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As we exited the isolation economy last year, we introduced supercloud as a term to describe something new that was happening in the world of cloud computing.

In this Breaking Analysis, we address the ten most frequently asked questions we get on supercloud. Today we’ll address the following frequently asked questions:


1. In an industry full of hype and buzzwords, why does anyone need a new term?

2. Aren’t hyperscalers building out superclouds? We’ll try to answer why the term supercloud connotes something different from a hyperscale cloud.

3. We’ll talk about the problems superclouds solve.

4. We’ll further define the critical aspects of a supercloud architecture.

5. We often get asked: Isn’t this just multicloud? Well, we don’t think so and we’ll explain why.

6. In an earlier episode we introduced the notion of superPaaS  – well, isn’t a plain vanilla PaaS already a superPaaS? Again – we don’t think so and we’ll explain why.

7. Who will actually build (and who are the players currently building) superclouds?

8. What workloads and services will run on superclouds?

9. What are some examples of supercloud?

10. Finally, we’ll answer what you can expect next on supercloud from SiliconANGLE and theCUBE.

Why do we need another buzzword?

Late last year, ahead of Amazon Web Services Inc.’s re:Invent conference, we were inspired by a post from Jerry Chen called Castles in the Cloud. In that blog he introduced the idea that there were submarkets emerging in cloud that presented opportunities for investors and entrepreneurs, that the big cloud vendors weren’t going to suck all the value out of the industry. And so we introduced this notion of supercloud to describe what we saw as a value layer emerging above the hyperscalers’ “capex gift.”

It turns out that we weren’t the only ones using the term, as both Cornell and MIT have used the phrase in somewhat similar but different contexts.

The point is something new was happening in the AWS and other ecosystems. It was more than infrastructure as a service and platform as a service and wasn’t just software as a service running in the cloud.

It was a new architecture that integrates infrastructure, unique platform attributes and software to solve new problems that the cloud vendors in our view weren’t addressing by themselves. It seemed to us that the ecosystem was pursuing opportunities across clouds that went beyond conventional implementations of multi-cloud.

In addition, we felt this trend pointed to structural change going on at the industry level that supercloud metaphorically was highlighting.

So that’s the background on why we felt a new catchphrase was warranted. Love it or hate it… it’s memorable.

Industry structures have always mattered in tech

To that last point about structural industry transformation: Andy Rappaport is sometimes credited with identifying the shift from the vertically integrated mainframe era to the horizontally fragmented personal computer- and microprocessor-based era in his Harvard Business Review article from 1991.

In fact, it was actually David Moschella, an International Data Corp. senior vice president at the time, who introduced the concept in 1987, a full four years before Rappaport’s article was published. Moschella, along with IDC’s head of research Will Zachmann, saw that it was clear Intel Corp., Microsoft Corp., Seagate Technology and other would replace the system vendors’ dominance.

In fact, Zachmann accurately predicted in the late 1980s the demise of IBM, well ahead of its epic downfall when the company lost approximately 75% of its value. At an IDC Briefing Session (now called Directions), Moschella put forth a graphic that looked similar to the first two concepts on the chart below.

We don’t have to review the shift from IBM as the epicenter of the industry to Wintel – that’s well-understood.

What isn’t as widely discussed is a structural concept Moschella put out in 2018 in his book “Seeing Digital,” which introduced the idea of the Matrix shown on the righthand side of this chart. Moschella posited that a new digital platform of services was emerging built on top of the internet, hyperscale clouds and other intelligent technologies that would define the next era of computing.

He used the term matrix because the conceptual depiction included horizontal technology rows, like the cloud… but for the first time included connected industry columns. Moschella pointed out that historically, industry verticals had a closed value chain or stack of research and development, production, distribution, etc., and that expertise in that specific vertical was critical to success. But now, because of digital and data, for the first time, companies were able to jump industries and compete using data. Amazon in content, payments and groceries… Apple in payments and content… and so forth. Data was now the unifying enabler and this marked a changing structure of the technology landscape.

Listen to David Moschella explain the Matrix and its implications on a new generation of leadership in tech.

So the term supercloud is meant to imply more than running in hyperscale clouds. Rather, it’s a new type of digital platform comprising a combination of multiple technologies – enabled by cloud scale – with new industry participants from financial services, healthcare, manufacturing, energy, media and virtually all industries. Think of it as kind of an extension of “every company is a software company.”

Basically, thanks to the cloud, every company in every industry now has the opportunity to build their own supercloud. We’ll come back to that.

Aren’t hyperscale clouds superclouds?

Let’s address what’s different about superclouds relative to hyperscale clouds.

This one’s pretty straightforward and obvious. Hyperscale clouds are walled gardens where they want your data in their cloud and they want to keep you there. Sure, every cloud player realizes that not all data will go to their cloud, so they’re meeting customers where their data lives with initiatives such Amazon Outposts and Azure Arc and Google Anthos. But at the end of the day, the more homogeneous they can make their environments, the better control, security, costs and performance they can deliver. The more complex the environment, the more difficult to deliver on their promises and the less margin left for them to capture.

Will the hyperscalers get more serious about cross cloud services? Maybe, but they have plenty of work to do within their own clouds. And today at least they appear to be providing the tools that will enable others to build superclouds on top of their platforms. That said, we never say never when it comes to companies such as AWS. And for sure we see AWS delivering more integrated digital services such as Amazon Connect to solve problems in a specific domain, call centers in this case.

What problems do superclouds solve?

We’ve all seen the stats from IDC or Gartner or whomever that customers on average use more than one cloud. And we know these clouds operate in disconnected silos for the most part. That’s a problem because each cloud requires different skills. The development environment is different, as is the operating environment, with different APIs and primitives and management tools that are optimized for each respective hyperscale cloud. Their functions and value props don’t extend to their competitors’ clouds. Why would they?

As a result, there’s friction when moving between different clouds. It’s hard to share data, move work, secure and govern data, and enforce organizational policies and edicts across clouds.

Supercloud is an architecture designed to create a single environment that enables management of workloads and data across clouds in an effort to take out complexity, accelerate application development, streamline operations and share data safely irrespective of location.

Pretty straightforward, but nontrivial, which is why we often ask company chief executives and execs if stock buybacks and dividends will yield as much return as building out superclouds that solve really specific problems and create differentiable value for their firms.

What are the critical attributes of a supercloud?

Let’s dig in a bit more to the architectural aspects of supercloud. In other words… what are the salient attributes that define supercloud?

First, a supercloud runs a set of specific services, designed to solve a unique problem. Superclouds offer seamless, consumption-based services across multiple distributed clouds.

Supercloud leverages the underlying cloud-native tooling of a hyperscale cloud but it’s optimized for a specific objective that aligns with the problem it’s solving. For example, it may be optimized for cost or low latency or sharing data or governance or security or higher performance networking. But the point is, the collection of services delivered is focused on unique value that isn’t being delivered by the hyperscalers across clouds.

A supercloud abstracts the underlying and siloed primitives of the native PaaS layer from the hyperscale cloud and using its own specific platform-as-a-service tooling, creates a common experience across clouds for developers and users. In other words, the superPaaS ensures that the developer and user experience is identical, irrespective of which cloud or location is running the workload.

And it does so in an efficient manner, meaning it has the metadata knowledge and management that can optimize for latency, bandwidth, recovery, data sovereignty or whatever unique value the supercloud is delivering for the specific use cases in the domain.

A supercloud comprises a superPaaS capability that allows ecosystem partners to add incremental value on top of the supercloud platform to fill gaps, accelerate features and innovate. A superPaaS can use open tooling but applies those development tools to create a unique and specific experience supporting the design objectives of the supercloud.

Supercloud services can be infrastructure-related, application services, data services, security services, users services, etc., designed and packaged to bring unique value to customers… again that the hyperscalers are not delivering across clouds or on-premises.

Finally, these attributes are highly automated where possible. Superclouds take a page from hyperscalers in terms of minimizing human intervention wherever possible, applying automation to the specific problem they’re solving.

Isn’t supercloud just another term for multicloud?

What we’d say to that is: Perhaps, but not really. Call it multicloud 2.0 if you want to invoke a commonly used format. But as Dell’s Chuck Whitten proclaimed, multicloud by design is different than multicloud by default.

What he means is that, to date, multicloud has largely been a symptom of multivendor… or of M&A. And when you look at most so-called multicloud implementations, you see things like an on-prem stack wrapped in a container and hosted on a specific cloud.

Or increasingly a technology vendor has done the work of building a cloud-native version of its stack and running it on a specific cloud… but historically it has been a unique experience within each cloud with no connection between the cloud silos. And certainly not a common developer experience with metadata management across clouds.

Supercloud sets out to build incremental value across clouds and above hyperscale capex that goes beyond cloud compatibility within each cloud. So if you want to call it multicloud 2.0, that’s fine.

We choose to call it supercloud.

Isn’t plain old PaaS already supercloud?

Well, we’d say no. That supercloud and its corresponding superPaaS layer gives the freedom to store, process, manage, secure and connect islands of data across a continuum with a common developer experience across clouds.

Importantly, the sets of services are designed to support the supercloud’s objectives – e.g., data sharing or data protection or storage and retrieval or cost optimization or ultra-low latency, etc. In other words, the services offered are specific to that supercloud and will vary by each offering. OpenShift, for example, can be used to construct a superPaaS but in and of itself isn’t a superPaaS. It’s generic.

The point is that a supercloud and its inherent superPaaS will be optimized to solve specific problems such as low latency for distributed databases or fast backup and recovery and ransomware protection — highly specific use cases that the supercloud is designed to solve for.

SaaS as well is a subset of supercloud. Most SaaS platforms either run in their own cloud or have bits and pieces running in public clouds (e.g. analytics). But the cross-cloud services are few and far between or often nonexistent. We believe SaaS vendors must evolve and adopt supercloud to offer distributed solutions across cloud platforms and stretching out to the near and far edge.

Who is building superclouds?

Another question we often get is: Who has a supercloud and who is building a supercloud? Who are the contenders?

Well, most companies that consider themselves cloud players will, we believe, be building superclouds. Above is a common Enterprise Technology Research graphic we like to show with Net Score or spending momentum on the Y axis and Overlap or pervasiveness in the ETR surveys on the X axis. This is from the April survey of well over 1,000 chief executive officers and information technology buyers. And we’ve randomly chosen a number of players we think are in the supercloud mix and we’ve included the hyperscalers because they are the enablers.

We’ve added some of those nontraditional industry players we see building superclouds such as Capital One, Goldman Sachs and Walmart, in deference to Moschella’s observation about verticals. This goes back to every company being a software company. And rather than pattern-matching an outdated SaaS model we see a new industry structure emerging where software and data and tools specific to an industry will lead the next wave of innovation via the buildout of intelligent digital platforms.

We’ve talked a lot about Snowflake Inc.’s Data Cloud as an example of supercloud, as well as the momentum of Databricks Inc. (not shown above). VMware Inc. is clearly going after cross-cloud services. Basically every large company we see is either pursuing supercloud initiatives or thinking about it. Dell Technologies Inc., for example, showed Project Alpine at Dell Technologies World – that’s a supercloud in development. Snowflake introducing a new app dev capability based on its SuperPaaS (our term, of course, it doesn’t use the phrase), MongoDB Inc., Couchbase Inc., Nutanix Inc., Veeam Software, CrowdStrike Holdings Inc., Okta Inc. and Zscaler Inc. Even the likes of Cisco Systems Inc. and Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co., in our view, will be building superclouds.

Although ironically, as an aside, Fidelma Russo, HPE’s chief technology officer, said on theCUBE she wasn’t a fan of cloaking mechanisms. But when we spoke to HPE’s head of storage services, Omer Asad, we felt his team is clearly headed in a direction that we would consider supercloud. It could be semantics or it could be that parts of HPE are in a better position to execute on supercloud. Storage is an obvious starting point. The same can be said of Dell.

Listen to Fidelma Russo explain her aversion to building a manager of managers.

And we’re seeing emerging companies like Aviatrix Systems Inc. (network performance), Starburst Data Inc. (self-service analytics for distributed data), Clumio Inc. (data protection – not supercloud today but working on it) and others building versions of superclouds that solve a specific problem for their customers. And we’ve spoken to independent software vendors such as Adobe Systems Inc., Automatic Data Processing LLC and UiPath Inc., which are all looking at new ways to go beyond the SaaS model and add value within cloud ecosystems, in particular building data services that are unique to their value proposition and will run across clouds.

So yeah – pretty much every tech vendor with any size or momentum and new industry players are coming out of hiding and competing… building superclouds. Many that look a lot like Moschella’s matrix with machine intelligence and artificial intelligence and blockchains and virtual reality and gaming… all enabled by the internet and hyperscale clouds.

It’s moving fast and it’s the future, in our opinion, so don’t get too caught up in the past or you’ll be left behind.

What are some examples of superclouds?

We’ve given many in the past, but let’s try to be a bit more specific. Below we cite a few and we’ll answer two questions in one section here: What workloads and services will run in superclouds and what are some examples?

Analytics. Snowflake is the furthest along with its data cloud in our view. It’s a supercloud optimized for data sharing, governance, query performance, security, ecosystem enablement and ultimately monetization. Snowflake is now bringing in new data types and open-source tooling and it ticks the attribute boxes on supercloud we laid out earlier.

Converged databases. Running transaction and analytics workloads. Take a look at what Couchbase is doing with Capella and how it’s enabling stretching the cloud to the edge with Arm-based platforms and optimizing for low latency across clouds and out to the edge.

Document database workloads. Look at MongoDB – a developer-friendly platform that with Atlas is moving to a supercloud model running document databases very efficiently. Accommodating analytic workloads and creating a common developer experience across clouds.

Data science workloads. For example, Databricks is bringing a common experience for data scientists and data engineers driving machine intelligence into applications and fixing the broken data lake with the emergence of the lakehouse.

General-purpose workloads. For example, VMware’s domain. Very clearly there’s a need to create a common operating environment across clouds and on-prem and out to the edge and VMware is hard at work on that — managing and moving workloads, balancing workloads and being able to recover very quickly across clouds.

Network routing. This is the primary focus of Aviatrix, building what we consider a supercloud and optimizing network performance and automating security across clouds.

Industry-specific workloads. For example, Capital One announcing its cost optimization platform for Snowflake – piggybacking on Snowflake’s supercloud. We believe it’s going to test that concept outside its own organization and expand across other clouds as Snowflake grows its business beyond AWS. Walmart Inc. is working with Microsoft to create an on-prem to Azure experience – yes, that counts. We’ve written about what Goldman is doing and you can bet dollars to donuts that Oracle Corp. will be building a supercloud in healthcare with its Cerner acquisition.

Supercloud is everywhere you look. Sorry, naysayers. It’s happening.

What’s next from theCUBE?

With all the industry buzz and debate about the future, John Furrier and the team at SiliconANGLE have decided to host an event on supercloud. We’re motivated and inspired to further the conversation. TheCUBE on Supercloud is coming.

On Aug. 9 out of our Palo Alto studios we’ll be running a live program on the topic. We’ve reached out to a number of industry participants — VMware, Snowflake, Confluent, Sky High Security, Hashicorp, Cloudflare and Red Hat — to get the perspective of technologists building superclouds.

And we’ve invited a number of vertical industry participants in financial services, healthcare and retail that we’re excited to have on along with analysts, thought leaders and investors.

We’ll have more details in the coming weeks, but for now if you’re interested please reach out to us with how you think you can advance the discussion and we’ll see if we can fit you in.

So mark your calendars and stay tuned for more information.

Keep in touch

Thanks to Alex Myerson, who does the production, podcasts and media workflows for Breaking Analysis. Special thanks to Kristen Martin and Cheryl Knight, who help us keep our community informed and get the word out, and to Rob Hof, our editor in chief at SiliconANGLE.

Remember we publish each week on Wikibon and SiliconANGLE. These episodes are all available as podcasts wherever you listen.

Email david.vellante@siliconangle.com, DM @dvellante on Twitter and comment on our LinkedIn posts.

Also, check out this ETR Tutorial we created, which explains the spending methodology in more detail. Note: ETR is a separate company from Wikibon and SiliconANGLE. If you would like to cite or republish any of the company’s data, or inquire about its services, please contact ETR at legal@etr.ai.

Here’s the full video analysis:

All statements made regarding companies or securities are strictly beliefs, points of view and opinions held by SiliconANGLE media, Enterprise Technology Research, other guests on theCUBE and guest writers. Such statements are not recommendations by these individuals to buy, sell or hold any security. The content presented does not constitute investment advice and should not be used as the basis for any investment decision. You and only you are responsible for your investment decisions.

Disclosure: Many of the companies cited in Breaking Analysis are sponsors of theCUBE and/or clients of Wikibon. None of these firms or other companies have any editorial control over or advanced viewing of what’s published in Breaking Analysis.

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Killexams : Architecture News
  1. ArchDaily
  2. Architecture News

How to Create Custom Objects in Archicad

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Quickly create custom objects and building elements and explore design options — without writing code or script — with PARAM-O, a built-in parametric design tool for Archicad users available on both macOS and Windows.

Green Building / Forward

Courtesy of Forward
Courtesy of Forward

The project presented here – Green Building: Madan Technology Center – was planned by the Forward architectural firm following a commission by the Association of the Almada / Setúbal Science and Technology Park – Madan Parque. The site is located in Portugal, on a site near the Faculty of Sciences and Technology – Nova University and is designed to host the Company Innovation program and a Data Centre serving the Lisbon and Tagus Valley region. Given its characteristics, the infrastructure shall serve as a pole of attraction for high technology companies in the context of an architectural proposal that is moving towards innovative solutions to the environmental issues of today.

More details on this project after the break.

XXI Century National Film Archive / Rojkind Arquitectos

© Rojkind Arquitectos, render by Axel Fridman
© Rojkind Arquitectos, render by Axel Fridman

Architects: Rojkind Arquitectos / Michel Rojkind, Gerardo Salinas Location: México D.F., México Project Area: 20,188 sqm Renders: Rojkind Arquitectos, render by Axel Fridman

Yademan Tower / Architecture Atelier

bird's eye view
bird's eye view

The Yademan tower in Ardebil, Iran is a residential building which was designed by Iranian based, Architecture Atelier as an entry for the Ofogh Tarh and Andishe architecture competition and is currently a candidate for construction. They combined the role of the Iranian central courtyard buildings with the formal structure of irregular skyscrapers to reach an innovative concept. More images and architects’ description after the break.

Studio Gang Architects to Design New Building for Writers' Theatre

© gshowman via flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gshowman/. Used under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/'>Creative Commons</a>
© gshowman via flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gshowman/. Used under Creative Commons

Writers’ Theatre recently announced the hiring of Studio Gang Architects to design a new home in Glencoe, Illinois. The award-winning Chicago firm (architects of the impressive Aqua Tower) will provide research and development concepts for the theatre’s current site located in downtown Glencoe. A Writers’ Theatre committee comprised of artists, board and staff conducted a thorough search for an architect, including local, national and international firms, for the project.

“After a rigorous process, we found in Jeanne an architect who embraces, understands and celebrates Writers’ Theatre. We look forward to working with Jeanne and her team to develop ideas of what Writers’ Theatre could be. We are confident that working with Studio Gang is the right match for the organization and for our community,” said Artistic Director Michael Halberstam. “Jeanne has a vision of architecture that is derived from her own equivalent of the word and artist: the material and the environment. It is my belief that Studio Gang offers the opportunity for people to arrive encountering a world class piece of architecture and leave having experienced a world class evening of theatre.”

What turns a residential space into a home? / Estudio Guto Requena

© Fran Parente
© Fran Parente

What turns a residential space into a home? Its decoration? Its objects? The people sharing that space? All the memories stored in it? Estudio Guto Requena asks the participants to answer this question until July 17th by twitter @umacasaumlar and help them to construct their interactive wallpaper at Hyundai Mostra Black Exhibition in Sao Paulo. The interactive ambient “What turns a house into a home?” seeks to instigate the visitors to thinking about the significances and subjectivities associated with our houses.

LIA Passenger Terminal Building / Edit!

Courtesy of Edit!
Courtesy of Edit!

The LIA Passenger Terminal Building for Hong Kong, China by Edit! was developed to respond the surrounding urban structure, and to create a visually striking landmark that will act as a gate point for the city. It is designed with the intention to become an iconic character for the city while becoming an environmentally-efficient structure.

Read on for more on this project after the break.

SPEDstudio's second prize for Casa della Memoria Design Competition

© SPEDstudio
© SPEDstudio

SPEDstudio has won second place for the Casa della Memoria Design Competition in Milan, Italy. Casa della Memoria, with an area of 185.80 sqm, will house the headquarters of some of the associations involved in the preservation and dissemination of “memory” of the conquest of freedom and democracy in Italy, as well as multi-purpose areas and exhibitions.

Serlachius Museum Gösta Extension Competition Entry / DATA [Architectes]

rendering
rendering

DATA proposal for the extension of the Serlachius Museum Gösta consists of a building characterized by its sober and quiet aesthetics compatible with its unique cultural environment, a peaceful and preserved bank of a lake. This new construction with the tonality associating the wood lights fairness with glass and the white concrete thus offers a serene architecture which proposes sights tallied on the 360 degrees of the horizon. Installed tangentially with the northern frontage of the manor, it is relatively low and without salient angles. The effort is related to the construction of a unit architectural object in dialogue with its close environment.

2011 Praemium Imperiale Awards

Courtesy of Japan Art Association
Courtesy of Japan Art Association

The Japan Art Association recently named the 2011 Praemium Imperiale Laureates. One of the recipients of this prestigious award included Mexican architect Ricardo Legorreta of LEGORRETA + LEGORRETA.

Created in 1988 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Japan Art Association and to honor the late Prince Takamatsu, the Praemium Imperiale awards recognize lifetime achievement in the arts in categories not covered by the Nobel Prizes.

A complete list of the 2011 Praemium Imperiale Laureates can be found after the break.

Serlachius Museum Gösta Extension Proposal / studioBÄNG

Courtesy of studioBÄNG
Courtesy of studioBÄNG

Young German design team, studioBÄNG, shared with us their wooden piled up proposal for the Serlachius Museum Gösta extension competition in Finland on a small island adjacent to the site. More images and architects‘ description after the break.

FGMF wins the Internazionale Dedalo Minosse award

Courtesy of FGMF
Courtesy of FGMF

The FGMF architects office, under the command of the young architects Fernando Forte, Lourenço Gimenes and Rodrigo Marcondes Ferraz and placed in São Paulo, Brazil, has just won one more international award: “The international award Dedalo Minosse”-“Prêmio Internazionale Dedalo Minosse”, delivered in Vicenza, Italy, on June 24th 2011, at CISA (Andrea Palladio Centro Internacional de Estudos de Arquitetura – Andrea Palladio International Center for architecture studies). This is one of many awards received by FGMF, being the most awarded architecture Office in Brazil in the year of 2010. More information on their award after the break.

Museum of Troy at Çanakkale / RTA-Office with DOME Partners

rendering
rendering

The design of the Museum of Troy at Çanakkale has been carried out by the atelier RTA-Office, led by Santiago Parramón with offices in Barcelona and Shanghai, in collaboration with the Turkish atelier DOME Partners (Istanbul). The aim is that the building rises in the Turkish area of Çanakkale but aspires to be a global focus through its expression and display of the culture of a civilization. A project that will act as a generator for social activity, research and culture.

Tallinn Music High School, Ballet School and Georg Otsa Music School / Atelier Thomas Pucher

rendering
rendering

The key concept of this project was to create not only a building but also a new meaningful city space connecting the people, the place, its history and their music. The building delimits the boundaries of the plot, enclosing an expanse of green at its core: a garden that is urban yet isolated from the hubbub of the city.

Research of Sustainable Urban Development / c. Colomès + f. Nomdedeu architectes with Michael Rousseau architecte and Adrian Maston graphiste

Courtesy of c. Colomès + f. Nomdedeu architectes with Michael Rousseau architecte and Adrian Maston graphiste
Courtesy of c. Colomès + f. Nomdedeu architectes with Michael Rousseau architecte and Adrian Maston graphiste

c. Colomès + f. Nomdedeu architectes with Michael Rousseau architecte and Adrian Maston have studied the evolution of cities and urban environments and have produced this research as to how one might design and create a sustainable urban development. This concept is based on a living condition that balances the urban environment with an agricultural environment.

Read on for more on this research after the break.

In Progress: B23 Office Park / OFF

Infographic: Architects on Twitter

© Pauley Creative
© Pauley Creative

Architects on Twitter?

With more than 40,000 followers, our Twitter account @ArchDaily has become a great channel to connect with our readers. Through this channel we’ve been able to see the progress of your buildings, know about the competitions/awards you win, share links, ideas, knowledge, and much more. And Architects on Twitter are constantly finding new creative ways to use the platform, as a collaboration and marketing tool.

UK digital marketing agency Pauley Creative conducted a survey among british architects using Twitter, and put all the info together on this nice infographic. Some of their findings:

  • 65% of Architects surveyed had been using Twitter for over a year
  • The majority of Architects use Twitter to keep up with the latest industry news (86%) and network with industry peers (79%)
  • When asked ‘Who do you follow?’ most selected Other Architects (82%), Practices (77%) and Publications (75%)
  • 95% of Architects do find Twitter useful, primarily for the reason that it’s quick and easy to share information and keep up with the latest news
  • 99% of Architects surveyed stated that they would provide a recommendation if asked

Are you using Twitter? Are you following @ArchDaily? How are you using Twitter? Who do you recommend to follow?

Share your experience on the comments below, or Tweet it with hashtag #ArchOnTwitter.

See the full infographic below:

Architecture 3D Illustrations

New Mining Museum / HULTMANMAGNUSSON

exterior 01 / © Industriromantik AB
exterior 01 / © Industriromantik AB

Young Swedish architects, HULTMANMAGNUSSON, won the competition to design a new mining museum in Jøssingfjord, Norway, a city famous for its long history of mining and excavation of Titanium powder, used for white color pigment. Located in the valley of the beautiful fjord, the 2000 m2 museum will exhibit the history, geology and technology of the area, together with temporary exhibitions. Their proposal was called Varde, meaning a manmade pile of stones common in this area of Norway. By using natures own material and arranging it a new shape, an important place is marked in the landscape.More images and architects’ description after the break.

Serlachius Museum Gösta Extension Competition Proposal / XML

Courtesy of XML Architecture Research Urbanism
Courtesy of XML Architecture Research Urbanism

This proposal for the Serlachius Museum Extension in Mänttä, Finland was submitted by XML. The omnipresent landscape provoked the architects to develop a scheme that became a median between the external world of nature and the internal world of art. More information and images on this project after the break.

Office Building in Vevey / Atelier Zündel & Cristea and Architram

Courtesy Atelier Zündel & Cristea and Architram
Courtesy Atelier Zündel & Cristea and Architram

Parisian architects, A/ZC have shared with us their recent work, done in collaboration with Architram, for a office building in the Swiss city of Vevy. For additional images and brief description of the process behind their proposal, please follow along after the break.

In Progress: Dubai Pearl / Schweger Associated Architects

Rendering
Rendering

Construction of Schweger Associated ArchitectsDubai Pearl is continuing. The groundwork, foundations, basements and lower grounds floors of the four towers which form the central section of Phase 1 of the development is now complete. A total of 3.5 million man hours have so far been spent since work started on site and over 60,000 cubic meter of concrete has been poured on one of the largest construction projects still being developed in the UAE.

Istanbul Rami Library / Akant Tasarim & Restorasyon

rendering
rendering

This new library building design by Akant Tasarim & Restorasyon is desired to be built in addition to Rami Old Military Barracks Restoration Project with a new city museum function which is included in the Istanbul 2010 cultural capital city of Europe program. The Rami Library brings a new perspective to the understanding of librarianship in a national cultural community, and is also totally open to the international community. The building consists of four main parts: library, foyer, event, and auditorium.

International Design Firms Invited to Enter Competition for New St. Petersburg Pier

Courtesy of St. Petersburg, Florida
Courtesy of St. Petersburg, Florida

The prominent waterfront of St. Petersburg, Florida, active since the late 19th century, will be host to an international design competition to replace the current landmark pier with a new, iconic pier structure. Interested parties must register for the competition by July 8, 2011. Submission of the Statement of Qualifications will be due on July 19, 2011.

Panel Discussion with Chris Pommer, Michael Awad and Samantha Sanella

Chris Pommer will be speaking on a panel with Michael Awad and Samantha Sanella this weekend. The discussion will center on building downtown culture, in the context of the Revitalization of Viljo Revell’s archetypal City Hall and Square. Join the discussion – and check out the Toronto Outdoor Art Exhibition – NOON ON SUNDAY, 10 July 2011, in the City Hall Rotunda. (The Podium Roof Garden is in full bloom, too, so bring your lunch and enjoy the sun up there.)

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Sat, 17 Apr 2021 08:22:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.archdaily.com/architecture-news/page/935?c=11668841528201263147
Killexams : Emulating The IBM PC On An ESP32

The IBM PC spawned the basic architecture that grew into the dominant Wintel platform we know today. Once heavy, cumbersome and power thirsty, it’s a machine that you can now emulate on a single board with a cheap commodity microcontroller. That’s thanks to work from [Fabrizio Di Vittorio], who has shared a how-to on Youtube. 

The full playlist is quite something to watch, showing off a huge number of old-school PC applications and games running on the platform. There’s QBASIC, FreeDOS, Windows 3.0, and yes, of course, Flight Simulator. The latter game was actually considered somewhat of a de facto standard for PC compatibility in the 1980s, so the fact that the ESP32 can run it with [Fabrizio’s] code suggests he’s done well.

It’s amazingly complete, with the ESP32 handling everything from audio and video to sound output and keyboard and mouse inputs. It’s a testament to the capability of modern microcontrollers that this is such a simple feat in 2021.

We’ve seen the ESP32 emulate 8-bit gaming systems before, too. If you remember [Fabrizio’s] name, it’s probably from his excellent FabGL library. Videos after the break.

Fri, 15 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 Lewin Day en-US text/html https://hackaday.com/2021/07/28/emulating-the-ibm-pc-on-an-esp32/
Killexams : Why Kickstarter and TEDx are the Future of Business
 Until recently, if you wanted to make an impact, the only option was to sign on with an organization. It simply wasn’t possible to raise capital, manufacture a product, or organize a mass action without institutional backing. But in the last half-decade, all that’s changed, says Nilofer Merchant, author of 11 Rules for Creating Value in the Social Era, which was just named one of the Best Business Books of 2012 by Fast Company. “Today, individuals can create value and we have the platforms that allow that to happen,” she says.

Whether it’s Kickstarter and its crowdfunding model or the “independently organized and curated” events of TEDx, Merchant believes a new ethos is reshaping business. The old bromides – “the 800 lb. gorilla way, that size matters, you rule over others, and people are subservient to organizations” – no longer work. Instead, she says, “I think the 21st century is about working with others. There’s a notion that individuals can come together and create value, create scale. Each of us as an individual recognizes the value we bring: I’m not a cog in a machine; I bring creativity and vision. It’s a different way of thinking about ‘what is thriving?’ or ‘what is value’?”

The decline of large, bureaucratic organizations (and the rise of better options) means that inventors don’t have to work for 3M or IBM; they can create their own product via Quirky. Same goes for crafters, who can reach millions on Etsy, or filmmakers, who can bypass the studios in favor of Kickstarter, retaining creative control in the process. But whether or not you’re a creative professional, says Merchant, the same dynamics are beginning to penetrate the entire workforce. “Close to 50% of the U.S. workforce isn’t working at a traditional job. They’re figuring out how to have a ‘portfolio life,’ with more flexibility to be with their family and do the work they want to do.”

“At an individual level, it’s an exciting time to be alive,” she says. “If you and I no longer need to work for an organization in order to create value, we can look within ourselves and say, ‘what can I contribute?’” Suddenly we get a chance to look at our own calling without seeking permission from someone else. I think human beings have an amazing wealth of creativity within us, but we largely haven’t given ourselves permission because the economics didn’t work. For individuals, that creates boundless opportunity.”

Some innovative new organizations (including those mentioned above) have sprung up to harness this opportunity. Merchant also cites Singularity University, which eschews the traditional higher ed trappings (including tenured faculty) and instead leverages a small staff to create an entire curriculum using “curators” and outside instructors, allowing for maximum flexibility. Says Merchant, “At the end of every semester, they aren’t committed to using those professors. They ask, ‘what do we need now?’ And they find the next group of curators. It’s acting more like an organism might, where change is built into the system.” This evolution, she says, only makes sense. In the past, “once you had a sustainable advantage, the goal was to protect it and you’d hold it for 30 years. But today, that arc is more like five years, so you have to build change into your organizational construct.”

The challenge is different for established players, who now have to ask, “How do you take advantage of all this creativity and talent? How do you start to create value with those people, rather than the way we’ve traditionally thought about it?” She praises IBM as “a behemoth that’s adapting” to the social era, launching creative new initiatives such as the Smarter Planet project. “It’s basically them asking a series of questions: who’d like to come co-create with us? Instead of assuming you have to know everything before you go into a situation, which is a very 20th century architecture, it’s about being curious.”

Some have raised questions about monetization in the Social Era. Sure, someone might self-publish the next 50 Shades of Grey. But what about the widespread economic displacement that comes with such a tremendous shift in how we do business? Merchant remains bullish, but says it will take creativity (indeed, she herself spends significant time writing, but earns most of her money through a separate channel, public speaking). “There might be re-leveling and displacement,” she says, “but there are also new models being created. Kickstarter has allowed people to get financing; Quirky is allowing inventors to make money at a much better scale than in the past. It’ll take more time to become clear, because we’re in the very early innings of a big game.”

How is your business adapting to – and capitalizing on – the rise of the Social Era?

Dorie Clark is a marketing strategist who teaches at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business. She is the author of Reinventing You and Stand Out, and you can receive her free Stand Out Self-Assessment Workbook.

Tue, 12 Jul 2022 00:45:00 -0500 Dorie Clark en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/dorieclark/2012/11/30/why-kickstarter-and-tedx-are-the-future-of-business/
Killexams : Who is Matt Hicks-RedHat’s New CEO

RedHat has a new CEO-Matt Hicks. He is a Red Hat veteran and has served the company for 16 years. He previously worked as the executive vice president of Products and Technologies. Hicks succeeds Paul Cormier, who will now serve as chairman of Red Hat.

“When I joined Red Hat in 2006 as a developer on the IT team working on porting Perl applications to Java, I never imagined that my career would lead me to this moment. If I had followed my initial path, not raised my hand for certain projects, or shied away from contributing ideas and asking questions, I might not be here,” said Hicks. In this year’s Red Hat Summit, he was one of the key spokespeople for the company and delivered a part of the keynote address with other leaders.

Key figure in creating Red Hat OpenShift

Hicks is known as a hands-on leader in Red Hat. One of the biggest highlights of his career is being the foundational member of the engineering team that developed Red Hat OpenShift. Red Hat describes it as the backbone for hybrid cloud deployments across industries and serves as a leading enterprise Kubernetes platform. 

As an industry veteran with 25 years of experience in Linux and with a background in computer engineering (he holds a bachelor’s degree in computer engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology), Hicks is well-regarded for his “work with customers and partners to solve the next generation of IT challenges with open source innovation,” said Red Hat.

He previously worked at IBM for four years before his career in Red Hat. At Red Hat, he has held various positions like Engineering team lead, manager for enterprise architecture and  manager of IT/Engineering department.

Recently, Red Hat introduced Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9. At that time, Hicks had commented that Linux 9 would extend across the open hybrid cloud and beyond, pairing the trusted backbone of enterprise Linux with the innovative catalysts of open source communities. This latest version is the first production release built from CentOS Stream.

Focus on AI

In an interview with Venturebeat, after being appointed to the new role, Hicks also talked about how the challenge lies in enabling a wide set of capabilities from the hybrid cloud to the edge and supporting those technologies for the long term. He added that a key area of innovation for Red Hat would be in the AI space, as organisations of various shapes and sizes can benefit from machine learning. In the same interview, Hicks also mentioned that Red Hat is investing heavily in the  MLops space to help get the code from a developer’s fingertips to production.

 In a blog post, Hicks reflected on what makes Red Hat unique. He wants Red Hatters to embrace three core values-passion respect, contribution with accountability and realising potential.

 IBM is all praise for Red Hat, helping its cloud offerings

Acquiring Red Hat ( for a whopping USD 34 billion) has turned out good for IBM. In fact, in the Q1 2022 earnings call of IBM, Arvind Krishna raved about how Red Hat is helping IBM. He said that a hybrid cloud is all about providing a platform that can work on multiple public clouds, private clouds, and on-premise properties for IBM’s clients. The platform IBM has built is open, secure, and flexible, he claimed. “At its core, it is based on Red Hat, which gives clients powerful software capabilities based on open-source innovation,” he added. 

Red Hat revenue is up 21 percent. This growth in revenue is due to good performance across the Red Hat portfolio. The consulting’s hybrid cloud revenue grew 32 percent on a trailing twelve-month basis to $8.3 billion, making it 45 percent of the consulting business. Krishna added that there would be strong demand and momentum for Red Hat-related engagements in the future, too, nearly doubling Red Hat-related signings year to year.

Fri, 15 Jul 2022 19:30:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://analyticsindiamag.com/who-is-matt-hicks-redhats-new-ceo%EF%BF%BC/
Killexams : Co-creation and a partner ecosystem core to IBM

IBM has referenced its relationship with Logicalis as evidence of the approach and commitment it is taking with partners.

Big Blue has evolved its business over the years, but it has been keen to stress that its commitment to the channel has remained unwavering, as well as its drive to deliver results, as seen with relationships like the one with Logicalis.

Andrew Wilcock, vice-president of ecosystems for UK and Ireland at IBM, said that the company has a defined offering and wants to support partners that would take its technology out to market.

“[IBM] has a strategy that’s very much focused around hybrid cloud and AI [artificial intelligence]. What we are doing is working with our partners, like Logicalis, in terms of how we enable them and how we help them to grow their respective businesses, using the underpinning of our technology to help them to differentiate themselves in the marketplace,” he said.

“We’ve got build, sell and service. Within build, we’re working with ISVs [independent software vendors] to embed our technology to enable them to be successful in terms of the marketplace.

“[As well as] Logicalis and other partners and distributors, you’ve also got [the service angle] within the ecosystem, working with the global systems integrators about how we embed our technology to enable them as they’re going through digital transformation journeys with their clients,” he said.

Working with the channel is as important as ever because of the need to ensure customers are given the results they were looking for from a solution, said Wilcock.

“One of the phrases coming down the line for a lot of this is ‘co-creation’,” he said, adding that the days of IBM dictating to partners is over. “It’s about, ‘How do you co-create?’”

Alex Louth, CEO of Logicalis UK and Ireland, said that the company’s relationship with IBM is about making sure customers are well served and supported.

“It’s important that we have a partnership with IBM. Together we can answer a lot more of the questions for the customer than on our own or IBM on its own and even beyond, even wider than that, as the ecosystem should go wider than that,” he said.

“It’s very important for us to consult with our customers to co-write, ‘What does good look like for you?’, and having this partnership in place allows us to spread much wider than we would have on our own,” he added.

Wilcock said that the Logicalis relationship is not unique and that IBM wants to work with more partners in a similar way as it continues to build its channel business.

“We want to work and invest in our partners and we want to recruit new partners. We’re seeing a number of new partners at an individual technology point come and talk to IBM in the past 12 months, given where IBM is in terms of its market-leading technology,” he said.

“The landscape from a partner perspective is definitely changing. Ecosystem is core to IBM strategy. For the past 12 to 24 months, the ecosystem has been very firmly a core part. How does IBM get to a partner-first approach in a lot of its partners? Working with the likes of Logicalis enables us to do that,” he added.

Louth described the channel as a “team sport”, and said customers are looking for solutions that are delivered from an ecosystem that could solve their problems.

“Many of our solutions have a number of different moving parts. That’s a huge opportunity for the partners to be that glue and be that important team member, that captain of that team, to make sure that the customer really gets a successful deployment and a successful answer to the business case,” he added.

Tue, 21 Jun 2022 15:05:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.computerweekly.com/microscope/news/252521612/Co-creation-and-a-partner-ecosystem-core-to-IBM
Killexams : 5 Digital Transformation Strategies to Strengthen the Air Travel Experience

Digital transformation continues to be a vital undertaking for airlines during this critical recovery period. According to International Air Transport Association (IATA), total industry losses between 2020 and 2022 are expected to reach $201 billion. As a result, airlines are increasingly leveraging technology to solve pain points for passengers and employees, not only to optimize their operations, but also to drive revenue and long-term growth.

With legacy systems to untangle, complex business processes to investigate and reorganize, and new technology to test, making that shift is easier said than done. In this environment, airlines are undertaking more coordinated efforts to make digital transformation a “way of life” through technology like cloud architecture, mobile apps, and artificial intelligence. The key to making this leap is understanding the central business challenges and then continuously refining the direction to target essential needs.

“One of the first questions I ask my airline customers is, ‘What is the root cause of any problems today, in the context of your people, processes, and technology?’” said John Szatkowski, IBM’s global offering leader for travel and transportation. “The value isn’t one specific piece of technology or app, it’s solving a critical problem that gives the airline a better foundation.”

Reinforce the “House Of Cards” With Scalable Cloud Solutions

Guiding an airline’s journey into modernization starts with understanding how existing systems are intertwined.

“Some of the major airlines we are working with have thousands of systems that need to be modernized, deprecated, lifted, and shifted as part of a ‘cloud transformation’ project — and we need to figure out what to do with them,” said Szatkowski. “The hardest part is that it’s often a tangled web of systems created over the years. There might be 20 systems related to a process. It’s like a house of cards.”

Transformation doesn’t mean starting over — it means reinforcing what’s already part of an airline’s technology stack and removing inefficiencies. It’s important not to go it alone. For example, Etihad Airlines recently partnered with IBM Cloud to produce a more seamless airport check-in. With 18 existing integration systems, 12 major systems for check-in, and 270 unique processes needing to be catered to, it was a complex migration.

In order to make all of this work, Etihad had to deploy a hybrid cloud strategy. Without the help of technology partners like IBM, the time to research, cost to test and learn, and speed to market would have been on a much longer timeline. In total, the team created the new solution on IBM Cloud in just 15 weeks.

“The technology and moving to the cloud are the easy parts,” said Szatkowski. “The hard parts are the project management, people, and process transformations. That’s where consulting comes into play.”

Leverage Partners to Transform Complex Problems

As organizations with multi-faceted operations, airlines need systems that easily connect to each other and allow employees to handle issues on the move.

For instance, timely flights and smooth passenger flow are critical factors for revenue growth. KLM recently undertook a project to Strengthen the aircraft turnaround experience for its ground-handling employees so they can access the information they needed easily in one place.

Working with an outside partner to assess the challenges and find a solution proved integral. Several ground crew members were invited to participate in a three-day IBM Design Thinking Workshop to discuss problems and solutions. While it sounds obvious to bring in end users and hear about their issues in the field, it’s not always common practice.

“There is nothing better than having the business team listen to their people talk, so we made a point to fly in the ground handlers,” said Erin McClennan, global design director for travel and transportation at IBM. “[Companies] often don’t realize the challenges their employees are facing, and there’s also palpable excitement when we co-create together.”

The workshop was “transformational,” McClennan added. By the end of the second day, the group had a mobile app design to help solve operational issues. By day three, participants received a beta version of the APPron mobile app, which integrates airline, cargo, operations and baggage data — putting the coordinators in control of turnaround.

“We can transform the way employees do their jobs because they have this amazing technology in their pockets,” said McClennan.

Connect Systems and Real-time Data for Optimized Operations

By using real-time data effectively, airlines can create connected cabins, improving turnaround times and the passenger experience.

“If a passenger tells a flight attendant that the IFE [in-flight entertainment] is not functioning, the flight attendant can capture that information mid-flight so the maintenance crew can fix it on the turn,” explained McClennan. “The next passenger doesn’t have the same complaint and the flight attendant doesn’t have to have that same difficult conversation — this kind of connecting of systems and real-time data transfer can have a real impact.”

Predictive maintenance is another area that can transform business operations in real time. McClennan and Szatkowski both agreed, however, that effectively implementing a predictive system falls on a spectrum. Needs vary widely from airline to airline depending on their people, processes, and technology mix.

For example, McClennan explained that many airlines are still relying on paper, and sometimes getting started on a path to “full-blown” predictive maintenance is as simple as modernizing systems to reduce paper usage. Others may be ready to build much more complex systems, such as a digital twin of an aircraft or engine that integrates operational, manufacturer, and IoT data sources — which take much longer to build.

“We are really focused on insights and process optimization, which is a consistent aspiration from client to client,” McClennan said. “We can help airlines wherever they are in the process — our focus is to help the client reach the ultimate goal, while still providing value at each step along the way.”

Improve Efficiency and Experiences With Artificial Intelligence

Airlines can harness the power of conversational AI for a variety of applications.

“[Chatbots are] about redirecting the transactional lower priority calls to automation and dynamically rerouting calls that have a higher priority to an agent,” said Szatkowski, adding that this type of service is ideal for airlines as they experience peaks and valleys of demand.

For example, AI-powered virtual agent IBM Watson (aka “Watson”) learns from customer interactions and knows when to search its knowledge base for answers, when to ask for clarity and when users should transfer to a human agent. According to a Forrester study commissioned by IBM, chatbot agents with Watson reduced handle time by 10 percent, and an analysis of four companies using the system reported an ROI of more than 300 percent.

In another instance, ANA partnered with IBM to bring customer feedback into a centralized, trackable system. Along with Salesforce Service Cloud, the airline brought together four global contact centers in the U.S. and Japan, providing complete, up-to-date customer views to enable better real-time service across communications channels. As part of the contact center, Watson Speech to Text visualizes customer conversations to help streamline information and enhance the insights gathered.

Power Personalized Interactions With Intelligent Data Systems

By using data intelligently to provide a 360-degree view of a passenger at any point on their journey, airlines can tailor proactive services to customers that will drive greater satisfaction and revenue growth.

ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) reported an estimated 25 percent to 29 percent decline in passengers in 2022 compared with 2019, but that’s now all starting to come back. As airlines compete ferociously to win back market share amidst spiking demand, their ability to understand customers’ changing expectations during this volatile time will be critical.

“We know so much about passengers, and I don’t think we’re using that data well,” said McClennan. “Data is now more easily connected, and there is a big opportunity to Strengthen passenger experience by putting it into the hands of more employees.”

Consider the journey-transforming scenarios such as the following: Automated recognition of a flight with an unusually high number of vegetarian passengers on board triggers a timely increased delivery of plant-based meal options. Or a push notification upon landing advises passengers on baggage carousel number and how to get there.

As an example of leveraging this data during the booking process, IBM partnered with Malaysia Airlines on a “Personalized Pricing and Offers” email ad campaign based on AI algorithms. Malaysia Airlines customers receiving these personalized recommendations made 34 percent more bookings than those who did not. The uptake was even higher (54 percent more) for business class customers.

These are only several examples of how the data airlines collect from their customers, with consent, can turn a pedestrian flight into an unforgettable experience.

Ultimately, there’s no one-size-fits-all solution for digital transformation. As airlines consider where they are on the path to digitize their operations, they might have any number of starting points and milestones across departments and disciplines. By working with technology partners who have seen use cases and understand the underlying systems required to solve issues common across large, complex, enterprise organizations, they can feel confident improving efficiency, profitability, and customer satisfaction.

For more information about IBM’s solutions for the travel and transportation industry, visit https://www.ibm.com/industries/travel-transportation.

This content was created collaboratively by IBM and Skift’s branded content studio, SkiftX.

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://skift.com/2022/06/29/5-digital-transformation-strategies-to-improve-the-air-travel-experience/
Killexams : IBM Eagle Has A Lot Of Qubits

How many qubits do you need in a quantum computer? Plenty, if you want to anything useful. However, today, we have to settle for a lot fewer than we would like. But IBM’s new Eagle has the most of its type of quantum computer: 127-qubits. Naturally, they plan to do even more work, and you can see a preview of “System Two” in the video below.

The 127 qubit number is both impressively large and depressingly small. Each qubit increases the amount of work a conventional computer has to do to simulate the machine by a factor of two. The hope is to one day produce quantum computers that would be impractical to simulate using conventional computers. That’s known as quantum supremacy and while several teams have claimed it, actually achieving it is a subject of debate.

Like any computer, more bits — or qubits — are better than fewer bits, generally speaking. However, it is especially important for modern quantum systems since most practical schemes require redundancy and error correction to be reliable in modern implementations of quantum computer hardware. What’s in the future? IBM claims they will build the Condor processor with over 1,000 qubits using the same 3D packaging technology seen in Eagle. Condor is slated for 2023 and there will be an intermediate chip due in 2022 with 433 qubits.

Scaling anything to a large number usually requires more than just duplicating smaller things. In the case of Eagle and at least one of its predecessors, part of the scaling was to use readout units that can read different qubits. Older processors with just a few qubits would have dedicated readout hardware for each qubit, but that’s untenable once you get hundreds or thousands of qubits.

Qubits aren’t the only measure of a computer’s power, just like a conventional computer with more bits might be less capable than one with fewer bits. You also have to consider the quality of the qubits and how they are connected.

Who’s going to win the race to quantum supremacy? Or has it already been won? We have a feeling if it hasn’t already been done, it won’t be very far in the future. If you think about the state of computers in, say, 1960 and compare it to today, about 60 years later, you have to wonder if that amount of progress will occur in this area, too.

Most of the announcements you hear about quantum computing come from Google, IBM, or Microsoft. But there’s also Honeywell and a few other players. If you want to get ready for the quantum onslaught, maybe start with this tutorial that will run on a simulator, mostly.

Thu, 14 Jul 2022 12:01:00 -0500 Al Williams en-US text/html https://hackaday.com/2022/02/08/ibm-eagle-has-a-lot-of-qubits/
Killexams : Diabetes in the Digital Age

Illustration: Jordon Cheung

A day in the life of a diabetes patient is an exercise in micromanagement. Blood sugar metering. Insulin injections. Meal plans. Exercise diaries. Logs filled with heart rate, blood pressure, and even pain measurements. It’s a lot to keep up with, for doctors as well as patients, but it’s also absolutely crucial. Proper diabetes management is key to a patient’s quality of life and to keeping blood sugar levels in line.

For the 387 million people in the world living with diabetes, this is reality. But in many ways, their experience is not so different from that of  the rest of us, who struggle to stay on top of our health and to effectively communicate to our health providers what’s going on with our bodies. In America, about half of all adults suffer from chronic illnesses, and according to a 2013 Pew Research Center study, among those who do track their health, about half of them keep up with progress  “in their heads.”

Mobile app development, fueled by cloud technology, is going to change these habits dramatically. Already, wearable technologies, such as Fitbit, and food trackers, are helping us log our meals, movement, and weight. These seemingly simple devices have transformative powers. They have been proved to keep people motivated to exercise and lose weight. According to the Pew study, tracking also leads 40 percent of trackers to ask a doctor new questions or to get a second opinion.

But digital tools are pushing healthcare to the cusp of a much larger transformation than that. Apps designed to Strengthen our health are going far beyond simple one-feature tracking and peer support. The new apps are capable of sharing, analyzing, and visualizing real-time health data across different platforms and populations, inspiring a host of possibilities.

These “wellness 2.0” apps will provide ways for people to take control of their own health and promise to transform our healthcare system by giving doctors valuable new insights and researchers clues to the prevention and management of chronic illness.

“The opportunity to put powerful but simple tools in the hands of an individual...as they try to manage their condition is so compelling,” says Sean M. Hogan, VP and General Manager of IBM Healthcare. “It is absolutely going to change the face of medicine.”

Robin Hrassnigg was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes in 1991. He filled out the usual logs and diaries until he created Diabetizer, a Web-based diabetes-management portal that will launch this fall as a mobile app for iOS and Android named myDIABETIZER. “In the past, you had the diary and, with pen and paper, you put the information in the book. That’s the normal, old way,” says Hrassnigg. “What we provide the diabetic is a complete overview about his or her health status, and this information can also be used to discuss the condition with their doctor.”

Diabetizer works by pulling in information from a number of digital tools, including Fitbit, Runkeeper, and nutrition apps. It meshes that data with glucose readings and insulin information and presents an overall picture of health. Among its most useful features: A risk-index screen shows whether blood sugar, cholesterol, BMI, or any number of other indicators is in the danger zone. Graphs allow users to look back over the past week or even the past year to see how weight, heart rate, or blood sugar has fluctuated or to pick up on patterns—maybe blood sugar is spiking on a day after too little exercise, for example.

“The app makes it all easy to handle,” explains Hrassnigg. “You get more motivated in using it because it makes it fun and you get accurate information that you can look back over for yourself. You can look at your information on your mobile in your free time. That is a big advantage [if you want to discuss] your condition with your doctor and for getting a feel for your own health indicators.” Doctors are able to receive a PDF of a patient's latest health stats from the app, via email.

“The opportunity to put powerful, but simple tools in the hands of an individual and be able to maintain a connection with them as they try to manage their condition is so compelling. It is absolutely going to change the face of medicine. Diabetizer is just one example.”

Sean M. Hogan, VP and General Manager of IBM Healthcare

“It’s very important that you have that information with you and not only in the ten minutes that you are discussing with the doctor.” -- the doctor may be with you for ten minutes. “You’ve got more concrete information with you and from all over the world you can get access to your data. And it’s also very really easy for a patient to see what to change to Strengthen my health.”

Robin Hrassnigg, founder of Diabetizer

“The structural shift that we’re wrestling with is the existing systems of care that are all built around acute-care models, but a societal need that is chronic and to be really effective needs to be supported with an ongoing basis outside the hospital environment.”

Sean M. Hogan, VP and General Manager of IBM Healthcare

“What we provide the diabetic is a complete overview about his health status with a risk index. And this information can then be used to discuss his condition with his or her doctor or they can send it via PDF to the doctor.”

Robin Hrassnigg, founder of Diabetizer

“If you have information that might come from a fitness tracker to show your physical activity level, plus information from your glucose monitor, and you’re connected to your insulin pump, it's now possible that an app on your phone could tie all this information together to make an updated calculation in real time.”

Sean M. Hogan, VP and General Manager of IBM Healthcare

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A day in the life of doctors who treat diabetes can be tedious. They are tasked with evaluating months of glucose readings and many other health indicators, sometimes in as little as 10 minutes while the patient is in the examining room. As for the patients, we all know what it's like to have a few minutes to explain symptoms during a doctor's appointment.

Wellness apps back up these experiences with data that we can easily share with our physicians, which leads to better recommendations and better outcomes. “The doctor is doing the same job,” says Hrassnigg, “but the patient has more concrete and more detailed information, which can now be easily provided to the doctor for an updated review of a case. That makes it easier to discuss with a doctor.”

What the world could use is more effective digital healthcare tools like Diabetizer, and fast. This is where advances in technology and cloud computing are finally cutting development times and making the process more democratic. Start-ups like Diabetizer, which moved its development over to IBM’s Bluemix cloud-based development platform earlier this year, can access a variety of cloud services instead of investing in expensive architecture. “As a start-up, it was very good for us because the costs were low,” says Hrassnigg. For one thing, he adds, “we didn’t have to invest in a big server infrastructure.”

Developers are also able to use the latest IBM Cloud services, such as IBM Bluemix, which offers a multitude of features and capabilities, to quickly add new functions into their apps. For example, Diabetizer used Bluemix to integrate fitness trackers as well as push notifications, email alerts, and photo storage into the app so that users can upload profile pics or even photos of a physical symptom they may want to share with their doctor.

“What’s so exciting about an application built on IBM Cloud’s development platform is you can put it out to a community and rapidly understand if it’s working,” says Hogan. “That’s vastly preferred to having to create an app and put it out on the market, wait multiple months, and go back into the lab.”

Beyond drastically shorter development times, it also helps make apps effective right out of the gate. Developers are ultimately looking to create apps that people use and return to again and again, which in the case of wellness apps is how the real benefit occurs. In addition to rapid application development and response, IBM Cloud also provides analytics and data-insight services that help developers understand how they can continue to refine their apps to meet patient needs.

Chronic diseases like diabetes are by definition daily and ongoing health issues. They’re caused, treated, and may ultimately be prevented by healthier choices and environmental factors—a fact that’s backed up by hard statistics. “Studies show that only about 10% to 25% of your health status is correlated to the clinical care that you receive and up to 30% associated with your unique genetic makeup,” says Hogan. “The predominant influence, up to 60%, is associated with your health behaviors, social and economic factors, and physical environments.”

Yet our healthcare system is currently set up in opposition to these facts. It deals with our well-being intermittently, through occasional doctor’s visits—or worse, when our health spirals out of control and we are hospitalized. This method of care drives up healthcare costs for everyone, and beyond that, it fails miserably at keeping us well.

“The structural shift that we’re wrestling with is the existing systems of care that are all built around acute-care models,” says Hogan. “But a societal need that is chronic and to be really effective needs to be supported with an ongoing basis outside the hospital environment.” Hogan adds that there's a real need to better understand risk factors for disease so we can Strengthen intervention and prevent disease altogether.

It’s not that we need to cut out doctors while building a new health paradigm. Doctors benefit as much as patients do when we fill in the gaps and keep ourselves well between visits. But digital tools and the data that they collect are proving to be very effective drivers toward 24/7, engaged, empowered, and consumer-driven healthcare.

And these tools are making doctors' lives easier too. As Hogan puts it, “they provide a connection back to the physician without it being overwhelming.”

Mon, 09 May 2022 15:53:00 -0500 text/html https://www.theatlantic.com/sponsored/ibm-transformation-of-business-part-2/diabetes-in-the-digital-age/562/
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