Click and download AD0-E103 exam Exam Questions and free pdf to pass actual test.

killexams.com known as high recognition of serving people to pass the AD0-E103 test of their very first attempt. We have very sensitive position among several exam braindumps suppliers. We maintain of quality by updating AD0-E103 braindumps on regular basis and check the validity of AD0-E103 free pdf download on regular basis.

Exam Code: AD0-E103 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
AD0-E103 Adobe Experience Manager Developer

Adobe Experience Manager Lead Developer test Information
 test name: Adobe Experience Manager Lead Developer Exam
 test number: AD0-E105
 Number of questions: 50
 Time limit: 100 minutes
 Format: Multiple choice, multiple select
 Language offered: English
 Delivery: Online proctored (requires camera access) or Exam Center proctored
 Passing score: All Adobe exams are reported on a scale of 300 to 700. The passing score for each test is 550.

An Adobe Certified Expert (ACE) has proven knowledge and experience to help clients optimize the value of their Adobe solution.
Adobe's certification exams are developed following industry-accepted standards to ensure validity and reliability. We work with industry experts to create our exams, which represent real-world requirements and objectives for the job roles we certify.

The Adobe Experience Manager Lead Developer Role
At a minimum, the candidate seeking certification should have and be able to:
 Provide high-level estimation of project/developer effort required to complete the project
 Configure Dispatcher (caching, security, with CDN)
 Configure AEM as a headless CMS (e.g. using the SPA editor, creating SPA components)
 Implement a content structure and taxonomy for a project
 Employ security guidelines
 Create asset schemas
 Maintain build processes
 Translate user requirements into technical designs
 Implement requirements for automated testing

The minimally qualified Adobe Experience Manager Lead Developer should be familiar with the following tools and comfortable in the following environments:
 Java IDEs
 Front-end IDEs
 NPM
 Apache Maven
 Source version control (Subversion, Git, etc.)
 FileVault (vlt)
 CRX/DE Web console
 Query debugger
 Template editor
 ACS commons tools
 Linux
 MS Windows
 Web server (Apache, IIS)

Section Domain Domain Weight
Section 1: Installation, Integration, and Configuration of AEM 16%
Section 2: Configuring, managing, and deploying AEM projects 22%
Section 3: Workflows, Templates, and Components 20%
Section 4: OSGi Components, Services, and Configuration 20%
Section 5: Maintaining AEM projects 22%

Section 1: Installation, Integration, and Configuration of AEM
 Install author, publish, and dispatcher instances
 Setup users and groups
 Configure AEM to be integrated with Adobe Marketing Cloud and third-party services
 Setup replication agents
Section 2: Configuring, managing, and deploying AEM projects
 Create the structure for an AEM project
 Setup the Maven configuration for a project
 Manage content version control
 Create and manage AEM configuration runmode folders
 Setup test frameworks for a project
Section 3: Workflows, Templates, and Components
 Implement workflows, models, and launchers
 Create templates and page components
 Create and manage template policies
 Create and extend components
Section 4: OSGi Components, Services, and Configuration
 Create OSGi services, bundles, and components
 Manage OSGi configurations
 Given a scenario, use the OSGi Web console
 Install OSGi bundles
Section 5: Maintaining AEM projects
 Given a scenario, troubleshoot and debug an AEM project
 Optimize the performance of an AEM project
 Given a scenario, upgrade and update an AEM project
 Configure maintenance settings
 Migrate content

Adobe Experience Manager Developer
Adobe Experience availability
Killexams : Adobe Experience availability - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AD0-E103 Search results Killexams : Adobe Experience availability - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AD0-E103 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Adobe Killexams : Adobe Free Trial: Try Creative Cloud for free

If you’ve recently bought yourself one of the best tablets or one of the best laptops, you may have an interest in breaking it in with some creativity. If that’s the case, an Adobe free trial is something worth looking into, as Adobe for decades has been known for providing editors, designers, and other artists with some of the best software tools for harnessing their creativity. With latest updates that make apps like Lightroom a whole lot more useful, and with real-time editing in Premiere Pro and After Effects, testing the Adobe library of software to see if it fits your needs is an idea worth exploring.

Is there an Adobe free trial?

Close up of Adobe Photoshop app icon being chosen from among other Adobe apps on a laptop screen.
Matan Segev / Pexels

There is an Adobe free trial, and it’s a pretty impressive offering. An Adobe free trial is good for seven days, and you’ll need to create an account and provide a credit card for Adobe to keep on file. From there, you’ll get access to the entirety of Adobe’s software offerings, which total more than 20 creative desktop and mobile apps. These include some of the best photo editing software in Adobe Lightroom and Photoshop, and some of the best video editing software in Adobe Premiere Pro and After Effects. Free trials are available for Adobe’s individual apps as well.

The Adobe free trial is essentially a seven-day experience of what it would be like to have a fully paid subscription to Adobe’s Creative Cloud suite of software. You’ll get to experience the power of the desktop apps or the versatility of the mobile and tablet apps, and each is available to you based on what hardware you’re most comfortable working on. An Adobe free trial also includes 100GB of cloud storage to house your projects and the media associated with them. You can cancel your free trial within seven days of starting it, and from there the full suite of Adobe Creative Cloud is $55 per month.

Can you get Adobe for free?

The seven days of free, full use of Adobe’s software as part of the Adobe free trial is about as close as you can get to getting Adobe software for free. With the subscription model Adobe has chosen to offer its software through, the days of software arriving on disks or CDs are long gone, and Adobe uses your account and login credentials to verify you’re a paying subscriber when you open the software up. There’s some talk that Photoshop may be coming to the web for free, and there’s an Adobe Photoshop free trial available as well. Your best bet at receiving the entirety of the Adobe software library for free, however, is with an Adobe free trial.

Are there any Adobe deals?

Adobe does regularly offer discounts and deals, with pretty impressive discounts available for students and teachers. While the entirety of the Adobe Creative Cloud suite of software starts at $55 for a monthly subscription, Adobe also is willing to knock this price down pretty regularly for new users to the software, and potentially for power users such as businesses. You can also get a much lower price on Adobe software subscriptions if you aren’t interested in the entire suite of software. Adobe offers a Photography Plan that starts at $10 per month and includes both Lightroom and Photoshop. Subscriptions are available for individual apps as well, with prices ranging from $10 per month to $21 per month per app.

Editors' Recommendations

Mon, 03 Oct 2022 02:03:00 -0500 Andrew Morrisey en text/html https://www.digitaltrends.com/dtdeals/adobe-free-trial/
Killexams : How Adobe and Salesforce are fine-tuning customer experience tools

It was a big week for the customer experience market, with two major players in the marketing tool space taking swings to bring the idea to the next level. The pair of moves taken together could move customer experience closer to reality after a long period of ambition.

“Customer experience” is kind of a vague notion. The idea is that you want your customers to feel good every time they interact with you, whether in person or online. You certainly know when that doesn’t work well, but it can be more subtle than simply a big smile in person or a successful outcome online. It’s more about taking the extra step to get ahead of problems before they happen or designing a product in an elegant way to reduce friction.

It seems that with all the data we have about customers these days, companies should be doing better at generating positive experiences. In fact, there is so much data from so many sources that companies like Adobe and Salesforce have created customer data platforms (or CDPs for short) to pull all of that data into one place with the goal of delivering optimal customer experiences based on the knowledge you have collected about customers.

Two of the biggest companies involved in gathering and using this data are Salesforce and Adobe. While Adobe doesn’t have a CRM, it certainly has marketing tools, and its $20 billion purchase of Figma was all about designing great products, which ultimately should lead to a better customer experience.

At the same time, at Dreamforce this week, Salesforce’s annual customer conference in San Francisco, the CRM giant announced a new approach to data integration on a platform called Genie. While it works in conjunction with the platform of tools itself, and with external partners like Snowflake and Amazon, the ultimate goal is to use the massive amounts of customer data to generate the best customer experiences possible at the moment they’re needed.

Wed, 21 Sep 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://techcrunch.com/2022/09/22/how-adobe-and-salesforce-are-fine-tuning-customer-experience-tools/ Killexams : Adobe Experience Cloud

5 strategies for launching ideas that your customers actually want

​There is no avoiding the fact that innovation often fails. No matter how much love and care we put into our ideas, there are no guarantees our customers will share this same love. Yet ironically, it is this very love for our ideas that’s often one of the main reasons they fail.

Part 2: How to repurpose purpose

In part two of our two-part feature series on brand purpose, we share five practical ways not-for-profit organisations can better leverage their brand to survive and thrive in a world awash with purpose.

The power of organic social media to drive brand success

Welcome to the era of better creative, not better budgets. Over the last few years, some of marketing's most viral moments have involved nothing more than a wisely worded tweet, a trend-led TikTok or a crowdsourced user-generated (UGC) Instagram post.

Tue, 27 Sep 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-au text/html https://www.cmo.com.au/tag/adobe-experience-cloud/
Killexams : The Adobe-Microsoft Partnership Explains The Figma Acquisition
Bill Gates Attends Windows XP Expo

Mario Tama/Getty Images News

When Adobe's (NASDAQ:ADBE) Illustrator was released in 1986, it worked only on Apple's (NASDAQ:AAPL) Mac computer which was powerful enough to run the new program. You had to wait until 1993 for the software to become available on Microsoft's (NASDAQ:MSFT) Windows, but, many complained about the quality.

Then, for Adobe's Digital Media, Creative, and Document products to be so pervasive today at the point of being present on most designer's laptops, its partnership with the software giant must have been crucial. This deserves analysis, especially given that the stock has been battered by more than 55% in the last year to trade at less than $300. A comparison with Microsoft in the orange chart below reveals the extent of the damages but these started well before the Figma episode.

Chart
Data by YCharts

This thesis is also of the opinion that it is important to look beyond the astronomical acquisition costs of 50x revenues, and instead focus on the benefits to Adobe's competitive positioning in light of the partnership.

I start by making sense of the acquisition.

The Need for "Collaborative Creativity"

First, Adobe, the creativity company, does not do many acquisitions and is more focused on organic growth, and boasts a rich pipeline. While it is predominantly known for its Reader software in order to open PDF documents, other products like Adobe InDesign and XD are used by graphic designers in creating, and publishing documents for print and, increasingly for digital media.

With everything going digital, comes the concept of “collaborative creativity” whereby, in order to deliver a project involving multi-skilled persons working together on a tight schedule, there is a need for active collaboration as well as the need to be creative. However, with the advent of Covid, the way teams operate has changed, with the team leader no longer being constantly around in order to motivate his team of web designers. He can still use tools like Zoom (NASDAQ:ZM) to communicate remotely with them as they mostly work from home, but, just think of a scenario where the collaboration can be achieved within the very software they are using to do their work. Well, this is enabled by Figma, a little-known company, but with a great collaborative platform used mostly for browser-based design.

peer

Figma Collaboration (www.figma.com)

After initially being adopted by smaller companies, Figma has become popular at Salesforce (CRM) and Atlassian (NASDAQ:TEAM) together with Oracle (ORCL), and Google (NASDAQ:GOOG). This popularity became an acute problem for the creativity company, especially with the usage of Figma at Microsoft, which has traditionally used Adobe products, to the point of threatening the partnership between these two.

The Adobe-Microsoft Partnership

This partnership which started decades ago as I mentioned earlier was reinforced in April 2015 and involved integrations between Adobe’s Document Cloud and Microsoft products, giving users the ability to create a PDF directly in applications like Office 365, which is Microsoft’s cloud-based version of its office productivity tools.

Moving beyond the technical integration phase, the partnership later expanded to the co-selling of applications and co-marketing products, with one concrete example being software integrators having to purchase both licenses of Adobe’s Document cloud and Microsoft products. Therefore, the deal has been lucrative for both.

At the same time, deeper integration at the application level ensured less customization works for both Adobe and Microsoft resellers with fewer support hours in tackling customer support requests. As a result, not only Adobe's annual revenues (as measured on a year-on-year basis increased) but gross profits as well, since the end of 2015 as shown in the charts below. At this point, it can be argued whether Adobe's phenomenal progress was solely due to its partnership with Microsoft, but, one has to admit that there is indeed some coincidence.

seek

The YoY progression in Adobe's annual revenues since 2012 (Seeking Alpha)

Pursuing further, given its product positioning focused primarily on design for the web, Figma is a strategic company and in case it is acquired by someone else, Adobe may see an erosion of market share.

This said Adobe remains committed to Apple and, to this end, Adobe XD, its competing product for Figma was first released as "Adobe Experience Design CC" in March 2016 for macOS, with the Windows version only released eight months later.

Without going into the Mac-Windows debate, choosing between these two is more a matter of preference and finances, but, it is Microsoft's gear that equips most corporations' desktops today, and, Adobe's strategy which consisted of expanding from a niche customer base (composed of macOS users) to a more commoditized one (Windows) has immensely benefited the creative company.

Then, of course, there is the competitive standpoint.

Adobe XD Vs Figma

The acquisition was also done because of the increasing competition faced by Adobe XD, which is part of the Creative Cloud segment, and to this effect, the blue chart below shows how segmental revenues, despite showing progress, seem to have reached a peak. Thus, revenues grew to $2.63 billion in Q3-2022, representing an 11% year-over-year growth, but this is down from the 21% growth experienced in the third quarter of 2021 when revenues were $2.37 billion.

seek

Charts built using data from (Seeking Alpha)

For this purpose, the orange chart above depicts how the year-on-year growth has been decreasing, and the fact that Adobe charges $9.99 per month, or less than Figma's $12 seems not to have helped much.

Adopting a dose of realism, some of the deceleration is also due to Adobe’s revenues being impacted by the war in Ukraine and foreign currency headwinds, but, Figma, on the other hand, seems to be immune to these concerns as it is enjoying "explosive revenue growth". Moreover, as per Adobe's CEO, Figma is profitable too.

Consequently, by buying out the competition, Adobe, not only makes sure that it will see growth in a period when there are risks of market stagnation due to recession risks but should also see more profitability, as Figma's margins get added to its own and there is a reduction in sales and marketing expenses.

Viewed from this angle, the acquisition makes sense, but, with opportunities also come challenges.

Opportunities and Challenges

As per Adobe, the two entities will not merge since Figma will maintain independent operations. This is perfectly understandable given that Adobe XD also has its own strength namely as a vector-based design tool for anything from fully-fledged websites to smartphone apps. There will also be switching costs in case customers move away from products like User Experience ("UX") designer and Adobe’s Photoshop or Illustrator.

seek

Adobe XD (Adobe)

Consequently, equipped with Figma and XD, Adobe has a unique opportunity to "tie up" designers and developers by proposing a broader range of solutions, while progressing to create new markets. Talking figures, Figma's TAM alone is estimated at $16.5 billion by 2025. Add to this, the TAM of $205 billion forecasted by 2024, comprising Adobe Experience Cloud, Document Cloud, and Adobe Creation cloud, then, you have a total market opportunity of over $220 billion.

Therefore, there are opportunities to increment the top line and bottom line as listed in the table below.

1 Growth Opportunities Add to topline growth in 2023
2 Microsoft Partnership Makes sure the partnership is sustained
3 Adobe XD competition and Profitability

Ensuring that growth continues for Creative Cloud, Less operating expenses

4 Total Addressable Market Above $220 billion
5 Execution

Two completely different corporate cultures

Product overlapping features

How Figma's customers will adapt to Adobe

6

Regulations

Buying out of the competition

Regulators in the U.S. and the E.U.

However, the above table also highlights the execution aspect, with, on the one hand, Figma relying on adoption mostly through a freemium business model, while for Adobe, it is primarily a top-to-bottom approach whereby designers have to use its products after its sales representatives have inked an agreement with an enterprise. Hence, some customers may not digest the acquisition, but the fact that Adobe intends to keep Figma as a separate entity should help.

Furthermore, it would be useful to watch how Adobe executives execute the product and go-to-market strategies due to the overlapping features between XD and Figma. Equally important, it will also depend on how things work out with partner Microsoft.

Sticking with the cautionary side, while regulations seem less stringent in the software industry, it is also important to watch out for how the regulatory approval plays out, especially in an economic landscape where the cost of doing business escalates globally. Here, investors should bear in mind that the Federal Reserve's hawkishness aimed at addressing the inflation problem should induce further volatility in the stock market till the end of this year unless the CPI (consumer production index) which was quite hot for the month of August stabilizes.

This is the reason, why, unless you are a trader who wants to profit from a bounce, it is preferable to avoid both stocks for the time being and wait for a better margin of entry. According to some sources, the S&P 500 could drop to 3,020 points or 22% below the current value of 3,873.

Conclusion

In addition to competitive reasons, it makes sense for Adobe to disburse $20 billion to ensure that its products continue to occupy the sweet spot-on Windows desktops as well as in Microsoft's cloud. However, in a market where steady top-line growth, profitability, and stable free cash flows are being prioritized, caution is mandated when investing, especially for the creative company.

Moreover, a lot will also depend on Microsoft, and to this end when responding to a general question about its partners and the use of third-party technology in its cloud during a latest conference organized by Goldman Sachs (GS), Microsoft's EVP and CCO, Judson Althoff, responded that their approach depends primarily on making the customer successful.

Finally, bearing in mind that Microsoft prioritizes the customer over its partners, it is important to monitor the software giant's product strategy while also waiting for Adobe's guidance for 2023 which should comprise Figma's financials.

Wed, 21 Sep 2022 17:16:00 -0500 en text/html https://seekingalpha.com/article/4542401-adobe-microsoft-partnership-explains-figma-acquisition
Killexams : Adobe (ADBE) to Acquire Figma

Software provider Adobe Inc. (ADBE) has entered into definitive merger agreement with web-first collaborative design platform Figma. Adobe will pay approximately $20 billion in stock and cash, as announced on Sept. 15, 2022. This is another big tech merger unveiled in 2022, following Microsoft Corporation's (MSFT) acquisition of Activision Blizzard, Inc. (ATVI) and Broadcom Inc.'s (AVGO) acquisition of VMWare, Inc. (VMW).

Adobe's purchase of privately held Figma is expected to close in sometime in 2023. The transaction is subject to regulatory clearances and approvals, among other conditions, which include the approval of Figma's stockholders.

Key Takeaways

  • Software company Adobe (ADBE) plans to acquire collaborative design platform Figma.
  • Adobe will pay about $20 billion, half in stock and half in cash.
  • Subject to approvals, the deal is expected to close sometime in 2023.
  • The initial reactions of the markets was negative, with Adobe shares down sharply.

Details of the Deal

The roughly $20 billion payment from Adobe will comprise approximately half cash and half stock. About 6 million additional restricted stock units will be granted to Figma's CEO and employees. These units will vest over the four years subsequent to closing. Adobe expects that the cash consideration will be financed through cash on hand and, if necessary, a term loan.

About Adobe

Adobe says that its "mission is to change the world through digital experiences." The company asserts that "the digital economy runs on Adobe's tools and platforms." In particular, Adobe cites its main accomplishments as ranging from: "revolutionizing imaging and creative expression with Photoshop; to pioneering electronic documents through PDF; to creating the digital marketing category with Adobe Experience Cloud."

About Figma

Adobe states that Figma's mission is to help teams collaborate visually and make design accessible to all. It also notes that Figma pioneered product design on the web and that it facilitates collaboration through "multi-player workflows, sophisticated design systems and a rich, extensible developer ecosystem." Adobe also indicates that Figma's platform is used by millions of designers and developers and that it also has "a loyal student following." The combined company, Adobe claims, "will reimagine the future of creativity and productivity, accelerate creativity on the web, advance product design and inspire global communities of creators, designers and developers."

Negative Market Reaction

Shares of Adobe dropped sharply on Sept. 15, 2022, down by approximately 16% by early afternoon from the prior close. Year to date in 2022, shares of Adobe are now down by nearly 45%.

The negative reaction of the markets on Sept. 15 appears to be a combination of concern that Adobe is overpaying for Figma and disappointment over Adobe's earnings report for the third quarter of its current fiscal year. Adjusted earnings per share (EPS) beat estimates by 1.5% and were up year over year (YOY) by 9.3%, but revenues were down YOY by 4.1%.

Thu, 15 Sep 2022 06:21:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.investopedia.com/adobe-acquires-figma-6666482
Killexams : Carahsoft Announces FedRAMP-Compliant Adobe Acrobat Sign for Government, Enabled by Okta No result found, try new keyword!With FedRAMP authorization, Adobe Acrobat Sign for Government can now be used to support Federal mission-critical services like emergency management and social services as well as mission support ... Thu, 13 Oct 2022 05:46:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2022/10/13/9692387.htm Killexams : Adobe’s New App Makes Creating Graphics Easy, No Experience Necessary
This article is sponsored by Adobe.

It feels like everybody goes through a quick “graphic design is my passion” phase once in their life, and then quickly gives up after one failed abstract macaroni painting. But everyone practices design in their lives in some way, however. Whether that’s by touching up selfies, making memes or making slideshows for a work presentation, we make decisions on design every day.

Thankfully, software company Adobe has recognised this and the importance that everyone deserves access to design software and the ability to learn how to use them. This becomes more vital as employers are starting to prioritise candidates with design experience.

To help every aspirational hobbyist, including students and small business owners, Adobe has been aiding in the democratising of great design through Adobe Express, an all-in-one free content creation tool. The web and mobile-based app, which launched in December of last year and has continued to evolve and meet the needs of creators by releasing new and exciting features and updates. These changes have helped hopeful creators get started on their design passion and given them the tools to start quickly creating standout content in no time.

Adobe’s New App Makes Creating Graphics Easy, No Experience Necessary
Image: Adobe Express

How To Sign Up

The software is free to sign up for so you can start your journey in content creation with no strings attached. There is also an additional Adobe Express Premium offering, for $14.29 a month if you find yourself wanting to access more tools and creative cloud integration.

In Adobe Express Premium, you’ll receive access to further tools such as Photoshop and Premiere Express. These can be great if you’re looking to start a personal video diary or want to Excellerate on your TikTok game. With Adobe Express you’ll be able to edit your videos on the fly to cut together a quick recap of your day to send to loved ones, edit out annoying objects in your photos or videos, or fix any issues with lighting to match your godly whims.

Creative Cloud Integration

Not only has Adobe Express simplified the design learning process, but it’s also simplifying Adobe’s collection of creative tools. Bringing together Adobe Stock images, a wide array of templates, content scheduling and quick actions powered by Photoshop, you’ll have a wide variety of tools at your disposal. You’ll also gain access to a large selection of fonts from Adobe’s library.

This service aims to highlight its flexibility for any user’s design needs. Whether you’re removing a background, adding colour to your text, or placing your logo on a product image. In just a few taps, you can resize content for your socials and create easy, high-quality graphic designs.

There are plenty of great on-the-go features as well, such as the ability to edit, export in JPG or PNG or resize or convert or export to PDF as well.  This app can be your swiss army knife as a designer if you’re ever caught off guard and need to make a quick edit on your phone.

Educational & Business Support

If you’re a small business owner, you’ll be able to quickly add your logo to any photo, or design your business identity yourself. You’ll also want to take advantage of Adobe Sensei, which will help quickly edit your videos for Insta, and streamline business processes by turning notes into shareable PDFs in seconds.

Adobe is also extending its services to schools through the Adobe Education Exchange, which provides free tutorials, courses, lesson plans and videos to students. The hope for this program is that it will help students develop stronger creative skills while giving students and teachers direct access to resources that can help them.

A key issue in software comes down to accessibility. Thankfully Adobe Express works on all platforms and browsers, so you’ll won’t be locked out of any features based on your hardware of choice. Adobe is deeply committed to supporting Adobe Express and its community for many years to come and will be providing frequent updates to the platform and responding to feedback.

Adobe’s New App Makes Creating Graphics Easy, No Experience Necessary
Image: Adobe Express

To learn more about Adobe Express and Adobe’s collection of creative tools, tune in to Adobe MAX, streaming October 20 across the Asia Pacific. Register to the free event here.

If you’re looking to take another stab at that graphic design passion, try signing up for Adobe Express for free here.

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 23:52:00 -0500 en-AU text/html https://www.lifehacker.com.au/2022/10/adobes-new-app-makes-creating-graphics-easy-no-experience-necessary/
Killexams : Best alternatives to Adobe Premiere Pro in 2022

Finding the best alternatives to Adobe Premiere Pro opens up a wealth of post-production video editors that bring the same Hollywood-grade polish to your films that you’ll find in Adobe’s feature-rich software. 

As an industry-standard tool, it's one of the best video editing software tools on the market. Adobe Premiere Pro packs all the tools and features professionals demand. It even offers seamless integration with Adobe After Effects for total control in post.