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Exam Code: 920-362 Practice test 2022 by team
Communication Server 1000 Rls. 6.0 Platform Arch and Upgrade
Nortel Communication information source
Killexams : Nortel Communication information source - BingNews Search results Killexams : Nortel Communication information source - BingNews Killexams : American Nortel Communications Inc.

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Tue, 17 Apr 2018 00:55:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Media Gateway 3200

The Nortel Media Gateway 3200 (MG 3200) Voice over IP (VoIP) trunk gateway is a small, cost-effective gateway for connecting (Public Switched Telephone Network) PSTN or (Private Branch Exchange) PBX trunks to a packet network. It offers telecommunications service providers a rapid, reliable, and cost-effective entry into next generation networks.

Download the complete product sheet now.

The Nortel Media Gateway 3200 (MG 3200) Voice over IP (VoIP) trunk gateway is a small, cost effective gateway for connecting (Public Switched Telephone Network) PSTN or (Private Branch Exchange) PBX trunks to a packet network. It offers telecommunications service providers a rapid, reliable and cost effective entry into next generation networks.

The MG 3200 is a compact device. It mounts in 1 rack unit in a standard 19 inch rack. It is scalable, with a range of 1 to 16 E1 or T1 spans (480 E1 voice channels or 384 T1 voice channels) for connecting time division multiplex (TDM) trunks to a VoIP packet network. The MG 3200 power is provided by DC or redundant AC power connections.

The MG 3200 has standards based control and transport interfaces to ensure effective integration with existing networks and with new products and services. It is controlled through the H.248 protocol by the Nortel Communication Server 2000 (CS 2000), Communication Server 2000 – Compact (CS 2000 – Compact) or Communication Server 2100 (CS 2100). It is controlled through the SIP protocol by the Nortel Multimedia Control Server 5200 (MCS 5200).

The MG 3200 supports all the Nortel VoIP solutions: local, long distance, cable, and wireless.

The MG 3200 element management is through an embedded Web server.

Download the complete product sheet now.

Sat, 11 Feb 2017 23:57:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : “Inquisitiveness To Explore Makes A Big Difference…”

There are many who aspire to hold prestigious positions at big corporate houses, but very few are willing to work hard enough for it. Such positions can be achieved by only those who love what they do. Dr Aloknath De is one of them. He calls himself a ‘missionpreneur.’ He refuses to box himself and loves to think out of the box. He does not become comfortable in a setting as he likes to do things outside his comfort zone. He has been Samsung India’s first CTO besides many more achievements to his credit. This is Dr Aloknath De’s story, as told to EFY’s Siddha Dhar.

Born in the spiritual town of Nabadwip Dham in West Bengal, Aloknath had the influence of holy men on him from a very young age. Even though his family migrated to Kolkata soon after he turned a year old, Aloknath credits his birthplace for teaching him the lessons of renunciation, finding fulfillment in life, and cherishing it.

Aloknath’s father picked up his LLB degree out of passion while working as a gazetted officer at the Food Corporation of India. Under his tutelage, Aloknath was home-schooled till the age of six. A rigorous man, it was he who built the strong foundation of science and mathematics for Aloknath.

Aloknath recalls, “He was a very disciplined person, and he influenced my love for science. So, taking up science after 10th standard was a very natural choice.” Aloknath went to a proper school only when he was in the 2nd standard. While home-schooling provided him with the basic skills, he gained ‘interactive intelligence’ only after he went to school.

Aloknath says, “I realised that natural intelligence, or the ability to react in a situation, comes only when you interact and talk with more and more people. The more you converse, the more you grow.”

Aloknath’s mother, a homemaker, has always been soft-natured. She is an epitome of love and affection. This fusion of hard and soft behaviour of parents is what Aloknath tries to maintain in his own life as well, even today. In fact, his leadership mantra is: “Be Hard on Goal, Be Soft on Soul.”

Diligent from childhood, it was quite natural for Aloknath to be a topper in his school. But by the time he was in 6th standard, a sense of restlessness loomed over him. “It gave me a feeling of accomplishment in the beginning, but then it made me feel as if I was not being challenged enough.” This notion of not ever getting too comfortable in something was a lesson that has driven Aloknath all through his life.

Thought Leadership presentation by Dr Aloknath De
Thought Leadership presentation by Dr Aloknath De

On the lookout for more competition to raise his accomplishment bar, Aloknath decided to appear for a Central government merit scholarship programme, which allowed him to study in a residential school of his choice. And he got admission in Ramakrishna Mission (RKM) Residential School in Purulia—a district 250km away from Kolkata.

Though he had the option to choose a school in Kolkata and stay near his family, Aloknath decided not to base his choice on emotions, and rather grab the opportunity to live and operate independently. The pangs of separation from his parents and siblings struck him in the initial phase. But Aloknath knew that he was accountable for the decision that he had taken and that he had to stick to it—a lesson that he would recall again, years later.

A Few Lessons from Dr Aloknath De’s Story

  • ABC of Achievement—Align (your thoughts), Beam (your energy), Collaborate (your ecosystem)
  • Infuse lateral thinking, when needed, before making decisions rationally
  • Keep your mind open to learning new things; continuous learning is of essence
  • Get out of your comfort zone; perturb a bit when too comfortable. Bring stability from comfort zone and growth from outside the comfort zone
  • Building zero-to-one has different challenge than scaling one-to-infinity
  • What is interesting about life is that sometimes taking an apparent step back can help you leap forward by ten steps
  • Your unique way of doing and supporting will always be valued by the community

Although his father was a strong influence in his life, it was his monk headmaster at RKM whom Aloknath regards as his role model. “He was a man of such purity. He had mastery over multiple languages. Once I was writing an essay about the river Ganges. I showed him the first draft and he helped me make it better—his knowledge was profound. I would say it was the best piece in Bengali that I have ever written.”

It is not surprising that science and math were his favourite subjects. But Aloknath was not excellent in academics alone, he also took active part in school debates, elocutions, recitation competitions, and so on. He even appeared on numerous TV debate shows broadcast by Doordarshan.

A rational thinker since childhood, Aloknath quickly figured out that his heart lay in engineering. When he was in the 11th standard, he decided to share this with his father, who was then disappointed with his decision. “My father wanted to be a doctor, but it was not possible due to financial constraints. He was hoping that I would become a physician, but I chose engineering. I remember it was a long-drawn evening discussion with my father and uncle. They tried very hard to change my mind.”

Aloknath did not budge from his goal and readied himself to prepare for the next chapter in his life.

IIT and finding his calling

A large chunk of Aloknath’s future plans began taking shape in his undergraduate years that he spent at IIT Kharagpur. While studying Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE), he remained a high-achiever here too. Having done his secondary education in a Bengali-medium school, the fluency with which some students at IIT spoke English alarmed him. But he did not let it intimidate him. He remained headstrong and mastered the language pretty soon.

At an institute of IIT’s stature—where the brightest minds of the country came to make their dreams come true—Aloknath found there were many who were just as meritorious as him. But he took it as a blessing in disguise, as he was always looking for a more competitive space where his limits could be tested, and his mind could expand.

Aloknath says, “It’s important to accept that some people are better than you at something and it’s absolutely okay to be not as good as them. But what is important is to bring yourself to a minimum threshold level on attributes that matter in life and excel in a few dimensions.”

As his world-view expanded and he met more people, Aloknath found his calling—telecommunications—at IIT Kharagpur a fascinating field indeed! “I saw the power of communications and how it helped people stay connected remotely. I saw how it could compete with transportation and thought it was revolutionary.”

The realisation didn’t occur overnight, though. He spent months and months reading books and magazines, listening to radio, and talking to people to soak in as much information as possible and then come to this conclusion. “Inquisitiveness to explore makes a big difference. When you keep your queries alive, one fine morning you’ll come across some information that makes you pause. And you take a moment to think about it and ask further questions. It is in this process of asking and answering these questions that you realise what you are drawn to.”

A three-step process Aloknath likes to follow for his goal is ABC of Achievement: Align (your thoughts), Beam (your energy), and Collaborate (your ecosystem). As he began the seeding for his future roles, he realised how telecommunication systems could be built with hardware and then-new software elements. He also started appreciating how engineering deployment could complement technological innovations.

Dream job and memories at IISc

The unpredictability of life is enthralling. It makes you do things you never intended to, and gives you results you never expected. Although Aloknath had planned to pursue his master’s degree after IIT and even got admission to a US university, a financial crisis forced him to start working right after his graduation in 1985. Yet, he did not let this setback derail him from his plans.

Thankfully for Aloknath, he found his way to Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL). In an era when MNCs did not rule the subcontinent, PSUs were the dream job of many, and Aloknath was no different.

But, while joining BEL, he knew what his ultimate goal was—to learn telecommunication systems as much as he could.

At BEL, he was part of a team that built a low-flying target detection radar, which was the first indigenously built radar system: INDRA 1. Till date, INDRA series of radars are deployed on the borders of India.

His role in BEL, Sahibabad needed him to travel a lot to the headquarters in Bangalore (now Bengaluru). He made it a rule to take a different route during each of his trips. This was his way of having fun and exploring the country while working. As he travelled the length and breadth of India, Aloknath’s mantra to always go out of his comfort zone found more strength. “Even today, whenever I see that I’m getting too comfortable, I try to find new things to do that make me uncomfortable for a while.”

But going out of your comfort zone can be scary besides being uncomfortable. How did he tackle that? He says, “The trick is to keep yourself anchored 50% in comfort and unsettle the rest. Going completely out of your comfort zone makes it probably very risky. Bring stability from the comfort zone, and growth from outside the comfort zone.”

Dr Aloknath De with former IT Minister of Karnataka at Innovate Karnataka Launch
Dr Aloknath De with former IT Minister of Karnataka at Innovate Karnataka Launch

After a two-year stint at BEL, Aloknath went on to pursue his master’s degree from another premier institute of India—IISc Bangalore. A fond memory of IISc that he holds close to his heart, beyond studies, is how he would save some money from his scholarship grant to buy cassettes of classical music. An avid lover of classical music since a young age, Aloknath had even tried learning the stringed musical instrument sitar. Although he could not sing well, his affinity for classical music drove him to find solace in it, irrespective of his prevailing mood.

At IISc, Aloknath further broadened his knowledge about telecommunications and realised how every aspect uniquely complemented each other. It was this fascination that took him from India to Canada, where he pursued his PhD and also started another phase of his life.

Flight to Canada and international exposure

Like many middle-class Indians at that time, Aloknath’s flight to Canada was the first one he had ever taken in his life. While he was working hard to revolutionise telecommunications, calling from a foreign country was a luxury that he could not afford then. And that would also make his parents anxious at times.

“When I first landed there, I sent them a telegram but it took ten days to reach. In the meantime, my father would go to the Air India office every now and then to enquire if my flight had landed. The people there assured him that many flights had gone and come back since my flight, so I was probably already well-settled in Canada,” he laughs.

Aloknath did his PhD in ‘communication with signal processing’ from McGill University on a full scholarship. After ‘communication with control’ in IIT and ‘communication with computing’ in IISc, he wanted to fathom this combination as well. Aloknath knew that it would eventually bring him to a more holistic view of telecommunications.

Surviving in Canada was no easy feat. Aloknath had to adjust to the limited food choices and the cold climate. However, he liked the cosmopolitan culture of Montreal and saw himself living there for a long time, and hence took up learning French language.

Aloknath’s PhD thesis was supported by Canadian Institute for Telecommunication Research; he also bagged the Alexander Graham Bell prize in Canada for his doctoral research. His PhD mentor was a wonderful man who made the whole learning process at McGill very enjoyable for Aloknath. “He was an immigrant himself; so he knew what challenges I was facing and he helped me navigate through them.”

It was through this mentor that Aloknath got his first break in Canada. He bagged an opportunity to work in Nortel Networks, which was then called Bell Northern Research. His first assignment had ample scope for innovation. He just needed to find the meaningful business gap. This, he credits to being curious and looking for means to go above and beyond to find a pain point he ought to fix.

But as he kept getting better at making these discoveries, he missed the excitement of implementing them and seeing them in their realised form. He knew it was time to get out of his comfort zone and soak deeply into practical implementations and field issues to grow in industry. “I told my manager that I wanted to do the dirtiest work. The most mundane things that nobody wanted to do.”

In the summer of 1999, Aloknath made a decision that would change the trajectory of his life—leaving Canada after a decade and coming back to India. “It was one of the toughest decisions I had to make in my life,” Aloknath remarks. He was eligible for a Canadian PR. His son was three years old and had access to better education there; and he himself had a thriving career.

In his true spirit to think through and make a call, Aloknath mulled over the situation for an entire year. He thought rationally yet infused elements of lateral thinking before taking decision. After all, he couldn’t look back and regret his decision. “I decided to come back to India. Although it seems unbelievable now, I did envision something along the lines of how India would look like in 2020, and wanted to see if I could be part of that vision coming true.”

His reasoning to come back was based on two things. First, he had built a broad international perspective that expanded his mind and made him understand what makes a country developed. Second, he understood deeply what was needed to be a subject matter expert on communication with controls, computing, and signal processing elements, and build global innovative products.

He recalls, “With all that knowledge in my bag, I felt complete and thought it was the right time to come back. Many around me felt that I was taking a step backwards. But what is interesting about life is that sometimes taking an apparent step back can help you leap forward by ten steps.”

Return to India and re-building from zero

Back in India, Aloknath had uprooted his life in Canada by taking the risk of applying to only two companies. Fortunately, he received offers from both the companies. “The same postman brought the two offer letters on the same day. I found the phrase so true: God helps those who help themselves. The power of hope and ambition beats everything,” he remembers.

He went with one of these companies—Hughes Software Systems in Gurgaon. His interview with the Director of Hughes India had happened while he was still in Canada. Incidentally, the Director had made it a point to highlight how different his life would be once Aloknath was back in India.

In such a case, one might take a moment to reconsider the decision. But Aloknath knew exactly what he wanted. “I told the executive that I am cognizant of all of that, and I was making the decision while being fully aware. I am ready to face challenges as they come.”

This director who also became his manager and is now a good friend, was a source of inspiration for Aloknath as he made his switch so seamless; he never felt like he had left home. At Hughes too, Aloknath’s vision for joining a company did not alter—he wanted to do something that nobody else was doing or was willing to do.

He recalls, “During that time, digital signal processing in the base layer was effectively not there in Hughes communication stack. Many prospective clients said that they could have a service agreement with Hughes if that solution could be included in service delivery. That was truly a defining statement for me.”

He was entrusted with building a team for the same. Here came a moment to take something from zero to one, an opportunity of intrapreneurship. “Taking something from level one and scaling it to infinity is relatively easy because you have done it once. Building something from zero to one is the real challenge.”

Aloknath had to build a team of twenty people with strong DSP expertise and also start securing the DSP business beyond Hughes. It gave him joy that, due to this twenty-member team, Hughes could garner indirectly about eighty other people in higher-level stack areas. And this continued scaling up.

After a four-year stint at Hughes, he had a new itch. Even though the chip was never his core, he realised that semiconductors and VLSI design were a part of telecommunications and had a tremendous potential. So, he decided to join STMicroelectronics, which was looking to start telecom business ab initio in 2003. He joined them as the head of this division.

In 2008, when a joint venture between STMicroelectronics and Ericsson was signed, Aloknath was appointed as the MD of the group in India. He was handling the teams of both Noida and Bengaluru. He built an enviable team by internal transfer, external hiring as well as company acquisitions. By the time he left, he had 1000 team members.

Dr Aloknath De practising for fitness
Dr Aloknath De practising for fitness

To understand the full stack better, he became a ‘student’ of chip design. Even though he was the MD, he would often join the freshers during their training sessions to learn more about frontend and backend chip design, the processes and nuances. “In order to make decisions as an MD and interact as a global leader, I needed to know the subject to a great extent. I thought it was an integral part of decision making and I had to learn it to do my job well.”

After eight good years at ST-Ericsson, a world giant was waiting for Aloknath to knock on their door.

Samsung and a missed opportunity

Aloknath had the good taste of administrative life for a long time at
ST-Ericsson where he was also a Board Director of the company, and he now craved for a more technical role. He wanted to lead with technology. But before that, he wanted to pause and take time to contemplate—much like he used to do in his childhood days.

He took a sabbatical of about six months and decided to experiment with a few things during the period. He taught at IIT Delhi as an Adjunct Professor, served as a consultant to Accenture, and mentored a location-technology based startup during this phase. While mentoring the startup, he got down to interacting with the ground-level customers to understand things from their perspective. “If you can take a month or even a few days to interact with the people on the ground, there is no better learning than this. I would not trade this for anything else.”

But as they say, you cannot hide exceptional talent anywhere. This time, Aloknath’s talent was found by South Korean electronics giant Samsung. Although the folks at Samsung wanted Aloknath to come over to Korea and work with them from their headquarters, Aloknath’s priority was now sorted out; he could not leave his family in India and the family was not in a position to relocate at that juncture.

So, Aloknath was almost ready to decline the offer but his destiny, however, had other plans. The very next day after this interview, he received a call from Samsung HQ. “They were willing to interview me again to create a position especially for me if I only wanted to work in India.”

This is how Aloknath became the first CTO of the Indian unit of the conglomerate with his base in Bangalore. His mantra, again, was simple—he didn’t want to work on something that was going well. He wanted something that was aspirational, but they couldn’t seem to make it work.

At Samsung, he had to create an innovation layer onto the flagship products by building new intellectual properties (IPs) without jeopardising base engineering deliveries. In the first fifteen years of Samsung’s journey in India, it had about 2000 patents, which increased to 7500+ patents under his leadership by their silver jubilee celebrations time.

He became the Corporate VP for Samsung Electronics, Korea and contributed to the internet of things (IoT) on SmartThings platform. Despite these accomplishments, he felt like something was missing. The earlier-missed opportunity to join the team in Korea kept gnawing at him. He asked them if he could join them in HQ and the team in Korea happily agreed. He got an IoT lab to work in Korea where he spent 7-8 days every month for thirty months or so. This made him a very effective global leader.

The data platform that Aloknath built in Korea is now connecting 200 million home appliances and mobility devices globally. With his global role and expertise in AI and Blockchain, he has built an impactful AIoT Centre-of-Excellence in India. Now, with this background and experience behind him, he has set a personal mission of researching and nurturing activities around Cyber-Physical Systems.

Some Unknown Facts about Dr Aloknath De

  • Favourite cuisine: Hyderabadi Biryani
  • Favourite book(s):Isaac Asimov (Robot Dreams, Fantastic Voyage)
  • Favourite leader: Swami Vivekananda
  • Favourite film:Three Idiots
  • Favourite actor: Nasiruddin Shah
  • Favourite actress: Smita Patil
  • Favourite sports: Volleyball
  • Favourite music genre: Classical
  • Car and bike: Black Car

Finding love, fitness goals, and his mission

While the accomplishments of Aloknath are innumerable, his story of finding his love is like a romantic film. Aloknath and his wife knew each other since long, but never knew that they would be cojoined by destiny in an everlasting bond.

They got married towards the end of Aloknath’s PhD, that is, six months before he would graduate. His wife had to stay back in Kolkata for some time. “She had to go to a neighbour’s place to call me and had to request them to go out,” he laughs. She soon joined him in Canada, where she also pursued a postgraduate degree at Concordia University.

Upon returning to India, she has been working as a Math teacher. She is a big fitness junkie.

“She is also my personal trainer. I was never into fitness that much, but since the pandemic, I started taking care of my physique. And would it not be a waste if I didn’t utilise my opportunity despite having a trainer at home!” he says with a smile.

The couple has a son who was born in Canada, studied in India, and went on to pursue Economics and Physics at the University of Chicago. After his stint at an investment bank, he currently works with a global new-gen ride-sharing company.

Aloknath’s love for music is still intact, thanks to his mother who continues to practice music till date. She is the inspiration behind his love for classical music.

In December 2021, Aloknath took superannuation from Samsung formally. However, he is still associated with them as an Executive Consulting Director and wishes to continue as long as it makes sense for both. He calls it his Corporate Home.

Aloknath has increased his efforts to mentor deep-tech startups and has also become an angel investor. He is now an Adjunct Professor with IISc (ECE) and IIT Jodhpur (CS). Aloknath also has a venture of his own in the works.

Talking of his future plans, Aloknath says, “During India’s 75th Independence Day celebration, it is solemn for me to rededicate to the service of the nation. R&D serves as an impetus for business growth. If we can hone India’s talent for R&D and can excite business to spend greater on R&D and innovation, we can do wonders as a country.”

In fact, he revealed that the unveiling of his singular mission could happen soon; but he is in no hurry. Because if there’s anything he has learnt, it is to make ‘the rest of his life, the best of his life!’

Sun, 07 Aug 2022 23:34:00 -0500 en-GB text/html
Killexams : Engineering News

Electronics, software help cars cruise design crossroads

Future automobile designs announced at the Detroit Auto Show combine the technology of different platforms with futuristic design features to create a new driving experience
Anna Allen, Staff Editor

Detroit, MI--The future has arrived. Thanks to the efforts of design teams from General Motors (GM), Daimler-Chrysler, and Ford, concept cars are exploring new roads. SUVs, minivans, sports cars, coupes, and sedans are crossing paths, creating a new entry of vehicles, a metamorphosis if you will.

Among the concept introductions at the North American International Auto Show:

Visual interest. General Motors (GM) introduced five cars at the show, they include the Pontiac Aztek, Buick Cielo, Oldsmobile Recon, Cadillac Evoq, and Chevrolet Nomad. To design these cars, engineers are using Alias software's 2D digital sketching, paintbox, 3D digital modeling, and 3D visualization tools.

Each brand has its own design center that houses exhibits to inspire new automobile concepts. Kate Zak, a developer of brand center characters, comments that GM wants its engineers to know what the focus is, what it feels like.

Such exhibits include Speedforms, a generic sculpture of the individual brands' shape that helps engineers maintain the concept's focus and the model's theme. A glass case houses the brightest, boldest products, such as the latest Nike sneaker, which influence car design and keep engineers aware of consumer wants and needs.

Tom Peters, one member of the Pontiac Aztek design team, recalls going shopping with his kids and being captivated by a yellow/gray jacket. Products such as this gear, says Peters, stimulate a visual interest and incorporate materials to attract the consumers. He comments that sports bikes are another eye-catcher, especially those that feature exposed structural elements.

It's products and designs such as these that the design teams adopted for Pontiac Aztek, which combines the basic elements of an SUV, sedan, and van into one automobile. The Aztek, says design team member Phil Kuchera, is "in the hunk look, with a dual-port exhaust. Its profile is most dominant, a whole new animal, not a Clint Eastwood but rather an Arnold Schwarzenegger."

This four-door hatchback seats four passengers and features a 3.4l V6 200-hp engine with 225 lb ft of torque mated to a four-speed automatic transmission. This combination makes it possible to tow up to 3,500 lb--enough power to trailer not one, but two SeaDoo personal watercraft.

The car offers front-wheel drive with traction control and rack-and-pinion steering. Other features include MacPherson fully independent front struts, open-section twist-axles with integral stabilizer bar, and gas shocks with coil springs in the rear.

Inside, the titanium and textured-leather instrument panel features a fully exposed floating-instrument cluster pod with round analog gauges peer out of a titanium face plate.

The pod features Delphi Delco Electronic System's Ultra-Lite technology that uses a thin sheet of acrylic to efficiently channel light to the yellow primary display graphics. At night, the display takes on a 3D look.

The panel also features a driver information center with built-in heads-up display and multifunction LCD. The LCD screen delivers driver information center messages, time and radio-station readouts, and navigational information.

The main monitor also controls Pioneer's premium visual audio system. This system features a radio with CD changer control, two LCD displays, DVD, six-disc multi-CD changer, cordless remote control, and 10 speakers. The door speakers feature Pioneer's low-profile Kevlar(R) cone and neodynium-magnet circuit technology for loud, clear sound.

The Pontiac Aztec is is just one example of how GM is moving design. Another is a new spin on today's convertible.

"A no-compromise vehicle." That's how the Buick Cielo's design team described this concept, which they say provides the comfort of a sedan with the with the open-air enjoyment of a convertible.

This concept is designed from a primarily math-based process that involves extensive use of computers, 3D modeling, computer sketches, rendering, and production of a foam, not clay, model. This four-door convertible seats five and features a 3.8 liter supercharged V6 engine with four-speed auto transmission.

The Cielo features wide-opening doors, a dual head-up display, voice-activated systems (such as a retractable roof that is either voice or button operated), air bags (mounted in the roof rails), and a shift-by-wire roof (a sunroof that opens to varying degrees). The ignition is keyless.

Cielo's two roof rails run between the front of the passenger compartment and the rear end, strengthening the overall body and allowing use of three hard roof panels that slide into the trunk when the driver wants the top down. When the convertible top is up, the roof rails provide increased body stiffness and reduce noise and wind intrusion.

The four doors are power-operated and hinged at the front and rear pillars, opening at the center pillar. Articulating hinge mechanisms allow the doors to open wide. Recessed rockers and door sills Excellerate access to the car. And, the rear seat folds down.

A hybrid hybrid. At Daimler-Chrysler, designer's are using Visio and CATIA to create their futuristic concoctions. And once again, commercial products are driving some of the design considerations.

Chrysler's concept cars also address the need to increase fuel efficiency or look at alternative operating methods. The Citadel blends a sport sedan with an SUV and mixes in a futuristic performance powertrain.

"The Citadel is a hybrid-hybrid, a new breed of crossover vehicle. It provides the driving passion of the Chrysler 300M with ample cargo room," says Neil Walling, vice president of advanced design and exterior large-car, small car, and minivan. While Citadel is a hybrid among market segments, it is also a hybrid of powertrains; that is, it draws from two different sources.

"It's a performance hybrid," explains Bernard Robertson, senior vice president, engineering technologies. "The Citadel gives you V-8 power with V-6 fuel economy." A gas engine propels the rear wheels and electricity drives the front wheels. "We use the hybrid concept to recover energy normally lost when braking, while providing all-wheel -drive."

The rear wheels move by way of a 3.5l V-6 and the front wheels receive additional power from Siemens Automotive electric motors, which have been used on electric vehicles, similar to the Dodge Caravan/Plymouth Voyager EPIC electric minivan. The V-6 generates 253 hp and the electric motors add another 70 hp.

Other highlights of the Citadel include dual-power sliding rear doors and a retracting cargo door that slides under the floor. The B pillar moves with the rear door as it opens to maximize accessibility.

The Citadel has 2 inches more ground clearance and is 3 inches taller than the Chrysler Concorde. It has 20 x 3 ft of storage room, as compared to the 18.7 x 3 ft. for the Concorde.

Instrument panel design is influenced by high-end sports watches such as Chronoswiss and Blancpain. Hand-sculpted chrome is used for the indices on the gauges face. Other features include handmade chrome bevels around the odometer and clock--which carries into the steering wheel, door-control modules, pedals, and the folding tray table on the backside of the front seats.

As we round the corner to the millenium, car design races full speed ahead. Today's roads are the track for a new breed of vehicles. Which concepts will move forward and what else will emerge? That is in the hands of the designers, the vendors, and the tools--we'll have to wait and see.


Here's some other concept cars introduced at the Detroit Auto Show:

Ford: Thunderbird, Blackwood

This is just one example of how GM is moving design. Another is a new spin on today's convertible.

"A no-compromise vehicle." That's how the Buick Cielo's design team described this concept, which they say provides the comfort of a sedan with the with the open-air enjoyment of a convertible.

This concept is designed from a primarily math-based process that involves extensive use of computers, 3D modeling, computer sketches, rendering, and production of a foam, not clay, model.

This four-door convertible seats five and features a 3.8l supercharged V6 engine with four-speed auto transmission.

The Cielo features wide-opening doors, a dual head-up display, voice-activated systems (such as a retractable roof that is either voice or button operated), air bags (mounted in the roof rails), and a shift-by-wire roof (a sunroof that opens to varying degrees). The ignition is keyless.

Cielo's two roof rails run between the front of the passenger compartment and the rear end, strengthening the overall body and allowing use of three hard roof panels that slide into the trunk when the driver wants the top down. When the convertible top is up, the roof rails provide increased body stiffness and reduce noise and wind intrusion.

The four doors are power-operated and hinged at the front and rear pillars, opening at the center pillar. Articulating hinge mechanisms allow the doors to open wide. Recessed rockers and door sills Excellerate access to the car. And, the rear seat folds down.

Flex ring rinses out washer abuses

Newton, IA--Maytag Corp.'s washing machines are noted for their reliability and maintenance-free performance. Therefore, it seemed only natural for the quality-conscious engineers at Maytag to team up with a product development group at a major producer of elastomers for ideas on how to make its washers even better.

The project: Build a new multi-cavity tool for a flex ring that makes up part of the torque-sensitive mechanism in the agitator of the vertical washer. The previous material did not provide the high stiffness characteristics needed to adjust the amount of agitation for varying load sizes. However, no standard-grade thermoplastic polyurethanes Maytag tested fulfilled the need.

Maytag engineers conferred with personnel from Pella Plastics (Pella, IA), the part's producer, and with BF Goodrich (Cleveland) development engineers to come up with a solution. The team quickly identified the properties needed to meet both process and performance objectives of the new flex-ring design. Then product development engineers at BFGoodrich's IDEA Center turned these requirements into reality by developing Estane(R) 58151, a high-stiffness, durable, 70 Shore D thermoplastic polyurethane that offered excellent hydrolytic stability.

System cools off computer processor

West Columbia, SC--Fast processor speeds generate heat, which means something's got to cool everything off. That's why Compaq turned to KryoTech Inc. to provide the cooling system for the KryoTech/Digital 767 Personal SupercomputerTM, which runs at 767 MHz.

KryoTech's patented -40C cooling system was developed specifically for use with the Alpha Workstation, according to Scott Spears, product marketing manager for KryoTech. "Each cooling system is specifically designed for use with the specific processor," he says.

The Alpha Workstation works with mechanical, CAD, or CAE applications. It also has been used in research and in custom design applications. "People use it when they need as much number-crunching power as they can get out of one processor," Spears notes.

The cooling system is a standard vapor-phase refrigeration one. It uses a freon alternative coolant, which is environmentally friendly. The system pumps liquid coolant to the evaporator, which is in contact with the workstation CPU inside the KryoCavity.

The KryoCavity is a hermetically sealed and specially insulated device that holds the CPU and maintains the electrical connection with the motherboard. A pressure decrease inside the evaporator causes the liquid coolant to change into a gas, and this phase change pulls the heat off the CPU, Spears says.

KryoTech came to Compaq, which was then Digital, with the idea for a thermal cooling solution. "We work on the premise that as chip technology progresses, chip size doesn't change, but chip power does, and they produce more and more heat," Spears says.

"Active cooling systems like we promote not only dissipate the heat but help the user get more power out of the chip."

The cooling system goes to -40C, and at that temperature, the system provides a 30% increase in processor speed. KryoTech is working on a system that gets colder than that. "At -120C, you double the speed of the processor," Spears says.

People at home sometimes also overclock their computers, tuning their motherboards and turning up the speed of their processors. This gives the user extra power and speed, but generates high heat, which can cause damage to the machine. "They use any and every means they can to cool them off, including putting their entire computer in the refrigerator," Spears says. "We've heard about all sorts of strange methods."

Elastomer prevents process contamination

Fremont, CA--HTM Technology Corp. believes staying ahead in the computer industry demands only the best manufacturing techniques and technology. That's why, as a leading provider of thin-film disks for high-capacity disk drives in PCs, network servers, and workstations, the company must control contamination during processing. It's also a major reason why HMT recently replaced fitted fluorocarbon-coated elastomer seals with perfluoroelastomer parts in its electro-less nickel plating production equipment.

Supplied by Pan Pacific Supply Co. (Concord, CA), the parts, made by DuPont Dow Elastomers (Wilmington, DE) from Kalrez(R), have saved HMT an estimated $770,000 per year in reduced downtime, while improving safety on the production line.

Kalrez combines the sealing force and resilience of an elastomer with the chemical inertness and thermal stability of Teflon(R) fluorocarbon resin to create an extremely durable seal that can survive under severe caustic conditions. It contains no active hydrogen atoms in its polymer backbone, giving it the ability to withstand a wide range of chemicals, yet remain thermally stable at temperatures as high as 600F.

In the electro-less nickel plating process, nitric acid (40% at 125F) removes nickel build-up on the side of the plating tank. For HMT, the harsh chemical environment disintegrated previously installed fluorocarbon O-rings used in various valves and fittings. Result: The company had to manually change the seals at least once a month.

HMT replaced the fluorocarbon O-rings with Kalrez in one of its seven plating tanks in December 1995. After a successful two-year trial-and-error campaign, the company fitted the six remaining tanks with the material.

"Degrading of the fluorocarbon O-rings would begin almost immediately, resulting in equipment contamination, acid leaks, and production loss," says Brian McIntyre, HMT's equipment engineering manager. "Since the switch to Kalrez seals, we're replacing seals about once every two years."

Mobile phones withstand tough environments

Nashville, TN--Given survey results showing that people at work spend at least two and a half hours a day away from their desks--costing businesses over $3 billion a year--Northern Telecom (Nortel) decided to develop a more-durable, less-costly wireless phone. The result: the Companion C3050 phone with a tough phone-covering accessory made of thermoplastic rubber.

The companion phone series enables mobile, wireless communications within the workplace, increasing worker productivity, improving customer service, and reducing costs. Whether a person is climbing a ladder or just in an office down the hall, the phone's custom-designed Rugged Protector accessory allows the user to clip the phone on for greater comfort and freedom of movement.

Design Workshop (Ottawa, Canada) was the industrial designer for the holster of Nortel's earlier Companion C3020 series of phones, designed primarily for office use. The new phone series needed to withstand the tougher conditions of an industrial environment, so Nortel asked Design Workshop to incorporate the Rugged Protector in the new models.

In turn, Design Workshop contracted the molding process to ITW Plastiglide (Toronto, Canada), which had the insert molding and tooling expertise needed for the accessory's design. The application presented both companies with a challenge: Make an intricate, yet protective and durable cover that allows the user to operate the phone while still in its holster.

"The C3050 was more advanced and contained more delicate parts than the earlier series," notes John Tutton, partner, Design Workshop. "We needed to make sure we selected the right grade of material that would meet critical performance and visual requirements."

Tutton used Santoprene(R) rubber, supplied by Advanced Elastomer Systems L.P. (AES, Akron, OH) as the base material for testing and comparing other potential material candidates. The material they sought had to have the ability to form the phone's intricate features, resist abrasion, and still provide adequate impact protection.

"We went through a long list of thermoplastic elastomers when trying to come up with the right material, beginning with Santoprene, since its properties made it the top contender from the start," Tutton recalls. "After conducting the tests, we ended up choosing a standard 75 shore A grade of Santoprene as the best material."


Go to for more information on the technologies in this section.

National Manufacturing Week showcases diverse products

Chicago--From March 15 through 18, engineers will have the chance to experience "America's #1 Source for Today's Industrial Solutions" at National Manufacturing Week. The show, which drew more than 60,000 attendees last year, is sponsored by the National Assn. of Manufacturers.

Manufacturing Week consists of the National Enterprise IT, National Industrial Automation, National Plant Engineering MRO and Management, and the National Design Engineering shows and conferences.

A new development this year in the National Design Engineering part of National Manufacturing Week is the Motion Hall, which is an entire hall devoted to motion-control products.

Last year, 2,100 exhibitors were on the show floor. Two companies who are returning this year are Cutler-Hammer (Cleveland, OH) and Intergraph Computer Systems (Huntsville, AL).

Cutler-Hammer will be celebrating its five-year anniversary as a company, and will be showing "best-in-class solutions, and how we will be taking them into the future and impacting manufacturing processes," says Paul Handle, marketing communications manager. The stage show, which featured music and dancers that transitioned into a speaker last year, will return, and will be "bigger and better, informational and entertaining," Handle adds.

"We're going to blow everyone away," he says. "The show is important to us, and we feel lucky to be a part of it. You'll have to see it to believe it."

Cutler-Hammer will also be showcasing several new products, including the SM Series photoelectric sensors. The series uses a microprocessor-controlled system called TargetLockTM to help users speed up the installation process and Excellerate sensor reliability, the company says.

Another product Cutler-Hammer will be showing in its booth at National Manufacturing Week is the SV9000 line of drives, which are available from 0.75 to 1,100 hp and 200 to 690V. The drives are consistent across all frame sizes, Handle says.

In the Intergraph Computer Systems booth, watch for the latest Intel/Windows NT-based TDZ-2000 visual workstations targeted at MCAD professionals. Intergraph will also show a variety of mechanical CAD applications, including Pro/ENGINEER and SolidWorks, according to Marla Robinson, media relations manager for Intergraph. The TDZ-2000 workstations feature Intense(R) 3D Wildcat graphics, which, Robinson adds, are the fastest graphics on Windows NT.

In the Design News booth, be on the lookout for web site demonstrations and several innovative products that have appeared in the magazine's pages last year.

FOR DAILY UPDATES on all show activities during National Manufacturing Week, check out

Unix workstation breaks memory bottleneck

Palo Alto, CA--Hewlett-Packard has broken a memory bottleneck with its HP Visualize Model C360 workstation, which it touts as the world's fastest desktop workstation. Based on HP's new 367-MHz PA-8500 64-bit microprocessor, the C360 achieves performance specs of 26.0 SPECint95 and 28.1 SPECfp95, as measured by HP.

Its performance numbers are significantly better than those of its predecessors, the C200 and C240, which use previous versions of the PA-8000 family. Performance on mechanical design applications is up to 77% faster, says Barry Crume, product marketing manager for HP's workstation division. But the only hardware difference is that the C360 has its primary (or first-level) cache memory integrated on the PA-8500, and the C200 and C240 primary caches are the motherboard. Other than that, the three machines are practically identical.

HP engineers were able to integrate 1.5 Mbytes of primary cache on the PA-8500 chip by using a 0.25-micron manufacturing process instead of 0.33 micron. (The smaller geometry also increased the chip's frequency.)

Other advantages of on-chip primary cache include:

Bus between on-chip primary cache and CPU runs at CPU clock rate (367 MHz for PA-8500), which is much faster than for off-chip cache.

The C360 was designed for engineers doing computationally intensive work. A C360 with VISUALIZE-fx2 graphics, 256 Mbytes of RAM, a 4-Gbyte hard disk, and 21-inch monitor costs $24,500.

Earlier detection, easier cure

Rick DeMeis Associate Editor

Skaneateles Falls, NY--A direct result of medical equipment supplier Welch Allyn's ongoing education atmosphere is the technology in its frequency-doubling Visual Field Analyzer (see DN 1/18/98). Here, a Medical Products Operation advanced technology manager attended a conference and met the Australian researcher who formulated the concept. The company brought the technology in house for development in conjunction with university and industry design partners. Extensive, targeted training in electromagnetic interference (EMI) and susceptibility brought one engineer up to speed for his portion of the design. Finally the product was implemented and introduced via the company's cross-functional teams.

The Visual Field Analyzer looks at eye function for advanced warning of glaucoma. It is more sensitive and provides fewer false positives and negatives than the common methods of eye-pressure measurement, such as the "air puff." Previously, high accuracy was possible only using equipment costing four times as much (up to $25,000), the company asserts. Testing would take 15 min/eye as opposed to 45 sec now.

The patient looks at a series of bars that vary sinusoidally between light and dark. Between 25-28 Hz, a set of retinal nerve cells, that happen to be the first degraded by glaucoma, produce an optical illusion of twice as many bars. Determining the contrast level where the bars are just barely visible correlates to a variety of eye diseases for earlier detection and easier cures.

Wed, 06 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Market Focus: Workhorse products

One of the product categories that can be considered to make up the industrial market is those infrastructure products that support the booming electronic and telecommunications industry. This year's SPI Structural Plastics Conference and Design Competition focused on some of these interesting applications.

An eye-catching example from the industrial telecommunications perspective was the award-winning Alcoa Fujikura splice box, molded and submitted by Mack Molding (see opposite page). The part represents a metal-replacement trend in this market that's been under way for several years and is now reaching critical mass.

Unless you've been in a coma for the last five years, you know that the digital revolution is well underway. Baby Bells, AT&T, MCI Worldcom, Sprint, British Telecom, and a host of other mega-companies are positioning themselves to build and cash in on new and improved telephone, cable, and mobile communications networks. These networks have an infrastructure being built by the likes of Lucent, Nortel, and Motorola.

Joel Fouquart, technical manager at GE Plastics, says the Alcoa/Mack splice box is the best example of the trend occurring in the outdoor infrastructure arena. The Alcoa box replaces a diecast aluminum predecessor that weighed 65 lb and was a beast to install. But with a switch to GE's Valox PBT and structural foam molding, Alcoa suddenly had a lighter, equally durable, less expensive box that could be produced in volumes. That, says Fouquart, is the key-producing in high volumes to accommodate the new and improved networks under construction.

Indoors, Fouquart says the central office is the scene of the most changes. Not happy producing simple computer and electronics cabinets and housings, many manufacturers are looking to plastics and injection molding to create a more striking identity, similar to the job Silicon Graphics has done with its standout colors and contours. Fouquart says many OEMs struggle to determine the break-even point between plastic and metal.

The economic advantages of plastics increase with part complexity. Plastics allow designers to incorporate unique features that are often difficult to impossible to produce in sheet metal. GE and Fouquart conducted a study using a standard 6-ft cabinet panel with moderate contours and complexity, and compared the cost of producing it via structural foam vs. metal. The sheet metal, he says, has an initial tooling cost ranging from $10,000 to $90,000, where an injection mold ranges from $100,000 to $275,000.

However, downstream welding and shaping of the metal ballooned the per part cost to $550 for metal compared to $350 for plastic. Not only that, but the break-even volume for the plastic part is 1000 units annually.

For Example
The Best Paper winner at the Structural Plastics Conference was written and presented by Michael Caropreso, who, with Hewlett-Packard, devised a system for molding plastic panels to replace a large metal door on a peripheral computer rack system. The metal door H-P was looking to replace cost $40 to make and $150 to ship because of its size, and was often damaged in transit.

The series of smaller plastic panels would prove less expensive to make, and ship, and easier to use for service personnel who need to access cabinets. But what made the project particularly interesting was the rare combination of gas-assist molding and sequential gating.

The panels are 35 inches long and 16 inches wide, with a nominal wall thickness of .140 inch, unpainted and with no visible sink marks or weld lines allowed. Two gates were used in the mold, both fed by a hot manifold system with hydraulic valves.

To establish production parameters, the mold was filled through one gate in a series of short shots that were used to determine the ram position at which the flow front reached the second gate. This position was used to trigger the second valve, which finished filling the part. This overlap in flow fronts rendered weld lines invisible.

Gas filling begins after both gates close. A series of carefully guided gas bubbles help pack out different sections of the panel, provide strength, and eliminate sinks. The entire cycle runs in just over a minute, with no secondary operations. The molder produces the parts at facilities in California and Dublin, Ireland.

Metal-to-plastic conversion takes the weigh off

Replacing its eight-part diecast aluminum predecessor, this structural foam molded splice box weighs less than half as much and greatly reduced the total part count. The splice box, manufactured for Alcoa Fujikura Ltd. by Mack Molding (Arlington, VT), is mounted on utility poles and buildings and is used to house and protect spliced fiber optic connections.

"An excellent metal replacement application, this splice box previously weighed 65 lb," says Brian Sumpter, new business development director at Mack's southern division. "We've reduced that to 29 lb, which is a tremendous relief to field service personnel who are hoisting these units up telephone poles to install them." The 10-by-30-inch box consists of two primary parts: one is a drawer in which lines are spliced; the other is the enclosure into which the drawer slides (see photo). The drawer accommodates up to 360 fiber splices and up to six individual cables of various types and sizes. The gasketed drawer can be easily opened for periodic maintenance.

Called the Opti-Guard splice box, it's high-pressure structural foam molded of Valox PBT from GE Plastics at Mack Molding's Inman, SC facility. The material was chosen to meet requirements of UV exposure, ballistic resistance, impact resistance of 100 ft-lb or more at -40F, and temperature resistance ranging from -40F to 176F. Also, Alcoa's internal tieoff system resists more than 100 lb of tension per cable.

The part was an award winner at the Structural Plastics '99 Conference and Design Competition, an annual event hosted by the Society of the Plastics Industry.

For more information:
GE Plastics, Pittsfield, MA
Phone: (800) 845-0600; Fax: (800) 433-2925

Rare-earth compound, plastic unite for speedometer part

All the plastic parts you see in this Bitorque speedometer, designed for some models of Harley Davidson motorcycles, are molded by Thomas G. Faria Corp. But the two parts below the speedometer required a special material. Called bobbins, the parts hold a pin that connects to a magnetic source on the back side of the speedometer. That magnetic source emits a varying electrical charge based on how fast the engine is running. The bobbin, connected to the pin and a meter, rotates according to that charge, thus telling the driver the vehicle's speed.

Faria needed a moldable, highly filled, high-temperature polymer that could be insert molded and then magnetized as part of the inner electrical workings of the speedometer. It hired custom compounder Foster Corp. (Dayville, CT), which developed a compound from a nylon and a rare-earth material called ferrite (an iron-based material). Specifics of the material were not released, but according to the molder, the plastic version is equal in quality to the chrome-plated, hand-finished instrument made for other Harley motorcycles.

Faria runs 40 or so injection molding machines ranging from 15 to 200 tons at its Uncasville, CT plant.

For more information:
Foster Corp., Dayville, CT
Phone: (860) 848-9271
Fax: (860) 848-2704

Regenerative pump housing benefits from PPS

Designed to house regenerative pumps for use in soft drink dispensing systems in the U.S. and the U.K., this part is required to withstand up to 30 bar of pressure and must operate in temperatures ranging from -4F to 212F. Chemical resistance is required to withstand periodic purging with cleaners. Good surface hardness and dimensional stability are also required. Chosen to mold the part: 40 percent glass-filled Fortron PPS from Ticona.

The critical component in the housing design is the back plate. Stress analysis conducted during the design phase indicated that unacceptably high stress levels in key areas around the connecting points could cause the part to fail. A new design was submitted in which the overall wall section was increased, ensuring greater strength and dimensional stability, with cored-out sections to minimize material use.

Tests on the new design showed a reduction in strain levels around the connecting points by a factor of three. Tests also predicted that the design would be able to meet the stress requirements as well as maintain the .05 mm flatness required for the pump's impeller. The housings are made in the U.K. by Electromag-Neil, which insert molds the stainless steel threads for connecting pipes.

For more information:
Ticona, Summit, NJ
Phone: (800) 235-2637
Fax: (908) 598-4165

Polypropylene wheel unit endures heavy weight

This four-caster wheel unit, called the Universal Gondola Skate, is designed to facilitate safe and easy movement of heavy, fully loaded shelves during renovation of retail stores. The wheels are placed under the shelves so that during a store's off hours, the shelves can be moved out of the way to make room for renovation and construction. Then, they can be easily rolled back to their place during regular store hours. They are designed to hold up to 2000 lb and reportedly cost up to 50 percent less than comparable products.

The idea was co-developed by Cozza Harris Design (San Diego) and Co-Mack Technology (Vista, CA). Co-Mack molds the part in a structural foam molding process on a 385-ton Battenfeld. Up to 700 wheel units can be produced in a day on the single-cavity mold. The part is made from a 10 percent glass-filled polypropylene from RheTech Inc. that doesn't have to meet tight tolerances, but must offer strength. The casters are purchased out of house and assembled at Co-Mack.

For more information:
RheTech Inc.
Whitmore Lake, MI
Phone: (734) 769-0585
Fax: (734) 769-3565

Tension knob gets lubed with switch to acetal

The knob on the Ovation 2 thermal transfer printer is used to adjust ribbon tension each time a different width label is used. The printer produces labels up to 4 inches wide and is used to make bar codes, tags, and other products. The tension knob is used intermittently, but not continuously. For Orlando-based manufacturer Datamax, this was a problem with the material used previously, which tended to bind up if the knob was not frequently used.

"The binding," says Ken Colonel, director of mechanical engineering at Datamax, "was due to the fact that the knob is a part that is not in constant operation. The lubricated material we previously used would have worked fine had this been the case. Frequent use would have brought the internal lubricants to the surface and allowed for better performance."

For help, Datamax switched to Fulton 441D, a silicone lubricated acetal composite produced by LNP Engineering Plastics. Because of the silicone's limited compatibility with the base acetal material, it migrates to the surface of the tension adjustment knob. The result is a continuous generation of silicone film, which serves as a boundary or lubricant.

For more information:
LNP Engineering Plastics
Exton, PA
Phone: (610) 363-4500;
Fax: (610) 363-4749

Encapsulated solenoids endure with PET

Solenoids manufactured by Caterpillar Inc. are designed to operate hydraulic valves on heavy-duty equipment used in construction, mining, and agriculture. The key to the solenoid's durability is the encapsulation, which blocks moisture and insulates the unit from sudden temperature changes.

Previously overmolded with a thermoset or other thermoplastic, the solenoid is now encapsulated with 30 percent glass-filled Rynite PET from DuPont. More durable than previous designs, the encapsulated product meets Caterpillar's standards for resistance to heat, thermal shock, vibration, moisture penetration, fuel, and lubricants. The company rates solenoids for service at ambient temperatures from -40F to 250F. The PET is also used to mold a coil bobbin that is part of the assembly.

John Hoffman, an engineer for Caterpillar, says the new design and the switch to Rynite PET makes the new units less expensive to produce than the ones they replace. Also, the addition of an integrated electrical receptacle into the encapsulation shell saves the cost of an additional part. The solenoids are installed on bulldozers, wheel loaders, motor graders, agricultural tractors, and off-highway mining trucks.

For more information:
DuPont Engineering Polymers
Wilmington, DE
Phone: (800) 441-0575
Fax: (302) 999-2311

TPE rubber used in electrica plugs, connectors

Electrical products maker Leviton Mfg. in Little Neck, NY makes this watertight locking plug and connector assembly for indoor and outdoor industrial electrical applications. Called the Wetguard, the unit is used to connect two flexible cords in order to supply power to electrical appliances, tools, and machines in a safe and simple installation procedure. The guard shields the connection from threatening environmental elements, providing protection from moisture and dust.

Leviton molds the Wetguard with a Capron nylon 6 from AlliedSignal Plastics and overmolds it with a Santoprene thermoplastic elastomer from Advanced Elastomer Systems. Santoprene not only gives a tactile feel, it also provides resistance to harsh environments, insulation, and good part uniformity and sealability. Levitron specified nylon-bondable grades of Santoprene because they chemically bond well with Capron, thus eliminating any possibility for leakage in the area where the two parts meet. The combination also reportedly resists crushing, impact, and abrasion.

The plugs and connectors, which are available in 15A, 20A, and 30A Nema ratings, feature a tongue-and-groove design, meaning when the male and female parts of the plug and connector are put together, it seals itself. It also has a locking indicator that gives the user visual confirmation that a seal has been obtained.

The Wetguard enclosure consists of two parts that are insert injection molded on a 150-ton press in a two-cavity mold. Previously, enclosures for the 15A devices were designed as a two-part assembly, which, according to Leviton, was a slow operation that often provided an unsatisfactory seal.

For more information:
Advanced Elastomer Systems
Akron, OH
Phone: (330) 849-5000
Fax: (330) 849-5599

AlliedSignal Plastics
Morristown, NJ
Phone: (201) 455-5010
Fax: (201) 455-3506

Multimeter features one-shot overmolding of TPU resin

Tektronix Inc. wanted to Excellerate the durability of its TX-DMM family of true RMS digital multimeters, and ease the manufacturing process at the same time. Handheld DMMs are the most common of all electrical and electronic test instruments. Tektronix used film insert molding to Excellerate the bezel and display window of the DMM but the back cover presented some design molding challenges.

The back cover, which is injection molded with Bayer's Bayblend FR110 PC/ABS resin, requires three additional parts molded with an elastomer resin: a water-resistant gasket that seals the DMM's electronics from moisture, dust and other elements; a mechanical connection that holds a metal electromagnetic interference shield inside the back cover; and four no-skid pads on the outside of the back cover. Poly-Cast (Tigard, OR), which molds the front and back covers, wanted the three parts to be molded from the same material in just one shot. It chose Bayer's Desmopan KU2-8651 TPU resin, with a 75 Shore A hardness, because it offers good flexibility, resilience, and compression-set properties.

After the Bayblend PC/ABS back covers are molded, Poly-Cast inserts them and an EMI shield into the press. The Desmopan resin is shot onto the back cover through two gates. The resin flows around the lip of the back cover to form a watertight gasket. It then continues through an opening on each side of the part's interior and flows into separate lines over the EMI shield. Finally, the resin flows through openings in the EMI shield and back cover to form four capsule-shaped feet on the outside diameter of the DMM's back cover.

According to Steve Lyford, mechanical engineer for Tektronix, it was less expensive to overmold the parts using this process than to perform a secondary operation by hand. Tektronix had previously used a custom-made gasket, but preferred the overmolding operation even though the mold was tougher to build because the resin has to run a long flow path. The complex mold was built by Bestco of Hillsboro, OR.

For more information:
Bayer Corp., Polymers Div.
Pittsburgh, PA
Phone: (800) 622-6004
Fax: (412) 777-5585

Wed, 06 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : The Rise of China's Telecoms: Part II
Free Newsletter

This is the second of a two-part series examining China’s telecom sector. Part I examined the domestic telecom market. Part II examines Chinese telecoms’ international expansion. SHANGHAI — Building on strong domestic development, China’s telecommunications sector has enjoyed a period of impressive international expansion over the past decade. Under the banner of the “Go Global” campaign, national flagship companies have built up their international operations through a range of overseas purchases and cooperative ventures with foreign partners. Greater technological capabilities and cost advantages have also allowed Chinese firms to rapidly establish themselves as important vendors of telecom products and services […]

Thu, 21 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Inside AT&T: Mobilizing Field Service Operations

AT&T Business Service (ABS) Field Operations is a leading provider of IP-based solutions servicing premises-based IP infrastructure, installing and maintaining equipment from top vendors. The division's Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) service organization supports voice and data equipment like Nortel and Cisco routers and switches for customers across the United States.

To strengthen technicians' ability to serve customers, AT&T mobilized its field services operations with an application that gets technicians to customer sites quickly. The fast new solution significantly reduced paperwork and improved communication between dispatch and technicians and between the technicians and their customers. Technicians are more efficient, because the solution features work order time reporting, updates to the host ticketing system, Internet access, corporate email access and wireless phone capability.

The 1,500 technicians of AT&T's Business Service Field Operations CPE service organization support customers who cannot function if their voice and data networks go down. Losing connectivity can mean the difference between life and death for some, such as the many regional 911 emergency systems that AT&T supports. Servicing customers' equipment effectively and efficiently has always been important to AT&T. To keep businesses operating smoothly, AT&T has established time-sensitive service level objectives (SLOs). Most critical are those promised to the numerous emergency operations centers AT&T supports, designed to help ensure that police, firefighters and EMTs respond quickly when emergencies strike. To support these time-sensitive SLOs, AT&T automates as many of its processes as practical.

Mon, 06 Feb 2017 09:36:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : Al-Karim Awadia

Head of industry, automotive Google Canada


Al-Karim Awadia survived two traumatic business experiences — the demise of Nortel Networks and the bankruptcy of General Motors — and says each provided important lessons for going forward in business.

Awadia, 45, was a business consultant at Nortel when the tech giant’s share price collapsed from 2000 to 2002, and in 2008, was at GM’s headquarters in Oshawa when the automaker axed four brands and needed billions in government support as it went through bankruptcy.

Today, Awadia leads a team of 24 geared to helping automotive customers — automakers, dealers, parts suppliers, etc. — with digital solutions for  advertising that measure effectiveness and customer loyalty. Harnessing that data and providing critical analysis can change the way businesses operate.

“If you could measure the effectiveness of your advertising down to the final sale, it would change the way you advertise.”


“The GM bankruptcy was pretty formative. It taught me so much about resiliency, about maintaining optimism and how to achieve my objectives through those kinds of times.”

Thu, 28 Jul 2022 23:30:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Telepresence Market May See A Long Term Investment Opportunities | Cisco Systems, Plantronics, Lifesize, Avaya, Vidyo

(MENAFN- EIN Presswire)

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Growing need to reduce traveling costs and carbon footprint of small and large enterprises is a key factor driving global telepresence market revenue growth

Growing need to reduce traveling costs and carbon footprint of small and large enterprises is a key factor driving global telepresence market revenue growth” — Emergen Research

VANCOUVER, BC, CANADA, August 3, 2022 / / -- The Global Telepresence Market size is expected to reach USD 10.96 Billion in 2030 and register a steady revenue CAGR of 19.6% over the forecast period, according to latest analysis by Emergen Research. Steady telepresence market revenue growth can be attributed to growing need to reduce traveling costs and carbon footprint across small and large enterprises. Corporate travel is declining as a result of rising cost of fuel, which has reached USD 125 a barrel, and threat of global warming and climate change. Telepresence, which is a exact innovation in communication, is aiding progress in many endeavors to reduce significant environmental impact. According to Nortel Networks, telepresence and videoconferencing technologies are increasingly important tools for businesses looking to enhance collaboration and lower their carbon footprints. Businesses are asking how they can strengthen their collaboration without having to travel. The advantages of telepresence are obvious: substantial travel expense savings; increased productivity, and lower carbon footprint. Telepresence will benefit any organization with many locations.

A exact trend in the market is the use of telepresence for collaboration. Global communication is made possible by advances in communication technologies from all corners of the globe. Businesses and global corporations can communicate easily across teams, locations, and time zones with the use of telepresence. Startups are creating solutions based on virtual reality (VR), for instance, to Excellerate the experience of users attending meetings from anywhere in the world. For instance, solutions for group collaboration and visual communication are provided by the Lebanese business SilexPro. The company gives consumers the ability to convert straightforward meeting rooms into efficient collaboration spaces with the use of Silex PTE (Panoramic Telepresence Experience) devices, a center of table visual collaboration device. The business also provides adaptable smart rooms with cutting-edge teleconferencing features.

𝗚𝗲𝘁 𝗦𝗮𝗺𝗽𝗹𝗲 𝗖𝗼𝗽𝘆 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗧𝗢𝗖, 𝗚𝗿𝗮𝗽𝗵𝘀 𝗟𝗶𝘀𝘁 𝗼𝗳 𝗙𝗶𝗴𝘂𝗿𝗲𝘀 –

𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗠𝗮𝗷𝗼𝗿 𝗣𝗹𝗮𝘆𝗲𝗿𝘀 𝗖𝗼𝘃𝗲𝗿𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗥𝗲𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁:

Cisco Systems, Inc., Plantronics, Inc., Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., ZTE Corporation, Lifesize, Avaya, Inc., Vidyo, Inc., VGo Communications, Teliris, Inc., Array Telepresence, Inc., Others

Some Key Highlights From the Report

On 7 July 2022, SuperViz, which is the top telepresence platform for meetings in virtual places, and PureWeb, which is the premier enterprise platform for streaming interactive, web-based 3D content, have entered into a partnership. With the help of this partnership, users will be able to communicate with others in real time while feeling as though they are present, all within a streaming 3D world.

Hardware segment is expected to account for a large revenue share over the forecast period. This is attributed to its increasing adoption of robotic telepresence. Telepresence robots give businesses a more efficient way to do tasks. They bring distant customers and employees closer due to the ease of access from one's home or place of business. By just logging in with any device, one can rapidly become virtually present in their remote location. As opposed to a regular video call, a telepresence robot allows one to practically be in the same room as their clients. Telepresence robots allow a person and their coworkers to visit a customer site without flying there. Since they are employing a telepresence robot to sit next to the client, they are as present in the meeting as if they were physically present.

The static telepresence segment is expected to account for large revenue share in the global market over the forecast period owing to the increasing popularity of immersive telepresence. In the contemporary global economy, travel is frequently necessary to take advantage of new market opportunities. There will always be occasions when face-to-face interactions with partners, employees, and clients are vital, but a surprising number of routine or repeated business trips can be easily substituted by working via video. Every regular business trip would also be free of any additional expenses. In terms of use, accessibility, and high-definition engagement with content sharing, immersive telepresence has substantially improved, giving everyone the feeling that they are physically present without having to travel. Telepresence options offer one of the simplest ROI estimates when looking at trip savings.

The enterprise industry segment is expected to account for large revenue share in the global market over the forecast period owing to the increasing implementation of these systems across small and large businesses. Utilizing telepresence in a company setting has many advantages, including improved communication, improved employee relationships, higher productivity, reduced travel expenses, and simplified hiring procedures. In corporate communication, nonverbal cues account for more than 60% of the total. The virtual approach used by audiovisual telepresence systems enhances non-verbal cues and body language. It makes it possible for team members to express their ideas and opinions more clearly. 40% of corporate executives who were asked about the impact of telepresence on their organizations claimed that employee involvement had grown.

Market in North America is expected to account for largest revenue share during the forecast period, which is primarily attributed to the region's increasing activities by key market players leading to the development and promotion of the technology. For instance, Cisco TelePresence in the US enables presentation sharing during multipoint and point-to-point meetings. Auto Collaborate, a unique feature, allows users in all rooms to instantaneously examine data or video and hear audio output from the sources below. Additionally, they have developed telepresence rooms, which are exclusive spaces that can be reserved for the use of telepresence technology during video conferences. These locations offer privacy both visually and aurally. Small, medium, and large rooms can each accommodate six to eighteen people.

𝗚𝗲𝘁 𝗣𝗗𝗙 𝗕𝗿𝗼𝗰𝗵𝘂𝗿𝗲 𝗗𝗶𝘀𝗰𝗼𝘃𝗲𝗿 𝗺𝗼𝗿𝗲 𝗮𝗯𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝗿𝗲𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝗮𝗹𝘆𝘀𝗶𝘀 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗳𝗶𝗴𝘂𝗿𝗲𝘀 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗱𝗮𝘁𝗮 𝘁𝗮𝗯𝗹𝗲𝘀 –

Emergen Research has segmented the global telepresence market on the basis of component & services, system type, industry, and region:

Component & Services Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion; 2019-2030)






Audio Device






Cloud Computing Software

Audio-Video Communication Software



System Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion; 2019-2030)

Static Telepresence

Immersive Telepresence

Personal Telepresence

Holographic Telepresence

Remote Telepresence Systems

Robotic Telepresence Systems

𝗖𝗹𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗛𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗧𝗼 𝗕𝘂𝘆 𝗧𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗖𝗼𝗺𝗽𝗿𝗲𝗵𝗲𝗻𝘀𝗶𝘃𝗲 𝗥𝗲𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁 –

Industry Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion; 2019-2030)

Industry Dynamics & Market Share, 2022 & 2030

Enterprise Industry



Healthcare Industry

Commercial Industry




Consumer Industry



Education Industry

Manufacturing Industry


Other Industries



Space Application

Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion; 2019-2030)

North America












Rest of Europe

Asia Pacific




South Korea

Rest of APAC

Latin America


Rest of LATAM

Middle East & Africa

Saudi Arabia


South Africa


Rest of MEA

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Tue, 02 Aug 2022 20:55:00 -0500 Date text/html
Killexams : ROADM WSS Component Market Trends In 2022 : Growth, Size, Segmentation, Future Demands, Latest Innovation, Sales Revenue by Regional Forecast 2026

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

The "ROADM WSS Component Market" Research Report gives an inside and out outline and experiences into the market's size, incomes, different sections and drivers of improvement, as well as restricting elements and provincial modern presence. The objective of the statistical surveying study is to totally assess the 'ROADM WSS Component Sector' and get a survey makes sense of the business and its business possibilities. The concentrate likewise inspects the effect of COVID-19 on the business and income examinations when the pestilence. As per this, the client gets broad information on the business and firm from an earlier time, present, and future points of view, permitting them to put away cash and convey assets admirably.

To Know How Covid-19 Pandemic and Russia Ukraine War Will Impact This Market

ROADMÂnetworks inability to maintain a typical noise shape result in inaccurate optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) measurements.ÂROADM WSS componentsÂare widely classified into Blocker-based, Edge, PLC-based, and Wavelength Selective Switches (WSS).
The key factor contributing to growth of ROADM WSS component market is the growing demand for dynamic ROADMs. Global market is also experiencing an upsurge in the demand for adoption of wavelength selective switches (WSS) enabled ROADMs. However, product cost and quality are some of the major challenges faced by this industry that can hinder its growth rate. Growth of WSS market slowed down during past few months as a result of excessive supply chain inventory; however, this market is expected to resume growth in the near future as a result of surging demand for technologically improved components.Â

Market Analysis and Insights: Global ROADM WSS Component Market
The research report studies the ROADM WSS Component market using different methodologies and analyzes to provide accurate and in-depth information about the market. For a clearer understanding, it is divided into several parts to cover different aspects of the market. Each area is then elaborated to help the reader comprehend the growth potential of each region and its contribution to the global market. The researchers have used primary and secondary methodologies to collate the information in the report. They have also used the same data to generate the current market scenario. This report is aimed at guiding people towards an apprehensive, better, and clearer knowledge of the market.
The global ROADM WSS Component market size is projected to reach USD 1447.8 million by 2026, from USD 831.6 million in 2020, at a CAGR of 9.7% during 2021-2026.

Global ROADM WSS Component Scope and Segment
The global ROADM WSS Component market is segmented by company, region (country), by Type, and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global ROADM WSS Component market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on revenue and forecast by region (country), by Type, and by Application for the period 2015-2026.

This ROADM WSS Component Market Report offers analysis and insights based on original consultations with important players such as CEOs, Managers, and Department heads of suppliers, manufacturers, and distributors.

How much is the ROADM WSS Component market worth?

As a result of the Ukraine-Russia War and COVID-19 epidemic, the ROADM WSS Component market is estimated to be worth USD million in 2022 and is forecast to be worth USD million by 2026, with a CAGR estimated to generate a lot of revenue till 2026.

Get a sample Copy of the ROADM WSS Component Market Report 2022

The investigation report has solidified the examination of different factors that increment the market's turn of events. It lays out examples, limitations, and drivers that change the market in either a positive or negative manner. This part also gives the degree of different sections and applications that could influence the market from now into the foreseeable future. The point by point information relies upon most exact things and essential accomplishments. This portion moreover gives an exploration of the volume of creation about the overall market and about each sort from 2017 to 2026.

What are the key companies covered in the ROADM WSS Component Market?

The Major Players covered in the ROADM WSS Component Market report are:

● Cisco Systems Inc(US) ● Fujitsu(Japan) ● Tellabs(US) ● Alcatel Lucent(France) ● Movaz Networks Inc(US) ● Nortel Networks(Canada) ● OpVista Inc(US) ● Tropic Networks Inc(Canada) ● AC Photonics Inc(US) ● Alliance Fiber Optic Products(US) ● AOC Technologies(US) ● Shenzhen Hi-Optel Technology Co(China) ● Auxora Inc(US) ● Ciena Corporation(US)

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A thorough evaluation of the controls associated with the report portrays the separation to drivers and gives space for essential arrangement. Factors that obscure the market advancement are critical as they can be seen to devise different bends for getting hold of the advantageous entryways that are accessible in the reliably creating business area. Besides, pieces of information into market capable's viewpoints have been taken to appreciate the market better.

ROADM WSS Component Market - Size, Shares, Scope, Competitive Landscape and Segmentation Analysis:

The report focuses on the ROADM WSS Component market size, segment size (mainly covering product type, application, and geography), competitor landscape, exact status, and development trends. Furthermore, the report provides strategies for companies to overcome threats posed by COVID-19. Technological innovation and advancement will further optimize the performance of the product, enabling it to acquire a wider range of applications in the downstream market. Moreover, customer preference analysis, market dynamics (drivers, restraints, opportunities), new product release, impact of COVID-19, regional conflicts and carbon neutrality provide crucial information for us to take a deep dive into the ROADM WSS Component market.

The major players in the global ROADM WSS Component Market are summarized in a report to understand their role in the market and future strategies. Numerous marketing channels and strategies are likely to thrive during the forecast period and were also identified in reports that help readers develop a winning approach.

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What segments are covered in ROADM WSS Component Market report?

ROADM WSS Component Market is segmented on the basis of type, end-use industry and application. The growth amongst the different segments helps you in attaining the knowledge related to the different growth factors expected to be prevalent throughout the market and formulate different strategies to help identify core application areas and the difference in your target markets.

On the basis of Product Type, ROADM WSS Component Market is segmented into:
● Blocker-Based
● PLC-Based
● Wavelength Selective Switches (WSS)
● Edge

The report studies end-user applications in various product segments and the global ROADM WSS Component Market. By collecting important data from relevant sources, the report assesses the growth of individual market segments. In addition, the market size and growth rate of each segment is explained in the report. The report considers key geographic segments and describes all the favourable conditions driving market growth.

On the basis of the End Users / Applications, ROADM WSS Component Market is segmented into:
● Fiber-Optic Networks
● Communication
● Industrial
● Others

The country section of the report also includes individual market influences affecting current and future market trends and changes in market regulation at the country level.

Get a sample Copy of the ROADM WSS Component Market Report 2022

On the basis of the Geography, ROADM WSS Component Market is segmented into:
- North America [US, Canada, Mexico]
- Europe [Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Rest of Europe]
- Asia-Pacific [China, India, Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Australia, Rest of Asia Pacific]
- South America [Brazil, Argentina, Rest of South America]
- Middle East and Africa [GCC, North Africa, South Africa, Rest of Middle East and Africa]

Through a comparative examination of the past and present scenarios, the ROADM WSS Component research offers a complete blueprint of the industry scenario across the assessment timeframe; assisting stakeholders in establishing action plans that ensure maximum growth while managing market risks. Furthermore, the study document provides a complete review of the major industry segments to discover the best investment opportunities. It also examines all of the major market participants in terms of their financials, growth plans, and product and service offerings to provide a comprehensive picture of the competitive environment.

ROADM WSS Component Market - Impact of Covid-19 and Recovery Analysis:

We have been tracking the direct impact of COVID-19 on this market, as well as the indirect impact from other industries. This report analyses the impact of the pandemic on the ROADM WSS Component market from a Global and Regional perspective. The report outlines the market size, market characteristics, and market growth for ROADM WSS Component industry, categorized by type, application, and consumer sector. In addition, it provides a comprehensive analysis of aspects involved in market development before and after the Covid-19 pandemic. Report also conducted a PESTEL analysis in the industry to study key influencers and barriers to entry.

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ROADM WSS Component Market Drivers and Restrains:

The ROADM WSS Component industry research report provides an analysis of the various factors driving the markets growth. It creates trends, constraints and impulses that change the market in a positive or negative direction. This section also discusses the various segments and applications that could affect the future ROADM WSS Component market. Details are based on current trends and past achievements. The report includes a comprehensive boundary condition assessment that compares drivers and provides strategic planning. The factors that impede market growth are fundamental because they create different curves to seize opportunities in emerging markets. We also gather information from the opinions of market experts to better understand the market.

Years considered for this report:
- Historical Years:2017-2021
- Base Year:2021
- Estimated Year:2022
- Forecast Period:2022-2026

What the Report has to Offer?
- Market Size Estimates:The report offers accurate and reliable estimation of the market size in terms of value and volume. Aspects such as production, distribution and supply chain, and revenue for the ROADM WSS Component market are also highlighted in the report
- Analysis on Market Trends:In this part, upcoming market trends and development have been scrutinized
- Growth Opportunities:The report here provides clients with the detailed information on the lucrative opportunities in the ROADM WSS Component market
- Regional Analysis:In this section, the clients will find comprehensive analysis of the potential regions and countries in the ROADM WSS Component market
- Analysis on the Key Market Segments:The report focuses on the segments: end user, application, and product type and the key factors fuelling their growth.
- Vendor Landscape:Competitive landscape provided in the report will help the companies to become better equipped to be able to make effective business decisions.

Reasons to buy this report:
- To gain insightful analyses of the market and have comprehensive understanding of the global market and its commercial landscape.
- Assess the production processes, major issues, and solutions to mitigate the development risk.
- To understand the most affecting driving and restraining forces in the market and its impact in the global market.
- Learn about the market strategies that are being adopted by leading respective organizations.
- To understand the future outlook and prospects for the market.
- Besides the standard structure reports, we also provide custom research according to specific requirements.

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ROADM WSS Component Market - Table of Content (TOC):

1 ROADM WSS Component Market Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of ROADM WSS Component Market
1.2 ROADM WSS Component Market Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Sales and CAGR Comparison by Type (2017-2026)
1.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Segment by Application
1.3.1 ROADM WSS Component Market Consumption (Sales) Comparison by Application (2017-2026)
1.4 Global ROADM WSS Component Market, Region Wise (2017-2026)
1.4.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Size (Revenue) and CAGR Comparison by Region (2017-2026)
1.4.2 United States ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.3 Europe ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.4 China ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.5 Japan ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.6 India ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.7 Southeast Asia ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.8 Latin America ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.4.9 Middle East and Africa ROADM WSS Component Market Status and Prospect (2017-2026)
1.5 Global Market Size (Revenue) of ROADM WSS Component (2017-2026)
1.5.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Revenue Status and Outlook (2017-2026)
1.5.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Sales Status and Outlook (2017-2026)
1.6 Influence of Regional Conflicts on the ROADM WSS Component Industry
1.7 Impact of Carbon Neutrality on the ROADM WSS Component Industry

2 ROADM WSS Component Market Upstream and Downstream Analysis
2.1 ROADM WSS Component Industrial Chain Analysis
2.2 Key Raw Materials Suppliers and Price Analysis
2.3 Key Raw Materials Supply and Demand Analysis
2.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials
2.5 Manufacturing Process Analysis
2.6 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis
2.7 Major Downstream Buyers of ROADM WSS Component Analysis
2.8 Impact of COVID-19 on the Industry Upstream and Downstream

3 Players Profiles

4 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Landscape by Player
4.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Share by Player (2017-2022)
4.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Revenue and Market Share by Player (2017-2022)
4.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Average Price by Player (2017-2022)
4.4 Global ROADM WSS Component Gross Margin by Player (2017-2022)
4.5 ROADM WSS Component Market Competitive Situation and Trends
4.5.1 ROADM WSS Component Market Concentration Rate
4.5.2 ROADM WSS Component Market Share of Top 3 and Top 6 Players
4.5.3 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion

5 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price Trend by Type
5.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Revenue and Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Price by Type (2017-2022)
5.4 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate by Type (2017-2022)

6 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Analysis by Application
6.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Consumption and Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Consumption Revenue and Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Consumption and Growth Rate by Application (2017-2022)

7 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Revenue Region Wise (2017-2022)
7.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Market Share, Region Wise (2017-2022)
7.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Revenue and Market Share, Region Wise (2017-2022)
7.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.4 United States ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.4.1 United States ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.5 Europe ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.5.1 Europe ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.6 China ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.6.1 China ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.7 Japan ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.7.1 Japan ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.8 India ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.8.1 India ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.9 Southeast Asia ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.9.1 Southeast Asia ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.10 Latin America ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.10.1 Latin America ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19
7.11 Middle East and Africa ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.11.1 Middle East and Africa ROADM WSS Component Market Under COVID-19

8 Global ROADM WSS Component Market Forecast (2022-2026)
8.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue Forecast (2022-2026)
8.1.1 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2022-2026)
8.1.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2022-2026)
8.1.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Price and Trend Forecast (2022-2026)
8.2 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales and Revenue Forecast, Region Wise (2022-2026)
8.3 Global ROADM WSS Component Sales, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2022-2026)
8.4 Global ROADM WSS Component Consumption Forecast by Application (2022-2026)
8.5 ROADM WSS Component Market Forecast Under COVID-19

9 Industry Outlook
9.1 ROADM WSS Component Market Drivers Analysis
9.2 ROADM WSS Component Market Restraints and Challenges
9.3 ROADM WSS Component Market Opportunities Analysis
9.4 Emerging Market Trends
9.5 ROADM WSS Component Industry Technology Status and Trends
9.6 News of Product Release
9.7 Consumer Preference Analysis
9.8 ROADM WSS Component Industry Development Trends under COVID-19 Outbreak
9.8.1 Global COVID-19 Status Overview
9.8.2 Influence of COVID-19 Outbreak on ROADM WSS Component Industry Development

10 Research Findings and Conclusion

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ROADM WSS Component Market - Research Methodology:

The key research methodology is data triangulation which involves data processing, analysis of the impact of knowledge variables on the market, and first (industry expert) validation. Data collection and base year analysis is completed using data collection modules with large sample sizes. The market data is analyzed and forecasted using market statistical and coherent models. Also market share analysis and key analysis are the main success factors within the market report.

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