart home ecosystems, including Google Home and Alexa. Once paired (see our guides for Google Home and Alexa), you’ll have access to several different features depending on what else is in your home. One of the coolest features is being able to check your front door on your smart display, which offers a much larger view of your front door than your smartphone.

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Thu, 19 Jan 2023 12:01:00 -0600 Jon Bitner en text/html
Killexams : Master Excel with these 5 genius tricks

You can’t keep track of everything on paper. Excel can play a significant role in your daily workload. Whether you’re a beginner or a pro user, there’s a lot to learn — like these five useful Excel tricks.

Want to become an Excel expert in 2023? It’s a good strategy for small business owners who want to grow this year. After all, you’ll generate tons of data. Speaking of which, here’s how to stop third parties from selling your data.

Maybe you’re overlooking the most useful Excel strategies. Scroll down for five Excel tricks that will make your professional and personal life much easier.

1. First of five useful Excel tricks: Solve errors

Microsoft Excel is chock full of practical formulas. They help save hours you’d otherwise spend clacking away at a calculator.

Unfortunately, it’s easy to make mistakes when calculating through Excel. Its formulas reference many cells — and if you don’t pay attention, you can confuse them. Use this table to fix common Excel error messages:

Error message Why you get it To fix it …
#####  One of your columns isn’t wide enough. Increase the column width.
#DIV/0! Your formula refers to a cell that has 0 or is blank. Make sure your divisor in a function isn’t blank or zero or try these other solutions.
#REF! Maybe you deleted or moved a cell one of your formulas refers to. Either way, your cell reference isn’t valid. Restore any cells you deleted or change the formula.
#N/A One of the values in your function or formula isn’t available.  Replace #N/A with new data.
#NAME?  Excel doesn’t recognize the text in your formula.  First, make sure the cell name exists. Then, check for spelling errors.
#NULL! You made an error when specifying an intersection of two areas. Use a colon (:) to separate references to a contiguous range of cells. Are you referring to two areas that don’t intersect? Use a comma (,) instead.
#NUM! Your formula or function has invalid numeric values. Make sure the arguments used in functions are numbers.
#VALUE! You used the wrong type of variable or value in a math operation. Double-check your formula, function and cells referenced by the formula.

2. Transpose data in a snap

So you transferred some data into Excel — but it didn’t look how you wanted it to. Maybe you entered the data as rows when you wanted them to become columns. Don’t worry: You don’t have to reformat each cell manually.

With these steps, you can rotate data in your worksheet from columns to rows and vice versa.

  1. First, select the data in your desired column or row.
  2. Then, press Ctrl + C to copy the selected cells.
  3. Right-click an empty cell in a row or column where you want the copied cells to go.
  4. Select Transpose from the paste options.

Just like that, you’ll be able to reformat your data.

3. Master the substitute function

Want to replace a specific character or set of characters with a new set? First, select the cell you want to replace, like so.

Then, enter the = sign and type Substitute. A formula window will pop up.

Double-click the Substitute function. Then, type the cell location followed by a comma. Here’s what it will look like:

Next, type quotation marks and enter the old text you’re replacing, followed by a comma. Since I’m replacing the words “WestStar Multimedia Entertainment,” I typed that.

Then, type more quotation marks and enter the new text exactly how you want it to appear. Enter another comma. Close the function by typing a close parenthesis, the “)” symbol, and pressing the Enter key.

Select Enter. Just like that, I replaced the data in one cell with the data in the other cell, C4, that I typed. Nifty!

4. Quickly split columns

Let’s say you have multiple words in a single cell. You want to move one of those words into another cell. Maybe you’re writing a spreadsheet full of business contacts and wish to make a column for first names and another for last names.

Good news: You can use the Text to Columns feature to spread text across multiple columns. Here’s how:

  1. Select the column to the right of the column with your data. Right-click on an empty cell and select Insert.
  2. Then, select the column with your data. From the Data tab, select the Text to Columns button.
  3. Then, select Delimited > Next and select your delimiter from the available options. (Not sure what a delimiter is? That’s a character that separates the text in your column, like a comma or space.)
  4. Lastly, go to Next > Text > Finish.

This will save you a ton of time if you use Excel to keep track of business contracts. Want more small business tips? Tap or click here for five useful productivity tricks to try this year.

5. Last of our five useful Excel tricks: Set your own styles

There’s a lot of creative potential in Excel. Here’s how to create a style:

  1. Put your cursor in a cell.
  2. Select the Home tab, find the Styles group and click the Cell Styles button.
  3. Next, click the New Cell Style button… at the bottom of your dialog box.
  4. This pops up a Style Name box.
  5. Enter your style name. (NOTE: You can’t use spaces.)
  6. Then, click OK.

Then, you can apply those formats to text — or a range of text — simultaneously. Just do this.

  1. To apply a style, select a cell or range of cells.
  2. Then, go to the Home tab in the Styles group.
  3. Click the Cell Styles button.
  4. Select your desired cell style from the Custom styles area.

Just like that, you’ve applied a style and added some pizazz to your spreadsheet. Although you’ve learned some of the most useful Excel tips and tricks, remember that Excel can’t do everything. Sometimes, you need a tool with more robust features.

Small business owners, it’s time to upgrade

If your company is growing, you may need more than just Excel. You need high-quality finance software that gives you the complete picture. With our sponsor, NetSuite by Oracle, you can:

  • Gain visibility and control of your financials, inventory, HR, planning, budgeting and more.
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  • Stay well ahead of your competition.

Approximately 93% of surveyed businesses increased their visibility and control after upgrading to NetSuite. Over 32,000 businesses already use NetSuite.

NetSuite has a financing program if you’re ready to upgrade! Head to for this special, one-of-a-kind financing offer on the No. 1 financial system for growing businesses.

Wed, 18 Jan 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : I film skiers doing tricks. Here's how I taught myself to shoot and landed gigs that let me travel the world.
  • Gavin Rudy films professional skiers performing tricks.
  • He grew up skiing in Colorado and started out filming his friends as a hobby.
  • This winter, he plans to film in Austria and Japan. He works for the US Forest Service in summer.

This as-told-to essay is based on a transcribed conversation with Gavin Rudy, a self-employed cinematographer, about making ski films. It has been edited for length and clarity.

I'm a self-employed cinematographer, editor, and artist. I primarily make ski films — action-sports movies that feature professional skiers doing tricks on mountains and in urban settings.

I grew up skiing in Colorado. I loved skiing when I was younger and wanted to get out there and ski with my friends. I also liked making videos as a hobby, so I put the two together and started filming my friends doing ski tricks. I had fun doing it, even though we weren't pros.

I didn't go to school specifically for film – I studied mechanical engineering in college. Instead, I picked up a camera and learned as I went.

I was able to learn some things about camera work in a high-school class, but the most important thing was that I already knew how to ski. I don't have to think about my skiing when I'm filming, which makes it easier to focus on the shot I want to get.

I started out using an old Canon helmet camera in the early 2000s and got a GoPro when they came out. Now I mostly like to film with an old tape camcorder.

Even though camera technology has come a long way since I started, I'm not always inspired by the latest technology. I like the feel an old tape camcorder gives to the films; it's more grounded and looks less overproduced.

My career got started when I shot some professional skiers at resorts in Colorado. Eventually, I went to shoot at Windells, a summer training camp in Mount Hood, Oregon, for professional and up-and-coming skiers. I worked with Newschoolers, a prominent website in the free-skiing world.

Eventually, I began working on projects with a production company called Strictly. One of the coolest projects I got to work on was our film "Strictly Business." We shot professional freestyle skiers all over western North America.

I work full time as a freelancer, which means I have to actively seek out work throughout the season

I don't like to take on work that doesn't directly inspire me, like commercials. During the winter, I make some of my money by making ski films — as both a cinematographer and an editor.

I also make some money selling my art — woodblock prints, sketches, and digital works. The price depends on the piece, but my benchmark is 2 ½ times the cost it takes to make.

In the summer, I pick up other jobs, like working as a wilderness ranger for the US Forest Service. This means in the winter, I can take jobs that allow me to use my creativity with filming and editing.

"The films I make are the products of a lot of hard work from both the skiers and me. You're not just going out and skiing with your friends," Rudy said.
Gavin Rudy

I usually take on jobs filming professional skiers for wider brand projects. Both me and the skiers are paid by the sponsors. I'm normally paid a flat rate on a per-project basis, but sometimes I'm paid an hourly rate.

What I make from a single project varies, though it's often about $5,000 with all my travel expenses covered. I live frugally so I can afford to capitalize on projects that I'm excited about.

Making ski films for a living has taken me to some exciting destinations. This winter, my two main jobs will be in Austria and Japan.

To get the footage, we often have to follow the forecast. We keep an eye on where it's snowing and follow big storms whenever possible.

Other times, with bigger international trips, we have to make plans and hope that the conditions are good for skiing and filming. If a storm rolls in or lighting is bad for filming, we might have to wait for things to clear up or get creative with filming tactics. We can usually make it work.

The skiers and I normally plan every part of the trip together

We have to use our budget from the sponsors to pay for expenses like transportation and lodging. Usually, the leftover money at the end of this is what I get paid.

Skiing powder — where you ski on lighter, fluffier snow — and doing tricks looks like a lot of fun on the screen, and it is. But the films I make are the products of a lot of hard work from both the skiers and me. You're not just going out and skiing with your friends.

If we're filming tricks in urban areas, it requires a bigger team to get everything set up. We have to build the jumps and make sure the features are good to go. This might mean packing snow to make a ramp for a jump or moving snow onto pavement to create a landing at the end of a rail.

On top of that, we have to help direct the shots and make sure the lighting is right. Sometimes we have to set up a generator for light if we're filming at night. When we're filming powder skiing and backcountry skiing, we have to be aware of avalanche conditions and carry extra gear for safety.

At the end of a shooting day, the work isn't over for me

I usually spend the rest of my day uploading footage to my computer — and ensuring it's well organized and backed up on hard drives so that I don't lose any of it.

At the end of the winter season, after we've finished filming, I spend part of the summer editing the footage.

This work gives me the freedom to work creatively and travel to interesting places.

Thu, 26 Jan 2023 23:53:00 -0600 en-US text/html
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