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Exam Code: 920-323 Practice exam 2022 by team
NNCSS - Optivity Telephony Manager (OTM) Rls. 2.1
Nortel Telephony history
Killexams : Nortel Telephony history - BingNews Search results Killexams : Nortel Telephony history - BingNews Killexams : Invisible Empire: A History of the telecommunications industry in Canada, 1846-1956

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Wed, 28 Apr 2021 19:06:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Network and Telecommunications

The Network Operations Unit, part of the User Support Services IT Department, is responsible for all low voltage data and telecommunications systems on campus, including Ethernet, WiFi, telephony (contact center/voicemail/dial tone/fax lines/E911), Emergency/Blue Light and elevator phones, door access hardware, burglar/panic button alarms, security camera hardware, and Internet access. 

Beginning in Spring 2020, a multi-year in-place migration of the college's telephone system began.  The existing Nortel CS1000E PBX will be upgraded to a new Avaya Communications Manager Version 8 infrastructure, providing a number of technologies that Boost reliability and better serve the college's evolving business needs.  Due to the complexity and breadth of the telephony systems this project is expected to be completed by fall 2022. 

Other long-term initiatives include physical route separation and diversification for all building fiber optic uplinks, upgrading and consolidating building alarm and door access systems, establishing a secondary Internet point-of-presence, and improving surveillance camera coverage and reliability across campus. 

Thu, 20 May 2021 05:11:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Honorary degree citation - John A. Roth

By: Mohsen Anvari, November 2000

Mr. Chancellor, I have the honour to present to you John Roth, president and chief executive officer of Nortel Networks Corporation.

Born in Calgary, John Roth grew up in Lethbridge, Alberta, and came to Montreal to study at McGill University, where he earned a Bachelor of Engineering in electrical engineering and a Masters in engineering.

He began his professional career with RCA Montreal and in 1969 joined Nortel, then known as Northern Electric, as a design engineer. Over the next three decades, he held a range of management and executive positions, where his leadership had a significant impact on the development of Canada's high-technology industry.

In the mid-1980s, as President of its Bell-Northern Research subsidiary, he was in charge of the company's global network of research-and-development labs. In the early 1990s, he established Nortel Networks as one of the world's leading wireless network suppliers. He was named chief operating officer in 1995 and, in 1997, became president and CEO.

Mr. Roth's rise through the corporate ranks reflects his outstanding leadership abilities as well as his vision. Immediately on assuming the leadership of Canada's high-tech flagship, he issued a manifesto for change. He called for a "Right-Angle Turn" away from the past. He set out his vision of a new foundation for global communications and began leading sweeping changes in his company's way of doing business.

A safe and steady 100-year-old maker of telecom equipment for a handful of the world's largest telephone companies had to be transformed. It had to become an aggressive provider of networking gear for thousands of Internet-related network operators. It had to compete with aggressive and fast-moving high-tech firms in California's Silicon Valley.

Not everyone in global communications shared the vision he described in 1997. But by setting his company on a bold new course and steering it into the heart of the Internet Revolution, John Roth effectively transformed the communications industry worldwide.

By making the right decisions at the right time, he also boosted Nortel Networks sales by 44 percent between 1997 and 1999 to $32.7 billion (Canadian). As CEO, he has strengthened the company's position at the core of Canada's technology environment and ensured Nortel Networks can continue contributing to Canada's economic development.

John Roth's leadership skills have been given shape by a passionate commitment to Canada. He has been an active participant in the public policy process, addressing economic and social issues important to Canada's future. He is committed to making Canada the world's most connected nation and a leader in the new global economy.

Under his leadership, Nortel Networks traditional support for education has expanded and become the focus of its corporate citizenship activities. The company is contributing about $25 million (Canadian) this year to expand capabilities for science, math, and technology education.

He has served on the Prime Minister's Advisory Board on Science and Technology and is chair of the Premier of Ontario's industry advisory board for the Access to Opportunities Program. He is also a member of the Premier of Alberta's external advisory committee on information and communications issues and a member of the policy committee of the Business Council on National Issues.

Through his participation in public and industry forums and organizations, he has worked to keep high-tech jobs in this country so that Canada can offer its young people opportunities at the forefront of global technology and business. Most recently, he co-chaired the Canadian E­Business Opportunities Roundtable, a joint public and private sector initiative examining what Canada has to do to prosper in the new Internet economy.

Since becoming CEO, John Roth has received many awards and other forms of recognition from public and industry organizations around the world. These have recognized his business accomplishments, his industry leadership, his support for education, and his contributions to Canada and the world.

He received the Emerging Markets CEO of the Year Award in 1998. In 1999, he was presented with the New York Hall of Science Distinguished Leadership Award for the Application of Technology to Telecommunications and Education. Earlier this year, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from Queen's University and received the IWAY Award for public leadership for his contributions to the advancement of Canada's information society and the development of its high-­tech industry.

For his success in transforming Nortel Networks into a 21st century powerhouse, he was recently named Outstanding CEO of the Year 2000 by a panel of business peers and academics.

Mr. Chancellor, on behalf of Senate and the Board of Governors, it is my privilege and an honour to present to you John Roth, so that you may confer upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

Sat, 18 Mar 2017 21:21:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Cybersecurity trade show starts Monday

About 17,000 security professionals are expected to converge on Moscone Center in San Francisco today for this year's RSA Conference, one of the biggest cybersecurity trade shows in the world.

Cybersecurity "is getting worse as more and more devices go online," said Sandra Toms LaPedis, one of the conference organizers. "There's a need for the industry to come together and solve these tough problems."

Dozens of government officials and corporate executives are expected to speak, including Department of Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff, Palm and Numenta founder Jeff Hawkins and New Yorker writer Malcolm Gladwell, author of "The Tipping Point." Nobel laureate and former Vice President Al Gore is scheduled to speak on Friday, but his speech is closed to the media.

Hundreds of companies will exhibit new products designed to fix security problems. In advance of the conference, some have released reports on security flaws they've ferreted out that their products intend to fix.

AirDefense and AirTight Networks, two startups that compete to secure wireless networks, released studies revealing various security flaws. AirDefense scanned wireless networks in more than 1,000 government agencies and companies in San Francisco, although it didn't name them; AirTight has scanned wireless networks in airports worldwide, including San Francisco and San Jose.

VOIPshield Systems in Ottawa said it found more than 100 security flaws in Internet telephone systems from Cisco, Nortel and Avaya. It will be demonstrating at the conference how the products were hacked.

There also will be several panel discussions on cybersecurity and the government. On Wednesday, New York Times reporter Eric Lichtblau will lead a discussion of the story the Times broke on warrantless wiretapping by the Bush administration.

As problems with cybersecurity have grown over the years, so has the conference. Organizers expect attendance this year to set a record.

Most people who attend are technologists who handle information security for companies or government agencies - RSA is a place where they can discuss problems, debate solutions and look at new technology.

Even though many of the sessions are technical, it is also a place where the public can track their progress. In 2004, for example, Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates announced a strategy to end spam.

That same year, retired Air Force Gen. John Gordon, an adviser to President Bush, said he couldn't figure out how to set up encryption on his own home wireless network and called on industry to make security products that were easier to use.

A big problem this year at the conference is data leakage - how to secure a database so information can't be stolen, how to develop software that can't be cracked, how to keep data away from outsiders and insiders who shouldn't have it.

"New classes of people are having to face these threats" without a good understanding of the problems, said Tim Mather, the conference's chief security strategist. "You have people (at companies) becoming information technology people and it's not the job description they signed up for."

Other hot Topics will be electronic voting in this election year, identity management - how can you tell if the people you're talking to online are who they say they are - and the government's role in regulating security.

Many companies feel burdened with too many conflicting regulations, Mather said, but as the economy slows, their spending on security has leveled off, according to Forrester Research.

Companies want to know: "How do we do what we've been doing already but quicker and cheaper?" said Paul Stamp, an analyst at Forrester. The answer, he said, is to focus on protecting data.

Conference info

Find the full RSA Conference schedule at Passes to the show floor and some of the keynotes are available for $100. A full conference pass is around $2,000.

Mon, 11 Jul 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Ali Kafel, Stratus’ Vice President  

While the services businesses provider their customers evolve over time, and as the underlying technologies they use to deliver those services also evolve, one thing that does not change is the need for reliable, robust network equipment. After all, should a company’s critical network-based applications go down — whether by design or mishap — the effects can have a resounding negative impact on the business. Therefore, it is imperative they ensure the reliability and continuous availability of their servers.

Stratus Technologies helps businesses address this need for uptime and reliability with its fault-tolerant server line — including eight of the world’s top ten banks and 14 of the top 20 telecom service providers. Having been in the business for more than a quarter century, and having recently increased its market reach with the acquisition of Emergent Network Solutions, Stratus has seen the communications space evolve and mature over that span and has a good vantage point for surveying market needs now and going forward.

Rich recently had the pleasure to speak with Ali Kafel, Stratus’ vice president of telecommunications about how Stratus has changed over the years with the communications industry, and how it is approaching the market today.

RT: You were with Stratus through most of the 1990s, then rejoined them in 2003. How has the company changed?

AK: In some ways, it has changed; in other ways, it hasn’t. What hasn’t changed is Stratus’ singular focus on providing products and services that require continuous availability. In telecom, we still have among the industry’s best and most reliable fault-tolerant servers, only now they are Xeon processor-based and support Red Hat Linux and Windows. Also, our customer orientation has always been to provide solutions. The types of solutions Stratus now provides represent the biggest change. Today’s solutions are targeted at protocol conversion, service mediation, NGN, and VoIP, while being IMS compatible. They have much greater software content and less hardware. We also have solutions for Tier 2 and Tier 3 service providers, in addition to our traditional Tier 1 Telecom Equipment Manufacturers (TEMs) and carriers. Today, emerging carriers and IP service providers are very willing to evaluate and buy from non-TEMs, and they tend to act quickly.

RT: Stratus is more than a telco company. Do the other units of Stratus provide your business with any advantages?

AK: Telecommunications is one of three strategic business units. The others are continuously available server technology, and Solution Services for end-to-end IT infrastructure. As I mentioned, technology for continuous availability is at the heart of what we do. Telecom and our enterprise business share the same common hardware architecture, which we then tailor for the performance demands of either market — NEBS compliance, DC power, etc. So, engineering and R&D investments are spread across a larger base. Customers increasingly want professional services, too, to Boost the resiliency and continuity of operations. So, yes, combining our telecom business with our platform and solution services units allows us to offer one-stop shopping for customers who want to deal with a single vendor.

RT: You acquired Emergent Network Solutions in August 2006. Describe Emergent and the rationale for purchasing it?

AK: In just five years, Emergent built an impressive portfolio of carrier-grade IP-based telephony solutions for VoIP, multimedia and session control, a multi-national distribution network, and a worldwide installed base of about 130 customers. Emergent’s CEO Nathan Franzmeier (now Stratus’ vice president of emerging network solutions) had an outstanding engineering team — real problem solvers. As you know, Stratus’ strengths centered more on traditional SS7 and Intelligent Network (IN) solutions for Tier 1 service providers. Emergent’s focus on VoIP/IMS and Tiers 2 and 3 was completely complementary to Stratus and gave us access to a very hot and growing market. Stratus provided Emergent with a well-developed infrastructure, a global reputation and resources to help it grow more quickly and broadly. With regards to your previous question, our large enterprise computing customers will also be fertile ground for bundled VoIP solutions.

RT: Describe Stratus’ telecom market strategy today, as it relates to FMC, VoIP, and IMS.

AK: At a high level, our strategy is to provide innovative and highly reliable convergence solutions that leverage existing services, where possible, and reduce time to market and complexity. Coupling our SS7/IN experience with our newly acquired IP communications experience is key to delivering next generation integrated voice, video, and data applications.

Three years ago, we thought the FMC market was ready to pop. We were readying SIP-based products, like our mobile call convergence offering. In hindsight, we see that FMC is joined at the hip with advancements in handsets, which, for FMC, have been excruciatingly slow in coming. So instead of fixed/mobile convergence, some vendors today offer fixed/mobile “substitution” with UMA, which is a poor substitute for the promise of FMC for both carriers and subscribers.

For IMS, Stratus is focused on some elements of the service and control planes rather than development of the complete suite. Consequently, we have developed products for IM-SSF, SCIM, AS, and CSCF elements. These are the evolution of our IP telephony products deployed by 100 customers. These include Softswitches (Class 4 and 5), Session Border Controllers, and various other IP telephony elements. Working with the right partners allows each of us to focus on what we can be the best at.

RT: What is the role of partners in that strategy?

AK: Partners are fundamental to our business strategy, both as technology providers and channels. As I mentioned before, we do not intend to develop the complete suite of IMS products. We focus on what we are best at, leveraging partners to supply us with complementary products or become resellers for our products. We do sell direct to carriers like Verizon and AT&T, but a majority of Tier 1 sales go through resellers, system integrators like ATOS Origin, and TEM partners like Nortel or Alcatel-Lucent. The Emergent acquisition added some 30 more Tier 2 and 3 sales partners. At times, we will find ourselves as the prime contractor on a project, subbing out to partners for particular skill sets; at other times we’ll be the subcontractor on a project. Essentially, when a solution is needed, Stratus either has the resources or will pull together partner resources to do the job with excellence.

RT: So, why does a service provider or TEM come to Stratus today?

AK: Compelling technology and ability to deliver. Stratus was a pioneer in softswitch development, even before the term was defined. A good example today is our Inter-Network Services Signaling Gateway (ISSG), a network component that links together combinations of legacy and next generation networks into a cost effective pool of shared services. ISSG will, for example, allow a CDMA service to run in a GSM network, or an IN service to work in a SIP environment saving expense and time in deploying revenue generating services.

Our size, global reach, and agility also appeal to the large switch vendors. They can look to Stratus to develop products or services that would take them too long to create, or that they’d prefer not to divert internal resources to. We are not a one-product company like many others; we have a robust portfolio for IMS-based technology and VoIP that lets us fill development gaps the big companies often have.

RT: You have a lot of market touch points… Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3 providers, enterprise telephony, VoIP, legacy, software stacks, hardware. Who is your ideal customer?

AK: We are completing a project now for a cable operator in Latin America that has all the makings of an ideal customer — not because it’s a cable operator, but because of what Stratus is uniquely qualified to do for them. Deregulation is allowing this operator to become an ISP and VoIP services provider. We won the business because of the combination products, technologies and services we could bring to the party… field-proven fault-tolerant servers, professional services for solution design and implementation, VoIP, and an excellent track record. So, the ideal customer is a service provider who needs to offer new telephony services over an IP network, but also needs to interconnect to existing networks and do it fast and with high reliability. Or an equipment vendor, like an Ericsson, Nortel, or Alcatel-Lucent, who is the prime contractor for a customer solution and needs the best of breed product for a Session Border Controller (SBC), Protocol Conversion (IM-SSF) or Service Mediation (SCIM). RT: Who are your competitors? What advantages do you have over them?

AK: I’m hard pressed to name firms who compete in our space as a solutions provider. As a telco product provider, however, there is any number of point product companies with a piece of a solution. Many tend to be smaller, relatively new companies. Others, such as Acme Packet and Nextone, are a bit more mature. Stratus, on the other hand, is truly a global company, with network products used by 14 out of 20 of the world’s largest telcos. The switch vendors view Stratus as a true partner; when they are fighting for business, they know we’re fighting right alongside to help them win.

RT: What are the biggest hurdles in the industry’s drive to full IMS deployment?

AK: Two things come to mind. First, the standards are not fully developed, and many are in draft form. That means there is ambiguity and uncertainty, which is not a healthy environment to drive investment. Second, the industry lacks compelling services to deploy. FMC could be compelling enough for a carrier to actually deploy IMS because of the applications. But, as we discussed, FMC is lagging, too. The industry was in much the same pickle ten years ago, feeling the pressure to deploy softswitches, regardless of a dearth of killer apps. The industry is subjecting itself to the same pressures today.

RT: How does Stratus help customers clear those hurdles?

AK: We really help our customers to contend with the realities of today without mortgaging the future. Our mission is to provide carriers with revenue-generating IMS-ready applications today. These include multi-device FMC, virtual office, video-enabled communications, user-defined call routing and many more. These applications help our customer protect their existing subscriber base and attract new ones, while also increasing ARPU. And we help the Tier 2 and 3 customers crack new markets with new services. There is a great deal of energy and creativity is this part of the industry, and it’s an exciting place to be.

RT: Anything more you want to add?

AK: Large companies and organizations will increasingly be deploying and managing their own telecom networks. As that happens, Stratus has a leg up on just about anyone else, given our long history serving both the enterprise and telecommunications markets. We are strongly positioned to go after this market opportunity, especially now that we have such a well-rounded product portfolio in the IP space backed by a broad spectrum of professional services. We may be going after that market with network services developed here and validated by using our own company as the test bed.

Rich Tehrani is President and Editor in Chief at TMC.

» Return to Executive Suite Home

Mon, 31 Jan 2022 03:53:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : How to Configure a Linksys Phone Adapter
  • Make sure your router is properly connected to your ADSL or cable Internet modem according to the manufacturer's directions for each component.

  • Plug a touch-tone phone with a standard RSJ-11 phone jack to the "Phone 1" jack, which is the left jack on the back of the adapter.

  • Connect the Linksys adapter to your computer network with a standard RJ-45 Ethernet cable, by plugging one end of the cable into the large "Ethernet" port on the back panel of the adapter and the other end into any free port on your router.

  • Plug the round plug of the AC power source provided with the adapter into the round outlet next to the Ethernet port on the back panel of the switch. Plug the adapter into a regular electrical outlet.

  • Press the star key four times in a row on the phone you connected to the adapter, then dial "110#" using the phone's keypad. Wait a second for a voice message that includes the IP address.

  • Write down the full IP address number, which should be something like "," "" or ""

  • Launch a Web browser on any computer that is connected to your network. Type "http://" followed by the entire Web address that you heard in Step 5, then press "Enter." Wait a second or so for the configuration screen to appear on your computer screen.

  • Click "Admin Login" on the top right-hand side of the configuration screen, keeping in mind that there is no login or password to enter, and then click "Switch to Advanced View" on the purple bar closest to the configuration data on the screen.

  • Click the "System" tab on the ribbon directly above the configuration data on the screen.

  • Enter your DNS servers in the specified fields on the "System" page. Enter "" for your primary DNS and "" for your secondary DNS, or enter the values specified by your VoIP service provider in your contract or instructional literature.

  • Enter "" in the "Primary NTP Server" field, unless you were given another value by your VoIP service company. Click the "Save Settings" button at the bottom of the screen. Skip Steps 12 and 13 if you do not have specific values provided by your Internet telephony service provider.

  • Click the "SIP" tab and enter any specified values in their necessary fields as instructed by your VoIP provider. Click the "Save Settings" button.

  • Click the "Line 1" tab and enter the values you were given for Proxy and Register Expires.

  • Click the "Line 1" tab if you skipped Steps 12 and 13. Enter your full name as you want it to appear on Caller ID screens in the "Display Name" field. Enter your phone number in the "User ID" field, and enter any password you were given for your phone service in the "Password" field. Enter any other values you were given in the respective fields of the "Line 1" screen, as this is the main configuration screen. Click the "Save Settings" tab and proceed to Step 15 if you are only using one phone line with your Internet phone system.

  • Click the "Line 2" tab if you have a second phone number that you are using with your VoIP system. Repeat Steps 13 and 14 for your second phone number, and enter all other information given to you by your provider in the respective fields of the Line 2 screen. Click the "Save Settings" tab.

  • Call your cell phone with the phone you plugged into the adapter to make sure the configuration works properly. Plug another phone into the "Phone 2" jack of your switch to test the second line, or move the first phone to the second jack after you successfully verify the operation of your first line.

  • Check the caller ID on your cell phone and make sure it reads as you want it to, or repeat Step 14 for each phone as necessary. Check to make sure you entered the right information in the right lines, and that you have all of the configuration information you need, in the event the phone does not work at all. Contact your service provider if you need additional assistance.

  • Thu, 22 Sep 2016 09:36:00 -0500 en-US text/html
    Killexams : Wet Country Wireless; How The British Weather Killed A Billion Pound Tech Company

    A dingy and cold early February in a small British town during a pandemic lockdown is not the nicest time and place to take your exercise, but for me it has revived a forgotten memory and an interesting tale of a technology that promised a lot but delivered little. Walking through an early-1990s housing development that sprawled across the side of a hill, I noticed a couple of houses with odd antennas. Alongside the usual UHF Yagis for TV reception were small encapsulated microwave arrays about the size of a biscuit tin. Any unusual antenna piques my interest but in this case, though they are certainly unusual, I knew immediately what they were. What’s more, a much younger me really wanted one, and only didn’t sign up because their service wasn’t available where I lived.

    All The Promise…

    The TV advert looked promising in 1998.
    The TV advert looked promising in 1998.

    Ionica was a product of Cambridge University’s enterprise incubator, formed at the start of the 1990s with the aim of being the first to provide an effective alternative to the monopolistic British Telecom in the local loop. Which is to say that in the UK at the time the only way to get a home telephone line was to go through BT because they owned all the telephone wires, and it was Ionica’s plan to change all that by supplying home telephone services via microwave links.

    Their offering would be cheaper than BT’s at the socket because no cable infrastructure would be required, and they would aim to beat the monopoly on call costs too. For a few years in the mid 1990s they were the darling of the UK tech investment world, with a cutting edge prestige office building just outside Cambridge, and TV adverts to garner interest in their product. The service launched in a few British towns and cities, and then almost overnight they found themselves in financial trouble and were gone. After their demise at the end of 1998 the service was continued for a short while, but by the end of the decade it was all over. Just what exactly happened?

    Inside the Ionica rooftop antenna.
    Inside the Ionica rooftop antenna. From Andrew McNeil’s teardown video that we’ve placed at the bottom of the page.

    The technology behind Ionica’s service could probably be replicated for a few dollars worth of WiFi modules in 2021, but at the time it lay at the bleeding edge of what was possible near the consumer end of the market. A tower was erected with a base station for each community to be served, and if the customer’s premises were on a line-of-sight from it they could have that biscuit-tin antenna installed.

    The fixed line-of-sight link operated at 3.5 GHz, and used custom hardware made for Ionica by Nortel Networks. A teardown on a surviving unit from 2015 which we’ve placed below the break was put up on YouTube in 2015, and it reveals a phased array of patch antennas as well as the RF and control boards. The overwhelming impression is that this would have been an extremely expensive device to manufacture in the mid 1990s, as many of its exotic RF functions would now be integrated into newer silicon and probably performed using SDR technology.

    … But Not Quite The Delivery

    To be on a housing estate like the one I saw the antenna on in the winter of 1996 or so would have been to see Ionica technicians doing site surveys and making installations. There was genuine demand for the service at the time, as BT’s monopoly meant a high line rental and call charges, and the promise of not one but two phone sockets allowed the possibility of using the phone and the Internet alongside each other. Heavy stuff a quarter century ago, and I wanted one.

    The rainbow didn't bring good luck for Ionica.
    The rainbow didn’t bring good luck for Ionica.

    Perhaps it’s just as well that I didn’t have the chance, because I would surely have lost money (It wasn’t the only time that decade I failed to see the inevitable!). Shortly after the hype surrounding the service’s availability there surfaced stories of it dropping out during wet weather. We were assured that they were working on a solution, but worse was yet to come.

    As spring turned into summer in about 1997, some customers struggled to receive any service at all, at fault was the verdant British tree foliage. It seems that site surveys performed in winter failed to take account of summer leaves obstructing the line-of-sight to the base station, and this seasonal service only added to the company’s woes.

    With hindsight, Ionica’s product was one in some ways before its time, yet in others, one whose time had nearly passed. The expensive hardware and limited base station range would now be solved using much cheaper SDR chipsets and many more base stations, so in this decade the roll-out could have been performed much more easily and reliably. But the product itself now seems ludicrously dated, because who now needs a pair of analogue phone lines? ADSL connections arrived in the UK around 2000, so very shortly after the company’s demise they would have been stuck with a product that couldn’t deliver customer expectations. Could they have used the same hardware to deliver an always-on connection? Perhaps, but it never appeared in their published plans, and it’s unlikely that it would have had enough bandwidth to compete with ADSL.

    It’s now over two decades since Ionica’s demise, and while cable TV fibre and local loop unbundling to put ISP racks in telephone exchanges have changed the telecom landscape significantly, there remains for most people a last mile connection owned by BT. Wired analogue phones are now a legacy item that increasing numbers of people only have because it comes with their broadband line, and even mobile calling is inexorably being usurped by online services.

    Perhaps only now with the arrival of 5G mobile phones we’ll see that lingering BT last-mile monopoly broken. Meanwhile aside from a few weathered antennas in suburbia little remains of the company; its base station hardware turns up on eBay and is sought-after by radio amateurs and its prestige headquarters building by the A14 in Cambridge is now home for several occupants of the city’s wildly successful technology park. Brits spend a lot of their time battling the rain, but it’s not often that it brings down a billion pound company.

    Sat, 02 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 Jenny List en-US text/html
    Killexams : Opinion & Commentary

    Biden Heads to Saudi Arabia With Growing Hopes and Waning Influence

    President Biden's upcoming trip is unlikely to produce much in the way of extra oil, but it will provide a victory lap for Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, writes Carolyn Kissane.

    Mon, 11 Jul 2022 08:01:00 -0500 en text/html
    Killexams : Invisible Empire: A History of the telecommunications industry in Canada, 1846-1956

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    Thu, 06 Oct 2016 13:57:00 -0500 en text/html
    920-323 exam dump and training guide direct download
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