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More than 20 years after Linus Torvalds developed Linux, the operating system remains a force in the computing industry. While Linux is not widely used on desktops (making up just over 2.4% of the overall desktop operating system market share in January 2019, according to NetMarketShare), it is extraordinarily strong on the web server side, where it enjoys a market share of almost 54%.

IT professionals invest considerable time learning about server computing for everything from installation, configuration, maintenance and virtualization to application support and security. This also means that many IT professionals are working with and around Linux operating systems daily, often alongside Windows and various UNIX OS brands as well.

The best of the Linux certifications vie for considerable mindshare among IT professionals and present an interesting mix of distribution- or brand-agnostic credentials alongside some pretty formidable vendor-specific credentials. There are multiple well-elaborated certification ladders available to those interested in learning, using, and mastering the Linux operating system environment and all the many bells and whistles it supports.

The results of a job search we conducted on several popular job posting sites show which Linux certifications employers are looking for when hiring new employees. While results vary from day to day (and job board to job board), this table reflects those Linux-related certifications that employers were seeking in the U.S.

Job Board Survey Results (in alphabetical order, by certification)




LinkedIn Jobs



GCUX (SANS GIAC) 30 30 55 12 127
Linux+ (CompTIA) 1,045 1,339 779 547 3,710
LPIC (LPI) 38 41 247 44 370
Oracle Linux OCA 27 31 33 12 103
Oracle Linux OCP 61 69 69 25 224
RHCA (Red Hat) 89 102 190 38 419
RHCE (Red Hat) 467 553 754 267 2,041
RHCSA (Red Hat) 417 504 667 241 1,829

We found that for nearly every certification category listed above, the number of national jobs postings mentioning that certification has increased, in some cases substantially, since we surveyed the same job sites a year ago. Linux system administrators and engineers can expect average earnings in the low $70s and upward, depending on the job role. PayScale lists $70,194 as the average salary for Linux system administrators ($52,000/low and $101,000/high). Glassdoor reports earnings for Linux system administrators averaging $68,884, Linux system engineers at $99,348 and senior Linux system engineers at $122,071.

GCUX: GIAC Certified Unix Security Administrator

The Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC) program is part of SANS, a highly regarded source of instruction and research in the information security field. SANS also provides breaking news, operates a security alert service and serves on all kinds of government, research and academic information security task forces, working groups and industry organizations.

The SANS GIAC program encompasses 37 information security certifications across several categories, such as cyber defense, penetration testing, incident response and forensics, management, audit, legal, developer and industrial control systems. The GIAC Certified UNIX Security Administrator (GCUX) falls under its Cyber Defense category, and aims at professionals who install, configure, monitor, secure and audit both Unix and Linux systems.

GIAC certifications must be renewed every four years by earning 36 continuing professional experience (CPE) credits. Also, credential holders must pay a certification maintenance fee of $429 every four years.

GCUX Facts & Figures

Certification Name

GIAC Certified Unix Security Administrator (GCUX)

Prerequisites & Required Courses

None; SEC506: Securing Linux/Unix training recommended (classroom, on demand, self-study or private; $6,610)

Number of Exams

One exam (75 questions, two hours, minimum passing score 68%)

Cost per Exam

$1,899 without training (called a GIAC certification attempt; includes two free practice exams) $769 as part of a training course $769 retake fee $429 certification renewal

Exams administered by Pearson VUE.



Self-Study Materials

Practice tests available on the GIAC exam preparation page (two tests included in exam fee; additional practice questions are $159 each). No GCUX-specific study guides found; GIAC recommends searching for self-study materials based on the GCUX objectives’ knowledge areas and getting practical experience.

Linux+ (CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI)

CompTIA exercises extraordinary certification clout at the entry level in many IT niches. This nonprofit has shown itself as willing to team up with more focused IT organizations, associations and consortia to combine their own market reach and visibility with niche smarts and subject matter expertise on loan from various partners.

One great example is the organization’s partnership with the Linux Professional Institute (LPI), which resulted in the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI credential. This unique certification replaced the original CompTIA Linux+ certification in 2010 and uses the same two exams required for LPIC-1 certification.

As a result of this partnership, IT professionals who are serious about Linux can earn both the Linux+ credential and the LPIC-1 at the same time. Candidates must first earn the Linux+ credential and then submit a request to CompTIA asking that their results be sent to LPI to obtain the LPIC-1 certification. CompTIA exam records are confidential, so candidates must request that their records be forwarded to LPI when taking the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI exams.

Earning the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI requires candidates to pass two exams. The first covers system architecture, installation and package management, GNU and Unix commands, devices, file systems and standard file system hierarchies. The second exam digs into command shells, scripting and data management, user interfaces and desktops, administrative tasks and activities, basic system services, networking fundamentals and security topics. The CompTIA Linux+ Beta exam (XK1-004) closed as of October 22, 2018, though candidates who took the exam prior to the end date can still access those scores and apply a passing grade to their Linux+ certification. The replacement Linux+ 104 exam based on this beta exam will become publicly available in April of 2019.

Note that the Linux+ credential is valid for life.

CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI Facts & Figures

Certification Name

CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI

Prerequisites & Required Courses

None required

Recommended: CompTIA A+, CompTIA Network+ and 12 months of Linux administration experience

Number of Exams

Two exams: LX0-103 and LX0-104 (60 multiple-choice questions each, 90 minutes, 500 required out of 200 to 800 scale to pass). Note that the LX0-104 Beta exam is no longer offered as of October 22, 2018; the replacement 104 exam becomes publicly available in April of 2019.

Cost per Exam

$200 per exam; prices vary by geography



Self-Study Materials

CompTIA maintains a list of training materials and additional study options, including links to study guides, exam crams, practice tests, online and classroom training, CertMaster, and more. Additional third-party reference and review materials can be found on Amazon.

LPI (Linux Professional Institute) Certifications

The Linux Professional Institute (LPI) started up in October of 1999, almost one decade after Linus Torvalds began his pioneering efforts on the Linux kernel. Since then, LPI has become one of the leading certification providers on Linux subjects and technologies. Given the organization’s distribution-agnostic approach to Linux, it offers excellent coverage of a platform that’s available in many forms and flavors in today’s marketplace.

The LPI Certification (LPIC) program is available in three distinct levels:

  • LPIC-1Linux Administrator: A  junior-level Linux certification with no prerequisites. Candidates must pass two exams that cover basic Linux skills, including installing and configuring Linux on a workstation, working at the command line, performing basic maintenance tasks, and making LAN or internet connections. While you can obtain the LPIC-1 credential directly from LPI, candidates should consider obtaining the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI credential first, which qualifies you for both the Linux+ and LPIC-1 credentials.
  • LPIC-2Linux Engineer: An advanced-level Linux certification that requires an active LPIC-1 certification. Candidates must pass two exams that cover significant Linux skills and topics. The first exam covers the kernel, system startup, file system and devices, advanced storage administration, network configuration, system maintenance and capacity planning. The second exam covers web services, file sharing, network client management, email services, system security and troubleshooting, and domain name servers.
  • LPIC-3Linux Enterprise Professional Certification: A senior-level Linux certification that requires an active LPIC-2 and passing any single exam in the 300 series. Valid exam IDs currently include 300: Mixed Environment303: Security, and 304: Virtualization and High Availability. The Mixed Environment exam covers Samba (domain integration, user and group management, name services, share configuration and so forth), plus OpenLDAP, and working with Linux and Windows clients. The Security exam covers network, operations and application security, as well as cryptography and access controls. High availability cluster storage and management, along with virtualization, are covered in the Virtualization and High Availability exam.

In addition to the LPIC-1, 2 and 3 credentials, LPI also offers an entry-level credential, the Linux Essentials Professional Development Certificate (PDC). Linux Essentials focuses on foundational skills, such as creating and running simple scripts, restoring compressed backups and archives, working with the command line, Linux operating system basics, FOSS, and users/groups and file permissions for public and private directories. Linux Essentials is a great way to get started while gaining the skills and knowledge needed for the more challenging LPIC credentials.

LPI’s existing certification is the LPIC-OT DevOps Tools Engineer, which recognizes the effective use of tools for collaboration during system and software development. There are no prerequisites, and the single exam lasts for 90 minutes and has 60 questions.

LPIC credentials are worthwhile for IT pros whose chosen Linux distributions do not warrant their own certification programs, and for those seeking broad, vendor- and distribution-neutral coverage of Linux topics, tools and technologies. They are popular among IT pros and in demand among IT employers.

LPIC-1, LPIC-2 and LPIC-3 Facts & Figures

Certification Name

LPIC-1: Linux Administrator

LPIC-2: Linux Engineer

LPIC-3: Linux Enterprise Professional

Prerequisites & Required Courses

LPIC-1: None, Linux Essentials recommended

LPIC-2: Active LPIC-1 certification

LPIC-3: Active LPIC-2 certification plus completion of one of the 300 series specialty exams

Training is recommended but not required

Number of Exams

LPIC-1: Exam 101-500 and Exam 102-500

LPIC-2: Exam 201-450 and Exam 202-450

LPIC-3: One of the 300 series exams: Mixed Environment (Exam 300-100)

Security (Exam 303-200)

Virtualization and High Availability (Exam 304-200)

Cost per Exam

$200 per exam. Exams administered by Pearson VUE. Linux ID required to register.



Self-Study Materials

Study guides, courseware knowledge packs, eLearning courses, exam crams, practice tests, online and classroom training, Linux Academy subscriptions and more are available at LPI exam Preparation, LPI Marketplace and Amazon.

Oracle Linux OCA & OCP

When Oracle bought Sun Microsystems in 2010, it acquired a rich and deep UNIX tradition. Oracle started phasing out Solaris almost immediately after finalizing the Sun acquisition.

Today, Oracle offers associate- and professional-level certifications based on Linux rather than harking back to any kind of UNIX roots. These certifications retain enough of their Sun roots, however, so that courses are not mandatory prerequisites to taking the exams for the two Oracle Linux certifications currently available.

As with other vendor-specific Linux certifications, Oracle’s are most appealing to those who work with or around that distribution, or who wish to work for employers who use those distributions.

OCA and OCP Facts & Figures

Certification Name

Oracle Certified Associate (OCA), Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator

Oracle Certified Professional (OCP), Oracle Linux 6 System Administrator

Prerequisites & Required Courses

OCA: No prerequisites. Recommended training: Oracle Linux S­­ystem Administration OCP: OCA Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator or Linux Administrator Certified Associate (now retired). Recommended training: Oracle Linux System Administration

Number of Exams

OCA: One exam, 1Z0-100 Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administration (150 minutes, 80 questions, 61% to pass) OCP: One exam, 1Z0-105 Oracle Linux 6 Advanced System Administrator (150 minutes, 97 questions, 61% to pass)

Cost per Exam

OCA: $245

OCP: $245



Self-Study Materials

Oracle offers online and in-class training for its credentials, with hit-or-miss coverage for them on the aftermarket. Start with Amazon searches — check exam IDs 1Z0-100 and 1Z0-105 to get a sense for what’s available.

Note: Though there is now an OCA and OCP exam available for Oracle Linux 7 System Administrator, Oracle has yet to announce this new certification or release the details of new Linux 7-based certification tests for OCA and OCP candidates.

Oracle Linux 6 Certified Implementation Specialist Certification

The Oracle Linux 6 Certified Implementation Specialist Certification is a certification available for those who sell, design, configure and implement Oracle Linux 6 solutions. Though any candidate can complete this certification, it is most typically achieved by Oracle partner implementation personnel with strong foundational experience in Linux and previous field experience implementing Linux 6.


If there’s one major star in the vendor-specific Linux certification firmament, it’s got to be Red Hat. The company has major market presence and serious duration as a commercial provider of Linux platforms and technologies.

Red Hat offers a typical administrator, engineer, architect certification ladder. Unlike many other such programs, however, it offers highly regarded and valued credentials at each rung, along with demanding and hands-on oriented exams and an excellent training curriculum to match. All exams for the following Red Hat certifications are performance based and last two hours or longer.

The giveaway for Red Hat certifications is that all come with acronyms that start with RH, as follows:

  • Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA): This foundation certification vets essential skills in handling files, working at the command line and using system documentation, along with managing systems (boot up, identifying processes, start/stop virtual machines, controlling services), configuring storage partitions and logical volumes, and more.
  • Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE): This cornerstone certification is designed to test and validate the skills and knowledge necessary to work as a senior-level Linux system administrator. subjects covered include advanced IP routing and services, managing runtime kernel behavior, working with iSCSI, automating maintenance tasks with shell scripts and working with networking services for Web, FTP, NFS, SMB, SMTP, SSH and more. An RHSCA is a prerequisite for the RHCE.
  • Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA): Red Hat’s pinnacle certification offers two paths to certification, depending on which prerequisite advanced Red Hat certification credentials you have already completed: Red Hat Certified Enterprise Microservices Developers (RHCEMDs) and Red Hat Certified JBoss Developers (RHCJDs) can earn an RHCA in Enterprise Applications, and Red Hat Certified Engineers (RHCEs) can earn an RHCA in Infrastructure. In general, the five additional exams that must be passed to achieve the RCHA in either Infrastructure or in Enterprise Applications are specific to each area of specialization, though a few of the tests can be used to satisfy the five exam requirement in both RHCA tracks. A number of previously available certification exams have been discontinued for new RHCA candidates and renewals, though those exams can still be applied to the RHCA certification if you’ve already passed them. Find out more about discontinued exams that can be counted towards the RHCA credential on the RHCA page under the Candidate Guidance tab.

Because Red Hat Linux is widely used in the business world, the RHCA certification is an excellent choice for those interested in a more platform-focused path into the Linux world. Of course, for those who already work with or around Red Hat, it is a natural certification choice as well.

RHCSA, RHCE and RHCA Facts & Figures

Certification Name:

Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA)

Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)

Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA)

Prerequisites & Required Courses

RHCSA: No prerequisites Recommended training:

Windows system administrators: Red Hat System Administration I (RH124) (5 days, $3,400) and II (RH134) (4 days, $3,400)Linux/Unix Administrators, RHCSA Rapid Track Course (RH199) (4 days, $3,700)

RHCE: RHCSA credential Recommended training:

Same as for RHCSA, plus

Red Hat System Administration III (RH254) ($3,400)


RHCE-certified (Infrastructure track) – Candidates currently holding an RHCE certification must pass five additional exams from the Infrastructure track below.

RHCJD/RHCEMD-certified (Enterprise Applications track) – Candidates currently holding an RHCJD or an RHCEMD certification must pass five additional exams from the Enterprise Applications track below.

Number of Exams

RHCSA: One exam, EX200 Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) exam (2.5 hours) RHCE: One exam, EX300 Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) exam (3.5 hours) RHCA: Five exams total depending on whether you have already completed an RHCE certification (for the RHCA Infrastructure track), or an RHCEMD/RHCJD (for the RHCA Enterprise Applications track): An RHCE must pass five exams from the following list to achieve the RHCA in Infrastructure:

EX125 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Ceph Storage Administration exam

EX210 – Red Hat Certified System Administrator in Red Hat OpenStack exam

EX220 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Hybrid Cloud Management exam

EX236 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Gluster Storage Administration exam

EX248 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Enterprise Application Server Administration exam

EX270 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Container Management (Retired)

EX276 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Containerized Application Development (Retired)

EX280 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in OpenShift Administration exam

EX310 – Red Hat Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack

EX318 – Red Hat Certified Virtualization Administrator exam

EX333 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Security: Network Services exam (Retired)

EX342 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Linux Diagnostics and Troubleshooting

EX401 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Deployment and Systems Management exam (Retired)

EX403 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Deployment and Systems Management exam

EX405 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Configuration Management

EX407 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Ansible Automation exam

EX413 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Server Security and Hardening exam

EX415 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Security: Linux exam

EX423 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Directory Services and Authentication exam (Retired)

EX429 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in SELinux Policy Administration exam (Retired)

EX436 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in High Availability Clustering exam

EX440 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Messaging Administration exam

EX442 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Linux Performance Tuning exam

RHCSA: One exam, EX200 Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) exam (2.5 hours) RHCE: One exam, EX300 Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) exam (3.5 hours) RHCA: Five exams total depending on whether you have already completed an RHCE certification (for the RHCA Infrastructure track), or an RHCEMD/RHCJD (for the RHCA Enterprise Applications track): An RHCE must pass five exams from the following list to achieve the RHCA in Infrastructure:

EX125 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Ceph Storage Administration exam

EX210 – Red Hat Certified System Administrator in Red Hat OpenStack exam

EX220 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Hybrid Cloud Management exam

EX236 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Gluster Storage Administration exam

EX248 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Enterprise Application Server Administration exam

EX270 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Container Management (Retired)

EX276 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Containerized Application Development (Retired)

EX280 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in OpenShift Administration exam

EX310 – Red Hat Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack

EX318 – Red Hat Certified Virtualization Administrator exam

EX333 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Security: Network Services exam (Retired)

EX342 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Linux Diagnostics and Troubleshooting

EX401 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Deployment and Systems Management exam (Retired)

EX403 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Deployment and Systems Management exam

EX405 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Configuration Management

EX407 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Ansible Automation exam

EX413 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Server Security and Hardening exam

EX415 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Security: Linux exam

EX423 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Directory Services and Authentication exam (Retired)

EX429 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in SELinux Policy Administration exam (Retired)

EX436 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in High Availability Clustering exam

EX440 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Messaging Administration exam

EX442 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Linux Performance Tuning exam

EX450 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Data Virtualization exam

RHCEMDs and RHCJD must pass five exams from the following list to achieve the RHCA certification in Enterprise Applications:

EX288 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in OpenShift Application Development exam

EX248 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Enterprise Application Server Administration exam

EX276 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Containerized Application Development exam (Retired)

EX280 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in OpenShift Administration exam

EX405 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Configuration Management

EX407 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Ansible Automation exam

EX421 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Camel Development exam

EX427 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Business Process Design exam

EX440 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Messaging Administration exam

EX450 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Data Virtualization exam

EX453 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Fast-Cache Application Development exam

EX465 – Red Hat Certified Specialist in Business Rules exam

Cost per Exam

$400 each ($2,000 total RHCA exam costs)



Self-Study Materials

Red Hat skills assessments and other materials can be located on the training page. Red Hat Training includes multiple training options (online, classroom, self-paced, virtual, video and more). Red Hat Learning Subscription includes all online courses in one package; prices vary by geography, candidates can expect to pay $5,500 for a Basic Subscription and $7,000 for a Standard Subscription. Study guides are on Amazon.

Beyond the Top 5: More Linux certifications

Outside the top five Linux credentials and programs covered in this article, other Linux certifications may be worthy of your time and attention.

The Linux Foundation, a membership-based organization, promotes the development of the Linux kernel through collaboration, conferences and education. The organization’s small but respected certification program includes the Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) and the Linux Foundation Certified Engineer (LFCE).

IBM continues to offer a handful of Linux-related certifications. One certification of interest is the Certified Database Administrator, which continues to be in demand for those running DB2 on Linux, Unix and Windows systems.

Many industry experts, including Steven J. Vaughn-Nichols, a long-time user and expert on Linux and Unix operating systems, say that certifications can be an important ingredient in a job candidate’s qualifications. But interviewers should also pay close attention to how many Linux systems candidates have set up, managed or used to get a sense of the scale and scope of their experience.

In other words, when you see a web hosting service advertising for Linux jobs, they’re not looking for people who’ve installed and used Linux at home or in a small business setting; they’re looking for professionals who’ve set up and managed Linux in a highly distributed and virtualized data center environment, with lots of complex networking and services coming into the mix.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10750-best-linux-certifications.html
Killexams : Student caught using deviously clever way to smuggle cheat notes into exam – and he’s studying criminal law

A CRIMINAL law student was caught cheating in a university exam - using a deviously intricate method.

Professors admitted they couldn't help admiring the lengths he went to way to sneak crib notes into the hall - but unfortunately there was one major flaw.

A Spanish student engraved borderline microscopic letters across a set of blue Bic pens


A Spanish student engraved borderline microscopic letters across a set of blue Bic pensCredit: Twitter/@procesaleando
Despite being caught, the student was praised for his creativity


Despite being caught, the student was praised for his creativityCredit: Twitter/@procesaleando

Images show how the Spanish student had engraved borderline microscopic letters containing information from his syllabus across a set of blue Bic pens.

According to a friend of the accused, he did so by “replacing the graphite lead of a mechanical pencil with a needle.”

It reportedly made it “super easy for him to write on a pen.”

Malaga University lecturer Yolanda de Lucchi, who tweeted about the bizarre effort to cheat last Wednesday, said she was shocked when she discovered what he had achieved.

She said: “Tidying up my office, I found this university relic that we confiscated from a student a few years ago.

“Criminal procedural law in bic pens. What art!”

Unfortunately for the student he was busted by eagle-eyed invigilators who eventually confiscated his unique set of crib notes.

But his efforts certainly didn’t go unnoticed as users on Twitter congratulated his creativity.

“We should make a museum with these things,” said one user.

“The level of being able to write like this in pens and such quantity,” penned another.

While a third added: “He should have passed just for the effort involved.”

Meanwhile, several people pointed out that if the student was going to go through so much effort to cheat, he may as well have used the time to study instead.

But needless to say he isn’t the only one.

In 2021, it was reported that student households were reportedly being busted cheating in online university exams taken at home as virtual assessments replaced hall exams during the pandemic.

At the time, the Daily Telegraph reported how students, who were forced to take exams in their bedrooms, staring shared questions with their housemates by photographing answers.

While others took it in turns to complete sections of the exam papers, it was claimed.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 21:51:00 -0500 Jacob Bentley-York en-gb text/html https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/20092520/student-caught-clever-hack-cheat-notes-exam/
Killexams : Naked Attraction lining up massive format shake up for new series – but there’s a big problem

NAKED Attraction are desperately trying to shake things up by securing a celebrity to strip off and go fully nude for the next series.

The Channel 4 matchmaking show, which is presented by Anna Richardson, sees contestants bare all in a bid to find love.

Naked Attraction are trying to shake up the format for the next series


Naked Attraction are trying to shake up the format for the next seriesCredit: Channel Four Television Corporation
Show bosses are hoping to splash out on reality stars


Show bosses are hoping to splash out on reality starsCredit: Channel 4

Singletons looking for love are given six people to choose from - except they judge them on their naked bodies from the bottom up.

But now show bosses are hoping to splash out on a famous face to sign up to the next series.

A source exclusively told The Sun: "Show bosses are determined to get a famous person to don their birthday suit for the next run, and they're prepared to offer big money to land someone - we're talking a high five-figure sum."

The show bosses are said to have their "work cut out" to secure a celebrity after struggling to book names in the past.

The source continued: "The show tried to get a celebrity edition off the ground in the past and because they struggled to book names, it ending up getting scrapped.

"They've decided that instead of doing a celebrity special, they will go all out to secure one decent well-known name for the regular series."

Although it's unlikely A-listers will sign up, they are hoping to offer big money to tempt reality stars to come on.

"Bosses know that they have their work cut out and it's going to be a struggle as many celebs are too thinking it would harm their career, but they're hoping that by throwing some serious cash at it, this time they will make it happen," they added.

"They know they won't get an A-lister, but they're pursuing outrageous reality stars in the hope they'll find someone who isn't fazed by nudity and up for a laugh."

The show has previously tested out the format when Celebrity Big Brother star Lauren Harries appeared on the show.

She was the first celebrity to strip off in her quest to find love.

Lauren was one of the nude suitors in a pod, whose body was slowly unveiled to fellow contestant Rigby from the bottom up.

However, she was rejected by the hunk due to her age, with Rigby explaining: "I am looking for someone to be with permanently and I just think you might be a little bit too old for me."

Lauren was left fuming by the snub, stunning viewers as she threw a hissy fit before storming off the set.

Host Anna Richardson had invited Rigby to hug Lauren after the rejection, with the former Celebrity Big Brother star snapping: "No. Stay away.

"You could have had the goods but you are not having them now.

"You're not going to get my backside now."

Clearly seething, Lauren continued: "I'm going, I don't want to be around him. Never talk to a woman about age, make up something."

She added: "You will be slapping yourself when you know who I am."

Lauren was a child star who shot to fame for her antiques knowledge in the 1980s.

As an adult, she has appeared in a series of reality TV shows and is also an outspoken trans rights activist after undergoing sexual reassignment surgery in 2001.

Celebrity Big Brother star Lauren Harries was furious when Rigby rejected her


Celebrity Big Brother star Lauren Harries was furious when Rigby rejected her
Mon, 03 Oct 2022 08:39:00 -0500 en-gb text/html https://www.thesun.co.uk/tv/19990941/naked-attraction-format-change-celebrities/
Killexams : Professional gamblers on the prowl

This is an uncommon absurdity. Kalokalo, Yoruba word for gambling, is changing face. It’s happening here in our eerie clime. From the blues, its narrative is taking a strange dimension. Worried?

Nigeria is one huge betting mall. The gamblers are rash and thoughtless. That’s their deadly stock in trade. They badge into our lives without restraint.

All sorts of pool stakers are on the prowl. They’re devouring us with relish. They prey on us like never before. Help, our collective future is in great danger.

The gamblers are different from the ones we know. They come in various shades, modes and shapes. They are staking their weird and wild luck.

With stubborn uncanniness, they display the hard stuff they are made of. And that comes in reckless abundance. They stake everything. They showcase their dexterity with even greater heedlessness.

We are the ultimate victims. They don’t care a hoot. Even if our ox is gored or brutally bruised. The means justifies the end.

We have witnessed some queer turnaround. Ours has become one awkward gaming arena. Betting has become a pastime for our rulers. We are being bashed, battered back and forth.

These devils are not even clever by half. Their gambling instrument is not our heavily injured naira. No. Neither is it the dollar or euro. They would rather opt to mindlessly stake our lives. And it’s awfully skewed on lies, deceits, self-denials and falsehoods.

They insist we must accept all is well with us. Heartless gang! They are wilful, uncaring and unperturbed.

They cite the absurd: Insecurity; unending hike in petrol price, aka subsidy; skyrocketing energy tariffs; unbearably heavy multiple taxation; near-collapse of infrastructure; et al. They claim they have “performed extremely well” in these weird areas.

If this is not pool betting, what then is gambling? They are even blaming us for not hailing them for their misdeeds. They detest our unending wailing with passion.

President Muhammadu Buhari trod along this path twice recently. He was again in “friendly” Imo State. Like the first, he went, saw, but… Did he actually conquer? Hmmm! No, he was in deep pained agony. He refused to hide his anger.

He couldn’t conceal his angst. It was real, written all over him. And he exhibited it with fury. He made fruitless attempt to rattle us with his discomfort. We refused to submit.

Come to think of it. Is it not laughable for Buhari to tell us he’s pained? Pained over what and for what? You may want to ask him.

Buhari could not bury his utter distress. He was forced to showcase his excruciating pain this appalling manner to his selected audience: “It has been very unfortunate. The price of crude oil went down from $28 to $38” (emphasise mine). Really?

He couldn’t even recognise the huge gap. He carried on with his annoyance as if nothing has happened.

They want to bet us out of existence. Our lives are at stake. By the time they’re through with us, we will not be the same again. Nothing practically will remain of us.

We will have to start from scratch. To build our lives back from the nothingness left. That is the ground zero they are preparing for us. It is a cruel legacy they want to bequeath to us.

Buhari wouldn’t be curtailed or contained. He raved on unrestrained: “Relative in terms of time and resources, this administration has done extremely well.” Yes. Agreed, for the wrong reason!

He roared: “I have to say it because those who are supposed to say it are not saying it. I don’t know why.” Another gambling. We can’t be swayed.

If Buhari is still amiss why Nigerians do not trust him, this is just one reason. Courtesy, Debt Management Office (DMO): “Nigeria’s debt profile hit N41 trillion under the watch of Buhari.”

This regime’s urge for loans is insatiable. It plans to borrow fresh N11 trillion to fund the 2023 budget. By the time he’s done, Buhari will bequeath to us over N50 trillion debt. Help! Professional gamblers at work!

In 2018, Nigeria took over from India. It became the world’s poverty capital, so claimed a Brookings Institution report. It’s yet to be controverted. It stands tall.

Buhari was not to be disturbed by these glaring failings. He barged into our lives again on Saturday, October 1, 2022. It was intended. We just clocked 62 years.

He was honest to himself alone: “Today’s address would be my last on an Independence Day as your President.” That’s a monumental relief. And that remains the only valid statement in that speech. Others were fallacies, pool staking and gambling.

His utterances were at gross variance with the stark realities confronting us in the face. Samplers: “I share the pains Nigerians are going through.” Fake news! #Loriiro! Pure gambling.

He won’t deliver up easily: “I assure you that your resilience and patience would not be in vain as this administration continues to reposition as well as strengthen the security agencies to enable them to deal with all forms of security challenges.”

False hopes, jaundiced assurances. This has been their sing-song for the past eight odd years. Very fictitious, deceptive, flawed and distorted! Certainly not meant for us. We have had enough of these confused and spurious outbursts. 

He gambled on unabated: “I must confess that I am very pained by the recurring disruption to our tertiary education system.” Pained, really?

But their privileged children are graduating from foreign countries unmolested. They dominate every space of this our absurd clime. They’re flaunting their pictures carelessly on our faces. Taunting us all the way. 

Yes, including the President’s. And you have that bizarre audacity. You showcase this in the media, mainstream and social! We dare you, if this is not gambling, what is it?

The President won’t stop insulting our intelligence: “There is hardly any ward, village or local government in Nigeria today that has not benefited from one of the following: N-Power, Trader-moni, Market-moni, subsidised loans, business grants or conditional cash transfers.”

Buhari meant every word that proceeded from his mouth. The free money usually came during electioneering. So it was in 2019.

Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo led the band. He distributed windfall feigning it to be Trader-moni and/or Market-moni.

And they feasted on it to the fullest. No proper account has been rendered till now. And they are at pain that we do not celebrate them.

Pastor Enoch Adejare Adeboye wouldn’t allow that to go unchallenged. That would be a misnomer if he did. He is General Overseer, Worldwide, Redeemed Christian Church of God (RCCG). He put a big lie to it. He simply responded:

“Don’t let anybody deceive you, we are in a war.” He has his unassailable reason: “If a governor cannot go to his farm and feel safe, despite bodyguards around him. When we talk about security, the governor should be secure. When a governor utters such a statement, then you know the situation we are in.”

One thing we must then do: Pastor came on board again: “We need to keep praying for our leaders. The hearts of kings and rulers are in the hands of God.” Did he need to say more?

See how these uncharitable characters are tossing us around. We are at their beck and call. They are playing murderous kite with the only lives we have. It’s unhealthy.

They have turned us to one massive gambling mall. We’re unfortunate prey in the hands of these professional gamblers.

Are you seeing what I’m seeing? Are we on the same page, using same template?

This is how to access us: #[email protected] Try it if you can. You’re on your own!

Wed, 05 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.sunnewsonline.com/professional-gamblers-on-the-prowl/
Killexams : Chicago’s first firefighters entrance exam since 2014 draws diverse pool, but rules have changed

More than 8,157 applicants — 57.7% of them Black and Hispanic, 15.7% women — have already applied to take Chicago’s first firefighters entrance exam since 2014.

Testifying Friday at City Council budget hearings, Human Resources Commissioner Chris Owen said another 12,638 people have started an application but not finished.

The exam will be only the fourth the department has administered in 44 years.

With additional recruiting events scheduled before the Oct. 17 application deadline, Owen said he’s “pretty sure we’re gonna get closer to the 20,000 number that we typically see” for a Chicago Fire Department entrance exam.

So far, the 8,157 applicants include: 6,747 males (82.7 percent); 1,281 females (15.7 percent) and 129 applicants who did not identify their gender.

The applicant breakdown so far: 2,677 (32.8%) are white; 2,077 are Black (25.4%); 2,632 are Hispanic (32.2%); 113 are Asian-Americans (1.3%).

Ald. Nicole Lee (11th), the first Chinese-American and second Asian American to serve on the council, said she was “really disturbed by the tiny number” of Asian Americans in the applicant pool.

“I’d like to see a bigger, more intentional plan around that. Clearly there are plans in other communities and this one’s obviously been overlooked at this point,” Lee said.

“Very disappointing because we have such a small number of firefighters within the department right now. And we need to be able to recruit new ones — especially with the language-access needs there are across the city.”

Last year, Annette Nance-Holt became the first woman to serve as fire commissioner in the 162-year history of the department.

She promptly vowed to diversify a department with a long, documented history of discrimination through “vigorous recruitment in communities of color,” outreach to high school students in “under-represented communities” and by scheduling an exam no later than early 2022.

Well, better late than never.

The entrance exam will be held in December, with plans for exams to be held every two years after that.

But Owen said the rules have changed to reduce the costs that made more frequent testing too expensive.

Instead of having all applicants take the test, the city will use a lottery to choose 4,500 exam-takers, with 80% of those spots reserved for Chicago residents.

If the lottery doesn’t produce an exam pool with enough city residents, “you start pulling people in and pushing people out who aren’t city residents,” Owen said.

Budget Chair Pat Dowell (3rd) asked what happens if “everybody is male” after the 4,500 test-takers are chosen.

“We’re not explicitly allowed under the law to take that into account,” Owen said. “However, the goal again is to get as much diversity in the applicant pool as we possibly can. And we are seeing better diversity numbers than we have in the past with the recruitment campaign.”

The new approach is expected to save the city $3.5 million, making the ambitious goal of holding a firefighters entrance exam every two years not only realistic, but achievable.

Administering smaller and more frequent tests will also pave the way for the city to “align the size of the applicant pool” to the Chicago Fire Department’s “actual hiring needs,” giving test-takers “more realistic expectations” about if and when they can expect to be hired, Owen said.

“We want to go out as frequently has possible. But, people can say, `You still have thousands and thousands of people on that list.’ We really needed to change this. Getting to a model where we’re posting every two years to keep this list fresh — in order to get there, we needed to [be] testing fewer people,” he said.

But that lottery-first approach did not sit well with Ald. Chris Taliaferro (29th), chairman of the council’s Committee on Public Safety. He called it “disadvantageous to the Black community and the Latino community.”

“If they signed up for the test, they should be given an opportunity to take the test. Let it be determined whether or not they can be firefighters or EMT’s based on their merit — not based on the lottery,” Taliaferro said.

Otherwise, “that eight-year wait becomes another two years — if the city does follow through on testing in another two years. I even have doubt about that.”

Fri, 07 Oct 2022 18:23:00 -0500 en text/html https://chicago.suntimes.com/city-hall/2022/10/7/23393421/cfd-firefighters-entrance-exam-lottery-4500-spots-chicago-residents-80-percent-black-hispanic
Killexams : HSC 2022: Ultimate exam guide from markers and experts </head> <body id="readabilityBody" readability="27.954545454545"> <h3>Newscorp Australia are trialling new security software on our mastheads. If you receive "Potential automated action detected!" please try these steps first:</h3> <ol type="1"> <li>Temporarily disable any AdBlockers / pop-up blockers / script blockers you have enabled</li> <li>Add this site in to the allowed list for any AdBlockers / pop-up blockers / script blockers you have enabled</li> <li>Ensure your browser supports JavaScript (this can be done via accessing <a href="https://www.whatismybrowser.com/detect/is-javascript-enabled" target="_blank">https://www.whatismybrowser.com/detect/is-javascript-enabled</a> in your browser)</li> <li>Ensure you are using the latest version of your web browser</li> </ol> <p>If you need to be unblocked please e-mail us at accessissues@news.com.au and provide the IP address and reference number shown here along with why you require access. News Corp Australia.</p><p>Your IP address is: | Your reference number is: 0.87382f17.1666000182.19dfcd</p> </body> </description> <pubDate>Sun, 09 Oct 2022 10:57:00 -0500</pubDate> <dc:format>text/html</dc:format> <dc:identifier>https://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/nsw/hsc-2022-ultimate-exam-guide-from-markers-and-experts/news-story/f9b5b890873790eca5521357ec4d0f67</dc:identifier> </item> <item> <title>Killexams : MANDEL: 'Professional' tenant had money for boob job but not rent

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Arudsakthy Sabaratnam thought she was being careful last year when she leased her Toronto home for $3,150 a month. Of the 25 offers, she chose the man who seemed to have a well-paying job and an excellent credit score.

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Before long though, the man and his wife were defaulting on the rent. Months went by with no money coming in to pay her mortgage. Looking for help, she anxiously turned to SOLO — Small Ownership Landlords of Ontario.

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“It was the usual excuses,” SOLO board member Varun Sriskanda recalled. “First, they had claimed there were maintenance issues — this doesn’t work and that doesn’t work. Then it shifted to, ‘We don’t have money. We lost our jobs, it’s COVID,’ and those kind of excuses.”

Sriskanda took a closer at the tenant’s application.

When he called the man’s employer, they had no record of him and said the pay stub and employment letter he’d provided weren’t authentic. When Sriskanda examined the man’s Equifax credit report, he noticed the page numbers didn’t make sense.

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“They’d cut and pasted it together from different reports,” he said. “It was really nicely done.”


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By the time Sabaratnam could get a hearing before the Landlord and Tenant Board, it was August and her tenants owed her more than $35,000. When they tried to claim they’d paid their rent by cash, the board called their bluff and gave them time to present some evidence in their bank account withdrawals.

When they failed to come up with bank slips or any other proof, the couple was told to come up with the arrears or they’d be evicted by Aug. 23.

Not surprisingly, the tenants didn’t pay another cent. When Sriskanda went with the sheriff to take over possession of the home for Sabaratnam, he saw the tenant in the driveway in his “massive” Mercedes GL. He went inside to retrieve a small bag and then left.

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Sriskanda couldn’t believe what he and his family had left behind.

“Tenants usually take everything before the sheriff comes,” he said. “It looked like they weren’t expecting to have to leave. They didn’t even attempt to pack. There was food in the fridge, they’d even left the kids’ passports and birth certificates.”

When he went upstairs, he was even more surprised.

There were Gucci shoes, a Prada purse and expensive Moose Knuckles parkas in the closets. There were also documents that suggested they’d been evicted from two other rental homes in the previous two years.

“They had evictions going back to 2019,” Sriskanda said. “They do this regularly — they pay first and last month’s rent and then stop. They know it takes up to a year for you to get a date before the landlord and tenant board. It’s rinse and repeat.”

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Most shocking of all, though, was the “paid in full” invoice for $18,000 from a North York plastic surgeon.

At the same time they were telling their landlord they couldn’t afford their rent, that Christmas was coming and “you can’t get blood from a stone,” the wife was paying for an expensive tummy tuck, breast lift and liposuction to better fit into her designer clothes.

Sabaratnam had been had by professional tenants.

“They do this for a living and you’re victim No. 3,” Sriskanda told her.

He laments that past LTB decisions aren’t easily searchable by most small landlords, making it too easy for professional tenants to game the system and live rent-free. It was an expensive lesson for Sabaratnam.

She’s leasing the house again — but she’ll be doing more in-depth screening this time. No photoshopped credit scores need apply.



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Thu, 06 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-CA text/html https://torontosun.com/news/local-news/mandel-professional-tenant-had-money-for-boob-job-but-not-rent
Killexams : Lewiston could see Lisbon Street Professional Building redeveloped

The Professional Building at 145 Lisbon St. could be redeveloped into one-bedroom apartments on the upper floors, with commercial space remaining on the lower floors. Sun Journal file photo

LEWISTON — The owners of the historic Professional Building on Lisbon Street plan to redevelop it into market-rate housing, and have asked for some help from the city.

Next week, the City Council will consider a tax-increment financing agreement with developer Jason Hutchins, who is looking to redevelop the seven-story building into 17 one-bedroom apartments, with ground-floor commercial space.

Economic development staff said because the building, which is on the National Register of Historic Buildings, is considered a “high-rise” structure, it will require additional life safety measures that add to an already costly project.

Lincoln Jeffers, director of Economic and Community Development, said the project is slated to cost $4.8 million, with the additional life safety requirements adding more than $500,000.

Jeffers said those costs led Hutchins to approach the city.

According to Jeffers, the redevelopment is estimated to produce $57,000 in new taxes each year. If the proposed TIF agreement is approved next week, it would return 55% of the tax revenue to the developer for 20 years. The building is assessed at $289,700, but staff said it is estimated to be assessed at $2.3 million following the renovation.

The Professional Building at 145 Lisbon St. opened to the public in 1914 as the Manufacturers National Bank Building. Designed by Hutchins &amp; French of Boston and built by a host of Massachusetts-based contractors, the building featured architecture adapted from Italian Renaissance. Among the many interior offerings were wrought-iron staircase railings, mahogany doors and marble throughout, as well as state-of-the-art electrical security systems and bank vault materials.

The 20,000-square-foot building has changed hands multiple times in recent years, but officials said this week that the building has maintained many of its original features that make it stand out.

In a memo to the council, Jeffers said the building has been “a signature building in the heart of downtown Lewiston for over 100 years. In recent years, it’s been used as a relatively low-cost option for small offices, but Jeffers said most of the building is now vacant due to less demand for office space. He also said many “critical operational systems” in the building are failing.

“Mr. Hutchins has a plan to bring this building back into productive use, and to create market-rate housing where there is significant demand for it,” he said. “Having more people living and spending money in the downtown will add energy, presence, and economic vitality to the community.”

As part of the project, the elevator will be refurbished and made operational. During a council workshop Tuesday, Jeffers said just the windows on the building are slated to cost $350,000.

Hutchins will also receive a roughly $35,000 city grant toward facade improvements.

During the workshop, Councilor Linda Scott said it was welcome news “to have someone who wants to come in and redevelop a historic building.”

“I love that building,” she said, adding that the city should consider the possibly of making one single TIF district that includes other historic buildings.

Jeffers said staff will likely be back in front of the council within a year to discuss a similar proposal.

Asked about the redevelopment, and the choice of one-bedroom units, Hutchins said the building is narrow. He said one-bedroom apartments are “the best use of the space” and current rental market demand.

He believes work would begin in the winter of 2023, with construction taking a year. He said because it’s a historic renovation, certain “discovery” work needs to take place before any demolition can occur.

Mayor Carl Sheline said Tuesday that he’s “entirely supportive” of the project. He also said the building boasts a “beautiful view from the top floor.”

“Tax increment financing is an effective tool in our economic development toolbox that we can use to encourage development and help projects get to the finish line,” he said. “This building is an incredible piece of neo-classical architecture in our downtown and I’m excited to see this move forward.”

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Thu, 13 Oct 2022 07:00:00 -0500 text/html https://www.sunjournal.com/2022/10/12/lewiston-could-see-lisbon-street-professional-building-redeveloped/
Killexams : Macy’s tries dual-store format in Evergreen Park

With its opening Friday in Evergreen Plaza, Macy’s introduced what it called its first dual-store format.

The department store chain has been trying new concepts and off-mall locations to combat a trend favoring online retailers such as Amazon. At Evergreen Plaza, 9700 S. Western Ave. in Evergreen Park, Macy’s opened with two distinct floors.

The first floor contains Market by Macy’s, featuring curated selections that emphasize fashion trends. Macy’s calls it a condensed version of a department store. On the second floor, Macy’s Backstage offers discounted merchandise that the retailer has said changes every day.

The operations cover a more than 70,000-square-foot space that had been a Carson Pirie Scott &amp; Co. That store closed in 2020.

As part of its repositioning, Macy’s has closed several of its traditional department stores, including its location in Water Tower Place. Last April, it brought the Backstage format to the lower level of its State Street flagship.

Macy’s said it has more than 300 Backstage locations nationwide, including several in suburban Chicago malls. Nine of the Backstage locations are freestanding, it said.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 06:35:00 -0500 en text/html https://chicago.suntimes.com/business/2022/10/7/23393513/macys-dual-store-format-market-backstage-evergreen-park
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