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Exam Code: ACMA-6-1 Practice test 2022 by team
Aruba Certified Mobility Associate 6.1
Aruba Certified Study Guide
Killexams : Aruba Certified Study Guide - BingNews Search results Killexams : Aruba Certified Study Guide - BingNews Killexams : Aruba AIOps Solution Combines Network and Security Insights

SAN JOSE, Calif., July 26, 2022 — Aruba, a Hewlett Packard Enterprise company (NYSE: HPE), today announced new Aruba ESP (Edge Services Platform) AIOps capabilities that allow IT professionals to greatly reduce the time spent on manual tasks such as network troubleshooting, performance tuning, and Zero Trust/SASE security enforcement. Part of Aruba’s growing family of AIOps solutions, the new capabilities supplement overtaxed IT teams as they grapple with increasing network complexity and the rapid growth of IoT. For the first time, AIOps can be utilized for not just network troubleshooting but also performance optimization and critical security controls.

As organizations pursue digital transformation initiatives, network modernization is critical for achieving new business outcomes. However, with the growth of hybrid work, new user engagement models, and challenges resulting from the ‘Great Resignation’ and widening skills gaps, IT teams must find ways to achieve greater efficiencies. Yesterday’s time-intensive manual processes are simply inadequate for today’s quickly-changing business environment. Powerful analytics, AI-based insights, and automation supplement – not replace – networking teams by reducing manual tasks so they can focus on more strategic and higher-value projects.

In development since 2013, Aruba AIOps capabilities leverage Aruba’s industry-leading data lake, which continuously and anonymously collects and analyzes device, user, and location data from over 120,000 Aruba Central customers, from more than 2 million network devices and 200 million clients per day. The unmatched reliability of Aruba’s AI is directly related to the high volume and wide variety of network and client data, the constant training of models, and the unique ability to provide insights that tackle both network and security concerns. This allows network teams from every industry and size to trust that Aruba AIOps will automate mundane tasks, shrink the time needed to find and fix problems, increase security controls, and help ensure that all network users have the best possible experience.

“For AI results that customers can trust, the key ingredient is not a mathematical model, but access to a large volume and variety of data to train the models to produce reliable results across all network topologies. Without that foundation, so-called “AI” is nothing more than demoware,” said Larry Lunetta, vice president of portfolio solutions marketing at Aruba. “Fueled by our data lake, our AIOps solutions help enterprises reduce trouble tickets by up to 75 percent while optimizing their network performance by 25 percent or more.”

The new AI-powered IT efficiency features include:

  • Aruba Client Insights: Automatically identifies each endpoint connecting to the network with up to 99% accuracy, which is especially important as increasing numbers of IoT devices are added to networks, sometimes without approval from IT. This allows organizations to better understand what’s on their networks, automate access privileges, and monitor the behavior of each client’s traffic flows to more rapidly spot attacks and take action.
  • AI-powered Firmware Recommender: Provides IT teams with the best version of firmware to run for the wireless access points in their environments – regardless of model numbers. This greatly reduces support calls and guesswork that network admins face, and helps ensure new features and fixes are implemented more quickly.
  • AI Search in Spanish: The same built-in natural language search function in Aruba Central shows its versatility by now supporting queries and responses in Spanish to satisfy the needs of our second largest geographical user community.
  • Automated Infrastructure Predictions: Leverages Aruba’s AI Assist feature and Aruba Support outreach to recognize possible hardware and software infrastructure issues for preemptive engagement that can consist of firmware upgrades or recommended hardware replacement.

“With hybrid work and new customer engagement models, network complexity is unavoidable as organizations modernize their network infrastructure to successfully support corporate initiatives,” said Bob Laliberte, principal analyst at Enterprise Strategy Group. “When a network vendor demonstrates reliable, real-world AI solutions, NetOps teams are increasingly adopting and trusting the actions of machine learning and other automation technologies. In fact, ESG research highlights that almost a quarter (21%) of organizations are comfortable with software that automatically detects, analyses, recommends, and makes network changes, and 59% report being comfortable with technology that alerts and provides recommendations, which are then manually executed. We expect these percentages to climb as more organizations gain experience with and recognize the benefits AI delivers.”

“We rely on the AIOps capabilities in Aruba Central. With these new features, not only can we quickly see if our network users are experiencing problems, but we can also identify real issues and take steps to address them before any users are impacted, saving us many hours of after-the-fact issue investigation and remediation,” said Justin Kuzara, network engineer at CIC Group. “Additionally, having client-oriented security analytics helps our team better protect the organization without having to use a separate product.”

Pricing and Availability

Aruba Client Insights is available now. AI Search, AI-powered Firmware Recommender, and Infrastructure Predictions are available for early access and will be generally available in October 2022. Each of these features are included in Aruba Central Foundation licensing.

About Aruba, a Hewlett Packard Enterprise company

Aruba, a Hewlett Packard Enterprise company, is the global leader in secure, intelligent edge-to-cloud networking solutions that use AI to automate the network, while harnessing data to drive powerful business outcomes. With Aruba ESP (Edge Services Platform) and as-a-service options, Aruba takes a cloud-native approach to helping customers meet their connectivity, security, and financial requirements across campus, branch, data center, and remote worker environments, covering all aspects of wired, wireless LAN, and wide area networking (WAN).

To learn more, visit Aruba at For the latest technical discussions on mobility and Aruba products, visit the Airheads Community at

Source: Aruba

Tue, 26 Jul 2022 03:21:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : 2 Vendor Hacks Affect Nearly 1.5 Million and Counting

3rd Party Risk Management , Governance & Risk Management , HIPAA/HITECH

The Business Associates Also List Dozens of Affected Covered Entity Clients
2 Vendor Hacks Affect Nearly 1.5 Million and Counting

Two hacking incidents involving vendors providing IT-related and other services to dozens of covered entity clients demonstrate how mounting reliance on third parties creates increased risk to patient data.

See Also: OnDemand | Zero Tolerance: Controlling The Landscape Where You'll Meet Your Adversaries

One incident involves Avamere Health Services LLC, a business associate providing IT services to healthcare entities. The other originates with OneTouchPoint, a company providing printing and mailing services to health insurers.

They each join a number of other large health data hacks reported so far this year by critical vendors affecting a growing list of their healthcare sector clients and their patients (see: At Half-Year Mark, Ransomware, Vendor Breaches Dominate).

"The trend of third parties being compromised for health records they hold on behalf of covered entities will not abate anytime soon, and in fact seems to be increasing," says Michael Hamilton, CISO of security firm Critical Insight.

The Avamere, Infinity and OneTouchPoint incidents follow a growing tally of other business associates reporting major data security incident this year.

So far, the two single largest HIPAA breaches posted on the HHS OCR website this year involve vendors.

That includes a data exfiltration incident reported by medical imaging services provider Shields Health Care Group that affected 2 million individuals. The HHS "wall of shame" also shows dozens of 2022 breaches affecting a total of nearly 3 million individuals reported by covered entity clients of cloud-based electronic health record vendor Eye Care Leaders, which detected a hacking incident late last year.

"The lesson to be learned from these events is that vendors with access to [patient] records are being targeted, and the legal language between business associates and covered entities should recognize and accommodate this fact," Hamilton says.

"We are probably moving into changes to these relationships that involve auditable controls and not just assertions," he adds. "Third-party security - especially in the health sector - has come very much into focus as a bit of a blind spot."

Avamere Incident

The Avamere Health Services hacking incident has so far resulted in two related health data breaches affecting nearly 100 covered entities and a total of nearly 381,000 individuals being reported to federal regulators.

Avamere Health Services is part of the Wilsonsville, Oregon-based Avamere Family of Companies, which operates dozens of senior living and healthcare facilities in Oregon.

Avamere on July 13 reported to the Department of Health and Human Services a hacking incident involving a third-party network server and affecting nearly 198,000 individuals. Avamere in its breach notification statement posted on its website lists about 80 covered entity clients - mostly part of the Avamere family of companies - affected by the incident.

Intermittent unauthorized access to a third-party hosted network utilized by Avamere occurred between Jan. 19, and March 17, the company says.

Affected information included full names, addresses, dates of birth, driver’s license or state identification numbers, Social Security numbers, claims information, financial account numbers, medications information, lab results, and medical diagnosis/conditions information.

Affected covered entities include senior living and healthcare facilities, such as hospices and assisted living facilities.

In addition to Avamere's report to federal regulators about the hacking incident, so far at least one of Avamere's covered entity clients not listed in Avamere's breach notification statement - Oregon-based Premere Rehab, LLC, which operates under the name "Infinity Rehab" - separately reported the incident to HHS' Office for Civil Rights as affecting another 183,000 individuals.

Infinity, which is also part of the Avamere family of companies, in its breach notification statement lists about 15 of its own covered entities clients affected by the Avamere incident.

Neither Avamere nor Infinity immediately responded to Information Security Media Group's request for comment and additional details about the incident.

OneTouchPoint Breach

In addition to the Avamere/Infinity incident, Wisconsin-based OneTouchPoint, a vendor that provides printing and mailing services, is reporting an apparent ransomware incident affecting more than three dozen of its health insurer clients - and nearly 1.1 million individuals, according to a breach report submitted by the company to Maine's attorney general on July 27.*

As of Monday, a report involving the OneTouchPoint incident did not yet appear on the HHS OCR HIPAA Breach Reporting Tool website listing health data breaches affecting 500 or more individuals. But once it is added, it will rank among the largest health data breaches reported so far this year to federal regulators.

In a notice posted on its website, OneTouchPoint says that on April 28, it discovered encrypted files on certain computer systems.

Unauthorized access to certain OTP servers began on April 27, the statement says. The company says the affected systems contained information provided by its health insurer customers, but it is unable to determine definitively what personal information was accessed by the unauthorized actor.

The scope of information potentially affected by the incident includes name, member ID and information that may have been provided during a health assessment, OneTouchPoint says.

The company on its notification statement lists 38 health insurer clients affected by the incident.

OneTouchPoint did not immediately respond to ISMG's request for additional information pertaining the incident.

Addressing Third-Party Risk

Regulatory attorney Paul Hales of the Hales Law Group says the Avamere and Infinity breaches apparently originated at an unidentified Avamere subcontractor providing hosting services.

"HIPAA requires a documented 'chain of trust' running from covered entities to business associates to subcontractor BAs. A breach at any weak link in the chain can cause a breach," he says. "Chances of a breach increase as the chain gets longer."

Large BAs often rely on generic IT security procedures that meet some, but not all HIPAA requirements, resulting in self-assured complacency, he says. "Common failures include inadequate risk analysis, risk management and regular technical and nontechnical security evaluations."

Business associate HIPAA compliance is the healthcare industry's Achilles' heel, he says. "Initially business associates were not directly liable for HIPAA compliance so they are late to the game," he adds.

*Updated Aug. 1, 2022 21:18 UTC to reflect the number of individuals affected by the OneTouchPoint breach as reported by the company to Maine's attorney general.

Sun, 31 Jul 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html
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Sun, 17 Jul 2022 11:30:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : How to greenify all aspects of your vacation


The pandemic, though dark in so many respects, has a green lining. The halt in travel allowed Mother Earth to rest and recover after a busy year in which about 1.5 billion people flitted around the globe. Before borders closed, many destinations were buckling under the weight of overtourism. Several tourist magnets, such as Barcelona and Venice, were considering actions to counter the environmental and cultural assault.

And then everything shut down. Except, of course, nature, which flourished.

“The pandemic provided a wake-up call,” said Gregory Miller, executive director of the Center for Responsible Travel, a D.C.-based nonprofit. “We’re not saying don’t travel, but be a responsible traveler. Take a holistic approach to sustainable travel that includes the natural, cultural and spiritual elements of a place.” (Disclaimer: I contributed a chapter to the organization’s book about overtourism.)

A variety of tools can help travelers plan a sustainable vacation, including several that debuted during this health crisis. For example, last October, Google Flights added carbon emission estimates to its searches, as well as recommendations for less polluted routes. In April, Skyscanner’s Greener Choice, which provides a similar service for air travel, expanded to car rentals: Road-trippers can now search for hybrid and electric cars. In November, launched a Travel Sustainable badge and filter that highlights eco-friendly lodgings. The same month, Wilderness Scotland and its sister companies in England and Ireland introduced a carbon labeling program that displays an emissions figure beside each adventure tour, similar to calories posted on a menu.

As the world cautiously reopens, here are more tips to assembling a green holiday that would earn the approval of Mother Earth.

Choosing a destination

When picking a vacation spot, start with the Environmental Performance Index, a Yale and Columbia University research project that ranks 180 countries for their greenness. This year, Denmark took the top spot, followed by the United Kingdom, Finland, Malta and Sweden. The United States came in at No. 43, between Dominica (No. 42) and Namibia (No. 44). The researchers determined that several countries, including the top two placers, are on track to achieve greenhouse gas neutrality by 2050. However, several nations, such as China and India, are moving in the opposite direction, so you might want to wait until they pull a U-turn on the road to sustainability.

Anna Spenceley, a sustainable tourism expert and author, recommends places (and businesses) that organizations accredited by the Global Sustainable Tourism Council have certified. She also directs travelers to destinations that support global environmental agreements, such as the Glasgow Declaration on Climate Action in Tourism, which boasts nearly 540 signatories, and Tourism Declares a Climate Emergency, whose 438 members include the Oregon Coast Visitors Association, Visit Valencia and Tourism Vancouver Island.

Green Destinations, a Tourism Declares supporter, releases the Top 100 Destination Sustainability Stories every year. accurate winners include the return of European bison to Romania’s Vanatori Neamt Nature Park and a marine cleanup on Japan’s Yoron Island. The Dutch organization also runs the Good Travel Guide, a trip-planning resource with such inspiring ideas as Nahuelbuta, the oldest mountain range in Chile, and the Cardamom Tented Camp in Cambodia.

Larry Yu, a professor of hospitality management at George Washington University’s School of Business, mentioned several countries with environmental chops. Among his picks: the Netherlands (“they bike a lot”), Bhutan (“more than 50 percent of land is covered by forest”), Palau (visitors must sign an eco-pledge), Uruguay (most of its electricity comes from renewable sources), Cambodia (“pursuing sustainable development”) and Costa Rica, the valedictorian of eco-tourism.

It is equally important to know when to skip a destination because of cultural sensitivities, vulnerable resources or overtourism. Jared Sternberg, founder of Gondwana Ecotours, scrapped an itinerary to see the polar bears in Kaktovik because of the undue pressure it would place on the tiny Alaskan community, in addition to what he described as the villagers’ “polarized” sentiments toward tourism. “It wasn’t doing any favors to sustainability,” he said by phone from Alaska. Also on his dump-the-bucket list: the Galápagos Islands and Yucatán, Mexico. “It needs a serious break,” he said of the Mexican state that set a record in 2019 with more than 3.2 million visitors.

Finally, remember that vacationing is a state of mind, not a mileage contest. The pandemic taught us that we don’t need to travel far to escape mentally. “Look for options that are a bit closer to home,” said Bradley Cox, communications director at Green Globe, a lodging certification organization based in California. “Domestic businesses might be in need of your patronage and have better availability and choices, particularly midweek. Choosing domestic also helps lower the environmental footprint.”

Choosing accommodations

To dream in green, you don’t need to sever ties with civilization and fall off the grid; hundreds of lodgings are sustainable and swanky, or at least comfy and connected. For a broad sampling, check out the collections on Green Pearls, Kind Traveler, Wayaj and Eco Hotels & Resorts, which specialize in eco-stays around the world.

Whenever possible, choose smaller, independently run accommodations, which will typically generate less waste and cultivate deeper ties with the community. One exemplar: Lapa Rios Lodge in Costa Rica: 17 deluxe bungalows and villas surrounded by more than 1,000 acres of protected rainforest on the Osa Peninsula.

“I would be honored to bring people down here,” Sternberg said of the eco-lodge he discovered during a scouting trip in Costa Rica. “Every building is built by locals. They are solar- and hydro-powered and use a biodigester to produce gas. Pigs eat all the scraps, and what minimal trash is created is recycled or composted. It is luxurious for the right person.”

Of course, sometimes you may need to book a chain hotel. Rest assured: Most of the major hospitality companies have devised sustainable programs, such as Hilton’s Travel with Purpose, IHG Hotels & Resorts’ Green Engage and Marriott International’s Serve360. In addition to recycling and reducing food waste — i.e., the Hotel Kitchen project spearheaded by the American Hotel and Lodging Association (AHLA) and the World Wildlife Fund — hotels are phasing out single-use plastic. First came straws. Next up: elfin bathroom amenities. In 2019, Marriott, Hyatt and IHG properties announced the switch to refillable pump bottles. States have also entered the conversation. California and New York passed laws that will ban the minis starting in 2023 and 2024, respectively.

“America’s hotel brands, owners, operators, employees and guests are working to reduce carbon emissions, lower energy usage, conserve water, source responsibly and minimize waste through innovative and sustainable experiences and events,” said Chip Rogers, president and CEO of the AHLA, adding: “While America’s hotels have made significant strides in the effort to be more sustainable, we also recognize that there is still more to do.”

Be aware that just because a hotel claims to be eco-friendly doesn’t mean it is. Greenwashing is an unfortunate byproduct of the sustainable movement. For reassurance, seek out properties that have received a stamp of approval from a reputable environmental organization, such as the Global Sustainable Tourism Council, EarthCheck, Green Globe or the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), which runs the LEED, or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, certification program.

“Independent, third-party verification is the only way to assure that a business is adhering to the internationally accepted criteria for sustainable tourism,” said Cox of Green Globe, which counts more than 500 members in 80-plus countries.

The USGBC has certified more than 800 hotels around the world, a diverse group that includes the Bucuti & Tara Beach Resort in Aruba, the Caribbean’s first carbon-neutral hotel; Courtyard Brussels EU, a Marriott property in Belgium; and Proximity Hotel in Greensboro, N.C., the first hotel to acquire the highest Platinum level. In 2018, the organization unveiled LEED Zero, which awards buildings that have achieved net-zero carbon emissions in one of four categories over a 12-month period. The group has handed out about 100 certifications to date.

“When choosing a destination or an accommodation, travelers can compare environmental initiatives, conservation efforts and how much investment and commitment it is putting in to truly deliver a sustainable experience,” said Julia Simpson, president and CEO of the London-based World Travel and Tourism Council, which recently launched Hotel Sustainability Basics, a set of criteria geared toward the hospitality industry.

Choosing a mode of transportation

Sobering news for travelers: Transportation releases a lot of greenhouse gases. According to 2020 data from the Environmental Protection Agency, 27 percent of emissions in the United States stems from cars, trucks, ships, trains, planes and more, the highest percentage of any major industry. Of that total, airlines account for 8 percent of emissions stateside, according to the EPA. Worldwide, the D.C.-based Environmental and Energy Study Institute reported that aviation was responsible for 2.4 percent of total carbon dioxide emissions in 2018 — and it could get worse. “By 2050, commercial aircraft emissions could triple given the projected growth of passenger air travel and freight,” the nonprofit surmised in a accurate brief.

Airlines are pointing their noses toward greener horizons. Last October, members of the International Air Travel Association, which includes nearly 300 carriers in some 120 countries, backed the Net Zero Carbon Emission Challenge by 2050. Separately, Delta shared in early 2020 its aspiration of becoming the world’s first carbon-neutral airline, funneling $1 billion dollars into its 10-year goal. JetBlue, the first U.S. airline to voluntarily offset carbon dioxide emissions on all domestic flights, is aiming for 2040, as is Alaska Airlines. United, Southwest and American Airlines are shooting for 2050.

“The airlines are working hard to change,” Yu said. “But they need to find a way to increase production of biofuel.”

Passengers can do their part by making conscientious decisions before and during flights. For example, planes guzzle fuel during takeoff and landing, so book a nonstop flight. Bonus points for choosing a sustainable airport, such as Seattle-Tacoma International or Chicago O’Hare. Support airlines that are ditching single-use plastic, such as Air France and Alaska Airlines, which serve Boxed Water. Contribute to the carrier’s carbon offset program. American Airlines, for instance, has partnered with Cool Effect, which uses the proceeds to fund environmental projects in Mexico, Indonesia and Honduras. Also, reduce your airtime by remaining in one location for a longer period.

“We got drunk on these amazingly cheap flights,” said Paul Easto, CEO and founder of Wilderness Scotland. “You can fly less, but you don’t have to necessarily holiday less.”

If you have the vacation days, consider snail rail, the gentler option. According to the Amtrak Connects Us report from May 2021: “Travel on Amtrak trains outside the [Northeast Corridor] emits up to 55% fewer [greenhouse gases] than driving alone, and up to 30% fewer than flying.” As part of its long-term strategy, the railway hopes to add nearly 40 new routes in the coming years. More immediately, trains are crossing the northern border again, more than two years after Amtrak suspended international trips. Last month, service resumed between New York City and Toronto; trains from Seattle to Vancouver are slated to return in September.

On the other side of the Atlantic, the Trans-European Transport Network will shorten travel times between European Union cities, in addition to electrifying the entire rail system by 2030. Overnight train travel is also getting a chic makeover: Midnight, a “hotel on rails” with private cabins and a restaurant, will launch in 2024 from its Paris hub. Its elevator pitch: “A combination of modern sustainability and glorious Roaring [’20s] charm.”

Cruise ships are often cited as environmental disasters. Friends of the Earth doesn’t mince words: “Cruise ships are a catastrophe for the environment. … They dump toxic waste into our waters, fill the planet with carbon dioxide, and kill marine wildlife.” The cruise lines have been trying to turn over a green leaf, communally and individually. The Cruise Lines International Association’s 2021 Environmental Technologies and Practices Report defines its goals and achievements, such as expanding the number of ships powered by liquefied natural gas, a cleaner alternative fuel.

When choosing a cruise, research the company’s sustainability doctrine, such as Norwegian Cruise Line’s Sail & Sustain and Virgin Voyages’ Epic Sea Change for All. The latter cruise line, which was founded by English ocean conservationist Richard Branson, has eliminated the traditional Henry VIII-style buffet, to reduce food waste; banned unnecessary single-use plastic, such as condiment packets and to-go cups; and incorporated such energy-efficient designs as tinted windows, LED lighting and room sensors, among other eco-friendly measures.

In the Galápagos Islands and Antarctica, cruise ships must abide by governmental laws geared toward protecting the fragile landscape and wildlife. To lessen your effects, seek out smaller vessels affiliated with environmental stalwarts, such as the World Wildlife Fund or National Geographic. In addition, avoid itineraries that visit ports overwhelmed by cruisers, such as Venice, which recently passed a law forbidding large vessels from entering its historic center. To control crowds, the Italian city will start requiring visitors to make a reservation and pay an entrance fee in mid-January.

For road trips, rent a car with good gas mileage — 30 miles per gallon or more — or slide behind the wheel of an electric or hybrid vehicle. Last year, Hertz started offering Teslas in North America. Turo, a peer-to-peer site, has a range of EVs; European rental agencies also have large inventories of plug-in models. Cars are more efficient on highways than stop-and-go streets, so once you are settled into your urban destination, consider parking your ride or returning it.

Of course, human-powered transportation — walking, cycling, paddling — is the greenest form of travel. Take advantage of bike-share programs or hotel loaner bikes. To cover greater distances, hop on an electric bike or scooter. Just be sure to learn the phrase, “On your left,” in the host country’s tongue.

Choosing activities

For excursions, the type of tour you choose is as critical as the mode of transportation.

“Sustainability is not only about the environment,” said Heather Kelly, director of research and sustainability for the Adventure Travel Trade Association, whose members strive to adhere to sustainable practices. “We need to maintain economically viable jobs for local people and keep them included in decisions, particularly Indigenous communities and underrepresented groups like women and youth.”

Most cities have tip-based walking tours led by locals, such as Free Tours by Foot, which is offered in cities throughout North America, Europe, Asia, Australia and the Middle East. Free services such as the International Greeter Association pairs residents with visitors in popular tourist destinations (Berlin, Montreal) as well as surprising spots (Iringa, Tanzania; Nis, Serbia). After a short hiatus, Airbnb Experiences is back. Visitors can sign up for such personal excursions as a pasta-making class taught by a Roman family or a graffiti art tour that includes a mango ice cream stop at the Colombian guide’s grandmother’s house in Medellín.

For additional green outing ideas and tour companies, check with the city, state or country’s tourism office, which often has materials dedicated to eco-tourism. Native American and Indigenous tour operators and organizations, such as the Indigenous Tourism Association of Canada and Go Native America, provide an intimate look at their art, culture and traditions within the framework of the natural world.

The locavore movement has gone global, with more restaurants basing their menus on the seasons and harvests of nearby farms. For North American dining, Yu, the hospitality professor at George Washington, recommends the Green Restaurant Association, which has certified restaurants in 47 U.S. states and Canada. HappyCow and Thrillist (the veg city editions) cater to plant-centric diners. If you are craving something from Neptune’s kitchen, Surfrider Foundation’s Ocean Friendly Restaurants gives the thumbs-up to 750 dining spots around the country. The nonprofit’s European chapters boast more than 80 restaurants.

In 2020, the venerable Michelin Guide launched Michelin Green Star. About 375 restaurants in the United States and Europe have earned the eco-accolade. The universe of sustainable culinary stars is expanding.

Potential travelers should take local and national public health directives regarding the pandemic into consideration before planning any trips. Travel health notice information can be found on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s interactive map showing travel recommendations by destination and the CDC’s travel health notice webpage.


Thu, 14 Jul 2022 22:00:00 -0500 Andrea Sachs en text/html
Killexams : What Ophthalmologists Want You to Know About Kids and Concussion

Mon, 18 Jul 2022 10:16:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : Spotting frogs or counting moose, volunteers help UW researchers

With mosquitoes swarming around her, Inna Willis inspects the unknown creature trapped in her net with a mix of disgust and fascination. After learning it’s an aquatic beetle larva, Willis discards the unintended catch and moves on, trudging through the muddy water in her borrowed wading boots.

Willis, a graphic design intern at the University of Wyoming’s Biodiversity Institute, is participating in a survey for the Rocky Mountain Amphibian Project on this hot July day with Mason Lee, a project coordinator at the institute.

Though a student at UW, Willis is not pursuing a science degree, nor does she have any particular scientific background. Such is the spirit of community science, aka citizen science, in which volunteers — some untrained in scientific methods — act as foot soldiers in research projects, often by helping collect data in the field.

In July 2020 the Biodiversity Institute announced a move away from using the term citizen in favor of community science in an effort to welcome volunteers to participate regardless of where they were born or call home.

During today’s survey, Willis spots tiger salamander larvae, frog tadpoles and adult boreal chorus frogs.

She will contribute her observations to a vast dataset that helps researchers track amphibian populations over time in the Bridger-Teton, Medicine Bow and Routt national forests.

The amphibian project is a collaboration between the BI and several other partners, including the Wyoming Game and Fish Department and Colorado Parks and Wildlife.

The BI’s role in RMAP involves recruiting, training and equipping community scientists. Each scientist adopts a survey area in the summer, known as a catchment, collecting data on the amphibians and environmental conditions they find.

Volunteers help researchers cover a wider geographic area over a longer period, said Lee, who manages all community science projects at the BI. Meanwhile, participants get the opportunity to contribute to science and take part in research happening in their area.

Community scientists experience not only the scientific process of data collection but also some of the difficulties of fieldwork.

The catchment that Willis and Lee are surveying in Routt National Forest is identified as Lone Pine Creek on the BI’s website. The site is rated easy but still requires navigating a field of fallen trees, through dense willow patches, alongside a mountain stream and around occasionally deep and muddy waters prone to trapping one’s foot in the stinky sludge.

“Most community science happens on public lands. They’re able to actually go out into the public lands where they would normally go to mountain bike or hike or something, and they get to see a different side of it when they’re doing these projects,” Lee said.

Some RMAP sites require longer hikes to reach, and a few in the Bridger-Teton National Forest even necessitate backcountry camping.

RMAP is the BI’s most intensive program for community scientists, Lee said, and it experiences low volunteer retention rates year-to-year.

Other community science programs at the BI include the Annual Wyoming BioBlitz, the Mullen Fire Initiative, Bi-Annual Moose Day and the Laramie Salamander Migration Initiative.

During Summer Moose Day community scientists adopt routes to drive or hike, searching for moose or signs of them along the way. Volunteers can ski or snowshoe their routes for its winter counterpart. The BI offers training to prepare volunteers and the resulting data are used for research and management by UW and Wyoming Game and Fish.

While the BI only offers moose monitoring routes near Laramie, the Jackson Hole Wildlife Foundation hosts its own Moose Day each winter with routes around Jackson.

Though their contributions are valuable — an observation borne out by research — the BI struggles to recruit community scientists beyond the Laramie area, and few of the RMAP sites outside of Medicine Bow National Forest get adopted by volunteers each summer, Lee said.

While many of the BI’s community science projects are centered around Laramie, the organization is working on expanding its reach to other communities and growing its volunteer base across the state.

“I think community science is important in Wyoming. We don’t have huge population centers. We’re kind of spread out. Community science can help fill in those gaps,” Lee said.

Researchers at UW and Wyoming Game and Fish analyzed the contributions of community scientists to the Rocky Mountain Amphibian Project.

One of their findings, according to a paper published in the peer-reviewed journal Ecological Indicators, suggests competence by volunteers in detecting and identifying amphibian species at their catchments.

The study compared data collected by community scientists and professional biologists that surveyed the same catchments in the same year. The results demonstrated a 77%-99% agreement between the species observations of volunteers and professional biologists at those sites.

The researchers also modeled probabilities for community scientists and biologists in the detection of each species. The modeled estimates were similar for most species except the state’s smallest frog, the boreal chorus frog, whose detection had a higher modeled average probability for biologists (74%) compared to community scientists (44%).

Lee, who contributed to the study and is listed as an author, wasn’t surprised by its findings and emphasized the training and preparation that volunteers at the BI receive.

“They really help magnify the research that’s happening in Wyoming on amphibians because, without them, we wouldn’t be able to monitor these species over time. That paper just reinstates that they’re collecting good quality data, and they’re making a big difference in terms of what professional scientists could do,” Lee said.

Community science is sometimes couched as outreach, essentially as a tool to reach people outside of the scientific community, involve them in the process and Excellerate scientific knowledge among the public. Community impact is often an important aspect that funders use to gauge research projects.

There are issues with this approach though, Lee said.

“A lot of community science, they call it preaching to the choir. People that participate in community science are the ones that are already interested in it,” she said.

Esther Gilman-Kehrer is a clinical associate professor for UW’s Fay W. Whitney School of Nursing and a volunteer through the Wyoming Naturalist Program. The program, coordinated by the BI, Audubon Rockies, Wyoming Game and Fish and Wyoming State Parks, trains participants to become certified naturalists in part through community science work.

Through the program, Gilman-Kehrer participated in this year’s BioBlitz and has adopted a catchment for RMAP. She has also volunteered for the Laramie Salamander Migration Initiative and regularly contributes species observations to the iNaturalist app.

Gilman-Kehrer has years of scientific background and experience in the nursing field, including a master’s degree and a Doctor of Nursing Practice, and took science classes during her undergraduate studies.

She agrees that many of her fellow naturalists and community scientists already come from science and biology backgrounds, and said her motivation for joining the Naturalist Program was to spend more time outdoors and feel a sense of purpose simultaneously.

“I’ve spent my whole life working indoors. I’ve been a nurse practitioner and then a midwife. So, I always worked in the hospital or indoors or in a clinic,” she said. “I never really got out as much as I did when I was a kid. When I was a kid, I was outside all the time.”

With the benefits afforded to volunteers like Gilman-Kehrer, Lee hopes the BI can attract and generate a more collaborative process with the public for building community science projects in the future.

“We would be very happy to work with communities that have a question about something that’s happening in their area,” she said. “If they want to create a project, that’d be awesome.”

This story is supported by a grant through Wyoming’s Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) and the National Science Foundation.

WyoFile is an independent nonprofit news organization focused on Wyoming people, places and policy.

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