Due to the impacts of the Great Resignation and COVID-19, candidates looking for work have been in the driver’s seat in terms of choices and places to work. As a result, many employees and candidates are not being shy about their preferences.
The Lighthouse Research & Advisory report, Hiring is more Critical Than Ever: How Employers and Candidates are Evolving in the Current Market, says the most important thing to candidates during the hiring process is the starting hourly rate for the position they are applying for (more than 55%). Another top priority is a fast application process (more than 40%). Rounding out the top five priorities for applicants are transparency on the status of an application, a hiring test that lets the recruit show off their skills and finally a recruiter that makes the person feel appreciated.
And while it might be assumed that the trend toward transparency is driven by younger workers, that’s not necessarily the case, according to the report. Make it well into the hiring process only to find that their time was wasted on an employer that couldn’t match their salary expectations. And while pay transparency is important to all candidates, it increases in priority as candidate’s age (48% of 25-34 year olds, 61% of those 35-44, and 70% of those 45 and older).
The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.
Jul 11, 2022 (Market Insight Reports) -- Latest Report 4G Equipment Market by Type (TD-LTE, FDD-LTE), By Application (Virtual Presence, Crisis Management, Virtual Navigation, Multi-media and Video, Logistics, E-Commerce, Tele Medicine and Geo Processing, and Others), and Region (North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East & Africa), Forecast From 2022 To 2028
Detailed picture of the 4G Equipment market by the way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources by an analysis of key parameters such as profit, pricing, competition, and promotions. It presents various market facets by identifying the key industry influencers. The data presented is comprehensive, reliable, and a result of extensive research – both primary and secondary. The 4G Equipment market research reports provide a complete competitive landscape and an in-depth vendor selection methodology and analysis using qualitative and quantitative research to forecast accurate market growth and 4G Equipment market size across segments.
Our Experts will help you get valuable insights about 4G Equipment market share, size, and regional growth prospects. Available Other Related Market Research Reports
Sample PDF Report at:- https://reportsinsights.com/sample/592229
This report also studies the global 4G Equipment market competition landscape, market drivers and trends, opportunities and challenges, risks and entry barriers, sales channels, distributors, and Porter’s Five Forces In-depth Analysis and Data-driven Insights on the Impact of COVID-19 Included in this 4G Equipment Market Report. It aims at estimating the market size and the growth potential of the market across segments by component, application, organization size, deployment type, and region.
The Top key vendors in 4G Equipment Market include are:- Huawei, Alvarion, Nokia Siemens Networks, Cisco, Datan Mobile Communications, Airspan Networks, Fujitsu, Genband, Nortel Networks, Samsung, Redline Communications, NEC, ZTE, HP
Apart from this, the valuable document weighs upon the performance of the industry on the basis of a product service, end-use, geography, and end customer. The industry experts have left no stone unturned to identify the major factors influencing the development rate of the 4G Equipment industries including various opportunities and gaps. A thorough analysis of the 4G Equipment markets with regard to the growth trends in each category makes the overall study interesting. When studying the 4G Equipment markets the researchers also dig deep into their future prospects and contribution to the 4G Equipment industries.
Major Product Types covered are:
Major Applications of 4G Equipment covered are:
Multi-media and Video
Tele Medicine and Geo Processing
Based on region, the market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa (MEA). North America region is further bifurcated into countries such as U.S., and Canada. The Europe region is further categorized into U.K., France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe. Asia Pacific is further segmented into China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia, South East Asia, and Rest of Asia Pacific. Latin America region is further segmented into Brazil, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America, and the MEA region is further divided into GCC, Turkey, South Africa, and Rest of MEA.
Important Features of the report:
- Detailed analysis of the Global 4G Equipment market
-Fluctuating 4G Equipment market dynamics of the industry
-Detailed 4G Equipment market segmentation
- Historical, current, and projected 4G Equipment market size in terms of volume and value
- latest industry trends and developments
- Competitive landscape of the Global 4G Equipment Market
- Strategies of key players and product offerings
- Potential and niche segments/regions exhibiting promising growth
- A neutral perspective toward Global 4G Equipment market performance
Access full Report Description, TOC, Table of figures, Chart, etc. at-https://www.reportsinsights.com/industry-forecast/4g-equipment-markets-growth-trends-592229
Reports Insights is the leading research industry that offers contextual and data-centric research services to its customers across the globe. The firm assists its clients to strategize business policies and accomplish sustainable growth in their respective market domains. The industry provides consulting services, syndicated research reports, and customized research reports.
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One of the product categories that can be considered to make up the industrial market is those infrastructure products that support the booming electronic and telecommunications industry. This year's SPI Structural Plastics Conference and Design Competition focused on some of these interesting applications.
An eye-catching example from the industrial telecommunications perspective was the award-winning Alcoa Fujikura splice box, molded and submitted by Mack Molding (see opposite page). The part represents a metal-replacement trend in this market that's been under way for several years and is now reaching critical mass.
Unless you've been in a coma for the last five years, you know that the digital revolution is well underway. Baby Bells, AT&T, MCI Worldcom, Sprint, British Telecom, and a host of other mega-companies are positioning themselves to build and cash in on new and improved telephone, cable, and mobile communications networks. These networks have an infrastructure being built by the likes of Lucent, Nortel, and Motorola.
Joel Fouquart, technical manager at GE Plastics, says the Alcoa/Mack splice box is the best example of the trend occurring in the outdoor infrastructure arena. The Alcoa box replaces a diecast aluminum predecessor that weighed 65 lb and was a beast to install. But with a switch to GE's Valox PBT and structural foam molding, Alcoa suddenly had a lighter, equally durable, less expensive box that could be produced in volumes. That, says Fouquart, is the key-producing in high volumes to accommodate the new and improved networks under construction.
Indoors, Fouquart says the central office is the scene of the most changes. Not happy producing simple computer and electronics cabinets and housings, many manufacturers are looking to plastics and injection molding to create a more striking identity, similar to the job Silicon Graphics has done with its standout colors and contours. Fouquart says many OEMs struggle to determine the break-even point between plastic and metal.
The economic advantages of plastics increase with part complexity. Plastics allow designers to incorporate unique features that are often difficult to impossible to produce in sheet metal. GE and Fouquart conducted a study using a standard 6-ft cabinet panel with moderate contours and complexity, and compared the cost of producing it via structural foam vs. metal. The sheet metal, he says, has an initial tooling cost ranging from $10,000 to $90,000, where an injection mold ranges from $100,000 to $275,000.
However, downstream welding and shaping of the metal ballooned the per part cost to $550 for metal compared to $350 for plastic. Not only that, but the break-even volume for the plastic part is 1000 units annually.
The Best Paper winner at the Structural Plastics Conference was written and presented by Michael Caropreso, who, with Hewlett-Packard, devised a system for molding plastic panels to replace a large metal door on a peripheral computer rack system. The metal door H-P was looking to replace cost $40 to make and $150 to ship because of its size, and was often damaged in transit.
The series of smaller plastic panels would prove less expensive to make, and ship, and easier to use for service personnel who need to access cabinets. But what made the project particularly interesting was the rare combination of gas-assist molding and sequential gating.
The panels are 35 inches long and 16 inches wide, with a nominal wall thickness of .140 inch, unpainted and with no visible sink marks or weld lines allowed. Two gates were used in the mold, both fed by a hot manifold system with hydraulic valves.
To establish production parameters, the mold was filled through one gate in a series of short shots that were used to determine the ram position at which the flow front reached the second gate. This position was used to trigger the second valve, which finished filling the part. This overlap in flow fronts rendered weld lines invisible.
Gas filling begins after both gates close. A series of carefully guided gas bubbles help pack out different sections of the panel, provide strength, and eliminate sinks. The entire cycle runs in just over a minute, with no secondary operations. The molder produces the parts at facilities in California and Dublin, Ireland.
Metal-to-plastic conversion takes the weigh off
Replacing its eight-part diecast aluminum predecessor, this structural foam molded splice box weighs less than half as much and greatly reduced the total part count. The splice box, manufactured for Alcoa Fujikura Ltd. by Mack Molding (Arlington, VT), is mounted on utility poles and buildings and is used to house and protect spliced fiber optic connections.
"An excellent metal replacement application, this splice box previously weighed 65 lb," says Brian Sumpter, new business development director at Mack's southern division. "We've reduced that to 29 lb, which is a tremendous relief to field service personnel who are hoisting these units up telephone poles to install them." The 10-by-30-inch box consists of two primary parts: one is a drawer in which lines are spliced; the other is the enclosure into which the drawer slides (see photo). The drawer accommodates up to 360 fiber splices and up to six individual cables of various types and sizes. The gasketed drawer can be easily opened for periodic maintenance.
Called the Opti-Guard splice box, it's high-pressure structural foam molded of Valox PBT from GE Plastics at Mack Molding's Inman, SC facility. The material was chosen to meet requirements of UV exposure, ballistic resistance, impact resistance of 100 ft-lb or more at -40F, and temperature resistance ranging from -40F to 176F. Also, Alcoa's internal tieoff system resists more than 100 lb of tension per cable.
The part was an award winner at the Structural Plastics '99 Conference and Design Competition, an annual event hosted by the Society of the Plastics Industry.
For more information:
GE Plastics, Pittsfield, MA
Phone: (800) 845-0600; Fax: (800) 433-2925
Rare-earth compound, plastic unite for speedometer part
All the plastic parts you see in this Bitorque speedometer, designed for some models of Harley Davidson motorcycles, are molded by Thomas G. Faria Corp. But the two parts below the speedometer required a special material. Called bobbins, the parts hold a pin that connects to a magnetic source on the back side of the speedometer. That magnetic source emits a varying electrical charge based on how fast the engine is running. The bobbin, connected to the pin and a meter, rotates according to that charge, thus telling the driver the vehicle's speed.
Faria needed a moldable, highly filled, high-temperature polymer that could be insert molded and then magnetized as part of the inner electrical workings of the speedometer. It hired custom compounder Foster Corp. (Dayville, CT), which developed a compound from a nylon and a rare-earth material called ferrite (an iron-based material). Specifics of the material were not released, but according to the molder, the plastic version is equal in quality to the chrome-plated, hand-finished instrument made for other Harley motorcycles.
Faria runs 40 or so injection molding machines ranging from 15 to 200 tons at its Uncasville, CT plant.
For more information:
Foster Corp., Dayville, CT
Phone: (860) 848-9271
Fax: (860) 848-2704
Regenerative pump housing benefits from PPS
Designed to house regenerative pumps for use in soft drink dispensing systems in the U.S. and the U.K., this part is required to withstand up to 30 bar of pressure and must operate in temperatures ranging from -4F to 212F. Chemical resistance is required to withstand periodic purging with cleaners. Good surface hardness and dimensional stability are also required. Chosen to mold the part: 40 percent glass-filled Fortron PPS from Ticona.
The critical component in the housing design is the back plate. Stress analysis conducted during the design phase indicated that unacceptably high stress levels in key areas around the connecting points could cause the part to fail. A new design was submitted in which the overall wall section was increased, ensuring greater strength and dimensional stability, with cored-out sections to minimize material use.
Tests on the new design showed a reduction in strain levels around the connecting points by a factor of three. Tests also predicted that the design would be able to meet the stress requirements as well as maintain the .05 mm flatness required for the pump's impeller. The housings are made in the U.K. by Electromag-Neil, which insert molds the stainless steel threads for connecting pipes.
For more information:
Ticona, Summit, NJ
Phone: (800) 235-2637
Fax: (908) 598-4165
Polypropylene wheel unit endures heavy weight
This four-caster wheel unit, called the Universal Gondola Skate, is designed to facilitate safe and easy movement of heavy, fully loaded shelves during renovation of retail stores. The wheels are placed under the shelves so that during a store's off hours, the shelves can be moved out of the way to make room for renovation and construction. Then, they can be easily rolled back to their place during regular store hours. They are designed to hold up to 2000 lb and reportedly cost up to 50 percent less than comparable products.
The idea was co-developed by Cozza Harris Design (San Diego) and Co-Mack Technology (Vista, CA). Co-Mack molds the part in a structural foam molding process on a 385-ton Battenfeld. Up to 700 wheel units can be produced in a day on the single-cavity mold. The part is made from a 10 percent glass-filled polypropylene from RheTech Inc. that doesn't have to meet tight tolerances, but must offer strength. The casters are purchased out of house and assembled at Co-Mack.
For more information:
Whitmore Lake, MI
Phone: (734) 769-0585
Fax: (734) 769-3565
Tension knob gets lubed with switch to acetal
The knob on the Ovation 2 thermal transfer printer is used to adjust ribbon tension each time a different width label is used. The printer produces labels up to 4 inches wide and is used to make bar codes, tags, and other products. The tension knob is used intermittently, but not continuously. For Orlando-based manufacturer Datamax, this was a problem with the material used previously, which tended to bind up if the knob was not frequently used.
"The binding," says Ken Colonel, director of mechanical engineering at Datamax, "was due to the fact that the knob is a part that is not in constant operation. The lubricated material we previously used would have worked fine had this been the case. Frequent use would have brought the internal lubricants to the surface and allowed for better performance."
For help, Datamax switched to Fulton 441D, a silicone lubricated acetal composite produced by LNP Engineering Plastics. Because of the silicone's limited compatibility with the base acetal material, it migrates to the surface of the tension adjustment knob. The result is a continuous generation of silicone film, which serves as a boundary or lubricant.
For more information:
LNP Engineering Plastics
Phone: (610) 363-4500;
Fax: (610) 363-4749
Encapsulated solenoids endure with PET
Solenoids manufactured by Caterpillar Inc. are designed to operate hydraulic valves on heavy-duty equipment used in construction, mining, and agriculture. The key to the solenoid's durability is the encapsulation, which blocks moisture and insulates the unit from sudden temperature changes.
Previously overmolded with a thermoset or other thermoplastic, the solenoid is now encapsulated with 30 percent glass-filled Rynite PET from DuPont. More durable than previous designs, the encapsulated product meets Caterpillar's standards for resistance to heat, thermal shock, vibration, moisture penetration, fuel, and lubricants. The company rates solenoids for service at ambient temperatures from -40F to 250F. The PET is also used to mold a coil bobbin that is part of the assembly.
John Hoffman, an engineer for Caterpillar, says the new design and the switch to Rynite PET makes the new units less expensive to produce than the ones they replace. Also, the addition of an integrated electrical receptacle into the encapsulation shell saves the cost of an additional part. The solenoids are installed on bulldozers, wheel loaders, motor graders, agricultural tractors, and off-highway mining trucks.
For more information:
DuPont Engineering Polymers
Phone: (800) 441-0575
Fax: (302) 999-2311
TPE rubber used in electrica plugs, connectors
Electrical products maker Leviton Mfg. in Little Neck, NY makes this watertight locking plug and connector assembly for indoor and outdoor industrial electrical applications. Called the Wetguard, the unit is used to connect two flexible cords in order to supply power to electrical appliances, tools, and machines in a safe and simple installation procedure. The guard shields the connection from threatening environmental elements, providing protection from moisture and dust.
Leviton molds the Wetguard with a Capron nylon 6 from AlliedSignal Plastics and overmolds it with a Santoprene thermoplastic elastomer from Advanced Elastomer Systems. Santoprene not only gives a tactile feel, it also provides resistance to harsh environments, insulation, and good part uniformity and sealability. Levitron specified nylon-bondable grades of Santoprene because they chemically bond well with Capron, thus eliminating any possibility for leakage in the area where the two parts meet. The combination also reportedly resists crushing, impact, and abrasion.
The plugs and connectors, which are available in 15A, 20A, and 30A Nema ratings, feature a tongue-and-groove design, meaning when the male and female parts of the plug and connector are put together, it seals itself. It also has a locking indicator that gives the user visual confirmation that a seal has been obtained.
The Wetguard enclosure consists of two parts that are insert injection molded on a 150-ton press in a two-cavity mold. Previously, enclosures for the 15A devices were designed as a two-part assembly, which, according to Leviton, was a slow operation that often provided an unsatisfactory seal.
For more information:
Advanced Elastomer Systems
Phone: (330) 849-5000
Fax: (330) 849-5599
Phone: (201) 455-5010
Fax: (201) 455-3506
Multimeter features one-shot overmolding of TPU resin
Tektronix Inc. wanted to Boost the durability of its TX-DMM family of true RMS digital multimeters, and ease the manufacturing process at the same time. Handheld DMMs are the most common of all electrical and electronic test instruments. Tektronix used film insert molding to Boost the bezel and display window of the DMM but the back cover presented some design molding challenges.
The back cover, which is injection molded with Bayer's Bayblend FR110 PC/ABS resin, requires three additional parts molded with an elastomer resin: a water-resistant gasket that seals the DMM's electronics from moisture, dust and other elements; a mechanical connection that holds a metal electromagnetic interference shield inside the back cover; and four no-skid pads on the outside of the back cover. Poly-Cast (Tigard, OR), which molds the front and back covers, wanted the three parts to be molded from the same material in just one shot. It chose Bayer's Desmopan KU2-8651 TPU resin, with a 75 Shore A hardness, because it offers good flexibility, resilience, and compression-set properties.
After the Bayblend PC/ABS back covers are molded, Poly-Cast inserts them and an EMI shield into the press. The Desmopan resin is shot onto the back cover through two gates. The resin flows around the lip of the back cover to form a watertight gasket. It then continues through an opening on each side of the part's interior and flows into separate lines over the EMI shield. Finally, the resin flows through openings in the EMI shield and back cover to form four capsule-shaped feet on the outside diameter of the DMM's back cover.
According to Steve Lyford, mechanical engineer for Tektronix, it was less expensive to overmold the parts using this process than to perform a secondary operation by hand. Tektronix had previously used a custom-made gasket, but preferred the overmolding operation even though the mold was tougher to build because the resin has to run a long flow path. The complex mold was built by Bestco of Hillsboro, OR.
For more information:
Bayer Corp., Polymers Div.
Phone: (800) 622-6004
Fax: (412) 777-5585
Conexant and Cisco sign deal to swap IP for chip sets
By Loring Wirbel, EE Times
October 18, 2000 (7:51 p.m. EST)
NEWPORT BEACH, Calif. — Conexant Systems Inc. signed a pact with Cisco Systems Inc. this week that will deliver Conexant access to intellectual property related to Cisco's Dynamic Packet Transport (DPT) technology, while Cisco receives a supply of chip sets that support DPT.
The work leading to the pact was critical in allowing Conexant to sample the CX29950 ring processor unit, a controller that supports the new Resilient Packet Ring architecture.
Cisco's DPT technology is one proposal in front of a new IEEE study group on resilient rings. The study group is slated to become Working Group 802.17 at IEEE's 802 plenary meeting in November. Conexant is following Cisco's general model of providing protection switching at the routing layer but is calling its implementation the Spatial Reuse Protocol, since DPT refers to Cisco's specific implementation.
The RPR study group entails many pr oposals for building counter-rotating fiber rings for metropolitan-area networks, borrowing concepts from Sonet, Gigabit Ethernet and the Fiber Distributed Data Interface. Cisco's DPT uses Layer 3 restoration, Nortel Networks is proposing a combined Layer 1/Layer 3 concept called InterWAN Packet Transport, Luminous Networks Inc. is including protection switching in a modified medium access control chip at Layer 2, and Lantern Communications Inc. is using Sonet Digital Wrapper technology.
"We saw a lot of merit in the proposals from the smaller companies," said Lauren Schlicht, product line manager for broadband internetworking solutions at Conexant's Boulder, Colo., group. "But at the end of the day, we took the attitude that whatever Cisco implements will probably get adopted by the industry.
"Still, the RPU architecture is flexible enough to follow where the IEEE study group goes."
The concepts embodied in resilient packet rings are so new themselves that only a handful of equipment companies t hus far have taken up the RPR banner. Conexant is the first semiconductor company to make public its intent to provide RPR controllers.
Conexant used a design for a ring-based packet controller, developed in the Boulder WAN operations and originally called the RAC-24. But in designing the CX29550, Conexant not only listened to Cisco's overall DPT strategy but consulted with other, new Conexant groups for an optimal design. Consulting operations included the Maker Communications unit, in Massachusetts, which will produce network coprocessors to be used with the RPU, and Israel-based Novanet Inc., which has sampled OC-48 CMOS Sonet framers that can operate in a Sonet-less fiber ring alongside the CX29550.
Conexant program manager Vince Eberhard said RPRs allow nodes to be added to or deleted from a metro fiber ring without requiring that the ring be brought down or reconfigured. The RPR proposals share the philosophy that rings should not require a master controller, nor should they require a token, li ke token ring or FDDI. Any node on the network should help recover from fiber cuts or single-node failures by automatically initiating a ring wrap around the failure.
The ring described its conditions to member nodes through the dynamic combination of control packets and data packets being sent. When a packet arrives at a node, it can be received, forwarded, received and forwarded for multicast traffic, stripped to check for error conditions, or examined for special cases such as ring wraps and pass-through modes. Every packet must be examined, so the ring operates totally in store-and-forward modes, with no cut-through operations.
Some of the trickiest elements in getting such rings to operate efficiently are the need to implement fairness so that one node cannot hog all the bandwidth; the need to have guaranteed protection switching that can operate within Sonet's 50-ms constraints; and the need to perform automated topology discovery to recognize new nodes on the ring.
Fairness is implemented through a series of transit buffers, which help carry out the Spatial Reuse Protocol at the heart of the Cisco approach. Ordinarily, Eberhard said, nodes must automatically set traffic-engineering constraints based on four traffic types: high-priority transit packets moving through a node, high-priority transmit packets being originated by a node, and low-priority versions of both transit and transmit packets. When a ring nears congestion, the nodes must perform both a global fairness check, to make sure the ring is operating optimally and fairly as a whole, and local optimization, to make sure that local subgroups are sharing bandwidth among themselves equitably. That is performed by having the low-priority transit buffer send congestion messages to other nodes on the ring.
Intelligent Protection Switching (IPS) operates with constraints identical to those of Sonet's Automatic Protection Switching, but without reserving extra bandwidth, as Sonet requires. Auto-notification of rings is sent out as a Laye r 3 message from any RPR node.
Finally, topology discovery messages are sent out on both fiber rings, and nodes respond by appending medium access control address information, using a 6-byte MAC field.
The first generation of RPU from Conexant has dual OC-48 (2.5-Gbit/second) MACs, and Conexant is designing an OC-192 (10-Gbit) follow-on for release in 2001. The controller supports packet address lookup, multicasting, priority processing, fairness implementation, topology discovery, protection switching and rate limitation. The chip interfaces to external SRAM to implement an external transit buffer of either 500-kbyte or 1-Mbyte density. There are also packet-over-Sonet Physical Layer 3 interfaces to both external Sonet framers and network processors.
"We have to continue to look at the partitioning of the controller over time," Schlicht said. "Do you throw the framer on-chip, or does that reduce flexibility? Are two MACs optimal? What's the best transit buffer size? We may want to offer differe nt devices over time, as packet rings are used more widely."
Conexant also is leaving bets open as to what kinds of network equipment OEMs will leap on the RPR bandwagon. Some may be opportunistic companies that develop specialized nodes for existing Cisco networks, she said. Others will develop a range of dedicated RPR nodes, RPR/10-Gbit Ethernet nodes, RPR/Sonet nodes, or some other hybrid that has yet to be defined. Even a server could turn into an RPR node.
And if Cisco's early success in cable TV hybrid fiber/coax networks is any indication, Schlicht said, the cable headend or wireless basestation could become a node for an RPR network, perhaps even earlier than traditional telco switches or routers.
The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.
The "ROADM WSS Component Market" Research Report gives an inside and out outline and experiences into the market's size, incomes, different sections and drivers of improvement, as well as restricting elements and provincial modern presence. The objective of the statistical surveying study is to totally assess the 'ROADM WSS Component Sector' and get a survey makes sense of the business and its business possibilities. The concentrate likewise inspects the effect of COVID-19 on the business and income examinations when the pestilence. As per this, the client gets broad information on the business and firm from an earlier time, present, and future points of view, permitting them to put away cash and convey assets admirably.
ROADMÂnetworks inability to maintain a typical noise shape result in inaccurate optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) measurements.ÂROADM WSS componentsÂare widely classified into Blocker-based, Edge, PLC-based, and Wavelength Selective Switches (WSS).
The key factor contributing to growth of ROADM WSS component market is the growing demand for dynamic ROADMs. Global market is also experiencing an upsurge in the demand for adoption of wavelength selective switches (WSS) enabled ROADMs. However, product cost and quality are some of the major challenges faced by this industry that can hinder its growth rate. Growth of WSS market slowed down during past few months as a result of excessive supply chain inventory; however, this market is expected to resume growth in the near future as a result of surging demand for technologically improved components.Â
Market Analysis and Insights: Global ROADM WSS Component Market
The research report studies the ROADM WSS Component market using different methodologies and analyzes to provide accurate and in-depth information about the market. For a clearer understanding, it is divided into several parts to cover different aspects of the market. Each area is then elaborated to help the reader comprehend the growth potential of each region and its contribution to the global market. The researchers have used primary and secondary methodologies to collate the information in the report. They have also used the same data to generate the current market scenario. This report is aimed at guiding people towards an apprehensive, better, and clearer knowledge of the market.
The global ROADM WSS Component market size is projected to reach USD 1447.8 million by 2026, from USD 831.6 million in 2020, at a CAGR of 9.7% during 2021-2026.
Global ROADM WSS Component Scope and Segment
The global ROADM WSS Component market is segmented by company, region (country), by Type, and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global ROADM WSS Component market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on revenue and forecast by region (country), by Type, and by Application for the period 2015-2026.
This ROADM WSS Component Market Report offers analysis and insights based on original consultations with important players such as CEOs, Managers, and Department heads of suppliers, manufacturers, and distributors.
How much is the ROADM WSS Component market worth?
As a result of the Ukraine-Russia War and COVID-19 epidemic, the ROADM WSS Component market is estimated to be worth USD million in 2022 and is forecast to be worth USD million by 2026, with a CAGR estimated to generate a lot of revenue till 2026.
The investigation report has solidified the examination of different factors that increment the market's turn of events. It lays out examples, limitations, and drivers that change the market in either a positive or negative manner. This part also gives the degree of different sections and applications that could influence the market from now into the foreseeable future. The point by point information relies upon most latest things and essential accomplishments. This portion moreover gives an exploration of the volume of creation about the overall market and about each sort from 2017 to 2026.
What are the key companies covered in the ROADM WSS Component Market?
The Major Players covered in the ROADM WSS Component Market report are:
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A thorough evaluation of the controls associated with the report portrays the separation to drivers and gives space for essential arrangement. Factors that obscure the market advancement are critical as they can be seen to devise different bends for getting hold of the advantageous entryways that are accessible in the reliably creating business area. Besides, pieces of information into market capable's viewpoints have been taken to appreciate the market better.
ROADM WSS Component Market - Size, Shares, Scope, Competitive Landscape and Segmentation Analysis:
The report focuses on the ROADM WSS Component market size, segment size (mainly covering product type, application, and geography), competitor landscape, latest status, and development trends. Furthermore, the report provides strategies for companies to overcome threats posed by COVID-19. Technological innovation and advancement will further optimize the performance of the product, enabling it to acquire a wider range of applications in the downstream market. Moreover, customer preference analysis, market dynamics (drivers, restraints, opportunities), new product release, impact of COVID-19, regional conflicts and carbon neutrality provide crucial information for us to take a deep dive into the ROADM WSS Component market.
The major players in the global ROADM WSS Component Market are summarized in a report to understand their role in the market and future strategies. Numerous marketing channels and strategies are likely to thrive during the forecast period and were also identified in reports that help readers develop a winning approach.
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What segments are covered in ROADM WSS Component Market report?
ROADM WSS Component Market is segmented on the basis of type, end-use industry and application. The growth amongst the different segments helps you in attaining the knowledge related to the different growth factors expected to be prevalent throughout the market and formulate different strategies to help identify core application areas and the difference in your target markets.
On the basis of Product Type, ROADM WSS Component Market is segmented into:
● Wavelength Selective Switches (WSS)
The report studies end-user applications in various product segments and the global ROADM WSS Component Market. By collecting important data from relevant sources, the report assesses the growth of individual market segments. In addition, the market size and growth rate of each segment is explained in the report. The report considers key geographic segments and describes all the favourable conditions driving market growth.
On the basis of the End Users / Applications, ROADM WSS Component Market is segmented into:
● Fiber-Optic Networks
The country section of the report also includes individual market influences affecting current and future market trends and changes in market regulation at the country level.
On the basis of the Geography, ROADM WSS Component Market is segmented into:
- North America [US, Canada, Mexico]
- Europe [Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Rest of Europe]
- Asia-Pacific [China, India, Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Australia, Rest of Asia Pacific]
- South America [Brazil, Argentina, Rest of South America]
- Middle East and Africa [GCC, North Africa, South Africa, Rest of Middle East and Africa]
Through a comparative examination of the past and present scenarios, the ROADM WSS Component research offers a complete blueprint of the industry scenario across the assessment timeframe; assisting stakeholders in establishing action plans that certain maximum growth while managing market risks. Furthermore, the study document provides a complete review of the major industry segments to discover the best investment opportunities. It also examines all of the major market participants in terms of their financials, growth plans, and product and service offerings to provide a comprehensive picture of the competitive environment.
ROADM WSS Component Market - Impact of Covid-19 and Recovery Analysis:
We have been tracking the direct impact of COVID-19 on this market, as well as the indirect impact from other industries. This report analyses the impact of the pandemic on the ROADM WSS Component market from a Global and Regional perspective. The report outlines the market size, market characteristics, and market growth for ROADM WSS Component industry, categorized by type, application, and consumer sector. In addition, it provides a comprehensive analysis of aspects involved in market development before and after the Covid-19 pandemic. Report also conducted a PESTEL analysis in the industry to study key influencers and barriers to entry.
ROADM WSS Component Market Drivers and Restrains:
The ROADM WSS Component industry research report provides an analysis of the various factors driving the markets growth. It creates trends, constraints and impulses that change the market in a positive or negative direction. This section also discusses the various segments and applications that could affect the future ROADM WSS Component market. Details are based on current trends and past achievements. The report includes a comprehensive boundary condition assessment that compares drivers and provides strategic planning. The factors that impede market growth are fundamental because they create different curves to seize opportunities in emerging markets. We also gather information from the opinions of market experts to better understand the market.
Years considered for this report:
- Historical Years:2017-2021
- Base Year:2021
- Estimated Year:2022
- Forecast Period:2022-2026
What the Report has to Offer?
- Market Size Estimates:The report offers accurate and reliable estimation of the market size in terms of value and volume. Aspects such as production, distribution and supply chain, and revenue for the ROADM WSS Component market are also highlighted in the report
- Analysis on Market Trends:In this part, upcoming market trends and development have been scrutinized
- Growth Opportunities:The report here provides clients with the detailed information on the lucrative opportunities in the ROADM WSS Component market
- Regional Analysis:In this section, the clients will find comprehensive analysis of the potential regions and countries in the ROADM WSS Component market
- Analysis on the Key Market Segments:The report focuses on the segments: end user, application, and product type and the key factors fuelling their growth.
- Vendor Landscape:Competitive landscape provided in the report will help the companies to become better equipped to be able to make effective business decisions.
Reasons to buy this report:
- To gain insightful analyses of the market and have comprehensive understanding of the global market and its commercial landscape.
- Assess the production processes, major issues, and solutions to mitigate the development risk.
- To understand the most affecting driving and restraining forces in the market and its impact in the global market.
- Learn about the market strategies that are being adopted by leading respective organizations.
- To understand the future outlook and prospects for the market.
- Besides the standard structure reports, we also provide custom research according to specific requirements.
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ROADM WSS Component Market - Table of Content (TOC):
1 ROADM WSS Component Market Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of ROADM WSS Component Market
1.2 ROADM WSS Component Market Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Sales and CAGR Comparison by Type (2017-2026)
1.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Segment by Application
1.3.1 ROADM WSS Component Market Consumption (Sales) Comparison by Application (2017-2026)
1.4 Global ROADM WSS Component Market, Region Wise (2017-2026)
1.4.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Size (Revenue) and CAGR Comparison by Region (2017-2026)
1.4.2 United States ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.3 Europe ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.4 China ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.5 Japan ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.6 India ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.7 Southeast Asia ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.8 Latin America ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.9 Middle East and Africa ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.5 Global Market Size (Revenue) of ROADM WSS Component (2017-2026)
1.5.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Revenue Status and Outlook (2017-2026)
1.5.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Sales Status and Outlook (2017-2026)
1.6 Influence of Regional Conflicts on the ROADM WSS Component Industry
1.7 Impact of Carbon Neutrality on the ROADM WSS Component Industry
2 ROADM WSS Component Market Upstream and Downstream Analysis
2.1 ROADM WSS Component Industrial Chain Analysis
2.2 Key Raw Materials Suppliers and Price Analysis
2.3 Key Raw Materials Supply and Demand Analysis
2.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials
2.5 Manufacturing Process Analysis
2.6 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis
2.7 Major Downstream Buyers of ROADM WSS Component Analysis
2.8 Impact of COVID-19 on the Industry Upstream and Downstream
3 Players Profiles
4 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Landscape by Player
4.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Share by Player (2017-2022)
4.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Revenue and Market Share by Player (2017-2022)
4.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Average Price by Player (2017-2022)
4.4 Global ROADM WSS Component Gross Margin by Player (2017-2022)
4.5 ROADM WSS Component Market Competitive Situation and Trends
4.5.1 ROADM WSS Component Market Concentration Rate
4.5.2 ROADM WSS Component Market Share of Top 3 and Top 6 Players
4.5.3 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion
5 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price Trend by Type
5.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Revenue and Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Price by Type (2017-2022)
5.4 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate by Type (2017-2022)
6 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Analysis by Application
6.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Consumption and Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Consumption Revenue and Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Consumption and Growth Rate by Application (2017-2022)
7 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Revenue Region Wise (2017-2022)
7.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Market Share, Region Wise (2017-2022)
7.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Revenue and Market Share, Region Wise (2017-2022)
7.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.4 United States ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.4.1 United States ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.5 Europe ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.5.1 Europe ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.6 China ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.6.1 China ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.7 Japan ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.7.1 Japan ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.8 India ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.8.1 India ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.9 Southeast Asia ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.9.1 Southeast Asia ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.10 Latin America ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.10.1 Latin America ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.11 Middle East and Africa ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.11.1 Middle East and Africa ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
8 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Forecast (2022-2026)
8.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue Forecast (2022-2026)
8.1.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2022-2026)
8.1.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2022-2026)
8.1.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Price and Trend Forecast (2022-2026)
8.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Revenue Forecast, Region Wise (2022-2026)
8.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2022-2026)
8.4 Global ROADM WSS Component Consumption Forecast by Application (2022-2026)
8.5 ROADM WSS Component Market Forecast Under COVID-19
9 Industry Outlook
9.1 ROADM WSS Component Market Drivers Analysis
9.2 ROADM WSS Component Market Restraints and Challenges
9.3 ROADM WSS Component Market Opportunities Analysis
9.4 Emerging Market Trends
9.5 ROADM WSS Component Industry Technology Status and Trends
9.6 News of Product Release
9.7 Consumer Preference Analysis
9.8 ROADM WSS Component Industry Development Trends under COVID-19 Outbreak
9.8.1 Global COVID-19 Status Overview
9.8.2 Influence of COVID-19 Outbreak on ROADM WSS Component Industry Development
10 Research Findings and Conclusion
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ROADM WSS Component Market - Research Methodology:
The key research methodology is data triangulation which involves data processing, analysis of the impact of knowledge variables on the market, and first (industry expert) validation. Data collection and base year analysis is completed using data collection modules with large sample sizes. The market data is analyzed and forecasted using market statistical and coherent models. Also market share analysis and key analysis are the main success factors within the market report.
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BT and MTN form strategic alliance in Africa
BT and MTN Business are working together to enhance communications services in Africa. The partnership will see BT’s services and technologies delivered to MTN’s enterprise customers on the continent.
Amdocs acquires Mycom OSI to boost 5G portfolio
Telco software specialist Amdocs has bought UK-based service assurance SaaS developer Mycom OSI for $188 million. Amdocs said its new acquisition would allow it to offer closed-loop automation to help operator customers deliver scalable 5G.
KCOM expands fibre footprint and partner ecosystem
Hull-based broadband provider says its full fibre network now reaches 300,000 properties, while it now has more than 150 wholesale partners. Its network extends across Hull into East Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire.
Plan.com agrees MVNO deal with BT EE
Plan.com has agreed a mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) with BT to bring EE’s 4G and 5G services to customers, including VoLTE and VoWi-Fi. It is Plan.com’s second MVNO agreement, expanding the choice it offers businesses through its platform.
Greggs ‘rolls’ into the future with IT upgrade
Daisy Corporate Services will deliver SD-WAN, LAN Switching, WiFi and 4G/5G connectivity technology to food retailer Greggs. The upgrade will help Gregg’s 2,100 shops in the UK operate more effectively.
CityFibre secures £4.9bn financing deal for full fibre rollout
Full fibre altnet CityFibre has confirmed a debt package totalling £4.9 billion that fully funds CityFibre’s rollout to a third of the UK market by 2025. The company says the package is one of Europe’s largest ever full fibre financing.
Daisy makes acquisition to communicate better
Daisy Communications has acquired IT, mobile, telephony and telematics provider Communicate Better and will integrate the firm’s services into its portfolio. The telematics offering diversifies Daisy’s portfolio and will help it better serve customers.
Sampath to replace Irwin as Verizon Business CEO
Sowmyanarayan Sampath will become the chief executive of Verizon Business on July 1, replacing Tami Erwin who will remain a strategic advisor until the end of the year. Sampath joined Verizon in 2014 and is currently chief revenue officer of Verizon Business.
Openreach fibre head joins G.Network chief exec
Kevin Murphy has left his role as managing director for Fibre and Network Delivery at Openreach to become chief executive for G. Network. The full fibre altnet was founded in 2016 and raised £1bn in 2020 to help fund plans to reach 1.3 million premises in London.
Realme appoints new Europe CEO
Chinese smartphone vendor Realme has named Francis Wong as its the new CEO for Europe. Wong was previously CMO of realme Europe and India and becomes one of the youngest chief executives in the smartphone industry.
David Willis to lead Ofcom’s spectrum efforts
UK communications watchdog Ofcom has appointed David Willis as its spectrum group director, bringing 30 years of experience to the role. Willis was most recently President of the Communications Research Centre, the Government of Canada's research centre for advanced wireless telecommunications, and has held roles at BlackBerry and Nortel Networks.
KCOM appoints new chairman
Johan Dennelind is the new chairman of KCOM, replacing Nathan Luckey who will remain on the board of directors. Dennelind was previously chief executive at Nordic operator Telia. Fiona Goldsmith also joins the company’s board.
Vodafone claims to be UK’s largest full fibre broadband provider
Vodafone says it now has the UK’s largest full fibre footprint, with its service available in eight million homes. BT’s Openreach network accounts for a significant share of this footprint, supplemented by a separate wholesale agreement with CityFibre.
Former Vodafone exec joins Liberty Global leadership team
Madalina Suceveanu has been appointed to the newly-established role of Managing Director, Mobile & Cloud Technology at Liberty Global, tasked with developing the firm’s tech strategy and investments in mobile and cloud. Suceveanu had previously held senior leadership at Vodafone Group and was CTO at Orange Romania.
Three officially opens new UK HQ in Reading
Mobile operator Three has officially opened its new UK headquarters in Reading. The operator has combined its two previous sites in the Thames Valley region into a single 117,000 site, with the first staff moving in last year.
4G remains primary cellular IoT tech
Despite the advent of 5G technology, 4G LTE remains the primary technology for 60% of cellular IoT module models, according to a new study from ABI Research. The report found that 2G and 3G module development had all but ceased, with sales continuing for the next few years, with all eyes on the role 5G will play in the IoT mass market in the coming years.
Press release content from PR Newswire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.
SILVER SPRING, Md., July 27, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a draft guidance to help ensure that information is available to patients and health care professionals to clearly communicate the benefits and risks of LASIK devices.
“It is important to provide patients with comprehensive labeling that clearly describes the risks involved with LASIK surgery, including potential adverse effects such as dry eye, pain and discomfort, and visual symptoms,” said Jeff Shuren, M.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “These proposed labeling recommendations, based on extensive consultation with stakeholders and patients, are intended to present information about LASIK in language that is easy to read and understand and include images that convey visual symptoms that could occur following LASIK. The draft guidance is designed to support discussions that patients should have with their eye care providers about the benefits and risks of LASIK to help them make informed decisions before proceeding with the surgery.”
LASIK is an outpatient surgical procedure that permanently reshapes the cornea to change the way the eye focuses light rays onto the retina at the back of the eye. LASIK surgery is intended to correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism and to reduce a person’s dependency on eyeglasses and contact lenses.
The draft guidance ” Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK) Lasers–Patient Labeling Recommendations,” details the FDA’s proposed recommendations for the content and format of patient labeling for LASIK devices, including general information about the surgical procedure; indications for use; benefits; procedure alternatives; contraindications, warnings and precautions; risks; what to expect before, during and after surgery; clinical study information; and manufacturer contact information. In addition, the draft guidance proposes the inclusion of a patient decision checklist as part of the patient labeling information that physicians provide to their patients prior to the procedure. To ensure the patient decision checklist is clearly understood by patients, the proposed checklist includes, among other information, who is a good candidate for LASIK, what to expect after surgery, and a summary of long-term risks of the procedure. It also proposes that the patient and physician sign the checklist to acknowledge it was read and discussed.
The FDA collaborated with external experts on research efforts that informed the recommendations in the draft guidance. The agency, in collaboration with the National Eye Institute and the Department of Defense, conducted research as part of the LASIK Quality of Life Collaboration Project to help better understand the potential risk of problems that can occur after LASIK. This project led to the development of the Patient-Reported Outcomes with LASIK PROWL Symptoms and Satisfaction (PROWL-SS), questionnaire, qualified through the FDA’s Medical Device Development Tools (MDDT) program.
By issuing draft guidance for public comment, the FDA is encouraging feedback on the proposed labeling recommendations from patients, health care providers and stakeholders. The FDA will continue to monitor the latest scientific data related to LASIK and work with professional medical societies and patient advocacy groups to help ensure that risk information about LASIK devices is disseminated to patients, as new information becomes available.
The FDA, an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, protects the public health by assuring the safety, effectiveness, and security of human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products for human use, and medical devices. The agency also is responsible for the safety and security of our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, dietary supplements, products that deliver off electronic radiation, and for regulating tobacco products.
View original content to get multimedia: https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/fda-seeks-to-improve-patient-communication-on-lasik-benefits-and-risks-through-issuance-of-draft-guidance-301594445.html
SOURCE U.S. Food and Drug Administration
History bears down like a weight in the affecting and funny short stories in Afterparties, Anthony Veasna So’s debut. Aimless and disaffected young Californians navigate feeling stuck at an age where, so it is said, one ought to be hungry and ambitious and on the move. Simmering under their lives is a history that feels as immoveable as it is unfathomable, as their families – who moved to the US from Cambodia in the 70s to escape Pol Pot’s genocide – are haunted by the past.
In one story, a college graduate returns home to work in his father’s car repair shop. The status-conscious wife of a doctor – the only couple in the community to ascend to white-collar labour – whacks him over the head with a magazine, asking why he did not “become a doctor”: “We escaped the Communists. So what are boys like you doing?!” “She tried whacking me again, but I stepped out of her reach” the narrator recalls: “’Please stop,’ I said. ‘Violence will not solve our problems, and neither will the model minority myth.’” The other adults in Afterparties live for survival, not status, and know the past cannot be wiped clean by climbing the ladder of social respectability. When a mysterious visitor starts frequenting her doughnut shop, Sothy, mother of two and owner of Chuck’s Donuts (a name she chose because it seemed “American enough to draw in customers”) fears that it is an old business partner coming back for retribution – a man who, “for all she knew, could have bankrolled Pol Pot’s coup.”
Elsewhere, a young man whose life echoes So’s own – born in to Khmer parents who fled the genocide; became one of the rare winners of the immigrant dream to attend Stanford University, then found work as a teacher – is reflecting on his fragile relationship with a tech bro in a soulless and gentrified Silicon Valley, and wonders “Here I was! Living in a district that echoed a dead San Francisco. Gay, Cambodian, and not even twenty-six, carrying in my body the aftermath of war, genocide, colonialism.” His job – teaching private school students the value of diversity and civic belonging through close readings of Moby Dick – appears to him both stupid and exhilarating.
Afterparties was published after So’s death in 2020, aged 28; eulogies spoke to his preternatural talent. His stories move fluidly between heart and humour, cynicism and wonder, speaking to how even in the thicket of historical violence people can and do continue to find moments of grace and laughter. His own voice emerges from the book bright, irreverent, and fully formed, while also bringing alive his characters, illuminating what they have inherited, and how and why, against the absurdities and unbearable histories in life, they continue to move onward.£8.36 (RRP £8.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Early one August morning in 1888, Bertha Benz set off with her two teenage sons to drive from Mannheim to visit her mother, 65 miles away. She was, as journalist Tom Standage notes, “the first person in history to use an automobile in a recognizably modern way – simply to get from A to B”.
She was driving her husband’s three-wheeled prototype, the Benz Patent Motorwagen. Up until then it had only been driven in the courtyard of his workshop and she wanted to show him that it was reliable enough to be used for long-distances. Bertha didn’t tell him she was going and had to wheel it out onto the road before starting the engine to avoid waking him.
On the journey, Bertha had to unblock the fuel pipe using a hat pin and use a garter to fix a leaky valve. Onlookers were astonished at the vehicle, some “found it so terrifying that they fell to their knees in prayer”.
Bertha’s daring trip to her mother was a PR triumph and today her route is marked with memorial signs. It convinced her husband that there was a market for his ingenious invention.
By 1900, 6,000 cars were sold in Europe. But in America, thanks to the 1908 Model T Ford, car ownership became more affordable. By 1920, 8 million Americans owned a car, far more than in Europe, and only 3-6 percent of vehicles were horse-drawn: an astonishing transport revolution. In the 1890s, there had been 300,000 horses on the streets of London, each producing 10 kilos of manure. No wonder horseless carriages seemed to be the obvious solution to cities’ transport problems.
But as Standage’s elegantly written and well-researched book shows, what seems like a quick fix for today’s issues can often end up creating new difficulties: the average speed of cars in central London now is 8 mph, the same as for horse-drawn carriages in the 1890s. And although there is less manure on the streets, the invisible pollution from cars is costing lives and contributing to climate change. This insightful book explores the five-thousand-year history of transport in order to place the decisions we face today into a broader historical context.
According to Standage, we have now reached “peak car” and ownership is declining. In China, people are opting to use ride hailing apps rather than own an expensive car. Indeed, apps offer a way of linking up diverse mobility services into “the internet of motion”, letting users plan trips and pay for different services on one platform. Cities like Helsinki and Berlin are leading the way.
This is, says Standage, the post-car future and the smartphone “is the true heir to the car”. It will allow us to avoid swapping one “transport monoculture” (such as the horse) for another (the car), and instead to create a flexible transport system fit for the future.£9.29 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
At a London conference in 1989, former US President Ronald Reagan predicted that the “communications revolution will be the greatest force for the advancement of human freedom the world has ever seen”. Amidst the mood of optimism at the end of the Cold War, many believed the information age would undermine the rule of the Communist Party in China and herald a new era of liberty. That has not happened.
Aided by cutting-edge surveillance technologies and the “Golden Shield”, aka the Great Firewall which turns the country into a digital fortress restricting access to the global internet, China has become “the biggest of big brothers”. As Jonathan Hillman argues, around the world “democracy is retreating, and digital authoritarianism is on the march”.
The Chinese Communist Party uses communications technology to underpin its hold on power at home. But in the last two decades, China has also become one of the world’s largest providers of such technology. The astonishing growth of companies such as Huawei is part of China’s Digital Silk Road.
First mentioned in 2015 it is integral to Chinese leader Xi Jinping’s plan to position China at the heart of the global economy through infrastructure projects and high-tech industries. Hillman charts the meteoric rise of Chinese technology companies, from wireless networks, satellites, and surveillance technology, to how China is forging a new map of the internet, one which it can potentially monitor: “Beijing wants to carry, store, and mine more of the world’s data while keeping its own networks out of reach.”
The stakes are far higher than who makes your phone or router. According to Hillman, China is creating “a new kind of empire”, one in which it can exercise power far from its own borders without the use of military assets. Welcome to the age of the “Network Wars”. In October 2020, for instance, Mumbai lost power. A few months earlier Chinese and Indian troops had clashed in the Himalayas. Chinese hackers had been targeting India’s infrastructure for weeks with malware: “they may have had an inside track: nearly all India’s power plants built over the last decade use Chinese equipment.”
From the outrageous tactics used by Chinese companies to steal research and markets from Western companies, such as Nortel, to the security implications of using Chinese hardware, Hillman’s chilling and important book – the result of five years studying Chinese global infrastructure projects – raises deeply worrying questions about the technology on which we are all now so reliant in our daily lives.£11.30 (RRP £12.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
This book, which concerns our species’ symbiotic entanglements with three potent plant-derived substances – opium, caffeine and mescaline – is a further development of Michael Pollan’s lifelong inquiry, which began, he writes, when he took up gardening as a teenager and attempted to grow cannabis.
His essays on perhaps the three most dramatically efficacious medicinal compounds proceed in a similar way, weaving personal experimentation with each of the “drugs” into informed histories of the ways in which they have taken such a hold of different human cultures. At the root of each case study is a pair of questions: the first asks why, as a species, we have gone to extraordinary lengths to propagate and disseminate these consciousness-changing molecules, and the second is why they are subject to paranoia and regulation in differing degrees.
The results of these experiments open up as many public questions as private epiphanies. Pollan is the perfect guide through this sometimes controversial territory; curious, careful and, as his book progresses, increasingly open minded.£9.34 (RRP £10.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
This book simultaneously is and isn’t about George Orwell, just as it is and isn’t about roses. It belongs in a whimsical category of its own, meandering elegantly enough through lots of subjects loosely connected to one or the other; more of a wildly overgrown essay, from which side shoots constantly emerge to snag the attention, than a book. But at its root is the fact that in 1936, the writer and political thinker planted some roses in his Hertfordshire garden. And when Solnit turns up on the doorstep more than eight decades later, she finds the rose bushes (or at least what she takes to be the same rose bushes) still flowering, a living connection between past and present.
From this blooms the most enjoyable part of the book – a reflection on what gardening may have meant to Orwell, but also what it means to gardeners everywhere; beauty for today, hope for tomorrow, and a desire to create something for those who come after – all of which find an echo in the best of politics.£8.49 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Claire-Louise Bennett’s second novel, like her first book, Pond, enacts a quest for quiddity – the syntax that embodies a cast of mind, the phrase that nails a sensation, the narrative structure that feels like life as it is lived or anyway processed. At times the effect is exhausting. Bennett’s unnamed, 40-ish narrator, raised in south-west England but resident in Ireland, holds forth in fevered, looping, breathless prose, and displays a tendency to travel long and far down the blindest of alleys. She can be arch and even twee. But whatever challenges the book poses to breezy reading are the product of unswerving fidelity to its own raw spirit.
“We read in order to come to life,” the narrator asserts, a past-tense formulation that could be read as present continuous. But coming to life isn’t confined to becoming a writer. An immersion in literature serves to inspire in a larger sense, to inflame a feeling of wonder and possibility – a dynamic not only evoked but also achieved by this elatingly risky and irreducible book.£8.49 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
The partition of India in 1947 displaced between 10 million and 12 million people along religious lines, causing refugee crises and violent tensions that continue to this day. As Britain left India, it drew a boundary, creating Pakistan, as the country split into two.
What Partition was, how it was managed and how it produced division between Hindu, Muslim and Sikhs has been written about extensively. We know it involved one of the largest ever mass migrations. We know that millions died. We know that certain regions are still disputed today. What we don’t often hear about are the people who became collateral damage in the aftermath of a hastily drawn border. I’ve often thought about those who lived through Partition and what they saw. What I had never appreciated was that some of them are here in the UK, dotted among us, dealing with the trauma of what they experienced and, in some cases, what they did.
Kavita Puri’s book is the most humane account of Partition I’ve read. Crucially, it distances itself from the politics of independence, from celebrating the British empire and the benefits it gave those under its rule. Instead, it gives a voice to those affected by Partition.
Partition Voices is important because Puri does not flinch as she dissects the tumultuous event, never shying away from the trauma. If the British empire is to be studied honestly, if colonialism and immigration are to be properly understood, we need schools and universities to embrace such oral histories or we will never know the truth about Partition and how it destroyed the lives of millions. We need a candid conversation about our past and this is an essential starting point.£9.29 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
This 28th and, sadly, final Inspector Montalbano novel was written in 2005 and kept in a safe until the author’s death in 2019. It’s set, as usual, in the fictional Sicilian town of Vigata, where the humane and witty detective, grown ever more weary and cynical, is joined, for the first time, by the author himself. Equally tired and tetchy, the fictional Camilleri repeatedly chides Montalbano for his lack of progress investigating the death of the titular Riccardino, a man with a colourful private life who has been gunned down in the street by an unknown killer on a motorbike. As so often in Camilleri’s thrillers, the malevolent forces of the mafia and the Catholic church are pulling strings in the background – the wily prelate who tries to entrap Montalbano with questions of moral philosophy is particularly enjoyable – and the author joins in as well, with increasingly improbable suggestions about how the inspector should proceed. To deliver more detail would be to risk spoilers: suffice to say that Camilleri has contrived a fitting goodbye to a dear old friend who operates, to the very last, on his own terms. Both he and his creator will be greatly missed.£8.36 (RRP £8.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Here is a book like none you will have read before. It draws on interviews conducted over six years by Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah – a Ghanaian feminist activist and award-winning blogger – with more than 30 black and Afro-descendant contributors from across the African continent and its global diaspora in Europe, the Americas and the Caribbean.
It both documents and legitimises the desires and sexuality of African women, beyond every conceivable stereotype, in three sections: self-discovery, freedom and healing – and if the first two feel more substantial than the third, that reflects real life, just as at the heart of it all is the desire for freedom to be oneself. No subject is off limits as these conversations reveal and explore similarities and differences, about questioning societal norms, religious edicts, confronting the trauma of sexual abuse and searching for new narratives and identities on the path towards wholeness.
Sekyiamah has delivered an extraordinarily dynamic work, true to her own precept that “Freedom is a constant state of being … that we need to nurture and protect. Freedom is a safe home that one can return to over and over again.”£9.29 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
When Paris Lees was seven years old her school called her mum to complain that her child was wearing tights. Back then, Lees was called Byron and the world saw her as a boy, though she knew different. Her mum phoned her dad, Gaz, who took her to a doctor. “An’ I told ’im. I’m a girl. I sez, ‘I’ve always known’,” Lees writes. The doctor referred her to a child psychologist, but Gaz declined to follow it up. “I don’t think he din’t take me coz he din’t believe me. He din’t take me coz he did believe me, an’ he din’t wanna face the truth.”
What It Feels Like for a Girl chronicles Lees’ teenage years and her struggle to be herself. Smart and exuberant, the book is written in dialect – think Irvine Welsh’s Trainspotting, but set in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire, where “the streets are paved wi’ dog shit”. Her gender nonconformity is just one aspect of an adolescence that features violence, drug abuse, prostitution, robbery and a spell in a young offenders’ institute. But the most persistent problem for Lees is Gaz, a former boxer for whom humiliating her – for her sexuality, her appearance and her refusal to stand up to school thugs – is a daily sport.
While what happens to Lees is bleak, her telling of it is darkly (and sometimes uncomfortably) funny. She locks herself in a cubicle in a public toilet after school one day and, by accident, finds she can make money providing sexual services to middle-aged men. When one offers her a tenner, she notes: “I’m worth at least fifteen. A pound for every year, plus one for luck.” While the 14-year-old Lees doesn’t clock the gravity of grown men paying children for sex, the reader is left in no doubt.
Lees’ story ends with her arrival in Brighton to study English literature at university, where she delights in the sea view and having a room of her own. By excavating her painful past in her memoir, she has crafted a vivid story of trauma, rebellion and astonishing resilience.£9.56 (RRP £10.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Kudos to Dave Eggers. In this follow-up to the admirable, big-tech, dystopian thriller The Circle (which you needn’t have read to enjoy the current book), he again squares up to the new enemies of everything untamed and brilliant in humankind. If you meant to read Shoshana Zuboff’s important and demanding The Age of Surveillance Capitalism, but were too worn down by surveillance capitalism’s intrusions to get round to it, The Every tackles the same concerns from a shared perspective of humanist outrage, in the form of a gulpable fictive entertainment.
The Circle’s titular startup turned metaphysical empire (think: Googlebook) has merged with an unmistakable e-commerce site referred to, doubtless for legal reasons, only by its nickname: “the jungle”. Messianically rebranded as The Every, the corporation is now run by Mae Holland, The Circle’s fast-rising, newbie protagonist. Under Holland, The Every pursues its heedless agenda of a worldwide, soft totalitarian order of mass behavioural compliance through surveillance. However, in part due to a corporate culture of timid self-scrutiny, there is a dearth of new ideas on campus. Enter another newbie, Delaney Wells, radicalised by her years studying under anti-monopoly crusader Professor Agarwal (surely based on the aforementioned Zuboff, Agarwal articulates the novel’s moral and intellectual conscience in letters to her former protege). Bent on bringing down The Every from the inside, Delaney conspires with her housemate Wes, a big-tech resisting “trog”, to sabotage the company. The pair settle on a strategy of terroristic accelerationism: if they can introduce enough vile or moronic apps into The Every’s portfolio, it might trigger a popular insurrection that will bring about the company’s downfall.
At 577 pages, The Every is not as tight as The Circle. As momentum builds, the plotting gets clunky, while the novel’s comic exuberance means it lacks the cathartic brutality of, say, Nineteen Eighty-Four. But Eggers is a wonderful storyteller with an alert and defiant vision. His down-home decency means he pulls short of articulating a thought that recurred for me throughout reading The Every: threatened with spiritual extinction through conformism, sanitisation, shame, inanity and surveillance, it might yet be our evil, our perversity, our psychopathology, our hate that prove the saving of us.£11.30 (RRP £12.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
There is no shortage these days of lively, well-written retellings of ancient Greek and Roman myths, but Charlotte Higgins has embraced a central metaphor – weaving – that leads us through the labyrinth of interconnected stories in a startlingly fresh way. It throws radiant new light on their meanings. Although her chief model is Ovid’s phantasmagoric mythological compendium in his Metamorphoses, her voice is quite different – more tender and pensive – and she uses her considerable scholarly skills to mine many other ancient sources, rescuing some little-known stories from obscurity.
The book would make a perfect introduction to the entrancing world of Greek myth for any secondary school student. Its thoughtful introduction, ample notes pointing to the ancient sources, bibliography of accessible further reading, maps, genealogies and glossary make it a useful resource for far more advanced adult readers. And Higgins’s simple yet sonorous style contains treats even for those lucky enough, like her, to have read her ancient sources in the original languages. She includes deft Homeric epithets (“the deathless goddess”), unobtrusive embedded quotations of resonant couplets from Sophoclean tragedy, and luscious Homeric similes at unexpected moments. This excellent book should delight many generations of story lovers to come.£8.49 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Hallett’s bestselling debut The Appeal, an intelligent mystery set within the deceptively genteel confines of a local am-dram group, was a modern epistolary novel, told in emails. Her second is even better, and presented as audio files, complete with intriguing mistakes made by the transcription software. Recorded on an iPhone by ex-con Steven Smith for his probation officer, they are records of his attempts to find his old English teacher, who disappeared on a school trip to Bournemouth, erstwhile home of Blytonesque children’s writer Edith Twyford. Twyford’s books are catnip to conspiracy theorists; they’re thought to contain a code that may have something to do with their author’s activities during the second world war. Steven, with help from his former classmates and a librarian, sets out to crack it – and, in the process, solve the puzzle of his own life. This fiendishly clever book, which manages to be both tricksy and surprisingly moving, is the perfect antidote to the post-Christmas carb stupor.£8.36 (RRP £8.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
CVR College of Engineering was ranked as the #1 college among more than 550+ colleges in AP that started in the last decade* and was also rated as the #1 co-educational college in Pass percentage among ~300 colleges under JNTU, Hyderabad for exams held in May 2009, November 2009 and May 2010. It is the expectation of the academic community that CVR is on the successful path to be in the TOP-5 amongst all colleges in AP in the next couple of years.
The College was the first college in Osmania University (Telangana) area that was promoted by NRI technology professionals resident in the US. The NRI promoters are associated with cutting-edge technologies of the computer and electronics industry. They also have strong associations with other leading NRI professionals working for world-renowned companies like IBM, Intel, Cisco, Motorola, AT&T, Lucent and Nortel who have agreed to associate with CVR College with a vision and passion to make the College a state-of-the-art engineering institution.
Courses offered By CVR College of Engineering
B.Tech : Computer Science & Engineering
B.Tech : Electronics and Communication Engineering
B.Tech : Electrical and Electronics Engineering
B.Tech : Information Technology
B.Tech : Electronics and Instrumention Engineering
M.Tech : Computer Science and Engineering
M.Tech : VLSI Design
M.Tech : Embedded Systems
The Australian Taxation Office has signed five managed network services contracts with Optus Business, a division of Singtel Optus, Australia's second biggest telco, with each to run for three years initially, with the option of being extended thrice for two years at a time. The total value of the contracts is $233.32 million.