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AZ-104 Microsoft Azure Administrator 2022

EXAM NUMBER : AZ-104
EXAM NAME : Microsoft Azure Administrator 2021

Candidates for this test should have subject matter expertise implementing, managing, and monitoring an organization’s Microsoft Azure environment. Responsibilities for this role include implementing, managing, and monitoring identity, governance, storage, compute, and virtual networks in a cloud environment, plus provision, size, monitor, and adjust resources, when needed. An Azure administrator often serves as part of a larger team dedicated to implementing an organization's cloud infrastructure. A candidate for this test should have at least six months of hands-on experience administering Azure, along with a strong understanding of core Azure services, Azure workloads, security, and governance. In addition, this role should have experience using PowerShell, Azure CLI, Azure portal, and Azure Resource Manager templates.

Skills:
- Manage Azure identities and governance (15-20%)
- Implement and manage storage (15-20%)
- Deploy and manage Azure compute resources (20-25%)
- Configure and manage virtual networking (25-30%)
- Monitor and back up Azure resources (10-15%)

Manage Azure identities and governance (15–20%)
Manage Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) objects
 create users and groups
 manage user and group properties
 manage device settings
 perform bulk user updates
 manage guest accounts
 configure Azure AD join
 configure self-service password reset
Manage role-based access control (RBAC)
 create a custom role
 provide access to Azure resources by assigning roles at different scopes
 interpret access assignments
Manage subscriptions and governance
 configure Azure policies
 configure resource locks
 apply and manage tags on resources
 manage resource groups
 manage subscriptions
 manage costs
 configure management groups

Implement and manage storage (15–20%)
Secure storage
 configure network access to storage accounts
 create and configure storage accounts
 generate shared access signature (SAS) tokens
 manage access keys
 configure Azure AD authentication for a storage account
 configure access to Azure Files
Manage storage
 export from Azure job
 import into Azure job
 install and use Azure Storage Explorer
 copy data by using AZCopy
 implement Azure Storage replication
 configure blob object replication
Configure Azure files and Azure Blob Storage
 create an Azure file share
 create and configure Azure File Sync service
 configure Azure Blob Storage
 configure storage tiers for Azure Blob Storage
 configure blob lifecycle management

Deploy and manage Azure compute resources (20–25%)
Automate deployment of virtual machines (VMs) by using Azure Resource Manager templates
 modify an Azure Resource Manager template
 configure a virtual hard disk (VHD) template
 deploy from a template
 save a deployment as an Azure Resource Manager template
 deploy virtual machine extensions
Configure VMs
 configure Azure Disk Encryption
 move VMs from one resource group to another
 manage VM sizes
 add data disks
 configure networking
 redeploy VMs
 configure high availability
 deploy and configure scale sets
Create and configure containers
 configure sizing and scaling for Azure Container Instances
 configure container groups for Azure Container Instances
 configure storage for Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)
 configure scaling for AKS
 configure network connections for AKS
 upgrade an AKS cluster
Create and configure Azure App Service
 create an App Service plan
 configure scaling settings in an App Service plan
 create an App Service
 secure an App Service
 configure custom domain names
 configure backup for an App Service
 configure networking settings
 configure deployment settings

Configure and manage virtual networking (25–30%)
Implement and manage virtual networking
 create and configure virtual networks, including peering
 configure private and public IP addresses
 configure user-defined network routes
 implement subnets
 configure endpoints on subnets
 configure private endpoints
 configure Azure DNS, including custom DNS settings and private or public DNS zones
Secure access to virtual networks
 create security rules
 associate a network security group (NSG) to a subnet or network interface
 evaluate effective security rules
 implement Azure Firewall
 implement Azure Bastion
Configure load balancing
 configure Azure Application Gateway
 configure an internal or public load balancer
 troubleshoot load balancing
Monitor and troubleshoot virtual networking
 monitor on-premises connectivity
 configure and use Network Performance Monitor
 use Azure Network Watcher
 troubleshoot external networking
 troubleshoot virtual network connectivity
Integrate an on-premises network with an Azure virtual network
 create and configure Azure VPN Gateway
 create and configure Azure ExpressRoute
 configure Azure Virtual WAN

Monitor and back up Azure resources (10–15%)
Monitor resources by using Azure Monitor
 configure and interpret metrics
 configure Azure Monitor logs
 query and analyze logs
 set up alerts and actions
 configure Application Insights
Implement backup and recovery
 create a Recovery Services vault
 create and configure backup policy
 perform backup and restore operations by using Azure Backup
 perform site-to-site recovery by using Azure Site Recovery
 configure and review backup reports

Microsoft Azure Administrator 2022
Microsoft Administrator testing
Killexams : Microsoft Administrator testing - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AZ-104 Search results Killexams : Microsoft Administrator testing - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AZ-104 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Microsoft Killexams : Top 16 Microsoft Azure certifications to expedite your IT career

With companies increasingly moving their data to cloud, there is an extensive need for more professionals with sound understanding and expertise of cloud technology.

Microsoft’s cloud offering, Azure, ranks among the top in the industry. Enterprises find Azure’s hybrid feature appealing, as well as the wide range of tools offered on the platform. As per data from Statista, the Azure market share has been on an upsurge and now accounts for 21% of the worldwide cloud market, making earning an Azure certification a strong career move.

Here are 16 role-based Azure certifications that will deliver you an in-depth understanding of the skills and knowledge required to elevate your IT career using Microsoft’s cloud.

  • Azure Administrator Associate
  • Azure AI Engineer Associate
  • Azure Database Administrator Associate
  • Azure Data Engineer Associate
  • Azure Data Scientist Associate
  • Azure Developer Associate
  • Azure Enterprise Data Analyst Associate
  • Azure Network Engineer Associate
  • Azure Security Engineer Associate
  • Azure Solutions Architect Expert
  • Azure Stack Hub Operator Associate
  • Cybersecurity Architect Expert
  • DevOps Engineer Expert
  • Identity and Access Administrator Associate
  • Security Operations Analyst Associate
  • Windows Server Hybrid Administrator Associate

Azure Administrator Associate

The certification is designed for professionals with expertise in implementing, managing, and monitoring identity, storage, governance, compute, and virtual networks in a cloud environment. Many a times, this role operates as a part of a bigger team devoted to implement an organization’s cloud infrastructure.

To earn this certification, you should have a minimum of six months of hands-on experience managing Azure. In addition, you would also require a good understanding of core Azure services, Azure workloads, security, and governance. It will also test your skills of deploying and managing Azure compute resources, as well as your ability to configure, monitor, and maintain Azure resources.

Job role: Administrator

Required exam: Microsoft Azure Administrator

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure AI Engineer Associate

This certification validates your ability to develop AI solutions in collaobration with data engineers, data scientists, AI developers, and IoT specialists.

To earn this certification, you need to have a strong understanding of C# or Python and should have hands-on knowledge of REST-based APIs and SDKs to develop conversational AI solutions, natural language processing, computer vision, and knowledge mining on Azure. You should also be proficient enough to apply responsible AI principles and be able to plan and mange Azure Cognitive Services solution.

Job role: AI engineer

Required exam: Designing and Implementing a Microsoft Azure AI Solution

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure Database Administrator Associate

This certification demonstrates your ability to implement and manage the operational side of hybrid data platforms and cloud-native solutions developed with SQL Server and Azure data services. This test verifies your proficiency in using varied methods and tools to execute regular operations, including know-how of using T-SQL for administrative management purposes.

The skill sets that the test measures include the ability to: plan and implement data platform resources; implement a secure environment; examine, configure, and Strengthen database resources; configure and manage task automation; and plan and configure a high availability and disaster recovery environment.

Job role: Database administrator

Required exam: Administering Microsoft Azure SQL Solutions

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure Data Engineer Associate

This certification is a stamp of your expertise in integrating, consolidating, and transforming data pouring in from numerous structured and unstructured data systems and in providing structure to build analytics solutions on that data. An Azure data engineer ensures data pipelines and data stores are well-functioning, effective, structured, and reliable based on business requirements and limitations. You also need to navigate unexpected issues and reduce data loss.

To earn this certification, you need to have an in-depth knowledge of data processing languages, including Scala, SQL, or Python, and have an understanding of parallel processing and data architecture patterns. You should be able to design, implement, and optimize data storage, data processing, and data security.

Job role: Data engineer

Required exam: Data Engineering on Microsoft Azure

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure Data Scientist Associate

This certification focuses on your expertise in leveraging data science and machine learning to implement and run machine learning workloads on Azure.

Candidates for this role should be able to conduct data experiments, train predictive models, and manage Azure resources for machine learning.

Job role: Data scientist

Required exam: Designing and Implementing a Data Science Solution on Azure

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure Developer Associate

The Azure Developer Associate certification is designed for professionals with one to two years of professional experience with Azure. It validates that a candidate is a cloud developer who takes part in all stages of development, deployment, and maintenance. And that the candidate works with cloud database administrators and clients to implement solutions.

The skills measured in the test include the ability to develop Azure compute solutions; develop for Azure storage; implement Azure security; monitor, troubleshoot, and optimize Azure solutions; and connect to and use Azure services and third-party services.

Job role: Developer

Required exam: Developing Solutions for Microsoft Azure

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure Enterprise Data Analyst Associate

The certification proves your standing to appropriately deal in areas of designing, creating, and deploying enterprise-scale data analytics solutions.

To achieve this certification, you should have advanced Power BI skills. You should have the expertise to implement and manage a data analytics environment; query and transform data, implement and manage data models; and explore and visualize data.

Job role: Data analyst

Required exam: Designing and Implementing Enterprise-Scale Analytics Solution Using Microsoft Azure and Microsoft Power BI

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure Network Engineer Associate

The Azure Network Engineer Associate certification validates your prowess of deploying networking solutions by using the Azure portal and other methods such as PowerShell, Azure Command-Line Interface, and Azure Resources Manager templates. The certification demonstrates your aptitude to work with solution architects, security engineers, cloud administrators, and DevOps engineers to deliver Azure solutions.

The test measures thorough expertise in planning, implementing, and maintaining Azure networking solutions comprising connectivity, routing, hybrid networking, security, and private access to Azure services.

Job role: Network engineer

Required exam: Designing and Implementing Microsoft Azure Networking Solutions

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure Security Engineer Associate

This certification focuses on your expertise in implementing Azure Security Controls that secure identity, access, data, applications, and networks in cloud and hybrid environments. It proves your ability to execute responsibilities such as managing the security posture of the organization, responding to security incident escalation, conducting threat modeling, identifying and neutralizing detected flaws, and implementing threat protection.

To earn this certification, you need to have moderate to robust knowledge of most Azure offerings and an understanding of basic IT security principals. This test tests your knowledge in four different subject areas: managing identity and access; implementing platform protection; managing security operations; and securing data and application.

Job role: Security engineer

Required exam: Microsoft Azure Security Technologies

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure Solutions Architect Expert

The certification validates your subject matter expertise in designing cloud and hybrid solutions on Azure, including network, compute, monitoring, storage, and security. It requires you to have advanced experience and deep knowledge of IT operations comprising networking, governance, disaster recovery, data platforms, virtualization, business continuity, identity, and security.

To earn it, you must have Azure Administrator Associate certification (see above), which tests your skills to implement, monitor, and manage an organization’s Microsoft Azure environment.

Job role: Solution architect

Required exam: Designing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Azure Stack Hub Operator Associate

This certification focuses on your ability to plan, deploy, update, and maintain the Azure Stack Hub infrastructure. It evaluates your aptitude to work with teams that support datacenter infrastructure; teams that manage identity; and teams that use Azure Stack Hub resources such as DevOps engineers, developers, and virtual infrastructure administrators.

The certification requires you to possess strong experience in operating and managing Azure Stack Hub environments, and to do so by using PowerShell. It will also test the depth of your understanding of Azure, as well as your knowledge of networking, virtualization, and identity management as the certification is for administrator-level role.

Job role: Administrator

Required exam: Configuring and Operating a Hybrid Cloud with Microsoft Azure Stack Hub

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR                     

Cybersecurity Architect Expert

Cybersecurity Architect Expert is an enhanced certification that establishes your subject matter expertise in securing an organization’s digital assets by deploying cybersecurity strategy. It also focuses on your ability to design a Zero Trust strategy and architecture, which comprises applications, security strategies for data, identity and access management, and infrastructure. This test also evaluates Governance Risk Compliance (GRC) technical strategies; security operations strategies; and experience of hybrid and cloud implementation.

To earn this certification, you must have at least one of the following certifications: Microsoft Certified: Azure Security Engineer Associate; Microsoft Certified: Identity and Access Administrator Associate; Microsoft 365 Certified: Security Administrator Associate; or Microsoft Certified: Security Operations Analyst Associate.

Job role: Security engineer, administrator, solution architect, security operations analyst

Required exam: Microsoft Cybersecurity Architect

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

DevOps Engineer Expert

The DevOps Engineer Expert certification proves your ability to plan and implement strategies for collaboration, code, source control, infrastructure, compliance, monitoring, delivery, testing, constant integration, monitoring, and feedback. It requires you to possess experience with administering and developing in Azure, with solid skills in at least one of these domains. You need to be acquainted with both Azure DevOps and GitHub.

The test evaluates your ability to develop an instrumentation strategy; oversee source control; design a security and compliance strategy; plan and implement constant integration; plan and implement a continuous delivery and release management approach; enable communication and collaboration; and build a site reliability engineering strategy.

To earn this certification, you must have either the Azure Administrator Associate or Azure Developer Associate certification.

Job role: DevOps engineer

Required exam: Designing and Implementing Microsoft DevOps Solutions

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Identity and Access Administrator Associate

The certification verifies your ability to design, implement, and operate an organization’s identity and access management systems by putting into use the Azure Active Directory. It also validates your expertise to configure and manage authentication and authorization of identities for Azure resources, users, devices, and applications.

Job role: Administrator, identity and access administrator, security engineer

Required exam: Microsoft Identity and Access Administrator

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Security Operations Analyst Associate

This certification validates your skills in collaborating with stakeholders to secure IT systems from cyberattacks. It demonstrates that you are capable of reducing organizational risk by promptly emending active attacks in the systems, recommending improvements to threat protection practices, and stating breaches of organizational policies to applicable stakeholders.

The certification establishes that you are efficient for the role that predominantly investigates, responds to, and tracks attacks applying Microsoft Sentinel, Microsoft Defender for Cloud, Microsoft 365 Defender, and third-party security products.

Job role: Security engineer, security operations analyst

Required exams: Microsoft Security Operations Analyst

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD

India: ₹4800 INR

Windows Server Hybrid Administrator Associate

This certification proves your expertise in configuring and managing windows server workloads using on-premises, hybrid, and infrastructure-as-a-service technologies. It also demonstrates your ability to execute tasks in line with security, monitoring, migration, troubleshooting, and disaster recovery. It also covers Azure Automation update management, Microsoft Defender for identity, Azure Security Center, Azure Migrate, and Azure Monitor.

This certification tests your ability to deploy and manage active directory domain services in on-premises and cloud environments; manage windows servers and workloads in a hybrid environment; implement and manage an on-premises and hybrid networking infrastructure; manage virtual machines and containers; manage storage and file services; and implement disaster recovery. You should have vast experience working with Windows Server operating systems.

Job role: Administrator,identity and access administrator,support engineer, network engineer, information protection administrator, technology manager, security engineer

Required exams: Administering Windows Server Hybrid Core Infrastructure and Configuring Windows Server Hybrid Advanced Services

Cost: Depends on the country or region in which it is taken. Does not include applicable taxes.

United States: $165 USD + $165 USD = $330 USD

India: ₹4800 INR + ₹4800 INR = ₹9600 INR

Sun, 16 Oct 2022 22:00:00 -0500 Author: Moumita Deb Choudhury en-US text/html https://www.cio.com/article/409828/top-16-microsoft-azure-certifications-to-expedite-your-it-career.html
Killexams : Test System Administrator at Datafin Recruitment

ENVIRONMENT:

A leading global provider of cutting-edge Telecommunications Solutions seeks a solutions-driven Test System Administrator to join its team. Your core role will be to administer the test systems, deploy new software on the test systems and perform ad hoc testing as needed. You will require a suitable National Diploma and Certifications including MCSE/CCNA, RHCSA, have 3 years’ work experience in a similar role including having managed larger server environments (Microsoft/Linux) and Linux Administration, proficiency with Active Directory, DNS, DHCP and experience monitoring backups and resolution of errors, Configuration Management and Incident and Problem Management.

DUTIES:

  • Configure and monitor test system HW and take corrective action as needed.
  • Configure and monitor test system NW and take corrective action as needed.
  • Monitor system health and take corrective action as needed.
  • Deploy subsystem builds on the test systems and verify their operability.
  • Report deployment procedure issues for rectification.
  • Verify that the test systems remain operational after deployment by using system health features to monitor system alarms, events, etc.
  • Assist with manual system testing.
  • Ensure that system documentation is kept up to date.

REQUIREMENTS:

Qualifications –

  • Minimum: National Diploma; Microsoft MCSE/CCNA; RHCSA.
  • Recommended: BTech, RHCE.

Experience/Skills –

  • Minimum 3 years’ previous experience in a similar role.
  • Manage larger server environments (Microsoft/Linux) and Linux Administration experience.
  • Monitor backups and resolution of errors.
  • Active Directory, DNS, DHCP.
  • System change management, change control processes and procedures.
  • Incident and Problem Management.
  • Configuration Management.

Advantageous –

  • Experience with PHP/Python, and the ability to write administration scripts.
  • SQL and/or programming languages.

ATTRIBUTES:

  • Analytical problem-solving skills.
  • Excellent communications skills.
  • A need to continuously upskill.
  • Have a “can do” attitude to any type of work that needs to be done.
  • Able to balance work and life.

While we would really like to respond to every application, should you not be contacted for this position within 10 working days please consider your application unsuccessful.

COMMENTS:

When applying for jobs, ensure that you have the minimum job requirements. OnlySA Citizens will be considered for this role. If you are not in the mentioned location of any of the jobs, please note your relocation plans in all applications for jobs and correspondence. Please e-mail a word copy of your CV to [Email Address Removed] and mention the reference numbers of the jobs. We have a list of jobs on [URL Removed] Datafin IT Recruitment – Cape Town Jobs.

Desired Skills:

  • Test
  • System
  • Administrator

Learn more/Apply for this position

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://it-online.co.za/2022/10/14/test-system-administrator-at-datafin-recruitment-3/
Killexams : Ignite 2022: Making Azure your development hub

Microsoft’s latest Azure announcements echo Intel’s latest focus on the “developer cloud.” At this year’s Ignite, Microsoft is describing Azure’s growing range of developer-centric tools as its own developer cloud, with a focus on building cloud-native applications that reach from GitHub to Visual Studio and out onto the Azure platform.

A key part of Microsoft’s developer cloud is Azure’s role as a flexible infrastructure, not only for deployment but also as an isolated, configurable development platform that can be delivered with minimal administration. Giving developers a sandboxed, self-service platform for code and test within practical constraints is a big change in how we both fund and manage application development—an opportunity to accelerate application development by removing the wait for infrastructure.

How developers are using Microsoft Dev Box

In May 2022 at Build, Microsoft announced its Microsoft Dev Box environment. Building on the commercial Windows 365 cloud PC platform, Dev Box uses cloud resources to host complete development environments that be accessed from any device anywhere. In advance of Ignite, I talked to Anthony Cangialosi, group program manager in Azure’s developer division, about Dev Box and its role in the growing Azure developer cloud.

There’s a lot of value in Dev Box, especially for regulated industries that have strict rules about application development. Cangialosi notes that the current pilot has seen a lot of interest from banks and other financial institutions that need a clear demarcation between code and other work, and even between code developed for different parts of the business. Using Dev Box, it’s possible to deliver each project its own environment, using Azure Active Directory’s role-based access control to lock down access to the development space, APIs, and service endpoints, using a managed virtual network in Azure along with on-premises Git or other source control instances.

That same approach helps organizations manage contingent staff, consultants, vendors, and contractors by giving them controlled access to resources without exposing their machines to corporate networks or Azure accounts. All you need to do is set up an Azure AD account with access to the appropriate resources.

Using Git repositories along with preconfigured development environments helps support some of the more complex use cases Microsoft is seeing, including one bank that completely resets all developer environments every couple of months. Now, instead of losing days while developers rebuild their toolchains from scratch, you can quickly pull a fresh Dev Box image from either Microsoft’s library or your own, reconnect to Git, and start coding. If you need more power, simply scale up the host VM; if you need less, scale down.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 04:21:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.infoworld.com/article/3676283/ignite-2022-making-azure-your-development-hub.html
Killexams : Test System Administrator at Datafin Recruitment – Western Cape Stellenbosch

ENVIRONMENT:

A leading global provider of cutting-edge Telecommunications Solutions seeks a solutions-driven Test System Administrator to join its team. Your core role will be to administer the test systems, deploy new software on the test systems and perform ad hoc testing as needed. You will require a suitable National Diploma and Certifications including MCSE/CCNA, RHCSA, have 3 years’ work experience in a similar role including having managed larger server environments (Microsoft/Linux) and Linux Administration, proficiency with Active Directory, DNS, DHCP and experience monitoring backups and resolution of errors, Configuration Management and Incident and Problem Management.

DUTIES:

  • Configure and monitor test system HW and take corrective action as needed.
  • Configure and monitor test system NW and take corrective action as needed.
  • Monitor system health and take corrective action as needed.
  • Deploy subsystem builds on the test systems and verify their operability.
  • Report deployment procedure issues for rectification.
  • Verify that the test systems remain operational after deployment by using system health features to monitor system alarms, events, etc.
  • Assist with manual system testing.
  • Ensure that system documentation is kept up to date.

REQUIREMENTS:

Qualifications –

  • Minimum: National Diploma; Microsoft MCSE/CCNA; RHCSA.
  • Recommended: BTech, RHCE.

Experience/Skills –

  • Minimum 3 years’ previous experience in a similar role.
  • Manage larger server environments (Microsoft/Linux) and Linux Administration experience.
  • Monitor backups and resolution of errors.
  • Active Directory, DNS, DHCP.
  • System change management, change control processes and procedures.
  • Incident and Problem Management.
  • Configuration Management.

Advantageous –

  • Experience with PHP/Python, and the ability to write administration scripts.
  • SQL and/or programming languages.

ATTRIBUTES:

  • Analytical problem-solving skills.
  • Excellent communications skills.
  • A need to continuously upskill.
  • Have a “can do” attitude to any type of work that needs to be done.
  • Able to balance work and life.

While we would really like to respond to every application, should you not be contacted for this position within 10 working days please consider your application unsuccessful.

COMMENTS:

When applying for jobs, ensure that you have the minimum job requirements. OnlySA Citizens will be considered for this role. If you are not in the mentioned location of any of the jobs, please note your relocation plans in all applications for jobs and correspondence. Please e-mail a word copy of your CV to [Email Address Removed] and mention the reference numbers of the jobs. We have a list of jobs on [URL Removed] Datafin IT Recruitment – Cape Town Jobs.

Desired Skills:

  • Test
  • System
  • Administrator

Learn more/Apply for this position

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://it-online.co.za/2022/10/14/test-system-administrator-at-datafin-recruitment-western-cape-stellenbosch-3/
Killexams : Biden administration fears North Korea building up to a new nuclear test, but hampered by lack of intelligence

CNN  — 

A lack of hard intelligence inside North Korea is curtailing the United States’ ability to determine Kim Jong Un’s intentions as the hermit kingdom fires a barrage of powerful missile launches, according to senior administration officials.

The latest tests have caused administration officials to grow concerned that Kim is set to oversee his nation’s seventh nuclear test.

So far, President Joe Biden has responded to the historic level of provocation by sending a US aircraft carrier to the region. The US and South Korea performed live-fire missile tests of their own and, in an urgently arranged telephone call with Japan’s prime minister, Biden vowed to coordinate on a “longer-term response” to the increasingly belligerent North.

White House officials have declined to detail any analysis or assessment that sheds light on why there has been a rapid increase in escalatory action, citing an inability to talk publicly about classified intelligence. But two senior US officials familiar with the matter acknowledged a central issue in divining the dictator’s motives is a lack of hard intelligence altogether.

“We have quite a good picture on the state of North Korean conventional and missile capabilities. What’s much harder is the intentions component, where, of course, collection is a bigger problem,” said Chris Johnstone, a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and a former director for East Asia on the National Security Council under Biden.

“Since so much of what North Korea does is driven by the leader himself, you really have to get inside his head, and that’s a hard intelligence problem.”

North Korea has long been isolated and largely shuttered from the rest of the world, a reality that has become even more acute in latest years due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The North lacks the widespread use of technology that not only facilitates economic and societal advances, but also provides critical windows and opportunities to glean information for the intelligence services of the US and its allies.

That leaves the White House without the type of information that could help predict when precisely a test may occur or allow for greater insights into Kim’s thinking as Biden works to calibrate an approach that avoids escalation.

“It’s difficult to know what is inside his mind and how he makes his decisions,” John Kirby, the strategic communications coordinator for the National Security Council, told CNN’s Christiane Amanpour. “Our ability to divine intelligence out of Pyongyang is fairly limited. So, it’s hard to know what’s prompting this. But what we do know is he’s continuing to try and Strengthen his program, his capabilities.”

The intelligence community “knows a fair bit about his inner circle, a fair bit about how decisions are made,” Johnstone said. “But at the end of the day, it really is him. And when the circle is so small – and they don’t leave the country – it’s a pretty hard target.”

The latest missile launches mark the 24th time that North Korea has conducted missile tests this year, the highest annual tally since Kim took power in 2011.

Sanctions applied by the past three administration have done little to stop Kim’s march toward a viable nuclear weapon, even as they have left the country deeply isolated and many of its people impoverished. Diplomacy has similarly failed to yield much progress in halting a weapons program that North Korea says it will never abandon.

The Biden administration’s attempts to directly engage Pyongyang – delivered through a variety of channels, both direct and indirect – have been met with silence, according to officials. While the White House is confident its messages seeking diplomacy without preconditions “anytime, anyplace” have been received by Kim, he has yet to respond.

“We remain prepared to engage in serious and sustained diplomacy,” a US official said. “It is unfortunate that the DPRK has not responded to our outreach.”

Another underground nuclear test – potentially timed near November’s midterm elections – would amount to an attention-grabbing move that US officials have been bracing for over the past several months, beginning in the Spring when intelligence showed new activity at one of the country’s nuclear sites around the time of Biden’s first presidential visit to Asia.

White House aides said they were prepared to respond, including through adjustments to the US military posture in the region and the deployment of strategic assets. Yet the test didn’t come during Biden’s trip, underscoring the limits of US intelligence in predicting exactly when or why North Korea may test its advanced weapons.

“Anytime people start speculating on what North Korea might or might not do, they tend to have their expectations confounded one way or another,” national security adviser Jake Sullivan said at the time.

US officials and outside analysts anticipate the US isn’t likely to get much warning of a nuclear test. US military and intelligence agencies assess North Korea could be ready to resume underground nuclear testing at any moment, largely based on satellite imagery showing above-ground preparations at its Punggye-ri test site appear to be complete.

The country’s rainy season is now over, opening up the roads to the site. What’s not clear is whether North Korea has placed nuclear material in any of the underground tunnels at the site.

“The country is dried out the test site looks really well rebuilt to my eye. It’s really at this point probably a political choice for them,” said Jeffrey Lewis, a weapons expert and professor at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies. “I think when they are technically ready and politically ready, we’ve got all the warning we’re gonna get.”

Officials believe the missile and nuclear tests serve a practical purpose, beyond simply sending a message to the US and its allies in the region, which allow the North to further refine its systems as it works toward the ultimate goal of a nuclear-tipped missile that can reach the US mainland. Testing ever-more-powerful weapons also enhances Kim’s stature inside North Korea.

“What concerns us is whatever happens in these launches – how far they go and whether they succeed or fail – he learns. And he is able to Strengthen his ballistic missile capabilities with every subsequent launch. So that’s of concern to us,” Kirby said.

Lewis cautioned against reading too much into individual ballistic missile tests. The primary motivation for North Korea, he said, is technical development – “especially the short-range ones where I think they’re no longer testing the missiles, they’re testing the crews.”

Other analysts believe the spate of missile tests is better understood as a response to Kim’s domestic woes.

“North Korea has had a very difficult period during Covid, essentially shutting off the country entirely, including to China. The food situation isn’t great,” Johnstone said. “The external enemy is part of what he uses to sustain his position.”

Still, determining precisely why North Korea is testing missiles at any particular moment has proved an enduring challenge for US administrations stretching back decades. For Biden and his top national security aides, deciphering North Korea’s intentions as it accelerates its weapons testing has proved difficult and administration officials are candid that previous efforts to assign motivation to Pyongyang’s actions have later been proved wrong.

“The North Koreans almost always have reasons for what they do. And our track record of understanding those ahead of time is not always so great,” one US official familiar with North Korea policy said.

Biden and his team have scoffed at the prospect of staging a high-profile meeting with Kim akin to the three summits former President Donald Trump convened with the dictator. Instead, they have said a meeting between the two leaders would come only after extensive preparatory diplomacy between officials on both sides and with an express purpose.

At the same time, Biden also rejected the “strategic patience” approach adopted by his onetime boss, former President Barack Obama, seeking instead a phased approach in which North Korea gives up parts of its program in exchange for sanctions relief.

Biden administration officials quietly acknowledge that their North Korea policy is not expected to trigger progress on the intractable nuclear challenge, administration sources said. But they also entered office expecting North Korea was not going to engage diplomatically quickly due to a tumultuous few years of back and forth with the US under Trump and the effect of Covid.

Some officials are now beginning to consider how the Biden administration could approach the distinct foreign policy challenge in the second half of Biden’s term, sources said, though neither the President nor his senior-most aides have indicated a desire to make the issue a top priority.

“Our position on diplomacy and dialogue has not changed,” said State Department deputy spokesperson Vedant Patel when asked if the Biden administration would consider re-evaluating their North Korea policy given the latest missile tests.

If there is one silver lining to Pyongyang’s latest provocations and the threat of a possible nuclear test, Johnstone said, it is that the common threat has helped the United States more smoothly navigate the historically contentious relationship between Japan and South Korea. And it could accelerate a debate in Japan about doubling its defense spending to 2% of its GDP, he said.

Asked what policy levers the Biden administration has at its disposal to try to curtail Pyongyang’s nuclear program, Lewis was succinct: “None.”

“When North Korea did not have nuclear weapons, there were interesting choices to be made about how to entice and or pressure them to not build some,” Lewis said. “Convincing North Korea to deliver up nuclear weapons that it already has is a totally different game.”

As the US has moved in what one official called “a clear and calibrated” way with its critical allies in the region over the course of the last several days, one central player remains largely unseen: China.

With US-China tensions reaching new heights over the last several months, substantive communications between key US officials and their Chinese counterparts have remained largely on ice, according to several senior US officials. Any Chinese absence as US officials grapple with Kim’s motives creates a particularly acute challenge given the country’s role as a central interlocutor between the US and its allies and North Korea.

Sullivan directly addressed the issue during a four-and-a-half hour meeting with China’s top diplomat Yang Jiechi in June, officials said. He pointed to North Korea as a primary area where the countries could cooperate, even amid the strained relations.

Sullivan “made very clear that we believe this is an area where the United States and China should be able to work together,” a senior administration official said.

But just this week China demonstrated a lack of desire to work with the US on curbing North Korea’s provocations. China’s representative at the UN cast the latest missile launches as a result of US aggressions in the region during a UN Security Council meeting.

White House officials believe the timing of a seventh nuclear test could also be dictated by political machinations inside China. Multiple officials noted they were closely watching the period immediately after the conclusion of the Communist Party’s congress later this month.

One official noted it was unlikely Kim would seek create a significant geopolitical crisis moment as Chinese President Xi Jinping moves toward his third term.

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 09:46:00 -0500 en text/html https://edition.cnn.com/2022/10/06/politics/north-korea-biden-administration-nuclear-test/index.html
Killexams : Biden administration fears North Korea building up to a new nuclear test, but hampered by lack of intelligence

The latest tests have caused administration officials to grow concerned that Kim is set to oversee his nation's seventh nuclear test.

White House officials have declined to detail any analysis or assessment that sheds light on why there has been a rapid increase in escalatory action, citing an inability to talk publicly about classified intelligence. But two senior US officials familiar with the matter acknowledged a central issue in divining the dictator's motives is a lack of hard intelligence altogether.

"We have quite a good picture on the state of North Korean conventional and missile capabilities. What's much harder is the intentions component, where, of course, collection is a bigger problem," said Chris Johnstone, a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and a former director for East Asia on the National Security Council under Biden.

"Since so much of what North Korea does is driven by the leader himself, you really have to get inside his head, and that's a hard intelligence problem."

North Korea has long been isolated and largely shuttered from the rest of the world, a reality that has become even more acute in latest years due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The North lacks the widespread use of technology that not only facilitates economic and societal advances, but also provides critical windows and opportunities to glean information for the intelligence services of the US and its allies.

That leaves the White House without the type of information that could help predict when precisely a test may occur or allow for greater insights into Kim's thinking as Biden works to calibrate an approach that avoids escalation.

"It's difficult to know what is inside his mind and how he makes his decisions," John Kirby, the strategic communications coordinator for the National Security Council, told CNN's Christiane Amanpour. "Our ability to divine intelligence out of Pyongyang is fairly limited. So, it's hard to know what's prompting this. But what we do know is he's continuing to try and Strengthen his program, his capabilities."

The intelligence community "knows a fair bit about his inner circle, a fair bit about how decisions are made," Johnstone said. "But at the end of the day, it really is him. And when the circle is so small -- and they don't leave the country -- it's a pretty hard target."

The latest missile launches mark the 24th time that North Korea has conducted missile tests this year, the highest annual tally since Kim took power in 2011.

Sanctions applied by the past three administration have done little to stop Kim's march toward a viable nuclear weapon, even as they have left the country deeply isolated and many of its people impoverished. Diplomacy has similarly failed to yield much progress in halting a weapons program that North Korea says it will never abandon.

"We remain prepared to engage in serious and sustained diplomacy," a US official said. "It is unfortunate that the DPRK has not responded to our outreach."

Bracing for another nuclear test

Another underground nuclear test -- potentially timed near November's midterm elections -- would amount to an attention-grabbing move that US officials have been bracing for over the past several months, beginning in the Spring when intelligence showed new activity at one of the country's nuclear sites around the time of Biden's first presidential visit to Asia.

White House aides said they were prepared to respond, including through adjustments to the US military posture in the region and the deployment of strategic assets. Yet the test didn't come during Biden's trip, underscoring the limits of US intelligence in predicting exactly when or why North Korea may test its advanced weapons.

"Anytime people start speculating on what North Korea might or might not do, they tend to have their expectations confounded one way or another," national security adviser Jake Sullivan said at the time.

US officials and outside analysts anticipate the US isn't likely to get much warning of a nuclear test. US military and intelligence agencies assess North Korea could be ready to resume underground nuclear testing at any moment, largely based on satellite imagery showing above-ground preparations at its Punggye-ri test site appear to be complete.

The country's rainy season is now over, opening up the roads to the site. What's not clear is whether North Korea has placed nuclear material in any of the underground tunnels at the site.

"The country is dried out the test site looks really well rebuilt to my eye. It's really at this point probably a political choice for them," said Jeffrey Lewis, a weapons expert and professor at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies. "I think when they are technically ready and politically ready, we've got all the warning we're gonna get."

Tests help Kim refine his weapons

Officials believe the missile and nuclear tests serve a practical purpose, beyond simply sending a message to the US and its allies in the region, which allow the North to further refine its systems as it works toward the ultimate goal of a nuclear-tipped missile that can reach the US mainland. Testing ever-more-powerful weapons also enhances Kim's stature inside North Korea.

"What concerns us is whatever happens in these launches -- how far they go and whether they succeed or fail -- he learns. And he is able to Strengthen his ballistic missile capabilities with every subsequent launch. So that's of concern to us," Kirby said.

Lewis cautioned against reading too much into individual ballistic missile tests. The primary motivation for North Korea, he said, is technical development -- "especially the short-range ones where I think they're no longer testing the missiles, they're testing the crews."

Other analysts believe the spate of missile tests is better understood as a response to Kim's domestic woes.

"North Korea has had a very difficult period during Covid, essentially shutting off the country entirely, including to China. The food situation isn't great," Johnstone said. "The external enemy is part of what he uses to sustain his position."

Still, determining precisely why North Korea is testing missiles at any particular moment has proved an enduring challenge for US administrations stretching back decades. For Biden and his top national security aides, deciphering North Korea's intentions as it accelerates its weapons testing has proved difficult and administration officials are candid that previous efforts to assign motivation to Pyongyang's actions have later been proved wrong.

"The North Koreans almost always have reasons for what they do. And our track record of understanding those ahead of time is not always so great," one US official familiar with North Korea policy said.

A new strategy

Biden and his team have scoffed at the prospect of staging a high-profile meeting with Kim akin to the three summits former President Donald Trump convened with the dictator. Instead, they have said a meeting between the two leaders would come only after extensive preparatory diplomacy between officials on both sides and with an express purpose.

At the same time, Biden also rejected the "strategic patience" approach adopted by his onetime boss, former President Barack Obama, seeking instead a phased approach in which North Korea gives up parts of its program in exchange for sanctions relief.

Biden administration officials quietly acknowledge that their North Korea policy is not expected to trigger progress on the intractable nuclear challenge, administration sources said. But they also entered office expecting North Korea was not going to engage diplomatically quickly due to a tumultuous few years of back and forth with the US under Trump and the effect of Covid.

Some officials are now beginning to consider how the Biden administration could approach the distinct foreign policy challenge in the second half of Biden's term, sources said, though neither the President nor his senior-most aides have indicated a desire to make the issue a top priority.

"Our position on diplomacy and dialogue has not changed," said State Department deputy spokesperson Vedant Patel when asked if the Biden administration would consider re-evaluating their North Korea policy given the latest missile tests.

If there is one silver lining to Pyongyang's latest provocations and the threat of a possible nuclear test, Johnstone said, it is that the common threat has helped the United States more smoothly navigate the historically contentious relationship between Japan and South Korea. And it could accelerate a debate in Japan about doubling its defense spending to 2% of its GDP, he said.

Asked what policy levers the Biden administration has at its disposal to try to curtail Pyongyang's nuclear program, Lewis was succinct: "None."

"When North Korea did not have nuclear weapons, there were interesting choices to be made about how to entice and or pressure them to not build some," Lewis said. "Convincing North Korea to deliver up nuclear weapons that it already has is a totally different game."

China's uncertain role

As the US has moved in what one official called "a clear and calibrated" way with its critical allies in the region over the course of the last several days, one central player remains largely unseen: China.

With US-China tensions reaching new heights over the last several months, substantive communications between key US officials and their Chinese counterparts have remained largely on ice, according to several senior US officials. Any Chinese absence as US officials grapple with Kim's motives creates a particularly acute challenge given the country's role as a central interlocutor between the US and its allies and North Korea.

Sullivan directly addressed the issue during a four-and-a-half hour meeting with China's top diplomat Yang Jiechi in June, officials said. He pointed to North Korea as a primary area where the countries could cooperate, even amid the strained relations.

Sullivan "made very clear that we believe this is an area where the United States and China should be able to work together," a senior administration official said.

But just this week China demonstrated a lack of desire to work with the US on curbing North Korea's provocations. China's representative at the UN cast the latest missile launches as a result of US aggressions in the region during a UN Security Council meeting.

White House officials believe the timing of a seventh nuclear test could also be dictated by political machinations inside China. Multiple officials noted they were closely watching the period immediately after the conclusion of the Communist Party's congress later this month.

One official noted it was unlikely Kim would seek create a significant geopolitical crisis moment as Chinese President Xi Jinping moves toward his third term.

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Thu, 06 Oct 2022 09:59:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.newspressnow.com/news/national_news/election2020/biden-administration-fears-north-korea-building-up-to-a-new-nuclear-test-but-hampered-by/article_15d0a1d3-01f4-501c-8ff1-48be442d2f29.html
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