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Killexams : IBM WebSphere syllabus - BingNews Search results Killexams : IBM WebSphere syllabus - BingNews Killexams : Important tips for designing a cloud strategy

There are numerous things to think about when rolling out cloud to a company’s development teams, data volumes and culture. Every business has different needs, and no cloud strategy will (or should) look the same. To make sure cloud will actually take hold and unlock new potential around data and innovation, there are two questions that should be at the forefront of any adoption journey.

First, teams should ask themselves what they are specifically looking for with cloud. Is it speed, greater access to emerging technologies, increased reliability, or a combination? Identifying which of these are priority will drive the tactics of rolling out a new platform.  

Second, what digital transformation needs to happen? Do development teams desperately need a more agile and collaborative way to work, or is it imperative to deliver better experiences for customers?

Asking these questions helps to not only design the most effective way to adopt cloud, but also to capture the real value it offers – which is more than just increased compute, network and storage power. Cloud opens the door to build with AI, blockchain, data and the Internet of Things (IoT). Laying an intelligent foundation from the start allows business to begin tapping these tools to compete in new ways.

In the below Q&A, Lauren Nelson, principal analyst at Forrester, and Don Boulia, general manager of IBM Cloud Developer Services, take a look at how these two factors can help determine the most successful way to adopt cloud.

How do you choose a cloud strategy tailored to your business?

Nelson: Forrester believes in the pragmatic cloud approach, where a company tailors their strategy given the context of their own organization. This isn’t an excuse to be conservative or slow down developer-led cloud initiatives, but it is a reminder to take a step back and really gain a solid picture of how cloud fits into current operations, and what needs to happen to make sure it’s successfully implemented.

Some tips for success include starting small. Build out a pilot and go from there. Your team needs to learn the tools, the economics and start uncovering early challenges. Once you have successful use cases under your belt, you’ll know what to expect and what obstacles may come up when it’s time for a larger scale roll-out.

A second tip is to dedicate a leader to the initiative. Lots of strategies start to waver when there’s no final decision making power. Find a cloud champion, and make it their mission to be successful. Then, support that leader with an executive sponsor, who can help overcome both financial and cultural hurdles.

Finally, define the ‘whys’ and test your logic. Ask about purpose, who will be affected, and prioritize the list of benefits that cloud will help achieve. Clearly define how those will come to pass, and check with several stakeholders whether those are the best benefits to prioritize.

Boulia: When I talk to clients about moving to cloud, I often make the analogy, “owning golf clubs doesn’t make you a golfer.” No matter how much they spend to build a new cloud foundation, it’s useless unless they know what to do with it.

As Lauren mentioned, it’s important to identify reasonably small cloud projects that you can verify success with across teams – from the business side to developers to customer engagement. This is often overlooked, and unfortunately results in a lack of knowledge of how to not use tools as well. There is no one-size-fits-all for cloud.

Also, always remember that cloud is more than infrastructure. We’re beyond the initial days of cloud when the only goal was more data storage and the ability to quickly scale computing resources. Of course, these are still important, but cloud can offer so much more, such as tools to develop AI and blockchain innovation. Choosing the right cloud opens up this potential in a secure and scalable way.

Nelson: Businesses don’t always expect to hear that from a vendor — “don’t buy your way into your problem, and don’t pick the tools before you’re aware of your problem.” Many IT teams are instructed to get out in front of cloud by buying a tool to control the problem. But this can lead to overspending and the wrong tools altogether. Test cases help inform those decisions.

Best practices: What is the one thing that should always be included when it comes to cloud?

Boulia: With the right methodology in mind, create an approach to convey how teams can get started with cloud, one step at a time. Start small, but make sure your strategy and choice for cloud can mature with you.

When it comes to choosing a cloud, ask what it can do for you. Does it open up doors for developers to build with emerging technologies like machine learning and AI? It should also offer a wide breadth and scope of options to deliver cloud, because there is no magic underlying technology to run all workloads. For reasons ranging from performance to privacy, you may want some data to run in the public cloud, other datasets to live in private cloud environments, and perhaps some to remain on-premise. Whatever your foundation looks like, it must have flexibility to grow for the uses of today and the future.

Nelson: One thing? That’s challenging. I agree on taking an “app by app” approach and starting small. I’ll add in “marketing for internal IT” to drive cultural transformation. IT teams aren’t used to marketing, or needing to spread awareness of the changes they are making and the benefits they offer.

Developers can sometimes have a tendency to go over the heads of the IT team when it comes to using (or not using) new technologies, which can lead to an uncoordinated mish mash of tools at best, and data and security risks at worst. IT teams must make new cloud tools and strategies understandable and accessible. Rather than emails and mandates, there should be easy access, pizza-fueled training, and continuous support during and after any new cloud adoption journey.

Moving to the cloud can often be overwhelming on many levels – operationally, culturally and financially. However, it becomes much more manageable when you take the time to ask the right questions, and choose and build a strategy that meets you where you are in your cloud journey, no matter how big or small that might be.

Don Boulia is the General Manager of Cloud Developer Services for the IBM Watson and Cloud Platform. He is responsible for offering management, delivery, and operations of developer offerings on the IBM Cloud. Don was most recently Vice President of Cloud Strategy and Portfolio Management where he set the strategic direction for the IBM Cloud portfolio. He has more than 20 years of experience developing and delivering software and has held executive roles in product management, strategy and development within the WebSphere organization, leading emerging WebSphere foundation product deliveries, cloud strategy, portfolio management, open source and open standards initiatives.

Lauren E. Nelson, Forrester’s private infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) cloud lead, is an analyst based in Cambridge, Mass., serving Infrastructure & Operations Professionals. Her coverage area spans the IaaS space with extensive knowledge of solutions (including internal private, hosted private, and public IaaS), enterprise adoption trends, the current state of cloud standardization, and cloud metrics creation. Her coverage also includes strategic rightsourcing of applications, cloud strategy development, customer use cases, cloud adoption trends, cloud economics, and the green implications of cloud computing. Lauren has advised hundreds of enterprises on these syllabus through speeches, workshops, webinars, inquiries, advisory, and reports.

Wed, 20 Jun 2018 03:07:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : IBM Enables Smart Businesses to Survive and Thrive

IBM Enables Smart Businesses to Survive and Thrive
Impact 2009 Middle East Roadshow showcased new technologies for cost optimization, business agility and rapid response

Inefficient business processes and barriers to collaboration can hamper business success, especially in a challenging economic environment. In light of this, IBM’s IMPACT Middle East 2009 road show focused on cost optimization, business agility and rapid response which enabled participants to gain insight into the issues and solutions to not only survive but thrive in the current economic environment. By transforming business processes and improving collaboration across the workforce, organizations can become more agile and responsive to rapidly changing market conditions as well as better able to pursue new revenue opportunities; becoming ‘Smarter’ organisations.

"Working smarter means becoming more intelligent about the way we use the resources that we have, making processes better, faster and more cost-efficient. The solutions and business process management capabilities that we are bringing to the market are enabling our customers to do just that," said Takreem El Tohamy, general manager, IBM Middle East and North Africa. "The latest IMPACT event in the US was a huge success and the Riyadh event was equally a great opportunity for our customers and business partners who learned more about our applications and technology enabling them to become the smart enterprises that the future requires.” And according to Michael Fadi Fawal, SBM Software Group manager, the record attendance at Riyadh event showed significant interest in the ‘smart’ technology by organizations across all sectors in Saudi Arabia.
The roadshow was hosted by Saudi Business Machines (SBM), IBM’s general marketing and services representatives in Saudi Arabia, and the key note speaker of the event was John McLean, Vice President WebSphere Connectivity Development & Hursley Laboratory Director, who shared his wealth of experience across WebSphere and SOA with the audience. John provided a unique opportunity to gain valuable insight about cost optimization strategies to reuse existing assets and connect disparate systems, enhancing business agility through process improvement and smarter collaboration. By sharing his experience and customer stories, John also showed how IBM Smart SOA approach can build a structured future proofed plan for cost optimization and agility.

IMPACT 2009 offered an exclusive opportunity to quickly gain practical knowledge about syllabus related to cost optimization strategies, business agility, business user empowerment and how to respond rapidly to business events with IBM Regional and Global executives in addition to SOA experts. IBM also unveiled its comprehensive ‘Smarter Work’ strategy including ‘Smarter Workforce’ and new services for collaboration and business transformation.

Every week businesses waste 5.3 hours per employee due to inefficient processes and two-thirds of employee believe there are colleagues who can help them do their jobs better, but don't know how to find them. In addition, 42 percent of people are forced to make decisions with the wrong information at least once per week, while a good number of CEOs surveyed by IBM said they needed to restructure the way their organizations work.

By taking advantage of today's increasingly instrumented and interconnected world, regional organizations can vastly Boost their infrastructure enabling them not only to save costs but gain a real insight into their businesses and discover where business processes need to be changed to make them more effective organizations.

“Organizations understand that using service-oriented architecture (SOA) is a preferred method of delivering sustainable agility,” said Bashar Kilani, Software Group business unit executive, IBM Middle East. “The flexibility and scalability of such systems enable regional businesses to build smartness into their structure and as such be better enabled to overcome the challenges of rapidly changing market conditions.”

Wed, 29 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Best Unified Communications Certifications

The need for today’s organizations to share information, along with proliferation of high-speed broadband, has driven the global unified communications (UC) market for the past decade, if not longer. UC streamlines communications so that geologically-dispersed employees can interact digitally as if they’re in the same office, even if they’re located thousands of miles apart.

Centralized administration also makes UC popular with IT managers because it reduces the time and effort needed to support and secure corporate communications of all kinds. Because of a need for specialized skills to make large-scale UC implementations run their best, top UC vendors offer certifications to buttress and boost workforce capability and quality.

Simply Hired lists $91,623 as the average salary for a UC engineer’s role, with highest salaries reported at $139,737. Glassdoor lists UC salaries as high as $166,000 for senior and UC engineer positions. UC engineer salaries declined slightly from previous years with the average down from $94,354 to $91,623 (a dip of just under three percent). While this dip could just represent normal market fluctuations, it is a trend worth watching because we also observed a slight salary decrease last year.

We dug into various job boards to see how many UC jobs are available, specifically targeting jobs that called out one or more of our top five certifications: Avaya ACSS, CCIE Collaboration, CCNP Collaboration, IBM Sametime and MCSE: Productivity.




LinkedIn Jobs



Avaya ACSS






CCIE Collaboration






CCNP Collaboration






IBM Sametime






MCSE Productivity






Because new UC technologies continually come to market, UC offers interesting, high-demand job opportunities as companies seek to Boost communication and collaboration. However, UC is no easy career path. UC roles require knowledge of several IT areas and technical disciplines. As a result, earning UC certifications often requires multiple exams and credentials.

The following sections dig into the details for our top five certs, listed in order of sponsor name, not by any planned ranking.

ACSS: Avaya Certified Solution Specialist

For IT professionals supporting Avaya products, the ACSS is a must-have credential. The company updated its certification programs in late 2015 and currently offers two separate professional certification tracks:

Sales and Design – this track offers three credentials:

  • Avaya Professional Sales Specialist (APSS)
  • Avaya Certified Design Specialist (ACDS)
  • Avaya Professional Design Specialist (APDS)

Services – this track is aligned with Avaya engagement solutions and products, so you’ll see two flavors for some of the certifications depending on which solution track (product or engagement solution) is targeted. Avaya currently offers the following Services credentials:

  • Avaya Support Professional Specialist (ASPS)
  • Avaya Implementation Professional Specialist (AIPS)
  • ACSS: Avaya Certified Solution Specialist (ACSS) (engagement solution) and Avaya Certified Support Specialist (ACSS) (product)
  • ACIS: Avaya Certified Integration Specialist (ACIS) (engagement solutions) and Avaya Certified Implementation Specialist (ACIS) (product)

The advanced-level ACSS cert targets more experienced Avaya practitioners both in support specialist and product specialist roles, covering 19 individual credentials. Candidates should possess technical skills sufficient to configure, install and administer Avaya products. Also, they should be well-versed in Avaya product maintenance, and in testing product implementations and troubleshooting issues. Successful candidates typically possess at least two years’ direct experience supporting Avaya products and four years working with the chosen Avaya technology. Each certification is valid for two years.

Requirements to obtain the ACSS certification depend on which credential one chooses to pursue. For information on prerequisite skills, curriculum maps, required training and the number of exams for individual credentials, visit Avaya’s credential program webpage. (Click the Services Credentials tab, then click on the ACSS button to view the full Catalog. Additional program information appears in the Avaya Professional Credential Program Overview.)

ACSS Facts and Figures

Certification Name

Avaya Certified Solution Specialist (ACSS)

Prerequisites & Required Courses

Minimum of 4 years’ experience in the relevant technology plus 2 years’ experience supporting the Avaya product. Training is required and available in multiple formats (classroom, virtual classroom and on-demand); depending on solution track. Expect to pay between $3,500 and $4,500 per classroom course, or $1,400 per 16-hour course, and $2,100 per 24-hour course in the virtual classroom or on-demand.

Number of Exams

One test per credential

Cost of Exam


Exams administered by Pearson VUE


Self-Study Materials


CCCIE Collaboration: Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert Collaboration

Cisco offers its CCIE Collaboration certification, which identifies expert skills in unified communications, video and telecom. Only the cream of the crop earns the CCIE, and CCIE Collaboration is no exception.

The expert-level CCIE Collaboration credential recognizes seasoned collaboration and UC architects, as well as voice and video network managers, who design, deploy and troubleshoot enterprise collaboration solutions that are moderately to highly complex. Although the certification requires no prerequisites or specific training, Cisco designed the CCIE Collaboration for individuals with true expertise and lots of relevant experience (three to five years, minimum) with UC solution integration, configuration and troubleshooting.

Like other CCIE certs, the certification has a written qualification test and a hands-on lab exam, both of which are rigorous and often take multiple attempts to pass. Cisco includes emerging technologies in its assessments. A great value-add available through the Cisco 360 Learning Program for CCIE Collaboration is remote access to an online environment that contains equipment to practice hands-on for the lab exam.

CCIE credential holders must recertify every two years or it will be suspended. It’s the responsibility of the credential holder to keep track of their individual recertification deadline. You can apply for a one-year extension to complete re-cert requirements, but if you miss that deadline, your certification is lost forever.

Recertification involves passing a single exam. Currently, acceptable recertification exams include any current CCIE written or lab exam, or a current CCDE written or practical exam. Credential holders may also recertify by passing the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview and board review. Alternatively, credential holders may recertify through participation in the Cisco Continuing Education Program (CEP). To recertify through the CEP, credential holders must earn 100 continuing education credits, pay a $300 administrative fee, and agree to CEP terms and conditions.

CCIE Collaboration Facts and Figures

Certification Name

Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) Collaboration

Prerequisites & Required Courses

No course prerequisites. In-depth understanding of test syllabus plus three to five years of job experience recommended.

Number of Exams

Two exams: Written qualification test (Exam 400-051 version 2.0: CCIE Collaboration), 90 to 110 questions, 120 minutes.

Hands-on lab test (Version 2.0), 8 hours. 

Cost of Exam

Written exam: $450, test 400-051
Lab exam: $1,600 per attempt


Self-Study Materials

Written exam: The CCIE written exam website maintains a list of Cisco Press resources, reference and design guides, training, self-assessment tools, and more. Additional self-study resources are available from the Cisco Learning Network Store.
CCIE Lab Exam: The Cisco Learning Network maintains a list of self-study resources for the CCIE lab exam.

CCIE Practice Exam: Udemy offers a practice test with weekly-updated mock test as the final prep for the CCIE.

CCNP Collaboration: Cisco Certified Network Professional Collaboration

The intermediate-level CCNP Collaboration recognizes network engineers who are well versed in Cisco Voice and UC devices and applications in enterprise networks.

Four exams are required to qualify for the CCNP Collaboration credential. A certified candidate designs, implements, configures, manages and troubleshoots Cisco UC applications, networks and devices. Candidates should have in-depth knowledge of all facets of unified networking, including gateways, IP phones, quality of service (QoS), voice, video and presence applications, and utilities for configuring Cisco routers and switches, in addition to one to three years’ experience with these technologies.

Training is recommended but not required. Cisco offers in-depth training courses, both in the classroom and online, for each exam. Depending on the training provider, classroom live and virtual classroom live courses cost approximately $3,795, while online self-paced courses start at about $1,100. Training courses typically last five days.

The CCNP Collaboration, like all Cisco professional-level certifications, requires recertification every three years. To recertify, you must pass one Cisco test before your cert’s expiration date. Acceptable exams include any current 642-XXX professional-level exam, any 300-XXX professional-level exam, any CCIE written exam, any CCDE written or practical exam, or passing the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview and board review.

CCNP Collaboration Facts and Figures

IBM Certified System Administrator: Sametime V9.0

The intermediate-level IBM Sametime administrator credential aims at systems administrators with existing skills and hands-on experience in IBM Sametime 9.0. Candidates must understand architectural considerations when running IBM Sametime within an IBM WebSphere environment. They must also demonstrate their knowledge of Sametime deployment and audio/video configuration within Sametime, along with management, troubleshooting, performance monitoring and optimization techniques.

The certification requires candidates to pass a 78-question multiple-choice exam, to be completed in no more than 105 minutes. IBM emphasizes the need for hands-on experience before tackling this exam, stating that “direct application of the skills learned cannot be substituted” with any of the self-study materials. The test measures a candidate’s knowledge of task performance rather than memorization of features and functions.

In addition to the Certified System Administrator credential, IBM also offers two related certifications:

  • IBM Certified Associate – Sametime 9.0: This is an entry-level certification for professionals with knowledge regarding the use and administration of an IBM Sametime environment. Successful candidates should possess a basic understanding of UC concepts, databases, and IBM WebSphere and IBM Domino V9.0 environments.
  • IBM Certified Advanced System Administrator – Sametime 9.0: This is an advanced professional-level credential for system administrators, application, infrastructure and solution architects. It requires an understanding of the WebSphere Application Server Network Deployment and Liberty Profile environments. Candidates must first obtain the Certified System Administrator credential and then pass an additional exam.

The IBM Certified System Administrator – IBM Lotus Sametime 8.5 credential is still available for those working in Lotus Sametime 8.5 environments.

While IBM certifications are evergreen and don’t expire, the same cannot be said for technology. Credential holders should plan to move up and recertify on new technology as it becomes available.

IBM Certified System Administrator – Sametime V9.0 Facts and Figures

Certification Name

IBM Certified System Administrator – Sametime V9.0


Basic IBM Sametime administration knowledge plus hands-on experience with IBM Sametime V9.0

Number of Exams

One exam: Exam C2040-413: IBM Sametime 9.0 Administration (78 questions, 105 minutes, 52 questions required to pass)

Cost of Exam

$200. Exams administered by Pearson VUE.


Self-Study Materials

IBM maintains a list of test objectives, Technotes, product documentation and web resources for the exam.  Also, candidates can purchase a web-based sample/practice test (number A2040-413 Assessment: IBM Sametime 9.0 Administration) from Pearson VUE for $30.

MCSE (Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert): Productivity

The MCSE: Productivity certification targets professionals supporting enterprise-grade hybrid and cloud solutions for Microsoft Office. Key technologies include Microsoft Office 365, Microsoft Office, Exchange, Skype for Business and SharePoint.

To obtain the MCSE: Productivity credential, candidates must first obtain the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA): Office 365, MCSA: Windows Server 2012 or MCSA Windows Server 2016 certification. Then, they must pass one additional test from an approved list. Currently, there are eight different exams to choose from. In addition, Microsoft recommends three to four years of experience.

The Microsoft Certification Program underwent extensive changes in September 2016. Once you earn one of the latest MCSE credentials, you do not have to recertify within three years as was the case in the past. However, by passing an elective test each calendar year, you add an entry to your transcript that indicates your commitment to staying current on technologies and expanding your skillset.

MCSE: Productivity Facts and Figures

Certification Name

Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE): Productivity

Prerequisites & Required Courses

MCSA: Office 365, MCSA: Windows Server 2012 or MCSA Windows Server 2016 certification
Three or more years of experience recommended.

Number of Exams

Candidates must pass one of the following exams:
Exam 70-345: Designing and Deploying Microsoft Exchange Server 2016
Exam 70-339: Managing Microsoft SharePoint Server 2016
Exam 70-333: Deploying Enterprise Voice with Skype for Business 2015
Exam 70-334: Core Solutions of Microsoft Skype for Business 2015
Exam 70-331: Core Solutions of Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013
Exam 70-332: Advanced Solutions of Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013
Exam 70-341: Core Solutions of Microsoft Exchange Server 2013
Exam 70-342: Advanced Solutions of Microsoft Exchange Server 2013

Cost of Exam

$165 per exam. Exams administered by Pearson VUE.


Self-Study Materials

Microsoft provides links to training, practice exams by third-party vendors such as Mindhub and MeasureUp, case studies, test study groups and more. Links to community support forums and other resources are listed on each test web page. Microsoft also offers various training options through its Microsoft Official Courses On-Demand (MOC On-Demand) program.

Beyond the top 5: more UC certifications

The UC certification landscape is not as crowded as the pool of general networking certs or the increasingly popular cloud and mobile credentials, but UC is on the rise nonetheless. In fact, traditional UC is increasingly offered through the cloud, forcing certifications to take on a new flavor to accommodate the latest technologies and techniques.

In addition to the top five certs covered in this article, many colleges and universities offer courses in unified communications or certificate programs aimed at workforce training. Note that most of those programs incorporate Cisco equipment and applications. Other programs are available, though. We conducted a simple Google search that revealed several interesting choices, including the Information Technology: Network Specialist Concentration at the Pennsylvania College of Technology.

Another consideration is Mitel Networks. Although the company doesn’t offer its own IT career certifications as of this writing, Gartner considers Mitel one of the leaders in the UC market, and the company name appears in job board searches for “unified communications” with great frequency. That means there’s an abundance of open positions that call for Mitel experience and/or knowledge. When evaluating UC certifications, and especially certificate programs through colleges or universities, consider if the required skills and knowledge might transfer to a job working with Mitel technology.

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Jason McGee

Opinions expressed by ICN authors are their own.

Jason McGee, IBM Fellow, is VP and CTO, IBM Cloud Platform. Jason is currently responsible for IBM Cloud's foundational developer services, including Containers and Blueprints. Jason is also responsible for the technical strategy and architecture for all of IBM’s Cloud Developer Platform.

Previously Jason has served as CTO of Cloud Foundation Services, Chief Architect of PureApplication System, WebSphere Extended Deployment, WebSphere sMash, and WebSphere Application Server on distributed platforms.

The opinions expressed in this blog are those of Jason McGee and do not necessarily represent those of IDG Communications, Inc., its parent, subsidiary or affiliated companies.

Sun, 03 Jun 2018 12:22:00 -0500 Jason McGee en text/html
Killexams : IBM Unveils $1 Billion Platform-as-a-Service Investment No result found, try new keyword!BlueMix runs on SoftLayer's global cloud platform. The investments also bring IBM's middleware portfolio, such as WebSphere, to the instant global cloud distribution system of SoftLayer through ... Wed, 29 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : Don Boulia

Don Boulia is responsible for offering management, delivery, and operations of developer offerings in the IBM Cloud. Don was most recently Vice President of Cloud Strategy and Portfolio Management where he set the strategic direction for the IBM Cloud portfolio.

Prior to that role, Don was Vice President of Cloud Services, leading offering management and development of IBM Cloud Integration offerings. Don has over 20 years of experience developing and delivering software in a variety of roles. Don has held executive roles in product management, strategy and development within the WebSphere organization, leading emerging WebSphere foundation product deliveries, cloud strategy, portfolio management, open source and open standards initiatives.

The opinions expressed in this blog are those of Don Boulia and do not necessarily represent those of IDG Communications, Inc., its parent, subsidiary or affiliated companies.

Tue, 28 Nov 2017 20:28:00 -0600 Don Boulia en text/html
Killexams : Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE)

The Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) is a collection of Java APIs owned by Oracle that software developers can use to write server-side applications. It was formerly known as Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition, or J2EE.

Sun Microsystems (together with industry partners such as IBM) originally designed Java EE to simplify application development in a thin-client-tiered environment. Java EE simplifies app development and decreases the need for programming by creating standardized, reusable modular components and by enabling the tier to handle many aspects of programming automatically.

Java EE applications are hosted on application servers, such as  IBM's WebSphere, Oracle's GlassFish or Red Hat's WildFly server, all of which run either in the cloud or within a corporate data center. While Java EE apps are hosted on the server side, examples of Java EE clients include an internet of things (IoT) device, smartphone, RESTful web service, standard web-based application, WebSocket or even microservices running in a Docker container.

Java EE architecture goals

The Java EE architecture provides services that simplify the most common challenges facing developers when building modern applications, in many cases through APIs, thus making it easier to use popular design patterns and industry-accepted best practices.

For example, one common challenge enterprise developers face is how to handle requests coming in from web-based clients. To simplify this challenge, Java EE provides the Servlet and JavaServer Pages (JSP) APIs, which provide methods for activities like finding out what a user typed into a text field in an online form or storing a cookie on a user's browser.

Another common task is how to store and retrieve information in a database. To address this goal, Java EE provides the Java Persistence API (JPA,) which makes it easy to map data used within a program to information stored in the tables and rows of a database. Also, creating web services or highly scalable logic components is simplified through the use of the Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) specification. All of these APIs are well tested, relatively easy for Java developers to learn and can greatly simplify some of the hardest parts of enterprise development.

Java EE core technologies

Along with the four aforementioned APIs, there are more than 30 Java APIs included as Java EE core technologies, with that number to approach 50 with the eventual release of Java EE 8. These Java EE core technologies broadly fall into the following file categories:

  • HTTP client technologies. For dealing with HTTP-based clients, Java EE includes the Java API for WebSocket programming, an API for JSON Processing, the JSF and Servlet APIs and the JSP Standard Tag Library (JSTL).
  • Database and resource access technologies. For interacting with external and back-end systems, Java EE includes JavaMail, a standard connector architecture, a Java Message Service (JMS) API and a Java Transaction API (JTA) for enforcing two-phase commits.
  • REST and web service technologies: To help with the development and deployment of REST-, SOAP-, XML- and JSON-based web services, the Java APIs for RESTful Web Services (JAX-RS) and XML-based web services (JAX-WS) are included, along with APIs for XML messaging and XML registries (JAXR).
  • Java EE security and container management: For implementing custom Java EE security and managing Java EE containers, software developers have access to the Java Authorization Contract for Containers and the Java Authentication Service Provider Interface for Containers.

Java EE vs. Java SE

The APIs listed above are just a sampling of the various Java EE components available to developers. All of the APIs defined in the Java Standard Edition, or Java SE, are also offered to Java EE applications.

Java EE does not compete with Java SE, but is instead a superset of APIs that builds upon the foundation provided by Java SE and the standard Java Development Kit (JDK).  

Java EE applications build upon the foundation provided by Java SE, and all Java EE applications run on a Java virtual machine that supports all of the APIs defined by Java SE.

Developing and deploying Java EE applications

The server-side application development process in Java involves:

  1. Writing code that utilizes Java EE core technologies
  2. Compiling that code into bytecode
  3. Packaging that bytecode and any associated resources into an Enterprise Archive (EAR) file
  4. Deploying the EAR to an application server

This process could be accomplished simply using nothing but a text editor and the Java compiler that comes standard with an installation of the JDK. However, there is a rich ecosystem of integrated development environment (IDE) tools that assist in the rapid application development of Java EE code.

In terms of open source IDEs, the Eclipse IDE and Oracle's NetBeans IDE are two of the most popular for Java EE development. Both provide source code formatting, syntax checking and project organization, and they also have a rich plug-in community, allowing users to create components that will add extra functionality to the IDE.

Plug-ins are commonly required to build, deploy and perform continuous integration to Java EE applications. In this space, plug-ins for build projects like Maven, deployment tools like Gradle and continuous integration technologies, such as Jenkins and Hudson, are popular.

Java EE vs. Spring Framework

A standard for enterprise Java was first established with the release of the J2EE specification in December of 1999. This first foray into establishing a baseline of support for server-side compliance defined less than a dozen APIs, with the focus being on front-end development with Servlets and JSPs and back-end development being done with EJBs.

There were incremental improvements with the release of J2EE 1.3 in September 2001, with the addition of the JSTL being one of the release's most significant accomplishments. The inclusion of the HTML framework JSF was a further highlight in the release of J2EE 1.4 in November 2003.

Many people in the development community derided the J2EE approach to enterprise software development as being too academic, too cumbersome and heavy. As an alternative to J2EE development, with a significant focus on eliminating the use of J2EE's EJBs, programmer Rod Johnson created the Spring Framework. Working independently of Sun Microsystems, which was the steward of the J2EE framework at the time, Spring proved that enterprise-grade applications could be written in Java without needing the entire J2EE stack.

The Spring Framework took a more lightweight approach to the Java-based development of enterprise software, and developers began to embrace this simpler approach to application design.

Java EE 5 and lightweight EJB development

Recognizing the rising level of dissatisfaction with traditional EJBs, a new lightweight approach was introduced, with the new EJB 3.0 specification becoming part of the May 2006 rebranding of J2EE to Java EE.

Being released at a time when the current JDK was on its fifth version, the newly branded enterprise Java specification was named Java EE 5. Other major additions with Java EE 5 included the JPA and JAX-WS.

Java EE 6 and RESTful web services

While Java EE 5 provided API support for SOAP- and XML-based web services, the December 2009 release of Java EE 6 introduced support for REST by including the Java API for RESTful Web Services (JAX-RS).

The other big change in Java EE 6 was the introduction of a web profile. This feature allowed vendors to create Java-EE-6-compliant servers that provided only a subset of the overall Java EE functionality. These profiles, which are essentially scaled down software stacks, reduced the distribution size of a Java EE application, making it easier to deploy apps to devices with limited computing capacity.

This new approach opened opportunities to use Java EE for IoT devices and embedded software. For example, the Java EE 6 Web Profile required Servlet and JSP support, but did not require support for APIs like JavaMail or the Java Authentication Service Provider Interface for Containers (JASPIC).

Java EE 7 and WebSockets

Released in June 2013, Java EE 7 took advantage of the emergence of HTML5 and the need for Java EE web browser support.

The Java API for WebSocket development was introduced, as was the Java API for JSON Processing, making it easier to send information formatted in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) back and forth from the client to the server.

Java EE 8, containers and cloud computing

Scheduled for release in late 2017, the Java Community Process (JCP) has stated the main focus on the latest Java EE release will be about "support for HTML5 and the emerging HTTP 2.0 standard; enhanced simplification and managed bean integration; and improved infrastructure for applications running in the cloud."

Expect New APIs in Java EE 8, including JCache, the Java API for JSON Binding and a new framework for web development named Model-View-Controller. Furthermore, many existing APIs will undergo updates, including the Java API for WebSocket, JSF, the Batch Applications API and JPA.

Sat, 16 Jul 2022 09:56:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Tech Titans May Save the World No result found, try new keyword!"We have got real momentum going into 2012," explained Mark Loughridge, the IBM chief financial officer, during a conference call, citing demand for the company's WebSphere and Tivoli products. Thu, 02 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : ZeroTurnaround Release Results from Survey of Indian Developers at JavaOne

ZeroTurnaround have compared and contrasted the state of the technologies used for software development, and analyzed the tool-usage aspect of Indian productivity. The survey covers application servers (containers), IDEs, frameworks and build tools used by Java teams across India and globally.

The report includes several comparisons between the data received from the India survey and the Java EE Productivity Report, which the firm published earlier in 2011. Combined, the two surveys contain results from more than 2,400 developer-respondents. The firm made use of a rented email list to contact developers in India, which the report acknowledges introduces some forms of bias. The trial size is also very small, and there may be some cultural differences and problems of interpretation in play, so any conclusions need to be treated with some scepticism. The data is however freely available for review.

In terms of demographic, 31% of the Indian developers in the trial work in the "services" sector, which encompasses system integration plus managed and professional services. Independent Software Vendors (ISV) took the number two position at 16%, with consulting firms, outsourcing firms, telecommunications providers and academic institutions each making up roughly a further 10% of the market.

Amongst the notable points:

For application servers, whilst the major players are all represented in India, the market shares are significantly different when compared with the RoW. The greatest difference can be seen with IBM WebSphere, which is the number 2 player in India with 26% of respondents using it, as against just 7% in the RoW sample. WebLogic is the number three application server for both India and globally, but has much higher usage in India than in the rest of the world sample.

IntelliJ IDEA is popular outside of India but not within it: 22% of global respondents use IntelliJ vs. just 2% in India. IDEs like MyEclipse, NetBeans, JDeveloper and RAD showed the opposite findings, although the differences are less dramatic.

For frameworks, the survey found significant differences in the use of JSP, Struts (1 and 2), Hibernate, JSF and JPA. Spring has a significantly smaller representation in India. There is some suggestion of a more conservative approach to newer Java EE technologies, with a greater use of EJB 2.0 in Indian versus the RoW sample, and a lower use of EJB 3.0.

Maven also seems to have lower use in India than in the rest of the world. Globally, developers are using Apache Ant and Maven almost equally, but in India only about 17 percent of developers reported using Maven (compared to 53 percent globally).

As you might expect, given that ZeroTurnaround builds and sells JRebel, the survey goes on to look at turnaround time as a way of measuring productivity. The survey implies average redeploy times between India and RoW are quite different. In the last report, the average redeploy time for RoW came out at 3.1 minutes with a standard deviation of 2.8. For India, the average is 4.8 minutes with a standard deviation of 4.2. Nearly a quarter (23%) of the Indian survey population require at least 10 minutes for each redeploy, as opposed to 7% for the rest of the world.

In related news, ZeroTurnaround's JRebel product was awarded a Duke's Choice award at JavaOne.

Wed, 15 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : New and improved services for ABN AMRO customers through online banking

ABN AMRO is one of the largest international banks in the world. Its network of branches operate from more than 4,500 locations in 53 countries. It implements its strategy through a number of Business Units (BUs) which are responsible for managing a distinct region, client or product segment; sharing expertise and operational excellence across the Group.

Challenges: action required now

ABN AMRO's Consumer & Commercial Clients (C&CC) strategic business unit focuses on individuals and small- to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) requiring day-to-day banking. It offers a range of electronic banking products, but lacked a single, integrated content management platform for electronic delivery to individual and SME customers.
ABN AMRO recognized they were heading for a ‘content spaghetti' nightmare unless they acted quickly. In response, the C&CC business unit initiated a project to assess the commercial and technical merits of using an enterprise content management platform to deal with their huge volumes of content. They were looking for a solution that included integration with IBM WebSphere, PeopleSoft, Verity, and meet up with the stringent needs of their own security layer.

Benefits - the two-way solution

ABN AMRO chose the SDL Tridion CMS platform to easily and reliably create, manage, deliver and archive content and meet corporate requirements such as compliance with their brand image. Jeroen van den Berg, project manager of ABN AMRO explains, "Through using SDL Tridion, operational efficiencies associated with creating and distributing content were enhanced and the BluePrinting capability decreased costs and increased the speed to market."
In addition, the company selected SDL Tridion's Content Broker, as they were looking for an enterprise solution capable of handling any content, irrespective of its location in multiple back-end systems, and to channel off that content to multiple channels such as the intranet, the Internet, partner Web sites, or in print format to advertising agencies.

Proof - Going forward

SDL Tridion software offers the possibility to offer new and improved external services via the
Internet and to further develop the bank's mobile services.
"Thanks to a tailored interface and to the BluePrinting functionality, existing content and layout can be used simply for other channels", says Van den Berg. He adds,"This enables the roll out of the same marketing and branding concepts across all channels, including mobile devices."
By implementing SDL Tridion, ABN AMRO enhances their industry-leading service and support. With a solid reputation SDL Tridion has demonstrated a deep understanding of ABN AMRO's business requirements. ABN AMRO believe they will achieve unprecedented levels of operational efficiency with SDL Tridion.

Thu, 29 Oct 2015 13:34:00 -0500 nl text/html
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