International Business Machines Corp. (IBM) is a multinational technology company that offers a range of computing solutions and technology consulting services. Big Blue traces its origins back as early as the 1880s, but it was in 1911 that the company was first incorporated as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. (C-T-R) in the state of New York.
C-T-R manufactured and sold a range of machinery, including commercial scales, industrial time recorders, meat and cheese slicers, tabulators, and punched cards. The company formally changed its name to its current name in 1924 and has since grown into a major global corporation focused on software, technology and business consulting, and cloud computing.
IBM generated annual net income of $5.6 billion on revenue of $73.6 billion in 2020. It has a market capitalization of $125.3 billion as of July 13, 2021. It currently operates through five business segments: Cloud & Cognitive Software, Global Business Services, Global Technology Services, Systems, and Global Financing.
IBM’s early history is marked by its focus on the manufacture of machinery and computer hardware products. But beginning around the 1990s, the company began to shift its focus toward computer services and software. It sold off hardware businesses, such as flat-panel displays, disk drives, and personal computers, while simultaneously acquiring services and software companies. In latest years, the company has set its sights on becoming a leader in cloud computing, a strategic push underscored by its 2019 acquisition of Red Hat Inc. To facilitate this shift toward cloud services and artificial intelligence (AI), IBM has announced that it will spin off its infrastructure management business. The new company will be called Kyndryl, and the spin-off is expected to be complete by the end of 2021.
Below, we take a closer look at six of IBM’s more latest acquisitions, all of which have taken place within the past 20 years. The company does not provide a breakdown of how much profit or revenue each acquisition currently contributes, except for quarterly revenue for Red Hat.
Red Hat was founded in 1993 by Marc Ewing, or, as he was known by many in the computer lab during college, “the guy in the red hat.” Ewing had created and was distributing his own version of Linux® on CDs. He later joined forces with small businessman Bob Young and the two launched Red Hat Software in 1995, with Young as CEO. The open source development model on which the company was built was aimed at challenging what its founders saw as the monopolistic tendencies of the technology industry. The company went public in 1999 with a record-breaking initial public offering (IPO).
In 2019, Red Hat was acquired by IBM for approximately $34 billion, which broke the record for the largest software acquisition in history. The acquisition brings together Red Hat’s open hybrid cloud technologies with the scale and depth of IBM’s innovation, industry expertise, and sales leadership. The goal for IBM has been to work with Red Hat in offering a next-generation hybrid multi-cloud platform for its enterprise clients, especially as some of IBM’s legacy businesses are shrinking.
Cognos was founded in 1969 by Alan Rushforth and Peter Glenister in Ottawa, Canada. The firm specialized in developing software for business intelligence and performance management. In 2005, Cognos launched its award winning BI 8 product, which could be used for creating professional reports, data analysis and monitoring, model creation, and more.
The company was acquired by IBM in 2008 for $4.9 billion. At the time, IBM’s intention in acquiring Cognos was to accelerate its cross-company Information on Demand strategy, unlocking the business value of information through information integration, content and data management, and business consulting services. The combination would help companies increase the value of their information, optimize business processes, and maximize performance.
SoftLayer Technologies was founded in 2005 as a hosting services and cloud computing provider. By the time SoftLayer was acquired by IBM in 2013, it had about 21,000 customers and was operating 13 data centers in the United States, Europe, and Asia.
Following the acquisition, SoftLayer became part of IBM’s cloud services division. The aim of the combination was to create a global cloud platform that would make it easier for companies and organizations to adopt the latest cloud services. It was another example of IBM’s push to accelerate the growth of its cloud computing business since it began making more than a dozen cloud-related acquisitions starting in 2007. SoftLayer, now called IBM Cloud, currently has more than 60 data centers in 19 countries.
PricewaterhouseCoopers, a global network of firms offering assurance, tax, and consulting services, was created out of a 1998 merger between Price Waterhouse and Coopers & Lybrand. In 2002, the company sold its consulting services business—PwC Consulting—to IBM for approximately $3.5 billion.
IBM integrated the consulting service into a new global business unit called IBM Business Consulting Services, extending the reach of its Global Services Business. At the time, it was the largest consulting services organization in the world, having operations in more than 160 countries. The acquisition allowed IBM to combine business consulting with technology solutions, which many of its clients were demanding at the time.
Healthcare data and analytics services company Truven Health Analytics was formerly the healthcare unit of Thomson Reuters Corp. (TRI). Veritas Capital Fund Management LLC bought the healthcare unit from Thomson Reuters for $1.25 billion in 2012 and rebranded it as Truven Health Analytics. Several years later, Truven became a target in IBM’s aggressive push into the healthcare industry. IBM bought the healthcare analytics company in 2016 after making several acquisitions of medical technology companies totaling more than $4 billion over the previous year.
The Truven acquisition provided IBM with a massive new body of data, enabling IBM to expand the capabilities of its Watson AI system. AI machine learning systems such as Watson require large amounts of data from which they are trained to identify and extract useful patterns. The deal also was expected to double the size of IBM’s healthcare business. Truven has since become fully integrated into IBM Watson Health, which provides solutions to the healthcare industry.
Turbonomic was founded in 2009 with the goal of developing AI software to manage information technology (IT) systems. The company provides an analytics engine to oversee resourcing decisions and facilitate communication among systems. The company has grown to serve thousands of customers, including a third of Fortune 500 companies.
IBM announced the closing of its acquisition of Turbonomic in June 2021 as part of its new focus on cloud services and AI. This acquisition comes amid a flurry of deals around other cloud and AI companies, including Nordcloud and Instana.
Tony Hammond is Tableau Software’s VP Strategy and Growth for EMEA. In this role Tony works closely with Tableau customers to drive and maximise their data journey. Tony has a combination of 15+ years in the software industry and 10 Years in Enterprise Finance. Prior to Tableau , Tony was Business Analytics Technical Sales Executive at IBM responsible for all Advanced Analytics, Performance Management and Risk Technical Sales in Europe. He has also served significant tenures at Cognos, Adaytum, Glaxo Wellcome and KPMG.
Jonathan Zittrain, George Bemis Professor of International Law and Vice Dean, Library And Information Resources, Harvard Law School; Faculty Director, Berkman Klein Center For Internet And Society; Professor of Computer Science, Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences; Professor, Harvard John F. Kennedy School of Government
Jocelyn Kennedy, Executive Director
Lesliediana Jones, Associate Director for Public Services
Leah Prescott, Associate Director of Collection
Teresa Mosley, Financial Assistant
Gail Fagerstrom Harris, Projects Manager
Theresa Knapp, Executive Assistant & Event Coordinator
Jess Rios, Assistant Director, Digital Content & UX
Brian Sutton, Access Services Manager
Melanie Evans, Access Services Coordinator
Ella Galinovsky, Collection Management Specialist
Michael Mellor. Access Services Coordinator
Ryan Miniot, Access Services Coordinator
Nilesh Rana, Collection Management Specialist
Jayvanti Rana, Binding, End Processing, And HD Processing Coordinator
Rachel Gordon, Case Writer and Research Associate
Stephen Wiles, Collection Development Librarian for Foreign, Comparative & International Law
Caroline Walters, Collection Development Librarian for U.S. & the Materials Budget
Gayle Fischer, Librarian for Islamic Law
Mariko Honshuku, Librarian for Japanese Law
Eve Lauria, Islamic Law Library Assistant
Lori Schulsinger, Collection Development Coordinator
QingRong Wei, Library Assistant
Nongji Zhang, Bibliographer for East Asian Law
Elke Piontek, Manager, Continuing Resources And Acquisitions
Erin Britt, Library Assistant
Jennifer Burton, Library Assistant
Todd Moody, Library Assistant
Lori Ellen Rocha, Library Assistant
Patty Sutton, Library Assistant
Maria Woods, Library Assistant
Jessica Chapel, Librarian/Archivist for Digital Projects
Paul Deschner, Applications Developer
Chris Spraker, Archivist for Special Projects
Laura Morrison-Westphal, Electronic Resources Coordinator
Arevik Avedian, Director of Empirical Research Services
KB Beck, Manager, Historical & Special Collections & Rare Books Curator
Edwin Moloy, Curator of Modern Manuscripts
Mary Person, Rare Books Cataloger / Reference Librarian
Lesley Schoenfeld, Public Services & Visual Collections Administrator
Sarah Wharton, Access Services Coordinator & Curatorial Associate
Jack Cushman, Director
Catherine Brobston, Outreach and Support
Matteo Cargnelutti, Senior Developer
Rebecca Cremona, Web Developer
Liza Daly, Technologist in Residence
Harmony Eidolon, LIL Program Coordinator
Sabelo Mhlambi, Technologist in Residence
Clare Stanton, Communications and Outreach for Perma.cc
Ben Steinberg, DevOps Engineer
Thomas Ma, Cataloging Manager
Dan Belich, Library Assistant
Sean Bustard, Technical Services Library Assistant
Noah Cohen, Library Assistant
John Hostage, Senior Continuing Resources Cataloger
Olga Strakhov, Library Assistant
Terri Messina, Conservation Technician
Deborah Ginsberg, Manager, Faculty Research and Scholarly Support Services
Deanna Barmakian, Faculty Research Librarian
Maya Bergamasco, Faculty Research & Scholarly Support Librarian
Alethea Jones, Faculty Research and Information Delivery Assistant
Rachel Parker, Faculty Research and Information Delivery Assistant
Lisa Lilliott Rydin, Faculty Research Librarian
Mindy Kent, Manager, Reference & Student & Instructional Research Services
Jennifer Allison, Librarian for Foreign, Comparative, & International Law & Instructional Designer
Catherine Biondo, Research Librarian
AJ Blechner, Research Librarian & Instructional Designer
Juan Andres Fuentes, Librarian for Foreign, Comparative, & International Law
Anna Martin, Research Services Assistant
Michelle Pearse, Senior Research & Data Librarian
Vice Dean, Library And Information Resources, Faculty Co-Director, Berkman Center For Internet And Society, Professor Of Computer Science, SEAS
617-496-2108 (Griswold) 617-496-5243 (Langdell)
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Jocelyn Kennedy is the Executive Director of the Harvard Law School Library, where she oversees the day to day operations and provides strategic leadership for the Library. The HLS Library combines tradition with innovation and is renowned for its unique and exceptional print and electronic collections, its deep historical and archival collections and its expert research and reference staff. In addition, the Library has built programs to assist with curricular support (the Case Studies program), tech development to solve complex information access issues (Perma.cc; H20; Caselaw Access Project), and in-house, large-scale digitization.
Jocelyn is an expert in legal research, management, and working in complex organizations. She presents on courses related to management, mindfulness, and communication. Jocelyn is a member of the Law Librarians of New England; the American Association of Law Libraries, where she serves as the Chair of the Standing Committee on the Economic Status of Librarians and is a member of the Academic Law Libraries Special Interest Section newsletter committee; and is a member of the American Association of Law Schools (AALS). Jocelyn is also a member of the New Hampshire Bar Association.
Prior to joining the Library in 2016, Jocelyn served in leadership positions at UCONN Law and Michigan Law. She is a former clerk for the New Hampshire Trial Court, and worked for a US Congressman prior to attending law school. Jocelyn holds a B.A. from the University of New Hampshire, a J.D. from the University of New Hampshire-Franklin Pierce Law Center, and an M.L.I.S. from the University of Washington.
Associate Director for Public Services
Gail Fagerstrom Harris is our Project Manager overseeing a variety of projects including the Library’s Professional Development Program that ensures our staff keep their skills and knowledge current. She also doubles as an event planner, organizing behind the scenes to make our events run smoothly.
Gail found a love of the law while working for a legal services nonprofit in Gainesville, FL. She holds an A.A. in Psychology, and is a Certified Professional in Training Management (CPTM). She loves to craft, garden, cook, and sing to her dog, Miles. She and her dog-trainer partner rescue dogs in their spare time.
Executive Assistant and Event Coordinator
Associate Director of Collections
Assistant Director, Digital Content & UX
Access Services Manager
Access Services Coordinator
Collection Management Specialist
Access Services Coordinator
Access Services Coordinator
Ryan Miniot, Access Services Coordinator, joined the Library in 2014. Ryan welcomes visiting library researchers who have questions about access and acquiring materials, answers queries about library access, handles Scan & Deliver services at the Library, and trains and oversees our student workers at the circulation desk. Ryan holds a B.A. in History from Trinity University (Texas), an M.A. in History, and an M.L.S. from Simmons College. Outside of work, Ryan’s passions include basketball (Go Nets!) and punk rock music.
Collection Management Specialist
Binding, End Processing, And HD Processing Coordinator
Case Writer And Research Associate
Collection Development Librarian For Foreign And International Law
Collection Development Librarian for U.S. & the Materials Budget
Caroline joined the HLS Library in 2012 as the Collection Development Librarian for U.S. Law and Materials Budget, responsible for the selection of U.S. law materials and managing the collections budget. She also leads negotiation for new electronic resources and serves as a coordinator for university-wide negotiations.
Caroline is passionate about consumer advocacy and building partnerships with vendors to create greater discovery of their materials, to ensure preservation of electronic historical legal research, to ensure digital accessibility, and to develop better business practices.
Prior to joining the HLS Library Caroline was the Acquisitions and Serials Librarian at Suffolk University Law Library for many years. Caroline holds a B.A. in English from Suffolk University and a M.S. in Library and Information Science from Simmons College
She is an active member of AALL, LLNE and NELLCO.
Librarian for Islamic Law
Librarian for Japanese Law
Mariko Honshuku, Librarian for Japanese Law is responsible for selecting and managing HLS Library materials for Japanese law and interdisciplinary subject areas in all formats. As a liaison librarian to the East Asian Legal Studies programs at HLS, she provides special research assistance to faculty, students, and visiting scholars including reference, research consultation, bibliographic instruction, and assistance with interlibrary loan. She is also responsible for creating library collection analysis reports using the Harvard Cognos Library Reporting System. Mariko has served on several committees and working groups for the North American Coordinating Council on Japanese Library Resources (NCC) and the Council on East Asian Libraries (CEAL). She holds an M.L.S. from Simmons Graduate School of Library & Information Science and an M.M. in Organ Performance from The New England Conservatory of Music. In her spare time, Mariko enjoys learning new programing languages.
Islamic Law Library Assistant
Eve Lauria is the Islamic Acquisitions Assistant, responsible for ordering, receiving, and cataloging Middle Eastern, North African, and Islamic Law, primarily in Islamic and Persian. Eve studied Psychology, Religion, and Women’s Studies at Oberlin College and holds an M.L.I.S. from Simmons Graduate School of Library and Information Science. She is currently serving as a Board member and long-time volunteer at Eastern Massachusetts Abortion Fund, she sings in her church choir, and spends the rest of her free time reading.
Collection Development Coordinator
Lori joined the HLS Library in 2006 and is our Collection Development Coordinator. In her role, Lori supports two bibliographers, monitors the library materials budget, and co-administers the HLS Library wiki page. Lori holds a B.S. in Marketing from Syracuse University and actively participates in several library teams/committees. In her spare time, Lori volunteers at Food Link, a food rescue organization, and the Road to Recovery-American Cancer Society, where she provides transportation to and from treatment for people with cancer.
Bibliographer For East Asian Law
Nongji Zhang, Ph.D., Bibliographer for East Asian Law, has been with the Library since 1990, first as a library assistant before moving into her current position. Before working for HLS, Nongji was a researcher at the Institute of Science and Technology Policy and Management at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. When in China, she did research on science and technology law and provided legal services to local high tech companies.
As an area studies librarian at HLS, Nongji provides research services to faculty members and research consultations to faculty, students, and other patrons. She selects and manages Chinese and Korean law materials for the Library. A 2004 Douglas W. Bryant Fellowship recipient, Nongji has published works on Chinese law and library collection development including Resources on East Asian Law in the United States (1 J. of East Asian & Int’l L. 311). Her forthcoming book, The Pioneer Legal Schools and Their Scholarship in the People’s Republic of China, will be published by the East Asian Legal Studies Program. Nongji received a Ph.D. in Law, Policy and Society from Northeastern University, a M.L.S. from Simmons College, and an LL.M. from Peking University. In her free time, she enjoys traveling, photographing, gardening, and crafting.
Manager, Continuing Resources And Acquisitions
Continuing Resources & Acquisitions Library Assistant
Erin Britt joined the library in 2014. In her role as the Continuing Resources & Acquisitions Library Assistant, she is responsible for the receipt and payment of continuing resources. Prior to joining the HLS Library Erin worked as an Assistant Catalog Librarian at a rare book library and prior to that as a Technical Services Project Coordinator at a software company. Erin holds an M.L.I.S. from Simmons College and a B.A. in Journalism and Mass Communication from Saint Michael’s College. In her spare time, Erin enjoys teaching and practicing yoga.
Patty Sutton, Acquisitions Assistant, secures rush orders for our patrons, orders monograph and monograph series, communicates with vendors, and connects other departments with technical services. She holds a B.A. in French Language and Literature from the University of Washington, and an M.L.S. from Southern Connecticut State University. Patty is fluent in French, is familiar with Spanish, and can transliterate Cyrillic alphabets. Prior to her work at Harvard, Patty was a bank teller and taught French to middle school students. Patty grew up in Alaska, enjoys running marathons and rock climbing, and reads math history books in her spare time.
Librarian/Archivist for Digital Projects
Archivist for Special Projects
Electronic Resources Coordinator
Director of Empirical Research Services
Arevik Avedian is the Director of Empirical Research Services (ERS). ERS provides empirical research support for the Harvard Law School faculty. Arevik is a Lecturer on Law at HLS, teaching quantitative methods. She holds a Ph.D. in World Politics and Methods, an M.A. in Economics from Claremont Graduate University, and a dual B.A/M.A., summa cum laude, in International Relations from David Anhaght University of Armenia. Before joining HLS, she taught courses on statistics and international relations at University of California, Riverside and California State University, Fullerton. Her research focuses on armed conflict, inequality and corporate governance. Some of her current methodological interests include geographic information systems (GIS), text mining and location analytics.
Manager, Historical & Special Collections & Rare Books Curator
KB Beck is the Harvard Law School Library’s Manager of Historical & Special Collections. “HSC” is dedicated to collecting, preserving, and sharing historical materials in all formats with researchers around the world. KB contributes to the HLS Library’s social media, and helps plan and participate in outreach activities to connect students, faculty, and the broader community with the library’s collections and services. She has worked in academic law libraries in many capacities, including reference and research services, instruction, and collection development. KB is an active member of Harvard’s special collections community, and is a member of the American Association of Law Libraries, Law Libraries of New England, and the Rare Books and Manuscript section of the American Library Association. She has a BA in English from Pomona College, a JD from the University of Southern California, and a Masters in Library Science from UCLA. Away from the library, Karen loves to dance, kayak, visit museums, and walk through the Public Garden.
Curator Of Modern Manuscripts
Rare Books Cataloger / Reference Librarian
Mary Person, Rare Books Cataloger and Reference Librarian, catalogs rare books and early manuscripts, making them accessible to the world. Mary also provides research support and expertise to researchers in our Historical & Special Collections (HSC). She specializes in early English legal works, execution broadsides, French customary law, and early printing and publishing in general. She is also an expert on HSC’s byzantine system of call numbers and shelving arrangements. Mary was a pastry chef for several years before she joined HLS Library in 1987. She holds a B.A. in History and Anthropology from Marlboro College, an M.L.S. from Simmons, and has also taken a number of courses at Rare Book School at Columbia and University of Virginia. Mary reads French, Spanish, and some Latin. Away from the Library, Mary is a passionate gardener and walker, and loves being outdoors.
Public Services & Visual Collections Administrator
Access Services Coordinator & Curatorial Associate
Outreach and Support
Technologist in Residence
LIL Program Coordinator
phone number coming soon
Technologist in Residence
Communications and Outreach for Perma.cc
Clare joined the Library Innovation Lab (LIL) in 2018. She leads the way in exploring and expanding the user group of Perma.cc, a service that creates indelible links for web citation. Prior to joining LIL, Clare worked at The Forum for Growth and Innovation, a research community lead by Professor Clay Christensen at Harvard Business School. Clare holds a B.A. in Art History from Wake Forest University and is an M.S. student at Simmons School of Library and Information Science.
Ben Steinberg, DevOps Engineer, joined our Library Innovation Lab (LIL) in 2016. Ben holds a B.A. in English from Amherst College and an M.S. from Simmons College. Prior to HLS, Ben worked at the Brookline Public Library and Harvard’s Office for Scholarly Communication.
Tom Ma, Cataloging Manager, holds an M.A. and an M.L.I.S. Tom first worked for Harvard libraries in 1999.
Technical Services Library Assistant
Library Assistant VI
Noah Cohen, Library Assistant VI, is responsible for cataloging and monograph receipts. Noah holds a B.A. in Classical Languages from the University of California at Berkeley, and an M.A. in Classical Philology from Harvard University, and knows ancient and modern Greek, Latin, and German.
Senior Continuing Resources Cataloger
John Hostage, Senior Continuing Resources Cataloger, joined the Library in 1982 and is responsible for cataloging serials, loose-leaf publications, various electronic resources, training catalogers in the creation of authority records and reviewing their work, as well as solving cataloging problems.
In addition to his work at the library, John is actively involved with the American Library Association (ALA), the American Association of Law Libraries (AALL), is a former chair of AALL Cataloging and Classification Committee, formerly served on the International Federation of Library Archives (IFLA) Cataloging Section, and IFLA Classification and Indexing Section.
John holds a B.A. from Columbia University, and M.A.s in German and Library Science from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He received the Renee D. Chapman award from AALL in 2014. John speaks German fluently, as well as French, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian.
Manager, Faculty Research & Scholarly Support Services
Debbie Ginsberg, Faculty Services Manager, oversees faculty research and support for the Library. She supervises FRIDA and three research librarians. She came to Harvard in 2021. She likes questions about legal technology and blockchain. Debbie holds a B.A. from Brown University, a B.F.A. from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, a J.D. from the University of Illinois (Champaign-Urbana), and an M.L.S. from Dominican University (River Forest). She is an inactive member of the Illinois Bar. Debbie has studied Russian, French, Japanese, German, and Latin but has pretty much forgotten them. Debbie has served as chair of CS-SIS (now LIT-SIS) and was actively involved in CALL. She currently is technology co-chair for LLNE. She previously was Educational Technology Librarian at Chicago-Kent, where she worked since 2002. She also was the AIDS advocacy attorney for the (now defunct) Cook County Legal Assistance Foundation and clerked for Justice Warren Wolfson of the Illinois Appellate Court. Debbie has two teens who at this point probably know more about tech than she does, two photogenic cats, and way too much yarn. Debbie likes drawing on her iPad while listening to as many free audiobooks as she can get from the public library.
Faculty Research Librarian
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Deanna Barmakian, Faculty Research Librarian, provides research and reference support to our faculty, students, and staff. Deanna holds a B.A. in International Relations from Brown University, a J.D. from Boston University and an M.L.I.S. from Simmons. Deanna first joined the Library in 1997, left in 2006, and happily returned in 2017. She gets a charge out of helping researchers find sources they might not have found otherwise. She has learned (and mostly forgotten) French, Italian, and Spanish and is currently trying her hand at Korean. She has participated in law librarian professional organizations at the local and national level, chairing and serving on many committees. Outside of work, she’s hanging out with her retired HLS librarian husband and her two over-scheduled sons.
Faculty Research & Scholarly Support Librarian
Maya Bergamasco, Faculty Research & Scholarly Support Librarian, provides reference and research support to the Harvard Law School community. She is the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL) Diversity Resident Librarian for 2019-2021. Maya holds a B.A. in English literature with a concentration in creative writing. She received her M.L.I.S. with a concentration in user instruction from Simmons University, where she was an American Library Association (ALA) Spectrum Scholar. Maya’s research interests include critical data studies, digital scholarship, and community outreach and engagement. She has intermediate proficiency in Spanish, and has studied Russian and Korean. In her free time, she works as a community organizer, plays ultimate Frisbee, and visits local bookstores.
Faculty Research & Information Delivery Assistant
Faculty Research & Information Delivery Assistant
Rachel Parker supports the Faculty Research and Information Delivery Assistance (FRIDA) service, providing research support to Faculty and SJD students. She also supports the Faculty Bibliography Project and helps coordinate Faculty Book Talk events. She holds a B.A. in English Literature from Mount Holyoke College and an M.L.I.S. from Simmons School of Library and Information Science. Prior to her work as FRIDA Assistant Rachel worked at Houghton Library and the Harvard Botany Libraries.
Faculty Research Librarian
Lisa Lilliott Rydin, Faculty Research Librarian, provides research support to library patrons, teaches research skills and strategy to students, and serves as Library Liaison to designated faculty members, clinics, and journals. She specializes in business, corporate, and tax-related research. Lisa holds a B.A. in Economics and Government from Colby College, a J.D. from Harvard Law School, and an M.L.I.S. from Simmons Graduate School of Library and Information Science. Lisa joined the Reference & Research Services team full-time after three years serving in a variety of roles at Harvard including Reference, Faculty Services, and Scholarly Communications, while completing her M.L.I.S. Before librarianship, Lisa had a career as an ERISA/Employee Benefits attorney. She began her career at Goodwin & Procter (now Goodwin Procter) and Hale & Dorr (now WilmerHale) and then moved in-house, spending the majority of her career in the financial services industry focusing on qualified and non-qualified retirement plans. Lisa is a member of the Massachusetts Bar, the American Association of Law Libraries, the Law Librarians of New England, and the Special Libraries Association. Lisa likes to unwind with a good mystery book and currently recommends Louise Penny and Tana French as her authors of choice.
Manager, Reference & Student & Instructional Research Services
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Mindy Kent, Manager, Research Services, manages our team of research librarians and enjoys helping faculty and students with research questions herself. She particularly likes questions about legal history. Mindy holds a B.A. in History from Yale College, a J.D. from Boston College Law School, an M.L.I.S. from Simmons Graduate School of Library and Information Science, and she is a member of the Massachusetts Bar. She has some practicing knowledge of French and has done coursework in Russian, Latin, Attic Greek, and Old English. Mindy is involved with the American Association of Law Libraries and the Law Librarians of New England, of which she is a past president. Prior to joining the HLS Library in 1998, Mindy practiced corporate law in Boston. Her second, concurrent career is Chief of Staff for an extremely busy terrier. Her hobbies include genealogy, hiking, knitting, sewing, and restoring vintage toy sailboats. Mindy’s super power is walking and practicing (usually murder mysteries) at the same time.
Librarian for Foreign, Comparative, & International Law & Instructional Designer
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Jennifer Allison has served as a Librarian for Foreign, Comparative, and International Law at the Harvard Law Library since 2012. She specializes in German-language jurisdictions, and has responsibilities for both research and collection development. She earned her J.D. from Pepperdine Law School in Malibu, California in 2007 and is admitted to the California bar (inactive status). She also holds a Master’s in Library and Information Science (San Jose State University, 2010), and an LL.M. from the University of Würzburg in Germany (2018). The syllabu of her LL.M. thesis was the protection of fundamental rights in cases of privatization of public functions and services under the German Basic Law. She returns to Würzburg regularly as a visiting lecturer to teach substantive courses in U.S. law, including criminal procedure, administrative law, remedies, and alternative dispute resolution. Her scholarly interests include social justice, correctional law, critical legal studies, the intersection of law and language, and the navigation of the acculturation process by foreign students. In her spare time, she likes to watch and play ice hockey.
Student Services Research Librarian
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Catherine Biondo, Research Librarian, provides research and reference support to Harvard’s students, faculty and staff, with a concentration on student services. She also teaches legal research as part of the first year LRW program. Prior to becoming a librarian, Catherine practiced law in New York and was a research law clerk for the Connecticut Superior Court. Catherine holds an A.B. in Government from Cornell University, a J.D. from St. John’s University School of Law, and an M.S. in Library Science from Simmons College. She is a past president of the Law Librarians of New England, and is currently co-chair of the organization’s Government Relations Committee. She is also actively involved with the American Association of Law Libraries, and is a member of its Government Relations Committee. She is admitted to the New York and Connecticut bars.
Student Services Research Librarian & Instructional Designer
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AJ Blechner is the Library’s Research Librarian and Instructional Designer. They coordinate and participate in teaching legal research, lead the design and development of instructional materials and assess our teaching and educational needs and offerings. AJ’s research specialties include Disability Law, Gender and Sexual Minorities Law, Cyberlaw, Intellectual Property, Health Law, Administrative Law, Political Communication, and Instructional Design.
AJ holds a B.A., cum laude, from Emerson College, a J.D. from Villanova University School of Law, and an M.L.I.S. with a Special Certificate in Law Librarianship from the University of Washington. They also received a certificate in Learning Design and Technology from the Harvard Extension School. AJ is an active member of the American Association of Law Libraries, chairing the SR-SIS Standing Committee on Disability Issues and serving on the Government Relations Committee. AJ publishes and presents on library instruction, sexuality and gender, and disability and inclusion. In their spare time, AJ participates in volunteer work and community activism. They hike, ski, and camp in the New England woods, and are an avid board gamer and Marvel movie enthusiast.
Librarian for Foreign, Comparative & International Law
Juan Andres Fuentes serves as a Librarian for Foreign, Comparative & International Law. He earned a Bachelor of Law from the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, a Master of Law from the University of the Pacific McGeorge School of Law and a M.S. in Library Science from the University of North Texas. He is a member of the Lima Bar and practiced international law prior to becoming a librarian. While in practice, he received the National Order of Merit of the Peruvian Diplomatic Service “Jose Paz Soldan” in the Degree of Commander. He is the 2021 AALL George A. Strait Scholarship & Fellowship Award Recipient and serves as chair of the AALL Latin American Law Interest Group. Juan Andres is fluent in English, French & Spanish, and he has a strong interest in Consumer Law and Public International Law.
Research Services Assistant
Senior Research & Data Librarian
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Michelle Pearse, Senior Research and Data Librarian, focuses on research assistance generally and data-related research. She has a wide range of library experience across subject areas and functions (often including emerging areas of library activities), and has growing expertise on finding and working with data. Throughout her career, Michelle has been active in professional organizations. She is currently co-chair of the Communications and Technology Committee and a member of the Government Relations Committee in Law Librarians of New England. She has chaired American Association of Law Libraries (AALL) committees, including the Indexing and Placements and Grants Committees. She served on the Local Arrangements Committees the last two times that the AALL annual meeting has taken place in Boston. In addition, she co-chaired an AALL Academic Law Libraries Special Interest Section task force that write a report on scholarly communication issues in libraries. Michelle is also involved in government relations including advocacy and education around the Uniform Electronic Legal Materials Act (UELMA).
In addition, Michelle serves on university committees and task forces, most recently those related to data acquisitions, accessibility of web archives, and e-resources selection. She co-founded the Data Discussion group at Harvard Library. Michelle has published in the Michigan Law Review and Law Library Journal. In addition to her own presentations on courses related to collection development, open access, and data, she has helped organize programs such as Implementing the Durham Statement: Best Practices for Open Access Law Journals and Law.gov. Michelle joined the Library in 2003. Her previous positions at HLS include Research Librarian for Open Access & Scholarly Communication, Bibliographer for Anglo-American Law, and a stint in our collection services department in the late 1990s. She has worked for the Boston Public Library, Emmanuel College Library, Northeastern University School of Law Library and the University of Connecticut School of Law Library.
Michelle holds an M.L.S. and J.D., and is admitted to practice law in Massachusetts. She has a dual B.A. in English and Political Science, and studied abroad at Oxford University during her undergraduate years. She has practicing knowledge of French. Follow her on Twitter at @aabibliographer.
Founded in 2009, SpringPeople is a global premier corporate training provider for high-end and emerging technologies, methodologies and products. Partnering with parent organizations behind these technologies, SpringPeople delivers authentic and most comprehensive training on related topics.
SpringPeople management team is made up of IIT/IIM alumni, with several decades of IT experience. The delivery team consists of very senior technical consultants who are IT industry veterans, with each having over a decade of design and development experience. Such high technical expertise along with professional management has made SpringPeople a brand trusted by organizations for all their education needs - always rated 9+ out of 10 by the participants and training/education managers.
SpringPeople serves several verticals worldwide - IT, BFIS, CRM, Hospitality, Travel, Education, Manufacturing etc.; boasting some of the industry marquee names as customers - GE, Cisco, Fidelity, Sun, ANZ, EMC, Intuit, Essar, Travelex, RBS - to name a few.
A noteworthy partnership - SpringPeople is an exclusive master partner in APAC (and one of the hand-picked seven global partners) of SpringSource, a division of VMware - delivering the immensely popular, high-quality public and onsite training courses from SpringSource University curriculum on Spring, Groovy/Grails, tc Server technologies - the "official" world-class education & certification from the open-source thought leaders who created and maintain these technologies.
SpringPeople is committed to provide unparalleled effective and complete learning experience to the industry, and not just training classes.
Deliver rich and effortless training experience to customers by taking complete ownership of end-to-end training process; take an economical, efficient and flexible approach to organize and deliver training; provide tailored training solutions for customer training requirements - through highly experienced and motivated trainers/consultants. We strive to exceed customer expectations and meet training objectives – this includes ensuring employees have a comprehensive learning experience and customers are able to derive immediate measurable benefits and long term commercial gain from their training investment.
At SpringPeople, we are committed to transform the way the corporate training is procured, organized, delivered, and training results measured - setting the benchmarks in the Corporate Training Industry & be the leader - enabling organizations & communities to swiftly enrich their knowledge capital/skills.
Press release content from Globe Newswire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.
CHARLESTON, S.C., Aug. 01, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Benefitfocus, Inc. (NASDAQ: BNFT), a cloud-based benefits administration technology company committed to helping customers and the people they serve get the most out of their health care and benefit programs, today announced Ed Rumzis will be named as its new Chief Technology Officer effective August 8, 2022. In this role, Rumzis will oversee Benefitfocus’ global engineering, platform and cybersecurity teams and lead the growth, evolution and innovation of the Benefitfocus technology portfolio.
Rumzis is a well-respected technology leader with more than 30 years of experience in the benefits administration industry. Most recently, he was the CTO at bswift, where he expanded the scope and scale of the company’s service offerings. He has also held technology leadership roles at TIAA-CREF, Xerox, ACS, ExcellerateHRO and Hewitt Associates.
“Benefitfocus is committed to improving lives with benefits, and our technology is at the core of how we fulfill this mission,” said Matt Levin, President and CEO of Benefitfocus. “Ed’s successful track record of delivering transformational change, coupled with his deep skills in building and deploying scalable technology platforms for large benefits outsourcing firms, will accelerate our efforts to innovate and execute on our technology roadmap. We are thrilled to welcome him to the Benefitfocus team.”
“I am excited to lead Benefitfocus through this exciting stage of its technology journey,” added Rumzis. “I look forward to working with our talented teams to leverage technology to exceed the diverse and evolving needs of our customers.”
Benefitfocus (NASDAQ: BNFT) is a cloud-based benefits administration technology company committed to helping our customers, and the people they serve, get the most out of their health care and benefit programs. Through exceptional service and innovative SaaS solutions, we aim to be the safest set of hands for our customers helping to simplify the complexity of benefits administration while delivering an experience that engages people and unlocks the potential for better health and improved outcomes. Our mission is simple: to Boost lives with benefits. Learn more at www.benefitfocus.com, LinkedIn and Twitter.
Mr. John E. Caldwell is a Chairman at Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. and a Chairman at Samuel, Son & Co. Ltd. He is on the Board of Directors at HiAlgo, Inc. Mr. Caldwell was previously employed as an Independent Director by IAMGOLD Corp., a President, Chief Executive Officer & Director by SMTC Corp., a President & Chief Executive Officer by SMTC Manufacturing Corporation of Canada, a Chairman-Restructuring Committee by Mosaic Group, Inc., an Independent Director by FARO Technologies, Inc., a President & Chief Executive Officer by GEAC Computer Corp. Ltd., a Senior Vice President-Finance & Corporate Affairs by CAE, Inc., an Executive Vice President-Finance & Administration by Carling O'Keefe Ltd., and a President & Chief Executive Officer by SMTC Canada. He also served on the board at Rothmans, Inc., ATI Technologies ULC, Sleeman Breweries Ltd., Cognos ULC and US Steel Canada, Inc. He received his undergraduate degree from Carleton University.