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Exam Code: CAS-002 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
CAS-002 CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner (CASP)

Exam Title : CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner (CASP)
Exam ID : CAS-002
Exam Duration : 165 mins
Questions in test : 90
Passing Score : Pass/Fail
Exam Center : CompTIA Marketplace
Real Questions : CompTIA CASP Real Questions
VCE practice questions : CompTIA CAS-002 Certification VCE Practice Test


Enterprise Security 30%
Given a scenario, select appropriate cryptographic concepts and techniques.
1. Techniques
Key stretching
Hashing
Code signing
Pseudorandom number generation
Perfect forward secrecy
Transport encryption
Data-at-rest encryption
Digital signature
2. Concepts
Entropy
Diffusion
Confusion
Non-repudiation
Confidentiality
Integrity
Chain of trust, root of trust
Cryptographic applications and proper/improper implementations
Advanced PKI concepts
Wild card
OCSP vs. CRL
Issuance to entities
Users
Systems
Applications
Key escrow
Steganography
Implications of cryptographic methods and design
Stream
Block
Modes
ECB
CBC
CFB
OFB
Known flaws/weaknesses
Strength vs. performance vs. feasibility to implement vs. interoperability
3. Implementations
DRM
Watermarking
GPG
SSL
SSH
S/MIME
Explain the security implications associated with enterprise storage.
1. Storage type
Virtual storage
Cloud storage
Data warehousing
Data archiving
NAS
SAN
vSAN
2. Storage protocols
iSCSI
FCoE
NFS, CIFS
3. Secure storage management
Multipath
Snapshots
Deduplication
Dynamic disk pools
LUN masking/mapping
HBA allocation
Offsite or multisite replication
Encryption
Disk
Block
File
Record
Port
Given a scenario, analyze network and security components, concepts and architectures
1. Advanced network design (wired/wireless)
Remote access
VPN
SSH
RDP
VNC
SSL
IPv6 and associated transitional technologies
Transport encryption
Network authentication methods
802.1x
Mesh networks
2. Security devices
UTM
NIPS
NIDS
INE
SIEM
HSM
Placement of devices
Application and protocol aware technologies
WAF
NextGen firewalls
IPS
Passive vulnerability scanners
DAM
3. Virtual networking and security components
Switches
Firewalls
Wireless controllers
Routers
Proxies
4. Complex network security solutions for data flow
SSL inspection
Network flow data
5.  Secure configuration and baselining of networking and security components
ACLs
Change monitoring
Configuration lockdown
Availability controls
6. Software-defined networking
7. Cloud-managed networks
8. Network management and monitoring tools
9. Advanced configuration of routers, switches and other network devices
Transport security
Trunking security
Route protection
10. Security zones
Data flow enforcement
DMZ
Separation of critical assets
11. Network access control
Quarantine/remediation
12. Operational and consumer network-enabled devices
Building automation systems
IP video
HVAC controllers
Sensors
Physical access control systems
A/V systems
Scientific/industrial equipment
13. Critical infrastructure/Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)/ Industrial Control Systems (ICS)
Given a scenario, select and troubleshoot security controls for hosts.
1. Trusted OS (e.g., how and when to use it)
2.  Endpoint security software
Anti-malware
Antivirus
Anti-spyware
Spam filters
Patch management
HIPS/HIDS
Data loss prevention
Host-based firewalls
Log monitoring
3. Host hardening
Standard operating environment/
configuration baselining
Application whitelisting and blacklisting
Security/group policy implementation
Command shell restrictions
Patch management
Configuring dedicated interfaces
Out-of-band NICs
ACLs
Management interface
Data interface
Peripheral restrictions
USB
Bluetooth
Firewire
Full disk encryption
4.  Security advantages and disadvantages of virtualizing servers
Type I
Type II
Container-based
5. Cloud augmented security services
Hash matching
Antivirus
Anti-spam
Vulnerability scanning
Sandboxing
Content filtering
6. Boot loader protections
Secure boot
Measured launch
Integrity Measurement
Architecture (IMA)
BIOS/UEFI
7. Vulnerabilities associated with co-mingling of hosts with different security requirements
VM escape
Privilege elevation
Live VM migration
Data remnants
8. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
9. Terminal services/application delivery services
10. TPM
​11. VTPM
12. HSM
Differentiate application vulnerabilities and select appropriate security controls.
1.  Web application security design considerations
Secure: by design, by default, by deployment
2. Specific application issues
Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
Click-jacking
Session management
Input validation
SQL injection
Improper error and exception handling
Privilege escalation
Improper storage of sensitive data
Fuzzing/fault injection
Secure cookie storage and transmission
Buffer overflow
Memory leaks
Integer overflows
Race conditions
Time of check
Time of use
Resource exhaustion
Geo-tagging
Data remnants
3.  Application sandboxing
4.  Application security frameworks
Standard libraries
Industry-accepted approaches
Web services security (WS-security)
5. Secure coding standards
6. Database Activity Monitor (DAM)
7. Web Application Firewalls (WAF)
8.  Client-side processing vs.server-side processing
JSON/REST
Browser extensions
ActiveX
Java Applets
Flash
HTML5
AJAX
SOAP
State management
JavaScript
Risk Management and Incident Response 20%
Interpret business and industry influences and explain associated security risks.
1.  Risk management of new products, new technologies and user behaviors
2. New or changing business models/strategies
Partnerships
Outsourcing
Cloud
Merger and demerger/divestiture
3. Security concerns of integrating diverse industries
Rules
Policies
Regulations
Geography
4.  Ensuring third-party providers have requisite levels of information security
5.  Internal and external influences
Competitors
Auditors/audit findings
Regulatory entities
Internal and external
client requirements
Top level management
6.  Impact of de-perimeterization (e.g., constantly changing network boundary)
Telecommuting
Cloud
BYOD
Outsourcing
Given a scenario, execute risk mitigation planning, strategies and controls.
1.  Classify information types into levels of CIA based on organization/industry
2.  Incorporate stakeholder input into CIA decisions
3.  Implement technical controls based on CIA requirements and policies of the organization
4. Determine aggregate score of CIA
5. Extreme scenario planning/worst case scenario
6. Determine minimum required security controls based on aggregate score
7. Conduct system specific risk analysis
8. Make risk determination
Magnitude of impact
ALE
SLE
Likelihood of threat
Motivation
Source
ARO
Trend analysis
Return On Investment (ROI)
Total cost of ownership
9.  Recommend which strategy should be applied based on risk appetite
Avoid
Transfer
Mitigate
Accept

10. Risk management processes
Exemptions
Deterrance
Inherent
Residual

11.  Enterprise security architecture frameworks
12.  Continuous improvement/monitoring
13.  Business continuity planning
14. IT governance

Compare and contrast security, privacy policies and procedures based on organizational requirements.

1. Policy development and updates in light of new business, technology, risks and environment changes
2.  Process/procedure development and updates in light of policy, environment and business changes
3.  Support legal compliance and advocacy by partnering with HR, legal, management and other entities
4.  Use common business documents to support security
Risk assessment (RA)/
Statement Of Applicability (SOA)
Business Impact Analysis (BIA)
Interoperability Agreement (IA)
Interconnection Security
Agreement (ISA)
Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU)
Service Level Agreement (SLA)
Operating Level Agreement (OLA)
Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA)
Business Partnership Agreement (BPA)

5. Use general privacy principles for sensitive information (PII)
6. Support the development of policies that contain

Separation of duties
Job rotation
Mandatory vacation
Least privilege
Incident response
Forensic tasks
Employment and
termination procedures
Continuous monitoring
Training and awareness for users
Auditing requirements and frequency

Given a scenario, conduct incident response and recovery procedures.
1.  E-discovery
Electronic inventory and asset control
Data retention policies
Data recovery and storage
Data ownership
Data handling
Legal holds

2.  Data breach

Detection and collection
Data analytics
Mitigation
Minimize
Isolate
Recovery/reconstitution
Response
Disclosure

3.  Design systems to facilitate incident response

Internal and external violations
Privacy policy violations
Criminal actions
Insider threat
Non-malicious threats/misconfigurations
Establish and review system, audit and security logs

4.  Incident and emergency response
Chain of custody
Forensic analysis of compromised system
Continuity Of Operation Plan (COOP)
Order of volatility

Research and Analysis 18%

Apply research methods to determine industry
trends and impact to the enterprise.

1. Perform ongoing research

Best practices
New technologies
New security systems and services
Technology evolution (e.g., RFCs, ISO)

2. Situational awareness
Latest client-side attacks
Knowledge of current vulnerabilities and threats
Zero-day mitigating controls and remediation
Emergent threats and issues

3.  Research security implications of new business tools
Social media/networking
End user cloud storage
Integration within the business

4. Global IA industry/community

Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT)
Conventions/conferences
Threat actors
Emerging threat sources/ threat intelligence

5. Research security requirements for contracts

Request For Proposal (RFP)
Request For Quote (RFQ)
Request For Information (RFI)
Agreements

Analyze scenarios to secure the enterprise.
1. Create benchmarks and compare to baselines
2. Prototype and test multiple solutions
3. Cost benefit analysis
ROI
TCO

​4. Metrics collection and analysis
5. Analyze and interpret trend data to anticipate cyber defense needs
6.  Review effectiveness of existing security controls
7.  Reverse engineer/deconstruct existing solutions
8.  Analyze security solution attributes to ensure they meet business needs

Performance
Latency
Scalability
Capability
Usability
Maintainability
Availability
Recoverability

9. Conduct a lessons-learned/after-action report
10. Use judgment to solve difficult problems that do not have a best solution

Given a scenario, select methods or tools appropriate
to conduct an assessment and analyze results

1. Tool type

Port scanners
Vulnerability scanners
Protocol analyzer
Network enumerator
Password cracker
Fuzzer
HTTP interceptor
Exploitation tools/frameworks
Passive reconnaissance and intelligence gathering tools
Social media
Whois
Routing tables

2. Methods

Vulnerability assessment
Malware sandboxing
Memory dumping, runtime debugging
Penetration testing
Black box
White box
Grey box
Reconnaissance
Fingerprinting
Code review
Social engineering

Integration of Computing, Communications and Business Disciplines 16%

Given a scenario, facilitate collaboration across diverse
business units to achieve security goals.

1.  Interpreting security requirements and goals to communicate with stakeholders from other disciplines

Sales staff
Programmer
Database administrator
Network administrator
Management/executive management
Financial
Human resources
Emergency response team
Facilities manager
Physical security manager

2.  Provide objective guidance and impartial recommendations to staff and senior management on security processes and controls
3. Establish effective collaboration within teams to implement secure solutions
4.  IT governance

Given a scenario, select the appropriate control to secure
communications and collaboration solutions.

1. Security of unified collaboration tools

Web conferencing
Video conferencing
Instant messaging
Desktop sharing
Remote assistance
Presence
Email
Telephony
 VoIP
Collaboration sites
Social media
Cloud-based

2.  Remote access
3. Mobile device management

BYOD

​4. Over-the-air technologies concerns

Implement security activities across the technology life cycle.
1.  End-to-end solution ownership
Operational activities
Maintenance
Commissioning/decommissioning
Asset disposal
Asset/object reuse
General change management

2. Systems development life cycle
Security System DevelopmentLife Cycle (SSDLC)/Security Development Lifecycle (SDL)
Security Requirements Traceability Matrix (SRTM)
Validation and acceptance testing
Security implications of agile, waterfall and spiral software development methodologies

3.  Adapt solutions to address emerging threats and security trends
4. Asset management (inventory control)

Device tracking technologies
Geo-location/GPS location
Object tracking and containment technologies
Geo-tagging/geo-fencing
RFID

Technical Integration of Enterprise Components 16%

Given a scenario, integrate hosts, storage, networks and
applications into a secure enterprise architecture.

1.  Secure data flows to meet changing business needs
2. Standards

Open standards
Adherence to standards
Competing standards
Lack of standards
De facto standards

3.  Interoperability issues

Legacy systems/current systems
Application requirements
In-house developed vs. commercial vs. commercial customized

4.  Technical deployment models (outsourcing/insourcing/managed services/partnership)

Cloud and virtualization considerations and hosting options
Public
Private 
Hybrid
Community
Multi-tenancy
Single tenancy
Vulnerabilities associated with a single physical server hosting multiple companies’ virtual machines
Vulnerabilities associated with a single platform hosting multiple companies’ virtual machines
Secure use of on-demand/ elastic cloud computing
Data remnants
Data aggregation
Data isolation
Resources provisioning and deprovisioning
Users
Servers
Virtual devices
Applications
Securing virtual environments, services, applications, appliances and equipment
Design considerations during mergers, acquisitions and demergers/divestitures
Network secure segmentation and delegation

5. Logical deployment diagram and corresponding physical deployment diagram of all relevant devices
6.  Secure infrastructure design (e.g., decide where to place certain devices/applications)
7. Storage integration (security considerations)
8. Enterprise application integration enablers

CRM
ERP
GRC
ESB
SOA
Directory services
DNS
CMDB
CMS

Given a scenario, integrate advanced authentication and
authorization technologies to support enterprise objectives.

1. Authentication
Certificate-based authentication
Single sign-on

2. Authorization

OAUTH
XACML
SPML

​3. Attestation
4. Identity propagation
5. Federation

SAML
OpenID
Shibboleth
WAYF

6.  Advanced trust models
RADIUS configurations
LDAP
AD
CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner (CASP)
CompTIA Practitioner information
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Killexams : Best InfoSec and Cybersecurity Certifications of 2022
  • The U.S. job market has almost 600,000 openings requesting cybersecurity-related skills. 
  • Employers are struggling to fill these openings due to a general cyber-skill shortage, with many openings remaining vacant each year. 
  • When evaluating prospective information-security candidates, employers should look for certifications as an important measure of excellence and commitment to quality.
  • This article is for business owners looking to hire cybersecurity experts, or for individuals interested in pursuing a cybersecurity career. 

Cybersecurity is one of the most crucial areas for ensuring a business’s success and longevity. With cyberattacks growing in sophistication, it’s essential for business owners to protect their companies by hiring qualified cybersecurity experts to manage this aspect of their business. The best candidates will have a certification in information security and cybersecurity. This guide breaks down the top certifications and other guidance you’ll need to make the right hire for your company. It’s also a great primer for individuals who are embarking on a cybersecurity career.

Best information security and cybersecurity certifications

When evaluating prospective InfoSec candidates, employers frequently look to certification as an important measure of excellence and commitment to quality. We examined five InfoSec certifications we consider to be leaders in the field of information security today.

This year’s list includes entry-level credentials, such as Security+, as well as more advanced certifications, like Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) and Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA). According to CyberSeek, more employers are seeking CISA, CISM and CISSP certification holders than there are credential holders, which makes these credentials a welcome addition to any certification portfolio.

Absent from our list of the top five is SANS GIAC Security Essentials (GSEC). Although this certification is still a very worthy credential, the job board numbers for CISA were so solid that it merited a spot in the top five. Farther down in this guide, we offer some additional certification options because the field of information security is both wide and varied.

1. CEH: Certified Ethical Hacker

The CEH (ANSI) certification is an intermediate-level credential offered by the International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council). It’s a must-have for IT professionals who are pursuing careers in white hat hacking and certifies their competence in the five phases of ethical hacking: reconnaissance, enumeration, gaining of access, access maintenance and track covering. 

CEH credential holders possess skills and knowledge of hacking practices in areas such as footprinting and reconnaissance, network scanning, enumeration, system hacking, Trojans, worms and viruses, sniffers, denial-of-service attacks, social engineering, session hijacking, web server hacking, wireless networks and web applications, SQL injection, cryptography, penetration testing, IDS evasion, firewalls and honeypots. CEH V11 provides a remapping of the course to the NIST/NICE framework’s Protect and Defend (PR) job role category, as well as an additional focus on emerging threats in cloud, OT and IT security, such as fileless malware.

To obtain a CEH (ANSI) certification, candidates must pass one exam. A comprehensive five-day CEH training course is recommended, with the test presented at the course’s conclusion. Candidates may self-study for the test but must submit documentation of at least two years of work experience in information security with employer verification. Self-study candidates must also pay an additional $100 application fee. Education may be substituted for experience, but this is evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Candidates who complete any EC-Council-approved training (including with the iClass platform, academic institutions or an accredited training center) do not need to submit an application prior to attempting the exam.

Because technology in the field of hacking changes almost daily, CEH credential holders are required to obtain 120 continuing-education credits for each three-year cycle.

Once a candidate obtains the CEH (ANSI) designation, a logical progression on the EC-Council certification ladder is the CEH (Practical) credential. The CEH (Practical) designation targets the application of CEH skills to real-world security audit challenges and related scenarios. To obtain the credential, candidates must pass a rigorous six-hour practical examination. Conducted on live virtual machines, candidates are presented 20 scenarios with questions designed to validate a candidate’s ability to perform tasks such as vulnerability analysis, identification of threat vectors, web app and system hacking, OS detection, network scanning, packet sniffing, steganography and virus identification. Candidates who pass both the CEH (ANSI) and the CEH (Practical) exams earn the CEH (Master) designation.

CEH facts and figures

Certification name Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) (ANSI)
Prerequisites and required courses Training is highly recommended. Without formal training, candidates must have at least two years of information security-related experience and an educational background in information security, pay a nonrefundable eligibility application fee of $100 and submit an test eligibility form before purchasing an test voucher.
Number of exams One: 312-50 (ECC Exam)/312-50 (VUE) (125 multiple-choice questions, four hours)
Cost of exam $950 (ECC test voucher) Note: An ECC test voucher allows candidates to test via computer at a location of their choice. Pearson VUE test vouchers allow candidates to test in a Pearson VUE facility and cost $1,199.
URL https://www.eccouncil.org/programs/certified-ethical-hacker-ceh
Self-study materials EC-Council instructor-led courses, computer-based training, online courses and more are available at ECCouncil.org. A CEH skills assessment is also available for credential seekers. Additionally, Udemy offers CEH practice exams. CEH-approved educational materials are available for $850 from EC-Council.

Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) training

While EC-Council offers both instructor-led and online training for its CEH certification, IT professionals have plenty of other options for self-study materials, including video training, practice exams and books.

Pluralsight currently offers an ethical-hacking learning path geared toward the 312-50 exam. With a monthly subscription, you get access to all of these courses, plus everything else in Pluralsight’s training library. Through Pluralsight’s learning path, students can prepare for all of the domains covered in the CEH exam.  

CyberVista offers a practice test for the CEH 312-50 certification that includes several sets of exam-like questions, custom quizzes, flash cards and more. An test prep subscription for 180 days costs $149 and gives candidates access to online study materials, as well as the ability to download the materials for offline study. Backed by its “pass guarantee,” CyberVista is so confident its practice test will prepare you for the CEH test that the company will refund its practice questions costs if you don’t pass.

Did you know?FYI: Besides certifications in information security and cybersecurity, the best IT certifications cover areas such as disaster recovery, virtualization and telecommunications.

2. CISM: Certified Information Security Manager

The CISM certification is a top credential for IT professionals who are responsible for managing, developing and overseeing information security systems in enterprise-level applications or for developing organizational security best practices. The CISM credential was introduced to security professionals in 2003 by the Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA).

ISACA’s organizational goals are specifically geared toward IT professionals who are interested in the highest-quality standards with respect to the auditing, control and security of information systems. The CISM credential targets the needs of IT security professionals with enterprise-level security management responsibilities. Credential holders possess advanced and proven skills in security risk management, program development and management, governance, and incident management and response.

Holders of the CISM credential, which is designed for experienced security professionals, must agree to ISACA’s code of ethics, pass a comprehensive examination, possess at least five years of experience in information security management, comply with the organization’s continuing education policy and submit a written application. Some combinations of education and experience may be substituted for the full experience requirement.

The CISM credential is valid for three years, and credential holders must pay an annual maintenance fee of $45 (ISACA members) or $85 (nonmembers). Credential holders are also required to obtain a minimum of 120 continuing professional education (CPE) credits over the three-year term to maintain the credential. At least 20 CPE credits must be earned every year.

CISM facts and figures

Certification name

Certified Information Security Manager (CISM)

Prerequisites and required courses

To obtain the CISM credential, candidates must do the following:

  1. Pass the CISM exam.
  2. Agree to the ISACA code of professional ethics.
  3. Adhere to ISACA’s CPE policy
  4. Possess a minimum of five years of information security work experience in described job practice analysis areas. Experience must be verifiable and obtained in the 10-year period prior to the application date or within five years of test passage. There are some exceptions to this requirement depending on the current credentials held.
  5. Apply for CISM certification. (The processing fee is $50.) The credential must be obtained within five years of test passage.

Number of exams

One: 150 questions, four hours

Cost of exam

Exam fees: $575 (members), $760 (nonmembers)

Exam fees are nontransferable and nonrefundable.

URL

https://www.isaca.org/credentialing/cism

Self-study materials

Training and study materials in various languages, information on job practice areas, primary references, publications, articles, the ISACA Journal, review courses, an test prep community, terminology lists, a glossary and more are available at ISACA.org. Additionally, Udemy offers comprehensive training for the certification exam.

Other ISACA certification program elements

In addition to CISM, ISACA offers numerous certifications for those interested in information security and best practices. Other credentials worth considering include the following:

  • Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)
  • Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT (CGEIT)
  • Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC)

The CISA designation was created for professionals working with information systems auditing, control or security and is popular enough with employers to earn it a place on the leaderboard. The CGEIT credential targets IT professionals working in enterprise IT management, governance, strategic alignment, value delivery, and risk and resource performance management. IT professionals who are seeking careers in all aspects of risk management will find that the CRISC credential nicely meets their needs.

Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) training

Pluralsight offers a CISM learning path containing five courses and 17 hours of instruction. The courses cover the domains addressed in the exam, but the learning path is aimed at the CISM job practice areas. 

CyberVista offers a CISM online training course in both live and on-demand formats. The course includes more than 16 hours of training videos, supplementary lessons, custom quizzes, practice test questions and access to experts through the instructor. As with other CyberVista courses, the CISM training course comes with a “pass guarantee.” 

Did you know?Did you know?: According to CyberSeek, there are enough workers to fill only 68% of the cybersecurity job openings in the U.S. A cybersecurity certification is an important way to demonstrate the knowledge and ability to succeed in these job roles.

3. CompTIA Security+

CompTIA’s Security+ is a well-respected, vendor-neutral security certification. Security+ credential holders are recognized as possessing superior technical skills, broad knowledge and expertise in multiple security-related disciplines.

Although Security+ is an entry-level certification, the ideal candidates possess at least two years of experience working in network security and should consider first obtaining the Network+ certification. IT pros who obtain this certification have expertise in areas such as threat management, cryptography, identity management, security systems, security risk identification and mitigation, network access control, and security infrastructure. The CompTIA Security+ credential is approved by the U.S. Department of Defense to meet Directive 8140/8570.01-M requirements. In addition, the Security+ credential complies with the standards for ISO 17024.

The Security+ credential requires a single exam, currently priced at $381. (Discounts may apply to employees of CompTIA member companies and full-time students.) Training is available but not required.

IT professionals who earned the Security+ certification prior to Jan. 1, 2011, remain certified for life. Those who certify after that date must renew the certification every three years to stay current. To renew, candidates must obtain 50 continuing-education units (CEUs) or complete the CertMaster CE online course prior to the expiration of the three-year period. CEUs can be obtained by engaging in activities such as teaching, blogging, publishing articles or whitepapers, and participating in professional conferences and similar activities.

CompTIA Security+ facts and figures

Certification name

CompTIA Security+

Prerequisites and required courses

None. CompTIA recommends at least two years of experience in IT administration (with a security focus) and the Network+ credential before the Security+ exam. Udemy offers a complete and comprehensive course for the certification.

Number of exams

One: SY0-601 (maximum of 90 questions, 90 minutes to complete; 750 on a scale of 100-900 required to pass)

Cost of exam

$381 (discounts may apply; search for “SY0-601 voucher”)

URL

https://certification.comptia.org/certifications/security

Self-study materials

Exam objectives, sample questions, the CertMaster online training tool, training kits, computer-based training and a comprehensive study guide are available at CompTIA.org.

CompTIA Security+ training

You’ll find several companies offering online training, instructor-led and self-study courses, practice exams and books to help you prepare for and pass the Security+ exam.

Pluralsight offers a Security+ learning path as a part of its monthly subscription plan for the latest SY0-601 exam. Split into six sections, the training series is more than 24 hours long and covers attacks, threats and vulnerabilities; architecture and design; implementation of secure solutions; operations and incident response; and governance, risk and compliance.

CyberVista offers a Security+ practice test so you can test your security knowledge before attempting the SY0-601 exam. The test comes with a 180-day access period and includes multiple sets of test questions, key concept flash cards, access to InstructorLink experts, a performance tracker and more. As with CyberVista’s other offerings, this practice test comes with a “pass guarantee.”

4. CISSP: Certified Information Systems Security Professional

CISSP is an advanced-level certification for IT pros who are serious about careers in information security. Offered by the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium, known as (ISC)2 (pronounced “ISC squared”), this vendor-neutral credential is recognized worldwide for its standards of excellence.

CISSP credential holders are decision-makers who possess the expert knowledge and technical skills necessary to develop, guide and manage security standards, policies and procedures within their organizations. The CISSP certification continues to be highly sought after by IT professionals and is well recognized by IT organizations. It is a regular fixture on most-wanted and must-have security certification surveys.

CISSP is designed for experienced security professionals. A minimum of five years of experience in at least two of (ISC)2’s eight common body of knowledge (CBK) domains, or four years of experience in at least two of (ISC)2’s CBK domains and a college degree or an approved credential, is required for this certification. The CBK domains are security and risk management, asset security, security architecture and engineering, communications and network security, identity and access management, security assessment and testing, security operations, and software development security.

(ISC)2 also offers three CISSP concentrations targeting specific areas of interest in IT security:

  • Architecture (CISSP-ISSAP)
  • Engineering (CISSP-ISSEP)
  • Management (CISSP-ISSMP)

Each CISSP concentration test is $599, and credential seekers must currently possess a valid CISSP.

An annual fee of $125 is required to maintain the CISSP credential. Recertification is required every three years. To recertify, candidates must earn 40 CPE credits each year, for a total of 120 CPE credits within the three-year cycle.

CISSP facts and figures 

Certification name

Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) 

Optional CISSP concentrations:  

  • CISSP Architecture (CISSP-ISSAP)
  • CISSP Engineering (CISSP-ISSEP)
  • CISSP Management (CISSP-ISSMP)

Prerequisites and required courses

At least five years of paid, full-time experience in at least two of the eight (ISC)2 domains or four years of paid, full-time experience in at least two of the eight (ISC)2 domains and a college degree or an approved credential are required. Candidates must also do the following:

  • Agree to the (ISC)2 code of ethics.
  • Submit the CISSP application.
  • Complete the endorsement process.

Number of exams

One for CISSP (English CAT exam: 100-150 questions, three hours to complete; non-English exam: 250 questions, six hours) 

One for each concentration area

Cost of exam

CISSP is $749; each CISSP concentration is $599.

URL

https://www.isc2.org/Certifications/CISSP

Self-study materials

Training materials include instructor-led, live online, on-demand and private training. There is an test outline available for review, as well as study guides, a study app, interactive flash cards and practice tests.

Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) training

Given the popularity of the CISSP certification, there is no shortage of available training options. These include classroom-based training offered by (ISC)2, as well as online video courses, practice exams and books from third-party companies.

Pluralsight’s CISSP learning path includes 12 courses and 25 hours of e-learning covering the security concepts required for the certification exam. Available for a low monthly fee, the CISSP courses are part of a subscription plan that gives IT professionals access to Pluralsight’s complete library of video training courses.

When you’re ready to test your security knowledge, you can take a simulated test that mimics the format and content of the real CISSP exam. Udemy offers CISSP practice tests to help you prepare for this challenging exam.

5. CISA: Certified Information Systems Auditor

ISACA’s globally recognized CISA certification is the gold standard for IT workers seeking to practice in information security, audit control and assurance. Ideal candidates can identify and assess organizational threats and vulnerabilities, assess compliance, and provide guidance and organizational security controls. CISA-certified professionals demonstrate knowledge and skill across the CISA job practice areas of auditing, governance and management, acquisition, development and implementation, maintenance and service management, and asset protection.

To earn the CISA certification, candidates must pass one exam, submit an application, agree to the code of professional ethics, agree to the CPE requirements and agree to the organization’s information systems auditing standards. In addition, candidates must possess at least five years of experience working with information systems. Some substitutions for education and experience with auditing are permitted.

To maintain the CISA certification, candidates must earn 120 CPE credits over a three-year period, with a minimum of 20 CPE credits earned annually. Candidates must also pay an annual maintenance fee ($45 for members; $85 for nonmembers).

CISA facts and figures

Certification name

Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)

Prerequisites and required courses

To obtain the CISA credential, candidates must do the following:

  1. Pass the CISA exam.
  2. Agree to the ISACA code of professional ethics.
  3. Adhere to ISACA’s CPE policy.
  4. Agree to the information auditing standards.
  5. Possess a minimum of five years of information systems auditing, control or security work in described job practice analysis areas. Experience must be verifiable and obtained in the 10-year period prior to the application date or within five years after the test is passed. There are some exceptions to this requirement depending on the current credentials held.
  6. Apply for CISA certification. (The processing fee is $50.) The credential must be obtained within five years of test passage.

Number of exams

One: 150 questions, four hours

Cost of exam

$575 (members); $760 (nonmembers)

URL

https://www.isaca.org/credentialing/cisa

Self-study materials

ISACA offers a variety of training options, including virtual instructor-led courses, online and on-demand training, review manuals and question databases. Numerous books and self-study materials are also available on Amazon.

Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) training

Training opportunities for the CISA certification are plentiful. Udemy offers more than 160 CISA-related courses, lectures, practice exams, question sets and more. On Pluralsight, you’ll find 12 courses with 27 hours of information systems auditor training covering all CISA job practice domains for the CISA job practice areas.

Beyond the top 5: More cybersecurity certifications

In addition to these must-have credentials, many other certifications are available to fit the career needs of any IT professional interested in information security. Business owners should consider employing workers with these credentials as well.

  • The SANS GIAC Security Essentials (GSEC) certification remains an excellent entry-level credential for IT professionals seeking to demonstrate that they not only understand information security terminology and concepts but also possess the skills and technical expertise necessary to occupy “hands-on” security roles.
  • If you find incident response and investigation intriguing, check out the Logical Operations CyberSec First Responder (CFR) certification. This ANSI-accredited and U.S. DoD-8570-compliant credential recognizes security professionals who can design secure IT environments, perform threat analysis, and respond appropriately and effectively to cyberattacks. Logical Operations also offers other certifications, including Master Mobile Application Developer (MMAD), Certified Virtualization Professional (CVP), Cyber Secure Coder and CloudMASTER.
  • The associate-level Cisco Certified CyberOps Associate certification is aimed at analysts in security operations centers at large companies and organizations. Candidates who qualify through Cisco’s global scholarship program may receive free training, mentoring and testing to help them achieve a range of entry-level to expert certifications that the company offers. CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst (CySA+), which launched in 2017, is a vendor-neutral certification designed for professionals with three to four years of security and behavioral analytics experience.
  • The Identity Management Institute offers several credentials for identity and access management, data protection, identity protection, identity governance and more. The International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP), which focuses on privacy, has a small but growing number of certifications as well.
  • The SECO-Institute, in cooperation with the Security Academy Netherlands and APMG, is behind the Cyber Security & Governance Certification Program; SECO-Institute certifications aren’t well known in the United States, but their popularity is growing. 
  • It also may be worth your time to browse the Chartered Institute of Information Security accreditations, the U.K. equivalent of the U.S. DoD 8570 certifications and the corresponding 8140 framework.

Also, consider these five entry-level cybersecurity certifications for more options.

TipTip: Before you decide to purchase training for a certification or an test voucher, see if your employer will cover the cost. Employers may cover all or part of the cost if you have a continuing education or training allowance, or if the certification is in line with your current or potential job duties.

Information security and cybersecurity jobs

According to CyberSeek, the number of cybersecurity job openings in the U.S. stands at almost 598,000, with about 1.05 million cybersecurity professionals employed in today’s workforce. Projections continue to be robust: The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics expects 33% growth in information security analyst positions between 2020 and 2030; in comparison, the average rate of growth for all occupations is about 8%.

Security-related job roles include information security specialist, security analyst, network security administrator, system administrator (with security as a responsibility) and security engineer, as well as specialized roles, like malware engineer, intrusion analyst and penetration tester.

Average salaries for information security certified and security engineers – two of the most common job roles – vary depending on the source. For example, SimplyHired reports about $74,000 for specialist positions, whereas Glassdoor‘s national average is about $108,000. For security engineers, SimplyHired reports almost $112,000, while Glassdoor’s average is more than $111,000, with salaries on the high end reported at $261,000. Note that these numbers frequently change as the sources regularly update their data. [Meet the man who kept Microsoft safe and secure for more than a decade.]

Our informal job board survey from April 2022 reports the number of job posts nationwide in which our featured certifications were mentioned on a given day. This should give you an idea of the relative popularity of each certification.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by cybersecurity certification)

Certification

SimplyHired

Indeed

LinkedIn Jobs

TechCareers

Total

CEH (EC-Council)

1,989

3,907

7,952

2,829

16,677

CISA (ISACA)

5,389

12,507

20,573

4,701

43,170

CISM (ISACA)

3,467

6,656

14,503

4,072

28,698

CISSP [(ISC)2]

11,472

23,463

34,716

11,060

80,711

Security+ (CompTIA)

5,953

6,680

5,998

1,851

20,482

Did you know?Did you know?: Cybersecurity matters even when you’re traveling. Find out how to keep your computer secure when you’re on the road for business or pleasure.

The importance of hiring information security and cybersecurity professionals

According to Risk Based Security‘s 2021 Year End Data Breach Quickview Report, there were 4,145 publicly disclosed breaches throughout 2021, containing over 22 billion records. This is the second-highest number of breached records, after an all-time high the year before. The U.S. was particularly affected, with the number of breaches increasing 10% compared with the previous year. More than 80% of the records exposed throughout 2021 were due to human error, highlighting an ever-increasing need for cybersecurity education, as well as for highly skilled and trained cybersecurity professionals. [Learn how to recover from a data breach.]

If you’re serious about advancing your career in the IT field and are interested in specializing in security, certification is a great choice. It’s an effective way to validate your skills and show a current or prospective employer that you’re qualified and properly trained. If you’re a business owner, hiring certified professionals and skilled IT managers can help prevent cyberattacks and provide confidence that your company’s security is in the right hands. In the meantime, review our quick cybersecurity tips to Boost your company’s protection.

Jeremy Bender contributed to the writing and research in this article.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10708-information-security-certifications.html
Killexams : How to launch your cybersecurity career using LinkedIn Learning courses

BY Sydney LakeOctober 04, 2022, 2:08 PM

A logo sits on the window of the LinkedIn Corp. European headquarters in Dublin, Ireland, as seen in June 2018. (Photographer: Jason Alden—Bloomberg/Getty Images)

While earning a master’s degree or another advanced degree can be a great way to make a career switch or earn a higher salary, these programs often require a significant investment of both time and money. For example, a master’s degree in cybersecurity from the University of California—Berkeley, which Fortune ranks as having the No. 1 program in the U.S., costs about $75,000 to complete.

However, these programs can help graduates achieve robust career outcomes. Some cybersecurity grads from UC Berkeley’s program manage to double their salaries post grad, to $200,000. Cybersecurity workers are also in high demand with more than 700,000 open positions in the U.S. alone. Worldwide, the number of unfilled cybersecurity jobs grew by 350%, from 1 million positions in 2013 to 3.5 million in 2021, according to Cybersecurity Ventures.

“Today’s labor market is all about skills,” Jeff Kellum, senior content manager of tech content at LinkedIn Learning, tells Fortune. “With an estimated 3.5 million unfulfilled cybersecurity roles by 2025, the ability to learn and showcase in-demand skills is critical for anyone hoping to get their foot in the door in the space.”

One way to start on your journey to becoming a cybersecurity professional is to start with the basics. LinkedIn Learning offers a variety of courses focused on cybersecurity from a foundational level all the way to preparation for advanced certifications. 

“In the face of an uncertain macroeconomic climate, the ability to learn and showcase in-demand skills is critical to helping people get a foot in the door with a new company or finding a new role within their organization,” Hari Srinivasan, vice of product at LinkedIn, wrote in a late August blog post. “For many professions, certifications have emerged as key to this, with the number of people on LinkedIn who’ve added certifications to their profile increasing 44% over the last two years.”

Fortune has compiled a few cybersecurity courses to check out on LinkedIn Learning for people interested in learning more about the field. We’ve also included a list of the 19 learning paths and courses LinkedIn offers to prepare cybersecurity workers for the most in-demand certifications. LinkedIn Learning is available to LinkedIn users with a premium account, which can cost about $30 to $60 per month, depending on the package you purchase. 

Cybersecurity courses for beginners

  1. Cybersecurity Foundations

This course helps learners understand the basics of cybersecurity including explainers on cyber threats, cyber criminals, managing cyber risk, and responding to cybersecurity incidents. Cybersecurity Foundations is taught by Malcom Shore, who served as director of New Zealand’s Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB). The course takes roughly two hours total to complete, and includes instructional videos, chapter quizzes, and a final exam. 

  1. Transitioning to a Career in Cybersecurity

This course is tailor-made for professionals looking to make a career switch to cybersecurity. Transitioning to a Career in Cybersecurity helps learners to leverage their current skills, whether it’s in IT or a related field, in cybersecurity. The course also includes resume tips, interview strategies, and resources for finding a job in cybersecurity. The course, which takes a little over an hour to complete, is taught by Marc Menninger, who’s worked in cybersecurity for more than 20 years.

  1. Become a Cybersecurity Professional

LinkedIn also offers a complete learning path for professionals who are interested in pursuing a career in cybersecurity. The learning path, Become a Cybersecurity Professional, takes about six-and-a-half hours to complete, and includes five courses: Cybersecurity Foundations, The Cybersecurity Threat Landscape, Learning the OWASP Top 10, IT Security Careers and Certifications: First Steps, and Land Your First Cybersecurity Job. If you complete the entire learning path, you receive a certificate of completion for your work.

Certification paths 

LinkedIn Learning also offers 19 prep courses for the top cybersecurity-related certifications. Among the top 15 highest-paying IT certifications in 2022, three of them were cybersecurity-related, according to Skillsoft, which offers online training and courses on tech subjects. These certifications also helped professionals land paychecks of $150,000-plus.

“Security has always been well-paying and it really comes down to scarcity—both in the number of professionals and in the required skills,” Mike Hendrickson, Skillsoft’s vice president of tech and development, previously told Fortune. “With today’s limited pool of security professionals, organizations need to make their offers quite attractive, both in compensation and opportunities for professional development. Skills expectations are also high for these professionals.”

Here’s a list of the cybersecurity certification prep courses that LinkedIn offers:

See how the schools you’re considering fared in Fortune’s rankings of the best master’s degree programs in data science (in-person and online), nursing, computer science, cybersecurity, psychology, public health, and business analytics, as well as the doctorate in education programs MBA programs (part-time, executive, full-time, and online).

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 02:37:00 -0500 en text/html https://fortune.com/education/business/articles/2022/10/04/how-to-launch-your-cybersecurity-career-using-linkedin-learning-courses/
Killexams : Complete your IT certification with this $45 CompTIA IT training package
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The following content is brought to you by ZDNet partners. If you buy a product featured here, we may earn an affiliate commission or other compensation.

When it comes to IT work, results matter. The same holds true when you're hunting for a career in information technology. You can't land a job at high-paying tech firms without certification, and you can't get certified if you don't know the tech. Luckily, we have a five-part IT training bundle that can help you train for the job you want and the certification exams you'll need to get noticed.

If you're just starting out on your path toward certification, this online training package is a great way to start. Not only are the tutorials completely up to date, but you'll also get to take your pick of certifications on five top platforms. This is where you can find study guides for essential exams from Cisco, AWS, Microsoft, Google, Linux, and of course, CompTIA.

Want to pursue a job as a network admin or in cybersecurity? Access more than 20 hours of DojoLab tutorials and learn the hardware inside out on your way to CompTIA certifications like A+ and Network+. Want to work in database management? Hop onto LinuxPath or ExamsDigest and see how to keep your systems safe, secure, and accessible. There's even a CodeDirect boot camp on Python that's perfect for budding software developers.

Best of all, you won't just get hours of rote memorization. Many of these course packages contain test simulators, so you'll have an idea of what to expect going into the most important certification tests. Some of the top exams cost hundreds to take, so you'll want to get all the prep you can, and this bundle is where you can find it.

Right now, the Complete CompTIA and IT test Lifetime Access Training Bundle is now available for $44.99, a fraction of the total MSRP for all five course packages.

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Killexams : Get on the Right Track to IT Success with Top CompTIA and Linux Certification Exams

Disclosure: Our goal is to feature products and services that we think you'll find interesting and useful. If you purchase them, Entrepreneur may get a small share of the revenue from the sale from our commerce partners.

For a successful career working in IT, you need some important certifications. The thing is, there are so many certifying bodies and so many things to specialize in, it can be difficult to figure out where to devote your attention — especially since getting certified costs money. So whether you're looking to launch a new career or you want to start a consulting side hustle, you need to be efficient.

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Fortunately, with this IT certification bundle, you can maximize the bang for your buck by getting training materials for a wide range of certification exams from some of the web's top providers.

The bundle features materials from five organizations, all curated by Exams Digest (4.1/5-star rating), a leading provider of online training for the world's most in-demand IT certifications.

First, you'll explore Linux and its features with hands-on exercises and interactive lessons. By the end of the six-hour course, you'll be able to pass the CompTIA Linux+ exam. From there, you'll delve into CramWise's test Simulator, getting to know the functions and components of computer networks, and beginning your education in Amazon Web Services (AWS).

Then, you'll progress to a comprehensive package of training for top-rated CompTIA exams, including A+, Security+, and Network+. The package includes practice exams, intensive labs, and performance-based questions (PBQs). The final bit of course work is a CodeDirect deep dive on Python, the world's most popular programming language, before you can tie it all together using ExamDigest's test Simulator, which will give you unlimited access to more than 15 certification paths.

If you want to learn to code and earn valuable IT certifications, this CompTIA & IT test Lifetime Access Training Bundle has you covered. Get it today for just $44.99 for a limited time.

Prices subject to change.

Fri, 23 Sep 2022 05:30:00 -0500 Entrepreneur Store en text/html https://www.entrepreneur.com/science-technology/get-on-the-right-track-to-it-success-with-top-comptia-and/435745
Killexams : Organizations finding the need for new approaches on the cybersecurity front, CompTIA research reveals

Settling for 'satisfactory' level of readiness may underestimate growing levels of risk

DOWNERS GROVE, Ill, Sept. 27, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Fortifying cybersecurity defenses remains a work in progress for many organizations, who acknowledge their shortcomings but have yet to commit the necessary resources to the effort, new research from CompTIA, the nonprofit association for the information technology (IT) industry and workforce, reveals.

"Risk mitigation is the key, the filter through which everything should be viewed."

While a majority of respondents in each of seven geographic regions[1] feels that their company's cybersecurity is satisfactory, CompTIA's "State of Cybersecurity" shows that a much smaller number rank the situation as "completely satisfactory." Nearly everyone feels that there is room for improvement.

"Companies are aware of the threats they face and the potential consequences of an attack or breach," said Seth Robinson, vice president, industry research, CompTIA. "But they may be underestimating their exposure and how much they need to invest in cybersecurity. Risk mitigation is the key, the filter through which everything should be viewed."

Two of the top three issues driving cybersecurity considerations are the growing volume of cybercriminals, cited by 48% of respondents, and the growing variety of cyberattacks (45%). Additionally, ransomware and phishing have quickly become major areas of concern as digital operations have increased and human error has proven more costly.

"Digital transformation driven by cloud and mobile adoption requires a new strategic approach to cybersecurity, but this poses significant challenges, both tactically and financially," Robinson said. "As IT operations and strategy have grown more complex, so has the management of cybersecurity."

As cybersecurity is more tightly integrated with business objectives, zero trust is the overarching policy that should be guiding modern efforts, though its adoption will not take place overnight because it requires a drastically different way of thinking and acting. The report suggests there is small progress in recognizing a holistic zero trust approach, but better progress in adopting some elements that are part of an overarching zero trust policy. Multifactor authentication is in place at 46% of companies and cloud workload governance at 41%.  Among other changes in organizations' approach to cybersecurity:

  • 43% of companies have placed a higher priority on incident response,
  • 39% are deploying a more diverse set of technology tools, with SaaS monitoring and management tools making a substantial jump in adoption,
  • 38% are increasing their focus on process improvements,
  • 37% are shifting to more proactive measures, and
  • 36% are expanding employee education.

Adopting a total zero-trust philosophy, including setting specific, strategic objectives will address many problems companies face. But there are substantial hurdles to overcome, such as closing the communications gap that exists between the technology and business sides of organizations. The overall rate of business staff participation is too low for a business-critical function. Nearly half (47%) of small businesses have the CEO or owner as part of the cybersecurity chain compared to 37% of mid-sized firms and 27% of large enterprises. In addition, companies are struggling to address technical skill needs, such as threat knowledge, network security and data analysis.

CompTIA's "State of Cybersecurity" report is based on a Q3 2022 survey of technology and business professionals involved in cybersecurity. There were 500 respondents from the U.S. and 125 from each of six other regions around the world. The full report is available at https://insights.comptia.org/2022-state-of-cybersecurity-it-pro/p/1.

About CompTIA

The Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA) is a leading voice and advocate for the $5 trillion global information technology ecosystem; and the estimated 75 million industry and tech professionals who design, implement, manage, and safeguard the technology that powers the world's economy. Through education, training, certifications, advocacy, philanthropy, and market research, CompTIA is the hub for unlocking the potential of the tech industry and its workforce. https://www.comptia.org/

[1] Australia/New Zealand, ASEAN, Benelux, Canada, Germany, United Kingdom and United States

Media Contact
Steven Ostrowski
CompTIA
sostrowski@comptia.org
+1 630-678-8468

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Killexams : What is a Nurse Practitioner?

A family nurse practitioner explaining something with a tablet to her patient, a child.

Nurse practitioners (NPs) are needed in just about every facet of healthcare, from private practice and hospitals to home healthcare and skilled care facilities. NPs are necessary in academia, such as nurse educators, and can even be involved in policy work. Anywhere healthcare decisions are being made, nurse practitioners have an important role.

The advanced skills that a nurse practitioner brings to the U.S. healthcare system are so in demand that, as of 2022, 27 states allow nurse practitioners to practice independently, according to the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP). This means NPs can run their own healthcare practice without the need for a collaborating physician in those states. That autonomy helps many communities, especially in rural areas, have access to convenient, affordable healthcare.

Who Are Nurse Practitioners?

Dr. Nicholas Carte with the text Dr. Nicholas CarteIn short, nurse practitioners are nurses who complete additional graduate education and clinical training beyond their registered nurse (RN) training.

Typically, they'll need to earn a Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) - Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) with a specific population focus, such as pediatrics, family medicine or gerontology. They must also pass a national certification test before applying for state licensure.

While nurse practitioners can work in virtually any area of medicine or healthcare, their role “often emphasizes disease prevention and health management in caring for their patients,” said Dr. Nicholas S. Carte, AGPCNP-C, APRN, graduate nursing faculty lead at Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU).*

What Does a Nurse Practitioner Do?

Dr. Jequie Dixon with the text Dr. Jequie DixonA nurse practitioner “blends clinical expertise in evaluating, diagnosing and treating various acute and chronic health conditions” as part of a patient’s healthcare team, said Carte.

In addition to providing clinical care, nurse practitioners focus on communication and patient education. Incorporating these practices helps put patients at ease and increases the likelihood that patients will more "willingly participate" in their own healthcare, said Dr. Jequie Dixon, APRN, AGACNP-BC, clinical coordinator of MSN programs at SNHU.**

Nurse practitioners can provide quality healthcare in virtually any medical setting. They may:

  • Address health concerns
  • Assess the health status of patients
  • Collaborate with an interdisciplinary team
  • Diagnose acute and chronic diseases
  • Order and interpret labs and diagnostic imaging
  • Prescribe pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments

Becoming a nurse practitioner enables nurses to advance their careers, building upon a solid nursing practice foundation to diversify specialty skill sets. Professional growth was critical throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. "The nurse practitioners stood up and showed their value by providing high-level care to patients in need during the overwhelming healthcare crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic," Dixon said.

Many people also assume that nursing is the same in every setting. “Being in the military, I was able to work in many states,” said Dixon. That wide view of the nursing profession helped her see the differences and opportunities for nurses throughout the country. Dixon now puts her skills and experience to work with program development and management for SNHU. She is also teaching and practicing as an NP hospitalist.

What is an FNP?

A family nurse practitioner, or FNP, is an RN with additional education and training in primary care settings to treat patients across the lifespan. They may earn an MSN - Family Nurse Practitioner degree or a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP).

While FNPs are healthcare providers for patients of any age in the primary care setting, nurse practitioners can specialize in specific populations, such as adult-gerontology, pediatrics, women, neonatal and psychiatric/mental health. Within gerontology and pediatrics, nurse practitioners may train, become certified and then practice in acute or primary care settings, whereas a family nurse practitioner “has the opportunity to practice in various clinical settings,” said Carte.

Nurses with the FNP specialty work similarly in scope to a family practice physician who treats patients of all ages. They address all manner of health concerns, administer physicals and deliver patient education to help patients achieve health and wellness. While a family nurse practitioner does treat illness and disease, their focus is often on helping their patients get and stay healthy.

One of the many benefits of being a family nurse practitioner is the flexibility to work in such broad clinical settings. FNPs are the “jack of all trades” of nurse practitioners, according to Dixon. “They can work in pediatric offices, nursing homes, or home healthcare. They can really do a lot,” she said. Dixon specializes in acute care as a hospitalist nurse practitioner.

What is the Difference Between a Nurse Practitioner and a Physician?

The main difference between a nurse practitioner and a physician is the type of training. While both roles play a necessary part in patient education and communication, physicians are trained in the medical model, whereas nurses are trained using the nursing model.

The notable differences between the two are:

  • Different licensing requirements by their respective state licensing boards
  • The amount of time spent pursuing a degree required to practice

Physicians are licensed to practice independently in every state and can work without supervision or oversight from another practitioner. Nurse practitioners can practice independently in many states and work under a collaborative agreement with physician oversight in other states.

That list of states where nurse practitioners can practice independently continues to grow. "This is a wonderful trend," said Dixon. "Getting providers to set up practice in smaller towns is difficult, so having more nurse practitioners there allows for even more impact to these smaller communities."

What Skills Do Nurse Practitioners Need?

While excellent communication and critical thinking skills are at the top of the list of important skills for the nursing profession, good nurse practitioners also have the following skills:

  • Ability to accurately collect patient health history and conduct physical exams
  • Coordinate care from hospital admission to discharge
  • In outpatient settings, provide primary care, including managing referrals to specialty providers
  • Interpret labs and other resources and prescribe medication
  • Strong active listening, organizational and time management skills
  • Use current technology in healthcare and stay up to date with any changes

Skilled nurse practitioners are “proactive in therapeutic health and develop health promotion plans,” Carte said. In addition, they must “understand and recommend vaccine schedules, have the ability to counsel and educate patients and document cases based on accepted standards of care.”

The list doesn’t end there. Nurse practitioners should also “demonstrate sound risk management skills, understand healthcare policy and procedures and understand the legal and ethical aspects of being a nurse practitioner, which can vary by state,” said Carte.

What are Common Misconceptions About Nurse Practitioners?

While nursing is a respected profession, it’s also a diverse one. With the different nursing specialties and certifications available, it’s not surprising that the public isn’t always sure about the finer points of the role.

Some common misconceptions about nurse practitioners include:

  • That they need to work during the times a physician is present
  • That they can’t work independently
  • That they can’t see their own patients and have their own caseloads
  • That they are not able to prescribe medications
  • That they cannot diagnose a patient with a health concern

None of these are true, especially if a nurse practitioner is in a state where they can practice to the fullest extent of their license. Nurse practitioners can put their training, education and expertise to use seeing patients, managing their own caseloads, prescribing medications and diagnosing patients.

More than that, they can work collaboratively with patients and the entire healthcare team to create a treatment plan. It’s important for their patients to feel comfortable with their treatment, so they stick with it and find success. That often involves an explanation of the details in a way the patients can understand.

“A lot of people think that nurses just implement tasks,” Dixon said. But a skilled nurse “thinks through everything that the patient is going through.” Nurse practitioners consider the whole patient, including financial aspects of receiving medical care. “I may write a prescription for a patient but find out that the medication is a financial burden for the patient,” she said. “So, I would have that conversation with the patient to best help them and perhaps find an alternative treatment or medication. I work to support patients in every aspect of managing their healthcare.”

Where Are Nurse Practitioners Needed?

There’s no doubt that nurses are a critical component of our healthcare system. Becoming a nurse practitioner allows a registered nurse an even broader reach to help patients achieve wellness and remain healthy. Because more and more physicians are focusing on specialty practices in highly populated areas like cities, the potential to serve the public as a nurse practitioner is greater than ever.

Nurse practitioners can serve as healthcare providers in settings such as:

  • Home healthcare: Many patients are not sick enough to require hospitalization but need assistance with their healthcare needs, perhaps post-surgery or post-illness. Home healthcare may also include palliative care. Pain management, medication education and overall healthcare support in one’s home are areas of focus for many nurse practitioners.
  • In-patient hospitals: Nurse practitioner hospitalists focus on patients who are admitted to the hospital. They may further specialize as gerontological hospitalists, pediatric hospitalists or hospitalists in other specialty areas. Patient communication and education are key here as well.
  • Outpatient urgent care settings: Nurse practitioners are ready to help treat patients with acute health or injury issues, and they may order and interpret test results or prescribe medication.
  • Private practice: In this broad clinical setting, nurse practitioners may see patients of all ages for various health issues. In some states, nurse practitioners will work under the oversight of a physician, but in many states, they can legally work as independent or autonomous practitioners.
  • Skilled nursing facilities (SNF): SNFs offer an opportunity for nurse practitioners to serve as providers on the treatment team.

Rural areas are also highly in need of additional healthcare options and providers. “As the healthcare system continues to see a decrease in primary care providers,” Carte said, “nurse practitioners can support the need for additional primary care providers in rural areas.”

Is Becoming a Nurse Practitioner Right for You?

A blue infographic with the text BLS reports nurse practitioners earned a median salary of $120,680Nurse practitioners are a lot like superheroes. They can do it all: treat and diagnose patients, inform and influence public policy, serve as preceptors, educate patients, Boost the health of individuals and communities, and the list goes on and on. Nurse practitioners are well-rounded, professional and caring.

The career potential as a nurse practitioner has never looked brighter, as both pay and job growth are exceeding national averages. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports a median salary of $120,680 for nurse practitioners in 2021. In addition, nurse practitioner jobs are expected to grow by 46% through 2031.

If you are considering a career in nursing or are an RN interested in taking the next step in your career, the option to become a nurse practitioner can provide endless opportunities to learn and grow within the profession and to help the greater community around you.

Discover more about SNHU's online FNP program: Find out what courses you'll take, skills you'll learn and how to request information about the program.

Marie Morganelli, PhD, is a freelance content writer and editor.

*Carte's credentials stand for: Adult-Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner-Certified (AGPCNP-C) and Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN).

**Dixon's credentials stand for: Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN), Adult-Gerontology Acute Care Nurse Practitioner-Board Certified (AGACNP-BC).

Fri, 06 Aug 2021 07:46:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.snhu.edu/about-us/newsroom/health/what-is-a-nurse-practitioner
Killexams : Spark Mindset and CompTIA Apprenticeships for Tech team to expand and diversify the IT workforce

Training for cybersecurity support technicians and data analysts offered in CO, LA, MD and MO

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., Sept. 28, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Opportunities for individuals to train for jobs in the information technology (IT) field and for employers to build their tech talent pipelines are available in four states through the joint efforts of Spark Mindset and CompTIA Apprenticeships for Tech.

"Employers can create a consistent pipeline of new talent from a deeper, more diverse pool of candidates."

The organizations today announced their collaboration in a Registered Apprenticeship program designed to fill high-demand IT occupations by expanding training and certification opportunities, particularly for individuals and groups who are underrepresented in the current tech workforce.

Spark Mindset, a leading provider of career development training and apprenticeships in the cybersecurity industry, is delivering the new program to employers and individuals in Colorado, Louisiana, Maryland and Missouri.

"Spark Mindset is proud to partner with CompTIA to create an exciting new career path in cybersecurity and data analytics for individuals from disadvantage communities," said Lawrence Wagner, CEO of Spark Mindset. "Cybersecurity and Data Analytics are high wage, high demand jobs that will provide an economic impact in low-income communities, especially for BIPOC and women. This program meets our organization's mission and, at the same time, helps companies that hire our graduates create a more diverse and equitable workforce."

U.S. employers listed more than 714,500 job postings for cybersecurity job roles and skills during the 12-month period between May 2021 and April 2022, according to CyberSeek™, the leading source for data about supply and demand in the nation's cybersecurity job market.

Data analytics skills are similarly in high demand as companies seek ways to mine, analyze and interpret data in a clear and consistent manner that produces better insight, leading to more informed decision making.

"The number of job openings for cybersecurity professionals, data certified and other tech occupations far outstrips the number of candidates," said Amy Kardel, vice president for strategic workforce relationships at CompTIA. "Employers need to embrace new methods for filling their staffing needs. Through apprenticeships they can create a consistent pipeline of new talent from a deeper, more diverse pool of candidates."

Training delivered through the apprenticeship program follows National Guideline Standards for specific tech job roles developed by CompTIA and approved by the U.S. Department of Labor (USDOL). The USDOL selected AIR, a nonpartisan, not-for-profit organization that conducts behavioral and social science research and delivers technical assistance both domestically and internationally in the areas of education, health and the workforce, and CompTIA, the nonprofit association for the IT industry and workforce, to serve as a national Industry Intermediary for expansion of apprenticeship in tech occupations.

About Spark Mindset

Spark Mindset mission is to break the cycle of poverty through our virtual registered pre-apprenticeship and apprenticeship program giving families in disadvantaged communities access to quality cybersecurity and data analytics professional training to create livable wage careers and provide an innovative workforce solution to the STEM industry. Our goal is to provide 100,000 high school and adults students with opportunities for stimulating, high-paying jobs or pathways to college in the next ten years. https://www.sparkmindset.com/apprenticeship

About CompTIA Apprenticeships for Tech

CompTIA Apprenticeships for Tech is a national initiative funded by the U.S. Department of Labor (USDOL) to increase the number of skilled technology workers and expand tech career opportunities for diverse populations, including women, individuals with disabilities and people of color. https://www.comptia.org/content/lp/apprenticeships-for-tech.

About AIR

Established in 1946, the American Institutes for Research (AIR) is a nonpartisan, not-for-profit organization that conducts behavioral and social science research and delivers technical assistance both domestically and internationally in the areas of education, health and the workforce. AIR's work is driven by its mission to generate and use rigorous evidence that contributes to a better, more equitable world. With headquarters in Arlington, Virginia, AIR has offices across the U.S. and abroad. For more information, visit www.air.org. AIR and CompTIA were selected by the USDOL to serve as a national Industry Intermediary for expansion of apprenticeship in tech occupations. Built according to the Registered Apprenticeship Program model. https://www.air.org/

Media Contact
Steven Ostrowski
CompTIA
sostrowski@comptia.org
+1 630-678-8468

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SOURCE CompTIA Apprenticeships for Tech

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Wed, 28 Sep 2022 01:41:00 -0500 text/html https://www.benzinga.com/pressreleases/22/09/n29051990/spark-mindset-and-comptia-apprenticeships-for-tech-team-to-expand-and-diversify-the-it-workforce
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