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C9520-427 IBM Digital Experience 8.5 Fundamentals

Exam Title : IBM Certified Associate - Digital Experience 8.5
Exam ID : C9520-427
Exam Duration : 90 mins
Questions in exam : 64
Passing Score : 43 / 64
Official Training : Web Resource
Exam Center : Pearson VUE
Real Questions : IBM Digital Experience Fundamentals Real Questions
VCE VCE exam : IBM C9520-427 Certification VCE Practice Test

IBM WebSphere Portal
- Understand IBM WebSphere Portal offerings
- Identify the prerequisites
- Understand the unsupported/deprecated features
- Understand IBM WebSphere Portal version coexistence
- Discuss architecture concepts
- Understand integration with other products
- Understand Performance considerations
- Install IBM Installation Manager
- Install IBM WebSphere Application Server
- Install IBM WebSphere Portal
- Install upgrades/fixes
- Configure IBM WebSphere Portal for databases
- Set up security
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- Discuss the usage of WebDAV within IBM WebSphere Portal
- Understand the high-level migration paths
- Enable Single Sign-On
- Understand Web Application Bridge use case
- Understand Unified Task List portlet
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- Describe managed pages
- Understand the Theme Analyzer
- Deploy Portal profiles and communities
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- Understand IBM Worklight Integration with IBM WebSphere Portal 48%
IBM Web Content Manager
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- Understand troubleshooting options for content issues with the WCM Tools portlet 25%
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- Understand the concept of builders
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- Understand mobile enablement of an application 14%
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- Identify pre-requisites
- Understand the concept of Extension points (IFX, API, Servlets, Portlets)
- Understand Install Forms Server
- Understand integration possibilities 6%
IBM Forms Experience Builder
- Understand FEB Design Functions
- Identify pre-requisites
- Understand integration and extension points (Understand the concept of REST API, Services, Custom Transports, JavaScript)
- Understand Manage/Use Tab Function (duplicate/Deploy/History/View Response) 6%

IBM Digital Experience 8.5 Fundamentals
IBM Fundamentals techniques
Killexams : IBM Fundamentals techniques - BingNews Search results Killexams : IBM Fundamentals techniques - BingNews Killexams : IBM: exact Earnings Are Not A Sign Of Fundamental Change
Entrance of modern office tower at City of Zürich.

Michael Derrer Fuchs

In the past few months International Business Machines (NYSE:IBM) has turned into one of the best performing tech names. Since I first covered the company in January of 2021 IBM returned 17%, compared to merely 8% for the broader equity market.

IBM total return Chart
Data by YCharts

During this timeframe the spin-off of Kyndryl (KD) was completed and now that the underperforming assets have been unloaded, expectations around the 'New IBM' are running high. Unfortunately, however, the strong share price performance since November of last year has little to do with IBM's fundamentals.

As we see in the graph below, the iShares Edge MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF (MTUM) peaked also in November of last year and since then the gap with the iShares Edge MSCI USA Value Factor ETF (VLUE) has been expanding.

MTUM vs VLUE price
Data by YCharts

As expectations of monetary tightening begun to surface and inflationary pressures intensified, high duration and momentum stocks begun to underperform the lower duration value companies. I talked about this dynamic in my exact analysis called 'The Cloud Space In Numbers: What Matters The Most', where I showed why the high-growth names were at risk. More specifically, I distinguished between the companies in the bottom left-hand corner and those in the upper right-hand corner in the graph below.

Revenue Growth (fwd) vs. P/E Non-GAAP (fwd) - November 2021

prepared by the author, using data from Seeking Alpha

As we see in the graph below, the high flyers, such as Workday (WDAY), Salesforce (CRM) and Adobe (ADBE), have become the worst performers, while companies like IBM and Oracle (ORCL) that were usually associated with low expected growth and low valuation multiples became the new stars.

IBM vs peers price
Data by YCharts

Although this was good news for value investors as a whole and is a trend that could easily continue, we should distinguish between strong business performance and market-wide forces. Having said that, IBM shareholders should not simply assume that the strong share price performance is a sign of strong execution. Needless to say, the Kyndryl disastrous performance of losing 75% of its value in a matter of months also lies on the shoulders of current management of IBM.

Kyndryl market cap
Data by YCharts

A Closer Look At IBM's exact Earnings

IBM's recently reported quarterly numbers once again disappointed and the management seems to have largely attributed the U.S. dollar movement to the slightly lower guidance.

IBM 2022 Outlook

IBM Earnings Release

Alongside the guidance gross margins also fell across the board, with the exception of the Financing division, which is relatively small to the other business units.

IBM Q2 2022 margins

IBM Q2 2022 Earnings Release

Rising labour and component costs were also to blame during the quarter and the management is addressing these through pricing actions which should take some time.

Although this is likely true, IBM is also reducing spend on research and development and selling, general and administrative functions. Such actions are usually taken as a precaution during downturns, however, consistent lower spend in those areas could often have grave consequences.

IBM fixed costs

prepared by the author, using data from annual and quarterly reports

Last but not least, the reported EPS numbers from continuing operations should also be adjusted as I have outlined before.

IBM Q2 2022 EPS

IBM Q2 2022 Earnings Release

I usually exclude the royalty income and all income/expenses grouped in the 'other' category. These expenses/income usually have little to do with IBM's ongoing business and as such I deem them to be irrelevant for long-term shareholders.

IBM Intellectual Property Income

IBM Annual Report 2021

IBM other income

IBM Annual Report 2021

On an adjusted basis, EPS increased from $1.08 in Q2 2021 to $1.33 in Q2 2022, which although is a notable increase remains low. Just as a back of the envelope calculation, if we annualize the last quarterly result, we end up with a total EPS number of $5.3 or a forward P/E ratio of almost 25x. Given all the difficulties facing IBM and its growth profile, this still appears as too high.

Has Anything Changed Following The exact Earnings?

As expected, IBM continued on its strategy to fuel its growth through a frenzy of acquisitions and divestitures. Following the Kyndryl spin-off, the company completed four deals in a matter of just few months.

IBM acquire Envizi

Seeking Alpha

IBM acquire Sentaca

Seeking Alpha

IBM acquire Randori

Seeking Alpha

IBM acquire

Seeking Alpha

As I have said before, all that does not bode well for the prospects of IBM's legacy businesses. Moreover, the management does not seem to be focused on organic growth numbers in their quarterly reviews which is even more worrisome.

Now that the underperforming assets have been off-loaded, IBM's dividend payments are still too high relative to its adjusted income.

IBM net income versus dividend

prepared by the author, using data from annual and quarterly reports

* adjusted for Intellectual property and custom development income, Other (income) and expense and Income/(loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

As previously noted, this puts the company between a rock and a hard place. However, reducing or discontinuing the dividend could potentially result in an exodus of long-term shareholders.

We should also mention that IBM has been barely paying any taxes over exact years due to various tax credits (see below). This, however, is gradually changing and will likely provide yet another headwind on EPS numbers in the future.

IBM tax expense

prepared by the author, using data from annual and quarterly reports

Even though the narrative around IBM has been largely focused on its business turning around, the company's free cash flow per share continues to decline.

IBM free cash flow

prepared by the author, using data from annual and quarterly reports


A potential upside based on a successful turnaround story of IBM that is gravitating around the hybrid cloud is a major reason for many current and potential shareholders of IBM to hope for a light at the end of the tunnel. However, little seems to have changed at IBM following the spin-off of Kyndryl and a declining business also creates a significant moral hazard problem for management where more risk taking is incentivized. All that combined with the fact that IBM is doing M&A deals almost on a monthly basis, creates significant risks for long-term owners of the business.

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Killexams : Fundamentals of Scalable Data Science No result found, try new keyword!This is the first course of a series of courses towards the IBM Advanced Data Science Specialization ... In this course we teach you the fundamentals of Apache Spark using python and pyspark. Sat, 12 Jun 2021 11:47:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Applied AI with DeepLearning No result found, try new keyword!Once enrolled you can access the license in the Resources area <<< This course, Applied Artificial Intelligence with DeepLearning, is part of the IBM Advanced ... about the fundamentals of Linear ... Sat, 12 Jun 2021 11:47:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Top 11 Cryptos With the Most Potential in 2022

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Killexams : Siemens D500 Powder Diffractometer


The Siemens D500 powder diffractometer is configured with an graphite monochrometer and IBM compatible workstation. This system is primarily used to satisfy the needs of undergraduate research and is housed in the undergraduate wing of the M&amp;M building.

A close up of the XRD D500 instrument.


This theta-theta configured goniometer permits automated collection of intensity vs. scattering angle scans. Data reduction schemes include unit cell determination, pattern indexing, precision lattice parameter determination. Crystalline compounds can be identified through indexing with the built-in JCPDS powder diffraction database.



MSE 3120 - Materials Characterization I

Fundamentals of microstructural and chemical characterization of materials. Examines the physical principles controlling the various basic characterization techniques. Topics include crystallography, optics, optical and electron microscopy, and diffraction. Laboratory focuses on proper operational principles of characterization equipment, which includes optical and other microscopy methods and various diffraction techniques.

  • Credits: 4.0
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Killexams : How to Invest in Stocks Online for Beginners

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Killexams : 10 Best Crypto to Buy on the Dip – Top Crypto Crash Coins

With the crypto trading markets now in a bearish cycle, now is a great time to buy a collection of top-rated digital assets at a discount. For instance, why pay nearly $5,000 to invest in Ethereum, when the token has since hit lows of $1,000?

In this guide, we analyze the 10 best crypto to buy during the crash to benefit from declining asset prices.

List of the 10 Best Crypto to Buy During This Dip

We found that the best crypto to buy during the crash are the 10 projects listed below:

  1. Battle Infinity – Overall Best Crypto to Buy During This Dip
  2. Lucky Block – Crypto Game With Attractive Prizes and Rewards
  3. DeFi Coin – Decentralized Finance Hub Offering a Variety of Swap and Yield Services
  4. Ethereum – Leading Blockchain for Smart Contracts and Metaverse Projects
  5. Bitcoin – Store of Value to Hold Long-Term
  6. Decentraland – Best Metaverse Crypto Coin to Buy
  7. Stellar – Top-Quality Crypto Project That Permits Cheap and Fast Cross-Border Transactions
  8. XRP – Interbank Payment Solutions via Blockchain Transactions
  9. BNB – Native Token of the Binance Smart Chain and Exchange
  10. FTX Token – Crypto Asset Backing the FTX Ecosystem

Read on to find out why we like the above crypto projects.

Full Analysis of the Best Cryptos to Buy on the Dip

While the vast majority of cryptocurrencies are currently witnessing a major decline in value, there are more than 20,000 tradable tokens in this market.

And as such, investors will need to carefully select the best long-term crypto investments when building a diversified portfolio.

In the sections below, we provide a full evaluation of the 10 best crypto to buy during this dip.

1. Battle Infinity – Overall Best Crypto to Buy During This Dip

The first new crypto project to consider from our list of the best crypto to buy during the crash is Battle Infinity. This best new crypto to buy is actually going through its presale campaign right now, which means that early investors can get the best price possible. Before we get to the specifics of its fundraising process, let’s explore why Battle Infinity is the overall best crypto to buy during this dip.

First and foremost, Battle Infinity offers a fantasy sports game that is based on blockchain in conjunction with the metaverse. This game will require users to build a sports team with their favorite players. A variety of sports are supported by the game and users will win rewards based on how their selected team of players performs in the real world. As a result, IBAT is gaining traction as one of the best metaverse cryptos that could explode in 2022.

For example, if a user has Cristiano Ronaldo selected in their football team and the player goes on to score a goal in the next game, this will be reflected in the points and subsequently rewards earned. Within the Battle Infinity ecosystem, rewards are distributed in the project’s native crypto token – IBAT. Battle Infinity is also offering $3k worth of IBAT tokens via its official Telegram channel. Read our article on the best crypto giveaways for more details.

battle infinity presale

IBAT will trade on public exchanges alongside the Battle Infinity DEX. The latter allows users to buy and cash out IBAT tokens without needing to go through a third party. The metaverse element of this fantasy sports game will ensure that users own the in-game assets that they earn. This will be represented by unique NFTs which again, can be sold on the open marketplace.

Those with an interest in this innovative project can invest in IBAT tokens via the presale by swapping BNB. The minimum presale investment is just 0.1 BNB, and this will get the user just over 166,000 IBAT. As such, IBAT is one of the best penny cryptos to buy in 2022.

The Battle Infinity whitepaper offers in-depth information about the project, so this is worth checking out. Information can also be sought from the Battle Infinity Telegram group.

Min Presale Investment 0.1 BNB
Max Presale Investment 500 BNB
Project Chain Binance Smart Chain
Presale Start Date 11th July 2022
Presale End Date 10th October 2022

2. Lucky Block – Crypto Game With Attractive Prizes and Rewards

Lucky Block is also one of the best crypto to buy during the crash. Like many projects in this space, Lucky Block was experiencing a solid upward trajectory before the broader markets took a decline, meaning that this digital asset can now be purchased at a major discount. Did you know that Lucky Block had one of the best crypto presales in 2022.

Lucky Block is a crypto gaming platform that operates on top of the Binance Smart Chain. The project allows users to buy a ticket, which offers entry into the Lucky Block number-drawing game. Winning tickets will subsequently earn rewards – which are paid in the project’s native token – LBLOCK.

The Lucky Block game stands out for its commitment to transparency and decentralization. More specifically, when numbers are randomly drawn for the Lucky Block game, this is generated by smart contracts. As a result, the number-drawing process cannot be manipulated or predetermined by either Lucky Block or the players themselves.

This ensures that each and every player has access to a fair and equal chance of winning. We also like that users from all over the world can play the Lucky Block crypto game and the minimum number of tickets is just five, at $1 each. Lucky Block also has a collection of 10,000 NFTs, with holders having fee-free, lifetime access to the weekly draw.

The LBLOCK token itself is one of the biggest success stories of 2022 so far. Launched in January 2022 via a presale, the LBLOCK token was priced at just $0.00015. In just over a month of trading, Lucky Block surpassed a market capitalization of $1 billion.  Therefore, it was the fastest crypto project to reach this feat and the hottest crypto at the moment.

As of writing, it is possible to buy LBLOCK at a hugely discounted price per the broader crypto winter.

3. DeFi Coin – Decentralized Finance Hub Offering a Variety of Swap and Yield Services

The next project to consider from our list of the best crypto to buy on the dip is DeFi Coin. This is the native crypto token of the DeFi Swap ecosystem, which offers decentralized finance services to users from all over the world. For example, DeFi Swap users can exchange tokens on the Binance Smart Chain without needing to register an account.

Once the wallet is connected to the DeFi Swap website, it’s just a case of selecting the two tokens to exchange and the quantity. Within a matter of seconds, the token swap will occur behind the scenes via a decentralized smart contract and be deposited straight into the user’s connected wallet.

The DeFi Swap exchange will launch its cross-chain compatibility tool within the next couple of months. This means that users will be able to swap tokens not only from the Binance Smart Chain, but many other networks. In addition to token exchanges, DeFi Swap also offers yield farming.

This means that in return for providing DeFi Swap with liquidity, the user will earn an APY on their tokens. This is funded from the trading fees that the DeFi Swap exchange collects. DeFi Swap also offers staking services, and more decentralized finance products are in the making.

Crucially, not only is DeFi Swap a new project that is still in the core stages of its development, but its underlying token – DeFi Coin, is one of the best crypto to invest in during the crash. Moreover, we like that DeFi Coin has a taxation policy in place, which takes 10% from all sell orders. This ensures that the token is bought for long-term investment purposes, rather than trading.

4. Ethereum – Leading Blockchain for Smart Contracts and Metaverse Projects

Ethereum, the best altcoin to buy, is a large-cap cryptocurrency that all investors should consider adding to their portfolio for long-term value. It was launched in 2015 and behind Bitcoin, carries the second-largest valuation in this industry. Ethereum is best known for its smart contract capabilities, which allow developers to build decentralized apps that function autonomously.

Crucially, the Ethereum blockchain not only supports thousands of ERC-20 tokens, but plenty of metaverse projects. This includes the likes of Decentraland, which is a metaverse platform that allows users to invest in virtual real estate. As such, metaverse projects using the Ethereum blockchain are required to execute smart contracts, which subsequently require GAS.

In a nutshell, GAS refers to the transaction fee that smart contracts require when they are executed. Moreover, and perhaps most importantly, GAS is paid for in Ethereum. Therefore, this gives Ethereum a real-world use case. Another reason why Ethereum is one of the best crypto to buy during this dip is that it will soon migrate to proof-of-stake (PoS).

By migrating to PoS, this will Boost the capabilities of the Ethereum blockchain significantly. Not only in terms of lower fees and faster transactions, but scalability. In fact, it is expected that PoS will take Ethereum from 16 transactions per second up to 100,000. This will make the Ethereum blockchain much more conducive for metaverse and NFT projects.

The final icing on the cake with Ethereum is that much like the broader crypto space, its token is trading at considerable lows when compared to its nearly $5,000 all-time high that it achieved in late 2021. Since the crypto winter came to fruition, Ethereum investors can now gain exposure to this token at around the $1,000 level.

Cryptoassets are highly volatile investment products. Your capital is at risk.

5. Bitcoin – Store of Value to Hold Long-Term

Bitcoin is the most popular crypto to buy, as it is held by the majority of investors that have exposure to this industry. It is the largest crypto by market capitalization. At its peak in late 2021 – when Bitcoin surpassed a value of over $68,000, the project hit a valuation of over $1 trillion. This made Bitcoin more valuable than most blue-chip stocks.

Nonetheless, Bitcoin has since declined in value as per the broader crypto winter. As of writing, Bitcoin seems to have entered a consolidation period of around the $20,000 level. This means that first-time investors can buy Bitcoin at a discount of over 70%, based on its prior peak.

Bitcoin is best viewed as a long-term investment due to its de-facto status as a store of value. There will only ever be 21 million Bitcoin in circulation, which is expected to happen in 2140. Moreover, Bitcoin is truly decentralized and its network cannot be controlled by any single person or authority.

Unlike a central bank, the supply of Bitcoin cannot be manipulated either, so this alleviates the risk of inflation. In fact, new Bitcoin tokens enter circulation every 10 minutes, as per its underlying code that cannot be amended. While Bitcoin still trades for many thousands of dollars, the token can be split into micro units. As such, it is possible to invest in Bitcoin with just a few dollars.

Cryptoassets are highly volatile investment products. Your capital is at risk.

6. Decentraland – Best Metaverse Crypto Coin to Buy

We mentioned earlier that Ethereum is the leading blockchain network for the most successful metaverse projects in this space. However, Ethereum merely provides the smart contract technology for metaverse platforms. Therefore, those looking for the best metaverse crypto coin to buy during the market dip might consider an individual project like Decentraland.

This project offers a virtual world that can be accessed by users from all over the world. After connecting a wallet to Decentraland and choosing a personalized avatar, the user can then move around the virtual world and even communicate with other players.

Furthermore, and perhaps most interestingly, Decentraland allows users to buy virtual land. Only one person can purchase a specific piece of land, which is represented by an NFT to prove ownership. The land can then be used to build a virtual real estate project, such as a casino or hotel.

Each plot of land or real estate project –  via an NFT, can then be sold in the open marketplace. Some transactions have attracted a sale price of several millions of dollars – all of which are conducted in the Decentraland token – MANA. This token is one of the best-performing cryptocurrencies in exact years, with gains of over 23,000% since launching in 2017.

However, due to the wider crypto winter, those with an interest in Decentraland can buy MANA tokens at a huge discount. As of writing, MANA can be bought at pricing levels that are nearly 85% lower than their late 2021 peak.

Cryptoassets are highly volatile investment products. Your capital is at risk.

7. Stellar – Top-Quality Crypto Project That Permits Cheap and Fast Cross-Border Transactions

Stellar is a blockchain project that was first launched in 2014 by Ripple co-founder Jed McCaleb. The project allows the un-banked to transfer funds on a cross-border basis at super-low fees and fast processing times. Regarding the latter, Stellar transactions amount to a fee of just 0.00001 XLM – which, as of writing, equates to just $0.000001.

This is the case regardless of where the sender and receiver are based, or the size of the transaction. Regarding processing times, Stellar transactions typically require just five seconds before the funds are confirmed. This superior technology – which is built on its own proprietary blockchain network, has resulted in Stellar forming some highly notable partnerships.

is stellar a good buy?

At the forefront of this is IBM, which uses the Stellar network as part of its Universal Payment Solution program. In addition to IBM, Stellar is also used by MoneyGram. This enables the money transfer company to offer fast transactions to its customers. Stellar also has its own native crypto token – Lumens.

This digital currency trades at dozens of exchanges and subsequently can be purchased with ease. Crucially, for the purpose of this market insight on the best crypto to invest in during the crash, Lumens is now trading at a huge discount. For instance, while Stella was trading at $0.27 at the start of 2022, it has since dropped below the $0.10 level.

Cryptoassets are highly volatile investment products. Your capital is at risk.

8. XRP – Interbank Payment Solutions via Blockchain Transactions

The underlying blockchain code of XRP is very similar to that of the previously discussed Stellar. For instance, both blockchains offer transaction times of around five seconds regardless of where the sender and receiver are based, and fees amount to a tiny fraction of a cent.

Moreover, both XRP and Stellar can handle approximately 1,500 transactions each and every second. However, while Stellar targets the consumer and private business sectors, XRP provides a global payments network for large banks and financial institutions.

To date, XRP is used by more than 200 partners, which includes Santander, the Bank of America, and Standard Chartered Bank. One of the most appealing aspects of the Ripple blockchain is that it permits interbank transactions in a speedy and low-cost manner irrespective of which fiat currencies are being used.

Ordinarily, institutions from the third world would be required to go through a correspondent bank in order to transact in emerging currencies. This would result in high fees, slow transaction times, and lots of regulatory red tape. However, by using XRP via the Ripple blockchain, this type of transaction can be conducted in a matter of seconds.

Cryptoassets are highly volatile investment products. Your capital is at risk.

9. BNB – Native Token of the Binance Smart Chain and Exchange

BNB is the native crypto token of the Binance ecosystem, which is inclusive of the world’s largest exchange in terms of registered users and trading volume. When BNB is used on the Binance exchange, it offers a discount of 25% on commissions. BNB can also be used to engage in staking, yield farming, and other DeFi services.

Perhaps even more notable for this token is that BNB backs the Binance Smart Chain. This blockchain network is used by thousands of projects, including the previously discussed Battle Infinity and DeFi Coin. When users wish to buy a token listed on the Binance Smart Chain, fees are paid in BNB.

Furthermore, tokens on the Binance Smart Chain are paired with BNB, so this ensures that the digital asset remains in high demand. We also like BNB for its burning program, which is initiated by Binance. This means that periodically, Binance buys an allocation of BNB and subsequently removes the tokens from circulation.

This operates in a similar way to a traditional share buyback program executed by blue-chip firms like Apple. BNB has generated some sizable returns since it was launched in 2017 and it is now one of the largest digital assets globally in terms of market capitalization. However, BNB has since dropped in value by over 70% when compared to its prior all-time high.

Cryptoassets are highly volatile investment products. Your capital is at risk.

10. FTX Token – Crypto Asset Backing the FTX Ecosystem 

In many ways, FTX Token is similar to BNB, insofar that it is a digital asset that backs the proprietary FTX exchange. FTX is now one of the most popular exchanges in this space and it has a strong focus on complex crypto derivatives. This means that users can access the FTX exchange to trade tokens with leverage and short-selling capabilities.

By holding FTX Token, users of this exchange will benefit from a number of perks. This includes a trading fee discount of up to 60%. OTC buyers will be offered a discount of 0.02% on commissions. It is also possible to stake the FTX Token, which will suit investors that seek income on their digital assets.


Just like BNB, FTX Token also has a burning program in place. Among a number of other revenue streams, this is largely funded from commissions collected on the FTX exchange. The FTX Token was trading at $38 at the start of 2022 but has since hit lows of $21. This means at a 44% drop, the decline of FTX Token hasn’t been as sizable as other crypto projects.

Cryptoassets are highly volatile investment products. Your capital is at risk.

Why are Crypto Prices Crashing? Overview of the Crypto Winter 

Collectively, the crypto markets witnessed a prolonged upward trajectory between April 2020 and November 2021. Bitcoin, for example, went from lows of nearly $5,000 to a new all-time high of $69,000. Other cryptocurrencies in this space – such as Shiba Inu, saw gains in the millions of percentage points.

In other words, during the aforementioned period, the crypto industry was in a bull market. This simply means that investor sentiment is strong and thus – the broader markets experience increased asset valuations. However, the vast majority of tokens in this marketplace peaked in late 2021.

best crypto to buy during the crash

Since then, crypto prices have continued to fall. As such, we are now in a crypto bear market. Crucially, however, prices are declining irrespective of the fundamentals of each individual project. Therefore, just like a stock bear market, this allows investors to buy solid crypto tokens with strong fundamentals at a major discount.

In terms of how long the current bear market will last, this remains to be seen. We can, however, look at the previous bear market, which began in December 2017 and lasted for three years. This is because it wasn’t until December 2020 that Bitcoin regained its previous all-time high of $20,000.

Is it Wise to Invest in Crypto Crash Coins During a Bear Market?

The simple answer here is yes – investing in crypto during a bear market is arguably the best time to gain exposure to this industry. After all, when the broader market is crashing, this enables investors to buy digital assets at a much lower price, when compared to previous highs.

  • For example, those that invested in Bitcoin in November 2021 would have paid in the region of $68,000.
  • Since then, Bitcoin has hit lows of $20,000.
  • As such, those buying Bitcoin at the $20,000 level are doing so at a discount of 70% from its peak.
  • Similarly, Ethereum was previously trading at nearly $5,000 in late 2021 but has since dropped below $1,000.

Buying digital assets during a crypto winter is therefore no different from investing in solid, high-grade stocks during a bear market. In fact, it is often said that seasoned investors crave bear markets, as this offers a superb way to build a diversified portfolio at highly attractive entry prices.

On the other hand, when during a bear market, many crypto tokens will never recover. As a prime example, when investors lost confidence in the Terra Luna project, its token crashed overnight – subsequently losing 99.9% of its value. The same project also saws its stablecoin – Terra USD, not only de-peg from the dollar, but become virtually worthless.

With this in mind, investors should ensure that they tread carefully when searching for the best crypto to buy during the crash. It is best to stick with solid projects with strong fundamentals, that have every chance of recovering their prior all-time highs once the broader markets once again become bullish.

Tips on How to Find the Best Crypto to Buy During the Crash

As we discussed in the section above, buying crypto tokens during a bear market can be a smart move considering the heavily discounted prices on offer.

However, not all cryptocurrencies will recover once the bear market concludes, which is why investors are required to perform their own research before proceeding.

Below, we explain what to look for when searching for the best crypto to buy during this dip.


We mentioned above that picking the best crypto to buy during the crash is all about selecting projects with strong fundamentals. This simply means that investors should consider cryptocurrencies that have a solid business model alongside proprietary technology.

which crypto to buy during dip

For example, Bitcoin is the de-facto crypto token in terms of a long-term store of value. As such, it is more of a probability than a possibility that once the broader markets recover – however long that takes, Bitcoin will eventually regain its prior highs. The same could be said for Ethereum, as well as many of the other projects we have discussed on this page.

On the other hand, it is best to stay away from so-called meme coins, which offer nothing proprietary and most definitely do not solve any real-world problems. In our view, this would include meme projects like Shiba Inu and Dogecoin.

Consider Presales for Instant Token Discounts

Although we are in a bear market, it is still wise to explore solid projects that are yet to launch on public exchanges. A prime example here is Battle Infinity, which is arguably the overall best crypto to buy during this dip.

This metaverse, NFT, and fantasy sports project – which is also building a DEX, is currently in the midst of its presale campaign. This means that early investors will get the best price possible when buying the IBAT token.

Once the 90-day presale concludes or hits its hardcap target of 16,500 BNB – whichever comes first, IBAT will then be launched to the public. When this happens, the launch price will be higher than the presale.

Therefore, this offers a great opportunity for investors to gain exposure to a growing crypto project with strong fundamentals.

Look for Sizable Discounts

Buying crypto during a bear market is all about finding discounts that may never be available again. For example, those that bought Bitcoin in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic in April 2020 would have had access to an entry price of $5,000.

  • While there are no guarantees in this space, the general consensus is that Bitcoin will likely never again drop these pricing levels.
  • In the current market landscape, Bitcoin has since dropped by more than 70% when compared to its previous high of $68,000.

In the case of Decentraland, the project has declined by more than 85% from its lows, with other projects dropping by over 90%.

Build a Diversified Portfolio

Seasoned investors will look to mitigate the risk of loss by building a highly diversified portfolio of crypto tokens. This means that rather than focusing on one or two projects, it is best to gain exposure to at least 10 – perhaps more.

Each crypto token should come from a different niche, which again, will mitigate the risk of investing in a project that subsequently fails.

This is why our list of the best crypto to buy during the crash contained a full range of different projects.

Consider Where the Market Will be in Five Years

The most successful investors in the crypto space are long-term holders. By holding onto a token for at least five years, this will enable the investor to ride out inevitable bear markets, which we are currently in.

With this in mind, it is wise to consider where the crypto arena will be in five years – in terms of trends and emerging markets.

  • For example, there is an expectation that in the coming years, the metaverse will reach the masses.
  • And, one of the best metaverse projects we came across is Battle Infinity, which combines the virtual and real sporting worlds.

Another area that is expected to grow substantially in the coming years is decentralized finance – or DeFi. DeFi Coin – which also made our list of the best crypto to buy on the dip, is the native token of DeFi Swap.

As we noted earlier, DeFi Swap is a growing decentralized exchange that offers everything from staking and yield farming to token exchanges.

The Verdict?

Bear markets allow investors to buy crypto tokens at a major discount, when compared to their previous all-time highs. We have ranked the 10 best crypto to buy during the crash – based on the underlying fundamentals of each project.

Overall, our market research found that Battle Infinity is the best crypto to consider right now, not least because this metaverse and fantasy sports project is engaged in its 90-day presale launch.

This means that by investing in the Battle Infinity presale before it concludes, traders will have access to early-bird prices. After the presale, Battle Infinity will then launch its IBAT token via a public listing.

battle infinity presale


Which crypto to buy during a bear market?

Bear markets offer an excellent opportunity to buy top-quality crypto tokens at discounted prices. However, this requires the investor to assess the fundamentals of a project before parting with any capital. As per our research, we found that the five best crypto tokens to buy during this dip are Battle Infinity (IBAT), Lucky Block (LBLOCK), DeFi Coin (DEFC), Ethereum (ETH), and Bitcoin (BTC).

When will crypto recover?

Just like with the traditional stock markets, crypto moves in both bull and bear cycles. The market enjoyed a prolonged bull cycle between April 2020 and November 2021. Now, however, we are firmly in a bear cycle. Knowing how long the current cycle will last remains to be seen. Crucially, it took Bitcoin three years to regain its prior all-time high of $20,000. 

What is the safest crypto to buy during this bear market?

All crypto tokens carry an inherent level of risk, so there is no such thing as a safe investment. With that said, those looking to gain exposure to cryptocurrencies in the long-term might be best to focus on the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum, which are both highly established in this space.   

Is it good to buy crypto when prices are crashing?

On the one hand, it can be daunting to witness the broader crypto markets decline in value at such a rapid pace. However, experienced investors have previously witnessed similar market conditions, so they know that buying crypto during a bear cycle offers heavily discounted prices. For example, those that bought Bitcoin in April 2020 when it crash to $5,000 and held on until it peaked in November 2021 would have been looking at an upside of over 1,200%.

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 15:37:00 -0500 All content written by Kane Pepi en-US text/html
Killexams : Communication, Media and Design

The Communication, Media and Design undergraduate bachelor's degree program encompasses 36 of the 120 credit hours required for a bachelor's degree.
This provides you with the opportunity to pursue multiple majors, minors or concentrations while working toward your Communication, Media and Design degree. All courses are 3 credits unless noted.

Clarkson Common Experience
The following courses are required for all students, irrespective of their program of study. These courses are offered during the fall semester, with FY100 First-Year Seminar being required of only first-year students. Both FY100 and UNIV190 are typically taken during the fall semester of the first year at Clarkson.

  • FY100  First-Year Seminar (1 credit)
  • UNIV190 The Clarkson Seminar (3 credits)

Communication, Media and Design Core Requirements
Students majoring in Communication, Media and Design are required to complete the following courses:

  • COMM210 Theory of Rhetoric for Business, Science &amp; Engineering
  • COMM217 Introduction to Public Speaking
  • COMM490 Senior Communication Internship
  • COMM499 Communication Professional Experience

Communication, Media and Design Core Electives
The following are electives students are required to complete for the Communication, Media and Design major.

300-Level Communication, Media and Design Course:
Students must complete one Communication, Media and Design course at the 300-level from the following:

  • COMM312 Public Relations
  • COMM313 Professional Communications
  • COMM314 Placemaking, Marketing and Promotion
  • COMM330 Science Journalism

400-Level Communication, Media and Design Course:
Students must complete one Communication, Media and Design course at the 400-level from the following:

  • COMM410 Theory &amp; Philosophy of Communication
  • COMM412 Organizational Communications &amp; Public Relations Theory
  • COMM428 Environmental Communication

Courses with Technology Expertise:
Students must complete at least 6 credits with information technology expertise.

Mathematics/Statistics Electives:
Students must complete at least 6 credits from the mathematics (MA) and/or statistics (STAT) subject areas.

Science Electives:
Students must complete at least 6 credits, including a lab course, from the biology (BY), chemistry (CM), and/or physics (PH) subject areas.

Knowledge Area/University Course Electives:
Students majoring in communication will have approximately 42 credit hours available to use toward Knowledge Area and/or University Course electives.

Free Electives:
Students majoring in communication will have approximately 42 credit hours available to use toward courses of their choice.

Communication, Media and Design electives (21 credits) chosen from the following:

  • COMM100 2D Digital Design
  • COMM217 Introduction to Public Speaking
  • COMM219 Introduction Social Media
  • COMM226 Short Film Screenwriting
  • COMM229 Principles of User-Experience Design
  • COMM245 Writing for New Media
  • COMM310 Mass Media &amp; Society
  • COMM322 Typography &amp; Design
  • COMM326 Feature Film Screenwriting
  • COMM327 Digital Video Production I
  • COMM329 Front-End Development for the Web
  • COMM345 Information Design
  • COMM360 Sound Design
  • COMM391-395 Special Topics
  • COMM420-425 Communication: Independent Study (1-9 credits)
  • COMM427 Digital Video Production II
  • COMM429 Full-stack Development
  • COMM447 Design-Driven Innovation
  • COMM448 Portraying Innovation Through the Lens
  • COMM449 Narrating Innovation
  • COMM450 Leading Innovation
  • COMM470 Communication Internship
  • COMM480 Undergraduate Teaching Assistantship in Communication &amp; Media (1-3 credits)
Thu, 26 May 2022 08:40:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Course Listing in Civil & Environmental Engineering Civil Engineering Research Seminar


Research seminar for doctoral and Master's students to listen to researchers from academia, industry, and government of research-related Topics in civil and environmental engineering. Invited speakers will present exact research advances in fields of environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering and transportation engineering. Attendance is mandatory for doctoral and MS students with thesis option. Thesis requirements and research methods will be introduced in various talks.

Computer Based Analysis of Structures (Formerly 14.503)


The course is an introduction to the finite element displacement method for framed structures. It identifies the basic steps involved in applying the displacement method that can be represented as computer procedures. The course covers the modeling and analysis of 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional structures, such as cable-stayed structures, arches, and space trusses, space frames, shear walls, and so on. The analysis is done for both static and dynamic loading. The study is done by using MATLAB, GTSTRUDL, and Mathcad software.

Advanced Strength Of Material (Formerly 14/10.504)


Stress and strain at a point; curved beam theory, unsymmetrical bending, shear center, torsion of non-circular sections; theories of failure; selected Topics in solid mechanics.

Concrete Materials (Formerly 14.505)


This course introduces fundamental and advanced Topics on the properties of concrete materials. Fundamental Topics include the formation, structure, mechanical behavior, durability, fracture, and deterioration of concrete. Theoretical treatments on the deformation, fracture and deterioration of concrete are also addressed. Advanced Topics include the electromagnetic properties of concrete, high performance concrete (HPC), high-strength concrete (HSC), fiber-reinforced concrete, other special concretes, and the green construction of concrete.


Pre-Req: 14.310 Engineering Materials.

Practice of Structural Engineering (Formerly 14.508)


This course covers the practice of structural engineering as it deals with the design of structures such as buildings and bridges, the identification of loads, and design variables, and design detailing for concrete and steel structures. The emphasis will be placed on the use and interpretation of the ACI318-09, AISD and AASHTO codes and the GTSTRUDL software.

Inspection and Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure (Formerly 14.511)


In this course, principles and applications of inspection and monitoring techniques for the condition assessment of aged/damaged/deteriorated civil infrastructure systems such as buildings, bridges, and pipelines, are introduced. Current nondestructive testing/evaluation (NDT/E) methods including optical, acoustic/ultrasonic, thermal, magnetic/electrical, radiographic, microwave/radar techniques are addressed with a consideration of their theoretical background. Wired and wireless structural health monitoring (SHM) systems for civil infrastructure are also covered. Applications using inspection and monitoring techniques are discussed with practical issues in each application.

Structural Stability (Formerly 14.512)


This course provides a concise introduction to the principles and applications of structural stability for their practical use in the design of steel frame structures. Concepts of elastic and plastic theories are introduced. Stability problems of structural members including columns, beam-columns, rigid frames, and beams are studied. Approaches in evaluating stability problems, including energy and numerical methods, are also addressed.

Cementitious Materials for Sustainable Concrete


This course is designed for introducing advanced Topics in cement hydration chemistry, materials characterization and concrete sustainability. Advanced Topics in chemistry of commonly used cementitious materials, micro-structure, mechanical properties, durability ad sustainability will be offered. Students will learn and practice to characterize and analyze the roles of chemical admixtures and supplementary cementitious materials in concrete property improvement. Chemical issues involved in the engineering behavior of concrete will be offered. A service-learning project about sustainable concrete will be provided. Emerging Topics such as self-healing concrete, self-consolidating concrete, mart concrete, 3D concrete printing and ultra-high performance concrete will also be covered.


Pre-req: CIVE.3100 Engineering Materials, or CIVE.5050 Concrete Materials, or Permission of Instructor.

Reliability Analysis (Formerly 14.521)


A review of the elementary principles of probability and statistics followed by advanced Topics including decision analysis, Monte Carlo simulation, and system reliability. In-depth quantitative treatment in the modeling of engineering problems, evaluation of system reliability, and risk-benefit decision management.

Geotechnical and Environmental Site Characterization (Formerly 14.527)


This course is designed to give students a comprehensive understanding of various site investigation and site assessment technologies employed in geotechnical and environmental engineering. The course begins with introduction to site investigation planning and various geophysical methods including: seismic measurements, ground penetrating radar, electrical resistivity, electromagnetic conductivity, time domain reflectometry. Drilling methods for soil, gas and ground water sampling; decontamination procedures; and long term monitoring methods are studied. Emphasis in this course is placed on conventional and state-of-the-art in situ methods for geotechnical and environmental site characterization: standard penetration test, vane shear test, dilatometer test, pressuremeter test and cone penetration tests. Modern advances in cone penetrometer technology, instrumented with various sensors (capable of monitoring a wide range of physical and environmental parameters: load, pressure, sound, electrical resistivity, temperature, PH, oxidation reduction potential, chemical contaminants) are playing a major role in site characterization. Principles underlying these methods along with the interpretation of test data will be covered in detail. The course will also look into emerging technologies in the area of site characterization. (3-0)3

Drilled Deep Foundations (Formerly 14.528)


Design and analyses of drilled deep foundations including: Deep foundations classification and historical perspective. Cost analysis of foundations. Construction methods and monitoring techniques. Static capacity and displacement analyses of a single drilled foundation and a group under vertical and lateral loads. Traditional and alternative load test methods - standards, construction, interpretation, and simulation. Integrity testing methods. Reliability based design using the Load and Resistance Factor design (LRFD) methodology application for drilled deep foundations.


Pre-req: CIVE.5310 Advanced Soil Mechanics, or Permission of Instructor.

Engineering with Geosynthetics (Formerly 14.529)


Rigorous treatment in the mechanism and behavior of reinforced soil materials. Laboratory and insitu tests for determining the engineering properties of geosynthetics (geotextiles, geomembranes, geogrids and geocomposites). Design principles and examples of geosynthetics for separation, soil reinforcement and stabilization, filtration and drainage.

Driven Deep Foundations (Formerly 14.530)


design and analyses of driven deep foundations including: Deep foundations classification and historical perspective. Effects of pile installation. Static capacity and settlement analysis of a single pile and a pile group under vertical loads. Insight of pile resistance including soil behavior and interfacial friction. Driven pile load test standards, construction, interpretation, and simulation. Dynamic analysis of driven piles, the wave equation analysis, dynamic measurements during driving and their interpretation. Reliability based design using the Load and Resistance Factor design (LRFD) methodology application for driven deep foundations.


Pre-req: CIVE.5310 Advanced Soil Mechanics, or Permission of Instructor.

Advanced Soil Mechanics (Formerly 14.531)


Theories of soil mechanics and their application. Drained and undrained stress-strain and strength behavior of soils. Lateral earth pressures, bearing capacity, slope stability, seepage and consolidation. Lab and insitu testing.

Theoretical &amp; Numerical Methods in Soil Mechanics (Formerly 14.532)


Geotechnical practice employs computer programs that incorporate numerical methods to address problems of stability, settlement, deformation, and seepage. These methods are based on theoretical understanding of the behavior of soils, and correct use of commercial software requires that the engineer understand theoretical bases of the numerical algorithms and how they work. This course addresses the description of stress and strain in the context of geotechnical engineering and the basic concepts of numerical and computational methods, including discretization errors, computational procedures appropriate to different classes of problem, and numerical instability. It will then apply the insights to the three major problems of geotechnical analysis: settlement, stability, and fluid flow.


Pre-req: MATH 2360 Eng. Differential Equations, and CIVE 3300 Soil Mechanics.

Advanced Foundation Engineering (Formerly 14.533)


Design and analysis of shallow foundations, excavations and retaining structures including: site exploration, bearing capacity and settlement theories, earth pressures, braced and unbraced excavations, rigid and flexible retaining structures, reinforced earth, dewatering methods and monitoring techniques.

Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (Formerly 14.534)


This course addresses the dynamic properties of soils and basic mechanical theory of dynamic response. It will apply these results to analysis and design of dynamically loaded foundations. A basic understanding of earthquakes - where they occur, their quantitate description, how the complicated patterns of motions are captured by techniques such as the response spectrum, and how engineers design facilities to withstand earthquakes, will be addressed. In particular, the course will consider three Topics of current professional and research interest: probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PHSA), soil liquefaction, and seismically induced displacements. The emphasis will be on geotechnical issues, but some time will be devoted to structural considerations in earthquake resistant design.

Soil Engineering (Formerly 14.536)


The study of soil as an engineering material, and its use in earth structures (e.g. dams, road embankments), flow control, and compacted fills. Stability of natural and man made slopes, soil reinforcement and stabilization.

Experimental Soil Mechanics (Formerly 14.537)


Application of testing procedures to the evaluation of soil type and engineering properties. Testing for classification, permeability, consolidation, direct and triaxial shear and field parameters. The technical procedures are followed by data analysis, evaluation and presentation. Critical examination of standard testing procedures, evaluation of engineering parameters, error estimation and research devices.

Soil Behavior


Study of the physico-chemical and mechanical behavior of soil. Topics include: soil mineralogy, formation, composition, concepts of drained and undrained stress-strain and strength behavior, frozen soils.

Ground Improvement (Formerly 14.539)


Design and construction methods for strengthening the properties and behavior of soils. Highway embankments, soil nailing, soil grouting, landslide investigation and mitigation, dynamic compaction, stone columns.

Urban Transportation Planning (Formerly 14.540)


Objectives and procedures of the urban transportation planning process. Characteristics and current issues of urban transportation in the United States (both supply and demand). Techniques of analysis, prediction and evaluation of transportation system alternatives. Consideration of economic, environmental, ethical, social and safety impacts in the design and analysis of transportation systems.

Advanced Highway Geometric Design


Development of the principals of modern roadway design while addressing context specific design requirements and constraints. Topics will include guidelines for highway design, design and review of complex geometry, geometric design to address safety and operational concerns, multi-modal design for signalized and un-signalized intersections, complete streets design concepts, and superelevation. Course-work will also include principals to present transportation designs to the public, transportation advocates, and private clients.


Pre-req: CIVE.3400 Transportation Engineering, or Permission of Instructor.

Traffic Engineering (Formerly 14.541)


Engineering principles for safe and efficient movement of goods and people on streets and highways, including aspects of (a) transportation planning; (b) geometric design; (c) traffic operations and control; (d) traffic safety, and; (e) management of transportation facilities. Topics include: traffic stream characteristics; traffic engineering studies; capacity and level-of-service analysis; traffic control; simulation of traffic operations; accident studies; parking studies; environmental impacts.

Hazardous Materials Transportation


Hazmat transportation, safety and security are a convergence of operations, policies and regulation, and planning and design. This course will address the multimodal operations, vessels, technologies, packaging and placarding involved in the safe and secure transportation of hazmat. Safety and security rules, regulations, emergency preparedness and response, industry initiatives and programs, and U.S. government agencies governing hazmat transportation will be included, as well as international impacts on hazmat transportation safety and security.

Transportation Network Analysis (Formerly 14.542)


This course is to introduce engineering students to basic transportation network analysis skills. Topics covered include fundamentals of linear and nonlinear programming, mathematical representations of transportation networks, various shortest path algorithms, deterministic user equilibrium traffic assignment, stochastic user equilibrium traffic assignment, dynamic traffic assignment, heuristic algorithms for solving traffic assignment problems, and transportation network design.


Pre-req: CIVE 3720 Civil Engineering Systems and CIVE 3400 Transportation Engineering.

Traffic Principles for Intelligent Transportation Systems (Formerly 14.543)


The objective of this course is to introduce the student to the traffic principles that are pertinent for the planning, design and analysis of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). The course is oriented toward students that come from different disciplines and who do not have previous background in traffic or transportation principles. It is designed as an introductory course that will enable the student to pursue more advanced courses in transportation systems subsequently.

Transportation Economics and Project Evaluation (Formerly 14.544)


The course offers an overview of the fundamental principles of transportation economics. Emphasizes theory and applications concerning demand, supply and economics of transportation systems. Covers Topics such as pricing, regulation and the evaluation of transportation services and projects. Prerequisites: Students should have knowledge of transportation systems and basic microeconomics.

Public Transit Plan and Design (Formerly 14.545)


Planning and design of public transportation systems and their technical, operational and cost characteristics. Discussion of the impact of public transportation on urban development; the different transit modes, including regional and rapid rail transit (RRT), light rail transit (LRT), buses, and paratransit, and their relative role in urban transportation; planning, design, operation and performance of transit systems (service frequency and headways, speed, capacity, productivity, utilization); routes and networks; scheduling; terminal layout; innovative transit technologies and their feasibility.

Pavement Design (Formerly 14.546)


Fundamentals of planning, design, construction and management of roadway and airport pavements. Introduction to the theory and the analytical techniques used in pavement engineering. Principal Topics covered: pavement performance, analysis of traffic, pavement materials; evaluation of subgrade; flexible and rigid pavement structural analysis; reliabilitydesign; drainage evaluation; design of overlays; and pavement distresses.

Airport Planning and Design (Formerly 14.547)


Planning and design of civil airports. Estimation of air travel demand. Aircraft characteristics related to design; payload, range, runway requirements. Analysis of wind data, runway orientation and obstruction free requirements. Airport configuration, aircraft operations, and capacity of airfield elements. Design of the terminal system, ground access system, and parking facilities.

Traffic Management and Control (Formerly 14.548)


The course presents modern methods of traffic management, traffic control strategies and traffic control systems technology. Main Topics covered, include: transportation systems management (TSM); traffic control systems technology; control concepts - urban and suburban streets; control and management concepts - freeways; control and management concepts - integrated systems; traveler information systems; system selection, design and implementation; systems management; ITS plans and programs. The course will also include exercises in the use and application of traffic simulation and optimization models such as: CORSIM, TRANSYT and MAXBAND/ MULTIBAND.

Traffic Flow and Emerging Transportation Technologies (Formerly 14.549)


Traffic flow theories seek to describe through precise mathematical models (a) the interactions between vehicles and the roadway system and (b) the interactions among vehicles. This course covers both conventional human-driven vehicles and the emerging connected and automated vehicles. Such theories form the basis of the models and procedures used in design and operational analysis of streets and highways. In particular, the course examines the fundamental traffic flow characteristics and the flow-speed-density relationship, as well as time and space headway, string stability, traffic flow stability, popular analytical techniques for traffic stream modeling at both microscopic and macroscopic levels, shock wave analysis, and simulation modeling of traffic systems.


Pre-req: CIVE.3400 Transportation Engineering, or Permission of Instructor.

Behavior of Structures (Formerly 14.550)


Classical and matrix methods of structural analysis applied to complex plane trusses. Elementary space truss analysis. Elementary model analysis through the use of influence lines for indeterminate structures. The digital computer and problem oriented languages as analytical tools.

Advanced Steel Design (Formerly 14.551)


Elastic and plastic design of structural steel systems, residual stresses, local buckling, beam-columns, torsion and biaxial bending, composite steel-concrete members, load and resistance factor design.

Design of Concrete Structures (Formerly 14.552)


The main objective of this course is to expand the students' knowledge and understanding of reinforced concrete behavior and design. Advanced Topics at material, element, and system level are built on quick reviews of undergraduate level knowledge and are related to current design codes.

Wood Structures (Formerly 14.553)


Review of properties of wood, lumber, glued laminated timber and structural-use panels. Review of design loads and their distribution in wood-frame buildings. Design of wood members in tension, compression and bending; and design of connections.

Finite Element Analysis (Formerly 14.556)


Finite element theory and formulation, software applications, static and dynamic finite element analysis of structures and components.

Structural Dynamics (Formerly 14.557)


Analysis of typical structures subjected to dynamic force or ground excitation using direct integration of equations of motion, modal analysis and approximate methods.

Bridge Design (Formerly 14.558)


Analysis and design of modern bridges, using computer software for the 3-D modeling of sample bridges under dead and live loading and seismic excitation. AASHTO specifications are used for the design of superstructures and substructures (abutments, piers, and bearings) under group load combinations.

Design of Masonry Structures (Formerly 14.559)


Fundamental characteristics of masonry construction. The nomenclature, properties, and material specifications associated with basic components of masonry. The behavior of masonry assemblages subjected to stresses and deformations. Design of un-reinforced and reinforced masonry structures in accordance with current codes.

Physical Chemical Treatment Processes (Formerly 14.561)


Course provides a theoretical understanding of various chemical and physical unit operations, with direct application of these operations to the design and operation of water and wastewater treatment processes. Topics include colloid destabilization, flocculation, softening, precipitation, neutralization, aeration and gas transfer, packed &amp; tray towers, oxidation, disinfection, reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, settlings, activated carbon adsorption, ion exchange, and filtration.

Physical and Chemical Hydrology Geology (Formerly 14.562)


Well hydraulics for the analysis of groundwater movement. A review of the processes of diffusion, dispersion, sorption, and retardation as related to the fate and transport of organic contaminants in groundwater systems. Factors influencing multi-dimensional contaminant plume formation and migration are addressed. It is the goal of this course to provide environmental scientists and engineers with the technical skills required to understand groundwater hydrology and contaminant transport within aquifers. A term paper and professional presentation in class regarding a relevant Topic is required.

Hydrology &amp; Hydraulics (Formerly 14.564)


This course utilizes engineering principles to quantitatively describe the movement of water in natural and manmade environmental systems. Topics include: hydrologic cycle, steam flow and hydrographs, flood routing, watershed modeling, subsurface hydrology, and probability concepts in hydrology, hydraulic structures, flow in closed conduits, pumps, open channel flow, elements of storm and sanitary sewer design will be addressed.

Environmental Applications and Implications of Nanomaterials


This course will cover (I) novel properties, synthesis, and characterization of nanomaterials; (II) environmental engineering applications of nanomaterials, with an emphasis on nano-enabled water and wastewater treatment technologies such as membrane processes, adsorption, photo-catalysis, and disinfection; and (III) Health and Environmental impacts of nanomaterials, focusing on potential mechanisms of biological uptake and toxicity.

Environmental Aquatic Chemistry (Formerly 14.567)


This course provides environmental understanding of the principles of aquatic chemistry and equilibria as they apply to environmental systems including natural waters, wastewater and treated waters.

Environmental Fate and Transport (Formerly 14.568)


The fate of contaminants in the environment is controlled by transport processes within a single medium and between media. The similarities in contaminant dispersion within air, surface water and groundwater will be emphasized. Interphase transport processes such as volatilization and adsorption will then be considered from an equilibrium perspective followed by the kinetics of mass transfer across environmental interfaces. A professional presentation of a select paper or group of paper concerning a course Topic is required.

Micropollutants in the Environment


This course focuses on the generation, fate and transformation, transport, and the impacts of micropollutants in the environment, with emphasis on soil and water matrices. Topics will include nanomaterials and organic micropollutants such as pharmaceuticals, antimicrobials, illicit drugs, and personal care products. Course delivery will be a combination of lectures, experimental analysis, and discussions of assigned studying materials.

Wastewater Treatment and Storm Water Management Systems (Formerly 14.570)


The era of massive subsidies for construction of sanitary sewers and centralized, publicly operated treatment works (POTWs) has passed. Non - point pollution from sources such as onsite disposal systems has become a major focus of concern in our efforts to protect and Boost ground and surface water quality. Much of the new construction in areas not already served by centralized collection and treatment must use the alternative technologies. This course is design oriented. The variously available technologies are studied in depth. Students evaluate various technologies as they may be applied to a complex problem for which information is available, and develop an optimum problem solution.

Surface Water Quality Modeling (Formerly 14.571)


Theory and application of surface water quality modeling will be combined interactively throughout the course. Data from a stream will be utilized in order to bring a public domain model into operation

Marine and Coastal Processes (Formerly 14.572)


This course focuses on the coastal dynamics of currents, tides, waves, wave morphology and their effects on beaches, estuaries, mixing and sediment transport/accretion processes. Generalized global aspects of atmospheric and hydrospheric interactions with ocean currents are also presented.

Solid Waste Engineering (Formerly 14.573)


Characterization, handling and disposal of municipal, industrial and hazardous wastes. Technologies such as landfills, recycling, incineration and composting are examined. A term paper and professional presentation in class regarding a relevant Topic is required.

Groundwater Modeling (Formerly 14.575)


Groundwater Modeling is designed to present the student with fundamentals, both mathematical and intuitive, of analytic and numeric groundwater modeling. An introductory course in groundwater hydrology is a prerequisite for Groundwater Modeling, and the student should be familiar with IBM computers in running text editors and spreadsheets. The semester will start with basic analytic solutions and image theory to aid in the development of more complex numeric models. Emphasis will then switch to numeric ground water flow models (MODFLOW) and the use of particle tracking models (GWPATH) to simulate the movement of solutes in ground water. The numeric modeling process will focus on forming the problem description, selecting boundary conditions, assigning the model parameters, calibrating the model, and preparing the model report. Course Topics include: Analytic Methods, Numeric Methods, Conceptual Model and Grid design, Boundary Conditions, Sources, and Sinks, and Particle Tracking.

GIS Applications in Civil and Environmental Engineering (Formerly 14.576)


This course is to introduce students to the basic concepts of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and GIS applications in Civil and Environmental Engineering. Topics to be covered include GIS data and maps, queries, map digitization, data management, spatial analysis, network analysis, geocoding, coordination systems and map projections, editing. Examples related to transportation, environmental, geotechnical and structural engineering will be provided to help students better understand how to apply GIS in the real world and gain hands-on experience. This course will consist of lectures and computer work.

Biological Wastewater Treatment (Formerly 14.578)


Course covers the theoretical and practical aspects of biological wastewater treatment operations. Topics include kinetics of biological growth and substrate utilization, materials balance in chemostats and plug flow reactors, activated sludge process analysis and design, sedimentation and thickening, nitrification and denitrification, phosphorus removal, fixed-film processes analysis and design, anaerobic processes analysis and design, aerated lagoons and stabilization ponds, and natural treatment systems.

Green and Sustainable Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.579)


This course focuses on various green and sustainable materials and technologies applicable to five areas of civil engineering: environmental engineering, water resources engineering, structural engineering, transportation engineering, and geotechnical engineering. This course also covers current green building laws and introduces fundamentals of entrepreneurship and patent/copyright laws.

Engineering Systems Analysis (Formerly 14.581)


The course presents advanced methods of operations research, management science and economic analysis that are used in the design, planning and management of engineering systems. Main Topics covered, include: the systems analysis methodology, optimization concepts, mathematical programming techniques, Network analysis and design, project planning and scheduling, decision analysis, queuing systems, simulation methods, economic evaluation. The examples and problems presented in the course illustrate how the analysis methods are used in a variety of systems applications, such as: civil engineering, environmental systems, transportation systems, construction management, water resources, urban development, etc.

Transportation Safety (Formerly 14.585)


Transportation Safety goes beyond the accepted standards for highway design. Providing a safe and efficient transportation system for all users is the primary objective of federal, state, and local transportation agencies throughout the nation. This class addresses fundamentals of highway design and operation, human factors, accident investigation, vehicle characteristics and highway safety analysis.

Hazardous Waste Site Remediation (Formerly 14.595)


This course focuses on the principles of hazardous waste site remediation (with an emphasis on organic contaminants) using physical, chemical or biological remediation technologies. Both established and emerging remediation technologies including: bioremediation, intrinsic remediation, soil vapor extraction (SVE), in situ air sparging (IAS), vacuum- enhanced recovery (VER), application of surfactants for enhanced in situ soil washing, hydraulic and pneumatic fracturing, electrokinetics, in situ reactive walls, phytoremediation, and in situ oxidation, will be addressed. A term paper and professional presentation in class regarding a relevant Topic is required.

Grad Industrial Exposure (Formerly 14.596)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Special Topics in Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.651)


Course content and credits to be arranged with instructor who agrees to direct the student.

Civil Engineering Individual Project (Formerly 14.693)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Supervised Teaching in Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.705)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Masters Project in Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.733)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Masters Project in Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.736)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Master's Thesis-Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.741)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Master's Thesis - Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.743)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Master's Thesis - Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.746)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Master's Thesis - Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.749)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Doctoral Dissertation (Formerly 14.751)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Independent Study in Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.752)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Doctoral Dissertation (Formerly 14.753)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Doctoral Dissertation/Civil Engineering (Formerly 14.756)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Doctoral Dissertation (Formerly 14.757)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Doctoral Dissertation (Formerly 14.759)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Continued Graduate Research


There is currently no description available for this course.

Continued Graduate Research (Formerly 14.763)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Continued Graduate Research (Formerly 14.766)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Continued Graduate Research (Formerly 14.769)


There is currently no description available for this course.

Curricular Practical Training for Engineering Doctoral Candidates


Curricular Practical Training (CPT) is a training program for doctoral students in Engineering. Participation in CPT acknowledges that this an integral part of an established curriculum and directly related to the major area of study or thesis.

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Killexams : Master in Computer Science

Computer scientists impact society through their work in many areas. The advancement of technology has transformed the way and speed with which individuals work, communicate, and exchange information. As we now depend daily on the stability and reliability of our technology systems, there is a very strong demand for individuals with a background in computer science. Graduate level computer scientists are generally hired to work with the next generation of technology in areas such as computer systems, networking, database administration, operating systems, search engines, software engineering, and custom applications.

A variety of programming languages and software packages are used at the graduate level. Graduate students are expected to have the ability to immediately learn these languages and packages as needed for their programs. There are also many opportunities for independent study, projects, and research.

Integrated Bachelor of Science/Master of Science in Computer Science

An integrated baccalaureate and master’s degree program provides the opportunity for outstanding undergraduates to earn both degrees in five years. Typically, a baccalaureate degree requires four years to complete and a master’s degree requires an additional two years. However, the integrated degree programs are intended to be accomplished over a period of five years. In addition to earning both degrees a year early, the integrated programs may include additional opportunities to participate in a variety of experiential educational activities such as a master’s project or thesis.

View detailed integrated degree requirements for computer science.

Assistantship Opportunities

A limited number of teaching assistantships, which provide a monthly stipend and a tuition waiver, are available. Undergraduate and graduate grade point averages, scholarship records, recommendations, and a personal statement provide the criteria for awarding assistantships. Teaching Assistants must maintain a 3.0 GPA, exhibit satisfactory progress toward their degree, and satisfactorily perform their assigned duties in order to retain their assistantships.

Computer Facilities

At Western, you will have access to a large IBM mainframe and SUN computers. There are also large laboratories with the latest microcomputers available. Our access to microcomputers is as good as any university in the United States. It is our goal to give you experience on a variety of computing equipment and the associated software so that you can judge which type of equipment is best suited for the problems you encounter during your working career.

Faculty Expertise

Department faculty have a variety of experiences, degrees, and research interests. The faculty have doctorates from such universities as Florida State University, Illinois Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Science, Northwestern University, Southern Methodist University, SUNY Buffalo, University of Illinois, University of Iowa, and University of Western Ontario. Their current research interests are in the areas of artificial intelligence, computer architecture, databases, distributed processing, graphics, languages, networking, simulation, and software engineering.

Please refer to the graduate catalog for detailed program information and course requirements.

Computer Science (CS) Courses

CS 410G Operating Systems

Overview of the concepts/theory of operating systems with emphasis on process management, memory management, file management, scheduling, device management, and synchronization.

CS 412G Graphical User Interface Programming

Development of programs that use multiple windows, dialog boxes, mouse input, interapplication communication using API calls, object-oriented frameworks and application builders.

CS 420G Computer Communication and Networks

Survey of the operational features of telecommunications systems, computer networks, and distributed-processing systems. Considerations for the design of real-time systems.

CS 460G Artificial Intelligence Methods

An introduction to the main principles and methods of artificial intelligence. Solving problems by searching, knowledge and reasoning; machine learning; current AI applications. Programming paradigms relevant to AI will be explored.

CS 465G Computer Graphics

Introduction to computer-generation of graphs and pictures, using both character and pixel graphics methods, in two and three dimensions. Animation techniques, CAD methods.

CS 470G Database Systems

Survey of data models with emphasis on the relational model. Data normalization. Query languages and query optimization. Design and security considerations. Exposure to commercial database management systems.

CS 473G Computer Simulation

This class will introduce the science and art of computer based simulation. We will focus on discrete event simulation using the simulation languages ProModel and GPSSH. The class will focus on discrete event simulation, but will also cover Monte Carlos and continuous simulations. Scientific method and statistics will be used to develop, analyze, and report on a student developed simulation project.

CS 483G Microcomputer Systems with Database Applications

Covers command language, programming logic and applications of database systems for the non-computer science major.

CS 484G Network and Data Communications Concepts

Concepts and design of commercial computer and telecommunications networks. Course is designed for non‑majors, especially those who will manage/operate networks in business environments.

CS 488G Introduction to Programming with Visual Basic

Introduction to the principles of programming for Windows in Visual Basic. Principles include event-driven programming, control structures, properties, events, methods of controls, and forms.

CS 500 Intensive Programming Review

This course will review computer programming, object-oriented design, linear and non-linear data structures, and the software development lifecycle. All concepts will be reinforced through hands-on programming assignments and projects.

CS 512 Advanced Operating Systems

Topics chosen from the theory of distributed, parallel, and concurrent operating systems. Other possible Topics include secure systems and formal models of operating systems.

CS 513 Topics in Operating Systems

Topics to include additional depth, readings, and/or examination of research trends in operating systems.

CS 522 Advanced Database Design and Administration

Advanced relational database concepts. This course will examine Topics such as relational database management system design (RDBMS), including discussion of the major components of a RDBMS; query optimization strategies and cost estimation techniques; active databases, advanced transaction processing; and concurrency control.

CS 523 Topics in Database Systems

Topics to include additional depth, studying and/or examination of research trends in Database Systems.

CS 530 Design and Analysis of Algorithms

Fundamentals of the design and analysis of algorithms, space and time-complexity issues, dynamic programming, greedy algorithms, linear programming, NP-completeness, multithreaded algorithms, and applications.

CS 540 Computer Simulation

Statistical techniques used in computer simulations. Construction and verification of simulation models. Programming projects.

CS 548 Advanced Artificial Intelligence

The course will include Topics from Expert Systems, Knowledge Engineering, Soft Computing, and other advanced topics.

CS 549 Topics in Artificial Intelligence

Course covers modern trends in artificial intelligence.

CS 550 Workshop


CS 556 Advanced Computer Networks

In depth studies of computer networks and the services built on top of them.

CS 557 Topics in Computer Networks

Survey of computer networks covering current trends and advanced topics. Survey of research papers from classic literature through contemporary research.

CS 560 Computer Architecture

Study of computer architecture for large-scale and small-scale systems. Microprogramming concepts. Minicomputer and microcomputer design and applications, projects on small‑scale systems.

CS 561 Advanced Computer Architecture

Investigation of techniques to enhance system performance. Topics may include compiler optimization, hardware optimization, branch prediction, speculation, exploitation of instructional-and loop-level parallelism, etc.

CS 562 Topics in Computer Architecture

Advanced Topics to include additional depth, readings, and/or examination of research trends in computer architecture.

CS 566 Advanced Computer Graphics

Study and programming of problems beyond the introductory level, such as real time computer graphics using modern programming languages and graphics development environments.

CS 567 Topics in Computer Graphics

Designed to gain depth in computer graphics. Possible Topics include the study of 3-D modeling for, and the development of, multi-user virtual worlds.

CS 575 Independent Study

An investigation of issues related to computer science not specifically covered in other courses.

CS 585 Software Engineering

Covers the design and implementation of large software applications through the study of team approaches and industrial standards.

CS 590 Topics in Computer Science

This course is designed to give students knowledge at the frontier of a rapidly changing technology. It is offered in the following areas: a) expert database systems; b) object-oriented programming; c) fundamentals of computer arithmetic; d) computing theory for software engineers; e) design of decision support systems; f) complexity; g) cybernetics; h) fuzzy logic; i) distributed computing. j) knowledge engineering; k) software maintenance; l) systems analysis.

CS 595 Graduate Computer Science Internship

A one-semester on-the-job experience in an industrial facility or research laboratory.

CS 599 Master's Project

Special software or hardware project work, in lieu of a thesis.

CS 600 Research

Research project for the MS Thesis

CS 601 Thesis


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C9520-427 exam dump and training guide direct download
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