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Killexams : IBM Configurator test contents - BingNews Search results Killexams : IBM Configurator test contents - BingNews Killexams : Series 65

What Is the Series 65?

Designed by the North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) and administered by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), the Series 65 is an test and securities license required for individuals to act as investment advisers in the US.

The Series 65 exam, known formally as the Uniform Investment Adviser Law Examination, covers laws, regulations, ethics, and various subjects important to the role of a financial adviser.

Key Takeaways

  • Financial professionals in the U.S. must often pass licensing examinations in order to practice.
  • The Series 65 test qualifies an investment professional to function as an Investment Adviser Representative (IAR) in most states.
  • Topics include state and federal securities acts, rules and regulations for investment advisers, ethical practices, and fiduciary obligations—including communications with clients, compensation, client funds, and conflicts of interest.
  • The test features 130 multiple-choice questions, and you have 180 minutes to earn a passing score of at least 72%.
  • If you passed the Series 65, you may also need to take the FINRA Series 7 test to be fully-licensed to sell securities and execute trades.

Understanding the Series 65

Successful completion of the Series 65 test is designed to qualify candidates as investment adviser representatives (IARs) in their home states.  As an IAR, advisors must act in a fiduciary capacity, offering investment advice to clients for a fee. 

Passing the Series 65 exam, formally known as the Uniform Investment Advisor Law Exam, is the only requirement for becoming an IAR. There are no prerequisites, and candidates do not need to be sponsored by an investment firm to sit for the exam, but they need to file a Form U10 (Form U4 for brokers) and pay the $187 test fee. 

The Series 65 test includes 130 questions that cover subjects determined to be necessary to understand in order to provide investment advice to clients. These include questions on the subjects of economics, financial markets, investment vehiclesinvestment strategies, analysis, and ethics.

If you are not charging a fee and you do not regularly provide advice on securities, then you most likely do not need to get your Series 65 license. Other FINRA-administered qualification examinations include the Series 3 National Commodities Futures (NCFE), Series 7 General Securities Representative (GS), and Series 63 Uniform Securities Agent State Law.

Financial professionals who have successfully passed the Series 65 test may not act as investment advisers until licensed and registered in their state.

Series 65 test Structure

The Series 65 examination contains 130 multiple-choice questions. Candidates have 180 minutes to complete the exam. Candidates must get 94 of the 130 questions correct to pass (a score of 72.3%).

Test takers must schedule an test at a qualified testing center, where they are provided with a basic four-function electronic calculator. Only this calculator may be used during the exam. Dry-erase boards and markers are also provided for candidates. No reference materials of any kind are permitted in the test room, and there are severe penalties for those who are caught cheating or attempting to cheat.

An individual's firm can schedule a candidate to take the test by filing Form U4 and paying the $175 examination fee. If an individual is not firm-registered, the candidate uses Form U10 to request and pay for the exam.

Series 65 test Content

NASAA provides updated information on the exam's content on its website. The test is structured as follows:

  • Economic Factors and Business Information (15%, 20 questions): subjects include monetary and fiscal policy, economic indicators, financial reporting, quantitative methods, and basic risk concepts.
  • Investment Vehicle Characteristics (25%, 32 questions): subjects include cash and cash equivalents, fixed income securities, methods of fixed income valuation, equities and methods used in equity valuation, pooled investments, derivative securities, and insurance-based products.
  • Client Investment Recommendations and Strategies (30%, 39 questions): subjects include individuals; business entities and trusts; client profiles; capital market theory; portfolio management styles, strategies, and techniques; tax considerations; retirement planning; ERISA issues; special types of accounts; trading securities; exchanges and markets; and performance measurement.
  • Laws, Regulations, and Guidelines, including Prohibition on Unethical Business Practices (30%, 39 questions): subjects include state and federal securities acts; rules and regulations for investment advisers, investment adviser representatives, broker-dealers, and agents; ethical practices; and fiduciary obligations, including communications with clients, compensation, client funds, and conflicts of interest.

NASAA updated questions on the Series 65 test in light of 2018 changes to the tax code. Tax-related questions appearing on the exams starting in Jan. 2019 reflect the tax code changes.

Studying for the Series 65

There are several resources in book form or online to help study and prepare for the Series 65 exam. Candidates are encouraged to devote between 50-70 hours to studying for the exam. Unlike many other securities exams, preparing for the Series 65 exam primarily involves memorizing rules and laws. People with good recall might require less preparation time than those who struggle with recall. Regardless, some test sections are more challenging than others, especially for people with no background in securities.

In addition, Investopedia has reviewed several of the best Series 65 test prep courses, which you can find here.

Series 65 vs. Series 63 vs. Series 66

The NASAA offers three exams: the Series 65; Series 63; and Series 66.

The Series 65 was the first test created by NASAA back in 1989, used to evaluate the competency of individuals who wanted to engage in commission or fee-based investment advisory services, such as being a financial advisor or RIA. At the time it was launched, it focused primarily on the Uniform Securities Act, NASAA rules, and ethical practices in the securities industry.

The Series 63 was developed to qualify candidates who wished to work in the securities industry within a state and to sell investment products, such as stocks, mutual funds, variable annuities, and unit investment trusts. In other words, to execute trades rather than give out financial advice. The test covers the principles of state securities regulations and laws, and is formally known as the Uniform Securities Agent State Law Examination.

The Series 66 is a newer NASAA test that combines subject matter from both the Series 63 and Series 65, and is fittingly known as the Combined State Law Exam. Test-takers of the Series 66 must also take the FINRA Series 7 licensing test (which is not a co-requisite of the Series 63 or 65, although many individuals will still need the Series 7 to legally operate).

If you only have a Series 65 license, you can give financial advice but you cannot sell securities, execute trades on behalf of clients, or manage portfolios. To do so, you will also need to pass the FINRA Series 7 exam, which is more intensive

Does the Series 65 License Expire?

No, the Series 65 license does not expire as long as you are actively working in the financial services industry. If you leave the industry for more than two years, your new employer may require you to pass the Series 65 test again.

Do I Need A Sponsor to Take the Series 65?

No. To sit for the Series 65 exam, a candidate does not require sponsorship by a member firm.

How Much Does the Series 65 test Cost?

The cost for sitting for the Series 65 test is currently $187. You'll need a passing score of 72%, but if you fail you can pay the test fee again and retake the test after 30 days.

Can I Become An IAR Without Taking Series 65?

Yes, but you will instead need to take the Series 7 and Series 66 exams.

Is the Series 65 a Hard Exam?

The NASAA does not release official pass rates, however test preparation programs estimate that the pass rate is around 65-70% of test takers.

The Bottom Line

The Series 65, officially known as the Uniform Investment Adviser Law Exam, is designed to test an individual's knowledge and ability to advise clients in the area of investing and to discuss general financial concepts. The Series 65 test tests candidates' comprehension of financial concepts and qualifies them to give investment advice and charge a fee for doing so. Most state securities regulators have set the Series 65 as the minimum requirement to become an investment advisor representative (IAR).

Wed, 01 Aug 2018 05:13:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Prepare for the CAP Exam

ISA offers a variety of resources to help you prepare for the Certified Automation Professional (CAP®) exam.

Primary Textbook

A Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge is the primary text resource for the CAP test and provides a complete overview of all technical topics. Order the Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge.

Study Guide

The CAP Study Guide is a comprehensive self-study resource that contains a list of the CAP domains and tasks, 75 review mock test complete with justifications. References that were used for each study guide question are also provided with the question. The Study Guide also includes a recommended list of publications that you can use to do further study on specific domains. Order the CAP Study Guide.

Review Courses

A CAP review course is available in several formats as preparation for taking the certification exam. This course is offered by ISA and can also be offered at your location.

ISA also has a variety of training courses that would be helpful in preparing for CAP. Visit the Automation Professional Training page for a complete list.

Additional Resources

Exam Topics

  1. Basic Continuous Control: Process Instrumentation, Analytical Instrumentation, Continuous Control, Control Valves, Analog Communications, Control System Documentation, Control Equipment
  2. Basic Discrete, Sequencing, and Manufacturing Control: Discrete Input & Output Devices and General Manufacturing Measurements, Discrete and Sequencing Control, Motor and Drive Control, Motion Control
  3. Advanced Control Topics: Process Modeling, Advanced Process Control, Control of Batch Processes, Environmental, Environmental Monitoring, Building Automation
  4. Reliability, Safety, and Electrical: Alarm Management, Reliability, Process Safety and Safety Instrumented Systems, Electrical Installations, Safe Use and Application of Electrical Apparatus
  5. Integration and Software: Digital Communications, Industrial Networks, Manufacturing Execution Systems and Business Integration, System and Network Security, Operator Interface, Data Management, Software, Custom Software
  6. Deployment and Maintenance: Operator Training, Checkout, System Testing, and Startup, Troubleshooting, Maintenance, Long-Term Support and System Management
  7. Work Structure: Automation Benefits and Project Justifications, Project Management and Execution, Interpersonal Skills

CAP demo Questions

Questions on the test were derived from the real practice of automation professionals as outlined in the CAP Role Delineation Study and job task analysis. Using interviews, surveys, observation, and group discussions, ISA worked with automation professionals to delineate critical job components to develop test specifications to determine the number of questions related to each domain and task tested. This rigorous program development and ongoing maintenance process ensures that CAP certification accurately reflects the skills and knowledge needed to excel as an automation professional.

The following six questions were taken from the CAP test question item bank and serve as examples of the question type and question content found on the CAP exam.

  1. The method by which the tasks and hazards associated with a machine or process are analyzed is known as:
    • A. Risk assessment.
    • B. Machine assessment.
    • C. Risk reduction.
    • D. Risk abatement.
  2. To test controller tuning or prototype new control strategies offline, the model should be a(an):
    • A. Tie-back (loopback) simulation.
    • B. Artificial neural network.
    • C. Dynamic process simulation.
    • D. Steady state process simulation.
  3. The temperature measurement with the BEST repeatability and resolution is the:
    • A. Thermocouple.
    • B. Resistance temperature detector (RTD).
    • C. Dial thermometer.
    • D. Capillary system.
  4. Which of the following is NOT a variable speed drive setup parameter?
    • A. Acceleration rate.
    • B. Motor winding type.
    • C. Output frequency.
    • D. Maximum speed.
  5. A complete test plan for system integration testing MUST include:
    • A. Comments for the application programmer.
    • B. Multiple test cases for each mode of operation.
    • C. At least five test cases for each test.
    • D. Expected results for each test case.
  6. Frequency of maintenance should be determined by:
    • A. Failure rates of components.
    • B. Availability of personnel and parts.
    • C. Management targets for efficiency and productivity.
    • D. Effectiveness of maintenance personnel.

Sample Questions Answer Key

Question Number Correct Answer Exam Content Outline
1 A Domain 1, Task 4
2 C Domain 2, Task 2
3 B Domain 3, Task 3
4 B Domain 4, Task 7
5 C Domain 5, Task 5
6 A Domain 6, Task 2
Wed, 14 Jul 2021 04:33:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2020

Savvy, talented and knowledgeable database professionals are always in demand. This article covers some of the best, most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases. 

During the past three decades, we’ve seen a lot of database platforms come and go, but there’s never been any question that database technology is a crucial component for all kinds of applications and computing tasks. 

Database certifications may not be as sexy or bleeding-edge as cloud computing, storage, or computer forensics. That said, there has been and always will be a need for knowledgeable database professionals at all levels and in a plethora of database-related job roles. 

To get a better grasp of the available database certifications, it’s useful to group these certs around job responsibilities. In part, this reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA): Responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). Often tied to a specific platform such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server. 
  • Database developer: Works with generic and proprietary APIs to build applications that interact with a DBMS (also platform-specific, like DBA roles).
  • Database designer/database architect: Researches data requirements for specific applications or users, and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst/data scientist: Responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insight, determine meaning behind the data and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining/business intelligence (BI) specialist: Specializes in dissecting, analyzing and reporting on important data streams, such as customer data, supply chain data, and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist: Specializes in assembling and analyzing data from multiple operational systems (orders, transactions, supply chain information, customer data, etc.) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

Careful attention to these database job roles highlights two important technical issues for would-be database professionals to consider. 

First, a good general background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a basic prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 

Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver come from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. That’s why most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

It’s important to note that NoSQL databases – referred to as “not only SQL” and sometimes “non-relational” databases – handle many different types of data, such as structured, semi-structured, unstructured and polymorphic. NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data applications, which tend to be associated with certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence. Although there is some natural overlap, for the most part, we cover those certs in our annually updated “Best Big Data Certifications.” 

Before you look at our featured certifications in detail, consider their popularity with employers. The results of an informal search on several high-traffic job boards show which database certifications employers look for most when hiring. Though these results vary from day to day (and by job board), such numbers provide a useful perspective on database certification demand in current job listings.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)*




 LinkedIn Jobs 



IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2






Microsoft SQL Server database certifications**






Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator






Oracle Database 12c Administrator












*See our complete methodology for selecting top five certifications in the “Best Certifications” series.

**Combined totals for MCSA: SQL Database Administration (540), MCSA: SQL Database Development (569), MCSE: Data Management and Analytics (640) and MTA: Database (503).

If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $86,415 as the national average in the U.S., in a range from $60,960 to over $128,000. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat higher at $93,164, with a top rung for experienced, senior DBAs right around $135,000.

Top 5 database certifications

Now let’s look at the details of our top five database certification picks for 2020.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry standard DB2, as well as IBM Compose, Information Management System (IMS), lnformix, Cloudant and IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop. IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program, which has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM’s major data-centric certification category is called IBM Data and AI, which includes a range of database credentials: Database Associate, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Application Developer and more. It’s a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers straight to the handful of items that are relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on Linux, Unix or Windows should check out the IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 certification. It’s an intermediate credential that addresses routine administration, basic SQL, and creation of databases and database objects, as well as server management, monitoring, availability and security. 

This certification requires candidates to pass two exams. Pre-exam training is recommended but not required.

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 11.1 (Linux, UNIX and Windows)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses available

Number of exams

Two exams: IBM DB2 11.1 DBA for LUW (exam C2090-600) (60 questions, 90 minutes)


DB2 11.1 Fundamentals for LUW (exam C2090-616) (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per test ($400 total). Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.


Self-study materials

Each test webpage provides test objectives, suggested training courses and links to study guides for sale through MC Press. Click the test Preparation tab for detailed information. You can also visit the Prepare for Your Certification Exam webpage.

2. Microsoft SQL Server database certifications 

SQL Server offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence, data warehousing and data-driven applications of all kinds. That probably explains why Microsoft offers database-related credentials at every level of its certification program. 

Microsoft has taken significant steps over the last year to change its certification program from technology-focused to role-centric, centered on the skills one needs to be successful in specific technology jobs. With these changes in mind, Microsoft now identifies four job tracks in its certification program: Developers, Administrators, Solution Architects and Functional Consultants. You will find a wide variety of skills and technologies within each of those categories, but we’ll concentrate below on the company’s SQL Server certifications.

MTA: Database Fundamentals

The MTA program includes a single database-related exam: Database Fundamentals (98-364). This credential is ideal for students or as an entry-level cert for professionals looking to segue into database support.


Microsoft offers several SQL-related credentials at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) level:

  • MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014 (three exams)
  • MCSA: BI Reporting (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development (two exams)


There is one SQL database credential at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert level: Data Management and Analytics. This certification has the MCSA as a prerequisite (a list of valid items follows in the table) and then requires passing one elective exam.

Microsoft SQL Server database certification facts and figures

Certification name

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting 

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

Prerequisites and required courses  

No prerequisites:

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE Data Management and Analytics prerequisites (only one required):

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSA: Machine Learning

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure

Training courses are available and recommended for all certifications but not required.

Number of exams

MTA: Database Fundamentals: One exam

  • Database Fundamentals (98-364)

MCSA: BI Reporting: Two exams

  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Power BI (70-778)
  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Microsoft Excel (70-779)

MCSA: SQL Server: Three exams

  • Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-461)
  • Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 Databases (70-462)  
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse with Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-463

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development: Two exams

  • Implementing a SQL Data Warehouse (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration: Two exams

  • Administering a SQL Database Infrastructure (70-764)
  • Provisioning SQL Databases (70-765) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development: Two exams

  • Querying Data with Transact-SQL (70-761)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762) 

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics: One test (from the following)

  • Developing Microsoft SQL Server Databases (70-464)
  • Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server (70-465)
  • Implementing Data Models and Reports with Microsoft SQL Server (70-466)
  • Designing Business Intelligence Solutions with Microsoft SQL Server (70-467)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762)
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse Using SQL (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768)
  • Analyzing Big Data with Microsoft R (70-773)
  • Implementing Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Solutions (70-777

All exams administered by Pearson VUE.

Cost per exam

MTA: $127 (or equivalent in local currency outside the U.S.)

MCSA/MCSE: $185 (or equivalent) per exam


Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the MTA, MCSA and MCSE certs are well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice exams and other materials.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks for Database Application Development (SQL and PL/SQL), MySQL (Database Administration and Developer) and Oracle Database (versions 12c, 12c R2, and 11g, and Oracle Spatial 11g). 

MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

A candidate interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server; configure replication; apply security; and schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single test (the same test can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

4. Oracle Database 12c Administrator

Most Oracle DBMS credentials require candidates to attend authorized training classes to qualify for the related exam, but MySQL (and Sun-derived) credentials often do not. Oracle certifications also represent a true ladder, in that it is generally necessary to earn the associate-level credentials first, professional-level credentials second and master-level credentials third, culminating with the expert level. 

Oracle Database 12c R2 is the latest version, which includes enhancements to Oracle Database 12c. Oracle 12c certifications are currently offered at the associate, professional and master levels. 

A Foundations Junior Associate certification (novice level) is also available for Oracle Database 12c, as are three specialist designations: the Implementation Specialist, the Oracle Database Performance and Tuning 2015 Certified Implementation Specialist, and the Oracle Real Application Clusters 12c Certified Implementation Specialist. 

Available expert-level credentials include the Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administrator; Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Expert; Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administrator; Oracle Certified Expert; and Oracle Database 12c: Performance Management and Tuning. Oracle still offers 11g certifications as well. 

NoteAlthough premium support for Oracle 11g Database ended on Dec. 31, 2014, extended support lasts until December 2020, so it’s probable that Oracle Database 11g will remain in use for the short term. 

We focused on requirements for Oracle Database 12c certifications. One important consideration is that Oracle 11g is forward-compatible with Oracle 12c, but Oracle 12c is not backward- compatible with the prior version. Because Oracle 12c is a newer version, IT professionals with Oracle 11g certifications should consider upgrading their 11g credentials.

Oracle Database 12c Administrator facts and figures

Certification name

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Associate (OCA 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional (OCP 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master (OCM 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master

Prerequisites and required courses

OCA 12c: Training recommended but not required

OCP 12c: OCA 12c credential and one training course required; complete course submission form

OCM 12c: OCP 12c or 12c R2 credential and two advanced training courses (must be different from the course used to achieve the OCP); complete course submission form; submit fulfillment kit request

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: Three credentials

  • Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administration
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administration

Oracle training: Classes typically run 2-5 days; costs range from $1,360 to over $5,580.

Number of exams

 OCA 12c: Choose one test from the following:

  • Oracle Database 12c SQL (1Z0-071) (73 questions, 100 minutes)
  • Oracle Database 12c: Installation and Administration (1Z0-062) (67 questions, 120 minutes)

OCP 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c: Advanced Administration (1Z0-063) (80 questions, 120 minutes)

OCM 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c Certified Master (12COCM), a two-day, performance-based exam

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Cost per exam

OCA 12c: 1Z0-071and 1Z0-062 cost $245 each.

OCP 12c: 1Z0-063, 1Z0-082 and 1Z0-083 cost $245 each

OCM 12c: 12COCM costs $2,584; contact Oracle for pricing/availability of upgrade exam.

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Note: Prices vary by geography.


Self-study materials

Each Oracle certification test webpage lists test subjects as well as recommended training courses, seminars and practice tests. A variety of self-study guides are available on Amazon. Oracle Database certification candidates benefit from student manuals, labs and software provided as part of class offerings.

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

SAP SE has a large portfolio of business application and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications, and storage. The foundation of the SAP HANA platform is an enterprise-grade relational database management system, which can be run as an appliance on premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform enables customers to build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program, built to support its various platforms and products. We chose to feature the SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications in this article and is in high demand among employers, according to our job board surveys. This certification ensures that database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers managing users and authorization, applying security, and ensuring high availability and effective disaster recovery techniques. 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $3,048. This online training program is designed for those who run, support or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all of the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most accurate SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end of life and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

Prerequisites  and required courses        

 None required

 Recommended: SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) course ($3,750)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Application Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016), test code C_HANATEC_12 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam



Self-study materials

The certification webpage includes a link to demo questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Beyond the top 5: More database certifications

Besides the ones mentioned in this article, other database certification programs are available to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, there are few well-known vendor-neutral database certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) is part of this unique group, offering its Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Find out more about ICCP certifications here

EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program, with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional. PostgreSQL was the fourth-ranked relational database management system in October 2019, according to DB-Engines

Credentials from GoogleMarkLogicTeradata and SAS may also be worth considering. All of these credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets – and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them. 

Ed Tittel

Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant, and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro and GoCertify, and is the author of more than 140 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems. 

Earl Follis

Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who has worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism, and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press, with many e-books, whitepapers and articles to his credit.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Series 7: Definition and Formula for Calculation, With Example

The Series 7 test licenses the holder to sell all types of securities products except commodities and futures. Known formally as the General Securities Representative Qualification Examination, the Series 7 test and its licensing is administered by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA).

Stockbrokers in the United States need to pass the Series 7 test to obtain a license to trade. The Series 7 exam focuses on investment risk, taxation, equity, and debt instruments; packaged securities, options, retirement plans, and interactions with clients for prospective securities industry professionals. This introductory-level test assesses a candidate’s knowledge of basic securities industry information including concepts fundamental to working in the industry.

The purpose of the Series 7 license is to set a level of competency for a registered representative or stockbroker to work in the securities industry. The Series 7 license is an essential requirement for an entry-level broker. The licensing test covers an extensive range of financial terms and subjects as well as securities regulations.

Key Takeaways

  • The Series 7 is an test and license that entitles the holder to sell all types of securities products except commodities and futures.
  • The Series 7 test covers subjects on investment risk, taxation, equity and debt instruments, packaged securities, options, and retirement plans.
  • The purpose of the Series 7 license is to establish a level of competency for registered representatives in the securities industry.

Candidates who pass the Series 7 test can trade many securities, such as stocks, mutual funds, options, municipal securities, and variable contracts. The Series 7 license does not cover selling real estate or life insurance products. In addition to obtaining the Series 7 license, many states require that registered representatives pass the Series 63 exam, also called the Uniform Securities Agent State Law Exam.

Series 7 Requirements

Since Oct. 1, 2018, Series 7 candidates are required to pass the Securities Industry Essentials (SIE) exam as well as the Series 7 test in order to receive the General Securities registration. According to FINRA, the SIE is an introductory-level test that "assesses a candidate’s knowledge of basic securities industry information including concepts fundamental to working in the industry, such as types of products and their risks; the structure of the securities industry markets, regulatory agencies and their functions; and prohibited practices." If you need more information on the SIE, FINRA's SIE test content outline provides more details.

Candidates who want to take the Series 7 test must be sponsored by a FINRA member firm or other applicable self-regulatory organization (SRO) member firm. The member firm must file a Form U4 (Uniform Application for Securities Industry Registration or Transfer Form) for the candidate to be registered for the licensing exam. Non-FINRA members should use the Test Enrollment Services System (TESS) in order to register for the exam. FINRA governs the activities of securities firms and registered brokers, ensuring that anyone who sells securities products is qualified and tested.

Candidates who want to take the Series 7 test must be sponsored by a FINRA member firm or other applicable self-regulatory organization (SRO) member firm.

Series 7 test Structure

The Series 7 is structured as follows:

  1. Seeks Business for the Broker-Dealer from Customers and Potential Customers: 9 questions
  2. Opens Accounts after Obtaining and Evaluating Customers’ Financial Profile and Investment Objectives: 11 questions
  3. Provides Customers with Information about Investments, Makes Suitable Recommendations, Transfers Assets, and Maintains Appropriate Records: 91 questions
  4. Obtains and Verifies Customers’ Purchase and Sales Instructions and Agreements; Processes, Completes, and Confirms Transactions: 14 questions

The Series 7 test has 125 multiple choice questions, lasts 225 minutes, and cost $300. The passing score is 72%.

Prior to Oct. 1, 2018, the Series 7 test contained 250 questions covering five major job functions. The test duration was six hours, had no prerequisites, and cost $305. A score of 72% was required to pass.

FINRA does not provide candidates with any physical certificate as proof of test completion. Current or potential employers who wish to view proof of completion must access this information through FINRA's Central Registration Depository (CRD).

Completion of the Series 7 test is a prerequisite for many other securities licenses, such as the Series 24, which permits the candidate to supervise and manage broker activities.

Mon, 28 Aug 2017 05:11:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Configuration Management Software Market 2022 Analysis and Precise Outlook: IBM, Microsoft, ServiceNow, BMC

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Sep 26, 2022 (Market Insight Reports) -- The report provides a detailed assessment of the Global Configuration Management Software Market. This includes enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, competition, standardization, regulatory landscape, deployment models, operator case studies, opportunities, future roadmaps, value chains, ecosystem player profiles, and strategies included. The report also presents a SWOT analysis and forecast for Configuration Management Software investments from 2022 to 2028.

The Global Configuration Management Software Market is expected to grow at a booming CAGR of 2022-2028, rising from USD billion in 2022 to USD billion in 2028.

Download Free demo Configuration Management Software Market report

Global Configuration Management Software includes market research report have their own Top Companies: IBM, Microsoft, ServiceNow, BMC, Chef, Oracle, Broadcom, LANDESK, Red Hat, Amazon, Hewlett Packard (HP) company profiles, growth phases, and market development opportunities. This report provides the most accurate business details associated with business events, import/export scenarios, and market share.

Global Configuration Management Software Market Split by Product Type and Applications:

This report segments the global Configuration Management Software Market on the premise of Types is:



On the premise of Application, the Global Configuration Management Software Market is segmented into:

Banking Financial Services and Insurance (BSFI)




IT & Telecom



Configuration Management Software Market Country Level Analysis

The Configuration Management Software market is analysed and market size, volume information is provided by country, product and application as referenced above.

The countries covered in the Configuration Management Software market report are U.S., Canada and Mexico in North America, Germany, France, U.K., Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, Russia, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Rest of Europe in Europe, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in the Asia-Pacific (APAC), Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, Israel, Egypt, South Africa, Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA) as a part of Middle East and Africa (MEA), Brazil, Argentina and Rest of South America as part of South America.

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Important Features that are under Offering and Configuration Management Software Market Highlights of the Reports:

- Detailed summary of the Configuration Management Software Market

- Changes in business market dynamics

- Detailed market segmentation by type, application, etc.

- Historical, current, and projected market size in terms of amount and price

- accurate industry trends and developments

- Competition situation of Configuration Management Software Market

- Key companies and product strategies

- Potential niche segment/region showing promising growth.

Finally, the Configuration Management Software Market Report is the authoritative source for market research that can dramatically accelerate your business. The report shows economic conditions such as major locales, item values, profits, limits, generation, supply, requirements, market development rates, and numbers.

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Browse complete Configuration Management Software Market report details with table of contents and list of figures click here

The volatile COVID-19 pandemic has slashed revenues in a variety of industries around the world. It has wreaked havoc on the economy and resulted in unprecedented losses. Policymakers, business players, and participants in the Configuration Management Software are attempting to combat the lethal pandemic of economic failure as the planet continues to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. The stakeholders in the Configuration Management Software took commendable measures by implementing effective plans, making fast decisions, and reorganising the whole market framework. They are now able to maintain their companies as a result of this.

Year Considered to Estimate the Market Size:

Base Year of the Analysis: 2021

Historical Period: 2017-2021

Forecast Period: 2022-2028

Table of Content:

1 Market Overview

2 Company Profiles

3 Market Competition, by Players

4 Market Size Segment by Type

5 Market Size Segment by Application

6 North America by Country, by Type, and by Application

7 Europe by Country, by Type, and by Application

8 Asia-Pacific by Region, by Type, and by Application

9 South America by Country, by Type, and by Application

10 Middle East & Africa by Country, by Type, and by Application

11 Research Findings and Conclusion

12 Appendix.

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Sun, 25 Sep 2022 13:38:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Lenovo ThinkPad Z16 review: departing from the formula

Lenovo enjoys owning one of the most iconic laptop brands in the ThinkPad line of business-oriented machines. Holdovers from IBM, ThinkPads are typically recognizable from across the room thanks to a black-on-black aesthetic with carefully placed red accents. There have been exceptions, such as the ThinkPad X1 Titanium Yoga which sports a silver chassis, but otherwise, Lenovo has maintained the ThinkPad as a distinct brand.

The new ThinkPad Z laptops represent a more significant departure. The ThinkPad Z16, which I’m reviewing here, looks a lot more like a Dell XPS 15 with the lid closed than it does the ThinkPad X1 Extreme. Open it and you’ll find more of a ThinkPad-like keyboard deck, but what stands out most about the machine isn’t visible — it’s Lenovo’s focus on using sustainable materials. The ThinkPad Z16 finds a way to remain a ThinkPad in the things that matter most without feeling stuck in the past.


Lenovo ThinkPad Z16
Dimensions 13.95 inches x 9.35 inches x 0.63 inches
Weight 3.99 pounds

AMD Ryzen 5 Pro 6650H

AMD Ryzen 7 Pro 6850H

AMD Ryzen 9 Pro 6950H


AMD Radeon Graphics

AMD Radeon RX6500M





16-inch 16:10 WUXGA (1,920 x 1,200) IPS non-touch

16-inch 16:10 WUXGA (1,920 x 1,200) IPS low power touch

16-inch 16:10 WQUXGA (3,840 x 2,400) OLED


512GB PCIe Gen4 SSD



Touch Optional

2 x USB-C 4.0

1 x USB-C 3.2 Gen 2

1 x full-size SD card reader

1 x 3.5mm audio jack

Wireless Wi-Fi 6E and Bluetooth 5.2
Webcam 1080p with infrared camera for facial recognition
Operating system Windows 11
Battery 72 watt-hours
Price $1,975+

The ThinkPad Z16 is a premium laptop, with a few configurations listed on the Lenovo website running from $1,975 up to $2,800. The least expensive machine sports an AMD Ryzen 5 6650H CPU, 16GB of RAM, a 512GB SSD, a 16-inch WUXGA IPS display, and an AMD Radeon RX 6500M GPU.

At the high end, you’ll get an AMD Ryzen 7 6850H, 32GB of RAM, a 2TB SSD, a WQUXGA OLED display, and a discrete GPU. There will likely be other configurations available, but for now, those are the main selections.

Sustainable materials in a quasi-ThinkPad design

Mark Coppock/Digital Trends © Provided by Digital Trends Mark Coppock/Digital Trends

Lenovo has made a concerted effort to construct the ThinkPad Z16 from sustainable materials. That includes 75% post-consumer recycled aluminum in the chassis, 97% recycled plastic in the speaker enclosure and battery, and 90% recycled and/or sustainable materials in the packaging.

That places the device among the leaders in the laptop market, but it doesn’t detract from the machine’s design. The ThinkPad Z16 is just as solid as the rest of the ThinkPad line and as well-built as the best, including the Dell XPS 15 and the Apple MacBook Pro 16.

Despite its all-aluminum chassis, the ThinkPad Z16 is surprisingly light at 3.99 pounds. That’s less than most 15-inch or 16-inch laptops and it’s accomplished without feeling cheap. The laptop’s also thin at just 0.62 inches, which beats the XPS 15 by a considerable margin. It’s a reasonably sized chassis that’s surprisingly comfortable to carry around given the large 16-inch 16:10 display.

Mark Coppock/Digital Trends © Provided by Digital Trends Mark Coppock/Digital Trends

As mentioned above, the ThinkPad Z16 doesn’t look a lot like a ThinkPad, especially with the lid closed. On the outside, it’s a dark silver color with lines that are reminiscent of Dell’s lineup. The traditional ThinkPad logo adorns the lid with an LED light behind the dot on the “i,” but otherwise the aesthetic is more in line with the typical laptop.

Open the lid and you’ll find a black palm rest with a red TrackPoint nubbin in the center of the keyboard, along with a subdued ThinkPad logo in the corner. But even the usual TrackPoint buttons are missing, with the top layer of the haptic touchpad, or “ForcePad,” devoted to the input device.

That’s not a knock against the laptop. It’s an attractive machine, for sure, and even the inverted notch at the top of the display gives it some panache. That notch, dubbed the Communications Bar, houses a high-quality 1080p webcam with infrared and dual-array microphones, and along with small bezels contributes to the highest screen-to-body ratio in a ThinkPad at 92.3%.

Once again there’s an XPS 15 vibe when viewed from straight on, although the bezels are lined with plastic that detracts from the modern look. The notch also provides something to grab onto when opening the lid, which the hinge allows you to do with one hand.

Mark Coppock/Digital Trends © Provided by Digital Trends Mark Coppock/Digital Trends

To my eye, the ThinkPad Z16’s keyboard is a mix between the heavily sculpted ThinkPad version and the one you’ll find on other Lenovo brands. It’s a large keyboard with nicely sized keys, and its switch mechanism feels like the one on other ThinkPads with a lighter touch and a snappy feel. It’s an excellent keyboard that ranks up there with the best you find on Windows laptops.

The large ForcePad haptic touchpad is smooth and provides a realistic click across its entire surface. As mentioned above, the top layer mimics the TrackPoint nubbin’s three buttons, and the TrackPoint itself works as well as always for those ThinkPad fans who prefer it.

Lenovo ThinkPad Z16 left side view showing ports. © Provided by Digital Trends Lenovo ThinkPad Z16 left side view showing ports. Lenovo ThinkPad Z16 right side view showing ports. © Provided by Digital Trends Lenovo ThinkPad Z16 right side view showing ports.

Connectivity is a bit light for a large laptop. There are two USB-C 4.0 ports, a single USB-C 3.2 Gen 2 port, a 3.5mm headphone jack, and a full-size SD card reader.

I’m used to seeing HDMI and USB-A ports on a 16-inch machine, so those are missing, and then this is an AMD chipset and so there’s no Thunderbolt 4 support. Wireless connectivity is up to date, though, with Wi-Fi 6E and Bluetooth 5.2.

AMD inside means solid performance and superior longevity

Mark Coppock/Digital Trends © Provided by Digital Trends Mark Coppock/Digital Trends

AMD isn’t new to Lenovo’s lineup, but it’s not as common in a ThinkPad. The ThinkPad Z16 uses AMD’s Ryzen Pro chip, which adds additional security features in line with the line’s business focus. Speaking of that, you’ll find the usual self-healing BIOS, Match-On-Chip fingerprint reader (located as a keyboard button), and webcam shutter (an electronic version). I reviewed the AMD Ryzen 7 Pro 6850H configuration, which is an eight-core/16-thread CPU running at 45 watts and up to 4.75GHz. Mine was limited to integrated AMD Radeon Graphics, but there’s an option for the faster discrete AMD Radeon RX 6500 GPU.

The ThinkPad Z16 was a solid performer in our benchmark suite, keeping up with the Dell XPS 15 running Intel’s Core i7-12700H CPU and the Lenovo Slim 7 Pro X with an AMD Ryzen 9 6900HS. The Radeon Graphics limits performance in creative apps that can utilize a discrete GPS, but the laptop can handle demanding productivity workflows and moderate creativity tasks.

It did well in the 3DMark Time Spy test and hit 30 frames per second (fps) in Fortnite at 1200p and epic graphics, faster than Intel’s integrated Iris Xe graphics and competitive with some machines running Nvidia’s GeForce RTX 3050. That makes it a passable entry-level gaming laptop.


(single / multi)



Cinebench R23

(single / multi)

PCMark 10


Lenovo ThinkPad Z16

(Ryzen 7 Pro 6850H)

Bal: 1,360 / 8,648

Perf: 1,365 / 8,679

Bal: 88

Perf: 87

Bal: 1,376 / 10,938

Perf: 1,374 / 11,553


Dell XPS 15 9520

(Core i7-12700H)

Bal: 1,470 / 9,952

Perf: 1,714 / 11,053

Bal: 100

Perf: 77

Bal: 1,509 / 11,578

Perf: 1,806 / 13,313


Lenovo Slim 7 Pro X

(Ryzen 9 6900HS)

Bal: 1,493 / 8,914

Perf: 1,493 / 9,288

Bal: 99

Perf: 86

Bal: 1,552 / 12,139

Perf: 1,548 / 13,164


Asus ZenBook Pro 14 Duo

(Core i7-12700H)

Bal: 1,829 / 10,819

Perf: N/A

Bal: 94

Perf: 82

Bal: 1,793 / 12,046

Perf: N/A


LG Gram 16 2-in-1

(Core i7-1260P)

Bal: 1,682 / 9,035

Perf: 1,686 / 9,479

Bal: 137

Perf: 113

Bal: 1,524 / 6,314

Perf: 1,663 / 8,396


Asus Zenbook S 13 OLED

(Ryzen 7 6800U)

Bal: 1,417 / 6,854

Perf: 1,404 / 7,223

Bal: 112

Perf: 111

Bal: 1,402 / 8,682

Perf: 1,409 / 8,860


AMD’s Ryzen chips tend to be more efficient than their Intel equivalents, and that’s on display with the ThinkPad Z16. Despite just 72 watt-hours of battery capacity, which is light for a 16-inch laptop, and with a large 16-inch display, the ThinkPad still managed an above-average result in our web browsing test and a spectacular score in our video test.

It’s stronger than the XPS 15 and the rest of our comparison group, and virtually guarantees a full day of battery life with typical productivity tasks. Like several AMD machines I’ve reviewed, the ThinkPad Z16 wouldn’t complete the PCMark 10 Applications battery test.

Web browsing Video

Lenovo ThinkPad Z16

(Ryzen 7 Pro 6850H)
12 hours, 4 minutes 23 hours, 2 minutes

Dell XPS 15 9520

(Core i7-12700H)

9 hours, 38 minutes 12 hours, 40 minutes

Lenovo Slim 7 Pro X

Ryzen 9 6900HS)

7 hours, 49 minutes 11 hours, 30 minutes

Asus ZenBook Pro 14 Duo

(Core i7-12700H)

3 hours, 10 minutes 5 hours, 18 minutes

LG Gram 16 2-in-1

(Core i7-1260P)

11 hours, 31 minutes 17 hours, 58 minutes

Speaking of battery life, my ThinkPad Z16 review machine equipped a low-power 1,920 x 1,200 IPS non-touch display, which likely contributed to the laptop’s longevity. The display offered average colors and accuracy for a premium display, with an excellent 485 nits of brightness and high contrast for an IPS display at 1,520:1. If you’re a creator who craves excellent colors and even deeper contrast, you’ll want to opt for the 3,840 x 2,400 OLED panel.

Mark Coppock/Digital Trends © Provided by Digital Trends Mark Coppock/Digital Trends

Dual speakers provide passable sound that’s nowhere near the quality of the XPS 15’s quad speakers. The volume gets quite loud and mids and highs are fine, but there’s not a ton of bass.

A ThinkPad that’s not a ThinkPad, and that’s okay

The Thinkpad Z16 breaks out of the typical ThinkPad mode and introduces a new, more contemporary machine to the line. It proves that Lenovo is willing to take some risks, and it was worth it. The ThinkPad Z16 is a well-built, attractive, fast, and long-lasting laptop with an excellent keyboard and haptic touchpad.

The biggest problem with the machine is that it’s expensive. I wish the same principles that Lenovo applied to the smaller ThinkPad Z13 could apply here. But even then, it’s in line with laptops like the Dell XPS 15 and the Lenovo ThinkPad X1 Extreme, and it costs less than more powerful laptops like the MSI Creator Z16P and the MacBook Pro 16. The ThinkPad Z16 is worth a look if you’re in the market for a larger machine.

Fri, 07 Oct 2022 23:00:32 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : What Is a Self-Service Government?

Swipe left to report a pothole. Swipe right for social services. (Illustration: Andrés Moncayo)


Social media should soon replace paperwork in local government.

In September, the Philadelphia Police Department posted a surveillance video of a hate crime to its YouTube channel. Shortly thereafter, a handful of civic-minded social media sleuths tracked down the suspects—connecting the video with Twitter photos and Facebook check-ins—and contacted the police. After investigating the leads, the detective on the case thanked them with a tweet.

Since 2008, the city police have explored social media as a new avenue to protect and serve. Reaching more than 60,000 people with the push of a button, with updates including everything from the digial-age wanted poster to the pilot testing of body cameras, the @PhillyPolice Twitter feed and its YouTube channel have become increasingly vital tools for connecting with the people the department protects.

The benefits of “having authentic voices engage in public conversation” outweigh the threats of social media, says Susan Crawford, currently a visiting professor at Harvard Law School. Crawford also recently co-authored The Responsive City: Engaging Communities Through Data-Smart Governance, and argues that effective Twitter use is one way governments can “show their work” and get unfiltered feedback.

Up to 75 percent of the population will live in cities by 2050, so finding new ways to make city governments responsive and accountable will become even more important with time. “Cities are at the heart of citizen-centric services,” says Charles Prow, general manager of the global government team at IBM. That makes them best-positioned to use civic technology to reinvigorate democracy and strengthen the social fabric between the people and their public servants, says Crawford.

Social networking is just one of the most visible ways that technology is changing the ways that citizens and their governments can interact and communicate. Big cities like New York and Chicago have embraced the idea that, like many businesses and industries, they can best function as data-driven enterprises. But having direct access to citizen feedback has its own difficulties. The biggest challenge is balancing the need for being responsive—actually listening to citizens and acting to address their needs—without being overwhelmed. There will always be more complaints than policemen, more potholes than construction crews.

One way cities can make time for communication is to provide automated services that citizens can access directly. Permits, registrations, service requests—much of a government’s work is informational in nature, and historically required lots of paperwork. But these days, when we can do almost anything from our smartphones, paper-bound government processes are increasingly seen as too slow and expensive. “Governments realize that the expectations of citizens have fundamentally changed,” says Prow, and what citizens want is digital access to government services anytime and anywhere. Self-service government isn’t just convenient—it’s also more efficient, saving time for employees and lowering costs for taxpayers

Ultimately, says Crawford, the more digital tools make it easier to interact with the government, the more confidence citizens will have in the government to provide important public services. The way that technology changes the nature of an interaction has the power to also change the perception of it. When Chicago launched its “Open311” mobile app, in many ways it was an extension of the city’s existing 311 service. But because users were encouraged to submit photos of things they were reporting, it changed the way they felt about the service. People are more used to posting to Facebook or Instagram than calling hotlines, and, when similar programs across the nation were surveyed, users said that the app made them feel like they were helping, not just complaining. Says Crawford, “the sense of agency it creates is tremendous.”

In turn, pictures made it easier for employees to determine the severity of the problem. As an added benefit, because most pictures are geo-coded with detailed location information, work crews know exactly where the problem is and can respond quicker. Mobile apps on a cloud infrastructure are a great “opportunity to put information in citizens' hands and make citizens real partners in making government work better,” says Prow.


A Conversation with Charles Prow, General Manager, Global Government Team at IBM

Q: We hear more and more about how government needs to do more to adapt to today’s technology. Can you the discuss approach it’s taking?

Governments realize that the expectations of citizens have fundamentally changed. So it is no longer good enough for government to be able to provide capabilities in very long cycles of system implementation programs—taking years to upgrade services or make it easier to access employment programs, early childhood programs, programs for the elderly, programs for the disabled.

When I think about citizen demand for faster and easier access to government, I think about what I call systems of engagement. Social and mobile applications are fundamentally—and for the better—transforming how citizens and governments can interact. For example, iPad applications that allow caseworkers to work more directly with clients, untethered from their desks, allowing them to be much more efficient and effective in dealing with individual citizens.

And in the U.S. alone there are about 700,000 caseworkers. accurate industry studies have indicated those caseworkers spend more than 50 percent of their time on activities unrelated to direct client engagement. So there is a major opportunity to Boost the lives of millions of people by allowing caseworkers to focus more of their time on helping citizens.

Q: How could those systems of engagement help?

As jurisdictions begin to provide mobile applications to do things that citizens used to have to wait in line for or do by mail, it does two things. It provides the citizen immediate access to whatever particular program or service they’re looking for and it really does eliminate a lot of cost and workload from the jurisdiction—whether it be a city, a county, a municipality—that they’re now not having to provide manually.

Q: Can you give a couple examples of how that’s happening?

We’re beginning to see some results—being able to quantitatively prove, through analytics and social media—that there are steps that can be taken by governments to keep people employed once they get a job and keeping them off of the unemployment rolls.

Then there are examples of cities wanting to take their 311 programs, which provide a broad range of information on and access to government services—from homeless shelters to trash pickup—and put it on a mobile application. It is exciting to see so much happening in this area in cities around the world and we can expect this trend to accelerate in the future.

Q: And how far along are we to arriving at that future? Are government officials buying into these ideas?

Every about 18 months or so we host a forum on social programs. I remember that at the last program, there were large debates about the lawfulness and the efficacy of systems of engagement—social and mobile type applications. At the most accurate forum, which took place recently, the conversation had shifted completely and the focus of the participants was on "How can we do mobile and social faster?"

If you listen to government officials that are responsible to serving citizens through these programs, they are way past the intellectual conversation of will this or will this not happen. Their citizens are demanding new ways to engage government and officials see that mobile and social offer powerful new tools for citizens—and employees—that will enhance the ability of government to serve the people. Now it’s all about how fast will it happen and how can we make sure we do it in a secure way.

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Using social technology can even Boost face-to-face interaction. Prow notes that nationwide, there are nearly 700,000 caseworkers who are interacting with constituents, but they’re a limited resource. “That creates a bottleneck in how we serve citizens,” Prow says, and “it’s amazing to see the improved engagement when (caseworkers) have access to social analytics.”  For example, workers in employment programs can use social networking data to detect warning signs that indicate a slip back toward unemployment, and then work proactively to prevent that. In Manchester, England, a program working with troubled teens found that just a few influencers were responsible for dragging down a bunch of their friends. By focusing only on these few, the caseworkers produced better results—and were able to work more efficiently.

And as more services go digital, it will also be important to make sure that all citizens have the devices, cloud-connectivity, and digital literacy to be able to take advantage of them. For citizens in the small town of Jun, Spain, that means all residents need a Twitter account. That’s because the town has fully embraced Twitter as a communications platform, and tweets can do a lot more than express an opinion. Even the conference rooms in City Hall have their own twitter accounts: Anyone in town can send a direct message to reserve a room, and a second direct message even unlocks the doors. To make the system accessible, though, the town had to make sure everyone had a unique digital ID and Twitter handle. Just as today’s cities are responsible for providing clean water and electricity, says Crawford, it will be important for future cities to provide ubiquitous, cheap, and well-understood digital tools.

he real power of social media, however, is that because it’s designed to be used with other people, it’s inherently humanizing. It strips away barriers—real or perceived—to working together, offering a new way to convene to solve problems, as the collaboration between the Philadelphia police and a handful of citizens proved earlier this year. And the more that technology gives government employees and citizens a way to rapidly and effectively solve problems together, the less that government seems like an abstract entity.

Crawford hopes that eventually using such technologies will bring citizens and government closer together, breaking down barriers between civil servants and their constituents, and ushering in a new transparency—and collaboration—to civic engagement. The alternative, she says, is a government “retreats behind the invisibility of big walls.”

NEXT: Employee Training Isn’t What It Used To Be

Tue, 03 May 2022 22:36:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Intel’s Journey From 100 Billion To 1 Trillion Transistors Was Painted At The IntelON 2022 Event

Last week, Intel held its annual Intel Innovation event, IntelON, where I was fortunate enough to attend in person and meet up with Pat Gelsinger, CEO of Intel, for a conversation with industry analysts. Net-net, my conversations with each of the GMs and Gelsinger’s keynote have increased my confidence in the company and its future prospects.

IntelON is a conference for developers. Last year’s IntelON event focused heavily on the value of developers as the center of value creation. IntelON 2022 reinforces this focus on developers and extends it to the open-source community. Intel has many welcomed announcements in the data center, and for gamers and content creators with new GPUs and Intel’s 13th gen processors. Without spoiling anything, let’s jump into the announcements.

What I won’t be covering yet as I am still researching it is Intel’s dive into monetized software and services.

“Moore’s Law is alive and well”

Gelsinger and Intel has always been a big proponent of Moore’s law, the idea that the number of transistors will double with every semiconductor generation. Gelsinger predicted that the industry will have a trillion transistors by the end of the decade, up from a 100 billion today. Gelsinger doubled down on its “Five nodes in four years” and after personally talking with Gelsinger, my confidence is up. Lest we forget Intel’s end-to-end foundry play with its desired acquisition of Tower Semi. And massive fab investments, the most accurate announcement being the first shovels in the ground in Columbus with enough room for 20 fabs. This end-to-end foundry moves Intel into Intel’s systems foundry (IFS) era from a system on a chip (SoC) to a system in package (SiP) with what Intel claims as the broadest portfolio of differentiated technologies.

I believe Intel’s differentiated end-to-end foundry has incredible capabilities and I am glad the company didn’t spin out the capability. IFS has four components—wafers, packaging, software and an open chiplet ecosystem. Gelsinger highlighted how novel packaging is giving designers the tools to increase the number of transistors per device, stewarding Moore’s Law. All makes sense to me.

Intel announced the expansion of the Universal Chiplet Interconnect Express (UCIe) consortium for creating an open chiplet ecosystem. It has more than eighty companies participating in the UCIe consortium, including Samsung and TSMC. What Intel envisions with the UCIe are components from different companies within the consortium that can be assembled together. I believe this could be great for accelerating innovation within a chip because of the competitiveness that comes with it. I am also hoping it improves time to market as it should be easier to package disparate components than assemble and test a monolithic design. I am interested to see how this impacts the software side of things because software inherently becomes less proprietary as chip designers pursue the open chiplet ecosystem that the consortium offers. I could imagine it either slowing down the process of software development for chipsets for a short time or speeding up software development as more UCIe designs progress.

Software is one of the highest cost drivers for chips and one of the most time-consuming. As chip designs become more complex, the software for the chiplets becomes just as complex. If UCIe can somehow speed up software development while increasing competitiveness, I believe chip design could be accelerated in the coming years. I will keep dreaming.

New data center and gaming GPUs

Intel announced Data Center GPUs earlier the prior week, the Flex Series, that are the first to support AV1 encoding in the data center and support Tensorflow, OpenVINO, and PyTorch. As AI becomes more popular in the data center, support for these AI and deep learning frameworks becomes critical. Intel says it should give customers a single GPU solution for a wide range of visual cloud workloads.

Intel also announced it was shipping Ponte Vecchio, the “highest performance data center GPU”. Ponte Vecchio uses Intel’s Xe HPC architecture that targets high-performance computing (HPC) and artificial intelligence (AI). The Xe HPC is a scalable architecture with over 100 billion transistors, and Intel claims 45 TFLOPS. I do not doubt that Intel is targeting NVIDIA’s A-H100 HPC GPU and with how well Intel is marketing the Ponte Vecchio alongside its 4th Gen Xeon. Intel needs some big wins here. Like AMD, I think the challenge will be more software than hardware.

The last GPU Intel announced is the Intel Arc A770 GPU for gamers. Many did not believe Intel would follow its promise to release the Arc A770, and I believe Intel hit it out of the park with the A770. The A770 won’t be the fastest consumer GPU on the market, but Intel is targeting the best price to performance. Intel undercut the average price to performance with a price tag of $329, almost $100 less than the average selling price of a similarly performing GPU, the NVIDIA GeForce 3060. Intel also claimed that the Arc A770 has 65% better peak performance than the ray tracing competition. I believe 65% is a considerable difference, but I am curious to see how much of that is sustained.

Only recently did Intel re-enter the discrete graphics market, and so far, its mobile release of Arc has been a slight success with many designs wins. Although the Arc 5 and Arc 7 did not come to the notebook front, I am pleased to see Intel release it on desktop.

I will also take a bit of a victory lap. Three years ago, I predicted Intel’s peak consumer GPU would land in the middle of the pack versus challenging a 4090 or a new RDNA 3 card. In over 30 years, I have never seen a first-out product come out on top. It’s a really good start, though and as the software stack improve, I think Intel will Boost competitively. Intel doesn’t have to make money in discrete graphic immediately, but it has a few years to prove it out.

Intel Raptor Lake

Gelsinger also announced its 13th Generation Core Processors, codenamed Raptor Lake, with up to 24 performance cores, 15% better single-threaded performance, and 41% better multi-threaded performance. Intel says it has improved the P-core cache architecture and doubled the E cores.

This generation is Intel’s second generation with an efficiency and performance core configuration. Intel has increased the number of performance cores from 16 to 24 cores. I believe that is why Intel is claiming 41% higher multi-threaded performance. It will also have a 6.0Ghz clock speed out of the box. Gelsinger claimed that the 13th Gen Intel Core i9 13900K is the world’s fastest desktop processor while also touting “the Intel platform” it runs on.

The 13th Gen Core Processors also have support for DDR5-5600 and DDR5-5200 alongside DRR4 and have support for Thunderbolt 4 and Intel Killer WiFi 6E. Intel’s Raptor Lake came out earlier than I anticipated (although Gelsinger said we all should have guessed the date), and while I believe it should give the competition a run for its money, the competition is good. I am interested to see how well Intel’s 13th Gen processors stack up to AMD’s Ryzen processors. I believe Intel’s 13th Gen Core processors could have better multi-threaded performance because of the jump in performance cores. If this were to be true, it seems to be switching of roles for AMD and Intel, considering AMD was mostly known for its multi-threaded performance and Intel its single-threaded performance. While clock speed is not everything, the 6.0GHz right out of the box reveals that a lot of the performance gains are raw performance.

Wrapping up

Gelsinger continues to keep Intel a steward of Moore’s Law, and Intel’s differentiated end-to-end foundry has incredible, future capabilities. I am also interested to see how UCIe changes the market and how quickly chiplets are assembled across a wider swath of players.

Intel is also taking huge steps with its discrete GPUs, announcing three new GPUs, two being for the data center and the Arc A770, which many people doubted would even come this year. Intel also announced its 13 Gen Core processors with 6.0 GHz clock speed out of the box and better single and multi-threaded performance. I will have to wait until more benchmarks, and community testing comes out to give comparisons, but I believe Intel is establishing an overall fortified platform with its GPU and CPU plays. I am excited to get my hands on these products and test them out.

Net-net I think the company and Gelsinger scored wins for team blue at the event.

Note: Moor Insights & Strategy co-op Jacob Freyman contributed to this article.

Moor Insights & Strategy, like all research and tech industry analyst firms, provides or has provided paid services to technology companies. These services include research, analysis, advising, consulting, benchmarking, acquisition matchmaking, and speaking sponsorships. The company has had or currently has paid business relationships with 8×8, Accenture, A10 Networks, Advanced Micro Devices, Amazon, Amazon Web Services, Ambient Scientific, Anuta Networks, Applied Brain Research, Applied Micro, Apstra, Arm, Aruba Networks (now HPE), Atom Computing, AT&T, Aura, Automation Anywhere, AWS, A-10 Strategies, Bitfusion, Blaize, Box, Broadcom, , C3.AI, Calix, Campfire, Cisco Systems, Clear Software, Cloudera, Clumio, Cognitive Systems, CompuCom, Cradlepoint, CyberArk, Dell, Dell EMC, Dell Technologies, Diablo Technologies, Dialogue Group, Digital Optics, Dreamium Labs, D-Wave, Echelon, Ericsson, Extreme Networks, Five9, Flex,, Foxconn, Frame (now VMware), Fujitsu, Gen Z Consortium, Glue Networks, GlobalFoundries, Revolve (now Google), Google Cloud, Graphcore, Groq, Hiregenics, Hotwire Global, HP Inc., Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Honeywell, Huawei Technologies, IBM, Infinidat, Infosys, Inseego, IonQ, IonVR, Inseego, Infosys, Infiot, Intel, Interdigital, Jabil Circuit, Keysight, Konica Minolta, Lattice Semiconductor, Lenovo, Linux Foundation, Lightbits Labs, LogicMonitor, Luminar, MapBox, Marvell Technology, Mavenir, Marseille Inc, Mayfair Equity, Meraki (Cisco), Merck KGaA, Mesophere, Micron Technology, Microsoft, MiTEL, Mojo Networks, MongoDB, National Instruments, Neat, NetApp, Nightwatch, NOKIA (Alcatel-Lucent), Nortek, Novumind, NVIDIA, Nutanix, Nuvia (now Qualcomm), onsemi, ONUG, OpenStack Foundation, Oracle, Palo Alto Networks, Panasas, Peraso, Pexip, Pixelworks, Plume Design, PlusAI, Poly (formerly Plantronics), Portworx, Pure Storage, Qualcomm, Quantinuum, Rackspace, Rambus, Rayvolt E-Bikes, Red Hat, Renesas, Residio, Samsung Electronics, Samsung Semi, SAP, SAS, Scale Computing, Schneider Electric, SiFive, Silver Peak (now Aruba-HPE), SkyWorks, SONY Optical Storage, Splunk, Springpath (now Cisco), Spirent, Splunk, Sprint (now T-Mobile), Stratus Technologies, Symantec, Synaptics, Syniverse, Synopsys, Tanium, Telesign,TE Connectivity, TensTorrent, Tobii Technology, Teradata,T-Mobile, Treasure Data, Twitter, Unity Technologies, UiPath, Verizon Communications, VAST Data, Ventana Micro Systems, Vidyo, VMware, Wave Computing, Wellsmith, Xilinx, Zayo, Zebra, Zededa, Zendesk, Zoho, Zoom, and Zscaler.

Moor Insights & Strategy founder, CEO, and Chief Analyst Patrick Moorhead is an investor in dMY Technology Group Inc. VI, Dreamium Labs, Groq, Luminar Technologies, MemryX, and Movandi.

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 09:28:00 -0500 Patrick Moorhead en text/html
Killexams : test preparation in a group

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Fri, 27 Nov 2020 06:39:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : ‘Exam reports are your best friend’: How these students got 50 in science

Olivia says it doesn’t matter how you do your practice exams, as long as you do them and learn from them.

Key test dates:

October 28 - Biology

October 31 - Psychology

November 8 - Chemistry

November 9 - Physics

November 10 - Environmental science

Voulgaris’ biology tips:

  • Biology is content heavy, but a lot of questions come up again and again.
  • If you look through test papers you can sometimes see a pattern.
  • Think outside the box. Sometimes you may get two marks easily off a three-mark question. Think of a creative solution or think abstractly to develop the last answer.
  • Use your practicing time in the biology test strategically. Read the short answer question first, then start going through the multiple choice in your head.
  • Find someone you can bounce ideas off – a teacher, friend, parent or study buddy.

Ben Ostermeyer scored a 50 in VCE psychology in 2021 and received a premier’s award.

When Ben Ostermeyer, 18, was studying for his 2021 VCE exams, he was in and out of lockdown. It meant a lot of his study groups were online.

Ostermeyer, a former student of Whitefriars College in Donvale, scored a 50 in psychology and earned himself a premier’s award in the subject. He’s now studying speech pathology at the Australian Catholic University.

He leaned on his teachers, his friends and his mother to drill content before doing practice exams.

“I got other people involved. I studied with my mates and my mum and went through the content togther,” he says.

He did about 10 practice exams altogether, the first few of which he did open-book style to identify areas he needed to focus more on, before progressing to closed-book exams.

Although he didn’t use a timetable to study, Ostermeyer did make sure he did all his practice exams at the same time they were scheduled: 10am.


The psychology test includes multiple choice, short-answer questions and an extended-answer question. He says it was good to experiment with completing the different sections at different paces.

“In the exam, I found I spent more time on the multiple choice. In my practice exams I was flying through the multiple choice. I would recommend trying to do them at different paces,” he says.

He also recommends spending time studying research methods – hypotheses, independent variables and experiments.

“Just get in there, have a crack at it. I was little bit nervous. I was pretty confident going in because I put in a lot of work, so I knew that would put me in good stead.”

Both students advise getting a good night’s sleep before the test and taking time to relax, whether that’s by listening to music, doing puzzles or exercising.

Voulgaris says to remember that there are many pathways into your future career. “I’m at uni now. It’s a completely different landscape. No one cares what my ATAR was,” she says.

“I’m doing bio-med. You can do the same path through science. There are always options. You aren’t looking at it as a score that evaluates yourself. It’s just another tool to get where you need to go.”

Tips from assessors from previous science exams:


  • Show sufficient working. Assessors say students should imagine what they would write if they were explaining their thinking to a teacher or peer.
  • Don’t round too much during calculations. Students should carry as many decimal places as is reasonable and only round at the end.
  • Don’t copy text directly from reference sheets. Assessors say it’s obvious when the response has no relation to the question.
  • For calculation questions worth more than three marks, plan the layout of your work.


  • Understand key terms from the study design and be able to apply them.
  • Include clear detail and be able to show key science skills.


  • Use the study design to prepare for the exam. In last year’s exam, a number of questions directly related to the study design.
  • Be familiar with and use the key knowledge and skills in the study design.
  • Read the question carefully. If it asks to calculate a number, make sure it’s in the units specified in the stem.
  • Make sure all key aspects of a question are addressed in your answer, especially in descriptive responses.


  • Respond to every multiple-choice question, even if you don’t know it.
  • Write within the marked boundaries of the test paper and highlight if your response is continued on an extra space.
  • Make sure you answer the question asked.
  • Make sure you don’t misspell words that could alter the meaning of what you are saying, ie: “semantic” instead of “somatic”.

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Fri, 30 Sep 2022 13:33:00 -0500 en text/html
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